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business plan cdc Although contingency planning sometimes is thought of as an Operations and Sales Associate Description Maintenance Phase activity, contingency measures should be identified and integrated at all phases of the To Write A Scholarship You Letter, project life cycle. NIST defines a seven-step contingency planning process to developing and Sales Associate Resume Description maintaining a viable contingency planning program. These seven progressive steps are designed to A Scholarship Thank You Letter Task, be integrated throughout a project's life cycle and Associate Description | Template help guide stakeholders in Competency, the planning, development, implementation, key success factors, and maintenance of Sales Description | Template, contingency plans. Information! Identify any specific regulatory requirements related to Sales Associate | Template, contingency planning. Develop a formal contingency planning policy statement that provides stakeholders the authority and guidance necessary to Sample Letter Student Reference Letter, develop an Associate Description | Template, effective contingency plan. Obtain executive approval, and 20 Free Various Number | Pinterest | Board publish policies such policies. Conduct a business impact analysis (BIA) to identify and prioritize critical systems, business processes, and components.
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The actual type(s) of plan(s) created, the 4 Principles For Proper, information they contain, and the defined response(s) are dependant upon factors such as: Risk that a particular type of Sales Associate Description | Template, disruption may occur Resource availability to respond to different types of Animated Idea Bulb Template, disruptions Organizational response capabilities Readiness to deal with any type of Sales Description | Template, disruption. For projects, the 20 Free Various Template | Crafts | Pinterest, development of Sales Description, a strong contingency plan must begin early in a project's life with the identification of items such as related organizational and operational policies and procedures, project requirements, and Competency Assessment And Worksheet Template availability requirements of the project's product or service Planning activities should continue throughout the project's life as concepts evolve into designs and solutions are incorporated throughout the Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, product's development, testing, and implementation. For example, NIST identifies that: During requirements gathering, identification of very high system availability requirements may dictate that redundancy, real-time monitoring, and fail-over capabilities be built into the project's product. During product development it's feasible that redundant communication paths, power management systems, load balancing, data mirroring, and Custom Certificate Templates | Free replication may need to be considered. During implementation contingency/disaster recovery strategies and Sales Resume procedures must be considered and Sensitive Information Fax Cover Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net incorporated into product testing activities. During operations and Associate Resume | Template maintenance contingency/disaster recover plans should be maintained and updated to reflect changes in influencing factors. Training programs should be developed and implemented to educate stakeholders on recovery procedures and to keep them abreast of Running Form Blueprint, changes. Sales Resume Description | Template! NIST identifies three high-level phases that should be considered when planning how post disruption/disaster activities should be executed. Sample Letter Student Academic Reference Letter! Notification/Activation Phase includes the process of beginning the Sales | Template, recovery process through the notification of recovery personnel and stakeholders, performing damage assessments, etc Recovery Phase includes the actions performed by Template the recovery teams to repair and/or restore operations in accordance with defined contingency/disaster recovery plans Reconstitution Phase includes actions necessary to restore normal operating conditions.
What actions are taken, details of those actions, processes for executing them, and response activities associated with these three phases should be detailed within the appropriate contingency plan(s). Sales Description | Template! It is then the 4 Principles, responsibility of the System Owner to ensure that copies of such plans are distributed and Resume Description | Template details of | Annie, which are communicated to the appropriate stakeholders which may include, but is Associate Resume Description not limited to: Business Steward The Office of the Idea Bulb Powerpoint Template, Chief Information Security Officer (OCISO). Additional information on contingency planning can be found in the NIST Contingency Planning Guide for | Template, information Technology Systems. Information on risk management can be found in the CDC Unified Process Risk Management Practices Guide and 50 Creative Custom | Free the NIST Special Publication 800-30, Risk Management Guide to Information Technology Systems.
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Estimation of Resume Description | Template true flow velocity using ultrasound. Matlab programming, digital signal processing. Animated Idea Light Bulb Template! Knowledge of acoustics and ultrasound is also advantageous. Fusion of Description | Template multi-modal cardiac data. Furthermore in the case of 3D echo the image quality has large variations between subjects, the spatial resolution varies with depth and the tissue contrast is angle dependent. One possibility of improving image to noise ratio and to extend the field of view is to acquire multiple datasets from different angles, detect corresponding features in 50 Creative Custom Certificate Design | Free & Premium, each view and fuse the recordings in order to generate a combined volume.
The aim of the project is to develop fusion and image registration techniques to combine multiple 3D cardiac acquisitions with the goal of improving signal-to-noise ratio, spatial resolution and Associate | Template field of view or to improve the diagnostic process and to demonstrate their applicability during live scanning. Test/adapt state of the art image registration algorithms on ultrasound and CMR data ECG based temporal synchronization of data Comparison of Bulb Powerpoint various fusion algorithms vs the quality of the resulting image data. Knowledge of Python, Matlab and/or C++ programming Desire to learn parallel computing (CUDA or OpenCL) Pocket size Ultrasound technology. Pocket size Ultrasound technology.
1. Automatic measurement of heart function - Implementation on Android smartphone. The motion of the Sales, AV-plane, i.e.. the plane between the left ventricle and left atrium, is a sensitive marker for 7+ How To Write You Letter Task Tracker, heart failure. An algorithm has been developed for automatic identification of the Associate Description, AV plane in the ultrasound image, using image processing tools, combined with a Doppler technique to Assessment Template, measure the motion. The task is to implement the algorithm on an Android smartphone, validate the Sales Associate Resume Description, method, and Sample Letter Academic participate in clinical testing. A framework for receiving and displaying ultrasound data on a tablet device, implemented in C++, is available and can be used in this project.
Only limited knowledge of Java/Android is required as a template APK is Associate Resume, also available. Knowledge of C++ programming, digital signal processing, image processing. 2. Augmented reality for To Write | Daily Task Tracker, cardiac and fetal applications. Currently ultrasound as an imaging modality is highly dependent on the experience of the examiner. During acquisition, in Sales, addition to the cognitive load associated with interpreting the image on the screen, the examiner has to control the correct positioning and orientation of the transducer in order to ensure that the correct anatomical area is imaged and that the image quality is satisfactory. By providing visual guidance through overlays, which communicate the Animated Template, anatomical structures being imaged, one can greatly improve the understanding of the structural arrangement of tissues during the scanning procedure. Thus it is highly desirable to assist the ultrasound examiner and as such partially alleviate the burden of image interpretation. The aim of the project is to develop 2D/3D visualization methods that enable the clinician to find a visual correspondence between the ultrasound data being acquired and Associate Resume a generic anatomical mesh-model of a human heart or a model of the | Annie, fetus. Augmented reality based tool for cardiac/obstetric applications Model fitting to 3D volumes or freehand acquired 2D slices Robust detection of anatomic landmarks in Sales Resume | Template, ultrasound data (cardiac or obstetric) Training Android or iOS application to facilitate the To Write Thank Tracker, learning process of students.
Knowledge of Matlab and/or C++ programming Desire to learn Android programming. Pulse-echo based method for estimation of speed of sound. Pulse-echo based method for estimation of speed of sound. The calculation of speed of sound using pulse-echo techniques has been explored by various approaches. We have suggested a method using the recorded partial time delay between receivers to calculate the speed of sound of the Sales Associate | Template, medium.
Compare the given method to Uac Presentation: Assessment Template, other published methods for estimating speed of sound (litterature study) Implement the method in Matlab Evaluate the Sales Associate | Template, method using synthetic data Performing laboratory measurements Analyse the Reference Letter Student Academic Reference Letter, performance of the method. Matlab programming, digital signal processing. Knowledge of acoustics and ultrasound is also advantageous. Ultrasonic imaging through solids. Ultrasonic imaging through solids. One shall implement beamforming adapted for the above described situation and Sales Associate Resume | Template neccessarry image processing to investigate the achieved image quality. Keywords : Ultrasound imaging, wave propagation, beamforming, Matlab programming. SURF Imaging is a new method for ultrasound imaging under development at the Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging. The methods most important concept is to Sample Academic Reference, emit two ultrasound pulses at the same time, one conventional high frequency imaging pulse and an additional low frequent manipulation pulse which modifies the | Template, propagation and scattering of the imaging pulse. SURF Imaging is a new method for ultrasound imaging under development at the Department of Circulation and Products | Annie Tao Photography Medical Imaging.
The methods most important concept is to emit two ultrasound pulses at Associate Resume Description the same time, one conventional high frequency imaging pulse and an additional low frequent manipulation pulse which modifies the propagation and Competency scattering of the imaging pulse. This opens for exciting new imaging possibilities as f.ex. noise suppression for imaging of soft plaque (1st image), and Resume Description | Template enhanced contrast agent imaging for cancer detection (2nd image). Several topics are available, also in collaboration with departments in cybernetics, signal processing, computer science, acoustics, electronics, and mathematics at 50 Creative Certificate & Premium NTNU. Example topics are related to Sales Associate Resume Description, nonlinear ultrasound propagation and signal processing, mathematical topics on simulation of nonlinear wave propagation and scattering, GPU parallel programming for real time processing, and multiband transducer designs. Why does the manipulation pulse make a difference?
Both the scattering and the sound propagation speed is pressure dependent. So applying a manipulation pressure will alter these properties and an imaging pulse travelling in a compression phase of the 7+ How To Write You Letter Task, manipulation wave will be slightly different from a pulse travelling in Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, the rarefaction phase. This difference can be used to extract more information about the Template, tissue and thus enables more advanced processing schemes. Associate Resume | Template! For more information on the method take a look at For Proper Form the SURF imaging page. A group of researchers works at the department with SURF imaging and we are looking forward to Description, offer you a project or thesis in one of the most exciting fields of medical ultrasound imaging! In general students will gain knowledge in the following areas: Wave propagation (Ultrasound theory) Programming (Matlab, C, C++, Python) Signal processing Medicine Literature study and writing of For Proper | Runner's articles team work research and development. Below you'll find a list with available topics. They are all relevant both for master thesis as well as project work. The descriptions are kept quite general and since they anyway will be individually tailord to your interest f.ex. a focus on lab-work, programming, simulations, theoretical and algorithm development . Please get in Sales | Template, contact with the corresponding supervisors! They'll help you finding the perfect topic for and with you.
Topic: Improved detection of Template ultrasound contrast agents. The ultrasound echo from blood is very weak compared to the echoes generated by tissue. In many situations it is desired to detect and Associate Resume image blood in the smallest blood vessels. A Scholarship You Letter | Daily Task! To detect blood in these capillaries often an ultrasound contrast agent is injected into the blood circulation of Sales Description | Template a patient. These contrast agents are gas-bubbles with a typical diameter of Reference For Phd Student Letter 3µm which give en enhanced ultrasound echo and are transported with the blood. However it is still difficult to differentiate between tissue- and bubble-echo. This is especially important in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer where good imaging of the vessels and their structure is | Template, curcial. SURF imaging is a promising method for imaging microbubbles especially in imaging situations where conventional methods fail.
The topic will contain optimalizing, testing and verification of the method and the algorithms behind. Main focus is on laboratory experiments (testing of the method), but also use of simulation tools and programming can be integrated. Keywords : Measurement methods, Signal processing, Programming, Wave propagation. Image quality in ultrasound is very patient dependent. One reason for this are multiple reflections between tissue structures or between tissue structures and the ultrasound transducer which cause ghost echoes - reverberations. In the best case reverberations become visible as a discernable distinct copy of a tissue structure in shallow depths but more often and more serious a haze of noise is spread over the image. This noise in the image causes problems in diagnosis in nearly all applications where ultrasound images are used for diagnostics.
The topic contains work on beamforming, simulations and phantom design (design test bodies) for To Write Thank Tracker, better noise suppression. This comprises in most cases work with software tools and can also comprise experimental work in the ultrasound lab. Topic: Estimation of non-linear scattering. Calcium particles are building up in Sales Resume | Template, the tissue in a number of medical conditions. In for example the diagnosis of Sample Letter For Phd Student breast cancer the physician is interested in calcium particles as they may indicate malignancy. Calcium is visualized very good in X-ray imaging, but not that good in ultrasound. Improved imaging of calcium particles would directly give better diagnostics and guidance of tissue biopsies. The topic contains experimental work in the lab, simulations, signal processing and estimation.
Keywords : Estimation theory, Cancer diagnosis, laboratory work, programming, signal processing, wave propagation. Topic: Transducer for SURF Imaging. To create the SURF two frequency pulse a new transducer has been developed. The transducer consist of a stack of at least two piezoelectric layers, one for the low frequency pulse and one for the high frequency pulse, and Resume layers inbetween the two for mechanical isolation and matching between the two layers. A couple of prototypes transducer arrays have been manufactured, and are succesfully used for imaging. However there are several issues to be investigated for the transducer design, amongst others; bandwidth of the passbands, internal reverberations, mechanical cross coupling, electrical matching to Reference, the scanner, non linear behaviour of the transducer. The investigations should be carried out as measurements studies and/or simulation studies.
The students have Bjorn Angelsen as their main or co-supervisor. Ultrasound Mediated Drug Delivery. Ultrasound has very interesting applications for increasing transport of drugs to cancer tumors and also transport of genes into cells in gene therapy. The capillaries of aggressively growing tumors are leaky so that the pressure drop from the capillaries deep into the intertistium (space between cells) is very low. Sales | Template! Transport of drugs from the capillaries to the cells is therefore mainly produced by diffusion, which is a slow process. Ultrasound radiation force has the same function as a pressure gradient and can therefore be used to increase transport of drugs from the capillaries to the cells. Ultrasound Mediated Drug Delivery. Ultrasound has very interesting applications for increasing transport of drugs to cancer tumors and also transport of genes into cells in 7+ How A Scholarship Thank Task Tracker, gene therapy. The capillaries of aggressively growing tumors are leaky so that the pressure drop from the capillaries deep into the intertistium (space between cells) is very low. Transport of drugs from the capillaries to Sales Resume, the cells is therefore mainly produced by diffusion, which is a slow process. Ultrasound radiation force has the same function as a pressure gradient and can therefore be used to increase transport of drugs from the Animated Bulb, capillaries to the cells.
The leaky capillary walls opens for Sales | Template, packaging the drugs into nanoparticles (diam. 100 nm) that leak out of the tumor capillaries, but not out of normal capillaries, hence protecting normal tissue against 50 Creative Custom Design Templates | Free the drug. The 1st Figure shows a micrograph of a capillary in red, with some nanoparticles in blue, and | Template free drug molecules that have entered into cells in green. The black areas are cells without drugs. We note that the 7+ How A Scholarship You Letter Task, nanoparticles are found close to the capillaries due to lack of pressure gradient.
Ultrasound radiation force is Description, therefore very useful to improve the transport of particles and molecular drugs away from the capillaries, as illustrated in the 2nd Figure. Low frequency ultrasound together with microbubble contrast agent can also be used to improve transport of Products | Annie Tao Photography large molecular drugs, genes, and Sales Associate Description | Template particles across cell membranes through a method called Sonoportation. This method can also be used to improve transport of drugs into brain tumors, that is hampered due to the blood brain barrier of the Sample Letter, cerebral capillaries. Multifrequency ultrasound hence has many interesting applications in cancer and gene therapy, presenting many interesting thesis topics within nonlinear ultrasound propagation and tissue interaction, design of high power multiband ultrasound transducer arrays. The work is done in Resume Description, collaboration with professor Catharina Davies at Department of Physics, and also other groups in acoustics and Idea Light Template mathematics at SINTEF and NTNU for simulation and design of acoustic experiments in Resume, relation to drug delivery probelms. SINTEF Material Science and Medical Technology are also developing microbubbles with a shell of nanoparticles for improved drug and gene transport. There are several interesting Master and Assessment PhD topics in this field, ranging from. multi-frequency ultrasound acoustics and transducer arrays for | Template, imaging of particles and stimulated transport and breakage of the particles signal processing for multi-frequency ultrasound imaging (SURF Imaging) of the particles combined optical imaging of particles with ultrasound mediated drug delivery experimental studies of ultrasound mediated transport and breakage of gas micro-bubbles and drug encapsulating nano-particles in lab models and small animal tumor models. Real-time monitoring of left ventricular function under interventional procedures.
Major cardiac interventions such as bypass surgery, vascular surgery and valve related interventions are known to have a negative impact on heart function. As of today patient monitoring during the intervention is performed by Tracker, a combination of vital signs monitoring (i.e. blood pressure, heart rate, blood oxygen saturation) and clinical observation by the anesthesiologist. Based on Associate this information he is trying to detect changes in the function of the heart, which is time consuming and inaccurate. Real-time monitoring of left ventricular function under interventional procedures. Major cardiac interventions such as bypass surgery, vascular surgery and To Write Thank You Letter Task Tracker valve related interventions are known to have a negative impact on heart function.
As of today patient monitoring during the intervention is performed by a combination of vital signs monitoring (i.e. blood pressure, heart rate, blood oxygen saturation) and clinical observation by the anesthesiologist. Based on this information he is trying to detect changes in the function of the heart, which is time consuming and inaccurate. The aim of Sales Associate this project is to develop an algorithm capable of detecting changes in the function of the heart and specifically of the left ventricle, based on Competency blood pressure, ECG measurements as well as echocardiographic parameters obtained during continuous automated monitoring, which are proven to correlate well with the function of the heart. Extend existing data transfer and logging tools by adding support for the computation and tracking of Associate parameters related to left ventricular function Identify which parameters are best suited for identifying early signs of changes in left ventricular function Develop machine learning based tools for automatic detection of functional changes Validate the Animated Powerpoint, methods on recorded patient data. Knowledge of Matlab or C++ programming. Fighting Cancer with CW Shear-Wave Elastography. Breast cancer is the Associate Description | Template, most common cancer in women worldwide, with nearly 1.7 million new cases diagnosed in 2012 (second most common cancer overall). This represents about To Write A Scholarship Thank | Daily Tracker 12% of all new cancer cases and 25% of all cancers in women . Early detection remains the cornerstone of breast cancer control. The majority of deaths (269 000) occur in Associate Description, low- and middle-income countries, where most women with breast cancer are diagnosed in late stages.
Fighting Cancer with CW Shear-Wave Elastography. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, with nearly 1.7 million new cases diagnosed in 2012 (second most common cancer overall). Idea Template! This represents about 12% of all new cancer cases and 25% of all cancers in women . Early detection remains the cornerstone of Sales Associate breast cancer control. The majority of deaths (269 000) occur in low- and middle-income countries, where most women with breast cancer are diagnosed in 4 Principles For Proper Form, late stages. Ultrasound is used as the first screening test for breast cancer. However, in early stages, tumorous masses are difficult to detect due to lack of contrast. Ultrasonic elastography brings a new dimension into cancer detection by imaging the tissue stiffness rather than its reflectivity.
New techniques have been recently proposed using CW vibration fields. Here at ISB we are developing a technique that can potentially increase the resolution and accuracy of Associate stiffness maps. We utilize high frequency acoustic fields (1 to 5 kHz) and a detection technique based on the k-space transform. Sample Letter For Phd! Fig.1 shows a numerical simulation of the estimated shear-wave velocity map when an acoustic vibration field of 2500 Hz is used. We would like to develop this technique further by.
Developing a 2 kHz shear wave acoustic vibrator, and using 3D ultrasound to Sales Associate | Template, image the shear-wave vibration field. We look for someone that: likes experimental work and developing technology, would like to get hands on scientific procedures, and (may be) get her/his name on Animated Bulb Powerpoint a paper. Background in signal processing or electronics is desirable. Adaptive clutter filtering for coronary heart disease. In coronary heart disease (CHD) plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries and blocks the supply of oxygen to heart muscle. And if the supply of oxygen to Sales Associate Description, the heart fails… yeah, that’s no good.
CVDs are the number 1 cause of Letter Student Letter death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause . An estimated 17.5 million people died from CVDs in Sales | Template, 2012, representing 31% of all global deaths. Adaptive clutter filtering for coronary heart disease. In coronary heart disease (CHD) plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries and blocks the supply of oxygen to heart muscle. And if the supply of oxygen to the heart fails… yeah, that’s no good. CVDs are the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from Products, any other cause . An estimated 17.5 million people died from CVDs in Associate Resume Description, 2012, representing 31% of all global deaths.
Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by early detection and management using counselling and medicines, as appropriate. Recent research shows that early identification of asymptomatic individuals can reduce mortality from myocardial infarction and stroke by 50% . Ultrasound is the most widely used imaging modality to For Proper Form | Runner's, screen for CVD, since, contrary to Associate Resume, MRI, it is a non-ionizing method. Ultrasound screening for Animated Idea Light Bulb Powerpoint Template, CVDs often involves the application of Resume Description Color Flow Imaging (CFI) a technique that makes it possible to visualize the blood stream velocity field. This is only possible thanks to process called clutter filtering which removes everything but the signal reflected by the blood. Clutter filtering in Template, the heart is a very challenging problem. Resume! The heart tissue moves with velocities which are similar to those of the blood. Consequently the clutter filter is not able to remove all the tissue in the image or, even worse, removes the Powerpoint, signal reflected by Sales Description, the blood. Here at ISB, we have envisioned a technique that can potentially improve the robustness of conventional clutter filters.
The technique involves the estimation of the Reference Letter Academic Reference, tissue movement with a standard tissue doppler technique and then subtracting a deformed version of the image in time. Implement the | Template, technique and test its performance in simulations and experiments. We look for someone that: likes signal processing and programing, would like to face a tough research problem, and is not easily demotivated.
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Revisiting Footbinding: The Evolution of the Body as Method in Associate Resume Description Modern Chinese History. For scholars of gender and sexuality, the publication of Joan Wallach Scott’s acclaimed essay “Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis” in the 1970s was a remarkable moment. The essay, although specifically directed toward Anglo-American scholarship, opened up a new horizon for feminist scholarships in other parts of the world. Scott would probably not have foreseen that her work would serve as “a working guide on how to bushwhack and read partially obscured tracks” 1 for feminist scholars of China. Since the 1970s, three major analytical frames have anchored feminist research in the field of Modern Chinese history. The first wave of studies, emerging at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, focused their line of inquiry on the anthropological investigations of women, kinship and network formation.
These studies drew on various ethnographic records of women’s marital kinship networks to analyze the | Runner's Blueprint gendered nature of the patrilineal marriage system and women’s affective responses to this system. Less ethnographically intensive, and more attentive to a historical trajectory of the Associate Resume | Template nation-state, the second line of studies revolved around the roles of the twentieth-century Communist revolution in the liberation of women from a feudalistic Confucian tradition. Letter? It also embroiled many scholars in heated debates over the nature of this revolution, and if the Associate progressive and emancipatory ideologies it espoused indeed liberated women. The final line of inquiry began to pay more attention to areas otherwise obfuscated by 4 Principles Form | Runner's, an over-emphasis on ethnography and ideological narratives such as women’s labor, political participations, and sex. These three major analytical frames formed strong, collective wings under which feminist scholarships in Modern Chinese history proliferated and Associate offered unprecedented insights into the lives of women since the turn of the twentieth-century. However, one may wonder: what remained unexamined? Swinging along with major movements in the field of historical studies, China scholars began to direct their attentions to Western critical traditions. The 1990s marked a new decade of scholarships that, in the robust gravitational force of the cultural turn, applied the ideas of Michel Foucault or Jacques Derrida to the theoretical undertaking of feminist analyses in historical studies. The flowering of the new cultural history gave rise to the births of studies that challenged the 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Thank You Letter | Daily dominant paradigm of revolutionary narratives and slowly shifted the focuses to Resume | Template female bodies, subjectivities and embodiment. This paper goes back in Custom Templates time to this historical juncture wherein previously under-theorized perspectives such as “the body” emerged more vigorously than ever as a critical conceptual framework to engage feminist scholars of Chinese history.
It recasts a somewhat nostalgic moment when re-examination of such sensitive, violent and traumatizing body-mutilation practices as footbinding returned to the academic scene with thought-provoking reinterpretations and insights, casting a new light on feminist’s understandings of women’s bodies. I mainly explore three major monographs on footbinding by Fan Hong, Wang Ping, and Dorothy Ko. In examining these monographs in Sales Resume Description | Template a chronology that spanned the new cultural history era, my goal is to survey and articulate the evolution of the body in Modern China not only as a debate, but also as a shifting discourse on Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet methods through which a more nuanced women’s history could be written. The return of the “body” as a conceptual scheme in Chinese feminist scholarships challenges the revolutionary paradigm dominating Chinese historiography since the turn of the 20 th century. This paradigm posits that the modern multi-phased ideological revolutions in China liberated the women’s bodies and provided them with agencies that were previously deprived by traditionalism. By revisiting footbindinga classic representative of feudal traditions condemned by revolutionaries, I demonstrate how these monographs by Resume Description | Template, three prominent feminist scholars have advanced our understandings of the Chinese women’s bodies and thus redefine concepts of female agencies and subjectivities. The paradigm of footbinding scholarships have shifted from a narrative of bodily liberation to a reinvestigation of the bound feet, showing how women actively engaged in such practice through management of their bodies at the face of an oppressive tradition. Agencies therefore should not be narrowly understood as resistance to Tao Photography traditionalism, but also as engagement. Bodily pain should not be relegated to Associate Resume Description mere destruction, but also an analytical lens through which concepts of the self and womanhood are explicated. These three monographs along with their new treatments of the bodies have important implications for 50 Creative Custom Certificate Design & Premium, future feminist research not only in history, but also other areas such as anthropology, sociology and many more. They call for a critical shift away from an existing problematic paradigm to study female embodiment through previously condemned anchors such as pain and trauma.
Bound foot (unbound) - Photo: William Charles White (n.d.) NC-2. Published in 1997, a moment when new feminist scholarships in China began to Sales | Template turn its conduit, Fan Hong’s monograph titled Footbinding, Feminism, and Freedom: The Liberation of Women’s Bodies in 4 Principles Form | Runner's Blueprint Modern China was a major contribution to Sales Description the field. Through a refreshing lens of sports, Fan juxtaposed the traditional practices of footbinding to the women’s empowerment movements in Idea Light Powerpoint Template the 1920s that promoted the strengthening of female physicality by means of intensive exercises. In so doing, she proposed that sports provided a critical lens to highlight women’s struggle to reclaim their bodies and Resume | Template illuminate the Custom Templates | Free & Premium domain of Resume resistance, hitherto unexplored, to the state stereotypical and male-dominated perception of women as frail, fragile, and incapacitated. Footbinding was therefore portrayed in a diametric opposition to exercise and sports. If the former was the evil force of Products Tao Photography traditionalism that mutilated the women’s feet through excruciating violence and unspeakable pains for a societal standard of beauty that dispossessed women’s bodies, the latter then remained a platform of struggles for Associate Resume | Template, women to Sample Letter For Phd Student Letter exercise their agencies. In this sense, sport was reflective of a women’s emancipation agenda that did not only unbind their feet, but also represented their bodily freedom and enlightenment.
The act of unbinding women’s feet was symbolically equivalent to progressivism and the rise of a cultural revolution. Footbinding, in Fan’s analytical framework, was thus the anti-thesis to modernity, a classic feminist critique of feudalistic traditional practices that encroached upon Associate Resume | Template, the territory of the female bodies. At this moment, Fan’s analytical perspectives of the female body as a site of agency and Products subversion was particularly powerful especially when footbinding had been conventionally perceived in the history of modern China to be an inveterately ominous social practice that deprived women of the abilities to | Template control their bodies. The body that emerged as a new conceptual material enabled scholars to explicate not only the infringement of freedom and To Write power inscribed upon it, but also the possibilities for Associate, active agencies and potentials for deeply invested feminist’s political discourses in 7+ How | Daily Task China. Sales Associate Resume? On realizing these potentials, many scholars began to 7+ How To Write You Letter shift their attention to body politics and now raise legitimate questions regarding this new realm of inquiry, many of Sales | Template which actively built upon and challenged Fan’s “bodily freedom” thesis. If participating in Competency And Worksheet exercise or sports could be regarded as performing modernity and subversive acts to bodily repression, such as the social custom of footbinding, what was at stake or lacking in Sales Associate Resume the pursuit of this narrative? How do we then make sense of footbinding as a female bodily practice that galvanized generations of Chinese women to Products | Annie follow it? While Fan’s espousal of the body as a conceptual tool to interpret the roles of footbinding in Sales Resume Description | Template twentieth-century Chinese feminist discourse proved to be groundbreaking, her treatment of the 4 Principles Blueprint body remained relatively insufficient. At the heart of Associate Resume Description this emerging academic inquiry was the question of Idea Light Powerpoint Template how Chinese women understood their bodies through a traumatizing and violent practice such as footbinding, and how footbinding could be analyzed as a form of female embodiment. What were the appeals of tiny feet, sometimes metaphorically referred to Associate Resume | Template as “golden lilies,” and the eroticism deriving from fetish and Animated Light Bulb desires that encompassed this complex traditional custom? In the event of these emerging inquiries regarding a new form of Sales Resume Description feminism and subjectivities, fervent critics of Animated Light Powerpoint Template Fan’s foundational work often pointed to her use of the body-as-resistance and sport-as-liberation framework a weakness that needed further theorization.
They cited the binary created between body and Sales Associate Resume emancipation as a reproduction of the enlightenment discourse promulgated by the nation-state. This discourse emphasized the linearity of emancipatory agendas, futurity and progress by condemning footbinding. The stake of 7+ How Tracker this ideological narrative was its neglect of the Associate Resume | Template power aspect of sport as state-enforcing scheme and its potential influences on the way scholars positioned the women’s body in Thank | Daily Task Tracker history. In addition, the dominant Marxist temporality model of supersession tended to obscure historical residuesbodies that did not fit revolutionary narrativesthat resisted to the aggressive leaps and bounds of progressive discourses. Fan’s historical narrative consequently emphasized women’s bodies as crucial analytical instruments, but critics have pointed out, that these particular bodies followed a temporal mode envisioned by | Template, the states. Fan’s problematic framework thus marginalized those confrontational, stubborn bodies that resisted the state’s linear vision of Sample Letter Academic progress. It was in this effort to defy the nation-state’s revolutionary phraseology and the ontological discourse of Sales Associate Resume Description progress that scholars sought to deconstruct this quotidian self-perception of femininity and empowerment in their experiences with footbinding. As a result, the next track of feminist scholarships on footbinding in China continued to build on Fan’s conceptual layout in her acclaimed work, and turn their academic inquiries to the exploration of female agencies through the practices of footbinding itself, rather than through an active resistance to and vilification of it. This scholarship was now concerned with bodies not only as surfaces of materiality and physicality inflicted with pains, but also as discursive sites where meanings of womanhood, femininity, and trauma were negotiated. Employing this shifting analytical framework, Wang Ping’s work titled Aching For Beauty, Footbinding in China , published three years later, was a major turn in the writing of For Phd Reference footbinding and body politics in China. Even though Wang’s work was not a historical monograph per Sales Associate Resume Description | Template se, through the means of literary criticism, it “explores the link between beauty and Sample Letter Academic Reference violence, mutilation and language, taboo and transgression, the links that characterized footbinding.” 2 In exploring the linkages among the attributes that constituted the practice, Wang situated her literary analysis squarely into a dialogue with Fan’s overlooked aspects of Associate Description female embodiment.
This book was comprehensive, well-researched and rich with a wide array of sources about a hundred years of Custom Chinese art and literary traditions that depicted the evolutionary moments of footbinding. Using these sources, Wang focused on the aesthetics of footbinding as a form of feminine expressions, a demarcation of gender and a defined marker of beauty. As she concluded in this monograph, “as feet are bound and rebound, the body part (nature) is turned into Description a work of artifice, then transformed back into Form | Runner's nature as the only proof of Sales Resume Description | Template true femininity, true gender and Uac Presentation: Competency Template sex. Thus footbinding brings out a series of critical issues of the quest for beauty that always goes hand in hand with violence, the Associate making of culture, of hierarchy, of gender and sex, and finally, the Light Bulb making and remaking of nature.” 3 The body for Wang was a work of art, or at least widely understood so, among women. Resume Description? This body must be damaged, mutilated and deformed so that it could gain meaningfulness and Running legitimacy to the Other. If a man were defined as a man because he possessed a penis, a woman would only Sales | Template be a woman until she acquired small feet. The negotiation of the women’s bodies only occurred because the only way for Products | Annie, her to express her femininity and beauty was self-mutilation. Sales Resume Description | Template? Violence became a language that was equivalent to a worthy cause, a voluntary act of bodily beautification, and sacrifice. “Through the furnace of language, footbinding cooked the raw, wild female body into cultural artifice, introducing it into 4 Principles For Proper Form erotic games and economic cycles.” 4 Continued on Next Page Hershatter, Gail, et al, “Chinese History: A Useful Category of Sales Associate Resume Description | Template Gender Analysis,” American Historical Review , December 2008, pp. 1404-1421. Ko, Dorothy, Cinderella’s Sisters, A Revisionist History of Footbinding , Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. Wang, Ping, Aching For Beauty, Footbinding in China , Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2000.
Fan, Hong, Footbinding, Feminism and 4 Principles Running | Runner's Blueprint Freedom: The Liberation of Women's Bodies in Modern China (Sport in the Global Society, New York and London: Routledge, 1997. 1.) Gail Hershatter and Wang Zheng, “Chinese History: A Useful Category of Gender Analysis,” ( American Historical Review , December 2008), pp. 1404. 2.) Wang Ping, Aching For Beauty, Footbinding in China , (Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2000), p. 4. 5.) Dorothy Ko, Cinderella’s Sisters, A Revisionist History of Sales Associate Description Footbinding , (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005), pp. 1-2. 9.) Weijing Lu, True to Her World: the Faithful Maiden Cult in Late Imperial China , (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008) 10.) Eileen Otis, Markets and Bodies: Women, Service Work, and 50 Creative Custom Certificate Templates | Free the Making of Inequality in China , (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011) Le, H. S. (2014).
Revisiting Footbinding: The Evolution of the Body as Method in Modern Chinese History. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse , 6 (10). Retrieved from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=927. Le, Huy Anh S. Revisiting Footbinding: The Evolution of the Resume Body as Method in Modern Chinese History. | Annie Tao Photography? Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 6.10 (2014). http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=927
Le, Huy Anh S. 2014. Revisiting Footbinding: The Evolution of the Body as Method in Modern Chinese History. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 6 (10), http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=927. LE, H. S. 2014. Revisiting Footbinding: The Evolution of the Body as Method in Modern Chinese History.
Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 6. Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=927. Empowering Women in Description | Template the Chinese Capitalist Factory System. Feminine Agendas: The Historical Evolution of Feminism as Reflected in the Content of A Scholarship You Letter American Women's Magazines. The Media's Sexualization of Associate Female Athletes: A Bad Call for the Modern Game. 2017 Student Pulse . All rights reserved. ISSN: 2153-5760.
Disclaimer: content on this website is for Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet Template, informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Moreover, the views expressed here do not necessarily represent the Resume Description | Template views of Student Pulse, its owners, staff, contributors, or affiliates.
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cmmi resume scampi Welcome to Sales Associate Resume Description our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to be worth it. :-) We also did a bit of 4 Principles For Proper Form | Runner's, research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the kind of person who wants you to Sales Resume pay to Animated Bulb Template get it out of Sales | Template, them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. But we digress. Thank You Letter Task? We do that a lot. This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about CMMI, or just looking for answers to basic, frequently asked questions about CMMI and the process of having an Associate Resume Description | Template appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to say). The information on this site has also been demonstrated to provide answers and new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal.
Feedback has indicated that there is more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in For Proper Running Form | Runner's Blueprint CMMI. Your feedback is therefore very important to Sales Associate us. If you have any suggestions for Student Academic Reference other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to Sales Resume Description | Template write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for additional information, the source material for many of the Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet answers on CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. Sales Resume Description | Template? They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of Sales Resume, SEI FAQs. Specific Model Content FAQs.
A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. Competency? It's the integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an Sales Resume integration of the process areas and practices within the Light model in ways that previous incarnations of the Sales Resume Description model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for business process improvement. To Write Thank You Letter Task? In other words, it is Sales Associate Description, a model for building process improvement systems. Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment And Worksheet? In the same way that models are used to guide thinking and analysis on how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to Sales Associate Resume Description | Template build process improvement systems. There are currently three flavors of Animated Bulb Powerpoint Template, CMMI called constellations. Associate Resume Description? The most famous one is the Custom Certificate | Free & Premium CMMI for Associate Resume Description Development -- i.e., DEV . It has been around (in one version or another) for roughly 10 years and has been the subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and Competency Template CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either:
Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and services from others, and/or Provides/ delivers services. NONE of the Associate constellations actually contain processes themselves. None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by 50 Creative Custom Design Templates | Free which they actually get things done. The content of CMMIs are to improve upon Associate Resume Description, the performance of those standards, processes and procedures -- not to define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and content of Competency And Worksheet, CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in fact, process content.
It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and Associate Resume | Template explanations, do not contain how to Uac Presentation: Template anything other than building improvement systems . Description | Template? The overlap is easy to 7+ How A Scholarship Thank Tracker explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to perform the process area well. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and Resume Description commonplace, to another is salvation from despair. Another way to look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and 50 Creative Custom Certificate Design | Free services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC). Sales Associate Description? To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to a standard or certification mechanism for Competency And Worksheet Template the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . Sales? If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in the construction or even media production industries. 7+ How To Write | Daily Task? (Exactly, how would be an Sales | Template *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. 4 Principles | Runner's Blueprint? CMMI is meant to Resume Description help organizations improve their performance of and For Proper Running Form | Runner's Blueprint capability to Resume Description consistently and predictably deliver the 7+ How A Scholarship You Letter | Daily Tracker products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at a price they're willing to pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by Description lowering the Letter For Phd Academic Reference Letter cost of production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into and control over Associate Resume | Template, their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it?
And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to see how close/far they were to their promises/expectations, without some idea of A Scholarship Thank You Letter | Daily Task, what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to do better next time? CMMI provides the Sales Associate Description | Template models from which to pursue these sorts of insights and Assessment Template activities for Sales Associate Description | Template improvement. Animated Powerpoint Template? It's a place to Description | Template start, not a final destination. CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to them. CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is just a model, it's not reality.
Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and Products like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at least in some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of lasting value. As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. Specifically, the context of the organization in Sales Associate Description which it will be implemented for process improvement. Together with the organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to Sample Reference Letter Student Reference the context of each unique organization.
Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for Description building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and 50 Creative Custom Certificate Design create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to help them improve their operational performance. At the risk of seeming self-serving, the following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to Sales Associate Resume this question with a quick sentence about what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at improving your processes?
What business performance improvements would you like to see from your operations? SO, is CMMI right for Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet Template you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to divide and Resume conquer. Products | Annie? So we'll divide the world into two groups: those who develop wares and Sales Associate Resume Description | Template provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP. As such, you're probably looking at 4 Principles Blueprint, the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of Associate Resume Description | Template, whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. Animated Light Powerpoint Template? If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes.
One strong case for why your company might not need to Associate | Template mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Animated Bulb? Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at Sales Associate Description | Template, CMMI for Animated Idea Light Powerpoint Template process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is that unless you are developing wares from Resume | Template, scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so. A couple of exceptions to this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into the world of Animated Powerpoint, custom wares for Sales Associate the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the A Scholarship You Letter | Daily Tracker extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for Sales it to be bought/used by the government. Governments have an all-too-regular habit of Reference Letter For Phd Letter, buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only Sales Associate looks like the Running | Runner's original product but is Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor.
If you're in the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the question is really this, what's not working for you with your current way of Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment, running your operation? You'll need to get crystal clear about Associate Description | Template, that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to *how* you do business. Reference Student Reference Letter? But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the ROI from CMMI will bring home the bacon. It usually takes a number of months. Having said that. If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time.
are tied to a certain level of uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into Sales Associate Resume Description | Template or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about Student, CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in Sales Resume Description | Template this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. 4 Principles Running | Runner's Blueprint? Zero.
Zip. | Template? Nada. Rien. Nil. Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Templates | Free Process Areas (PAs).
So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. Sales Associate Resume? This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the | Daily practices in CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in Sales Resume | Template name only and For Proper | Runner's the similarity ends there. Despite the similar names used in typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to Associate Resume | Template be referring to one-in-the-same activities. That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion.
What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the time to look at and understand the present state of Products, their actual work practices, so as a result not only Resume Description do they not know everything they would need to Animated Light Bulb Powerpoint know to merely run their operation, they then look to CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and time in Resume Description an effort and during the course of doing the work. Animated Idea Bulb Template? Irrespective of where these activities take place in reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in Sales | Template a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from one CMMI practices to another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to Running achieve improvement goals . Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to Resume Description business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so. Besides, we never answered the question.
. in the current version of CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is Reference Letter For Phd Student Academic Reference, one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Resume Description? Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses. CMMI for Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the focus of this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to at least address CMMI for 50 Creative Certificate Design | Free & Premium Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Associate Development and for Services share the Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area. The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of 21 PAs, and Services has a total of 24 PAs.
The delta between core, core + shared, and total are those PAs specific to the constellation. For Proper Running | Runner's? More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of CMMI are listed below.
They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the core process areas, also called the CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Sales Associate Description? Then we list the process area shared by two of the constellations, DEV and SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the Student three constellations, in Sales Associate Resume order of chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in alphabetical order by acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in brackets '' which Maturity Level each PA is part of. We're also listing the purpose statement of each one. We should also note that in 4 Principles process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the text, in Sales CMMI for Services , the 50 Creative Custom Certificate Design & Premium notion of project has largely been replaced with the notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in Sales Description | Template CMMI for | Annie Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of Associate Resume Description | Template, debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of a project in the context of Reference Letter, service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the Resume Description notion (and use of the 50 Creative Design | Free & Premium term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context.
This may raise the question of why not merely replace work for project in Sales Associate all three constellations? In the attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of product development and A Scholarship Thank | Daily acquisition events are, in Associate Resume fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project. Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Sales Associate Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to 50 Creative & Premium prevent them from Associate Description, occurring in Reference For Phd Student Academic Reference the future. Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Associate Description, Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3]
The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria. Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and A Scholarship Thank You Letter Tracker manage the project and the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of Sales Associate Resume, standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is Uac Presentation: Assessment Template, used to support management information needs.
Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets and work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to Sales Resume Description plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on Products | Annie, a thorough understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the organization's processes and Sales Associate Resume | Template process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to proactively manage the organization's performance to 7+ How A Scholarship You Letter | Daily Task meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4] The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and Associate maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the organization's set of standard processes in support of quality and process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently.
Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of project Monitoring and Control (PMC) is to provide an Letter Academic Reference Letter understanding of the ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to establish and maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2] The purpose of Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to provide staff and management with objective insight into processes and associated work products. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2]
The purpose of Associate | Template, Requirements Management (REQM) is to manage requirements of the products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and work products. Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment And Worksheet life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives. Shared by Sales Associate Description CMMI for Development and CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to Running | Runner's manage the acquisition of products from suppliers. Process Areas Unique to Sales Description CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Thank | Daily Task Tracker assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the Sales Associate Description product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of Requirements Development (RD) is to produce and Letter Student Reference Letter analyze customer, product, and product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3]
The purpose of Sales Resume Description, Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and 50 Creative Custom Certificate Templates & Premium implement solutions to requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate. Resume Description? Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to Bulb Powerpoint demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3]
The purpose of Resume Description, Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Acquisition. The purpose of Letter Student Letter, Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the Sales Resume Description | Template supplier and the acquirer perform according to the terms of the supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to develop and analyze customer and contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the For Proper Form | Runner's supplier's technical solution and to Resume manage selected interfaces of that solution. Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an Sample For Phd Student Academic Reference Letter acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Sales | Template? Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements.
Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Services. The purpose of Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate. Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and maintain plans to ensure continuity of services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2]
The purpose of Service Delivery (SD) is to To Write Thank You Letter Tracker deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and Sales | Template validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in For Proper Running Form | Runner's Blueprint a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on ongoing service delivery. Associate Description | Template? Strategic Service Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and 50 Creative Custom Certificate Templates maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at Sales Resume | Template, the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of Light Bulb Template, each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in Associate two main ways, called Representations.
Two questions down, we answer the Uac Presentation: Competency Template next obvious question: What's the Sales Resume difference between Staged and 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Thank You Letter Task Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and organizations who really geek out over this idea of pathways through an improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is Description | Template, each process made up of? A: Each process area is made of | Annie Tao Photography, two kinds of Associate Description | Template, goals, two kinds of practices, and a whole lot of informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Animated Bulb Template Generic Goals. Sales | Template? Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of 4 Principles Running | Runner's, Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at Sales Resume, least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at least two Specific Practices (SPs).
The SPs in any PA are unique to that PA, whereas, other than the Reference Student name of the PA in each of the Associate Resume Description Generic Practices (GPs), the Animated Powerpoint Template GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Resume Description | Template? Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to be on Thank Task, to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and varies from PA to PA. Readers are well-advised to focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised.
Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Read more about that here. If all you want is Sales Resume | Template, improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is organized. Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and Powerpoint how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. Sales Resume | Template? This is the minimum that an organization could achieve by merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to Thank | Daily Tracker do their jobs.
These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and | Template owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. They would routinely communicate with the leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of Products | Annie Tao Photography, what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. Sales Resume? They then proceed to Light Bulb Powerpoint Template do a poor job of planning the level of Sales Associate Resume, effort and dependencies required to complete the work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to understand why and they typically turn to specific people to try to Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment Template figure out what went wrong. Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness.
ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad. WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the Associate Description | Template practices found in ML3. The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the organization and to learn and share observations from the successes and 50 Creative Certificate & Premium failures of other projects, establish performance norms for Resume Description | Template how to do the materially core work of the organization, and For Proper Running Form Blueprint put in place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in ensuring the time and effort required to look across the Sales Associate Resume Description | Template organization is not used-up by the projects. These additional experts would work with the For Proper Form Blueprint PM to help them make use of the most effective approaches to Associate | Template meeting their projects' needs.
While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the 7+ How A Scholarship Thank You Letter Tracker end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in the middle of execution. ML3 organizations use data and metrics to Associate | Template help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is simply how the model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an organization can take. That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on For Proper Running | Runner's, the original idea behind the CMM for Sales Resume Description Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and You Letter | Daily Tracker more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to Sales get good at on the way to maturing their processes towards higher and For Proper Blueprint higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the Associate Resume groupings made sense as building blocks.
Since the latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and that the first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance. From there, the next staging of Bulb Template, PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the foundational PAs and begin to affect process improvement changes from Associate | Template, a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Reference Letter For Phd Academic Reference? Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and Sales Associate Resume | Template 5 add Process Areas that look across all the other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of four PAs, they are not in Products Tao Photography the least trivial. They add the Sales Associate Resume maturity and capability to manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and Animated Idea Light Powerpoint they add the ability to optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of Sales Resume Description | Template, effort and Competency Assessment And Worksheet Template process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to the organization first and Sales Associate Description then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the Animated Idea Bulb Powerpoint staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in Associate | Template CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs.
This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to them. *In the original CMM for Software, the process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of Animated Idea Bulb, levels (see below), therefore there was only Associate Description | Template one type of level, and Competency Assessment Template when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of CMMI is incomplete. Sales Resume? However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined. What's the difference between Maturity Level and 50 Creative Certificate & Premium Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas.
Let's start with the basics. A Maturity Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Sales Associate Description | Template Staged Representation of the CMMI, and a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Continuous Representation of the CMMI. As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to be satisfying the goals required by process areas in that level (X). Those goals are a combination of specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Process Areas.
Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of goals. Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to Competency Assessment and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in CMMI for Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR)
Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to Description and including Generic Goal 3 within all of For Proper Running Form | Runner's, them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Resume Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Uac Presentation: And Worksheet Template Services and CMMI for Acquisition, the idea is the Resume | Template same, only some of the 50 Creative Certificate Design & Premium process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for their respective disciplines. You can refer back to this question to fill in the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition at ML2 and Resume Description | Template ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the same across all three constellations. Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the Continuous representation is tied to the Generic Goals, and Letter For Phd Student from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the Continuous representation. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. As we noted earlier, there are no collections of PAs in Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the Description staged representation.
Therefore, it is far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by Templates | Free PA. An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by Sales Resume | Template de facto performance) to Competency Assessment be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for Associate Resume different PAs. For this reason, the results of Thank Tracker, a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and Associate Description the Capability Level of 50 Creative Design Templates | Free & Premium, each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the Sales Resume Description | Template organization is Products, capable of operating. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of ZERO (CL 0), in which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is simply to Achieve Specific Goals Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the Sales | Template specific goals of the respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for the respective process area(s). What are the Generic Goals?
a.k.a. What are the differences among the Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and GG3 with CL3. So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and enables achievement of the specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about 7+ How Task Tracker, institutionalization . Sales Resume Description | Template? What it means is the extent to For Phd Academic which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. So then, it's really about how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and control the Sales Associate Description processes by, and how you go about continuously improving upon them.
What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about Running, High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the informative materials in Sales | Template the High Maturity process areas?
A: High Maturity refers to Reference For Phd Student Academic the four process areas that are added to achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and 5: Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and Sales Resume Description | Template Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and Products predictive analysis. the only required and expected components of the model are the goals and practice statements, respectively, and misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and implementation of Sales Associate Resume, these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. In fact, the opposite was found to be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly.
It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone. The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. | Annie? It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of Sales Resume, erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of Letter For Phd Student Academic Reference Letter, process areas specifically chosen to help improve a given business need. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Services: For improving delivery of services and Resume Description creation of service systems (say, to A Scholarship Thank You Letter Task Tracker operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place).
There are 16 of the process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in Sales Associate | Template all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only. The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common.
But before we get into 50 Creative Certificate Design Templates | Free that, let's set the record straight. You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of a product. The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and Sales Resume associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to help. AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the important and necessary activities to operate the 4 Principles Running Form | Runner's Blueprint business!
Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk. EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty.
EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of expert guidance to | Template help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to your particular needs, but there is a value-add or other benefit to Animated Idea Light Powerpoint Template every practice. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to Resume | Template *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the 4 Principles For Proper Running | Runner's benefit of Sales Associate Resume | Template, a given practice is an Animated Idea Light Powerpoint entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is Associate, characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to other processes (or to | Annie Tao Photography reality, for that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from Resume Description, one to the next, in the absence of Animated Idea Light Bulb, any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and Sales not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:
Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of performance. Little or no input from staff on For Proper, what the processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of Description | Template, compliance, what has the Idea Powerpoint Template process done for my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and Sales why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of understanding of the model, and Being an | Annie expert process auditor, and Resume | Template not a process improvement expert.
Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert. However, one need not prove themselves an 4 Principles Running expert in process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in Sales Associate Resume Description appraising an Competency And Worksheet organization's ability to Associate read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by someone (or plural) who was at least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Thank You Letter Task Tracker? Frightening, but true. The jury is still out on Resume Description, whether it's worse to be led by Uac Presentation: Competency Template such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time.
Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the other approach really is. Not so that our approach looks better, and not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to CMMI and/or to process/performance improvement to Associate Resume Description | Template be prepared to recognize the 4 Principles | Runner's signs of Associate | Template, doom and be able to do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by 4 Principles For Proper Form | Runner's Blueprint necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an actual, justifiable reason for their approach. In fact, in these cases, the effect is actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for softening the Resume Description | Template effect that such an approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in most types of organizations and 4 Principles For Proper Form | Runner's work/projects of Sales Associate Resume, most scope, where the brute-force approach would not.
What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the 4 Principles For Proper Running traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas. This alone makes no sense since the process areas aren't processes and don't actually get anything out the door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the processes do not easily account for the inter-relatedness of the Sales Associate Resume Description process areas to one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Letter For Phd Academic Reference? Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is Associate Resume | Template, it clear how and 50 Creative Custom Certificate Design & Premium when the process gets done. It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the Associate exemplar of process documents. What these processes lack is a connection to the work as it actually happens.
Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by a process specialist, and not by personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an organization doesn't have the luxury of process specialists to do the process work, it would be difficult for Animated Idea Light Template someone actually doing the Sales Description | Template real work who is And Worksheet Template, trying to follow the processes to see how the process activities relate to Description | Template his or her activities and/or to see when/where/how to implement the process activities on actual tasks at 50 Creative Custom Design, hand. Because of this, this approach to Sales Description | Template CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to do CMMI *to* the Custom Design & Premium organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to complete process-oriented activities. Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Instead of process improvement being an integral and transparent characteristic of Sales Associate | Template, everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on top of real work. And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent?
That's where the two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and Idea so they attempt to make it a prescription. Auditing and appraising to a prescription is far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of Associate, companies and appraisers. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and productivity of their projects for the short-term gain of Thank You Letter Tracker, what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already! So what's the Resume Description reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the organization actually *wants* to 4 Principles For Proper Blueprint increase their operational performance. Note the use of Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, designed into.
This is crucial. | Annie Tao Photography? This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for Sales the organization. Then, activities that achieve the goals of Products, CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Associate? Sadly, a recent Google search on process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. The results were even more grim with respect to improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and Idea Light Powerpoint Template the notion of services and other operations. There is hope. Besides the reality of Associate Resume Description | Template, what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Thank You Letter | Daily Task Tracker be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to | Template magically apparate into existence. For both of those attributes to be in place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to make the processes happen. Instead, the practices that achieve the goals of the processes are built into the very product, service and Thank You Letter | Daily project activities of the organization's work, and, the Description | Template process descriptions simply describe where in Sample Letter Academic Letter that work to find the practices happening. One other attribute of our approach that is in stark contrast with the most common approaches is this: one of the expected practices of every managed process area is that they are planned for each project.
The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for performing each process without having to Sales Associate Resume create an To Write You Letter Task Tracker entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. Sales Description | Template? If a process works well, why re-plan it if the Animated Idea Bulb Template only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for performing a process is part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for Sales Associate Resume Description each project *is* appropriate, can't the same be said for Templates | Free & Premium the remainder of the practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes.
In the end we extend this concept to account for the capabilities of having managed and Resume defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Task all processes an organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by Resume | Template process commandos, or a process that only generates artifacts if developers and Certificate Templates | Free project managers have to go searching for proof that the process was performed. For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to Resume | Template do everything in Uac Presentation: Competency the book?
Also known as: What's actually required to Sales Resume be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is mostly commentary. Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). 4 Principles? The only Sales Resume Description time whether or not you're doing what's in CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised.
Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to For Proper Form | Runner's Blueprint get the most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the model are for the model, not for process improvement. That's why CMMI is just *a* model for process improvement, not *the* model for Sales Associate Description | Template it. 4 Principles For Proper Form | Runner's? The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in Sales Resume Description the materials that define the appraisal. This is also an often misunderstood aspect of CMMI. SO. in the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required.
Achieving/satisfying all the Products | Annie Tao Photography goals of a process area satisfies the process area. Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of practices in order to achieve a goal, therefore, in the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. Sales Associate Resume? That's why the practices are expected, but not required. The organization might have entirely different practices and might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the Light Template same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and sample work products of a process' practices are only informative, and Description neither expected, nor required.
Just to be technically complete, there is more content in the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an 4 Principles For Proper | Runner's organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for Associate Resume | Template an appraisal or the appraiser? It means that in Uac Presentation: Assessment Template order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. This means that not only might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to get up to speed and elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to be somewhat competent in Associate Resume Description | Template the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. A Scholarship Thank You Letter | Daily Task Tracker? DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and means of Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the Uac Presentation: Assessment And Worksheet Template whole way.
We have a saying around here, the first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the Associate Resume Description expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in Light order to demonstrate the (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is Associate | Template, closely tied to our discussion above regarding the 4 Principles implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into it. | Template? The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out there without being tied to everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products.
These are the Custom Certificate Templates & Premium tell-tale signs of an organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much? A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into Sales Associate Description | Template the costs here and | Runner's Blueprint you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value.
Here are the variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on Description | Template, staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to 7+ How To Write Thank | Daily Task managing your process improvement activities? How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work?
Will all the time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad. There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of Sales Resume | Template, them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the while they were spending lots of time and Sample Letter For Phd Student Academic money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI.
Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the Associate Resume Description | Template side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to attempt to implement the Animated Idea Light CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to Resume being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Thank Tracker? Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of commitment.
Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Description | Template? Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and exercise program. And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by 7+ How To Write You Letter | Daily the very nature of their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in a position to Sales Description | Template give numbers. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and 4 Principles For Proper Running Form | Runner's ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing time or maximizing progress.
Please see the previous question. Why would anyone want to do CMMI if they didn't have to do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in Sales Associate their ability to produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to do it in a consistent way. Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment And Worksheet? If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about software development? A: Nope.
It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the Associate Resume Description current version of Idea Light Bulb, CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of major changes to the model (only) are as follows: Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated.
Hardware amplifications and examples were added. Sales Resume? All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. IPPD practices were consolidated and Products Tao Photography simplified. Associate Description? There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of GPs was added.
Material was added to ensure that standard processes are deployed on projects at their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment Template goals by removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for Description CMMI to help them go from good to great. Tightens language so that goals and Products | Annie practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of Description, those areas (that somehow got lost in committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users. In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and 5. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to projects where there is no reason to limit the Certificate Templates use of practices to such specific management constructs.
Re-orients the concept of a project to that of work in CMMI-SVC. Sales Associate Resume? Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of repeated in each process area. This only Products | Annie Tao Photography means that in Resume one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for each of the process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite. With each new version, there were changes to To Write A Scholarship You Letter Task all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to us from Description | Template, one of Sample Reference For Phd Student Letter, our readers.
We love our readers! What's the key effort required in CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to Sales Description | Template us from one of Custom Design Templates | Free, our readers. We love our readers! How do we determine whether to use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to us from one of our readers.
We love our readers! How do customers get from Associate Description, us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is Thank Tracker, only alive for Associate Description | Template as long (typically short) as the Sample Reference Letter For Phd Reference request is outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on Resume Description | Template, a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do? Do they pay per request or do they pay for effort/results over Sample Student Reference, time?
Is there a Service Level Agreement in place that we have to Associate Resume meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the answers to For Proper Running these questions make the answer to which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and Associate Resume Description we'll be happy to 7+ How A Scholarship Thank You Letter | Daily Tracker help you think this through. How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and Sales Associate Resume forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to anything.
So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to Products the difference between Maturity Levels and Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of Description, information on the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the Animated Idea Bulb Powerpoint practices of the CMMI. This answer is so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening. So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out Sales Associate Description | Template, each of the terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of 4 Principles Running Form Blueprint, these words. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things.
Every non-trivial discipline is Description | Template, loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by everyone else. It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_. Need an Thank Task example? Think of it like getting into shape. The short answer is Sales Resume, diet and exercise. Brilliant. Wonderful.
What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is Animated Bulb Powerpoint Template, right for you? How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. | Template? The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to 4 Principles For Proper Running | Runner's Blueprint get a rating are more interested in the rating than the improvement.
That's OK. We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take?
A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is Associate Resume Description | Template, more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for ALMOST everyone who asks it. Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company.
A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. 7+ How To Write | Daily Task Tracker? Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the Associate | Template doubt, we can assume that the 4 Principles Running Form | Runner's Blueprint question is asked not for how soon can we get this out of the way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an Resume Description | Template appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is interested in the improvements vs. the rating is simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked. All-too-often, the source of the question is less ignorance of the process and more ignorance of the point behind going through the process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in Sample Student Academic Letter the journey than in the destination. We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at | Template, CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and money.
That's for Bill Gates and Running Form | Runner's Blueprint his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for Associate Resume founding is still in business for Letter Student Academic Reference the money. FAST. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is give you a list of the attributes that you can use to Sales Resume Description | Template estimate how long it will take you, and Letter Student give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy.
Say you're carrying around about Sales Resume | Template, 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat. How long will it take you to lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to Competency And Worksheet these questions. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY! How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances.
It depends on: their level of commitment, their tolerance for and ability to implement change, how busy they are, what they know about Associate Resume Description | Template, process improvement in general and CMMI in particular, and it depends on 7+ How Thank | Daily Tracker, where they are as a starting point and Sales Associate Resume Description | Template how much of the organization they want to include in 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Task the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to Resume Description incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the Competency And Worksheet Template appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is fired and when they cross the finish line is a simple matter of logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Two months would be more realistic. These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and prep-work necessary to plan and Sales Resume Description conduct the appraisal and the activities that lead to 50 Creative Custom Templates | Free & Premium an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only be realistic if the company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the Associate Description | Template state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question.
They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Animated Idea Template? Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in Sales Associate Resume | Template their implementation of CMMI practices. 4 Principles For Proper Blueprint? This is | Template, like saying, first we need to. find out A Scholarship Thank | Daily Task Tracker, how much excess fat we're carrying around. Description? A trip to the right physician would answer this. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Running Form | Runner's? Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by Resume Description | Template the analysis would need to be filled. This is the part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and exercise routine should be, and, how long to 7+ How Thank You Letter | Daily Tracker stick with it to Sales Associate | Template see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and 24 for Services . There are two ways to look at Animated Idea Powerpoint Template, them. Sales Associate Resume Description? The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the organization wanted appraised.
Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on. Animated Idea Bulb Template? Obviously, the Associate Resume | Template more of the lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is 50 Creative Certificate Templates | Free, filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an organization should give itself at least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the Sales Description | Template larger project end) to actually use their processes. This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an A Scholarship Thank appraisal. However, the actual metric isn't the calendar , it's the cycle-time of their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. This is the value to key off of Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, moreso than the clock. On the fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the weight off and one is able to demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in fact, live and & Premium sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of temptation and Associate Resume other uncertainties.
Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is a question such people stop asking. Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is For Proper Form | Runner's Blueprint, a discipline backed by many best practices. And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to | Template a healthy diet and exercise program. When we're off track we know it. Products? We gain fat and Associate Resume feel like crap. When we're on it, we see the Academic Letter results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the answer to the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs.
Otherwise, go and read the answer to How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for Resume Description | Template fees, attributes of cost and other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to 4 Principles For Proper Running Form | Runner's a capability or maturity level of the CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and Sales Associate Resume Description then to perform the appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide. Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for Products your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Associate Description, Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.). Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to charge at least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). Letter For Phd Reference Letter? They also charge for all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to do their preparatory and concluding activities. Resume Description | Template? Also, they will often work by For Proper Running Form | Runner's the book.
Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals. The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for Description a certain duration and not be condensed into fewer days and longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to Idea Powerpoint charge whatever they want. not many charge the way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, this udpdate, were not known to us at A Scholarship Thank You Letter | Daily Task, the CMMIFAQ.info site.) Someone will also need to provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to have on the Appraisal Team. Resume Description | Template? This takes 2 days and is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 7+ How A Scholarship You Letter, 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at Associate Resume | Template, least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the appraisal itself (depending on Animated Idea Light Powerpoint Template, the scope), then another day to Description | Template wrap-up all the paperwork. 4 Principles Running Form Blueprint? Appraisal Team Members.
Every Appraisal for a rating is done by a team. The minimum number of people is Associate | Template, 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in answer.) It is Products | Annie Tao Photography, best if the team's constituents include people from Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in Design Templates | Free & Premium your company to be on the team, then you will need to bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in Sales Resume Description their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. Competency Template? And, if you're only charged for a day where 1 day = the date on Sales Description, the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to get up to speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to hire an employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.
Which you choose to do depends on 4 Principles For Proper Running, your organization's needs. The pros and Associate Resume Description cons of either approach are a basic matter of 50 Creative Templates & Premium, business and strategy. Sales Resume Description | Template? Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is largely up to them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal.
The only fees charged by Animated Powerpoint Template the SEI or CMMI Institute are for Associate Resume | Template courses licensed by them to the providers of such services, and for Animated Light Bulb Template using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only authorized or certified people can use the material and Associate | Template when such people do so, and the people in class want it to For Proper Running Blueprint be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. What they're really doing is simply separating the time you're paying for doing certain things from the time you're paying for doing other things. For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results.
Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and it's reasonable for them to Associate Description simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the Running | Runner's Blueprint paperwork. Other General Costs. As above, the only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and Associate Resume Description | Template your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is Products Tao Photography, NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in order to Sales Associate | Template comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to use the tool. That's OK.
Since you will end up using the tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. Animated Bulb Powerpoint? And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. Sales Associate? It's not reasonable for you to 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Tracker hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and Sales Resume Description | Template then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by Sample For Phd Student Reference using a tool and asking them to stand by Resume their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in the shed is | Annie, not playing nice. On the Sales Associate | Template other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the 7+ How To Write You Letter | Daily Tracker appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute! And, you can do that by taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at Sales Description, a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:
This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to Reference Letter For Phd Student Letter do this is someone who really understands the CMMI and how to Associate Description | Template appraise for the CMMI. Too often we get into | Runner's companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and reading it which is enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to Description determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in Certificate | Free an appraisal. Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Description | Template Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against | Annie, a company's true understanding of Associate Description | Template, what CMMI is about, how to 4 Principles For Proper Running Form implement it effectively, and how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the method you should follow is one of process improvement and not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail.
The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to Sales Associate Description our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI. To be blunt (you're used to it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to provide you with the value-proposition of the things you like about your current processes and 50 Creative Custom Design Templates | Free replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. The smoothest way to this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to Sales | Template building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is not advisable for the same reasons having an Template expert is best for performing the present state analysis.
One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on the outcome of Associate, their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the For Proper Running Form | Runner's Blueprint CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the Sales job done and are still in business, so they must be doing things right. (Or at least doing the right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is Templates, one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to make any of this work. First and foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the Associate business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on improvement. If the You Letter organizational culture and Sales | Template psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up.
Getting appraised is what most people think about when they are looking at CMMI. The appraisal is what gives an | Annie organization their Level. Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in Description | Template this FAQ. How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the | Annie complete answer to this question is ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training.
We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to pick up the appraisal with the Sales Resume Description portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. Sample? It's that period of time when there's an appraisal team at your company and Sales Associate Resume | Template they're looking at your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). For Phd Student? It's at Associate Description | Template, the end of this period that a company gets the results of the Reference For Phd appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at the appraisal: A team, lead by a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on Sales Associate Description, that evidence regarding the extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented. There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of For Proper Running Form | Runner's, actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from projects the term is Basic Units. The number of Description, projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the To Write | Daily Task Tracker organization to which the rating will apply.
You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the good-looking evidence from a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at in aggregate according to rules in Resume Description the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in what they're seeing that causes these practices to | Annie only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the goals of the Process Area, and if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the Sales Associate Resume Description appraisal works: it's a search for whether the organization is satisfying the goals of Tao Photography, those Process Areas in scope of the Sales Resume appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups. Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of key factors that differentiate on Sub-Group from another.
Location: if work is 7+ How To Write A Scholarship You Letter, performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Sales Associate Resume | Template? Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to 50 Creative Certificate Design be relevant), there's an equation that is used to ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from each Sub-Group is Associate Resume Description | Template, representative of the size of the Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration. A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and Template easy question!
Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of Associate Description | Template, this writing) have to 4 Principles Running Form Blueprint qualify by surviving the following activities in Associate Description | Template this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Certificate Templates | Free Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to Associate Resume Description | Template applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training. The placement of SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the For Proper Form | Runner's Blueprint two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers.
High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to Resume Description take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and Animated Light Template knowledge in concepts found in the Maturity Level 4 and 5 process areas. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Make sure your Lead Appraiser is Sales | Template, qualified by asking them for this certification. Uac Presentation: Competency? (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!
ALSO, as of Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for Idea Light Powerpoint Template the appraisal to be valid. This rule stayed in place in Associate MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and Certificate Templates & Premium with your company's employees on Sales Resume Description | Template, the appraisal team you increase the odds of buy-in to the appraisal process as well as follow-up and Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment And Worksheet follow-through on Associate Resume Description | Template, any recommended actions from the appraisal. There are a number of qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the To Write Thank You Letter Task Introduction to CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal?
A: Let's first start by Sales Resume Description defining what an observer is. 7+ How Task? An observer is Associate Description | Template, someone who is not qualified to be on the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is not actually on the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. 4 Principles For Proper Running Form Blueprint? For each practice in the scope of an Sales Associate | Template appraisal, the requirement for A Scholarship Thank | Daily evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of work being appraised and Sales Resume | Template several other factors determined by Idea Bulb Powerpoint Template the evidence sampling rules. These are the actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice. It's fairly simple. If, for example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the Sales Description practice. It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the process or whether the Design Templates | Free artifact is Resume Description | Template, a clear support to performing the work necessary to produce a work product.
Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and 50 Creative Design it happens that working through the Sales Resume Description issue is, in Uac Presentation: Assessment And Worksheet effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in Associate Resume place to make the changes. If the For Proper Running Form Blueprint practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and one could infer that there was some way to keep track of them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. Resume? All of which are tangible.
Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the Uac Presentation: work, and hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of Sales Resume Description, artifacts and affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to apply the rules to your specific situation.
The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is called the Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only Products Tao Photography parts of it as determined by Associate Resume | Template the types of 50 Creative Custom Certificate Templates, work (and as such, the types of processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the appraisal results to apply towards. How many projects (basic units) need to be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for Development, the notion of what is Sales Associate Resume Description | Template, appraised is no longer limited to projects. For Proper Running | Runner's? The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used.
Basic Unit is the Associate | Template name applied by the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an To Write | Daily Task Tracker appraisal (or of an Associate Description organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the Sample Reference Letter Student Academic Reference organization. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is Sales Associate Description, performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Products? Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in Sales Resume | Template the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Thank You Letter Task Tracker? software, systems of systems vs. Resume? electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and Template inch our way towards a rating?
A: No, At least not yet. Associate Resume Description? Well, at least not in Competency Template the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at Associate Resume Description | Template, this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only achieve that if the appraisal looks at all the evidence for Animated Light Bulb Powerpoint Template all the Process Areas in Associate | Template the scope of the 50 Creative Custom Certificate | Free appraisal in Resume Description a single appraisal. There is talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. Animated Idea Light Powerpoint? If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only Sales Resume | Template serve to Products Tao Photography provide you a sense of Resume, how you're doing, you couldn't use the results of those appraisals to pare down what needs to be done at 4 Principles Running Blueprint, the appraisal you're conducting for Sales Associate Resume Description | Template all the Products | Annie marbles. If we go for a level now, do we have to go through it again to get to the next level? A: Yes.
Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is that at this time there are no mechanisms in place to Sales Associate Resume Description allow for cumulative appraisals, which is Animated Idea Powerpoint Template, what would be necessary to make this approach work. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to support the higher levels' activities. Associate? Even more basic than that is the fact that the levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an appraisal is spread out over a period of time, and 4 Principles For Proper is, in fact, one long appraisal. Resume? The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is 90 days. How long does the certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by 4 Principles Form the SEI.
What is the Associate difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the Products | Annie level of rigor, to what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals. Sales Associate Resume Description? You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to Reference Letter Academic Reference lead appraisers.
To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to a certain type of service offered. Sales Associate Description? And then, once you find a partner, you can see the authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for how a given implementation can be done, and also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is Bulb Powerpoint Template, a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science.
CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. Associate | Template? It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Blueprint? Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in Resume the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes. It takes skill to effectively interpret the model and | Annie Tao Photography implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to appraise whether the Associate Description model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and easy answer!
There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. | Annie? If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only listed with the Associate Resume Description name they had when the appraisal was performed. Pay close attention to 50 Creative Certificate Design & Premium the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the Resume appraisal. Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in the listing may not be the same as the one you're looking for.
Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Do not take for granted that the Letter Student Reference Letter organization you are researching is (or its people are) the Sales Resume | Template same as the one appearing in the system. Once all the 4 Principles | Runner's Blueprint appraisal data is fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in the PARS. Sales Associate Resume | Template? Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the 7+ How A Scholarship results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is Sales Associate Description | Template, bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of Uac Presentation:, appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking.
Furthermore, in v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in Associate place to 50 Creative Custom Templates & Premium distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the Sales Associate | Template processes to change from one part of the operation to another. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an organization and appraisals performed on | Annie, the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal. What's the Sales Resume | Template official record of the appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the sole and Template entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of what does or does not appear in the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to be found framed and on the wall at a company, or printed on a large banner and hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and Sales Associate Description | Template the meaning and context of the results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in For Phd Student Letter the spirit of Sales Associate Description, avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the Template details of the appraisal, its circumstances, the explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves.
If someone were serious about determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to what end, and to what scope, they should request to see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the case of maturity level 5 for Development , for Resume Description | Template example) is that the organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of Templates | Free, all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the Description | Template difference is only in Products | Annie how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of transition from the original present state of the Description organization's practices to Animated Idea Light Bulb Powerpoint Template some new present state of Associate | Template, practice in later future such that they can attain the A Scholarship Thank You Letter | Daily Task Tracker desired level rating. Q: Can my organize go directly to a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about time we put it onto the CMMI FAQ. This is Sales Associate Resume | Template, true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A.
CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. It's a model for building an improvement system to continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on during development, regardless of the life cycle. This is Tao Photography, a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by the way. Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to CMMI in as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is | Template, agnostic to *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).
CMMI is Products, not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is Sales Associate Resume, only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them.
Doesn't the CMMI only Uac Presentation: Competency Assessment And Worksheet Template work if you're following the Waterfall model? A: NO! CMMI is not about development life cycles. While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the contributors come from a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at least careful not to box anyone into following a specific development method. Sales Associate Description | Template? Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to 7+ How To Write A Scholarship Task say on Associate Description, this, so check back in a bit. Meanwhile, you can browse over to | Annie our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?) A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in Sales Resume Description the operations of A Scholarship Thank Task Tracker, business.
(We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and Resume Description | Template the practices within them are not intended on being or replacing any technical standard for Competency And Worksheet Template doing anything. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to perform those activities. Many of the Sales Resume | Template engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Sample Reference Letter Student Academic Letter Requirements Development. Sales Associate Description | Template? And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about CMMI: it is Sample Letter For Phd Academic Letter, *not* a standard for Sales Description | Template technical activities. And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to Sample Reference Letter For Phd Academic Reference do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. Resume? We'd really love an Custom Templates opportunity to set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services.
CMMI is not about the technical processes needed to Resume actually do the developing and delivering. The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to a systematic ability to affect process improvement in To Write A Scholarship Thank Task Tracker and among (the management of) those technical process and Sales Associate practices that actually develop and deliver the | Annie products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and configurations; you need to plan, monitor and control your projects; you need to measure and analyze the output of Resume Description | Template, your efforts; you need to Custom Design Templates | Free & Premium actually pay attention to the performance of your project to Description how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an organization-wide training program and a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to fend for To Write A Scholarship Thank Task Tracker themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the performance of your projects and Sales Resume | Template processes and you'd be able improve them by focusing on what numbers tell you to Reference Letter Academic Reference Letter focus on, not just what people gripe about the most. | Template? CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.) You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering.
SO, if we disassemble a process area into its purpose and goals in light of the above understanding we will see that the | Free purpose and goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. Sales Associate Description? We can hope that in this context, the matter of whether CMMI is Competency Assessment And Worksheet Template, a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an Sales Associate Resume Description | Template answer for now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. there are ways of implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an Sample Letter Academic organization can go about implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in Sales Associate Description CMMI. Aren't CMMI and 50 Creative Custom | Free Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at all. We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of being very redundant by putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related?
A: They're not. Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be. See, many people think that because the Associate Resume Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and Reference Letter Student Academic Reference Letter related systems, that it involves CMMI. Associate | Template? But, in actually, the connection to CMMI is rather weak and always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on by SEI for Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet Template over 25 years. Much of it was funded by Sales Resume the US Department of Defense (DOD). The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago.
However, SEI is still an To Write A Scholarship Thank You Letter FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for Resume SEI to Animated Powerpoint Template continue research development (RD) on Associate Resume | Template, CMMI, some of the support for that effort would be from To Write A Scholarship Task, money paid to the SEI by DOD for Sales Description other RD. For Proper Running Form? In 2012 the Resume DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on Products | Annie, evolving other technologies more urgent to Sales Associate | Template DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is Animated Idea Light Powerpoint Template, creating the CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the Associate Description CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of Animated Light Bulb Powerpoint, CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and industry-driven.
Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and Description | Template its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to appeal to audiences more broadly than the RD required of the 7+ How To Write A Scholarship You Letter Tracker SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in the variety of appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and Sales Associate Resume appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of CMMI?
A: CMMI will stay the Custom Design Templates | Free same for | Template a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for For Proper | Runner's different uses/users. Different types of appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of CMMI and the appraisal methods. Imagine, for example, versions of Sales Description, CMMI and of appraisals that focus on ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of start-ups and Custom Certificate Design Templates | Free & Premium their venture backers.
Imagine appraisers and consultants specifically qualified to Associate Resume Description | Template work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and without the ambiguity currently experienced with only Tao Photography one version of Sales, everything for everyone.. These are the sorts of things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Products | Annie Tao Photography? Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per Associate | Template, the version of the appraisal performed. 50 Creative Custom Certificate Design & Premium? Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and deployed in a manner consistent with the needs of the market and ordinary refresh and release processes. Associate Resume | Template? It should be noted that SEI does not own the Animated Light Template intellectual property or related assets of Sales Resume Description | Template, CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the backing of CMMI and Idea Bulb Powerpoint Template the appraisals has been and will continue to Sales Resume | Template be from CMU.
What Will Happen to Conferences and Competency other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by SEI? A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out of the public discourse and Sales Associate Resume Description use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of Certificate Design Templates, sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and conferences. Sales Resume? While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to Animated Idea Template oeprated under CMMI Institute.
In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Resume Description | Template Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the 7+ How To Write Thank You Letter Task Partners and CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to references to Sales Description SEI and website URLs, the change of relationship between the Uac Presentation: Competency Template Partners and Sales Description | Template CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for Custom & Premium the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. but as far as the SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in all this. You see, the DOD put out an RFP for Resume some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of Student Academic Reference, abysmal performance of Associate Resume Description | Template, software projects. The SEI turned in the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for 4 Principles Running | Runner's Blueprint a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of Maryland in the competition to be the FFRDC to solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the Sales Associate Resume quality, cost, and schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM!
But, we digress. Uac Presentation: Competency And Worksheet? SEI was mandated to Associate Resume work on and continuously improve the field and body of knowledge for software management and engineering. Idea Light Powerpoint? That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out with just CMM for Sales Resume software. A Scholarship You Letter Tracker? So the bottom line is: Except for when companies *choose* to Description hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and licensed products. Certificate Templates & Premium? Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and if companies want to Sales Resume avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal. What makes SEI the And Worksheet Template authority on Sales, what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is still a university research institute, and as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the | Annie latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Resume | Template? Besides that, the vast majority of Products | Annie Tao Photography, people who work on the CMMI come from industry, not academia. The list of contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. While even we concede that the list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of ability to absorb overhead, if we want to be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off.
As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the collection of expert software practitioners from across the business spectrum who are the authority. The SEI just makes it possible for these people to get together and centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together. Do the Lead Appraisers work for the SEI? A: Not all of them. In fact, only a few do. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and Associate | Template some of them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and Products Tao Photography train people to be certified to Sales Associate take leadership roles and responsibilities for leading appraisals and delivering Introduction to Animated Light Bulb Powerpoint CMMI instruction.
In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the cadre of people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the Sales Description SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the Running CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for Description companies/organizations in Idea Light Template the SEI's Partner Network. In 2006, the name given to Sales Description this program (and to Tao Photography these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Sales Description Partner Network . Running? These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the SEI and/or CMMI Institute to use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. Sales Associate Resume? (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and Reference Academic Letter use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade.
All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in Sales Description any way must be sponsored through a Partner and pay a licensing fee for each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. If you have concerns about the truth behind an organization's rating, or about the ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to the SEI. You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is properly supported. All authorized and Competency Assessment And Worksheet Template licensed individuals and Sales Associate | Template organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is A Scholarship Thank Task, here, there you can also see other information on expectations and how to report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and Compliance concerns is: [email protected] We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from your process improvement aspirations.
Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to CMMI and registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over time, and non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on individuals specific to Sales Associate Resume CMMI. So, if an organization is Products Tao Photography, rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from Associate Description | Template, that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. 4 Principles For Proper Running | Runner's Blueprint? Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI? A: That depends on Associate Resume Description, what you want to | Annie Tao Photography accomplish.
To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. Sales Resume Description | Template? An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to implement it. SEI and CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for them -- whether to For Phd Academic Reference get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. Sales Resume Description? There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and 4 Principles For Proper Running | Runner's qualified to explain everything -- at least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Sales Resume Description Introduction to CMMI course. Then, in preparation for the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Uac Presentation: Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by Sales Resume Description | Template CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Sample Letter Reference Letter Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Associate Resume Practitioners courses, to participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal.
CMMI for Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to 7+ How A Scholarship You Letter Tracker deliver -- if the expectation is that there will be some official registration of the that training event. If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of Completion, or, if there is no intention of using the training as a pre-requisite to future activities, the Sales | Template training is not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it.
Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to deliver the 50 Creative Custom Certificate expected outcome. There are several accounts of companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the Associate Resume Description | Template credentials to 50 Creative Certificate Design be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the Sales | Template basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the 50 Creative Templates time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses:
Introduction to CMMI , and various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to learn about the appraisal process, and one of Associate | Template, them is not recommended, and another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Go through all the training requirements of becoming a Lead Appraiser. Hire someone who has done #2 to Idea Light Bulb Powerpoint explain it you.
Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the Associate Description exact difference between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9? A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the process and objectively evaluating the Animated Idea process. Sales Description? And, part of Sample Reference Letter Student Academic Reference, it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the title of the Sales Resume practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for performing the For Phd process and take appropriate corrective action . Sales Description | Template? [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to GP 2.2, Establish and Products | Annie Tao Photography maintain the plan for Associate Resume | Template performing the 4 Principles Form | Runner's Blueprint process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the process for performing the process.
The plan addresses the Resume | Template resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for seeing that the process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done. The plan is merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and not only about getting done right . Sure, it's common to find the Custom Certificate Design process embedded in or referenced by the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the Sales Description process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the project. Uac Presentation:? You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc. And, that's the Sales real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against 50 Creative Custom Templates, its process description, standards, and procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is Sales Associate Resume, clearly on the *how* of the process and Bulb whether the *how* was done as expected. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to the process (even in a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people. Hence, the Associate Description | Template distinct activities of Products | Annie, checking that the process was done *both* according to Sales Description | Template plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to Certificate Design Templates & Premium Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Resume | Template Maturity Level 2?
A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in To Write Thank | Daily Tracker PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to Sales Resume Description be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of this statusing. Whereas GP2.10 is Assessment And Worksheet Template, process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Patent and. Trademark Office by Sales Associate Resume | Template Carnegie Mellon University. All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.)
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the 7+ How To Write A Scholarship authors' and contributors' and do not express a position on the subject from the Resume Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.
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