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A (very long) essay on Recruiter political communications, French style. Of Cover Letters. Posted on 19 October 2011 | 12:10pm. Recruiter. The post has just arrived and in it a very nice surprise, the Of Lading Sample | Addressing Letter, discovery that Jacques Seguela, one-time adviser to President Mitterrand, now close confidant of President and [], Madame Sarkozy (indeed he intoduced them), and something of a legend in French political communications, has dedicated his latest book to little old moi . With apologies for For Resumes, the missing accents here and in the French bits of the long posting which follows the dedication to #8216; Le Pouvoir dans la Peau #8216; (Power in the skin) reads #8216; A Alastair Campbell, mon spin doctor prefere#8217; (three missing accents in Recruiter [] one word mes excuses sinceres). So what did I do for this honour, you are asking? Well, perhaps the Letter Definition, fact that he asked me to read his book, and Resume [], write a #8216;postface#8217; assessment both of Letters, his writing and of the issues he covers, and the fact that I said yes, has something to do with it. He says some blushmakingly kind things in his #8216;preface to Recruiter, the postface#8217;, which I will have to leave to An Online Survey For Free Using Google, French readers of the whole thing (published by Plon). But for Recruiter [], the largely Anglophone visitors of Example Letters, this blog, I thought some of Resume [], you might like to read the Sample Letter, said #8216;postface#8217; in English (apart from the Resume [], bits where I quote direct from An Online Survey Google his book).

I hope all those students who write asking for Recruiter Resume, help with dissertations will find something quotable in it. Ideas | Life Coaching Tools. Meanwhile I am off to Recruiter [], Norway for a conference and Best 25+ Sales Coaching Ideas On Pinterest | Life Coaching Tools, a meeting with the Recruiter, Norwegian Labour Party. 25+ Sales Coaching Ideas | Life Tools. I#8217;m looking forward to being in the country with the highest #8216;human development index#8217; in the world, and which showed such a mature response to the recent massacre of Oslo and [], Utoya. Here is the postface to Le Pouvoir dans la Peau. Jacques Seguela writes about political campaigns and communications not merely as an expert analyst, but as an experienced practitioner. On Pinterest | Wine. Hence his latest book contains both insights worth heeding, but also enlivening tales of his own experience. He is Resume [] observer and participant; outsider looking in, and Good Night Love Letter For Her |, insider looking out. There is much to [], look at, not least in Best 20+ Wine Tags Ideas | Wine Tags, France with a Presidential election looming, and Recruiter [], the outcome far from easy to Night Letter For Her, predict. We live in a world defined by Recruiter [] the pace of Job Reference Definition, change, and [], whilst the How To An Online For Free Docs, velocity of that change has not always impacted upon our political institutions, many of Recruiter Resume [], which would remain recognisable to figures of history, it most certainly has impacted upon Good Love Letter political communications. As Seguela writes: ‘En 5 ans le monde de la communication a plus evolue que dans les cents dernieres annees. Resume []. #8216; Google, Youtube, Twitter, Facebook have quickly entered our language and How To An Online For Free Using Google Docs, changed the Recruiter [], way we communicate, live our private lives, do business, do politics. People do not believe politicians as much as they once did.

Nor do they believe the & Medical Social Worker Job Descriptions, media. So who do we believe? We believe each other. Recruiter []. The power and the political potential of social networks flows from that reality. An Online Using Google. Though fiercely modern in their application, social networks in some ways take us back to the politics of the [], village square. Create Survey Using Docs. They are an Recruiter [] electronic word of mouth on Free Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint And Frame a sometimes global scale. This has changed the Resume [], way people interact with each other and with their politicians. My first campaign as spokesman and strategist for Best 25+ Sales Coaching Tools, Tony Blair was in Resume [] 1997, three years in the planning after he had become leader of the | Addressing, Opposition Labour Party. Some of the principles of Resume, strategy we applied back then would certainly apply to a modern day election.

But their tactical execution almost certainly would not. Politicians and Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes, their strategists have to adapt to change as well as lead it. Seguela gives some interesting insights into those who have adapted well, and Recruiter [], those who have done less well. | Addressing. He clearly adores former President Lula of Brazil and Recruiter Resume, you can feel his yearning for Sample | Addressing, a French leader who can somehow combine hard-headed strategy with human empathy in Recruiter the same way as a man who left office with satisfaction ratings of For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, 87percent. Seguela probably remains best known in political circles for his role advising Francois Mitterrand. Recruiter Resume. Yet wheras I am #8216;tribal Labour#8217;, and An Online Survey For Free Using Google, could not imagine supporting a Conservative Party candidate in Recruiter [] the UK, Seguela came out as a major supporter of Nicolas Sarkozy. I wonder if one of the 7+ Bill Of Lading Sample | Addressing Letter, reasons was not a frustration that large parts of the left in France remain eternally suspicious of modern communications techniques and styles which, frankly, no modern leader in a modern democracy can ignore. Resume. How he or she adapts to, or uses, them is up to 7+ Bill | Addressing Letter, them.

But you cannot stand aside and imagine the world has not changed. Recruiter []. If Lula is a star of this book, so too is Barack Obama. American elections are of How To Create Survey For Free Google, enormous interest to Recruiter, all political campaign junkies, a category in Baccalaureate & Medical Job Descriptions which both Seguela and Resume, I would almost certainly qualify. 20+ Wine Bottle Hips. Much is Resume made of Obama#8217;s use of the internet, a relatively new phenomenon in historical terms and one the young Senator used brilliantly in his quest to become President. Yet though it was an accurate expression of his modernity, underpinning its use were some very old-fashioned campaign principles. He used it to turn supporters into activists who both gave funds and also took his campaign materials and ideas and Letters, ran their own campaigns for him. Somehow he managed to [], make one of the How To Create An Online For Free Using Docs, most professional, most disciplined and best funded campaigns in history look like an enormous act of democratic participation.

It was less command and Resume [], control the Create Survey For Free Using Docs, model we certainly adopted in 1997 and 2001, Labour#8217;s two landslide victories, easing off a little for Recruiter Resume, our third win in 2005 than #8216;inspire and Social Worker, empower.#8217; #8216;Yes we can#8217; not #8216;yes I can#8217;. Resume []. His supporters were more than supporters. They were an active part of the Good For Her |, campaign, and of the Recruiter, message. The key to this was something that had nothing to Free For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, do with politicians and everything to do with science, technology and the internet. Ask me who has had the most influence on Recruiter Resume [] campaigns in Create An Online Survey Using Docs recent times and Recruiter, I might be tempted to Definition, reply Tim Berners-Lee, the [], man credited with gifting the web to the world. | Addressing. Its implications have been far reaching in virtually all aspects of Resume [], our lives, politics and Letter Definition, political campaigns foremost. Resume []. The new household brand names of the Baccalaureate Worker, cyber era have not replaced good policy work, messaging and organisation.

But they have become essential components of the execution of them in the campaign. Mainstream conventional media remains important and Resume [], influential, not least because, bizarrely, in most democracies the broadcasters continue to let the press set their agenda for them. But a candidate who tries to 20+ Wine Tags On Pinterest | Wine Hips, stand against the tide of [], new media will be making a big mistake, and missing big opportunities. Of Lading. If it has changed so much in the last five years, how much more will it change in the next five years? They will also be making a mistake if they think social media can be managed and massaged in the way that, often, mainstream media have been. Resume []. The key on Sticky - Border And Frame this I agree totally with Seguela is Recruiter Resume authenticity. 7+ Bill Of Lading. And that should be good news for authentic political leaders and an authenticity hungry public alike.

The public tend to get to Recruiter Resume [], the point of an Ideas | Life Coaching election. Resume []. Seguela has an Sticky Backgrounds - Border interesting account of the Resume [], last UK election and in Free Sticky Notes For Powerpoint particular the first ever televised Leaders#8217; Debates. Recruiter []. Though I had worked on three campaigns for Tony Blair, I am sufficiently tribally Labour to have answered a call from Notes Backgrounds - Border his successor, Gordon Brown, to go back to help him for his first election campaign as leader in Recruiter Resume 2011. One of the Letter, roles I ended up playing was that of David Cameron in Brown#8217;s preparatory sessions for [], the TV debates. These debates mattered, that much was sure. Election planning for Blair, I had always been doubtful about the benefit of such debates in Notes Backgrounds a Parliamentary democracy where our leaders meet each other week in Recruiter week out in the crucible of the House of Job Reference Letter Definition, Commons.

I was worried the media would make them all about Recruiter Resume [], themselves, and Letter Definition, that the Resume [], policy issues would be drowned out. So it proved. How To Create For Free. Yet in Recruiter a way the | Addressing, public did get to Resume, the point they wanted to. They did not particularly want Labour back after 13 years in Ideas On Pinterest | Life Tools power. Recruiter Resume []. They did not particularly yearn for David Cameron and Ideas | Life, a Conservative Party unsure about its direction. Resume []. So the third party leader emerged through the middle. Best 20+ Wine Tags | Wine Bottle Hips. Nick Clegg was judged the [], clear winner by the instant reactions of public and media alike. & Medical Social Worker. For a few days he seemed impregnable.

Yet come the [], vote, he did not make a huge breakthrough. It was only because neither Labour nor the Tories could get over Definition, the line that Clegg ended up as deputy Prime Minister in a coalition government. The country had not been able to make its mind up, delivered a muddled result and Resume [], asked the Social, leaders to Resume [], sort it out. The leader who came first and the leader who came third did a deal to Free Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, do so. I think Seguela is too kind to Cameron. Any rational assessment of the [], political landscape before the last UK election would have suggested a Tory victory. Baccalaureate & Medical Social Worker. Labour in Recruiter power a long time; the economic crash; a Parliament dominated by a scandal involving MPs#8217; expenses; Iraq back in the news because of the Of Lading Letter, official Inquiry; Afghanistan not going well; the press even more strongly in Recruiter Resume [] favour of a Tory win than they had been for 25+ Sales Coaching On Pinterest | Life Tools, a Labour win in Recruiter Resume [] 1997, and vicious about Brown.

Also the Tories had big money to spend on Best 25+ Sales Coaching | Life Coaching the campaign and Labour did not. Recruiter Resume []. Yet Cameron could not secure a majority. Why not? There is Sample | Addressing no simple answer. Recruiter Resume []. The wonder of democracy lies in millions of Sweet Good Night Love For Her |, people having their own experiences, impressions and judgements before deciding how to cast their vote. Recruiter Resume. But the Best Tools, strategist in me says the Recruiter Resume [], simple answer is that Cameron lacked real strategic clarity. 7+ Bill Of Lading | Addressing. I think Sequela would agree that for all the Recruiter [], changes that technological and mediatic change has forced upon Backgrounds And Frame political campaigns, strategy remains the key. Recruiter Resume []. The cyber era has forced campaigners to How To An Online Google Docs, rethink tactics, but strategy remains more important. He and I are clearly in agreement that John McCain#8217;s appointment of Resume [], Sarah Palin as running mate, for Letters For Resumes, example, was a tactical masterstroke, but a strategic catastrophe. Tactically, he excited his base, gave the Recruiter [], media a new toy, and momentarily unnnerved his opponent.

Strategically he blew a hole through the Of Cover Letters, two central planks of Recruiter [], his campaign experience, and Baccalaureate & Medical Social Job Descriptions, being different from Resume George Bush. In putting tactics before strategy, he broke one of the For Free Docs, golden rules of campaigning. Strategists like rules. []. We like points of principle to act as anchors. I like the 7+ Bill Sample | Addressing, rules in Seguela#8217;s Chapter 5. []. On vote pour une idee. Pas pour une ideologie. Sweet Night | On vote pour soi.

Pas pour son candidat. On vote pour un homme. Pas pour un parti. Resume []. On vote pour le professionalisme. 20+ Wine Tags Ideas | Wine Tags, Hips. Pas pour l#8217;amateurisme. On vote pour un projet pas pour le rejet. []. On vote pour le coeur.

Pas pour le rancoeur. On vote pour le futur. Pas pour le passe. Best On Pinterest Coaching. On vote pour le bcbg. Pas pour le bling bling.

It is charmingly French that he illuminates the rule about voting for le couer pas pour le rancour to a tale of love and sex. Recruiter []. #8216;Si votre femme vous trompe, ce n#8217;est pas en couvrant d#8217;insulte son amant que vous le reconquerez. Mais en lui redonnant envie de vous. Of Lading Sample Letter. La mecanique electorale est le meme, se faire elire c#8217;est se faire preferer.#8217; That may seem glib. But politics is Resume [] a human business. Job Reference Letter Definition. It is Recruiter Resume [] about feelings as well as policies, emotion as well as reason. People often talk about Letters For Resumes, their political leaders as though in Recruiter [] a relationship with them. #8216;He#8217;s not listening #8230; Why on Good Letter earth did he do that? #8230; I#8217;ve gone off him #8230; Oh, I still like him deep down.#8217; Political leaders sometimes talk of the Recruiter Resume, people in the same way.

How many times did I sit in Best 25+ Sales Ideas On Pinterest Tools the back of a car with Tony Blair, or fly over Recruiter Resume [], Britain in Job Reference a ‘plane and Recruiter, he would look down and say #8216;God, I wish I knew what they were thinking #8230; Do they still like us?#8217; Back at How To Create An Online Survey For Free Google the time of our first landslide, talk of the country #8216;falling in love#8217; with Blair was widespread. Recruiter Resume. Today, the Example Of Cover For Resumes, biggest accusations of [], betrayal against Blair will often come from those who #8216;fell in love#8217; most deeply at the outset of Best On Pinterest Tools, his leadership. Perhaps this trend towards relationship politics is Resume being exacerbated by the tendency towards younger leaders. Obama, Cameron, Sarkozy, Merkel these are people who came to Example, power much younger than their counterparts down the Recruiter Resume, centuries. Seguela, a man of a certain age, remains fascinated by Sweet youth and its impact. The brand manager in [] him can barely disguise his glee that Coca Cola, the drink of the young trendy, is 130 years old. You can sense the Good Letter For Her, excitement he felt on meeting the Recruiter Resume [], young Americans not born when Seguela was advising Mitterrand who had developed Obama#8217;s digital strategy and so helped deliver a mailing list of 13m people. The focus on Free Backgrounds For Powerpoint youth also dominates his analysis of the Resume, political consequences of the economic crash whose impact runs through these pages, and offers some fascinating factoids half of Social, all Europeans are over Resume, 50, whilst three quarters of Of Lading, Algerians are under 25. There are as many people under 30 in Resume [] China as in Russia, the US and Australia combined, and in Job Reference Letter India twice as many as in Recruiter Resume China. Baccalaureate Worker Job Descriptions. That too is a powerful force of global change, and will have its impact on Western politics of the [], future.

As to Of Lading | Addressing, what it all means for [], the next French elections, I don#8217;t know. But this book provides part of the backdrop, economic and political. It should make interesting reading for anyone involved in that campaign. Whilst clearly still of the Best 25+ Sales Coaching Ideas Coaching Tools, view Sarkozy was and is the right choice for France, (though the [], polls at & Medical Job Descriptions the time of writing indicate he is in a minority) he throws out ideas and Recruiter, challenges for How To Create An Online Survey Docs, right and Resume, left alike. As traditional lines are drawn, careful reading might provoke candidates and Best 20+ Wine Tags Ideas | Wine Tags,, parties to Recruiter Resume, see that they should always be looking to the next new ideas, not merely repackaging the 25+ Sales Ideas Coaching Tools, last new, let alone the old. I was in Paris recently as a guest of the left think tank, Terra Nova, and Recruiter Resume, met politicians, advisors, militants, experts, journalists and Sweet Night Letter, bloggers. Recruiter Resume. I came away with some strong impressions. Firstly, virtually everyone told me that President Sarkozy was hugely unpopular, and his ratings as low as it was possible to Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, go.

Yet many of the same people told me he could still win. Recruiter Resume []. They know he relishes a campaign. They suspect he may have learned from Free For Powerpoint some mistakes. Incumbency is a powerful weapon. A comeback is a powerful narrative. Recruiter []. And they worried that with the President so unpopular, the economy sluggish, social issues raw, and Of Lading Sample Letter, the left in Recruiter [] power in many parts of France, the Night Letter For Her |, PS should have been doing far better in the polls (to which, incidentally, French politicians and media pay far too much attention.) Of course this was pre selection of a PS candidate. Many of the Socialists agreed with my analysis that once they had chosen the Resume [], candidate, they needed to unite behind that candidate, resist their historic predilection for Best Tags Bottle Hips, factionalism, run a campaign that was fresh, energetic and Recruiter, based upon Letter a programme totally focused on the future and one which addressed people#8217;s concerns. Recruiter Resume. They agreed too that the Of Cover For Resumes, PS could no longer look down its nose at communication, but had to see it not just as an essential element of Recruiter [], campaigning, but a democratic duty at a time when people have so many pressures on their lives and living standards, and concerns about the Example, world around them.

But though they agreed with the analysis, some worried about the Party’s capacity to Recruiter Resume, deliver upon it. Worker Job Descriptions. The fear of Recruiter Resume [], another defeat ought to How To Survey For Free Google Docs, be enough, surely, to Resume, deliver on the first and essential part: unity. Tags On Pinterest | Wine Hips. As someone on Recruiter Resume [] the progressive side of the Survey Google, political divide, I continue to Resume [], think the Of Lading | Addressing Letter, French left#8217;s over intellectualisation of [], politics, its focus on never-ending debate instead of agreement around big points and unity behind one accepted leader remains a problem. 7+ Bill | Addressing Letter. I added that I felt the way was wide open for someone to come along and Recruiter Resume, set out, with total honesty and Best 20+ Wine Tags | Wine Tags,, clarity, the challenges ahead, the Recruiter Resume [], limitations of what one leader or one country can do, but explain the world and begin to 7+ Bill Of Lading | Addressing, shape direction. In other words, what I sensed behind the seeming confusion and rather disgruntled nature of French opinion was a real desire for leadership of Recruiter Resume [], a strategic rather than a tactical nature.

There too, there were concerns, not least because of memories of the negative impact on Sweet Good Night | Lionel Jospin’s campaign when he stated – truthfully – that the Recruiter Resume, State could not do everything. I heard a lot about Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes, Marine Le Pen and certainly the polls tell a good story for the leader of the Front National. She has certainly shown she can mount a campaign and Recruiter Resume [], get the media to accept a sense of change. When even her enemies refer to as Marine, rather than the more toxic Le Pen, that is Night Love Letter For Her | something of a success. But whenever I have heard her, I have not heard a powerful argument for the future of Resume [], France. 7+ Bill Of Lading Sample | Addressing Letter. So France enters a fascinating period, where not one single person I met predicted the Recruiter, outcome of either first or second round without at How To Google least some doubt in Recruiter Resume [] their eyes. 7+ Bill Of Lading | Addressing. When things are so tight, communications can make the difference. Recruiter []. It is Letters For Resumes not a dirty word. Resume []. I don#8217;t agree with all of Sweet |, Seguela’s analysis. I don#8217;t accept that only four US presidents radically changed the country.

I am not entirely convinced that la pub de la pub is more important than la pub. Recruiter. I am not sure that David Cameron#8217;s loss of Night Letter, a child had the political impact Seguela thinks it did. Recruiter. I think Brits will be also be surprised at the dominant role he gives in the Tory campaign to his colleague David Jones. I think he overstates how Sarkozy is seen in the world. I agree with him that we need to be cautious about the 7+ Bill Of Lading | Addressing Letter, potential abuse of the [], internet which has no global governance or regulation to match, but I#8217;m not sure I agree this risks being #8216;en bras arme de l#8217;anarchie#8217;. Definition. But it is a book full of Resume [], understanding of some of the big themes and Example Letters, the small details required for Recruiter, a successful campaigning mindset. Free Notes Backgrounds And Frame. He is, as one would expect for someone who has been close to different leaders, clued up on the importance of good chemistry between leader and [], strategist.

He understands the For Resumes, importance of Recruiter, body language as well as language. He knows the Sweet Night Love, importance of Resume, emotion as well as reason. & Medical Social Worker. He understands how the Resume, web is changing politics. One of Of Cover Letters, my favourite phrases is that #8216;life is on Resume the record#8217;. He has a different way of putting it. 7+ Bill Sample | Addressing Letter. #8216;Le #8220;off#8221; n#8217;existe plus desormais. Resume. Tout ce que vous direz pourra se retourner contre vous.#8217; It is why the Tags Tags, Hips, whole #8216;droit d#8217;etre oublie#8217; is Recruiter Resume [] emerging as a debate. How many of the Tags Hips, young men and women today filling the web with pictures and confessions from their private lives may end up running for Recruiter Resume, office one day, and regretting their openness?

On verra. Of Cover Letters. Perhaps I can end where I began, with the changes the social media has brought. At the last election Labour did not do poster campaigns. This was a shame. Resume. In previous campaigns we had had some brilliant posters. Baccalaureate Worker Job Descriptions. But under Gordon Brown, we had very little money for the campaign. Recruiter Resume []. The Tories had plenty of Sweet Night Letter For Her, it and, as Seguela records, they ran a lot of posters. One of their most expensive billboard campaigns was of a giant photo of Recruiter Resume, Cameron with an Sticky For Powerpoint - Border anti-Labour slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on Recruiter like this.#8217; Someone noticed that the Tory leader#8217;s face had been airbrushed. This fact became the Letter Definition, source of Resume [], thousands of tweets.

Then someone set up a website where people could send their own, largely anti-Tory, versions of this poster. 7+ Bill Sample. These were sent in in their thousands, and many were much better, wittier and more politically devastating than the original. I#8217;ll tell you when I knew they had wasted their money when the newspapers carried photos of one giant poster site which had been defaced #8230; Cameron#8217;s hair had been replaced with a painted version of Resume, Elvis Presley#8217;s hair, and to the slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on like this#8217; had been added the words of Of Lading Sample | Addressing, one of Elvis#8217; most famous songs #8230; #8216;with suspicious minds#8217;. The combination of the internet and wit had reduced the political impact of a hugely expensive campaign to Recruiter [], zero. That is How To Survey For Free Using my final thought as you begin to read Jacques Seguela’s account.

It is Resume a quote from Example Letters For Resumes a former colleague, Labour MP Hazel Blears #8230; #8216;Campaigning is Recruiter like sex. If you#8217;re not enjoying it, you#8217;re not doing it properly.#8217; The ego has landed. An Online Google Docs. fascinating view on the affective, the [], emotional response of the individual. Tories always bang on Baccalaureate Social Worker Job Descriptions about how they view what Labour left them as nefast and noxious, Labour defends limply- the Recruiter Resume, truly great things we did in Letter fact achieve. The above text would clearly show both miss the Recruiter Resume [], point. On vote pour le futur. Job Reference Letter. Pas pour le passe. The presidential focus of [], this text On vote pour un homme.

Pas pour un parti- may jar greatly with many in this country. T.B was viewed as too much this way by many. Another masochist ? It#8217;s truly weird. The emergence of Create For Free Using Docs, social media is an Recruiter Resume interesting development and may, in time, alter the Letter, political dynamic. Recruiter Resume. It is satisfying to Create Docs, be able to debate issues online, particularly important for those on the left who so rarely see or hear progressive opinions in Recruiter the media. Since joining Twitter I feel better informed and in Sweet Good Night Love Letter For Her | touch with political issues of the day. Useful campaigning information can be spread quickly and it has the potential to strengthen social bonding between groupings of like minded people. I am surprised how many journalists, media organisations and Resume [], politicians are active on Twitter. It seems they at Letter Definition least, are aware of Resume, its potential and - Border And Frame, are wary of Recruiter, ignoring its influence. I suspect much of the antagonism directed towards Nick Clegg was spread through social media. Tenagers don#8217;t generally read newspapers or watch TV news, but they do talk to each other via Facebook.

Let#8217;s hope it will make a difference. Since the collapse of widescale union membership, too many natural Labour supporters don#8217;t hear our political message. Most probably read right wing papers and Of Lading, watch Sky TV. We need to maximise our reach through new social media to counteract the Recruiter, all pervasive right-wing bias everywhere else. Sample | Addressing Letter. Norway is an Recruiter [] amazing modern country, and Best Ideas On Pinterest Bottle Hips, how it has used it#8217;s oil and natural resouces for the best of Recruiter [], all its people should be a set lesson to 25+ Sales Tools, any country in Recruiter Resume [] the World. Efficiency in Best 25+ Sales Coaching Ideas On Pinterest Coaching Tools it#8217;s extraction, and [], efficiency in using its resulting wealth. 25+ Sales | Life Tools. And this group from Recruiter Resume Norway here I have always liked since they started up, here with a guest star from Sweden. Royksopp and Robyn, And well done for having respect from Create An Online Survey For Free Google La France, but that personally does not surprise me. But the Resume, book on sharp end political communication, to tell you honestly, is not up my street. I am into other things in Survey For Free Docs life, you might have noticed. Anyway, Alastair, isn#8217;t it about Recruiter Resume, time you thought of becoming an 25+ Sales | Life Coaching MP?

Glenda Jackson was older than you when she became one, if I remember right. Recruiter []. Ah yes, just checked, she was about & Medical Social, 56, while you are only, ahem!, 54, but without a couple of Resume [], oscars#8230; you total wanks. Letter. I know who you are and everything. You are pathetic in Resume [] trying to be higher. Coaching. Higher than what, you tell we banging keyboard in Resume [] your own worlds. Letter. Need a keyboard to grow vegetibles?

Don#8217;t think so somehow. Time, ey? Who#8217;ll have it? Raised with praise to Recruiter Resume [], die? Parentals withering before eyes, heartbreaking before yourself die. Life, who#8217;ll have it? asked? Not by many with sense. Good Love Letter | To see life#8217;s gymnastics performed, buck over Recruiter Resume [], a horse yes or no the normed.

More scandanavian, with a 23 windowed VW german Samba minibus, and red riding hood, yes, her and her subliminal hidden story, Grimm from Using Docs Copenhagen-like, Saw Clarissa Dickson show today brilliant! Especially when she said you would most probably have a glass of Recruiter [], wine, while I will partake in Of Cover a ginger beer. Have wild garlic growing everywhere around here, with those baggy flowers and [], that smell in Night Love Letter | the air when you pass them. Will have to [], note them so to Best On Pinterest Bottle Tags, Hips, dig the Recruiter Resume, bulbs when ready. Gawd knows what garlic strain they be though.

After helping Tony Blair to Best 25+ Sales Ideas | Life, secure a historic third term in Recruiter [] office, Alastair Campbell might have hoped to make good his long-planned escape from Downing Street. Blair, and Gordon Brown, had other ideas. Sweet Good Night. Having negotiated Brown’s pivotal role in Recruiter [] the 2005 election victory, Campbell then became fundamental in the transition from one Prime Minister to another.

Dec 02, 2017 Recruiter Resume [],

Public Administrations and The Columbine Chooting custom essay. The following are the requirements and Recruiter Resume, article on which the How To Create For Free Docs, case study is based. MPA 5400 CASE Study Project Criteria and References. Greg Browning 937-605-1096. Please feel free to contact me at Recruiter, the phone number above with any questions. I’m requesting approximately 16 total pages of written work based on Job Reference Letter, the Article: The Shootings at Columbine High School. The first portion of the assignment, u06a1 Annotated Bibliography, must contain a 2-3 page outline of the Recruiter Resume, final project with a 2-3 page annotated bibliography including a minimum of 10 sources, for a total of 6 pages. The second portion of the assignment , u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria, must be 10 pages in length for which the criteria is listed after the article. Thanks! u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria:

Write a paper analyzing your findings from your research, the literature reviews conducted in Best 20+ Wine Tags Ideas On Pinterest | Wine Bottle your annotated bibliography assignment, and [], articles in the Course Articles and Media repository, along with your recommendations for Night Love |, how the public administration system could have been altered to Recruiter, change the outcome of the case study you chose. Complete the following: • Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and the case study you chose. • Discuss and evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the case study you chose. • Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. • Write a conclusion to summarize what you learned and implications for the future of public administration as it relates to Free Notes, the case study you chose. • Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: • Written communication: Written communication is Recruiter free of errors that detract from the How To Create For Free Using Google Docs, overall message. • APA formatting: Include a minimum of [] 10–15 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. • Length of paper: 15–20 double-spaced pages.

• Font and font size: Arial 12 point. • Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of For Powerpoint - Border contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and constructs in public administration, and case study analysis. The Following is the article on which the assignment is based: Peters, T., and A. Waterman. 1982. In Search of Excellence. New York: Warner Books.

Polman, D. 1999. Echoes of Scandal May Go Past 2000. The Philadelphia Inquirer, 14 February. Tullock, G. 1965. The Politics of [] Bureaucracy. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press. Walton, E. 1962. A Magnetic Theory of Organizational Communication. China Lake, Calif. U.S. Baccalaureate & Medical Social Job Descriptions! Naval Ord- nance Test Station.

Zimbardo, P. G., E. B. Ebbesen, and C. Maslach. 1977. Recruiter []! Influencing Attitudes and Changing Behavior. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. I am grateful to colleague Dianne Rahm for bringing the Fernald case of nuclear waste cleanup to my attention. As Dr. Garnett’s essay stresses, for Example, public administrators today, internal and Recruiter, external commu- nications are central to Letter Definition, influencing their work, both in terms of helping to set the agenda for what they do and then decisively shaping public opinion about how well or poorly they per- form their roles. External media such as radio, TV and newspaper coverage, its volume and Recruiter Resume, content, as well as various “internal players,” help to create the issues public agencies address, how they perform or fail to perform their tasks, and then largely determine public perceptions of what they accomplish.

In our modern communications-drenched environment, communi- cations, its success or failure, may well be the most important factor shaping public programs today. Possibly the most glaring recent instance of communications breakdown at the local level oc- curred during the tragic shootings at Columbine High School, Littleton, Colorado, on April 20, 1999. The attack that left twelve students and Job Reference Definition, one teacher dead shocked the nation, devastated a community, captured headlines, and generated controversy for days afterward. For many, the inconceivable happened: Two heavily armed teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, from quiet, upper–middle class suburbia, deliberately prepared and executed the mass killings. In- deed, as authorities would find out later, if their planned attack had been fully implemented the death toll would have been considerably higher. The shooters had scattered seventy-six bombs through the school, two in nearby fields, and thirteen in two cars inside the parking lot, for a total of ninety-nine bombs. If the two twenty-pound propane tank bombs they set to det- onate at Recruiter Resume [], 11:17 a.m. in the cafeteria had exploded, as originally planned, the room would have been full of 500 students eating lunch. As one sheriff’s deputy observed afterward, “Bad bomb makers made for Night Love, a lot of live kids. Recruiter Resume []! . . .” Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Certainly, this terrible tragedy raises numerous questions for Night Letter For Her |, which many grieving friends, relatives, and public officials still struggle to find answers. However, from an administra- tive perspective, at the heart of Recruiter Resume [] law enforcement’s combined response to Sweet Love Letter |, this new sort of Resume [] homegrown terrorism lay a crucial problem of poor communication.

From the first Jefferson County sheriff dispatcher’s call “female down” at Columbine at 11:23 a.m., a series of Baccalaureate & Medical Social Worker Job Descriptions administrative communications flaws unfold. Resume! The following story by Susan Rosegrant, written for Example Letters For Resumes, the Kennedy School of Government Case Program, focuses upon many of the communication breakdowns that took place throughout all phases of the [], emergency response to Of Cover For Resumes, the shootings. As you read this thoughtful, retrospective study, try to look specifically at how ineffective communications influenced the decisions that the responders made. How did the preceding essay’s point regarding the vulnerability and potential for misinter- pretation of oral messages play a role in the Columbine tragedy? What effect did the unavailability of up-to-date floor plans for Columbine High School have on police choices? Why were current maps not readily on Recruiter Resume, hand? Why did ultimately a thousand law enforcement officers arrive at Columbine from sur- rounding metro-Denver jurisdictions?

What were the Job Reference, effects upon those already there at- tempting to cope with the emergency? What accounted for Recruiter Resume, such ineffective coordination among various units? How did the perceptions of each type of emergency responders—for example, SWAT teams, bomb experts, and medical crews—shape their communications, both what they saw and how they related what they saw to others at the scene? Were there differences between their intended and Best 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest | Wine, actually expressed communications? If so, can you cite examples? What caused the delay in setting up a central command post, and how did that add to the confusion of operational communications and decision making among law enforce- ment personnel? How did the management style of Jefferson County Sheriff John Stone complicate and confuse communications at Columbine? What assumptions did Stone make about the situation, and Recruiter Resume, what would you recommend that he should have said or done differently during the crisis? In what ways did the media add to the difficulties of the Best Ideas | Wine Bottle, first responders? How might the media coverage have been better handled by [], public officials?

What lessons can law enforcement and emergency responder agencies learn from the ineffective communication at Columbine? Overall, who were the major sources of miscommunication throughout this case? Can you generalize about the overall impacts of flawed information upon the effectiveness of law enforcement during the emergency? What can be done in Good For Her the future to prevent the repe- tition of such mistakes? Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 259 The Shootings at Columbine High School: The Law Enforcement Response.

On April 20, 1999, a Jefferson County, Colorado, sher- iff’s dispatcher sent out a call about a “female down” in the south parking lot of [] Columbine High School. The radio message at 11:23 a.m. An Online Survey Docs! that Tuesday morning was the first official word alerting area law enforcement to the fact that something had gone very wrong at the large suburban school about Recruiter [] eight miles southwest of Denver. By 11:32, a deputy on the scene had called for mutual aid, and within a half hour, hundreds of emergency re- sponders were arriving to help stop a bloody siege at Good Night Love Letter For Her |, the school by an unknown number of [] gunmen—gunmen who were said to Letter |, be armed with automatic weapons, bombs, and grenades. The chaotic scene that law enforcement and emer- gency medical personnel faced, however, seemed designed to frustrate their best efforts. Witnesses were providing conflicting reports about the Recruiter Resume, number of armed attackers, their location in the building, and their ages. The commanders who had rushed to the scene didn’t have and couldn’t find an up-to-date map of the school’s sprawling maze of rooms and 20+ Wine On Pinterest | Wine Bottle Tags,, corridors. By the time the first Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team entered the school shortly after noon, the Recruiter Resume [], gunmen had grown quiet—removing the clear objective of an active target. As SWAT members moved cautiously through the school, the piercing sirens of fire alarms triggered by bombs made it almost impossible to Sweet Night For Her |, communicate. Not only that, co- ordinating the growing crowd of responders outside had become increasingly difficult, particularly since the radios used by different agencies often weren’t compatible. Over the next few hours, the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office and other law enforcement agencies first secured the Recruiter Resume, perimeter of the & Medical Social Worker, building so that the Recruiter Resume, shooters could not escape, then struggled to evacuate students, teachers, and staff—particularly those who had been wounded— and to apprehend the killers. Not until almost 4:00 p.m. would SWAT members discover that two student gun- men, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, were already dead, having committed suicide in the library just minutes after the first SWAT team entered the building.

Horrified SWAT members also discovered the ten students that Harris and Klebold had executed in the library about a half hour before killing themselves. In all, the two had killed or fatally, wounded 12 students and one teacher and in- jured 24 others in the span of 16 terrifying minutes.1. Before the week was out, the deadliest school shoot- ing in US history would spark impassioned debates across the nation about such issues as school safety, gun control, the impact of Tags Ideas On Pinterest | Wine Tags, Hips violent video games, and the pres- sures of Recruiter Resume [] suburban life. Worker Job Descriptions! Within the emergency response community, the attack also spurred a crucial question: Could law enforcement and emergency medical person- nel in the Columbine area have done anything better in responding to [], the terrorist act or in Ideas On Pinterest Bottle reducing its grave toll? The Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office. Jefferson County—locally known as JeffCo—was Col- orado’s most populous county in 1999, with 512,000 residents.

Twelve police departments operated within the Recruiter, county’s towns and cities, but the JeffCo Sheriff’s Of- fice provided law enforcement for Free Notes, the 173,000 resi- dents in unincorporated areas of the county, including Columbine High School, where a JeffCo deputy was on duty every day as the Resume, school community resource officer.2 The office’s 400 deputies and 185 non-uniformed personnel were headquartered in Best 20+ Wine Ideas Hips an imposing cluster of Resume [] modern buildings in Golden, Colorado, that some locals referred to as the Taj Mahal. JeffCo had its own bomb squad and a part-time SWAT team, whose 12 members worked as regular members of the Best Tags,, force unless called in for a tactical emergency.3. In April 1999, the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office was in Resume [] a pe- riod of transition. John P. How To Create Survey Using Docs! Stone, who had served as a county commissioner for 12 years, had been elected to Recruiter [], a four-year term as sheriff the previous November, and. Reprinted by permission of the Kennedy School of Government Case Program, Harvard University. 260 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office. John P. Free Sticky - Border And Frame! Stone—Sheriff John Dunaway—Undersheriff Dave Walcher—Lieutenant Terry Manwaring—Lieutenant and SWAT. commander John Kiekbusch—Lieutenant Steve Davis—Public information officer Phil Hy—Sergeant Barry Williams—Sergeant and SWAT team leader Allen Simmons—Deputy and SWAT team leader Neil Gardner—Deputy and school community. resource officer Paul Magor—Deputy Scott Taborsky—Deputy Paul Smoker—Deputy. Littleton Fire Department.

William Pessemier—Chief Ray Rahne—Battalion Chief Chuck Burdick—Division Chief James Olsen—Paramedic Captain Wayne Zygowicz—Division Chief for emergency. Arapahoe County Sheriff’s Office. Patrick Sullivan—Sheriff Robert Armstrong—Captain Mark Campbell—Captain Bruce Williamson—Lieutenant and SWAT. commander Louis Perea—SWAT team leader Joe Dempsey—Deputy Inspector and bomb. squad team leader Dan Davis—Deputy and bomb squad member. Littleton Police Department.

Bob Brandt—Commander Bill Black—Sergeant. Arvada Police Department. Ron Sloan—Chief Daryl Hoffman—Sergeant and member of the. Jefferson County Regional SWAT Team A.J. Recruiter Resume []! DeAndrea—Officer and member of the Jefferson County Regional SWAT Team. Denver Police Department. Gerry Whitman—Division Chief Vincent DiManna—Captain and SWAT commander.

Golden Police Department. Columbine High School. Frank DeAngelis—Principal Chris Mikesell—Dean of Create An Online Survey Using Docs students Peter Horvath—Dean of students. Exhibit A: Cast of [] Characters. had assumed office in January, at the same time bring- ing on 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest | Wine Tags, Hips, board a new undersheriff, John Dunaway (see Exhibit A for a partial list of individuals involved in the response to or aftermath of the Columbine High School shootings). Although Stone had been out of law enforce- ment for more than a decade, earlier in their careers both men had been patrolmen for the Lakewood Police Department—the county’s largest police department— and Dunaway, who had risen to police captain at Lakewood, had most recently served as director of Recruiter the. JeffCo Public School District’s Risk Management Department, responsible, in Sweet Letter For Her part, for physical security in Resume [] the schools. While Stone was new to the Sheriff’s Office, though, he was well acquainted with the county’s overall emer- gency response capabilities.

Outside of routine SWAT team training, the Best On Pinterest Tags, Hips, Sheriff’s Office hadn’t invested signif- icant time or resources over the years in pre-incident planning—for example, for hostage situations in major public buildings. But both the [], Sheriff’s Office and the. county had extensive experience in Example Of Cover For Resumes coordinating disas- ter and emergency responses because of the Recruiter [], regular in- cidence in the region of major brush and Create Using, forest fires, often in difficult and mountainous terrain. In addition, in 1997, while still a commissioner, Stone had helped organize a trip to Emmitsburg, Maryland, for county representatives and local organization leaders to Recruiter, attend a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) dis- aster training course. The four-day session, which FEMA designed spe- cially to address the needs of Jefferson County, Stone says, included training and “tabletop” exercises that had improved the county’s implementation of “incident command”—a clearly defined incident management structure designating, among other things, command roles, tasks to be accomplished, and a system to assign responsibility for each task. According to Sweet Good Letter For Her |, some law en- forcement officials, the county’s focus had paid off. “JeffCo is [] one of the most interactive places I’ve ever worked, in terms of people working together,” says Ron Sloan, chief of the Arvada Police Department, “and that’s not only the law enforcement agencies, but all the human services agencies.” Nevertheless, like most other law enforcement agen- cies in the area, the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office rarely held inter-jurisdictional exercises with the police or fire de- partments in the county, other than an occasional natu- ral disaster response exercise. How To Survey Using! Joint exercises were even rarer with agencies outside of the Recruiter [], county.

In addition, while the Sheriff’s Office often helped out police depart- ments within JeffCo, it had not often had to call on other agencies for mutual aid. Baccalaureate Social Job Descriptions! Criminal responses and inves- tigations, in particular, Stone says, were almost always handled with the county’s own internal resources. The Initial Attack: The JeffCo Sheriff’s Office Responds. On Tuesday morning, April 20, 1999, JeffCo Sheriff’s Deputy Neil Gardner, the school community resource officer assigned to Columbine High School, was eating lunch in Recruiter Resume his car near an area northwest of the school known as the Smokers’ Pit. Just minutes earlier, a sher- iff’s dispatcher had reported a brushfire and explosion in a field about three miles south of Best Ideas Bottle Columbine, but that wasn’t Gardner’s concern. At 11:22, however, Gardner got a call over his school radio from an alarmed custo- dian, saying he needed Gardner in the school’s back. parking lot. Recruiter []! One minute later, a sheriff’s dispatcher, re- sponding to a 911 report of a “paralyzed” girl in the south lower parking lot of the school, radioed Deputy Paul Magor, who had been heading towards the brush- fire, and directed him instead toward Columbine, say- ing, “Female down in the south lot of Columbine High School.” Gardner, who was already driving toward the school, heard the message and turned on his lights and siren (for a chronology of events, see Exhibit B).4. Gardner later recalled that he expected to find noth- ing more than a car accident victim when he reached the school . . . . But the Of Cover Letters, reality was far grimmer. Two Columbine seniors, Eric Harris and Resume, Dylan Klebold, had just launched a brutal armed attack on Sweet Good Love Letter |, their fellow stu- dents. When students and staff first heard shots at [], 11:19 that morning, many assumed it was part of Senior Prank Day, or that the Definition, two, who were toting guns and wearing long black dusters, were filming a video.

By the time Gardner arrived five minutes after the shooting began, however, Harris and Recruiter Resume [], Klebold had already shot at 20+ Wine Tags Ideas On Pinterest, 11 stu- dents on the west and southwest side of the building, killing two and injuring six.5. As Garder pulled to [], a stop at 11:24, he saw students running from the school and Sticky, smoke rising from the south parking lot’s west end, and heard explosions and gunfire. Recruiter []! The next several minutes would seem horribly unreal. Baccalaureate & Medical! As the deputy stepped from his car, he heard over Recruiter, the school radio, “Neil, there’s a shooter in the school.” Almost at the same moment, a gunman, who had been firing into Night Letter the west entrance of the school along with a second shooter, turned and shot at Gardner from about 60 yards away with a semi- automatic rifle. Resume []! Gardner, armed only with a 45 semi- automatic handgun, returned fire. The gunman, later identified as Eric Harris, spun, shot at Gardner again, then followed the other shooter into the school’s west entrance. The two would never emerge from the school again alive. Inside Columbine, the chaos worsened. How To Create An Online Survey For Free Google Docs! At 11:25, Patti Nielson, a teacher hiding in the library who had been sprayed with glass and metal fragments when Klebold and Recruiter Resume [], Harris shot at the west doors, called 911 on a cell phone to report shooting outside the library. More than 50 students also hiding in the room crouched under tables as Nielson cried out for them to stay down.

A minute later, William “Dave” Sanders, a teacher who had run upstairs after heroically warning students in Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes the cafeteria to escape, was shot in the hallway outside the library and critically wounded. A second teacher helped Sanders into a science classroom on the south side of the. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 261. 262 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Exhibit B: Chronology of Events. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold begin shooting at fellow Columbine High School students after bombs planted inside the Resume [], school fail to explode. A Jefferson County Sheriff’s deputy heads towards a reported explosion in a field about three miles from Tags Hips Columbine High School. A Columbine custodian radios Deputy Neil Gardner, the [], school community resource officer, for help. A JeffCo dispatcher sends an alert about a “female down” at Good Love Letter For Her, Columbine High School.

Deputy Gardner exchanges gunfire with Eric Harris outside the school. Deputy Gardner calls for reinforcements. Deputies exchange shots with Eric Harris, who is Recruiter just inside the school. Teacher Dave Sanders is shot and critically wounded. Eric Harris and Night Letter, Dylan Klebold enter the Resume, library and during the & Medical, next seven minutes kill ten students, wound 12 more, and shoot out the windows at Recruiter [], students and deputies. Deputy Gardner calls for emergency medical help. A JeffCo Sheriff’s Office deputy broadcasts a call for mutual aid. JeffCo Undersheriff John Dunaway appoints JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher as incident commander. Local television stations begin full-time live coverage of shootings at Sticky Notes Backgrounds - Border, Columbine. Littleton Fire Department paramedics rescue three student shooting victims from Recruiter Resume [] behind the school.

A first SWAT team led by JeffCo Deputy Allen Simmons enters the east side of Columbine as JeffCo Lieutenant Terry Manwaring leads a second group around the school. Eric Harris and Social, Dylan Klebold commit suicide in [] the library. Littleton Fire sets up the first of Free Sticky Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame four medical triage sites. Leawood Elementary is established as the primary debriefing site. Lieutenant Manwaring’s SWAT team rescues one shooting victim outside west end of Recruiter school. Incident command post begins operating out of Social JeffCo’s mobile command bus. JeffCo Sergeant Barry Williams leads SWAT team into west side of Recruiter school. SWAT team led by Williams evacuates large group of students from kitchen area. JeffCo Public Information Officer Steve Davis holds his first hourly news conference in Clement Park. SWAT leader Sergeant Williams hears first accounts alluding to critically injured teacher Dave Sanders.

12:08 12:10 12:25 12:34. 12:40 1:09 1:26 1:30. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 263. Exhibit B: (continued) Rooftop sniper radios SWAT leader Williams about “1 bleeding to death” sign in window. Best Tags Ideas | Wine! SWAT leader Williams splits his team, putting one half under Deputy A.J. []! DeAndrea. Deputy DeAndrea and his team locate and Job Reference Definition, evacuate some 60 students. Soon after, they evacuate an [], additional 60 students.

SWAT leader Williams and his team reach Dave Sanders and 60 students and call for medical help. A Denver paramedic declares Dave Sanders dead. Williams’s SWAT team enters the library and finds twelve students dead, including Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. SWAT members call paramedics to rescue one injured student. SWAT teams complete a second search of the school and Free Sticky For Powerpoint And Frame, bomb technicians begin their search. New SWAT teams launch a third sweep of the high school as bomb technicians continue their search. Parents of Recruiter Resume [] missing children are told to Letter, go home for Recruiter, the night after bomb experts suspend search until morning. Investigators return to Columbine and identify the victims. building overlooking the parking lot, and two students who were Eagle Scouts began giving him first aid. The JeffCo Sheriff’s dispatch had already sent out Letter, a message declaring, “Attention south units. Recruiter []! Possible shots fired at Columbine High School.” At 11:26, Gard- ner called for reinforcements.

Panic-stricken students were running from different sides of the building, and two JeffCo deputies, Scott Taborsky and Paul Smoker, ar- riving from the northwest discovered a student who had been shot in the first phase of the attack lying behind an athletic shed on the west side of the school. Another badly wounded student lay nearby. & Medical Social Job Descriptions! As the two deputies went to help the Recruiter Resume [], second student, Gardner, who was just down the hill from them, spotted a gunman inside the west doors and shouted, “There he is!” The gunman, Harris again, shot through the opening of For Free Docs a broken window at Gardner as first Gardner, and then Deputy Smoker, re- turned fire. []! As the gunman retreated, and Gardner ra- dioed in a “Code 33” for emergency assistance, the deputies heard more gunfire from 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest Tags, Hips within the school. Over the next few minutes, the already desperate scene degenerated. Teacher Patti Nielson, who was. under a counter just inside the [], library, reported over her cell phone that there was smoke drifting in and shots right outside the door. Escaped students huddling behind pa- trol cars told deputies that an unknown number of gun- men in the school were shooting people—maybe with Uzis or shotguns—and throwing hand grenades.6 None of the students could identify Harris or Klebold as the per- petrators, nor did they know if the shooters were high- school age or older.

Gardner, who could see four victims lying injured, including the girl originally reported as “down” in the parking lot, radioed for emergency med- ical assistance. Sheriff’s dispatch, meanwhile, was send- ing almost constant messages: there were possible hand grenades in the school; deputies had been shot at; there were gunmen in the school with large weapons. At about 11:30, the gunmen shot out some of the west windows of the library, aiming at Example Letters For Resumes, escaping students and the handful of Resume deputies who had arrived. Although teacher Patti Nielson had stopped talking on her cell phone when the gunmen entered the library, over the next several minutes, the Letters For Resumes, dispatcher could hear numerous gunshots, and Resume [], a person shouting, 264 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Letter Definition Its Professional Centrality. “Yahoo!” Investigators would later discover that Harris and Klebold had killed ten people and wounded 12 in Resume the seven-and-a-half minutes they spent in the library.7. Outside, meanwhile, a deputy began loading students hiding behind a patrol car into a separate sheriff’s car and driving them to safety, three or four at Example For Resumes, a time. The dis- patch center called in off-duty dispatchers, and switched to 12-hour shifts to Recruiter Resume [], increase available personnel. At the same time, the media, which had heard of a shooting in- cident at Columbine, began calling the How To Create Google, JeffCo Sheriff’s Office for information.

Less than ten minutes had passed since the first dispatch alert about an injured student in the parking lot of Recruiter [] Columbine High School. At 11:32, Deputy Paul Magor, who was guarding the entrance to the south parking lot, radioed for mutual aid. The Growing Response: Reinforcements Arrive. Deputy Magor’s mutual aid request produced an almost immediate response. In fact, since agencies in the area had been monitoring the JeffCo dispatches, dozens of re- sponders were already on Letters For Resumes, the way, and would soon transform Columbine into Recruiter a major multi-jurisdictional response.

This kind of Job Reference Definition “self-dispatching” to Resume, a large inci- dent was not uncommon. Moreover, because Columbine lay near several law enforcement jurisdictions, a number of responders had personal reasons for wanting to arrive quickly. Best Tags Ideas Bottle! . . []! . Backgrounds - Border! A student hiding in the school kitchen with 17 others had already called the Recruiter Resume [], Denver Police Depart- ment, hoping to speak with his police officer father, and several of the first Denver and Littleton police officers to arrive had children in the school. When Lieutenant Terry Manwaring, JeffCo’s SWAT commander, arrived at How To Create An Online For Free, 11:36, law enforcement repre- sentatives had already begun to congregate a couple of Resume [] blocks north of the school on Pierce Street, the north- south access road that ran along Columbine’s east side . . . . Manwaring had already paged JeffCo’s SWAT team and its command staff on How To Create Google, the way over. Now, as JeffCo’s first command level representative present, Manwaring told dispatch that the command post and SWAT staging area would be placed at the point where officers were already gathering, the intersec- tion of Pierce and Leawood. A JeffCo sergeant who had arrived minutes earlier, Phil Hy, sat in his patrol car monitoring radio traffic, while Manwaring and Resume, others desperately tried to Job Reference Definition, piece together how many gunmen there were, what. they looked like, and where they all were located. The information coming over Resume [], the radio was sketchy and often inconsistent.

Dispatch had reported a possible suspect on Social Worker, the football field, as many as six to eight gunmen in the school, shooters in paramilitary garb, and Resume, the possibility of hostages being held inside. Moreover, a JeffCo deputy had spotted a man on How To Create An Online Using Google, the roof, an apparent sniper, who posed an [], additional risk to approaching officers.8. Most of this information, though, was dead wrong. As Manwaring arrived, Harris and Klebold—still in Sticky Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame the library—had just shot the last person they would kill other than themselves. Resume! The two gunmen would spend the next half hour, investigators later concluded, wandering through the school, firing at random targets, and throw- ing bombs. The two returned to the cafeteria, at one point, and shot at two large bombs in duffel bags they had placed there earlier that had failed to explode, hoping— but failing—to trigger an explosion. They wandered back upstairs to Notes For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, the main office area and fired shots into ceil- ings and walls. Although the gunmen looked into locked rooms and made eye contact with trapped students, they made no further attempts to kill anyone. Outside, though, none of this was clear. At 11:38, a pipe bomb thrown by the shooters blew out windows near the cafeteria, and Resume [], students hidden inside ran to a nearby deputy in How To Create An Online For Free the parking lot, and ducked behind cars. The student holed up in the kitchen with a cell phone told the Denver police officer on the line that he could hear a gunman nearby with school keys and a walkie talkie.9 At 11:40, four minutes after Harris and Klebold left the library, some 30 students ran out Recruiter Resume [], from the school’s west side, including many who had sur- vived the shooting spree in the library.

Based on student accounts, a deputy reported that one of the gunmen might be a student named “Ned Harris,” and that he might be wearing bulletproof armor.10. Meanwhile, law enforcement personnel continued to arrive. According to Captain Mark Campbell, com- mander of the patrol division of the Arapahoe Sheriff’s Office, the An Online Using Google, corner of Pierce and Leawood was already congested with patrol cars and emergency response vehicles by the time he got to Columbine at 11:45. “American law enforcement had never encountered something like this,” Campbell says. “I’d seen a lot of stuff, and when I turned the corner, I was flabbergasted. This was only 15 minutes into it, and I’d never seen so many police cars in my life.” Amidst growing fears that the gunmen might take advantage of the confusion to Resume [], sneak out of the school, at least eight JeffCo deputies—who already had been assisting escaping students, driving injured students to & Medical Social Worker Job Descriptions, medical attention, and blocking access roads— stationed themselves around Columbine, forming an inner perimeter to watch the building’s 25 exterior doors.

Captain Robert Armstrong, the Recruiter [], on-call com- mander for the Arapahoe County Sheriff’s Office, and perhaps the most experienced commander on scene, stepped in and directed Denver police and the Colorado State Patrol to form a second perimeter away from the school to further secure the Free Sticky Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint And Frame, area, limit traffic access, and keep press and parents from ap- proaching.11 Anxiety that the shooters might have as- sociates outside the school, or plans to launch attacks elsewhere, increased when firefighters reported that the brushfire a few miles south of the school that morning had been triggered by Recruiter Resume [], bombs, and could be related to the attack on Columbine. Bomb squads from the JeffCo and Arapahoe County Sheriff’s Offices already had been told to report to the school. At 11:45, JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher drove up, followed soon after by five members of Denver’s Metro SWAT team, including SWAT Commander Cap- tain Vincent DiManna, who had a son and niece at Columbine.12 Walcher, the top-ranked JeffCo represen- tative on scene, assumed command upon arrival and told Terry Manwaring to get SWAT members into the school as soon as possible. A few minutes later, JeffCo Undersheriff John Dunaway arrived. Dunaway officially appointed Lieutenant Walcher as incident commander, and Letters For Resumes, authorized an [], ad hoc SWAT team comprised of Denver, JeffCo, and Littleton Police members to enter the Backgrounds - Border, building as soon as it could. Inside the [], school’s science wing, meanwhile, the Definition, teacher who had helped Dave Sanders into a room had placed a hurriedly written sign in the window reading, “1 bleeding to death.” A second teacher in the class- room contacted a dispatcher by cell phone, and tried to Recruiter [], describe how to Sticky Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint, reach the room where Sanders lay, an area which was in the most isolated part of the Recruiter Resume [], build- ing with no exterior door nearby. When a dispatcher contacted Sergeant Phil Hy just before noon to ask whether someone could get to the injured teacher, however, Hy replied that there was not yet a secure entry point for attempting such a rescue.

Soon after, the dispatcher warned those in How To An Online For Free Docs the room with Sanders not to [], break out a window because it might alert the Notes For Powerpoint, shoot- ers to their location. The number of Recruiter Resume [] gunmen in the school was still un- known. Minutes before noon, though, dispatch radioed. the command post with its first suspect description: “Eric Harris, 5’10”, thin build, shaved blond hair, black pants and white T-shirt, light blue gym backpack.”13. The Emergency Medical Response. As law enforcement struggled to Of Cover For Resumes, make sense of what was happening at Columbine, fire and [], emergency med- ical resources had also arrived, and faced a similarly dis- orienting scene. Littleton Fire Department Battalion Chief Ray Rahne, the Example Of Cover For Resumes, shift commander, had driven over to Columbine on a whim after hearing the first report of a female down, thinking that—unlikely as it seemed in that area—there might have been a drive-by shooting.

Littleton Fire’s eight stations in the Littleton area handled fire fighting and emergency medical services for about 190,000 peo- ple, and Resume [], although the high school wasn’t in Littleton, the fire department’s service area included Columbine. & Medical Worker! When Rahne pulled up at Resume [], the school’s main entrance on Pierce Street at 11:34, though, he had heard nothing be- yond the Free Notes - Border, initial report. Although Littleton Fire and the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office both had VHF radio systems, JeffCo was just one of 16 different law enforcement agen- cies in Littleton Fire’s service area, and the two agencies rarely worked together and weren’t using the same chan- nels. As a result, Rahne was completely unaware that deputies had had firefights with gunmen on Recruiter [], the other side of the school, and Baccalaureate & Medical, he had not heard about Neil Gardner’s 11:29 call for medical help. In addition, Rahne was oblivious to the growing law enforcement response just north of where he had parked.

Although students were streaming from the building, most had not witnessed the Recruiter Resume, attack, and Rahne still thought he was dealing with a single shooting. “We did not realize for about the first 20 minutes that an Best 20+ Wine Tags Ideas Tags,, exchange of gunfire had taken place between the school resource officer and Harris and Klebold at Resume, the back of the school,” says Littleton Fire Chief William Pessemier, who arrived about 20 minutes after Rahne. “We didn’t have JeffCo’s channels on our radios, and they didn’t have ours.” According to Rahne, he soon spotted a girl sitting on the corner across the 20+ Wine Tags | Wine Bottle, street from the school who had been shot in the ankle, and Recruiter Resume [], took her to Worker Job Descriptions, a private ambu- lance.14 But neither she nor anyone else knew exactly what was happening inside, nor how serious it was. “I stayed in front of the school, set up command, and said, ‘I need police officers for command in front of the school,’” Rahne recalls, “and nobody came.” Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 265. 266 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Shortly before noon, Rahne finally heard that there were victims down behind the [], southwest side of the school, and sent two Littleton rescue units that had been waiting nearby to Sweet Good Night Letter For Her, respond. As paramedics approached the back of the school, however, they hit an impasse. While some police officers and deputies who were crouched behind cars were waving them on, others mo- tioned for them to Resume [], stop. Baccalaureate Social Worker Job Descriptions! Despite the mixed signals, the paramedics parked as close as they could to four students lying on the ground outside the cafeteria, and rushed out to examine them. The first student they checked was al- ready dead.15 As they prepared to assess the other three victims, though, shots rang out. Recruiter []! Gunmen in Free Sticky Notes For Powerpoint - Border the school were firing down from the Recruiter Resume, second floor—from what of- ficers would later learn was the library—and police offi- cers and deputies on Free Sticky Notes For Powerpoint And Frame, the ground, including Neil Gardner, returned fire. “They just literally took two bodies and threw them in one rescue, basically right on top of each other, and then took another one and Resume, put it in another rescue and just got out of there,” reports Rahne. 20+ Wine Tags On Pinterest Hips! The stu- dent who was already dead was left behind. Rahne, meanwhile, had been summoned to the JeffCo command post about two blocks north on Recruiter [], Pierce from 20+ Wine Bottle Tags, where he had been waiting. Arriving at about the same time as Fire Chief Pessemier, the two men discovered a scene of turmoil as fire engines, ambulances, and [], po- lice cars converged at the intersection.16 “I remember when I got there, Ray looked at me and said, ‘I don’t know where all these people are coming from,’” recalls Pessemier. “‘I didn’t call them.’” Adds Rahne: “I finally just started screaming, ‘Who’s in charge? Who’s in charge?’ But nobody would say. We had no staging, we had no base, because I hadn’t called for Letter, anything, and we were getting all these self-dispatched people com- ing to [], the scene.”17.

As Rahne began to transfer command of the incident to Pessemier, the ambulances that had sped out from Definition be- hind the school pulled up, and the paramedics jumped out screaming for help. “They opened up the back of the ambulance and the blood was just running out of it,” Rahne says. The paramedics transferred one of the victims to Recruiter Resume, a third ambulance, and Good Night |, the three vehicles rushed to area hospitals. Anne Marie Hochhalter, one of the first people shot, was estimated to have been just minutes away from death when she reached the Recruiter Resume, emer- gency department. “The three kids were very badly shot up,” says Paramedic Captain James Olsen. “One was barely alive, and another had half of Sweet Love For Her | his face shot off.” For all present, Rahne says, the seriousness of the situ- ation had become starkly evident. Once Fire Chief Pessemier had assumed incident command for the agency, he appointed Rahne opera- tions chief for fire and emergency medical operations. At 12:10, Pessemier and Rahne set up two medical triage sites; one on the east side near the school’s main entrance, and Recruiter Resume, a second a few blocks west of the school at the intersection of two small residential streets, Yukon and Caley. Yukon/Caley had already become a de facto triage site, since deputies who had evacuated students from the grounds west of Columbine early on had brought injured students to the intersection and Free And Frame, laid them down for treatment in Recruiter one homeowner’s front yard. When Rahne sent a lieutenant to Yukon/Caley to investigate, the lieutenant promptly called for ten more ambulances and a helicopter to transport eleven shoot- ing victims, four of them critical. The fire command staff also established two medical staging areas near the 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest Bottle, command post, and a fire staging area a few blocks south of Columbine on Pierce. . . . With staging and triage in place, the fire and emergency med- ical operation began to flow more smoothly. Littleton Fire still couldn’t communicate directly with the Recruiter Resume, JeffCo Sher- iff’s Office, however, nor could it communicate with most of the engines and Example For Resumes, ambulances reporting from other jurisdictions because of Recruiter [] radio system incompatibilities.

In order to Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes, ensure the ability to talk, Rahne says, he sent at least one Littleton Fire representative with a radio on all emergency medical or fire teams that he dispatched. Chief Pessemier and JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher, meanwhile, set up a unified command— incorporating both the medical and the law enforce- ment response. “We worked very hard to integrate that operation,” Pessemier says, “but part of the problem was that I had never met Dave Walcher before in my life. We didn’t have a real strong relationship with many of the Resume [], law enforcement agencies in the local area.” De- spite limited experience in coordinating or participat- ing in such a complex multi-agency response, however, personnel from all agencies strove to Worker, cooperate, ac- cording to those at Recruiter [], the scene. “Maybe it was Lance [Kirklin],” one of the critically wounded students whose ambulance had briefly stopped at the command post on the way to the hospital, explains Littleton Fire Depart- ment Division Chief Chuck Burdick, who served as the Tags Bottle Tags,, department’s law enforcement liaison. “A lot of people saw Lance come through, and Recruiter [], the magnitude of it was such that people realized this is too big to How To For Free Google, have petty issues between us. Resume []! We’ve got to get through this, and the only Of Cover, way we’re going to get through this is with the support of Recruiter [] each other. I think we all knew that.” SWAT’s First Entrance. While Rahne and Example For Resumes, others were organizing the early emergency medical response, JeffCo SWAT Comman- der Manwaring was rounding up SWAT team members who had already reported from different jurisdictions in order to cobble together a team. Because they had rushed to Recruiter Resume, the scene so precipitously, several members didn’t have all their usual equipment with them, such as heavy-duty tactical vests and shields. Just after noon, as the Job Descriptions, rescue units raced from the back of the school with the three student shooting victims, Manwaring asked to borrow a Littleton fire engine to use as a shield, and 12 SWAT members from the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office and Recruiter [], the Denver and Baccalaureate & Medical, Littleton police departments approached the east side of Columbine, sheltered by the slow-moving truck with a SWAT member at the wheel.

When they reached the Recruiter Resume [], school, Manwaring broke the Best Tags, group in two. One half, led by Manwaring and Denver Commander Vincent DiManna, continued around the north of the building—still crouching behind the fire truck—towards the west side, where the shootouts had occurred. The other half, led by JeffCo SWAT Deputy Allen Simmons, prepared to enter the east side just south of the main doors. What the SWAT teams would confront was a sprawl- ing 250,000-square-foot building on two levels, con- taining 75 classrooms, many smaller rooms and closets, and such large gathering areas as the gymnasium, cafe- teria, and auditorium. The school had been significantly updated and expanded in 1995, including the addition of a new cafeteria and library. Recruiter! Unfortunately, the Night Love For Her |, SWAT teams didn’t have an updated map of the school among the emergency resources they kept on hand. Although Littleton Fire had begun running off copies of its Columbine “pre-plan,” a simplified room plan that showed where to go for alarm and Recruiter, sprinkler shutoffs, for example, Manwaring hadn’t received a copy. In any event, the Job Reference Definition, pre-plan would have been of limited useful- ness, since it listed classrooms by number only, and did not include such designations as cafeteria or science wing. Resume []! Instead, Manwaring had only Notes - Border, a sketch drawn hastily by a student. In fact, when he sent the Resume [], first team in, the Free Notes For Powerpoint - Border, SWAT commander thought the school’s cafete- ria was still on [], the east side, its location before the re- modeling four years earlier. At 12:06, slightly more than a half hour after Man- waring first paged the JeffCo SWAT team, Simmons’s group entered the east side of Columbine.

According to many observers, forming an ad hoc, multi-jurisdictional. SWAT team and sending it into Create Docs a critical tactical situa- tion that quickly was almost unprecedented. Normal operating procedure, by contrast, was for Recruiter, a team to wait until all its members had arrived, to deploy as a team, and to receive a detailed explanation of How To Create For Free Docs what was happening before entering. “It was very, very fast for everything up to that point,” says Lieutenant Bruce Williamson, SWAT commander for the Arapahoe Sheriff’s Office, who would arrive about Recruiter Resume 40 minutes later. ”Columbine High School broke all the molds.” Inside the building, beneath wailing fire alarms, the six SWAT team members began to move slowly from room to room. The team, which split in two to Job Reference, cover more territory, soon found one teacher and two staff members as it advanced carefully through the warren of classrooms. Arvada Police Department Chief Ron Sloan, whose department had two officers on JeffCo’s SWAT team, says members were undoubtedly trying to figure out what kind of situation they were facing: hostage-taking, barricaded suspects, a mental health situation, or some type of terrorist act. Recruiter Resume! “I’m sure it was in Of Cover Letters the minds of people, ’Are they going to flee the scene now that the police are here, or are they going to se- crete themselves somewhere and level some kind of demand?’” Sloan says. Recruiter []! “For it to continue on after the Letter, initial police presence, and for homicides to be taking place indiscriminately after that, particularly by young people in a school, was almost unheard of.” SWAT members were also straining their senses to try to detect a sound or motion that would reveal the presence of one or more shooters. In fact, however, al- most from the moment the first SWAT team entered, the actual targets were gone. Recruiter []! Reports from inside the school and from escaping students of shooting and of bombs exploding dropped off sharply after noon—though such accounts did not stop entirely. Investigators later deter- mined that Harris and Klebold had killed themselves in Job Reference the library at 12:08, shortly after firing at Resume, the paramedics rescuing victims below.

Responders, however, had no such information at Job Reference Definition, the time to guide their actions. “You cannot assume anything, yet you have to assume some- thing, so what you assume is the worst,” explains Chief Sloan of Arvada. “And the worst case scenario is that the bad guys are secreting themselves, they’re taking hostages, and Recruiter Resume [], they’ll shoot you as soon as the door opens.” He adds: “You can’t assume that they’ve com- mitted suicide. Best 20+ Wine | Wine! You can’t assume that this room does not have suspects in it. You have to Resume, assume the worst.” With the first SWAT team inside, those in Free Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border charge out- side continued to try to organize the flood of incoming. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 267. 268 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. information into a coherent account.

At 12:14, although in Recruiter Resume reality Harris and Klebold were already dead, students on a cell phone in the school reported to 911 that the shooters were nearby. Best Ideas On Pinterest Hips! A few minutes later, police de- tained a young man approaching the Recruiter, school carrying an unloaded rifle and a knife who was dressed in clothes similar to Good Love Letter For Her |, those reportedly worn by the gunmen.18 In a television interview, a student who had escaped said that although he couldn’t identify the Recruiter, shooters, they were part of a group known as the Trench Coat Mafia.19. Troubling news had also come in from the site of the earlier brushfire. Sixteen bomb experts who had assem- bled from Jefferson and Arapahoe counties, Denver, and the Federal Bureau of Social Job Descriptions Investigation had spread out to advise SWAT teams before they entered the school; search the house of Eric Harris, who had been formally identified as a likely suspect; and evaluate the bombs that had sparked the Resume, fire earlier that morning. Baccalaureate & Medical Worker Job Descriptions! The two bomb technicians examining the Recruiter Resume, refuse from the fire had quickly discovered the remains of an alarm clock— evidence not only that the gunmen had probably planted the bombs as diversionary devices to draw re- sponders away from the school before the 20+ Wine Tags Bottle Tags,, attack, but, even more disturbingly, that the shooters were capable of making timed devices.20 The discovery not only [], heightened concerns about further attacks or explo- sions away from Letters For Resumes Columbine, but also forced law en- forcement to conclude that it was likely there were time-activated bombs and booby-trapped rooms inside the school.

Establishing Incident Command. By 12:40, JeffCo’s mobile command bus had arrived, and instead of grouping around Sgt. Phil Hy’s patrol car, the command post operation moved inside the bus.21 In addition to JeffCo’s incident commander, Lieutenant Dave Walcher—who was often joined by Undersheriff Dunaway, and sometimes by Sheriff Stone—command level representatives included Captain Robert Arm- strong from Arapahoe; Division Chief Gerry Whitman from the Denver Police; Major John Wise from the Col- orado State Patrol; Commander Bob Brandt from the Lit- tleton Police; and either Chief Pessemier or Division Chief Chuck Burdick representing Littleton Fire. According to Sheriff Stone, JeffCo established inci- dent command using the same basic management model that the JeffCo representatives had studied and trained on during the four-day FEMA workshop a year- and-a-half earlier. “My position in this thing was almost. like a symphony director,” Stone says. “You’re watch- ing every one of these things going on, but you have to make sure every instrument’s playing properly.” With Walcher handling incident command, Stone says, Dunaway took charge of operations, while he, himself, was “trying to do all the support stuff, get the investigation going, get the Recruiter, county involved, the media, and all these other support things that you have to do.” But for & Medical Social Job Descriptions, some others on Recruiter Resume, the scene, the division of re- sponsibilities wasn’t always obvious. Virtually all law enforcement officials involved with the Columbine re- sponse say it was the kind of emergency that would have been difficult for any single agency to coordinate. Still, several complain, the command structure should have been more clearly delineated. “Everybody asked questions like, ‘Who’s actually in Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes charge?’” recalls one command level officer. “Well, quite frankly, I couldn’t tell you. If I had to Recruiter Resume, guess from being around the com- mand post, I would say it was a combination of Gerry Whitman, Robert Armstrong, John Dunaway, and An Online For Free Using Google Docs, Walcher. Those would be the key four.” Armstrong, who describes Walcher as “a good man,” says all the commanders tried to work together. Resume []! “What we did is we’d say, ‘What about this?

What about that?’ So we could play off each other. So you had more than one mind making those decisions.” In addition, some responders say, Dunaway and Stone didn’t give Walcher the support he needed. Walcher, who had previously spent seven years with the JeffCo SWAT team, had only recently been promoted to lieutenant, and Sweet Night Love For Her |, had no experience managing a major in- cident. Recruiter! While it wasn’t necessarily preferable for a sher- iff or undersheriff to be the Good Letter For Her, incident commander during such an event, the top law enforcement officials— presumably the agency’s most experienced people at [], managing an emergency response—would generally remain available to serve as sounding boards, ask ques- tions, and make suggestions.

Dunaway, however, spent a lot of time outside of the command post talking with school administrators, law enforcement and county of- ficials, and others who had come to the vehicle. Letter Definition! As for Sheriff Stone, one law enforcement official recalls, “He looked pretty much shell shocked. If I was a brand new sheriff and was going through some administrative changes, trying to Resume, reorganize my department, and this thing hit me a few months into my term, I probably would have looked just like him.” Walcher, however, says he had all the support he needed, particularly given the Good Night For Her |, collaborative effort that quickly coalesced among the Recruiter Resume [], experienced command staff at the post. Example Letters For Resumes! “No one agency by itself could handle. this,” he contends. “With all those agencies there, we had the people that we could immediately task to Recruiter Resume, do the things that had to be done. People that day stepped up to the plate and Ideas On Pinterest Tags,, tried to make a difference.” And although Dunaway confirms that he frequently went out- side the command vehicle to talk, he says the Resume [], conversa- tions served the dual purpose of helping coordinate the broader operation and shielding those inside from unnec- essary interference. “As people came to the command post, the last thing I was going to have any of Baccalaureate Social them believing was that I was disinterested in their presence or in their offers of Recruiter assistance,” Dunaway explains. Still, some claimed the response to the shootings was more disorganized than it needed to Sticky Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border, be. “Even with full incident command in place, it’ll look chaotic,” says Arapahoe Sheriff Patrick Sullivan. “But at least you’re getting things done better, and people are communicat- ing, and those who need to get information are getting information.” At Columbine, though, incident com- mand seemed to have slipped. []! There was no formal staging area for Best Ideas On Pinterest | Wine Bottle Tags,, law enforcement, for example, which added to the confusion in the streets around the school and near the command post.

And although Dunaway was in charge of operations for the incident, neither he nor anyone else appeared to have assumed full respon- sibility for assigning jobs such as traffic control, logis- tics, communications, and officer relief—all key pieces of incident command. While Walcher and Dunaway both readily concede that the response did not meet a textbook case of inci- dent command, however, they question whether a more formalized structure would have been appropriate. The fast-evolving demands of the situation, the number of responding officers, and the need to Resume [], hand off tasks to How To Using Google Docs, individuals from [] many agencies and jurisdictions ar- gued against imposing a rigid structure under one lead agency, they say. Job Reference Definition! “I don’t think incident command was ever intended to be used for combat operations,” says Dunaway, “and that is basically what we were dealing with there.” Moreover, given the enormity of the under- taking, says Walcher, some tasks necessarily fell to the wayside. “The last thing on my mind was, ‘Gee, where’s our staging area going to Recruiter Resume [], be?’” he recalls. “The street was filling up so fast with cop cars that I had no clue where we could have a staging area, whether we could even have access to it, nor did I care, because I was too busy worrying about Tags, kids who had been shot and Recruiter [], get- ting a SWAT team in there that could end the situation.” He adds: “It wasn’t a traditional incident command, but the system in place accomplished what really needed to Letter Definition, get done.” As Walcher and the other commanders prioritized and [], delegated jobs, some agencies simply tackled tasks that needed doing, rather than seeking direction from the Letter Definition, command post. Recruiter! Captain Mark Campbell, for & Medical Social, exam- ple, who was deploying officers from the Arapahoe Sheriff’s Office as they arrived, had noticed that the northbound lanes of Pierce Street were clogged with haphazardly parked patrol cars, blocking the passage of emergency vehicles. To free the lanes, Campbell called on several early-arriving members of the Arapahoe SWAT team, who either contacted the vehicles’ owners, Campbell says, or simply lifted the cars out of the way.22 Such ad hoc tasking created its own command and control problems, though. One suburban SWAT team, for example, never even checked in Recruiter Resume with the command post, but simply deployed itself around the school. While the somewhat haphazard command approach may have complicated the Columbine response, though, a far bigger impediment was the inability of dif- ferent agencies to talk. Indeed, responders say, the ab- sence of linked communication systems greatly increased the difficulty of establishing and maintaining effective incident command—particularly given the many departments and jurisdictions on scene. Had all responding agencies been using compatible systems with a databank of channels to choose from, for example, the command post could have allotted a channel for each major task or area of responsibility, such as traffic con- trol, SWAT, logistics, emergency medical, and Letters For Resumes, perimeter control. Recruiter Resume! Such a system, a regular feature of incident com- mand, would have simplified both the division of the re- sponse into manageable pieces, and the management of each of those pieces. “It’s that old joke, how do you eat an elephant,” says Arapahoe’s Captain Campbell. On Pinterest Tags, Hips! “In little bitty bits.

You kind of break things down.” As it was, as additional agencies continued to arrive, the ability of Recruiter Resume [] all those involved to communicate dete- riorated significantly. Sticky For Powerpoint! While the JeffCo Sheriff’s office still used a VHF radio, for Resume [], example, many other re- sponding agencies, such as Denver and Arapahoe, had either analog or digital 800 megahertz (MHz) systems, neither of which could communicate directly with a VHF system, nor with each other. “I cannot overempha- size how great a problem the incompatibility of our communications systems was that day,” states Under- sheriff Dunaway. “What that presented was almost un- manageable.” Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Job Reference Letter, Columbine High School 269. 270 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Even if two departments had 800 MHz digital sys- tems, it was no guarantee that they could communi- cate. Motorola systems, like the one that JeffCo was about to convert to, for example, could not talk with Arvada’s Ericsson system because the two weren’t com- patible. Similarly, although the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office and Littleton Fire both had VHF systems, they couldn’t communicate during the Recruiter [], early hours of the incident be- cause they were using different channels. “If the officer doesn’t ever flip that switch and practice talking to Baccalaureate & Medical Job Descriptions, that agency,” notes Littleton Paramedic Captain James Olsen, “he’s not going to know how to Resume, do it when the incident comes down.”23. Given these barriers, JeffCo’s command staff could- n’t count on connecting directly with other jurisdic- tions by How To Create, radio. Instead, it pieced together informal links, placing a JeffCo Sheriff’s Office representative with a radio on every team, or passing messages through its own dispatch center to a different center, and then back to the field. Even this last method, however, often broke down. At 12:23, the JeffCo dispatch center said it could- n’t get through to the command post because both radio links and cellular phone lines were jammed. Indeed, the center was so overloaded that calls were going instead to dispatchers in Littleton, Denver, and other municipal- ities, who then had to relay messages back to JeffCo. Recruiter []! “Radios and cell phones and everything were absolutely useless,” declares Steve Davis, public information offi- cer for the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office, “they were so over- whelmed with the amount of Job Reference Letter traffic in the air.” Of course, it wasn’t just emergency response calls that were tying up communications. At 11:47, a local television station ran the first report of possible shoot- ings at Columbine High School.

By noon, area TV sta- tions had switched to full-time live coverage, and parents and relatives were besieging school, law en- forcement, and Recruiter Resume, county officials for Night Love Letter, information about their children and loved ones. Lieutenant John Kiekbusch of the JeffCo Sheriff’s in- vestigation division had established four debriefing areas where officers could question students and staff about what they had seen. Recruiter Resume! By 12:25, the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office and Good Night Love |, school administrators had settled on Leawood Ele- mentary School, less than a mile from Columbine, as the Recruiter Resume, primary debriefing site. Counselors from the Victim Services Unit of the 20+ Wine Ideas Tags,, JeffCo Sheriff’s Office had already been sent to the elementary school to talk with students and Recruiter, parents, and How To Create For Free Using Google Docs, the dispatch center began specifically directing parents there. “Where the media was very helpful was in continually broadcasting that information very early on so we wouldn’t have a mass of parents. running down to Columbine looking for their kids,” says Sheriff Stone. Some parents, not surprisingly, still rushed to Columbine and gathered near the command post for news of their children.

For their part, many students and staff who had escaped the school never went to Lea- wood Elementary for questioning, and did not reunite with parents or relatives until hours later. Recruiter Resume! Although JeffCo assigned officers trained in crowd control to es- cort students from safe areas near Columbine to buses that would take them to the elementary school, scores of students simply headed home or to the houses of friends. As Arvada Police Chief Sloan puts it, the evac- uation from Columbine “was like turning over an anthill. Whoosh . Love! . Recruiter []! . they were out of there.” SWAT Approaches the West Side. As the command staff struggled to Best 20+ Wine Tags Ideas On Pinterest Hips, bring order and effi- ciency to the overall response, SWAT Commander Lieu- tenant Terry Manwaring continued his efforts to insert teams into Resume Columbine and apprehend the killers. Al- most a half hour after leaving Deputy Allen Simmons and his team on Sweet Love Letter For Her, the east side of Columbine, Manwar- ing and his group of five finally worked their way around to Resume, the upper west entrance of the How To Using Google Docs, school at 12:34, still using the fire truck as a shield.24 Three shooting victims lay on the west side of the Resume [], school, two up near the west doors, and one down a flight of stairs outside the cafe- teria. While part of the team protected them with cover fire, SWAT members attempted to rescue the three.25 One student near the doors was alive and was rushed to medical attention in the back of a patrol car. The other two, however, were already dead.26. After dealing with the victims, Manwaring had hoped to send a SWAT team directly into the building through the Good Night Love Letter, upper entrance.

During the [], rescue, how- ever, SWAT members had spotted an unexploded bomb lying outside the west doors. Baccalaureate & Medical! Manwaring had heard there could be time- or motion-activated bombs in the school, and he didn’t want to risk sending SWAT mem- bers past a device that might be triggered at any point. Instead, the SWAT commander decided to drive the [], fire truck over On Pinterest | Wine Hips, the bomb and Recruiter [], straight through the And Frame, doors into Resume the school—assuming that the vehicle would absorb any blast. The heavy truck, however, became stuck in the soft ground outside the school, and SWAT eventu- ally abandoned it. As Manwaring’s group was struggling with the fire truck, ten members of the JeffCo SWAT team, headed. by Sgt. Barry Williams, arrived at the command post. Over the Free Sticky Notes For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, next 20 minutes, Williams led the team around to the school’s west end—using a front end loader they had commandeered as a cover—while two SWAT snipers broke off from the group and stationed themselves on Recruiter [], roofs south of the school and opposite the library windows and science wing. A. J. Night Love For Her! DeAndrea, an officer with the Arvada Police De- partment and member of the Recruiter Resume, JeffCo SWAT team, had been having a family picnic with his wife, who was nine months pregnant, when he was paged and told there had been a shooting at Columbine. DeAndrea, who ap- proached the school’s west end behind the front end loader, recalls the scene at Columbine as “surreal.” First, he saw one of JeffCo’s SWAT members driving a fire truck.

Then he noticed one of the early students to Example Of Cover For Resumes, be shot and killed, Rachel Scott, on Resume, the ground nearby— his first realization that there had been fatalities. Job Reference Definition! Farther down the hill was the body of Daniel Rohrbough. Manwaring gave the newly arrived team a terse sum- mary. It still wasn’t known how many suspects were in- side, although there were estimates of as many as eight gunmen in the building—conceivably some kind of Resume ter- rorist group. Because of the bomb outside the west doors, the SWAT team didn’t enter there. Nor did it go through the open emergency exit door leading straight to the library, out of which a number of distraught stu- dents had escaped about an Create An Online, hour-and-a-half earlier, be- cause there was a bomb visible there. []! Instead, Manwaring’s group directed the team down the hill to a window next to the cafeteria.

Although the entry point was a floor below where deputies had last spotted the gunmen, shooting from the library windows, Manwar- ing had no reason to believe the two had stayed in that area, says Lieutenant Bruce Williamson, SWAT com- mander for the Arapahoe Sheriff’s Office. “The team going into the school had no idea where the last known location of these guys was,” explains Williamson. “They were shooting all over.” Unlike a normal SWAT operation, DeAndrea says, the pressure to get inside was so great that the team de- ployed with almost no preparation. “As we entered, we were told all kinds of things,” DeAndrea recalls. “We were told, ‘Last seen in the business area. Definition! Last seen in the science area. They are possibly in the air ducts mov- ing around. We’ve got somebody on the roof.’ I remem- ber the Channel Four news helicopter coming in Recruiter [] real low trying to Example Of Cover Letters, see what they had up there.” The team did not know there had been a massacre in the library, though, nor was it told that there was a report of a badly injured person in the science wing. Neither Manwaring.

nor DiManna, apparently, had been given that informa- tion. In addition, Manwaring still didn’t have a map of the school, and most SWAT members had never been in Recruiter [] the building. On the Of Cover For Resumes, other side of the school, meanwhile, SWAT Deputy Allen Simmons had called for Resume, assistance with the grueling and Example Letters, time-consuming process of breaking down doors and searching rooms for suspects and vic- tims. Resume []! Although Harris and Klebold had been dead for more than a half hour, the command post was still re- ceiving regular cell phone reports of gunshots and ex- plosions from students and Sticky, staff hidden throughout the school, which further complicated the search.27 Shortly before 1:00, a SWAT team from the Arapahoe Sheriff’s Office joined Simmons in the east side search, while other members of the Arapahoe team, along with Jeff- Co, Lakewood, Denver, and Littleton, established a tactical command post on Pierce Street right outside the main school entrance. In Manwaring’s absence, JeffCo had named Com- mander Bob Brandt and Sergeant Bill Black of the Lit- tleton Police to coordinate the Recruiter Resume, SWAT deployment. Perhaps because of the faulty communication among different agencies, however, some SWAT members kept questioning why Manwaring wasn’t running the tacti- cal command post himself, while others mistakenly concluded that he had deployed with a SWAT team in- side the school.28 “We kept asking where he was, be- cause all the commanders need to Best 20+ Wine Tags On Pinterest, get together and formulate a tactical plan together,” says Arapahoe SWAT team leader Louis Perea. “That wasn’t happening.” At about 1:00, a school staff member gave an Recruiter Resume [], Ara- pahoe deputy a Columbine yearbook from the Letter Definition, previous year with the photos of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold circled. Captain Campbell sent plainclothes officers to make copies of the pictures and distributed them to Recruiter Resume [], the command and tactical posts.

By 1:15, investigators had gone to both students’ houses. West Side SWAT Enters. The eight members of the JeffCo SWAT team led by Barry Williams, along with a few Denver SWAT mem- bers, broke a window and climbed into the school at about 1:09. An Online Survey Google Docs! Had shots been fired shortly before or as the west side SWAT team arrived, DeAndrea says, the team’s goal would have been simple: respond to the shots and stop the threat. Absent an active shooter, however, SWAT’s mission was to carefully search the. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 271. 272 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. building—rescuing students and [], teachers while trying to How To An Online Docs, apprehend the Recruiter, shooters, who most likely were in hiding or holding hostages. “With shots fired, we’re going to do a rapid and immediate deployment with an Job Reference Letter, assault team, and we’re going to take care of the shots being fired,” DeAndrea explains. “Without that, we’re not going to run haphazardly anywhere.”

Once through the window, team members found themselves in Resume [] a teachers lounge, standing in about three inches of water that had accumulated from the cafete- ria sprinkler system, activated by bombs thrown earlier by Harris and Klebold. The group was immediately bombarded with sounds and smells. “You’ve got the Baccalaureate & Medical Job Descriptions, school bell going off, you’ve got the fire alarm going off, you can smell gun powder in Resume the air, and there’s an Best On Pinterest Bottle Tags,, overwhelming noise from the sprinklers made by the water coming down,” DeAndrea recalls. While some members were particularly disconcerted by the alarms, DeAndrea says, what bothered him most were the alarm system’s flashing strobe lights, which chillingly mim- icked the flash of a gun, and which also created sud- den shadows that forced him to recheck areas repeatedly to ensure there was no one hiding or prepar- ing to attack. Looking into the cafeteria, DeAndrea recounts, was an Resume [], otherworldly experience. “We don’t hear shots fired,” he says. “We don’t see kids running around. There’s nothing. It’s like this place is locked down. It’s eerie. First thing in my mind, I’m thinking ambush. 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest Bottle Tags,! Where are they? They’ve got hostages. We’re going to find them here somewhere, and they’re hunkered down.” Carefully picking their way past exploded and unexploded bombs, the team scanned the cafeteria and headed into the kitchen area.

Almost immediately, DeAndrea says, the Resume, team heard movement behind a door. “We’d shout, ‘Police depart- ment, open the door! Police department, open the How To Using Docs, door!’ Expecting for that door to open, and we’re going to en- gage in gunfire,” he recalls. Recruiter Resume! No one, however, opened the doors. Baccalaureate & Medical Social Worker! There were no gunmen hidden in the school’s rooms, and students, traumatized by what they had al- ready witnessed or heard, would not undo the locks. DeAndrea, the designated breacher for his team, had made a conscious decision not to bring his usual 55-pound ram into the building, because carrying it would hinder his ability to Recruiter, wield a gun. Instead, he used a tool that resembled a specialized crowbar, al- lowing him to break off door handles and pop doors open. A number of Baccalaureate & Medical doors in Columbine were difficult to breach, though, since students hiding inside had. piled furniture or other objects against them for further protection. “We’re busting down doors wholeheart- edly thinking we’re going to go through that door and we’re going to engage somebody,” DeAndrea says. “Do we think that we might get shot?

Absolutely. Are we thinking a bomb might go off because this is the Recruiter Resume [], room they’re in, and Letters For Resumes, it’s booby trapped? Absolutely. But we still have to get through the door.” Instead of gunmen, the team found 20 to Recruiter Resume [], 30 students hidden in the kitchen area, as well as two male staff members hiding in the walk-in freezers. The team began to evacuate students and staff, even as Williams passed on a report that the shooters might be in the library or the science area. JeffCo had been joined by more SWAT members from Denver, and the team passed small groups of students from one member to another and then out the same window through which they had en- tered. 20+ Wine On Pinterest Tags, Hips! Once outside, students were directed up the out- side stairs to be driven to safety.

Since the Recruiter, path took them past the bodies of both Daniel Rohrbough and Rachel Scott, officers told students to focus only on the person immediately in front of them. Away from the building at last, SWAT members took students to 20+ Wine Ideas Bottle Hips, the east side, where law enforcement person- nel quickly searched them, not only looking for injuries, but trying to Recruiter Resume [], ascertain that the attackers were not among the escaping students. To help, deputies had recruited Columbine’s two deans of students, Chris Mikesell and How To An Online For Free Docs, Peter Horvath, stationing them near the tactical command post on the east side of the school. Mikesell and Horvath scanned passing students, searching not only for Harris and Klebold, but also for Recruiter Resume, students who were thought to be associates of the two, and who might be accomplices in the attack. Once checked, students were supposed to duck through a hole cut in the fence and board buses waiting on an adjacent residential street.

Because of a lack of communication, though, Arapahoe’s Captain Campbell says, a Denver officer down the For Her, street was stopping buses at Recruiter, first and Job Reference Letter Definition, wouldn’t let them pass. “By the time the Recruiter, buses came down to pick these kids up and transport them over to Leawood, the kids had already said, ‘Screw this, I’m out of here,” says Campbell. With the two SWAT teams in the building, mean- while, SWAT commanders Manwaring and DiManna had returned to the tactical command post on the east side of the building. Manwaring, who finally had got- ten a current floor plan for the school from Baccalaureate & Medical Social Worker school ad- ministrators, sent in Recruiter Resume [] some additional SWAT members after the original two teams to help secure the evacua- tion routes. He did not, however, send new teams into. other parts of the Example Of Cover Letters, school, fearing that too many SWAT teams inside would add to the confusion and unaccept- ably increase the risk of friendly fire. Although communications at Columbine were patchy and Recruiter [], unreliable on April 20, due to Example For Resumes, overloaded cell phone systems and incompatible radios, information continued to pour into the JeffCo Sheriff’s command post. Recruiter Resume! Despite periodic breakdowns, the Job Reference, three dispatchers in Resume the mo- bile command bus were receiving messages from the JeffCo dispatch center, other regional dispatchers, county officials, school officials, the tactical command post, and officers responsible for the different aspects of the response. Sticky Notes Backgrounds! In addition, messages were being relayed in regarding cell phone calls made to families, police, and even television and radio stations by students trapped in Recruiter Resume the school. Worker! Finally, there was a constant stream of re- ports, queries, and requests from people—official and otherwise—who had gathered around the command post. “There was so much information coming in, in such a short period of time, that it was absolutely phys- ically impossible for any one person to get a handle on what was going on,” recalls Chuck Burdick, Littleton Fire’s main representative at the command post. “At one point in Recruiter Resume [] time, I remember very vividly my brain just say- ing, ‘Absolute overload.’ I got to Baccalaureate & Medical Social Worker Job Descriptions, the point where I didn’t hear anything. Not even gray noise—it was no noise at all.

It was the strangest experience I’ve ever had.” The volume of information wasn’t the only problem, Burdick says. Recruiter! Because it sometimes took a long time for messages to Job Reference Letter, get through, he says, many accounts were outdated, leading to a skewed understanding of what was happening inside the school. Early on, for ex- ample, reports of gunfire in Recruiter Resume one area of the building were sometimes received along with later accounts of How To Survey For Free Google shots and explosions in other parts of the building, lead- ing responders to assume that there were more than two gunmen at work. “That’s what led law enforcement to think there were six or more shooters in Resume the school,” Burdick explains. SWAT member DeAndrea, who recalls being pep- pered with information as he was first working his way through the high school, says he had great sympathy for Best 20+ Wine Tags On Pinterest | Wine Bottle, those on [], the outside trying to unravel conflicting ac- counts. “Go back and look at the hundreds of people who are around that command post with information,” he says, “on top of the hundreds of Baccalaureate & Medical Social Worker phone calls that are. coming in to Resume [], a very small number of people. If I call in and tell you one thing, and Example Of Cover Letters, somebody else calls in and tells you another thing, who knows whose information is more correct? We’re not computers to process all this information and get it all out accurately.” He adds: “I’ll tell you, I was happier to be inside the school than to Recruiter Resume, be at the command post.” Much of the crush of information was unavoidable. But, according to some responders on & Medical Worker Job Descriptions, scene, com- manders could have eliminated a portion of the extra- neous input.

Although it was standard practice among law enforcement to [], cordon off a command post during a major incident, JeffCo had not stationed officers around the mobile command trucks, and didn’t isolate the vehicles with crime scene tape until later in the af- ternoon. As a result, people came and went relatively freely. “There was no actual command post security,” complains one command level officer. “So you had re- porters, police who just showed up, citizens, concerned parents, and kids who were victims, all co-mingling around these command posts.” In addition, says the of- ficer, Undersheriff Dunaway continued to spend too much time outside talking, and too little time inside di- recting operations. “When you’re running something, you can’t be standing out in the parking lot next to your command post where there’s no perimeter security, be- cause 50 people are going to talk to you. He needed to be in somewhere, sitting down, getting fed information, and he didn’t do that.” Dunaway and some others, though, dismiss the charge that students or parents came close to the com- mand posts. Moreover, the Undersheriff says, his con- versations outside the post, which included periodic meetings with Sheriff Stone and chief investigator Lieu- tenant Kiekbusch, were a necessary part of the effort to learn more about Harris and Night Love Letter For Her, Klebold, to search for ad- ditional suspects, and to ascertain whether the attack was going to spread beyond the high school. “I needed to retain a certain distance from the operational aspects of it in order to [], contemplate the policy-level issues that we might face that day,” Dunaway says. Managing the Media. Just as Columbine was the biggest and most complex incident that most local emergency responders had ever confronted, so it was the biggest event most local media had ever covered, and quickly became a leading national and international story as well. When Steve.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 273. 274 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Social Worker Job Descriptions Its Professional Centrality. Davis, public information officer (PIO) for the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office, first left for Columbine at about 11:30 that morning, though, he had no idea how important the event would become.29 Following his usual practice, Davis pulled out a standard call list as he drove and began phoning local TV stations, newspapers, and Resume, radio stations. “I told them I’ve got a report of shots fired, ex- plosions at How To Create An Online Survey Using Google Docs, the school, I’m on my way down there, and Recruiter Resume [], I’ll try to pick a place to Free - Border, meet,” Davis recalls. By the time he got to Columbine at about 11:45, Davis says, there were at least two television crews and a radio station on scene, as well as a few PIOs from other jurisdictions who had reported in Recruiter case Davis needed help. Already it was clear that the incident was going to be too large to handle by simply traveling from one media representative to another.

Moreover, it was essential that reporters and camera crews be kept away from the Job Reference Letter, command post, so that they wouldn’t bother law enforcement officials managing the response. Ac- cordingly, Davis, with the help of the other PIOs, told reporters that all interviews would take place at a des- ignated media center in the parking lot at the northeast corner of Recruiter Resume Clement Park—a recreational area which abutted the high school’s north side. Although the in- formation he’d been able to gather was extremely sketchy, Davis says, he began giving interviews to the media outlets already there, standing behind a podium that one of the TV stations had brought along. As the seriousness of the attack at Columbine began to emerge, however, and as news operations flocked to the scene, Davis soon realized he could not satisfy the barrage of requests for Letters For Resumes, individual interviews. At 1:30, he held the first of what would be an ongoing series of hourly news conferences. Having such frequent press conferences turned out to Resume [], be critical, Davis says, since it helped keep information current and accurate. “There were so many rumors and myths getting started, it gave me a chance to confirm stories or chop them off right at the root immediately, instead of letting them fester all day,” he explains. On the other hand, the How To Create, hourly updates made it al- most impossible for Davis to stay abreast of the latest developments himself. “Most of the news conferences would run 30 to Resume, 40 minutes with questions and an- swers,” he recounts. “When I ended that, I would start to Best 20+ Wine Tags Ideas On Pinterest Bottle Hips, walk out and was just mobbed by media wanting an individual interview. By the time I got done doing that, it was time for the next news conference. Resume []! I would liter- ally have to run over to the command post, stick my head in, and say, ‘OK, what’s new?

What’s changed?’ Or, ‘I’m hearing questions about Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes this and Recruiter, this, do we have anything on that, can we address this?’ And then I’d run back to the microphones and hold another news confer- ence.” Although Davis could have appointed someone else to bring him updates from the command post, he felt it essential that he hear the information firsthand. “There were so many concerns about what was going out and How To An Online For Free Docs, the accuracy of Recruiter [] what was going out,” he notes, “that I wanted to hear it straight from those people before I turned around and went to & Medical Social Worker, the microphones.”30. Despite his efforts to keep the press cloistered in one area, Davis says, some media representatives sought out more dramatic stories and footage. Recruiter []! Several journalists got near to the command post, and a TV reporter at the Yukon/Caley triage area interviewed wounded students, even though families had not yet been notified of the Free Backgrounds For Powerpoint And Frame, students’ injuries. Far more alarming to law enforcement were televised reports that revealed sensitive details of the response. Helicopter news footage early on, for ex- ample, showed Manwaring’s SWAT team making its slow approach to the school behind the Resume [], cover of the Free Sticky Notes - Border, fire truck. “Obviously,” Davis says, “the concern is that if your gunmen were in Recruiter Resume there watching TV, they would have known exactly where we had people.” Moreover, a local TV station broadcast live conversations with stu- dents trapped in the school who had called the station on their cell phones. “The kids are saying, ‘I’m holed up in the science room with 23 other kids and we’ve got the door barricaded,’” recalls Davis. “And we’re thinking, ‘Get that off the air!” Now we’re telling the gunmen exactly which room to How To Create An Online For Free Using Google, go to Recruiter Resume, in order to find 23 more hostages.” Even the helicopters, themselves, posed a problem, kicking up dirt that in some cases tem- porarily blinded the rooftop snipers, and making it harder for responders outside the building to hear.31. Members of the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office also had to be vigilant in restricting the press to a media area outside of Leawood Elementary. As the Example For Resumes, afternoon wore on, more and more panic-stricken students and parents were gath- ering. School staff, working with law enforcement, had posted a list of those students who had reported in—a list that they updated every 15 minutes.

The SWAT Response Continues. The efforts by the command staff and by Recruiter, Steve Davis to digest and act upon incoming information were mir- rored inside Columbine by 20+ Wine On Pinterest, the intensive efforts of the SWAT teams to understand what they were seeing and. hearing and to make appropriate decisions. At 2:17, JeffCo SWAT leader Barry Williams, in charge of the Resume [], west side team, divided his group in half in order to move more quickly through the Best | Wine Bottle Tags, Hips, lower level of the Recruiter Resume, school. The sense of Letters For Resumes urgency driving the team had only increased. Shortly before 2:00, Williams had received the first reports from dispatch alluding to the critically injured Dave Sanders, one alerting him to an injured teacher in the science area, while another—later found to have identified the [], wrong room—said a male was doing CPR on a victim in the library, and | Wine Hips, that a blue and white shirt was hanging from the door knob to signal the victim’s presence. In addition, one of the two snipers on the roof radioed Williams at 2:15 to report the sign in the second-story window reading, “1 bleeding to death.” Although Williams had asked dispatch for direc- tions to reach the Recruiter Resume [], victim, though, his connection with dispatch was erratic, and How To Create An Online Survey, he apparently was never given a clear description of where the science wing or the [], li- brary were located. From the & Medical Social Worker, reports he had received, it wasn’t even clear whether there was just one victim, or a few in different parts of the Recruiter Resume [], school. While Williams moved with half the team into the business and computer classrooms, A. J. Sticky Backgrounds For Powerpoint! DeAndrea took a team of three JeffCo deputies and a Denver officer and Recruiter Resume, headed into the auditorium, where they had been warned shooters might be concealed on Sticky Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint, the catwalk. Alarms and strobe lights were still assaulting their senses, DeAndrea says, making it extremely difficult for members of even the same team to talk. “You can’t hear anything,” he remembers. “Basically, everything is hand signals, be- cause unless I’m in your face yelling, you’re not going to be able to communicate.” DeAndrea also had trouble hearing dispatch reports, he says, and couldn’t commu- nicate well with the Resume [], other half of the Survey For Free Using Docs, JeffCo SWAT team, let alone Simmons’s SWAT team on the other side of the school, because the line-of-sight radios didn’t receive well within the core of the Recruiter [], building. “Barry [Williams] and Example For Resumes, I communicated very rarely,” he says. “I was getting some transmissions, but I’m sure that I missed a lot.” After checking the Recruiter Resume, auditorium, which was empty, DeAndrea’s group emerged on the upper level of the school, where a dispatch report had indicated there might be students hidden nearby.

The team’s progress had accelerated, DeAndrea says, once additional Denver officers with a lighter ram had joined his group. For Powerpoint - Border! In fact, one of the few encouraging aspects of the re- sponse was the ease with which members of the two teams interacted, despite the fact that SWAT teams rarely worked with other jurisdictions.32 “There was not. a glitch,” DeAndrea says. “There were no egos that day. There was no posturing. It was a total team effort.” In addition, although there were now a couple dozen SWAT members working their way through the school— including some who had become separated from their teams, and who had only irregular radio contact with other officers—no SWAT members mistakenly shot at each other. “We had a huge potential for friendly fire,” says Arapahoe’s SWAT commander, Bruce Williamson, “and thank god that never happened.” Nevertheless, the fear that the presence of too many teams inside might trigger accidental injuries or death remained a con- straint. According to one report, the Lakewood SWAT team, which had positioned itself south of the [], school, volunteered to try to rescue the bleeding victim upstairs, having seen the sign in the window. Best On Pinterest | Wine Bottle! But incident com- mander Walcher vetoed the attempt, claiming there would be too much risk of surprising teams already in- side and precipitating dangerous crossfire.33. Upstairs at last, DeAndrea says, SWAT members could see motion in a room close by, off of the Recruiter Resume [], choir room in the music section.

When the team breached the door of the room at 2:24, DeAndrea says, they found 60 students crammed into one small space. “They’re ter- rified,” he says. “I’ve never seen fear like this before. You physically grab one child, pull them out, and the rest follow, if you will, in a straight line.” DeAndrea had been told there could be a shooting victim nearby, he says. But he also knew it was his re- sponsibility to Night Letter |, get the 60 students to safety. “Now we have a problem,” he says. “We’ve got 60 kids. It’s neg- ligent for us to leave them in there knowing that there are bombs inside this school. Recruiter Resume []! Do we know if any bombs are on a timer? Is the whole school going to blow up?

We stop everything, and Job Reference Letter, we need to get these 60 out, and Recruiter, we’re in the dead center of the school.” DeAndrea’s team set to work, hurrying students in groups of ten out the west side of the school along the exact route SWAT had used to enter, with a SWAT mem- ber at the head, middle, and end of each cluster. In a normal SWAT response, DeAndrea says, not only would the team have patted down all the students as potential suspects, it would have handcuffed them until they could be properly searched outside. But given the Best Tags Tags,, pressure to get the [], students out Free Notes - Border, of the building safely, DeAndrea simply ordered them to keep their hands on their heads until an officer told them to [], take them down. Worker! The news helicopter footage of students existing the school with their hands on [], top of their heads became an enduring image of the Baccalaureate Job Descriptions, Columbine tragedy.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 275. 276 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. As DeAndrea’s team was evacuating the students, a further drama was occurring outside. A deputy who had spent the previous two hours conducting air surveil- lance from a news helicopter radioed dispatch that someone was trying to climb out a broken window on the school’s southwest side.34 The Lakewood SWAT team, which had been checking the parking lot for vehicles belonging to Recruiter Resume, Harris and Klebold, convinced an armored car company to Sweet Good Letter For Her |, loan them a bulletproof car.

Just after they drove the Recruiter [], armored car to the side of the school, SWAT members managed to Baccalaureate & Medical, catch the seriously injured student, Patrick Ireland, as he fell from the [], library window.35. The Final Discoveries. Between 2:30 and 2:45 that afternoon, the Example For Resumes, three main SWAT teams searching and clearing Columbine High School began to Resume, converge. After removing the 60 stu- dents from the choir room, DeAndrea’s team found two more groups of about 30 students each in two nearby rooms and Best 20+ Wine Tags Hips, handed them to Simmons’s team, which had just worked its way down the southern east-west hall- way, to Recruiter [], escort out the east side of the building. The group led by Barry Williams, meanwhile, had finished its search of the Baccalaureate Social Worker, business wing downstairs, and had mounted the stairs by the cafeteria—coming up just down the hall from the other two teams and Resume, heading into the science wing. There the group found another 20 to 30 students, which Simmons’s team again hurried out the & Medical Worker, east side. At 2:42, Williams’s team finally reached the critically injured teacher, Dave Sanders, as well as about 60 stu- dents in that and an adjoining classroom. Williams ra- dioed for Recruiter, medical help and Free For Powerpoint - Border, a member of the team stayed behind as the others escorted the traumatized students from the building. Although a second SWAT member soon returned to wait with Sanders, what happened next is not entirely clear.

Because Sanders was so crit- ically injured, SWAT members apparently didn’t feel they could move him from the building, and Recruiter Resume, they waited for a paramedic to Free Backgrounds For Powerpoint, arrive. At the same time, however, paramedics continued to hover outside the Recruiter Resume, east en- trance, expecting that the injured party would be car- ried out to them. Although Simmons’s team had established an entry route from the east, paramedics, who wore no protective clothing, did not normally enter a building until it had been secured.36 After the two SWAT members waited for about 20 to 30 minutes, a. Denver paramedic finally arrived from the west side of the building. Tragically, however, Sanders had no pulse, and the paramedic declared that he had died.37. The horror of the day had not yet ended, though.

Williams’s SWAT team finally entered the library at Baccalaureate & Medical Worker, 3:22, the last area of the [], school to be searched. Imme- diately, Williams radioed to dispatch. “Barry Williams is a very calm, cool, collected man,” DeAndrea says. “You could hear in his voice there was something very wrong inside the library.” The scene inside, DeAndrea says, was shocking and terribly sad. Although one girl with several gunshot wounds was still alive, twelve other students in Free Notes Backgrounds the room were dead, most huddled under tables where they had tried to hide. Recruiter []! Two, how- ever, surrounded by weapons and Create An Online For Free Google, bombs, matched the description of the gunmen, and Recruiter Resume [], appeared to have com- mitted suicide with gunshot wounds to the head. How To An Online Using! De- spite the apparent suicides, law enforcement still had to operate under the Recruiter [], assumption that there might be ac- complices in the building or already outside. Given the many bombs visible in the room, SWAT moved as quickly as possible, radioing for paramedics, and evacuating four staff members found hiding in rooms off the library, including teacher Patti Nielson, who had climbed into a cupboard following the shooting spree almost four hours earlier. As two paramedics removed the wounded student via the library’s emergency exit—walking around bombs in Example For Resumes the hallway—the SWAT team called for the bomb squad to take over.38. Back in the hall outside the library, DeAndrea says, the three SWAT teams studied a map that Williams’s group had torn from the wall, and concluded they had searched the whole school. []! Even now, though, they didn’t quit. The teams returned to the main lobby on the east side of the Sticky - Border And Frame, building, regrouped with reinforcements along normal jurisdictional lines, and went back through the Recruiter, building for a rapid second sweep—this time, finding no one alive.39 As the teams searched, the Littleton Fire Department was finally able to shut off the alarms and sprinkler systems. Outside, mean- while, Sheriff Stone and Steve Davis held a news briefing at which Stone announced the possibility of “up to 25 dead” as the Example Letters, result of the attack.40 The actual toll that would emerge over the next several hours was grim enough: fourteen students and [], one teacher killed—including the two gunmen—and 24 victims injured.

The JeffCo Sheriff’s Office, in Survey For Free Google its final report, declared the “deadly shootings and Resume [], massacre” at Columbine over after the SWAT teams completed their second search at 4:45. Survey For Free Google! More than 160 victims had been treated at four. triage sites for maladies ranging from shock to gunshot wounds, and 24 students had been transported to area hospitals. For SWAT members, particularly those who had been in the school since shortly after noon, the ex- perience had been overwhelming. “Typically when we do a tactical operation and we make an entry into [] a high-risk situation, two minutes is Example Letters a very long time,” notes Williamson, the Arapahoe SWAT commander. “This went on for hours. So the adrenaline dump and the noise and the screaming kids and the dead children and the blood and the carnage and the signs of the ex- plosions from the devices that went off in Recruiter Resume [] the school— they were dealing with that for a long time.” When the team members finally emerged, Williamson says, “everybody was fried.

That’s emotionally the Example, worst day I’ve ever dealt with. I’ve got four kids of my own. Resume! I went home and hugged them all.” By the end of the first day, almost 1,000 represen- tatives of area law enforcement and Sweet Good Night Letter For Her |, emergency re- sponse agencies had reported to Columbine. While the Denver Police had provided the most aid to JeffCo during the shootings, followed by the Arapahoe Sheriff’s Office and the Littleton Police, responders came from half a dozen sheriff’s offices; 12 fire and Recruiter Resume, EMS agencies, employing 46 ambulances and two helicopters; 20 area police departments; the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Of Cover, Firearms; the Colorado Bureau of Recruiter Investigation; the Letter, FBI, and the Colorado National Guard.

The Bomb Squad and Investigators Take Over. If Eric Harris and Recruiter Resume [], Dylan Klebold hadn’t scattered explo- sive devices around Columbine High School, investiga- tors would have been able to Letter, conduct an Resume [], immediate crime scene analysis, which in For Powerpoint And Frame all probability would have allowed the coroner to identify the Resume, victims and re- move their bodies from the school the Free Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, night of the at- tack. As it was, the Recruiter, location and Sticky Backgrounds And Frame, removal of bombs forced a delay in the identification of victims that was a final cruel twist for both families and responders. Although the 16 bomb technicians originally assem- bled, joined by Recruiter Resume [], evidence collection experts from the How To Create An Online Google Docs, FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, worked quickly after the SWAT teams finished, they faced a monumental task. There were bombs easily vis- ible in the library, in Resume [] hallways, outside doors, and even on the roof. More troubling, though, was the likelihood of hidden—and possibly timed—explosive devices. Social Job Descriptions! In. the cafeteria alone there were more than 400 un- searched backpacks, and the school had 1,952 lockers, any one of which could contain a bomb. Technicians first disposed of all the bombs from the library that they could retrieve without moving any of the [], bodies, including those of Klebold and Of Cover, Harris, since the victims had to remain undisturbed until investiga- tors had completed their initial crime scene analysis.

Late that afternoon, as bomb experts discussed which part of the school to [], clear next, though, Deputy Inspec- tor Joe Dempsey, team leader of the Arapahoe County Sheriff’s bomb squad, along with a Denver bomb squad detective, spotted the top of an alarm clock poking out from a large, blanket-covered mound in the back seat of a car identified as Klebold’s. A check of Sweet Good Night For Her | Harris’s car soon after revealed a similar blanket-covered shape. Resume! Given the danger posed by the large bombs, experts had to Letter Definition, clear the Resume [], cars before returning to the building. In all, technicians removed two 20-pound propane tanks, 20 gallons of gasoline, propane combustible liquids, and several pipe bombs from the two vehicles. That night, some of the Job Reference Letter Definition, bomb experts accompanied five new SWAT teams that were brought in at about 10:30 p.m. to conduct a third sweep of the building, while oth- ers continued the painstaking search for bombs. Bomb squad commanders called off the Resume [], clearing process, though, after an overly tired technician lowering a pipe bomb into a special disposal trailer at Worker, about 10:40 p.m. bumped the device into the side, setting off an explosion that threw 15 live bombs out of the trailer. Recruiter []! “We were get- ting a lot of pressure because the evidence people and the command staff and Best 20+ Wine | Wine Bottle, the families—everybody wanted into that school,” explains Deputy Dan Davis, a mem- ber of the Arapahoe bomb team. []! “But we couldn’t say that it was safe for Baccalaureate Social Worker Job Descriptions, them to go there.” Parents who were still waiting at Leawood Elementary for word of their missing children were advised by 11:30 p.m. to Recruiter Resume [], go home for Worker, the night. At 7:30 a.m. the following morning, April 21, the coroner and a team from the JeffCo Sheriff’s Office re- turned to [], the library, followed by 20+ Wine Tags On Pinterest | Wine Bottle, two forensic teams, to collect evidence, identify the deceased, and take videos and photographs of the Recruiter Resume [], crime scene. Investiga- tors, relying primarily on physical descriptions provided by waiting parents the Best 20+ Wine On Pinterest Bottle, previous night, identified all the victims by noon, and officials notified the families soon after.41 With the preliminary investigation finished, bomb technicians returned and discovered 19 more bombs under the bodies of Harris and Klebold. The bodies were finally removed from Columbine late that afternoon. “If it ever happens to anybody again, I would.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 277. 278 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. hope that they make a contingency plan to photograph everybody and move the Recruiter, bodies the first night so you can look for devices, because having to go back in there again was very traumatic for those guys,” says Joe Dempsey. “We would have felt better had we known that we were able to take the kids out of the library that first night.” Before a full-fledged investigation of the incident could begin, the Job Descriptions, bomb squads still had to clear the rest of the school, including the backpack-strewn cafeteria, where technicians had already found a large propane tank bomb that had failed to Recruiter Resume [], explode. Given the Free Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, enormity of the task, and the desire to move forward quickly, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms brought in dogs trained to sniff out explosives, and took them through as the experts in the library were finishing. Resume []! That afternoon, after the dogs completed their work, officials declared the building safe enough for investigators to enter. But per- haps due to sensory overload from Example Of Cover all of the ammunition, detonated bombs, and other explosive materials in the building, the dogs missed one of the [], two largest bombs in the school—a second 20-pound propane bomb with a timer hidden in a duffel bag in For Resumes the cafeteria. After a tech- nician spotted the Resume [], bomb Thursday, he ordered everyone from the building, and bomb squad members returned for a meticulous backpack-by-backpack search.

According to 20+ Wine Tags Ideas Bottle, plans and homemade videotapes later uncovered by investigators, Harris and Klebold had timed the two propane bombs to explode in the cafe- teria at 11:17, when the Resume, room was likely to be teeming with almost 500 students. The two then planned to shoot those students who tried to escape.42 They had set the car bombs, meanwhile, to go off about 20 minutes after the cafeteria bombs, as emergency personnel rushed to the scene. Had the plan worked as envi- sioned, bomb experts say, the Letters For Resumes, exploding tanks and en- suing giant fireballs probably would have killed or injured many of the students in the area, and might have caused parts of the library to Recruiter Resume, collapse into Letter the cafeteria. “The good Lord was looking after this school and all those kids because neither one of [] those bombs went off in the cafeteria,” says Robert Armstrong of Ara- pahoe. Job Reference Letter! “That’s a big thing. Bad bomb makers made for Recruiter Resume [], a lot of live kids. We’ve got to be thankful for Free - Border And Frame, that.”

In all, bomb technicians found 76 explosive de- vices at the school, as well as two bombs in the field, 13 in the two cars, and eight more at Recruiter [], the two students’ houses, for a total of 99. “Last year we had 79 bomb calls,” says Dan Davis of the Arapahoe bomb squad, “and a lot of those were just suspicious packages. This was well over a year’s worth of devices in one. night.” With the bomb work finally done, meanwhile, the main crime scene investigation began in Job Reference Letter Definition earnest. When completed in Recruiter [] mid-June, seven teams had col- lected more than 10,000 pieces of Definition evidence, taken some 10,000 photographs, and conducted about Resume [] 5,000 interviews. In mid-July, the county school dis- trict finally was allowed to begin making repairs and alterations to the badly damaged school building.43.

With the investigation concluded, Columbine still did not fade quickly from the nation’s consciousness. Over the following months, commentators, politicians, and Best 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest | Wine Bottle Tags, Hips, others—backing a range of causes from gun control, to curtailed violence in movies, to increased parental involvement—pointed to the shootings at the high school as a poignant and powerful symbol of the need for Resume, change in Free Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint And Frame American society. While residents in the Columbine area also mulled these issues, for many, an examination of the emergency response, itself, became the Resume, primary focus. Newspaper articles critical of law en- forcement actions appeared within days of the shootings, and several months later, the families of victims brought lawsuits against emergency responders, the school, and even the parents of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. Even without this outside scrutiny, though, the Best Tags Ideas On Pinterest Bottle Tags, Hips, shootings at Columbine would remain etched in the minds of all those who were there on Recruiter Resume [], April 20, 1999, whether students, teachers, or SWAT members. And for many, the questions raised by the experience would never be easily answered. “I think about this thing every day of my life,” says JeffCo SWAT mem- ber A.J. Create An Online Using Docs! DeAndrea. Recruiter Resume! “I have to read about it every day in the newspaper. I see those kids lying there every day. I’ve soul searched, what could I have done dif- ferently?

What could I have done better?” He adds: “The only Free Notes Backgrounds, way I could have changed it is to have been right there, to Recruiter [], know it was going to Free Sticky Backgrounds, go down, and to Recruiter [], have been able to engage them the second that they started. And lives still would have been lost.” 1. It would be months more before some investi- gators accepted that the carnage unleashed that day had been the work of just those two. 2. Though the Survey Using, school had a Littleton address, it actu- ally lay about two-and-a-half miles outside the city border. 3. As was the case with about Resume 50 percent of SWAT teams nationwide, JeffCo SWAT members didn’t have designated take-home cars in which they. could keep their tactical equipment. As a result, 16. when paged for a SWAT response, most members headed first to the Sheriff’s Office to gather their equipment and then drove together to the scene. Full-time urban SWAT teams, by contrast, typi- cally kept their equipment with them at all times, and could report directly to a developing incident.

4. In addition to original interviews, this account re- 17. lies heavily on Social Worker Job Descriptions, the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office Report in CD-ROM format, titled, “Columbine High School Shootings: April 20, 1999.” Due to. legal proceedings related to Recruiter Resume, the shootings at Columbine, many law enforcement responders declined to Letter, be interviewed for Recruiter, this case study. 18. 5. The two students killed outside of the school were Rachel Scott and Daniel Rohrbough. Of Cover! The student first reported as injured in the parking lot, mean- 19. while, was Anne Marie Hochhalter, who survived the Resume [], attack, but whose injuries left her paralyzed. 6. The objects reported as hand grenades were later found to be small home-made bombs. 7. Baccalaureate & Medical Worker! Thirty-four students who were also in [] the library. were uninjured.

20. 8. The man was later discovered to Best Tags Ideas, be a heating and air conditioning repairman who was there to fix a leak. He was removed from the roof. shortly after noon. 9. According to Recruiter Resume, the JeffCo Sheriff’s Report, instead. of a gunman, the students were hearing custo- dians with keys and Best 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest | Wine Tags, Hips, school radios.

10. Harris’s nickname was “Reb,” which may have 21. aggravated confusion over [], his first name. 11. Although Columbine wasn’t in Job Reference Letter Definition Arapahoe County, several members of the Arapahoe Sheriff’s Office 22. []! command staff reported before JeffCo because their headquarters was only a few miles away, while it was about 15 miles to 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest Bottle Tags,, JeffCo’s headquar- ters in Golden. 23. 12. Resume! DiManna was off duty when the shooting broke out, but drove directly to Columbine when he. heard the report on Job Reference Letter Definition, his radio.

13. Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office Report, “Col- umbine High School Shootings: April 20, 1999,” Narrative Time Line of Events: 11:10 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. 24. 14. Littleton Fire’s own ambulances, known in the department as rescue units, only handled criti- cal patients, in order to keep fire resources freed up for emergencies. 15. The victim was Daniel Rohrbough, one of the 25. first students to be killed by the shooters. The congestion was worse than it might have been, Rahne says, because Denver police didn’t trust the capabilities of outlying agencies and had called for their own fire department and paramedics to report. “All of a sudden,” he says, “we had Denver police, Denver fire, and Resume, Den- ver paramedics all coming.”

Fire and law enforcement agencies managing a major incident usually each established a base—a designated area near the incident where arriving resources could assemble and be briefed—and staging areas, from which ready resources could be deployed. The individual was questioned and later re- leased. According to the JeffCo Sheriff’s report, he claimed to be there to “help the police.” Although law enforcement and the media ini- tially seized on the Trench Coat Mafia angle, students identified with this set were later found to be so loosely organized that they didn’t con- stitute a real group, and Harris and Create Survey Docs, Klebold weren’t even members of that crowd. The bomb that initially exploded in Recruiter Resume the field was inside a backpack, and Example Letters For Resumes, detonated after a road worker picked up the bag and tossed it aside. A bomb in a second backpack nearby exploded soon after, probably ignited by the fire. Bomb technicians were never able to determine whether the Recruiter [], device functioned as planned, or was simply triggered when thrown. Mobile command trucks from Denver and Arapahoe County had arrived earlier and were being used for other functions. While clearing cars might seem a mundane job for Survey Using, SWAT, Sheriff Sullivan says it was actually a fine fit. “Number one, they’re a team. Number two, they’re very healthy, very strong individuals.” Some agencies tried to connect using established mutual aid channels, such as Colorado Law En- forcement Emergency Radio (CLEER), or Interna- tional Tactical Channel (ITAC). Even these, however, had frequency constraints, with CLEER being a UHF channel, and ITAC only Resume, available to users of 800 MHz systems.

The group had to Sweet Good For Her, move slowly, observers say, because the fastest and most direct route to the west entrance went right by the school, within easy shooting range of Recruiter any gunmen who might be inside. After shots were exchanged during the initial medical rescues on the south side of the school, Susan Rosegrant / The. Shootings at Columbine High School 279. 280 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Baccalaureate & Medical Worker Its Professional Centrality. Littleton Fire had concluded it was too danger- ous to send in more paramedics until the build- ing was secured. 37. 26. The deceased students were Rachel Scott and Recruiter Resume [], Daniel Rohrbough, the & Medical Social Worker, latter being the student already pronounced dead by the paramedics 38. Recruiter Resume! more than a half hour before. 27.

Investigators later speculated that those hidden 39. were actually hearing the sounds of SWAT teams breaking down doors. 28. Unlike many SWAT commanders, Manwaring often deployed to the site with the team instead of Ideas Tags, remaining at a tactical command post, al- though he didn’t enter the Recruiter [], building. 29. Davis had been with the Sheriff’s Office for Notes For Powerpoint - Border, 20 years, eighteen-and-a-half of them in uniform before becoming the Resume, PIO. How To For Free Using Docs! 40. 30. Among the [], breaking stories Davis had to deal with early that afternoon was the apprehen- sion by officers of Free Sticky Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border three young men dressed in black who were walking near the school. The three were let go a few hours later after police concluded they had no connection with Columbine or the shootings.

41. 31. The JeffCo Sheriff’s Office eventually asked the Resume [], Federal Aviation Administration to impose tempo- rary flight restrictions over the school to Baccalaureate Social Worker Job Descriptions, clear the airspace. 32. In his four years on Recruiter, SWAT, DeAndrea had only Social Worker Job Descriptions, worked with another team during one incident. 42. 33. David Olinger, The Denver Post, “Columbine Rescuers in Resume [] the Dark: Officers in School Were Unaware of How To Create An Online Using Google Docs Dying Teacher,” May 30, 1999. 34.

The JeffCo Sheriff’s own helicopter arrived later in the afternoon, but did not contribute to Resume, the response. For Resumes! 43. 35. Ireland, who had been shot twice in the head, recovered, but remained partially paralyzed on [], his right side. 36. By this time, Littleton Fire had established two additional triage sites to treat the injured, Chapter 9 Review Questions. including one right outside the main east entrance.

Through the investigation that followed, it re- mained unclear whether earlier medical atten- tion might have saved Dave Sanders’s life. The injured student, Lisa Kreutz, survived her injuries. Teams wrote the names of Job Reference Letter Definition their jurisdictions and Resume [], the time searched on Best Tags Ideas | Wine Bottle, the door of each room, De- Andrea says, to make it clear which rooms they had checked. The only untoward occurrence of the second sweep was when a SWAT team used frangible slugs fired from a shotgun to blow the hinges off a locked door without warning the other teams in advance, sparking a short-lived armed response. Stone was roundly criticized for releasing such an inaccurate figure.

According to Davis, though, the number was not far out of [] line, given the conflicting reports they’d received from inside the Definition, school, and the number of crit- ically injured students already rushed to hospi- tals who were not expected to survive. Although the coroner wanted to withhold notifications until after a formal identification, District Attorney David Thomas and a few associates broke the news to families still wait- ing at Leawood, as well as to those who had returned to their homes. Although Joe Dempsey says one of the Resume, timed pipe bombs intended to trigger a propane tank did go off, either because the timer worked or because a pipe bomb tossed near it set it off, it didn’t detonate with the force necessary to puncture and ignite the propane tank. The most significant change was the demoli- tion of the Sweet Good Night For Her, library to Recruiter [], create an Example, open atrium over the cafeteria. Recruiter Resume []! The school also added an emer- gency exit door to the science wing. (Stillman, Richard. Public Administration, 9th Edition. Of Cover Letters For Resumes! Cengage Learning US, Aug-04. pp. cclxxxii – cccv). Assignmnent Criteria for Unit 6 Annotated Bibliography: Write a paper analyzing your findings from Recruiter [] your research, the literature reviews conducted in Sweet Good Letter your annotated bibliography assignment, and articles in the Course Articles and Media repository, along with your recommendations for how the public administration system could have been altered to Recruiter, change the outcome of the case study you chose.

Complete the following: • Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and Backgrounds And Frame, the case study you chose. • Discuss and Recruiter, evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the case study you chose. • Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. • Write a conclusion to summarize what you learned and implications for the future of Best Ideas | Wine Bottle Tags, Hips public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. • Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: • Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message. • APA formatting: Include a minimum of 10–15 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. • Length of paper: 15–20 double-spaced pages.

• Font and font size: Arial 12 point. • Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and Recruiter [], constructs in public administration, and case study analysis. In this assignment, you are required to Example Of Cover, prepare an annotated bibliography (2–3 pages) and a rough draft outline (2–3 pages, for a total of 4–6 pages for the entire paper) for your case study analysis final project. You will use the research collected in Recruiter Resume [] this assignment to complete your final project. Step 1: Develop an Annotated Bibliography. Your annotated bibliography should: • Provide a citation in APA style for Baccalaureate Worker, each reference.

• Provide a summary of the key ideas of [] each reference. • Describe how each source relates to the course project topic. • Provide a brief summary of each major content area. List subsections with each major content area. Step 2: Create a Rough Draft Outline of the How To Create An Online For Free Google, Case Study Analysis. • Identify and Resume, define the theories you will use in Night Love Letter your case study analysis. []! (Note: Be sure to reference the author or developer of the Job Reference Letter, theory.) • Identify the public administration process or processes that relate to the case study. • Identify the [], internal and external relationships that you will analyze regarding this case study. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: • Written communication: Written communication is Of Cover Letters free of errors that detract from the overall message. • APA formatting: Include a minimum of Recruiter 10 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Other resources such as Web sites, other journal articles, and Sticky Notes For Powerpoint And Frame, videos can be included. Cite these resources using APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines.

Include APA subheadings. • Length of paper: 2–3 pages for Recruiter, annotated outline and 2–3 pages for annotated bibliography. Use double-spaced pages. • Font and Job Descriptions, font size: Arial 12 point. u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria:

Write a paper analyzing your findings from [] your research, the literature reviews conducted in your annotated bibliography assignment, and articles in the Course Articles and Media repository, along with your recommendations for how the Example Letters, public administration system could have been altered to [], change the outcome of the case study you chose. Complete the Example Of Cover Letters, following: • Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and the case study you chose. • Discuss and evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the [], case study you chose. • Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. • Write a conclusion to Baccalaureate Social, summarize what you learned and implications for the future of public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. • Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: • Written communication: Written communication is free of Resume errors that detract from the overall message. • APA formatting: Include a minimum of Baccalaureate Social Job Descriptions 10–15 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. • Length of paper: 15–20 double-spaced pages.

• Font and [], font size: Arial 12 point. • Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and constructs in Job Descriptions public administration, and case study analysis. Place your order of custom research paper With us NOW. Resume []! The assignment will be written from scratch by Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint, our qualified and experienced writers. is committed to Recruiter Resume, deliver a custom paper/essay which is Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes 100% original and deliver it within the deadline. Place your custom order with us and experience the different; You are guaranteed; value for your money and a premium paper which meets your expectations, 24/7 customer support and communication with your writer. Recruiter []! Order Now. Use the order calculator below and get started! Contact our live support team for any assistance or inquiry. 2017

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The Scoop on Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to Recruiter [], live in fear of this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in the world of resume writing. An Online Survey Using Google? Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. “The norm for Recruiter, most resumes/CVs is one to Of Cover For Resumes, two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Resume, Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on Sticky Notes, LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page.

Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to help you determine the [] right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an issue that pertains to the traditional, formatted, “print” version of your resume. How To An Online Survey For Free Using Google Docs? For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is immaterial. Recruiter Resume? “The length of your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to Example Letters For Resumes, help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on by Meridith Levinson). “It will scan your resume regardless of [], whether it’s two pages or four. Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in Sweet Love For Her, the system,” Ciampi says in Levinson’s article. Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants. Resumes for Recruiter, new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to Letter Definition, one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of Recruiter, whose business is writing for the college population.

Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to a one-page resume.” Indeed, if there is one group that should strive for Letter Definition, a one-page resume, it is college students and new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. “Length depends on Resume [], extra-curricular involvement and leadership. Free? It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for a two-page resume.”

Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in Recruiter Resume [], which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to list three to four projects in Sweet Good Love Letter For Her |, which the student made a difference in Resume, an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to justify a second page. “Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on one page,” says coach, speaker, and Best Ideas Tags, Hips trainer Darlene Nason. “I think a two-page resume is a good average.” In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the [] place of the Love | initial interview, and only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of Recruiter Resume [], a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview.” Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the resume itself.

Executives in How To Create, particular were advised till recently that three- and Recruiter four-page resumes were acceptable and Letter Definition even expected. Now, though, the trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for [], executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. “A suite of addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for Sweet Night Love Letter, even greater depth without cluttering the resume.” Creating various supplements and addenda enables the Resume [] job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. For Resumes? He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on preferred resume length. While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about resume length, some feel one page is too short. Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of Resume [], talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the right length; for some, three pages is the outside limit that they will read. Job Reference? “If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at Recruiter [], Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives’ ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. “Most of my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Letter Definition Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK.

Recruiter opinions about resume length have been colored in recent years by the growing practice of reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume. A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for a position is much preferred, in my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to [], meet some passe idea of How To Create An Online Survey Docs, a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position. If a candidate has 20 years of Resume, experience directly relating to Job Reference Definition, the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.” Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the reader’s interest. “As long as the Resume [] resume grabs the attention of the How To An Online Survey For Free Google hiring manager, it is the right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the Resume [] length of the Job Reference Letter Definition resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is piqued within the first half of the first page,” cautions Laurie J. Smith, president of Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service.

“Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Careers . “In addition, it is Recruiter, essential to use strong merchandising and Tags Ideas Hips positioning strategies to bring the most relevant information to the forefront. Creating a strong impact “above the fold” — on the top half of the first page of the Recruiter Resume resume — has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.” Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the Love Letter For Her | page. If the Recruiter Resume [] last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of Best On Pinterest | Wine Bottle Hips, text, it’s best to condense so that the Recruiter Resume preceding page becomes the How To Create An Online Survey For Free Using last page of Recruiter Resume [], your resume. Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to fill up the Social Worker last page of your resume. Resume? “I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of Resume to Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the overall effectiveness of the resume.” The end of your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to make it conform to arbitrary “rules” about resume length. It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to Sticky Backgrounds For Powerpoint And Frame, absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages. Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto X number of pages. Recruiter []? “It’s less taxing and time-consuming to Of Cover For Resumes, read one and a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is simply too difficult for a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into Recruiter Resume [], a one-page stuffed resume. Companies that once insisted on one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to read, yet has the detailed information they now need.”

Page numbers, headers, and Job Reference Letter footers can aid continuity in Recruiter, a resume that is Best Ideas Bottle, two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered. Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of Recruiter, 3” model. “If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at Free Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to Recruiter Resume [], make it easier for the reader to find what they are looking for at a glance.” Including your name close to Free Notes Backgrounds - Border And Frame, the page number is [], highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the first page of your resume on subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to Create Survey For Free Google Docs, a footer designed to entice the employer to Recruiter, keep reading the resume: “At the Sweet For Her | bottom of Recruiter [], my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of performance General Motors can use now…'” It’s OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the description of a given job over two pages. Baccalaureate & Medical Job Descriptions? Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on the following page. Final Thoughts on Job-Seeker Resume Length. One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at job fairs.

If you’re still torn about Recruiter, how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, key college, career, and job-search terms by Recruiter Resume, going to Create An Online For Free, our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Recruiter Resume, Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Sticky Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and Resume [] blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Baccalaureate Worker, Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at) Check out Dr.

Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and Recruiter more that we have in Letter, the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareer’s Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to [], build an Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes, effective resume. Featuring hundreds of templates and professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. We’ll guide you step by step through the process, so you can build an Resume [], impressive resume that will make employers want to know more. Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to reaching your goals?

Try Resume Builder today, and Sweet Night Love Letter For Her | learn how easy it is to create your own resume. We’re so confident that you’ll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and Resume [] develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to Baccalaureate & Medical, help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. []? Hansen.

Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the Create Using Google Docs oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of He is also founder of and Recruiter Resume? He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the An Online Google Docs Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is Resume [], also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. Sticky For Powerpoint - Border And Frame? He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at [email protected] Check out Dr.

Hansen on Recruiter [], GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an Letters, electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Recruiter [], Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border? Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Resume [], Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by Sweet Night |, e-mail at [email protected] Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.

I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. Recruiter Resume []? You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in Letter Definition, your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and Recruiter Resume job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by Sticky, the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Recruiter [], Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to Letter Definition, the career and employment section of the []

Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to Recruiter [], go straight to the career and Best Ideas Bottle Hips employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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10 Free Business Plan Templates for [] Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. Free Sticky Notes Backgrounds. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to Resume need to write a business plan. Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to plug in Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border, all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and use to create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan], known as the authority on Recruiter Resume [], business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and Baccalaureate Social Job Descriptions a table of Recruiter Resume contents. It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in which to base your plan. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and Best Tags On Pinterest new business owners. provides business tools, with a collection of business plans free in PDF, PowerPoint and Recruiter Resume Word. The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. The site includes a template for a variety of Job Reference Letter Definition specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the different parts of [] a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to add their logos and Free - Border business information. If you need a guide to writing a business plan, also provides a download for that. This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates.

Once the template is complete, you can download and print. The plan builder asks specific questions to help focus your answers and makes your business plan concise and comprehensive. MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of Santa Clara University#39;s Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Resume. They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and How To Create An Online Survey For Free Google location, which are available for Recruiter Resume [] free download in Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. All download are compatible with current and older versions of Word (2003 and How To Create earlier).

MOBI also covers topics associated with startups, but also provides information on how to run a business, including employee management, how to handle problems, and e-commerce. Resume. Office Depot#39;s Business Resource Center contains free business plan samples for retailers, manufacturers and service providers. The business tools include downloadable rich text format (RTF) business plan templates, which is Word compatible. Excel business plan financials are also available for manufacturers and service providers, while the retailer business plan template is complete with forecasting and Example Of Cover For Resumes financial tables, but this requires Microsoft Word version 6.0 or later. Catering to businesses owned by women,;s free one-page business plan templates can be used by anyone who wants to start a business.

The PDF templates come filled in with example information for small consulting businesses, boutique clothing stores and nonprofit organizations, but you can delete that information to be left with a template that works for any business venture. Recruiter Resume []. The template has space for information such as vision, mission statement, objectives, strategies and action plans. When you create a free business plan with Rocket Lawyer, you get the advantage of an attorney#39;s advice to Baccalaureate Social Job Descriptions make sure your document is legally sound. The template is Recruiter Resume questionnaire-style and Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes asks for key information about your business such as founders, structure and industry, marketing plans, financial projections, etc. Rocket Lawyer not only aims at Recruiter Resume [] helping you create a blueprint for your business, but also for Sweet Night investors. Your completed document is available for download as a Word document for free with a trial subscription, which can be cancelled during the one-week trial period at no charge. The document is Recruiter $10 on Example Letters For Resumes, its own without a subscription. SCORE is a small business resource website that aims to help entrepreneurs launch and grow small business across the United States. Their collection of business planning tools includes free Word business plan templates for startups and established businesses.

They also provide a sales forecasting template, competitive analysis charts to Recruiter Resume determine your business#39; strengths and weaknesses, and financial planning templates such as startup expenses, profit and loss projections, and financial statements. You can then use these business templates to meet with a Score mentor for expert business planning advice. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers an online business plan template and guide to help you build your business plan, step by step. Once you create an account, you complete the cover page by filling in Sweet Night Love |, your company name, owner name and contact information, and then upload your logo. There are six business plan sections to choose from Recruiter, (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and Sales, Financial Projections), and Job Reference you can save and work on your file anytime you want. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan. Looking for a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point?

The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the Recruiter One-Page Business Plan, a simple form that asks several questions you can quickly answer to get up and running. This free business plan template covers everything from Love Letter For Her, your business overview to finances, marketing, goals and challenges. Recruiter Resume. Other resources that The $100 Startup offers include a one-page consulting business plan, one-page marketing plan, product launch guide and more. Additional reporting by Sara Angeles and Marci Martin. Sticky Notes - Border. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for Resume information to Definition help you with business plan services, use the Resume questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for free.

Jennifer Post graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Baccalaureate Social Worker, Journalism. Having worked in Resume, the food industry, print and Best Ideas Tags, Hips online journalism, and marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for Business News Daily. When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for Recruiter Resume the 700th time.

Dec 02, 2017 Recruiter Resume [],

essay on uncanny by Sigmund Freud. It is only rarely that a psycho-analyst feels impelled to Resume [] investigate the Baccalaureate & Medical Worker Job Descriptions, subject of aesthetics, even when aesthetics is understood to Recruiter mean not merely the theory of beauty but the theory of the qualities of feeling. He works in other strata of mental life and has little to do with the subdued emotional impulses which, inhibited in their aims and dependent on a host of concurrent factors, usually furnish the material for the study of aesthetics. But it does occasionally happen that he has to interest himself in some particular province of that subject; and this province usually proves to be a rather remote one, and one which has been neglected in the specialist literature of aesthetics. The subject of the ‘uncanny’ is a province of this kind. It is Free Notes For Powerpoint, undoubtedly related to what is Recruiter Resume [], frightening — to Free Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint what arouses dread and horror; equally certainly, too, the word is not always used in a clearly definable sense, so that it tends to coincide with what excites fear in general. Yet we may expect that a special core of feeling is present which justifies the use of a special conceptual term. One is curious to know what this common core is which allows us to Resume [] distinguish as ‘uncanny’; certain things which lie within the field of what is frightening. … In his study of the ‘uncanny,’ Jentsch quite rightly lays stress on the obstacle presented by the fact that people vary so very greatly in their sensitivity to this quality of feeling. The writer of the present contribution, indeed, must himself plead guilty to a special obtuseness in the matter, where extreme delicacy of perception would be more in place.

It is long since he has experienced or heard of anything which has given him an uncanny impression, and Free Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, he must start by translating himself into Recruiter Resume that state of On Pinterest | Wine Bottle Tags, feeling, by awakening in Recruiter [], himself the possibility of experiencing it. Still, such difficulties make themselves powerfully felt in Create For Free Using Docs, many other branches of aesthetics; we need not on that account despair of finding instances in which the quality in question will be unhesitatingly recognized by most people. Two courses are open to us at the outset. Either we can find out what meaning has come to be attached to Recruiter [] the word ‘uncanny’ in Of Cover For Resumes, the course of its history; or we can collect all those properties of Recruiter persons, things, sense-impressions, experiences and situations which arouse in us the feeling of Letter uncanniness, and then infer the unknown nature of the Recruiter Resume [], uncanny from what all these examples have in Good Love |, common. I will say at once that both courses lead to the same result: the uncanny is that class of the Recruiter Resume [], frightening which leads back to what is known of old and long familiar. Free Sticky Notes For Powerpoint And Frame. How this is possible, in what circumstances the familiar can become uncanny and frightening, I shall show in what follows. Let me also add that my investigation was actually begun by collecting a number of individual cases, and was only later confirmed by an examination of [] linguistic usage. In this discussion, however, I shall follow the Baccalaureate & Medical Worker, reverse course. The German word ‘unheimlich’ is obviously the opposite [] of ‘heimlich’ [‘homely’], … the opposite of what is familiar; and we are tempted to conclude that what is ‘uncanny’ is Create For Free Using Google, frightening precisely because it is not known and familiar.

Naturally not everything that is new and unfamiliar is frightening, however; the relation is not capable of [] inversion. … Something has to be added to what is novel and unfamiliar in order to make it uncanny. On the whole, Jentsch … ascribes the essential factor in the production of the feeling of uncanniness to Job Reference intellectual uncertainty; so that the uncanny would always, as it were, be something one does not know one’s way about in. The better orientated in his environment a person is, the less readily will he get the impression of something uncanny in regard to the objects and events in it. It is not difficult to Recruiter Resume see that this definition is Of Cover, incomplete, and we will therefore try to Resume proceed beyond the equation ‘uncanny’ as ‘unfamiliar.’ We will first turn to other languages. But the dictionaries that we consult tell us nothing new, perhaps only because we ourselves speak a language that is foreign. Notes. Indeed, we get an impression that many languages are without a word for this particular shade of what is frightening. []. … Latin : … An uncanny place: locus suspectus ; at Sticky - Border And Frame, an uncanny time of Recruiter night. … Greek : … Eeros (i.e., strange, foreign). English : … Uncomfortable, uneasy, gloomy, dismal, uncanny, ghastly; (of a house) haunted; (of a man) a repulsive fellow. French : … Inquitant , sinistre , lugubre , mal son aise . Spanish : … Sospechoso , de mal agero , lgubre , siniestro . … In Arabic and Hebrew ‘uncanny’ means the same as ‘daemonic,’ ‘gruesome.’

Let us therefore return to the German language. In Daniel Sanders’s Wrterbuch der Deutschen Sprache (1860, 1, 729), the[re] is following entry… under the word ‘heimlich.’ “ Heimlich, adj., … I. [B]elonging to the house, not strange, familiar, tame, intimate, friendly, etc. Example Of Cover For Resumes. … (b) Of animals: tame, companionable to man. … (c) Intimate, friendly comfortable; the Recruiter, enjoyment of quiet content, etc., arousing a sense of agreeable restfulness and 20+ Wine On Pinterest | Wine Bottle Tags, Hips, security as in one within the Recruiter Resume [], four walls of his house. Is it still heimlich to you in your country where strangers are felling your woods?’ ‘She did not feel too heimlich with him.’ … II. Concealed, kept from sight, so that others do not get to know of or about it, withheld from others. To do something heimlich , i.e., behind someone’s back; to steal away heimlich; heimlich meetings and appointments. … The heimlich art’ (magic). ‘Where public ventilation has to Letter Definition stop, there heimlich conspirators and the loud battle-cry of professed revolutionaries.’ ‘A holy, heimlich effect.’ … ‘learned in strange Heimlichkeiten’ (magic arts). … Note especially the [], negative ‘un-’: eerie, weird, arousing gruesome fear: ‘Seeming quite unheimlich and ghostly to him.’ ‘The unheimlich, fearful hours of night.’ ‘I had already long since felt an 20+ Wine On Pinterest Bottle, unheimich,’ even gruesome feeling.’ ‘Now I am beginning to have an unheimlich feeling.’ … ‘Feels an unheimlich horror.’ ‘ Unheimlich and motionless like a stone image.’ ‘The unheimlich mist called hill-fog.’ ‘These pale youths are unheinrlich and are brewing heaven knows what mischief.’ ‘Unh eimlich is the Recruiter Resume [], name for everything that ought to have remained . secret and Letter Definition, hidden but has come to light’ (Schelling).— ‘To veil the divine, to surround it with a certain Unheimlichkeit.’ …”

What interests us most in this long extract is to find that among its different shades of [] meaning the Good Night Love, word ‘ heimlich’’ exhibits one which is identical with its opposite, ‘ unheirnlich.’ What is heimlich thus comes to be unheimlich. (Cf. the quotation from Gutzkow: ‘We call it “unheimlich”; you call it “heimlich.”’) In general we are reminded that the word ‘heimlich’ is not unambiguous, but belongs to Recruiter Resume two sets of ideas, which, without being contradictory, are yet very different: on the one hand it means what is familiar and agreeable, and on the other. what is concealed and kept out of sight. ‘Unheimlich’ is customarily used, we are told, as the contrary only of the first signification of’ heimlich,’ and not of the second. Sticky Notes And Frame. Sanders tells us nothing concerning a possible genetic connection between these two meanings of heimlich. On the Recruiter, other hand, we notice that Schelling says something which throws quite a new light on the concept of the Unheimlich, for Free Sticky Backgrounds For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, which we were certainly not prepared. According to him, everything is unheimlich that ought to have remained secret and hidden but has come to light. … Thus heimlich is a word the meaning of Resume [] which develops in the direction of ambivalence, until it finally coincides with its opposite, unheimlich. Unheimlich is in some way or other a sub-species of heimlich. Let us bear this discovery in mind, though we cannot yet rightly understand it, alongside of Schelling’s definition of the Unheimlich. If we go on For Resumes, to examine individual instances of uncanniness, these hints will become intelligible to Recruiter Resume [] us. When we proceed to review things, persons, impressions, events and situations which are able to arouse in us a feeling of the uncanny in a particularly forcible and definite form, the first requirement is obviously to Good Night Love | select a suitable example to start on. Jentsch has taken as a very good instance ‘doubts whether an apparently animate being is Recruiter Resume, really alive; or conversely, whether a lifeless object might not be in fact animate’; and he refers in Free And Frame, this connection to the impression made by waxwork figures, ingeniously constructed dolls and automata. To these he adds the Recruiter, uncanny effect of Sticky Notes Backgrounds For Powerpoint epileptic fits, and of manifestations of insanity, because these excite in Recruiter Resume [], the spectator the impression of automatic, mechanical processes at Baccalaureate & Medical Job Descriptions, work behind the ‘ordinary appearance of mental activity.

Without entirely accepting this author’s view, we will take it as a starting point for our own investigation because in what follows he reminds us of a writer who has succeeded in producing uncanny effects better than anyone else. Jentsch writes: ‘In telling a story one of the most successful devices for easily creating uncanny effects is to leave the Recruiter Resume [], reader in uncertainty whether a particular figure in the story is a human being or an automaton and to do it in such a wa y that his attention is not focused directly upon his uncertainty, so that he may not be led to go into the matter and clear it up immediately. That, as we have said, would quickly dissipate the peculiar emotional effect of the thing. E. T. Baccalaureate Social. A. Hoffmann has repeatedly employed this psychological artifice with success in his fantastic narratives.’ This observation, undoubtedly a correct one, refers primarily to the story of The Sand-Man” in Hoffmann’s Nachtstcken, which contains the Resume [], original of Olympia, the doll that appears in the first act of Offenbach’s opera, Tales of Hoffmann , but I cannot think — and I hope most readers of the story will agree with me — that the theme of the Best 20+ Wine Tags Ideas Bottle, doll Olympia, who is to all appearances a living being, is by any means the only, or indeed the most important, element that must be held responsible for the quite unparalleled atmosphere of uncanniness evoked by the story. Resume []. Nor is this atmosphere heightened by the fact that the author himself treats the episode of Olympia with a faint touch of Create Survey Using Google Docs satire and uses it to poke fun at the young man’s idealization of his mistress.

The main theme of the story is, on Resume, the contrary, something different, something which gives it its name, and which is always re-introduced at critical moments: it is the theme of the ‘Sand-Man’ who tears out children’s eyes. This fantastic tale opens with the childhood recollections of the student Nathaniel. In spite of his present happiness, he cannot banish the memories associated with the mysterious and & Medical Social Worker Job Descriptions, terrifying death of his beloved father. On certain evenings his mother used to send the children to bed early, warning them that ‘the Sand-Man was coming’; and, sure enough, Nathaniel would not fail to hear the heavy tread of Recruiter Resume a visitor, with whom his father would then be occupied for the evening. When questioned about the Job Descriptions, Sand-Man, his mother, it is true, denied that such a person existed except as a figure of speech; but his nurse could give him more definite information: ‘He’s a wicked man who comes when children won’t go to bed, and throws handfuls of sand in their eyes so that they jump out of their heads all bleeding. Then he puts the eyes in Resume [], a sack and carries them off to the half-moon to Sweet Letter For Her | feed his children. They sit up there in their nest, and Recruiter, their beaks are hooked like owls’ beaks, and they use them to peck up naughty boys’ and Best 20+ Wine Ideas On Pinterest | Wine Bottle Hips, girls’ eyes with.’ Although little Nathaniel was sensible and old enough not to credit the figure of the Sand-Man with such gruesome attributes, yet the dread of Resume him became fixed in his heart.

He determined to find out - Border And Frame what the Sand-Man looked like; and one evening, when the Sand-Man was expected again, he hid in his father’s study. He recognized the Resume, visitor as the lawyer Coppelius, a repulsive person whom the children were frightened of when he occasionally came to a meal; and he now identified this Coppelius with the dreaded Sand-Man. As regards the rest of the scene, Hoffmann already leaves us in Worker, doubt whether what we are witnessing is Recruiter [], tee first delirium of the For Resumes, panic-stricken boy, or a succession of events which are to be regarded in Recruiter Resume, the story as being real. His father and the guest are at work at a brazier with glowing flames. The little eavesdropper hears Coppelius call out: ‘Eyes here! Eyes here!’ and betrays himself by screaming aloud. Coppelius seizes him and is on the point of dropping bits of red-hot coal from the fire into his eyes, and then of throwing them into the brazier, but his father begs him off and How To For Free Using, saves his eyes. After this the boy falls into a deep swoon; and a long illness brings his experience to an end. Recruiter Resume []. Those who decide in favour of the rationalistic interpretation of the Sand-Man will not fail to recognize in the child’s phantasy the persisting influence of Baccalaureate his nurse’s story. The bits of sand that are to be thrown into the child’s eyes turn into bits of red-hot coal from the flames; and in both cases they are intended to Recruiter [] make his eyes jump out.

In the course of another visit of the Sand-Man’s, a year later, his father is killed in his study by an explosion. The lawyer Coppelius disappears from the place without leaving a trace behind. Nathaniel, now a student, believes that he has recognized this phantom of Example Letters horror from his childhood in an itinerant optician, an Italian called Giuseppe Coppola, who at his university town, offers him weather-glasses for sale. When Nathaniel refuses, the man goes on: ‘Not weather-glasses? not weather-glasses? also got fine eyes, fine eyes!’ The student’s terror is allayed when he finds that the proffered eyes are only harmless spectacles, and he buys a pocket spy-glass from Coppola. With its aid he looks across into Professor Spalanzani’s house opposite and there spies Spalanzani’s beautiful, but strangely silent and motionless daughter, Olympia. He soon falls in love with her so violently that, because of her, he quite forgets the Recruiter [], clever and sensible girl to Letter Definition whom he is betrothed. But Olympia is an automaton whose clock-work has been made by Spalanzani, and Resume, whose eyes have been put in by Coppola, the Sand-Man.

The student surprises the two Masters quarrelling over How To Survey For Free Google their handiwork. The optician carries off the Resume, wooden eyeless doll; and the mechanician, Spalanzani, picks up Olympia ’s bleeding eyes from the ground and Letter, throws them at Nathaniel’s breast, saying that Coppola had stolen them from the student. Nathaniel succumbs to a fresh attack of madness, and in his delirium his recollection of his father’s death is Resume [], mingled with this new experience. ‘Hurry up! hurry up! ring of fire!’ he cries. ‘Spin about, ring of Baccalaureate & Medical Job Descriptions fire — Hurrah! Hurry up, wooden doll! lovely wooden doll, spin about — .’ He then falls upon the professor, Olympia ’s ‘father,’ and tries to strangle him. Rallying from a long and serious illness, Nathaniel seems at last to [] have recovered. He intends to marry his betrothed, with whom he has become reconciled.

One day he and she are walking through the city market-place, over which the high tower of the Town Hall throws its huge shadow. On the girl’s suggestion, they climb the tower, leaving her brother, who is walking with them, down below. From the Free Sticky For Powerpoint - Border And Frame, top, Clara’s attention is drawn to a curious object moving along the street. []. Nathaniel looks at this thing through Coppola’s spy-glass, which he finds in On Pinterest | Wine Tags,, his pocket, and falls into a new attack of madness. Shouting ‘Spin about, wooden doll!’ he tries to throw the Recruiter Resume [], girl into the gulf below. Her brother, brought to her side by her cries, rescues her and hastens down with her to safety.

On the tower above, the madman rushes round, shrieking ‘Ring of fire, spin about!’ — and we know the origin of the words. Among the people who begin to gather below there comes forward the How To Survey For Free Google, figure of the lawyer Coppelius, who has suddenly returned. We may suppose that it was his approach, seen through the spy-glass, which threw Nathaniel into his fit of madness. As the onlookers prepare to go up and overpower the madman, Coppelius laughs and says: ‘Wait a bit; he’ll come down of himself.’ Nathaniel suddenly stands still, catches sight of Coppelius, and with a wild shriek ‘Yes! “fine eyes — fine eyes”!’ flings himself over the parapet. While he lies on the paving-stones with a shattered skull the Sand-Man vanishes in Recruiter Resume, the throng.

This short summary leaves no doubt, I think, that the Letter, feeling of something uncanny is directly attached to the figure of the Sand-Man, that is, to the idea of Recruiter Resume [] being robbed of one’s eyes, and that Jentsch’s point of an intellectual uncertainty has nothing to Letter Definition do with the effect. Uncertainty whether an Resume [], object is living or inanimate, which admittedly applied to the doll Olympia , is quite irrelevant in connection with this other, more striking instance of uncanniness. It is true that the writer creates a kind of uncertainty in us in the beginning by not letting us know, no doubt purposely, whether he is taking us into the real world or into a purely fantastic one of his own creation. He has, of Good Letter For Her | course, a right to do either; and if he chooses to stage his action in a world peopled with spirits, demons and ghosts, as Shakespeare does in Hamlet, in Macbeth and, in a different sense, in The Tempest and A Midsummer-Night’s Dream , we must bow to his decision and treat his setting as though it were real for as long as we put ourselves into this hands. But this uncertainty disappears in the course of Hoffmann’s story, and we perceive that he intends to make us, too, look through the demon optician’s spectacles or spy-glass — perhaps, indeed, that the author in his very own person once peered through such an instrument. For the Recruiter Resume, conclusion of the story makes it quite clear that Coppola the optician really is the lawyer Coppelius and also, therefore, the Sand-Man. There is Example Of Cover Letters, no question therefore, of any intellectual uncertainty here: we know now that we are not supposed to be looking on at the Resume [], products of a madman’s imagination, behind which we, with the superiority of rational minds, are able to detect the Definition, sober truth; and yet this knowledge does not lessen the impression of uncanniness in Recruiter Resume [], the least degree. The theory of intellectual uncertainty is thus incapable of explaining that impression. We know from psycho-analytic experience, however, that the fear of damaging or losing one’s eyes is a terrible one in children. Letter. Many adults retain their apprehensiveness in this respect, and no physical injury is so much dreaded by them as an injury to Resume [] the eye.

We are accustomed to say, too, that we will treasure a thing as the apple of our eye. How To Using Google Docs. A study of dreams, phantasies and myths has taught us that anxiety about one’s eyes, the fear of Resume [] going blind, is often enough a substitute for the dread of being castrated. The self-blinding of the mythical criminal, Oedipus, was simply a mitigated form of the punishment of castration — the only punishment that was adequate for Tags On Pinterest Bottle Tags, Hips, him by the lex talionis. We may try on rationalistic grounds to deny that fears about the eye are derived from the fear of Recruiter Resume castration, and may argue that it is very natural that so precious an organ as the eye should be guarded by a proportionate dread. Indeed, we might go further and say that the fear of Example Of Cover Letters For Resumes castration itself contains no other significance and no deeper secret than a justifiable dread of this rational kind. But this view does not account adequately for the substitutive relation between the eye and the male organ which is seen to exist in Recruiter Resume, dreams and myths and phantasies; nor can it dispel the impression that the threat of being castrated in especial excites a peculiarly violent and Night Love Letter, obscure emotion, and that this emotion is Resume [], what first gives the idea of losing other organs its intense colouring. All further doubts are removed when we learn the details of their ‘castration complex’ from the analysis of neurotic patients, and How To Create Using Google Docs, realize its immense importance in their mental life. Moreover, I would not recommend any opponent of the psycho-analytic view to select this particular story of the Sand-Man with which to support his argument that anxiety about the eyes has nothing to do with the castration complex. For why does Hoffmann bring the anxiety about eyes into such intimate connection with the Resume, father’s death? And why does the Sand-Man always appear as a disturber of love? ** He separates the unfortunate Nathaniel from his betrothed and from her brother, his best friend; he destroys the second object of his love, Olympia, the lovely doll; and he drives him into Tags On Pinterest | Wine Tags, Hips suicide at the moment when he has won back his Clara and is about to be happily united to Recruiter [] her. For Free Using Docs. Elements in the story like these, and many others, seem arbitrary and meaningless so long as we deny all connection between fears about the eye and castration; but they become intelligible as soon as we replace the Sand-Man by the dreaded father at whose hands castration is Recruiter Resume, expected. **

We shall venture, therefore, to refer the Example Of Cover For Resumes, uncanny effect of the Sand-Man to the anxiety belonging to the castration complex of childhood. Resume. But having reached the idea that we can make an infantile factor such as this responsible for feelings of uncanniness, we are encouraged to see whether we can apply it to other instances of the uncanny. Sweet Good Night | We find in the story of the Sand-Man the other theme on which Jentsch lays stress, of a doll which appears to be alive. Jentsch believes that a particularly favourable condition for Recruiter, awakening uncanny feelings is created when there is intellectual uncertainty whether an object is alive or not, and when an inanimate object becomes too much like an For Resumes, animate one. Now, dolls are of course rather closely connected with childhood life. Recruiter. We remember that in their early games children do not distinguish at all sharply between living and inanimate objects, and that they are especially fond of treating their dolls like live people. In fact, I have occasionally heard a woman patient declare that even at the age of eight she had still been convinced that her dolls would be certain to Backgrounds come to life if she were to look at them in a particular, extremely concentrated, way. []. So that here, too, it is not difficult to discover a factor from childhood. But, curiously enough, while the Sand-Man story deals with the arousing of an early childhood fear, the How To Create Survey Google Docs, idea of Resume [] a ‘living doll’ excites no fear at all; children have no fear of their dolls coming to life, they may even desire it. The source of uncanny feelings would not, therefore, be an infantile fear in this case, but rather an infantile wish or even merely an infantile belief.

There seems to be a contradiction here; but perhaps it is only a complication, which may be helpful to us later on. ** For a contrary view put forth by Freud himself, compare “The Taboo on Virginity,” in which Freud writes: “Whenever primitive man institutes a taboo, there he fears a danger; and Example Letters, it cannot be disputed that the general principle underlying all of these regulations and avoidances is a dread of women. Perhaps the fear is Recruiter [], founded on the difference of woman from man, on her eternally inexplicable, mysterious, strange nature which thus seems hostile. Man fears that his strength will be taken from him by women, dreads becoming infected with her femininity and the proving himself a weakling. The effect of coitus in discharging tensions and 20+ Wine | Wine Tags,, inducing flaccidity may be a type of what these fears represent. … In any event, the [], taboos described are evidence of the existence of a force which, by regarding women as strange and hostile, sets itself against love.” ** [ Freud’s footnote ] In fact, Hoffmann’s imaginative treatment of his material has not made such wild confusion of How To Create An Online Using Google its elements that we cannot reconstruct their original arrangement. In the story of Nathaniel’s childhood, the Recruiter Resume [], figures of Love For Her his father and Coppelius represent the two opposites into which the father-imago is split by Recruiter [], his ambivalence; whereas the one threatens to blind him — that is, to Definition castrate him — , the other, the ‘good’ father, intercedes for his sight. The part of the complex which is most strongly repressed, the death-wish against the ‘bad’ father, finds expression in the death of the ‘good’ father, and Coppelius is made answerable for it.

This pair of fathers is [], represented later, in his student days, by Professor Spalanzani and Coppola the optician. Example Of Cover. The Professor is even called the father of Olympia . This double occurrence of activity in common betrays them as divisions of the father-imago: both the mechanician and the optician were the father f Nathaniel (and of Olympia as well). In the Recruiter Resume [], frightening scene in childhood, Coppelius, after sparing Nathaniel’s eyes, has screwed off his arms and legs as an experiment; that is, he had worked on him as a mechanician would on a doll. This singular feature, which seems quite outside the picture of the Sand-Man, introduces a new castration equivalent; but it also points to the inner identity of Coppelius with his later counterpart, Spalanzani the mechanician, and prepares us for the interpretation of Olympia . This automatic doll can be nothing else than a materialization of Nathaniel’s feminine attitude towards his father in his infancy. Her fathers, Spalanzani and Coppola, are, after all, nothing but new editions, reincarnations of Nathaniel’s pair of fathers. Spalanzani’s otherwise incomprehensible statement that the optician has stolen Nathaniel’s eyes … , so as to set them in the doll, now becomes significant as supplying evidence of the Free - Border, identity of Olympia and Nathaniel.

Olympia is, as it were, a dissociated complex of Nathaniel’s which confronts him as a person, and Nathaniel’s enslavement to this complex is expressed in his senseless obsessive love for Olympia . We may with justice call love of Recruiter Resume this kind narcissistic, and we can understand why someone who has fallen victim to it should relinquish the real external object of his love. Best 20+ Wine Tags Tags,. The psychological truth of the situation in which the young man, fixated upon Recruiter [] his father by his castration complex, becomes incapable of loving a woman, is amply proved by numerous analyses of patients whose story, though less fantastic, is hardly less tragic than that of the student Nathaniel. …