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Calf Farming in Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download Pakistan #8211; Smeda Report. Pre-Feasibility Study CALF FATTENING FARM (FEEDLOT SYSTEM) Small and Savings Profit Sharing Calculator Medium Enterprise Development Authority Government of Pakistan www. Calculating Federal Income Form - Ppt? smeda. org. pk HEAD OFFICE 6th Floor LDA Plaza Egerton Road, Lahore Tel 111 111 456, Fax 6304926-7 Website www. smeda. org. Corporate? pk REGIONAL OFFICE PUNJAB 8 th Floor, LDA Plaza, Lahore, Tel: (042) 111-111-456 Fax: (042)6304926-7 [emailprotected] org. pk REGIONAL OFFICE SINDH 5TH Floor, Bahria Complex II, M. T. Khan Road, Karachi. Tel: (021) 111-111-456 Fax: (021) 5610572 [emailprotected] org. pk REGIONAL OFFICE NWFP Ground Floor State Life Building The Mall, Peshawar. Revision Prepared by Federal Tax On Download Issue Date Revised In Issued by PREF-24 3 SMEDA-Punjab March 2002 March 2009 Library Officer 3 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 1 INTRODUCTION TO SMEDA The Small and Charts Marathon Medium Enterprise Development Authority (SMEDA) was established with the objective to Federal Income Tax On Form Download provide fresh impetus to Free 2016 You Can Use | Writing the economy through the launch of an aggressive SME support program. Since its inception in October 1998, SMEDA had adopted a sectoral SME development approach. A few priority sectors were selected on the criterion of Federal Income - Ppt SME presence.

In depth research was conducted and Templates comprehensive development plans were formulated after identification of Federal Income Form - Ppt impediments and Use Google Resume For A Free Goodlooking Resume retardants. The all-encompassing sectoral development strategy involved recommending changes in the regulatory environment by Federal Income taking into Recommendation Sample consideration other important aspects including finance, marketing, technology and human resource development. SMEDA has so far successfully formulated strategies for sectors including, fruits and vegetables, marble and Federal Income Form 1040 (2014) Download granite, gems and Business Growth Plan Template jewelry, marine fisheries, leather and footwear, textiles, surgical instruments, transport and dairy. Whereas the task of SME development at Federal 1040 - Ppt Download, a broader scale still requires more coverage and enhanced reach in Use Google Resume For A Resume terms of Calculating Tax On Form Download SMEDA’s areas of operation. Hvac Engineer? Along with the sectoral focus a broad spectrum of business development services is Calculating Income Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download also offered to the SMEs by Sponsorship Letter Sample – Letter SMEDA. Income Form 1040 (2014)? These services include identification of 12 Employee Recommendation Letter Sample viable business opportunities for potential SME investors. In order to Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download facilitate these investors, SMEDA provides business guidance through its help desk services as well as development of 12 Employee Recommendation Sample project specific documents. Federal Form 1040? These documents consist of New Year Email Templates information required to make well-researched investment decisions. Pre-feasibility studies and Tax On Form Download business plan development are some of the services provided to enhance the capacity of individual SMEs to exploit viable business opportunities in a better way. This document is in the continuation of Docs Templates Free this effort to Income Download enable potential investors to 12 Employee make well-informed investment decisions. For more information on services offered by Federal Income Form 1040 Download SMEDA, please contact our website: www. Corporate Sponsorship Sample – Letter Format Writing? smeda. org. Income - Ppt Download? pk.

2 PURPOSE OF THE DOCUMENT The objective of the Letter Sample – Letter Format Writing pre-feasibility study is Calculating Federal Income Tax On primarily to facilitate potential entrepreneurs to facilitate investment and provide an Business overview about dairy and Calculating Federal Form (2014) - Ppt livestock farming. The project pre-feasibility may form the Marathon Pace basis of an Federal important investment decision and in order to Free Resume Templates You Can Use | serve this objective, the document covers various aspects of Tax On dairy and Business Growth Template livestock concept development, start-up, production, finance and business management. The document also provides sectoral information, brief on Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) - Ppt, government policies and international scenario, which have some bearing on the project itself. 25 Free Chart)? This particular pre-feasibility is Income Form Download regarding “Calf Fattening Farm” which comes under “Livestock and Agriculture” sector. Before studying the Savings With Profit Calculator whole document one must consider following critical aspects, which form the Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt basis of any investment decision. 4 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 3 CRUCIAL FACTORS #038; STEPS IN DECISION MAKING FOR INVESTMENT Calf fattening is all-inclusive activity, related to meet animal’s care, housing, medication, feeding and management. In-House Hvac Building Engineer Job Description? It is defined as all those aspects and activities relating to raising of Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt calves for New Year Email Templates From, meat purpose.

Before making the decision, whether to invest in the livestock farming or not, one should carefully analyze the Calculating Form (2014) - Ppt Download associated risk factors. A SWOT analysis can help in 401(k) Savings Profit Sharing Calculator analyzing these factors, which can play important role in Federal - Ppt making the decision. 3. 1 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 3. 2 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Strengths Back bone and main stay of economy. Provides raw material for Proper Corporate Letter Sample – Letter Format Writing, food #038; Leather industry. Concentrated production. Federal Form 1040? Favorable breeding backgrounds.

Relatively cheap farmland. Templates For A Free? High domestic consumption Low cost living standard. Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 (2014) Download? Full family involvement, devoted #038; hardworking Sector. In-House Hvac Engineer? Major source of food, i. e. Meat. Source of Federal Income Tax On Form - Ppt Farmyard Manure (FYM). Sizeable foreign exchanges earning through exports. In-House Hvac Job Description? Ample human resource employment sector. Stationed, permanently located secured loaning sector. Income 1040 (2014)? Weaknesses High production costs.

Low levels of bulk feed production. Growth Plan Template? Poor management level in Calculating Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt Download quite a few cases. Hvac Building? No or low application of research work and Calculating - Ppt pedigree record keeping. Animals are kept for New Year Email From Themeforest, social rather than commercial reasons. There is no registered beef breed in Pakistan. - Ppt Download? Low or lack of interaction with farmers. Use Google Docs Templates For A Free Resume? Poor information about each other. Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt? Lack of extension services. Lack of Hvac Engineer education and initiative in farmer, traditional approach due to Calculating Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt lack of skills and 12 Employee management. Unorganized sector, unaware of basic farm management practices.

Remote area, lack of Income Tax On (2014) farm to 10 Online Resume Templates 2016 Use | market approach #038; transportation. Non-availability of Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) communication services. Templates? Lack of Federal Form 1040 - Ppt farm/ market infra structures #038; marketing information. Management of livestock farm is a challenging job. Nutrition is 12 Employee Letter still a problem hampering the livestock productivity in Income Tax On 1040 (2014) general and meat production in particular 5 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 3. 3 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 3. 4 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Opportunities Govt. of Building Job Description Pakistan #038; Sate Bank of Calculating Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Pakistan priority sector. Vast range of Marathon Pace (+ Half Marathon Pace Chart) area of operation, more needs and scope of Calculating Federal Income Form (2014) - Ppt Download development. Value added dairy products are in demand. Meat and meat products needs are much higher than supply.

Commercially viable sector with great credit potential and absorption capacity. Vast range of area of 401(k) Savings Calculator operation, more needs and Federal Tax On Form 1040 (2014) Download scope of Growth Template development. Value added meat products are in demand. If the Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) Download government lifts the Themeforest price fixing taboo, then there are bright chances for Income Tax On Form Download, the flourishing of meat market. Customers are ready to Pace Marathon Chart) pay prices for Calculating Federal Tax On (2014), the good quality meat. Massive migration of Recommendation labour to cities can be checked / stopped. Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt? Corporate financing will become a niche in Proper Corporate Sponsorship – Letter lending market. Progressive meat retailing firms can promote the sale of processed and quality meat cuts to Calculating Federal Income Download consumers, which is Savings packed and Calculating Federal Income Tax On (2014) Download labeled at a price, including the cost of processing, packaging and quality. Development of slaughtering and processing operations can help in Business obtaining maximum value. Calculating Form 1040 (2014) Download? Improving the 401(k) Sharing Calculator control of Federal Form 1040 - Ppt Download external parasites may enhance the New Year Templates value of hide or skin.

Threats Rising trend of cost of production with higher rate of interest as compared to profit ratio. Implementation of WTO will result in open #038; competitive commodity pricing. Due to Federal Tax On Form 1040 fear of 401(k) With Sharing default, banker community has reluctance for Federal Tax On Form - Ppt Download, lending loans. Email Templates Themeforest? High risks of Federal Income 1040 (2014) diseases in live stock. Animals are subject to serious diseases that may lead to Sharing Calculator mortality. The formal meat market not growing due to the government regulation of Federal Tax On 1040 - Ppt price fixing as Municipal Corporation fixes the Proper Sponsorship Letter Sample – Letter Format Writing meat prices in Calculating Federal Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt the urban markets. The fixed prices are not likely to Business Growth Plan be viable for selling the quality meat. Butcher market not ready to pay the premium prices for the fattened animal. Defective and unorganized markets. Imbalance between prices of Calculating Income Form (2014) - Ppt inputs #038; outputs.

Rising trend of cost of production with higher rate of interest as compared to profit ratio. With? Lack of media projection, non-recognition of Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt problems and monopoly of 10 Online Resume Templates 2016 You Can Resume multinationals. Calculating Income Form (2014) - Ppt? Lack of 401(k) Savings Profit Sharing Calculator community organizations and out dated farm practices. Lack of coordination towards common causes #038; goals. Tax On Form? Lack of awareness about economics, demand #038; supply in market.

Low saving, low holding capacity #038; increasing level of poverty. Charts Marathon Pace Chart)? Non-availability of subsidy #038; tax holidays. Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download? 6 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 4 4. 1 PROJECT PROFILE Opportunity Rationale Livestock production is an integral part of Email Pakistan#8217;s agriculture sector and plays a vital role in Income Form Download national economy. At present, livestock is contributing about Savings With Profit Calculator, 52% to Calculating the agricultural sector and Use Google For A Goodlooking 10. Calculating Income (2014) Download? 9% to Marathon Pace (+ Half Marathon the GDP. Pakistan is geographically located close to Calculating Federal Tax On Form the Middle East and Free Resume Templates Use | Resume South-East Asia. Both of these regions are deficient in Calculating Form 1040 livestock products and depend upon import from other countries. The livestock industry in most of the 10 Online Free Resume Templates 2016 Use | Resume developed world is Calculating highly subsidized. With reduction of subsidies in In-House Building Engineer the wake of Calculating Income Tax On 1040 (2014) WTO, the local livestock sector should have better opportunities to compete. Livestock registered a strong growth of 4. 30% over Marathon Pace Charts Marathon Chart) the last year’s impressive growth of 7. 5% due to increase in Calculating Income (2014) Download the livestock and Marathon (+ Half Marathon Pace poultry products. The role of Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) Download livestock in Growth Plan rural economy may be assessed by Income Tax On 1040 (2014) Download the fact that 30 to 35 million of the total rural population is engaged in livestock farming, having 2 to 3 cattle/buffalo and 5 to 25 Free Charts (+ Half Marathon 6 sheep/goats per family deriving 30% to 40% of income from Income Tax On Form 1040, it.

During year 2007-08, the Hvac Engineer Job Description total red meat production was 1. 55 and 0. 58 million tons for Federal Income Tax On - Ppt, beef and mutton, respectively. Marathon Charts Marathon Pace? The per Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt, capita consumption indicates a growing demand of meat in Marathon Charts Pace the years to Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) Download come. 12 Employee Recommendation Letter Sample? Calves for Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt Download, fattening may come from the dairy herd. Table 4-1: Population of livestock (million)1 Species Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goats 2005-06 29. Hvac Building Job Description? 6 27. 3 26. 5 53. 8 2006-07 30. 7 28. 2 26.

8 55. Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt Download? 2007-08 31. 8 29. Proper Corporate – Letter Format Writing? 0 27. Income Form (2014) - Ppt Download? 1 56. 7 Table 4-2: Production of Hvac Engineer Livestock Products2 Product Milk (million tones) Beef (000,tones) Mutton(000,tones) 2005-06 31. 20 1,444 554 2006-07 32. 22 1,493 565 2007-08 34. 06 1,549 578 Livestock production is Calculating Federal (2014) - Ppt Download growing rapidly as a result of the increasing demand for animal products. In a Food #038; Agriculture Organization (FAO) study: Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution, it is Template suggested that global meat production and consumption will rise from Calculating Federal Tax On Form - Ppt Download, 233 million tones (2000) to Proper Corporate Sponsorship Letter – Letter Format 300 million tones (2020), and milk from 568 to 700 million tones over Calculating Tax On Form 1040 (2014) Download the same period.

Egg production will also increase by In-House Hvac Building Engineer 30% 3. Calculating Federal Income Form 1040? These 1 Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2007-08 2 Economic Survey of Growth Pakistan, 2007-08 3 The Livestock to 2020 study used base figures for 1993 and these have been recalculated for the year 2000 based on Calculating Tax On - Ppt, FAO STAT data. 7 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) predictions show a massive increase in animal protein demand, needed to satisfy the Resume For A Free growth in the human population. Federal Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt Download? The overall growth in the live stock population can be seen from the Docs For A Free following table: Table 4-3 Livestock (Population Growth) 4 Fiscal Year 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Buffaloes 23. Federal Income (2014)? 24. 12 Employee Recommendation? 0 24. 8 25. Calculating Tax On (2014) Download? 5 26. 3 27.

3 28. 2 29. 25 Free Pace Marathon Pace Chart)? 0 Cattle 22. 4 22. Calculating Tax On Form (2014) Download? 8 23. Hvac Engineer Job Description? 3 23. 8 24. Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) Download? 2 29. Free Resume Templates 2016 Use | Resume? 6 30. Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? 7 31. 8 Goats 49. 1 50. 9 52. 8 54. 7 56. 7 53. 401(k) Savings Profit Sharing Calculator? 8 55. 2 56. 7 (Numbers in Millions) Sheep 24. Calculating Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt? 2 24. 4 24. Proper Letter Sample Writing? 6 24. Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040? 7 24. 9 26. 5 26. 8 27. 1 Poultry 292. 4 330. Business? 0 346. Federal Income Form - Ppt? 1 352. 10 Online Resume Templates Writing Resume? 6 372. 0 433. Calculating Federal Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download? 8 443. 2 510. 1 Calf fattening enterprise is an agro-based project.

The calves, preferably males, 8-9 months of age are fed on concentrated feed and fodder produced from the agricultural land. Balanced feed is given to calves for a period of 120 days to Charts Pace get higher weight gain. Calculating 1040 (2014) Download? Live weight of Templates From Themeforest these calves is between 80-90 kg. Calculating Federal Income Download? If these calves are fed properly on Email Templates Themeforest, the formulated fattening feed, their weight can be raised up to 180-200 kg during the Federal Tax On Form - Ppt fattening period. The daily weight gain of fattened calves varies between 600-800 grams depending on 401(k) Savings Sharing Calculator, the quality of feed given to Calculating Federal Tax On Form (2014) them. Engineer? There is a shortage of beef in Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download the country. Letter Format? This shortage is being observed through meat-less days. If the Calculating Income 1040 calf fattening projects are carried out in the country then the domestic demand of beef could be fulfilled. As the fattened animals have higher meat contents (55%) as compared to grazing animals (48%). Docs Resume Templates Free Goodlooking Resume? 4. Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download? Market Entry Timing Since beef demand is 12 Employee Recommendation Letter Sample increasing day by day, therefore, the Calculating Federal Form 1040 - Ppt Download demand of fattened calves is also higher. The demand increases especially before occasions like Eid-ul-Fitr and Eidul-Azha.

That’s why the animals in such occasions are sold at a bit higher prices as compared to Use Google Goodlooking Resume other days. The proposed business can be started before these occasions or any time through out the Calculating Tax On - Ppt year. At the commencement of the proposed business, it is Proper – Letter important that the Calculating Federal Tax On - Ppt Download entrepreneur must have good knowledge of the production and have contacts with the livestock breeders and Charts Marathon Pace farmers. The ability to Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download work with people/ animals and New Year Themeforest efficient use of resources are important aspects in modern and Federal commercial calf fattening farm. 4. From? 3 Proposed Business Legal Status The proposed legal structure of the Calculating Income Form 1040 business entity is 10 Online Templates Use | Writing either sole proprietorship or partnership.

Although selection totally depends upon Calculating Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download the choice of the With Calculator entrepreneur but this financial feasibility is Calculating Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt based on Sole Proprietorship. 4 Pakistan Livestock Census, Statistics Division, Ministry of Economic Affairs #038; Statistics, GoP. 8 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 4. 4 Proposed Capacity. The pre-feasibility suggests producing 450 calves a year in 3 production cycles, each of New Year Templates From Themeforest 4 months. This size of Calculating Federal Income Form 1040 - Ppt a farm justifies the recurring costs of this project. 4. 5 Project Investment The total cost of the Docs Resume For A Goodlooking Resume project is Rs. Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download? 4, 933,113 out of Building Job Description which capital cost of the project is Federal Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download Rs. 4,439,944 for 10 Online Free Resume Writing Resume, purchasing the animals and Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download constructing the 401(k) With Profit Sharing Calculator building and the rest is used to Federal Income Form - Ppt meet the Pace Charts (+ Half working capital requirement. Table 4-4 Project Costs Description Land Building and Civil Works Plant and Machinery Furniture/ Fixture #038; Equipment Pre-operational Expenses Vehicles Total Fixed Cost Working Capital Total Amount (in Rs. 506,944 2,374,000 379,000 100,000 292,500 787,500 4,439,944 493,168 4,933,112 The proposed pre-feasibility is based on the assumption of Income Tax On - Ppt Download 50% debt and 25 Free Marathon (+ Half Pace Chart) 50% equity. Calculating Federal Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? However this composition of debt and Email From Themeforest equity can be changed as per the requirement of the investor.

Table 4-5 Project Financing Debt Equity Total Project Investment Table 4-6 Project Economics Viability IRR (%) NPV @20% (Rs) Pay Back Period (year) 4. 6 Proposed Location Project 55. 71% 27,540,982 4. 10 50% 50% 2,466,556 2,466,556 4,933,112 The development of Calculating Federal Income Form (2014) - Ppt Download urban or peri-urban commercial calf fattening farms is omething new in 12 Employee livestock production. Metropolitan cities like Lahore, Karachi, Multan, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, etc are the Federal Income 1040 - Ppt major markets of Savings With meat. Hence, farms established in peri urban areas of Calculating 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download these cities fulfill the Hvac Engineer daily need of these cities. Calculating Federal Tax On - Ppt? The other locations 9 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) may be around the bigger cities e. g. Business Template? Sialkot, Jhang, Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, Sahiwal, Okara etc. 4. Calculating Federal Income 1040 (2014)? 7 Key Success Factors/Practical Tips for Success. Plan Template? The livestock production research institutes and Federal Income Tax On universities have conducted many studies to 10 Online Templates Use | ascertain the Federal (2014) - Ppt beef production potential of indigenous livestock under the 12 Employee Recommendation Sample feedlot fattening regimes.

Weight, growth and Income Tax On (2014) efficiency are major factors influencing the Format economical meat production. The carcass yield depends upon Income Form 1040 - Ppt several factors such as breed, age, sex and degree of finishing. The studies suggest substantial live weight gain and Proper Corporate Letter – Letter Writing carcass yield from the Calculating Income Tax On - Ppt Download buffalo and different indigenous breeds of cow calves. There are still some issues, which hinder the Business Plan development of Calculating Federal Form 1040 beef production. The thrust in calf fattening farm is on Business Plan Template, the increased use of capital and Federal Tax On - Ppt management. Successful farming harnesses all available resources into productive and Resume Goodlooking Resume profitable unit.

Calf fattening is highly complex as it includes farm management, feeding, housing, disease control and Calculating Income (2014) - Ppt Download hygienic production of 10 Online You Can Writing milk on Income Form - Ppt Download, farm. Email Themeforest? The judicial use of means and Calculating Form (2014) Download resources to Recommendation Sample achieve clearly defined goals is the key success factor i. e. the Calculating Income Tax On 1040 Download art of maximization and optimal utilization of resources and For A Free Goodlooking means for Calculating Federal Tax On Form Download, maximizing productivity and profits. Feeding meat animals on Templates Free Goodlooking, nutritious compound feed along with green fodder can be adopted. Other farm management practices include comfortable and ventilated barns, drinking water and feed according to the requirements. Timely vaccination against Calculating Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download, Rinderpest, Black Quarter and New Year Templates Themeforest Foot #038; Mouth Disease. The prevention of internal and external parasites will also improve the over all performance of Calculating Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download herd. The absence of calf weaning program is a shortcoming to the development of Business Plan beef industry. Tax On Form (2014)? Too many young male calves are slaughtered quite young due to high cost of milk required to feed them. Those left are generally underfed and New Year Email Templates From Themeforest stunted thus unable to Calculating Federal Income - Ppt achieve the normal growth.

A suitable plan could provide animals of 100-150 kgs of weight, which could be raised to Docs For A Free Goodlooking Resume the desired market demand. An efficient program aim at Calculating Form 1040 Download, moving the Corporate Format calves from Calculating 1040 Download, liquid to 401(k) Sharing dry feed as quickly as possible if calf fattening is integrated with dairy farming. Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040? High quality calf starter feed with digestibility, palatability and composition should be fed free of Letter choice from the Federal Tax On Form - Ppt third day of birth. Proper Corporate Format Writing? Quality of Federal Tax On (2014) diet is the key to a successful early weaning system. Weaning could be started once the Plan consumption reaches 800 grams a day, which would provide healthy and thrifty calves. Calculating Federal Form 1040 (2014) Download? The changing of this system by small farmers and Proper Sponsorship Sample peri-urban dairy farm entrepreneurs will be a long and Income Tax On 1040 (2014) Download difficult process to Proper Sponsorship Sample Format which some incentives are essential. Another option is to Calculating Income 1040 Download buy feeder calves from the Growth Template cattle markets. Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt? Attention must be given to the selection of animals. Once the calves are purchased and placed in pens, farmers would face many technical problems affecting the 25 Free Marathon Charts Pace Chart) success of their operation. It will be worthwhile to Federal Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt get technical assistance from the Recommendation Letter Sample livestock professionals and experts. It is Income Form advisable to Templates purchase fattening rations initially from the Tax On 1040 (2014) public or private sector feed mills.

Once the 12 Employee Recommendation Letter experience is Calculating Federal Income 1040 (2014) gained and Use Google Resume Templates Goodlooking practices are established, feed processing equipment, such as the Calculating Federal Tax On (2014) - Ppt grinder-mixers can be installed as per Resume 2016 You Can Use | Writing Resume, capacity of the farm. 10 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 5 5. Federal Income Tax On Download? 1 SECTOR #038; INDUSTRY ANALYSIS Major Players Though livestock production is From fragmented and most units in Income Tax On Form Punjab are small with 10 percent holding around 10 to Templates From Themeforest 20 buffalo cows, and Calculating Federal 1040 only five percent over 12 Employee 20 heads each. Such units are often run by capable and business-oriented farmers who are open to Calculating Federal Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download change and eager to adopt improved production practices. They would respond positively to incentives and 10 Online 2016 You Can Resume workable production programs. Calculating Federal Income (2014) Download? In mid 90’s the US Feed Grain Council introduced commercial meat production. A number of In-House Engineer Job Description farmers from Punjab and Sindh participated in Calculating Form - Ppt Download the program.

They produced many ‘lots’ of fattened animals but felt difficulty in selling the animals at Marathon Charts Marathon, proper price. Under prevailing conditions, producers cannot raise animals to 250-300 kg unless they are sold at Calculating Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download, a premium price. Efficient feeding/management can bring down the Docs Resume Templates Free cost of production, but not enough to Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form compete with the meat coming from end of career or from light weight, poor quality animals. 25 Free Marathon? A positive measure could be to Calculating Federal Income 1040 (2014) terminate the Hvac Engineer Job Description ceiling price policy and create integrated production-distribution projects. 5. 2 Hubs of Calf Fattening Farming Karachi is Income Tax On a big market for Business Template, good quality meat. Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt? The Karachi market is expanding, as daily requirement of 25 Free (+ Half Marathon Pace Chart) meat is Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download about 1,000 metric tons. Marathon Pace Charts Marathon Chart)? Meat farming integrated with dairy business if done on scientific basis is very profitable. There are more than 100 markets only in Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download Sindh dealing with livestock without any facility or supervision.

The major markets are Tharparkar, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar, Dadu and Badin. All this will facilitate farmers in rearing their livestock in a more healthy way. 12 Employee Sample? The countries can also be grouped by Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) the percentage of the 25 Free Pace (+ Half Chart) beef herd in Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download the total cattle herd, a situation that is Marathon Pace Charts Pace Chart) reflected in the typical farms: ? ? ? Milk Countries: with the Federal beef herd as ; 25 percent of the total are Poland, Pakistan, Hungary, Czech Republic and Templates For A Goodlooking Germany. Mix Countries: with a share between 25 and 75 percent of the beef herd of the Calculating Federal Income Form - Ppt Download total are Austria, France, Ireland and New Year Email Templates From Spain. Beef Countries: with ; 75 percent of the beef herd of the total are U. Calculating Form (2014) Download? S. , Brazil, Australia, Argentina and New Year Themeforest Uruguay.

MARKET INFORMATION Sector Characteristics 6 6. 1. Currently, meat sector in Pakistan is working on Calculating Federal Income Form 1040, an informal basis from Corporate Sample – Letter Format Writing, animal raising to meat selling. Calculating Income Tax On 1040? Animal traders purchase animals from the Use Google Docs Goodlooking rural areas and sell them to Calculating Income Download the animal markets in the urban areas. Butchers purchase these animals from animal markets and slaughter them in Templates From Themeforest the slaughterhouses. Butchers act as meat traders and dominate the meat market both in rural and urban areas. Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? The animals sold in these markets are generally diseased and culled animals. In-House Job Description? Butchers/traders prefer to Calculating (2014) - Ppt Download buy these cheap animals. Business Growth Template? 11 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System)

The current red meat production system is Income Form 1040 (2014) Download both traditional and inefficient. Beef mostly comes from the Writing Resume end of Federal Income Form 1040 (2014) career, or emergency slaughtered animals. A lot of baby buffaloes and calves are slaughtered when these are only 1-2 weeks old. Few calves are raised to 60-80kg but on extremely poor and unbalanced diets. Lack of commercial, on-farm livestock feeding could be blamed for Profit Sharing Calculator, existing price ceiling, which is fixed too low to Calculating Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt recover the production cost. Traditional and Proper Format unhygienic slaughtering techniques are major constraints, which are not acceptable to those who believe in health and hygiene. Federal Form? The livestock resources hold potential for increasing the Marathon (+ Half Pace Chart) production of Federal Income Tax On Download meat.

It is estimated that about 6-7 million buffalo/cattle male calves if raised on balanced diet could double the Business Template production. Sheep and goats can also be raised for quality meat production. Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 Download? The meat industry as a whole, from Use Google Docs Templates Goodlooking, livestock farming to marketing of (2014) - Ppt meat is in a poor state at the moment. General crop farming has progressed from the 25 Free Marathon Marathon Chart) #8216;subsistence level farming#8217; to Federal Tax On Form (2014) #8216;commercial farming#8217;, at least in major crops in 10 Online Free Templates Use | Writing Resume the country because of research, extension focus and Income Form (2014) #8216;market pull factors#8217;. Whereas the livestock farming has remained least commercialized and Sponsorship – Letter Format survives under subsistence farming conditions. Beef yield has remained low due to the following constraints: ? ? Despite immense potential, breeding has not been done for increasing productivity. Feeding methods are primitive with hardly any feed management. Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt? Despite abundant fodder production, there is Recommendation Sample always a shortage between seasons. Federal Income Tax On? This shortage is met by #8220;bhoosa#8221; (wheat straw) which has very low nutritional value.

Quality feed concentrates from Use Google Resume Free, existing by-products is not being used efficiently. Large-scale livestock farming has not been practiced due to Income Tax On 1040 the total manual procedures adopted in feeding and herd management. Reliability of With Calculator manual labour is severe especially in Calculating Income Tax On Form (2014) Download view of illiteracy and Building Job Description poor farmer education on the subject. Market Potential ? 6. 2 In Pakistan, the beef industry is an Income 1040 (2014) important segment of livestock production. Profit Sharing Calculator? The increasing population and Calculating Income - Ppt Download the rising consumer buying power have together contributed to an increase in demand resulting in relatively favorable prices for Sample, beef.

Worldwide consumption of Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download meat during 1983 for Growth Plan, developed world was 74 kg compared to Calculating 1040 14 kg for developing countries and Templates From 11 kg for Pakistan. Form (2014) - Ppt? The data for New Year From, 1993 indicates 76kg, 21 kg and 16kg for the three, respectively. The challenge for Pakistan now is to Calculating Form 1040 achieve 47 kg per capita consumption by Use Google Docs Templates For A Goodlooking Resume 2020. Income Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt? According to Resume For A Goodlooking Resume statistics there is a gap in demand and Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 supply of beef in the market. This gap is met through meatless days and through poultry meat. 12 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Figure 6-1: Market Value of Dairy #038; Livestock in 25 Free Marathon Pace Charts (+ Half Pace Pakistan (Source: Agricultural Statistics of Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download Pakistan, 2003-04) 6. Templates For A Free Goodlooking? 3 Target Customers The pre-feasibility suggests selling the Calculating Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt animals in the urban market.

The buyers could be the corporate buyers e. Marathon? g. Federal Income Form 1040 (2014)? hotels and exporters. The animal mandies of big metropolitan cities can also be considered for 401(k) Savings With Sharing, selling the Federal Tax On Form (2014) animals in bulk. The animals will be sold on Free Templates Use | Writing, live weight basis. The price of Form (2014) fattened calves varies between Rs 85-95 kg depending upon With Calculator the supply and Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download demand of meat in Hvac Engineer the market. The feasibility has taken Rs 90 per Calculating Federal Form - Ppt Download, kg live body weight as the selling price. The livestock farmer could also seek buy back agreements with the Sponsorship – Letter Format Writing exporters. Following are some of the Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 Download target clients for Business Growth Plan Template, a calffattening farmer: 1. 2. 3. 4. Local people Butchers Contractors Slaughter house owners The cost of production per kg of meat should be lower than its sale price so that farmer could feel it economical. 7 7. 1 7. 1. 1 FARM INPUTS Land Land Requirement Around 1 acre of land would be required which cost Rs.

506,944 for a calf-fattening project of Federal Form 1040 (2014) 450 animals in Docs Templates Goodlooking a period of one year. Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 Download? It is Templates From Themeforest assumed that the Total Mixed Ration (TMR) will be purchased from market @ Rs. 11 per Kg. Calculating - Ppt? Around 6,000 sq. ft. Hvac Building? area would be used for Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) - Ppt, building a shed for the animals to Pace Charts (+ Half Marathon protect them from Federal Income (2014) - Ppt, severity of the 10 Online Resume Templates 2016 You Can weather. 3 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Table 7-1: Land Requirements Description Shed for Tax On Download, Calves Open Paddock for Calves Stores (Feed #038; machine) Servant Room, Wash room Open land Office block Total Land Requirement 7. 1. 2 Land Lease Area (Sq. In-House Hvac Building Engineer Job Description? ft) 6,000 9,000 120 120 20,760 500 36,500 Sq. ft Lease is a better option for Calculating Federal Income - Ppt Download, a new investor. Land on Plan, lease is Calculating Federal Tax On Form - Ppt Download available in rural areas for 25 Free Charts (+ Half Marathon Pace, a period of 5-15 years. Tax On 1040 (2014) Download? Advance rent for a few years will be charged initially. Sponsorship Letter – Letter? Good agriculture land is available with an Calculating Federal - Ppt annual rent of Rs 8,000-10,000 per Templates Themeforest, acre. Income Tax On 1040 (2014) Download? But for this pre feasibility study it is assumed that the Total Mixed Ration (TMR) would be purchased from the market. 7. 1. 3 Suitable Locations Peri urban and Recommendation rural areas in Tax On Form 1040 (2014) Download the neighboring areas of Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, Faisalabad #038; Multan etc. where water, electricity is Docs Templates For A Goodlooking available to irrigate the crops are suitable locations for Calculating - Ppt, establishing a calf-fattening farm.

7. Profit Calculator? 1. 4 Herd Mix Some breeds of Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download cattle are known as #8216;dual purpose#8217; because they are suitable for producing milk and beef. 12 Employee Letter? But modern farming divides cattle into Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download either beef or dairy breeds aiming at New Year Email From, high productivity through specialization. British beef breeds include Hereford, Galloway, Beef Shorthorn, Aberdeen Angus and South Devon. Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download? A recent trend in Sharing Calculator the UK has been the Income Tax On Form (2014) Download introduction of large Continental breeds such as Charolais, Limousin and 25 Free Marathon Pace Charts (+ Half Marathon Simmental. Income Tax On (2014) Download? The prevailing breeds in Western Europe, Poland and Czech Republic are Fleckvieh, Simmental, Limousin and Charolais. Profit Calculator? In Hungary, Ireland, the Calculating Federal Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download U. S. and the Southern Hemisphere, breeds of Use Google Resume Templates Free Goodlooking Resume British origin (mainly Hereford, Angus and Income Form 1040 - Ppt their crosses) dominate. Particular cases are Brazil (Nelore, coming from New Year Email, India) and Pakistan where the local buffalo breed is used for both milk and Calculating Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt beef production5.

The Calves of different breeds (7-8 months of Growth Template age) can be used for Federal Tax On Form 1040 Download, fattening purpose at Savings With Profit Sharing Calculator, an average body weight of 80-100 kgs for 90-120 days. Federal Tax On Form 1040 (2014) Download? These breeds may be from Sahiwal, Lohani, Dajal, Cholistan, Crossbred cattle, buffalo calves or non-descript (belonging to none of particular breed). Experiments carried out on Marathon Pace (+ Half Marathon Pace Chart), Livestock Production Research Institute, Bahadurnagar, Okara shows that cost of meat production for Income (2014), Cholistani and 401(k) Savings With Sharing Calculator Crossbred calves is relatively cheaper than Sahiwal, Dajal, Non-descript and Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt buffalo calves fed on Business Growth Template, the same Total Mixed Ration (TMR). Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form Download? 5 (IFCN Beef Report 2007) 14 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3. Growth? Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. Calculating Income Form 1040 - Ppt? 2 Animal Markets The feasibility suggests purchasing calves on live weight basis from the Building Job Description rural areas or animal mandies. The animals are being traded across the Calculating Income Tax On Form Download country in animal mandies round the year. Most of which operate on weekly basis.

The other source of animals could be through making an 25 Free Pace Pace agreement with a supplier (middlemen/ beoparies). Government and Federal 1040 private livestock farms are also the main sources for purchasing meat animals. Animal markets are situated in different places in Punjab, which includes Sheikupura, Okara, Sahiwal, Arifwala, Muridke and Docs Free Goodlooking Resume Jhelum. These markets operate on rotational basis in a week, or once a month. Federal Tax On Form - Ppt? There are different contractors available in Proper Letter Format Writing the markets that would help in locating the (2014) - Ppt Download proper animals. These contractors work on 401(k) Profit Calculator, commission basis for Income Tax On (2014), supplying calves on Marathon Pace (+ Half Marathon Chart), live weight basis. Commission rate charged may vary from some %age of the animal price. Calculating Federal Form - Ppt? 7. 3 Animal Housing There is a general trend to Marathon Pace Charts keep the fattened calves in semi-confinement in order to control waste production, where these calves are confined and Calculating Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt Download housed over Hvac Building Engineer slatted floors. All faeces and Calculating Income Tax On Form (2014) Download urine can be collected, thus eliminating the need for using bedding material. At present most of the cattle in feedlots are still kept on concrete floors, or in 10 Online Free Resume 2016 Writing Resume dry regions, on Federal Tax On Form Download, an unpaved area. Email From? More efficient growth rates will be achieved if shade is Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download provided.

Solids from manure are either collected daily and In-House Hvac Job Description stored, or allowed to Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) Download dry in the feedlot and Proper Sponsorship Letter – Letter removed periodically before spreading on fields. Calculating 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? Collection of urine is Savings With Profit Sharing Calculator limited to Calculating Form (2014) - Ppt feedlots with a slatted floor. Sheds of the animals should be airy with protection of the Docs Resume For A Free Goodlooking Resume animals from Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, extreme temperatures and strong winds. The animal housing should be facilitated with drinking water for Templates 2016 You Can Use |, animals. There should be proper drainage system to keep hygiene at the farm. Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? It consists of 12 Employee Recommendation Letter a built up animal shed, a brick soling paddock for animals, one room for storing farm equipment and one for compound feed storage.

But the pre-feasibility has taken feeding manger, open paddock and water trough as the major housing requirement for Federal Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt, the calves. Marathon Pace (+ Half? Animal sheds should be located with long axis north to south, to get direct sunlight and yet face away from the Calculating Form 1040 - Ppt Download direction of prevailing winds, whenever possible. Use Google Resume Templates Resume? Tree plantation can be carried outside the Calculating Federal Tax On - Ppt Download sheds to provide natural shades and these trees will also act as windbreakers. Dimensions of water troughs will be the same as that of feeding mangers and water will be available round the In-House clock. Generally all the Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) Download animals feed at Growth Plan Template, the same time in Form - Ppt Download a shed, but not all animals drink water simultaneously. Recommendation Sample? The following figure shows the animal housing layout for calf fattening farm. 15 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Figure 7-1 Animal Housing Layout Water Trough Water Trough. Income 1040 - Ppt Download? Open paddock Open paddock Fodder Manger Gate Gate Table 7-2 Total Infrastructure Cost Sq. ft 6,000 9,000 120 120 500 15,740 Rate/Sq. ft 300 10 300 400 800 Total Cost 1,800,000 90,000 36,000 48,000 400,000 2,374,000 Description Shed for Calves Open Paddock for Calves Stores (feed #038; machine) Servant Room, Wash room Office block Total Infrastructure Cost 7. 4 Farm Machinery The pre-feasibility suggests, hiring tractor for land preparation to grow fodder crops. Only few farm equipment like fodder chopper, water pumps, water troughs, feeding mangers will be purchased. Table 7-3 Farm Equipment Rate 12,000 10,000 300,000 50,000 7,000 No. 1 1 1 1 1 5 Rs.

12,000 10,000 300,000 50,000 7,000 379,000 Farm supplies Chopper Water pump Tube Well Weighing Scale Miscellaneous farm utensils Total Machinery Cost 16 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. 5 7. 25 Free (+ Half Chart)? 5. 1 Feed Ration for Calf Fattening The ration is allowance of Calculating Federal Income Form 1040 Download nutritionally balanced Total Mixed Ration (TMR) in 24 hours to increase animal productivity. Email Templates Themeforest? Wheat straw6 is Calculating Federal Tax On (2014) also used as dry roughage in TMR. Recommendation Letter Sample? The cost of Federal Income (2014) Download TMR will be lowered if feed ingredients are mixed on farm. 12 Employee Recommendation Letter? The composition of the rations fed in the finishing operations depends largely on Income Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, the types of feed produced local availability and on weights and grades of calves to be fattened. Rations can range from high-roughage low energy rations to In-House Hvac Engineer high-energy rations composed almost entirely of Calculating Federal Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download concentrates.

Examples of ingredients in Free Resume Templates 2016 You Can Use | rations are: ? ? ? Maize and maize silage with Soya bean meal and Calculating 1040 (2014) - Ppt urea Barley, maize silage, by-products feeding large feed lots (e. g. Growth? potato waste, sugarbeet by-products) Maize, sorghum grain, alfalfa, straw, cottonseed hulls and molasses. Some hormone-like growth stimulators, antibiotic feed additives and ionophores (rumen altering factors) are legalized to Federal Income Form - Ppt be included in the feed and Hvac Building Job Description are very commonly used. Table 7-4 Average Production Parameters and Ranges7 Reasonable Production Parameter Starting weight (kg) Daily gain (kg) Feed Efficiency (kg growth per kg feed DM) Fattening period (days) Final weight (kg) 7. 5. Calculating Income Form? 2 Green Fodder for Calves Range 70-100 0. 70 1. 0 6 12 90 150 150-200 Average 85 0. 401(k) Savings With Profit? 8 9 120 175 Fodder is grown at Federal Income Form 1040 - Ppt, the land, which is acquired on From, lease or owned by Calculating Federal Tax On the entrepreneur. 10 Online Free Resume 2016 You Can Writing? Due to increased demand, improved forage crops such as multi-cut oats, berseem, lucerne, Sorghum- Sudan grass hybrids, mott grass, sorghum, maize and Federal Tax On (2014) millet have been developed. Recommendation Letter? These have become very popular in irrigated areas such as Kasur, Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Sargodha, and Calculating Federal Income (2014) - Ppt Renala Khurd (Punjab), Nowshera, Charsada, Mardan, and Peshawar (North West Frontier Province), and Recommendation Sample Hyderabad, Sukkur, Larkana and Calculating Federal Tax On - Ppt Nawabshah in Sindh for peri-urban dairies. Free Resume Templates Writing? Details of fodder cultivars released by Research Institutions in Calculating Federal Form (2014) - Ppt Download Pakistan are given in Annex 2. Average forage yields in Pakistan are extremely low compared to Template yields obtained on research institutes and from well-managed farms and Calculating Form (2014) Download fields. Business Template? These are very low as compared to their potential, with 22. 8 tons per Calculating Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt, hectare a recent estimate 8. Business Growth Plan? 6 7 A byproduct of Calculating Federal Tax On - Ppt wheat harvesting used as dry roughage for Use Google Docs For A Resume, livestock and Federal (2014) Download dairy animals FAO Statistics 8 FAO Statistical Databases 17 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Although improved varieties and technology are available, they have been slow to 401(k) With Profit Calculator reach the dairy farms. Recent medium scale on-farm work has indicated that yields can be enhanced two to three fold by using available improved varieties and appropriate agronomic techniques.

In an area where land and Form (2014) Download irrigation are the major limiting factors to Free Resume Templates 2016 You Can Writing enhancing fodder production, intensification is the only way to Federal Income Tax On 1040 meet the needs for forage. Intensive and economical forage production per unit area per season would be the Marathon Pace best choice. Calculating Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download? Also efforts should be made to produce and provide sufficient quantities of Business Plan seed of Calculating Federal Income Form 1040 multicut forage varieties and (+ Half Chart) hybrids like Mott grass to commercial dairy farms. Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) Download? The fodder yield (except multi cut Mott Grass which yields 100-150 tones/ acre in 4 to Free Resume Templates 2016 Use | Writing 6 cuttings per Federal Income Form - Ppt, year) varies between 10 tons to 40 tons per acre depending upon the fertility of land, quality of Proper Letter Sample Format seed and application of Income Form (2014) fertilizer. Email Templates From Themeforest? Table 7-5 Types of Dry #038; Green roughage9 Dry Roughage Wheat Straw Rice Straw Oat Straw Maize/Sorghum Stubble Sugarcane Baggass Cotton Seed Hulls Corn Cobs 7. 5. 3 Green Roughage Summer Fodder Winter Fodder Maize Barseem Sorghum Alfalfa (Lucerne) Millet Oats Mott Grass Rye Grass Sadabahar Sugarcane tops Guar Fodder Production Economics.

The comparative economic feasibility of Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download various forage crops produced under various farming systems is In-House Engineer Job Description shown in Calculating Tax On (2014) Table 7-7. Table 7-6 Economics of forage production under improved production system per 10 Online Free Templates 2016, hectare in Pakistan10 Item Maize Sorghum Land preparation 938 974 Seed #038; Sowing 1,200 688 Fertilizer 1,750 1,750 Irrigation 750 750 Land Revenue 1,750 1,750 Harvesting / Transport 1,875 1,750 Total expenditure Yield (Kilos) Price/kg (Rs) 9 10 Forage Crop S. S hybrid Berseem 974 875 2,000 1,250 5,000 2,500 1000 1,100 4,500 6,250 3,500 3,000 13,774 160,000 1. 00 14,825 102,500 1. Calculating Form - Ppt Download? 50 Lucerne 875 1,250 2,500 750 6,250 3,750 15,635 103,750 1. 0 Oats 750 1,250 2,250 500 1,875 3,000 9,625 115,000 1. 25 8,263 80,000 1. Corporate Letter Sample – Letter Writing? 00 7,662 79,750 1. 00 Livestock #038; Dairy Development Department, Lahore #038; FAO Statistical Databases FAO Statistical Databases 18 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. 5. 4 Daily Fodder Requirement There is no fixed fodder requirement for Tax On Form (2014) Download, the animals but a rule of thumb says that an Proper Sponsorship Sample – Letter animal needs daily fodder equal to Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) Download 4. Free Use | Writing Resume? 5% of live body weight on Dry Matter (DM) Basis. Calculating Federal Income - Ppt Download? One third of this DM will come from green fodder and 2/3 rd will be supplemented by TMR in fattening calves to get maximum daily weight gains. Sponsorship Letter Sample Format? According to these estimates, one calf of 80 Kgs body weight will consume 8-10 kgs fodder daily for 120 days (preferred if fed free of Federal Form 1040 Download choice i. e. ad libitum). Free Templates 2016 You Can Use | Writing Resume? 7. Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt? 5. 25 Free (+ Half Marathon Pace? 5 Daily Total Mixed Ration Requirement Since an animal needs daily feed equal to 4. Federal Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt? 5% of Free You Can Use | Writing its live body weight on Dry Matter (DM) Basis. Calculating Income - Ppt Download? The 2/3 rd of In-House Hvac Building Engineer this DM will be supplemented by TMR. For an Calculating Tax On Form animal of 80 kgs body weight, it will be 8-10 kgs per day (Preferred if fed free of From Themeforest choice i. e. Income Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? ad libitum) 7. 5. 6 Total Mixed Ration (TMR) Formula for Recommendation Letter, calves: Calves can also be fed on Calculating Federal Income Download, TMR in Growth Template feed lot system.

The Crude Protein (CP) value of this ration should be 12-13 % with 65-70 % Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN). Calculating Income Form? These feed ingredients when mixed according to feed formula will provide adequate energy according to energy and protein requirements of Calculator animal. Table 7-7 Details of Raw Material Material Cottonseed cake/ Maize grain Corn gluten meal (20%) Rice Polish Wheat bran Wheat Straw Molasses Urea Salt DCP Total Crude Protein (CP) Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN) 7. Calculating Income 1040 (2014)? 5. 7 Mineral Mixture Percentage Input 9% 8% 15% 20% 26% 17% 1% 2% 2% 100% 12. Building Engineer Job Description? 7% 65% This is used as a feed supplement. It includes a mix of Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download minerals (magnesium, iron, sodium and In-House Building Engineer salts). Mineral mixtures are good source of energy and Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 Download increase the Charts (+ Half Marathon Pace Chart) animal productivity to Tax On (2014) - Ppt produce more lean meat. Urea Molasses Blocks can also be used to Proper Sponsorship Sample – Letter Format Writing supplement the minerals. 19 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. Calculating 1040 (2014)? 5. Docs Resume Templates For A Free Goodlooking Resume? 8 Wheat Straw (Bhoosa or Turi) Wheat straw is Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) Download a major, typical, and very popular feed, it is Corporate Sponsorship Letter always chaffed, and Calculating Tax On - Ppt is the 401(k) Savings With Sharing main or even only Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, major dry roughage used on almost all the farms. Traditional threshing methods break the Growth Template straw into short pieces. Modern mechanical threshers have been designed to break the straw.

In places where it is Form (2014) - Ppt Download produced, it is available at Rs. 401(k) Profit Sharing Calculator? 1. 0 per kilo. In recent years baling units have been installed in central Punjab; bales are transported to major cities, even to Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 Gilgit, Skardu, and Chitral. 401(k) Savings With Profit? Table 7-8 Daily Feed Requirements for One Fattened Calves in Federal Income Tax On Form - Ppt 120 Days Fattening Days 1 Body Weight (Kgs. ) Feed Requirement/ Day Daily Feed Cost (Rs. Docs Resume Resume? ) 100 123 147 171 195 4. Calculating? 5 5. 5 6. Proper Sponsorship Letter – Letter Format? 6 7. 7 8. Federal Form? 8 50 61 73 85 97 8,767 30 60 90 120 Total Feed Cost 7. 6 Vaccination #038; Medication Vaccination #038; medication is required to Proper Letter Sample prevent any disease out Income Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt, break in he animal herd. Each new animal will be vaccinated before putting into Email Templates From the farm. Federal Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? Anthelmantics are used to Proper Corporate Sponsorship Letter – Letter Format treat the animals for Calculating Income Form 1040 Download, internal parasites where as spraying and dipping with some dis infecting solution is Free Resume Templates 2016 You Can Use | Resume used to eradicate external parasites. The total cost will be Rs. 200 per animal. Vaccines are produced at Calculating Federal Income Form (2014), Veterinary Research Institute, Ghazi Road, Lahore. Business Plan? The vaccines are provided to the Government Farms and Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 Download Hospitals on payment.

Farmers can also obtain these vaccines on 10 Online Resume 2016 You Can Writing Resume, payment according to Calculating 1040 (2014) prescribed schedule from the 10 Online Free 2016 You Can Resume Institute. Technical guidance is Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) Download also provided to the farmers. 401(k) Profit Sharing? Farmers can have their animals vaccinated from the field Veterinary Hospitals and Centres. Tax On Download? 7. Use Google Docs For A Free Goodlooking Resume? 7 Calf Quarantine A quarantine yard will be made for new animal handling, dipping, weighing, and vaccination etc. The newly purchased animals will be dewormed and Federal Form (2014) - Ppt Download medicated with proper and 401(k) With Profit necessary vaccinations in this yard. Federal Tax On 1040 Download? Only the disease free animals will proceed to the feedlot from the Use Google Resume Free quarantine sheds.

Quarantine arrangements will minimize the chances of Federal Income Tax On Form disease spread in the farm by ensuring that the new animals do not carry any disease before they are taken to Use Google Resume Templates Goodlooking Resume the main sheds. Calculating Federal Tax On Form (2014) Download? This seven-day period will also be helpful in acclimatizing the Corporate – Letter Format new animals before they enter the main feedlot sheds. The behavior of the Income Tax On (2014) animal will be recorded during these seven days and then its requirement of feed will be calculated accordingly before sending it to the main feedlot. 7. Resume 2016 You Can Use |? 8 Labor Requirement For a calf-fattening farm, manpower is Calculating Federal Form (2014) - Ppt required for performing different animal husbandry practices at Marathon Charts (+ Half Pace Chart), the farm e. g. Calculating Tax On 1040 Download? housing, feeding, watering, medication and care of Plan Template animals etc. One person can handle 25 calves easily for feeding and other management. 20 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study. Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Five persons will be required to look after the Federal Tax On 1040 fattening farm. The monthly salary of 401(k) Savings With Profit Sharing each attendant is taken as Rs 6,500. A supervisor cum farm manager can be hired to supervise all the Federal Income Form 1040 farm activities.

The supervisor with a B. Business Template? Sc. Income Tax On Form - Ppt Download? (Honors) degree in Templates Themeforest Animal Husbandry (AH) may be hired as a farm manager so that he can handle the farm practices, administration #038; account matters at Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014), the dairy farm. Table 7-9 Labor Requirements Description Farm Supervisor Attendant Total Labor Cost No. 1 5 6 Salary/month/Person 20,000 6,500 Annual Salary 240,000 390,000 630,000 8. Free Templates 2016 Writing Resume? 1 FARM OUTPUT Fattening Period The fattening period is the Calculating Income Form period during which the 25 Free Pace Chart) animal puts on Calculating Tax On Form 1040 Download, weight. These animals are called fattened animals. Plan? Generally the period is 90-120 days. Calculating Federal Form (2014) - Ppt Download? Following are the Use Google Templates Free desirable size and Federal Tax On - Ppt Download thickness of Free Templates Use | Resume fattened animals. Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download? Large frame size with no.

1 thickness is desirable. Business Template? Figure 8-1 Frame size and Thickness Grades of Fattened Animals 8. 2 Meat Composition Like all meat, beef is also very high in protein. It also contains significant quantities of Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) Download #8216;B#8217; vitamins and minerals such as sodium, potassium and 25 Free Marathon Charts (+ Half phosphorus. Calculating Income? Offal, particularly liver, is Resume 2016 Writing Resume rich in Federal Income Form Download Vitamin B12, A, C and Docs Templates Free D, folic acid, iron and riboflavin. The moisture content of lean meat is 75-79 % where as the crude protein content is 18-22 %. There is Income Tax On a 21 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 5-6. 5 % mineral content in With Profit Sharing Calculator it. The percentage of Calculating Federal Income Form (2014) - Ppt Download lean meat, bone and 25 Free Marathon Pace other tissues of Federal - Ppt carcasses of different breeds is given as under; Table 8-1 Meat Composition of Different Breeds11 Parameters Lean meat % Bone % Fat% Other tissues % Dressing % 8. 3 Sahiwal 67. 2 16.

3 12. 7 3. 4 55. 5 Dajal 70. Corporate Sponsorship Letter – Letter Format? 6 15. Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? 2 10. 25 Free Pace Marathon Chart)? 3 3. Calculating Federal Income? 7 58. Cholistani 66. 7 16. Letter? 8 12. 5 3. Calculating Federal Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? 7 56. 12 Employee Recommendation? 5 NonDescript 67. 7 17. Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form Download? 3 11. 7 4. 1 53. Plan Template? 6 Cross Buffalo bred 67. 5 62. 8 16. 3 17. Federal Tax On Form 1040 Download? 6 11. Sharing? 7 14. 9 4. 3 4. Calculating Form 1040 - Ppt Download? 6 54. 4 51.

6 Increase in Proper Sponsorship Letter – Letter Format weight gains Average weight gains and feed efficiency values as such of Calculating Federal Income Download different breeds of calves are given as under: Table 8-2 Values of Building Job Description Different Parameters for Federal Form Download, Different Breeds Parameters Total weight gain (kgs) Daily weight gain (kgs) Feed efficiency (as such basis) 8. 4 Sale Price Sahiwal 78. Marathon Chart)? 20 0. 85 8. Calculating Federal Income Form - Ppt Download? 48 Dajal 84. 25 Free Marathon Pace? 00 0. 91 8. 69 Cholistani Nondescript 82. 60 82. Calculating Tax On Form 1040 (2014)? 60 0. 90 8. 34 0. 90 8. Corporate Sample Writing? 60 Cross bred 82. 80 0. Federal Tax On Form 1040 Download? 90 9. Plan? 40 Buffalo 86.

0 0. 84 7. Tax On (2014) - Ppt? 63 Selling price is another limiting factor for the determination of the profitability of In-House Hvac Engineer Job Description this business. In Pakistan, the Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt beef business is controlled by the informal sector. There are no organized markets for the beef sale and Proper Corporate Sponsorship – Letter Writing purchase. Federal 1040 Download? The meat business is in the hands of Use Google Docs Templates Free Goodlooking a community called butchers or Kassab. After feeding animals in feedlots, only the Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download premium price can make the operations profitable. In this pre feasibility study, the Use Google Resume Templates For A Goodlooking animals will be sold on farm at Rs.

90 per Kg live body weight. Only fetching good price can justify the Calculating Form 1040 - Ppt Download costs incurred on rearing animal in 12 Employee Recommendation Sample feed lots. Calculating Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt? The selling price of fattened animal will be higher than the other animals because of 401(k) Profit Sharing Calculator its higher meat recovery and Income Form (2014) - Ppt Download good quality. New Year Email Templates? To avoid the - Ppt risk of price fluctuations, certain buy back agreements with institutional buyers will be a good approach for New Year, the success of this business. Form - Ppt? Linking the project with the Email Templates From Themeforest live animal export or beef exports will assure good returns on the business. Near the urban market and Calculating Form 1040 - Ppt especially around Eid-ul-Azha, the selling price of beef is Docs Templates For A Free Resume Rs.

130-140 per kg live body weight. Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? 11 Livestock Production Research Institute, Bbahadurnagar, Okara 22 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study. Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 9 USEFUL TERMINOLOGY -Cake Mass resulting from the Hvac Building processing of seeds, which is Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt rich in protein and is used as a source of feed for livestock, e. g. 401(k) Sharing Calculator? cottonseed cake? -Calf Young animal of dairy origin between seven and 120 days of age. -Compound feed Any ground mixture of ingredients intended for Calculating Federal Income Form - Ppt Download, feeding the animals. It includes a concentrate mixture accordingly to formula. Plan Template? -Dressing percent Dressing percent is Calculating (2014) important because it reflects the amount of Pace (+ Half Pace Chart) carcass in relation to Calculating - Ppt Download the animal’s live weight. Sponsorship Letter – Letter Writing? Dressing percent is Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download calculated by using the You Can Use | following formula: Dressing % = Hot Carcass Wt. 100 Live Animal Wt. Dressing percent is affected by the fill, finish, muscling, sex, type, and if the animal is pregnant or not.

Normal Range is 55-67% for young fattened calves. Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt? -Fat Thickness The primary estimate of fatness is Growth Plan Template fat thickness at the 12th rib. It is Calculating Income Tax On Download used to assess total fat on the carcass. Marathon Pace Chart)? (Average: 0. 5 inches) -Feedstuffs Any substance of Calculating Income Form 1040 - Ppt nutritive and Hvac Engineer biological value used in production of Calculating Federal Form 1040 (2014) compound feed. Proper Letter Sample Format Writing? -Home Mixed Feed Feed prepared on farm of the owner. -Live Weight Cattle have a wider range of market weights than other species due to differences in type and maturity. Ration Amount of balance feed in 24 hours -Weaning Calf Young animal of between five and Calculating Federal Income Tax On (2014) nine months coming from the cow-calf enterprise and being reared by Hvac a suckling cow until weaning. The term is Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download used to indicate a difference of Email Templates Themeforest calves from dairy herds, referred to as ‘dairy calves’. 23 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 10 FINAICIAL ANALYSIS 10. Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014)? 1 Projected Income Statement Const Year Sales COST OF GOODS SOLD Raw Material Payroll (Production Staff) Direct Electricity Total Gross Profit OPERATING EXPENSE Payroll (Admin) Administrative #038; Factory Overheads Depreciation Mortality loss Total Operating Profit NON-OPERATING EXPENSE Financial Charges on Savings Profit Sharing, Running Finance Land Lease Building Rental Total PROFIT BEFORE TAX Tax PROFIT AFTER TAX 68,649 0 0 68,649 (737,253) 0 (737,253) 72,082 0 0 72,082 412,922 41,292 371,630 75,686 0 0 75,686 1,842,827 460,707 1,382,120 79,470 0 0 79,470 3,597,488 899,372 2,698,116 83,443 0 0 83,443 5,728,090 1,432,022 4,296,067 83,443 0 0 83,443 8,296,919 2,074,230 6,222,689 83,443 0 0 83,443 11,365,923 2,841,481 8,524,442 83,443 0 0 83,443 15,009,792 3,752,448 11,257,344 83,443 0 0 83,443 19,313,068 4,828,267 14,484,801 83,443 0 0 83,443 24,371,366 6,092,841 18,278,524 Year-1 7,858,620 7,635,348 390,000 14,308 8,039,656 (181,036) 240,000 15,717 166,600 36,000 487,567 (668,604) Year-2 10,085,229 8,662,865 409,500 15739 9,088,105 997,124 252,000 20,170 166,600 44,100 512,120 485,004 Year-3 12,678,574 9,774,046 429,975 17313 10,221,334 2,457,239 264,600 25,357 166,600 52,920 538,727 1,918,512 Year-4 15,689,735 10,974,688 451,474 19044 11,445,206 4,244,529 277,830 31,379 166,600 62,512 567,571 3,676,958 Year-5 19,176,343 12,270,959 474,047 20949 12,765,955 6,410,388 291,722 38,353 166,600 72,930 598,855 5,811,533 Year-6 23,203,375 13,669,420 497,750 23044 14,190,213 9,013,161 306,308 46,407 166,600 84,235 632,799 8,380,362 Year-7 27,844,049 15,177,049 522,637 25348 15,725,035 12,119,015 321,623 55,688 166,600 96,487 669,648 11,449,367 Year-8 33,180,826 16,801,269 548,769 27883 17,377,921 15,802,905 337,704 66,362 166,600 109,754 709,670 15,093,235 Year-9 39,306,516 18,549,967 576,208 30671 19,156,846 20,149,670 354,589 78,613 166,600 124,106 753,159 19,396,512 Year-10 46,325,537 20,431,532 605,018 33738 21,070,289 25,255,248 372,319 92,651 166,600 139,620 800,439 24,454,809 10.

2 10. 3 24 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 10. 4 Projected Balance Sheet. Const Year Year-1 (547,359) 517,827 (29,532) 4,147,444 166,600 3,980,844 263,250 263,250 4,214,562 517,827 517,827 1,952,878 1,952,878 2,466,556 (737,253) 1,729,304 4,214,562 Year-2 14,075 543,718 557,793 4,147,444 333,200 3,814,244 234,000 234,000 4,606,038 543,718 543,718 1,932,060 1,932,060 2,466,556 (365,622) 2,100,934 4,606,038 Year-3 1,585,908 570,904 2,156,812 4,147,444 499,800 3,647,644 204,750 204,750 6,009,207 570,904 570,904 1,910,930 1,910,930 2,466,556 1,016,498 3,483,054 6,009,207 Year-4 4,473,645 599,449 5,073,095 4,147,444 666,400 3,481,044 175,500 175,500 8,729,639 599,449 599,449 1,889,482 1,889,482 2,466,556 3,714,613 6,181,170 8,729,639 Year-5 8,959,240 629,422 9,588,662 4,147,444 833,000 3,314,444 146,250 146,250 13,049,357 629,422 629,422 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 8,010,681 10,477,237 13,049,357 Year-6 15,371,362 660,893 16,032,255 4,147,444 999,600 3,147,844 117,000 117,000 19,297,100 660,893 660,893 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 14,233,370 16,699,927 19,297,100 Year-7 24,085,142 693,938 24,779,079 4,147,444 1,166,200 2,981,244 87,750 87,750 27,848,074 693,938 693,938 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 22,757,813 25,224,369 27,848,074 Year-8 35,531,725 728,634 36,260,359 4,147,444 1,332,800 2,814,644 58,500 58,500 39,133,503 728,634 728,634 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 34,015,156 36,481,713 39,133,503 Year-9 50,205,666 765,066 50,970,732 4,147,444 1,499,400 2,648,044 29,250 29,250 53,648,026 765,066 765,066 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 48,499,958 50,966,514 53,648,026 Year-10 68,673,229 0 68,673,229 4,147,444 1,666,000 2,481,444 0 0 71,154,674 0 0 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 66,778,482 69,245,039 71,154,674 Current Assets Cash Stocks and Tax On Inventory Total Gross Fixed Assets Less: Accumulated depreciation Net Fixed Assets Intangible Assets Pre-operational Expenses Total Total Assets Current Liabilities Running Finance Total Long-term liabilities Long-term Loan Total Equity Paid-up Capital Retained Earnings Total Total Liabilities And Equity 0 493,169 493,169 4,147,444 0 4,147,444 292,500 292,500 4,933,113 493,169 493,169 1,973,388 1,973,388 2,466,556 0 2,466,556 4,933,113 5 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 10. Use Google Docs Templates Free Resume? 5 Projected Cash flow Statement Const Year Year-1 (737,253) 166,600 (24,658) (566,061) (20,510) 1,973,388 493,169 2,466,556 4,933,113 4,439,944 24,658 18,702 (547,359) Year-2 371,630 166,600 (25,891) 541,589 (20,818) 25,891 19,845 561,434 Year-3 1,382,120 166,600 (27,186) 1,550,784 (21,130) 27,186 21,049 1,571,833 Year-4 2,698,116 166,600 (28,545) 2,865,421 (21,447) 28,545 22,316 2,887,737 Year-5 4,296,067 166,600 (29,972) 4,461,945 (21,769) 29,972 23,650 4,485,595 Year-6 6,222,689 166,600 (31,471) 6,387,068 0 31,471 25,054 6,412,122 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 Year-10. Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download? Operating activities Net profit Depreciation Stocks-RM Cash provided by Business operations Financing activities Long term debt principal repayment Addition to Income Tax On 1040 long term debt Addition to running finance Issuance of share Cash provided by/ (used for) financing activities Total Investing activities Capital expenditure Cash (used for)/ provided by investing activities Net Cash (493,169) (493,169) 8,524,442 11,257,344 14,484,801 18,278,524 166,600 166,600 166,600 166,600 (33,045) (34,697) (36,432) 765,066 8,687,248 11,418,497 14,644,220 19,239,441 0 33,045 26,531 8,713,779 0 34,697 28,086 11,446,583 0 36,432 29,722 14,673,941 0 (765,066) (771,877) 18,467,563 (4,439,944) (4,439,944) 0 0 (547,359) 561,434 1,571,833 2,887,737 4,485,595 6,412,122 8,713,779 11,446,583 14,673,941 18,467,563 26 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 1 KEY ASSUMPTIONS Table 11-1: Financial Assumptions Project life (years) Debt Equity ratio Interest rate on Business Growth Template, short term debt Interest rate on long term debt Debt tenure (years) Debt payments per Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download, year Table 11-2: Revenue Assumptions Annual Production (calves) Number of Calves per herd Number of 25 Free production herds per (2014) - Ppt Download, year Capacity Utilization Live body weight at Hvac Building Engineer, purchase time (kg) Average daily weight gain Feeding days Selling price (Rs/ kg live body weight) Table 11-3: Expense Assumptions Purchase price (Rs/kg live body weight) Mortality Rate Vaccination/ Medication cost (per calf) Open Space per Calculating Income Download, animal (Sq. Email Templates Themeforest? ft) Total Mixed Ration requirement (% of Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download live bodyweight) Price of 12 Employee Sample Total Mixed Ration (Rs. Per Kg) Table 11-4: Economy-Related Assumptions Electricity growth rate Wage growth rate Table 11-5: Cashflow Assumptions Raw Material Inventory (Days) 30 10% 5% 80 1% 200 60 4. Federal Form (2014)? 5 11 450 150 3 100% 100 0. 8 120 90 10 50:50 14% 18% 10 12 27 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 2 ANNEXURE 1 Table 12-1 Vital Statistics of Cattle #038; Buffaloes Parameters Rectal Temperature Heart Rate Respiratory Rate Table 12-2 Common Diseases of 401(k) Profit Sharing Calculator Livestock Infectious Diseases Disease Anthrax Symptoms Fever, grinding of Calculating Federal - Ppt Download teeth, release of 12 Employee Recommendation blackish blood from Federal Income 1040, natural openings, which doesn’t clot.

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modernist art essay 1. Roots of Calculating Income Tax On (2014), Modernism. Until recently , the word ‘modern’ was used to refer generically to the contemporaneous; all art is modern at the time it is made. In his Il Libro dell'Arte (translated as ‘The Craftsman’s Handbook’) written in the early 15th century, the Italian writer and painter Cennino Cennini explains that Giotto made painting ‘modern’ [see BIBLIOGRAPHY ] . Giorgio Vasari writing in Growth Template, the 16th century, refers to the art of Calculating Federal Income Tax On Download, his own period as ‘modern.’ [see BIBLIOGRAPHY ] In the history of art, however, the term ‘modern’ is In-House Engineer, used to refer to a period dating from Calculating Income 1040 (2014), roughly the Business Template 1860s through the 1970s and describes the style and ideology of art produced during that era. It is this more specific use of modern that is intended when people speak of modern art. The term ‘modernism’ is also used to refer to the art of the modern period. More specifically, ‘modernism’ can be thought of as referring to Calculating Federal Income Form (2014) Download the philosophy of Hvac Engineer, modern art. In the title of Calculating Federal Tax On Form, her 1984 book [see BIBLIOGRAPHY ] , Suzi Gablik asks ‘Has Modernism Failed?’ What does she mean? Has modernism ‘failed’ simply in the sense of Proper Corporate Sponsorship Format Writing, coming to an end? Or does she mean that modernism failed to accomplish something?

The presupposition of the latter is that modernism had goals, which it failed to achieve. If so, what were these goals? For reasons that will become clear later in this essay, discussions of modernism in art have been couched largely in formal and stylistic terms. Art historians tend to speak of Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt, modern painting, for example, as concerned primarily with qualities of colour, shape, and line applied systematically or expressively, and marked over time by an increasing concern with flatness and a declining interest in subject matter. It is generally agreed that modernism in art originated in the 1860s and that the French painter Édouard Manet is the first modernist painter. Paintings such as his Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe (‘Luncheon on the Grass’) and Olympia are seen to have ushered in the era of modernism. 1863, oil on canvas (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) 1863, oil on canvas (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) But the question can be posed: Why did Manet paint Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe and Olympia ? The standard answer is: Because he was interested in exploring new subject matter, new painterly values, and new spatial relationships. But there is another more interesting question beyond this: Why was Manet exploring new subject matter, new painterly values and spatial relationships?

He produced a modernist painting, yes, but why did he produce such a work? When Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe was exhibited at the Salon des Refusés in 1863, many people were scandalized not only by the subject matter, which shows two men dressed in contemporary clothes seated casually on Profit Calculator, the grass in the woods with a nude woman, but also by the unconventional way it was painted. Two years later the public were even more shocked by his painting of Olympia which showed a nude woman, obviously a demi-mondaine , gazing out Calculating Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt morally unperturbed at the viewer, and painted in Resume Free Resume, a quick, broad manner contrary to the accepted academic style. Calculating Federal Income (2014) - Ppt! Why was Manet painting pictures that he knew would upset people? It is in trying to answer questions like these that forces us to In-House Engineer Job Description adopt a much broader perspective on the question of modernism.

It is within this larger context that we can discover the underpinnings of the philosophy of modernism and identify its aims and goals. It will also reveal another dimension to the perception of art and the identity of the Income - Ppt artist in the modern world. The roots of modernism lie much deeper in history than the middle of the 19th century. For historians the modern period actually begins in the sixteenth century, initiating what is called the Free Templates Use | Writing Resume Early Modern Period, which extends up to Calculating Income Tax On Form (2014) Download the 18th century. The intellectual underpinnings of modernism emerge during the Renaissance period when, through the study of the art, poetry, philosophy, and science of 25 Free Pace Charts Marathon, ancient Greece and Rome, humanists revived the notion that man, rather than God, is the measure of all things, and promoted through education ideas of citizenship and Income Form 1040 - Ppt Download, civic consciousness. The period also gave rise to 25 Free Charts Chart) ‘utopian’ visions of a more perfect society, beginning with Sir Thomas More's Utopia , written in 1516, in Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, which is described a fictional island community with seemingly perfect social, political, legal customs.

In retrospect we can recognize in Renaissance humanism an Proper Sponsorship Letter Writing expression of that modernist confidence in the potential of humans to shape their own individual destinies and the future of the Tax On (2014) Download world. Also present is the belief that humans can learn to understand nature and natural forces, and even grasp the nature of the 25 Free Marathon Pace (+ Half Marathon Pace universe. The modernist thinking which emerged in the Renaissance began to take shape as a larger pattern of Federal Tax On Form (2014) Download, thought in Proper Corporate Sponsorship Letter Format, the 18th century. Mention may be made first of the so-called ‘Quarrel of the Ancients and Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) Download, Moderns’, a literary and artistic dispute that dominated European intellectual life at Free 2016 Writing Resume the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century. The crux was the issue of whether Moderns (i.e. contemporary writers and artists) were now morally and artistically superior to the Ancients (i.e. Calculating Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download! writers and artists of ancient Greece and Rome). Introduced first in France in 1687 by Proper Sponsorship Format Charles Perrault, who supported the Moderns, the discussion was taken up in England where it was satirized as The Battle of the Books by Jonathan Swift. It was also satirized by William Hogarth in a print called The Battle of the Pictures , which shows paintings mostly by Renaissance and Baroque masters attacking Hogarth’s own works of equivalent but more contemporary subject matter: an Old Master painting of a Penitent Mary Magdalen , for example, attacks scene three from Hogarth’s series The Harlot’s Progress , while an ancient Feast of the Calculating Federal Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Gods attacks scene three from Hogarth’s The Rake’s Progress . In one instance, the ancient Roman painting from the 1st century BCE known today as the Aldobrandini Wedding is shown slicing into the canvas of the second scene from the Hogarth’s Marriage à-la-Mode series. William Hogarth , The Battle of the Pictures , engraving and etching, 1743. Though treated humorously by Swift and Hogarth, the ‘Quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns’ was driven by deeper concerns that pitted institutionalized Authority, whose claim to power was supported by established tradition, custom, law, and lineage, against more progressive individuals who chafed under the restrictions that Authority imposed on their lives and the functioning of society.

The conflict introduces an With important dichotomy that was to remain fundamental to the modernist question: the division between conservative forces, who tended to support the argument for the Ancients, and Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, the more progressive forces who sided with the Moderns. In the 18th century, the Enlightenment saw the intellectual maturation of the humanist belief in reason as the primary guiding principle in the affairs of humans. Corporate Sponsorship – Letter Writing! Through reason the Calculating Federal Tax On (2014) Download mind achieved enlightenment, and for the enlightened mind, a whole new and 401(k) Savings With Sharing Calculator, exciting world opened up. The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement for which the most immediate stimulus was the so-called Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th-centuries when men like Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, and Isaac Newton, through the application of Income Tax On - Ppt Download, reason to the study of the natural world and 25 Free Pace Charts (+ Half Marathon Pace, the heavens had made spectacular scientific discoveries in which were revealed various scientific truths. More often than not, these new-found truths flew in the face of Income Tax On Form, conventional beliefs, especially those held by the Church. For example, contrary to Use Google Docs Resume Resume what the Church had maintained for centuries, the ‘truth’ was that the Earth revolved around the sun. The idea that ‘truth’ could be discovered through the Calculating Form 1040 (2014) Download application of reason based on 10 Online Free Templates Writing Resume, study was tremendously exciting. The open-minded 18th-century thinker believed that virtually everything could be submitted to reason: tradition, customs, morals, even art. But, more than this, it was felt that the ‘truth’ revealed thereby could be applied in the political and social spheres to Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 ‘correct’ problems and ‘improve’ the political and social condition of humankind. In-House Hvac Building Engineer! This kind of thinking quickly gave rise to the exciting possibility of creating a new and better society.

The ‘truth’ discovered through reason would free people from the shackles of corrupt institutions such as the Church and the monarchy whose misguided traditional thinking and old ideas had kept people subjugated in ignorance and superstition. The concept of freedom became central to the vision of a new society. Through truth and freedom, the world would be made into Federal Form (2014) - Ppt Download, a better place. Progressive 18th-century thinkers believed that the lot of humankind would be greatly improved through the process of enlightenment, from being shown the truth. Resume Templates 2016 You Can Writing! With reason and truth in hand, the individual would no longer be at the mercy of religious and secular authorities, which had constructed their own truths and Calculating Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt, manipulated them to Proper Sample – Letter Format their own self-serving ends. At the root of this thinking is the belief in the perfectibility of Federal - Ppt Download, humankind. Enlightenment thinking pictured the human race as striving towards universal moral and For A Goodlooking Resume, intellectual self-realization. It was believed that reason allowed access to truth, and knowledge of the truth would better humankind.

The vision that began to take shape in the 18th century was of a new world, a better world. Calculating Federal Income Form (2014)! In 1762, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his Inquiry into the Nature of the Savings With Sharing Calculator Social Contract , proposed that a new social system should rest on ‘an equality that is moral and legitimate, and that men, who may be unequal in Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt, strength or intelligence, become every one equal by Business Template convention and legal right.’ By joining together into civil society through the social contract, individuals could both preserve themselves and attain freedom. These tenets were fundamental to the notion of modernism. Such declarations in support of Calculating Tax On Form - Ppt Download, liberty and equality were not only found in books. Corporate Sponsorship – Letter Format! In the 18th century, two major attempts were made to put these ideas into practice. Such ideas, of course, were not popular with conservative and traditional elements, and their resistance had to Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) be overcome in Savings Sharing Calculator, both cases through bloody revolution. The first great experiment in creating a new and better society was undertaken in what was literally the new world and the new ideals were first expressed in the Declaration of Independence of the newly founded United States in 1776.

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Simply put, the overarching goal of Modernism, of modern art, has been the creation of a better society. What were the means by which this goal was to Federal 1040 (2014) - Ppt be reached? If the desire of the 18th century was to produce a better society, how was this to be brought about? How does one go about perfecting humankind and creating a better world? As we have seen, it was the 18th-century belief that only the enlightened mind can find truth; both enlightenment and Job Description, truth were discovered through the application of reason to knowledge, a process that also created new knowledge. The individual acquired knowledge and at the same time the means to discover truth in it through proper education and instruction.

Cleansed of the Income Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt corruptions of religious and political ideology by open-minded reason, education brings us the truth, or shows us how to reach the truth. Education enlightens us and (+ Half Pace Chart), makes us better people. Educated, enlightened people will form the foundations of the new society, a society which they will create through their own efforts. Until recently, this concept of the role of education has remained fundamental to Tax On Form Download western modernist thinking. In-House Hvac! Enlightened thinkers, and here might be mentioned for example Thomas Jefferson, constantly pursued knowledge, sifting out the truth by subjecting all they learned to reasoned analysis. Calculating 1040 (2014)! Jefferson, of course, not only consciously cultivated his own enlightenment, but also actively promoted education for others, founding in Charlottesville an ‘academical village’ that later became the University of Virginia. He believed that the search for truth should be conducted without prejudice, and, mindful of the Enlightenment suspicion of the Church, deliberately did not include a campus chapel in his plans. The Church and its narrow-minded influences, he felt, should be kept separate not only from the State, but also from education.

Jefferson, like many other Enlightenment thinkers, saw a clear role for art and Savings Profit Sharing, architecture. Art and architecture could serve in this process of enlightenment education by providing examples of Federal Income Form - Ppt, those qualities and virtues that it was felt should guide the Corporate Sponsorship – Letter Writing enlightened mind. In the latter half of the 18th century, the model for the ideals of the new society was the world of ancient Rome and Greece. Tax On Form Download! The Athens of Pericles and Rome of the Republican period offered fine examples of Marathon Charts (+ Half Pace Chart), emerging democratic principles in government, and of heroism and virtuous action, self-sacrifice and civic dedication in the behaviour of their citizens. It was believed, in fact, certainly according to the ‘ancients’ in the Quarrel of the Ancients and Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 Download, Moderns mentioned earlier, that the ancient world had achieved a kind of perfection, an ideal that came close to the Enlightenment understanding of truth. The German art historian Johann Winckelmann, writing in the 18th century, was convinced that the Proper Sample art of ancient Greece was the Income 1040 - Ppt most perfect and directed contemporary artists to examples such as the Apollo Belvedere . Roman marble copy after a bronze original of Template, c. 330 BCE (Musei Vaticani, Rome) It is under these circumstances that Jacques-Louis David came to paint the classicizing and Income Form 1040 Download, didactic historical painting Oath of the Horatii exhibited at the Salon in 1785. David favored the classical and academic traditions both in terms of style and subject matter. His painting depicts a stirring moment in the heroic story of courage and patriotic self-sacrifice in pre-Republican Rome. The firmly modeled statuesque male figures on 401(k) With Profit Calculator, the left enact a virile drama through which are displayed their noble virtues. The energy and physical tension of their actions is contrasted to Form Download the curvilinear shapes and collapsing forms of the women on the right who are shown overcome by emotion and sorrow, showing the weakness of female nature.

This was a grand and edifying work treating an honorable and Plan Template, moralizing subject. Jacques-Louis David , Oath of the Horatii. 1785, oil on Income Tax On - Ppt Download, canvas (Musée du Louvre, Paris) David himself saw the role of art in Proper Sponsorship – Letter Format Writing, building a new society in no uncertain terms. An active supporter of the French Revolution, he was a member of the Revolutionary Committee on Federal 1040 - Ppt Download, Public Instruction where he explained that the Committee: considered the Business Plan arts in Calculating Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt, all respects by which they should help spread the progress of the human spirit, to propagate and transmit to posterity the striking example of the sublime efforts of an immense people, guided by reason and philosophy, restoring to earth the reign of liberty, equality, and law. He states categorically that ‘the arts should contribute forcefully to Building Engineer public instruction.’ With respect to Form 1040 the quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns, David can be associated with the Docs Resume For A Resume supporters of the Federal Tax On 1040 Ancients. He envisioned a new society based on conservative ideals. In contrast, there were other artists, we can call them Moderns, whose vision of Hvac Building, a new world order was more progressive. The Moderns envisioned a world conceived anew, not one that merely imitated ancient models.

The problem for Income (2014) - Ppt, the Moderns, however, was that their new world was something of an unknown quantity. Business Growth Template! The nature of ‘truth’ was problematical from the outset, and their dilemma over the nature of humans who possessed not only a rational mind open to reason but also an emotional life which had to be taken into account. It was also felt that reason stifled imagination, and without imagination no progress would be made. Reason alone was inhuman, but imagination without reason ‘produces monsters‘ (see Francisco de Goya‘s The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters ). It was agreed, though, that freedom was central and was to be pursued through the very exercise of freedom in the contemporary world. Francisco de Goya , The Sleep of Federal Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download, Reason Produces Monsters. Etching and aquatint. (Caprichos no.

43: El sueño de la razón produce monstruos ), 1796-1797. After the Revolution of 1789, the Ancients came to be identified with the old order, the ancien régime . They were caste as politically conservative and associated with a type of academic art called Neoclassicism. In contrast, the Moderns were seen as politically progressive in a left-wing, revolutionary sense and associated with the anti-academic movement called Romanticism. The nature of this division is best seen in the rivalry of the classicizing artist Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, and Proper Corporate Letter Sample – Letter Writing, the Romantic painter Eugène Delacroix. In the Salon exhibition of 1824, Ingres exhibited his Vow of Louis XIII and Delacroix his Massacre of Scios . In his review of the exhibition in the Journal des débats , the critic Étienne-Jean Delécluze described Ingres’ work as ‘le beau’ (the beautiful) because in both style and subject matter it followed classical academic theory and promoted the right-wing, conservative values of the ancien régime . In contrast, Delacroix’s painting was labeled ‘le laid’ (the ugly) because of the way it was painted, with loose brushwork and unidealized figures, and because its subject matter, the slaughter of thousands of Calculating Federal Tax On Form (2014) Download, Greek inhabitants on the island of Chios by Turkish troops in 1822, not only lacked examples of valour and virtue, but also expressed a more liberal criticism of the event and moral outrage over its occurrence in the contemporary world. J-A-D Ingres , Vow of Louis XIII.

1824, oil on Savings With Sharing Calculator, canvas (Musée du Louvre, Paris) Eugène Delacroix , Massacre at Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download Chios. 1824, oil on canvas (Musée du Louvre, Paris) For conservatives, Ingres represented order, traditional values, and the good old days of the ancien régime . Political progressives saw Delacroix as the representative of Hvac Building Engineer, contemporary or modern life. He was associated with political revolution and new progressive intellectual views; his supporters claimed he had established the idea of liberty in art. Delacroix was the first major progressive modernist artist in France. His paintings deliberately rejected the Academic ideal of the Federal Form 1040 beautiful and instead, in the view of conservatives critical of his work, he instituted the ‘cult of ugliness’. Other artists were seen to adopt this same position, notably Gustave Courbet and Docs Resume Templates Free Goodlooking, Édouard Manet, each of whom deliberately rejected the Academic model of the beautiful. (2014) - Ppt! Their ideas and approach to art were regarded as so subversive that they were accused of attempting to undermine not only the Academy but even the State. The threat of progressive modernism was such that the State, beginning with the Universal Exposition in Use Google Docs Templates Free, Paris in 1855, embarked on a program the Federal Tax On - Ppt Download effect of which was to neutralize and depoliticize works of art. The plan for the Universal Exposition was to include, in a retrospective exhibition, examples of Hvac Building Engineer, various different styles of French art, including those of Ingres and Delacroix, in a way that highlighted eclecticism but which simultaneously also had the effect of turning the paintings into Federal Income Form 1040 - Ppt Download, non-threatening ‘works of art’.

With the support of Resume Templates For A, conservative forces and compliance of formalist critics and art historians, the political and social commentary essential to Calculating Income Form Download progressive modernist art was effectively stripped away leaving only the paint on the canvas, which was discussed simply in terms of its formal qualities. In his guide to the Universal Exposition ( Guide pratique et complet à l'Exposition universelle de 1855 ), Prince Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul Bonaparte, who presided over the Universal Exposition, wrote that in Delacroix’s painting Liberty Leading the People, 28 July 1830 : There are no longer any violent discussions, inflammatory opinions about art, and in Delacroix the colorist one no longer recognizes the flaming revolutionary whom an immature School set in Charts (+ Half Marathon, opposition to Ingres. Income (2014) - Ppt Download! Each artist today occupies his legitimate place. The 1855 Exposition has done well to elevate Delacroix; his works, judged in so many different ways, have now been reviewed, studied, admired, like all works marked by genius. [Translation from Proper Corporate Letter Writing, Patricia Mainardi : see BIBLIOGRAPHY ] Eugène Delacroix , Liberty Leading the People, 28 July 1830. 1830, Oil on canvas (Musée du Louvre, Paris) Thus, Delacroix the ‘flaming revolutionary’ was transformed into Delacroix the ‘colorist.’ Although some progressive artists, such as Gustave Courbet, perhaps sensing how inclusion in the exhibition might compromise their work, refused to participate, the Universal Exposition effectively initiated a way to contain the impulses of progressive modernism and neutralize the threat it posed to the prevailing conservative ethos of society. Until recently, this has remained a prevailing approach to modernism. The socialist statements so forcefully made by Gustave Courbet in his painting The Stonebreakers , for Calculating Tax On 1040 - Ppt, example, and the sharp political commentary of Édouard Manet in his The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian , 1867, for example, have been generally suppressed and replaced by discussions of the formal qualities of each work. 1849-50, oil on canvas (destroyed) Execution of the Emperor Maximilian.

1867, oil on canvas (Kunsthalle, Mannheim) But although these discussions may have deliberately repressed its revolutionary and confrontational character, progressive modernism itself, as an ideology and a political movement, remained vital and active.

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Racial and Ethnic Minorities Essay. History of racial and ethnic minorities in policing. Racial and ethnic discrimination are actions that are morally wrong because they result to violation of Calculating Income 1040 peoples rights. Corporate Sponsorship Letter Writing? Humanity is guided by the principle of equality that calls for equal treatment of all individuals, claiming that racial differences should not hinder equal treatment of one particular group. Equality is the act of treating all people as equals irrespective of color, gender, age and ethnicity. The context of the Calculating Federal Income 1040 - Ppt Download, equality principle differs from one factual environment to the other. For instance, in politics, equality refers to – Letter Format Writing, equivalent access to public resources, pay and job opportunities. Conversely, in criminal justice, the equality principle means the application of the rule of law to all individuals.

Equality in Calculating Tax On - Ppt Download criminal justice therefore, discourages instances of discrimination by Business Growth Plan Template the police towards any particular group of individuals. The history of ethnic and racial minorities in policing has been evident since slavery period. Federal Income Tax On Form (2014)? Various reforms and 10 Online Templates You Can Use | Writing, amendments have been developed in the United States criminal justice system to Calculating Income Form (2014) - Ppt Download, ensure fair treatment of Profit Sharing all individuals by the police in policing. The world race is used to refer to a particular group of people who share a common biological inheritance that makes them distinct from those in Federal Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt their neighborhood. Conversely, ethnicity can be described as a cultural trend that defines a person’s way of life. The world race does not have a profound foundation and its existence does not have any biological value. Race is a literal word that was developed by individuals to refer to a particular group of people.

In the United States, the concept of race developed during slavery period, where some races were considered lesser than others. The criterion of race has been used by the US law enforcement systems in determining people’s rights. These events and activities gave rise to racism, a social practice whose virtues are racially based depending on a group’s race. Use Google Docs Resume Free Resume? Racism was therefore, practiced in three different aspects including personal intolerance, institutional racism and Calculating Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, ideological racism. Ethnicity and racism were used as factors of consideration by Use Google Docs Resume Templates Goodlooking Resume the police in the course of performing their day to day activities of policing (Harrell 48). Ethnicity and race has been used as one of the Federal Form, indicators to Use Google Resume Templates Goodlooking, determine people’s attitude towards the police. The history of criminal justice and policing in America works under racial and ethnic lines. Racism has been a major problem facing police organizations, despite the military trainings and policies that are laid before them.

In criminal justice, policing lacks equal representation of every society. Income Form (2014) - Ppt Download? This has caused the minority groups to suffer discrimination from the whites because they associate their race with violence behavior and crimes. For A? The methods of Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download social control used by the police to the American communities differ according to Profit, ones race and ethnicity. Most of the crime blames are placed on minority groups than the whites. Institutional racism was and is the major and common form of Calculating Federal Tax On Download racism practiced towards individual groups in the United States, which are also referred to as “petit apartheid”. It constitutes the interactions between citizens and the police, featuring their relationship with particularly the Building Engineer, minority groups. The police interact with people either openly or informally as they execute their day to Federal Tax On 1040, day activities.

The concept of petit apartheid was used by policing in the past, which determined most of their actions and decisions made within the criminal justice system. The apartheid concept promoted racism in Proper Corporate Sponsorship Writing policing, with the ethnic minorities facing biased treatments from the police like rough treatment and insults (Weitzer and Steven 34). The historical context of Tax On 1040 (2014) Download racism and ethnicity in policing. The history of racial and ethic minority discrimination is as old as creation. The United States of America is a multi-racial state, with members from Calculator, different societies including African Americans, Asians, and Mexicans that form the Calculating Income Form, minority community.

These minority groups have contributed greatly to the US culture and economic stability. There has been a tendency, however, by the whites to discriminate these groups. Members of the Proper – Letter, minority groups have faced great challenges throughout their life in the United States because of underrepresentation in almost all sectors that can make their living equal to Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, those of the Americans. The Criminal Justice department is among those sectors that are leading with actions of discrimination. Savings With Sharing? In policing, ethnic minorities are greatly discriminated in the process of recruitment, police discretion, courts and in the process of criminal justice. American criminology is known for racial and ethnic discrimination in criminal justice and policing since its introduction.

Racial and ethnic minorities’ discrimination in policing dates back to earlier times in Federal Income 1040 Download the history of America and has been receiving consisted scrutiny to ensure equal representation of all the American societies by the Criminal Justice Department (Sampson and 25 Free Marathon Pace Charts Marathon Chart), Janet 360). Racial and ethnic disparities are not a new norm in Calculating Federal Income (2014) Download the American criminal justice system. In the antebellum period, ethnic and racial discrimination in policing was a common practice among the police. African Americans were the major victims of racial discrimination because of their color and origin. Throughout the history of the United States, racial discrimination began with the slavery system, extending through segregation and exclusion, which were practiced both formally and informally through court decisions and policing legislations.

Slaves were not considered as human beings, but servants to their masters because their race categorized them as inferior to the whites, since the beginning of slavery and slave trade in the seventeenth century to 1865. Regulations were put against slaves, with each of them having a slave tag that denied them the opportunity to enjoy the Proper Letter Sample Format Writing, enormous freedom enjoyed by Calculating Federal Form (2014) - Ppt Download the whites. Slaves were exposed to plantation life to Corporate Sponsorship Sample – Letter, provide free and cheap exploitative labor through brutal treatment that was against human nature. They did not have any rights and were expected to Calculating Income Tax On 1040, remain captives. In the advent of the civil war, slavery was abolished and 10 Online Free Templates You Can Use | Writing Resume, the Bill of Rights Amendments were revised to bring to an end the Calculating Download, practice. This was aimed at ensuring that all individuals were granted equal freedom regardless of their ethnicity and race, and equal protection and treatment by the criminal justice system(Sharp and Susie 754).. After the Civil War, actions of discrimination continued to 25 Free Marathon Marathon Chart), persist. This was facilitated by the Jim Crow laws that were adopted by many states, which failed to effectively rationalize structures of discrimination in economic, social and Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, legal forums.

For instance, the African Americans could not participate in voting system because they did not have the right to vote. Additionally, they were racially separated from the whites under the Proper Letter Sample – Letter Writing, established doctrine of “separate but equal.” The courts, however, held on to the Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt, Jim Crow laws. 10 Online Free Resume Templates 2016 Resume? African Americans faced great challenges between mid 1800 to early 1900, caused by the practice of Federal Income 1040 racism and their relations with the police were not perfected. In the twentieth century, however, African Americans were accorded legal rights and the doctrine of “separate but equal” was abolished. Racal segregation was highly rejected and the civil rights required all people to be treated equally. Other minority groups who existed in the United States included the Latinos, Alaska Natives and American Indians. These groups were not an exception and faced the same treatment and forms of segregation as the African Americans. All the minority groups in America since slavery period until 1900s faced criminal victimization from the police.

They were considered as violent and criminals. This led to the number of minority individuals associated with actions of Sharing crime and violent behavior to increase compared to Federal Income Form (2014), that of the whites. Ethnic minority groups lived in slums and areas characterized by 401(k) Savings With Sharing Calculator poverty, where instances of crimes were highly practiced. Conversely, the whites owned mansions and lived in areas that had sufficient security from the police. Policing activities were biased and the minority groups faced great challenges from the police (Rosenbloom and Niobe 430). Biased policing practices raised many questions about the literature of the criminal justice system towards racial differences. This was facilitated by the increased number of Tax On minority groups that were alleged with criminal activities. Study conducted by various scholars showed that the criminal justice system was racially segregated and In-House Hvac Building Engineer, the ethnic minorities were underrepresented.

A large percentage of the Calculating Federal 1040 - Ppt, minorities remained unemployed because all the jobs available were allocated to the whites. The police departments did not execute fair policing. In their study, Dobbins and Bass found out that the police were prejudice. They urged police officers to ensure fairness and equality when dealing with all individuals to improve their social relations with the minority groups. Race, crime, justice and criminology. Debates about racial and ethnic disparities were introduced in the criminal justice system by Proper Format Writing Christiansons, who collected state-by-state lists concerning the number of black individuals imprisoned compared to that of the whites. Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040? According to his study, Christiansons found out that the number of blacks imprisoned was by far large that the whites. These conclusions were based on the general population that was present in all prisons in the United States.

After this study, Christiansons developed the conclusion that the disproportionate representation of blacks and Sample Format, whites in the criminal justice system was racially based. Is arguments were later contrasted by Klerk who after reviewing several studies came to the conclusion that the criminal justice was not in way based on racial differences. He added that the increased number of blacks in (2014) prisons was facilitated by their violent behavior. Christiansons encountered a lot of criticism that was developed because of his argument that criminal involvement and crimes were not fairly judged. Most the crimes that required sentencing were concerned with blacks, an idea that Christiansons rejected. Blumstein, a member of the criminal justice argued that racial differences were considered as a factor when arresting criminals.

This was contributed by the desperate nature of the African-Americans who lived in slum isolated areas and did not have any activity to engage them. Blumstein concluded that 80percent of Docs Resume Templates Resume individuals imprisoned in courts were African-Americans, who were judged with serious disparities and violent crimes. Using information from Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt, a survey conducted by the National Crime Survey (NCS), Langan tried to avoid questions that required him to give responses concerning bias in criminal justice system. The surveys contained information provided by African-Americans who had been victims of the police behavior. After comparing the reports provided by direct victims of 25 Free Marathon (+ Half Marathon Pace racial and Calculating Federal 1040 - Ppt Download, ethnic discrimination in policing and the reports of Template NCS, Langan concluded that the criminal justice system was biased. This information amounted to Calculating Federal Form (2014) - Ppt, the increased racial disparities that were experienced in the court system. From this information, it was realized that ethnic and racial minority discrimination in policing was an ideology of the past. Racial and Docs Resume For A Free Goodlooking Resume, ethnic minority disparities in policing. Evidence of racial and ethnic minority discrimination in Calculating Federal Form (2014) Download policing has been proved through analysis of arrests, police contacts, intake decisions and 10 Online Templates You Can Use | Resume, referrals.

Research conducted from the Income (2014) Download, juvenile courts showed that 80 percent of arrests made were centered on blacks. 10 Online Resume You Can Use | Writing? This is because the police exercised a lot of power on crimes that were not weighty compared to Calculating Federal Income Form 1040 Download, those that required intervention of the Use Google Resume For A Free, juvenile court system. When executing their duties, the police were featured African-Americans because of their race and ethnicity. According to Calculating Tax On Form 1040, research there is no great difference between the whites. This is according to Michael Griffith who stated that he had stayed with white children for the better part of his life. In addition, Michael Griffith tried to Marathon Pace (+ Half Pace Chart), interpret about Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) Download his experience from the radicalized political leaders in his country. 25 Free Charts? According to Griffith, the verdict set in court could be used to determine the worthiness of the blacks in the society. He further states that after the judgment concerning two whites who were convicted for murder, a certain reporter questioned whether the convictions had any connection with the worthiness of the black people in American society.

As revealed through research the verdict was not based on the value of the life of blacks, the worthiness of all human life in the country. Race relations were first brought into Income Form, worldwide view on the onset of Howard Beach incident. This was a four men case with whom their car broke down as the travelled in the section of Howard Beach. These involved ‘Griffith’, aged 23, ‘Sandiford’, 36 ‘Timothy Grimes’, 18 and ‘Curtis Sylvester’, 19. One of Use Google Docs For A Goodlooking them was left on the car as the rest walked in the major part of the beach for help. A group of Tax On 1040 (2014) Download white men spotted the Building Job Description, as they were on their way from a neighborhood party. Calculating Income Tax On Form - Ppt Download? The picture presented here was that one group was black men, and the other white men. The black men were spotted by the whites in a pizza parlor as they gave themselves something to eat. The white men referred to the black as ‘riggers’ as the moved on 10 Online Free Resume Templates 2016 Resume, to attack them at the pizza. The whites pounced on the black men as they strolled on the streets.

They taunted the blacks after which they begun to beat them. It was a serious assault that left one of the black unconscious. With one of the blacks diving through a big hole, staggering to Income Form 1040 Download, a shore park way for safety, he met with death in Docs Resume Templates For A Free Goodlooking Resume which a court officer and son of policeman driving an automobile struck and killed him. Majority of the witnesses were whites who chased the Federal Income (2014) - Ppt, whites and called up the police. The police reached the scene and found two blacks, one lying dead while the other walked along the parkway dazed. Use Google Docs Resume For A Goodlooking Resume? Instead of the police believing the injured man and treat him as a victim of the beating, the treated him as a crime suspect. When the bare fact of this case was reached, in that the attack was ethnic based, and the whites attacked them only because they were blacks, an alarm was widely raised. This resulted in a widespread immediate attention. This crime was condemned, and demands of Calculating Income 1040 - Ppt Download quick action demanded by 25 Free Marathon Charts Pace the mayor, black leaders, and Calculating Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt, the police.

The report given by the researcher as he tried to answer the reporter was against the interpretation of other researchers who had varied arguments concerning the relations of the race between the West Indians and the blacks. In addition, there are various procedural points, which can be used in understanding the racial disparity of the minorities, particularly, in the justice system. The enforcement agencies in the United States submit many of the cases by juveniles in courts of the law although various people including parents and teachers petition the youths as well. Research also indicates that although the responsibility of the police is to ensure that the inequality in the juveniles in limited through the Use Google Docs Templates For A Free Goodlooking Resume, juvenile system, the differences in juveniles based on race is enhanced by the police. Details contained in all approaches of investigation by Michael Griffith and co-ethics showed that the criminal justice system was biased. Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download? The police carried out a lot of attacks on African-Americans, who lived in slum areas because they were poor. After interpretation of reports provided by different people, it was found out that most of the crimes were racially based. Past criminal records also showed that the criminal justice system was biased.

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Abortion Argumentative Essay, Pro Choice. February 27, 2016. On January 22, 1973 the United States Supreme Court made a 7 - 2 decision to legalize abortion in most of the fifty states. Although abortion was not legal in the past it was being preformed on women since the Calculating Federal Income Form 1040 - Ppt, fifteenth century all over the globe, but, most women did not survive the surgery. That is the biggest reason it was preformed in secret because it was taking so many lives. Thanks to In-House Building Job Description, modern day medicine and technology the success rate for women is nearly one hundred percent. Calculating Federal Income Form 1040 (2014) Download! Today, the decision that was made in 1973 has caused American citizens, mostly women, to debate wether abortion is considered murder or just a simple act of not wanting to bring an Proper – Letter Writing unwanted child show more content Points made on the pro-life side of the augment also have opinion based and factual based points. This side has much less factual based points but does have many religious ones.

One being that many branches of the Christian faith reject the Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 Download, idea of abortion being an Savings Profit Sharing acceptable action in any situation. Calculating Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt! This is because many branches of Proper Corporate Sponsorship Sample – Letter Format, Christianity believe that sexual intercourse should only be done for conceptional purposes and Income Form 1040 only within the binds of Use Google Docs Templates Free, marriage, because of this, any child conceived within these terms, or outside of them, is automatically a child of God. Therefore, terminating the pregnancy would be seen as a moral sin. The pro-life side has a strong opinion the Federal Income 1040 - Ppt, every baby has potential, wether Abortion: Pro-lifers and Pro-choices Essay. to have an Building Job Description abortion during the second trimester for Income Tax On - Ppt Download her own well-being. According to In-House Engineer, one of our amendment, “No State shall make or enforce any law in which shall abridge the rights or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deny any person of Calculating Federal 1040, life, liberty, or property…” (National Archives) In this amendment it states we shall not deny life to 10 Online Free Templates, any person. The Supreme Court however decided the unborn fetus is not a person, therefore it does not apply to abortion. In legal Persuasive Essay: Pro-choice Abortion. I am pro-choice abortion because I have indeed had an abortion. Five months after my fifteenth birthday I found out I was pregnant. I was not even halfway through my sophomore year of high school and my boyfriend of 8 months at the time was not either. He was scared more than I. I had no money to Calculating Form 1040 (2014) Download, my name.

I had no license, no car, and Corporate Sponsorship Sample – Letter Format Writing no high school diploma. Damien did not have any of those things either. We were still children ourselves. We were not prepared to have any children of our own. Federal Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download! Both Abortion - Pro Life vs. Pro Choice Essay. 25 Free (+ Half Chart)! Pro-Life supporters perceive abortion as murder and a violation of the fetus's right to live.

Some supporters believe that accepting abortion will lead to the disregard for human life in general. Many right-to-life advocates believe that the Calculating Form 1040 - Ppt Download, acceptance of abortion encourages sexual immortatality. (Americana, 6) Of all the issues in ongoing society wars abortion is the most intimate and the most common. Almost half of American women have terminated at least one pregnancy, and millions more Abortion: Pro-Life and Pro-Choice Essay. On the other hand, medical doctors propose that having an Savings abortion will save the life of the mother. Doctors argue that abortion is needed if there are andy life threatening complications. Federal Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt! On the contrary, Illinois Representative Joe Walsh, states that, Advances in science and technology, had eliminated any need for abortions to save the lives or health of women and 401(k) Savings Profit said, 'Health of the mother' has become a tool for abortions anytime, for Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download any reason.” Comments like this only 25 Free Marathon Charts Chart), categorize women Abortion: Pro-Choice is the Wrong Choice Essay. even if it was a boy or girl. (PAS) does not occur at the same time among women who have an abortion some may experience the symptoms right after the abortion others may experience it years later. When a woman goes through this she may experience some of the Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form - Ppt Download, symptoms’ like regret, a lowered self esteem, remorse, shame, and insomnia, etc. The woman may even try her best not link her distress to the whole abortion experience, but there is a way that woman can get through (PAS).They must grieve over the Abortion: A Comparative Essay Abour Pro-life and Pro-choice. pregnant.

While I have empathy for this situation, I stand firm that abortion is not the answer for this tragic case. I understand that in the instance of 401(k) Profit Calculator, rape, that certain female may not be able to take on the unwanted responsibility of a parent. However, there are so many couples in the world who are willing to adopt children and the option of adoption is available to them. The topic of abortion is something that is valued and Federal Tax On - Ppt pro-life is Proper Corporate Sponsorship Letter – Letter Format a good thing that should be the only option. It is the right violating many women’s rights and would cross civil rights lines as well.

Pro-Life Supporters say that: if a fetus is not able to Federal Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt, survive outside of the mother’s womb, then it should not be considered its own human being. Almost all abortions take place during this time, when the fetus is not viable. Viability is when a fetus can survive if they were delivered at that time, usually around the 23rd or 24th week of pregnancy. Many Pro-Choice supporters see that fetus life before viability is Proper Corporate Letter Writing nothing more than At other times some mother’s do not wish to go along with the pregnancy if they realize the child will come out with deformities. Calculating Income (2014) Download! Many people believe abortion is the women’s choice. Back in the day women had basically no rights. Once a woman was married, she had to In-House Hvac, ask her husband’s approval for all civil matters. The woman’s only right was to provide children for Calculating Tax On 1040 - Ppt the husband. 401(k) With Profit! The only role the woman needed to play was to have a male child to keep the family line going (Masae 195-198).

Is the Pro-Life or Pro-Choice: Abortion Analyzed Through the Sociological Lens. sociological issues in Federal Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download Canada: abortion. To begin, a brief history of abortion in Canada is a necessary first step. Abortion became a legalized act in Canada in1969 (Doull 2013, p. Proper Sponsorship Letter Writing! 52), with the stipulations that it should only be used for Form 1040 Download medical reasons. Canada has always been one of the leading supporters of abortion rights and 10 Online Resume Templates 2016 You Can Use | has always been two steps ahead of other countries, especially the United States. Federal Tax On - Ppt! As stated in Saurette and 401(k) Savings With Kelly’s Arguing abortion: The new anti-abortion discourse in Canada, But the pro-life campaign saw this as ten steps backwards. Reasons why someone would abort their pregnancy could be from rape, or the mother is ill would not survive the pregnancy, or the timing isn’t reasonable with the mother. All of Calculating - Ppt Download, these are logical and detrimental decisions, but the pro-life advocates do not excuse any circumstance.

Abortion is considered murder no matter what. Pro-choice argues with “If we take away the woman’s right to choose, we will be limiting her other rights as well

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California State University, Northridge. In these examples, the students had 120 minutes to produce an essay on Calculating Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, a topic given them at the test and were not permitted to use dictionaries or other aids. Business Growth? They were advised to plan before writing and to check their papers over after finishing but not to try to recopy them because there would not be enough time. The essays are, in effect, first drafts, with such revisions and corrections as the Calculating Income Form 1040 Download, writers found time to make. All the essays printed here are informative and coherent, but even the best are not flawless, and merely “adequate” papers exhibit several weaknesses and errors.

It should be understood that in passing these papers the faculty is recognizing realistically the differences between an impromptu piece of writing and a paper prepared outside of class with adequate time for revising and polishing. We provide here a sample essay topic, together with the scoring guide, and three sample essays, rated 6 (High Pass - Superior), 5 (High Pass - Strong), and 4 (Pass - Adequate). Sample Essay Topic -- Sparkling Water is the New Soda. Sparkling Water is the New Soda. The hottest drink in America is water with bubbles.

Long a kitchen table staple in European households, sparkling water is making inroads in the U.S. thanks largely to Americans’ waning interest in soda. Between 2009 and 2014, the volume of carbonated bottled water sold in Proper Writing the U.S. has increased by Calculating Tax On - Ppt Download, 56.4 percent, according to data from Euromonitor International, a market research firm. 10 Online Resume 2016 You Can Writing Resume? Soda drinking declined sharply during the Income Tax On (2014) Download, same period. Still, sparkling water sales are a fraction of soda sales. The U.S. soda market is worth about $39 billion, according to Euromonitor.

The market for unflavored sparkling water, flavored sparkling water and functional water -- a category that includes flavored still water and enhanced still water like Smartwater -- is 401(k) Savings With Profit just $4 billion. It has a way to go before it catches up to soda, but sparkling water is indeed having a moment. The growth in millions of liters of sparkling water sold in the U.S. According to Euromonitor International, Sparkling Water sales grew from 400 million liters per year to 667 million liters per year in 2015, and are projected to grow to almost 800 million liters per year in 2019. The decline in millions of liters of soda sold in the U.S. Calculating Income (2014)? (Note that the scale is very different from the chart above, with soda sales still dwarfing sparkling water sales.) According to Euromonitor International, soda sales fell from 40 billion liters per year to about 32 billion liters per year in 2015, and are projected to fall to just over 30 billion liters per year in 2019. Americans’ growing obsession with health is the biggest reason for the shift, according to Jonas Feliciano, a global beverage analyst at Euromonitor. Coke and Pepsi have resorted to hawking products like energy drinks and even milk to boost sales as Americans become increasingly wary of the Docs Resume For A Goodlooking, high levels of sugar in soda.

The opportunity for variety is another factor in the sparkling water boom. These beverages are available in a range of Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 Download flavors, from 401(k) Savings Sharing orange-pineapple to kiwi-strawberry. Feliciano noted that most mainstream soda comes in just cola and lemon-lime flavors. Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download? One exception, Mountain Dew, has built its success in part on Proper Corporate Sponsorship Letter – Letter, constantly launching new flavors. “[Americans] are turning away from Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt things that identify with soda and instead are turning toward things that identify with water,” Feliciano said. “If I’m looking for health and I’m looking for variety, sparkling water with different flavors seems to provide that.” For some companies, Americans’ changing tastes are offering an opportunity. The growth in sales at Washington-based Talking Rain Beverage Company, which makes flavored sparkling water, has pretty much directly mirrored the 10 Online Writing Resume, rise of the beverage's popularity. The company brought in Calculating Federal Income Form - Ppt Download more than $384 million in sales in 2014 compared to just $2.7 million in 2009. Sparkling Ice, a Talking Rain line of zero-calorie sparkling water in flavors like pink grapefruit and peach nectarine, is 401(k) With Sharing Calculator responsible for most of that growth.

Kevin Klock, Talking Rain’s CEO, says the company doesn’t try to make health claims about its drinks because shoppers recognize on Form (2014) - Ppt, their own that sparkling water is probably healthier than soda. “It’s great that it’s zero calories, but it’s probably not the number one thing the consumer is 401(k) With Sharing Calculator looking for,” Klock said. “They’re not drinking it because they have to, they’re just drinking it because it’s something they find they enjoy.” Soda’s two main draws are caffeine and a bubbly sweet sensation, according to Klock. Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014)? As concerns about Growth Plan Template soda’s health consequences mount, drinkers are turning to Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt, coffee and Use Google Resume Templates For A Free, energy drinks for their caffeine fix, and Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt, flavored sparkling waters for that throat-tickling combination of bubbles and sweetness. “I don’t see it as a fad,” Klock said of flavored sparkling water, noting that the Free Use | Writing Resume, trend in all beverages, including liquor and beer, is toward more variety and flavor.

SodaStream is Calculating Income Form 1040 betting big that interest in sparkling water continues to grow. The at-home carbonation machine company has shifted its marketing in recent months to focus more on the product's ability to make sparkling water and less on its ability to Docs Templates For A Free Goodlooking Resume, make soda. SodaStream rebranded its devices as sparkling-water makers instead of soda makers, and it has changed its slogan from Federal Income Form (2014) Download “set the bubbles free” to “water made exciting.” The company made the 10 Online Free Resume You Can Use |, shift in part because Americans haven’t really taken to the machines. In the Calculating Federal Tax On 1040, U.S., SodaStream is probably better known for its Scarlett Johansson commercials than for its carbonation device. Growth Template? So far, just 1.5 percent of households in the U.S. have a SodaStream, compared to Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 (2014), about 20 percent of households in Finland or Sweden, according to With Profit, Daniel Birnbaum, SodaStream’s CEO. Even with the new messaging, it may be hard to achieve Birnbaum’s goal of getting a SodaStream in every home. Feliciano notes that low-income shoppers aren’t likely to make the switch from soda to Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040, sparkling water anytime soon. Even those who don't shell out for a SodaStream machine -- the cheapest option on the company's website is $79.99 -- will probably find better deals on soda than sparkling water. While there's not that much difference in the average price per liter ($1.10 per liter for Growth Template soda versus $1.30 per liter for sparkling water, according to Euromonitor), the supermarkets, discount outlets and convenience stores where most low-income Americans shop offer promotional deals on soda that often make it much cheaper than sparkling water, according to Feliciano. “This is still not for the masses,” Feliciano said.

But Birnbaum is confident that Americans' shift away from Calculating Form (2014) - Ppt Download soda is more than just a whim. “We feel like we are now at the early stages of Business Plan Template a revolution in the beverage industry in Federal Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt America,” Birnbaum said, noting that about 70 percent of SodaStream’s customers globally use the machine only for 401(k) Profit Sharing Calculator carbonating water. “The death of soda comes with the life of something else,” Birnbaum said. PROMPT: Sparkling Water is the New Soda. This test assesses written communication, critical thinking, quantitative literacy, and information literacy. 1. consider any cultural or social issues, including any biases of the author; 2. include your assessment of the quantitative evidence the article uses; and. 3. discuss what research strategies you would use to find additional sources of information to Federal Income Tax On (2014) - Ppt, evaluate the claims. Each essay is read and evaluated by at Docs Resume Goodlooking, least two faculty members in a carefully planned and supervised reading. Each reader scores an essay on a scale of 1 to 6, and the two scores are combined. 12 is the highest possible total score.

A score of 8 or above is Calculating Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt passing. (See sample scoring guide and 401(k) With Profit Sharing, sample essays below.) It is the intention of CSUN to report test results that accurately reflect each student's performance. Test administration and test security standards are designed to assure that all test takers are given the same opportunity to demonstrate their abilities and to prevent anyone from Calculating Tax On (2014) having an unfair advantage over others because of testing irregularities. With this in mind, in Resume Templates rare cases in which there is a question about the validity of a student's essay, the UDWPE Advisory Board reserves the right to request that a student take a retest at no cost to the student. The student will be required to bring acceptable and specified identification. The Advisory Board will notify the student of the decision regarding the retest outcome. Each essay is Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) read and evaluated by at least two faculty members in a carefully planned and Building Engineer, supervised reading. A High Pass Superior paper addresses the topic in a complex, meaningful way, and executes its plan convincingly and skillfully. Purpose : Shows a clearly identifiable purpose through a highly-focused essay.

Topic : Addresses the topic by sophisticated employment of many issues raised in the reading passage. Critical Thinking and Logic : Evaluates the validity of the Tax On 1040 (2014) Download, reading’s conclusions, and synthesizes information pertinent to the topic, and/or offers an 401(k) Savings Sharing Calculator alternative interpretation of the Federal Tax On, topic. Development : Shows extensive development, following a logical progression in well-focused paragraphs exhibiting strong sentence and paragraph-level transitions, and offers cogent sources of information that go beyond those presented in Growth Plan the text. Style / Usage/Grammar: Offers variety and Calculating Income Form - Ppt, sophistication in sentence structure, diction, and vocabulary; exhibits a strong command of written English. A High Pass Strong paper addresses the topic in Free Resume 2016 Writing a meaningful way, and executes its plan skillfully. Purpose : Shows a clearly identifiable purpose. Topic : Addresses the topic by competent employment of issues raised in the reading passage. Critical Thinking and Logic : Considers the validity of the Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt, reading’s conclusions, and synthesizes information pertinent to the topic. Development : Shows extensive development following a logical progression in 10 Online 2016 Writing focused paragraphs exhibiting strong sentence and paragraph-level transitions. Style / Usage/Grammar: Offers variety in sentence structure, diction, and Calculating Form (2014) - Ppt Download, vocabulary; exhibits a command of written English.

A Pass paper takes a satisfactory approach. Purpose : Shows an identifiable purpose. Topic : Has engaged the primary issue raised by the reading passage. Critical Thinking and Logic : Demonstrates an understanding of the reading's topic and Proper Sponsorship Sample, a grasp of its use of evidence. Development : Presents focused paragraphs in Federal Income Tax On (2014) Download a reasonably logical sequence with adequate sentence and paragraph-level transitions. Style / Usage/Grammar: Employs adequate use of sentence structure and vocabulary; exhibits control of In-House Hvac written English, and while the essay may contain some grammatical flaws, they do not detract from the Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download, overall effect or clarity of the writing. An Inadequate No Pass paper fails to Savings With Profit Sharing Calculator, develop or address the issue in Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt a satisfactory way. Purpose : Shows little purpose.

Topic : May address some issues presented in the reading passage, but some significant aspects may be slighted or only marginally addressed. Critical Thinking and Logic : Fails to adequately address the reading and develops no relevant points of Free You Can Resume its own. Development : Has underdeveloped portions presented in unfocused paragraphs lacking adequate transitions at both the sentence and paragraph level. Style / Usage/Grammar: Contains sentences that are difficult to Calculating Federal Form (2014) - Ppt Download, read or seem confused; may show frequent misuse of vocabulary; exhibits wavering control of written English, including major grammatical errors. An Incompetent No Pass paper fails to develop or address the issue at all and will reveal serious and repeated problems, including confusion as to the task.

Purpose : Lacks apparent purpose. Topic : Fails to address the Proper Sponsorship Format, issues presented in the reading passage. Critical Thinking and Logic : Fails to understand the reading. Development : Is significantly underdeveloped and lacks adequate transitions at both the sentence and Calculating Federal Form 1040 (2014), paragraph level. Style / Usage/Grammar: Generally consists of sentences that are difficult to read or seem confused; often shows misuse of vocabulary; exhibits little control of Growth Plan Template written English, including repeated major grammatical errors. An Incomplete No Pass paper presents too little writing for Federal Tax On (2014) - Ppt Download evaluation.

It may be a blank exam or one containing only Business Growth Plan Template a few sentences. Student Response - Score: 6. This article discusses the phenomenon of Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download sparkling water and its popularity, focusing on the drink's potential to drive soda out of our supermarkets. The potential take-over is one of the most significant paradigm shifts the beverage industry has ever seen. Soda has been the bully on the block for years, inventing new flavors purely for the sake of winning shelf space.

Now, for the first time, soda consumption has declined by 10 Online 2016 Use | Writing, nearly twenty-five percent, while sparkling water consumption has gone up to balance the change. Calculating (2014) - Ppt? While the new change is definitely worth exploring, I think the analysts quoted in the article are making black and white arguments, clearly caused by their biased positions in 401(k) With the beverage industry. Calculating Income Tax On 1040 (2014)? This close-minded approach can be seen especially in their reasons behind the increase of 2016 You Can Use | sparkling water sales. They argue that the change is being caused by health concerns, the public's desire for variety, and economic factors like low income. All of these reasons are true to some extent, but I think both drinks will exists for decades to Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014), come, once they find a way to share the market. Jonas Feliciano of Euromonitor International believes that America is becoming more health conscious, causing them to realize that soda is not a wise decision. While this is true, and we are seeing more Americans every day taking up the vegetarian, vegan, or organic lifestyles, they are still a tiny minority. Business Growth Template? The change will not likely become a majority because America is addicted to consumption. It is part of Calculating Form 1040 (2014) a national mentality of Business Growth Template excess from fast food to caffeine addiction, and no addiction is easy to kick.

The world saw a similar phenomenon when cigarettes were invented. Calculating Income Tax On (2014) Download? They were believed to be healthy, then proven to be lethal, and everyone thought the. cigarette industry would die as a result. Look around. Millions of people still smoke cigarettes, and Business Plan Template, they probably always will. For the same reasons, health concerns will cause national soda sales to decline only slightly. It is no surprise that Soda Stream is struggling to get their product into every American home, given America's health status.

They have rebranded, hired Scarlett Johansson to be the face of the company, and still they have only wiggled their way into 1.5 percent of American households. This is because we are one of the unhealthiest countries. In Finland and Sweden, on the other hand, Soda Stream products can be found in twenty percent of homes, which comes as no surprise because these are two of the most highly educated countries on the planet. Furthermore, I think the sparkling water companies know that they are not much healthier than soda. Kevin Klock of Federal Income Form - Ppt Download Talking Rain Beverage Company does not make health claims about his company's sparkling water products. He says this is because people buy sparkling water for the taste, not the health factors. I think Kevin avoids health statements because sparkling water is Growth Plan Template also unhealthy. The flavoring comes from sugar, just like soda. Even the zero calorie alternatives cannot be brought up as an argument because soda companies offer the same thing.

In the end of the day, the only healthy choice is unflavored sparkling water, which is Federal (2014) hardly a significant portion of Talking Rain's sails. Proper Sponsorship Sample Format Writing? Klock's reasoning for Income Tax On Form 1040 Download the change towards sparkling water is that people only In-House Hvac drank soda for Federal Tax On (2014) Download the caffeine and bubbles. In recent years, people have turned to coffee and Sponsorship Sample – Letter, energy drinks for caffeine and to sparkling water for the bubbles. Calculating - Ppt Download? This may come as a shock to Klock, but coffee and energy drinks are unhealthy addictions. Resume Templates For A Resume? So even the owner of a successful sparkling water company believes that in order to knock soda off the Calculating Income 1040, market, the public needs to inherit new, equally unhealthy alternatives. The public will eventually recognize this hypocrisy, turn away from sparkling water, and maybe even turn back to soda. I think it is clear that health concerns, if any part of the market change, are not the main part. Feliciano's next argument is In-House Building Job Description that people buy sparkling water because it opens the door to Calculating Tax On Form 1040, a variety of flavors that soda companies don't offer. He claims that most sodas come in cola or lemon-lime flavors.

Last I checked, there were dozens of flavors of soda, but even if that was not true, this argument is Use Google Docs For A Resume still irrelevant. Soda companies will notice a change in the vox populi and start manufacturing the Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt Download, same flavors as the sparkling water companies. Long before their shelf space is overtaken, the soda companies will find a way to capitalize on the pioneer work of the sparkling water companies. Finally, there is the issue of income. Soda Stream is the cheapest alternative to soda in the long run, but the starting price of Resume 2016 You Can Use | Resume their cheapest product is about eighty dollars. This is not a price low-income households are willing to Federal Tax On (2014) Download, pay. Feliciano points out that in addition to Goodlooking Resume, the slight difference in production costs, soda has an advantage because of promotional deals that are rarely offered for sparkling water in supermarkets and convenience stores. Calculating Federal Form? Again, this is a very true statement, but it is only temporary. If sparkling water sales continue to increase at Letter – Letter Format, the rates we are currently witnessing, stores will offer the same promotions for sparkling water as they do for soda.

The difference now is only twenty cents per liter according to Calculating Federal Income, Euromonitor, but with promotional sales that will likely be offered in the future, the difference between sparkling water and soda could be almost negligible. In the end of the day, all of these arguments hold some truth. Americans are definitely becoming more health conscious, and while that probably has an Profit Calculator effect on the sales of soda, it is Federal Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt not a trend that will likely become a majority. Americans are addicted to being unhealthy and giving into excessive desires, and like cigarettes, soda will always be a part of that lifestyle. Sparkling water definitely offers variety that the soda companies do not yet compete with, but one day they will if the sales margins of sparkling water continue to rise. Low income families are definitely less likely to Use Google Docs Templates Goodlooking Resume, buy the more expensive sparkling water, but one day the prices may drop or the desire for social status may exceed rational spending. The future of the beverage industry is not so black and white. I think sparkling water will continue to take over for Federal Income Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt a while, until it reaches a plateau due to the boundaries of Proper Sponsorship Format Writing health consciousness, competition, and income. Still, if sparkling water manages to make a significant impact on the sales of soda - and industry that has been poisoning Americans for generations - then it will go down in history as one of the Calculating Tax On Form - Ppt Download, most significant events in the legacy of the beverage industry. I would go try a number of 25 Free Marathon Marathon Chart) things for additional information on Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt Download, this topic.

I would research brand name sparkling water and soda companies and try to 401(k) Savings Calculator, acquire their sales reports. I would also go to big name supermarkets to see if there is truth to the change. Calculating Federal 1040 - Ppt? Perhaps these sales are only effecting small stores or online shopping. Or perhaps the soda companies are already fighting the battle and Plan Template, winning. Additionally, I would look for articles on consumer trends in other beverages in order to evaluate the connection (if any) between soda and sparkling water sales. I would use the databases in the Oviatt Library to look for journals on that topic.

I might even search for demographic data by region to Calculating Income Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download, see if age, lifestyle, or locale are having an effect on beverage sales. Key search strings like “soda consumption in Midwestern states last 10 years” or “millennials and sparkling water” would help me to find this information. Student Response - Score: 5. Marketing research firms, such as Euromonitor, have determined that consumption of Proper Corporate Sponsorship Sample – Letter Format sparkling water has increased 56.4 percent between 2009 and 2012, whereas sales of Federal Income (2014) soda significantly declined during the same time frame. Growth Plan? Though this might at Calculating Federal 1040 - Ppt, first appear to signal that sparkling water will outsell soda in the near future, it is important to look more closely. The graphs clearly show that Americans have not rejected soda; soda sales ($39 billion) continue to Savings With, outpace water sales ($4 billion) by a significant amount. Though soda may be losing its popularity, sparkling water does not appear to be a significant threat despite being the healthier alternative and offering a variety of flavors. Jonas Feliciano, global beverage analysis at Euromonitor International, states that Americans have become obsessed with health, and are thereby reducing or eliminating soda from their diets. This seems a logical argument given that television programming, such as the Doctor Oz show and The Doctors, have brought health awareness and the benefits of drinking more water into American homes. The mantra “Hydrate! Hydrate!” is now something many Americans adhere to diligently.

As a runner and a paramedic, bottled water is an important part of my running and medical ritual. These shows also discuss the negative effects of drinking soda, such as high blood pressure, and the potential for Calculating Federal Income (2014) - Ppt Type 2 diabetes. Considering how much time Americans spend watching TV, it seems possible that shows like these are influencing consumers and having an influence on the decline in soda sales. However, Feliciano’s belief that consumers are also trending away from soda because sparkling water has a larger variety of flavors seems less convincing. The article claims that soda flavors have more or less stagnated with lemon-lime and cola flavors; however, this isn't really true. Coca-Cola, Dr. Pepper, and Sprite all come in 10 Online Resume 2016 You Can Use | Resume flavor variations such as Cherry and Vanilla, and stores like Rocket Fizz carry an infinite number of soda flavors. New soda machines even give customers the choice of mixing a variety of flavors, so it appears that companies are responding to consumer desire for more flavor choices.

If sparkling water is more alluring than soda, it doesn’t seem likely that it’s because of Calculating Federal Tax On - Ppt Download flavor choices. Coca-Cola and Pepsi are trying to recapture the loss of their market share by selling more energy drinks. But that strategy is Savings With Profit Sharing only exploiting people’s desire for a healthier beverage alternative, not providing one. Calculating 1040 - Ppt Download? Energy drinks are loaded with sugar, caffeine and more vitamins than a human needs to 10 Online 2016 You Can Use |, consume. Consumers are not totally aware of the dangers and unhealthy aspects of these products, perhaps because they consider them to be closer to water than soda. Income Form 1040? But energy drinks contain an enormous amount of caffeine and can cause a crash and burn effect on the human body. To illustrate how emergency services view these products, these products were banned from the base camp during the Station Fire. The marketing of these products is in Hvac many instances deceptive. As consumers become more educated about the Federal Tax On 1040 - Ppt, contents of energy drinks, it doesn’t seem likely that this marketing strategy will help to boost sales for Coca-Cola and Pepsi.,

Again, though, some of these “waters” contain more sugar than consumers want to admit. Kevin Klock, CEO of Talking Rain Beverage Company feels, however, that health concerns are not the major factor in the increase in sparkling water, but rather because consumers find these products enjoyable – they prefer the taste. This appears to be a fair assessment, but health concern may not be as insignificant a factor as Klock proposes. In order to evaluate Klock’s claim, I would want to find more information about the Proper Corporate Sample, effects of soda on the body. For instance, there are many websites about the increase in Type 2 diabetes and its relation to soda intake. To further evaluate the claims in this article, I would search for other global marketing companies and compare their data with Euromonitor’s findings. Likewise, Talking Rain is Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt not the only beverage company, and I have never heard of them. I would research sales and compare data from other more established sparkling water companies, such as Perrier and LaCroix. I would use the Oviatt databases to locate reliable sources like medical and marketing journals for the information I want.

Sources can be difficult to find, and one good strategy is to use key words in a search engine. By typing in things like, “Coke sales drop” or “Sparkling water on Marathon Charts (+ Half Marathon, the rise” or “Perrier sales increase” you would be able to really narrow your search to relevant sources. I would look for unbiased sources that could help to complete the Calculating Federal Income - Ppt, analysis of the effects the new sparkling water industry will have on the soda industry. In conclusion, is Plan sparkling water the new soda? As total sales of both indicate, it appears Americans are reducing soda intake and increasing the Calculating Tax On Form 1040 Download, consumption of healthier products. Sparkling water may not be the new soda yet, but as the public is more educated and aware of the health benefits of reducing soda intake, the tide may yet turn.

The soda industry has money and power, and the sparkling water industry may have difficulty over the next few years in competing with soda companies marketing strategies, but eventually may catch up to the soda companies in sales, in part because of American’s desire for a healthier life style. Sparkling water will be the new soda someday. Student Response - Score: 4. Is sparkling water the new soda? According to this article, the sale of sparkling water has significantly increased while simultaneously decreasing the sale of soda. The article states that “Sparkling water sales grew from Growth Plan 400 million liters per year to 667 million liters per Calculating Federal Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt year” and “Soda sales fell from 40 billion liters per 401(k) Profit Sharing Calculator year to Calculating Federal Tax On Form (2014) Download, about 32 billion liter liters per year.” Though the number of sales overall have a large difference in the two, there is Savings Profit Calculator still a notable change in the rise and fall of the Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt, graphs. There could be a number of factors that contribute to this, but the most obvious one would be America’s increasing interest in Savings Calculator creating a healthier lifestyle. More fast food establishments are creating a healthy option menu due to consumers checking for calorie count. Gyms are now busier than ever, and not just after New Year’s Day. Income Form? Sparkling Water is a zero-calorie alternative to soda, which is a notable factor in the obesity rate in America.

The article states that not only did soda sales decrease in In-House Building Engineer 2015, but that decrease is Federal Income Tax On - Ppt Download predicted to continue. Caffeine and sugar are the reasons why soda has been so popular in America. 10 Online Resume? There have been TV documentaries which show people addicted to soda because it got them through their work days but ended up costing them their health. In almost every weight loss and Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt, meal plan program, nutritionists emphasize the importance of increasing one’s water intake and staying away from processed sugars. Water has many nutritional benefits, from improving one’s digestive health to reducing acne. Growth Template? Due to this, Americans would rather drink something that contained the word “water” in its name than the unhealthier option. Tax On Form 1040 (2014)? Flavored sparkling water gives people the many flavor choices without having to 25 Free Marathon Pace Charts Marathon Pace, intake large amounts of sugar, and coffee provides the caffeine people need to Income - Ppt, get through the day. The price of soda is Proper Corporate Sponsorship Sample Format Writing so unbelievably affordable that it becomes the first option at the grocery store.

When choosing between a small bottle of flavored sparkling water which costs about Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 Download three dollars versus a larger two liter bottle of soda that costs one dollar, it is no surprise why low-income houses prefer soda. Healthier foods in general are two to three times the 401(k) Savings Profit Sharing, price of Federal Tax On - Ppt fatty, processed foods. For example, a chicken bowl at Chipotle costs $7 while a cheeseburger at McDonald’s costs $1. A smoothie at Savings With Profit, Jamba Juice costs $6 while a bottle of soda is $1.50 at a convenience store. Soda is also the preferred option because people have been drinking it for majority of Calculating Federal 1040 (2014) Download their lives and Marathon Charts (+ Half Chart), it’s difficult to transition to a less sugary, caffeine-free version of it, even if it has the bubbles. My idea is supported by the article’s claim that low-income homes are not investing in Calculating Federal Income 1040 Soda Stream machines, even though the cost of Growth soda bought throughout the year would surpass the cost of Form 1040 Download a Soda Stream machine. Soda companies make the product appealing by keeping it in our vision. Billboards across the country and commercials every other minute also play a huge role in Plan Template its popularity. They shell out millions of dollars just to Federal Income (2014) Download, run a single commercial during the Super Bowl and have gained success from it.

Coca-Cola and Pepsi are two companies that have benefited the most from these advertisements. It is Use Google Docs Resume For A important to Calculating Form 1040 - Ppt Download, emphasize the importance of doing research in what we are consuming rather than believing what is In-House Building Engineer told from those who are selling the product on TV. As people, we tend to pick the Federal Form 1040 - Ppt, easier route when it comes to knowing what’s in our food. With Profit Sharing? We skim through the label and see what is in the biggest or boldest lettering and go with it. It may be surprising but what’s on the front of the bottle may not be true and it is important to research what we are ingesting. I find that the internet is most helpful for discovering the benefits of certain foods and beverages. For this subject specifically, I would research the benefits of sparkling water by looking for medicinal journals and articles. Blogs and unpublished articles are not always reliable, so I would avoid those types of sources.

The University Library online provides access to many subject specific databases. An important method in finding articles is entering the correct key words or phrases. For this, I would try “health benefits of Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 (2014) Download water” “are energy drinks healthy?” It is crucial to make sure the source is reliable and Profit, specific to the question that is to be answered. In conclusion, though the sales of sparkling water have increased while soda sales have decreased, the greater portion of Americans still prefer soda due to not being informed or exposed to the benefits of choosing sparkling water. That, and the price differences between the two. Though there is a significant price difference, the graph in Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) this article still shows that that consumption of soda has significantly decreased due to the rise in sales of sparkling water.

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Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” Alfred Hitchcock was one of the most outstanding filmmakers of the 20th century. He was born in 1899 in Leytonstone, East London. In 1920, Hitchcock obtained a full-time job designing film titles. While working, he endeavored to learn as much as he could about the film business. Within 3 years of starting his job at Calculating Federal Income Form Download, the studio, Hitchcock became an assistant director and, in 1925, a director. In a career spanning six decades, Hitchcock made 53 films, the best of 10 Online Templates Use | Writing which are at Federal Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, once suspenseful, exciting, disturbing, funny and romantic. We will write a custom essay sample. on Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” or any similar. topic specifically for you. The so-called ‘master of suspense’ pioneered many of the techniques of the thriller genre, and remains highly influential to this day.

He was one of the first directors to Template, portray psychological processes in film narrative. During much of Hitchcock’s career, Freud’s ideas were dominant, and Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) Download although Hitchcock was skeptical of Business Growth Template psychoanalysis, Freudian concepts and Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download motifs recur in many of his films. Hitchcock’s films usually centre on either murder or espionage, with deception, mistaken identities, and Proper Corporate Sponsorship chase sequences complicating and enlivening the plot. Three main themes predominate in Hitchcock’s films. The most common is that of the innocent man who is mistakenly suspected or accused of a crime and Income Form 1040 Download who must then track down the real perpetrator in order to clear himself. Examples of films having this theme include The Lodger, Strangers on a Train, I Confess, To Catch a Thief, The Wrong Man, and Pace (+ Half Marathon Chart) Frenzy. The second theme is that of the guilty woman who enmeshes a male protagonist and Federal ends up either destroying him or being saved by him; examples of Use Google Resume this theme include Blackmail, Notorious, Rebecca, Vertigo, and Marnie. The third theme is that of the (frequently psychopathic) murderer whose identity is established during the working out of the plot; examples of this theme include Shadow of a Doubt, Rope, Rear Window, and Psycho. Hitchcock’s films always have close relationship with Freud’s psychoanalysis.

Through the devices of suspense and Federal Income Form 1040 - Ppt Download horror in his movies, he produced the perfect combination of film and psychology, which presents the audiences a vivid interpretation of Freud’s psychoanalysis. Page 2 Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” Essay. is the first great film director who explained Freud’s psychoanalysis theories, such as dream analysis, psychological trauma, Libido, Oedipus complex in his movies. Therefore, to some extent, he promoted the widely spread of Proper Corporate Letter Format Writing Freud’s theories. Thus, people regard Hitchcock as “the Freud in movie industry”. Freud’s work was very influential during the 20th century.

He became known as the Calculating Federal Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download, founding father of psychoanalysis. Some of the important ideas that he introduced are the idea of human psyche being divided into 3 parts: the id, ego and superego, the In-House, Oedipus/Electra complex, stages in the development of Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) - Ppt a child etc. We will elaborate on these ideas once we start the detailed analysis of the movie Psycho. Since a movie is a product of the times when it was filmed, it naturally depicts the society of Docs Free Goodlooking Resume that time. Hitchcock’s movies, in particular, give us an insight into the abnormality that existed beneath the surface of the Income (2014) Download, perfect American society. There was a sense of uniformity that pervaded American society during the 1950s. Conformity was common, as young and old alike followed group norms rather than striking out on their own. Though men and women had been forced into new employment patterns during World War II, once the war was over, traditional roles were reaffirmed. Men were expected to Savings, be the breadwinners; women, even when they worked, assumed their proper place was at home. Women were expected to 1040 (2014) - Ppt, be perfect, in every way. They were expected to wear pearls and high heels and await the return of their all-knowing husband.

Women were trained into 401(k) Savings Profit Calculator, this routine from an early age. Everyone wanted the perfect TV family. Television and Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014) other forms of Use Google Templates Free technology became widespread through the country. TV shows like Leave it to Beaver and Calculating Form 1040 (2014) Download The Honeymooners showed how it was to be a family in the 1950’s. The television gave much of the country something to Hvac Building, do.

It changed the Calculating Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, model of the home, living rooms now revolved around the television set. Domestic comedies stretched the Growth Plan, values and morals of the time period. What was portrayed on television became accepted as normal. The ideal family, the ideal schools and neighborhoods, the world, were all seen in a way which had only partial basis in reality. For this reason people have often also assumed that these fictional households ought to mirror not simply family life in general, but their own personal values regarding it. However, the society in America held millions of secrets. Outwardly, people appeared to hold higher values and Form 1040 - Ppt morals than they practiced in their family and private lives.

What was under this perfect image was a wasteland of cheap houses, bored men commuting to work, unhappy housewives, and greedy, demanding children. Society affects the Marathon (+ Half Pace Chart), psychology of an individual by setting number of rules, expectations and laws. From the point of view of psychologists, psychological illnesses stem from society’s demand that some of Calculating Federal 1040 our instincts be repressed. People are pressurized to keep the appearance of leading a life according to Corporate Format, social norms and if they do something that is not socially accepted, it must be hidden. From the very beginning of the film Psycho, Hitchcock takes us behind closed doors and into the secret lives of Calculating Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt his characters. The opening scene presents a survey of the city of Phoenix. As we scan the buildings, the camera focuses on one building and takes us closer until we enter through an opened window to find the main female character Marion Crane and 401(k) Sharing Calculator her lover Sam in a motel room. , from here on, the pattern of moving deeper than surface appearances to find aspects of life normally unseen continues. At first sight, Marion is a respectable young lady who works as a secretary in Phoenix. However, she has a secret love affair with Sam, a divorced man with severe financial difficulties. Marion’s love for Sam drives her to steal 40 000 dollars in order to Federal Income (2014) - Ppt, help him.

Freud would explain this action as stemming from the id. Freud offered a structural model of the human psyche consisting of Charts (+ Half Marathon Chart) 3 elements: id, ego and superego. The id relies on the “pleasure principle” looking only for gratification and Federal Form 1040 Download not looking at the consequences. The super ego aims for what’s right and it runs on guilt. Both the id and superego conflict with each other to produce the ego, or the culture of the society. Corporate – Letter Writing. The ego is the meeting of the id with the superego; it represses the inappropriate desires of the id. Form - Ppt Download. The ego leads to the development of self. Hitchcock demonstrates the Id when Marion steals the $40000; she was looking only upon the gratification of the money.

In the Hvac Engineer, opening scene, Marion Crane is half undressed in a motel room with Sam wearing a white bra because Hitchcock wanted to show her as being “angelic”. After she has taken the money, the Federal Income Tax On, following scene with Marion undressed occurs when she is packing for her escape to California but now she is wearing a black bra because now she has done something wrong. As she exits the town to escape judgment, her super-ego attempts to enforce conscious morality. Charts Chart). She imagines conversations between those hurt by her crime: her boss, her sister, her boyfriend, and the man she stole the Federal Tax On 1040 - Ppt, money from. She is Sponsorship – Letter, still not dissuaded and continues. The split personality motif reaches the height of its foreshadowing power as Marion battles both sides of her conscience while driving towards the Bates Motel. Marion wrestles with the voices of those that her crime and disappearance has affected.

While driving, she imagines a conversation with Sam, a conversation of Calculating Income Tax On Form - Ppt Download her boss with her colleague, and 10 Online Resume 2016 You Can Use | a conversation between her boss and his client from Calculating Federal Tax On Form 1040 - Ppt Download, whom she has stolen the money. We hear their voices on the sound track as an interior monologue. This voices stand for the superego and we can see it in the next scene. For the first time Marion is acting in a neurotic way, now that she is under pressure because of the money she is stealing to finance her marriage with Sam. We see her nervous and uneasy face in a close-up. Corporate. She obviously has come under stress, which is why she cannot control her thoughts and actions. Marion suffers from bad conscience, and her sense of guilt is intensified. The pounding music helps to sustain the neurotic atmosphere of the sequence, when Marion continues driving. It is not a coincidence that it’s raining at this particular moment. Tax On Form Download. The rain foreshadows that something bad is going to happen. She stops for the night at the isolated Bates Motel.

Its owner, Norman Bates, tells Marion he rarely has customers since the new highway bypassed the place. He mentions he lives with his mother in the grim-looking house overlooking his motel and Business Growth invites Marion to share supper with him. Bates lives under the Tax On 1040 - Ppt Download, monarchy of his dominant mother, which forms his weakness in personality. However, it seems that he loves his mother very much, which we can see from the way he talks about Growth her to Federal Income Tax On Download, Marion. We can hear Norman saying that “a boy’s best friend is Business Growth Plan Template, his mother”. His strong attachment to his mother, despite the way she treats him, is obvious and that’s why he can’t picture being away from Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form - Ppt, her which we can conclude from the further dialogue between Marion and Norman. At this point we can conclude, by the way Norman talks about 10 Online Free Resume You Can Resume his mother, that their relationship is quite unusual. He was jealous of his mother’s lover, since he felt that she neglected him because of her lover. This is best seen when he says that ”a son is a poor substitute for a lover”.

Norman’s wish to substitute the Calculating Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, role of his m’s lover and his own father represents the Oedipus complex. The Oedipus complex is one of Freud’s basic theories of psychoanalysis. In psychoanalytic theory, the 25 Free Charts Pace Chart), term Oedipus complex denotes the emotions and Federal Form - Ppt Download ideas that the mind keeps in the unconscious, via dynamic repression, that concentrates upon a child’s desire to sexually possess the Charts (+ Half Pace Chart), parent of the opposite sex. Sigmund Freud who coined the term “Oedipus complex” believed that the Oedipus complex is a desire for the parent in both males and females; during the early childhood, the boy desires the mother, and the girl desires the father, which is a universal phenomenon of human-beings. However, from the Income Tax On Form 1040, primitive society to modern civilization, incest is unaccepted and intolerable by the society.

Due to this, the desire becomes the illusion, which can only be deeply buried into one’s unconsciousness. During one’s whole life, the desire and illusion is repressed. Freud thinks that this is the main psychological matter of childhood. All the complex psychological activities originated from Resume Templates 2016 You Can Writing, it. To most people, the existence of 1040 (2014) Download this phenomenon is a shame of morality. Thus, people feel guilty about Docs Resume For A it. Through the analysis of Oedipus complex, people find that children’s sexual instinct and its development plays an Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) important role in one’s psychological development of whole life.

In order for the boy to Hvac, resolve the Oedipus complex, he must repress these fantasies. The essence of repression lies simply in Federal Income Tax On 1040 (2014) Download, the turning something away, and keeping it at Business Plan Template, a distance, from the conscious. If they remain hidden in the subconscious, they manifest themselves in the neuroses and psychoses of the individual. Oedipus complex occurs in the unresolved oedipal phase which comes after 3 crucial stages of the development of Income Tax On Form a “self”. The first stage is a stage of narcissism, self love or auto-eroticism. The second one is an attachment to loved objects and the third, surrender to the laws of necessity or reality. These stages constitute a process of 25 Free Marathon Charts (+ Half Marathon Pace Chart) maturing, or producing an ego, a self, and I. There is another stage, called the mirror stage, which is positioned between primary narcissism (love for self) and attachment to Calculating Federal Income 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, loved objects (love for others), that is between the first and second stage of development. Freud sees the child as existing in a stage of undifferentiation, experiencing self love, not distinguishing between self and other. This distinction appears when a libidinal drive (instinctual biological drive) is directed from self to an object external to it. What is formed in this shift is recognition of self as object, as if seen in 401(k) Savings, a mirror, the mirror constituted by the looks of others.

This self is the ego, and becomes the means of self-definition and identification. After dinner, Marion goes back to her room and steps into the tub to enjoy a cleansing shower. Let’s see that famous shower scene. The shower scene is for sure in Calculating Federal Income Tax On (2014), Hitchcock’s cinema the most famous one (not to Plan Template, say one of the Federal Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download, most famous of the Marathon Charts (+ Half Marathon, whole cinema). The fact that Hitchcock killed off the main female character in the movie, after just half an hour was only one of his many unheard of elements. Even a flushing toilet — considered a vulgar sight — had never been seen in Federal Form 1040 (2014), such a big movie.

What contributes to suspense while watching this scene is also the Docs Free Goodlooking Resume, music. The person who watches the scene is affected by Calculating Federal Income (2014), the mood of the music feeling the tension, but also understands what is going to Building, happen. The slashing of the knife and the screaming along with music are very impressive. Hitchcock used screeching violins, violas, and cellos to achieve the perfect soundtrack for the shower scene. Calculating Tax On 1040 (2014) Download. In search for Marion, her sister and her fiancee end up in the Bates motel. The moment of revelation happens when Marion’s sister enters the house and goes to Plan, the basement. This is where she finds the corpse of Norman’s mother, and everything becomes clear when Norman enters the room dressed in woman’s clothes. Norman’s mother is dead, and that he was the Income (2014) - Ppt Download, one who killed Marion.

When Norman killed them his personality was completely overtaken by his mother and he was no longer capable of being his individual self. When arrested, he is treated as a psychiatric case, and later on the psychiatrist explains Norman’s pathology in detail, introducing a villain/monster who isn’t driven by the usual motives. The psychiatrist is there because Norman’s motives are so complex that they require a Freudian explanation. Viewers have empathized with Norman throughout the movie because he is presented as a nice, cute, lonely guy. So at the end, the psychological explanation is necessary to show how someone not that different from the ordinary viewer could become such a twisted killer. It is Norman’s intense attachment to his mother that leads to his split and Sponsorship – Letter Format alternate personality. Two souls exist in his body, one is himself, another is his mother.

What is interesting is that his love to his mother makes him produce illusions. When mother’s personality controls him, he feels that his mother loves him mutually, so the mother is jealous about the young ladies her son is attracted to. Calculating Federal 1040 - Ppt. Consequently, the mother wants to kill them. In-House Building. Thus, Bates becomes a serial killer of Federal beautiful girls. The Oedipus complex transcends cultural and social boundaries, manifesting itself in the psyche and popular culture of society. The last shot of Psycho imposes Norman’s face with that of the Docs Templates For A Free Goodlooking Resume, “Mother half” who has now “won” the battle for control of his personality. In the final scene Norman, shares his thoughts with the audience. Only his thoughts are those of his mother confirming the schizophrenic split personality disorder. Norman is an example of the extreme manifestation of the oedipal complex. Norman’s dysfunctional desire, a result of the family romance, creates a sentiment that he is the victim of a never completed oedipal trajectory.

Bates is entrapped by his suffocating past and is therefore taken over by his own vision of the mother. The two names of the main characters, Marion and Norman, are almost anagrams of each other. This encourages the audience to see the characters as mirror images of each other, and Federal (2014) - Ppt Download how normality (Marion) has within it abnormality (Norman). We know that Marion’s id is shown when she decides to take the money; however, her superego takes over Free 2016 You Can, when she understands the Calculating Form (2014) - Ppt Download, consequences of her act and when she decides to go back and fix what she has done. This is the ego and superego coming together to deal with the impacts of reality. Another interesting aspect to the name Norman has been pointed out: “he who is neither woman nor man”. Norman has a sexually confused identity, and his name supports this fragmented state. Others have suggested that three levels of the Psycho house correspond to Resume, Superego (upstairs), Ego (main floor), and id (cellar). Calculating Federal 1040 (2014). The setting is gothic: the house is gloomy, cluttered and infested with a secret personality.

Norman’s parlor is Pace Charts (+ Half Marathon Pace Chart), filled with stuffed birds, and Marion’s motel room is adorned with pictures of birds. While girls are associated with birds, Norman (who is also a woman in his mind) associates himself with birds as well. Norman truly holds a psychotic position-both aggressor and victim. The aggression is seen in his last name. Bates sounds like “baits,” and Marion’s last name of Crane situates her character as “bird” in a story where Norman’s hobby of taxidermy lends itself to the stuffing of birds. Crane takes the Calculating Federal Income Tax On Form (2014), bait and Marathon Pace Charts Pace becomes victim. Federal Income (2014) - Ppt Download. The city Marion starts from also symbolizes a bird. The Phoenix, in Egyptian mythology, is a bird which is consumed by its own flames, only to rise again from its own ashes.

The phoenix of Psycho is the mother -she arose from her death renewed in the form of Norman. We’ve come to the end of Free 2016 Use | Resume our presentation. Income Tax On Form 1040 Download. We talked about Hitchcock’s work, we discussed Freud’s theories through the movie, and explained the major symbols in the movie. If ‘Psycho’ has taught us anything, it’s that we live in Marathon Charts Marathon, a world without reassurance. Calculating Income Tax On Form 1040 (2014) - Ppt Download. We cannot trust our own perception, whether we’re peeping at others or looking in the mirror. And if we look through the killer’s eyes and recognize that he is not so different from us, what does that say about us?

Thank you for your attention, if you have any questions, feel free to ask.