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Dec 01, 2017 Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf,
MIS Laboratory – Resources for Tech Faculty and Students MIS Laboratory – Resources for Tech Faculty and Students. Software, curriculum, career, contest, and news resources. Account Examples. Hosted by Randy Guthrie, PhD – Microsoft Technical Evangelist. How to 10+ Prenuptial Example, Format, Get a Job At Microsoft Part II: Writing an Awesome Resume. by Randy Guthrie Microsoft Academic Developer Evangelist. Over the past few months I visited nine college campuses, attended three conferences and conducted a hand-full of job interviews, and in the process I’ve seen scores of resumes.
One thing I’ve been impressed with is how awful most of Manager Letter In Word, Pdf them are. I realize that I am probably jaded by 9+ Construction Template my experience as a career coach and service at Account - 8+ Examples Pdf, a community career center, but still I find it amazing that something that is Wallpapers Happy, so critical for getting a job is so poorly understood; particularly by those who need jobs the most ie: students seeking internships and Account Manager - 8+ Examples In Word, new college graduates. The good news is that if you do even a moderately good job of Kentucky Minor Child writing your resume you have a pretty good chance of standing out from Account Manager Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, your competitors. I’ve put off writing this post because it is a daunting task trying to write general guidance that will be useful to most readers, and 11 Best On Pinterest | Infographics, Fresh I’ve struggled how to do this briefly, but I’ve given up and apologize in advance for Manager Letter Pdf, the length of this post and hope most will find something useful in Proposal Quotes Happy Proposal Day the next few thousand or so words. Let me state that I recognize that there are many ways to write a great resume, and this is Account Letter - 8+, just one of those ways, but since this way has always worked so far for the folks I’ve helped, that’s what I’m sticking with. I also recognize that a resume is Infographics! | Infographics, Fresh, very personal, and you need to be comfortable with how it looks, so deviation from this guidance is fine (and necessary) since everyone is Manager - 8+, different and some situations will need to – Free Format, be handled differently than shown below.
If you have questions about a specific type of situation ASK IN A COMMENT TO THIS POST and I promise I will answer in an additional comment or even a follow-up post. Your questions will make this post even more valuable to Account Manager Cover Letter, everyone that reads it. First, some useful links: Resume Workshop Video : This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with my audio commentary that covers the content of this post and more Interviewing Workshop Video: This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with audio commentary on how to Happy, prepare for a behavioral interview MIS Laboratory Student Page: lots of useful career links. Now let’s dig in.
GENERAL FORMATTING PAGE LENGTH. One Page Please! Most managers will only look at your resume for 15-20 seconds before deciding whether to keep reading or put your resume in what I call “The Big Pile”. If you haven’t hooked the reader by then, you’ve lost the first round to someone who can tell their story succinctly. Two or three-page resumes do not increase your chances that the reader will find something interesting, it actually makes it less likely they will find (by scanning) something that they care about. So try to keep it to a page. I’ve never seen someone other than a college professor who needed more than one page to land an interview. White Paper Standard Fonts Unless you are a graphic artist, using colored paper, odd shapes fancy type fonts are not going to Manager Letter - 8+ Pdf, make the kind of Images Fresh impression that gets an Account Manager Cover Letter Examples Pdf, interview.
Superficial attempts to differentiate yourself can backfire, because the reader may assume you are childish, unprofessional, or don’t have any meaningful content. Use the same type face throughout, but you can use different sizes and italics to make it easier to scan. Don’t go smaller than 11 pt font or larger than13 pt font for the main text. The examples that follow will show when larger and Kentucky Minor Child Power - Power Of Attorney smaller fonts are appropriate. There are two approaches that I like to use. The first is Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, useful if you don’t have a lot of relevant experience and you are trying to Infographics! On Pinterest, fill space.
While one of the Cover Letter Pdf examples show the Templates Sample, hyperlink in blue, do not use colored ink when printing a paper copy of your resume. Manager Letter In Word, Pdf. Of course if you provide an electronic copy of your resume, live hyperlinks can be useful and save the reader time if not used excessively. Your name and contact information should be grouped together. Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark Community. I personally don’t like having a person’s name on the left and the contact information on the right. In the example my name is 28pt and Account Manager Letter - 8+ In Word, contact info is 11pt. You can go as low as nine point, but if space is an option use the two line format on the right. Two additional pieces of advice: (1) use only one phone number, and make sure it is Module-2(a) Contracts Contract, one where you can get a message (change the recorded greeting if necessary so as to Manager Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, project a professional image) and (2) avoid cryptic or childish e-mail addresses, and use only Proposal And Images Day one of those as well. Some career advisors will tell you not to put a career or employment objective statement.
My advice is to use one. My reason is simple: I debriefed a recruiter from a major aerospace company after a job fair and Account Letter In Word, Pdf he told me that he put any resume he received without a [clear] objective statement in the trash, because his HR department would not know where to route it. So my advice is to Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Center, use one and make it count. Here’s how: Your objective statement should say in under ten words the kind of job you are looking for. For example: “Seeking a senior-level account executive position in Manager Letter - 8+ Pdf the Pharmaceutical industry”. Do not use airy, empty, and vague statements that don’t say anything such as “seeking a challenging position with a leading company where my skills and 9+ Construction Agreement | Purchase strengths can be utilized”. You would be amazed at how many people think that is what you are supposed to write.
I saw a resume written just this week that had an Account Manager Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, objective statement that said “To play a significant role in | Spark Community Center an organization that aspires to be extraordinary”. These kinds of statements don’t help and can actually delay the reader from Manager Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,, learning anything of 11 Best Infographics! Images value about you. But What If I’m Qualified for More Than One Kind of Job? If you are going to a career fair, then you should probably take several (three or four or even five) versions of Account Manager Cover Examples In Word, your resume. Most job fairs will list the companies and the jobs they are recruiting for in advance so if you are prepared, then you can know how many versions you should take. For example, you can have different resumes that focus on web development, database, or application development, information security, or telecommunications. If you are applying to a specific company, then you tailor the objective statement (actually the Quotes Wallpapers Happy Day entire resume) for that specific job. If you are applying for an internship or job right out of Manager Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf college, your education is your biggest selling point, so it needs to go before any previous work experience. Since most recruiters will know what school they are recruiting from, and name of the school is less important and Proposal And Images Proposal Day the college major / minor and date of completion.
Once you’ve graduated and are on Account Cover Letter - 8+ In Word,, the street, then where you went to school is more important than the major. Here is how I would handle both situations: In these examples, I put the degree major first, because that is the first thing a recruiter will care about. I also put my my recent (and most impressive!) degree first. Notice I don’t put GPA. There are two reasons: 1) it clutters up the page with less-important information, and 2) unless you graduated with a 4.0, most people won’t think there is Business - Ppt, much difference between a 3.5 and a 3.8. If your GPA is less than a 3.6, it probably doesn’t differentiate you from others, so leave it off unless an employer requires it. If your GPA is Cover In Word,, under 3.0, then I don’t have to explain why you would leave it off. If you graduated with honors, and it says so on Kentucky Minor Power Of Attorney Form, your transcript, then by all means mention it as in the first example. Account Manager Examples Pdf. If you college doesn’t award honors, do not make it up, even if your 3.9 GPA would have gotten you honors at 10+ Prenuptial Templates – Free Sample, Example, Format, a college that awards them. If you need to put a GPA in, then I would put it just to the right of the university name.
What should I put if I have not graduated yet? This is one of my favorite resume techniques. The minute you start attending school you can put that you are working on Manager Cover Letter In Word,, a degree, and post your anticipated graduation date. The cool part is Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark Community, that you format it just like these examples, but word the graduation date a little differently like the “PhD degree” in Manager Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, the example, and put the graduation date in Business Contracts ( Indian Contract Act, the future! No one is In Word,, going to be fooled by this, so don’t worry about looking like you are trying to get away with something, but what it does do is make your resume subtly look complete.
Plus it does answer the question about what you might be good at. What about other school accomplishments? Where should they go? Great question! If you were the valedictorian, ASB president, or president of a club, then I would list up to Subcontractor | Purchase, three (but probably not more) bullet points underneath the senior project or thesis (if you mentioned one) or university name (if you didn’t).
These should be quantified accomplishments in the form I describe in the next section. If you have more than two or three years of work experience in the field you are applying for, then your experience is more important to a potential employer than your education, so once you' are no longer a new college grad, your education goes at the bottom of your resume and this section goes right under the objective. Why? Because it will be of Account Manager Letter most interest to the reader and you want it read during those first precious 20 seconds. Now there are lots of different ideas floating around about how you should format this section; the most common is to put the date on Child Power - Power, the left. Letter Examples. The fact is that the | Spark Community date is the Cover Letter Pdf least important piece of information relating you your employment history. Far more important is what you did, and then for whom you did it.
When you did it is last. The order that I recommend you present the facts about each job is: Job Title Company Name Employment duration One sentence job description Two - Four Quantified Accomplishments. Most of the resumes I have seen (and written early in my career) were based on an old formula of describing the 11 Best Images On Pinterest Fresh job in terms of the formal job description. The problem with this approach that it doesn’t differentiate the writer from everyone else applying for the job. Can you imagine how hard it would be to pick someone to Account Cover - 8+ Examples, interview for a bookkeeping job if every experienced bookkeeper that applied only listed their job duties? Every resume would say almost the exact same thing ! To avoid this problem, and to really make you shine, we write the work experience section so that we focus on quantified accomplishments . This example shows my recommended format, and includes three quantified accomplishment statements. An accomplishment is “quantified” when you describe it in terms of some quantity. I like to try to 11 Best Infographics! Fresh, get two numbers in Account Manager - 8+ In Word, Pdf each accomplishment if possible.
Numbers make your claims more credible, and if you have some kind of big numbers, it can really make a good impression. Don’t over sell; let the numbers speak for you. If you can describe an accomplishment in a single line, that is Veterans-Dinner-Flyer, fantastic. Manager Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,. In fact, leaving some information out Kentucky Minor Of Attorney Form Of Attorney, simply begs the reader to Manager Cover - 8+ In Word,, want to know more. If you get invited for Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark Center, an interview, you can bet you’ll be asked about - 8+ Examples In Word, these accomplishments, and how can you go wrong talking about something you did that was great? Don’t forget to Module-2(a) Business ( Indian Contract 1872), mention awards and recognitions like Employee of the month three times” or “Top Producer in 2008”.
Notice also that I have my job title in bold and in a larger font. I do that so that it is Manager Letter, easier for Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Community Center, the reader to Account Letter Examples Pdf, visually scan. Minor Child Of Attorney Form Of Attorney. Notice also that the company name is in italics. That helps set the different facts apart. Letter - 8+ In Word,. I have each fact separated by more than a couple of spaces so that each stands out. Now a bit more about job titles.
Sometime you might have an “official” job title that is so vague, or even wrong based on Module-2(a) ( Indian Act, - Ppt, what you do. For example, I had three lateral job changes at an aerospace company that did not change my payroll classification, so my managers never bothered to updated my “requisition” to reflect the changes in my job title. So if you were to call the HR department and ask what my job title was, they would use the title I was hired at, not the Account Cover Letter Examples In Word, one from the Proposal last job I held! So on my resume, you can bet I use the title from the Account Manager Cover Examples Pdf last job I was assigned to, not my “official” job title. Proposal. The moral of the story is that if your “real” job title is too vague, or even deceptive, do not be afraid to put a more accurate, clear job title on the resume . Example: if you had an Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, internship in a finance department, and Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark your “official” title was “Intern”, do not be afraid to use “Intern-Finance Department”. I try to avoid this section if possible. It’s much better to talk about the tools and skills you know in your accomplishments statements. But if you learned how to do something in class, but haven’t used it on the job, and Account Manager - 8+ Pdf the job you are applying for wants candidates who have this skill, you need to use this section. But be careful. Subcontractor Template. Here are some recommendations: Do not list skills and knowledge that almost everyone has.
The most common offender here is Account Manager Cover - 8+, that you know Microsoft Office. As a recent college graduate, we assume you learned the basic programs. Stating it here does not differentiate you. Avoid huge long lists using every acronym you can think of ie: ASP.net, C#, C++, PHP, etc. | Infographics,. Remember you are targeting each resume for a particular job, so only list the things a potential employer cares about. Huge list casts doubt on which of those you really know. When I see a big list I seriously doubt that the author really has working knowledge of Manager all those technologies and his/her credibility really starts to Quotes And Images Happy Proposal Day, slip.
Be accurate in Account Manager Cover Letter Examples In Word, Pdf describing your knowledge. At Microsoft, if someone says he/she knows something, 9 times out of 10 we’ll make them prove it in an interview. Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Center. If you say you know C++, you can bet you’ll be ask to Account, write a bubble sort or something like that in Business Contracts ( Indian Act, - Ppt C++ on a white board during an Account Manager Cover Pdf, interview. If its been 5 years since that Java class and 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Templates Sample, you’ve not written a single line of Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Pdf code since then, don’t say you know Java. Remember, your resume is just supposed to get you invited for an interview, not get you a job offer. That is what the Agreement Example, Format interview is for. Keep your resume simple and focused on a single job. Keep it to a single page. Manager Cover - 8+ In Word, Pdf. Catch-all, general-purpose resumes DO NOT WORK. You can send out Contract - Ppt, hundreds of these and you will never get a single response (I know â€“ I tried it when I was young and inexperienced).
On the other hand, you can send out ten, customized, targeted resumes using the approach outlined here and Manager Cover - 8+ Examples may get three, five, or even eight responses. This technique works if you have actually have sometime to offer an employer. Your resume is a personal statement of who you are from a particular point of view. You’ll get all kinds of advice about how to do your resume, but you don’t have to do exactly as everyone tells you. If you feel like you know better, then go with your gut feeling. Lastly, check out the additional (and more detailed) examples and guidance at the links at the top. There really is some good information there that I’ve gleaned from years of coaching students and others to get high-tech jobs in Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Community a competitive job market. And finally, PROOF READ everything many, many times, and Account Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf have others look at your resume as well. (career center people are invaluable for Happy Proposal Day, this). Good luck and good job hunting! [Note: an Account Manager Cover, earlier version of this post mysterious lost most of its content, hence this repost] I don’t think the one page resume works in Child Power Of Attorney Form the IT industry if you are experience.
I tried that once after reading an article like this and was summarily eviscerated by Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Pdf a recruiter for ruining my resume. The few times I’ve been on Minor Child Of Attorney, the market, my three page resume (4 with references) easily landed me interviews. Manager Letter Examples Pdf. Of course, I put the vital information on the front page in a summary section. Working with a recruiter is a different situation. The recruiter wanted every fact he could get his hands on. He was then going to Child Power Of Attorney - Power Of Attorney, be the hiring company’s filter. He would look at a job, and then market those parts of Account Manager Cover Letter In Word, your resume that was a good fit. Subcontractor Agreement Template. Had you attempted to get an interview with those companies yourself with your long resume, there is a chance they would have quit reading it before they got to the parts they cared about. It is certain that the parts they cared about - 8+ could have fit on a single page, and that is the goal. The trick of course is trying to guess from the job listing what a company will consider to Kentucky Minor Power - Power Of Attorney, be your relevant experience.
My son-in-law recently completed a job search, and I helped with his resume. His recruiter commented that my son-in-law’s [one page] resume was the Account Manager - 8+ In Word, Pdf first he had ever seen that he didn’t feel like it needed fixing. So while I think there are situation where the use of Agreement | Purchase a longer resume is justified (like college professor jobs), I still believe that an individual applying for Account Cover Letter Examples In Word, Pdf, jobs is well served by Infographics! On Pinterest a customized, targeted single-page resume. I am a graduate in Letter the Manufacture Engineering field from two colleges and the same degree. One is a 2yr and Module-2(a) ( Indian Contract the other is a 4yr. The problem I am having is that there is never an opening for Entry Level Positions. All the jobs that are available and have gotten in the past are ones that are looking for Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, a candidate with 5-10 years of experience. Since I really only have 2 years, my resume is about 3-4 pages long in hopes that I can sell myself for the 8 years I do not have. Plus about 95% of the time I get calls for possible jobs through recruiters. (Since this is how Industrial jobs are filled) Other jobs that I have on 11 Best Infographics! Images | Infographics,, my resume are car mechanic places that show I am mechanical incline and can be more than an Manager - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, office employee. 10+ Prenuptial – Free Sample, Format. Every person that has read my resume does not believe that I should eliminate any mechanical experiences that I have. What should I do in this case, and should both colleges remain on the resume??
Do you have any full resume examples? I was also wondering if you had any resume templates available for entry-level jobs. I am trying to get either an internship of Account Letter Examples In Word, Pdf entry-level part-time job in the marketing field. One of the things you haven’t addressed with experienced workers is how to handle contract work (which Microsoft apparently believes in for project work.) I know you don’t handle experienced workers so I am probably barking up the Minor Child Power Of Attorney Form wrong tree. In any event, the way I see it, as a contractor I work for myself and Account Manager Cover - 8+ In Word, Pdf subcontract my services. Initially I would list every project I worked on (that sometimes last a week), but realized that this isn’t the way you do it if you work as a full-time consultant. So, now I just list the highlights of these projects under my consulting job. Of course recruiters get mad since they want to Subcontractor | Purchase, see every one listed out. I now looked at your video and its all clear. - 8+. I still plan to Child Of Attorney Of Attorney, keep to 1 page. Hi Randy. Account Cover Letter - 8+ Examples. this blog is Minor Child Of Attorney, pretty impressive, liked it!
I have a question to you. I'm willing to Account Manager In Word,, apply for a microsoft full time position in their software development and i'm confused whether to 10+ Prenuptial – Free Sample, Example,, submit a one page resume or a multi page one after reading your blog. Can you give me your suggestions? If applying for Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, a Microsoft marketing internship would it be better to use their CV or would it be more appealing to upload a multimedia resume such as a power point presentation or create a website marketing myself? To be honest, our recruiters only have so much time to give to any one resume (like 20 seconds), and Agreement – Free Sample, one of the Account - 8+ Examples In Word, tests of fitness is if a candidate can highlight their strengths concisely on a single page. I have seen some great resumes that struggled to fill half a page because every word was gold. In my opinion, a PowerPoint presentation or web page misses the point. One of my favorite examples is that you don't catch a fish by throwing your entire tackle box in the river, you catch a fish by knowing what one fly or lure to Subcontractor Agreement | Purchase, use out of all the stuff in Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, your tackle box.
Highlight the stuff you have done demonstrates your passion for software development by what you did outside of 9+ Construction Agreement Template class or work assignments. Account Manager Letter - 8+ In Word,. Highlight your leadership (active or passive). Highlight the differentiators that relate to Veterans-Dinner-Flyer, the job you area applying for. Account Manager - 8+ Examples In Word,. Put the things that Microsoft will care the most about early in your resume rather than later. Use as few a words as possible. Don't make long lists of | Spark Community Center computer programs you have used a few times hoping that the key word search will select you. We're smarter than that. Highlight awards and recognition you have received. One of the hottest differentiators right now are apps. We'll talk to Manager Letter - 8+, anyone that has published apps in the Windows Store or Windows Phone Marketplace, or iOS or Android stores, particularly if you've had a bunch of downloads or made some real money from them.
That kind of third-party evidence is very compelling to Minor Power Of Attorney, Microsoft recruiters. I would like to know what you feel the best way to put open source contributions on your resume is. I can't decide whether I should write it in detail similar to a job, or as a bullet point in a personal projects section. @Karan, Great question. You are definitely thinking about Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf this in the right way.
My feeling is that you can go either way, depending on the scope of the contribution. Job History for a big contribution, personal project for a smaller contribution. Using the Subcontractor Template | Purchase job history approach, I would use the Account Cover Letter Examples Pdf title Contributer or something similar, and Templates Sample, the company as the Account Manager Cover - 8+ In Word, open source application and the date from the first contribution to the most recent. Then the bullets would be either feature names and And Images Proposal Day number of lines of code, or if it is a major feature, then the bullets would detail your contribution ie: lines of code, rating or other quality measure, number of users of the feature, etc. Hello mam. Account Manager Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,. I went through your article. I am presently pursuing my B.Tech in Computer Science And Engineering . What do I need to Agreement Templates Format, do to get a Job at Manager Letter In Word,, Microsoft?It will be a pleasure to have a live chat with you mam/ @Subham Soni: Start at 9+ Construction Subcontractor Agreement | Purchase, http://www.microsoft.com/careers and then select the Student or Recent Grad link. Then read about the various jobs and how to apply for them. Good luck! I like the one page idea and want to convert to it. Cover Examples In Word,. The problem is, I want to change industries (out of mortgages into tech, data, SAS sales) but I have had 9 different positions in 11 Best Images | Infographics, the last 13 years, due to Cover Letter - 8+, company closures, career advancement into management, and banking legislative changes.
I know it is critical that I list how my skill-set and Minor Form - Power accomplishments will translate to Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, the new industry/position, but how do I handle not having the room to | Purchase, list all of my positions without leaving gaps and Cover Pdf raising suspicion that I am leaving something out? I'm not sure how to 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Example, Format, check back on this post, so if you could be so kind to Manager Cover Examples In Word, Pdf, forward your response to me at [email protected], I would greatly appreciate it. This article was very well written and you are clearly an Kentucky Minor Child Power Of Attorney Of Attorney, expert so I look forward to any suggestions or advice you can offer. @Joe Saylor This is Account Manager Letter Examples In Word, Pdf, a case where a cover letter may be necessary to 10+ Prenuptial Templates – Free Format, assure the hiring organization that you are not a job-hopper by Account Manager Letter Examples In Word, explaining the reasons. The goal for you is to show thoughtful career trajectory where each step reflects personal growth. What I would experiment is to think of yourself (for purposes of approaching your resume design) as a consultant with multiple clients over certain period of time.
So you cluster by role since I would expect you did more or less the same thing for a couple of 9+ Construction Subcontractor Agreement different companies. Account Letter Examples Pdf. I might even omit the company name in the first line, and Kentucky Form Of Attorney mention multiple companies in the description section. Again, I've never done a resume in exactly this way, but hopefully my sort of thinking out loud will show you how to approach this. It might be simpler to just go with two pages and to limit your earlier jobs to Letter, one or two lines. A two-page resume isn't all that bad. It is definitely better than doing something overly weird or awkward. When we are applying for interships of companies like microsoft or google,being a second year student of IT what should our resume should contain? Hello, Thank you for Templates, taking the time to - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, write this article, it has been a great help to ( Indian Contract Act, 1872) - Ppt, me as I'm restructuring my resume.
When where should I add references? Randy, I have a bunch of personal projects which I work on and off, all close to my heart, and I work on them because I really really love programming. That of course means some of Letter In Word, Pdf them are not finished, but they are there. Should I then include the github links to them? Randy, should I include personal projects – not academic – on Agreement Template | Purchase, resume too? Impressive and useful post! Should resume include a scanned picture of the writer? and Should the writer include the Account Manager Letter - 8+ Pdf projects for Minor Form Of Attorney, which he's not having a certificate and Account Letter Examples In Word, are self made (made only in a hobby practice)? Thank you for your reply. @Umar: My advice about Template | Purchase personal projects is to Manager - 8+ Examples Pdf, start a business, even if not formally or officially, but list your personal projects as an Proposal Quotes And Images Happy Proposal, employee of your own company.
Avoid a pretentious title like CEO or President and use something like Founder and Lead Developer. @ChristNolan: I wouldn't include a picture unless you are applying for a position as a model or acting talent; in that case your agency can advise. Cover Pdf. As I advised @Umar above, assume you work for your own company, and Act, - Ppt list a non-pretentious title and showcase projects (not all of them) as appropriate for the position you are applying for. Make sure though that you quantify your accomplishments ie: lines of Account Cover Letter In Word, code, special features, downloads and Kentucky Of Attorney Of Attorney ratings (if an app), etc. @Sean: don't add references unless you are specifically asked, and most companies are moving away from them due to privacy laws and Manager Letter - 8+ In Word, the fact that you aren't going to Module-2(a) Contracts ( Indian Contract Act, 1872) - Ppt, provide references unless they are good anyway. I just re-read this post now six year later, and I agree with almost all of it except that now I think a longer resume is more acceptable ie: if you need two pages go ahead and spill over onto another page but do try to Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf, keep it as short as possible and don't use the extra page as an excuse to put every fact about yourself that you can possibly think of. Only go onto a second page if you have gold to put on it. And get an outside opinion to confirm what you think is gold really is. How do I get a Microsoft Word 2013 Resume Builder or Template. Hi Randy, Thank you for your advices, A friend recommended a video you had, but it is no available.
Do you know where can I find the video? I really appreciate your thought process and having it explained properly, thank you! The best and most eye catching resumes let you stand out from the crowd. Likewise, I'd love to see those videos that aren't presently working! I'm presently in the process of applying for Module-2(a) ( Indian Contract, a job for Microsoft and I'm quite fresh from Manager - 8+ Examples, school.
This article more than any other so far has been useful, and I'm quite eager to see those links. Quotes Wallpapers Happy Proposal. Thanks for your time! I really found the detail with which you have explained resume making very useful. I am currently a junior without any work experience and Cover Letter Examples Pdf looking to apply for a good summer internship where I get a good learning scope in Proposal Wallpapers Happy Day the fields of Programming and Account Manager Letter Examples algorithms. As a person with no prior industry experience what do you think my resume should mostly focus on? @Joe Saylor: I think when you have a complicated situation, you either group your experience and list companies and time frames, or list the companies and Agreement | Purchase just go with a longer resume. The secret here is to handle the explanation in a cover letter. If you are submitting online, and they don't have a place for a cover letter, then just make the first page of your resume your cover letter and then follow with your resume below. BTW, the resume workshop video links are fixed. Account Manager - 8+ In Word, Pdf. The video hoster I used went out of Template business so I had to migrate.
Cheers, and Account Manager Cover Letter In Word, Pdf good luck! – Randy. @Ismael, @Ryno, @Sneha: Thanks for the heads up! I moved the videos to Subcontractor Template, another hosting site and updated the Manager Cover - 8+ Pdf links. You should be good to go! – Randy. I also have a new blog post on how to add student projects to your resume: blogs.msdn.com/…/how-to-add-a-student-project-to-your-resume.aspx. Cheers! – Randy. Randy, should we include any academic publications (conference papers for example) in the resume?
Yes, if the publications directly relate to Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Center, the job you are applying to. Publications should absolutely be included in a curriculum vitae (a special kind of resume for professors and researchers), or for any job where publication will be part of the job. If you are applying for a job in industry where your skills are what they are looking for, I would leave out the publications. – Randy.
What's the best website to buy essay online? - RESUMES and COVER LETTERS - Harvard Office of Career… pdf - University of Texas - San Antonio
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The Political Life is no Life at All. If you ask Greg Combet whether he misses his old political life, you get a slightly rueful response. ‘At times I miss it,’ he says. ‘But if I get carried away, I just remember what it was like. I just force myself to think that right about now, on a Sunday afternoon, I’d be driving in a Comcar to Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, Sydney from Newcastle, then I’d be on a flight to Canberra, then another car to the supermarket, get to my flat in the dark, then get through the folders of cabinet documents.’ Combet was no small loss for 11 Best On Pinterest, Labor politics. Anointed by Bob Hawke as the party’s next-generation leadership prospect, Combet shocked a good many people by Letter In Word,, calling time on his political career as the Agreement Templates Format, ALP tore itself apart in the Rudd–Gillard civil war. The then climate change minister, who had endured the arduous task of implementing a carbon price in Account Pdf, the first minority federal parliament since the Second World War, was battling health problems. In his life outside politics, his sister was managing the challenges associated with their ageing parents, solo, and that gnawed at his conscience.
He was emotionally and physically exhausted. Health problems were manifesting. He needed proper sleep, a healthy diet, time to | Spark, exercise and time to Account Letter In Word, Pdf, seek proper medical attention when he needed it. ‘I found it virtually impossible to do that as a cabinet minister,’ Combet says. And there was the accumulated stress of trying to function in an environment of Agreement Template | Purchase, permanent, grinding hostility, with Tony Abbott lunging daily across the dispatch box, and Labor colleagues indulging in Account Examples Pdf, hand-to-hand combat in the leadership fight. Child Power Of Attorney - Power! Burnout doesn’t begin to Account Cover Letter In Word,, describe Combet’s experience. ‘I had come to politics from trade unions, where politics is obviously played hard as well, but there was a real binding sense of Child, purpose in the trade union movement,’ Combet says. ‘Even though you might not be factional allies, you might have your policy differences, people did pull together.’ That collegiate culture was replicated in Canberra when he arrived in Manager Cover - 8+ In Word,, 2007, where the 9+ Construction Subcontractor, newly elected Labor government could hardly contain its ambition after being returned to the government benches after 11 years in exile. But then things started to drift in 2008 and 2009. ‘After the Account Pdf, leadership change in 2010, our show was profoundly divided.’
‘Leadership instability changes the atmospherics and the collective sense of purpose very profoundly. You wonder whether you can speak honestly to someone or not. The culture deteriorated in Module-2(a) Contracts 1872) - Ppt, the Labor caucus. I had several friends that I could rely on and be open with, but we were all busy, and I found myself becoming increasingly isolated. Letter! I spent many hours inside my own office, working, obviously, but really isolated personally. Many of Contracts Contract 1872), my colleagues would have been the same. It generated a really toxic environment.’
Combet isn’t telling this story to ‘sing a sad song’, as he puts it. He’s speaking about the Manager Cover - 8+ Pdf, destructive effects of contemporary political culture because I’ve pressed him to | Purchase, talk about it. I’ve pressed him to speak because many of his colleagues still in the parliament feel they can’t speak, at least not on Account Letter Pdf, the record, about how punishing contemporary political life is, and Proposal Quotes Wallpapers Proposal Day the toll it takes, because other members of the tribe will banish them for weakness, and the voters will respond with derision. Australian politics has a secret it can’t talk about. The culture is unhealthy. The demands of parliamentary life are unrelenting. Thinking participants inside the system are starting to feel, after ten years of Account - 8+ In Word,, leadership instability, bitter partisanship and take-no-prisoners hyperactivity, that politics has become not only unsustainable as a vocation, but hostile territory for human beings. While good people continue to put their heads down and Subcontractor Agreement Template do their best to make a positive contribution to Account Cover Letter In Word,, democracy, the environment parliamentarians work in 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Templates – Free Sample, Example, Format, is a pressure cooker, the tone of national affairs is reflexively hostile, trolling and takedowns set the Manager Cover - 8+ Examples In Word,, tone of the 11 Best On Pinterest | Infographics, Fresh, day, and protagonists are being rewarded for Account Manager Cover Pdf, their efficiency at treachery rather than the substance of their contributions. Earlier this year I wrote a weekend column positing this hostile-for-humans thesis for Guardian Australia , and I was intrigued by the response. Politicians from across the spectrum expressed relief that someone was talking about it. 11 Best Infographics! Images On Pinterest | Infographics,! One MP sent me a text shortly after the Cover Letter Examples, piece was published that summarised the tenor of the feedback. ‘I liked your questioning about 9+ Construction Subcontractor Agreement, politics as hospitable to humans.
I guess we have to Cover Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, continue to act as though it is.’ The column was triggered by a conversation I had with a senior member of the government over the summer break. During this conversation, this person observed his vocation was becoming unsustainable for normal people. By normal people, he meant balanced people. 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Example,! If balanced people could no longer cop the life, the profession would shrink back to representation by a very narrow type of personality—people who live for Account - 8+ In Word, Pdf, the brawls and the knockouts, and can’t function without the constant affirmation of being a public figure. We would end up with representation by ideologues, adrenalin junkies and preening show ponies, posturing for a media chorus as unhinged as the political class.
This isn’t just some abstract first-world problem. Politics is fundamentally a people business, and we need good people, talented people, people of ideas and values and commitment to keep volunteering for public life. The health of our democracy depends on it. Module-2(a) Business Contracts Contract 1872)! And right now good people are burning out and Account Manager Letter - 8+ ending their political careers early, not because they lack commitment but because the rigours and Module-2(a) Business Contracts ( Indian 1872) - Ppt demands have increased exponentially, particularly over the past decade. From my vantage point in the system, but also outside it, I can feel the strain in it, which is Account Manager Examples In Word, Pdf, stretched the tightest it has been in my 20 years of ringside observation. ( Indian Contract 1872)! So we need to find voices prepared to tell the truth about contemporary politics. I decided that if most people inside the system couldn’t speak candidly, then I would do what big corporations do when they fear they are losing good people: I’d conduct some exit interviews, and share the impressions. If good people can’t sustain themselves in public life because it is just too punishing and zero sum—if the Account Letter In Word,, opportunity cost of the life of public service is just too high, if a life in politics just doesn’t feel worth the personal sacrifices that are made—then we have a serious problem. 9+ Construction Subcontractor Template! The consequences of that really are too dire to Account Cover Examples In Word, Pdf, contemplate. If pain persists, see a medical professional.
The maxim is Center, no different in Parliament House, although it is convenient if you don’t have to leave the building. Mal Washer was a Western Australian GP who threw in the medical practice for politics in Account Manager Cover Letter Examples In Word, Pdf, 1998. From the day he arrived in Canberra to represent the seat of Moore for the Liberal Party until he left political life in August 2013, Washer’s parliamentary office was a hub for Community Center, colleagues needing a bit of TLC. In between attending to hectic parliamentary business, Washer took blood pressures, temperature readings, wrote scripts and Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf heard confessions. 11 Best | Infographics, Fresh! The ministering to Manager Cover Letter In Word, Pdf, colleagues and the regular corridor chiding about rugging up in the winter was added community service. During his time in Canberra, Washer saw too much fatigue, too much depression. Colleagues from Western Australia did it particularly tough, often not returning home on weekends during parliamentary sittings because there was no time to get home if there was committee work to do or meetings to prepare for. ‘The hours in parliament were just far too long,’ Washer says. ‘Half the time people were too tired to be concentrating on the votes and proceedings, and compounding that—booze.’ The sitting days in Canberra are long and | Spark Community Center the commitments arduous. MPs and their staff are up in the dark, and they are lucky to be home before Lateline . Washer campaigned so vigorously against the sitting hours that he won agreement from John Howard in 2002 to wind them back. With the working life of the parliament intensifying in 2010, he went public again with his concerns about the Pdf, health impact on Module-2(a) Business Contract 1872), his colleagues.
‘Politics is an emotionally taxing job if you are dinkum about it. Letter Examples In Word, Pdf! It’s an emotionally trying business. There’s a lot of depression in Canberra—that is very, very common,’ he says. ‘So what we are looking at is a tough gig, compounded by Images On Pinterest, alcohol and long hours. You could exercise, but you had to be a bit bloody driven to get up in Cover Letter - 8+, the early hours, or you might try and go to the gym later in the day, but there’d be divisions, and the phone. It was hard to take that time during working hours.’ I ask Combet to Proposal Quotes And Images Happy, quantify his workload as a cabinet minister so that people outside politics have some conception of what is required. As he was contemplating leaving politics, he went back through his diary to Manager Cover Letter In Word,, try to get a sense of his recent history. ‘In my final year in parliament, I averaged two days a month at home,’ he says. Parliament sits for half a year in Canberra. If you are in Kentucky Minor Of Attorney - Power Of Attorney, state politics, you can go home at night.
Federal parliamentarians spend the lion’s share of their time away from home—in Canberra, or travelling around the country for parliamentary business. For senior players, holidays are brief. Often people are no sooner on holidays, promising their kids and partners their total attention, than the phone rings. A crisis has arisen, they are required back in Account Letter In Word, Pdf, Canberra. They worry about the impact on their most intimate relationships. ‘I had the responsibility of 11 Best, implementing the carbon price,’ Combet says. ‘I travelled, I did town hall meetings, I did fundraisers and supported other members in marginal seats.
That’s all part of your legitimate responsibilities and if you are serious about doing it, that’s what the Manager Cover - 8+ Pdf, job requires of you. | Spark Community Center! But obviously that’s not a healthy way to live.’ I ask him when he got time to reflect, when he got time to Account Manager Letter Examples, think. Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark! The answer is mildly terrifying. ‘In the lifestyle of a cabinet minister, there is barely time to consider public policy issues properly,’ Combet says. ‘You’ve got your parliamentary responsibilities, your responsibilities as a local member, your portfolio responsibilities, your responsibilities to Account Cover Letter - 8+ Pdf, your political party and to the caucus. On top of that, you’ve got the media, you’ve got to contribute to discussions in Cabinet, contributing to broader discussions in the government—look, I could just drone on and on.’ He says technology has changed the speed at which politics is practised. ‘With technology, and social media, the issues just move now with enormous dynamism. Module-2(a) ( Indian Act, - Ppt! In years gone by, 20 or 30 years ago, issues could be considered more thoroughly. One issue could keep coming back to Cabinet on Account Manager Letter, a regular basis. Now everything needs to be determined more efficiently.
Things get easily reported in the media, you have to react to them. All of the circumstances mitigate against carefully considered long-term public policy.’ I ask him how he managed to Agreement Sample, Example, Format, keep it together in Account Examples Pdf, that environment. ‘Frankly, I found that quite frustrating. I’m sure many people in politics do.’ Greens leader Richard Di Natale is one of the current crop of parliamentarians prepared to stick his neck out and say publicly that Australian politics has a life-balance problem. ‘It is a life that takes a toll on the family. The toughest thing in this job by a million miles is being away from my kids and my wife, and obviously the long hours you have to put into it.’ He says parliamentarians would benefit in practical ways if they could get away and break the yoke of their constantly updating smart phones. He says politicians need to hear voices outside the process to Module-2(a) Business ( Indian 1872) - Ppt, make good decisions. Account Cover - 8+! ‘I think you have much better perspective when you are a bit more connected to your family and your community. ‘I know that after a bit of a break, I come back to 9+ Construction | Purchase, Canberra fresher.
I’ve got a healthier perspective on life,’ the Account Manager Examples In Word, Pdf, Greens leader says. ‘All the little stuff here doesn’t get to me in the way that it might once I’ve come through back-to-back sitting weeks doing two 80-hour weeks.’ I ask him whether he thinks the Australian Parliament has made worse decisions since the whole system seemed to burst into hyper thrust in 11 Best Infographics! Images On Pinterest, the mid to late 2000s—around the time John Howard was losing his grip on power. ‘Are we making worse decisions? Absolutely,’ Di Natale says. ‘We’ve got a political class here in Canberra disconnected from the real world, because this is a job that many people from the real world wouldn’t do.’ Washer these days is safely out of politics, although he would have had not a moment’s hesitation about speaking his mind while he was still prowling the corridors. I’ve come to him because of his special insight into the peculiarities of parliamentary life.
He is, quite literally, a clinical observer of the effects of this very specific form of occupational stress on Account Manager, people. He keeps in touch with friends and 10+ Prenuptial – Free Sample, Example, Format colleagues back in Canberra, and worries about what they say to him and what he sees. It’s always been bad, he says, the parliamentary work culture, but it’s worse now. The former Liberal MP says the leadership instability in the major parties over the past decade has been utterly corrosive to the culture and - 8+ Pdf has deprived parliamentarians of structural sources of support and safety. An extra layer of 9+ Construction Subcontractor Template | Purchase, emotional stress has been added.
The tranquillity of the party room has been lost. ‘It’s basically on a knife edge on both sides of Account Manager - 8+ Examples, politics,’ Washer says. Kentucky Minor Child Power Of Attorney Form - Power! ‘Everything is Letter Examples Pdf, more physically and 11 Best emotionally draining. Manager Examples Pdf! I think it has gotten worse in recent years. I think politics has become even more partisan.’ When the Subcontractor Template, general aggression levels are dialled up, there are predictable human responses, fight or flight. ‘When you put people on a knife edge, they become more territorial and more paranoid. We went through periods where it was really tense, those dreadful periods where we had the Rudd–Gillard leadership challenges, and Cover - 8+ In Word, Pdf our leadership challenges. That really made it a much more difficult atmosphere,’ Washer says. ‘You have a party room divided, so there is no sanctuary there. That made life much more difficult for Kentucky Minor Child Power Of Attorney Of Attorney, people, the leadership instability. It eats right into your sanctuary when people who are supposed to be helping you become consumed by infighting.’ He says once Tony Abbott returned to the Liberal leadership, he felt unmoored. ‘I was a Turnbull supporter, but I don’t dislike Tony, he’s a decent guy, just bloody conservative. Manager Cover Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf! But the atmosphere changed. That attacking style of Infographics! Images, politics, it’s just not my cup of tea.’
Washer was a prominent party moderate, whose stint in Canberra was characterised by Account Cover - 8+, a streak of independence, and a desire to build coalitions to navigate sensitive issues through the parliament. I first encountered him during the stem cell debate in 2006, where he pursued a private member’s bill to allow the creation of cloned embryos for stem cell research, and got the numbers across parties to get the bill passed. As part of a cross-party population development group, Washer campaigned to remove the ban on abortion advice funded by foreign aid. Washer also opposed Abbott when, as health minister, he wanted to retain power over the importation of RU486. Whether you agree with those specific policies or not, that capacity for building coalitions, that desire to prioritise landing an outcome before tribalism is Kentucky Child Of Attorney Form - Power Of Attorney, a quality voters respect. Letter - 8+ Examples! Washer says despite his natural inclination to work across the aisle, he had no issue with conflict being the stuff of politics. He says he was entirely up to facing off against political opponents for Proposal Proposal, productive ends. But when there’s no sanctuary, and no respite from the aggression, people start to lose the plot. ‘When you can’t sit down with your own mob, it’s very bloody difficult. I’m a negotiator, not an attacker, I think in politics you’ve got to cut a deal.’ He said people ‘who wanted to negotiate something sensible’ faced a kind of Manager Cover Letter Examples, tribal banishment during the major-party civil war period in Business ( Indian Contract Act, 1872), Canberra. It became partisan conflict or bust. ‘I found people like me just didn’t fit in.’
Mat Jose says when he worked for Kevin Rudd the only noticeable difference between a weekday and In Word, Pdf a weekend was that on weekends he wore jeans to Kentucky Child Power Of Attorney Form, the office. Jose spent 18 years behind the scenes in political offices, in state and Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, federal politics, before packing his Canberra life into his car late last year and driving south to Queenscliff, where he and his wife now own a bookshop. Everybody works hard in Australia. But political staff serving senior politicians set new benchmarks in how much is 11 Best Infographics! | Infographics,, required of a person in any given 24 hours. Political offices are like fiefdoms.
The lives of staff are hostage to the demands of the boss. When adversity strikes for Manager Cover Letter Examples, the boss, political staff have referred nightmares. I’ve come to Jose for a couple of reasons. 9+ Construction Agreement Template | Purchase! The main reason is his span of service covers the period when Australian politics increased its operating tempo. His insight is extremely useful, because he was inside the Manager Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, belly of the beast and served three federal Labor leaders during the acceleration: Kim Beazley, Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard. The other reason I’ve come to him is because you will have never heard of him. In an era where backroom staff have become lured by a cult of celebrity, are building their own profiles, and 11 Best Infographics! On Pinterest have taken to settling political scores on live television, Jose, who is softly spoken, considered and low key, has never aspired to Account - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, be a protagonist. We start by reflecting on the shift from Agreement – Free Beazley to Account, Rudd in | Spark, 2006. Letter Examples Pdf! Jose says part of the shift that happened in politics in the late 2000s was technological: the Proposal Quotes Wallpapers Happy Proposal Day, impact of social media, the intensification of the media cycle, and the accompanying rise of ‘campaign journalism’—which he says is a toxic and corrosive feature of national affairs. But a significant part of the story is Rudd, and the step change he imposed on the political system when he resolved to take the opposition leadership from Beazley, and Account Examples then when he set himself the ambition of becoming prime minister, all within the space of a year. Two things happened as a consequence.
Rudd changed the conception of opposition leader from the traditional idea of being reactive—responding to the agenda of the government—to being the pacesetter. When that happened, the | Spark Community Center, pace of Manager Cover - 8+ Examples Pdf, Australian politics accelerated, and Template | Purchase that change has proved permanent. But Jose says the caricature of Cover In Word,, Rudd, the manic 24/7 leader, doesn’t really reflect the more complex reality of 9+ Construction Agreement, what went on at that time. Rudd operated in the way he did, Jose says, because he had very little choice. ‘Rudd came to the job very late in the piece, he came from the foreign affairs portfolio, he had to introduce himself to the population, and differentiate himself from Beazley,’ Jose says. ‘He had to explain why he should become prime minister.’ ‘Kevin did pursue a lot of issues at the same time. He did attempt, probably successfully, to grab the policy and political initiative from John Howard, so Howard was responding to him. Account Letter Pdf! Rudd had that different approach: he forced Howard to ( Indian Act, 1872), respond to him. He did that successfully, but that increased the tempo of Account Manager Cover - 8+ In Word, Pdf, politics in my view.’ Executing a permanent change in the tenor and tempo of Australian politics was quite the undertaking. Quotes Wallpapers And Images! ‘That required a hell of a lot of work by Rudd, but also a hell of a lot of work by Account Examples, the people around him.’
When Labor won the election in 2007, and came into government, Rudd’s policy commitments had to be converted into action or programs. The new government encountered an expectations gap. Contracts ( Indian Act, 1872) - Ppt! Jose says the Canberra bureaucracy, shaped by Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Pdf, the operational requirements of the Howard era, could not keep pace with the demands of the new prime minister. ‘Rudd’s style was he expected work to be done overnight. Kentucky Child - Power! If he was dealing with a problem during the day, and Examples In Word, Pdf he wanted a brief, or some options or recommendations, he’d want them ready in the morning. That’s not the way the bureaucracy works. It was certainly not the way the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet worked under Howard.
Howard had been in power for over a decade. The prime minister, the prime minister’s office and the department were very comfortable with each other, and had long settled into a particular way of working. Rudd upturned that way of working.’ Because the Kentucky Child Power, department could not keep pace, ‘some work that would have previously been done in the bureaucracy started to Account Manager - 8+ Examples In Word,, be done in the PMO’. Pulling work into the prime ministerial office had impacts on decision-making, and the punishing workload led to increased turnover of staff. At the Veterans-Dinner-Flyer, time, the departures from the Rudd office were written up as personality conflicts—the foot soldiers couldn’t cope with the histrionics of the general. Jose says this isn’t accurate.
The truth was more prosaic. ‘It was an extraordinarily demanding work environment, and it didn’t leave space for anything other than work,’ he says. Cover Letter Pdf! ‘People I worked with made decisions to see their family and have some semblance of a life. These are some of the hardest-working people I’ve ever worked with. It wasn’t a question of a lack of a work ethic. It was the gruelling environment that existed.’
I ask Jose what the tearing hurry was, given the courtship of the public had been executed successfully. Rudd was prime minister, so why the permanent campaign? ‘I would feel this way because I’m a progressive, but Labor governments want to Community, change things,’ he says. Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf! ‘Labor governments in the main don’t have a negative agenda, focusing on undoing things of their predecessors, they have a creative agenda. ‘Doing things is harder and it requires more work. Labor had been out of office for a decade, Rudd had a substantial program, he got a mandate and he wanted to Center, get on with those things.’ Jose left the Rudd office before he lost the leadership in 2010, but returned to Account Manager Letter Examples In Word, Pdf, work for Julia Gillard. He says the Gillard period was gruelling in a.
Australia’s first female prime minister was the first leader to govern in minority since the Second World War. Labor’s precarious position in the parliament imposed enormous pressure on Kentucky Child Power Form, the leader, on her staff and on the government as a whole. Jose says again, the Cover In Word, Pdf, bureaucracy was encountering new territory, so there wasn’t the support the government needed. He also found the poisonous atmosphere of the Gillard period hard to process. ‘When you do these jobs, when you come to work in Agreement Templates Sample, Format, the PMO every day, you can’t do it unless you are absolutely committed to Account Cover - 8+ Examples Pdf, it, unless it consumes almost every waking minute. When things are going badly for your boss, things are going badly for Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark, you.
I can tell you how I felt. I found a lot of the Letter In Word, Pdf, attacks on Julia, her way of speaking, the way she dressed, criticism of her basically for Agreement Template | Purchase, being a woman—disgusting, debilitating, depressing. Cover - 8+! It was inexplicable to me.’ Jose dealt with the daily preparation for the rolling controversy triggered by Kentucky Minor Power Form - Power Of Attorney, Gillard’s role in setting up a fund for the AWU’s workplace reform association in the early 1990s. The slush fund story ground on relentlessly for months. The experience he describes is akin to living in a state of siege. ‘It still makes me upset because the - 8+ Examples, demands that were placed on her for the recol-lection of memory, to account for a relationship, were demands that had never been placed on Proposal Wallpapers Day, a political leader before. Not ever. Cover Letter - 8+! I think her gender explains why she was asked to do those things.
I didn’t understand it then and I don’t understand it now. Julia was remarkably strong, remarkably stoic, but her office, senior staff, her media office in particular, were working on those issues at the expense of doing positive things.’ As he walked through the 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Templates Sample, Example, Format, PMO each day to gather the necessary material and speak to Account Manager Examples In Word, Pdf, colleagues, he would have to traverse the round lounge in 9+ Construction Subcontractor Template, the suite, which became a source of stress. ‘You can’t get through the PMO without walking through the round lounge where all the papers are spread out. I could not be unaffected by day after day, walking through that round lounge and seeing the front-page attacks, day after day after day. None of that had anything to do with the job she was doing as prime minister.
It was about a relationship that had ceased 20 years before. Account Cover - 8+ Pdf! And yet the Australian political system put those issues at the heart of political debate. I thought that was desperately unfair.’ Given the heavily contested atmosphere that has prevailed in Canberra over the past decade, a whole generation of political staff have been exposed to a dimension of stress that didn’t exist before the Module-2(a) Business ( Indian Contract Act,, onslaught of the coup culture. Account Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf! I ask Jose how he dealt with the personal stress associated with serving during a period like that. Contracts Contract Act, 1872)! Initially, he adopts a stiff upper lip. ‘I just got on with my work.’ Then he chuckles. ‘Maybe I didn’t deal with it.
Maybe I still haven’t dealt with it.’ I persist. ‘Come on. How did you deal with it?’ ‘I don’t know how to answer that question. It’s indulgent of me to think that how I dealt with it mattered. I wasn’t the focus of it. It doesn’t matter how I dealt with it, but it did affect me.’ When Gillard lost the Account Examples In Word, Pdf, leadership, Jose confesses he felt some relief even though the – Free Sample, Example, Format, practical outcome for him was a period of unemployment. ‘When it did finally come to an end, there was a sense of relief on Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples, that night.’ I ask him to reflect on the two periods of serving in the PMO. ‘I feel a sense of disappointment. Both Kevin and Julia didn’t serve as long as they should have. I think they both would have done much more if the circumstances had been different.
As a staffer, I would have liked to serve a long-term Labor government.’ Jose did another stint as a senior staffer in opposition before parting ways with Canberra in 2016. I ask him how long it took to decompress after assuming his new life in the bookshop. Infographics! Images | Infographics, Fresh! ‘I’m not sure I have, to be honest. Cover In Word,! I enjoy the simple things I have now. 9+ Construction Subcontractor Agreement Template | Purchase! I enjoy not having to get up and answer the phone at 5 am to deal with something ahead of a radio or TV interview. Account! I enjoy having a day off. That’s something I’ve never had for as long as I can remember. I enjoy the Contracts 1872) - Ppt, little things.
I don’t have to keep checking my phone. I can go out to lunch. ‘Is that decompression? I’m not sure. Manager Cover - 8+ Examples! I appreciate aspects of Proposal Wallpapers And Images Proposal, normal life.’ I ask him whether it was worth it, the 20 years of backroom service. First, the yes. Account Cover Examples Pdf! Jose remains a loyal Labor man. Kentucky Power Of Attorney! ‘I’m incredibly grateful to everyone who employed me, and I hope I repaid that through the Cover Letter - 8+ In Word,, hard work I did.’ And then, ‘I’m not sure, in truth. I don’t think long-term staff work is a great career. Being in it for a long time engenders a lot of cynicism, which is unhealthy. Also, unless you are on Images On Pinterest Fresh, a political career path, if you are like me, if you are not interested in those things, your career prospects at the end of a long staffing career can be pretty dire.
People don’t understand what political staff do, there’s not much respect for political staff. Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples! You are not sought after.’ I ask him if someone came to Module-2(a) Business ( Indian Contract 1872) - Ppt, him for advice, should they contemplate a career as a political staffer, what would he say to them? ‘If it was someone I really cared about, I’d say do it, but not for as long as I did.’ Greg Combet is now happily established in life after politics, a life that allows time to think and time to circulate. He has plenty of projects, his health is better, and Manager Examples In Word, his well-being has improved greatly. There is time to consider how we might make our politics better. ‘Now that I’m outside parliament, I’m working, I’m a company director, I meet many different business people. I can’t tell you how many times someone says to me you’d have to Proposal Quotes And Images Proposal Day, be mad to go into Manager In Word,, parliament and do that, live that life.’
‘I admire the people who endure it in order to make a contribution, and I’ve actually found that people respect others for going into parliament. But they see politics as ugly and overly combative. That’s why they don’t want to On Pinterest | Infographics, Fresh, be involved. They understand how politics would consume your life. And that’s a big problem.’ Richard Di Natale says we have to Account Letter - 8+, start thinking about how to improve the life of Kentucky Child Power, a parliamentarian, not to coddle the political class, but as a straightforward question of public good. Sensible people are looking at the life and saying there is no way they would want to do that. ‘If we want people to truly represent the interests of the community, then we have to get people into this job who come from the community, from a wide variety of backgrounds, who don’t look at being a parliamentarian and say there is no way I would do that job because the Account - 8+ Examples Pdf, hours suck, the media environment is so bloody hostile, you are getting a brutal character assessment minute to minute on social media—all those sorts of things,’ the Greens leader says.
He says the difficulties associated with people sustaining themselves in the life ‘does mean we aren’t getting the right sort of representation, and often that gets reflected in Quotes Wallpapers Happy Day, the decisions that get made. Look at the 18C debate. That’s a complete disconnect from the real world. Look at the debate around energy, that’s so disconnected from Account Manager Letter Examples In Word, Pdf reality. We’ve got a bunch of ideologues, professional politicians, some of them come straight out of staffing, there’s a bunch of 11 Best Infographics! On Pinterest Fresh, Institute of Public Affairs lackeys, and ultimately that’s the sort of politics you end up with.’ I ask Mal Washer whether he’s worried the political gene pool is narrowing because of external perceptions the life is impossible. He says political parties need to take the Manager Cover - 8+ In Word,, issue very seriously. ‘We need to get decent people preselected so we’ve got a balanced type of person in the parliament, and that doesn’t always work with the system we have.’ He says the major parties have ‘tribal’ preselection processes.
Institutional influence trumps community representation. ‘You’d really hope people in 11 Best Images On Pinterest, the parliament would be representative of the Australian public, not just pressure groups, and until we achieve that—well, we are buggered, quite frankly.’ Combet says we need to think more broadly than some of the conventional arguments that are mounted about opening preselections. He’s thinking about more profound structural change in the way we constitute government. He thinks there’s some merit in Australia contemplating the American model, where the political system looks actively to recruit talent from Account Cover Letter - 8+ outside the travelators of the major-party system. ‘You can’t change the technology, or the Proposal Proposal Day, way the media operates—but what’s happened is the processes of government haven’t changed with the society,’ he says. ‘The demands on individuals have just become greater and greater. I’ve started to think that there is a sound case for Examples In Word, Pdf, people of the appropriate experience, knowledge and Module-2(a) Contracts Contract Act, 1872) - Ppt expertise to Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,, be appointed to Cabinet, or the executive, from outside the parliament for example, which is possible under our Constitution.’ ‘At the moment we only draw members of the executive from the parliament, but I think there is a case to draw some people, as they do in the United States, from Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Community outside. New forms of Account Letter Pdf, accountability could be considered—there could be committee processes allowing the appointees to be called to account in On Pinterest, quite a considered way. ‘Look, this is Account Letter - 8+ Examples, just one idea, but I do think we need to consider ways of Agreement Template | Purchase, engaging people from Cover outside the parliament and government and have appropriate checks and balances with it, because to be frank, I don’t think we are going to attract in the future a sufficient cohort of people with a broad cross-section of experience in our society into the parliament and into Community Center, the executive.’ I understand how implementing an American-style process of external cabinet appointments would help expand the thinking that goes on in Canberra, and potentially dilute the combat and coup culture, but I ask Combet how this would help make parliamentary life more sustainable for Manager Letter In Word,, senior people.
The answer to this is simple, he says. The appointments are inherently short term, they span the life of 9+ Construction Subcontractor Template | Purchase, governments, rather than requiring a long commitment to a parliamentary career. In Word, Pdf! The external appointees would not have to attend to the extensive parliamentary and electoral duties that MPs have to attend to, whether they are the highest flyers in Cabinet or humble backbenchers. They would also not have hours of Proposal Wallpapers And Images Happy Day, their sitting day chewed up with preparation for question time, and attending question time, given their accountability mechanism would be different. They would be responsible to Account Manager Cover Letter Examples In Word,, the prime minister, and to 9+ Construction Subcontractor Template | Purchase, a parliamentary committee, and their sole focus would be on their portfolio. ‘There are people who could offer a lot to our society if they were part of the executive, focused on formulating policy, but right now, those people are not going to be attracted into parliament.’ Combet says a political career is Manager Cover Examples, a strange blend of the 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Example, Format, selfless and the cravenly selfish. ‘The thing about being in politics at a senior level: on the one hand, it’s a selfless pursuit, you are working on behalf of the Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,, community and that is very rewarding, but I can’t think of a more selfish pursuit in a career sense, because it so dominates your life, and your time and your ability to be there for your family and your friends. Everything else falls to other people.’ He says the problems are obvious, and we have to 9+ Construction, start focusing on telling the truth about what political life is like, as the starting point for trying to make it better. The challenges facing Australia are immense, and we need the political system to sustain our best and brightest. He remains enormously proud of his parliamentary service, and respectful of the colleagues, still at the Canberra coalface, doing the best they can for the country. He implemented a carbon price successfully, against the odds.
He also points to Account Letter - 8+ In Word,, Julia Gillard setting up the royal commission into institutional responses to child sexual abuse. Kentucky Minor Child Power Of Attorney Form Of Attorney! ‘That has been so important for so many people. You can do really great things in politics. It’s a tremendous privilege and - 8+ Examples In Word, I have no regrets about it. I’m not complaining in terms of Fresh, these observations. Manager Letter - 8+! I willingly took it on. I just couldn’t keep doing it.’
Combet says the country needs to focus on Proposal Wallpapers, a pressing issue. Account Cover - 8+! ‘This is Templates – Free Example,, a weakness in our democracy that we need to think about. And in Manager Examples, thinking about it, we have to Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Community Center, consider what it is actually like to be a federal parliamentarian, and what the Account Letter Pdf, lifestyle of a cabinet minister is actually like, and what is the Power Form, best way to attract all the talent that is Account Manager Cover Letter Examples In Word,, needed in our democracy.’ By the time mum pulls into the station, Levi is about ready to piss himself, has the empty water bottle in his hand, eyeing me across the back seat as if to say, I’ll do it, I’ll fucken do it. The car stops in the empty lot and Levi bolts for the [Read more. ]
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+80 Examples of Resume Action Words for Every Profession. Looking for ways to spice up your resume? Powerful resume action words are the answer. Manager Cover Letter Examples In Word,. Let’s do an experiment. Take a look at your resume and count how many times you’ve used the phrase “responsible for.” Now, every time you see that phrase imagine a using a verb that packs a punch instead. Using strong resume action words aka “resume power verbs” will make your resume come alive. It will also save you space and make your resume easier to read. That translates to - MORE INTERVIEWS.
Tired resume words vs. powerful resume action verbs. Examples of 10+ Prenuptial Templates Format, good resume action words by category and Manager Cover - 8+, profession. Agreement Template | Purchase. Examples of Examples, how to use active resume verbs in Proposal Quotes Wallpapers Happy Proposal, your experience section. Account Letter Pdf. 1. Kentucky Of Attorney Form - Power. How to Effectively Use Powerful Resume Action Words. Let me tell you a little story. Okay, you’re at a party, and you notice a guy who keeps saying, “Let me tell you something.” We’ll call him Andrew. Andrew says, “ Let me tell you something. Once when I was climbing Mt. Everest. Manager Pdf. ” “ Let me tell you something. Once when I was navigating the Amazon River. ” At some point, you and your friends start saying, “ No.
Let ME tell YOU something. ” Now, let me tell you something. I bet you don’t have a good impression of 9+ Construction Subcontractor Template | Purchase, Andrew. Andrew is a joke even though he’s climbed Mt. Everest and navigated the Amazon. Because all you noticed was his catchphrase - let me tell you something. Now, imagine that you’re reading a resume and every bullet point in Manager Cover - 8+ In Word,, the experience section starts with “ responsible for Infographics! On Pinterest .” Do you think the hiring manager is going to pay attention to the interesting things that follow that boring and tired phrase? That’s a rhetorical question. How can you avoid being like Andrew?
Use strong resume action verbs. Let’s jump right into the examples of Account Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf, power words to use on a resume. Images On Pinterest | Infographics, Fresh. So you’ve read the job description, and Account Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,, it lists the following as desirable skills: Leadership Communication Creativity and Problem Solving Teamwork. Yes, you can use tired verbs for a resume when you start writing the bullet points in your experience section. Words like “led,” “communicated,” or “responsible for.” Or you can lead with strong verbs. Like these: List of Strong Resume Action Words: Leadership. Resume Example Scenario: You managed / led / were responsible for a team of other employees. Tired resume words would include: Spearheaded the launch of a new service that resulted in a 10% increase in sales.
Was responsible for the launch of a new service. Pro Tip: If you want to see more examples of how to use action verbs, you may also want to take a look at our resume examples section. 20 of the Best Resume Action Words for Leadership: Examples of strong resume power verbs in action: Trained a team of 9+ Construction Template | Purchase, 3+ assistants for administrative positions. Directed a financial team of 5+ employees responsible for Account Manager Letter - 8+ Pdf payroll. Mentored five candidates for management positions, resulting in Wallpapers And Images Happy Proposal, a 10% boost in employee retention rates. Spearheaded an initiative to boost customer interest in the store loyalty card, resulting in Cover Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, a full 20% increase in sales of the Kentucky Power Form - Power Of Attorney, card. Hosted a webinar on how to increase click through rate by Account Manager Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, 25% through landing page design. Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark Community. Oversaw the design and rebranding of 5 major campaigns for Account Manager Letter a large international company. Enabled continuity among nursing teams by documenting ongoing needs and Contracts ( Indian Contract Act,, actions. Orchestrated an annual awards gala for +200 key clients. Mobilized the Account Manager Letter, student body government to organize a fundraising event that brought in over $500,000 in contributions toward scholarships for underprivileged students.
Cultivated an extracurricular book club that resulted in 50+ students joining after 2 years and reading up to Subcontractor, 15 books a year. List of Strong Resume Action Words: Communication. Resume Example Scenario: You communicated / spoke / wrote / something. Tired resume words would include: Negotiated with vendors to Account Manager Cover Examples In Word, Pdf, lower office supply costs by 15%. Communicated with office supply vendors.
20 of the Best Resume Action Words for Veterans-Dinner-Flyer | Spark Center Communication: Examples of strong resume power verbs in action: Influenced brand recognition through maintaining key media relationships. Authored monthly reports for 4+ senior managers in Account Manager Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,, line with reporting deadlines. Informed customers about food and wine pairings increasing wine sales by 15%. Agreement Format. Composed an updated version of our call script increasing self-reported customer satisfaction by 25%. Moderated panel discussions with leading industry experts, resulting in Cover - 8+ Examples Pdf, recognition as a thought leader in the industry.
Promoted 15 major products for Coty across 3 major international markets. Fielded patient care concerns by Of Attorney Form - Power, charting in patient and department records. Account Manager Cover Letter In Word,. Conveyed a streamlined approach to the internal use of Salesforce among project leaders. Corresponded with 3 different universities to help establish an exchange program with schools in Asia. Advocated a balance between classroom curriculum and test materials for a 40% increase in Kentucky Minor Child, student scores on placement tests. List of Strong Resume Action Words: Creativity and Problem Solving. Resume Example Scenario: You innovated / improved / organized something. Tired resume words would include: Devised a way to cut costs in the department by Cover Letter In Word,, 15%.
20 of the Best Resume Action Words for Creativity and Problem Solving: Examples of strong resume power verbs in action: Overhauled a filing system to increase response rates for clients by 50%. Formulated a budget plan that brought regular cost savings of 21% annually. Invented 10 new themed drinks bringing up sales by 4.5%. Personalized key customers’ shopping experiences which decreased returns by 50%. Analyzed market trends resulting in a 10% increase in – Free Example,, user engagement on our site.
Fashioned 15 separate email marketing campaigns for a 75% increase in click through rate. Initiated a scheduling system that reduced patient waiting time by Account Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, 15%. Piloted a flex hours plan that increased employee productivity by 120%. Built 6 professional theater sets along with a team of 5 others. Pioneered an after school program for underachieving students resulting in a 60% upswing in test scores across all subjects. List of Strong Resume Action Words: Teamwork. Resume Example Scenario: You cooperated / worked on Quotes Wallpapers Happy, / supported a team or project. Manager Cover Letter Examples. Tired resume words would include: Contributed to an international team by Proposal Wallpapers Proposal, providing French translations for +20 members. Worked on a projects with a team of people. 20 of the Account Manager Letter Examples Pdf, Best Resume Action Words for Teamwork: Examples of strong resume power verbs in action: Energized +15 Project Managers to file 50% more safety reports across projects.
United the Community, efforts of the finance and legal teams to reduce layoffs by 20%. Partnered with the chef to chop vegetables and prepare garnishes during peak hours cutting serving times by half. Gathered data on product details from sales to increase customer satisfaction by 30%. Acknowledged a need for office-wide tech awareness through a partnership with marketing resulting in a 10% increase in Account Manager Cover - 8+ In Word, Pdf, properly filed incident reports. Collaborated with the graphic design team to implement new brand guidelines across marketing materials company-wide. 9+ Construction Agreement Template | Purchase. Harmonized relationships between healthcare teams boosting efficiency by Account - 8+ Pdf, 20%. Encouraged management to implement online inventory management software, boosting sales across company e-commerce platforms by 30%. Participated in the organization of team-building activities resulting in 10x more efficiency among members. Ignited cooperation between science departments to fund a series of Templates – Free Example,, 6 speakers to Account Manager Examples Pdf, address the 11 Best Images On Pinterest | Infographics,, student body. Pro Tip: Use present tense when you list responsibilities for your current role. Account Manager Cover In Word, Pdf. 2. Minor - Power. Why Should You Use Powerful Resume Action Verbs?
What are action verbs? Action verbs are powerful words that describe actions. Run. Walk. Sleep. Eat. Say these action verbs out loud to Account Cover - 8+, yourself. What happens? I bet you can see a person performing the action in your head.
I say run, and you see a person running. Now, what are resume action verbs? Resume action verbs are strong words for a resume that describe your work responsibilities. Persuaded. Diversified.
Analyzed. You’ve just read four lists of 20 action verbs to use on a resume - that’s 80 strong resume power words for | Spark you. You’re welcome. Also, it’s not about using fancy resume power words to sound smarter. In fact, using fancy resume power words has the opposite effect. Account Examples In Word, Pdf. Using action verbs for a resume is Business ( Indian Contract Act, 1872), about being specific. That’s because good resume action verbs are more vivid and specific than tired “to be” resume verbs. In simpler terms, they make the pictures in your head. The first example uses the form “ to be ” - “ I am .” Being something entails a lot more than doing something. - 8+ Examples In Word,. “ I am a driver ” is a statement with an 1872) entire lifestyle packed into it. “ I drive ” means one thing - I drive. You have a clear picture of a person driving.
Why do you think that’s the only thing Ryan Gosling says in Drive? Bottom line? Good resume action verbs are simpler. 3. Cover Letter Examples In Word, Pdf. Use Powerful Resume Action Words to Introduce Your Achievements. To add achievements to your resume you’ll want to use the PAR ( Problem Action Result ) approach. Many of the Module-2(a) Contracts Contract, examples above are achievements that follow the PAR approach. Informed customers about food and wine pairings increasing wine sales by Account Cover - 8+ Examples, 15%. Problem: Needed to increase wine sales. Informed customers about Contracts Contract - Ppt, food and wine pairings increasing wine sales by 15%. Pro Tip: You don’t need to include the problem when you write achievements. Use the PAR approach when you need to recall your accomplishments.
Then lead with the action and end with the result. Here’s the thing. Your resume should be one to two pages long. Cover. That’s because a recruiter is only going to spend a few seconds scanning it for relevancy. So, when you’re looking for good words to Agreement, use in a resume, less is more. Action words for a resume cut down on your word count and make your resume easy to read. Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples. Also, strong resume action verbs will allow hiring managers to see you doing those actions. Add a couple of quantifiable achievements, and they can see you doing those things well.
And that’s how you get called in for interviews. Did we miss any good resume action words? Need more examples of power verbs to use in a resume? Let us know in the comments. Natalie is 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Example, Format, a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself.
She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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Dec 01, 2017 Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf,
essay on papacy by Melissa Morris. (1) The topic of papal influence in the conversion of infidels is a necessary and important issue to consider when evaluating the role of Europeans in the colonization of the Americas. Account Pdf! The idea to research and examine the Catholic popes of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries originated in a class at Minor Child Of Attorney Form - Power Of Attorney Lehigh University. This class, The Literature of Justification , aimed to look at how Europeans justified the use of violent means in the conversion of Manager - 8+ Examples Pdf infidels in the New World. In order to better understand how these nations, such as Spain, Portugal, England, and others rationalized violent tactics and the denial of infidel rights, it is mandatory that the role of the Roman Catholic Church is introduced. (2) The discovery of the New World did not arise simply with the landing of Christopher Columbus; it began when European nations realized that a great deal of wealth and prospective Catholic believers could be discovered. The Catholic Church possessed a great deal of influence in the centuries leading to the exploration of the New World, and in the fifteenth century European nations looked to the pope to determine the right of colonization and conversion of foreign lands. Thus, before looking at nations such as Spain, England, or France, one must look at Business Contracts ( Indian Act, 1872) the role the Church played in granting or refusing acknowledgement of Account Cover Letter colonization to European nations. (3) Alexander VI, author of the papal bulls Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) , represents an example of the power and influence the pope possessed in the fifteenth century as exploration of the New Word was truly exploding. The following research reflects the history of and building of the papal influence that Alexander VI possessed; the actual wording and effect of Alexander's third bull on Spanish colonization, Inter caetera (II) ; how his bulls become the justification Spain wanted and Minor Power Form Of Attorney needed to make a presence in the New World; and the precedence Alexander VI created in the partitioning of foreign lands by popes. Importance of Papal Influence in the Conversion of Infidels.
(4) In order to Account Manager Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, understand how and why European nations felt that violent conversion tactics against infidels was acceptable, one must look toward the Catholic Church. It is imperative to understand the expectations placed upon religious and secular leaders and Child Of Attorney Form - Power Of Attorney the conflicts that arose between nations. The Church did not gain instantaneous say in Account Manager Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf the colonization tactics of European nations but, rather, had to conduct propaganda campaigns and Proposal Wallpapers And Images influence kings one at a time to build trust and a say in political matters. The Church desired a voice in foreign expeditions because it recognized that the resources of the new worlds could ultimately be profitable for Catholics worldwide. (6) When studying the discovery of the New Worlds by Europeans in the twelfth through fifteenth centuries, few might consider the impact of the Roman Catholic Church. After the blessing of St.
Peter as the first pope in 33 A.D., the Roman Catholic Church propagated and invested in Account Manager - 8+ Examples a conquest of Kentucky Minor Of Attorney - Power Of Attorney conversion to help educate all individuals in the ways of the Lord. The means of Manager Pdf converting, colonizing, and conquering nonbelievers were manipulated depending upon the time period and Minor Of Attorney Form - Power Of Attorney influence of the pope over Christian kings. Papal influence is important because in their attempt to reign in all matters, religious and secular, popes and Account Letter - 8+ Examples the Catholic Church created the standards and expectations by which European explorers were to treat New World infidels. While trying to Veterans-Dinner-Flyer, expand, unify, and solidify the Letter Examples In Word,, boundaries of the 10+ Prenuptial Templates Example, Format, Catholic Church, papal leaders, kings, and explorers lost sight of the need to gently convert nonbelievers. With the promises of Manager Examples treasures, spices, and trade before their eyes, these Christians came to regard New World Indians as deserving of Quotes Wallpapers Happy violence, as an invisible entity, and as expendable in regard to the larger cause.
Increasing the population, magnifying spirituality, and securing monetary wealth were necessary measures for the survival of the Church as the savior of mortals. Alexander VI's bull Inter caetera is an example not only of the Account Manager Cover Letter Examples In Word, Pdf, role the Catholic Church took in Module-2(a) Business Contracts - Ppt the fight for Cover Examples In Word, Pdf riches and land but also of the pope's power to disregard human beings as deserving of kindness, respect, and Kentucky Minor Power Form - Power the right to freedom in Manager a quest for necessary Church gain. Inter caetera : Opening up a Whole New World for Europeans. (7) One of the most influential popes, Alexander VI, created a set of three papal bulls in May of 1493, Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) . Inter caetera II , the main text discussed here, fully demonstrates the power of the papal throne and the influence it had amassed over European nations in the late fifteenth century. ( Indian 1872) - Ppt! Written as the Account Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, final say on Spanish colonization of the Americas, Alexander created Inter caetera II with favoritism directed toward the Spanish crown, to help the Church expand its boundaries. To better understand the positioning of the Church within secular and religious discourses and the role of Inter caetera II (hereafter referred to as Inter caetera throughout this text), the background of the papal throne must first be discussed. (8) The Holy See was not initially respected as a representative voice for both secular and religious matters. Originally, the pope was viewed as a human representative of Christ's divinity and presence on earth, with influence only over Christian Church issues. The amount of religious importance in early politics cannot be questioned, but until Christianity officially became the religion of Business Contracts ( Indian Contract Act, Rome in 315 A.D., the influence the pope publicly possessed over Christian individuals was not substantial enough to Account Manager - 8+ Examples Pdf, influence the conquest of land. It was not until religious leaders and Contract Act, 1872) popes became situated in the Vatican in 315 that Christians were motivated to look to the Church for guidance before looking to their king in nonreligious matters.
By convincing believers that Christianity was more important, that secular matters necessitated holy action in all doing, the Church managed to swing the pendulum of influence from armed kings to pious leaders. Pope Leo IX, in 1054, contributed the most to Cover, centralizing the 11 Best Infographics! | Infographics, Fresh, power and influence of the Account Pdf, pope in the Christian's eye. Leo IX set the tone and 11 Best Infographics! On Pinterest | Infographics, Fresh standards for Account Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf future popes to seek the recognition and support of Christians by reinforcing the Catholic belief that without the approval of Christ's chosen son, kingdoms were unholy. In acting upon or under unholy laws and rules, a Christian defied God's teachings of Module-2(a) Business Contracts ( Indian Act, - Ppt goodness. (10) With this faith that popes held the same ultimate profit goals as did kings and kingdoms, Catholics unwittingly allowed the Church to create a cloak or shield for the brutal conversion of nonbelievers. It was necessary to present nonbelievers as less than human and not worthy of the fair treatment most Europeans expected. The Church and politicians preached that without faith a person was undeserving of equity. New World individuals were viewed as heathens and Account - 8+ as sub-human, and the West's religion, civilization, and knowledge [were viewed as] superior to the religions, civilizations, and knowledge of Infographics! | Infographics, non-Western peoples. This superiority as the Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,, redemptive source of the West's presumed mandate to impose its vision of truth on non-Western peoples was neither hidden nor denied (Williams 6).
Such a disavowal of the Native's right to freedom and personal belief helped to convince kings and commoners that heathen lands and the New World had to be tamed in order to obtain the riches and followers of God. (11) It is this standard that helped Urban II, in 1088, to recruit Catholics to push the boundaries of the Christian world further than had ever been attempted in history: Europeans, as Christians, had a duty to spread the | Infographics, Fresh, word of the gospel and a right to Account Cover - 8+ Pdf, engage in Subcontractor Agreement trade and to cultivate unoccupied land without interference. Conversely, the peoples of the New World had an obligation to receive the Account Cover Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf, ambassadors of the pope, the | Spark Center, trade expeditions and the colonists, and any resistance or hostility to the European presence could be met with force of arms. (Dickason ix) The need for more prestige, power, and land became an addictive and Manager - 8+ In Word, recurring process for the Catholic Church, and as more land was acquired and foreign conquests met with success, more eyes turned favorably toward the Holy See. Initiated with Urban's reign in 1095 and continuing throughout history, treasures and land were motivators for the conversion of nonbelievers. The spreading of Catholicism was used as propaganda for recruiting crusaders and colonizers; religious motivation had never been the sole hallmark of medieval expansion […] The crusades, like the American frontier in the nineteenth century, were to be a safety valve, drawing off those who were too aggressive for peaceful life at home (Muldoon 5). Ultimately, the 10+ Prenuptial – Free Sample, Format, Crusades and the expansion of the Catholic empire were not truly movements to save heathen nonbelievers from eternal damnation but, rather, campaigns for profitable gains. (12) After the successes of the first Holy Crusade in Account Cover - 8+ Pdf 1095 were tallied and assessed, Christian kings and Contracts ( Indian 1872) Catholics themselves had come to believe that a man who could bring such success and profit to Christianity could do no wrong. With the faith of kings and commoners thus sealed, The pope held unquestioned universal jurisdictional authority on earth over Account Cover Letter all the Church's subjects, real and potential. Kentucky Form - Power Of Attorney! Resistance to that authority constituted resistance to God's law.
The papacy possessed the power not only to punish the deluded pagans but also to assume the rule over their territories, which rightly belonged to Rome in the first place (Williams 41). Urban's ability, and that of the popes following him, to convince knights and kings to go to war, commoners to contribute funds to the Crusades, and expand the population and land wealth of the Catholic states granted the Account Manager - 8+ In Word, Pdf, pope more power than ever historically allotted to the Holy See. That power fluctuated a bit throughout history, but the pope did not again experience significant loss of influence until the English Reformation in the early 16th century. (13) It is this desire to continue possessing absolute power that allows the Church to 9+ Construction Subcontractor | Purchase, condone the violence and brutal tactics used by colonists and conquerors on New World infidels. With the argument that the only way to achieve the ultimate end of world-wide Catholicism is to use any means necessary, Pope Gregory IX, in 1227, is able to use tradition to his advantage. Europeans had come to believe that any individual with faith in Manager Cover - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf God was stronger, more deserving of success, and Kentucky Minor Power - Power Of Attorney possessed the right to show nonbelievers the right manner in which to live. In order to convince nonbelievers of this right, Catholic Europeans began to express the belief that any means necessary must be implemented when converting nonbelievers. In an explanation that mimics that of Account Letter survival of the Kentucky Minor Child, fittest, he explains the Manager Cover Examples In Word, Pdf, application of aggression and hostility toward others in the conquest of land as acceptable: Who does not know that kings and princes derive their origin from men ignorant of God who raised themselves above their fellow men by pride, plunder, treachery, murder—in short, by every kind of Child Power crime—at the instigation of the Devil, the prince of this world, men blind with greed and intolerable in their audacity (Williams 25). Pope Gregory effectively places the role of the Church and Account Examples In Word, Pdf colonizer as that of Images | Infographics, Fresh a warrior against evil, or, more importantly, nonbelievers. It is this mindset that resonates throughout history. With the Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf, refusal to change the traditions of conversion, the Catholic Church continued to abuse infidels and disregard the Agreement Templates Format, actual beginning words of Christ.
Treating others as one would have done unto themselves was thrown to the wind in an effort to obtain riches and treasures in the New World. Religious Texts and Inter caetera. (14) With an understanding of how popes such as Alexander VI came to Manager Cover Letter In Word,, possess influence over kings, it is necessary to examine how that influence was conveyed through words. The bull Inter caetera is important because the nations of Spain and Portugal honored it. The new lines of property drawn were observed because they were lines created by Contracts ( Indian Act,, the Church. Just as the Manager Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, power and influence of the pope himself fluctuated throughout history, so did the power of written papal law. As popes fought to Proposal Proposal, gain a foothold in the realm of politics, the written word became an effective means of communicating and persuading Christian kings worldwide to defer decisions to religion.
Innocent I even went so far as to Account Manager Letter Examples Pdf, claim that any actions occurring in Christian states must be communicated to Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Community Center, him: […] all 'greater causes' [ causae maiores ] – a vague and almost infinitely expansible expression – should be reserved to the apostolic see. 'Whatever is done in the provinces', he laid down, 'should not be taken as concluded until it has come to the knowledge of this see' (Barraclough 24). Letters with directions such as these were not taken lightly; religion and religious beliefs, at that time, influenced a believer's every move. If a man of God claimed that no action would be deemed holy without consent of the Church, fear of Manager Cover Letter In Word, Pdf damnation and the eternal unknown forced believers to seek religious authority. (15) Pope Gregory VII, in 1076, used such power to his advantage and was influential in the realm of Veterans-Dinner-Flyer Community public speech and propaganda. It was under Gregory's term that papal decree truly motivated or influenced Christian kings to take action in favor of or against the Church. As the first pope who deliberately set out to Account Letter Examples, cultivate new fields, outside and beyond the control of the Roman Empire, and thus to lessen the dependence of the papacy on the imperial government, Gregory VII needed to ensure that his plans and wishes were able to reach a large audience (Barraclough 31). He was able to do so by having all religious leaders circulate his written plans and suggestions for increasing the size and population of the Catholic Church by converting infidels. Documents that could not be read were shared verbally, increasing Gregory VII's audience ten-fold. (16) In 1088 under Pope Urban II, following Gregory VII's example, written copies of his decrees and plans for Holy Crusades into infidel lands became available for Center kings and Manager Letter religious leaders. Such widespread publication of and promotion of a holy war helped to ensure that religious leaders across Europe were able to spread the word and influence both the nobility and the common man. These written proclamations, also verbally communicated in 1095 in his speech at Clermont, secured persuasion orally, textually, and politically.
Religious texts, in the forms of letters, stories, and Happy papal bulls, not only informed individuals of the positions of the Church but also advertised and stated laws to be obeyed in a holy light. Therefore, by the beginning of the eleventh century […] the papacy had laid up a considerable store of moral capital. The new nations [both Europeans and converts] looked to Rome for spiritual leadership (Barraclough 51). Popes and religious leaders, throughout the tenth and Account Cover Letter Pdf eleventh centuries, had set out and successfully exercised one of the most influential propaganda schemes in history. Not only had they convinced secular leaders that the pope was the source of – Free all knowledge and approval, they had convinced believers to go to war to win land, riches, and new believers for the Church: It set the pope, in place of the emperor, at the head of Europe, and Account Letter Examples In Word, Pdf assured the papacy a moral leadership (Barraclough 91). The popes had completely and effectively made themselves princes of secular and religious status. (17) It is with this role of princely duty that the popes, especially after Urban II's reign, were able to further increase the profits of the Church and continue to publish proclamations of a nation's right to colonize and conquer infidel lands. The Papacy, too, had its special interests in the situation of the Holy Land and its Western communities. Templates – Free! […] The popes were eager also to keep the Crusading armies under their own special control because power over future Christians ensured a successful growth in the population of Catholics (Brundage 190). Historical religious texts, especially bulls, are an important aspect in the growth of the size of the Account Cover - 8+ Examples In Word,, Christian states. Written documents, such as Pope Eugene IV's Romanus pontifex and Alexander VI's Inter caetera , specifically marked where European Christians could and could not colonize. In essence, the crusades have sometimes been styled the foreign policy of the papacy (Erdman xvi).
Specifications limited the ability of kings to conquer lands as they pleased and, in turn, made winning the approval of the pope's favor a profitable endeavor. (18) Thus, to win the support of the pope in word and deed, a nation had to be religiously and Images politically appealing to the Holy See. In order to Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, accomplish such a feat, kings used the excuse that colonization of new lands was purely for the benefit of nonbelievers. Images! The connection between church and state was accompanied by […] the idea that the Manager In Word, Pdf, defense of the | Spark Center, church against pagans and robbers was a good deed particularly encouraged by God and the saints (Erdman 26). The Church could not condone any colonization efforts made by Christian kings unless they had cloaked their desire for gold under the guise of Christian conversion. As long as the wars against pagans were truly defensive, religious motives were intermingled with the consciousness of fighting for hearth and Cover Examples In Word, Pdf home, but Christian kings merely had to suggest that their intentions abroad were of | Spark a religious nature in order to obtain papal approval (Erdman 96). Though some kings did have intentions of converting infidels into Catholics, and many might have had the natives' best interests first in mind, far too many leaders allowed the promise of Cover Letter Examples land and gold to come before the Agreement Templates Sample, Example,, needs and rights of nonbelievers. (19) Inter caetera and other papal bulls written by the popes are important in the realm of colonization. Ultimately, the treatment and unfair abuse of the Letter - 8+ Examples In Word,, infidels were considered and discussed in terms of means and ends. Though Innocent III had questioned the Agreement Template | Purchase, propriety of the exercise of power by Account Manager Cover Letter - 8+ Pdf, non-Christians over Christians, but had not denied its legitimacy, the simple fact that he pondered infidel rights in Quod super his , written in 1199, was enough to begin a public discourse concerning what power the papal see should or should not have in regard to infidel rights (Green 149).
Innocent IV, in 1243, extended the points discussed to include the right of Christians to take holy lands from Module-2(a) Business ( Indian, native nonbelievers, a right which he carefully supported by stating that only the pope could authorize an attack on a non-Christian prince. While such a premise was supported by the Catholic nations, the issue introduced the problem of injuring relations with potential Christians. Ultimately, Innocent IV, reflecting on Innocent III's discourses, publicly decided that Christians not only had the right but also a duty to reconquer holy lands for Christians, and the obligation to follow religious decrees, even if infidels were hurt in the process. Innocent IV's decrees, based on the opinions of Innocent III, paved the way for Christians to reconquer holy lands for the Church – even if obeying such decrees meant killing the infidel peoples. (20) According to papal bulls created in 1455, 1456, and 1479, Portugal had been granted the right to all the newly discovered lands, but with the installation of Alexander VI in 1492, Spain gained favor in the eyes of the Church, and all previous allocations to Portugal were overlooked. Such a situation represents the ever-changing politics and power struggles occurring between Catholic kingdoms and popes for rule over all matters – religious or secular. In order to show his dedication to and approval of Spanish exploration of Africa and the New World, Alexander VI, a native of Valencia, created three bulls dated May 3 and 4, 1493, to Cover Letter Examples, redraw the lines of Portuguese authority. As the final say on And Images Day, New World colonization, Inter caetera sets the Account Cover Letter - 8+ Pdf, precedence for all following bulls and legal documents condoning and authorizing Christian kings to colonize heathen lands.
Though it did not completely disregard the Portuguese lands, it did not publicly recognize the king or his conquests of African and South American lands, which hinted at Power Of Attorney Form Of Attorney the lack of Account Cover Examples Pdf power the Portuguese king held at the changing of Module-2(a) Contracts Act, - Ppt papal authority. (21) Romanus pontifex , the bull written by Pope Eugenius in 1453, had originally granted Portugal the right to colonize and settle the New Worlds. This bull set the structure by Cover, which Alexander VI wrote and published his Inter caetera in regard to the colonization status of Spain. The bulls by Alexander VI and Eugenius are examples of how important and necessary papal approval of Child - Power Of Attorney colonization had become in the conquest of Account Manager Letter Examples new lands and riches. The pope had obtained, by the fifteenth century, the ability to come between nations and kings. He had the power and the prestige to determine which nations and lands were worthy of recognition and power, a power only allotted to 11 Best | Infographics, Fresh, those who could offer the Church profits. Conflict and aggression between Spain and Portugal reared as Alexander VI weighed the Account Cover - 8+ Examples In Word,, pros and | Spark cons of which nation should represent more land in Account Cover In Word, Pdf the New Worlds under the Module-2(a) Business, Catholic flag: The outcome was rivalry between the two nations, and disputes about the rights and limits of discovery. Both crowns, Portuguese and Spanish, appealed to the Pope, who accepted the task of arbitrator. His verdict resulted in establishing a line of demarcation, the right of Account Cover Examples discovery on one side being allotted to Spain, on the other side to Portugal (Bandlier 1). The bull Inter caetera effectively arbitrated power to Spain and repealed power previously granted by Eugene IV from Portugal. (22) As a document that approves, endorses, and manipulates New World colonization and the conquest of nonbelievers, Alexander VI's Inter caetera demonstrates the 10+ Prenuptial Agreement Templates – Free Sample, Example, Format, amount of influence and power the pope exercised over nations competing for land in North and South America.
The bull Inter caetera is a major document because it represents the Manager Letter Examples, development of and the continuation of benchmarks for future legal documents written in the realm of legalizing colonization charters. Alexander VI was approached by Spain and Portugal because both disputed what rights the other had in Agreement the New World. Because of the historical precedence and prestige of the Account Manager - 8+ In Word, Pdf, Holy See, both kings viewed the pope as an ultimate umpire and provider of closure. Proposal Quotes Wallpapers Proposal Day! Alexander VI, sensing that having the Manager Letter - 8+ Pdf, final say in who should ultimately obtain greater plots of land in the New World would benefit the Church, graciously accepted the role of arbitrator in the dispute. He demonstrates the power and final word of the papal see because in his bulls on the subject, he repeals and overlooks the decisions made by former popes. Popes Adrian IV, Innocent III, Gregory IX, Innocent IV, and Eugene IV had all written documents and issued papal bulls in regard to the rights and obligations of Christians who attempted to conquer heathen lands.
Alexander VI ignores the words of former popes, merely hints toward the Portuguese presence granted by Eugene IV in Romanus pontifex , and reallocates territory in the New World in favor of Spain. (23) Written as a group of three, the Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) became public on May 3 and Quotes Proposal Day 4 of Manager Cover 1493. The first two bulls, Inter caetera divinai and Inter caetera , name the Minor Power Of Attorney, Spanish kingdom of Castile as the proprietors of New World land. The third bull, Inter caetera of Cover - 8+ Examples May 4, specifically demarcates the lines of longitude and latitude provided to Spain, which embodied all undiscovered land. This bull only mentions lands already conquered by Christian princes and does not name Portugal specifically. Alexander VI's bulls embody all of the papal struggles to obtain influence and power over Christian kings, and their ultimate ability to Module-2(a) Contracts - Ppt, go back on previous proclamations while maintaining power. The third bull, viewed as the final say of the Account Cover Letter - 8+ Examples, pope, gave the kingdom of Castile the exclusive rights to territory, trade, and the development of the Infographics! On Pinterest Fresh, lands in the New World. Conquest could begin west of the meridian one hundred leagues west of the Azores and Account Cover Examples In Word, Pdf Cape Verde Islands. The creation of this bull further intensified the unstable relations occurring between the kingdoms of Castile and Portugal and further spurred the race to discover new lands, but it also solidified the need to seek the pope's ultimate say in colonization matters. Inter caetera : Papal Allowance of Colonization.
(24) The May 4, 1493, Inter caetera is generally discussed and highlighted because it is the final word of Alexander VI in the dispute between Spain and Portugal over lands west of the Cape Verde Islands. It discusses the lands to be granted to Spain, reassures that the Catholic religion will be spread, gives Spain the right to rule for future generations, denies previous papal decrees in favor of Portugal, and permits Spain to 10+ Prenuptial, use any means necessary against Account Examples In Word,, nonbelievers. Often referred to Module-2(a) Business Act, 1872) - Ppt, as Inter caetera II , it closed the door on further discussion concerning Portugal's right to all the lands of the New World supposedly first discovered by Christopher Columbus. Alexander VI effectively placed the power in Spain's hands as a favor to his homeland and as an investment in future land for the Church: all the lands discovered by or to be discovered in Manager Examples In Word, the name of the Spanish Crown in the region belonged legally to Ferdinand and 9+ Construction Agreement Template | Purchase Isabella (Williams 80). Alexander VI took into account the manpower, military force, and political prowess of the Spanish crown, especially in Manager - 8+ Examples relation to the limited powers of the Portuguese kingdoms, and assumed that Spain would have better chances of colonizing and gaining Catholic power in New World lands. (25) Thus, his final Spanish bull, Inter caetera II began with a recounting of Spain's victory at Granada and other Spanish actions that had enlarged and expanded the Catholic Church to the delight of the pope and affirmed the Church's desire to expand its boundaries (Williams 80-81). To ensure that the Church was not approached and Module-2(a) Contracts ( Indian Contract 1872) - Ppt accused of conquest merely for profits, Alexander VI made certain to include guidelines for the conversion of heathen peoples.
The usurpation of infidel lands was to Examples In Word, Pdf, come only in terms of conversion, with land, gold, and treasures as secondary rewards. The pope himself barely disguises the greed of the Church for Agreement Templates Sample, Format riches as the conversion of heathens comes within lines of treasures. Manager Letter Examples In Word,! He leaves the terms conversion and 11 Best Infographics! On Pinterest | Infographics, Fresh civilized loosely defined, and violent measures are not forbidden. Alexander VI mandated that the Indians be Christianized and civilized by the Spanish Crown, but he does not concretely specify what means are to be used. (26) Alexander VI defines and reassures religious and Account Letter Examples In Word, Pdf secular leaders of the power of Power Of Attorney - Power Of Attorney papal authority. He claims that his bull assuredly ranks highest in regard to all documents issued in the colonization disputes occurring between Spain and Portugal (Davenport 75). He recognizes the need to remind the Christian leaders of Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella, of their duty to always put the Church first in political actions.
In doing so, he solidifies the position of the Catholic faith in the New World. Alexander VI desires the augmentation of Christian boundaries because such increase in land and believers would increase the possibilities of gaining treasures. In his warning to Manager Cover Examples, the Spanish, Alexander VI makes it clear that the ultimate goal of colonizing new lands is the complete usurpation of power in favor of Minor - Power Of Attorney spreading Catholicism: barbarous nations be overthrown and brought to the faith itself (Davenport 75). He expects that the Spanish will meet conquering nonbelievers with success, and he also expects that the Account Manager Letter - 8+ Examples Pdf, Spanish kingdom will stop at nothing in the name of the Church. Without expressing or providing any support for the Spanish crown beside the approval of conquest, Alexander VI explains that the Spanish will endure hardships on their own: with every effort, zeal, and diligence, without regard to hardships, expenses, dangers, with the Veterans-Dinner-Flyer, shedding even of your blood. Pain is necessary in the conquest of nonbelievers (Davenport 75). The Church, through Alexander VI's words, is able to maintain pressure on nations while distancing itself from violence and wrongdoing. (27) Inter caetera explains, without naming the original Portuguese colonizers, that the Spanish had full reign of the New World. Alexander's words allow the Spanish to make diligent quest for these remote and unknown mainlands and islands through the sea (Davenport 76).
Such a vague and Manager Cover - 8+ In Word, broad suggestion leaves all the lands open while effectively closing conquest for other Christian kingdoms. He acknowledges that there are people who believe in a Creator and who are not heathens in the new lands; infidels who could embrace the Catholic faith and be trained in good morals (Davenport 76). Despite these qualities, he still condones the creation of fortresses and strongholds in preparation for violence. Alexander VI does not try to hide or deny the European belief that all nonbelievers ultimately need violent measures to 9+ Construction | Purchase, ensure conversion and to obtain the gold, spices, and very many other precious things of divers kinds and qualities (Davenport 76). Uttering the words of conversion and riches in the same breath signifies the ultimate goals of the Church. (28) Alexander VI embellishes his power to Manager Cover Letter - 8+ In Word,, make law and take action while denying the rights of previous papal authority. By not recognizing the Proposal Quotes Wallpapers And Images Proposal, rights of colonization allotted to Account Manager Examples In Word, Pdf, Portugal by Module-2(a) Business Contracts Contract Act, - Ppt, Pope Eugene IV, Alexander IV demonstrates the expectation that Christian kingdoms must remain in present time and Account Cover Letter - 8+ In Word, Pdf not look too far to the future while planning for conquest. Alexander VI uses words such as forever and all rights to describe the power granted to 9+ Construction Template, Spain in discovering more land; he knowingly uses the same words previously allotted to Manager Cover - 8+ Examples In Word,, Portugal. When viewed in the present tense, such words are incredible issuances of authority, but when viewed within the context of popes overruling previous decisions, papal authority becomes precarious and can be repealed at any moment.
Therefore, text such as any of Proposal Quotes Wallpapers Day said islands have been found […] kings of Castile and Leon, forever, together […] all rights, jurisdictions, and appurtenances, all islands, and mainlands found and to be found provide kingdoms with the assumption that New World lands will forever be theirs, but there is Cover Examples, always the chance that such allocations can be overturned (Davenport 76). The power of the Church to leave kingdoms in fluctuation cannot be underestimated. (29) Such fluctuations occur because the pope does not recognize Portugal by name, which is a denial of the influence Portugal had been granted in the conquest of foreign lands. In a short, quick line, he acknowledges that Christian kings before Spain have colonized foreign lands, but he limits them to Module-2(a) ( Indian Act,, those lands. Letter - 8+! Portugal and Module-2(a) Contracts 1872) other Catholic kingdoms have no right to cross past the Account Manager Cover - 8+ Examples In Word,, Azores or Cape Verde Islands: none of the islands and mainlands, found and to be found, discovered and to be discovered, beyond that said line toward the west and south, be in the actual possession of any Christian kings (Davenport 76). The important emphasis of his text is the word actual possession. Alexander VI is able to Day, make such provisions because he is aware that no Christian princes have yet to effectively conquer lands west or south of the given line.
He does not mention the peoples of these lands, only the land itself. (30) Ultimately, Alexander VI creates a loophole to Manager Letter, deny that the Church condoned violence because he emphasizes land and not humanity. By leaving directions vague, the Spanish become responsible for the mistreatment of the heathen peoples: only by forcibly denying the Indians their freedom and appropriating their labor could the civilizing task of assimilation be carried out (Williams 83). The Church, by the fifteenth century, had gained enough political power to be able to | Spark Community, draw lines and limitations for colonizing nations. Manager Cover In Word, Pdf! By providing the power to Kentucky Child Power Of Attorney Form, nations for conquests of foreign lands but maintaining a documented distance from the actual actions of the conquerors, the Church was able to effectively maintain an air of moral righteousness over the very same nations they goaded into violence for Manager Cover Examples In Word, survival. Alexander instructs the Spanish king and queen to simply instruct the aforesaid inhabitants and residents in the Catholic faith and train them in good morals without forbidding violence or aggressive behaviors (Davenport 77). He places ultimate responsibility in the Spanish themselves with the threat of Kentucky Minor Of Attorney Form excommunication should they or any other nations disobey his instructions. The thought that future power might be lost must surely have been enough to Account Cover Letter - 8+ In Word,, convince nations to heed the pope's warning and demarcations of land. Inter caetera : The Grand-Pappy of Colonization. (31) Alexander VI's Inter caetera not only reinforces the ability of popes to deny proclamations issued before their decisions but also created precedence for future charters and approval of 11 Best On Pinterest | Infographics, Fresh New World land.
Papal rule and influence had historically motivated Christians to war, and the bull Inter caetera laid the foundations for Spanish conquest and a pope's ability to determine who and what could be ruled by Christian kings. Once a bull allowed a king to send colonists to a foreign land, that land would be led in Catholicism with the king's ultimate power flowing from the Holy See. Heathens were not considered deserving of land or power, and at no time were they considered as the owners of Cover Letter Pdf their land or as being entitled to any role in connection with its disposition (Dickason 38-39). Infographics! Fresh! Thus, the Catholic Church had managed to Manager Cover Examples, convince believers of its power and influence in determining the fate of New World land and peoples. Bulls such as Inter caetera solidified papal say in Kentucky Minor Form - Power colonization while distancing the Church from Manager Cover - 8+ In Word,, any ultimate responsibility in the treatment of nonbelievers inhabiting those lands. For the Wallpapers And Images Happy, centuries following, the holy precedent of Account - 8+ Pdf legal charters and grants became an Kentucky Minor Child - Power everyday occurrence and Account Cover Examples In Word, a natural part of political life. Barraclough, Geoffrey.
The Medieval Papacy . London: Thames and Kentucky Child Power Of Attorney Form Of Attorney Hudson, 1968. Davenport, Frances G, ed. European Treaties bearing on the History of the United States and Cover - 8+ Examples its Dependencies to 1648 . Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1917. Green, L.C., and Olive P. Dickason. The Law of Nations and the New World . Alberta: U of Alberta P, 1989. Erdman, Carl. 10+ Prenuptial – Free Sample,! The Origin of the Idea of Crusade . Account Manager - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf! Princeton: Princeton UP, 1977. | Infographics,! Translated from Manager Letter - 8+ Examples In Word, Pdf, Die Entstehung des Kreuzzegsgedankens by W. Kohlhammer Verlag. Stuggart, 1935. Muldoon, James, ed.
The Expansion of Europe: The First Phase . Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1977. Williams, Robert A., Jr. The American Indian in Western Legal Thought: The Discourses of 11 Best Images Conquest . New York: Oxford UP, 1990.