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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Studying for AP US History is an exercise in memorization and critical thinking. Multiple-choice questions in this course will ask you to read and analyze documents based on your historical knowledge. Calendar Template * Calendar Template. Essay questions require similar skills, but with the Plan | Sales Tracking Software added challenge of Training Template * Calendar synthesizing your ideas into a coherent argument that incorporates outside knowledge and What Is The Average Weight 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year Old Female, evidence presented by the test. In this AP US History study guide, I'll give you all the resources and strategies you need to prepare for not only the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable AP exam, but any test that comes your way in this course! What’s the ???????????? Incident Iap. 11 Incident And Purpose of This AP US History Study Guide? This guide will help you prepare for Yearly Training Calendar Template, the AP test and other assessments you encounter throughout the Photography Documents Word school year. It includes instructions for creating an Calendar Printable Template effective study plan, some useful study tips, an overview of the Sample Documents Word content covered in the course, and Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, a list of Photography Contract In Pdf, Word resources for practice questions.
If you’re already scoring close to a 5 (or a low 5), you might complete these steps once and find that you’re satisfied with your results (about a 10-12 hour commitment). Contract In Pdf, Word. If you’re scoring two or more AP points lower than you would like, however; you should probably plan to go through this process several times. Step 2: Catalog Your Mistakes and Guesses (1 Hour) After you score the test, go through your mistakes and lucky guesses. Yearly Template Printable Template. Try to Writing, categorize the mistakes by content area so you can see patterns and determine which parts of the course you need to Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar, study most. Once you’ve identified what you need to ???????????? Plan: Module 11 Incident, study, you can move on to reviewing the actual content. Training Template Printable. Make a list in Privacy Credit Card descending order of the Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template topics that correspond to the highest number of Examples missed multiple-choice questions and missed points on essay/short answer questions. Step 3: Study Relevant Content Areas and Practice Multiple Choice Questions (2 Hours) Use the Calendar Template Template list you made in the previous step to Sales | Sales Tracking, guide your review of the content. Start with the areas where you just need a little refresher, and work your way up to the big issues you had on the diagnostic test. When you’re satisfied that you’ve fixed the gaps in Template * Calendar Printable Template knowledge that led to your errors, you should do some practice multiple-choice questions to Resume Examples Job |, make sure you really know your stuff (find them in Calendar * Calendar Printable review books or on one of the sites listed later in this article!).
Step 4: Practice Planning and Writing Essays (2 Hours) You need to Sales Plan | Sales Development | Sales Tracking Software, practice writing essays before you take the test so that you feel comfortable with the Yearly Calendar Printable Template time constraints and requirements. This is especially true when it comes to Sales | Sales Software, the document-based question, which has a unique format. After examining the Training Calendar * Calendar problems with your essays from the original diagnostic test, practice your skills on additional free-response questions. For the sake of Incident Action Plan: Module And saving time, you don’t necessarily need to write out Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template entire essays, but you should at Job | Template, least make rough outlines that include all the Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template components of | Sales Development Software a successful essay. Yearly Training Calendar Printable. That being said, if you struggled a lot with time on Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html, the initial test, I would recommend going through another timed free-response section in full so that you can practice moving more quickly. Template Printable Template. Step 5: Take a Second Full Practice Test (3 Hours 15 Minutes) After you’ve gotten more familiar with the material, take a second full practice test to assess your progress. Td Bank Policy : Target. If you find that you’ve improved to a satisfactory level, you might stop there and just do light review until the Yearly Training Template exam. Policy For Target : Target. If you’re still not happy with your results, repeat this process, and Yearly Calendar Template, make sure you’re really absorbing the ???????????? Incident Action Module And material as you study. Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable. The next section will give you some more tips for studying effectively! Always time practice tests to the specifications of the Plan: Iap. And AP exam! You have to get used to thinking and Training Template Printable, writing quickly.
When you read content notes for AP US History, you may think you have a fact committed to memory but forget it when it comes up on Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable, a test. P ause every couple of minutes, and Guide To Resume Writing, try to Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable, remember the To Resume Writing facts that you just reviewed without looking back at your notes. Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template. Y ou’ll know immediately if you’re not absorbing the information. If you’re having trouble remembering a particular fact, try to make a distinctive connection with something else that's easier to Photography - 7+ Documents Word, remember. For example, l et’s say you were trying to Calendar * Calendar, remember which items were taxed by the Townshend Acts. Incident Action Iap. Module 11 Incident. It was glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.
You could think of the Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template mnemonic GuLPP iT to Privacy For Target Credit Card : Target, remember them. It also makes sense because all of the taxes were repealed except for Yearly Template Printable, the one on tea, which you can gulp! I know this sounds super weird, but I find the weirder the Action Plan: Iap. 11 Incident method of remembering something, the more likely it is to stick in Calendar Template Printable your mind. Tip #3: Practice Writing Essay Questions. Plan | Sales Tracking. The free-response section is the Training Calendar Printable Template biggest challenge on the AP exam because you have to | Sales Development Tracking Software, plan and write two coherent essays over the course of Yearly less than two hours. It’s imperative that you do lots of Basic Resignation practice before the test to prevent your essays from being disorganized or lacking in Training * Calendar Template focus . What. You can consult the College Board site for links to Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template, past AP US History free-response questions. Sales | Sales. Make sure you always have a strong thesis statement and Yearly Training Calendar Template Template, all the points in Cv Cielo Cv (resume your essay relate directly back to Yearly Calendar Printable Template, it. Letter. Plan out Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable your essay before you start writing to Is The 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year, keep yourself on track. Try to include relevant outside knowledge, but ONLY if it pertains directly to your argument and Yearly Template Printable, the subject of the Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Cv (resume question. Don’t just spew out Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable everything you know about the Resume Examples Job | topic! AP US History covers history in what is Calendar Template * Calendar Printable now the United States from Incident Action Plan: Iap. Module, 1491 to the present.
Theme 3: Work, Exchange, and Technology. Explain the development of Contract In Pdf, labor systems and how they have impacted the Printable Template lives of US workers and society as a whole. Explain how patterns of exchange, markets, and private businesses have developed, and To Resume, analyze governmental responses to Training, economic issues. Analyze how technology has impacted economic development and society as a whole. Explain how religious groups and Examples First, ideas have affected American politics and Calendar, society. Explain how artistic, philosophical, and scientific ideas have developed and Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Html, shaped society and * Calendar Printable Template, institutions. Explain how ideas about gender roles and What Is The 11 Year Old Female, women’s rights have affected society and politics. Explain how different group identities (ethnic, racial, class, regional) have emerged and Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template, changed over Policy, time. Training Template. Explain the causes of migration to colonial America and, later, the US, and Privacy For Target Credit, analyze the Template Printable effects of immigration on US History.
Under each, I will list important topics with links to notes. Every period also includes a link to at least one timeline of significant events. Training Calendar Printable. I think it's helpful to ???????????? Incident Plan: 11 Incident And, have these handy so you get a better grasp of the chronology (which will be very helpful on Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template, free-response questions). The timelines are from APstudynotes.org, and the rest of the notes are from a different site called APnotes.net. Guide To Resume Writing. I choose to source the notes from the second site because it gives a more succinct overview of the Template * Calendar Template content, with key dates and Sales Plan | Sales Development | Sales Tracking Software, major events bolded. Yearly Training Calendar Template Template. It's good for a quick review. Sales | Sales Development | Sales Software. I'd recommend looking at Training Calendar * Calendar Printable, the chapter outlines on APstudynotes.org if you want to see a longer, more detailed description of historical trends and events. Timeline of Significant Events (1940-1960) Start of the Cold War Eisenhower Era Timeline of Significant Events (1960-1970) Political and Guide To Resume Writing, social unrest in the sixties Timeline of Training Template * Calendar Template Significant Events (1970-1980) Stagnation in Basic Resignation Letter the seventies.
Timeline of Significant Events (1980-1990) Resurgence of Training * Calendar Printable Template Conservatism Timeline of Significant Events (1990-2000) Clinton presidency and post-Cold War era Timeline of Examples First Template Significant Events (2000-Present) The start of the Template * Calendar Printable new century. Spacious skies, amber waves of grain, etc. Writing. Here some print and online resources that you can use to review for Training * Calendar Template, the AP test and smaller portions of the First Job | curriculum throughout the year: Cracking the Yearly Training * Calendar Template AP US History Exam Kaplan AP US History 2016 AP US History Crash Course. These practice questions come directly from the College Board, so they're the most accurate representations of Td Bank Privacy For Target Credit Card what you can expect on Training Calendar Template Printable, the real test. Try to Privacy Credit Card : Target, save these resources for later in Training * Calendar Printable Template your studying so you can get an Incident Action Plan: Module 11 Incident And accurate reading on Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template, your strengths and Basic, weaknesses when you're close to Yearly Training * Calendar, the exam. You’ll find practice quizzes for every topic covered in the course here. There are multiple choice questions and, for some topics, “short answer” questions (you’re given a drop-down menu of 12 answer choices). These won’t help much with the ???????????? Action Plan: Module more analytical elements of the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable test, but if you want to Guide To Resume, test your knowledge of facts, they'll serve you well.
This is a series of quizzes on every topic in Yearly Training * Calendar Printable the curriculum. As you go through them, the site will display stats detailing how you fared on questions of varying difficulty levels. This should help you figure out whether you’ve mastered the material. You can sign up for free for Td Bank, this service and Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template, enroll in the AP US History course. There are lots of Sales Plan Development Software practice questions and Yearly Calendar Template Template, video lessons that may be helpful in your studying. This site has chapter-by-chapter practice quizzes organized around an Examples Template old edition of The American Pageant textbook.
Questions are multiple choice and Yearly Training Printable, true-false. Sales Plan Development Tracking Software. Again, this is more helpful for factual recall than for analysis questions. This site has six pages of multiple-choice quizzes on Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, all the topics you need to know for Td Bank Privacy For Target Credit Card, the exam! Varsity Tutors has short multiple-choice practice quizzes on Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, every topic as well. This site has sets of Guide Writing matching and multiple choice questions for every period in US History. They've got questions; YOU'VE got answers! AP US History covers seven major themes across nine periods. It's hard to study this much material, which is Yearly Training Template Printable why it's good to Td Bank Privacy : Target, have a game plan! To recap, the steps I'd recommend you take in Training Template Printable Template your studying are: Step 1: Take a Full Practice Test Step 2: Catalog Your Mistakes Step 3: Study Relevant Content Areas and Practice Multiple-Choice Questions Step 4: Practice Planning and Writing Essays Step 5: Take a Second Full Practice Test. Sample Documents. You can repeat these steps as necessary depending on Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, how much you need to improve!
As you review, also keep a few key tips in mind: Tip #1: Make Thematic Connections Tip #2: Read and Repeat Tip #3: Practice Writing Essays Frequently. Resume Examples First Job | Template. Use the Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template notes provided in Examples the content overview and * Calendar Printable Template, the resources in the last section to get yourself up to speed. Basic Letter. Start studying for the final exam at Yearly Training Calendar Template Template, least one or two months beforehand, so you aren't forced to To Resume, cram! You can also check out Calendar * Calendar Printable our complete study guide to the SAT US History Subject Test. If you take it right after the AP US History exam, you might not need to study much at all!
Her goal is to help students adopt a less stressful view of Action Module 11 Incident And standardized testing and Calendar Template, other academic challenges through her articles. Samantha is Resignation Letter also passionate about art and graduated with honors from Training * Calendar Printable Template, Dartmouth College as a Studio Art major in 2014. Contract - 7+ In Pdf,. In high school, she earned a 2400 on the SAT, 5's on all seven of Yearly * Calendar her AP tests, and was named a National Merit Scholar. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Guide To Resume. Follow us on all 3 of Template our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!
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3 The Application Program Interface. This section describes the C API for Yearly Calendar Template Template Lua, that is, the set of Guide, C functions available to the host program to communicate with Lua. All API functions and related types and Yearly Training Calendar Template Template constants are declared in the header file lua.h . Even when we use the term function, any facility in What Is The Weight, the API may be provided as a macro instead. All such macros use each of their arguments exactly once (except for the first argument, which is always a Lua state), and Yearly Printable so do not generate any hidden side-effects. As in most C libraries, the Lua API functions do not check their arguments for validity or consistency.
However, you can change this behavior by Guide, compiling Lua with a proper definition for the macro luai_apicheck , in file luaconf.h . Lua uses a virtual stack to pass values to and from C. Each element in this stack represents a Lua value ( nil , number, string, etc.). Whenever Lua calls C, the called function gets a new stack, which is independent of previous stacks and of stacks of C functions that are still active. This stack initially contains any arguments to the C function and it is where the Yearly Template C function pushes its results to be returned to the caller (see lua_CFunction ). For convenience, most query operations in the API do not follow a strict stack discipline. Instead, they can refer to any element in the stack by using an index : A positive index represents an absolute stack position (starting at 1); a negative index represents an Guide, offset relative to the top of the stack. More specifically, if the stack has n elements, then index 1 represents the first element (that is, the element that was pushed onto the stack first) and index n represents the last element; index -1 also represents the last element (that is, the Template element at the top) and index -n represents the first element. We say that an index is Is The Average 8 In. 11 Year Old Female valid if it lies between 1 and the stack top (that is, if 1 ≤ abs(index) ≤ top ). When you interact with Lua API, you are responsible for ensuring consistency. In particular, you are responsible for controlling stack overflow . You can use the function lua_checkstack to grow the stack size.
Whenever Lua calls C, it ensures that at least LUA_MINSTACK stack positions are available. LUA_MINSTACK is defined as 20, so that usually you do not have to * Calendar Printable Template worry about stack space unless your code has loops pushing elements onto the stack. Most query functions accept as indices any value inside the Basic Resignation available stack space, that is, indices up to the maximum stack size you have set through lua_checkstack . Yearly Training Template Template. Such indices are called acceptable indices . More formally, we define an acceptable index as follows: Note that 0 is never an acceptable index. Unless otherwise noted, any function that accepts valid indices can also be called with pseudo-indices , which represent some Lua values that are accessible to C code but which are not in the stack. Pseudo-indices are used to access the thread environment, the function environment, the registry, and Incident Action And the upvalues of Yearly Template Printable, a C function (see §3.4). The thread environment (where global variables live) is always at What Average Weight Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female, pseudo-index LUA_GLOBALSINDEX . The environment of the Calendar Template * Calendar Template running C function is always at pseudo-index LUA_ENVIRONINDEX . To access and In Pdf, Word change the value of global variables, you can use regular table operations over Yearly Training Template Template, an environment table. For instance, to access the value of a global variable, do.
When a C function is Basic created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure ; these values are called upvalues and Yearly Training Template are accessible to the function whenever it is called (see lua_pushcclosure ). Whenever a C function is called, its upvalues are located at specific pseudo-indices. These pseudo-indices are produced by the macro lua_upvalueindex . A Modern, Styled Html. The first value associated with a function is at Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template, position lua_upvalueindex(1) , and so on. Any access to lua_upvalueindex( n ) , where n is greater than the number of upvalues of the current function (but not greater than 256), produces an Sample Photography, acceptable (but invalid) index. Lua provides a registry , a pre-defined table that can be used by any C code to store whatever Lua value it needs to Training * Calendar store. This table is always located at pseudo-index LUA_REGISTRYINDEX . Any C library can store data into this table, but it should take care to choose keys different from those used by other libraries, to avoid collisions. Typically, you should use as key a string containing your library name or a light userdata with the address of a C object in your code. The integer keys in the registry are used by the reference mechanism, implemented by Action Plan: 11 Incident, the auxiliary library, and therefore should not be used for other purposes.
Internally, Lua uses the C longjmp facility to handle errors. (You can also choose to Training Template use exceptions if you use C++; see file luaconf.h .) When Lua faces any error (such as memory allocation errors, type errors, syntax errors, and runtime errors) it raises an error; that is, it does a long jump. A protected environment uses setjmp to set a recover point; any error jumps to Guide To Resume the most recent active recover point. Most functions in the API can throw an error, for Yearly Training Template instance due to To Resume a memory allocation error. The documentation for each function indicates whether it can throw errors. Inside a C function you can throw an error by calling lua_error . Here we list all functions and types from the C API in Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template, alphabetical order. Each function has an indicator like this: [-o, +p, x ] The first field, o , is how many elements the function pops from the stack. The second field, p , is how many elements the function pushes onto the stack. (Any function always pushes its results after popping its arguments.) A field in the form x|y means the function can push (or pop) x or y elements, depending on the situation; an interrogation mark ' ? ' means that we cannot know how many elements the function pops/pushes by looking only at its arguments (e.g., they may depend on A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume what is on the stack). The third field, x , tells whether the function may throw errors: ' - ' means the function never throws any error; ' m ' means the function may throw an error only due to not enough memory; ' e ' means the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template function may throw other kinds of errors; ' v ' means the function may throw an error on purpose. The type of the What Is The Weight 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year Old Female memory-allocation function used by Lua states.
The allocator function must provide a functionality similar to realloc , but not exactly the same. Its arguments are ud , an Calendar Template Printable, opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate ; ptr , a pointer to the block being allocated/reallocated/freed; osize , the original size of the block; nsize , the new size of the block. ptr is NULL if and only if osize is zero. When nsize is zero, the allocator must return NULL ; if osize is not zero, it should free the Basic Letter block pointed to by ptr . When nsize is not zero, the allocator returns NULL if and only if it cannot fill the request. When nsize is not zero and osize is Training Template * Calendar Printable zero, the allocator should behave like malloc . When nsize and osize are not zero, the allocator behaves like realloc . Lua assumes that the allocator never fails when osize = nsize . Here is a simple implementation for the allocator function. It is Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Html used in the auxiliary library by luaL_newstate . This code assumes that free(NULL) has no effect and that realloc(NULL, size) is equivalent to Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template malloc(size) . ???????????? Incident Plan: 11 Incident. ANSI C ensures both behaviors. Sets a new panic function and Template * Calendar Printable returns the old one. If an error happens outside any protected environment, Lua calls a panic function and Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Cv (resume then calls exit(EXIT_FAILURE) , thus exiting the host application.
Your panic function can avoid this exit by never returning (e.g., doing a long jump). The panic function can access the error message at the top of the stack. Calls a function. To call a function you must use the following protocol: first, the function to be called is pushed onto the stack; then, the arguments to the function are pushed in direct order; that is, the first argument is pushed first. Finally you call lua_call ; nargs is the number of Training Template * Calendar, arguments that you pushed onto ???????????? Incident Module And, the stack. All arguments and the function value are popped from the stack when the function is called. The function results are pushed onto the stack when the function returns. Template Printable. The number of results is adjusted to nresults , unless nresults is LUA_MULTRET . In this case, all results from the What 8 In. 11 Year Old Female function are pushed. Lua takes care that the returned values fit into the stack space. The function results are pushed onto the stack in direct order (the first result is pushed first), so that after the call the last result is on the top of the stack. Any error inside the called function is propagated upwards (with a longjmp ).
The following example shows how the Yearly Template * Calendar Template host program can do the Action Plan: 11 Incident And equivalent to this Lua code: Here it is in C: Note that the code above is balanced: at Template Template, its end, the stack is back to its original configuration. This is Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume considered good programming practice. Type for C functions. In order to communicate properly with Lua, a C function must use the following protocol, which defines the way parameters and results are passed: a C function receives its arguments from Lua in its stack in direct order (the first argument is pushed first). So, when the function starts, lua_gettop(L) returns the number of arguments received by the function. The first argument (if any) is at Yearly Training Template * Calendar, index 1 and its last argument is at Resume Template, index lua_gettop(L) . To return values to Lua, a C function just pushes them onto the stack, in direct order (the first result is Template Printable pushed first), and returns the number of results. Any other value in the stack below the results will be properly discarded by Lua. Like a Lua function, a C function called by Lua can also return many results.
As an example, the following function receives a variable number of numerical arguments and returns their average and sum: Ensures that there are at least extra free stack slots in ???????????? Action Iap., the stack. It returns false if it cannot grow the stack to that size. This function never shrinks the stack; if the stack is already larger than the new size, it is left unchanged. Destroys all objects in Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template, the given Lua state (calling the corresponding garbage-collection metamethods, if any) and frees all dynamic memory used by this state. On several platforms, you may not need to call this function, because all resources are naturally released when the host program ends.
On the other hand, long-running programs, such as a daemon or a web server, might need to release states as soon as they are not needed, to avoid growing too large. Concatenates the n values at the top of the stack, pops them, and leaves the result at the top. If n is 1, the ???????????? Incident Plan: Module result is the single value on the stack (that is, the function does nothing); if n is 0, the result is the Template Printable Template empty string. Concatenation is performed following the Incident Action Iap. usual semantics of Lua (see §2.5.4). Calls the C function func in Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template, protected mode. func starts with only one element in its stack, a light userdata containing ud . In case of errors, lua_cpcall returns the same error codes as lua_pcall , plus the error object on the top of the stack; otherwise, it returns zero, and Basic does not change the stack. Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template. All values returned by func are discarded.
Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto the stack. The new table has space pre-allocated for Guide To Resume Writing narr array elements and nrec non-array elements. This pre-allocation is useful when you know exactly how many elements the table will have. Otherwise you can use the function lua_newtable . Dumps a function as a binary chunk. Receives a Lua function on the top of the stack and produces a binary chunk that, if loaded again, results in a function equivalent to the one dumped. As it produces parts of the chunk, lua_dump calls function writer (see lua_Writer ) with the given data to write them. The value returned is the error code returned by * Calendar Printable, the last call to the writer; 0 means no errors. This function does not pop the Lua function from the stack.
Returns 1 if the What Is The Weight Of A 11 Year Old Female two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are equal, following the semantics of the Lua == operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the indices is non valid. Generates a Lua error. The error message (which can actually be a Lua value of any type) must be on the stack top. This function does a long jump, and therefore never returns. (see luaL_error ). Controls the Calendar Printable Template garbage collector. This function performs several tasks, according to the value of the parameter what : LUA_GCSTOP : stops the Basic garbage collector. LUA_GCRESTART : restarts the garbage collector. LUA_GCCOLLECT : performs a full garbage-collection cycle.
LUA_GCCOUNT : returns the current amount of memory (in Kbytes) in use by Lua. LUA_GCCOUNTB : returns the remainder of Yearly Training Template Printable Template, dividing the current amount of bytes of memory in use by Lua by Cv Is Web2.0, 1024. LUA_GCSTEP : performs an incremental step of garbage collection. The step size is Yearly * Calendar Template controlled by data (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way. If you want to control the Cielo Cv Is Styled Html step size you must experimentally tune the value of data . The function returns 1 if the step finished a garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCSETPAUSE : sets data as the new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10). Calendar * Calendar. The function returns the previous value of the pause. LUA_GCSETSTEPMUL : sets data as the new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). The function returns the previous value of the step multiplier. Returns the memory-allocation function of a given state. Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Cv (resume. If ud is not NULL , Lua stores in *ud the opaque pointer passed to Training * Calendar lua_newstate . Pushes onto the stack the Guide To Resume Writing environment table of the value at Printable, the given index.
Pushes onto the stack the Weight Of A 11 Year Old Female value t[k] , where t is the value at Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, the given valid index. As in Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Html, Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Pushes onto the stack the Calendar * Calendar value of the Contract In Pdf, Word global name . It is Yearly Training Template Template defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack the metatable of the value at the given acceptable index. Guide To Resume. If the index is not valid, or if the value does not have a metatable, the function returns 0 and pushes nothing on the stack. Pushes onto Training Template * Calendar, the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index and k is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the Cielo A Modern, Html Cv (resume key from the stack (putting the resulting value in Yearly Training Template Printable, its place). Basic Letter. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8).
Returns the index of the top element in the stack. Because indices start at 1, this result is Yearly * Calendar equal to the number of elements in the stack (and so 0 means an empty stack). Moves the top element into the given valid index, shifting up the elements above this index to open space. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an actual stack position. The type used by the Lua API to Guide represent integral values.
By default it is a ptrdiff_t , which is usually the largest signed integral type the machine handles comfortably. Returns 1 if the Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template value at the given acceptable index has type boolean, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at Action Iap. Module, the given acceptable index is a C function, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a function (either C or Lua), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template a light userdata, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the Resume Examples Job | value at the given acceptable index is nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the given acceptable index is Calendar Template * Calendar Printable not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack), and Average Weight 8 In. 11 Year Old Female 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the Yearly Training Calendar Template given acceptable index is not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack) or if the value at this index is nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a number or a string convertible to a number, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the Cielo Cv Cielo Html Cv (resume value at the given acceptable index is a string or a number (which is always convertible to Calendar Template Template a string), and 0 otherwise.
Returns 1 if the Examples First Job | value at Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable, the given acceptable index is a table, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a thread, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a userdata (either full or light), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at acceptable index index1 is smaller than the value at acceptable index index2 , following the Cv Is Web2.0 Cv (resume semantics of the Lua operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the indices is non valid. Loads a Lua chunk.
If there are no errors, lua_load pushes the compiled chunk as a Lua function on Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable top of the stack. Otherwise, it pushes an Iap. Module 11 Incident And, error message. The return values of lua_load are: 0: no errors; LUA_ERRSYNTAX : syntax error during pre-compilation; LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. This function only Calendar Template Printable Template, loads a chunk; it does not run it. lua_load automatically detects whether the chunk is text or binary, and loads it accordingly (see program luac ). The lua_load function uses a user-supplied reader function to read the chunk (see lua_Reader ). The data argument is an opaque value passed to Cv Cielo Web2.0 Styled Html the reader function.
The chunkname argument gives a name to the chunk, which is used for error messages and in debug information (see §3.8). Creates a new, independent state. Returns NULL if cannot create the state (due to lack of memory). The argument f is the allocator function; Lua does all memory allocation for Template * Calendar Template this state through this function. The second argument, ud , is an opaque pointer that Lua simply passes to the allocator in every call. Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto the stack. It is equivalent to lua_createtable(L, 0, 0) . Creates a new thread, pushes it on the stack, and To Resume returns a pointer to a lua_State that represents this new thread. The new state returned by this function shares with the original state all global objects (such as tables), but has an independent execution stack. There is no explicit function to close or to destroy a thread. Threads are subject to Training Calendar * Calendar Template garbage collection, like any Lua object.
This function allocates a new block of memory with the given size, pushes onto the stack a new full userdata with the block address, and returns this address. Userdata represent C values in Lua. What Average Weight 8 In.. A full userdata represents a block of memory. It is an object (like a table): you must create it, it can have its own metatable, and you can detect when it is being collected. A full userdata is only equal to itself (under raw equality). When Lua collects a full userdata with a gc metamethod, Lua calls the metamethod and marks the userdata as finalized. When this userdata is collected again then Lua frees its corresponding memory. Pops a key from the stack, and pushes a key-value pair from the table at the given index (the next pair after the given key).
If there are no more elements in the table, then lua_next returns 0 (and pushes nothing). A typical traversal looks like this: While traversing a table, do not call lua_tolstring directly on a key, unless you know that the key is Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template actually a string. Recall that lua_tolstring changes the To Resume Writing value at the given index; this confuses the Yearly * Calendar Printable Template next call to Examples First Job | Template lua_next . The type of numbers in * Calendar Printable Template, Lua. By default, it is Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Html double, but that can be changed in luaconf.h . Through the configuration file you can change Lua to operate with another type for numbers (e.g., float or long).
Returns the Training Template * Calendar length of the value at the given acceptable index: for strings, this is the string length; for tables, this is the result of the length operator (' # '); for userdata, this is the Resume Examples size of the block of memory allocated for Yearly Training Template Template the userdata; for other values, it is 0. Calls a function in protected mode. Both nargs and nresults have the - 7+ Documents same meaning as in lua_call . If there are no errors during the call, lua_pcall behaves exactly like lua_call . Training Template * Calendar Template. However, if there is any error, lua_pcall catches it, pushes a single value on the stack (the error message), and returns an error code. Like lua_call , lua_pcall always removes the function and its arguments from the stack. If errfunc is 0, then the error message returned on the stack is exactly the original error message. Otherwise, errfunc is the stack index of an error handler function . (In the Resume First Job | current implementation, this index cannot be a pseudo-index.) In case of runtime errors, this function will be called with the Training Calendar Template Template error message and its return value will be the message returned on Photography Contract - 7+ Documents the stack by lua_pcall . Typically, the error handler function is used to add more debug information to Yearly Training the error message, such as a stack traceback. Such information cannot be gathered after the return of Basic Resignation, lua_pcall , since by then the Yearly Training Template stack has unwound. The lua_pcall function returns 0 in case of success or one of the following error codes (defined in lua.h ): LUA_ERRRUN : a runtime error. LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. For such errors, Lua does not call the To Resume error handler function.
LUA_ERRERR : error while running the error handler function. Pops n elements from the stack. Pushes a boolean value with value b onto the stack. Pushes a new C closure onto the stack. When a C function is created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure (see §3.4); these values are then accessible to the function whenever it is called.
To associate values with a C function, first these values should be pushed onto the stack (when there are multiple values, the Yearly Template * Calendar Printable first value is Iap. Module And pushed first). Template. Then lua_pushcclosure is called to create and push the C function onto the stack, with the argument n telling how many values should be associated with the function. lua_pushcclosure also pops these values from the stack. The maximum value for n is ???????????? Iap. Module 255. Pushes a C function onto the stack. This function receives a pointer to a C function and pushes onto Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, the stack a Lua value of type function that, when called, invokes the corresponding C function. Any function to be registered in Lua must follow the correct protocol to receive its parameters and return its results (see lua_CFunction ). lua_pushcfunction is Resume Examples First Template defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack a formatted string and Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template returns a pointer to Resume this string. It is similar to the C function sprintf , but has some important differences: You do not have to allocate space for the result: the result is a Lua string and Lua takes care of memory allocation (and deallocation, through garbage collection). Calendar Template Template. The conversion specifiers are quite restricted. There are no flags, widths, or precisions.
The conversion specifiers can only be ' %% ' (inserts a ' % ' in the string), ' %s ' (inserts a zero-terminated string, with no size restrictions), ' %f ' (inserts a lua_Number ), ' %p ' (inserts a pointer as a hexadecimal numeral), ' %d ' (inserts an int ), and Cielo Html Cv (resume ' %c ' (inserts an int as a character). Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes a light userdata onto the stack. Userdata represent C values in Lua. A light userdata represents a pointer. Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template. It is a value (like a number): you do not create it, it has no individual metatable, and it is not collected (as it was never created). A light userdata is equal to Cv Cielo Web2.0 any light userdata with the same C address. This macro is equivalent to lua_pushlstring , but can be used only when s is a literal string. In these cases, it automatically provides the string length.
Pushes the Yearly Calendar Template Template string pointed to by s with size len onto the stack. Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. The string can contain embedded zeros. Pushes a nil value onto the stack. Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes the zero-terminated string pointed to by s onto Sample Photography Contract - 7+ Word, the stack. Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the given string, so the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. The string cannot contain embedded zeros; it is To Resume Writing assumed to end at the first zero. Pushes the thread represented by L onto the stack. Returns 1 if this thread is the main thread of its state. Pushes a copy of the element at the given valid index onto the stack.
Equivalent to lua_pushfstring , except that it receives a va_list instead of Template Template, a variable number of arguments. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are primitively equal (that is, without calling metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the ???????????? Action And indices are non valid. Similar to lua_gettable , but does a raw access (i.e., without metamethods). Pushes onto the stack the Yearly Training Calendar Template Template value t[n] , where t is the value at Guide Writing, the given valid index. The access is Yearly Training Template * Calendar raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. Similar to lua_settable , but does a raw assignment (i.e., without metamethods). Does the equivalent of Guide To Resume Writing, t[n] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index and v is the Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable value at the top of the stack. This function pops the value from the stack. The assignment is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. The reader function used by lua_load . Every time it needs another piece of the chunk, lua_load calls the Letter reader, passing along its data parameter.
The reader must return a pointer to a block of memory with a new piece of the chunk and set size to the block size. The block must exist until the reader function is called again. Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template. To signal the end of the Sample Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf, chunk, the reader must return NULL or set size to zero. The reader function may return pieces of any size greater than zero. Sets the C function f as the new value of global name . It is defined as a macro: Removes the element at Template * Calendar Template, the given valid index, shifting down the elements above this index to fill the gap. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an actual stack position. Moves the top element into the given position (and pops it), without shifting any element (therefore replacing the value at the given position). Starts and resumes a coroutine in a given thread.
To start a coroutine, you first create a new thread (see lua_newthread ); then you push onto its stack the main function plus any arguments; then you call lua_resume , with narg being the number of arguments. This call returns when the coroutine suspends or finishes its execution. When it returns, the stack contains all values passed to Resume First lua_yield , or all values returned by the body function. Training * Calendar Printable Template. lua_resume returns LUA_YIELD if the coroutine yields, 0 if the coroutine finishes its execution without errors, or an error code in case of errors (see lua_pcall ). Resume Examples Job | Template. In case of errors, the stack is not unwound, so you can use the debug API over it. The error message is on the top of the stack. To restart a coroutine, you put on its stack only the values to Training Printable be passed as results from What Is The Weight 8 In. 11 Year yield , and then call lua_resume . Changes the Yearly Training Template Printable allocator function of Documents In Pdf,, a given state to f with user data ud . Pops a table from the stack and Training * Calendar Template sets it as the new environment for the value at Resume Examples, the given index. If the value at Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, the given index is neither a function nor a thread nor a userdata, lua_setfenv returns 0. Otherwise it returns 1. Does the equivalent to t[k] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index and v is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8).
Pops a value from the Resume Examples Template stack and Yearly Printable Template sets it as the new value of global name . It is defined as a macro: Pops a table from the stack and Cielo Cv Is A Modern, sets it as the Yearly Training Template Printable Template new metatable for the value at the given acceptable index. Does the equivalent to t[k] = v , where t is the value at Guide Writing, the given valid index, v is the Training * Calendar Template value at Guide Writing, the top of the stack, and k is the value just below the top. This function pops both the key and the value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8). Accepts any acceptable index, or 0, and sets the stack top to this index. If the Training Calendar Template * Calendar new top is larger than the Guide Writing old one, then the new elements are filled with nil . If index is 0, then all stack elements are removed. Opaque structure that keeps the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template whole state of a Lua interpreter.
The Lua library is Basic Resignation Letter fully reentrant: it has no global variables. All information about a state is kept in this structure. A pointer to this state must be passed as the first argument to every function in Calendar * Calendar Printable, the library, except to lua_newstate , which creates a Lua state from scratch. Returns the status of the thread L . The status can be 0 for a normal thread, an error code if the thread finished its execution with an error, or LUA_YIELD if the thread is suspended. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to a C boolean value (0 or 1). Like all tests in Lua, lua_toboolean returns 1 for Incident Action Module any Lua value different from false and nil ; otherwise it returns 0. It also returns 0 when called with a non-valid index. (If you want to accept only actual boolean values, use lua_isboolean to Training Calendar Printable Template test the value's type.) Converts a value at the given acceptable index to a C function. That value must be a C function; otherwise, returns NULL . Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to the signed integral type lua_Integer . The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tointeger returns 0. If the number is not an integer, it is truncated in Cv Cielo Cv Is Html Cv (resume, some non-specified way. Converts the Training * Calendar Printable Lua value at the given acceptable index to a C string. If len is not NULL , it also sets *len with the string length.
The Lua value must be a string or a number; otherwise, the function returns NULL . Sample In Pdf, Word. If the Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template value is a number, then lua_tolstring also changes the Basic actual value in Yearly Template Printable Template, the stack to a string . (This change confuses lua_next when lua_tolstring is applied to Contract - 7+ Documents Word keys during a table traversal.) lua_tolstring returns a fully aligned pointer to a string inside the Lua state. This string always has a zero (' 0 ') after its last character (as in C), but can contain other zeros in its body. Because Lua has garbage collection, there is no guarantee that the pointer returned by lua_tolstring will be valid after the corresponding value is removed from the stack. Converts the Yearly Training Calendar Template Template Lua value at the given acceptable index to the C type lua_Number (see lua_Number ). Writing. The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tonumber returns 0. Converts the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template value at the given acceptable index to Is The Of A 11 Year a generic C pointer ( void* ). The value can be a userdata, a table, a thread, or a function; otherwise, lua_topointer returns NULL . Different objects will give different pointers. There is no way to Calendar * Calendar Printable convert the pointer back to its original value. Typically this function is used only for ???????????? Incident Iap. Module debug information. Equivalent to Yearly Calendar Template lua_tolstring with len equal to NULL . Converts the value at the given acceptable index to Guide To Resume Writing a Lua thread (represented as lua_State* ). This value must be a thread; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value at the given acceptable index is a full userdata, returns its block address.
If the value is a light userdata, returns its pointer. Otherwise, returns NULL . Returns the Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template type of the value in the given acceptable index, or LUA_TNONE for ???????????? Iap. Module 11 Incident And a non-valid index (that is, an Calendar * Calendar, index to Photography Contract Word an empty stack position). The types returned by Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template, lua_type are coded by the following constants defined in lua.h : LUA_TNIL , LUA_TNUMBER , LUA_TBOOLEAN , LUA_TSTRING , LUA_TTABLE , LUA_TFUNCTION , LUA_TUSERDATA , LUA_TTHREAD , and What Average Of A 11 Year Old Female LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA . Returns the name of the type encoded by the value tp , which must be one the values returned by lua_type . The type of the writer function used by Yearly * Calendar, lua_dump . Every time it produces another piece of Resume First Template, chunk, lua_dump calls the writer, passing along the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar buffer to be written ( p ), its size ( sz ), and the data parameter supplied to lua_dump . The writer returns an error code: 0 means no errors; any other value means an error and stops lua_dump from calling the writer again. Exchange values between different threads of the same global state. This function pops n values from the stack from , and ???????????? Iap. Module 11 Incident And pushes them onto Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template, the stack to . Yields a coroutine. This function should only be called as the return expression of a C function, as follows: When a C function calls lua_yield in that way, the running coroutine suspends its execution, and the call to Examples lua_resume that started this coroutine returns. The parameter nresults is the number of Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template, values from the stack that are passed as results to lua_resume . Lua has no built-in debugging facilities. Instead, it offers a special interface by means of functions and Job | Template hooks . Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template. This interface allows the construction of different kinds of debuggers, profilers, and other tools that need inside information from the interpreter. A structure used to carry different pieces of information about an active function. lua_getstack fills only the private part of this structure, for later use.
To fill the other fields of lua_Debug with useful information, call lua_getinfo . The fields of Weight 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year, lua_Debug have the following meaning: source : If the function was defined in a string, then source is that string. If the function was defined in a file, then source starts with a ' @ ' followed by Training Calendar Template, the file name. short_src : a printable version of source , to be used in error messages. linedefined : the line number where the Basic Letter definition of the function starts. lastlinedefined : the line number where the definition of the function ends. Training Calendar Template. what : the string Lua if the function is a Lua function, C if it is a C function, main if it is the main part of a chunk, and tail if it was a function that did a tail call. In the latter case, Lua has no other information about the function. currentline : the current line where the given function is executing. When no line information is available, currentline is Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Html Cv (resume set to Calendar Template * Calendar Printable -1. name : a reasonable name for Action Iap. And the given function. Because functions in Lua are first-class values, they do not have a fixed name: some functions can be the value of multiple global variables, while others can be stored only in a table field.
The lua_getinfo function checks how the function was called to Training Template find a suitable name. If it cannot find a name, then name is set to NULL . namewhat : explains the name field. The value of namewhat can be global , local , method , field , upvalue , or (the empty string), according to how the function was called. (Lua uses the empty string when no other option seems to apply.) nups : the number of upvalues of the function. Returns the current hook function. Returns the current hook count. Returns the Guide current hook mask. Returns information about Calendar Template Template a specific function or function invocation. To get information about a function invocation, the parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ).
To get information about a function you push it onto the stack and start the ???????????? Plan: And what string with the character ' '. (In that case, lua_getinfo pops the function in Yearly Calendar Printable Template, the top of the stack.) For instance, to know in which line a function f was defined, you can write the following code: Each character in the string what selects some fields of the Cv Is A Modern, Styled Html structure ar to be filled or a value to be pushed on the stack: ' n ': fills in Yearly Training Calendar, the field name and namewhat ; ' S ': fills in the fields source , short_src , linedefined , lastlinedefined , and what ; ' l ': fills in the field currentline ; ' u ': fills in the field nups ; ' f ': pushes onto the stack the function that is running at the given level; ' L ': pushes onto the stack a table whose indices are the numbers of the lines that are valid on the function. (A valid line is a line with some associated code, that is, a line where you can put a break point. Letter. Non-valid lines include empty lines and comments.) This function returns 0 on error (for instance, an Yearly Training Calendar Template, invalid option in what ). Gets information about a local variable of Sample Photography - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, a given activation record. The parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). Yearly Training Calendar Printable. The index n selects which local variable to inspect (1 is the first parameter or active local variable, and so on, until the What Is The Of A 11 Year Old Female last active local variable). Training. lua_getlocal pushes the First Template variable's value onto Calendar, the stack and returns its name. Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and Cv Cielo Html C function locals).
Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template number of active local variables. Get information about the interpreter runtime stack. This function fills parts of a lua_Debug structure with an identification of the activation record of the function executing at a given level. Level 0 is the To Resume Writing current running function, whereas level n+1 is the Training Calendar Template Printable Template function that has called level n . Incident Plan: Module 11 Incident And. When there are no errors, lua_getstack returns 1; when called with a level greater than the stack depth, it returns 0. Gets information about a closure's upvalue. (For Lua functions, upvalues are the external local variables that the function uses, and that are consequently included in its closure.) lua_getupvalue gets the index n of an Yearly Training Calendar Template, upvalue, pushes the upvalue's value onto the stack, and Incident Action 11 Incident returns its name. funcindex points to the closure in Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, the stack. What Is The Weight 8 In.. (Upvalues have no particular order, as they are active through the whole function.
So, they are numbered in Printable Template, an arbitrary order.) Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the Incident Action Plan: Iap. And number of upvalues. Yearly Template Printable Template. For C functions, this function uses the empty string as a name for all upvalues. Type for Resignation Letter debugging hook functions. Whenever a hook is called, its ar argument has its field event set to the specific event that triggered the hook. Lua identifies these events with the following constants: LUA_HOOKCALL , LUA_HOOKRET , LUA_HOOKTAILRET , LUA_HOOKLINE , and LUA_HOOKCOUNT . Moreover, for line events, the field currentline is also set.
To get the value of any other field in Training Template, ar , the hook must call lua_getinfo . Resignation. For return events, event can be LUA_HOOKRET , the normal value, or LUA_HOOKTAILRET . In the latter case, Lua is simulating a return from a function that did a tail call; in Calendar Template * Calendar Template, this case, it is useless to call lua_getinfo . While Lua is running a hook, it disables other calls to What Is The Of A 8 In. Old Female hooks. Therefore, if a hook calls back Lua to Yearly Calendar Printable execute a function or a chunk, this execution occurs without any calls to hooks. Sets the debugging hook function. Argument f is the hook function. mask specifies on which events the hook will be called: it is formed by a bitwise or of the constants LUA_MASKCALL , LUA_MASKRET , LUA_MASKLINE , and LUA_MASKCOUNT . Sample Contract - 7+ In Pdf,. The count argument is only meaningful when the mask includes LUA_MASKCOUNT . Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template. For each event, the hook is called as explained below: The call hook: is Contract - 7+ In Pdf, Word called when the interpreter calls a function. The hook is Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable called just after Lua enters the new function, before the function gets its arguments. The return hook: is Writing called when the interpreter returns from Yearly a function. The hook is called just before Lua leaves the function. You have no access to the values to To Resume Writing be returned by the function. The line hook: is called when the interpreter is Yearly Calendar * Calendar about to start the execution of a new line of Incident Iap. Module And, code, or when it jumps back in the code (even to the same line). (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) The count hook: is called after the interpreter executes every count instructions. (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) A hook is Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template disabled by setting mask to Resume First Template zero. Sets the value of a local variable of a given activation record.
Parameters ar and n are as in Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, lua_getlocal (see lua_getlocal ). Resignation Letter. lua_setlocal assigns the value at the top of the stack to the variable and returns its name. Calendar Printable. It also pops the value from the stack. Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is Sample - 7+ Word greater than the Yearly Training Printable Template number of active local variables. Sets the value of To Resume Writing, a closure's upvalue. It assigns the Calendar Template Printable value at the top of the stack to the upvalue and returns its name. To Resume Writing. It also pops the value from the stack. Parameters funcindex and n are as in the lua_getupvalue (see lua_getupvalue ). Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is Training * Calendar Printable greater than the number of upvalues.
The auxiliary library provides several convenient functions to interface C with Lua. While the basic API provides the primitive functions for all interactions between C and Lua, the auxiliary library provides higher-level functions for To Resume Writing some common tasks. All functions from the auxiliary library are defined in header file lauxlib.h and have a prefix luaL_ . All functions in the auxiliary library are built on top of the basic API, and so they provide nothing that cannot be done with this API. Several functions in the auxiliary library are used to check C function arguments. Template Printable. Their names are always luaL_check* or luaL_opt* . Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume. All of these functions throw an error if the Yearly Training Template Printable Template check is not satisfied. Because the error message is formatted for arguments (e.g., bad argument #1 ), you should not use these functions for other stack values.
Here we list all functions and types from the auxiliary library in alphabetical order. Adds the Documents character c to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Adds the string pointed to by s with length l to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may contain embedded zeros. Adds to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ) a string of length n previously copied to the buffer area (see luaL_prepbuffer ). Adds the zero-terminated string pointed to by s to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may not contain embedded zeros.
Adds the value at Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template, the top of the stack to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Pops the value. This is the only function on string buffers that can (and must) be called with an extra element on the stack, which is the value to be added to the buffer. Checks whether cond is ???????????? Incident Action Module true. Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable. If not, raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the call stack: Raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the What Is The Average 8 In. 11 Year Old Female call stack:
This function never returns, but it is an Yearly Training Calendar Printable, idiom to use it in C functions as return luaL_argerror( args ) . Type for a string buffer . A string buffer allows C code to build Lua strings piecemeal. Its pattern of use is as follows: First you declare a variable b of What Is The Of A 4 Foot Old Female, type luaL_Buffer . Then you initialize it with a call luaL_buffinit(L, b) . Then you add string pieces to the buffer calling any of the Yearly * Calendar Template luaL_add* functions. You finish by Basic, calling luaL_pushresult(b) . This call leaves the final string on the top of the stack. During its normal operation, a string buffer uses a variable number of Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template, stack slots. So, while using a buffer, you cannot assume that you know where the top of the stack is.
You can use the First Job | Template stack between successive calls to Yearly buffer operations as long as that use is balanced; that is, when you call a buffer operation, the stack is at the same level it was immediately after the previous buffer operation. (The only Resume Examples, exception to this rule is Training Calendar Template Printable Template luaL_addvalue .) After calling luaL_pushresult the stack is back to its level when the buffer was initialized, plus the final string on its top. Initializes a buffer B . Guide Writing. This function does not allocate any space; the buffer must be declared as a variable (see luaL_Buffer ). Calls a metamethod. If the object at index obj has a metatable and this metatable has a field e , this function calls this field and passes the object as its only argument. In this case this function returns 1 and pushes onto the stack the value returned by the call. Training Calendar Template Printable Template. If there is no metatable or no metamethod, this function returns 0 (without pushing any value on the stack). Checks whether the Resignation function has an argument of any type (including nil ) at position narg . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to an int . Checks whether the Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to Resume a lua_Integer . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to a long . Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and returns this string; if l is not NULL fills *l with the string's length. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg is Yearly Training a number and returns this number.
Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and searches for this string in the array lst (which must be NULL-terminated). Returns the index in the array where the string was found. Raises an error if the argument is not a string or if the string cannot be found. If def is not NULL , the function uses def as a default value when there is Guide To Resume no argument narg or if this argument is nil . This is Yearly Printable a useful function for mapping strings to C enums. (The usual convention in Photography Contract - 7+ In Pdf,, Lua libraries is to use strings instead of numbers to select options.) Grows the stack size to top + sz elements, raising an Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, error if the stack cannot grow to that size. msg is an additional text to go into the error message. Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and returns this string. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg has type t . See lua_type for Guide Writing the encoding of types for Training Template * Calendar Printable t . Checks whether the function argument narg is a userdata of the What Weight 4 Foot Old Female type tname (see luaL_newmetatable ). Loads and runs the given file.
It is defined as the following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of Yearly Training Calendar Template, errors. Loads and runs the given string. It is defined as the following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of errors. Raises an error. The error message format is given by fmt plus any extra arguments, following the same rules of lua_pushfstring . Writing. It also adds at the beginning of the message the file name and Template * Calendar Template the line number where the error occurred, if this information is available. This function never returns, but it is an idiom to use it in C functions as return luaL_error( args ) . Pushes onto the stack the field e from the Sample Contract - 7+ Documents Word metatable of the object at index obj . If the object does not have a metatable, or if the metatable does not have this field, returns 0 and pushes nothing.
Pushes onto the stack the metatable associated with name tname in the registry (see luaL_newmetatable ). Creates a copy of Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template, string s by replacing any occurrence of the Resume First Job | string p with the string r . Pushes the Template resulting string on the stack and returns it. Loads a buffer as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in Photography - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, the buffer pointed to by buff with size sz . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Training Template * Calendar Printable. name is the chunk name, used for debug information and error messages. Loads a file as a Lua chunk.
This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in the file named filename . If filename is NULL , then it loads from the standard input. The first line in the file is ignored if it starts with a # . This function returns the same results as lua_load , but it has an extra error code LUA_ERRFILE if it cannot open/read the file. As lua_load , this function only loads the chunk; it does not run it. Loads a string as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in ???????????? Incident Action Plan: Iap., the zero-terminated string s . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Also as lua_load , this function only loads the chunk; it does not run it. If the Calendar Printable Template registry already has the Weight 4 Foot 11 Year key tname , returns 0. Yearly Training Calendar Printable. Otherwise, creates a new table to be used as a metatable for userdata, adds it to Writing the registry with key tname , and returns 1. In both cases pushes onto the stack the final value associated with tname in the registry.
Creates a new Lua state. It calls lua_newstate with an Training Calendar Printable Template, allocator based on the standard C realloc function and then sets a panic function (see lua_atpanic ) that prints an error message to the standard error output in case of fatal errors. Returns the Basic new state, or NULL if there is a memory allocation error. Opens all standard Lua libraries into the given state. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to an int . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error.
If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to * Calendar Printable a lua_Integer . If this argument is Guide Writing absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template a number, returns this number cast to a long . If this argument is absent or is Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Cv (resume nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template function argument narg is a string, returns this string. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If l is not NULL , fills the position *l with the results's length.
If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number. If this argument is absent or is What Is The Weight Of A 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a string, returns this string. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an Yearly Template Template, error. Returns an address to a space of size LUAL_BUFFERSIZE where you can copy a string to be added to buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). After copying the string into this space you must call luaL_addsize with the size of the string to Weight Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female actually add it to the buffer. Finishes the use of buffer B leaving the final string on Calendar the top of the stack. Creates and returns a reference , in Cielo Web2.0 Html, the table at Training Printable, index t , for the object at the top of the stack (and pops the object).
A reference is a unique integer key. As long as you do not manually add integer keys into table t , luaL_ref ensures the uniqueness of the key it returns. Guide To Resume Writing. You can retrieve an object referred by Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable, reference r by calling lua_rawgeti(L, t, r) . Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html Cv (resume. Function luaL_unref frees a reference and Yearly * Calendar its associated object. If the object at Basic Resignation, the top of the stack is nil , luaL_ref returns the constant LUA_REFNIL . The constant LUA_NOREF is guaranteed to be different from any reference returned by luaL_ref . Type for arrays of functions to Calendar Printable Template be registered by luaL_register . Guide Writing. name is the function name and func is a pointer to the function. Any array of luaL_Reg must end with an Training Calendar Template Template, sentinel entry in Documents, which both name and func are NULL . Opens a library. When called with libname equal to NULL , it simply registers all functions in the list l (see luaL_Reg ) into the table on the top of the stack. When called with a non-null libname , luaL_register creates a new table t , sets it as the value of the global variable libname , sets it as the value of package.loaded[libname] , and registers on it all functions in Yearly Training Calendar, the list l . If there is a table in package.loaded[libname] or in variable libname , reuses this table instead of creating a new one. In any case the function leaves the table on the top of the stack.
Returns the name of the type of the value at the given index. Generates an error with a message like the following: where location is produced by luaL_where , func is the name of the Average Weight 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year current function, and rt is the type name of the actual argument. Releases reference ref from the table at index t (see luaL_ref ). The entry is removed from the table, so that the referred object can be collected. The reference ref is Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template also freed to be used again. Pushes onto the stack a string identifying the current position of the control at level lvl in What Is The Average Weight 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female, the call stack. Typically this string has the following format: Level 0 is the running function, level 1 is the Yearly * Calendar Printable Template function that called the running function, etc. This function is used to Resume Job | Template build a prefix for error messages. The standard Lua libraries provide useful functions that are implemented directly through the C API. Some of these functions provide essential services to the language (e.g., type and Yearly Printable Template getmetatable ); others provide access to Photography Documents outside services (e.g., I/O); and Yearly Printable Template others could be implemented in Lua itself, but are quite useful or have critical performance requirements that deserve an implementation in C (e.g., table.sort ). All libraries are implemented through the official C API and are provided as separate C modules.
Currently, Lua has the following standard libraries: basic library, which includes the Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Styled Cv (resume coroutine sub-library; package library; string manipulation; table manipulation; mathematical functions (sin, log, etc.); input and output; operating system facilities; debug facilities. Except for the basic and Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template package libraries, each library provides all its functions as fields of a global table or as methods of its objects. To have access to these libraries, the C host program should call the luaL_openlibs function, which opens all standard libraries. Alternatively, it can open them individually by calling luaopen_base (for the Average 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female basic library), luaopen_package (for the package library), luaopen_string (for the string library), luaopen_table (for the table library), luaopen_math (for the Yearly Printable Template mathematical library), luaopen_io (for the I/O library), luaopen_os (for the Resume Examples Job | Template Operating System library), and * Calendar Printable Template luaopen_debug (for the debug library). Sample Photography Contract Documents Word. These functions are declared in Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, lualib.h and should not be called directly: you must call them like any other Lua C function, e.g., by using lua_call . The basic library provides some core functions to Lua. Cv Cielo A Modern, Styled Cv (resume. If you do not include this library in your application, you should check carefully whether you need to provide implementations for some of its facilities. This function is * Calendar Printable a generic interface to Cv Is Styled Html the garbage collector. It performs different functions according to its first argument, opt : collect: performs a full garbage-collection cycle. This is the default option. stop: stops the garbage collector. restart: restarts the garbage collector. count: returns the Training * Calendar Printable total memory in use by Lua (in Kbytes). ???????????? Incident 11 Incident And. step: performs a garbage-collection step. The step size is Training Calendar Printable controlled by arg (larger values mean more steps) in First Job | Template, a non-specified way. If you want to control the Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable step size you must experimentally tune the value of arg . Returns true if the step finished a collection cycle. setpause: sets arg as the new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10).
Returns the previous value for pause . setstepmul: sets arg as the What Is The Weight 4 Foot 11 Year new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). Returns the previous value for step . Usually, error adds some information about the error position at Training Template * Calendar Printable Template, the beginning of the message. The level argument specifies how to get the error position. With level 1 (the default), the error position is where the Examples First error function was called. Level 2 points the error to where the function that called error was called; and so on. Passing a level 0 avoids the addition of error position information to the message. If object does not have a metatable, returns nil . Otherwise, if the Template object's metatable has a __metatable field, returns the associated value. Otherwise, returns the metatable of the given object. Returns three values: an iterator function, the table t , and 0, so that the construction.
will iterate over the pairs ( 1,t ), ( 2,t ), ···, up to Sample - 7+ In Pdf, the first integer key absent from the table. Loads a chunk using function func to get its pieces. Each call to func must return a string that concatenates with previous results. A return of an empty string, nil , or no value signals the end of the chunk. If there are no errors, returns the compiled chunk as a function; otherwise, returns nil plus the error message. The environment of the returned function is the global environment. chunkname is used as the chunk name for error messages and debug information. When absent, it defaults to =(load) . Similar to load , but gets the chunk from file filename or from the Yearly Template * Calendar standard input, if no file name is given. Similar to load , but gets the chunk from the given string.
To load and run a given string, use the idiom. When absent, chunkname defaults to Resume First the given string. Allows a program to traverse all fields of a table. Yearly Training * Calendar Printable. Its first argument is a table and its second argument is an index in Resignation, this table. next returns the next index of the table and its associated value. When called with nil as its second argument, next returns an initial index and its associated value. When called with the Template * Calendar Template last index, or with nil in Cielo A Modern, Cv (resume, an empty table, next returns nil . If the second argument is absent, then it is interpreted as nil . In particular, you can use next(t) to check whether a table is empty. The order in Calendar Template Template, which the indices are enumerated is not specified, even for numeric indices . (To traverse a table in numeric order, use a numerical for or the ipairs function.) The behavior of next is undefined if, during the traversal, you assign any value to a non-existent field in the table. You may however modify existing fields. In particular, you may clear existing fields.
Returns three values: the What Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female next function, the table t , and nil , so that the construction. will iterate over all keyvalue pairs of table t . See function next for the caveats of modifying the table during its traversal. Calls function f with the given arguments in Calendar Printable, protected mode . This means that any error inside f is not propagated; instead, pcall catches the error and First Template returns a status code. Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the Yearly Template Printable Template call succeeds without errors. In such case, pcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. In case of any error, pcall returns false plus the error message. This function returns table . If index is Is The Average 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year a number, returns all arguments after argument number index . * Calendar Printable Template. Otherwise, index must be the string # , and select returns the What Average Weight Of A 4 Foot 11 Year total number of extra arguments it received. Sets the environment to be used by the given function. f can be a Lua function or a number that specifies the function at that stack level: Level 1 is the function calling setfenv . setfenv returns the given function. As a special case, when f is Training Template 0 setfenv changes the environment of the running thread.
In this case, setfenv returns no values. Sets the metatable for the given table. (You cannot change the metatable of other types from Lua, only from C.) If metatable is nil , removes the metatable of the given table. If the - 7+ Documents Word original metatable has a __metatable field, raises an error. This function returns table . An optional argument specifies the base to Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template interpret the numeral. The base may be any integer between 2 and 36, inclusive. In bases above 10, the letter ' A ' (in either upper or lower case) represents 10, ' B ' represents 11, and so forth, with ' Z ' representing 35. In base 10 (the default), the Resume Examples First Job | number can have a decimal part, as well as an Yearly Calendar Template, optional exponent part (see §2.1).
In other bases, only Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html Cv (resume, unsigned integers are accepted. If the Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template metatable of e has a __tostring field, then tostring calls the corresponding value with e as argument, and uses the Average Old Female result of the call as its result. except that the above code can be written only for a fixed number of elements. Training Calendar Printable. By default, i is 1 and Sample - 7+ In Pdf, j is the Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template length of the list, as defined by the length operator (see §2.5.5). This function is Sample Photography Word similar to pcall , except that you can set a new error handler. xpcall calls function f in Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable Template, protected mode, using err as the error handler. Any error inside f is not propagated; instead, xpcall catches the error, calls the err function with the original error object, and returns a status code. Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the Resume Examples call succeeds without errors.
In this case, xpcall also returns all results from the Yearly Calendar Template Printable call, after this first result. In case of any error, xpcall returns false plus the result from err . The operations related to coroutines comprise a sub-library of the basic library and Sample Photography Contract In Pdf, come inside the table coroutine . See §2.11 for a general description of coroutines. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . f must be a Lua function. Returns this new coroutine, an object with type thread . Starts or continues the * Calendar execution of coroutine co . The first time you resume a coroutine, it starts running its body. The values val1 , ··· are passed as the arguments to the body function. If the coroutine has yielded, resume restarts it; the values val1 , ··· are passed as the results from the yield.
If the coroutine runs without any errors, resume returns true plus any values passed to yield (if the coroutine yields) or any values returned by the body function (if the coroutine terminates). If there is any error, resume returns false plus the error message. Returns the running coroutine, or nil when called by the main thread. Returns the Photography - 7+ status of coroutine co , as a string: running , if the coroutine is running (that is, it called status ); suspended , if the coroutine is suspended in a call to yield , or if it has not started running yet; normal if the coroutine is active but not running (that is, it has resumed another coroutine); and dead if the Yearly Template coroutine has finished its body function, or if it has stopped with an error. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . f must be a Lua function. Returns a function that resumes the Cielo Cv Cielo Styled coroutine each time it is called.
Any arguments passed to the function behave as the extra arguments to resume . Returns the same values returned by Calendar Printable, resume , except the first boolean. In case of error, propagates the error. Suspends the Photography Documents In Pdf, Word execution of the calling coroutine. The coroutine cannot be running a C function, a metamethod, or an iterator. Any arguments to Calendar Template * Calendar yield are passed as extra results to resume . The package library provides basic facilities for loading and To Resume building modules in Lua. Training Template. It exports two of its functions directly in the global environment: require and module . Everything else is exported in a table package . Creates a module. If there is a table in package.loaded[name] , this table is the module. Otherwise, if there is a global table t with the given name, this table is the module.
Otherwise creates a new table t and sets it as the value of the global name and the value of Examples Job |, package.loaded[name] . This function also initializes t._NAME with the given name, t._M with the Training Template * Calendar Printable module ( t itself), and t._PACKAGE with the Job | Template package name (the full module name minus last component; see below). Finally, module sets t as the new environment of the current function and the new value of package.loaded[name] , so that require returns t . If name is Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template a compound name (that is, one with components separated by dots), module creates (or reuses, if they already exist) tables for each component. For instance, if name is Cv Cielo Cv Is Styled Html Cv (resume a.b.c , then module stores the module table in field c of Training Calendar Template Printable Template, field b of global a . This function can receive optional options after the module name, where each option is a function to Basic Resignation Letter be applied over Training * Calendar Template, the module. Loads the given module. The function starts by looking into the package.loaded table to determine whether modname is already loaded. If it is, then require returns the value stored at package.loaded[modname] . Otherwise, it tries to find a loader for the module. To find a loader, require is guided by the package.loaders array.
By changing this array, we can change how require looks for a module. Resume First Template. The following explanation is based on the default configuration for package.loaders . First require queries package.preload[modname] . If it has a value, this value (which should be a function) is the loader. Otherwise require searches for a Lua loader using the Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template path stored in Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html, package.path . If that also fails, it searches for Training Calendar Template a C loader using the path stored in package.cpath . Guide Writing. If that also fails, it tries an all-in-one loader (see package.loaders ). Once a loader is found, require calls the loader with a single argument, modname . If the loader returns any value, require assigns the returned value to package.loaded[modname] . If the Calendar Template Printable loader returns no value and Is The Average Weight Of A 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female has not assigned any value to package.loaded[modname] , then require assigns true to Yearly Training Calendar Template this entry. Sample - 7+ In Pdf,. In any case, require returns the final value of package.loaded[modname] . If there is any error loading or running the module, or if it cannot find any loader for the module, then require signals an error. The path used by require to search for a C loader. Lua initializes the C path package.cpath in the same way it initializes the Yearly Training Calendar Lua path package.path , using the environment variable LUA_CPATH or a default path defined in luaconf.h . A table used by require to control which modules are already loaded. When you require a module modname and package.loaded[modname] is not false, require simply returns the value stored there. A table used by What Average Weight Old Female, require to control how to load modules. Each entry in Yearly Training Calendar Printable, this table is a searcher function . When looking for a module, require calls each of these searchers in ascending order, with the Is The Average 4 Foot module name (the argument given to require ) as its sole parameter. The function can return another function (the module loader ) or a string explaining why it did not find that module (or nil if it has nothing to say).
Lua initializes this table with four functions. The first searcher simply looks for a loader in the package.preload table. The second searcher looks for a loader as a Lua library, using the Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template path stored at What Is The Weight Of A 4 Foot 8 In., package.path . A path is a sequence of Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, templates separated by semicolons. Writing. For each template, the searcher will change each interrogation mark in Template, the template by filename , which is the Incident Plan: Iap. And module name with each dot replaced by a directory separator (such as / in Unix); then it will try to open the resulting file name. So, for instance, if the Lua path is the Training Calendar Template * Calendar string. the search for a Lua file for module foo will try to open the files ./foo.lua , ./foo.lc , and /usr/local/foo/init.lua , in Cv Cielo A Modern, Html Cv (resume, that order. The third searcher looks for a loader as a C library, using the path given by the variable package.cpath . For instance, if the C path is the string. the searcher for module foo will try to open the files ./foo.so , ./foo.dll , and /usr/local/foo/init.so , in that order. Once it finds a C library, this searcher first uses a dynamic link facility to link the application with the library. Then it tries to find a C function inside the library to be used as the loader. The name of this C function is the string luaopen_ concatenated with a copy of the module name where each dot is replaced by Template, an underscore.
Moreover, if the module name has a hyphen, its prefix up to (and including) the first hyphen is removed. For instance, if the Examples module name is a.v1-b.c , the function name will be luaopen_b_c . The fourth searcher tries an Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar, all-in-one loader . Examples First Job | Template. It searches the C path for a library for the root name of the Training Calendar Template Printable Template given module. For instance, when requiring a.b.c , it will search for a C library for a . If found, it looks into it for an open function for the submodule; in our example, that would be luaopen_a_b_c . With this facility, a package can pack several C submodules into one single library, with each submodule keeping its original open function. Dynamically links the host program with the C library libname . Inside this library, looks for Basic Letter a function funcname and returns this function as a C function. (So, funcname must follow the protocol (see lua_CFunction )). This is a low-level function.
It completely bypasses the package and module system. Unlike require , it does not perform any path searching and does not automatically adds extensions. libname must be the complete file name of the C library, including if necessary a path and extension. funcname must be the exact name exported by Template Printable, the C library (which may depend on the C compiler and linker used). This function is Sample Photography Contract Documents not supported by ANSI C. As such, it is only available on some platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, BSD, plus other Unix systems that support the dlfcn standard). The path used by require to Training Template search for a Lua loader. At start-up, Lua initializes this variable with the value of the environment variable LUA_PATH or with a default path defined in luaconf.h , if the Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume environment variable is not defined. Any ;; in the value of the environment variable is replaced by the default path. A table to store loaders for specific modules (see require ).
Sets a metatable for module with its __index field referring to the global environment, so that this module inherits values from the global environment. To be used as an Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template, option to function module . This library provides generic functions for string manipulation, such as finding and First Job | Template extracting substrings, and pattern matching. When indexing a string in Yearly * Calendar, Lua, the first character is at position 1 (not at 0, as in C). Indices are allowed to be negative and are interpreted as indexing backwards, from the end of the string. Thus, the Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled last character is at position -1, and so on. The string library provides all its functions inside the table string . It also sets a metatable for strings where the * Calendar Printable Template __index field points to Incident Action Plan: 11 Incident And the string table.
Therefore, you can use the Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar string functions in object-oriented style. For instance, string.byte(s, i) can be written as s:byte(i) . The string library assumes one-byte character encodings. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Returns a string containing a binary representation of the given function, so that a later loadstring on this string returns a copy of the function. function must be a Lua function without upvalues. string.find (s, pattern [, init [, plain]]) If the pattern has captures, then in a successful match the ???????????? Plan: Module And captured values are also returned, after the two indices. will produce the string: The options c , d , E , e , f , g , G , i , o , u , X , and x all expect a number as argument, whereas q and s expect a string. This function does not accept string values containing embedded zeros, except as arguments to the q option.
As an example, the following loop. will iterate over all the words from Training Template string s , printing one per line. Sample Photography In Pdf,. The next example collects all pairs key=value from the given string into a table: For this function, a ' ^ ' at the start of a pattern does not work as an anchor, as this would prevent the iteration. If repl is a string, then its value is used for replacement. The character % works as an escape character: any sequence in repl of the form % n , with n between 1 and 9, stands for the value of the n -th captured substring (see below). Yearly Training Calendar Printable. The sequence %0 stands for the whole match. The sequence %% stands for a single % . If repl is a table, then the table is queried for every match, using the first capture as the key; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the Incident Plan: Iap. Module 11 Incident And whole match is used as the key. If repl is a function, then this function is called every time a match occurs, with all captured substrings passed as arguments, in order; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is passed as a sole argument. If the value returned by Yearly Printable Template, the table query or by Sample Photography Contract In Pdf,, the function call is a string or a number, then it is used as the replacement string; otherwise, if it is false or nil , then there is no replacement (that is, the original match is kept in Yearly Calendar Printable Template, the string). Here are some examples:
A character class is Basic Letter used to represent a set of characters. The following combinations are allowed in Yearly Calendar Printable Template, describing a character class: x : (where x is Basic Resignation Letter not one of the magic characters ^$()%.*+-? ) represents the Yearly Calendar Printable character x itself. . : (a dot) represents all characters. %a : represents all letters. %c : represents all control characters. %d : represents all digits. ???????????? Module. %l : represents all lowercase letters. %p : represents all punctuation characters. %s : represents all space characters. %u : represents all uppercase letters. %w : represents all alphanumeric characters. %x : represents all hexadecimal digits. %z : represents the character with representation 0. % x : (where x is any non-alphanumeric character) represents the character x . This is the Template * Calendar Printable Template standard way to A Modern, Web2.0 Html Cv (resume escape the magic characters. Any punctuation character (even the non magic) can be preceded by a ' % ' when used to represent itself in a pattern. [ set ] : represents the Template * Calendar Printable class which is the union of all characters in set . Web2.0 Styled Cv (resume. A range of characters can be specified by separating the end characters of the range with a ' - '. All classes % x described above can also be used as components in set . All other characters in set represent themselves. For example, [%w_] (or [_%w] ) represents all alphanumeric characters plus the underscore, [0-7] represents the octal digits, and Training * Calendar Template [0-7%l%-] represents the octal digits plus the Guide lowercase letters plus the Yearly Calendar * Calendar ' - ' character. The interaction between ranges and classes is not defined. Therefore, patterns like [%a-z] or [a-%%] have no meaning. [^ set ] : represents the complement of set , where set is interpreted as above.
For all classes represented by single letters ( %a , %c , etc.), the corresponding uppercase letter represents the complement of the class. For instance, %S represents all non-space characters. The definitions of letter, space, and other character groups depend on the current locale. In particular, the class [a-z] may not be equivalent to %l . A pattern item can be a single character class, which matches any single character in the class; a single character class followed by ' * ', which matches 0 or more repetitions of characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' + ', which matches 1 or more repetitions of characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' - ', which also matches 0 or more repetitions of characters in Resume First Job |, the class. Unlike ' * ', these repetition items will always match the shortest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' ? ', which matches 0 or 1 occurrence of a character in the class; % n , for n between 1 and 9; such item matches a substring equal to the n -th captured string (see below); %b xy , where x and y are two distinct characters; such item matches strings that start with x , end with y , and where the x and y are balanced . This means that, if one reads the string from left to right, counting +1 for an x and -1 for Training Template * Calendar a y , the ending y is the What Is The Weight 4 Foot 11 Year first y where the count reaches 0. Yearly Training Template. For instance, the item %b() matches expressions with balanced parentheses. A pattern is a sequence of Average Weight, pattern items.
A ' ^ ' at the beginning of a pattern anchors the match at the beginning of the Training Calendar Printable subject string. A ' $ ' at Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Html Cv (resume, the end of a pattern anchors the match at the end of the subject string. At other positions, ' ^ ' and ' $ ' have no special meaning and represent themselves. A pattern can contain sub-patterns enclosed in parentheses; they describe captures . When a match succeeds, the substrings of the subject string that match captures are stored ( captured ) for Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template future use. Captures are numbered according to their left parentheses. For instance, in the pattern (a*(.)%w(%s*)) , the part of the string matching a*(.)%w(%s*) is Is The Average Of A 11 Year Old Female stored as the Yearly Calendar * Calendar first capture (and therefore has number 1); the Basic character matching . is captured with number 2, and the part matching %s* has number 3. As a special case, the empty capture () captures the * Calendar current string position (a number). For instance, if we apply the pattern ()aa() on the string flaaap , there will be two captures: 3 and 5.
A pattern cannot contain embedded zeros. Use %z instead. This library provides generic functions for table manipulation. It provides all its functions inside the Resume First table table . Most functions in Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template, the table library assume that the table represents an array or a list. Sample Documents. For these functions, when we talk about the length of a table we mean the result of the length operator. Inserts element value at position pos in table , shifting up other elements to open space, if necessary. The default value for pos is Training Calendar * Calendar Printable n+1 , where n is the length of the table (see §2.5.5), so that a call table.insert(t,x) inserts x at the end of table t . Returns the Guide To Resume Writing largest positive numerical index of the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template given table, or zero if the table has no positive numerical indices. (To do its job this function does a linear traversal of the Resignation Letter whole table.)
Removes from table the Training * Calendar Printable element at position pos , shifting down other elements to close the space, if necessary. ???????????? Plan: 11 Incident And. Returns the value of the Yearly Training Template Printable Template removed element. The default value for pos is n , where n is the Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Html length of the table, so that a call table.remove(t) removes the last element of table t . The sort algorithm is not stable; that is, elements considered equal by the given order may have their relative positions changed by the sort. This library is an interface to the standard C math library. It provides all its functions inside the Printable table math . Returns the Examples First Job | absolute value of x . Returns the arc cosine of Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, x (in radians). Returns the arc sine of Sample Photography Contract In Pdf, Word, x (in radians). Returns the arc tangent of x (in radians). Returns the arc tangent of Yearly Calendar Printable, y/x (in radians), but uses the signs of both parameters to find the quadrant of the result. First. (It also handles correctly the case of x being zero.) Returns the smallest integer larger than or equal to x . Returns the cosine of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of x . Returns the Template angle x (given in radians) in degrees.
Returns the value e x . Returns the largest integer smaller than or equal to x . Returns the Resume Job | Template remainder of the division of x by y that rounds the quotient towards zero. Returns m and Yearly Training * Calendar e such that x = m2 e , e is an What Is The Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female, integer and the absolute value of m is in Yearly Training * Calendar Template, the range [0.5, 1) (or zero when x is Guide To Resume Writing zero). The value HUGE_VAL , a value larger than or equal to any other numerical value. Returns m2 e ( e should be an integer). Returns the natural logarithm of x . Returns the base-10 logarithm of x . Returns the maximum value among its arguments. Returns the minimum value among its arguments. Returns two numbers, the Yearly Training Template * Calendar integral part of x and the fractional part of x . Returns x y . (You can also use the expression x^y to compute this value.) Returns the angle x (given in degrees) in radians. This function is an interface to Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 the simple pseudo-random generator function rand provided by ANSI C. (No guarantees can be given for its statistical properties.) When called without arguments, returns a uniform pseudo-random real number in the range [0,1) . When called with an integer number m , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [1, m] . Yearly Training Calendar Template. When called with two integer numbers m and n , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [m, n] . Sets x as the seed for the pseudo-random generator: equal seeds produce equal sequences of numbers.
Returns the Contract Documents Word sine of x (assumed to be in Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template, radians). Returns the hyperbolic sine of Incident Action Plan: Iap., x . Returns the square root of Template * Calendar Template, x . (You can also use the expression x^0.5 to compute this value.) Returns the tangent of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of x . The I/O library provides two different styles for file manipulation. Resume Job |. The first one uses implicit file descriptors; that is, there are operations to set a default input file and a default output file, and all input/output operations are over Training Template, these default files. The second style uses explicit file descriptors. When using implicit file descriptors, all operations are supplied by table io . When using explicit file descriptors, the operation io.open returns a file descriptor and Sample Photography Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf, then all operations are supplied as methods of the file descriptor. The table io also provides three predefined file descriptors with their usual meanings from C: io.stdin , io.stdout , and io.stderr . Yearly Template. The I/O library never closes these files. Unless otherwise stated, all I/O functions return nil on Module failure (plus an error message as a second result and a system-dependent error code as a third result) and Calendar Template Printable Template some value different from nil on Basic success.
Equivalent to file:close() . Without a file , closes the default output file. Equivalent to file:flush over the default output file. When called with a file name, it opens the named file (in text mode), and sets its handle as the default input file. When called with a file handle, it simply sets this file handle as the default input file. When called without parameters, it returns the current default input file. In case of Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, errors this function raises the Resume Examples First error, instead of returning an error code. Opens the given file name in read mode and returns an * Calendar Template, iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the file. Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the file.
When the iterator function detects the end of file, it returns nil (to finish the loop) and automatically closes the file. The call io.lines() (with no file name) is equivalent to io.input():lines() ; that is, it iterates over the lines of the default input file. In this case it does not close the First file when the loop ends. This function opens a file, in * Calendar, the mode specified in the string mode . It returns a new file handle, or, in case of errors, nil plus an error message. The mode string can be any of the following: r: read mode (the default); w: write mode; a: append mode; r+: update mode, all previous data is preserved; w+: update mode, all previous data is erased; a+: append update mode, previous data is preserved, writing is only allowed at the end of file. The mode string can also have a ' b ' at the end, which is needed in some systems to open the file in binary mode. This string is exactly what is used in the standard C function fopen . Similar to io.input , but operates over the default output file. Starts program prog in a separated process and returns a file handle that you can use to read data from this program (if mode is r , the default) or to write data to What Weight 8 In. 11 Year Old Female this program (if mode is w ). This function is system dependent and is not available on all platforms.
Equivalent to io.input():read . Returns a handle for a temporary file. This file is opened in update mode and it is automatically removed when the program ends. Checks whether obj is a valid file handle. Yearly Template. Returns the string file if obj is an open file handle, closed file if obj is a closed file handle, or nil if obj is not a file handle. Equivalent to io.output():write . Closes file . Note that files are automatically closed when their handles are garbage collected, but that takes an unpredictable amount of time to happen. Saves any written data to file . Returns an iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the file.
Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the ???????????? Plan: And file. (Unlike io.lines , this function does not close the file when the loop ends.) Reads the file file , according to the given formats, which specify what to read. For each format, the function returns a string (or a number) with the Calendar Template Template characters read, or nil if it cannot read data with the specified format. When called without formats, it uses a default format that reads the entire next line (see below). The available formats are *n: reads a number; this is the only format that returns a number instead of a string. *a: reads the whole file, starting at What Is The Average 4 Foot 11 Year, the current position. On end of file, it returns the empty string. Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template. *l: reads the next line (skipping the end of Basic Resignation, line), returning nil on end of file. This is the default format. number : reads a string with up to this number of characters, returning nil on end of file.
If number is Training Calendar * Calendar zero, it reads nothing and returns an empty string, or nil on end of file. Sets and gets the file position, measured from the beginning of the ???????????? Action Iap. Module 11 Incident file, to the position given by offset plus a base specified by the string whence , as follows: set: base is position 0 (beginning of the Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template file); cur: base is current position; end: base is Cv Cielo Web2.0 end of file; In case of success, function seek returns the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template final file position, measured in bytes from the beginning of the file. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the Guide To Resume Writing error. The default value for whence is cur , and for offset is 0. Therefore, the call file:seek() returns the current file position, without changing it; the call file:seek(set) sets the position to the beginning of the file (and returns 0); and the call file:seek(end) sets the position to the end of the file, and returns its size.
Sets the Yearly Training Printable buffering mode for an output file. What Weight Of A. There are three available modes: no: no buffering; the result of any output operation appears immediately. full: full buffering; output operation is performed only * Calendar, when the buffer is full (or when you explicitly flush the file (see io.flush )). line: line buffering; output is buffered until a newline is Basic output or there is any input from Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar some special files (such as a terminal device). For the last two cases, size specifies the size of the buffer, in bytes. The default is an appropriate size. Writes the value of each of its arguments to the file . The arguments must be strings or numbers. To write other values, use tostring or string.format before write . This library is implemented through table os . Returns an A Modern, Styled Html, approximation of the Template * Calendar amount in seconds of Photography Contract - 7+ Documents Word, CPU time used by the program. Returns a string or a table containing date and time, formatted according to the given string format . If the time argument is present, this is the Calendar * Calendar Template time to be formatted (see the os.time function for a description of this value). Otherwise, date formats the current time.
If format starts with ' ! ', then the date is formatted in Coordinated Universal Time. After this optional character, if format is the string *t , then date returns a table with the following fields: year (four digits), month (1--12), day (1--31), hour (0--23), min (0--59), sec (0--61), wday (weekday, Sunday is 1), yday (day of the year), and isdst (daylight saving flag, a boolean). If format is not *t , then date returns the date as a string, formatted according to the same rules as the C function strftime . When called without arguments, date returns a reasonable date and time representation that depends on the host system and on Cv Is A Modern, Html Cv (resume the current locale (that is, os.date() is equivalent to os.date(%c) ). Returns the number of seconds from time t1 to time t2 . In POSIX, Windows, and Yearly Template * Calendar some other systems, this value is exactly t2 - t1 . This function is equivalent to the C function system . It passes command to - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word be executed by an operating system shell. It returns a status code, which is system-dependent. Template * Calendar Printable Template. If command is absent, then it returns nonzero if a shell is available and zero otherwise. Calls the C function exit , with an optional code , to terminate the host program. Basic Resignation. The default value for code is the Training Calendar * Calendar Printable success code.
Returns the value of the process environment variable varname , or nil if the variable is not defined. Deletes the file or directory with the given name. Directories must be empty to be removed. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the Incident Plan: 11 Incident error. Renames file or directory named oldname to newname . If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Sets the current locale of the program. locale is a string specifying a locale; category is an optional string describing which category to change: all , collate , ctype , monetary , numeric , or time ; the default category is Yearly Calendar * Calendar all . The function returns the name of the new locale, or nil if the request cannot be honored.
If locale is the empty string, the current locale is set to an implementation-defined native locale. If locale is the string C , the current locale is set to the standard C locale. When called with nil as the first argument, this function only returns the name of the current locale for the given category. Returns the current time when called without arguments, or a time representing the date and Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Cv (resume time specified by the given table. This table must have fields year , month , and Yearly Calendar Printable Template day , and may have fields hour , min , sec , and isdst (for a description of these fields, see the os.date function). The returned value is a number, whose meaning depends on your system.
In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this number counts the number of seconds since some given start time (the epoch). In other systems, the meaning is not specified, and the number returned by Is The Weight 8 In. Old Female, time can be used only as an argument to Calendar Template * Calendar Printable date and difftime . Returns a string with a file name that can be used for First a temporary file. Training * Calendar Template. The file must be explicitly opened before its use and explicitly removed when no longer needed. On some systems (POSIX), this function also creates a file with that name, to avoid security risks. What Is The Weight 4 Foot 11 Year. (Someone else might create the file with wrong permissions in the time between getting the name and creating the Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template file.) You still have to open the file to use it and to remove it (even if you do not use it). When possible, you may prefer to ???????????? Incident Action Module use io.tmpfile , which automatically removes the file when the program ends. This library provides the Printable Template functionality of the debug interface to Lua programs. You should exert care when using this library. The functions provided here should be used exclusively for debugging and similar tasks, such as profiling. Photography. Please resist the temptation to use them as a usual programming tool: they can be very slow.
Moreover, several of these functions violate some assumptions about Lua code (e.g., that variables local to a function cannot be accessed from outside or that userdata metatables cannot be changed by Lua code) and Training Calendar Printable Template therefore can compromise otherwise secure code. All functions in this library are provided inside the debug table. All functions that operate over a thread have an optional first argument which is the thread to operate over. The default is always the current thread. Enters an interactive mode with the Weight Of A 8 In. Old Female user, running each string that the user enters. Using simple commands and other debug facilities, the Yearly Training Template Template user can inspect global and Is The Average 8 In. Old Female local variables, change their values, evaluate expressions, and so on. A line containing only the word cont finishes this function, so that the caller continues its execution.
Note that commands for debug.debug are not lexically nested within any function, and so have no direct access to Training Calendar * Calendar Template local variables. Returns the current hook settings of the Guide To Resume thread, as three values: the current hook function, the current hook mask, and the current hook count (as set by the debug.sethook function). debug.getinfo ([thread,] function [, what]) Returns a table with information about a function. You can give the function directly, or you can give a number as the value of function , which means the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template function running at level function of the call stack of the ???????????? Incident Action Module given thread: level 0 is the current function ( getinfo itself); level 1 is the function that called getinfo ; and so on. If function is a number larger than the number of active functions, then getinfo returns nil . The returned table can contain all the fields returned by lua_getinfo , with the string what describing which fields to fill in. Training Calendar. The default for what is to get all information available, except the table of valid lines. Guide To Resume. If present, the Yearly * Calendar Printable option ' f ' adds a field named func with the function itself. If present, the option ' L ' adds a field named activelines with the table of valid lines. For instance, the expression debug.getinfo(1,n).name returns a table with a name for the current function, if a reasonable name can be found, and the expression debug.getinfo(print) returns a table with all available information about the print function.
This function returns the name and Plan: Iap. the value of the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the stack. (The first parameter or local variable has index 1, and so on, until the Training Template * Calendar Printable Template last active local variable.) The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the given index, and Letter raises an error when called with a level out of range. Yearly Template * Calendar Printable. (You can call debug.getinfo to check whether the level is valid.) Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals). Returns the Incident Iap. 11 Incident And metatable of the given object or nil if it does not have a metatable. Returns the registry table (see §3.5). This function returns the * Calendar Template name and the value of the upvalue with index up of the Guide To Resume Writing function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the given index. Sets the environment of the given object to Training Calendar Template * Calendar the given table . Returns object . debug.sethook ([thread,] hook, mask [, count]) Sets the given function as a hook.
The string mask and the number count describe when the hook will be called. The string mask may have the following characters, with the given meaning: c : the hook is called every time Lua calls a function; r : the hook is A Modern, Html called every time Lua returns from a function; l : the Template * Calendar Template hook is called every time Lua enters a new line of code. With a count different from zero, the Resume First hook is called after every count instructions. When called without arguments, debug.sethook turns off the hook. When the hook is called, its first parameter is Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template a string describing the event that has triggered its call: call , return (or tail return , when simulating a return from Guide To Resume Writing a tail call), line , and count . For line events, the Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable hook also gets the new line number as its second parameter. Inside a hook, you can call getinfo with level 2 to get more information about the running function (level 0 is the getinfo function, and level 1 is the hook function), unless the event is tail return . In this case, Lua is only simulating the return, and a call to getinfo will return invalid data. debug.setlocal ([thread,] level, local, value) This function assigns the value value to the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the stack. The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the given index, and raises an error when called with a level out of range. (You can call getinfo to check whether the Cielo Cv Cielo Styled Cv (resume level is valid.) Otherwise, it returns the name of the local variable. Sets the metatable for the given object to the given table (which can be nil ).
This function assigns the value value to Training Template Printable Template the upvalue with index up of the To Resume Writing function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the given index. Yearly. Otherwise, it returns the name of the upvalue. debug.traceback ([thread,] [message [, level]]) Returns a string with a traceback of the call stack. An optional message string is appended at the beginning of the Resume Examples First traceback. Yearly Template Template. An optional level number tells at Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Styled, which level to start the traceback (default is Yearly Template * Calendar Printable 1, the Is The Average Weight 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female function calling traceback ). Although Lua has been designed as an extension language, to be embedded in Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template, a host C program, it is also frequently used as a stand-alone language. An interpreter for Examples First Template Lua as a stand-alone language, called simply lua , is provided with the standard distribution.
The stand-alone interpreter includes all standard libraries, including the debug library. Training Template * Calendar Printable. Its usage is: The options are: -e stat : executes string stat ; -l mod : requires mod ; -i : enters interactive mode after running script ; -v : prints version information; -- : stops handling options; - : executes stdin as a file and stops handling options. After handling its options, lua runs the given script , passing to it the given args as string arguments. When called without arguments, lua behaves as lua -v -i when the standard input ( stdin ) is Resignation Letter a terminal, and as lua - otherwise. Before running any argument, the interpreter checks for Training Template an environment variable LUA_INIT . If its format is @ filename , then lua executes the file. Otherwise, lua executes the string itself. All options are handled in order, except -i . Guide To Resume Writing. For instance, an invocation like. will first set a to 1, then print the value of a (which is ' 1 '), and finally run the Yearly Training * Calendar Template file script.lua with no arguments. (Here $ is the shell prompt. Your prompt may be different.) Before starting to run the script, lua collects all arguments in the command line in a global table called arg . The script name is stored at index 0, the first argument after the script name goes to index 1, and so on.
Any arguments before the script name (that is, the interpreter name plus the options) go to What Is The Average 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year negative indices. For instance, in the call. the interpreter first runs the file a.lua , then creates a table. and finally runs the file b.lua . The script is called with arg , arg , ··· as arguments; it can also access these arguments with the vararg expression ' . Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template. '. In interactive mode, if you write an Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html, incomplete statement, the interpreter waits for its completion by issuing a different prompt. If the global variable _PROMPT contains a string, then its value is used as the Yearly Calendar prompt. Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Html Cv (resume. Similarly, if the global variable _PROMPT2 contains a string, its value is used as the secondary prompt (issued during incomplete statements). Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template. Therefore, both prompts can be changed directly on the command line or in any Lua programs by assigning to _PROMPT . See the next example: (The outer pair of quotes is for the shell, the inner pair is for Module 11 Incident Lua.) Note the use of -i to enter interactive mode; otherwise, the program would just end silently right after the assignment to _PROMPT . To allow the use of Lua as a script interpreter in Unix systems, the Calendar Template * Calendar Printable stand-alone interpreter skips the first line of a chunk if it starts with # . Therefore, Lua scripts can be made into executable programs by using chmod +x and ???????????? Incident Iap. the #! form, as in. (Of course, the location of the Lua interpreter may be different in your machine. Yearly * Calendar Printable Template. If lua is in your PATH , then. is a more portable solution.)
7 Incompatibilities with the Previous Version. Here we list the Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Html Cv (resume incompatibilities that you may find when moving a program from Lua 5.0 to Lua 5.1. You can avoid most of the incompatibilities compiling Lua with appropriate options (see file luaconf.h ). However, all these compatibility options will be removed in the next version of Lua. The vararg system changed from the pseudo-argument arg with a table with the extra arguments to the vararg expression. Calendar Template * Calendar Template. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_VARARG in luaconf.h .) There was a subtle change in Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html, the scope of the implicit variables of * Calendar Printable, the for statement and for the repeat statement. The long string/long comment syntax ( [[ string ]] ) does not allow nesting.
You can use the new syntax ( [=[ string ]=] ) in these cases. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LSTR in luaconf.h .) Function string.gfind was renamed string.gmatch . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GFIND in luaconf.h .) When string.gsub is Incident Iap. Module And called with a function as its third argument, whenever this function returns nil or false the replacement string is the whole match, instead of the Training Calendar Template Printable empty string. Function table.setn was deprecated. Function table.getn corresponds to the new length operator ( # ); use the operator instead of the function. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GETN in luaconf.h .) Function loadlib was renamed package.loadlib . Contract Documents In Pdf,. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LOADLIB in luaconf.h .) Function math.mod was renamed math.fmod . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_MOD in luaconf.h .) Functions table.foreach and table.foreachi are deprecated. You can use a for loop with pairs or ipairs instead. There were substantial changes in function require due to the new module system. However, the new behavior is mostly compatible with the old, but require gets the path from package.path instead of from LUA_PATH . Function collectgarbage has different arguments. Function gcinfo is deprecated; use collectgarbage(count) instead. The luaopen_* functions (to open libraries) cannot be called directly, like a regular C function.
They must be called through Lua, like a Lua function. Yearly Calendar Printable. Function lua_open was replaced by lua_newstate to allow the user to What Weight 11 Year Old Female set a memory-allocation function. You can use luaL_newstate from the standard library to create a state with a standard allocation function (based on realloc ). Functions luaL_getn and Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template luaL_setn (from the auxiliary library) are deprecated. Use lua_objlen instead of Guide To Resume Writing, luaL_getn and nothing instead of luaL_setn . Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template. Function luaL_openlib was replaced by luaL_register . Function luaL_checkudata now throws an Sample Photography - 7+, error when the given value is not a userdata of the Calendar Template expected type. (In Lua 5.0 it returned NULL .) Here is the complete syntax of Lua in extended BNF. (It does not describe operator precedences.)
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Top 10 Details to Yearly Training Printable Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of Average 11 Year Old Female nursing resumes. Calendar Template Printable Template. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume! First, it’s important to have an idea of how the hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details.
When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. In some cases, the Guide resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable Template, resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and pass along the “best” candidates to the hiring managers. It’s important to Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf, note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the Yearly resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process. It’s important to Is The Average 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is very general in Yearly Calendar Template Template nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”.
These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what they’re looking for ???????????? Incident Plan: And, in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the list below may leave the impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the Calendar Template details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on Resume Examples First Job | Template, Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any. Template Printable. For example, if you belong to ???????????? Incident Action Plan: Iap. Module And the American Association of Training Template * Calendar Printable Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information:
Affiliation name Your date of What Is The Of A 11 Year Old Female admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others. 9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and Yearly Printable, awards they’ve received. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and Is The Weight Of A 4 Foot 11 Year, even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Training * Calendar Template. Did you ever take charge duty?
Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to To Resume Writing place these items under their own heading. Yearly Calendar Template. However, this isn’t necessary. Styled Html. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of * Calendar Printable your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the Of A 8 In. degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must.
Not including it increases the Yearly Training Printable Template chances that your resume will be removed from Of A 8 In. 11 Year consideration. This is because the information is Training Template * Calendar Printable, often required for the resume to Sample Contract Documents Word move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. Template Printable. So, they’ll often pass on Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume, a resume that doesn’t include the information in Yearly Training Template favor one that does. Provide at least the Resume Examples Template following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and Training Calendar Template Template, State.
You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the education section of Web2.0 Styled your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to Training Template * Calendar Template a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details:
It is Guide To Resume, highly recommended that you include the following for Training Calendar * Calendar Template, your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on Basic Resignation Letter, resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on Yearly Training Template, a resume as a matter of privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume.
Providing the license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. What. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the * Calendar difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to convey the shifts you’re willing to work on Documents, your nursing resume. Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts?
Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for Calendar Template Printable, a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is Job |, unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is very helpful for general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is Calendar * Calendar Printable, going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past.
It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to Guide To Resume a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. Training Calendar Template. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to Basic Resignation Letter include any other computer experience you have just in Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and Letter, EMRs. Signifying the type of facility you worked in tells the Yearly Calendar Template Template potential employer a ton about ???????????? Incident Plan: Iap. 11 Incident And your experience with very few words. You should know the exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar time to find out. Short term acute care?
Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on Action Plan: Module 11 Incident, your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the ???????????? Incident Action Module And number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar number of beds in the specific units on which you worked.
Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about Sample Contract - 7+ Word your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Unfortunately, only people who work at Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of - 7+ In Pdf, Word unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. Template Printable Template. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. What was the Photography Contract - 7+ nurse to patient ratio in Template * Calendar Printable Template this unit, and how much support was there in To Resume the form of Training Template Template LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the Resignation Letter unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template other units?
If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of Writing your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to Template this, nurses are in Letter the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the Yearly Template Template current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. The idea is Is The Average Of A 11 Year Old Female, that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template, your current and previous employers. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on Basic Letter, your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the same time, they too want to Training Calendar know about your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to Sample Documents Word include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed.
However, at the same time, you don’t want to Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template fall into the trap of To Resume creating a “duties-driven resume”. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all?
We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is Yearly Training Calendar Template Template, a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general. Is The Weight 4 Foot. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. Training Template. For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in Cielo Cv Cielo Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to consider when determining the Yearly Calendar types of duties to Sample Photography include on your resume. This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of Yearly Training * Calendar Printable specificity that we’re talking about:
Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with?
Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is Template, among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and duties to include on the resume. First, start by Training Calendar * Calendar including any duties specifically mentioned in Writing the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on Yearly Training Printable, the employer in Basic Letter question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to Training Template Printable Template list.
Use the Photography Documents company website, news, and * Calendar Printable, any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the Is The 8 In. types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar duties into your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way.
Your summary is a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents.
You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Html, Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at Calendar * Calendar Printable, accomplishments. Guide Writing. First, you can try to Yearly Template * Calendar frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in Guide order to knock them both out at the same time.
In other words, offer an Yearly Calendar Template Printable explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. Letter. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to Yearly Calendar Template that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and Incident Action Iap. Module 11 Incident And, current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that?
Next, it’s important to understand how your current and Training Calendar * Calendar Template, former employers measured your individual performance as this is Letter, very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to Calendar Template Printable Template list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches.
In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Photography. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise. Training Template * Calendar Printable Template. Did you float to Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in Yearly Calendar these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of Resume First Applicant Tracking Systems. Calendar Printable. Moreover, the push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, experience that are highly sought after.
As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is Training Template, even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for Training * Calendar Template, healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service.
It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. Documents Word. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an Yearly Training Calendar Template objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of What Old Female 2+ years. Template * Calendar Printable Template. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu.
How do i go about Resume First Template addressing those different areas and responsibilities and Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar, skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for Photography Contract - 7+ Documents, the information, its very helpful. This site is * Calendar, of so much help to me. First Job | Template. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for Yearly Calendar Template Printable, a job in an ICU. Examples Job | Template. The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for Training Template Printable Template, experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for new nurses that want to work in Basic Letter ICU.
I just want to apply to the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the pay. Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. Action Plan: Iap. And. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on Yearly Training Template, top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me.
I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak – as to not have to read on Basic, to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for Calendar Printable Template, the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume. The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Yearly Calendar Template Printable, Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years.
I have heard over and over that because I have been out of the acute care setting for so long that I don’t qualify for Guide To Resume, a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and Printable Template, occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to What Average Of A 4 Foot make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. Training. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry.
One of the biggest hurdles to applying at What Is The Average 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female, any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an Yearly Training Calendar Template online application portal. Writing. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template your application can be the difference between getting an Sample Photography - 7+ Documents In Pdf, interview and being passed over. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is open for Resume Job | Template, an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program.
I was wondering if this would be something that is good to * Calendar Printable include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for ???????????? Action Plan: Iap. Module 11 Incident And, the hospital’s certification/recognition. Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar. If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for Basic Resignation, the inquiry, Jessica. Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. Yearly Training Template. If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in Writing the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor.
For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from Template * Calendar Printable Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. Sample Contract Documents In Pdf, Word. I have been fortunate to have been able to take off time to stay home and Yearly Training Template * Calendar, be with my children. Average 8 In. 11 Year. That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume. How would you go about filling in Training Template * Calendar Printable the gap? I have volunteered in Cv Cielo multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR.
My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template, me as I try entering the What Of A 4 Foot 8 In. job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. Training Calendar * Calendar Template. There is no steadfast rule on how to First Job | handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. Yearly Training Template. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences.
In your case, you would focus on Is The Average Weight 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year, all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on Training Template Printable, the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in Sample Contract your chronological work history. Training Calendar * Calendar. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in Writing your comment on this blog post. Again, there is Training Template, no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages.
To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at Resignation, the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. The main advantage of Training * Calendar Printable Functional Resumes in this particular case is to draw attention to your skills and away from the Resignation Letter gap in Training recent experience. However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what. So, I think it’s best to What Is The Average Weight 4 Foot 11 Year embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the Yearly Template Template applicable skills. I hope this helps!
I have worked in home health and corrections for about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and Contract Documents, removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to Yearly be retiring Military Nurse and Basic Resignation, will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards?
I have numerous military awards based on Yearly Template * Calendar Printable, my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the awards to your resume. You could do one of two things. Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the Guide To Resume Writing reviewer will search for the award on the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template award in parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for Basic Resignation Letter, valor in action). Yearly * Calendar. Either way, if you have a lot of Guide To Resume Writing awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards.
If you choose to list many of Training Template * Calendar Printable Template them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, I’d recommend reviewing the Sample Contract Word job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in Yearly a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit).
The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. Writing. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer.
This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Find out Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the Basic skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar, ICU patients 50% of the To Resume Writing time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU.
Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template upload skills checklists there. You can complete and save skills checklists on Basic Resignation Letter, BluePipes and Yearly Template Printable, utilize them at Letter, your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in Yearly Training Template another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move. Should he address the clinical gap in his resume?
With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. It’s fairly common for Examples Template, hospitals to Yearly * Calendar Printable require the last 7 years of work history to be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the Basic Resignation Letter hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable, resumes. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing.
I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. I hope this information helps! I am applying for Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0, RN jobs, but am still waiting to Training * Calendar Printable Template take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). How should I address this on Sample Contract Documents In Pdf,, my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for Template Printable Template, NCLEX on July 9, 2015.
I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on What Average Weight 8 In., a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume. We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in Training Calendar Template Printable our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter.
They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about Is The Average 4 Foot 8 In. you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable. And we know that’s not true. It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. Sample Photography - 7+ Documents Word. Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. Yearly Training. So yes, by all means, add it.
I hope this helps! Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of Writing my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template beds, etc.) has changed. To Resume. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response.
Thanks for Calendar Template Printable Template, posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume. In fact, you don’t need to Writing include the Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template complete address either. The city and state will suffice for Job |, your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system.
These online applications may allow you to enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. * Calendar Printable Template. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. Sample Documents In Pdf,. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the “advanced search” for Yearly Training Template, best results. Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the Resume information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site.
If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on Yearly Calendar Template Template, your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to date yourself. They’re concerned about Guide To Resume Writing “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Yearly Training Calendar Template. Ultimately, it’s up to you to Action Plan: include this information, I just wanted to Printable Template provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Incident Action Plan: Iap. 11 Incident And. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help!
I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to Training Template * Calendar Printable Template the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to Action Iap. And extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). Training Template * Calendar. I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. To Resume. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into Yearly Calendar Template Template, an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume.
Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in your situation. Also, review the specific details of What Average Weight Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to Training Template Printable see if there is Is The Weight Of A, a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for example. Yearly Training Template * Calendar. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to Incident Action see what they say. If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions?
I can tell you put a lot of Calendar Template useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. Resume Examples Template. The important thing is that it’s there.
The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and Yearly Calendar Printable, perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on the members’ profiles and resumes. Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html. However, it’s also good to Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and Basic Letter, still presents the Yearly * Calendar Template information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to move to a more challenging position.
Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and gives credit for Resume Examples First, their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the Calendar graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience.
Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. Cv Cielo A Modern, Cv (resume. I just finished my 2nd year of Yearly Training * Calendar Template nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to update my resume. Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern,. I don’t know what to include. Prior to Training Template * Calendar Printable nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume, will refer to Calendar * Calendar Printable it when updating my resume! We’re glad to A Modern, Styled hear the information was useful.
Congratulations on Yearly Training Calendar, being asked to apply for Template, an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and Basic, active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to Yearly Training Printable do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Writing. Indeed, the day of the Calendar Template * Calendar one page crammer is passe’.
Especially with the A Modern, value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. Calendar Printable Template. [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the information is useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. However, in A Modern, Web2.0 Cv (resume most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and Yearly Template, choose your words wisely. Don’t be overly verbose and don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, your background. We hope this helps!
Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to Calendar Template day. I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to Basic Resignation it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the Calendar Template Printable Template information useful. This is What Average Weight Of A, a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers.
That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to verify the Template Template omitted employment.
This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is What Is The Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year, typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed. If you choose to add the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. It’s all about the story you tell. We hope this helps. This is Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female, all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online.
Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. Training Template * Calendar Printable. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. For all intents and purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is Is The Weight 8 In. 11 Year, important, networking is the key…especially for Yearly Training Calendar, new grads.
We hope this information helps. Best of luck!! Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and Average Weight Old Female, hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for.
Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Yearly Training Template. Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to hear the information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for Guide To Resume Writing, free as a member of BluePipes.
You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s.
How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to Yearly Template Template be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks!
We’re glad to First hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to Training * Calendar Printable ask an Photography Contract - 7+ In Pdf, Word instructor to be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to Training Calendar Printable Template include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to Guide Writing landing a job.
We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for Calendar Template, New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. Basic Resignation. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information!
Nursing is a second career for me and Yearly Training Template Printable Template, trying to Basic Resignation put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template. You are right on the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. Incident Action Module. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to work. I was destined to be one of those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. Training * Calendar Printable. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful. We wish you the best of luck in your job search. We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and build your healthcare professional network.
Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in Sample Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word favor of hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of Template Template a job offer.
The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in Guide To Resume Writing nursing since 1974! LPN in Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template 1977 and BSN in 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Cv (resume, all the Training Calendar Template Template years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from them.
I contend she realized I would have to Guide Writing start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns. I am ready to consult with the Yearly Calendar department of ???????????? Action Plan: Iap. Module 11 Incident labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice.
I’ve yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in Yearly Template * Calendar Template mind. Writing. I have almost 2 years experience in Printable In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to Plan: Module do LD or NICU. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to Yearly Template hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on Writing, resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and Yearly Template * Calendar Template, SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D.
However, you most likely won’t be able to address the Letter unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for Yearly Training Template, your community and getting some relevant experience to ???????????? Incident Module 11 Incident And add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care.
I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at Template * Calendar Template, least get through the To Resume Writing front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and Module, inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing.
Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of bedside nurses, and Calendar Template, not just those found in the job descriptions of Cv Cielo A Modern, Styled online job postings, to Calendar Printable Template get ideas for framing your recent experience in Sample - 7+ In Pdf, a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on Yearly Training Calendar Template, writing an What Is The Weight 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to Yearly Calendar Printable the problems facing the employer in Photography Documents question. Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them.
We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable Template enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. Resignation Letter. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and Training Calendar Template Printable Template, have several nursing job applications that have been under review for Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Styled Cv (resume, over a month. Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements!
This is a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Basic. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for Calendar Template * Calendar, the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to Resume Examples First Job | Template candidate inquiries relative to other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar, a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on Writing, your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template, a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume. The additional touch of a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an edge over other applicants who omit this step.
I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. First, the job applied for isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the To Resume Writing available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template, day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. Guide Writing. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for Training Printable, days may have changed to nights without being updated on Resume First Template, the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of Training Calendar Printable Template applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in Letter common with any given job description.
So in all of the Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is Basic, equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and Yearly Template * Calendar Template, referrals. First Job | Template. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the Yearly Training * Calendar Template employer in question. The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and Average 8 In. 11 Year Old Female, we plan on addressing this in a future blog post.
This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar, 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for Photography - 7+ In Pdf,, recruiters. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although I’m still an Yearly Template * Calendar Template undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for Basic Letter, tips to keep in mind when applying for * Calendar, a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field.
I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is Iap. 11 Incident, a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. Training. In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship. Be at your best and use the opportunity to What Is The Weight Of A 11 Year Old Female network with everyone you can.
We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Thanks!
We’re happy to hear you found the Cielo A Modern, Html information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the Calendar Template inclusion of Is The Weight Of A 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable Template, your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the Resume Examples Job | Template general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the What Is The Average Weight 11 Year Old Female experience is related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesn’t factor into Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar, their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at Sample Contract - 7+, some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in Yearly * Calendar Template applicant tracking systems.
I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an Basic Resignation Letter MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. Yearly Template. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the Resume Examples initial resume screening process. Calendar * Calendar Printable. However, it could have influence later in the process.
You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is First Job | Template, better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to the blog at this time.
However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Html, BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the Training Calendar Printable Template top 10 details recommended for To Resume, nursing resumes in Yearly Training Template Template this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in a new state and have read a lot of Resignation Letter advice on Nurses.com that is wrong. I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on Yearly Calendar Template, my resume in order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of protecting it at Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year, all cost due to identity theft?
I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to Template * Calendar Printable receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in First Job | Template progress to your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to date.
There are several reasons adding your education in Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable progress could be beneficial. First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume nursing and Training Template Template, search by name to verify your state license, which includes the Resume Examples First Job | license number. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on your resume simply allows the Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable human resources rep to skip this step.
Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. Photography Contract Word. And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on Training Template Printable Template, job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the Resume First Job | NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and Template * Calendar, don’t have credits towards the degree. Thanks for your advice.
Congratulations on your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is Resume Job |, no steadfast answer. Yearly Training Printable Template. My belief is that it wouldn’t be appropriate to include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in Sample Documents In Pdf, your nursing resume summary.
We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to * Calendar post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Basic Resignation Letter. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone. I’m an older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and give me her input. Template. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the What Is The Average Of A 4 Foot previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder).
On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences. It seems like the RN to Yearly Training Template Printable Template BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA. OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to Examples First the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of Yearly Calendar employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to Sample Contract Documents Word discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about Training Template this. Letter. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in Yearly Template the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on education). Photography Contract Documents In Pdf,. I would greatly appreciate your insight and Template, recommendation. My sincerest apologies for Action Plan:, the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation.
Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about Yearly Template * Calendar Template telling your story in ???????????? Action Plan: Iap. Module And a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for Yearly Training Calendar Template, the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and ???????????? Plan: Iap. And, use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about you being the best candidate for the job in question. Given the Yearly Training Template Template information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that.
Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. Cv Is A Modern, Html Cv (resume. However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps.
We’d love to Training Calendar Template hear back about how it all works out!!
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+20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) We glanced at Training Template your resume. And we want to tell you: Thanks, but no thanks. An employer who just threw your resume in the trash. Poor Michelle. Why aren’t employers looking at her resume? Michelle has a ton of job experience, but she is Basic Resignation preparing to Yearly Printable Template change her career. Michelle could have used a great resume objective to grab the recruiter’s attention and let the recruiter know that her resume is in the right place. The recruiter would have known from the What Weight Of A 4 Foot 8 In., beginning that Michelle was the Calendar Template Printable Template, right person for the job.
This article will tell you why good resume objective statements are important plus: What a good objective for a resume should look like. When to Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html write an objective on a resume. How to Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template write a resume objective. And I will explain the differences between a general resume objective, resume summary, and resume profile. Guide? For industry-specific examples , keep reading.
If you don't find a sample resume objective for Template * Calendar Printable Template your industry, let us know in the comments and we'll write an example for you. A resume objective is a short, targeted statement or blurb at the beginning of a resume that reflects what you have already achieved, and how you are a perfect match for the position that is on offer. Outgoing Certified Public Accountant with an MBA and +2 years of experience in specialized tax services. Seeking to - 7+ In Pdf, leverage my technical and professional expertise to grow in Training Template Printable Template the new role of Accountant at your company. Seeking a job as mattress tester because I like sleeping and I can quickly fall asleep anywhere. Here is a template from our resume builder . Notice how the sample resume objective stands out. If you want to save time, get professional tips, and quickly write your resume, you can try our resume builder. It's fast and easy to use. See more templates and create your resume here. Sample Documents In Pdf, Word? So, what does objective mean? The dictionary definition of Yearly Training Calendar Printable, ‘objective’ (noun) is a goal or aim to get something specific.
What is your goal for applying for a job? Employers know you want the job. You gave them your resume. But, once upon Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Cv (resume a time, the Yearly Template Template, resume objective definition was a statement that told hiring managers who you were and why you wanted the Incident Action Iap. Module 11 Incident And, job. Resume Objective Statement Example. Want fun, stimulating job that pays me in tacos and a mountain of Yearly Training Printable Template, money every month. Oh, and Guide Writing fifty days of paid vacation. And a gym membership.
Oh, and one of those people who follow you around and get you coffee - a personal assistant. Yes, one of those. You can write an objective for a resume like this and still get good jobs (kind of). But, some experts argue that it is no longer fashionable to include a resume objective like the resume objective statement example I just gave you. In fact, the general consensus is Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template that the old resume objective format is a 90’s relics that is Basic Resignation Letter about as fashionable as wearing denim on denim. Because employers care more about what they want. Surprise, surprise. You aren’t writing a letter to Santa. When you send your resume to large companies in 2016, it could end up in Training Template a pile of +250 other resumes on First Job | average. The modern recruiter needs to quickly scan each resume. They only have time to look for what they want and need.
Attracting a recruiter's attention in Calendar * Calendar the fastest, most direct way possible is Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. now invaluable. So the beginning of the resume needs to Yearly Template Printable provide a different sort of information - the information that the recruiter wants and needs. This is Web2.0 Styled Cv (resume why the format for great resume objectives has changed. Modern resume objectives have become a tool for showcasing your ability to achieve the employer’s objective not your own. Resume Objective Statement Example.
Experienced chef interested in * Calendar Printable becoming a zoo keeper. Tons of experience with picky clients who need to be fed with the right food at the right time. Want to apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at the Zoo. Pro Tip: A good resume objective needs to show that you are a perfect match for Basic Resignation Letter that position . You will need to change the objective statement for a resume every time you apply for a different job. Calendar Printable? You may also want to take a look at our guides and resume examples (here) for specific positions. Incident Action Module? So, if you apply for Yearly Training Template 1,000 jobs how many good resume objectives do you need? Yes, that’s right - 1,000 resume objectives. You don't need to change everything, just re-tailor each objective on a resume to match the new job post. Sample In Pdf,? The topic of writing a resume objective is confusing.
There seem to be about Yearly Calendar Printable a dozen different names for what you can put in Plan: Iap. Module 11 Incident And the space at the top of a resume. The resume profile layout gets called: career summary career objective personal profile statement profile statement resume summary resume summary statement summary of Training * Calendar Template, qualifications. Template? Here’s the thing - they are all basically the same. But, there are minor differences and you should not confuse them. Just remember: put your resume objective or summary at the top of your resume. You can choose one of our +20 resume templates, and use our resume builder to save time, and quickly create your resume here. Take a look at a sample resume below:
When Do You Need a Great Resume Objective? When you're writing a resume, the first thing you will probably include after adding your contact information is some sort of introduction. Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable Template? Think of this section as an elevator pitch that you've designed to sell yourself to Letter the employer. The introduction comprises what you would say to the hiring manager if you were to pitch your resume face to face. A recent study by Training * Calendar Template The Ladders has shown that recruiters will only Cv Is A Modern, Html Cv (resume spend 6 seconds looking at Yearly Calendar Template a resume. So, you need to catch a recruiter’s eye immediately to make sure they keep reading. And the best way to make recruiters keep reading is to introduce yourself in a way they can't ignore . Okay, but let's go back to writing a resume objective for a resume.
There are three main types of introductions for resumes: 1. Styled Cv (resume? The Resume Objective. 2. The Resume Summary or Executive Summary. 3. The Resume Profile. Resume objectives are the introduction of choice for three types of people: 1. People who are entering the job market for the first time. 2. People who are switching industries, changing careers, or need to explain an Yearly Calendar unclear career path. 3. People who are targeting specific positions.
The rest of Examples Job | Template, you might want to Yearly Training Calendar Template consider either a resume summary or resume profile . Resume First Template? Or you don’t have to Template * Calendar Printable use anything if you don’t feel like it. Styled Cv (resume? You can just jump right into your experience or education section. Training? It depends on what you think is most important and what you want a recruiter to see first. The Resume Objective vs. The Summary vs. The Profile.
Another reason why experts will tell you that general resume objectives are dead is ???????????? Action Plan: 11 Incident because of the rise of the resume summary and the resume profile. Here are the differences: A resume objective is Yearly Training Template one or two lines at the beginning of your resume that state how you are a good fit for the position on offer. This type of introduction is useful for people who have little or no work experience. To Resume? Dump Truck Driver with a valid Class A Certified Driver's License (CDL) and 2 years of experience. Yearly Training Printable? Wishing to leverage my experience to fill the position of Truck Driver at your company. Zero accidents or injuries throughout entire career. Obtain a challenging management position where I can develop myself creatively and Cielo Cv Cielo Styled Cv (resume become a high-level professional. Calendar * Calendar Printable? A resume summary is also a couple of lines at the beginning of your resume. But a resume summary statement will include a brief overview of work experience that matches the requirements of the position. Professional Dietician and Caterer with 6+ years in the foodservice industry.
Highly entrepreneurial and efficient at Guide To Resume building and Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable Template maintaining client relationships. Seeking to Letter leverage my interpersonal skills to Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar bring a solid customer service perspective to the position of Catering Manager at Guide your company. Professional Photographer seeking a full-time position taking picutres in Training * Calendar the fashion industry. Bonus: Download actionable examples of Resignation, real job descriptions and Template Template the resume objectives that match them. Resume Objective Examples for Your Profession (Download)
For people who have work experience in the same field as the job for which they are applying. If this is your case, make sure you read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] A resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education in terms of the company’s needs and values. It is Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 exactly like a resume summary statement, just more extensive. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with bullet points. Let’s look at Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template IT jobs for a moment.
The resume profile structure works well for IT resumes because IT hiring managers want to Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, see a list of all the different software and hardware you are familiar using. Analytical problem solver (6) with High School Diploma and 3.5 GPA (1). Undergraduate studying computer science with an emphasis on computer systems and architecture. Strong exposure to Windows Server 2008 / 2012, Win7, and Microsoft Office 2010 / 2013 (2). Working understanding of remote connectivity software (RDP, Citrix, and Cisco VPN), Cisco switches, routers, and TCP / IP networking (3 and 4). Experience with Microsoft Active Directory, administration, creation of user accounts, and Internet email (5). In the end, the real difference is whether or not you have quantifiable work experience . Pro Tip: Never confuse resume introductions with cover letters. Yes, it is Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template still necessary to write cover letters.
Cover letters introduce you to an employer and explain why your skills and experiences fit the job for which you are applying. An introduction to your resume does the same thing, but in a couple of lines at the beginning of your resume. Plan: And? Introductions reinforce what you write in Training Calendar Printable your cover letter and the experience you show in Resume Examples First Template your resume. Five Examples of Resume Objectives for Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Specific Situations. In this section, I’ve put together a bunch of examples of great resume objectives for people in specific situations. Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled? These examples are for the three types of people I mentioned at the beginning of the article: People who are entering the job market for the first time (entry level). People who are switching industries, changing careers, or need to explaing an unclear career path. People who are targeting specific positions (professionals). Calendar? A. Basic Letter? Entry-level Resume Objective Samples. Entry level or first-time employees include: Recent High School graduates with zero work experience and no higher-level education.
College graduates looking for their first professional job. People who have been out of work for Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template longer periods of time or have not worked. If you are a person looking for your first job, you should focus on Action Plan: Iap. Module the traits that will make you a good employee. Yearly Training * Calendar? But you shouldn’t randomly pick three nice adjectives out of thin air. Look back at Cielo A Modern, Styled Html Cv (resume your accomplishments and activities as a student. Training Template? Find traits that are easily displayed during those activities. Whatever it is that you did before as a student, pull traits from that experience that match the traits required for the job. Use your experience as proof that you actually have these traits later in the resume. A high school resume objective sample might look like this: Dedicated team player (1) (captain of the swim team 2 years) with proven leadership and Sample Photography communication skills.
Seeking an opportunity to leverage my talents as a server at your restaurant (2) . I have the follow-through and positive attitude that will allow me to achieve company targets (3) . Lead with your strongest trait. The traits you list should match the traits you marked as keywords from the job description. Yearly Calendar Template? Here is the example of the server job description with the Resume First Job |, keywords marked: Here is our career objective example again with the Yearly Training Template, keywords highlighted: Dedicated team player (captain of the swim team 2 years) with proven leadership and communication skills. Seeking an opportunity to leverage my talents as a server at Guide To Resume your restaurant. I have the follow-through and Yearly Training Printable Template positive attitude that will allow me to achieve company targets. If you have graduated from university, your resume objective statement will look a bit different: Highly-motivated (1) Business Administration graduate (2) looking to fill a position as a Management Assistant (3) . I am ambitious, hardworking (4) and want to find a company that I can grow with as I achieve their goals. What Average Of A 11 Year Old Female? 1. Lead with a strong trait. Template? 2. Follow with the type of education you have and any work experience you have. 3. State the position you are seeking.
4. End with a sentence that emphasizes that you add value to the company. Photography Contract - 7+ In Pdf,? Let’s say you’ve just been out of the game for a long time. You took time off to Yearly Template Printable Template be a full-time mom or dad, but now you want to Letter go back to work. If you have higher education or work experience, a good job objective for a resume will look the same as a university graduate or young professional's resume objective. Training Calendar? Start with your education or your previous work experience - even if you gained it years ago.
Maybe you have never worked and don’t have higher education. What would a good resume objective example look like then? Organized and motivated (1) employee able to apply my skills (be specific - which skills?) in various environments. Seeking a position as an office assistant (2) in (name of company). I am personable and reliable and will prove to Photography Contract In Pdf, Word be an asset to the company. Yearly Training Calendar Template? B. Transitioning Industries or Career Change Resume Objective Samples. Guide Writing? You have experience, you just have it in another industry. A career objective for a resume is a place for you to Calendar Template * Calendar Printable state that you are making a change and that where you were is relevant to where you are going.
That way, a hiring manager doesn’t think your resume is in the wrong place. What is this concert pianist’s resume doing in my pile of flight attendant applications? A killer resume objective will answer that question right away so that your resume doesn’t end up in the trash. Accomplished (1) Marketing Manager (2) with 10+ years (3) of experience in the retail real estate industry (4). Seeking to use my background in planning, overseeing, and implementing marketing campaigns (5) to take on the role of Brand Manager (6) at To Resume Writing (name of company). I am creative and effective at presenting and Yearly Template * Calendar Printable developing the brands I represent (7 and Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 8) . Strong Trait (1) + Past Work (2) + Number of Years (3) + Specific Industry (4) + Types of Duties (5) + Specific Position (6) + How these Skills will Translate (7) + Added Value (8) You could also add a reference to Calendar Template your education either at the beginning or end of the resume objective statement. C. Professional Resume Objective Sample: Applying for a Specific Position. This sample is for people who have the education and work experience but feel that a brief introduction will address an Resignation Letter interest in a specific position. IT Professional (1) with 3+ years (2) of experience in systems management and configuration at a large telecommunications company (3). Aiming to use my proven technical, management, and communication skills (4 and 5) to effectively fill the position of Network Engineer (6) at (name of company). Calendar Template Printable? Possess a BA in Computer Science (7).
Past Work (1) + Number of Years (2) + Specific Industry (3) + Types of Duties (4) + Strong Traits (Keywords) (5) + Specific Position (6) + Your Degree and Training (7) Seven Tips How Not To Ruin a Good Resume Objective. 1. Here Is the Best Way To Be Credible. One of the benefits of putting a good resume objective on Action Plan: Module a resume is Yearly Training Template Template that it makes you stand out to an employer at first glance. Unless you write a general resume objective like this one: Dedicated person interested in pursuing a job that allows me to What Is The Weight Of A use my skills to Yearly Template benefit the company. Remember? We already talked about this.
This is the First, “Nice person applying for nice job at Calendar Template nice company” career objective that almost made it taboo to pur resume objectives on a resume at all. The problem is that it doesn’t answer any of the following questions: What job do you want to pursue? What skills do you have? How will they benefit the company? Be specific. Avoid writing generic statements that could apply to any job seeker looking for any job in the world.
Dedicated waitress interested in pursuing a retail sales position that allows me to use my interpersonal and customer service skills to benefit the customer service goals of Awesome Jeans Incorporated. Now that’s specific. Pro Tip: Some experts will tell you that being too specific will box you in and hurt your chances if there are other jobs on offer. Letter? That may be true if you are not responding to Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template a specific job offer. In most cases, you will respond to specific job offers. They will include job descriptions that will tell you exactly what type of traits and skills the employer wants. Letter? It won’t box you in if you show that you have everything they want in the first two lines of your resume. You will come across as the exact person they need to Calendar * Calendar Printable Template hire for the job. 2. How To Use Numbers To Attract Attention. Writing? Use numbers and details when possible: 2 years of experience 50% increase in sales 100 people in Yearly Training attendance at my event managed a team of Basic, 50 people saved 25 baby seals from Training * Calendar, poachers. My proven managerial and organizational skills were developed through 2 years of experience creating a series of events that drew over 100 people each.
Both of these things will also help you avoid being generic and having a general resume objective on a resume. The main question you should be asking when writing a resume objective for Is The Average Weight a resume: How are your skills and traits going to benefit the employer? This is especially important for people transitioning from one industry to Calendar Printable another. How does your past experience translate to ???????????? Action Plan: Module 11 Incident your future position? Dedicated waitress interested in pursuing a retail sales position that allows me to use my interpersonal and customer service skills to benefit the customer service goals of Awesome Jeans Incorporated. We can see that the interpersonal and Calendar Template Printable Template customer service skills that this waitress used at her old job can be used to Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Html Cv (resume help achieve the customer service goals of Awesome Jeans Incorporated. Read more about showcasing your skills here: +30 Best Examples Of What Skills To Put On A Resume (Proven Tips) You will find out what are the skills that employers desire most.
Oh, and did I mention that the article comes with a fun and actionable infographic? Go check. 4. How Long Should A Good Resume Objective Be? Make it short and sweet. Resumes are short documents. A career objective for a resume shouldn’t be more than two or three lines at the beginning of your resume. No one wants to read a novel about your job experience.
5. Should You Use First Person Pronouns? Maybe you’ve heard a rule like: Don’t use pronouns or the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template, first person on your resume. Guide To Resume? There is Yearly Calendar Template Template something called a “smart” third person approach that eliminates the pronoun and starts with an action verb. Instead of saying “I manage” you write “Manage.” When writing a resume objective in the third person and in the present tense, you are giving the employer a chance to imagine you transferring your skills and duties to their open role. It focuses on the employer by leaving direct references to Sample Photography - 7+ In Pdf, you out of the Yearly Calendar Printable, equation. But, like I said before, there are no real rules.
As long as you are making a clear point and showing added value, it won’t matter that you used personal pronouns. Also, what are you supposed to call the thing? As I mentioned before, there are endless names for the introduction section of a resume. You can start a good objective for a resume like this: Or forget the title and Photography Documents just start writing. Make it work for you. Write what’s comfortable and compelling. Pro tip: Most of the examples provided in the sample section of this article start without a title. Because general resume objectives on a resume are seen as cliche and out of fashion, it might be better not to slap the label in front. 6. How To Use Keywords To Get Results. Instead of using a bunch of random, flowery adjectives like “hard working” or “dedicated” use the adjectives from the job description.
Note: use “hard working” and “dedicated” if they are in the job description. This is a form of keyword optimization. All you need to do is go back through the job description looking for Calendar keywords. Writing? These keywords should be written throughout your resume. A couple of them can show up in your resume objective as well. Calendar Template * Calendar Template? Whoever is Writing looking at your resume will probably start by * Calendar Printable Template scanning the document.
Recruiters will be looking for the keywords they put in Incident Action Iap. 11 Incident And the job description, and if you add them to a resume and Training an objective in a resume, they will find what they are looking for right away. Do you want to To Resume know how to use keywords to tailor your resume to the job description? I'll show you in our actionable step-by-step guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description 7. Most People Make These Mistakes - Do You? Okay. I lied. Yearly Printable Template? There are two rules you should always follow. Is The Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year Old Female? Never use the Yearly Template Template, word utilize and don't lie. Never use “utilize” in a job objective on a resume (or any unscientific situation for that matter) - just do not do it. You will sound pretentious. You will sound like you are trying too hard to sound intelligent.
You will sound like someone who slips French words into Sample Documents In Pdf, Word, conversations at Yearly Template Printable parties. There are only a few people who can do that without being embarrassing - French people. Incident? Also, don’t lie about your traits or skills: If you hate people, then don’t say you are “friendly” or “bubbly” or have “good interpersonal skills.” Don’t say you hate people, just pick a different trait to emphasize. Writing a resume may seem scary and intimidating. You have to catch the attention of Yearly Training * Calendar Printable, hiring managers within the first few seconds. Writing a strong introduction can turn a glance at your resume into a full read. Putting a great resume objective on a resume could be the one thing that keeps your resume on the hiring manager’s desk and out of the trash can. A good resume objective is Sample Documents In Pdf, key for anyone lacking professional experience. Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable? It signals to the person reading your resume that you are right for the job, even if you have never had a job.
Bonus: Download actionable examples of real job descriptions and the resume objectives that match them. Resume Objective Examples for To Resume Writing Your Profession.” Do you have any questions about how to write a great resume objective for Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template a resume? Leave a comment. Writing? We'll be happy to help.
Natalie is a writer at Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Uptowork. She loves writing about Cv Is resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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essay on folktales by James P. Hauser except where otherwise noted. Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable? All rights reserved. Part 1: The Legend and the Record. The legend of To Resume Writing, Stagger Lee is one of the most important and enduring stories from American folklore. Although it has had some popularity with the white community, it is Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable, a story that comes from the African-American oral tradition. There are many different versions of the tale, but here is the general storyline. Stagger Lee (also known as Stagolee, Stackerlee, Stackalee etc.) gets into a dispute with a man named Billy DeLyon (also known as Billy the Lion or Billy Lyons) after losing his Stetson hat to Billy while gambling. Stagger Lee pulls a gun (sometimes identified as a .45, other times as a smokeless .44) on Billy who then pleads to be spared for the sake of his wife and children.
Showing no compassion at all, Stagger Lee cold-bloodedly shoots and kills his opponent. In the To Resume Writing, classic older musical recordings of the Yearly * Calendar, legend, the authorities are too frightened of the killer to arrest him for his crime. But, in many versions of the tale, he is eventually brought to justice and executed. In certain tellings of the story, Stagger Lee is sent to hell after he is executed or killed, but is so bad that he takes control of the devil's kingdom and Action Iap. Module 11 Incident And turns it into his own badman's paradise. Stagger Lee's myth is kept alive today most noticeably in our music. There are easily over one hundred recordings of this song under various titles such as Stagger Lee, Stagolee, Stack O' Lee Blues, Billy Lyons and Calendar Template * Calendar Stack O' Lee, many of them done by famous blues, folk, and rock musicians. The song is most popular today with the rock audience. Bob Dylan, Huey Lewis, and Beck have all recorded various versions of it within the Guide, last ten years.
But the two most important and Yearly Calendar Template Printable most well-known versions of the To Resume, song--Mississippi John Hurt's Stack O' Lee Blues and Lloyd Price's Stagger Lee--were recorded by Yearly Template black men. Hurt's version, recorded in 1928, is a classic early version of the song in which justice prevails as Stagger Lee is punished for his crime. Price's recording, from the late 1950s, is a classic modern rock 'n' roll retelling of the Guide To Resume, legend. It is, in a certain sense, the polar opposite of Hurt's because Stagger Lee is not punished for the murder of Billy DeLyon, he is celebrated for it. Calendar Template? At least that is Guide, what Price's record appears to be if the lyrics and Yearly Printable music are taken at Examples face value. But could it be that there was something deeper that was going on with the record than simply celebrating the legend of Training Template Printable Template, a badman? Let's take a closer look.
By looking at Resignation Letter certain changes in Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template the myth of Stagger Lee as recorded in song between 1928 and1958, and by considering these changes in relation to what was going on Resignation Letter, in American history during this stretch of Yearly Template, time, you can see a major change in the theme of the tale and in its meaning to African Americans. The 1928 version by John Hurt and most other early recordings characterize Stagger Lee as a cruel, ruthless killer. Greil Marcus, who wrote extensively about the myth of Stagger Lee in his critically acclaimed rock and roll book Mystery Train , described Hurt's version of the story as cautionary. Hurt may have been issuing a warning to stay away from Stagger Lee because he was pure trouble. But he may also have been saying to Guide To Resume Writing his fellow African Americans that ya gotta play it cool, or else you'll end up in jail--or worse. In other words, he could have been warning the African American community to not let the Yearly Training * Calendar, white man's oppression turn its children into bitter, angry young black men. But thirty years after Hurt's recording, Lloyd Price recorded a version of the song which, at least on the surface, seemed to celebrate the murderous exploits of such an angry young black man. Why the drastic reversal? The answer may be seen by looking at Guide Writing the era in which Price's recording was made. Lloyd Price released his version of Stagger Lee in 1958, in the early part of America's civil rights struggle. For African Americans, the Yearly * Calendar Printable, conflict between Stagger Lee and Billy DeLyon may have become symbolic of the First Template, black man's struggle for equality with whites.
The most important theme of this essay is to show how this struggle was reflected in Price's recording. (The extraordinary way in which Price's record invoked the fight for Training Calendar Template Template black freedom will be explained shortly.) His modern version of Stagger Lee's story gave the legend a new or second meaning. It is not clear whether this double-meaning was something which was created intentionally by Price, but there is plenty of evidence showing that at least some African Americans saw Stagger Lee as a black freedom fighter. Bobby Seale, a leader of a militant 1960s black group called The Black Panthers certainly saw Stagger Lee as a civil rights hero. He modeled himself after the legend and he also named his son after him. And in a 1970 jailhouse interview (excerpted in Mystery Train ) Seale names four militant civil rights activists as Stagger Lee figures--himself, Malcolm X, and fellow Black Panthers Huey Newton and Eldridge Cleaver. Another civil rights connection is made by the great black author James Baldwin who, in Sample - 7+ In Pdf, Word his forward to Bobby Seale's autobiography, points out that an anonymous black woman (Rosa Parks) was instrumental in helping Stagger Lee to Training Calendar Template * Calendar achieve manhood. In his forward, he refers to Stagger Lee as a black folk hero (the badman's legend so captured Baldwin's imagination that he wrote a poem titled Staggerlee Wonders and he even started a novel about him) and certainly he must have seen Rosa Parks's defiant act of Sample Contract - 7+, civil disobedience as a heroic Stagger Lee-like feat.
To those who tried to belittle her act of courage by claiming that the only reason she refused to give up her seat to a white man and move to the back of the bus was that she was too tired, Baldwin certainly must have responded by assuring them that during that particular incident Rosa Parks was--in her determination and resolve--the toughest and ba-a-a-a-dest person on the planet. There is further evidence of Stagger Lee's civil rights era change in status from Calendar * Calendar Template badman to champion for black freedom in the 1969 book Black Folktales from Julius Lester. Lester, an African-American writer and folk singer gives a very prominent black versus white dimension to his version of the Writing, legend. Yearly Template * Calendar? He does this in several ways. First, he gives the character of Photography - 7+ In Pdf, Word, Billy DeLyon some qualities that could influence one to see him as a white man. (Traditionally, blacks saw both Billy and Stagger Lee as black men.) For example, Billy was educated and he thought he was better than other people. Also, he used a scientific method of card playing while his opponent Stagger Lee used (what Lester's book identifies as) the nigger method. A second way that the Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable Template, author gives the legend a theme of black versus white is in the actions of the fearful sheriff.
He aligns himself with the To Resume, Ku Klux Klan in order to arrest Stagger Lee for his crime. Training? Finally, the division between blacks and whites also appears after Stagger Lee dies, as he finds that all the Basic Resignation, white folks are in heaven and all the blacks are in hell. In continuing to examine Stagger Lee as a hero in the black man's struggle for equality, let's return to Lloyd Price's recording of Stagger Lee. Although, on the surface, the record does not appear to Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template have a black versus white theme, it does contain what might be a clue for Resume Examples the listener--especially an African-American listener--to see the song in this light. That clue lies in the extraordinary introduction, an introduction which originated with this particular recording of the Stagger Lee legend.
In a few short phrases, Price conjures up a clear night, a yellow moon, and leaves tumbling down. You could call it an incantation. Then all hell breaks loose as seven quick horn blasts (dah-dah dah-dah dah-dah dah) shatter the calm. This introduction evokes another song--a slave spiritual titled Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho--in several ways. For example, the line that completes the Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template, intro to Price's record and the leaves came tumbling down echoes the spiritual's line and the walls came tumbling down.
This could be explained away as a simple coincidence, but there are a whole string of interesting coincidences between these two songs which will be discussed in Letter just a moment. But for now, let's look at Training Calendar the significance of this spiritual. It deals with a Bible story about a battle at Jericho in Cielo Cv Is Styled Cv (resume which God brought down the city's walls upon the sounding of trumpets and the shouting of a battle cry. To African-Americans, Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho had a special meaning in that this battle was symbolic of the fight to Yearly * Calendar Template end slavery ( Notes 1 and 2 ). As Price's record was released in Resume Examples First Job | 1958 during the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template, early stages of the civil rights struggle, a black man hearing the connection between the To Resume, two songs could interpret Stagger Lee's tumbling down of leaves as symbolic of the walls of segregation tumbling down. If this writer--a white man who has only heard this particular spiritual a handful of times--made the connection, there must have been many African-Americans--especially those that had regularly sung this popular spiritual in church--who also made this connection while the record was climbing the pop and RB charts in Yearly Calendar Printable Template the late 1950s. And it follows logically that to many of these African Americans, Stagger Lee's struggle with Billy DeLyon must have symbolized the black man's struggle for Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Html Cv (resume liberation from white oppression. Now that the significance of * Calendar Template, a connection between Lloyd Price's Stagger Lee and Joshua Fit the Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Cv (resume, Battle of Jericho has been established, let's continue to explore the links between the two songs. First of Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, all, both of them are quite rousing songs. Each creates a celebratory mood, and this supports the idea that they may be interpreted as being about liberation--Joshua Fit the Battle celebrates liberation from Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Cv (resume slavery and Training Calendar Template Stagger Lee may be seen as celebrating release from Is The Weight 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female white oppression, especially the oppression of the Jim Crow south.
As indicated earlier, the Training Template, seven horn blasts in Price's record transform the calm of the introduction into a wild, rollicking, barrage of sound. Photography - 7+ Word? Again, this could be heard by some people as a musical representation of the sound of Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, walls tumbling down. The seven horn blasts from the Resume Examples First Template, record tie in Training Template * Calendar Printable Template with the Biblical story of Jericho (from chapter six of the book of Joshua) in Incident Module And two ways. First of all, God brings down the Training Calendar Template, walls of the city upon the sounding of horns or trumpets. Second, the number seven appears throughout the Bible story--seven trumpets of rams' horns were blown by Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Html Cv (resume seven priests after circling the city seven times on the seventh day ( Note 3 ). Another link between the record Stagger Lee and the Bible story can be found in that the Training * Calendar Printable Template, back-up singers shout as they join in Iap. And with later sets of horn blasts; this parallels the Bible story in that the people who were gathered around Jericho shouted after hearing the trumpet blasts.
And here are several more connections between the two songs. The yellow moon that Price sings about in the introduction to Stagger Lee creates a link to the black spiritual in that the city of Jericho was named after the moon. Training Calendar * Calendar Printable? Jericho's name comes from the Basic, Hebrew word yerach which signifies the moon or the monthly lunar cycle. It also means to be yellow. ( Note 4 ) It is also interesting to note that, in the lyrics to Stagger Lee, the line about the leaves tumbling down is immediately preceded by a line describing the moon as yellow, while, in Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho, the line about the walls tumbling down is immediately preceded by Calendar a line containing the word Jericho. Lastly, it might be interesting to note a parallel between Stagger Lee and Examples First Job | Template the Biblical hero Joshua.
Stagger Lee was a ruthless man, showing no mercy to Billy DeLyon as he pleaded for his life to Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable be spared for the sake of his wife and children. Similarly, Joshua was absolutely ruthless in conquering Jericho, destroying every man, woman, child, and animal in To Resume the city (as recorded in Joshua chapter 6 verse 21). Now that I have discussed this set of connections between Price's Stagger Lee and both Joshua Fit the Battle of Training Template, Jericho and the Bible story of Jericho, let's look at how amazingly well they fit together on Price's record. The beginning of the record is calm as Price sings about the yellow moon on a clear night; this represents the city of Jericho. In the very next line, he sings about the leaves tumbling down, which exactly matches the line about Jericho's walls tumbling down (except for Resume Examples Job | Template the substitution of the word leaves for walls) in Joshua Fit the Battle of Training Calendar Printable Template, Jericho. Resume Examples First Job |? Continuing on with the line about leaves tumbling down, immediately after the word down horn blasts break the calm, symbolizing the horns that were sounded to bring down the walls of Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable, Jericho. Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word? This first set of horn blasts includes a total of seven blasts, and Template * Calendar this number appears throughout the Bible story about the Battle of Jericho. Basic Resignation Letter? The second set of horn blasts are accompanied by the voices of the backup singers; this matches what happened in Yearly Training Calendar Printable the Bible story as Joshua's people began to shout after hearing the horns. While the discussion above presents what might be just an interesting set of coincidental connections between Price's recording of Stagger Lee and the song Joshua Fit the Battle of Cv Is Styled Cv (resume, Jericho, I believe that one particular connection might be more than just a coincidence. I believe that Price consciously or subconsciously invoked “Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho” with the lyric about the leaves tumbling down, a lyric which he originated and Training Calendar Template added to “Stagger Lee's introduction. It seems less likely that he invoked it consciously, because, if this were the Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Cv (resume, case, he probably would have revealed it to the music world by * Calendar Printable now.
But is it possible that it was done subconsciously ? Let's examine this possibility more closely. It has often been reported that Price got his start in Sample Contract Documents singing by joining a church choir and that his mother also was a gospel singer, but according to an article in the September/October 1999 issue of Yearly Template Printable Template, Living Blues magazine, Price has stated that he never sang in church. The article does not mention whether or not his mother was a gospel singer, but it does point out that his family were devout Baptists. Therefore, even if he and his mother never sang in church, he must have been familiar with the popular Joshua Fit the Battle of Resume Examples First Job | Template, Jericho through his attendance of church services. And assuming he was familiar with this spiritual, it is not a farfetched idea that he could have subconsciously made a connection between it and his recording of Stagger Lee. This kind of Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable, thing can certainly happen, and Documents Word it actually did happen to writer Ray Bradbury.
In an afterword to his science fiction classic Fahrenheit 451 , he pointed out that years after he had written this story about a society in which books were illegal he realized that he had subconsciously given the name of a paper company, Montag, to the story's principal character and the name of a pencil company, Faber, to another main character. (Although Bradbury did not mention it, Faber is also the name of Yearly Training Template Template, a British book publisher.) It took Bradbury over 30 years to What Average come to this realization. Lloyd Price recorded Stagger Lee almost 45 years ago, and he may still not be aware of the possibility that his subconscious mind guided him to create a link between that record and the old spiritual. ( Note 5 ) Much of the Yearly * Calendar, discussion in this essay focuses on symbolism, and now might be an appropriate time to discuss the importance of Examples Job | Template, symbolism and double-meanings or codes in African American music. Secret codes were important to the slaves because it was a covert way of communicating with each other about Yearly Template things that they wanted to keep from the slaveholders. For example, it is Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Styled Html Cv (resume, believed that the spiritual Steal Away was used by slaves to arrange secret meetings in preparation for Yearly Training Template * Calendar the revolt known as Nat Turner's Rebellion. As another example, slaves would sing the spiritual Wade in the Water to Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Html signal to an escaped comrade to take to the water because the Yearly Training Printable, dogs had been put on his trail. Upon hearing the song, slaves on neighboring plantations would take it up in order to forward the message to the man running off to freedom.
The use of secret codes was not limited to music. As documented in Jacqueline Tobin's book Hidden in ???????????? Action Plan: 11 Incident And Plain View , special symbols or designs were placed in quilts which served as secret codes to runaway slaves. Training Printable? The quilts were hung outside of houses along the route of the Underground Railroad to indicate that the home was a safe haven for runaways working their way north to freedom. After the end of slavery, African Americans continued to Average Weight Of A 11 Year give double or hidden meanings to their music, including the blues. Training Calendar Template? Bluesman Brownie McGhee, in an interview in Guide To Resume Lawrence N. Redd's Rock Is Rhythm and Blues , made the point that when he sings a song about Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template his woman doing him wrong, it is the white man (not his woman) that he is really singing about. Photography In Pdf, Word? Songs with double meanings that served as protest were also recorded by early black rock and roll stars. Evidence of this can be found in rock literature which is sprinkled with writings discussing the idea that Chuck Berry's song Brown-Eyed Handsome Man was code for Brown- Skinned Handsome Man, and that when Bo Diddley sang I'm a Man he was really saying to white America, Hey, don't call me boy. Dr. Horace Clarence Boyer indicates, in his liner notes to Training Calendar * Calendar 1991's 2-CD set Mahalia Jackson: Gospels, Spirituals and Hymns (Columbia / Legacy C2K 47083), that the Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Html Cv (resume, Bible story of the battle of Template * Calendar Printable, Jericho was symbolic of the abolitionists' fight to end slavery and What Average 4 Foot of the intervention of God in bringing slavery to Training Calendar Printable an end (also see Note 2). Since trumpets triggered the fall of Jericho's walls, the sound of Sample Contract Documents In Pdf,, trumpets and lyrics referencing trumpets were both also seen as signifying the liberation of slaves. For example, Dr.
Boyer points out (in these same liner notes) that the angel Gabriel's sounding of the trumpet in Jackson's rendition of Great Gettin' Up Morning represented the Emancipation Proclamation. Jerry Silverman, a folk music collector/expert, gives an explanation similar to Dr. Training Calendar Printable Template? Boyer's (discussed in note 1) of Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled, how Joshua Fit the Training Template, Battle of Jericho symbolized liberation from slavery. Silverman's explanation, in his collection of songs titled Spirituals , emphasizes God's intervention as he writes that the Resignation Letter, slaves believed if they were strong (i.e. had strong faith in God), he would step in on their behalf to bring down the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template, walls of slavery just as he did with the walls of Jericho. The number seven has some interesting connections to Contract - 7+ Documents Word the hopes of African-Americans for freedom.. Not only is this number crucial to the events of the battle of Jericho, but it also plays an Template Template important role in Lloyd Price's Stagger Lee. To be specific, a highlight of the Examples Job |, song is the seven horn blasts following the introduction.
Also, Stagger Lee rolls a seven while gambling with Billy. By interpreting this number as a symbol of freedom, the seven rolled by Stagger Lee could be viewed as representing the freedom that blacks were given when slavery was abolished, and Billy's claim that the Yearly * Calendar, number was actually an Basic Resignation eight could be seen as the Jim Crow system rearing its head to Template Printable Template force blacks back into bondage. The ensuing dispute between the two men would then be symbolic of the civil rights struggle. In addition to Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho and Stagger Lee, the Cv Cielo Web2.0 Cv (resume, number seven has another connection to freedom in Yearly Template * Calendar Printable black music. The classic reggae album Two Sevens Clash by the Rastafarian group Culture celebrates a vision of the end of the world with optimistic joy--joy because the apocalypse was seen as bringing liberation to the suffering people of Jamaica. Rastafarians believed that the clashing of the ????????????, two sevens would take place in the year 1977. July 7, 1977 was anticipated to be the actual date of the apocalypse as it was the day that the four sevens clashed. Just as the battle of Jericho is Calendar * Calendar Template, a story found in the Bible, there is also a Bible story dealing with the clashing of sevens. In Chapter 41 of the book of 11 Year, Genesis, Pharaoh dreams of several sets of two groups of seven clashing [seven kine (or cows) against another seven kine and Yearly Printable Template seven ears of grain against another seven ears of grain]. Again, these clashing sevens have a connection to freedom in that Pharaoh rewarded the imprisoned slave Joseph for correctly interpreting the dream by freeing him from slavery and making him prime minister of Egypt.
Coincidentally, the number seven is also associated with America's symbol of freedom, the Statue of Liberty. Lady Liberty wears a crown of seven spikes which symbolize the seven continents and the seven seas. According to the The Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary contained in the New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible , the word yerach (listed as word number 3391 in the concordance) means month or moon. The Hebrew and English Lexicon of the New Brown-Driver-Briggs-Gesenius defines the word yerach as to Action Plan: Iap. 11 Incident And be yellow. You can probably find Strong's Concordance in your local library. The New Brown-Driver is much more scarce, but you can still verify that yerach means yellow by doing a quick Internet search on Google.com. Calendar Template? Simply type the Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, words yerach and yellow in the search box. One of your first hits will probably be a page from www.eliyah.com , a good source which explains these meanings. You can also verify that Jericho comes from the Yearly Training Template Printable, word yerach with another Google search.
Type in the words jericho, yerach, and moon in the search box and you should find a bunch of hits indicating that Jericho was named after the moon. Lloyd Price made several interesting comments related to his songwriting and his recording of Stagger Lee to What Is The Average Weight 11 Year Living Blues magazine ( issue #147, September/October 1999). These comments are listed and discussed below. Price decided to record a version of Stagger Lee based on Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, work he did related to the badman's legend when he was in the Army. While in Korea, he wrote a play to entertain the troops which told the story of Stagger Lee. I believe that it is possible that his stint with the military may have influenced him into giving a civil rights theme to his recording of Stagger Lee. Let me explain. In 1950, General Matthew Ridgeway ordered the troops in Korea to be integrated. This was one of the very first signs of the breaking apart of the walls of segregation in the history of America. Is The Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year Old Female? Having grown up in the deep south, Price certainly must have been affected by his experiences in an integrated American Army, and these experiences may have influenced him to record Stagger Lee as a call for Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template and celebration of black freedom.
The inspiration for Price's great introduction to Stagger Lee about a clear night and a yellow moon was his Army play. According to Price, the play had the very same setting and it served as the basis for Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled the record's introduction. Price, who describes himself as having limited ability at playing the piano, got the Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable, idea for Stagger Lee's horn blasts from a simple piano turnaround. (Turnarounds are used in the blues as transitional phrases, signaling the end of Resignation, one verse and the beginning of the Yearly Calendar Template, next one.) For every song that he wrote, Price gave credit to his business partner Harold Logan as a co-writer, even though Logan did not actually participate in the songwriting. Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word? Therefore, it was Price alone who authored the lyrics in the great introduction to Stagger Lee. (The rest of the lyrics are very similar to those contained in a version recorded in 1950 by another New Orleans RB musician who went by the name of Archibald.) Part 2: The Law in the Jim Crow South. Note: The purpose of the discussion below on Calendar Printable, how the law in the Jim Crow south was an oppressive force against Sample Photography Contract - 7+ In Pdf,, black people is to provide the historical background necessary for understanding how the legend of Stagger Lee evolved from that of a ruthless badman to Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template that of a civil rights hero. When we think of what Jim Crow was all about, many of What Is The Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female, us think of things like separate drinking fountains and Yearly Printable Template bathrooms for whites and blacks.
This is 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year Old Female, what most of us were taught about in our American History classes in school. However, while it is correct that Jim Crow involved legal segregation, there were aspects to Printable it which were much crueler and more sinister than separation of the races. Some of this is discussed below. Jim Crow, the ???????????? Action Plan:, system in the southern states of legal segregation of black people from white people, came about after the end of the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable, Civil War Reconstruction period and lasted until it was wiped out in Contract the 1960s by the civil rights movement. Whites established segregation because they believed that African-Americans were inferior to them and that the mixing of the two races would corrupt the white race. They felt that they were maintaining the purity of the white race by Training Calendar separating blacks from whites. Segregation was the norm in Is The Old Female schools, hospitals, restaurants, public transportation, etc. It was a part of everyday life. Segregation was the most visible evidence of how the law treated African-Americans unfairly during the days of Jim Crow, but there were many other forms of discrimination. Many southern lawmakers--and the system of law, in general--worked very hard to deny blacks their civil rights in additional ways.
For example, in Training Template * Calendar many areas, government officials established poll taxes and literacy tests to keep blacks from voting. Georgia's own governor, Eugene Talmadge, worked in Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Html Cv (resume concert with the Ku Klux Klan to prevent blacks from voting in elections. Furthermore, laws were established which made it easy to arrest poor people, and they were then enforced almost exclusively against African-Americans. For example, blacks would be arrested for Yearly Training Calendar Template vagrancy, and--since they often could not pay the fine--they would be forced to pick cotton in Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Styled Html the fields of the Yearly Training Template Printable Template, planters who paid off their fines. This was a regular practice in southern states that gave the plantation owners a steady supply of extremely cheap labor. Also, southern states adopted convict-lease systems which allowed private companies to use convicts as laborers, who were then worked under terribly inhumane conditions. The black prison population was targeted by the system. It was simply another form of slavery.
Some of the worst offenders were the turpentine companies which used convicts in Florida to extract sap from Contract In Pdf, Word pine trees and convert it into turpentine. Working conditions in Training * Calendar Printable the camps were horrible, and prisoners were given cruel punishments including being placed in cramped sweatboxes and Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Cv (resume being hung off the ground by their thumbs. Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template? There was little chance of escape. Resignation Letter? Some men committed suicide as a way out of the hellish camps. Other examples of the way that the law worked against African-Americans come from the barbaric act of lynching. There were some brave law enforcement officers who risked their own lives to prevent these murders, but there were many others who did far from Training Calendar Template Printable Template their best in stopping them.
Sometimes they actually participated in the lynchings and Documents even posed for photographs with the victims. Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template? To top it off, America's lawmakers had a hand in allowing these crimes to be perpetrated. There was strong resistance against passing anti-lynching laws in America--and not just in the south. Even President Franklin D. Roosevelt opposed the establishment of these laws (Note 1) . Lynchings were incredibly savage. Before the victim was hanged, he could be subjected to hours of torture. Knives, branding irons, blowtorches, and Average Of A Old Female even corkscrews were used. Fingers and toes were cut off as souvenirs. Sometimes victims were forced to mutilate themselves. Many of the men and * Calendar women who were lynched were completely innocent of any wrongdoing. Action Plan: Iap. And? Lynchings were often public spectacles, with many people--including young children--present during the executions. The fact that the American systems of government and law did not do more to prevent these horrible murders is one of this country's greatest shames.
During the * Calendar Printable Template, Jim Crow era, many blacks were sent to ???????????? Incident Action prison for the slightest offenses, but it was difficult to send a white man to prison unless he had committed a very serious crime. Prison populations became predominantly black. Many of those men were innocent of the crimes for Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar which they had been convicted. And many of those innocent men were executed. There certainly were racists among the men who worked in the system of law that sent those innocent men to Basic prison and to the gallows. One of those men was Sheriff Willis McCall of Lake County, Florida. (Note 2) McCall was pitted against Harry T. Moore, an African-American educator and civil rights leader, over a case known as the Groveland Four when Moore and his wife were killed in their home by an explosion on Christmas night in 1951. Years later, Raymond Henry, a member of the Training Template Template, Ku Klux Klan, confessed to making the bomb and accused Sheriff McCall of planning the murders. Moore had been involved in defending the men who were arrested in the Groveland Four case.
They were all black men and they had been accused of raping a white woman in Sheriff McCall's Lake County. (The case has come to be known as Florida's Little Scottsboro due to its similarity to Resume Examples First Job | a case involving the frame-up of a group of African-Americans for rape in Scottsboro, Alabama.) After the Supreme Court ordered a new trial for two of the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, Groveland defendants, McCall shot both of Resume First, them while they were manacled together in his custody. One of the men died. The other survived by Printable Template playing dead. The sheriff claimed he shot them in self-defense. For the next 20 years, he was regularly involved in Average 11 Year Old Female controversies that exposed him as a racist. He clearly had little concern over being labeled a racist--in 1971, it took the threat of a court order to force him to take down a sign in his office which read Colored Waiting Room. Despite all the trouble that surrounded him, he was re-elected as sheriff seven times in Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template a row. In 1972, he retired after another scandal--in which he allegedly kicked to death a black man who had been jailed for a minor traffic citation--finally cost him re-election.
There is no way of knowing how many of his fellow officers of the law were also racists. But a clue might be found in the fact that McCall was elected president of the Plan: Iap. Module And, Florida Sheriff's Association after he shot the Groveland Four defendants. From the Training Calendar Template, above discussion of the law in the Jim Crow south, it is easy to understand why African-Americans saw officers of the law and the whole system of law as a threat rather than a protective force. W. Resume? E. B. DuBois, in Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template his classic book The Souls of Black Folk , pointed to the white man's law and system of ???????????? Incident Action, justice as sources of humiliation and oppression. When an African-American citizen had a run-in with the Training Template, law, for even just the slightest offense, he could suffer terribly for it simply because the color of his skin was black. Due to this state of affairs, a black man had to constantly have his guard up to protect himself.
An experience that bluesman Mississippi John Hurt once had serves as an excellent example of the wariness that African Americans held for Contract - 7+ the law. Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable? Hurt, after making some remarkable recordings in ???????????? Incident Action Plan: Module 1928 (including his classic Stack O' Lee Blues ), disappeared into obscurity until he was discovered in the early 1960s working on a farm in Calendar Template Printable Mississippi. The man who found him, a blues fan named Tom Hoskins, invited Hurt to come with him to his hometown of Washington, DC. At first the bluesman hesitated in accompanying Hoskins because he suspected that this white man was a police officer or an FBI agent who was attempting to take him into custody. Knowing that he had done no wrong, he went along with Hoskins anyways, figuring that he would have to To Resume go either voluntarily or by force. (What he didn't know was that his reluctant trip to Washington would lead him on to fame as one of the biggest stars of the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template, 1960s blues revival.) It is no surprise that trouble with the law is one of the major themes of the blues. There are many blues songs dealing with sheriffs and police officers, judges and trials, and jails and prisons. Many of Is The Average Weight 8 In. Old Female, them are autobiographical.
The great Delta bluesman Charley Patton sang about his experiences with the law in High Sheriff Blues and Tom Rushen Blues. Duncan and Brady, a song with some similarities to Yearly Training Template Printable Stagger Lee, tells the legend of a black bartender who kills a white policeman for interfering with his business. Joe Turner Blues, sometimes referred to Sample Photography Contract In Pdf, as the Calendar * Calendar Template, granddaddy of the blues, is a song about a real-life prison transfer agent. Basic Letter? In Penitentiary Blues, Lightnin' Hopkins sings about doing time for another man's crime and Training Calendar Template ends the song by warning listeners that the same thing could happen to Resume Examples First Job | Template them. Template? Bukka White's classic Parchman Farm Blues is about Mississippi's notorious state penitentiary, a prison where he served time. The most famous of all the Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Html, prison songs may be Leadbelly's Midnight Special.
This song is based on the legend that if a light from a train would shine through the window of a prisoner's cell, that prisoner would go free in the morning. Part 3 is Calendar Template, below following the notes to Is The Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Part 2. FDR's opposition to Calendar Template Template anti-lynching legislation and the African-American reaction to it are discussed in a book by Philip Dray titled At the Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America . Before you have finished reading this essay, it might occur to you that, in discussing the days of Jim Crow (here and in later parts of this essay), I am unfairly picking on the state of Florida. Racism and Training Template Printable discriminatory laws were certainly not limited to Florida (or to the south for that matter), but I have focused on this state for several reasons. First of all, this essay was sparked by my correspondence with Stetson Kennedy, a man who has labored for Is The Average Of A 4 Foot the cause of civil rights for many years, doing much of his work in his home state of Florida. Many of the issues related to Florida that I have brought up in this essay first came to my attention through my correspondence with Mr. Kennedy and my reading of his own writings.
Second, Florida is my adopted home and my curiosity about its history had led me to Training Calendar * Calendar learn that it has an important and largely unknown past--both bad and Action Iap. Module good--related to racism and the civil rights struggle. Below is Yearly Training Template, some of Guide To Resume, what I have learned. Although Florida is our southernmost state, many people do not think of it as a southern state. It is set apart from other states in its region in Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template several ways. Its uniqueness can be quickly highlighted by noting that (as a friend once remarked to me) Florida is the only state that gets more southern as you move further north (i.e. the further north you travel, the more southern drawls you hear, the more rebel flags you see, etc.). Despite its uniqueness, with respect to the issue of race relations, Florida has a history which makes it much more similar to ???????????? Plan: Module southern states such as Mississippi and Alabama than the average person realizes. Despite its friendly image as a place of sunshine, beautiful beaches, and happy vacations, there was a time when the state's treatment of its black citizens made it a quite ugly place. For example, the Orlando area was once a stronghold of the Ku Klux Klan, and it harbored so much racism that it was characterized by the Orlando Sentinel as once being a bastion of southern hatred.
A large majority of vacationers who have visited Disney or some of the Training, many other attractions of central Florida would be surprised to Photography Contract - 7+ find out that America's first civil rights martyr, Harry T. Moore, was killed not far from the Training Calendar Template Printable Template, land of Resume Examples First Template, Mickey Mouse and Snow White. Moore, an African-American educator and Training Calendar Template Template civil rights activist, was murdered along with his wife on Christmas night in 1951 when a bomb exploded inside their house in Resume First the small central Florida town of Mims. In another incident, in Training Calendar * Calendar Template the town of Ocoee which is What Weight Of A 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year, just outside of Orlando, at least five black people were killed and much of the black neighborhood in Calendar * Calendar Template which they lived was destroyed by a white mob. The exact number of people who died is not known, but some accounts place the death toll at To Resume closer to 50. It happened on election day in Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template 1920; the killings and destruction were triggered by Guide To Resume Writing racist anger over a few blacks who had the Training Template * Calendar Printable Template, courage to exercise their right to vote.
A similar massacre occurred in 1923 in Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html Rosewood, Florida, a black town which was 50 miles from Gainesville and Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template only a few miles from the idyllic fishing village of Guide Writing, Cedar Key. The destruction wreaked by a white mob was so complete that the town was wiped completely off the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, map. While newspapers reported that only seven African-Americans were killed, some eyewitnesses claimed that 30 or more died. There were many lynchings in Florida, and--in what was probably the most barbaric lynching that ever took place in America--a black man named Claude Neal was brutally tortured and killed in 1934 in Cv Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Html the north Florida town of Marianna. When people think of sunny Florida, they do not envision lynchings, but between 1900 and Training Calendar * Calendar Printable 1930 the state probably led the nation in lynchings per capita (i.e. per number of black residents) according to Freedom Never Dies: The Legacy of Harry T. Moore , a PBS documentary produced by Iap. the University of Florida. To Florida's great fortune, a man named Leroy Collins became governor of the Training Calendar * Calendar, state in 1955. Governor Collins--who at one time was in favor of segregation--went against both his fellow southern Democrats and popular opinion in his state by moving Florida steadily in the direction of racial tolerance and - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word integration. Yearly Calendar? The work he did spared his state from Cielo Web2.0 Html much of the racial strife that occurred in other states during the 1960s.
Collins was a man of great courage, vision, and leadership; his story should be required reading for any person holding public office. Part 3: The Transformation. In this part, we will look at how the legend of Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template, Stagger Lee evolved from Sample Photography Contract - 7+ In Pdf, Word that of a ruthless badman to that of a civil rights hero. But before exploring this transformation, we need to Calendar Template * Calendar clarify the Basic Letter, use of the term badman. In African-American culture, the black badman was often viewed sympathetically and was even thought of as a hero. (White folklore also has its share of badman heroes. For example, the outlaw Pretty Boy Floyd was a hero to many and was even celebrated in song by Woody Guthrie.) There are various explanations for why badmen were seen as heroes in the African-American community. One that fits well with the Stagger Lee legend can be found in Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable an essay on black folklore by John W. Roberts which appears in the Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. According to Roberts, the black badman could be viewed sympathetically by African Americans because his victims were often dishonest, roguish characters who threatened to Examples upset the harmony existing within the black community. Yearly Training Calendar Printable? The badman eliminated individuals whose conduct put the community in danger of having the law stick its nose in to interfere with local affairs. This can be explained specifically in relation to the subject matter of this essay.
Within the African American community, illegal activities such as the juke joint gambling engaged in by badmen such as Stagger Lee were an Sample Contract Documents In Pdf, Word accepted and (arguably) necessary part of life (even though they may have been illegal or considered to be immoral by some members of the Yearly Training Template Printable, community). But a cheat--such as Billy was often portrayed to be--was not to be tolerated, as he had the potential to brew up the kind of trouble that would bring into the black community a very unwelcome element--the white man's law. And the Examples Job |, policing of juke joints would result in restrictions that would interfere with the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable, ability of these establishments to provide a good time for their patrons. The above explanation and Basic Letter others dealing with why badmen were heroes to Yearly Training Calendar Template blacks revolve around the adversarial relationship between the black community and the white system of law. Since the white man's law was used to enforce the racist rules of the ???????????? Action Iap. Module 11 Incident And, Jim Crow system against blacks, it is understandable that they could make heroes out of the Yearly * Calendar Template, badmen who were at odds with the law. This point will soon be illustrated below in Cielo Web2.0 Cv (resume a discussion of Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar, how a real life badman named Roy became a hero to Basic the black community in which he lived. Now let's take a detailed look at how Stagger Lee's transformation from badman hero to civil rights champion took place and how this change was reflected in black music. In early recordings of the song, Stagger Lee certainly was portrayed as a badman. One of the earliest recorded versions, titled Stack O' Lee Blues was by Ma Rainey (available on her Complete Recorded Works Volume 3, 1925-1926 ). Rainey's version identifies Stagger Lee as a badman and killer, but she makes no mention of his fight with Billy DeLyon.
In the year 1927, Furry Lewis recorded a version titled Billy Lyons and Stack O' Lee (available on his Complete Recorded Works, 1927-1929 ) in which Stagger Lee shoots Billy Lyons during a great fight triggered by a gambling dispute. * Calendar? Stagger Lee shows no mercy as Billy's sister begs him to Sample Photography Contract In Pdf, Word spare her brother's life. A key element in Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template this song is that the law is To Resume Writing, afraid to go after Stagger Lee who is Training * Calendar Template, armed with a deadly forty-five. In possibly the greatest version of the What Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. Old Female, song, Mississippi John Hurt's 1928 recording (available on Avalon Blues: The Complete 1928 Okeh Recordings ) makes no mention of gambling, but he identifies the dispute as being over a five dollar Stetson hat. (In many later versions of the song, Stagger Lee and DeLyon gamble over the Stetson.) Hurt's version, known as Stack O' Lee has the badman killing Billy despite his pleas to spare his life for the sake of his wife and children. Similar to Lewis's recording, Hurt's version portrays the police as being afraid to go after Stagger Lee for his crime. A key element in Hurt's version occurs when Stagger Lee is at the hangman's noose--he holds his head up high, apparently having made no apologies and showing no sense of guilt. (Blues historian Max Haymes points out the badman's defiance at the rope in his essay Got the Blues for Mean Old Stack O' Lee.
It is Training Printable, posted on the world wide web at www.earlyblues.com . Also, the lyrics to most of these early versions of the song are included in that essay.) There are three key elements--the law's fear of Stagger Lee, his lack of remorse at the gallows, and 11 Incident the dispute involving the Stetson--that are crucial to Yearly Training * Calendar Template understanding how the gambler's legend evolved from badman to civil rights hero. Resume Examples Job | Template? Regarding the first element, Stagger Lee had such great notoriety as a badman that even the police feared him. This was enough to draw admiration from members of the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, black population who, under the Jim Crow system, must have seen the white man's law as nothing short of evil. Jim Crow, backed up by a strong--and often racist--police force and by the threat of extralegal acts like lynching, was the white man's way of ensuring that blacks stayed in their place. They were required to be obedient and submissive to Contract - 7+ Documents Word discriminatory laws and practices which not only held them back but were also humiliating and degrading. Yearly Training Template * Calendar? Due to Guide To Resume this oppressive white system, African Americans must have envied a legendary figure like Stagger Lee, a man of their own race who could do as he well pleased and Yearly Training * Calendar Template still have the law stay out of Resume Examples Job | Template, his way.
But they did not envy him for being a feared criminal; they envied--and admired--him because he refused to accept the Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template, subordinate place of a black man in the white man's world. He stood tall and defied the white man's law. ???????????? Incident Module And? And in versions of the story where the law does catch up with him and executes him, his legend grows even greater as he is victorious in Training Printable a battle with the devil, taking control of the underworld and turning it into his own badman's paradise. Regarding the second key element, Stagger Lee's conduct at the gallows certainly could evoke additional admiration from African-Americans. By standing in defiance before the hangman's noose, he was violating a sacred ritual of the white man's system of Sample Photography Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, justice. Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar? As discussed by David M. Oshinsky in To Resume Writing Worse Than Slavery: Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice , the execution ceremony required that the condemned man should confess to his crimes, say that he was sorry, and Yearly * Calendar Printable ask for forgiveness from Incident Plan: Iap. Module God.
In doing so, he (in effect) admits that the white man's law is good and Yearly Training Template Printable Template fair, and recognizes that the white man's law is also God's law, and acknowledges that justice is being served through his execution. Oshinsky recounts the events documented in the book Deep South (by Allison Davis, Burleigh Gardner, and Mary Gardner) revolving around two black men about to be executed in Natchez, Mississippi in the year 1934. One man, identified as Nathan, acted out the part that the Guide To Resume Writing, authorities expected of him; he got religion, confessed to Training * Calendar Template his crimes, and admitted that he was wrong. The other man, identified as Roy, refused to take part in the execution rituals that the authorities laid out for him. He rejected all attempts at Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled getting him to admit guilt, repent, or apologize.
The one ritual that he did participate in * Calendar Printable Template was the last meal, and he mocked this tradition by ordering a final meal of Writing, chicken and dumplings and--to show his disdain for the proceedings--cigars. On the Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template, day of his execution, he stood calmly at the rope, quietly defiant until the very end. He was the Resignation Letter, living incarnation of Mississippi John Hurt's Stack O' Lee, standing at Yearly Template Printable Template the gallows with his head proudly held high. To the local African American community, Roy was considered a hero. He became a local Stagger Lee like legend and a mythology grew around him which included exploits such as going down to Cv Is A Modern, Cv (resume hell and Yearly Template Template ripping the devils horns from Cv Cielo Cv Is Styled Html Cv (resume his head. Roy, a man who had killed his wife and her father, became a hero because he refused to participate in Template * Calendar Printable Template the white man's execution rituals--rituals which served to confirm white supremacy and To Resume black inferiority. On the other hand, Nathan, the man who did participate in Training Calendar Template Printable Template the rituals, was seen as a coward. The black community certainly thought of Roy as a man who deserved to be punished for his crimes, but he was viewed as a hero due to the defiant and Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html fearless way that he died under the white man's system. As Oshinsky pointed out in his book, one of the local African Americans made an Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template observation that reflected the feelings of his people very well when he stated that Roy wasn't much good at livin', but he knew how to die.
By refusing to honor the Action Iap. And, white man's execution rituals, Roy and Stagger Lee stood as courageous figures to African Americans. So far, this paper has discussed two of the three key elements that are crucial for gaining an understanding of how Stagger Lee was transformed from Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable a badman into a champion for What Weight 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year black freedom. Before getting into the third key (i.e. the dispute over the Stetson hat), let us continue looking at how Stagger Lee's legend continued to change over Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template, the years as recorded in song by various blues artists. As discussed earlier, the legend of Examples Template, Stagger Lee evolved over time as various musicians emphasized different aspects of the story and added their own embellishments. As the song continued to change through this folk process, two of the key elements were no longer present in a version recorded by Training Calendar Template New Orleans musician Archibald.
It was titled Stack-A-Lee and became an RB hit in 1950. In Archibald's version, the lyrics make no mention of Writing, either the law's fear of Stagger Lee or of Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, his defiant conduct at his execution. These two key elements have disappeared. In fact, the lyrics make no mention of the law at Weight Of A 4 Foot 8 In. all and don't even hint at Stagger Lee being executed or brought to justice in any way. Training Calendar? ( Note 1 ) Only one of the three key elements remains--the dispute over the Stetson. By excluding the two key elements which dealt with Stagger Lee being brought to justice, Archibald toned down some of the negative aspects of the badman's story. He presented him as a more positive figure in other ways also. For example, many earlier recordings of the song describe Stagger Lee as being a cruel or bad man, but Archibald's version does not use these negative terms. The basic storyline remains the same--Stagger Lee still kills Billy DeLyon in a dispute over a Stetson, but the First Job |, killer is not characterized as an Calendar Template * Calendar Printable evil person. Resume Job |? Instead, in this particular version of the tale, Stagger Lee could simply be an honest man who was cheated by Billy (according to the lyrics, Stagger Lee rolled a seven, but Billy claimed it was an eight), and in Training Calendar * Calendar his anger made the terrible mistake of taking his opponent's life. ???????????? Incident Plan: Module 11 Incident? This is something quite different from being a ruthless killer. Archibald's Stack-A-Lee was a huge influence on a recording by Lloyd Price, a musician who also just happened to be from New Orleans.
Price's record, titled Stagger Lee, was a #1 hit in the late 1950s and it is the Yearly Template * Calendar, version that most people are familiar with today. The lyrics to Stagger Lee are almost identical to the lyrics in Archibald's record. Examples First Job |? Therefore, the two key elements which are not present in Archibald's version (i.e. the Training Printable, law's fear of Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Html, Stagger Lee and Calendar * Calendar Printable his remorseless defiance at the gallows) are also absent from Price's recording. Resume Examples First Job |? But Price adds some new twists to Training * Calendar Printable Template the song--he fills his voice with exuberance and employs a musical accompaniment of Photography - 7+ In Pdf,, instruments and back-up singers with an extremely jubilant tone. The record sounds like a celebration, like a Gary U.S. Bonds party record or a frat-rock song.
The background singers can even be heard repeatedly urging Stagger Lee on. Yearly Template? It was a song about a violent murder that seemed to Average Of A 4 Foot 11 Year celebrate the event. Yearly Training * Calendar? To anyone who was paying attention to Guide Writing the song's lyrics, this must have been quite shocking. After all, the record was released in the 1950s, not in Calendar today's world of Resignation, Eminem and gangster rap. Despite the violent lyrics, according to Price (as discussed in an article in Living Blues #147, September-October 1999), the only DJ who would not play the record was Dick Clark. He refused to play it on his extremely popular television show American Bandstand because he thought it was too violent. Knowing that sales of Stagger Lee would increase greatly if it received exposure on Clark's show, Price rerecorded the Training, song, changing the A Modern, Web2.0 Html, lyrics so that the story ended with apologies instead of murder ( Notes 2 and 3 ) Despite the censorship, the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template, original record--which seemed to celebrate a tragic murder and treat the killer like a hero--was well on its way to becoming a #1 hit on both the Documents In Pdf,, pop and RB charts before it was replaced with the nonviolent version. How could this be? Why did this hugely popular record celebrate--or seem to celebrate--the taking of a human life? One possible explanation can be found by looking at the production approach typically employed by Price's record company, ABC-Paramount, in making his records.
As pointed out by Charlie Gillett in his classic rock history The Sound of the City , ABC's typical approach to recording the singer was to provide a loud, rhythmic, and cheerful musical backing for Calendar Template * Calendar Printable his voice. In other words, you could say that this tale of murder was given a merry, high-spirited musical accompaniment simply because the record company produced all of ???????????? Incident Iap. 11 Incident And, Price's records that way regardless of the lyrical content. The above explanation is Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Template, probably accurate in Template a certain sense, but it does not tell the whole story. Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template? There was something much deeper going on with Price's record, as signaled by the fact that it included the To Resume Writing, addition of a quite unique and powerful introduction to the song which linked it to the spiritual Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho. As pointed out near the Training Template Printable, beginning of this essay, creating this link between Stagger Lee and the slave spiritual is an indication that the struggle between Stagger Lee and Billy DeLyon had become symbolic of the black man's struggle for Cielo Cv Cielo Html liberation from white oppression. And as also discussed earlier, the legendary figure of Stagger Lee was evolving from a badman to a civil rights champion during this time frame. Therefore, the celebratory tone of the Yearly Training Calendar Template, record might best be explained by thinking of Average 11 Year Old Female, his fight with Billy as representing the civil rights struggle. In this case, Stagger Lee's killing of his opponent could be interpreted as being symbolic of the black man's victory in this struggle. And this triumph would certainly be a cause for celebration. ( Note 4 ) With the above explanation, Lloyd Price's recording of Stagger Lee serves as a vision of liberation from white oppression in the same way that certain slave spirituals such as In That Great Gettin' Up Morning served as visions of release from slavery. Writing in How Sweet the Sound: The Golden Age of Template Template, Gospel , Dr.
Horace Clarence Boyer points out that this particular spiritual and others were sung as songs of celebration in the mid-1800s when the slaves foresaw that freedom was close at hand. (Note 5) When Price recorded Stagger Lee in late 1958, African-Americans must have had a similar sense of anticipation of To Resume, victory in the civil rights struggle; they had won several important battles (some of which will be discussed in Part 5 of this essay) and their charismatic leader Martin Luther King had emerged on Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, the national scene. Therefore, this civil rights era recording of the Basic, old folk song--with Price's exuberant voice and the jubilant musical accompaniment--could have served as a song of release and celebration similar to spirituals such as In That Great Gettin' Up Morning. With this new civil rights version of Stagger Lee, it becomes hugely important that the fight centered on the ownership of a Stetson hat. This dispute, over what might seem to be a relatively insignificant thing, is the Training * Calendar Printable Template, last of the three key elements which are crucial to understanding how Stagger Lee evolved from a badman type of hero to a civil rights hero. As pointed out earlier, the other two elements--the law's fear of Stagger Lee, and his remorseless defiance at the gallows--are not present in the modern Stagger Lee records by Archibald and Lloyd Price. These elements were crucial in sustaining the legend of What Average 8 In. 11 Year, Stagger Lee as a badman and Calendar * Calendar black hero for many years, but they are not present in these two musicians' records.
And these two recordings are the most important and successful (Archibald's record was a top 10 RB hit and Price's went to number one on both the pop and RB charts) versions of the song to be recorded during the modern civil rights era. With these two hits, Stagger Lee's image was cleaned up and his reputation as a badman became diminished, thereby leaving the third key element--the fight over the Stetson--to become the primary focus of the story as Stagger Lee is ???????????? Incident Action Plan: Iap. Module 11 Incident, transformed into a different kind of Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template, hero, a hero for black freedom. It is my contention that during the civil rights era, the dispute over the Stetson between Stagger Lee and Billy came to be symbolic to African-Americans of their struggle for freedom against whites. This essay now moves to 11 Incident an exploration of how this dispute over Training Calendar Template * Calendar, a hat took on such a symbolic nature. Part 4 is below following the notes to Basic Resignation Letter Part 3. Archibald broke his recording of Stagger Lee's story into two parts. Yearly Calendar Template Template? So there were two separate records--Stack-A-Lee, Part 1 and Stack-A-Lee, Part 2. In Part 1, the badman does not suffer any consequences for his crime of Resignation, shooting Billy. His punishment is relegated to Part 2, wherein he is shot and killed by the police and is sent to hell. Part 1 is the version which became a top 10 RB hit. Therefore, most of the audience only heard Part 1 and missed the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, end of the story in which Stagger Lee pays the price for murdering Billy.
Greil Marcus, in his book Mystery Train , provides different details on what happened. Resume Examples? Marcus writes that Dick Clark asked Price to Calendar * Calendar Template change the lyrics to eliminate the Basic Resignation Letter, violence before singing the song on his American Bandstand TV program. Price complied by changing the song so that it ended with apologies instead of Training Template, murder. Marcus also writes that Price rerecorded the song with the Letter, new lyrics. Dick Clark may have thought that Lloyd Price's Stagger Lee contained lyrics which were too violent for Template * Calendar Printable Template his rock and roll audience, but those lyrics were faithful to the folk music roots of the Resume First, song. American folk music has a long tradition of Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable, songs with lyrics that portray violence (as discussed by David Hershey-Webb in an article in What Average Weight 8 In. the April 21, 1993 issue of The Recorder titled Number One with a Bullet).
One of the best known examples of this is the classic murder ballad Frankie and Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Albert (also known as Frankie and Johnny). And Stagger Lee is Contract - 7+ In Pdf, Word, not the only folk song to mythologize an outlaw; other songs include Jesse James and Woody Guthrie's Pretty Boy Floyd. There is even an old folk song titled Knoxville Girl which makes the violent imagery of Training * Calendar, Stagger Lee seem like a silly nursery rhyme. It tells the story of a boy who kills his girlfriend for not being true to him. The most graphic lyrics to the song are below. I picked a stick up off the. And I knocked that fair girl. She fell down on her bended.
For mercy she did cry. Oh Willie, dear, don't kill me. I'm unprepared to die. I only beat her more. Until the ground around me. With her blood did flow. I took her by Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Styled Cv (resume her golden. And dragged her 'round and. Then threw her into Yearly Calendar * Calendar Template the river.
That flows through Knoxville. The Louvin Brothers, one of the Letter, greatest groups in the history of country music, had a minor hit in 1959 with their version of Knoxville Girl. It was the Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template, first song that they ever sang together. By interpreting the song to Examples Template be about the black struggle for freedom, Stagger Lee's refusal to spare Billy's life for the sake of his wife and children can be seen as serving to bring out the fact that many black families were mercilessly broken apart by slavery, and by the sending of many innocent black men and Yearly Calendar Printable Template women to prison, and by the lynching of many innocent black men and women. Dr. Horace Clarence Boyer, in his liner notes to the 1991 2-CD set Mahalia Jackson: Gospels, Spirituals Hymns , provides a detailed explanation of how In That Great Gettin' Up Morning was a song of anticipatory celebration of the day when the slaves would be set free. Part 4: The Stetson Hat. Author's Note on the Stetson hat as a positive versus negative symbol:
When I wrote the essay below concerning the Stetson hat, I was convinced that the Stetson must have at Cielo Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Html Cv (resume one time been a symbol of white authority to African-Americans. I believed this because the hat was worn by many southern sheriffs and prison guards during the days of Jim Crow. Since the Training Template * Calendar, law was the - 7+, primary instrument by Training Template Printable which Jim Crow was kept in place, logic told me that the What Is The Weight Of A 8 In. 11 Year, southern sheriff's trademark Stetson must have been a quite negative symbol to America's black population. One thing that kept bothering me though was the fact that the hats have actually been worn by some African-Americans. In particular, I was aware that blues and soul musicians such as Otis Rush, Solomon Burke, and Clarence Gatemouth Brown regularly wore Stetsons. After finishing the essay, I continued to research the Stetson and Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template soon it became quite clear to me that, although the To Resume Writing, hat certainly was a powerful symbol to blacks, it was actually a positive rather than a negative symbol. There were two sources which helped me to discover this: Louis Armstrong's book Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans and Cecil Brown's doctoral dissertation Stagolee: From Shack Bully to Culture Hero . Armstrong relates in his book that, during his early days in Training Calendar Template Printable New Orleans, Stetsons were coveted by African-Americans and they often purchased them by making periodic payments. Brown points out the symbolic nature of the hat by stating that it represented the black man's manhood. As a symbol of African-American manhood, the Stetson was ultimately a symbol of freedom (as explained in Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. my essay Stagger Lee: From Mythic Blues Ballad to Ultimate Rock 'n' Roll Record. Taking into account the Yearly Training * Calendar Printable, idea that the hat could actually be a positive symbol, I wonder whether perhaps it had a dual symbolic nature which represented both freedom (a positive) and white authority (a negative).
In other words, it might be a case of two different sides of the same coin--on one side, the To Resume, hat may have been a symbol of Jim Crow-era white authority, and on Training Calendar Template, the other, a symbol of the freedom won by Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Cv (resume defeating Jim Crow. If this is the * Calendar Printable, case, then it may be that African-Americans wore the Incident Iap., hat as a proud reminder that they were able to survive and triumph over many years of Training Template * Calendar Printable, racist oppression. Although I may have been incorrect about the Stetson being a negative symbol of racist white authority, this does not invalidate the point I was trying to Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Cv (resume make in writing the Training Calendar * Calendar Template, essay. The essay argues that many African-Americans who listened to Lloyd Price's civil rights-era recording of Stagger Lee may have interpreted it as being about their ongoing struggle for freedom due to the fact that the fight between Billy and Stagger Lee centered on a symbol of racist white authority--the Stetson hat. This argument still holds together with the - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, corrected understanding that the Stetson was actually a symbol of Template Printable, freedom itself. I plan to revise the essay to Cielo Styled Cv (resume reflect the findings discussed above.
Until then, I will continue to investigate the significance of the Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template, hat and its meaning as it relates to the Stagger Lee legend. One area I plan on pursuing is whether the Stetson actually does have a dual, i.e. Guide To Resume? positive/negative, symbolic role. If so, this should not be a surprise because the transforming of a negative into a positive is not an uncommon thing for African-Americans. Wally Amos (also known as Famous Amos) is Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar, a good example of this. His favorite saying goes something like when life gives you lemons, make lemonade. This philosophy is Incident Action Plan: Iap. Module, quite fitting in that it comes from Training Calendar a member of the African-American people, a people which has had to adapt to racist adversity and ???????????? Module And overcome great obstacles in order to survive. In Mississippi John Hurt's Stack O' Lee Blues, he laments that Billy was murdered over a $5 Stetson hat.
Bob Dylan's extraordinary version of the song, based on Calendar Printable Template, an obscure 1927 recording by Basic Resignation Frank Hutchison titled Stackalee, echoes that sentiment as, in Yearly Calendar * Calendar a wailing voice, he repeatedly lays the blame for all the To Resume Writing, trouble on that John B. Template? Stetson hat. But his recording specifically identifies the hatmaker's full name, as if to say that there is more to the story, that the cause was something more than just the hat itself. What Dylan might be saying is that the trouble was all about the Cv Cielo A Modern, Html Cv (resume, same thing that the Stetson hat is all about. Let me explain what I mean by this. The Stetson is Training * Calendar Template, a powerful symbol which has strong elements of conflict and violence ingrained deeply in Guide Writing its history. For example, it was sometimes referred to as a war bonnet. And among collectors of western memorabilia, an old Stetson with a bullet hole in it is a very special item to have in one's collection. According to Lewis Nordyke's article Boss of the Plains: The Story Behind the Stetson (collected in The Cowboy Reader , an Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable anthology edited by Template Lon Tinkle and Allen Maxwell), the Stetson was known as a hat that could take a dozen bullet holes and still not unravel. Training Printable Template? The Stetson can represent good on the one hand and evil on Sample Contract - 7+ Word, the other. A classic example of this comes from the cowboy movie cliche of the good guys wearing the white hats and the bad guys wearing the black. As a symbol of the cowboy, it is also a symbol of the white man's violent struggle with the American Indian.
It is Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar, a symbol of the lawman, but, as Stetson Kennedy has pointed out to me, it is Action Plan: Module And, also a symbol of the lawman against the badman. This translates, for African-Americans, into Training Calendar Printable a symbol of the lawman against Stagger Lee, and of the lawman against What Is The Average Weight 4 Foot 11 Year, the black man as will soon be discussed in detail below. By recognizing the Stetson's great symbolic nature, we can see that the fight between Billy DeLyon and Stagger Lee was about much more than a $5 Stetson. It represented something of much greater significance than a simple hat--it signified the battle between good and evil, between lawman and badman, and between black and Yearly * Calendar Printable Template white. In the southern states, the Stetson was almost as much a symbol of the law as a police officer's badge.
To African-Americans, this type of hat--when perched on Cv Cielo Cv Is, top of a lawman's head--must have been a potent symbol of the injustices that they were forced to endure under a racist system of law. Training Calendar Template? Southern sheriffs, prison guards, and other officers of law enforcement were the primary instrument by which the Jim Crow system was kept in place, and the Stetson hat was a typical part of the southern lawman's uniform. Photography Contract - 7+ Documents Word? By killing the Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable, man in the fight over the Stetson, Stagger Lee symbolically defeated the people and the system that oppressed him and the African-American people for so many years. To explore what has just been put forth more fully, let's take a closer look at two things: (1) Stagger Lee's opponent, Billy DeLyon and (2) the Stetson hat. Lloyd Price's and Resume First Job | Archibald's recordings do not explicitly identify Billy as an officer of the law, but the song's storyline of Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, a dispute over a Stetson certainly must have influenced African-Americans into seeing him as a white lawman. The law and the men who enforced it were a constant threat to blacks. Even the most docile harmless law-abiding black men had to constantly be on guard against acting in a way that the law saw as a provocation. Simply standing up for Writing one's rights could mean having to deal with the man and doing time in jail. Since the law was such a threat to blacks, and the Stetson was a symbol of the law, many blacks must have seen the dispute over the hat as representing the black man's struggle with the white man's system of law.
And since blacks identified with Stagger Lee, they would have cast Billy DeLyon with the role of a white policeman. In fact, in an essay titled Got the Blues for Mean Old Stack O' Lee, Max Haymes points out that Billy is portrayed as a policeman in an early recording about Stagger Lee from 1927 by two men known as The Downhome Boys. (See www.earlyblues.com for Yearly * Calendar Printable Template Haymes's essay. Also see Note 1 .) Therein, he also points out that the fifth stanza of the song seems to Examples Job | Template protest the Calendar Template, common practice of ???????????? Iap. Module 11 Incident And, arresting innocently idle blacks for vagrancy, a discriminatory practice which I discussed earlier in this essay.) It would be fair to say that the role of the police officer is so vital to the Stagger Lee legend that--in versions which make no specific mention of the lawman--he and Billy have become combined into Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template a single person. (Note 2) Now, let's move the focus away from Web2.0 Cv (resume Billy and take a closer look at the Stetson hat itself. When people write about the Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable, legend of Stagger Lee, they rarely fail to mention the Stetson--probably because they sense that it is First Job | Template, very important, even crucial, to the story.
But these writers also rarely offer any explanation as to the significance of the hat to the story. Two individuals who have put forth such explanations are Max Haymes and Cecil Brown. Haymes discusses the Stetson (in the essay referenced above) in terms of its magical or mojo-like qualities. And Brown wrote about the importance of the hat, mainly on a psychological (Freudian) basis, as part of his dissertation titled Stagolee: From Shack Bully to Culture Hero . I will go in a different direction in Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template my essay, focusing on the Stetson in Resume Examples Job | connection with the history of race relations between African-American and Yearly Calendar Template Printable white people. But before we get into specifics about the Cielo Cv Is Cv (resume, Stetson, let's look at the symbolic nature of hats in general. They often serve as symbols of Printable Template, authority as in a king's crown or in the special hats worn by military and police officers. Traditionally, in Sample Contract - 7+ Documents Word the presence of a king or another individual holding a post of Calendar Printable, authority, a man of lower station was expected to remove his hat. By baring his head, he in effect became shorter thereby showing subordination to Resume Job | Template his superior.
In the past, hats were symbolic of social class, with members of different classes wearing different types of hats. A well-known example of a hat designating one's social status is the top hat which was commonly worn by upper class men during the nineteenth century. Hats also represent transformation, as in the crowning of a king. Anyone who has attended a high school or college graduation ceremony is familiar with the symbolic transformation made by Yearly Template Printable moving the tassel from one side to ???????????? Action Plan: Iap. 11 Incident the other on top of a graduate's mortarboard. (Note 3) The Stetson is a large and Training Calendar Template Template impressive hat that could make a man appear much taller and give him a certain air of authority. It is Guide To Resume Writing, a symbol of law and order to Americans because it is part of the uniform of many law enforcement agencies. But to certain groups, the Stetson can be a very negative symbol. In One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest , a book filled with symbolism, there is a key scene when a mean-spirited white character wears a Stetson. Yearly Training Template Template? The novel's author, Ken Kesey, used the hat as a symbol of the white man's oppression of the American Indian (Note 4) . In the world of African-Americans, the Stetson must have also been a symbol of white oppression because it was commonly worn by southern men of the law including sheriffs, prison guards, and judges. Examples First Template? Not all southern lawmen were racists (some of them risked their own lives to Training * Calendar Printable Template save black men from lynch mobs), but many of the uniformed officers of the Sample Photography Contract Documents In Pdf,, law in the south were enthusiastic enforcers of the Training Calendar Template Printable Template, Jim Crow system. The folklorist Alan Lomax, near the beginning of his book The Land Where the Blues Began , tells of his encounters with two Mississippi sheriffs who displayed racist attitudes that surely were common among southern lawmen.
One of the To Resume, sheriffs, whom Lomax described as wearing his Stetson like a crown, expressed shock over the idea that Lomax would shake hands with a black man or use the term Mister in addressing him. Possibly the most notorious and powerful of all the southern sheriffs was Willis McCall, the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable, racist Lake County, Florida sheriff who shot the Resignation Letter, Groveland Four defendants. McCall, with his Stetson capping his hulking six foot one inch 240-pound frame, was a personification of the evils of the Training Template * Calendar, Jim Crow system. A Stetson was the trademark of another well-known lawman, Bud Russell. Russell's name was legendary in the jails and prisons of the south. As the Cv Cielo Html, chief transfer agent for the Texas prison system, he is said to have traveled millions of miles, most of them spent transporting prisoners from Yearly Calendar Template local jails to Texas state prisons. His work had him traveling throughout the south and Resume First Job | Template through many northern states also. It is estimated that he had 115,000 men in his custody during his forty year career and only one of them was ever able to escape.
A large percentage of these prisoners were African-Americans. Russell treated these black men more humanely than the average officer of the law, but his exceptional efficiency at getting his job done make him a figure of dread among the black prison population. Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template? He transported groups of prisoners long-chained together by the neck in a specially built wagon known as Black Betty. When a man in a jail cell awaiting transfer to a Texas state prison heard the rattling of chains coming towards him from down the hall, he knew it was Bud Russell and that any chance at escape had been lost. But there were other ways of identifying Russell; in Alan Lomax's book The Land Where the Blues Began , he quotes from a song the prisoners sang about Russell (probably from Cielo Cv Cielo a version of the classic song The Midnight Special). Yonder comes Bud Russell. How do you know? I know by his big hat. And his forty-four. The big hat was Russell's trademark grey Stetson (Note 5) . This was not the only song about Russell. The great Texas bluesman Lightnin' Hopkins wrote and recorded a song called Bud Russell Blues and also mentions him in another recording titled Penitentiary Blues.
As you might suspect, Hopkins was from Texas and he served time in prison. Russell was such a legend that the term Uncle Bud became synonymous with prison transfer agents in general (Long-Chain Charlie was another slang term for Yearly Training Template * Calendar these agents). When Uncle Bud delivered a group of prisoners to the penitentiary, they were taken into the custody of To Resume, guards who despised convicts, especially black convicts. Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template? In the 1967 Paul Newman movie titled Cool Hand Luke , Hollywood brought us the What Average Weight 4 Foot, chilling image of the cold cruel prison guard (Note 6) . The guard who stood out the most in Training Template * Calendar Printable the movie was known as the walking boss or the man with no eyes. He had a particularly menacing appearance which was emphasized by his black Stetson hat and reflective shades (Note 7) . Although the guards treated the convicts with brutality, this celluloid version of prison life fell far short of depicting the horrible conditions that many prisoners, and blacks in particular, endured in the south's prison system. Resignation Letter? A very graphic, factual account of a convict's experiences in a state penitentiary can be found in Albert Sample's book Racehoss: Big Emma's Boy (Note 8) . In this book, Sample--a real-life inconceivably tough Stagger Lee figure himself--tells of his years in a Texas prison where guards constantly brutalized black prisoners and even killed them without any fear of being held accountable.
One such guard was nicknamed Boss Killer Band because he allegedly murdered a whole band of Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, black convicts--a total of Resume Examples First Job |, 14 men--in a single day. Yearly Training Calendar Template Printable Template? In Lomax's The Land Where the Guide Writing, Blues Began , he likens the southern prisons he visited to Nazi concentration camps. He describes the Training * Calendar Template, extreme racism of the guards in these prisons and in one particular description of them he points out their Stetson hats. For the many blacks who served time in prisons, the Stetson must have been associated with some of the most brutal aspects of white oppression. In writing this paper, I gathered information from the writings of Stetson Kennedy and corresponded with him regarding the Stetson hat. As Mr. Kennedy has been a dedicated worker for civil rights for Resignation Letter many years, and he is also a relative of the man who created the Stetson, he certainly has a sensitivity to the meaning of this hat to African-Americans. He told me the following story which is an excellent illustration of how this simple hat could be a powerful symbol to Yearly Training Printable Template blacks living in the Jim Crow south. In the Resignation Letter, 1940s, many African-Americans worked in the migrant camps of south Florida in the fertile fields just south of Yearly Template Printable, Lake Okeechobee. Incident Module And? On Saturday nights, the local sheriff would make his rounds by visiting the many juke joints frequented by these migrants.
These jukes were rough places where knife fights were common, but the sheriff came up with a unique way of reducing the Calendar Printable, number of What, cutting scrapes He would go to the establishment with the worst reputation and throw his Stetson out on the dance floor. He would leave it lying there as a symbol of his authority, and depart from the juke to continue on with his night's work. The hat was such a powerful symbol that the couples would be extremely careful to not disturb it as they moved around the dance floor. After making all the other stops on his rounds, the sheriff would drive back to the juke where he had left his hat. Upon arriving, he would go to retrieve the Stetson, finding it lying undisturbed in the exact spot on the floor where he had left it. (Note 9) Based on the above discussion of the Stetson, it should be clear that this type of hat was a very powerful and negative symbol to members of the black community. It was a symbol of the law, and the law was no friend to Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template African-Americans. In their fight for equality, they often found that standing in their way was a lawman wearing a Stetson hat. What Is The Weight Of A 8 In. 11 Year? And since the fight between Stagger Lee and Billy DeLyon centered on a Stetson, many African-Americans who listened to Lloyd Price's civil rights era recording of Stagger Lee may have interpreted it as being about their ongoing struggle for freedom. Yearly Calendar Printable? With Stagger Lee's triumph over Billy, the recording served as a vision of Resignation Letter, victory in the civil rights struggle, a victory which--after many, many years of slavery and Training Calendar oppression--could finally be imagined as within reach.
From this perspective, the jubilant tone of A Modern, Styled, Price's recording makes perfect sense--it was a victory celebration. My discussion of the Stetson would not be complete without pointing out that this hat could also be a positive symbol to African-Americans. In Stagolee: From Shack Bully to Yearly Printable Culture Hero , Cecil Brown explained that, during the late nineteenth century, black men--including Lee Shelton, the man upon which the Stagger Lee legend is at least partially based--wore Stetsons as symbols of their manhood or newly won masculinity. In effect, wearing a Stetson was a way of Cv Cielo Cv Is Styled Html, showing that you were no longer a slave, but a free man. Yearly Calendar Template Template? Looking at the Stetson from this perspective, the fight between Stagger Lee and Billy could be interpreted as the black race's battle for freedom, with the hat serving as a prize symbolic of that freedom. Other examples of Examples First Job | Template, black men wearing Stetson hats can be found in the world of the blues. Bluesman Big Bill Broonzy describes black musicians wearing ten-dollar Stetson hats in his autobiography Big Bill Blues . A number of famous bluesmen have worn a Stetson as a trademark including Clarence Gatemouth Brown and Otis Rush. Printable? And the great rock and roll songwriter Otis Blackwell, a black man who grew up in New York with a love for cowboy movies and Tex Ritter cowboy songs, regularly wore a Stetson. So the Stetson could be a positive or negative symbol with the determining factor being whose head the Cv Cielo Cv Is Html Cv (resume, hat was perched upon.
Part 5 is below following the notes to Template * Calendar Printable Template Part 4. Duncan and Brady is an old song which is Resume Examples, specifically about a black man going up against a white policeman. It was in Leadbelly's repertoire and it tells the story of a black bartender named Duncan who kills a white policeman named Brady in Training Calendar Template retaliation for harassment of the Sample Contract - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, bar's customers. John W. Training Calendar Template? Roberts, in chapter 5 of his book From Trickster to Badman, presents an Examples Template excellent discussion of the black badman versus the Yearly Training Printable Template, white law officer. See especially pages 196 and 197. There once was a time in America (not more than 50 years ago) when a man who left his home without a hat on Action Iap. Module, his head was considered to be improperly dressed. Although hats are a much less important part of fashion today, they can still be quite powerful symbols. For example, when Hollywood's George Lucas originally explained his idea for the movie Raiders of the Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template, Lost Ark to Steven Spielberg, the hat that the Photography Contract Documents In Pdf,, character Indiana Jones would wear was one of the major factors which captured Spielberg's imagination. Here is how Spielberg explained it: When he [Lucas] mentioned that it would be like the old serials and that the guy would wear a soft fedora and carry a bullwhip, I was completely hooked. (Quoted from George Lucas: The Creative Impulse by Charles Champlin.) (end of Note 3)
The scene occurs in chapter 24 when Chief Bromden tells a story to McMurphy about a time when he was a boy and several white men visited the reservation. The location of the prison is Calendar Template Printable Template, not identified in the movie, but the novel upon which it is based sets the story in the state of Florida. Resume First? The book Cool Hand Luke was written by Don Pearce, a man who actually did time on a central Florida chain gang. In Pearce's book, all the guards wore cowboy hats, but, in the movie, the Training Template Printable Template, Walking Boss was the only guard to wear a Stetson. The story of Albert Racehoss Sample's life is truly amazing. He spent 17 years incarcerated in the Texas prison system, doing most of his time in a unit called Retrieve, a place that was known as the burnin' hell. During that time, he became a man so ba-a-a-ad that he made Stagger Lee's legendary badness seem tame in comparison. He was a man of mixed race, both black and white.
He was a small man, but he was so tough and callous that even the biggest and meanest cons would not dare tangle with him. Sample was punished on a regular basis for his rebellion against authority and his refusal to accept the dehumanizing treatment to To Resume which prisoners were subjected. But the punishment had no effect on him because he was so hardened by his life's experiences that he could endure incredible amounts of Yearly Training Template Template, pain and torture. The guards would punish him by hanging him up off the ground with handcuffs, suspending him until his feet were just barely off the ground. This torture was so painful that it was referred to as being effective at making the deaf hear and Examples Template the blind see.
The warden tried to break Sample's spirit by leaving him hanging like this for Training Template * Calendar Printable hours. Then, he would approach Sample and ask him how he was doing. Letter? Sample's response was that he was doin' just fine Cap'n. Then the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, warden would ask him when you want me to let you down from Contract Documents there?. Sample would respond by saying whenever you get ready, Cap'n. This was the pattern for Yearly Calendar Template * Calendar what was repeated over Incident Module, and over Template Printable, again, with the warden hoping to catch Sample in a moment of Sample Photography Contract - 7+ In Pdf,, weakness in which he would cry out for mercy. But Sample refused to give in. It was his way of striking back and protesting against the way he was treated. They probably would have killed him if it wasn't for the fact that he was such a valuable laborer on the prison farm.
In his capacity for work, he was a true superhuman--a real life equal to the legendary John Henry. The guards certainly must have also feared what would have happened if they had tried to kill him and failed. Even the Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable Template, notorious murderer Boss Killer Band was apparently too frightened of Resume First, Sample to Template * Calendar Template try to kill him, as evidenced by an incident in which he explained to the prisoner why he hadn't yet killed his yellow ass. After he was released from prison, Sample earned a college degree and became a prison reformer, earning many prestigious awards for Resume his work. He wrote his life story in Racehoss: Big Emma's Boy . A powerful movie documentary about him titled Racehoss was released in 2001. In relating this story to me, Stetson Kennedy explained that he was not sure of where he had come across it, but he believed that its source was his friend, the Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template, Florida writer Theodore Pratt. (Pratt, who wrote extensively about Florida in books and articles of fiction and non-fiction, died in 1969.) The way Mr. Of A 11 Year? Kennedy remembered it, the story was contained in a work by Pratt titled Curb Girl . I can find no evidence of anything written by Pratt with that title, but I did learn that there is a Ronald Reagan movie titled Juke Girl which was based upon a story that Pratt provided to NAME of movie studio (This is documented in letters that Pratt wrote to Yearly * Calendar Printable Kennedy . The letters are part of a collection of Documents In Pdf,, Pratt's personal papers which are archived in Florida Atlantic University's library.) Juke Girl contains no scene which resembles the story of the sheriff tossing his Stetson on the juke joint floor.
A screenplay for the movie which was included in Pratt's papers did not contain the scene either. Still, it is possible that the story was included in the material Pratt provided to the studio and was simply never incorporated into the screenplay. Despite my failure to find the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable, story among Pratt's writings, I believe that he actually was Kennedy's source, mainly because Pratt wrote an article for the Saturday Evening Post titled Land of the Jook (published in the April 26, 1941 issue). The article exposed the poor living conditions endured by the black migrant farm workers in the Glades area of Palm Beach County. In this article, Pratt also wrote about his visits to the local juke joints frequented by the migrants. It is my guess that during one of Basic Resignation Letter, these visits he must have encountered or learned about the Stetson-throwing sheriff.
Possibly Pratt did not write about the sheriff in his Post article because he wanted to include it in Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable Template the story that he eventually submitted to Warner Brothers. Assuming that Pratt was the source for the Stetson-throwing sheriff story, it probably would have been based on Basic Resignation Letter, fact because Pratt was a real stickler for authenticity in his novels and other fictional work. The research notes contained in his personal papers provide clear evidence of his efforts to give authenticity to his portrayals of Florida life and history. And in Yearly Template * Calendar Printable Template regards to Cielo Cv Is Html Cv (resume his research for Jook Girl , I found a letter from Pratt to Kennedy (dated September 24, 1941) in Template * Calendar which he states that Warner Brothers have a bellyful of 'Glades jook stuff in my story which I gathered in the 'Glades. Part 5: Black Power and Is The Weight 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female the Romanticized Stagger Lee. Earlier in this essay, I showed that by Calendar Template looking at recordings which were made between the Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Html, 1920s and 1950s, you can observe a major change in the myth of Stagger Lee. In the earlier recordings, Stagger Lee was portrayed as a cold ruthless killer, but Archibald's 1950 record is a major departure from the past as his version tones down a number of the negative aspects of the badman's legend. Finally, we saw that Lloyd Price's celebratory version of Stagger Lee in the late 1950s reflected the fact that the badman had evolved into a champion for black rights. Now we will take a look at black history and relate it to Stagger Lee's legend in order to gain an understanding of how this major transformation may have come about. In doing this, we will see that the legend's evolution seems to have mirrored major social and political changes. Let's examine these changes by taking a look at the world of the Yearly Calendar Template, black man in 1928, and then jumping three decades ahead to 1958 to see how that world had changed.
When Mississippi John Hurt recorded his classic 1928 version of the Stagger Lee legend, blacks were living under the Jim Crow system, a system which demanded that they be absolutely submissive to Guide the white race. In commenting on this system in his book Why We Can't Wait , Martin Luther King pointed out that any African-American who did not defer to whites and who instead showed a spark of manhood, was likely to be threatened by Template the police, thrown in jail, and/or beaten. This is why blacks admired a figure like Stagger Lee. Resume First? He had no fear of the Calendar Template, law, he stood up to and defied the white man's system. But he was not a real hero who could bring about real change. What Is The Average Weight? Instead, he was a destroyer, a nihilist with supreme power, a man who blacks could envision as being able to totally obliterate the white man's world. The popularity of his legend among African-Americans was probably a reflection of the fact that, after so many years of enslavement and oppression, there was simply no hope for change in their world. As Lawrence Levine pointed out, the American black man's only hope was for the white man's world to * Calendar Printable Template be wiped out so that a better one could be built in its place.
And Stagger Lee, the ultimate badman, the man who defeated the devil and took over hell, was the man who could do it. If we jump ahead now to the time of Lloyd Price's 1958 recording of Stagger Lee, we see that during that thirty year leap some major changes occurred which resulted in a different and better world for African-Americans. For example, in 1937, Joe Louis became the world heavyweight boxing champion, making him an absolutely huge hero to blacks. Many African-Americans (including Malcolm X, who was so inspired by Louis that he stepped into the ring himself) saw Louis as a symbol of the black man defeating the Basic Letter, white man and his racist system. Another advance was made in 1950 with the integration of all troops fighting in the Korean War. And in * Calendar Printable Template 1954, in a case known as Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously overturned an earlier decision from over Examples, 50 years ago that had allowed school segregation. This was followed, in 1955, by the event that turned the fight for Calendar civil rights into a powerful force--the arrest of Resignation, Rosa Parks in Alabama for refusing to Yearly * Calendar Template give up her seat on a bus to a white person. Also in 1955, blacks were breaking down barriers in the music world as Chuck Berry, Little Richard, and Fats Domino all brought rock and roll to white America with their first hits on the pop charts.
Another landmark was reached when Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1957 which was the first major piece of To Resume, civil rights legislation passed in over 80 years. Later in 1957, another victory was won when federal troops were used to guard black students in order to bring about the court-ordered integration of a high school in Little Rock, Arkansas. With all of Training Calendar * Calendar Template, these advances, hope may have no longer seemed like a dirty four-letter word to African-Americans. They could see that change was possible and that freedom was within reach. This major shift was echoed by the transformation of Stagger Lee. Reflecting the changing times and attitudes, he was converted from a totally destructive force into an agent for social change.
With this newly found hope, the black badman became a symbolic hero in the fight for Sample Contract Word civil rights. His ba-a-a-a-dness made him the ultimate warrior in the fight for freedom. Yearly Calendar * Calendar Printable? Therefore, after a string of encouraging civil rights victories during the Resignation, fifties, many black people must have heard Lloyd Price's hit record Stagger Lee--as it began its climb up the charts in late 1958--as a song of hope about their fight for Yearly Template Printable Template freedom. Viewing the record in this way, the celebratory tone of the Incident Action Plan: 11 Incident, music can be heard as the sound of rejoicing over the battles won so far and over Template * Calendar Printable Template, the final victory envisioned for the future. Evidence of Stagger Lee's new role as a civil rights hero can be found in the writings and statements of To Resume Writing, African-American writers and activists such as James Baldwin and Bobby Seale. Yearly Training * Calendar? For example, Stagger Lee's transformation was pointed out by Baldwin in his foreword to Seale's autobiography. Therein, he suggests that the defiant act of civil disobedience by Rosa Parks allowed the figure of Stagger Lee to achieve his manhood. Job |? What he was saying was that the Calendar, legend had matured, that Stagger Lee had, in effect, grown up by redirecting himself to Guide To Resume Writing a social and Template political agenda. This is what happened with Malcolm X. After discovering the teachings of Elijah Muhammed, he underwent a transformation from a hustler and hoodlum to a civil rights and religious leader for the Muslim group the Nation of Basic Resignation Letter, Islam.
This major redirection in Malcolm X was referred to by Seale during a 1970 jailhouse interview (excerpted in Yearly Training Template * Calendar Greil Marcus's Mystery Train ) in which he commented on the legend of Stagger Lee and its inspiration and meaning to Cielo Cv Cielo A Modern, Web2.0 Styled Html him. He said that he saw Stagger Lee in himself and in Calendar Template * Calendar the lives led by Malcolm X and his fellow Black Panther leaders Huey Newton and Eldridge Cleaver. These men all went through transformations similar to Stagger Lee. And, looking back in time, it is Cielo Cv Cielo Cv Is Html Cv (resume, clear that (as Marcus has stated) the Black Power movement was inspired to some degree by the legend of Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template, Stagger Lee. In saying that he saw Stagger Lee in himself and in What Average Weight 8 In. Old Female other militant black leaders, Bobby Seale was romanticizing the legendary outlaw. Yearly Training Template Printable? Seale's views reveal a major switch from the past in the way that badmen were treated in the black folk tradition. Traditionally, the black badman was not a romanticized figure. Men such as Stagger Lee were not seen as good or innocent, and they were not given any socially redeeming qualities. Resignation? Lawrence Levine discusses this subject in some detail in Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template his book Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought From Slavery to Freedom . What Is The Average Of A 4 Foot 8 In. 11 Year Old Female? Therein, he contrasts black folklore's unromanticized badman with white folklore's noble outlaw or social bandit. Levine points out that white badmen such as Robin Hood or Pretty Boy Floyd (whose exploits were celebrated in song by Woody Guthrie) were seen as benefactors to and heroes of the poor and oppressed. He theorizes that white folklore's good badmen are generated during times of great social change or upheaval out of the desire for a return to the order of the past.
He then concludes that the reason black folklore lacks good black outlaws is that the African-American community held no desire for things to return to as they were in Yearly Template * Calendar Template the past. Considering the Action Plan: Module, inhumane conditions that they had lived under for so many years, there obviously was nothing to be nostalgic about. In making his argument, Levine brings out the total hopelessness of the black experience in Yearly Training Calendar Template Template America. But, with the advances made through the civil rights movement, many of the black men of Bobby Seale's generation finally did have some real hope for a better life. There was even hope for those who had become disillusioned with the ???????????? Incident Action Module 11 Incident, civil rights movement--those who saw that its achievements had little effect on the social problems of black America such as poverty and unemployment--and who then turned, in search of Training Calendar * Calendar Printable, a remedy, to Action the Black Power movement. Even this more radical element had hope for change because the racial turmoil of the 1960s received worldwide attention. The ugliness of Training Template * Calendar Template, America's race problem was being exposed to the world through television news coverage which showed powerful images of the suffering endured by African-Americans and their struggle for equality.
Much of the To Resume Writing, world looked at the plight of black America with sympathy, and this must have been encouraging to African-Americans. This hope for Yearly * Calendar Template change is what may have led to the romanticization of the black badman and to Seale's speaking of Stagger Lee as a hero. Resignation Letter? Seale said that there were millions of Yearly Calendar, Stagger Lees in the black community. He held such a deep identification with the legend that he named his son Stagolee. In his jailhouse interview, he explained that he gave his son this name because that's what his name is as if to Is The Weight Of A 8 In. Old Female say that Stagger Lee is who we all are in the black community. The Meaning of the Stagger Lee Legend.
I want to finish up this section by * Calendar exploring the meaning of the Photography Word, Stagger Lee legend. The black writer and folk tale collector Zora Neale Hurston has stated that every African-American folk tale has had a point to make. All of them have had something to teach black Americans about themselves and the world they lived in. So what was the point or meaning of the story of Stagger Lee? What did it teach?
James Baldwin would probably answer these questions with one word: survival. Baldwin thought that survival was a main ingredient which African-Americans put into their folk tales (Note 1). And the story of Stagger Lee can certainly be understood as carrying a message of survival--Stagger Lee was killed by the white man as punishment for the killing of Billy, but he triumphed in the end as he defeated the devil and turned hell into his own version of Calendar Template Printable, paradise. This story offered hope for survival to black men who knew that they could suffer, at the hands of whites, a fate similar to Stagger Lee's--whether it would be by execution, by lynching, or by having their lives slowly sucked out of them bit by bit in any number of ways. And there may have been a second way that the legend of Stagger Lee dealt with survival. It may have made the point that directly challenging the ???????????? Incident Action Plan: Module And, white man's authority would pose a threat to Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable the black man's survival.
After all, if a man as powerful and Guide To Resume bad as Stagger Lee lost his life by placing himself at odds with the white man's authority, the average black man would not stand a chance challenging the Training Calendar, white man. Therefore, the message of the folk tale may have been that blacks would have to bide their time before they could directly challenge their white oppressors. They would have to work indirectly to improve their lot, and use their wits to survive until they could take a chance at defying the white man's discriminatory laws. And this is exactly what African-Americans did. Basic Resignation? A great example of this can be seen in the life of the black writer Richard Wright who, while he was a young man, used trickery to get his hands on books which he wanted to read. Living in an area where blacks were not permitted to borrow books from the local library, he would go to the library and pretend that he was on an errand to Yearly Training pick up the books for a white man. Wright would borrow the library card of a white co-worker and write a note to ???????????? Action Plan: Iap. 11 Incident And the librarian which he signed with the name of the owner of the card. The note would contain a list of books and request that they be given to this nigger boy. He would assume a look upon his face which conveyed to Training * Calendar the white librarian that he was totally uninterested in the books. This ruse worked like a charm as the library regularly provided Wright with the books he desired. (Note 2) Note 1: This is discussed by Maya Angelou in Photography - 7+ Word her book A Song Flung Up to Heaven . According to Angelou, Baldwin also believed that African-Americans put survival into their poems, songs, dances, clothing, cooking and humor.
Note 2: This story appears in Wright's The Ethics of Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template, Living Jim Crow: An Autobiographical Sketch. Part 6: The Ultimate Rock 'n' Roll Record. The greatest pop music was music of liberation: Bob Marley, Bob Dylan, Elvis Presley, James Brown, Public Enemy, The Clash, The Sex Pistols. Those were pop groups that liberated an enormous amount of people to be who they are. --Bruce Springsteen on Nightline/UpClose. (ABC News) July 30, 2002. Lloyd Price's recording of Stagger Lee may very well be the ultimate rock and roll record. What follows is my argument for why I make this claim. Documents In Pdf,? My reasoning is based upon a theme-oriented approach of classifying rock, blues, and jazz and showing how they are related to each other. Yearly Training Template * Calendar Template? This approach was developed by a writer named Herb Bowie and is presented in In Pdf, his web book titled Reason to Rock which can be accessed at www.reasontorock.com . Bowie's methodology is to Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template look at the overriding theme of each type of music and show how they are connected to each other based on their different themes.
I will explain this approach, and then, I will use its ideas to make my argument for why Price's Stagger Lee is the Resignation, ultimate rock record. Bowie explains that the theme of the blues is oppression. To be more specific, it is the white race's oppression of the black race. He points out that this can be seen in both the lyrics and the rigid song structure of the blues. In presenting my own argument, I will focus on Training Template Printable Template, the subject matter of the lyrics. When a black man sings the To Resume Writing, blues, he is not singing about Yearly Training Template Printable Template being in Resignation Letter a personal state of sadness or depression. Instead, in Training Calendar * Calendar singing about his experiences with pain and suffering and frustration and anger, he is singing for all African-Americans about the Guide To Resume Writing, realities of the conditions that they all face as members of the Yearly Calendar * Calendar, black race. The subject matter of the blues is the day to day problems of the black man living under a constant state of Resignation Letter, white oppression. For example, a particular blues song may be about not being able to Yearly Training Calendar Template Template pay the rent--but what is it that is really at the root of the problem of not having the money to make the Resume Examples First Template, payment?
Brownie McGhee has pointed out, in Yearly Calendar Template Printable Template Lawrence Redd's Rock Is Rhythm and Blues , that whiskey, women, and What Is The Average Weight Of A 8 In. 11 Year money may be the things he sings about in his blues, but a song of complaint about his woman doing him wrong is actually a complaint about the Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar, white man doing him wrong. Therefore, in a very elemental way, the blues is Letter, protest music--protest against oppression. Stagger Lee embodies the blues theme of oppression (Note 1) and it certainly is a protest song. Training Printable Template? The main reason Stagger Lee was such a legendary figure among blacks is that he was free. His badness was important because it allowed him to be a free man, to Writing not have to answer to anyone including the white man's law. Singing--or being entertained by--a song of protest like Stagger Lee was one of the few ways that African-Americans could fight back against Jim Crow. At the opposite end of the musical spectrum from the blues, we find jazz. Herb Bowie points out that the theme of this type of music is freedom. Yearly Training Calendar Printable Template? Jazz focuses upon improvisation which is To Resume, practically synonymous with musical freedom. A standard jazz technique is to play a popular song and then improvise variations to the melody line.
In the 1950s, avant-garde players such as Ornette Coleman took the idea of musical freedom to Training * Calendar Printable the extreme, creating music which is known as free jazz. Bowie identifies the major theme of Cv Is A Modern, Web2.0 Html, rock music to be liberation, positioning it between the blues and jazz. He points out that the blues and jazz deal with fixed states--oppression and freedom--which are opposites of Calendar, each other, while rock and roll expresses the transition between these states, moving from oppression to freedom. Therefore, rock and roll deals with the act of liberation, of being set free from bondage. One of rock's all-time greats, Bruce Springsteen, would surely agree that rock and roll's main theme is liberation. Is The Average Weight Of A 11 Year Old Female? He has commented about Calendar his own life in a way that has made it clear that rock music was his means of Guide Writing, escape, his way out, his liberating force. Training Calendar Template Printable? Many critics have interpreted his car songs as being about ???????????? Plan: Module 11 Incident escape, and Yearly Calendar Template Springsteen once pointed out that the Examples, guitar was his key to the highway.
In inducting Bob Dylan into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, he pointed out Yearly Calendar Template Template that the Resignation, music of Elvis freed people's bodies and Dylan's freed people's minds. Clearly, Springsteen sees rock and roll as a liberating force. Using the theme-oriented approach discussed above as the basis for my argument, I will now go on to explain why I believe that Lloyd Price's recording of Stagger Lee is the ultimate rock and roll record. But first, let's take a look at this record's credentials. It was released in late 1958, and, in early 1959, it went all the Template * Calendar Template, way to To Resume number one on both the RB and Yearly Training Calendar Printable the pop charts.
Not only that, but it was the first record made in a rock and roll style by a black man, woman, or group that went all the way to number 1 on the pop charts. At that time, the pop charts were still dominated by white musicians. Records from Contract - 7+ Documents Little Richard, Fats Domino, and Yearly Calendar Template Printable Chuck Berry had all broken into pop's top 10 in 1955, but Price's Stagger Lee was the first black rock and roll record to go all the way to number 1. (A few hits by black musicians, such as Sam Cooke's You Send Me and several records by The Platters became number one pop hits before Stagger Lee, but they could not really be classified as rock and roll.) So Stagger Lee was a real breakthrough for black rock and roll. This is important, but it is not what actually makes this recording the ultimate rock record. So what does make Lloyd Price's Stagger Lee the ultimate rock and roll record? It is the ultimate rock record because it is the most fitting and greatest expression of rock's theme of liberation. Let me explain what's behind this statement.
Rock and roll expresses the theme of liberation in many ways. For example, Alice Cooper's School's Out celebrates freedom from school, Bruce Springsteen's Thunder Road deals with escape from a life with no prospects and little hope, and many, many rock songs--such as Blue Monday by Fats Domino, Working for Cv Cielo A Modern, Styled Html the Man by Roy Orbison, and Working for a Living by Huey Lewis--stem from the desire to be set free from the burden of work. Yearly Template * Calendar Printable? But, the ultimate expression of rock's theme of Guide To Resume, liberation--considering the Calendar, fact that rock and roll developed from the blues--would have to deal with the subject of liberation from Cielo Cv Is Web2.0 Styled Html Cv (resume some form of oppression. Yet there are several different ways that liberation can take place for those who are oppressed or enslaved or imprisoned. For example, some benevolent force could set an enslaved or oppressed people free, as Lincoln did when he abolished slavery or as one country might liberate another from Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Template domination by Average Of A 4 Foot 11 Year Old Female a foreign power. Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template? This, in a way, parallels the type of Job | Template, liberation that Springsteen spoke about Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable when he said that Elvis freed our bodies and Dylan freed our minds.
Another type of liberation occurs through escape, as when a prisoner escapes from the bonds that hold him. Again, this parallels Springsteen's comments about how rock and roll provided him with a means of escape from a life that he did not care for. A third type of liberation occurs when a person who is Cv Is, being oppressed faces his oppressor, engages him in battle, and Calendar * Calendar Template defeats him. This third type is the most direct, dramatic, and powerful form of liberation, making it the most fitting form for this music that we call rock and roll. Now, let me recap and get even more specific in defining what would be the ultimate rock and roll record. Since rock and roll developed from the Basic Letter, blues, and since the theme of the blues is the oppression of the black race by Training Template Template the white race, and since the theme of rock is liberation, the ultimate expression of rock and roll would be a record in which the oppressed black race liberates itself by doing battle with and defeating its white oppressors. If you agree with what has been discussed throughout this essay, you would have to conclude that Lloyd Price's Stagger Lee is that record.
But let's say that you do not buy into my theories about the Stetson hat or about the Basic Resignation Letter, link created between Stagger Lee and Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho. By looking at things from a different perspective, I can still make a solid argument for Price's Stagger Lee being a song about the liberation of African-Americans from white oppression, thereby making it the ultimate rock and Training * Calendar roll record. Let me explain this other perspective. By taking Stagger Lee--a song which reflects and Basic stems from the oppression of the black race by the white race--out of its blues tradition and recording it as a rock and Calendar Template * Calendar roll song, Lloyd Price changed its theme from oppression to liberation. This transformation was brought about by Price, regardless of what his intentions were and what was going on in his conscious or subconscious mind.
A song which was so deeply rooted in the tragedy and inhumanity of slavery and Jim Crow, and ???????????? Plan: Iap. which was recorded in such a jubilant, rocking and exhilarating tone, could no longer be a blues or a song of Template * Calendar Printable Template, oppression. It could only be one thing-- rock and roll. And, as rock and roll, it announced an amazing turn of events--victory! Without a doubt, Lloyd Price's recording of Stagger Lee is the Action Plan: Iap. 11 Incident, ultimate rock and roll record. Stagger Lee is not really a blues song, it's a ballad. But it is part of the Yearly Training Template, blues tradition and was sung by many bluesmen and also by Is The Average Weight 8 In. songsters who were deeply influenced by the blues such as Mississippi John Hurt.
Part 7: The Return of the Badman: Stagger Lee in the 21st Century. According to the late Joseph Campbell, a man who was one of America's greatest authorities on Template, mythology, modern science and technology have greatly reduced the importance of ???????????? Incident Action Plan: Iap. Module 11 Incident, myths in people's lives. But if he was alive today, he might agree that the myth of Stagger Lee is an exception. Stagger Lee's legend has not only Template * Calendar survived the modern world, but may have actually grown in importance. Today, we find the figure of Stagger Lee in Guide Writing our books, in our movies, and in our music. He may have a different name now, such as the black writer Walter Mosley's character Mouse, but there is no mistaking who he is based on Yearly Template Template, his violent actions and bad-ass I answer to nobody attitude (Note 1) The world has become a harder, much more dangerous and more violent place to live in, and, in this kind of environment, Stagger Lee's legendary ba-a-a-dness makes him very, very relevant. After all, a man who can beat the Sample Photography - 7+ Documents, devil at his own game, take control of hell and turn it into his own version of paradise is not just the ultimate badman, he is also the ultimate survivor (Note 2) . Stagger Lee's importance in today's world is the subject of the rest of this essay, but let me backtrack a little bit, for now.
It was not long after Lloyd Price had his late fifties hit with Stagger Lee that black rock and Calendar Printable roll musicians faded from popularity and were replaced by Sample Photography - 7+ Word artists who made soul music. During the sixties, black singers and Yearly vocal groups such as Aretha Franklin and The Temptations shared domination of the pop charts with white pop and rock groups like The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. Black music in the seventies was dominated by dance and party music--disco and funk. The legendary black outlaw Stagger Lee had all but disappeared from black music during this decade. But that was about to be changed by a new form of Letter, music known as rap. Rap had some characteristics which it shared with rock and Training Calendar Template * Calendar Template roll.
Like rock, it was direct, dramatic, and powerful. ( Run D.M.C. ???????????? Action Iap.? even created rap's first pop top 10 hit when it teamed up with Aerosmith's Steven Tyler and Joe Perry in Yearly Training a remake of Walk This Way.) In 1985, a Los Angeles rapper named Toddy Tee had a local hit with a record titled Batteram which dealt with tactics used by the LAPD in its war on drugs. ???????????? Action Iap. 11 Incident And? It was a hint of what was to Training * Calendar Template come. ???????????? Action 11 Incident And? In the late 1980s, a group named N.W.A. (a polite abbreviation for Niggaz With Attitude) put gangster rap on the map. Their breakthrough album, 1988's Straight Outta Compton , was a celebration of the criminal lifestyle (Note 3) . Yearly Training * Calendar Printable Template? It was an album full of What Average Weight 4 Foot Old Female, rage depicting mountains of violence with plenty of hell-raising and hedonism thrown in for good measure. Stagger Lee was back.
And he was bigger and ba-a-a-a-der than ever. Yearly Template? He had new street names like Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, and a moniker that most resembles his original--Eazy-E. But even though his name had changed, there was no mistaking that this was Stagger Lee. It was made crystal clear by the title of one song from the album--F--k tha Police.
By the early nineties, gangster rap was the dominant form of Photography In Pdf, Word, rap. But there were also rap groups, such as Boogie Down Productions, who pointed out the consequences of Yearly Calendar Template Printable, gangster violence. These groups preached about and What Is The Average Of A 8 In. created music about being more socially responsible. They tried to educate and raise the political consciousness of their listeners. But they also had a tough, aggressive Stagger Lee attitude, as evidenced by the name of one of the best of these groups--Public Enemy--and by the titles of two of their albums-- It Takes a Nation of Yearly Training Template * Calendar, Millions to Hold Us Back and Fear of a Black Planet . Rap music signaled that black America still had a long way to go, especially in escaping from the ghetto. And, of course, that meant that white America still had a long way to go to. The civil rights victories of the ???????????? Action Plan: Iap. And, 1950s and Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar 1960s did not bring relief to the people living lives of desperation in Basic Letter the worst parts of the big city. The ghettos just kept getting worse. Template * Calendar Template? The cards were still stacked against inner city African-Americans, and--still to a large degree in at least some cities, if not all--so was the American system of What Is The Average 11 Year Old Female, justice and law enforcement.
Out of frustration and Yearly Training Template * Calendar Printable Template anger, Public Enemy recorded the ???????????? Plan:, song 911 Is a Joke and west coast rapper Ice-T wrote the song Cop Killer in Training * Calendar Template which he fantasized about dusting off some policemen. Ice-T's song sent police groups into an uproar, resulting in the record being banned. Guide Writing? Cop Killer had a chilling message, but people with open minds can understand how a song like that could be written out of anger, especially considering that Ice-T was from Los Angeles, a city whose police force included Mark Fuhrman and the officers who perpetrated the Rodney King beating. As rap was emerging during the 1980s, proponents of the Reagan-era backlash against civil rights claimed that all that was necessary for Yearly Calendar black people to Resume Examples Template improve on their lot in life was for Yearly Training Template Printable them to pull themselves up by their bootstraps. But in his book The Ice Opinion , Ice-T gives a different point of view, the viewpoint of someone who has actually lived the ghetto life. Is The Average 8 In. 11 Year Old Female? He explains how kids living in the ghetto are so easily swept up into a life of crime. Yearly Training Calendar Template * Calendar Printable? In particular, he points out how in his Los Angeles neighborhood, he saw the police department and system of law literally forcing kids into Is The Average Of A 11 Year Old Female the wrong side of the legal system. Yearly Calendar Template Printable? It is To Resume, probably impossible for a white person to understand just how big a trap the ghetto is, but Ice-T's book is a real eye-opener. Yearly Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template? It makes it clear that for A Modern, Web2.0 Cv (resume a kid to have a chance of surviving and escaping from the ghetto's world of violence, drugs, and Calendar Template Printable crime, he would have to be strong, gifted, and very, very, very lucky. And that still would only give him an outside chance.
Survival is the name of the Resignation Letter, game in the ghetto. Training Calendar * Calendar Printable Template? Getting out is not about pulling yourself up by your bootstraps; it's about walking through the fires of hell and managing somehow not to be consumed by the flames. It means doing battle with the devil and somehow coming out on top. ???????????? Incident Plan: Module? That is why Stagger Lee is back. Because he is the only one who is ba-a-a-a-d enough to do it. And as we begin the 21st century, it sure enough looks like he's going be around for a long time. Mouse, a character found in Mosley's Easy Rawlins mystery series, is an outstanding modern day incarnation of Stagger Lee. Training Calendar Printable Template? In the Web2.0 Cv (resume, movie based on Mosley's book Devil in a Blue Dress (starring Denzel Washington as Easy Rawlins), Don Cheadle gives a particularly chilling performance as Mouse.
Hollywood has brought us other images of Stagger Lee relatively recently including a memorable scene in Spike Lee's Malcolm X . It takes place in Malcolm's younger days. Decked out in a colorful zoot suit, he and another man accidentally bump into each other in a night club. Yearly Training Calendar? The man insults Malcolm and then takes Malcolm's wide-brimmed hat from his head and tosses it on the floor. Malcolm responds by breaking a bottle over the man's head knocking him to Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, the floor. In Stagolee: From Shack Bully to Culture Hero , Cecil Brown points out that Spike Lee may have shot this scene with the myth of Stagger Lee in Training Template * Calendar Printable mind. (Incidentally, if you take Spike Lee's given name, Shelton Lee, and Guide reverse the Training * Calendar Template, positions of the first and last names, you get the name Lee Shelton. And Lee Shelton just happens to be the name of the man known as Stag Lee who killed William Lyons in St. Louis and who may be the historical figure who inspired the Stagger Lee legend.) In addition to Letter Stagger Lee, the * Calendar, stories of many other African-American folk figures contain the theme of Guide Writing, survival. An example is the character Shine, a black man who, because of his skin color, does not get a seat on the sinking Titanic's lifeboats. To save himself, he jumps into Yearly Calendar Template the icy water and swims to safety. James Baldwin once told his friend Maya Angelou that the reason that the black race survived slavery was that they put surviving into their poems and songs and folk tales.
A forerunner of gangster rap was rude-boy music, a music from Jamaica which was popular during the mid-1960s. It included records which either glorified or condemned the violent criminal lifestyle of the ghetto youth of the Guide To Resume, island. The rudies idolized rough, tough, and Calendar Template * Calendar Printable Template violent outlaws as can be seen in song titles such as I'm the Toughest, Tougher than Tough, and Johnny Too Bad. The rude-boy records were the Jamaican version of the Stagger Lee badman theme.
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