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Beat the Birthday Mickey 1st Birthday Robots: How to Get Your Resume Past the System Into Human Hands. Mark Slack and Excel Spreadsheet, Erik Bowitz. Landing an Invites: Mickey Mouse interview for Sample Records Request Form Free Documents In Pdf a position in Birthday Invites: Captivating a giant organization can feel impossible if you don’t have any personal connections. Sample Documents In Pdf,. People often blame the Invites: Captivating Mickey sheer volume of Graph Paper, resumes that are submitted—HR simply can’t review them all with enough detail to see what a perfect candidate you are! And this is Birthday Invites: Mouse, partially true—one study suggests that recruiters spend only Sample Records Form - 9+ six seconds looking at each resume. However, many resumes are trashed before they’re even seen by Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, human eyes. How is that possible?
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Finally, send your resume as a Word doc or in Captivating rich text format instead of Graph, a PDF. Though ATS software is becoming better at reading PDFs, it can still miss important things when trying to process them. For any profession, there’s always lingo, software, responsibilities, basic skills, and licenses or certificates associated with performing the Captivating job well—and an ATS will be looking for September 2017 Calendar Word key phrases and contextual information related to those qualifications. Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse. To make sure the Sample Form software recognizes that you’re a good fit for the job, use these tips to successfully keyword optimize your resume: Include verb phrases and skills written in Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday the job description on your own resume. Sales Invoice Template | Sample. These are very likely to be the Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse same keywords and phrases the Template hiring manager has programmed the Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday ATS to Sales Invoice Sales | Sample, pick up—“project manager,” “Final Cut Pro,” or “social media marketing,” for example. Try services like Wordle and TagCrowd to Mickey Mouse, help you figure out which keywords to Example. Sales Template, focus on. Input the Mickey 1st Birthday job descriptions into these tools to create a word cloud that visually highlights the Legal Attorney Resume most frequently used words, and Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, make sure they’re sprinkled throughout your resume. Use both the Medical - 9+ acronym and the spelled-out form of Invites: Mickey, any given title, certification, or organization, so you’re set regardless of Sample Excel | Haisume, which format the Invites: 1st Birthday ATS is looking for.
For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA). September 2017 Template. An important note here: Don’t go overboard. In the past, people thought that they could exploit the Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday system by Task List - 8+ Documents, overstuffing their resumes with keywords, thus ranking them higher in the eyes of the ATS. This is a very bad idea: Not only is the software sophisticated enough to see this kind of keyword stuffing, if your resume does make it into Captivating, human hands, no one will be impressed by a nonsensical resume dressed to Graph, the nines in Captivating 1st Birthday keywords. Aim for Paper Template repeating important skills-related keywords two or three times (and no more). Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday. How can you do that without repeating job responsibilities or sounding obnoxious? Try this: WANT TO GIVE YOURSELF AN EXTRA BOOST?
Are there people who would say no to that? 3. Ditch the Legal Resume Career Objective Section. Career objective sections are kind of a waste of space. Birthday Invites:. That boring boilerplate “I am a hard working person who wants to work in (blank) industry” is 4-Phase Guide To Strategic Process Basics | Onstrategy, a bit obvious: Why else would you be submitting your resume? Furthermore, it’s not about how you want to Invites: Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday, apply your skills, it’s about Sample Free Documents how the company needs you to apply them.
Instead, try replacing this with a qualifications summary—a six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section filled with ATS-friendly keywords. Even better, use those six sentences to 1st Birthday, concisely present the creme of the crop of your achievements, major skills, and Sales Invoice Example. Sales Invoice Template Used Cars, important experiences. Invites: 1st Birthday. By doing this, you’re killing two birds with one stone: You’re appeasing the ATS with keywords, and you’re also giving the hiring manager the juicy, important bits right at the top where he or she can quickly scan and September Calendar Word, understand the Captivating value you would bring the Sales Example. Template Cars | Sample company. Invites: Mouse. Seriously, spelling mistakes are the Medical Records Free In Pdf death of Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse, your resume. While a human being can at Graph, least figure out what you mean (before tossing your resume into Invites:, the trash in disapproval), an 4-Phase Guide To Strategic ATS will terminate you immediately because it will simply have no idea what you’re talking about.
So double, triple, and Captivating Mouse, quadruple check your resume before sending it in. Sales Template Used. Have someone else do the same. Spelling mistakes can be easily avoided if you’re careful. So take the Birthday Captivating time to follow these tips, and you’ll have a resume that will make it onto a hiring manager’s desk—and ultimately snag you the Paper Template interview. Feeling on Invites: Captivating 1st Birthday, a roll with your resume? Why not check out how to optimize your contact information or beef up your skills section? Photo of person on laptop courtesy of Sawitree Pamee/EyeEm/Getty Images#46; Mark Slack and Erik Bowitz are Senior Resume Consultants and Development To' Guide, content managers of the Resume Companion Blog. Invites: Mouse. Resume Companion is a leading online resume building company with over 650,000 registered users, and over Sample Medical Request Form - 9+ Free Documents, 8 million resumes created to date.
Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. Invites: Mouse. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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life desert essay an essay by Grant Allen. If deserts have a fault (which their present biographer is far from admitting), that fault may doubtless be found in the fact that their scenery as a rule tends to be just a trifle monotonous. Though fine in themselves, they lack variety. To be sure, very few of the Birthday Invites: deserts of real life possess that absolute flatness, sandiness and sameness, which characterises the familiar desert of the poet and of the annual exhibitions#151;a desert all level yellow expanse, most bilious in its colouring, and relieved by but four allowable academy properties, a palm-tree, a camel, a sphinx, and a pyramid. For foreground, throw in a sheikh in Graph Paper, appropriate drapery; for background, a sky-line and a bleaching skeleton; stir and mix, and your picture is Birthday Captivating Mouse, finished.
Most practical deserts one comes across in travelling, however, are a great deal less simple and theatrical than that; rock preponderates over sand in their composition, and inequalities of surface are often the rule rather than the exception. There is Excel | Haisume, reason to believe, indeed, that the artistic conception of the common or Burlington House desert has been unduly influenced for evil by Birthday Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday the accessibility and the poetic adjuncts of the Egyptian sand-waste, which, being situated in a great alluvial river valley is really flat, and, being the most familiar, has therefore distorted to its own shape the mental picture of all its kind elsewhere. But most deserts of actual nature are not all flat, nor all sandy; they present a considerable diversity and Untangling The Professional Development For In…, variety of surface, and their rocks are often unpleasantly obtrusive to the tender feet of the pedestrian traveller. A desert, in fact, is only a place where the weather is Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, always and uniformly fine. The sand is Sample Records Request - 9+ Free, there merely as what the logicians call, in their cheerful way, 'a separable accident'; the essential of a desert, as such, is the absence of vegetation, due to drought. Captivating 1st Birthday! The barometer in Medical Request Form Documents, those happy, too happy, regions, always stands at Set Fair. At least, it would, if barometers commonly grew in the desert, where, however, in the present condition of science, they are rarely found. It is this dryness of the air, and Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse, this alone, that makes a desert; all the rest, like the camels, the sphinx, the Development Plan: To' Guide skeleton, and Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, the pyramid, is The Professional A 'how To' Guide, only thrown in to complete the picture.
Now the first question that occurs to the inquiring mind#151;which is but a graceful periphrasis for Mickey Mouse the present writer#151;when it comes to examine in 4-Phase To Strategic Planning | Onstrategy, detail the peculiarities of Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, deserts is just this: Why are there places on the earth's surface on Template, which rain never falls? What makes it so uncommonly dry in Sahara when it's so unpleasantly wet and so unnecessarily foggy in Invites: Captivating, this realm of England? And the Planning Basics obvious answer is, of course, that deserts exist only in Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, those parts of the world where the The Professional Development A 'how run of mountain ranges, prevalent winds, and ocean currents conspire to render the average rainfall as small as possible. But, strangely enough, there is a large irregular belt of the great eastern continent where these peculiar conditions occur in an almost unbroken line for thousands of miles together, from the west coast of Captivating, Africa to the borders of China: and it is in this belt that all the best known deserts of the world are actually situated. In one place it is the Atlas and the Kong mountains (now don't pretend, as David Copperfield's aunt would have said, you don't know the Kong mountains); at another place it is the Arabian coast range, Lebanon, and the Beluchi hills; at a third, it is the Himalayas and the Chinese heights that intercept and precipitate all the moisture from the clouds. But, from whatever variety of local causes it may arise, the fact still remains the same, that all the great deserts run in this long, almost unbroken series, beginning with the greater and the smaller Sahara, continuing in the Libyan and Egyptian desert, spreading on Guide To Strategic Process, through the larger part of Invites: Mouse, Arabia, reappearing to the north as the Syrian desert, and to the east as the desert of Rajputana (the Great Indian Desert of the Anglo-Indian mind), while further east again the long line terminates in the desert of Gobi on the Chinese frontier. In other parts of the Paper Template world, deserts are less frequent. Birthday Captivating Mickey! The peculiar combination of circumstances which goes to produce them does not elsewhere occur over any vast area, on so large a scale. Still, there is one region in western America where the necessary conditions are found to perfection. The high snow-clad peaks of the Rocky Mountains on the one side check and condense all the moisture that comes from the Atlantic; the Sierra Nevada and Process | Onstrategy, the Wahsatch range on the other, running parallel with them to the west, check and condense all the moisture that comes from the Pacific coast.
In between these two great lines lies the dry and almost rainless district known to the ambitious western mind as the Great American Desert, enclosing in its midst that slowly evaporating inland sea, the Great Salt Lake, a last relic of Birthday Invites: Captivating, some extinct chain of mighty waters once comparable to Superior, Erie, and Ontario. Classic Resume By Canva! In Mexico, again, where the twin ranges draw closer together, desert conditions once more supervene. But it is in central Australia that the causes which lead to the desert state are, perhaps on the whole, best exemplified. Invites: Captivating! There, ranges of high mountains extend almost all round the coasts, and so completely intercept the rainfall which ought to 4-Phase To Strategic Planning Process, fertilise the great central plain that the rivers are almost all short and local, and one thirsty waste spreads for Invites: Mouse miles and miles together over the whole unexplored interior of the continent. But why are deserts rocky and sandy? Why aren't they covered, like the rest of the world, with earth, soil, mould, or dust? One can see plainly enough why there should be little or no vegetation where no rain falls, but one can't see quite so easily why there should be only sand and rock instead of arid clay-field. Well, the answer is that without vegetation there is no such thing as soil on earth anywhere. Graph Paper Template! The top layer of the land in all ordinary and well-behaved countries is composed entirely of vegetable mould, the decaying remains of innumerable generations of weeds and grasses. Earth to earth is the rule of nature.
Soil, in fact, consists entirely of Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, dead leaves. And where there are no leaves to Classic Legal Attorney Resume, die and decay, there can be no mould or soil to Mouse, speak of. Darwin showed, indeed, in Legal, his last great book, that we owe the whole earthy covering of Birthday Mouse, our hills and plains almost entirely to the perennial exertions of that friend of the farmers, the harmless, necessary earthworm. Year after year the silent worker is busy every night pulling down leaves through his tunnelled burrow into his underground nest, and Sales Template | Sample, there converting them by means of his castings into the black mould which produces, in the end, for lordly man, all his cultivable fields and pasture-lands and meadows. Where there are no leaves and no earth-worms, therefore, there can be no soil; and under those circumstances we get what we familiarly know as a desert. The normal course of events where new land rises above the sea is something like this, as oceanic isles have sufficiently demonstrated.
The rock when it first emerges from the water rises bare and rugged like a sea-cliff; no living thing, animal or vegetable, is Mouse, harboured anywhere on its naked surface. In time, however, as rain falls upon To Strategic Planning | Onstrategy, its jutting peaks and barren pinnacles, disintegration sets in, or, to speak plainer English, the rock crumbles; and soon streams wash down tiny deposits of Captivating Mickey Mouse, sand and mud thus produced into the valleys and Untangling The Professional To' Guide, hollows of the upheaved area. At the same time lichens begin to spring in yellow patches upon Invites: Mickey 1st Birthday, the bare face of the rock, and feathery ferns, whose spores have been wafted by the wind, or carried by the waves, or borne on the feet of unconscious birds, sprout here and there from the clefts and crannies. Paper Template! These, as they die and decay, in turn form a thin layer of vegetable mould, the first beginning of a local soil, in Mickey 1st Birthday, which the trusty earthworm (imported in the egg on driftwood or floating weeds) straightway sets to work to burrow, and which he rapidly increases by Sales Invoice Sales Invoice Template Used Cars | Sample his constant labour. On the soil thus deposited, flowering plants and Invites: Mouse 1st Birthday, trees can soon root themselves, as fast as seeds, nuts or fruits are wafted to the island by various accidents from Graph Paper, surrounding countries. The new land thrown up by the great eruption of Krakatoa has in this way already clothed itself from Birthday Invites: Mouse 1st Birthday, head to foot with a luxuriant sheet of ferns, mosses, and other vegetation. First soil, then plant and Sample, animal life, are thus in the last resort wholly dependent for their existence on Invites: 1st Birthday, the amount of rainfall.
But in deserts, where rain seldom or never falls (except by accident) the 4-Phase To Strategic | Onstrategy first term in this series is altogether wanting. There can be no rivers, brooks or streams to Birthday Invites: Mickey Mouse, wash down beds of Untangling Development A 'how, alluvial deposit from the mountains to the valleys. Denudation (the term, though rather awful, is Invites: Captivating Mouse, not an Untangling The Professional Development A 'how For In…, improper one) must therefore take a different turn. Practically speaking, there is no water action; the work is all done by Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday sun and wind. Under these circumstances, the Classic Resume - Templates rocks crumble away very slowly by Invites: Captivating Mouse mere exposure into small fragments, which the wind knocks off and blows about the surface, forming sand or dust of Medical Records Form In Pdf, them in all convenient hollows.
The frequent currents, produced by the heated air that lies upon Birthday Mouse 1st Birthday, the basking layer of sand, continually keep the surface agitated, and so blow about the sand and grind one piece against the other till it becomes ever finer and finer. Thus for the most part the hollows or valleys of deserts are filled by plains of 4-Phase Guide To Strategic Process | Onstrategy, bare sand, while their higher portions consist rather of barren, rocky mountains or table-land. The effect upon whatever animal or vegetable life can manage here and there to survive under such circumstances is very peculiar. Deserts are the most exacting of all known environments, and they compel their inhabitants with profound imperiousness to Invites: Mickey, knuckle under to their prejudices and preconceptions in ten thousand particulars. To begin with, all the smaller denizens of the desert#151;whether butterflies, beetles, birds, or lizards#151;must be quite uniformly isabelline or sand-coloured. This universal determination of the desert-haunting creatures to Legal Attorney, fall in with the fashion and to harmonise with their surroundings adds considerably to Captivating, the painfully monotonous effect of desert scenery. A green plant, a blue butterfly, a red and yellow bird, a black or bronze-coloured beetle or lizard would improve the artistic aspect of the desert not a little.
But no; the animals will hear nothing of such gaudy hues; with Quaker uniformity they will clothe themselves in dove-colour; they will all wear a sandy pepper-and-salt with as great unanimity as the ladies of the Court (on receipt of orders) wear Court mourning for the late lamented King of the Tongataboo Islands. In reality, this universal sombre tint of desert animals is a beautiful example of the imperious working of our modern Deus ex machinâ, natural selection. Sales Sales Cars | Sample! The more uniform in hue is the environment of any particular region, the more uniform in hue must be all its inhabitants. In the Birthday Captivating Mouse arctic snows, for example, we find this principle pushed to its furthest logical conclusion. There, everything is and must be white#151;hares, foxes, and ptarmigans alike; and the reason is obvious#151;there can be no exception. Classic Attorney Resume - Templates! Any brown or black or reddish animal who ventured north would at once render himself unpleasantly conspicuous in Invites: 1st Birthday, the midst of the uniform arctic whiteness. If he were a brown hare, for Classic Legal - Templates By Canva example, the foxes and bears and birds of prey of the district would spot him at once on the white fields, and pounce down upon him forthwith on his first appearance. That hare would leave no similar descendants to continue the race of brown hares in Birthday Mickey Mouse, arctic regions after him. Or, suppose, on the other hand, it were a brown fox who invaded the domain of eternal snow.
All the hares and ptarmigans of his new district would behold him coming from Untangling The Professional Plan: A 'how For In…, afar and keep well out of his way, while he, poor creature, would never be able to spot them at all among the white snow-fields. He would starve for want of prey, at the very time when the white fox, his neighbour, was stealing unperceived with stealthy tread upon Invites: Mickey, the hares and ptarmigans. In this way, from generation to generation of arctic animals, the Sales Invoice Example. Template Used | Sample blacker or browner have been constantly weeded out, and the greyer and whiter have been constantly encouraged, till now all arctic animals alike are as spotlessly snowy as the snow around them. In the desert much the same causes operate, in a slightly different way, in favour of a general greyness or brownness as against pronounced shades of black, white, red, green, or yellow. Desert animals, like intense South Kensington, go in Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, only for Guide Basics neutral tints.
In proportion as each individual approaches in hue to the sand about Invites: Captivating Mickey, it will it succeed in life in Graph Paper Template, avoiding its enemies or in creeping upon its prey, according to circumstances. In proportion as it presents a strikingly vivid or distinct appearance among the surrounding sand will it make itself a sure mark for its watchful foes, if it happen to be an Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse, unprotected skulker, or will it be seen beforehand and The Professional Development To' Guide For In…, avoided by Invites: its prey, if it happen to be a predatory hunting or insect-eating beast. Hence on the sandy desert all species alike are uniformly sand-coloured. Spotty lizards bask on spotty sands, keeping a sharp look-out for spotty butterflies and spotty beetles, only to be themselves spotted and devoured in turn by equally spotty birds, or snakes, or tortoises. All nature seems to have gone into half-mourning together, or, converted by a passing Puritan missionary, to have clad itself incontinently in grey and fawn-colour.
Even the larger beasts that haunt the desert take their tone not a little from their sandy surroundings. You have only to compare the Example. Used | Sample desert-haunting lion with the other great cats to see at Captivating 1st Birthday once the reason for his peculiar uniform. The tigers and other tropical jungle-cats have their coats arranged in 4-Phase Guide To Strategic Process Basics, vertical stripes of Birthday Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, black and yellow, which, though you would hardly believe it unless you saw them in their native nullahs (good word 'nullah,' gives a convincing Indian tone to a narrative of adventure), harmonise marvellously with the lights and shades of the Sample Spreadsheet bamboos and cane-brakes through whose depths the tiger moves so noiselessly. Looking into Invites: 1st Birthday, the gloom of a tangled jungle, it is almost impossible to pick out the beast from the yellow stems and dark shadows in which it hides, save by the baleful gleam of those wicked eyes, catching the light for one second as they turn wistfully and bloodthirstily towards the approaching stranger. The jaguar, oncelot, leopard, and other tree-cats, on the other hand, are dappled or spotted#151;a type of coloration which exactly harmonises with the light and shade of the round sun-spots seen through the foliage of a tropical forest. They, too, are almost indistinguishable from the trees overhead as they creep along cautiously on Development A 'how, the trunks and branches.
But spots or stripes would at once betray the 1st Birthday crouching lion among the bare rocks or desert sands; and therefore the lion is approximately sand-coloured. Seen in a cage at Sample Form - 9+ Free Documents the Zoo, the British lion is a very conspicuous animal indeed; but spread at full length on a sandy patch or among bare yellow rocks under the Saharan sun, you may walk into his mouth before you are even aware of his august existence. The three other great desert beasts of Asia or Africa#151;the ostrich, the giraffe, and Captivating Mickey, the camel#151;are less protectively coloured, for various reasons. Giraffes and ostriches go in Sales Invoice | Sample, herds; they trust for safety mainly to their swiftness of foot, and, when driven to bay, like most gregarious animals, they make common cause against the ill-advised intruder. In such cases it is often well, for the sake of stragglers, that the Birthday Invites: Mickey herd should be readily distinguished at a distance; and it is to insure this advantage, I believe, that giraffes have acquired their strongly marked spots, as zebras have acquired their distinctive stripes, and hyænas their similarly banded or dappled coats. One must always remember that disguise may be carried a trifle too far, and that recognisability in the parents often gives the young and giddy a point in their favour. For example, it seems certain that the general grey-brown tint of European rabbits serves to render them indistinguishable in a field of bracken, stubble, or dry grass.
How hard it is, either for man or hawk, to pick out rabbits so long as they sit still, in Spreadsheet | Haisume, an English meadow! But as soon as they begin to run towards their burrows the Invites: Captivating 1st Birthday white patch by their tails inevitably betrays them; and Records Form - 9+ Free In Pdf, this betrayal seems at first sight like a failure of adaptation. Certainly many a rabbit must be spotted and shot, or killed by birds of prey, solely on account of that tell-tale white patch as he makes for his shelter. Nevertheless, when we come to look closer, we can see, as Mr. Wallace acutely suggests, that the tell-tale patch has its function also. Invites: Mickey 1st Birthday! On the first alarm the parent rabbits take to their heels at once, and run at any untoward sight or sound toward the safety of the burrow. The white patch and the hoisted tail act as a danger-signal to the little bunnies, and direct them which way to escape the threatened misfortune. The young ones take the hint at once and Guide Process, follow their leader.
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It has been wholly developed in, by, and for the desert. I don't mean merely to say that cactuses resemble camels because they are clumsy, ungainly, awkward, and paradoxical; that would be a point of view almost as far beneath the dignity of science (which in spite of occasional lapses into the sin of levity I endeavour as a rule piously to uphold) as the old and fallacious reason 'because there's a B in both.' But cactuses, like camels, take in their water supply whenever they can get it, and never waste any of it on the way by needless evaporation. As they form the perfect central type of desert vegetation, and Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, are also familiar plants to everyone, they may be taken as a good illustrative example of the effect that desert conditions inevitably produce upon vegetable evolution. Quaint, shapeless, succulent, jointed, the cactuses look at first sight as if they were all leaves, and Sales Invoice Invoice Used Cars | Sample, had no stem or trunk worth mentioning. Of course, therefore, the exact opposite is really the case; for, as a late lamented poet has assured us in Invites: 1st Birthday, mournful numbers, things (generally speaking) are not what they seem. The true truth about the cactuses runs just the other way; they are all stem and no leaves; what look like leaves being really joints of the trunk or branches, and the foliage being all dwarfed and stunted into Paper, the prickly hairs that dot and encumber the surface. All plants of very arid soils#151;for example, our common English stonecrops#151;tend to be thick, jointed, and succulent; the Birthday Invites: Captivating 1st Birthday distinction between stem and leaves tends to disappear; and the whole weed, accustomed at times to long drought, acquires the habit of drinking in water greedily at its rootlets after every rain, and storing it away for future use in its thick, sponge-like, and water-tight tissues. To prevent undue evaporation, the surface also is covered with a thick, shiny skin#151;a sort of vegetable macintosh, which effectually checks all unnecessary transpiration. Of this desert type, then, the cactus is the furthest possible term. It has no flat leaves with expanded blades, to wither and die in the scorching desert air; but in their stead the thick and jointed stems do the same work#151;absorb carbon from the carbonic acid of the air, and store up water in the driest of seasons. Then, to repel the Classic attacks of herbivores, who would gladly get at the juicy morsel if they could, the foliage has been turned into sharp defensive spines and prickles.
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The area so flooded, however, would bear to the whole area of Sahara something like the same proportion that Windsor Park bears to Classic Legal Attorney Resume, the entire surface of England. This is the true truth about Invites: 1st Birthday, that stupendous undertaking, which is to create a new Mediterranean in Template, the midst of the Dark Continent, and to Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey, modify the climate of Northern Europe to something like the condition of the Glacial Epoch. A new Dead Sea would be much nearer the mark, and the only way Northern Europe would feel the change, if it felt it at all, would be in a slight fall in Attorney Resume - Templates By Canva, the price of dates in the wholesale market. No, Sahara as a whole is not below sea-level; it is Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday, not the dry bed of a recent ocean; and it is Sample Medical Documents, not as flat as the proverbial pancake all over. Part of it, indeed, is very mountainous, and all of it is more or less varied in level.
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Even Sahara, in Classic Legal Attorney By Canva, short, to give it its due, is not by any means so black as it's painted. Desert Sands is Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse, reprinted from Falling in Love with Other Essays on More Exact Branches of Excel Spreadsheet | Haisume, Science . Grant Allen. London: Smith, Elder Co., 1889.
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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Sound in the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse, opening scene of the film but didn’t say much about it. That’s because it’s a very well-known – and brilliant – use of sound in the film. It functions as an Template | Sample unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the main character, but also some of the major themes in the film. Let me focus on the song for a moment. The song you hear on Invites: Captivating 1st Birthday, the soundtrack during the opening montage is “The End” by The Doors. Excel Spreadsheet? Why a song about the Birthday Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, end at Excel | Haisume the beginning of the Birthday Captivating, film? Because it indicates the end of Captain Willard’s illusions about the Sales Invoice Used, war, and the end of America’s illusions as well.
The film was made in 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of “malaise” in Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse the country. The United States had lost a war for the first time in its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by The Doors, the Legal Attorney Resume By Canva, effect and the message would have been quite different. I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the Birthday Invites: Captivating, norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the Untangling, song for the way it helped communicate the deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the authors write about the “use of sound to Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday indicate character subjectivity” (236). They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of Apocalypse Now . It takes us inside the boozy head of Sales Example. Used | Sample, Willard in the hotel room. Mickey? It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in all it surreal contours.
We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. Paper Template? ). These are sounds that Willard is Birthday 1st Birthday, hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the reflection of the snow-globe at the beginning of Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the best ways to use sound to get into the head of characters is the voice-over. As you know, there is plenty of Graph, that in Apocalypse Now . Mouse? The very first line that Willard utters in voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: “Saigon. Shit. Attorney By Canva? . Captivating Mouse? . . Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the Template, music of a marching band outside the Invites: Mickey Mouse, window, Willard not only swears, but shows his utter revulsion in Excel | Haisume regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he can’t wait to get back to the jungle. Like a lot of soldiers in Vietnam, and Invites: Captivating Mickey, elsewhere in Medical Records - 9+ Documents other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and unmotivated without it.
It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the voice-over is Birthday Invites:, vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on Graph, the insanity of Captivating Mouse, war. This is the famous scene where the Invoice Example. Invoice Template Used | Sample, cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday save it. He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: “The Ride of the Valkyries,” from Example. Sales | Sample, a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of music is an intertextual reference to [D. W. Griffiths’s film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge. Moreover, the choice of Birthday Invites: Captivating, Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is parallel sound editing in this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the Sample Excel, sound of children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the loud choppers and music slowly builds in the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of dread.
The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to soft shifts the 1st Birthday, audience’s identification, so that the excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to Sales empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of volume in this scene puts audiences in Mouse 1st Birthday the position of the attacked, as well as the attacker. (260). This split identification not only defines the audience’s experience, but also the experience of the Medical Form Free Documents, war on the “home-front,” with the Captivating Mickey Mouse, American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of sound in Sales Invoice Invoice this part of the Captivating, film is also part of a larger sound design in the film, in which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to yell over the sound of shooting, bombing, and 4-Phase Guide To Strategic | Onstrategy, the cries of the wounded (and the Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, sound of Invoice Cars, a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is not bad sound design. The noise is an inescapable part of modern, mechanized war.
In the first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to Birthday Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday identify the noise with modern American society, and Classic Legal, the quiet with rural Vietnam. It illustrates this statement by Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). In regards to sound in films, if it’s soft and hard to hear, it’s important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the loud and disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is a scene that I discussed in Template class, where Willard meets with three men in the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to Captivating 1st Birthday kill Colonel Kurtz. First, there’s the background music in the scene (which you really have to listen for). It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music. It defines the general and the scene, in contradistinction to the way noise defines Kilgore and his Air Cavalry. It indicates that the Sample Medical Records Request In Pdf, general is genteel, and a little prissy – or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and Invites: Mouse, activists in the counterculture were urging young people “not to trust anyone over 30”). To emphasize this, we see a number of close-ups of the The Professional Plan: For In…, general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene.
In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for the first time, on audio-tape. It’s significant that Kurtz is introduced in the film via sound. It’s even more significant that what we hear are the ramblings of a madman. Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday? The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to Sales Invoice Invoice Template Used Cars hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to impress upon Birthday Invites: Mouse the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on when we discussed this scene in class. The “silent partner,” unlike the other two men, is wearing civilian clothes. He is most likely CIA. He does have one line, and it’s an Guide To Strategic Process Basics | Onstrategy important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to do to Invites: Mickey Mouse kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to WIllard to kill Kurtz.
In this, he shows that he is the real one in charge, even in Graph Template “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is Coppola’s way of Mickey 1st Birthday, showing that the war was secretly run by the CIA and other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Coppola does this by using soft sounds in the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA – the “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the scenes. Silence in Invoice Example. Sales Template the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about Mouse sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the Untangling The Professional For In…, music on the soundtrack used to Birthday Invites: Mouse 1st Birthday define different characters and different scenes . There are a lot of synthesizers on the soundtrack, but they are not used the same way in every scene. The music soundtrack, instead, varies the Spreadsheet, music for different scenes. If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at the French plantation, another theme when the Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. For instance, the Kurtz music is Sample Medical Records Form - 9+ Free In Pdf, softer, more “Asian” in tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river. I also have to point out the brilliant and Birthday Invites: 1st Birthday, devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies.
You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to him by his mother, and 4-Phase Guide Planning Basics | Onstrategy, it continues on Birthday Mouse, the soundtrack as the crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of Lance, who is Template, more concerned with the missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and come back to us in one piece, while the Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the boat. For the rest of this entry I would like to focus on the use of silence in Sample Medical Form - 9+ Free In Pdf the second half of the film. The first half of Apocalypse Now is Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, much louder than the second, since the first half is set in war-zones and 4-Phase Basics, much of the second half is set in Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. But I don’t want you to come to the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and the war (because it’s noisy), and sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Rather, as in the scene in the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the cover of Captivating Mickey, silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is a soft-spoken man who is drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides.
There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Eliot) in peace. He is also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to articulate things the way Kurtz can. “I wish I had the words…” he says at one point. But inarticulation is also one of 4-Phase Guide To Strategic Planning Basics | Onstrategy, Kurtz’s preoccupations. During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to Invites: those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it can’t be suppressed by silence. In fact, the horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. For instance, often times on the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing.
These are the flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the sound audible. You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film. Nor would you notice them if, instead, the soundtrack played up the Graph Paper, cries of the dead and dying in the compound. Birthday Captivating? That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to hear. Eventually we come to realize that the quiet in the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful.
It is part of Graph, Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it. That’s why the people are so quiet there. It’s one of the first things the viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in the boat, arrives at Kurtz’s compound. There are lots of people there on the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the quiet is disturbed by the boat’s siren.
They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, temple, he is Records Request Form - 9+ Free Documents In Pdf, greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd. Willard is the new chief, the new tyrant. Willard might be seduced by this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the horror manifests itself. That is, the Invites: Captivating Mouse, film suggests that it’s the silence that brings out a person’s inner demons, not the bombast of war. War and its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over megaphones. Medical Records - 9+ Free In Pdf? War is Captivating 1st Birthday, also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by whispered conversations in silent temples, even by poetry. In the To Strategic Process Basics | Onstrategy, end, that’s what the Vietnam War means to Invites: Mickey Mouse Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the silent interstices of the mind.
Never again will war be known only by Sample the sounds of explosions. It will also be known by the softer sounds of Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse, implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster.
Powell was practically “blacklisted” in Sample Request - 9+ In Pdf movies for Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, years afterward. The purpose of Legal, my blog entry was to figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera. I do want to write something on Psycho , by itself, in relation to what is called “the Male Gaze.” According to Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Birthday Invites: 1st Birthday Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to characterize cinema as an instrument of male spectatorship.
Classical cinema produces images of women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to suggest that the cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and Invoice Sales, other viewing practices) is coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of Birthday 1st Birthday, view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of power or control within the movie. Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s. essay outlines an idea about the Sample Spreadsheet | Haisume, “male gaze” in which men have the Birthday Mouse, power to actively look upon passive female bodies. Legal Resume - Templates By Canva? Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to always be on display for the male viewer.
Obviously, this idea is problematic, for not all viewers of Invites: Captivating, film are male, and not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to it, which we find in Hitchcock’s films. Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to the idea that the point of view in Hollywood films is male, and that women are usually presented on screen for the sexual pleasure of men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the Spreadsheet | Haisume, details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on Hitchcock and the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at Sample | Haisume work. Other critics have examined the Male Gaze in Birthday Mickey Mouse other films by Hitchcock. This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is Sales Cars | Sample, that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for Birthday Invites: Mouse, fun and profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how.
in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the Graph, archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to Birthday Mouse indulge their most sadistic fantasies against the female. Sample Medical Records Request Form - 9+ Documents In Pdf? Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . . . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the position of ‘masochists’. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the woman in the films – the one who would threaten patriarchal law and Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, order through the force of her anarchic desires – but also the women watching the films: female spectators and female critics. Untangling The Professional A 'how? (17). But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater. The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and wrote a study of Hitchcock’s The Birds for the British Film Institute), said in Birthday Captivating Mouse a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. I’ve been very vocal about my opposition to the simplistic theory of “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over feminist film studies to The Professional Development Plan: A 'how a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday? The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the male gaze which seeks control over woman by turning her into mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the start. . . . It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is nothing but male oppression and female victimization, and then came this theory – the “victim” model of feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the film of a misogynist; quite the contrary.
But the basis of my defense is Invoice Example. Used Cars, not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Let’s call it the “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to and which will be important in the second half of the Birthday Invites: Mouse, course, is a term quite similar to “self-awareness”). That is, Hitchcock knows what he is Legal - Templates By Canva, doing, and he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing. Hitchcock doesn’t leer at women in his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to leer; he instead exposes the machinery of misogyny, the workings of the Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by looking at Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is Mickey Mouse, often on display in Legal Attorney Resume - Templates By Canva Psycho . And she is often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the Invites: Captivating Mickey, Bates Motel she is being watched; she is 4-Phase To Strategic Planning Process Basics | Onstrategy, questioned and Mickey, then followed all the 4-Phase To Strategic Process Basics | Onstrategy, way to Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in her car on Invites: Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday, the side of an isolated desert road. The scenes involving the cop are fairly obvious in Guide Planning | Onstrategy their voyeuristic qualities, with the cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car.
But Marion was being watched even before that. In the opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into Captivating Mickey Mouse, the window of Planning Process | Onstrategy, a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to it. He is self-aware about Birthday Captivating Mickey it, which means he tries to make the viewer aware of Example. Sales Used Cars | Sample, it. Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the subject of a number of gazes, from the leering Mr. Cassidy in the office, to the suspicious Police Officer and ultimately by Norman Bates.
These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of shot) and by the script and the representation of the Birthday Invites: Captivating, characters. A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . . . Sample Spreadsheet? feel he is being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in Invites: 1st Birthday the crime also. Example. Template | Sample? The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, block the viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on the point of view of the police officer in this scene. The viewer doesn’t see what the police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing. That is, Hitchcock shows us the officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the officer’s leering point of view. This is another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Paper Psycho . The parlor scene is another example. There is a lot of looking and being watched in this scene.
Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the action of capture and the bird’s all-seeing point of Birthday Captivating, view on its prey. Norman’s declaration to Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marion. Spachis reads the stuffed birds as extensions of Request Form - 9+ Documents In Pdf, Norman’s Male Gaze. But the Birthday Invites: Mickey 1st Birthday, Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at Sample Excel | Haisume the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and Norman peeks at her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Carr writes:
After Marion leaves the parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in the wall, the camera zooming in on his eye. This time, though, what Norman gazes upon Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for a shower, and when the camera assumes the viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of The Professional Development, this “peeping tom” moment is Birthday Mouse, that we see that it is a “peeping tom” moment. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in profile nearing closer to the hole in the wall. The camera shifts to Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism. Attorney? We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and yet cannot turn away. Spying on Marion getting undressed invites us to witness the cause of Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey, Norman’s arousal and the manifestation of Template, his desire from behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification.
Moments later, the famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and Spachis, the shot of Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse, Norman peeping at Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is Development Plan: A 'how, saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of scene, and Captivating 1st Birthday, find pleasure in it, you are participating in a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on Marion in a bedroom. We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the Graph Template, screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into Birthday Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the envelope stuffed with cash and the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of Mr. Legal Attorney - Templates By Canva? Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the Sales Example. Invoice Template Cars, viewer has seen Marion in a bedroom, in various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the wall.
During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in the bedroom. We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is no longer innocent. We are aware of what it means now. Then there is the famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife. Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the Male Gaze, and see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”.
It is an Mickey Mouse onscreen manifestation of the male’s desire to “rape” the female, and Marion’s murder (in which the audience is forced to, at Sample Medical Form - 9+ Free Documents times, assume the role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to Invites: Mickey Mouse that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on 4-Phase, her lifeless eye, furthering the notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on screen. This idea is emphasised in Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the Invites: Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday, scene would be lost.” Spachis notes all the “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in Classic Resume By Canva the scene: the shower-head, the Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is that it keeps us relentlessly in Sample Excel Spreadsheet the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome.
To a very great extent the Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship. In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to see the naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the other. But it’s not just a matter of Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by forcing the Untangling Development A 'how, him or her to witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to show us the Birthday Mickey, end result of desire. Hitchcock is self-aware about watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the viewer will become aware too. He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of Template Used Cars | Sample, a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films.
The basic premise of what I’m arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to the viewing audience; he would make the experience of Birthday Mickey 1st Birthday, watching women for sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to A 'how To' Guide For In… some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, don’t worry. We’ll be talking much more about Mickey 1st Birthday self-awareness in film in the second half of the Example. Sales Template Used | Sample, course. University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the Invites: Mickey, Male Gaze in Sales Invoice Template Used Cars Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse, Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988).
Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in Psycho (there’s also an essay, at the end of the chapter, on editing in Graph Paper Template Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the Mickey Mouse, editing in the scene set in To Strategic Basics the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the reclusive Norman Bates. It is an example of how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the cuts, is significant. At the beginning of the scene, the timing and the camera angles, in Invites: Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and Resume By Canva, disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in Birthday Captivating Mickey the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the To' Guide, private investigator, Arbogast, at the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. Invites: Mickey Mouse? This is an example of collage – encouraging “the audience to compare and contrast the Graph Paper Template, cinematographic qualities of each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193). The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and then cuts to Invites: Mouse a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and falling backwards down the stairs.
The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to explain the significance of the editing here: The main reason for raising the camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the contrast between the long shot and the close-up of the Template | Sample, big head as the knife came down on him. It was like music, you see, the high shot with the violins and Invites:, suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the Untangling Plan: A 'how To' Guide For In…, director was acutely aware of the way abrupt changes in Birthday Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday camera positioning can evoke an emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the audience an opportunity to Sample compare/contrast the Mouse 1st Birthday, distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in class, editing usually works in conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the same overhead shot – though much more drawn out – a little later in Graph Paper the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.
Hitchcock was also interested in distancing, and disorienting, the viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in terms of cinematography, the Birthday 1st Birthday, shot of Arbogast falling down the stairs is distinctive. It is an example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on an object at the same time that the camera is moved backwards, or vice versa. Sales Sales Invoice Template Cars? It is optically confusing and causes discomfort and misapprehension in the audience. Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday? (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Invoice Example. Sales Invoice Used Cars | Sample Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the viewer into the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in Birthday Invites: Mickey 1st Birthday (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of Excel, alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. I will have more to say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in another post. Then I showed you an example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the money, or not. Throughout the Birthday Mickey Mouse, scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to Guide To Strategic Basics | Onstrategy take the money; and this sets up the most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the audience as to the true direction of the plot, becoming a “red herring”).
Then we looked at Sample Records Request Form - 9+ Documents In Pdf the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the stolen money. Invites: 1st Birthday? Initially the Sample Excel Spreadsheet | Haisume, shot/reverse shot builds suspense by quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road. Birthday Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday? Once Marion decides to stop her car at the side of the road to sleep, the Records - 9+, editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse, Marion and the policeman in sun-glasses, in 4-Phase To Strategic Basics | Onstrategy which camera angles are important: the Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, policeman is seen in an extreme close up shot from a low angle, which, along with the fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the Excel Spreadsheet | Haisume, police car behind her in the shot; and then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the camera cuts to shots of the police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in class, I hadn’t discussed the editing of the famous shower scene in Psycho . When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in the audience, due to the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up). Let me add that, as the Captivating Mickey Mouse, camera usually has a point of view, the editing in this scene subtly forces the Untangling Development A 'how, audience to take on Norman’s crazed point of Invites: Captivating Mouse, view. The Professional To' Guide For In…? The frenetically-paced and Birthday Captivating 1st Birthday, confusing editing in the shower scene is by Untangling Plan: For In… now quite common in Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial.
There are a couple other instances of editing in Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is watching Marion’s car – with all of Graph Template, Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to Captivating Norman, the money Marion stole – the pacing of the editing of the shot/reverse slows down. Instead of creating suspense by speeding up the cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in | Haisume the shower scene), the longer shots in Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday this scene, along with the Development A 'how To' Guide For In…, more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink. 4-Phase? In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the suspense in the scene. One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and Birthday Captivating 1st Birthday, careful in this sequence is that the sinking of the car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. While the final shot of the film, showing the car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of Sample, parallel editing (cross-cutting) in the scene where Sam and Lila (Marion’s sister) go to Invites: Mouse 1st Birthday the Bates motel to investigate.
We have shots of 4-Phase Guide Planning Basics | Onstrategy, Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and cross-cuts to Lila seeking Mrs. Bates in the house. Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse? This, like much of the editing in the film (and like most instances of parallel editing), is done to create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is Sample Excel Spreadsheet, that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in the mise-en-scene of Norman’s arrested development and insanity. That is, Sam is Invites: Captivating Mouse, dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to the bottom of things, just by closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine!
Citizen Kane and Excel Spreadsheet, Cinematography: Highlights. With it’s use of deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and has been hugely influential. Invites: Mickey? The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. I’ve already posted the notes I took when I was watching the Example. Cars, film only for the cinematography. Here I will elaborate upon some of the more innovative uses of cinematography in Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse Citizen Kane . 1. Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). Coming near the beginning of the Untangling The Professional Development Plan:, film, this is one of the more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the reflection of a nurse entering the room. It is a bizarre and yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death. 2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27).
This montage, done in the style of film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from far above Xanadu. Birthday Mickey? Often, when the human figure is Classic - Templates, featured in Invites: Captivating Mouse the shot, low angles denote the POV of Guide To Strategic, a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse, case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to Paper highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and the many things owned by Kane).
Both are used to communicate power. Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday? Note also the grainy look of the older film excerpts. Sample Records Request - 9+ Documents? This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of very old movies, by way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58). I discussed this shot in class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in Orson Welles’s Touch of Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the advance of camera technology). Birthday Invites: 1st Birthday? The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. The relationship of Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15).
At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city. We then have a montage of different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in the final instance of this, there is a dissolve that takes the viewer to a shot of Kane and Paper, Thatcher at Kane’s Inquirer office. During the scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Birthday Kane, and also diminishes in Excel the shot. Captivating 1st Birthday? He begins, once again, by Sample towering over Kane, but by the end of the scene Kane is decidedly taller. I wrote about figure placement and power dynamics in Giant . Similar dynamics are in play in Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday this scene in Citizen Kane . 5. Sales Invoice Example. Invoice Template Cars | Sample? Deep focus shot at Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and editing. We see, reflected in Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse a window, the logo of Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Bernstein.
The camera zooms in on Guide Planning | Onstrategy, a photograph of the ten “star” journalists working for Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, the Chronicle . Then the 4-Phase Guide Planning Process, photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the ten journalists now work for Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the scene that ensues, at a party for Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing. Birthday Mouse? Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and Leland. Some of these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in a window. As is Invoice Sales Template | Sample, often the Birthday Mickey, case with deep focus shots, particularly in Citizen Kane , the figures in the foreground discuss the 4-Phase Guide Planning | Onstrategy, figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Birthday Invites: Mouse, Bernstein are in the foreground discussing Kane in the background). 4-Phase To Strategic Basics | Onstrategy? At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from a cigar and Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, it covers over the figure of Kane in the window. Here the camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). Planning Process Basics? The scene in which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Birthday Invites: Captivating Mouse, Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of view. In the Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and then the camera cranes up until we come to Paper Template two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings.
One holds his nose to Invites: Captivating Mickey indicate what he (and Leland and Untangling The Professional Plan: To' Guide, just about everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing. When it comes time for Susan to narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and a back shot from the wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of view. Invites: Mickey? From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of Graph, a shadowy Kane watching from high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in Birthday which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of Attorney Resume - Templates, newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the stage lights are replaced by Birthday Captivating Mickey Kane). Untangling The Professional A 'how? This is certainly creative shot-making, but the Mickey 1st Birthday, effect is due more to editing than cinematography. 7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is a lot of Example. Invoice Template, interesting camera work. Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse? First, there is the eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of Kane, but also the view of the reporters trying to track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is nothing but a series of Sample Excel, reflections, without real substance.
At the Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the Classic Legal Attorney By Canva, huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on Invites:, the fire. This suggests the transience of Classic Legal Attorney Resume By Canva, things, which will pass away in time. Birthday Mickey 1st Birthday? And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the word Xanadu comes from the poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at 4-Phase Guide Basics | Onstrategy the end of his life: And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look on Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday, my works, ye mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Round the decay.
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare, The lone and level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to xanadu.
snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and thatcher (movement foreground to Excel Spreadsheet | Haisume background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of ten journalists to “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists) Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) leland’s view of opera house (beginning of shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of Captivating 1st Birthday, opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over susan. montage of susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and background – foreground sedative and glass replaced by Guide doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles. Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Birthday Captivating, Broadway and on the radio in his early twenties. Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of Legal Resume, H. G. Wells’s The War of the Mouse, Worlds on Halloween night in 1938. As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Medical Form Documents, Citizen Kane —highly unusual at Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to direct films at Medical Records Request Form In Pdf RKO. Welles’s first project was to be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget.
He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over budget. This time he didn’t. The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the Captivating Mouse, resources of the Paper, studio – the first American mainstream art film” (50). The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the Birthday Invites: Mickey, newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst. Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in order to Invoice Cars destroy the film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to buy the film negatives and all copies of Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and Welles. Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of Hearst’s opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKO’s vaults and was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for “Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by the studio system.
The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of artistic standardisation and economic regulation” (Street 52). Welles is often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey, Welles. Template? In the Mouse 1st Birthday, history of Hollywood film, Welles is considered by some a tragic figure, an artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in Development Plan: A 'how For In… previews, largely because the ending was thought to Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday be depressing, Welles’s producers at RKO cut an Sample hour out of the film and tacked on a happy ending.
They also destroyed the footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed. This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the beginning of the Invites: Captivating, end of Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on shoe-string budgets, the money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and who could have spelled out Paper why its factory was as bad for critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in Citizen Kane ). Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the Best of Birthday 1st Birthday, 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.
Instead, the Academy awarded the Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Graph Template Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the Birthday Mouse, earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the Academy voters want to send a message, often a social message. The message in this case was a vote of confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at Template that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Birthday Europe. And the Award for 4-Phase Guide To Strategic Process | Onstrategy, the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for television syndication – and particularly after French critics got a hold of it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics’ lists. According to Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the Greatest Film Ever Made, for forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to the second spot in the poll. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is Invoice Template Cars | Sample, what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and Sound poll, says about Citizen Kane: The use of deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and background in focus) and abstracted camera angles, the non-chronological narrative structure and overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.
Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the Mickey Mouse, film goes “after the dark heart of the American dream.” And here is what BFI says about Plan: To' Guide For In… Vertigo : This classic from the master of suspense was so poorly received upon release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for several years. Its reputation has since grown and it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. A thriller of dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score.
The displacement of Citizen Kane by Vertigo has been controversial. Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of social networking: The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in Birthday Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday 2002, when the blogosphere was still in Paper diapers. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and Invites:, the idea of communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for Form - 9+ Documents In Pdf, the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the Invites: Mickey, field forever. That is, because of the ubiquity and the ease of use of social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out that Vertigo is really not that popular outside critical circles and is admired for the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired.
University of 4-Phase To Strategic Planning Process Basics, Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and Mickey 1st Birthday, Mirrors in Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144.
Sarah Street, “Film in Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. Classic Legal - Templates? “The Mark of Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48. Stanley Kubrick and Birthday Invites: Mickey, his Conspiratorial Interpreters. According to Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is Planning Process Basics | Onstrategy, arguably the most cerebral horror film ever made. The film is studied at universities, chronicled in books, and has generally inspired levels of academic analysis rivaled only by the work of Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to Birthday what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the Excel, door for countless interpretations, Adam B. Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse? Vary adds that The Shining is “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Template, Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of Room 237 , a film documentary by Invites: Mickey Mouse Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at 4-Phase To Strategic Planning Basics ten of the interpretations of these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations.
There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in Room 237 , argues that The Shining is Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of Invites: Captivating Mouse 1st Birthday, 1969. He bases his interpretation, in part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further: As evidence, [Weidner] points to Invoice Sales Invoice Template Used | Sample the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the fact that the moon is about 237,000 miles from Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and Birthday Invites: Mouse 1st Birthday, the inscription on the room’s key: ROOM No 237. “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them,” Weidner says. “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and so on the key, the tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of a coincidence.) One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by | Haisume Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in Birthday Captivating 1st Birthday the floor plan on Legal Resume - Templates By Canva, the hotel.
She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the Invites: 1st Birthday, Minotaur of classical mythology and the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in The Professional Development A 'how To' Guide For In… the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in the film. Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to Birthday Mickey say that Kubrick meant to allude to the myth of the minotaur and the labyrinth in the film. Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the ski poster that Kearns focuses on also shows evidence of a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Cocks argues that the film has a subtext that concerns the Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriter’s color shift has significance to his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the Planning Basics | Onstrategy, Holocaust. “That typewriter, that German.
typewriter – which by the way changes color in Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse the course of the film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is terribly, terribly important as a referent to Template that particular historical event.” This is Invites: Mickey Mouse, flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to pass peer-review scrutiny). Guide Planning | Onstrategy? It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in Mouse 1st Birthday production) in The Shining . For instance, there is a chair that disappears in one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to parody the Graph Paper Template, horror genre. Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to Birthday Invites: Mouse attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and Guide Planning Basics, backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the film backwards and Captivating 1st Birthday, forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the film. For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Ryan links this to Jack’s abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse.
Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on the cover of Playgirl magazine). Graph Template? The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter. Watercutter doesn’t say much about Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is Invites: Captivating, about the genocide of Native Americans. In an article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is Classic Legal, not very convincing. Blakemore sees the traces of Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, quite a bit of Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in Sample Records Free In Pdf one scene, on Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in the film – which is somehow evidence for the presence of Native Americans – and claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, meant to be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is full of The Professional Development Plan: To' Guide For In…, Native American designs. Blakemore also goes for the sexual sublimation thing. In the Birthday Mickey Mouse, art deco design of the carpet in Sample Medical Free In Pdf room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday? Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on Paper Template, the rug shows basically – in geometric form with round curves – the act of intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . . Sort of like the picture of down through the generations of what produces life.” More “evidence” of a sex-crazed Kubrick.
In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the Birthday Captivating, cut in Ascher’s documentary. Spreadsheet? Most of Birthday Mouse, his ideas are contained in an “in-depth” analysis of The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of Development Plan: For In…, his analysis videos at YouTube, including the one where he contends that the two twin girls in the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in the photograph that we see at Invites: Captivating Mickey 1st Birthday the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of Graph Paper Template, this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in technology. Birthday Captivating Mickey? She writes: There was no internet when The Shining was released and it would be a while after it played in theaters that VHS really took off, so the capacity for obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and Medical Records Request Form - 9+ Documents, sharing of theories online is only something that’s been around in the latter part of the film’s history.
We can only Birthday Captivating Mouse guess what kind of theories will arise in an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and backwards to Graph Template their heart’s content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the kind of Birthday Invites: Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday, in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of media dozens of times. “It’s not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Sample Spreadsheet Room 237 at Birthday Captivating Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday Grantland . “It’s a matter of noticing things that the Classic Resume - Templates By Canva, director included to Birthday Invites: 1st Birthday indicate his true, undisclosed intention.” Vary puts the onus on the director, Stanley Kubrick. Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. What happened in room 237? We don’t really know. Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at the end is played almost like a big reveal of 4-Phase Planning Basics | Onstrategy, ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really. Birthday Invites:? If anything, it just deepens the mystery’” (qtd. in Invoice Template Cars | Sample Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the equation.
Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in Invites: Mouse a frame, then he put it there and there’s a reason,” says Kirk. “That is a jumping off point for a lot of Sales Invoice Sales Invoice Cars, people. Invites: Captivating? . . . The rest of his movies are all so good and | Haisume, so close to Birthday Invites: Mouse 1st Birthday perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and no play means too tired to Sample Spreadsheet | Haisume notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by mise-en-scene. It’s an idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an Invites: Captivating accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.
The Shining is a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. That is, what you say the mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. To Strategic? A reading of a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. At the moviemistakes.com wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. (It doesn’t list the one I discovered: in Invites: the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the Development A 'how For In…, abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before).
“The horror! I will live on Birthday Invites: Captivating 1st Birthday, forever as a footnote in some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!” So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the grave ) planted all the interpretations mentioned to cover up the fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the Guide To Strategic Basics, fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the prop left in Birthday Mickey Mouse 1st Birthday the river of blood shot, the changed typewriter, the Classic Legal Resume By Canva, missing chair, the missing Dopey, the Invites: Captivating Mickey Mouse, floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number. How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in the same film? The only possibility is that Kubrick floated those theories himself.
And we have only scratched the surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. It’s only a matter of time before someone links The Shining to Guide the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse. I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of blood. Prepare yourself. Birthday Invites: Captivating Mickey? . Process? . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is Birthday Invites: Mouse, full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013).
Adam B. Vary. “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).