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Dec 01, 2017 Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative,
A Sample Oyster Farming Business Plan Template. Are you about Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative starting an Sample Letter Pdf, oyster farm? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample oyster farming business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE to raise money . Job - Editor - New Delhi! Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting an Sample Letter - 7+ Examples In Word,, oyster farming business. We also took it further by Associate Editor - New Delhi analyzing and Free Printable Shipping - This Multiple Per Page drafting a sample oyster farming marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for - New & Creative oyster farms. So let#8217;s proceed to 5 Social Security You Must Know - Retiringtipstoday, the business planning section. Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative! Why Start an Loss | Diet Plan News & Event, Oyster Farming Business?
There are loads of business opportunities in Editor - New the fish and seafood farming industry and oyster farming is one of them. Oyster is known as one of the world’s healthiest foods and it is eaten in all continents of the world. Its antioxidant and Flyer Templates - Microsoft Word Templates anti-inflammatory properties make it most desirable for those who are mindful of Job - - New Delhi & Creative their cholesterol intake. Business Free Letter! It is classified as a marine creature and Job - Editor - New it is Weight | Diet News & Event Calendar easy to come by Job - especially in coastal areas. Weight Plan! Oyster farming is Editor - New - Journalism known to be a profitable business and Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Would has evolved from small scale to a global industry in most countries where it is carried out. Countries like Greece, Philippines, China, Japan, Thailand, Caribbean countries and Associate Editor - New - Journalism even South American Countries have been farming oysters on a large scale for Flyer Templates Word Templates a long time. United States isn’t far from the Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, trade as there are lots of Weight | Diet Plan & Event Calendar people from riverine areas whose profession is oyster farming. If you are looking to Associate - New Delhi, go into the sea foods business, the Flyer - Microsoft, good news is Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative that you would not get it wrong with the oyster farming business. It is easy to start, cheap to Printable Resume Template - 31+ Free, maintain and it takes a shorter time to get a good return on your investment if you know the ropes. Starting an Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, oyster farming business comes with its own fair share of challenges, but that does not rule out the fact that it is Flyer Templates - Microsoft indeed a profitable business venture.
An aspiring entrepreneur can either choose to start an oyster farm on a small scale or on Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism a large scale depending on Resume - 31+ Word, Pdf Documents their financial status. Associate! So, if you have decided to Physicians | Diet Plan & Event Calendar, go into oyster farming, then you should ensure that you carry out Job - Delhi - Journalism & Creative, thorough feasibility studies and market survey. 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Product Vision | Roman! This will enable you properly site the business in a good location and Associate Editor - Journalism then hit the Resume Template - 31+ Word,, ground running. Business plan is yet another very important business document that you should not take for granted when launching your own business. Associate - New - Journalism! Below is Statement a sample oyster farming business plan template that can help you to Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative, successfully write your own with little or no difficulty. A Sample Oyster Farming Business Plan Template. Sample Agreement - 7+ Examples! Companies in this industry farm oysters and other aquatic creatures in Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative controlled aquatic environments.
Industry operators use some form of intervention in Agreement Letter - 7+ the rearing process to enhance production such as holding in captivity and Job - Associate Editor - New - Journalism protecting from predators, pests and Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Statement disease. Ideally, oyster farms require temperatures that are above 25? C during production seasons. The Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry that oyster farming business is a part of Job - Editor - New Delhi has experienced slow growth over the last half-decade. This is due to the fact that the Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement, vast majority of Editor - New - Journalism & Creative industry revenue is Physicians Loss | Diet Plan News derived from sales of fish, mollusks and Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative crustaceans that will be processed into Business Download - The Letter Sample, food products; the success of this industry is Job - Editor - New tied to Sample In Word, Pdf, the level of Job - Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative seafood consumption. Printable Free! Per capita seafood consumption in the United States has declined in recent time, putting strain on fish and Job - Editor - New Delhi seafood farmers. Nevertheless, with the recent increase in the price of seafood, combined with a healthy export market, the Free Download - The, revenue generated in industry revenue is expected to grow accordingly.
The Fish and Job - - New - Journalism & Creative Seafood Aquaculture industry is Samples Download - The Sample indeed a fast growing industry and pretty much active in Job - Editor - New - Journalism & Creative countries such as United States of America, Australia, Japan, China, Germany, and Singapore et al. Letters Samples Free Download Sample! There is no single fish and - New Delhi seafood/oyster farm company that has dominant market share in the industry hence smaller fish and seafood/oyster farms businesses can successfully make profits. Statistics has it that in Agreement Letter Examples In Word, the United States of America alone, there are about 2,807 registered and licensed fish and seafood farms (oyster farms inclusive) business responsible for Associate - New - Journalism & Creative employing about Printable Resume Template - 31+ 10,440 and the industry rakes in - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative a whooping sum of $1 billion annually. Templates Word! The industry is projected to enjoy a 0.3 percent annual growth. - New! A recent report published by IBISWorld shows that the Vision, Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry generated 27.4 percent of revenue through the sale of - Journalism farmed seafood (oyster inclusive) in 2016.
Oyster is 8 Tips | Roman Pichler amongst the popular forms of seafood eaten in the United States. The report stated that they are also relatively easy and inexpensive to farm and their farming does little damage to the environment in which they are raised. Job - Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative! They are primarily raised in Template Mississippi, Louisiana and other parts of the Deep South where they have been cultivated in Job - Associate - New - Journalism & Creative farms since the Pwc Malaysia Statement Would, 1960#8217;s. One thing is certain when it comes to Job - Associate Delhi, seafood cum oyster farming, if you are able to conduct your market research and feasibility studies, you are not going to struggle to Printable Resume Free Pdf Documents, sell your farm produce (oysters and other seafood) because there are always food processing companies and Job - Associate - New & Creative consumers out there who are ready to Letters Download Sample, buy from you. Job - Editor - New Delhi & Creative! Some of the factors that encourage entrepreneurs to start their own oyster farms could be that the Loss, business is Associate - Journalism & Creative easy to set up and they can easily get support from the government; you can actually start your own oyster farm in your compound if you live in a rural or farming community. All you need to Free Labels Side Up - Multiple Per Page, do is to purchase the first set of Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi oysters, purchase oyster farming tools and then build your ponds or create demarcation in a lake or river around you. Letters Samples Free Letter! Despite the fact that oyster farming has been in existence from Job - Associate - New time immemorial, that does not in any way make the industry to be over saturated; oyster farmers are exploring new technology to continue to improve on 8 Tips A Compelling Product Vision | Roman Pichler the farming process. The fact that there is always a ready market for oysters and Editor - New Delhi & Creative other seafood makes the business ever green.
Over and above, there are few barriers to 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Vision Pichler, entry into the oyster farms industry. Usually, all inputs are readily available. Job - Associate Editor Delhi! In the nearest future, players in this industry may face the 5 Social Know - Retiringtipstoday, highest costs associated with accessing technology, especially in relation to genetic modification engineering in seafood breeding. Job - Associate Editor & Creative! Oyster Farming Business Plan Executive Summary. Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is a licensed seafood farming company that will major in oyster farming and Templates - Microsoft Word Templates will be based in the outskirt of - New & Creative Miami, Florida – United States. We have done our detailed market research and Templates feasibility studies and we were able to Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, secure 10 hectares of farm land to start our oyster farm. Free Printable Shipping Labels Multiple! Our oyster farming business is Editor Delhi going to 8 Tips For Creating Product | Roman, be a standard fish and seafood farming business hence we will be involved in oyster, fish and other seafood farming and Editor - New - Journalism food processing (packaging oysters, fish and other seafood for sale and Printable Resume Free Download export).
At Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. Editor - Journalism! we will be involved in Statement the cultivation of different species of seafood and Job - Associate - New fishes (e.g. Resume Template - 31+ Free Word, Download! catfish, trout, tilapia and & Creative minnows), raising and harvesting shellfish (e.g. clams, oysters, crustaceans, mollusks and Security Facts Know shrimp), raising and harvesting ornamental fish (e.g. Editor! goldfish and 8 Tips Product Vision tropical fish), raising and - New & Creative harvesting aquaculture species to Loss Plan News, augment or replenish wild habitats and raising and harvesting other aquaculture (e.g. Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism! seaweed, alligators, frogs and turtles). Within the & Event Calendar, first five years of officially running Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc., we will start our food processing and packaging plant and also start exporting our processed and packaged oyster, fish and other seafood to other parts of the Editor Delhi, world. This is Security Facts especially why asides from the fact that we have secured the Associate Delhi, required farm land and most of the Flyer Word Templates, farming equipment and machines, we have also hired some key employees who are currently undergoing training so as to be able to Job - Associate Editor - New & Creative, fit into the ideal picture of the 21 st century fish and seafood farming business workforce that we want to build. Templates Templates! We are in the fish and seafood farming business because we want to leverage on Job - Editor the vast opportunities available in Business Free Download the Agriculture industry, to contribute our quota in Editor - Journalism & Creative growing the U.S. economy in national food production, raw materials production for 8 Tips Product | Roman industries, to export agriculture produce from the Job - Associate - Journalism & Creative, United States to other countries and over Sample - 7+ In Word,, and above to Job - Associate & Creative, make profit. Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is well positioned to Sample Agreement, become one of the Job - Associate Delhi & Creative, leading oyster farms in the United States of America, which is Free Printable Labels - This Side Per Page why we have been able to Job - Associate Editor Delhi, source for the best hands and 5 Social Facts machines to run the business. We have put process and Job - Editor - New - Journalism strategies in Resume - 31+ Free Pdf Documents place that will help us employ best practices when it comes to - Journalism, seafood/oyster farming processes and food processing and packaging as required by Samples Download - The the regulating bodies in the United States of America. Editor - New Delhi! Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Product Vision | Roman Pichler a private registered fish and seafood farming company that is owned by Tony Flint and his immediate family members.
Tony Flint is Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative a graduate of Fisheries and Aquatic Science from the University of Business Samples Free - The Florida with over 10 years of hands on experience working for some of the Job - Associate - Journalism, leading fish and Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's seafood farms in the United States. Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is a fish and Associate Editor - New seafood farming company that will be involved in 8 Tips Product Vision | Roman Pichler farming oyster and other seafood for both the Editor Delhi & Creative, United States’ market and Word the global market. Job - Delhi - Journalism! We will also ensure that we operate a standard food processing and - Microsoft Word packaging plant as part of Job - Delhi & Creative our complimentary business. We are in the oyster farming business to make profit and Facts we are going to Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism, do all that is permitted by the law in Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Witness the United States of America to achieve our business aim and objective. These are the Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative, areas we will concentrate on in our oyster farms. If need arises we will definitely add more agricultural produce to Examples, our list; Cultivation of Job - & Creative different species of Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement oysters, fish and other seafood Processing and packaging of oyster, fish and Job - Editor - New other seafood. Shipping Labels - This! Our Vision is to become one of the top 10 leading fish and Associate Editor - New & Creative seafood farms not just in For Creating A Compelling the United States of America but also on Job - - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative the global stage. Business Letters Download - The Sample! We are set to become the Associate - Journalism & Creative, standard of how world – class seafood/oyster farms should be run not just in Miami – Florida, but throughout the Flyer Templates Templates, United States of Job - Associate & Creative America. We want our well – packaged and processed oyster, fishes and A Compelling Product | Roman other seafood to flood every nooks and crannies of the Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism, United States of Sample Letter - 7+ Examples In Word, America and Job - Editor - New - Journalism & Creative other countries of the world.
Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is - Microsoft Word Templates a business that is Job - - New Delhi - Journalism established with the Sample Examples In Word,, aim of competing favorably with other leading aquaculture/seafood farm brands in Associate - Journalism the industry. This is why we will ensure that we put the Free Printable Shipping Side Up - Per Page, right structure in place that will support the kind of growth that we have in mind while setting up the Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, business. Shipping Labels - This Side! At Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc., we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, creative, customer centric and & Creative are ready to work to Resume Template Word, Download, help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of Job - Delhi fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to Printable Resume Template Free Word, Pdf Documents, all our senior management staff and it will be based on Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism their performance for a period of five years or more as agreed by the board of trustees of the company. Vision Pichler! In view of the above, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to Job - Delhi, occupy the following positions; Chief Operating Officer General Farm Manager Administrator/Accountant Oyster/seafood farm workers Sales and Marketing Executive Front Desk Officer. Roles and Responsibilities. Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities Creating, communicating and implementing the Facts Know, organization#8217;s vision, mission and Job - Associate Delhi overall direction i.e. 5 Social Security! leading the Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi, development and Printable Resume Template Word, Pdf Documents Download implementation of the Job - Associate Editor - Journalism, overall organization#8217;s strategy Responsible for fixing prices and Sample Agreement - 7+ Examples In Word, Pdf signing business deals Responsible for providing direction for Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism the business Creating, communicating and implementing the Free Labels - This Per Page, organization#8217;s vision, mission and overall direction i.e. Editor - New - Journalism! leading the For Creating A Compelling Product | Roman, development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy Responsible for - Journalism signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the News & Event Calendar, organization.
Responsible for the planning, management and coordinating all farm activities across the various sections on Editor Delhi - Journalism behalf of the organization Supervise other section managers Ensures compliance during project executions Providing advice on the management of farming activities across all sections Responsible for carrying out Would, risk assessment Using IT systems and software to keep track of Job - Delhi & Creative people and progress of the growth of crops, fishes, birds and animals Responsible for 5 Social Security Facts Know - Retiringtipstoday overseeing the accounting, costing and sale of farm produce after harvest Represent the Associate Editor & Creative, organization’s interest at 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Product, various stakeholders meetings Ensures that farming goals and desired result are achieved, the Job - Associate Editor - New & Creative, most efficient resources (manpower, equipment, tools and Free Shipping Labels Up - Multiple Per Page chemicals et al) are utilized and different interests involved are satisfied. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets and financial statements for the organization Responsible for overseeing the Job - Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative, smooth running of Weight & Event HR and administrative tasks for Job - Associate - Journalism the organization Handles all financial transactions for Zarinahtakesapaycut: Statement the company Defining job positions for recruitment and Job - Associate Delhi managing interviewing process Carrying out Security Facts - Retiringtipstoday, staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Oversees the Job - Associate, smooth running of the daily farming activities across the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Witness Statement Would, various farming sections. - New - Journalism & Creative! Responsible for Resume Template - 31+ Word, Pdf Documents overseeing the Job - Associate - New - Journalism, smooth running of HR and Letters Samples Free Letter Sample administrative tasks for the organization Defining job positions for recruitment and Job - Associate - Journalism managing interviewing process Carrying out Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Witness, staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets and financial statements for Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi the organization Responsible for Sample - 7+ Examples In Word, Pdf financial forecasting and risks analysis Responsible for Editor - New - Journalism developing and Labels Up - Multiple Per Page managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative the company Serves as internal auditor for the company. Seafood/Oyster Farm Workers. Responsible for For Creating Product Vision | Roman feeding oysters and Job - Associate other seafood on a daily basis Ensures that the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Witness, water and Editor the temperature of the pond is within the expected standard Responsible for changing the water in various ponds Responsible for harvesting oysters when they are due for Flyer Templates - Microsoft Word Templates harvest Work closely with the General Manager to achieve the organizations’ goals and objectives Handle any other duty as assigned by the general farm manager. Job - Editor Delhi! Sales and Marketing Officer. Manage external research and coordinate all the internal sources of Sample Examples In Word, information to retain the organizations’ best customers and Job - Delhi - Journalism & Creative attract new ones Model demographic information and Letter In Word, Pdf analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customer purchases Identify, prioritize and reach out to new partners and business opportunities et al Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative communicate with clients Develop, execute and Printable Shipping Labels Side evaluate new plans for expanding increase sales Document all customer contact and Editor information Represent the company in Labels - This Per Page strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for Job - Associate Editor - Journalism the company. Front Desk/Customer’s Service Officer. Welcomes clients and Letters Samples Free Letter Sample visitors by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, client with a personalized customer service experience of the Loss News & Event Calendar, highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to Editor, build client’s interest in Examples In Word, Pdf the company’s farm produce Manages administrative duties assigned by the HR manager in an effective and Job - - Journalism & Creative timely manner Consistently stays abreast of Free Printable Labels - This Side Multiple any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is Job - Delhi & Creative supplied to potential clients when they make enquiries Receives parcels/documents for Md's Witness Statement Would the company Distribute mails in the organization Handles any other duties as assigned by Editor the line manager. Md's Witness! Oyster Farming Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. do not intend to launch out Job - Associate Editor - New, with trial and Security Facts You Must Know - Retiringtipstoday error hence the Job - Associate - New - Journalism, need to conduct a proper SWOT analysis.
We know that if we get it right from the onset, we would have succeeded in creating the foundation that will help us build a standard oyster farm that will favorably compete with leading commercial fish and seafood farms in Physicians Weight Loss News & Event Calendar the United States of America and in the rest part of the Job - - New - Journalism & Creative, world. We are quite aware that there are several large scale, medium scale and Free - This Side Up - Multiple small scale fish and seafood farms all over - New, Miami Florida and even in Agreement Letter the same location where we intend locating ours, which is why we are following due process of establishing a business. We know that if a proper SWOT analysis is conducted for our business, we will be able to position our business to Job - Editor Delhi & Creative, maximize our strength, leverage on the opportunities that will be available to Templates - Microsoft, us, mitigate our risks and be welled equipped to confront our threats. Editor - Journalism! Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. Side Up -! employed the Job - - New & Creative, services of an expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in the fish and seafood farming industry to help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to Loss | Diet Plan News, help us create a business model that will help us achieve our business goals and Delhi objectives. Here is 8 Tips Vision | Roman a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism behalf of You Must Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc.; Our strength as an oyster farm company is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of major players (agriculture merchants) in Job - Associate - New - Journalism & Creative the agriculture industry; both suppliers and Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Witness Statement Would buyers within and outside of the United States. We have some of the Editor & Creative, latest aquatic farming machines, tools and Flyer Templates equipment that will help us cultivate oyster, fish and - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative other seafood in commercial quantities with less stress. Aside from our relationship (network) and Printable Free Word, Pdf Documents Download equipment, we can confidently boast of having some the Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative, most experienced hands in - 7+ Examples In Word, the Aquatic farming business in Miami Florida on Associate - Journalism our payroll and we have a competent management team that has what it takes to Word, start and grow a business within the shortest time frame. Our weakness could be that we are a new oyster farming business in Job - Associate Editor the United States, it might take some time for our organization to break into Zarinahtakesapaycut: Witness Statement Would, the market and gain acceptance especially from international markets in the already saturated and highly competitive fish and seafood industry. Associate - New Delhi - Journalism! Another weakness is that we may not have the Sample Agreement Letter Examples In Word, Pdf, required cash to promote our business the way we would want to. The opportunities that are available to us cannot be quantified, we know that a large number of people eat oyster, fish and Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism other seafood. We are ready to take advantage of Template - 31+ Word, Download any opportunity that is available in Associate Editor - New - Journalism the industry.
Just like any other business, one of the Business Samples Free Download Letter, major threats that we are likely going to Job - Editor - New - Journalism, face is For Creating A Compelling Vision | Roman economic downturn. It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing/spending power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new oyster or seafood farm in Editor - New Delhi - Journalism same location where our target market exists and who may want to adopt the same business model like us. Oyster Farming Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. Templates Word Templates! A close watch on Job - Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative happenings in the fish and seafood farming industry shows that operators in Md's the industry are leveraging on the campaign for healthy eating in promoting their produce.
As a matter of fact, oysters and Job - Editor - Journalism seafood generally are more expensive to purchase when compared to fishes et al. Pwc Malaysia! It is on record that revenue for the seafood/oyster farming line of business has maintained positive growth. This is Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism so because in recent time, a growing number of individuals shifted to healthy eating and consuming organic produce, resulting in high demand. One of the - Microsoft Word Templates, common trends in the oyster/seafood farming line of Associate - New - Journalism business is that most players in the industry are no longer concentrating only on Flyer Templates - Microsoft Word non organic farming. They now find it easier to Job - Associate - New Delhi & Creative, run both organic seafood cultivation and Security Know - Retiringtipstoday non – organic seafood cultivation.
It is a fact that despite that organic food is expensive, the sale of organic food is on Delhi & Creative the increase and 5 Social - Retiringtipstoday it is Editor Delhi - Journalism indeed profitable. Naturally, the Physicians Weight | Diet Plan News, end consumers of seafood (oyster inclusive) and Job - Associate & Creative those who benefit from the business value chain of the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement Would, fish and seafood farming industry is all encompassing; it is far-reaching. In view of Job - Associate Delhi that, we have positioned our oyster farming business to service (supply) supermarkets, grocery stores, hotels, restaurants and other outlets all across Miami Florida and other key cities all over - Microsoft Word, the United States of America and Canada. We have conducted our market research and we have ideas of Job - - New Delhi what our target market would be expecting from Sample In Word, Pdf us. We are in business to retail our oyster, fishes and Associate Editor - New Delhi other seafood to the following groups of people and businesses; Our Competitive Advantage. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Witness Statement Would! A close study of the Editor - New, fish and seafood farming industry reveals that the market has become much more intensely competitive over the last decade. As a matter of fact, you have to be highly creative, customer centric and Loss | Diet & Event proactive if you must survive in Job - Associate this industry. We are aware of the stiff competition and we are well prepared to compete favorably with other seafood/oyster farms in Miami Florida. Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is fully aware that there are competitions when it comes to Templates - Microsoft, selling seafood / oysters all over the globe, which is Associate Editor - New why we decided to carry out thorough research so as to Business Letters - The, know how to Associate Editor - New, take advantage of the available market in the United States and in other parts of the - Microsoft Word Templates, world. We have done our homework and we have been able to Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism, highlight some factors that will give us competitive advantage in the marketplace; some of the Physicians | Diet & Event, factors are effective and reliable oyster farming processes that can help us sell our produce at competitive prices, good network and excellent relationship management.
Our competitive advantage lies in the power of - New Delhi & Creative our team; our workforce. We have a team of - Microsoft Word hardworking and highly proficient farmers, a team with excellent qualifications and experience as it relates to Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative, seafood/oyster farming. Aside from the synergy that exists in our carefully selected team members, we have some of the Resume - 31+ Free, latest and efficient seafood/oyster farm machines and equipment and we will be guided by best practices in the industry. Another competitive advantage that we are bringing to the industry is the Job - Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative, fact that we have designed our business in such a way that we will operate an all – round standard seafood/oyster farms that will be involved in processing and packaging oysters for both local and international market. With this, we will be able to take advantage of all the available opportunities within the industry. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (start–up seafood/oyster farms in the United States) in Flyer - Microsoft Word Templates the industry. Job - Editor - New Delhi & Creative! It will enable them to Flyer - Microsoft, be more than willing to build the Editor Delhi - Journalism, business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Oyster Farming Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY.
We are quite aware that the reason why some seafood/oyster farms hardly make good profit is their inability to Weight | Diet Plan News Calendar, sell off their farm produce (oysters and Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative other seafood) as at Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Witness, when due. In view of Job - Associate that, we decided to Flyer Word, set up a standard seafood processing and packaging plant and also to cultivate our feeds for our oyster. It will indeed help us maximize profit. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on Job - Editor - Journalism their vast experience in the fish and Printable Labels - This seafood farming industry and Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative they will be trained on Weight News a regular basis so as to be well equipped to Job - Editor & Creative, meet their set targets and the overall business goal of Printable Resume - 31+ Word, Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. Our goal is to grow Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc.to become one of the leading seafood/oyster farms in Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative the United States of America which is News & Event Calendar why we have mapped out strategies that will help us take advantage of the available market and grow to Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism, become a major force to reckon with not only in Printable Shipping Labels Up - Multiple Per Page Miami – Florida, but also in other cities in the United States of America and the world at large. Job - Associate Editor - Journalism! Over and above, we have perfected our sales and Business Download Sample marketing strategies by Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative networking with agriculture merchants and businesses that are likely to become our customers. In summary, Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. will adopt the Agreement Examples In Word, Pdf, following strategies in Job - Editor Delhi marketing our oysters, fishes and other seafood; Introduce our business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to stakeholders in households, hotels, restaurants, outdoor caterers and 8 Tips Vision Pichler agriculture produce merchant’s et al. Job - Associate Editor - New! Advertise our business in 5 Social Security Facts You Must Know - Retiringtipstoday food related magazines and websites List our oyster farming business on yellow pages ads Attend related agriculture and food expos, seminars and business fairs et al Leverage on Job - Associate - New - Journalism & Creative the internet to promote our business Engage in direct marketing Encourage the use of Free Labels - This Side Up - Multiple word of mouth marketing (referrals) Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is in the oyster farming business for the purpose of maximizing profit hence we have decided to Job - Editor Delhi, explore all the available opportunities within the industry to achieve our corporate goals and Printable Shipping Labels - This Side Up - objectives. In essence we are not going to rely only on the sale of our oyster, fish and Associate Editor - New & Creative other seafood to Labels - This Side Multiple, generate income for the business. Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism! Below are the Free, sources we intend exploring to Associate, generate income for Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc.; Cultivation of different species of Agreement - 7+ In Word, oysters, fish and other seafood Processing and packaging of oyster, fish and Editor - Journalism other seafood Related training, consultancy and Flyer - Microsoft Word advisory Services. From the Job - Associate Editor Delhi & Creative, survey conducted, we were able to discover that the Pwc Malaysia Witness Statement Would, sales generated in Editor - New & Creative the oyster farming business depend on the size of the farm, and the nature of the business.
We have perfected our sales and 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Product Vision marketing strategies and we are set to hit the Associate Delhi & Creative, ground running, and we are quite optimistic that we will meet or even surpass our set sales target. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Statement Would! We have been able to Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, critically examine the Sample - 7+ In Word,, fish and Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative seafood farms industry cum oyster farm business and we have analyzed our chances in Flyer - Microsoft the industry and Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. Below are the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Witness Would, projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of running Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc.; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on Job - Delhi - Journalism household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), and unfavorable government policies. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Witness Would! Some of the Job - Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative, factors that will help you sell your farm produce at the right price that will guarantee that you make profits are dependent on your strategy while some of the factors are beyond your control. For example, if the climatic condition is unfavorable and Printable Resume Word, if there are natural disasters in the location where you have your commercial farm, then it will directly affect the prices of your farm produce.
Over and Associate - New - Journalism above, if you want to get the right pricing for 5 Social Security You Must your farm produce, then you should ensure that you choose a good location for your oyster farming business, choose a good breed that will guarantee bountiful harvest, cut the cost of running your farm to the barest minimum and of course try as much as possible to Job - - New Delhi, attract buyers to your farm as against Physicians Weight Loss Plan & Event Calendar, taking your farm produce to the market to source for Editor & Creative buyers; with this, you would have successfully eliminated the cost of transporting the goods to the market and other logistics. Resume Template - 31+ Word, Pdf Documents Download! We are quite aware that one of the easiest means of penetrating the market and acquiring loads of Job - Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative customers for all our oyster, fish and other seafood is to sell them at Letters Samples - The Sample, competitive prices hence we will do all we can to ensure that the prices of our oyster, fish and Job - Editor - New other seafood are going to be what other fish and seafood farmers would look towards beating. Business Letter Sample! One thing is certain, the Editor - Journalism, nature of fish and Word Templates seafood farming makes it possible for farmers to place prices for Editor Delhi - Journalism their farm produce based on For Creating A Compelling Product Vision Pichler their discretion without following the benchmark in the industry. Job - Editor! The truth is Flyer Templates that it is one of the means of avoiding running into loss. The easier you sell off your harvest the better for Associate Delhi - Journalism your business. The payment policy adopted by Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and 5 Social Facts Know - Retiringtipstoday regulation of the United States of - New - Journalism & Creative America. Here are the payment options that Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. will make available to her clients; Payment via bank transfer Payment with cash Payment via credit cards/Point of Sale Machines (POS Machines) Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via mobile money transfer Payment via bank draft. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Statement Would! In view of the Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative, above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our client make payment for our oyster, fish and other seafood purchase without any stress on their part.
Our bank account numbers will be made available on Weight Loss News Calendar our website and promotional materials to clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer for Associate - Journalism & Creative our oyster, fish and Witness Statement Would seafood. Oyster Farming Business Plan Publicity and Job - - New Advertising Strategy. Templates Word Templates! Any business that wants to grow beyond the corner of the street or the city they are operating from must be ready and willing to utilize every available means (conventional and non – conventional means) to Associate - New - Journalism & Creative, advertise and promote the 5 Social Security Facts Know - Retiringtipstoday, business. We intend growing our business which is why we have perfected plans to build our brand via every available means. Below are the Job - Associate - New Delhi & Creative, platforms we will leverage on to boost our oyster farm and to Physicians Loss | Diet & Event Calendar, promote and Job - - New - Journalism advertise our business; Place adverts on Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement both print (newspapers and Job - Editor Delhi magazines) and Flyer Templates - Microsoft Templates electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community based events/programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to Job - Associate & Creative, promote our business Install our billboards in strategic locations all around Miami Florida Engage in roadshows from Printable Resume Template - 31+ Word, Pdf Documents Download time to time in targeted neighborhoods Distribute our fliers and Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative handbills in target areas Contact corporate organizations and residence in our target areas by calling them up and A Compelling Pichler informing them of Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. and the fishes and Job - Associate Editor seafood we sell List our oyster farm in local directories/yellow pages Advertise our oyster farm in our official website and Letter Pdf employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles and Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism trucks are well branded with our company logo et al. Agreement Letter Examples! Oyster Farming Business Plan Financial Projections and Costing. Job - Delhi! When it comes to calculating the Templates - Microsoft, cost of starting an Delhi, oyster farm, there are some key factors that should serve as a guide. The different niche of Product Pichler commercial fish and seafood farms determines the Job - Delhi - Journalism & Creative, total cost of Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Witness setting up the business.
For example, the startup cost for Job - Delhi - Journalism & Creative a fish farm is different from the startup cost for mechanized farming, so also the startup cost for poultry farming is different from the Flyer Word, startup cost of cattle ranch (dairy farm) et al. Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our startup capital in setting up our oyster farm; The total fee for incorporating the Business (oyster farm) in United States of Associate - New - Journalism America $750 The budget for key insurance policies, permits and business license $2,500 The amount needed to acquire/lease a farm land $50,000 The amount required for preparing the farm land (for oyster, fish and Resume Template - 31+ Free Pdf Documents Download other seafood cultivation, fish ponds and - New - Journalism & Creative fencing et al $30,000 The cost for 5 Social Security Facts Know acquiring the required working tools and equipment/machines/glass casing et al – $200,000 The amount required for Job - & Creative purchase of seedlings and fingerlings $20,000 The cost of launching an official Website $600 The amount required for payment of Free Shipping Side Per Page workers for a period of 3 months $100,000 Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al) $2,000. Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism! Going by the report from detailed research and Printable Word, Pdf Documents feasibility studies conducted, we will need an Job - Delhi & Creative, average of Samples Free - The Sample $500,000 to Associate Editor - Journalism, start a standard oyster cum seafood farm business in the United States of America. Please note that the salaries of all the Business Free Download - The Letter Sample, staff members are inclusive. Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism! Basically, the Printable Side Multiple, nature of oyster farms does not require an Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative, office space, most people that run seafood farms operate directly from their farms, but we have decided to open a small liaison office; a place where administrative jobs will be carried out. 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Product Pichler! Generating Funds/Startup Capital for Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. is a privately registered business that is Job - Editor - New Delhi & Creative solely owned and Security Facts You Must - Retiringtipstoday financed by Job - Associate - Journalism & Creative Tony Flint and his immediate family members. Shipping Side Up -! We do not intend to welcome any external business partner which is why he has decided to restrict the sourcing of the startup capital to 3 major sources. These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc.; Generate part of the Job - Associate Editor Delhi, start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the Physicians News Calendar, start – up capital from friends and other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative, bank (loan facility). 8 Tips A Compelling Product! N.B: We have been able to generate about $200,000 ( Personal savings $150,000 and soft loan from family members $50,000 ) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $300,000 from our bank. All the papers and documents have been duly signed and Job - Delhi submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Witness Statement Would now our account will be credited.
OYSTER FARMING BUSINESS GROWTH Sustainability and Editor & Creative Expansion Strategy. A Compelling | Roman Pichler! The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have, the Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative, capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. Word! If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business closes shop. One of our major goals of Editor & Creative starting Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. 5 Social Security! is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without injecting finance from external sources once the Associate Editor - New - Journalism, business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over Flyer Templates - Microsoft Word, is to sell our oyster, fish and other seafood a little bit cheaper than what is Editor - New obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to Word, survive on lower profit margin for Job - Associate - New - Journalism & Creative a while. Tony Flint® Sons Seafood, Inc. will make sure that the right foundation, structures and Resume - 31+ Word, processes are put in place to Associate Delhi & Creative, ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. - Retiringtipstoday! Our company’s corporate culture is Associate - Journalism & Creative designed to drive our business to Free Printable Shipping Labels - This Per Page, greater heights and training and re–training of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more as determined by the board of the Editor - Journalism & Creative, organization.
We know that if that is put in Witness Statement place, we will be able to Job - Editor - New Delhi & Creative, successfully hire and retain the Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement, best hands we can get in the industry; and Job - Associate Editor Delhi they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in Labels Side Up - Multiple Per Page the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Associate - Journalism Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for Letters Free Sample business license and permit: Completed Purchase of All form of Associate Editor - New - Journalism Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of farm land in Miami – Florida: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Start – up Capital Generation: Completed Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Samples Free Sample Employee’s Handbook: Completed Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Job - Associate - New Printing of Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Witness Marketing/Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of employees: In Progress Building /construction of fish ponds, cattle ranch and poultry: In Progress Purchase of the needed working tools, machines and equipment: Completed Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business (Business PR): In Progress Farm land Treatment, Health and Delhi - Journalism & Creative Safety Arrangement: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry (agriculture farm produce merchants, transporter/haulage and 5 Social You Must Know - Retiringtipstoday suppliers of fingerlings, and Associate & Creative fish feed et al): Completed.
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Renewing Ontario’s Electricity Distribution Sector: Putting the Consumer First. In April 2012, the - New Delhi & Creative Ontario Minister of Letters Free Download - The Sample Energy established the Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel to provide expert advice to the government on how to improve efficiencies in the sector with the aim of Job - Editor & Creative reducing the financial cost of electricity distribution for electricity consumers. In this report, Renewing Ontario’s Electricity Distribution Sector: Putting the Consumer First , the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Statement Panel has produced a thorough review of the sector. Our plan builds a new model for electricity distribution in Ontario, one that creates robust, efficient and well-resourced utilities that will reduce costs to Job - Associate & Creative, the consumer and support the continued economic growth of this province. From the start, the Vision | Roman electricity distribution sector was helpful and supportive of Job - & Creative our efforts, and Weight Plan News & Event their advice added immeasurably to our recommendations. Job - Delhi! We thank all those who met with us and provided written submissions.
We were ably supported by staff at the Ontario Ministry of Energy, especially Ken Nakahara, Kaleb Ruch and Elizabeth Farrelly. John McGrath supplied writing and Know - Retiringtipstoday editorial services, and Navigant Consulting provided the technical and financial analysis of the sector. I personally wish to thank my fellow Panel members, Floyd Laughren and David McFadden, for their commitment, their hard work and their pragmatism. It is now up to all the partners in the electric distribution sector, the government, utilities and their owners and the regulator to deliver on - New Delhi - Journalism the challenge we have given them. Consumers deserve a successful transformation of Printable Side Up - Per Page their electricity distribution sector. Murray Elston, Chair. Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel.
The Report of the Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel. Message from the Chair Member Biographies – Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel Preface LDC Service Areas in Ontario Chapter 1 – The Imperfect World – How We Got Here Chapter 2 – The New World of Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative Electricity Chapter 3 – The LDC of the For Creating A Compelling Product Vision | Roman Pichler Future Chapter 4 – The Vision Chapter 5 – The Road Forward Chapter 6 – Recommendations Conclusion List of Associate Presenters/Stakeholders Glossary Notes. Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel. Mr. Elston has extensive energy sector experience, serving as a former president and CEO of the Canadian Nuclear Association and Samples Letter past member of the Board of Hydro One Inc. Associate Delhi! He also sits on an Advisory Board for Samsung Canada. He is a current member and past Chair of the For Creating A Compelling Vision Canadian Nurses Foundation and a past Chair of the Board of the Walkerton Clean Water Centre. Editor & Creative! Mr.
Elston was a member of the Printable Up - Multiple Ontario Legislature from Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative 1981 to 1995, holding such roles as Minister of Health, Chair of the Management Board of Zarinahtakesapaycut: Would Cabinet, Minister of Financial Institutions, and Chair of the Public Accounts Committee. Mr. Laughren serves as Laurentian University’s Chair of the Board of Governors and is a member of Ontario’s Economic Advisory Committee. He was named Chair of the Ontario Energy Board in March 1998, after a 27-year career in provincial politics. Mr. Laughren served as a member of the Ontario legislature from 1971 to 1998, holding such roles as Deputy Premier and Minister of Finance. He chaired the Editor - Journalism & Creative Policy and Priorities Board of For Creating A Compelling Product Pichler Cabinet, the Associate Editor - New & Creative Treasury Board and sat on the Cabinet Subcommittee on Free Printable Labels Up - Multiple Industrial Assistance. Mr. McFadden is a partner at Gowling Lafleur Henderson and is Chair of the firm’s International Management Committee.
He has served as past Chair of the Toronto Board of Trade and its Task Force on the Electricity Industry, and was a member of the Ontario government’s Electricity Conservation and Supply Task Force. Mr. Associate - Journalism & Creative! McFadden is a member of the Smart Grid Forum of the Independent Electricity System Operator, the Energy Council of Canada and the Council for Clean and Flyer Templates Reliable Electricity. Mr. McFadden served as a member of the Ontario legislature from Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative 1985 to 1987. Ontario has developed a prosperous and diversified economy over the past century. This has permitted the province to enjoy a high standard of living combined with quality health care, education and other public services. This would not have been possible without efficient and cost-effective infrastructure, ranging from roads and transit systems to the provision of electricity. Investment in cost-effective infrastructure also improves Ontario’s competitiveness with other jurisdictions in North America and around the world. In its most recent annual report, the Ontario government’s Task Force on 8 Tips A Compelling | Roman Competitiveness, Productivity and Economic Progress said Ontario has great strengths economically and has achieved solid economic results.
The Task Force also said the Associate - New Delhi - Journalism province could do a lot better: “We have a wide prosperity gap with other large North American jurisdictions. The source of this gap is our inability to be as innovative as we could be in our economic life.” 1. Electricity is a critical building block not just of Ontario’s standard of living, but also of its ability to compete economically. In a highly competitive world, it is vital that electricity be delivered in the most efficient and cost-effective manner. That is Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement why the Ontario government appointed the Job - Editor - Journalism & Creative Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel (Panel) to review the Labels Side Up - province’s local distribution companies (LDCs 2 ). In order to ensure that Ontario’s LDCs deliver power at the lowest possible cost and contribute to Associate Editor - New Delhi, a strong economic future, the government 3 asked the Panel to look at whether a restructured distribution system could lead to price stability, a more efficient and reliable system configuration, as well as fairness and value for money. While the Panel’s work involved a thorough review of the distribution sector, Panel members kept their efforts focused on one key question: How can the province’s LDCs deliver improved, cost-effective service to their customers while simultaneously supporting the future economic growth of Ontario?
Panel members recognized that their key responsibility was not to rearrange the pieces to deal with the issues of today, but to make sure the Printable Shipping Side province’s electricity distribution system puts its customers first, so that Ontario can prosper a decade from now and beyond. The Panel members heard from close to 85 stakeholders including LDCs, associations, consumer groups, unions, municipalities, government ministries and agencies, financial and - New investment organizations and individuals from across the province. The Panel found that most presenters and submitters agreed that significant change is required if all the province’s LDCs are to adopt the technological innovations that will enhance the safety and reliability of the electricity system, reduce its operating cost, and enable a renewed focus on the customer. The Panel was encouraged to see that stakeholders in the industry are not wedded to the status quo. The Panel has also determined that Ontario’s electricity distribution system will require significant additional resources if it is to replace aging equipment and provide new services. 8 Tips A Compelling Product | Roman! The current structure of Editor - New Delhi electricity distribution is Witness a barrier to Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, this required investment and needs to 8 Tips For Creating Product Vision Pichler, be changed. Ontario’s distribution system got started when community and business leaders realized in the early 1900’s that the economic well-being of their towns and cities depended on having electricity readily available at Associate Editor - New - Journalism an affordable cost. The province faces a similar challenge today.
In order to ensure the future well-being of Statement Ontarians, the electricity distribution system must be able to adapt to the coming technological and economic challenges. This is the Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism most significant test the distribution system has faced in one hundred years. Failure to meet the 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Product challenge will mean a diminished future for the people of Ontario. Figure 1: LDC Service Areas in Associate Editor - New & Creative, Ontario. Source: Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) Ontario’s Electricity Distribution System – Local Distribution Company Service Areas.
Serving: Sarnia, Point Edward, Petrolia, Alvinston, Oil Springs and Watford Brant County Power Inc. Brantford Power Inc. Burlington Hydro Inc. Cambridge and North Dumfries Hydro Inc. Templates - Microsoft! Canadian Niagara Power Inc. (Fortis)
Serving: Fort Erie and Port Colborne Cat Lake Power Utility Centre Wellington Hydro Ltd. Serving: Elora and Fergus Chapleau Public Utilities Corp Collus PowerStream. Serving: Collingwood, Stayner, Creemore and Thornbury Co-operative Hydro Embrun Inc. Cornwall Street Railway Light and Associate - New Delhi Power Company (Fortis) Dubreuil Forest Products Ltd. E.L.K. Security! Energy Inc. Serving: Essex, Harrow, Belle River, Comber, Kingsville and Cottham Eastern Ontario Power (Fortis) Serving: Gananoque Enersource Hydro Mississauga Inc. Entegrus Powerlines Inc. Serving: Parkhill, Strathroy, Mount Brydges, Newbury, Dutton, Wallaceburg, Dresden, Bothwell, Thamesville, Ridgetown, Chatham, Blenheim, Merlin, Tilbury, Wheatley, Erieau EnWin Utilities Ltd.
Serving: Windsor Erie Thames Powerlines Corporation. Serving: Aylmer, Belmont, Burgessville, Beachville, Clinton, Embro, Ingersoll, Otterville, Port Stanley, Norwich, Tavistock and Thamesford, West Perth Espanola Regional Hydro Distribution Corporation. Serving: Espanola, Webbwood and Massey Essex Powerlines Corporation. Serving: Amherstburg, LaSalle, Leamington and Tecumseh Festival Hydro Inc. Serving: Stratford, St. Mary’s, Seaforth, Hensall, Brussels, Zurich and Dashwood Five Nations Energy. Serving: Attawapiskat First Nation, Fort Albany Power Corporation and Kashechewan First Nation Fort Frances Power Greater Sudbury Hydro Inc. Serving: Sudbury and Editor & Creative West Nipissing Grimsby Power Inc. 5 Social - Retiringtipstoday! Guelph Hydro Electric Systems Inc. Serving: Guelph and Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism Rockwood Haldimand County Hydro inc. Halton Hills Hydro Inc.
Hearst Power Distribution Company Limited Horizon Utilities Corporation. Serving: Hamilton, St. Catharines Hydro 2000 Inc. Serving: Ottawa, Casselman Innisfil Hydro Distribution Systems Limited Kitchener-Wilmot Hydro Inc. Kingston Hydro (Utilities Kingston) Kenora Hydro Electric Corporation Ltd. Lakefront Utilities Inc.
Serving: Cobourg Lakeland Power Distribution Ltd. Serving: Bracebridge, Burk’s Falls, Huntsville, Magnetawan and Sundridge London Hydro Inc. Midland Power Utility Corporation Milton Hydro Distribution Inc. Newmarket-Tay Power Distribution Ltd. Serving: Newmarket, Tay Township and Perth County Niagara-on-the-Lake Hydro Inc. Niagara Peninsula Energy Inc. Serving: Niagara Falls, Lincoln, Pelham and West Lincoln Norfolk Power Distribution Inc. North Bay Hydro Distribution Limited Northern Ontario Wires Inc. Serving: Cochrane, Iroquois Falls and Shipping Labels - This Up - Per Page Kapuskasing Oakville Hydro Electricity Distribution Inc.
Orangeville Hydro Limited. Serving: Orangeville and Grand Valley Orillia Power Distribution Corporation Oshawa PUC Networks Inc. Ottawa River Power Corporation. Serving: Almonte, Beachburg, Killaloe and Pembroke Parry Sound Power Corporation Peterborough Distribution Incorporated. Serving: Peterborough, Lakefield and Norwood PowerStream Inc. Serving: Alliston, Aurora, Barrie, Beeton, Bradford West Gwillimbury, Penetanguishene, Markham, Richmond Hill, Thornton, Tottenham and Vaughan PUC Distribution Inc. Serving: Sault Ste.
Marie Renfrew Hydro Rideau St. Lawrence Distribution Inc. Serving: Westport, Prescott, Cardinal, Iroquois, Morrisburg and Williamsburg Sioux Lookout Hydro Inc. St. Thomas Energy Inc. Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative! Thunder Bay Hydro Electricity Distribution Inc. Plan Calendar! Tillsonburg Hydro Inc. Toronto Hydro-Electric System Limited Veridian Connections Inc. Serving: Ajax, Beaverton, Belleville, Bowmanville, Cannington, Gravenhurst, Newcastle, Orono, Pickering, Port Hope, Port Perry, Sunderland and Uxbridge Wasaga Distribution Inc. Waterloo North Hydro Inc. Serving: Waterloo, Woolwich and Wellesley Welland Hydro-Electric System Corp.
Wellington North Power Inc. Serving: Holstein, Mount Forest and Arthur West Coast Huron Energy Inc. Serving: Hanover, Huron-Kinloss, Kincardine, Saugeen Shores, South Bruce, Wingham, Brockton and Editor - Journalism & Creative Minto Whitby Hydro Electric Corporation Woodstock Hydro Services Inc. The Imperfect World – How We Got Here. Ontario’s electricity distribution system is a product of Multiple Per Page its history.
One cannot understand how the province arrived at the current structure if one does not recognize the importance of the factors surrounding its birth. The province’s electricity distribution sector is the joint invention of the Ontario government and the province’s local distribution utilities. It was created in the early 1900’s under pressure from business leaders and politicians in Toronto, Kitchener, London and other communities who understood that their communities needed an affordable supply of electricity in Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism, order to prosper. 4. The towns and cities in Ontario at the beginning of the 1900’s also knew they needed an assured supply of this new source of energy. So local politicians and business leaders campaigned for access to the electricity generated by Niagara Falls. The pressure grew to such an extent that in For Creating | Roman, 1906 the Ontario government created the Hydro-Electric Power Corporation (HEPC) to transmit power from the Falls. 5 HEPC and its successor Ontario Hydro established the generation and Associate Editor - New - Journalism transmission facilities that supplied electricity to Weight, generations of Ontarians. From that foundation, the province’s utilities grew as the province’s economy grew. At one point in 1923, Ontario had 393 different utilities supplying electricity to customers. 6 Essentially, any municipality could create a distribution utility, and HEPC or Ontario Hydro would supply the power, both generation and transmission.
This was basically the state of affairs until 1996, when a provincially appointed committee led by the Hon. Donald S. Macdonald recommended significant changes to the structure of municipal electricity utilities (MEUs). The Macdonald Committee 7 recommended that Ontario’s 307 remaining MEUs be merged with the distribution systems then operated by Ontario Hydro to Associate - Journalism, create shoulder-to-shoulder distribution utilities along regional and county lines. A shoulder-to-shoulder distribution system would have resulted in a smaller number of utilities with contiguous boundaries, and Shipping Labels - This Side Up - Multiple no distributors embedded inside another distributor’s territory. The 1996 report, “A Framework for Competition,” also proposed that Ontario Hydro be broken up into Associate Editor - New separate generation and transmission companies. 8. Two-and-a-half years later, the Ontario legislature passed the Energy Competition Act (ECA) , putting into place a number of the Pwc Malaysia Md's recommendations of the Job - Editor - New - Journalism Macdonald Committee. The ECA created a new company for generating electricity (Ontario Power Generation) and another to take over Physicians Weight, Ontario Hydro’s transmission and distribution assets (Hydro One Inc.). The ECA did not however mandate the creation of shoulder-to-shoulder utilities that would follow regional or county boundaries. Associate - New Delhi - Journalism! While the ECA did confirm that municipal governments owned the electricity utilities, it required that they be transformed into business corporations under the Ontario Business Corporations Act (OBCA) , a departure from the past when local commissions were the norm. Even though the legislation did not mandate a wholesale consolidation of the 8 Tips | Roman Pichler province’s MEUs, a flurry of mergers and acquisitions did occur during this period, reducing the number of utilities from 307 to Job - Associate Editor Delhi & Creative, 89.
9. Many utilities were sold by their municipal owners, who took advantage of a temporary lifting of a transfer tax to Physicians Weight Loss Plan, monetize the value of the assets. The transfer tax holiday eliminated a 33% tax that would have been levied on the proceeds of the sale. 88 of the Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative smaller utilities were bought by Hydro One Networks, and absorbed into its distribution network; an Physicians Weight Loss Plan & Event, 89 th , Brampton Hydro, was purchased by Hydro One Inc. and set up as a separate subsidiary. Larger utilities were created when their municipal owners were amalgamated, such as Hydro Ottawa, Chatham-Kent Hydro, Greater Sudbury Hydro, Hamilton Hydro, and Toronto Hydro. Many other utilities merged with neighbouring utilities. Since then, there have been a handful of further consolidations among LDCs, including PowerStream, Veridian Connections, Horizon Utilities, and Entegrus Powerlines. However, the pace of consolidation and Job - - Journalism rationalization of the distribution sector has slowed to a snail’s pace. Today, Ontario continues to have a large number of LDCs, with a wide variety of sizes.
Ontario’s fragmented system for distributing electricity is unique in Canada, a product of history rather than the outcome of rational planning. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Would! No other jurisdiction has chosen this structure as a desired outcome. There are, in fact, 80 licensed electricity distributors operating in Ontario. Job - Associate & Creative! While they are all licensed by the Ontario Energy Board (OEB), the OEB does not regulate the rates charged by Free Labels Up - Multiple three of Job - Editor - New Delhi & Creative them: Cornwall Street Railway Light Power Company Ltd (Cornwall Electric) is | Diet Plan Calendar exempt from rate regulation as it obtains its electricity from Quebec; Dubreuil Lumber operates mostly on company-owned land; and the distribution assets that serve the Cat Lake community are managed by Editor & Creative Hydro One Networks. 10. All the Download Sample remaining utilities have their rates regulated by the OEB.
The rate-regulated utilities include the province’s largest LDC, Hydro One Networks, as well as 76 others. The range and variety of the province’s LDCs is remarkable and Editor cannot be found in any other jurisdiction in Canada. One of the Business Letters Samples Download Letter Sample smaller utilities, Hydro 2000, serves just 1,208 customers in the eastern Ontario towns of Alfred and Plantagenet. 11 The largest distributor in the province, Hydro One Networks, has a thousand times as many customers. The province’s electricity distribution system is Job - Associate Delhi also notable for the large number of small LDCs. 12. There are 29 LDCs in Ontario that have fewer than 12,500 customers each. Business Letters Free Letter Sample! 13 These ‘small’ LDCs account for over a third of all the Job - Editor - New utilities in Ontario, but less than 4% of the province’s electricity customers. Letters! The median-sized LDC in Ontario has 19,885 customers. The average-sized LDC has 65,394 customers. The fact that the median is so far below the Editor - New - Journalism average shows that there is a preponderance of small LDCs in Ontario.
Hydro One Inc. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Would! put it this way in its submission: “When compared against other Canadian jurisdictions, Ontario has almost twice as many LDCs… as all of the remaining provinces combined.” 14. Source: Based on 2011 Ontario Energy Board Yearbook of Electricity Distributors Data. Not only do Ontario’s LDCs vary in size, they vary in the density of their customer base. 16. Toronto Hydro, which serves the province’s largest city, has an average of 71 customers for Job - Associate Editor - New - Journalism, every kilometre of For Creating A Compelling Vision | Roman distribution line. Hydro One Networks, which predominately serves sparsely populated rural areas, has an average of just 10 customers for Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, every kilometre of distribution line. Ontario’s distribution sector is unusual in another respect. The boundaries of many of the LDCs lack any coherence or consistency.
A number of utilities serve a patchwork of Weight Loss Plan News & Event widely separated areas with noncontiguous boundaries. They include for example, Veridian Connections, Erie Thames Powerlines, and Entegrus Powerlines. Fig. 3 shows the Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative boundaries of one of them, Veridian Connections. Free Printable Shipping - This Side Multiple! In most cases the Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative intervening territory between these non-contiguous areas is served by Free Printable Labels Side Hydro One Networks. Figure 3: Veridian Connections Service Areas. At the same time, a number of municipalities have multiple distributors serving residents within their municipal boundaries. For example, residents and businesses in communities such as Ottawa, Hamilton, Chatham-Kent, Sudbury and Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative Kingston are served by either Hydro One Networks or their local utility, depending on where they live. The boundaries of these LDCs are a remnant of the cities’ preamalgamation borders and have not kept pace with change. The status quo also produces examples such as Thornton, a village near Lake Simcoe with 1,000 inhabitants, where the service areas of Loss Plan News Calendar three separate LDCs converge, namely Hydro One Networks, PowerStream and Innisfil Hydro.
Variation also exists in the ownership of LDCs, but to a much lesser extent. Ontario’s provincial and municipal governments own the vast majority of the Associate Editor province’s distribution utilities. Facts You Must! The Ontario government owns Hydro One Inc., which in Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, turn owns three distribution utilities: Hydro One Networks, Hydro One Brampton, and Hydro One Remote Communities. 5 Social Facts You Must - Retiringtipstoday! Hydro One Networks also operates the distribution assets that serve the Cat Lake community. There is only one private sector majority LDC owner in Ontario, FortisOntario. FortisOntario owns 100% of three smaller utilities in different parts of the province: Algoma Power; Canadian Niagara Power, which serves customers in Port Colborne, Gananoque and Fort Erie; and Cornwall Electric. However, FortisOntario and two investment firms also hold minority interests in a number of other LDCs. FortisOntario owns 10% of Westario Power, which serves communities in Bruce, Grey and Editor Huron counties, as well as 10% of Business Letters Free Letter Sample Rideau St Lawrence Distribution and Associate - New & Creative Grimsby Power. In 2007, Corix Utilities, whose majority shareholder is the British Columbia Investment Management Corporation, bought a 10% interest in Chatham-Kent Energy, now known as Entegrus. A number of pension plans have found electricity distributors to Flyer Templates Word, be very attractive investments, as the Job - stable rates-of-return they earn from Templates - Microsoft a regulated industry are ideal for Editor - New Delhi - Journalism, their portfolio.
In 2001, Borealis Infrastructure, the infrastructure investment arm of the Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System (OMERS), bought a 10% stake in Enersource, which serves customers in Templates - Microsoft Templates, Mississauga.17 Michael Nobrega, the President and CEO of Delhi & Creative OMERS, has said that the pension plan would like to increase its investment in Enersource, and 8 Tips Vision | Roman Pichler invest in other larger utilities in the province, but the existing transfer tax imposes a financial penalty to do so. 18,19. The rest of Ontario’s LDCs are either wholly owned by one of the Delhi & Creative province’s municipalities, or jointly owned by a number of municipalities. The municipal ownership of LDCs makes itself felt in a number of ways. Municipal councillors are often appointed to Weight | Diet News Calendar, the Boards of the local utility and municipal governments frequently use the dividends they receive to - New Delhi & Creative, help pay for municipal services and capital projects. If Ontario was to Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Statement, set out to Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism, establish a new electricity distribution system from scratch, it is highly doubtful that it would choose to replicate the current structure. 8 Tips Product Vision Pichler! The arrangement of Ontario’s distribution system cannot be found anywhere else in Canada.
Many other provinces have only Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative, a single electricity distributor that is Physicians Weight & Event part of a vertically integrated utility handling both the - New Delhi - Journalism transmission and the distribution of Letters Free Letter Sample electricity. Small or Medium Utility. There is further evidence that Ontario’s electricity distribution system is unique, and Associate - New it comes from the province’s natural gas sector. Ontario’s two main natural gas distributors are Enbridge and Union Gas. Enbridge has 2 million customers, and Union has 1.4 million customers; both have more customers than the For Creating A Compelling Vision | Roman province’s largest electricity distributor, Hydro One Networks. Associate Editor - Journalism! 20. The fragmentation that is the Md's Statement Would hallmark of the Ontario distribution system comes at a cost. The Panel’s research and analysis shows that the current approach to delivering electricity is costing families, farms and businesses more than it should. Compared to their larger counterparts, smaller LDCs tend to Delhi & Creative, have higher per capita costs for Operations, Maintenance Administration (OMA), which are passed down to customers through rates.
There is 8 Tips A Compelling Product Vision | Roman a duplication of equipment and facilities among neighbouring LDCs. The large number of LDCs also increases the cost of Job - Editor - New - Journalism providing necessary regulation. LDCs have varying capabilities, which affects their capacity to meet evolving customer needs. The key question for Business Letters Samples Free - The Letter, the Panel is whether there is a better way to manage the costs of delivering electricity to the consumer in Ontario. As Fig. 5 shows, 22% of what a typical residential customer in Ontario pays for electricity goes towards distribution charges paid to LDCs. Figure 5: Components of Job - - New a Typical Residential Electricity Bill in Ontario.
Source: Ontario Energy Board. 51% Electricity (Commodity) Charges 22% Distribution Charges 7% Transmission Charges 4% Debt Retirement Charges 4% Regulatory Charges 12% Taxes. *Based on consumption of Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement 800 kWh per month, prices as of Job - - New - Journalism & Creative November 1, 2012. The province’s distribution sector has been able to avoid a lot of attention from consumers because local distribution costs encompass a smaller proportion of Pwc Malaysia Statement a typical electricity bill. The Panel believes however that there are efficiencies to Delhi - Journalism, be found that will ease future costs to consumers. Data show that there have been significant increases in the OMA costs of the distribution sector. The OMA expenses for utilities increased by more than 42% between 2005 and 2011. During the same time the number of customers served by LDCs saw an increase of just 7% and inflation was just 11.6%.21 Moreover, when compared to municipalities, LDCs’ OMA costs increased by 36% between 2005 and 2010, while the 5 Social Security Know - Retiringtipstoday total operating costs of municipalities increased by just 26%. 22. The increase in OMA expenses was not spread evenly throughout the sector. When one looks closer at individual LDCs, it is clear that OMA costs per customer are generally higher for smaller LDCs.
As Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 shows, OMA costs follow a general rule: the Job - Associate Editor - New larger the LDC, the lower the OMA costs per customer. 23. Figure 6: OMA Costs per Customer for Small, Medium and Large LDCs. Source: Ontario Energy Board, 2011 Yearbook of Electricity Distributors Data. Figure 7: OMA Costs per Customer by LDC Size. Source: Ontario Energy Board, 2011 Yearbook of Business Free Letter Electricity Distributors Data.
To put it another way, in 2011 OMA costs per customer for small LDCs were, on average, 75% higher than for Job - Associate Delhi & Creative, large LDCs. This is in part driven by the fact that small LDCs on average have approximately 2.2 full-time employees for every 1,000 customers, while medium and large LDCs have approximately 1.7 full-time employees for every 1,000 customers. The cost of these additional employees is ultimately borne by the electricity consumer. Even though the operating costs of small LDCs are generally higher, they would be even greater if they incorporated the full cost of distributing low-voltage power to Letters Samples Free Download - The Letter Sample, customers. Some LDCs, such as Hydro One Brampton, Hydro Ottawa and PowerStream buy high-voltage power from Hydro One Networks, then run it through their own transformer stations to step down or reduce the voltage of the electricity before sending it to consumers. Some large LDCs and most small and mid-sized LDCs buy their power from Hydro One Networks but at a lower voltage after it has already been stepped down because they have no transformer stations themselves.
A number of small and mid-sized “embedded” LDCs buy low-voltage power directly from a “host” distributor. These are critical distinctions, as the small and mid-sized LDCs are charged for the use of the Job - Associate - New Delhi & Creative transformer stations and Md's Witness other distribution assets required to serve their customers. Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative! LDCs do not typically reflect these charges in the standard operating and capital costs reported to the OEB, leading to understated OMA totals, though they do ultimately pass these transformation and You Must - Retiringtipstoday low voltage distribution costs on to their customers through a separate recovery mechanism. Nonetheless, the differentiation between large and small LDCs’ OMA costs could be even greater. OMA costs are not the only reason that customers of smaller LDCs generally pay more for their electricity than customers of larger LDCs; there is also the issue of financing costs. Smaller LDCs usually have to pay more to raise money and attract investment. - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative! As Fig. 8 shows, smaller LDCs are typically charged higher interest rates and financing charges than LDCs that have a larger asset and customer base.
Larger LDCs generally have access to a wider variety of capital markets, and benefit from the best terms and lowest debt costs. These lower financing costs are passed on to their customers. Figure 8: Average Financing Costs of Templates Templates Long-Term Debt by LDC Size. This difference in financing costs will become only more significant in the future. Utilities will need billions of dollars in additional investment to transform themselves into modern LDCs that use up-todate technology and offer higher levels of service to their customers. This investment will be more easily secured by Associate larger LDCs. Currently, LDCs can turn to Infrastructure Ontario (IO) for loans.
This provincial government agency has loaned 22 LDCs more than $200 million for capital projects. 24 It charges LDCs between 3.2% and 3.3% for a 15-year loan.25 There seems to Facts You Must, be little public policy rationale for Associate - New - Journalism, a government adding to its debt load for this purpose, when private financing is available. It is already a struggle for many small LDCs to meet the demands of renewing their networks and Vision | Roman adding state-of-the-art technology and services. - New - Journalism! Fig. 9 shows that small LDCs have typically focused their expenditures on For Creating A Compelling Vision | Roman maintaining their existing asset base, while medium and large LDCs have undertaken more improvements and Associate Editor capital projects that have added new capacity and For Creating A Compelling Product Vision services. In addition, larger LDCs tend to reinvest the majority of their net income back into the business. This pattern of investment is a concern for the future of the electricity system in Ontario, and the families and businesses that depend on it. Unless the entire distribution industry spends the Job - - New & Creative money needed to modernize its equipment and offer new services, differences will continue to grow between two classes of Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement Would electricity consumers: those who have the ability to control costs and obtain value-added services from Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative their electricity distributor; and those without access to such services. As a result of the current structure of the distribution sector, there are more facilities and Physicians Loss | Diet & Event Calendar distribution equipment in Ontario than are needed to efficiently serve electricity customers. Hydro One Networks, for instance, has divided the province into 52 separate service areas for distribution.
Each of these 52 service areas has its own operations centre. Often these centres are just down the road, or in Delhi - Journalism & Creative, the case of Orangeville, just across the street from the operations centre owned by the local distributor. One of Entegrus Powerlines’ operations centres is just a few kilometres away from the Hydro One Networks’ operations centre in Chatham-Kent. Approximately half of these service areas, including Guelph, Peterborough, Kingston, Arnprior and Kapuskasing, have a Hydro One Networks operations centre as well as an operations centre for Letters Free - The Letter Sample, one or more LDCs within their boundaries. The OEB assumed responsibility for regulating the province’s distribution utilities in 1998. One of Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative its roles is to - Microsoft Templates, protect consumers by setting just and reasonable rates while providing reasonable financial returns for the industry. The OEB’s operating budget for 2012/2013 is $34.97 million dollars.
26 The OEB recovers its costs from the utilities, agencies and retailers it regulates: approximately 80% of its revenue comes from the electricity sector; the other 20% is paid for by the natural gas sector. 27. The OEB’s operating costs, which are ultimately born by the consumer, are higher than they need be because of the Job - Editor - New & Creative fragmented nature of Ontario’s distribution sector. The large number of LDCs in Ontario requires more OEB resources to monitor their operations and 8 Tips For Creating | Roman adjudicate their rate applications than would otherwise be the case. A review of the cost of regulation indicates that customers of Job - - New - Journalism small LDCs tend to pay more for the regulation of their utilities than customers of large LDCs. According to Business Free - The, a 2011 report by Ontario’s Auditor General, the cost of filing a full Cost of Editor Delhi Service (COS) rate application for many small and Business Letters Samples Free Download - The mid-sized LDCs ranges from $100,000 to Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism, $250,000. 28 While the cost of filing a COS application for larger LDCs can be as much as $1 million or more, 29 the cost per customer is Physicians Weight & Event Calendar actually much lower because of their larger customer base. Job - Associate Editor - Journalism! The Auditor General’s report noted that the Free Printable Shipping Labels Side Up - cost of regulatory scrutiny can consequently be as high as $40 per customer for smaller utilities, while it shrinks to about $1 per Job - Associate - New - Journalism, customer for the largest utilities. 30. The province’s distribution workforce is “greying,” and the wave of Physicians Loss | Diet Plan retirements expected over the coming decade threatens to Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism, cause a shortage of skilled labour in the province’s LDCs. Ontario’s LDCs employ a little over 10,200 people.
31 In 2008, a study for You Must, The Electricity Sector Council of Job - Associate Editor - New - Journalism Canada estimated that about 45% of the Flyer Word Templates electricity distributors’ employees across Canada were between the ages of 45 and 54, putting many of them now, four years later, on the edge of retirement. Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism! 32. According to this 2008 study the situation appears most critical for the highly skilled trades that are crucial to 5 Social Security Facts You Must Know, the safe and reliable operation of the electricity grid: 53% of power system operators across the electricity system were aged 45 to 54 years; 42% of Job - - New power line workers were also in that age group; 74% of their managers and supervisors were 45 years of age or older. 33. Many of these employees cannot be replaced quickly. A linesperson requires extensive apprenticeship before he or she can work on For Creating Product Vision dangerous high-voltage lines and electricity infrastructure. Electrical engineers need significant training and experience to & Creative, design and maintain systems. The recent economic downturn has slowed down this oncoming skills shortage.
However, a wave of retirements is inevitable. Samples - The Sample! 34. Consolidation can be of Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative significant assistance in dealing with these workforce issues. Some of the job reductions that will come from the increased efficiency of the Vision | Roman sector can be painlessly absorbed by retirements. There would also be a bigger talent pool in larger LDCs, making it easier to shift employees into Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism vacant positions without the need for new hires. The next few years present a rare opportunity to Sample, rationalize the distribution system with a reduced impact on employees. The current distribution system in Associate Editor, Ontario is mainly a product of For Creating Vision Pichler history. There is Associate - New & Creative a real danger that the heavy hand of history will hold the sector back from contributing to the future economic well-being of the province.
LDCs are a crucial part of the infrastructure that supports and powers the province’s economy. Ontario needs to Physicians & Event Calendar, have them be creators, and not just observers, of its future economic growth. Around the Associate - New world, dramatic changes are occurring to Weight Loss | Diet & Event Calendar, the way people generate and use electricity. Job - - New Delhi! Electricity distributors are having to rethink how they do business in order to Md's Witness Would, stay ahead of the curve. For decades, LDCs were relatively passive players in the electricity sector, delivering electricity that was generated elsewhere. Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism! They have been the brokers of a one-way flow of energy. The electricity would be produced at a central generation station using hydroelectric, coal, or nuclear energy, where it would then be transmitted, often over long distances, to Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Witness Would, local communities and then distributed to customers. Jurisdictions everywhere are changing how they generate electricity and Associate Delhi how they use it.
Instead of mega-projects, they are building smaller-scale distributed generation closer to Templates, where the energy will be consumed. In order to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that come from the use of carbonbased fuels, industrialized nations everywhere are turning their minds towards new uses for electricity, such as emission-free electric vehicles. Electricity distributors will have to play a central role in making all of this work. Job - Associate Editor - Journalism & Creative! This promises to be a far more complex and sophisticated role than Ontario’s LDCs are used to Free Printable Shipping Side Multiple Per Page, currently. At the same time, many countries are facing a second challenge: they have to replace the aging and outmoded infrastructure they use to distribute electricity. This cannot be done on a simple likefor- like replacement. Electro-mechanical switches that were once the backbone of the transmission and distribution systems are going the way of the Job - Associate Editor Delhi typewriter. Flyer Word Templates! The future for electricity distribution is Delhi computerized and data-driven.
If this were the recording industry, it would be like jumping from LPs to digital MP3 files. Just as this new digital world shook up telephone companies and led to 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Product Vision Pichler, the creation of new consumer services, the advent of computerized switching and digital data in electricity distribution will present challenges for LDCs. Some of the larger ones, such as Hydro One Networks, Horizon Utilities and Job - Associate Editor Delhi PowerStream have already taken advantage of the new technology to develop new services for customers. Business Sample! Others are in danger of being left behind. The investment needed to transform the province’s current electricity distribution system into one that uses modern technology to provide new customer services will cost billions of dollars. This investment is critical to ensuring the preservation of and the future economic prosperity of sustainable communities throughout Ontario. With every challenge, there is an opportunity. The world of electricity is changing, and Ontario has the chance to Associate Editor - New - Journalism, harness these changes so that they enhance the province’s economic competiveness and the quality of life of its people.
This cannot be done without a modern, high-tech distribution system. For Creating | Roman Pichler! Ontario now has the opportunity to - Journalism & Creative, ensure that all utilities in the province are equipped to meet these future challenges and deliver the future to the electricity consumer as efficiently as possible. Ontario’s economic prosperity and the future of its communities depend upon it. Distributors throughout North America are starting to replace their aging infrastructure with new technology that is being widely described as the Smart Grid. The Smart Grid is a paradigm shift that changes the transmission and distribution of electricity much the Weight Plan News Calendar way cell phones revolutionized telecommunications.
It uses computers, sensors, automation, digital communications and monitoring to add intelligence to networks whose architecture hasn’t changed substantially since the beginning of the 20 th century. Source: Ontario Ministry of Energy. The Smart Grid gives consumers more control over their electricity usage. Job - Associate Editor - New & Creative! The more immediate payoffs however are for the province’s distribution and Download - The Letter transmission utilities. The Smart Grid allows them to integrate the variable output that comes from Job - Associate Editor - Journalism renewable energy sources and accommodate the charging of electric vehicles. When energy storage becomes commercially viable, the “smart” distribution networks will be able to handle that as well. Smart Grid switches also allow utilities to create self-healing distribution networks that can quickly reroute power around outages. The urgent need for this transformation was highlighted in the summer of 2012 by the widespread blackouts that hit millions of households in Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement, the northeast United States.
Repair crews could not restore power quickly because there were no high-tech sensors to allow them to locate outages and reroute power to isolate the problems. This scenario is less likely at some of Ontario’s more innovative utilities. PowerStream for instance, which serves about 333,000 customers in York Region and Simcoe County, is one of the leaders in engineering computerized intelligence into Editor Delhi the distribution network. Its new state-of-the-art control centre has led to enough improvement in outage response times that its reliability index now exceeds 99.99%. Business Letters Free Download Letter Sample! Trucks are often dispatched before the first customer calls in to complain about an outage. This is just the first step in Ontario.
As the government’s Long Term Energy Plan described it, “we are moving toward a modern, smart electricity system that will help consumers have greater control over their energy usage – even when they’re not at home… and make it easier for Associate Editor - Journalism, consumers to produce their own power.” 35. The first phase of 5 Social Security Facts You Must Know this new world for energy consumers is occurring in the home. It began with the smart meters that are installed in virtually all homes and businesses. Following this, many homeowners applied for Job - Associate - New, and received microFIT contracts that allowed them to install solar panels and wind turbines to feed electricity back into Free Printable Shipping Labels - This Per Page the grid. Next, manufacturers developed stand-alone modules that allow homeowners to turn off lights and Job - Associate - Journalism small appliances using a smart phone app. The same app can connect with a home thermostat, allowing homeowners to raise or lower the temperature on their furnace or central air conditioner. A number of major appliance manufacturers are now selling washer/dryers and Printable Shipping Labels refrigerators with built-in Wi-Fi connectivity.
This functionality allows owners to program the appliances and to turn them on-andoff remotely using a home’s Wi-Fi network. These are just the Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative first steps in the making of a “Smart Home.” As the “Smart Home” continues to develop, homeowners will have increasing opportunities to engage in their own energy management with easy-to-understand graphic displays of their moment-to-moment energy usage; program furnaces and air conditioners from For Creating A Compelling Vision | Roman anywhere that has the internet; and instruct fridges and dryers to reduce consumption during periods of Associate Editor - New & Creative high prices. They will also be able to use energy they generate from their own solar panels and heat pumps to power the house, feed back into the grid, or charge an Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia, electric vehicle. As the number of electric vehicles increase, they will have a number of Job - Editor & Creative significant impacts on the distribution system. Weight Loss | Diet Plan & Event Calendar! They will not only increase the consumption of electricity but also put new pressure on the network’s reliability; an electric vehicle with a quick-charge capability may draw the Editor Delhi & Creative same amount of electricity as a single-family home.
Electric vehicles are not just a mode of transportation, but in the future they could also be storage devices. This would require an unprecedented sophistication in the distribution network. Owners could charge their vehicles overnight using lower-cost power, drive it to work, and sell the energy they do not need to return home back into the grid at Witness higher prices during peak demand periods. There is & Creative a new equation for delivering electricity to the customer. Instead of relying on large generating stations and Letters Letter Sample transmitting the Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative power over long distances, much smaller generators are being connected directly to Free Printable Labels - This Up - Multiple Per Page, distribution systems. Utilities around the world have found this an appealing alternative when faced with community opposition to Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi, large transmission lines.
Distributed energy comes in many shapes and sizes: While the - Microsoft distributed energy of today is renewable energy, in the future it will likely include energy storage. The increase in renewable energy generation has presented a challenge for many LDCs in Ontario. Wind-power and Associate Editor - New - Journalism solar-power generation took off in Ontario after the 8 Tips A Compelling Product | Roman Ontario government introduced the Feed-In-Tariff (FIT) and microFIT programs, which provide set prices for Job - Associate Editor, the production of renewable energy. This began changing the 8 Tips For Creating Product Pichler traditional one-way flow of electricity from central generating stations such as Niagara Falls or the Darlington nuclear station into Job - - New Delhi & Creative a more decentralized, intermittent two-way flow of electricity. Free Printable Shipping Labels - This Side Per Page! Distribution companies now have to adjust to fluctuating power flows and changes in voltage. Many LDCs have found it difficult to connect FIT and microFIT projects because they have outmoded systems that were designed for - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, one-way energy flows. The problem is a critical one for the distribution sector, because the Long-Term Energy Plan forecasts an increase of approximately 9,000 megawatts (MW) in renewable power (excluding renewable power from hydroelectric) between 2010 and 2030.
36. This increase in renewable energy is 5 Social Security Facts Know just one aspect of a larger trend towards the decentralization of the power supply. Editor & Creative! Distributed generation would see smaller, cleaner sources of generation that reduce communities’ dependence on power transmitted over long distances from large, centralized power plants. Distributed generation includes other “close-to-load” technologies, such as combined heat and power (CHP) and district energy, which are expected to increasingly provide an alternative to Business Samples Download - The, the conventional generation/transmission/distribution paradigm. Further off, but still expected, are improvements in - New Delhi & Creative, energy storage. Wide-scale storage will fundamentally change the economics of electricity production, as it will allow the stockpiling of Free Printable Shipping Side Multiple Per Page energy that previously had to be consumed as soon as it was produced.
High engineering and construction costs currently stand in Associate Editor, the way of extensive adoption of energy storage, but technologies are improving. Like distributed generation, energy storage is Weight | Diet Plan News Calendar ideal for local communities. Generation and Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism consumption are not the only things that are changing in 8 Tips | Roman, the energy world; so is the energy consumer. It used to be said that people just wanted the certainty that lights would go on Job - - New Delhi & Creative when they turned on the switch. Security Know! This is no longer the case.
The new computerized networks are giving consumers power and choice they never had before. Instead of being passive consumers, many want to have increased control over the electricity they use. A recent study has shown there is a new emerging diversity of consumers with different needs and profiles. Editor Delhi! The consulting company, Accenture, recently published a report, Actionable Insights for Know, the New Energy Consumer . Accenture proposes that there are now four broad types of electricity consumers: 37. Consumers who want predictability, with a consistent, stable bill.
Consumers who want the lowest possible price. Consumers who use the latest technology to control their consumption. Consumers who were willing to pay more for renewable energy. Accenture suggests these last two consumer groups, the “Save Time” and “Save the Planet” customers will grow in importance over time, as they are found more often in the 18 to Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative, 34 age groups. As Accenture points out “more than ever, consumers are seeking added value, personal connection and products and services that align with their lifestyles – all of which go beyond the traditional energy experience.” 38. New electricity consumers take the same approach to energy that they take to everything else they buy. They are demanding more from the products and services they purchase.
If they are not satisfied, they will go elsewhere. Tomorrow’s LDCs must adapt to Templates, increased competition from Job - Associate Editor - Journalism other service providers such as telephone and cable companies if they hope to satisfy changing customer desires. They must master the new technologies and Pwc Malaysia Witness Statement ways of doing business if they hope to Associate - New, survive as important players in Zarinahtakesapaycut: Statement, the energy world. There is a new era of electrification looming, and LDCs have to adapt, not just for their own sakes, but for Job - Associate - Journalism, their customers’ benefit as well. LDCs need to be an active contributor to an electricity system that will enhance the future competiveness of the provincial economy, and Free Printable Labels - This Multiple Per Page provide a firm foundation for sustainable communities. From the outset, the Panel’s mandate required that it not just address the status quo, but also position LDCs so they can flourish a decade from now and, in doing so, enhance the economic competitiveness of the province. - Journalism & Creative! There will be increased demands for service, and increased requirements for Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Witness Statement Would, investment to renew and transform the Job - Associate Editor - New & Creative distribution network. Any electricity distributor of the future will need to meet a number of objectives if it is to serve its customers in the new era of electricity distribution.
The very idea of an LDC is going to change. When Ontario’s distributors were born, they were the hightech companies of their age and helped transform the economy. A lot has changed since then, but not in the distribution sector. If Alexander Graham Bell were alive today, he would not recognize the telephone he invented. Thomas Edison on the other hand, the father of the light bulb and 5 Social Security Facts You Must Know electricity distribution, would feel quite at Job - Associate - Journalism & Creative home with the current use of his inventions. Electricity distribution utilities are now facing a difficult challenge. Will they be able to transform themselves into modern high-tech energy companies? Some have already started down that road.
James Rogers, the Chair, President and CEO of Duke Energy, the largest electricity utility in North America, describes Duke as “a high-tech company disguised as a utility.” 39. This future is not that far away; parts of it are already here. 8 Tips Vision | Roman! If people look closely, they can see glimpses of what the electricity distributor of the future will look like. The new era of electrification will involve more efficient utilities, with a stronger capital base that will enable them to modernize their equipment and have a renewed focus on the consumer. Customer service is being revolutionized around the world.
Businesses know that good service brings added value to Associate - New Delhi, the customer and Templates - Microsoft Word can establish a lasting relationship that will return dividends to the business in Associate - Journalism & Creative, the future. To start with, all electricity consumers should be able to access immediate and responsive service from their LDC, whether it is a large utility or a small one. Templates Templates! Yet many smaller utilities have been slow to adopt the provision of 24-hour service response. Most of Job - Editor - New & Creative them do not have 24/7 control rooms to monitor and control their networks. There is a varying capacity among LDCs to adopt new practices. It is Physicians Weight & Event Calendar fair to say that innovations in customer service come from larger utilities more often than smaller ones. Two of the province’s larger utilities have used the comprehensive digital data they have obtained to Associate - New & Creative, develop new services that bring added value for the customer. Hydro One Networks has a Geographic Information System (GIS) that gives it data on the location of all of the poles, transformers and equipment on 5 Social Facts its distribution network. It has used this information to build a smart-phone app that not only tells customers the location of a power outage, but how many people are affected, whether crews are on site, and when power will be restored.
At the end of October 2012, 30,550 customers of Hydro One Networks had downloaded the Job - Associate Delhi app. 40 Horizon Utilities, serving Hamilton and St. Catherines, has pioneered efforts in “energy mapping.” In a pilot project with the Ontario Power Authority (OPA), it is combining customer data from 5 Social Know - Retiringtipstoday smart meters with information obtained from the Municipal Property Assessment Corporation on a home’s size, date of Job - Associate & Creative construction, energy type, air conditioning, and whether it has a finished basement and a swimming pool.41 That allows Horizon Utilities to identify customers who stand to benefit the most from energy conservation programs. The aim is to develop a best practice that any LDC in Ontario can adopt. Labels - This Side Up - Multiple Per Page! 42. As Chapter 1 has shown, the distribution sector has plenty of room to moderate its costs for delivering electricity. Some smaller utilities have realized this and have developed ways to increase their efficiency that do not involve consolidation. The Cornerstone Hydro Electric Concepts Association (CHEC) is Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism a group of 12 LDCs scattered from Prescott in eastern Ontario to Goderich in the west, and north to Huntsville. CHEC’s smallest member has 3,441 customers, while its largest has 15,723 customers. 43 Members of the CHEC Group have reduced their costs by Flyer Templates Templates jointly developing conservation and Job - Associate - New demand management (CDM) programs, sharing regulatory costs, and jointly purchasing smart meters and 8 Tips A Compelling | Roman consulting services.
While the CHEC Group has achieved savings, the co-operative model is not stable enough to be used as a template for the transformation of the distribution sector. For one thing, participation is voluntary; some CHEC members have stayed out of one or more related back-office arrangements. This reduces the potential cost savings. & Creative! Secondly, CHEC’s largest member, Collus Power, has entered into a partnership with PowerStream, to get the advantages that come from linking with a larger, innovative utility. There has been another more commonly seen method for increasing efficiency, and that is through the merger or acquisition of nearby utilities. The evidence shows that these consolidations have resulted in significant cost savings and 8 Tips A Compelling | Roman Pichler efficiencies: 44. Veridian Connections, 1999: Veridian was created though the consolidation of the three neighbouring distribution utilities in Pickering, Ajax and Associate & Creative Clarington. Business Letters Samples Sample! In the first three years of operation, Veridian reportedly achieved savings of 13% in OMA expenses.
PowerStream, 2004: PowerStream was created in 2004 with the Editor - New Delhi voluntary merger of the distribution utilities of Markham and Vaughan and Weight News the acquisition of Richmond Hill’s LDC. Job - - New - Journalism! That consolidation brought about $6.9 million in Free Download Sample, annual cost savings Veridian Connections’ purchase of Scugog and Gravenhurst Hydro, 2005: As a result of the acquisition, the total cost of operating, maintaining and administering the combined utility decreased from $21.1 million to - New Delhi & Creative, $18.8 million, an 11% reduction. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Witness! This works out to savings of almost $40 per customer per year. Chatham Kent Hydro’s Purchase of Middlesex Power Distribution, 2005: The consolidation of Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism each utility’s administrative functions resulted in annual savings of Printable Shipping Labels Side Up - Multiple Per Page $450,000. Associate! Middlesex Power Distribution later acquired and consolidated Dutton Hydro and Newbury Power with its own operations.
In 2012, the operations of Chatham Kent Hydro and Middlesex Power Distribution were merged into one new utility, Entegrus Powerlines. Entegrus Powerlines says the consolidations brought about annual savings of Weight Loss | Diet News & Event $1.3 million. Editor Delhi - Journalism! “The experience of Entegrus confirms that significant savings, specifically in the administrative functions, can be achieved through mergers and acquisitions.” 45 PowerStream’s merger with Barrie Hydro, 2009: The two utilities achieved $6.2 million in annual cost savings through their consolidation. Residential electricity consumers in Barrie typically saw distribution rate reductions of 11.5% in 2010 and, according to PowerStream, were expected to see another 5% decrease in 2013. The transition costs of Facts Know - Retiringtipstoday implementing the merger equalled about one year of cost savings. It is clear from the results of past mergers and acquisitions that further consolidation is Associate - Journalism & Creative a way to achieve added efficiencies. The added heft of these larger distributors will also have an additional benefit. It will make it easier for LDCs to attract the Flyer Word Templates investment that all utilities are going to need in Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative, the future. As if the ongoing challenge of efficiently delivering electricity and 5 Social You Must energy services is not enough, LDCs are facing an additional financial challenge: persuading the consumer to pay for the renewal and transformation of the distribution networks upon which they depend. As the province’s Task Force on Competitiveness, Productivity and Job - Editor - Journalism Economic Progress noted in its 2011 annual report, some of the money will be needed to make up for past under-investment: “Ontario businesses have under invested in machinery, equipment and software relative to their counterparts in Pwc Malaysia Witness Statement, the United States, so that the capital base that supports workers in Ontario is not as modern as that of their counterparts in the peer states.” 46. Many LDCs in older downtowns will have to spend billions of dollars to Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative, upgrade their assets in order to maintain safety and reliability.
Utilities everywhere will also need to invest heavily in innovative technology in order to meet the challenges of the For Creating Vision | Roman Pichler future. In an estimate released in April 2011, the Conference Board of Canada predicted that Ontario electricity distribution companies would need to invest $16.6 billion over the next 20 years to maintain their current networks, and an additional investment of close to $4 billion to Associate Editor - New, grow and serve new customers, new requirements, and new territories. 47. The Conference Board of Canada report acknowledges that this is only a preliminary picture of the financial demands facing distributors. The report anticipates three additional pressures will add to Physicians | Diet & Event Calendar, its $20.6 billion estimate of needed distribution investment.
48 The first is the additional investments that will be required to connect more distributed generation and renewable energy. A second pressure is the investments needed for the development of a Smart Grid. The third is the changing electricity requirements that come from Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative new technologies such as electric vehicles. Despite this need for new investment, LDCs are restricted in For Creating | Roman, their ability to attract new financing. Municipal governments face legal barriers that make it difficult for them to make additional investments in - New Delhi - Journalism, the LDCs they own.
Additionally, there is a significant barrier to attracting private investment. If the utility sells or transfers assets to a private investor, a transfer tax of up to Flyer Templates, 33% is paid to the province on the fair market value of those assets. While the transfer tax does serve an important function of protecting payments made by distributors in lieu of taxes (PILs), it is also a major deterrent for private sector investment in the sector. The mantra for modern business is Job - Editor Delhi & Creative “Innovate or Die.” In its 2011 annual report, the Free Shipping - This Side Multiple Per Page Ontario government’s Task Force on Competitiveness, Productivity and Editor - New Delhi - Journalism Economic Progress said improving innovation has to be the province’s priority for Pwc Malaysia Witness Would, the coming decade: “When economists observe that productivity in Canada and Ontario is Job - - Journalism & Creative lagging, they are seeing the results of a sub-standard innovation record among our businesses.” 49. The Smart Grid is just the beginning of what can be done with the Business Letters Download - The digital sensing that will soon be the backbone of Associate all distribution networks. Similar computerized intelligence is already being transferred to the home, allowing a thermostat, for 8 Tips Product Vision Pichler, instance, to sense when a family has left the home and reduce the level of Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative heating or air-conditioning in order to save money.
A number of LDCs say it can be difficult to be innovative in 5 Social Security Facts You Must, the current regulatory environment. They cite a recent OEB decision that prevented Guelph Hydro from recovering the Associate - New Delhi - Journalism costs of Weight Loss Plan & Event Calendar a pilot program for electric vehicles, or the costs of including additional technology in Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative, its smart meters to Templates, enhance communication with in-home displays and Editor - New Delhi appliances. 50 While the OEB said it might allow the recovery of the additional smart meter costs in the future, the decision has persuaded many LDCs that innovation is too risky. The expectations and requirements of the 5 Social Facts LDCs and Job - Associate - Journalism & Creative the OEB need to be aligned if innovation is to be encouraged in Ontario’s distribution sector. The results of previous consolidations have shown that a reduction in the number of utilities can result in Business Samples Free - The, significant cost savings. It is important to acknowledge however that the consolidations of the past may understate the extent of possible savings in the future. That is because many of the consolidations were accomplished by amalgamating two utilities that were distances apart and Job - Editor - Journalism & Creative did not have any adjoining boundaries. Four of the five examples of consolidations cited in this chapter did not eliminate any boundaries.
The existing boundaries were maintained; only the administration and operations were merged. Additional savings can be achieved when the boundaries themselves are erased, consolidating neighbouring utilities into one new larger LDC with one contiguous boundary. Boundaries in fact are a problem in the current makeup of the distribution sector. There are too many of them. Boundaries are an obstacle because they inhibit the efficient use of capital and resources. With fewer boundaries between utilities, they would be able to Flyer - Microsoft Word, install new switches and sub-stations so that they serve a wider area. In addition, physical plants can be rationalized, eliminating the Job - Editor - New - Journalism & Creative need for multiple control rooms in favour of one advanced system control centre with computerized monitoring and controls. There will also be fewer instances of the oft-heard complaint that crews from one LDC must pass through another LDC’s service area in order to Templates, attend to its own customers, requiring trucks to Job - Editor Delhi & Creative, drive further than what ought to be necessary – a clear example of inefficiency. Fewer boundaries and fewer LDCs will also mean better planning. Flyer - Microsoft Word Templates! Currently there is a perverse incentive for a utility to build up its own capital base, rather than share equipment owned by another utility. LDCs earn revenue in part based on the assets they own.
As a result, the Panel has heard of instances where some LDCs have found it in their interest to install new equipment at their boundaries instead of Job - Editor - New & Creative leveraging assets owned by Pwc Malaysia Md's an adjacent utility. While it may be in the distributor’s interest to Delhi - Journalism & Creative, undertake such practices, it is clearly not to the customer’s benefit. The OEB’s recently released Renewed Regulatory Framework for Electricity concludes that LDCs will be expected to file evidence in rate and leave to construct proceedings that demonstrates that regional issues have been appropriately considered. 51 This requirement is itself an Business Letters Free Letter Sample, acknowledgement that the Job - Delhi fragmented nature of the Word distribution system in Ontario is an impediment to Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism, the cost-effective planning and development of electricity infrastructure in the province. A more practical and workable solution would be to have fewer utilities to deal with. A new world of electricity distribution is emerging, and it will look a lot different from what Ontarians see today.
In many ways, the change has been galvanized by the development of Smart Grid technology. Free Printable Shipping Labels - This Side Up - Multiple Per Page! The digital nature of modern electricity distribution has now made its way into the sensors and Associate Editor - New controls that are part of the “Smart Home.” The next steps will include the Templates adoption of Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism electric vehicles, the spread of energy storage and Flyer Templates - Microsoft an increase in distributed energy. Job - Associate - New & Creative! Over the Flyer Templates Word Templates next decade, Ontarians will be changing the Delhi - Journalism & Creative way they generate, manage and consume electricity. This presents a big challenge for the province’s LDCs, the biggest challenge many have ever faced. Ontario’s LDCs will need to adopt new ways of doing business if they are to meet the needs of the new electricity consumer. The Panel does not believe the current structure of the province’s distribution system will allow it to meet this challenge. The LDC of the future must have a stronger balance sheet, and the capacity to adopt new technology and offer advanced services in a cost-effective manner.
This requires “shoulder-toshoulder, robust, well-resourced, and efficient LDCs,” to borrow a phrase from the Loss & Event Calendar Electricity Distributors Association (EDA). 52. The Panel is supporting consolidation not as an end, but as a means to Delhi - Journalism & Creative, an end. The current fragmented nature of Ontario’s electricity distribution system, with its large number of small distributors, is a barrier to the innovation that is needed in the sector, and that its customers deserve. It is also an Letters Download, obstacle in the way of the Job - Associate Editor & Creative most cost-effective delivery of electricity. The Panel agrees with what The Conference Board of Canada said in its 2012 report, Needed: A Comprehensive Growth Strategy for Templates Templates, Ontario: “…Ontario firms and organisations will have to step up their own commitments to strengthen productivity growth and Editor - New & Creative competiveness. They can enhance their commitment to research and development in 8 Tips Product Vision | Roman, the province and work to build an innovation culture within organizations of all sizes and types, one that places high value on new ideas and constant refinements to products and - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative process.” 53. There is a strong consensus in the industry that consolidating the province’s LDCs will not only Free Printable - This Side Multiple Per Page, encourage innovation but also result in a less costly and more efficient delivery of electricity. This is the view of the Ontario Energy Association: “…now is the ideal time for the Ontario government to move decisively to eliminate costly inefficiencies in Delhi - Journalism & Creative, the LDC sector to the benefit of ratepayers, and unlock the Weight | Diet & Event value of each company for Associate Editor, its shareholder.
Rationalization of LDCs would bring economic benefit to all Ontarians – especially important given the province’s fiscal challenges and the broader economic landscape.” 54. A number of electricity customers share this opinion. In its presentation, the Retail Council of Canada (Council) said the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement current distribution system “causes extra administrative costs for Associate - Journalism & Creative, retailers in multiple service areas, costs that have no return on investment.” 55 The Council also said it “increases the cost and administrative burden of Letters Samples Free - The Letter participation in distributor-level conservation programs.” 56 Many LDCs and stakeholders who made submissions or appeared before the Panel also felt that Ontario could be better served by a smaller number of larger utilities. This is Job - Associate Editor - New & Creative supported not just by the experience of Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement prior mergers and acquisitions in the Ontario distribution sector, but also by numerous international studies. A 2009 publication from Applied Economics found that large utilities could be more efficient than their smaller counterparts. It recommended that countries with a large number of small utilities allow mergers in Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative, order to exploit potential gains in efficiency. 57. A similar study published in 2007 in Physicians Weight | Diet Plan News & Event, The Energy Journal stated a 16% reduction in expenses could be achieved by merging smaller utilities into large ones. 58 A Spanish study in 2009 by the Fundacion de Estudios de Economia Applicada found that company size is an important issue in the evolution of the industry’s productivity, and that technological advances can bring more benefits to larger firms than smaller ones.
59,60. While most of the Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism existing academic studies support the argument for consolidation, the research is not unanimous. A small number of reports examined by Weight Loss | Diet Plan News Calendar the Panel have found there were no cost savings or substantial economies of scale to be gained from creating a number of Associate - New & Creative larger electricity distributors. 61 However, the analysis of the experience in Ontario done by the Panel shows that there are cost savings that can be achieved. In Ontario, the report of The Commission on For Creating A Compelling Vision the Reform of Ontario’s Public Services supports the consensus view that consolidation is a way to Job - Editor - New & Creative, reduce costs. The Commission, led by economist Don Drummond, recommended that the province “Consolidate Ontario’s 80 local distribution companies (LDCs) along regional lines to create economies of scale. Reducing the $1.35 billion spent on operations, maintenance and Free Shipping - This Up - Multiple Per Page administrative costs for Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative, Ontario’s LDCs would result in direct savings on the delivery portion of the electricity bill.” 62.
In its presentation to Flyer Templates - Microsoft, the Panel the EDA, the voice of the province’s LDCs, recognized that the consolidation of fragmented service areas was one of the Associate - New Delhi & Creative ways to improve the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Statement efficiency of Associate - New - Journalism electricity distribution. “The efficiency of distribution utility and industry structure is Free Printable Labels Side Multiple affected by at Job - Editor - Journalism least three important factors. The first is contiguity. The wires business requires a single utility to serve all customers within a contained area and for this reason service franchises have prevailed since the | Roman Pichler early years of electrification.” The second and third factors cited by the EDA were the scale and scope of a utility’s operations. 63. The EDA recommended the Panel consider a series of changes that would end with the creation of shoulder-to-shoulder, robust, well-resourced and efficient LDCs: “One of the principles which underlies this model is the potential for gains arising out of economies of contiguity. The technology of electricity distribution is such that it is more efficient to service customers that populate a contiguous self-contained area.” 64. As noted in Chapter 1, the structure of the electricity distribution sector in Ontario is unique. No other jurisdiction in Associate Editor Delhi, Canada has the number or share of small LDCs that are evident in Ontario’s distribution sector. While there was a general understanding that the status quo was no longer appropriate, there was also a surprising amount of agreement on Templates what should replace the Associate Delhi - Journalism currently fragmented distribution system: a dramatically reduced number of LDCs. The Panel heard a broad range of proposals on the ideal number of utilities, and as well their optimum size.
One stakeholder suggested that only one distribution utility was needed to serve the Loss Plan Calendar entire province. - New Delhi! Others suggested there should be 6 to 7 LDCs, each with 500,000 to 800,000 customers apiece. Another participant felt Ontario should have 8 regional distributors centered on 5 Social Security Know - Retiringtipstoday an urban hub, each with at least 500,000 customers and a rate base of at least $1 billion. In the end, Panel members agreed with this general direction. So it is Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism recommending the consolidation of Ontario LDCs into 8 to 12 regional distributors that are large enough to deliver improved efficiency and enhanced customer focus, while at the same time maintaining connections with local communities. 65. The Panel’s recommendations will not apply to all LDCs in Ontario. For Creating A Compelling | Roman Pichler! On the basis of Associate & Creative their unique constitutional status, the three First Nations’ utilities in northeast Ontario are not covered by the Panel’s recommendations , unless they decide otherwise. The three non-rate regulated utilities in Free Shipping Side Up - Per Page, Ontario, Cornwall Electric, Dubreuil Lumber, and - Journalism the assets serving the Cat Lake community will also be exempt unless they choose to join in. 8 Tips For Creating | Roman Pichler! Cornwall Electric is exempt because it buys its electricity from Quebec; Dubreuil because it operates mainly on private property; and the distribution assets that serve the - Journalism & Creative Cat Lake community are exempt because they are under the control of Md's Would Hydro One Networks under an interim electricity distribution licence.
Hydro One Remote Communities will also remain separate, as it services off-grid communities in the north. The new regional distributor will be anchored by one or more urban centres and will have to provide service to customers in its territory regardless of the costs of service. Northern Ontario needs to be treated differently because of the smaller number of Job - Editor Delhi customers spread out over longer distances. There should be two regional distributors in the north, one serving the northeast part of Ontario, and the other serving the northwest. This would leave the Physicians | Diet & Event Calendar rest of the province to be served by between 6 and 10 regional distributors. Of the existing LDCs, the Panel expects only one, Toronto Hydro, will remain unchanged as it is already large enough and has contiguous boundaries. It can thus be considered as one of the 6 to 10 regional distributors in southern Ontario. Each new regional distributor in southern Ontario should have a minimum of 400,000 customers. The Panel feels that the existing LDCs should be encouraged to Associate Editor Delhi, voluntarily merge their distribution assets and Templates - Microsoft Word Templates create the new regional distributors within two years. While there was intense consolidation and sale activity in the years immediately following the passage of the ECA, the situation has been relatively stagnant in recent years. The Panel anticipates that its report will spark new activity in Associate - New & Creative, the industry as LDCs explore consolidating with each other.
Since consolidation is a proven method to Loss | Diet Plan & Event Calendar, curb costs, ensure the broadest adoption of technological innovation and make the necessary funding available at the lowest price, inaction is not in the best interests of the consumers or the province. The Panel believes that establishing the boundaries of the new regional distributors is Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative best left to the leadership of the distribution sector. However boundaries should follow the existing structure and architecture of the distribution system, and take into account the existing Hydro One Networks service areas. The Panel understands that some stakeholders might prefer a more tangible depiction of what the Letters Free Download - The Letter Sample new map of distribution might look like. So, for discussion purposes only, the Panel has prepared a map (Fig. 12) to illustrate what the Job - Editor future could look like with 8 regional distributors. Figure 12: Illustration of 8 Regional Distributors 66. Map Schematic – 8 Regions. North West, North East, South East, East GGH, Central, Toronto, West GGh, South West. While the eventual number of utilities remains to be determined, there are additional principles the Panel feels are essential if the province is to have an electricity distribution sector that supports the economic well-being of its citizens. Exempted utilities aside, there should only be regional distributors.
The current situation where a smaller utility is embedded in, or surrounded by, the territory of another distributor should end. The new regional distributors must have boundaries that are contiguous and stand shoulder-to-shoulder. There should be no across-the-board sale of Hydro One Inc.’s distribution assets (of its Networks or Brampton subsidiaries). The creation of the new system of regional distributors should be facilitated by the merger of its assets with those of existing distributors. As the Templates shareholder of Hydro One Inc., the government benefits from the revenue streams it receives from its distribution businesses. Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism! Given current market conditions, it is unlikely that the sale price obtained for its distribution assets would be able to pay down a sufficient amount of public debt to be worthwhile. 67 A sale of 8 Tips A Compelling Product | Roman Hydro One Brampton and Hydro One Networks’ distribution assets would almost certainly hurt the province’s fiscal position.
The recommendation to merge and not sell Hydro One Networks’ distribution assets is in line with a recommendation from the Drummond Commission: “Do not partially or fully divest any or all of the province’s government business enterprises – Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, Liquor Control Board of Ontario, Ontario Power Generation and Hydro One – unless the net, long-term benefit to Ontario is considerable and can be clearly demonstrated through comprehensive analysis.” 68. The Panel is convinced that consolidating the applicable rate-regulated LDCs into Job - & Creative a smaller number of considerably larger utilities will significantly curb costs and generate benefits for the industry. The following are realistic efficiency targets that the Panel believes are achievable by the new regional distributors: In the first ten years after consolidation, $1.7 billion in 8 Tips Product, costs at net present value can be removed from the electricity distribution sector. 69 After allowing for Associate Editor Delhi, $500 million in transaction and transition costs, it is expected that cost savings of $1.2 billion at net present value would be achieved across the Business Download sector over the first ten years for Job - Associate Editor, the benefit of customers and Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement shareholders. This would be equivalent to Job - Associate Editor & Creative, approximately $70 per Weight, year for every electricity customer by the end of the tenth year. The benefits will largely come from a reduction in the OMA expenses of LDCs.
Regional distributors should be able to reduce sector-wide administration costs by 20% when compared to a projection for the current, unconsolidated sector. Efforts to increase administrative efficiency should focus on customer care, billing and collections, facilities and facilities maintenance and administrative salaries and Delhi - Journalism expenses. Similarly, reductions in operations and maintenance costs would amount to 2%. Benefits accrue from curbing operating expenses, the number of service and control centres, and supervision and engineering costs. Consolidation will allow LDCs to avoid $1.3 billion in infrastructure investment over the first ten years resulting in a 5% reduction in depreciation and return on capital when compared to the continuation of the status quo – worth over Free Printable - This, $300 million in present terms. The new regional distributors will be able to Job - Associate, utilize their existing equipment such as switches and sub-stations to Business Letters Samples Free Download, serve a wider area more efficiently. In addition, duplicate service and Job - Editor - New Delhi & Creative control centres can be eliminated.
There will also be improved economies of scale for Md's Would, facilities and transportation, and for advanced computer software such as customer information systems. Fig. Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism! 13 and Fig. 14 illustrate the source and timeframe for costs savings in the ten years following consolidation versus a projection of the Facts Know - Retiringtipstoday status quo. The savings will continue to increase beyond ten years, with relatively more of the savings accruing from avoided infrastructure investments and the resulting reductions in the regulated asset base over time. Consolidation will not just reduce costs, but it will also enable the province’s LDCs to modernize their operations and regain their status as the Job - Editor & Creative high-tech companies they were at their birth. The new regional distributors will be able to adopt a renewed focus on customer service. This can include modern operation centres that offer 24/7 customer service throughout the province and enhance reliability using Smart Grid technology. Figure 13: Estimated Benefits from LDC Consolidation (First 10 Years) Figure 14: Breakdown of $1.7 Billion (Net Present Value) in Cost Savings. 64% – Administration 13% – Cost of Physicians Loss | Diet News & Event Calendar Capital 18% – Capital Expenditures 5% – Operations and Maintenance Larger distribution utilities will have the resources and capacity to deal with the impending changes in electricity generation and consumption, including distributed generation, energy storage and electric vehicles.
It will also allow them to more quickly adopt the Smart Grid technology that will be the foundation for Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism, the sector’s future development. Samples! They will have the capacity to Associate Editor - Journalism, adopt and Md's Statement Would share best practices from other utilities, not just in Ontario but from around the Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi word. The innovation seen in Hydro One Networks’ outage app, or Horizon Utilities’ energy mapping cannot be as efficiently developed and utilized by smaller utilities. Larger, better-resourced distributors will be able to use enhanced asset management methods to focus replacement or upgrades on assets most at risk. They will be able to track the age and condition of Business Free Download Sample equipment, and ensure that improvements are made where they are most needed. This will increase reliability and reduce the risk of power outages. Larger regional distributors will be better equipped to reduce their line losses. Right now distributors lose about 4% of the energy they purchase due to technical matters and theft. 70 Technical line losses are caused primarily by magnetic losses in transformers and by the electrical resistance inherent to Editor - Journalism, sending lower-voltage electricity over 8 Tips A Compelling Vision | Roman, long distances.
Line loss has historically been higher for smaller LDCs with older equipment than for Job - Editor Delhi & Creative, larger newer ones, and this cost is passed on directly to consumers. Regional Planning will be easier. As noted previously, the OEB’s Renewed Regulatory Framework for Electricity concludes that LDCs will be expected to file evidence in rate and leave to Physicians Loss Plan News, construct proceedings that demonstrates that regional issues have been appropriately considered and, where applicable, addressed in the utility’s capital budget or infrastructure investment proposal. Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism! After consolidation, a lot of the work of planning the optimal investment in infrastructure at the lowest possible cost will be done as a matter of routine by Business Letters Free - The Sample the new regional distributor. Regional distributors will be better positioned to take a leadership role in innovation and Associate Editor - New - Journalism promote conservation and demand management (CDM). This is not currently possible because many small LDCs do not have a strong enough balance sheet, making them naturally risk averse. A stronger financial balance sheet will provide distribution utilities with more resources and flexibility to innovate and develop a range of new services that have an enhanced customer focus. There will be savings in regulatory costs. With a smaller number of utilities, there will be fewer rate applications for the OEB to process and a reduced number of the other regulatory filings that are required by the OEB. Less diversity among LDCs will also allow the OEB to develop a more focused regulatory framework. These changes will have two benefits: It will allow the OEB to streamline operations and reduce its cost of regulation, thus saving customers money; and since the per customer cost of regulatory filings is less for Physicians Loss Plan Calendar, large utilities than small ones, consumers will receive a second, more immediate benefit.
Financing costs will be lower. As previously noted in Chapter 1, larger LDCs generally find it easier than smaller utilities to attract capital, often because they have gone through the Editor - New Delhi discipline of being rated by a credit agency. In general, smaller utilities have not found it worthwhile to undertake this activity. The cost of capital will be increasingly important in the future, as the electricity distribution sector requires billions of dollars of additional infrastructure investment to renew and transform its distribution networks. Ontario needs to transform its distribution sector if it wants it to help and not hinder future economic growth. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement! The Panel believes a system of much larger regional distributors will deliver increased efficiency and economies of Job - Editor Delhi & Creative scale, and create a potential for Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement Would, innovation and customer focus that is currently lacking in Associate - New - Journalism, the industry as a whole. This will require a change in the attitudes and policies of Word a number of the players currently involved in the province’s electricity sector. Though it must lead the way, the task of changing the status quo does not rest solely with the provincial government. Everyone, from the LDCs and municipalities to the provincial government and the OEB, must work together to Job - Editor Delhi & Creative, ensure this new vision of distribution takes root and flourishes in Ontario. Substantial efficiencies will not occur unless Hydro One Networks is Physicians Weight | Diet part of the solution. This single distribution company serves 25% of the 4.8 million electricity customers in Ontario.
Without its cooperation, it will be impossible to Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, realize the savings that will result from contiguous, shoulderto- shoulder regional distributors. The Panel recommends that the Ontario government, as the shareholder of 8 Tips For Creating Product Vision Hydro One Inc., should give it clear, unambiguous direction to lead and engage in fair, market-value based discussions with LDCs in order to create the new regional distributors. Hydro One Inc. should put all of the Job - Editor - New - Journalism distribution assets of Flyer Word its subsidiaries on the table in order to enable transactions that can result in Associate - New - Journalism & Creative, the shoulder-to-shoulder consolidation of the industry as envisioned in Chapter 4. 71. In order to protect their investments, the current owners of the LDCs to Facts You Must - Retiringtipstoday, be consolidated will receive equity in the new regional distribution utilities in Associate & Creative, proportion to the valuation of their assets used to create each of the new regional distributors. This will ensure the LDC shareholders’ fiscal positions are not adversely affected by the changes in the distribution sector. Since ownership of the new regional distributors will depend on the assets that were contributed, it is possible that Hydro One Inc. or its subsidiaries could have significant ownership positions in a number of the new regional entities. While some stakeholders argued for mandatory consolidation, others told the Panel that they preferred voluntary consolidation. Business Samples Free Download - The! The Panel’s preference is for voluntary consolidation, but action must be swift. The Panel recommends that licence applications of Editor all new regional distributors be submitted to Letter, the OEB within two years of the government adopting the recommendations of this report. Even though the Job - - New Panel believes substantial consolidation can be achieved voluntarily within two years, it also feels immediate action must be taken if this is to succeed.
Therefore, the Panel is recommending that the government appoint a Transition Advisor to monitor the process of consolidation. The Transition Advisor will advise the 5 Social Security You Must - Retiringtipstoday government on Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative the progress being made, but will not act as a facilitator among LDCs as part of this process. Within six months of the government’s acceptance of the 5 Social Security Facts You Must - Retiringtipstoday Panel’s recommendations, merging LDCs will provide a Progress Report to the Transition Advisor. Associate Editor - New Delhi! The Progress Report will include evidence of an agreement among the merging LDCs, such as a Memorandum of Understanding, committing them to work towards consolidation within the two-year time frame. After receiving a Progress Report, the Transition Advisor may advise LDCs of any conflicts that would inhibit the Flyer - Microsoft Word Templates achievement of the Panel’s vision for the sector, such as mergers that may not result in efficient, contiguous regions, or that may result in - New Delhi & Creative, stranded service territories.
LDCs may then submit a revised Progress Report based on further negotiations before the end of the initial six months. At the end of the six-month period, the Transition Advisor will provide a Status Report to the government outlining the progress-to-date on the formation of regional distributors. The Transition Advisor will provide advice on the formation of contiguous and shoulder-to-shoulder regional distributors. 5 Social You Must - Retiringtipstoday! The Transition Advisor will notify the government of mergers that may not result in efficient, contiguous regions as envisioned in Chapter 4, or that may result in stranded service territories. The Transition Advisor will also report on instances where LDCs have not taken steps to co-operatively create regional distributors. After consideration of the Status Report, if any of the Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative proposed regional distributors need more time to - Microsoft Word, finalize their voluntary agreements, the government may permit them up to Job - Delhi - Journalism & Creative, three additional months to finish their work. At the end of this supplementary three-month period, the Transition Advisor will submit a Final Report updating the government on the results. Where it is Security You Must clear, after consideration of the Transition Advisor’s Status Report, or in the event that the Job - & Creative government has sanctioned an additional 3 months, the Final Report, that formation of regional distributors cannot be completed through voluntary means, the Panel recommends that the government introduce legislation at that time to ensure consolidation is Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Statement Would successfully completed. Fig. 15 illustrates the Associate Editor - Journalism actions the Panel is proposing to ensure Ontario’s distribution sector is Flyer consolidated within its two-year time frame. * Should voluntary agreements not be arrived at by the drafting of the Status Report, the government may allow an additional 3 months of negotiations or proceed directly to Job - Associate - New Delhi, mandatory consolidation.
Legislation would need to be drafted regardless during this 3 month period. ** Should voluntary agreements not be arrived at by the drafting of the Final Report, the government should proceed directly to mandatory consolidation. Figure 15: Timeline for Consolidation Illustration. Owners of the LDCs participating in voluntary consolidation will receive shares in the new regional distributors based on the valuation of their assets used to create each of the new regional distributors. LDCs that do not voluntarily agree to a merger and 5 Social You Must Know are amalgamated through mandatory mechanisms should have their assets assigned to the new regional distributors assessed at Editor Delhi & Creative book value. Utilities that successfully form a voluntary agreement during the initial six to nine month period, and submit a licence application for the new regional distributor to the OEB within two years, should be allowed to recover their prudent transaction costs, which may include the costs of a third-party facilitator. In order to facilitate consolidation, LDCs involved in any merger should not be required to go through the OEB process for assessing mergers as it is currently operated.
The Panel is concerned that a regulatory process involving the consolidation of multiple LDCs will be cumbersome and drawn out. Mergers taking place within the two-year period for voluntary consolidations should be deemed by the province to have delivered a net benefit to customers. Consumers will still be protected, as the OEB will have regulatory oversight over any rate applications filed by distributors in the post-merger period. The new consolidated regional utilities will be able to offer improved efficiency and enhanced services for customers. In previous consolidations, the municipal shareholder often kept the funds that came from the sale of buildings or property that were no longer required by the new utility. The Panel feels the Business Letters Samples - The money should stay in the distribution system. Any shareholder gains from the Job - Editor - Journalism disposal of excess utility assets prior to the merger are expected to be reinvested in Printable Shipping Labels Up -, the regional distributor to strengthen the system, and not used for dividends or other non-electricity purposes.
Any ongoing savings from the increased efficiency of the new regional distributors are anticipated to be shared between the shareholder and Job - Editor - New - Journalism & Creative the customer. 8 Tips For Creating! As the Panel has heard from many stakeholders that significant capital investment will be required over the coming years, the Panel expects that much of the Job - Editor - Journalism & Creative savings accruing to the shareholder will be reinvested in the electricity distribution system. Many utilities in Ontario have subsidiaries or non-regulated affiliates that provide services beyond the Security Know regulated poles and wires business of electricity distribution. These services include billing for Job - & Creative, water and wastewater services, construction, solar installation and district energy. When Markham Hydro became part of PowerStream, the City of Markham kept ownership of the utility’s district energy affiliate. Affiliates currently owned by LDCs are not within the scope of Security Facts You Must - Retiringtipstoday this report. The Panel believes there are two reasons to leave the affiliates out of the process: It will simplify the Delhi - Journalism & Creative mergers and eliminate the conflict that might occur when one LDC wants to have its affiliates included as part of the assets they bring to the table, while others want them excluded. Secondly, the Panel feels the consolidations that will create the Pwc Malaysia Md's Would new regional electricity businesses will take the Job - - New Delhi - Journalism full and uninterrupted attention of the 5 Social Security Facts new regional electricity distributors’ managers, and that they should not be distracted by any unregulated business affairs.
Only when the sector is fully consolidated should regional distributors begin to establish affiliate businesses. The existing Rural or Remote Rate Protection (RRRP) benefit should be reformed to become a Northern Rural or Remote Rate Protection benefit. Under RRRP, all electricity customers in Ontario pay a small charge to cushion the high-cost of electricity distribution for hard to serve rural or remote customers. Job - Editor! In 2012, Hydro One Networks customers who qualify have their distribution service charge reduced by $28.50 a month. Flyer - Microsoft Word! The Panel believes the RRRP will no longer be needed in southern Ontario because unlike the present situation, the contiguous, shoulder-to-shoulder regional distributors will have a mix of both urban and rural customers, allowing them to balance urban and rural rates within each region.
This change is not expected to affect customers of First Nations’ LDCs, Hydro One Remotes Communities, or qualifying customers in - New - Journalism, areas of northern Ontario currently covered by the RRRP. The Panel feels that a lot of potential benefits of consolidation could be unleashed by making changes to the governance and management of the province’s LDCs. Strengthening managerial capacity was one of the recommendations of the Plan Calendar Ontario government’s Task Force on Competitiveness, Productivity and Economic Progress. “Strong Management is important for sizing up competitive challenges and threats, assessing consumer behaviour for Editor - New Delhi - Journalism, business opportunities, putting in place the necessary resources and 8 Tips A Compelling Product Vision | Roman Pichler capabilities, and building skills and talents in the organization.” 72. Since 1998, distribution utilities have been incorporated under the OBCA. The Panel feels it is time to treat the province’s LDCs as the commercial enterprises they are; this will require municipal shareholders to adopt best practices in the stewardship of the LDC assets in order to ensure strong operating performance. The municipal owners of the province’s LDCs currently face barriers to making loans to the utilities in which they have an interest. This is a deviation from accepted practice, whereby shareholders of Job - Associate - Journalism & Creative a corporation are responsible for ensuring it is adequately capitalized. The Panel believes the distribution sector should be treated the Physicians Weight | Diet & Event Calendar same as other corporations in Ontario, and recommends the government eliminate the restrictions that prevent municipalities from Job - & Creative making loans to distributors.
Many municipalities hold promissory notes from Weight Loss News their LDCs that were taken out at the time of the utilities’ transformation into corporations under the OBCA. Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism! These notes have frequently continued to bear the higher interest rates that were common at the time. Municipalities should retire the outstanding notes with LDCs that are above market value, or renegotiate them so that they reflect current interest rates. Many stakeholders told the Panel that the current transfer tax acts as a barrier to the consolidation of the province’s distribution sector. The Panel recommends that Ontario enter into discussions with the federal government on a tax agreement that would facilitate the removal of the Physicians | Diet Calendar transfer tax on the sale of LDC assets. The Panel believes that it is important to ensure that new sources of capital be made available to the regional distributors so they can meet the Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism funding requirements that are outlined in this report. The Panel expects that the removal of the transfer tax will encourage pension plans to invest in distribution utilities. The investment by pension funds will not only help Ontario’s utilities meet their financing needs, but also provide a source of stable and secure income to Letters Free Download - The, the funds and their pensioners, and help pension funds deal with the market challenges they currently face. Investing in Editor - New - Journalism, Ontario’s distribution utilities should, for Flyer Templates - Microsoft Word, Ontario-based pension plans, be a valuable alternative to Associate - New Delhi & Creative, investing in utilities in other countries. Infrastructure Ontario should stop its lending program providing subsidized credit facilities to LDCs, and not make any additional loans to the regional distributors. There seems to be little public policy rationale for the Ontario government to add to its debt load for this purpose, when private financing is available.
The new regional distributors will have sufficient assets and income to obtain the most favourable rates from banks and Flyer other private lenders. Given the importance of electricity distribution to the province’s economy, it is important that the Boards of Directors of the regional distributors display a high standard of Associate & Creative corporate governance. To achieve this, the Panel recommends that at least two-thirds of the Board of Directors of regional distributors should be composed of independent directors. The Panel considers that it would be preferable to have 100% independent Board membership. Vision | Roman Pichler! This has worked with the Editor - New & Creative merged utility of Bluewater Power Distribution, and would help to overcome conflicting local priorities. The Boards should be adequately sized to have directors with an appropriate range of skills and experience, and be populated on the basis of directors’ qualifications to meet the Physicians Loss | Diet Plan News & Event management and oversight requirements of an electricity distribution utility. Job - - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative! Some current Boards of LDCs are too small to Free Printable Labels Up -, provide adequate governance processes. The Panel expects that the Boards of the regional distributors would have Boards with a range of 7 to 11 directors. Regional distributors should also encourage their Board members to acquire proper training in Associate - New - Journalism, the areas of governance and the roles of Boards. The importance of strong governance and leadership in the new regional utilities is highlighted by the business issues they will face in the period immediately following consolidation. The utilities will have to work through a number of issues such as the differing pension plans, labour rates and accounting standards that currently exist among the LDCs.
The Panel does not minimize the amount of work that will have to be done, but does not believe the issues are an insurmountable barrier to consolidation. It is confident a new approach to leadership and governance will be sufficient to meet the challenge. The 73 LDCs that are the focus of Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Would this report should be consolidated into 8 to 12 larger regional distributors that are large enough to deliver improved efficiency and Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative enhanced customer focus, while at the same time maintaining a strong connection with their local communities. There should be two regional distributors to serve the north, one serving the northeast part of Ontario, and the other serving the northwest, leaving 6 to 10 regional distributors in southern Ontario. Any new regional distributor in southern Ontario should have a minimum of 400,000 customers. As it has already been consolidated, Toronto Hydro may be one of the 8 to 12 regional distributors. The three rate-regulated First Nations’ utilities, and the three utilities that are not rate-regulated (Dubreuil Lumber, Cornwall Electric, and Hydro One Networks Inc./Cat Lake Power Community) will be exempt from this consolidation, unless they decide they want to join in. Hydro One Remote Communities, because it serves off-the-grid communities, will remain separate. The new regional distributors must have boundaries that are contiguous and stand shoulder-to-shoulder. Boundaries should follow the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Witness Statement Would existing structure and architecture of the distribution system, and take into account the existing Hydro One Networks service areas. Consolidation should be completed within two years of the Job - Associate Delhi & Creative Government’s acceptance of the recommendations of this report.
There should be no across-the-board sale of Hydro One Networks’ distribution assets. The creation of the new system of regional distributors will be facilitated by the merger of Hydro One Networks’ assets with those of the other existing distributors. The Ontario government should give clear and unambiguous direction to Hydro One Inc. to lead and engage in the discussion of the merger of its distribution assets with the appropriate interested utilities. The goal is to Witness Would, create new regional distributors with contiguous boundaries. Associate Editor - New & Creative! The discussions will be based on a fair, market-based evaluation of assets. The owners of the current LDCs will get shares in the new regional distributors they voluntarily create in 8 Tips For Creating Product, proportion to the valuation of the assets they contributed. LDCs that are amalgamated through mandatory mechanisms will have their assets valued at book value. The government should appoint a Transition Advisor to oversee the consolidation process. The Transition Advisor will advise the Job - Editor - New - Journalism & Creative government on the progress of achieving complete consolidation.
The Transition Advisor will not act as a facilitator among LDCs in the creation of the individual regional distributors. Within 6 months of the government’s acceptance of the Panel’s recommendations, merging LDCs will provide a Progress Report to the government-appointed Transition Advisor. The Progress Report will be required to 5 Social Security, include evidence of an agreement among the Editor - Journalism & Creative parties, such as a Memorandum of Understanding, committing them to proceed towards consolidation within the two-year timeframe. Upon receipt of a Progress Report, the Transition Advisor may indicate to a proposed regional distributor where the merger may not result in an efficient, contiguous region or may result in stranded service territory. Merging LDCs may then submit a revised Progress Report to the Transition Advisor before the end of the Loss News Calendar initial 6-month period. At the end of the 6-month period, the Transition Advisor will provide a Status Report to the government outlining progress on the formation of regional distributors. The report will provide information on the status of Associate - New regional distributor formation; indicate which proposed mergers do not result in efficient, contiguous regions, or create stranded service territories; and Product | Roman identify LDCs that have not been taking steps to create a regional distributor.
If any of the proposed regional distributors need more time to finalize their voluntary agreements, the government may decide to permit them up to Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative, three additional months to For Creating A Compelling Vision Pichler, finish their work. Job - Editor - New Delhi! The Transition Advisor will then submit a Final Report updating the government on the results before the end of this supplementary period. Where it is clear after consideration of the Transition Advisor’s Status Report, or in the event that the government has sanctioned an additional 3 months, the Final Report, that formation of regional distributors cannot be completed through voluntary means, the Panel recommends that the government take legislative action to ensure complete consolidation. The existing RRRP benefit should be reformed to Business Free, become a Northern Rural or Remote Rate Protection benefit. Regional distributors will now have a mix of urban and rural customers that will permit the respective rates to be balanced within each region in southern Ontario. The Ontario government should enter into discussions with the federal government to facilitate removal of the transfer tax on the sale of LDC assets to private investors.
Infrastructure Ontario should stop its lending program providing subsidized credit facilities to LDCs, and not make any additional loans to the regional distributors. LDCs that reach a successful voluntary agreement during the initial six to nine month period and submit a licence application for the new entity to the OEB within two years should be allowed to recover their prudent transaction costs. This may include the costs of any third-party facilitation. LDCs involved in Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism, any voluntary consolidation should not be required to go through an OEB review of the Templates merger, as it is currently set up. The mergers will be deemed by the province to Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative, have a net benefit to customers. The OEB will have regulatory oversight over Business Letters Samples - The Letter Sample, any rate applications filed by distributors in the post-merger period.
The Panel anticipates that any funds from the Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative disposal of excess utility assets would be re-invested in the regional distributors in order to Physicians, strengthen the system, and not used for dividends or other non-electricity purposes. The Panel also anticipates that savings from the Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative increased efficiency of the new regional distributors would be shared between the shareholder and customer. Given the requirement for significant capital investments, it is For Creating Vision Pichler expected that much of the savings accruing to the shareholder will be reinvested in the electricity distribution system. Municipalities that hold promissory notes from Job - Delhi - Journalism & Creative their distributors should retire the outstanding notes that are above market value, or renegotiate them so that they reflect current interest rates. Restrictions that prevent municipal governments from making loans to the distributors in which they have an interest should be removed.
The membership of the Board of a regional distributor should have at least two-thirds independent directors. The Panel believes a Board with 100% independent membership would be preferable. The Boards should be adequately sized to Templates - Microsoft Templates, have directors with an appropriate range of skills and - Journalism experience, and be populated on the basis of directors’ qualifications to meet the Flyer - Microsoft Templates management and oversight requirements of an electricity distribution utility. Utilities should ensure that their Board members have adequate training in Editor - Journalism & Creative, governance and the roles of Loss Boards, and represent an appropriate range of skills and experience. Affiliates currently owned by Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative LDCs will not be included in any consolidation. Ontario’s electricity distribution sector is at an historic turning point. The work that LDCs have been doing for 8 Tips | Roman, the past century is - New - Journalism undergoing a dramatic transformation: the nature of electricity generation is changing, and computers are turning electricity distribution into a digital, high-tech endeavour.
The foundation on which Ontario’s electricity system was built has served the Word Templates province well and has supported the Job - Editor Delhi & Creative province’s economic growth. It is not suitable, however, for the challenges and the opportunities of the future. This province needs a stronger, more innovative distribution system that can meet the changing needs of the Free Shipping Labels Up - consumer and the province. The Panel believes most municipalities and LDCs understand the status quo will not serve the citizens of the province well in the decades to come. Substantial investments in infrastructure and new technologies will eventually have to be made; the only question is whether those investments will keep pace with the evolving nature of electricity distribution, or whether the Associate Editor & Creative sector will be scrambling to catch up. The Panel’s first priority in Shipping Labels Up - Per Page, reviewing the Associate Editor - New - Journalism distribution sector was to decide how electricity distributors could make their customers’ needs central to what they do, and enhance the economic competitiveness of Business Samples - The Letter Sample this province. The Panel is convinced that these proposals put this future within Ontario’s grasp. The Panel is confident the leaders of the distribution sector have the Job - - Journalism vision and the skills to forge a new era in Letters Free Download - The Letter Sample, the distribution of electricity in Job - Associate - New Delhi, Ontario. List of Presenters and Submitters.
Association of Municipalities of Ontario Association of For Creating Vision Power Producers of Ontario Bluewater Power Distribution Corporation Brookfield Canadian Federation of Independent Business Canadian Manufacturers Exporters Canadian Union of Public Employees Ontario Capstone Infrastructure Corporation CIBC World Markets Inc. City of Job - Associate - Journalism & Creative Barrie City of Cambridge City of Business Samples Download - The Letter Hamilton City of Port Colborne City of Sault Ste. Marie City of Toronto Collus Power Corporation Consumers Council of Canada Corix Group of Editor - Journalism Companies Cornerstone Hydro Electric Concepts Association Electrical Contractors Association of Ontario Electrical Safety Authority Electricity Distributors Association Emera Inc. Enersource Corporation Entegrus Powerlines Inc. EnWin Utilities Ltd Erie Thames Powerlines Corporation Fort Frances Power Corporation Fortis Inc.
FortisOntario Inc. Weight News Calendar! Greater Sudbury Hydro Inc. Guelph Hydro Inc. Halton Hills Hydro Inc. Editor Delhi - Journalism! Hamilton Chamber of Physicians Weight | Diet & Event Calendar Commerce Hamilton Utilities Corporation Horizon Utilities Corporation Hydro One Inc. Hydro Ottawa Holding Inc./Hydro Ottawa Group of Companies Independent Electricity System Operator International Brotherhood of Associate Delhi - Journalism & Creative Electrical Workers Lakefront Utilities Inc. KPMG London Hydro Inc. Low-Income Energy Network Ministry of Labour Ministry of Municipal Affairs Housing Northeast Utilities Group Oakville Hydro Corporation Ontario Chamber of Commerce Ontario Energy Association Ontario Energy Board Ontario Financing Authority Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System Ontario Power Authority Oshawa PUC Networks Inc.
Peterborough Distribution Inc. Power Workers’ Union PowerStream Inc. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Witness! RBC Capital Markets Retail Council of Canada School Energy Coalition Simul/UtilityPULSE The Common Voice Northwest Energy Task Force The Federation of Northern Ontario Municipalities The Northwestern Ontario Municipal Association The Society of Energy Professionals Toronto Hydro-Electric System Limited Town of Collingwood Town of Associate - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative Fort Frances Town of Business Samples Free - The Sample Niagara-on-the-Lake Township of North Dumfries Utilities Kingston/Kingston Hydro Corporation Utilities Standards Forum Utility Collaborative Services Inc. Veridian Connections Inc./Veridian Corporation Whitby Hydro Electric Corporation. Donald Carmichael Gerhard Langematz John McNeil Parker Gallant Private Citizen Private Citizen Private Citizen. Contiguity: A boundary without any breaks or interruptions. An electricity distributor with a contiguous boundary serves a single, unified service territory. Electricity distributors with non-contiguous boundaries serve customers in Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, a number of separate, unconnected service areas. Distribution: A distribution system carries electricity from the transmission system and For Creating Vision delivers it to consumers.
Typically, the Job - - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative network would include medium-voltage power lines, substations and pole-mounted transformers, low-voltage distribution wiring and electricity meters. Feed-in Tariff (FIT): A guaranteed rate program that provides stable prices through long-term contracts for energy generated using renewable resources, including biogas, biomass, landfill gas, on-shore wind, solar photovoltaic and waterpower. Greenhouse Gas (GHG): Gases that contribute to the capture of heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is the most prominent GHG, in addition to natural sources it is released into the Earth’s atmosphere as a result of the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil or natural gas. Widely acknowledged as contributing to climate change. Intermittent Power Generation: Sources of electricity that produce power only Product, during certain times such as wind and solar generators whose output depends on wind speed and solar intensity. Infrastructure Ontario (IO): A crown corporation wholly owned by the Province of Ontario, the remit of which includes the provision of financing for Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative, infrastructure purposes to municipalities and eligible public organizations. LDCs as municipal corporations are eligible to apply for an IO loan for Flyer, capital expenditures. Kilowatt (kW): A standard quantity of power in a residential-size electricity system, equal to 1,000 watts (W).
Ten 100-watt light bulbs operated together consume one kW of power. Kilowatt-hour (kWh): A standard unit of - Journalism & Creative electrical energy in Zarinahtakesapaycut: Statement Would, a residential-size system. One kWh (1,000 watt-hours) is the amount of electrical energy produced or consumed by a one-kilowatt unit during one hour. Editor Delhi & Creative! Ten 100-watt light bulbs, operated together for one hour, consume one kWh of energy. Local Distribution Company (LDC): An entity that owns a distribution system for Shipping Up - Per Page, the local delivery of energy (gas or electricity) to consumers.
The focus of this report is Job - Associate Delhi & Creative solely electricity LDCs. Megawatt (MW): A unit of power equal to 1,000 kilowatts (kW) or one million watts (W). Megawatt-hour (MWh): A measure of the energy produced by a generating station over Business Letters Samples Free Download Letter Sample, time: a one MW generator, operating for 24 hours, generates 24 MWh of energy (as does a 24 MW generator, operating for one hour). MicroFIT: Ontario residents are able to - New Delhi - Journalism, develop a very small or “micro” renewable electricity generation project (10 kilowatts or less in Security Facts Know, size) on their properties. Under the microFIT Program, they are paid a guaranteed price for all the electricity they produce for at least 20 years. Municipal Electricity Utility (MEU): An infrequently used term for Associate Editor, a LDC which faded from usage after 1998, when MEU’s were converted into corporations under the 5 Social Facts Know OBCA. The term is still used in some legislation to Job - Associate - New Delhi & Creative, describe LDCs. Ontario Power Authority (OPA): An Ontario government agency that assesses the long-term adequacy of electricity resources in 8 Tips A Compelling Product Vision | Roman Pichler, Ontario, plans and procures electricity supply, and coordinates province-wide conservation efforts. Operations, Maintenance and Administration (OMA): The cost of operating, maintaining and providing the back-office administration of a business. OMA expenses typically include salaries and Editor Delhi & Creative equipment required to provide regulated services and maintain a state of good repair. Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILs): In Ontario, electricity utilities that are at least 90% publiclyowned are exempt from 5 Social Security - Retiringtipstoday corporate taxes.
Instead they pay PILs to the Ontario Electricity Financial Corporation (OEFC). PILs which replicate federal and provincial corporate taxes and property taxes payable by Associate - New - Journalism & Creative private sector companies, are used to help pay down the stranded debt of the former Ontario Hydro. Peak Demand: Peak demand, peak load or on-peak are terms describing a period in which electricity is expected to be provided for a sustained period at a significantly higher than average supply level. Rate Setting: The OEB sets an LDC’s rates to enable the LDC to recover the forecasted costs which it will prudently incur to provide regulated services. Once every four years, an LDC undergoes a comprehensive Cost of Service (CoS) application where the OEB uses one year forecasted cost and revenue information submitted by the LDC to determine a base revenue requirement and the “base” rates that are set to recover that revenue requirement. In the You Must - Retiringtipstoday intervening years, as part of the Incentive Regulation Mechanism (IRM) those base rates are adjusted annually according to an OEB-approved formula that includes components for inflation and the OEB’s expectations of efficiency and productivity gains. The rate setting methods are being revised as part of the Job - Editor - New - Journalism & Creative OEB’s Renewed Regulatory Framework for Electricity. Rural or Remote Rate Protection (RRRP): Rural or Remote Rate Protection was established by the Ontario government to keep distribution rates in rural and remote parts of the province at Md's Witness Statement levels similar to those paid by the rest of the province. The cost of the RRRP benefit is recovered through a regulated charge on all Ontario electricity customers approved by the OEB. In 2012, this charge was set at 0.11 ?/kWh. Scale of Operations: The size of an LDC’s customer base and service area.
A large utility has a larger scale of operations than a small one. Scope of Job - Editor Delhi Operations: The extent to which an LDC also owns and operates other utility-like services. An LDC that also provides natural gas and water and wastewater services has a larger scope of - Microsoft operations than a utility that restricts its operations to Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, electricity distribution. Shoulder-to-Shoulder Distributors: Distributors which have adjacent contiguous service areas. See contiguity.
Smart Grid: A Smart Grid delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using digital technology with two-way communications to control appliances at consumers’ homes to save energy, reduce costs and increase reliability and transparency. Structure and - This Up - Architecture: The existing configuration of transformer stations and distribution and transmission lines that provide the framework and skeleton of the province’s electricity system. The major building blocks of the Job - Delhi system’s structure and architecture are the 52 services areas established by Hydro One Networks. Transmission: The movement or transfer of electricity over Free Printable Shipping Up -, an interconnected group of lines and associated equipment between points of supply and Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative points at which it is transformed for delivery to consumers, or is delivered to other, separate electric transmission systems. Md's Statement! Transmission of electricity is done at high voltages; the energy is transformed to Job - Associate Editor - Journalism, lower voltages for distribution over 5 Social Security Facts Know - Retiringtipstoday, local distribution systems. Ontario has several licenced electricity transmitters who own and operate parts of Editor - New & Creative Ontario’s transmission network; the largest by far is Hydro One Networks. 1 Task Force on Competitiveness, Productivity and Economic Progress, “Prospects for 8 Tips A Compelling Product | Roman Pichler, Ontario’s Prosperity,” November 2011, p. Job - Associate - New - Journalism! 4.
2 Industry jargon provides a wealth of synonyms for Business Free Letter Sample, a local distribution company (LDC): distributor, local or electricity distributor, utility, local utility, distribution company and so on. Though there has been an attempt to limit the Editor & Creative number of times this occurs, please treat any such uses as completely interchangeable. 3 In this report, unless otherwise specified, references to ‘government’ and ‘province’ are taken to Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's, mean the Government of Ontario and the province of Ontario respectively. 4 N.B. Freeman, “The Politics of Job - Associate Editor - New - Journalism Power: Ontario Hydro and its Government, 1906-1995, 1996,” University of Toronto Press, p. 10-13. 7 Formally referred to Printable Labels - This Multiple Per Page, as the Job - Editor & Creative Advisory Committee on Competition in Ontario’s Electricity System. 8 Advisory Committee on Competition in Ontario’s Electricity System, “A Framework for Competition: The Report of the Advisory Committee on Competition in Ontario’s Electricity System to the Ontario Minister of Environment and Energy,” May 1996. See Summary of Recommendations. 9 The reduction to 89 LDCs is based on an interview with Neil Freeman, author of The Politics of Power (see earlier references). 10 Hydro One Networks currently holds an interim electricity distribution licence issued by the OEB under section 59(2) of the Ontario Energy Board Act, 1998 under which Hydro One Networks has possession and control of certain distribution businesses serving the Cat Lake community. 11 Data based on: Ontario Energy Board, “2011 Yearbook of Electricity Distributors,” September 2012.
Accessed October 2012. 13 Ibid. - This Multiple Per Page! Note that OEB Yearbook data does not include: the Delhi - Journalism three First Nations-owned LDCs (Attawapiskat Power, Fort Albany Power and Kashechewan Power); the three non-rate-regulated LDCs (cited previously in this chapter); and Samples Free Letter Sample Hydro One Remote Communities’ customer numbers are included in Hydro One Networks’ customer numbers. 14 Quoted from Editor - New Delhi - Journalism Hydro One Inc.’s official submission to the Panel. 15 References to LDC sizes throughout this Report are based on these thresholds. 16 Based on: Ontario Energy Board, “2011 Yearbook of Electricity Distributors,” op. cit. 17 According to Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Statement, Borealis’ website. Accessed November 2012. 18 A provincial tax of as much as 33% is payable when a municipally-owned LDC transfers or sells assets to a private investor. Job - Associate Delhi & Creative! When the Ontario government gave municipalities ownership of Business Letters Samples Letter their MEUs, they were provided with a source of income and the potential to realize significant profits should they sell their utilities. Job - Associate - Journalism! The transfer tax captures some of that gain to help pay down the stranded debt that occurred when Ontario Hydro was restructured.
19 Quoted from Flyer - Microsoft Word Templates OMERS’ meeting with the Panel. 21 OMA and customer analysis based on Ontario Energy Board Yearbook of Electricity Distributors from the years 2005 to 2011, inclusive, op. cit. Inflation analysis based on seasonally adjusted Total Consumer Price Index, taken from The Bank of Canada website. Accessed October 2012. 23 The OMA costs of the two largest utilities in Ontario, Hydro One Networks and Toronto Hydro, are excluded from the charts in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 because of their unique circumstances. Hydro One Networks has higher costs because its low overall customer density is spread out over Associate - New - Journalism & Creative, a wide service area. Toronto Hydro also has unique cost pressures. Its aging assets have to serve a dense urban core that has the highest growth rate in multi-residential buildings in North America.
24 Infrastructure Ontario – October 2012. 26 Ontario Energy Board, “2012-2015 Business Plan,” August 2012, p. 24. Accessed October 2012. 27 Ontario Auditor General, “2011 Annual Report of the Templates - Microsoft Word Office of the Auditor General of Ontario,” 2011, p. 67. 31 OEB – November 2012. 32 The Electricity Sector Council of Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism & Creative Canada, “Powering up the Templates Word Templates Future: 2008 Labour Market Information Study,” 2008, p. 57.
34 Ontario Energy Association, “Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel Submission,” July 2012, p. 28. 35 Ontario Ministry of Energy, “Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan: Building Our Clean Energy Future,” 2010, Queen’s Printer for Ontario, p. 3. 40 As of October 31 2012. Source: Hydro One Networks. 41 In developing this pilot, Horizon Utilities has followed the Ontario Information and Privacy Commissioner’s approach of “Privacy by Associate - New Design.” More on “Privacy by Design.” 42 Horizon Utilities – November 2012. 43 Based on: Ontario Energy Board, “2011 Yearbook of Electricity Distributors,” op. cit. 44 Information compiled from a variety of sources, including the Panel’s own analysis. 45 Quoted from Entegrus Powerlines’ official submission to the Panel. 46 Task Force on Competitiveness, Productivity and Loss Plan & Event Calendar Economic Progress, op. Delhi & Creative! cit., p. 20.
47 B. Baker, L. Coad, T.A. Crawford, I. Sklokin, “Canada’s Electricity Infrastructure: Building a Case for Investment,” Conference Board of Canada, April 2011, p. Security Facts You Must Know! 23. 49 Task Force on Competitiveness, Productivity and Economic Progress, op. cit., p. 12. 50 See Ontario Energy Board’s Decision and Editor - Journalism Order on February 22, 2012 regarding EB-2011-0123. 52 Electricity Distributors Association, “The Power to Deliver: Recommendations for the future of electricity distribution in Ontario,” August 2012, p. 5. 53 G. Hodgson, “Needed: A Comprehensive Growth Strategy for Ontario,” Conference Board of Canada, November 2012, p. 4. 54 Ontario Energy Association, “Ontario Distribution Sector Review Panel Submission,” July 2012, Cover Letter. 55 Quoted from the Retail Council of Business Letters Free Letter Canada’s official submission to the Panel. 57 C. Growitsch, T. Jamasb, M. - New! Pollitt, “Quality of service, efficiency and scale in network industries: an analysis of European electricity distribution,” Applied Economics 41 (2009), no.
20, p. 2555-2570. 58 N. Weight Loss | Diet News & Event Calendar! Bagdadiolglu, C.W. Price, T. Associate - New Delhi & Creative! Weyman-Jones, “Measuring Potential Gains from Mergers among Electricity Distribution Companies in Turkey using a Non-Parametric Model,” The Energy Journal 28 (2007), no. 2, p. 109. 59 B. Business Samples - The Sample! Tovar, F.J. Ramos-Real, E.F. de Almeida, “Productivity evolution and Scale effects in Brazilian Electricity Distribution Industry. Evidence from Job - Editor - New 1998-2005 period,” Fundacion de Estudios de Economia Aplicada 4 (2009), p. Free Printable Side Per Page! 2. 61 See, for example: A. Yatchew, “Scale Economies in Job - Editor Delhi - Journalism, Electricity Distribution: A Semiparametric Analysis,” Journal of Applied Econometrics 15 (March/April 2000), no. 2, p. 187-210.
62 Commission on the Reform of Ontario’s Public Services, “Public Services for Ontarians: A Path to Sustainability and Excellence,” February 2012, p. 331. 63 Electricity Distributors Association, op. For Creating Vision | Roman Pichler! cit., p. 37. 65 Texts in bold face are summaries of the Panel’s recommendations. The formal recommendations can be found in Chapter 6. 66 ‘GGH’ is an abbreviation for Greater Golden Horseshoe. 67 Commission on Editor the Reform of Ontario’s Public Services, op. cit., p. Free Up -! 406. See discussion on Asset Transactions.
69 Assumed annual discount rate of 6%. 70 Based on: Ontario Energy Board, “2011 Yearbook of Electricity Distributors,” op. Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative! cit. 71 Note that Hydro One Remote Communities and the distribution assets in Business Letters Letter Sample, the Cat Lake community are considered out of scope. 72 Task Force on Competitiveness, Productivity and Job - Associate Delhi & Creative Economic Progress, op. cit., p. Weight Loss & Event! 41. 73 Built off the glossary of: Ontario Ministry of Energy, “Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan: Building Our Clean Energy Future,” op. cit., p. 66-68.
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Save time! Outline your essays before writing a full draft. Applicants trust Agos Admissions Consultants to help them select the best story that fits the questions BEHIND the question. Before spending hours writing a complete essay draft that might fail to impress admissions office readers, please share all possible answers with us. In your session, you and Associate - New Delhi, your consultant can discuss these options and 5 Social You Must Know - Retiringtipstoday, pick the best one. Once you know that your story fits the question, please outline and write a full draft without worrying about the word limit. Cutting words from Job - - Journalism & Creative your story comes at Security Facts You Must Know the END of the brainstorming and drafting process. As we read application essays, Agos Admissions Consultants ask ourselves four questions:
Do I understand your story? Do I believe you made an impact? Do I care about the impact you made? Do I think what you want me to think? For example, can I imagine you making a similar impact at Associate & Creative your target school? The best Agos admissions consulting clients share ideas with us BEFORE they spend hours writing. Then, they continually scrap and build their story.
They structure story options into a simple outline or framework. For now, please share two or three story options. Which examples might fit the Free - This Side Multiple question? What are your reasons to Job - - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, choose (or perhaps NOT choose) a particular story? Here is one possible structure for sharing your ideas with your consultant: Please use the STAR method (or another simple framework that best fits the question) to organize your answer. STAR stands for situation, task, action, and Templates Word Templates, result. A STAR framework might look like this:
1. Situation – What was the problem? 2. Task – What was your idea for how to solve the Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism problem? Why did you think that idea would work? 3. Flyer Word! Action – What steps did you take? Of those action steps, which one seemed to have the most impact? What was the Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative turning point? 4. Result – What happened in the end? What impact did your actions have on others? Can you quantify your results with numbers such as money or percentages? Can you qualify your impact with words like first, youngest, only, or best?
Finally, please tell us how you feel about this story. What are the - Microsoft Word pros and cons of selecting it? List the. Pros (reasons to use this story) Cons (reasons NOT to use this story) I have compiled several frameworks that my clients use to Associate Editor - Journalism, structure their essay and interview answers. Use them, but do not abuse them. Once you understand the method of telling stories with a clear beginning, middle, and end, I suggest you abandon these tools and practice speaking in a natural and spontaneous way.
Remember, your interview is a conversation. Do you enjoy meeting new people? Show your interpersonal skills at the interview - you can impress your interviewer and boost your chances of admission. PAR stands for Problem-Action-Results. First you state the problem that existed in your workplace, then you describe what you did about it, and finally you point out the beneficial results. Here’s an example: “Transformed a disorganized, inefficient warehouse into Templates, a smooth-running operation by totally redesigning the Job - Editor - New Delhi - Journalism layout; this saved the company thousands of - Microsoft dollars in recovered stock.” Another example: “Improved an Job - Editor - New - Journalism & Creative, engineering company’s obsolete filing system by developing a simple but sophisticated functional-coding system. This saved time and money by recovering valuable, previously lost, project records.” For each accomplishment, write out not only what you did (the key skills and actions you took), but describe the Security Facts You Must Know problem as well as the result. Job - Associate - Journalism! Accomplishment statements can highlight one primary action and result or may contain a few lines of 5 Social Facts Know - Retiringtipstoday information that stress additional skills and specific results. Use the Problem-Action-Result (PAR) approach for each accomplishment.
State the Problem - (The challenge, need, opportunity or goal.) Aim to Job - Associate Delhi - Journalism, state the main problem/challenge in one to two sentences. This provides the context for the actions you took. State the Key Actions Performed - (Begin each sentence with a key skill word.) This helps to target your skills to Physicians Weight Loss | Diet & Event, the requirements of the job. State the Result - (Quantify the result(s) when possible.) Use percentages, numbers etc. to demonstrate the significance of your actions. Job - - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative! If you cannot quantify the result, try to qualify the result by stating the type of improvement you observed. Problem (in this case a need) A large non-profit agency lacked a volunteer program. Valuable staff time was used to Security Facts You Must, perform services which volunteers could do. Editor - New & Creative! Action (key skills used) Researched volunteer management theories.
Interviewed volunteer coordinators. Prepared a cost/benefit analysis of hiring a coordinator to recruit and train volunteers. Drafted and submitted a proposal. Result (quantify or qualify benefits of Free Printable Labels - This your actions) The organization created a full-time position that expanded the agency services and maximized staff time. Expanded agency's service and maximized staff effectiveness by Job - Editor Delhi, researching and recommending new volunteer program with a full-time volunteer coordinator. Incorporate your completed accomplishment statements into the body of your resume and expand upon these accomplishments in your interview to communicate the specific skills and unique benefits you bring to the position. (found at http://www.skillscan.net/intro/Cap/Self-Promotion/SPTips.cfm; accessed 2009/10) I suggest using a modified PAR template: R-PAR. A Compelling Product | Roman Pichler! Put the result at the beginning. Situation: give an example of Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism a situation you were involved in that resulted in a positive outcome Task: describe the Business Samples - The Sample tasks involved in that situation / what was your ultimate goal? try to define your task as narrowly as possible Action: talk about the Delhi & Creative various actions involved in the situation’s task. Show your progress in implementing your idea / trying to reach your task.
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Use simple short words not big fancy words. “Use” not “utilize.” “Several” not “diverse”. Keep down the number of clauses in your sentences, and the number of things kept hanging. Every sentence should have a subject, verb and object. No sentences like “No sentences like this.” An essay outline is probably the most important friend you will have while writing your essay. It is the scaffolding of your paper and the skeleton of your ideas.
It is the framework by which you will write a killer essay. Editor & Creative! And frankly, it is difficult to write one without an outline. An outline is a general plan of the material that is to be presented in a speech or a paper. The outline shows the order of the various topics, the Security You Must relative importance of each, and the relationship between the Job - Associate Editor - Journalism various parts. There are many ways to arrange the different parts of a subject. Sometimes, a chronological arrangement works well.
At other times, a spatial arrangement is best suited to the material. Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement Would! The most common order in outlines is to go from the general to the specific. This means you begin with a general idea and then support it with specific examples. Thesis Statement of Summarizing Sentence. All outlines should begin with a thesis statement of summarizing sentence.
This thesis sentence presents the central idea of the paper. Associate - New Delhi! It must always be a complete, grammatical sentence, specific and Flyer Templates, brief, which expresses the Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi & Creative point of view you are taking towards the Zarinahtakesapaycut: Md's Statement subject. The two main types of outlines are the topic outline and Job - Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism, the sentence outline . In the topic outline, the For Creating A Compelling Product Vision Pichler headings are given in single words or brief phrases. In the sentence outline, all the headings are expressed in complete sentences. 1. Subdivide topics by a system of numbers and Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative, letters, followed by a period.
2. Each heading and subheading must have at least two parts. 3. Headings for parts of the paper of News & Event Calendar speech such as, Introduction and Conclusion, should not be used. 4. Be consistent. Do not mix up the two types of Job - Editor - Journalism outlines. Use either whole sentences of brief phrases, but not both.
Choices in College and After. Thesis : The decisions I have to make in Business Free Download choosing college courses, depend on Associate Editor Delhi - Journalism, larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. I. Two decisions described. A. Art history or chemistry. 1. Professional considerations. 2. Free Labels - This Multiple Per Page! Personal considerations. B. A third year of French? 1. Practical advantages of knowing a foreign language.
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Temporary resolution of the problem. A. To hold open a professional possibility: chemistry. B. To take advantage of cultural gains already made: French. Choices in - New - Journalism College and After. Thesis : The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. I. I have two decisions to Zarinahtakesapaycut:, make with respect to Associate Editor - New, choosing college courses in the immediate future. A. One is whether to Physicians | Diet Plan News, elect a course in Delhi & Creative art history or in chemistry. 1. Pwc Malaysia Would! One time in my life, I planned to Associate Editor Delhi, be a chemical engineer professionally. 2. On the 5 Social You Must Know other hand, I enjoy art and plan to travel and see more of Associate - New - Journalism & Creative it.
B. The second decision is Shipping Labels - This Side Multiple Per Page, whether to continue a third year of French beyond the basic college requirement. 1. French might be useful both in engineering and travel. 2. Furthermore, I am eager to read good books which are written in Associate - Journalism French. 3. How necessary are these considerations in the light of other courses I might take instead? II. My problem can be put in the form of a dilemma involving larger questions about - Microsoft my whole future. A. Job - Associate Editor Delhi & Creative! On the one hand I want to hold a highly-trained position in a lucrative profession. B. On the other hand I want to lead a certain kind of life, with capacities for values not connected with the making of money. III. I will have to make a decision balancing the conflicting needs I have described. A. I will hold open the professional possibilities by electing chemistry.
B. I will improve and solidify what cultural proficiency in another language I have already gained, by electing French. An outline breaks down the parts of your thesis in Templates - Microsoft Word Templates a clear, hierarchical manner. Most students find that writing an outline before beginning the paper is most helpful in organizing one's thoughts. If your outline is good, your paper should be easy to Editor - New, write. The basic format for an outline uses an alternating series of 5 Social Facts You Must Know numbers and letters, indented accordingly, to indicate levels of Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative importance. Here is an example of an 5 Social - Retiringtipstoday, outline on a paper about the development of Japanese theater: I. Thesis: Japanese theater rose from a popular to elite and then returned to a popular art form.
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Note that some section have subdivisions, others do not, depending on the demands of the paper. In this outline, II, III, IV all have similar structure, but this will not necessarily be true for all papers. Job - - New! Some may only have three major sections, others more than the five given here. Your conclusion should restate your thesis, and never introduce new material. When you begin writing an Flyer - Microsoft, essay outline, use the following model as a guide:
II. BODY PARAGRAPH 1: III. BODY PARAGRAPH II: IV. BODY PARAGRAPH III: V. BODY PARAGRAPH IV: If you use this rough guide and fill in the blanks as you are researching your essay, you will find writing the essay so simple. You have all you need in front of you.
It is researched and organized. All you have to do now is fill in the blanks with transition words and smooth language. Show your essay to MBA alumni LAST, not first. They are only Associate - New, more qualified than me to answer one question: Why this MBA program? (Why Columbia? Why Wharton? Why Stanford?) Remember, MBA alumni are experts on their EXPERIENCE. But they do NOT know the new application essay questions, nor how to answer them them. Most of all, please please remember that the top-tier MBA admissions process, just like any highly selective sorting mechanism, is constantly changing it's algorithm. Otherwise, how else could it remain so highly competitive, especially in this age of over-sharing?
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Offer to Business Samples Download - The, share your essays with other people and they may return the favour. Even better: start a study group. Just as the books you read subconsciously help mould your own writing style, so reading other people’s essays can help you develop and build on your own essay-writing style. Try to read a range of other essays, including those of your peers and of academics. Read essays on a wide variety of subjects, not necessarily just those that you’re studying; different disciplines might apply different kinds of Job - Associate - New - Journalism & Creative arguments or styles, so the wider you read, the more possible techniques there are for you to pick up and use in essays of Zarinahtakesapaycut: Pwc Malaysia Md's Would your own.
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I am ACCA qualified accountant and Commerce Graduate degree holder with 4 years and 6 months experience in - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative accounting, finance and auditing. I worked as a “Senior Accountant” for 2.5 years before my 2 years’ Articleship with well reputed audit firm as “Audit Senior Associate”. Flyer - Microsoft! I am highly interested in Job - this post available at Physicians Weight | Diet Plan Calendar, your office and Job - Associate - New Delhi - Journalism, I believe my professional qualification and Witness Statement, experience are appropriate for this position. Some of my key skills are as follows: * Preparing periodic Financial Statements in accordance to the applicable laws and Job - Associate - New, IAS/IFRS. * Developed and maintained comprehensive Management Information System (MIS). * Preparing Management Accounts, Cash flows, Variances and other management reports. * Maintenance of Templates Word Templates Books of Account, General Ledger etc. * Receivables and payables management. * Reconciliations, payroll, inventory management.
* Fixed asset accounting. * Conducting audit, managing audit team, * Understanding the Job - Delhi - Journalism, nature and operating cycle of client’s business. * Closing of trial balance at every month end. * Preparation of budgets, forecasts and projections of accounts. * Preparation of feasibility reports, MIS reports and internal audit reports. * Strong communication skills, proficiency with Peachtree, Tally, Oracle ERP and MS Office. * Thorough understanding and practical exposure of IAS/IFRS.
My up to date resume is attached in this email for Facts You Must Know your kind perusal. I hope, you will find me to be a result-driven business professional and Associate Delhi - Journalism, a potential asset for making significant contributions to your organization. Currently, I am located in UAE as I hold a visit visa that is valid till January 07, 2016. I look forward to 5 Social Facts You Must Know, work with you soon. Ali Ahmed ACCA Qualified. Cell No. +971 00000000. Audit Officer Resume Cover Letter. A eight years of experience in the field of - Journalism & Creative Accounts have helped me evolve a strong background in auditing, finance and accounting. I am confident that my exceptional qualification matches your organizations current requirement. My expertise lies in my ability to effectively interact with client and vendor, Identify and resolve complex accounting issue, and develop innovative solutions for achieving a wide range of business development strategies and financial management. Some of the key strength I can offer includes.
1. Handling various client and prepare their financial statement and income statement. 2. Monitor accounts payable and accounts receivable. 3. 8 Tips For Creating A Compelling Pichler! Maintain and implement financial data bases and computer software systems. Interact with internal and external auditor in Associate Editor - New - Journalism & Creative completing audit. Preparing of Flyer Templates - Microsoft Word cash flow statement.
Monitor cash flow activities and ensuring the Job - Editor - New - Journalism, accuracy of deposit and withdrawals on the in Business Letters - The Letter house system. Managed payroll function and salary transfer. Bank reconciliation and intercompany reconciliation. I would appreciate a personal interview to discuss the ways in which my background and expertise could assist you in accomplishing your goals. Thanks for Job - Associate Editor - New Delhi - Journalism & Creative Your consideration.