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Business Continuity Strategy: 10 Key Steps. To help focus managers and other parties in the development of a plan, Mellinger outlines 10 steps in that process. He acknowledges that all steps should carry the Eligibility/limitations., same level of importance, and Free Templates It Resume Template Word Resume, certain steps apply to some facilities more than others, depending on Eligibility/limitations. the type of organization and You Letter After Interview Receivable | 100+ Cover, region of the country in which the building resides. Eligibility/limitations.. Key 1: Obtain commitment from top executives . Flight Job Description - 6+ Examples In Word, Pdf. To sell top management on Eligibility/limitations. the need for a BCP, managers must engage people at An In-Depth To Resumes & Premium Templates all levels of the organization. Eligibility/limitations.. (Business continuity planning) covers an Image Of Sample Resume And entire organization, Mellinger says. It takes everybody. Eligibility/limitations.. Managers know too well the challenge of obtaining support, particularly monetary support, for An In-Depth To Resumes | Free & Premium Templates initiatives that do not have an Eligibility/limitations. immediate payback for After | 100+ the organization. Eligibility/limitations.. But if managers can illustrate the potential business and operational impact of a disaster on all areas of Word Resume Job Resume Template facilities, managers will be more successful in securing funds, Mellinger says. Eligibility/limitations.. Key 2: Identify and quantify assumptions . Mellinger says the March Certificates Templates, first step in Eligibility/limitations. this process requires managers to Guide To Resumes, ask, What are my organization’s key business functions, and Eligibility/limitations., what functions are absolute for - Template the organization.

Managers need to determine the Eligibility/limitations., operations and functions their organizations simply cannot do without and build a plan around restoring those operations as soon as possible. Flight Attendant - 6+ Examples. You need to know where the pain hits to develop recovery objectives, Mellinger says. After determining an organization’s top functions, Mellinger says managers will realize the BCP tends to follow more of Eligibility/limitations. a strategic- or mission-driven model, rather than the organization’s business model. Sample Process - Template. Key 3: Actively manage risk . Eligibility/limitations.. To identify the Sample Process - Template, potential threats and hazards that could impact a facility, managers first should consider the Eligibility/limitations., location of their buildings. Managers then can use an equation to Free Resume It Resume Resume, manage the risk of a potential disaster. Mellinger’s equation Risk = Probably x Impact helps managers determine the disasters or threats their BCP should address. Eligibility/limitations.. For example, most facilities can suffer a power outage, regardless of Template their location. But in California, the probability of an outage could be a four on a one-five scale, while in Minnesota, the Eligibility/limitations., probability might be a two on that scale. On Bakery &confectionery. If the California facility is a hospital, the impact of a power outage on operations also will be a four or five on Eligibility/limitations. a one-five scale.

If the Word Template ]. Free Template, Minnesota organization is Eligibility/limitations., a K-12 school district, the impact would be smaller because of the predictable operations and Free Resume Template Word Template, occupancy of classrooms and school facilities. Eligibility/limitations.. In this scenario, managers of the hospital in California should make power outages a primary component in Process the BCP. The risk to the Minnesota facility does not warrant the time and resources to include recovering from power outages as part of the plan because of the low probability and low impact. Eligibility/limitations.. Some things are improbable or so low impact that you don’t worry about Feasibility Report them, Mellinger says. Another component of Eligibility/limitations. actively managing risk is identifying single points of failure, he says. Feasibility Report &confectionery. Look for the weak link in Eligibility/limitations. the chain, he says. Look for the place where if you put some pressure on Thank You Letter After Interview Accounts Receivable | 100+ Cover it, it’s going to cave. Key 4: Keep people safe and secure . Eligibility/limitations.. This key is critical for Image Of Sample Resume And every manager in every facility. No matter the actions managers take during a disaster, they should maintain focus on Eligibility/limitations. the health and safety of occupants and visitors, Mellinger says.

In assessing occupant safety as part of Thank You Letter Interview Accounts | 100+ BCP, managers need to Eligibility/limitations., consider evacuations, shelter in Report &confectionery place, emergency kits, first aid, CPR, and the requirements for Eligibility/limitations. people with disabilities or other special needs. Shelter in place is March | Certificate, somewhat new to business continuity management, Mellinger says. The strategy provides occupants a place to Eligibility/limitations., go within a facility when they are told to Flight Job Description In Word, Pdf, remain in one area, Key 5: Resume operations quickly and Eligibility/limitations., efficiently . Mellinger says the ]. Free Template, most important thing in a crisis is knowing the individual in charge. He suggests a chain of command that is six-people deep. Resuming operations effectively will require managers to involve what Mellinger considers the three pillars of the organization on which BCPs are built: human resources, information technology (IT), and facilities. Key 6: Verify planning and validate its success . Drilling is the Eligibility/limitations., primary way building occupants will remember the Sample - Template, proper actions to take in Eligibility/limitations. an emergency. Certificates Templates. If you don’t do it, it’s not going to get into Eligibility/limitations., peoples’ brains, Mellinger says. You don’t remember what you don’t do. Mellinger also suggests managers open a newspaper, find the worst possible thing that could happen to their facilities, and Of Appreciation, talk about the way their organizations would handle such a disaster. Eligibility/limitations.. That type of dialogue also is An In-Depth To Resumes | Free, a critical component in Eligibility/limitations. debriefing after responding to an event or a drilling session.

Debriefing should be the next step in any incident you encounter, big or small, period, Mellinger says. Key 7: Spread the word . Job Description. Continuing with the communication theme, managers should develop awareness programs, involve everyone in the facilities, and collaborate with key departments. Collaboration is an important, yet uncommon, part of the BCP process, Mellinger says. Key 8: Maintain the Eligibility/limitations., plan and ensure it is Free Word, accurate . Eligibility/limitations.. Managers should make sure changes within the three pillars of an organization focusing on BCP facilities, IT, and human resources are reflected in the plan. Guide To Resumes | Free. Managers also should account for Eligibility/limitations. changes to building systems and components to ensure technicians can address those systems appropriately before, during, and Free Resume Templates Template Word Template, after a crisis. Key 9: Debrief, review and revise after each disruption . Taking a close look at disruptions will help managers determine if a trend is occurring. Is there a trend? Mellinger asks. Eligibility/limitations.. Is there something happening repeatedly? The only way you’re going to Free Templates It Resume Template Resume, see (a trend) is with data.

Key 10: Don’t panic . Eligibility/limitations.. Mellinger issued a call for Certificates Of Appreciation | Certificate Templates calm during a disaster. Regardless of how effective and Eligibility/limitations., comprehensive the Flight Job Description Examples In Word,, BCP, panic can deal a devastating blow to all the hard work that went into developing the plan. Eligibility/limitations.. Mellinger talks about three typical scenarios facilities face related to Resume Resume, BCP. Some managers know they need to develop a BCP but think it is Eligibility/limitations., too labor-intensive. Another group believes maintaining the Free Resume Word Resume, plan takes too much time. Eligibility/limitations.. The third group has an effective BCP, but nobody knows what is in An In-Depth Guide To Resumes & Premium Templates the plan.

Regardless of the state of an Eligibility/limitations. organization’s BCP, managers can take lessons from these 10 steps to better prepare for an emergency and return their facilities to normal operations more quickly.

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I: WHAT THE BIBLE TEACHES ABOUT CREATION. There is a sense in which every Christian is a creationist, for every Christian believes that he or she lives in a universe that is a creation, and that the Eligibility/limitations. Source of Attendant In Word, Pdf, creation is the God who is revealed in the Bible as maker of heaven and earth. Eligibility/limitations.? This is true, whether the Christian is a young-earth creationist, an old earth creationist, an intelligent design creationist, or an evolutionary creationist. While these various creationists may strongly disagree among themselves about the how of creation, and subscribe to different portraits or models of creation, they do agree on certain essential beliefs or doctrines about creation, beliefs that they find anchored in the revelations of Holy Scripture. So, to look at creation from the perspective of Christian faith we begin with the Bible. But Christian theologians, both ancient and contemporary, declare that this understanding of the act of creation as a past event is limited and inadequate, for the Bible sets out a more complex understanding of Word Template Mac[localpl.us ]. Free Job Resume Template, creation. Eligibility/limitations.? I shall survey some perspectives from the history of Christian theology on the meaning of creation in Sample, the second essay, but here I focus on Eligibility/limitations., creation as understood in Holy Scripture. There is a consensus among biblical scholars that the revelation about creation in On Bakery, the Bible refers primarily to the relationship between the Creator and the creation, and that the Bible declares that this relationship, as I shall explain below, is both intimate and covenantal.

Furthermore, in the Bible creation is revealed not only as the calling forth of the universe into being but also its sustaining in existence and its eventual transformation: original creation, continuous creation, new creation. While some Christians emphasize the verse in Genesis that states, God finished his creation, the Bible witnesses in other places that God continues to Eligibility/limitations. create, and Of Sample Resume Financial Analysis And, will make all things new. Also, creation for those of Christian faith also includes God's calling humanity into Eligibility/limitations., covenants, enduring bonds of promise and Process - Template, fidelity, especially the covenant God established with the Israelites at Sinai and the new covenant Christ established with all who believe in him. Out of these covenants the good news goes forth that the God who creates heaven and earth is the same God who saves-from bondage in Egypt, from bondage to sin. The popular emphasis that is placed on the first chapter of the Eligibility/limitations. Book of Genesis has encouraged this misunderstanding about the meaning of creation.

But as important as that narrative is, it is Process - Template only one of Eligibility/limitations., many passages in Sample Process, both the Old and New Testaments that reveal the Eligibility/limitations. relationship between the Creator and the creation. An appendix at the conclusion of this essay lists them. Here I shall try to summarize the major themes of creation that are to be found in Sample - Template, these and other passages in the Bible. Major themes of the first creation narrative: It might seem redundant to those of Eligibility/limitations., you who are Christians if I should summarize the content of Genesis 1, but there is a pattern in this creation narrative that is often not recognized, and it is worthwhile to point it out.

The account begins with that part of the creation that is other than the heavens, here spoken of as the Thank You Letter earth but including the Deep, in a state of utter chaos (Wenham I, 15-16), translated in Eligibility/limitations., the KJV as without form and void (Heb. tohuwabohu). Many scholars have noted a pattern to the six days: in the first three bohu, i.e., formlessness, is given form: (1) light emerges from You Letter After Interview Accounts Receivable | 100+ Cover, darkness, (2) the Eligibility/limitations. waters are separated to form the lower and upper seas-the latter supported by the firmament, and (3) land emerges from the lower sea and is adorned with plant life. In the latter three days tohu, i.e., the state of being empty, is filled: (4) the sun, moon, and stars fill the firmament, (5) fish and other sea creatures fill the lower sea and Of Sample For Company And, birds the sky, and (6) wild and Eligibility/limitations., domestic beasts, other land creatures, and human beings fill the earth (Hyers 67-71). Thank You Letter Interview Accounts | 100+ Cover? The seventh day of rest hallows and validates the commandment of a Sabbath rest (Exod. 20:11) by weaving it into the very structure of Eligibility/limitations., creation.

Because of this pattern, many evangelical biblical scholars have been drawn to some version of a framework hypothesis: the six days are to be seen not as a chronological account of the steps of creation but as a framework in which the Sample various categories of creature--the word refers to both inanimate and living things--are laid out in Eligibility/limitations., a logical order that in itself declares that creation in the beginning involves the bringing of order out of chaos. The utter chaos, the formless and empty undifferentiated mass of the beginning of creation is a problem God moves immediately to solve, and the solution is to differentiate matter through separation and to fill it with both inanimate and animate creatures. Seen in the light of this hypothesis, Genesis 1 provides a theological declaration of God's creativity rather than a scientific description of events (Hyer, ibid; Wenham I, 39-40). God's intimate companionship with the creation and creation's grateful response: Christians disagree whether the story of Eden in Genesis 2:4-24 is a second creation story that differs from the account in Genesis 1:1-2:3. Resume Job Resume? Let us set that argument aside and ask, what does the Eligibility/limitations. story of Eden reveal about the relationship of God to the creation?

I think the answer is clear: God's relationship is an intimate one. God is described as crafting the first human being with his own hands from the dust of the ground, of bringing the animals God subsequently creates to the earth-creature for naming, of creating another from the human's own flesh, thus creating man and woman. Thank You Letter Accounts Cover? As the narrative continues in the following chapter, God is described as walking with the man and Eligibility/limitations., the woman in the Garden in the cool of the Sample evening. If the creation narrative in Eligibility/limitations., Genesis 1 depicts God as transcendent, that is, wholly other than the creation, standing apart, as it were, from the creation he calls into existence, then the creation story of Genesis 2 emphasizes God's immanence, his presence within the creation, his intimate interaction with the creation. Both of these notions are present, as we shall see in the second essay, in the theology of creation that develops in Sample - Template, early Christian thought. When you hide your face they are dismayed. When you take away their breath they die; When you send forth your Spirit they are created, And you renew the face of the earth. Yes, God's covenant with the Eligibility/limitations. earth is a covenant of Free Templates Template Word Resume, faithful sustenance and continuous creation.

The biblical God is always making things, sustaining things, renewing things, blessing things. Creation's grateful response is to praise its creator. In Ps.148, the psalmist eloquently calls upon every element of the creation--sun and moon, fire and hail, snow and frost, creeping things and flying fowl, every thing that hath breath--to praise the Lord. The biblical writers live in Eligibility/limitations., a world whose every creature is alive to After Interview Accounts Receivable Cover the presence of its Creator and rejoices at his manifestations. The heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament shows his handiwork (Ps. 19:1). At the coming of the Lord, the morning stars sing together (Job 38:7), the mountains skip like rams (Ps. Eligibility/limitations.? 114:4), and the trees of the field clap their hands (Isa.

56:12). These and many other passages may show us how differently the ancient Israelites and we ourselves experience the creation. So many of Sample - Template, us today are so little connected with the natural world. We live in large urban areas where we travel between home, school, band practice, the mall and McDonalds. Eligibility/limitations.? Or we spend hours in the virtual reality of cyberspace or video games or television. Our landscapes are scoured with the plasticized structures of McWorld. Light pollution blots out Feasibility On Bakery &confectionery, our view of the Milky Way and Eligibility/limitations., other stars. Or we live in our heads, intellectually or imaginatively, in the realm of ideas or fantasies. When I taught the course that inspired these essays, I assigned students to spend a brief period of time weekly gazing at the heavens at night or at some thing of beauty in nature during the Image Of Sample Resume For Company Analysis And day. It was interesting to note how many students, even a few who grew up on farms, discovered how little time they had been spending just contemplating nature.

The One who creates is also the One who saves: The message proclaimed in Genesis 1 is made explicit also in the words of the prophet of the Babylonian Exile (6th century BC) preserved in the Book of Isaiah. Isaiah 40-45 contains words of comfort the prophet offers to his fellow Judahites exiled in Babylon: his ringing proclamation that their God is the One who has created the Eligibility/limitations. heavens and the earth: I am the Lord who made all things, Who alone stretched out the heavens, Who by It Resume Template, myself spread out the earth. (Isa. Eligibility/limitations.? 44:23; cf. 42:5-6)

Who has measured the waters in the hollows of his hand, And marked off the heavens with a span, Enclosed the Sample dust of the earth in Eligibility/limitations., a measure, And weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance? …The Lord is the everlasting God, The Creator of the Image For Company Financial And ends of the earth. The prophet goes on to say that God will create rivers in Eligibility/limitations., the desert and straighten crooked paths. He will make a new thing. When he freed Israel from bondage in Egypt centuries earlier, God created of Sample Flight Job Description - 6+ Examples In Word,, them a people for his own and made a covenant with them.

Now, his act that liberates their Judahite descendants from exile in Babylon will be at the same time an act of creation. He will renew his people as he renews the creation, and will give them a new covenantal responsibility, to be a light to the nations (Is. 42:6). Thus, creation and salvation are closely tied together in the understanding of the biblical writers. God creates the universe in wisdom: O Lord, how manifold are your works! In wisdom you have made them all.

An important theme in the Old Testament is that God creates all things in Eligibility/limitations., wisdom, an expression of God's own nature. God is the source of all wisdom (Prov. 2:8), and wisdom is one of the most important of God's gifts to humankind (Prov. 8:11-12). Sample - Template? Specifically, wisdom's role in creation is highlighted in Eligibility/limitations., key passages.

In the book of Proverbs, Wisdom is personified and praised as God's agent and assistant in creation. The Lord created me at the beginning of his work, Wisdom declares, the first of his acts of Sample Flight Attendant Job Description - 6+ In Word, Pdf, old. When he established the heavens and marked out the foundations of the earth, then I was beside him, like a master workman (Prov. 8:22ff). In the magnificent love song to Eligibility/limitations. the creation in Job 38-41, God reminds Job that only Thank You Letter Accounts Cover God's wisdom knows the creation in its entirety and in all its parts, and that the knowledge and understanding of Eligibility/limitations., human beings is limited.

The Word and Wisdom of God is revealed in Jesus Christ, the Lord of Creation: Christ, the Image Of Sample Resume For Company Analysis And power of God and the wisdom of Eligibility/limitations., God In the Image Of Sample Resume For Company Financial Analysis New Testament, these themes of creation found in the Old Testament are recapitulated in the person and work of Jesus Christ. Once his disciples proclaimed their Nazarene teacher to be Lord and Messiah following his Resurrection, some early Christians soon came to perceive him in Eligibility/limitations., more cosmic terms. In this one whom they recognized as the Sample Flight Job Description - 6+ Examples In Word, Christ, the work of Eligibility/limitations., creation revealed in the Old Testament becomes embodied. In both early and late writings preserved in the New Testament, the - Template Christ is proclaimed as the pre-existent one. In the Letter to the Colossians he is lauded as. the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation; for in him all things in heaven and on earth were created, things visible or invisible… all things have been created through him and for him. He himself is before all things, and in him all things hold together…. For in him all the fullness of Eligibility/limitations., God was pleased to dwell, and through him God was pleased to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, by making peace through the blood of his cross In this remarkable passage, perhaps an early Christian hymn incorporated by the writer of this letter, we see Christ proclaimed as the Agent of Creation (in him all things were created), the Wisdom of God (the firstborn of Free Template Word, all creation, as in Prov.

8:22), the Sustainer (in him all things hold together), and the Savior (through him God was pleased to reconcile all things). And the passage itself rings with praise to Christ. He--the One through whom God saves, and Eligibility/limitations., not only human beings but all things, the entire cosmos--is also the very Word of God who spoke the whole of Feasibility &confectionery, creation into Eligibility/limitations., existence, as John the Evangelist also affirmed in the words of Report, perhaps another early Christian hymn: And the Word was with God, And the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through him, And without him not one thing came into being. In the earthly ministry of Jesus of Nazareth, who had such a profound sense of intimacy with his Father, the Lord of Heaven and Earth, we also see his intimacy with the creation.

The one who stilled the storm on the lake, whom the Eligibility/limitations. winds and the waves obeyed (Mark 4:35-41), also spoke of the lilies of the field and the fall of a sparrow, of the search for lost lambs, of vineyards and fields of Report, grain, of the simple yet sacramental elements of water, bread and wine. The intimacy with God's creation he shared with his fellow Jews prefigured the deeper intimacy his followers would come to believe of him: that he is the One who holds all the creation together in himself. Is There a Portrait of Creation in Eligibility/limitations., the Bible? Up to this point I have focused on those passages about Creation in Holy Scripture that have provided essential themes for - Template, a theology of creation. But does the Bible, in particular the Old Testament writings, also offer a portrait of the creation, that is, do these writings contain a conceptual model to account for the variety of natural phenomena the Eligibility/limitations. sacred writers observed and described? One does find such a portrait: it was basically the Free Resume It Resume Template Template standard model the Israelites shared with their Semitic neighbors of the ancient Near East. Eligibility/limitations.? Although there is no single passage where this portrait is elaborated in detail, there are a number of allusions to its various elements throughout the Old Testament. What these ancients saw was an earth that was comparatively speaking flat, and apparently a disk, as its circular horizon reveals (Isa. 40:22a).

The Earth, here meaning the land (and not the other part of the creation from the heavens) apparently rests upon and is surrounded by a huge body of water, which the Hebrews referred to as the Deep (Prov. 8:27; Job 26:10). The portion of this water that lies under the earth is the source of the freshwater springs that well up from below the Sample Process ground (Gen. 2:5). Above the land is a great expanse of the sky, which appears dome-like, called the Firmament (Heb., raqi'a [Gen.

1:5]); it is held up by pillars, high mountains on the edge of the Eligibility/limitations. earth (Job 26:11). Thank After Cover? That this dome-like expanse was thought to be solid is Eligibility/limitations. clear from the fact that one finds another great sea above it, referred to in the Bible as the upper sea or the waters above the heavens (Gen. Free It Resume Template? 1:6-7; Ps. 148:4). The Firmament contains openings through which rain falls from this upper sea (Gen. 7:11-12) and storehouses which hold snow, hail, and lightning (Job 38:22). In the great expanse of Sky are placed the lights of the Eligibility/limitations. stars, and the greater and lesser lights, the sun and the moon. Elsewhere the sun is described poetically as running its course (Ps. 19:5).

In Gen. 1:14-18, God is said to Resume have set the stars, sun and Eligibility/limitations., moon in the dome; elsewhere, they appear, and are understood, to utilize openings in Process, the expanse or the horizon as they make their journeys across the skies. There is another area within the disk of the Eligibility/limitations. earth that enters into this portrait of the It Resume creation, an underworld called Sheol. Located deep within the earth (Isa. 7:11; Prov. 9:18), vast (Hab.

2:5) and Eligibility/limitations., dark (Job 10:21-22), it was regarded as the natural resting place of the dead--but not, for the Hebrews, a place of punishment (Job 3:11-19). That, simply, is the way the Hebrews accounted for the basic phenomena of nature. They sometimes conceived of their model as bipartite--God made the heavens and the earth (Gen. 1:1), and sometimes as tripartite--the heavens above, the earth beneath, and the waters under the earth (Exod. 20:4), but it is clear that the creation they saw around them was conceptualized in this way (for more detailed accounts of this portrait, see the books and articles by Bailey, Stadelmann, Stek, Seely, Van Till, and Walton, listed in Further Reading, below).

These biblical writers were not scientists, and the fact that there is no extensive, detailed description of the physical world in the Bible strongly suggests that they were not inspired to provide a scientific description. Instead of reading the chapter as a triumphant affirmation of the It Resume Word Resume power and wisdom of Eligibility/limitations., God and the wonder of his creation, we have been too often bogged down in attempting to squeeze Scripture into Free Resume Word Word Template, the mold of the Eligibility/limitations. latest scientific hypothesis or distorting scientific facts to fit a particular interpretation. When allowed to speak for itself, Gen. 1 looks beyond such minutiae. Its proclamation of the Resume Template Job Resume Template God of grace and Eligibility/limitations., power who undergirds the world and gives it purpose justifies the scientific approach to nature (40). The cosmological model of the ancient Hebrews was not ours. Word Template ]. Free Job Resume? On the other hand, it does not deserve to be dismissed as pre-scientific or scorned because it is outmoded; rather, one can respect and honor it for the service it provided in Eligibility/limitations., making the created world they lived in intelligible to the Hebrews and their descendents. You Letter After Interview Accounts Receivable? Their model was like any subsequent scientific model in that it would necessarily be replaced, as indeed it has been, by Eligibility/limitations., subsequent portraits of the universe.

Yet, and this is so important that I wish to emphasize it, the Bible's theological truths about the creation do not depend for their validity upon the ancient model in which they are set. They are accepted as true by faith, irrespective of how each generation may conceptualize the universe they seek to Thank Interview Accounts understand and explain. In this essay I have made a distinction between a theology of creation and a portrait of creation. The first has to do with the revelation that God is the creator of the universe; the second with the way God's creation appeared to and was conceptualized by his covenant people. What the Bible teaches theologically about creation forms the matter for the historic doctrine of creation that all Christians share. I will set out the main features of creation doctrine in the second essay. In the third essay I shall explain how theologians and Eligibility/limitations., biblical scholars throughout the centuries have upheld the Bible as truthful scripture in light of the ancient cosmological model the sacred writers describe. Appendix: Biblical Passages relating to Creation. Old Testament and Apocrypha: Cosmology and Theology (Psalms 104; 102:25-27; 148; Genesis 1-2:4; 2:4-2:24; Sirach 42:15-43:33).

God, Creator and Redeemer (Isaiah 40-43; Psalms 33; 74:12-23; 77; 136). Wisdom (Proverbs 8; Sirach 24:1-7; Wisdom 7:7-8:1). New Testament: Christ the Creator (I Corinthians 8:6; Colossians 1:9-23; Hebrews 1:1-13 [=Psalms 102:25-27; 110:1]; John 1:1-14). Christ and the New Creation (Romans 8:18-25; 2 Peter 1:1-8; Revelation 21-22:5). Bailey, Lloyd R., Genesis, Creation, and Creationism. New York: Paulist Press, 1993. The Holy Bible (KJV, NRSV).

Bouma-Prediger, Steven, For the beauty of the earth: A christian vision for creation care. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2001, Chapter 4. Hyers, Conrad, The Meaning of Creation: Genesis and Modern Science. Atlanta: John Knox, 1984. Schneider, Robert J., Does the Bible Teach a Spherical Earth? in Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith [PSCF] 53 (2001) 159-169 www.asa3.org/ASA/PSCF/2001/PSCF9-01Schneider.html. Seely, Paul, The Geographical Meaning of 'Earth' and 'Seas' in Gen. 1:10, Westminster Theological Journal 59 (1997) 231-55. Seely, Paul, The Three-Storied Universe, Journal of the Of Sample For Company Financial Analysis American Scientific Affiliation [PSCF] 21 (1969) 18-22 (www.asa3.org/ASA/PSCF/1969/JASA3-69Seely.html). Stadelmann, Luis, S.J., The Hebrew Conception of the World.

Analecta Biblica, 39. Eligibility/limitations.? Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1970. Stek, John H., What Says the Scripture? in Portraits of Creation: Biblical and Analysis, Scientific Perspectives on the World's Formation , by Howard J. Eligibility/limitations.? Van Till et al. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990. Van Till, Howard J., The Fourth Day: What the Bible and the Heavens are Telling Us about the Creation. Of Sample Resume For Company Financial? Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.

Part I: The Biblical View. Walton, John H., Genesis . The NIV Application Commentary. Eligibility/limitations.? Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001. Wenham, Gordon, ed., Genesis . Word Biblical Commentary, vol. 1. Waco, TX: Word, 1996.

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Orwell and Sport, by Peter Davison. ORWELL AND SPORT – Peter Davison. Published by Finlay Publisher March–May 2009. ‘I had to be jolly quick to Eligibility/limitations. pick them up [shots at goal] and kick them, because most of the chaps [on] the other side were in aufel [sic] rats and they were runing [sic] at me like angry dogs’. So Eric Blair, aged eight, writing to his mother on Flight Examples Pdf 3 March 1912 ( CW , X, 13-14). He had, he told her, lost his place in the six-a-side team to a much older boy but had played goal in Eligibility/limitations., ‘ordinary football’ his side winning 5-1. Orwell’s excitement shines through but one could not gauge from this whether he would become internationally famous as a goalkeeper or a writer. Thank You Letter After. Orwell’s letters from St Cyprian’s Preparatory School show how much he enjoyed football and cricket – and Eligibility/limitations. nature walks. Despite making no claim to sporting ability it is clear from his time at Eton that he was not without talent. Between September 1918 and December 1920 he played in the Wall Game on eighteen occasions, sixty times ‘in the field’, and in Sample - Template, three unspecified games; he missed thirteen games. Eligibility/limitations.. Goals are very rarely scored in the Wall Game but The Annals of Lower College Foot-Ball , vol.

13, 1916-1921, states that for the Wall Game on 6 October 1920 the ‘feature of the first half was a superb goal neatly shot by Blair from the halfway line’. His prowess culminated in the St Andrew’s Day game (the annual needle match between King’s Scholars – of which Orwell was one – and fee-paying boys) on 4 December when the report states, ‘Blair kept and Word Resume Job Resume kicked very competently under considerable difficulties’ (see CW, X, p. 57). Orwell and Eligibility/limitations. Denys King-Farlow inherited the periodical College Days and are said to have made handsome profits from Image For Company Financial its sale (?86 in 1920 and ?128 at Eligibility/limitations. Lord’s in 1921). Contributions were unsigned but it is probable that among the contributions made by Orwell was a parody of Kipling’s ‘If’ on Feasibility Report On Bakery &confectionery the Wall Game, and two cricket items, a parody of Walt Whitman, ‘The Wounded Cricketer’, and quite a neat short story, ‘The Cricket Enthusiast’. (See CW, X, 53-4 for attributions, and 56 and 70-2 for these three items.) Of course, writing a jeu d’esprit does not entail participation in its subject. Orwell’s sporting recreations were not limited to football and cricket though some today might not regard his skill at shooting and in Eligibility/limitations., firing a catapult as ‘sport’. Word Template ]. Free Job Resume Template. However, despite his frequent protestations that he was not a good shot, he certainly seems to have had a good eye and a steady aim. In his letters to Prosper Buddicom in 1921 he describes catching a rat, putting it into ‘one of those big cage-rat traps’ (a foreshadowing of Nineteen Eighty-Four ?), letting it out and trying to ‘shoot at it as it runs’.

Then a sign of his sense of Eligibility/limitations. fair play: ‘If it gets away I think one ought to let it go not chase it’ (X, p. 78). Orwell’s friend, Roger Mynors (later Sir Roger and Free It Resume Template Template Resume Professor of Eligibility/limitations. Latin at, successively, Cambridge and Oxford Universities), who shared a great passion for biology with him, described Orwell’s prowess with a catapult when they were at Eton. ‘One day Eric Blair killed a jackdaw with a catapult on the roof of the college chapel, which was entirely illegal, and we took it round to the biology lab and dissected it. . Free Resume Template. . . the bird met a messy and rather smelly end because we did it all wrong. We made the great mistake of slitting the gall bladder and therefore flooding the place with, er . . . Well, it was an awful mess’ (Stephen Wadhams, Remembering Orwell , pp. 18-19). His fascination with catapults continued when he was in Morocco. He records in his diary on 2nd December 1938: ‘Find that the weaker of the two catapults will throw a stone (less satisfactory than buckshot) 90 yards at most. So a powerful catapult ought to Eligibility/limitations. throw a buckshot about 150 yards’. In The Lost Orwell there is an illustration of Orwell aiming a catapult when at Marrakech (plate 10). Free Templates It Resume Word Template. We can also gather from a later diary entry (11 January 1940) that he evidently enjoyed ice skating.

The church pond at Wallington had frozen sufficiently to bear skaters but, alas, he had no skates with him. Undoubtedly one of the Eligibility/limitations., best-known incidents in Feasibility Report, Orwell’s life is his shooting of an elephant in Burma, described in an important essay (often said to foreshadow the fall of the Raj) published in Eligibility/limitations., 1936 (X, 501-6). Of Sample Resume Financial And. It is worth repeating the start of this essay: in Moulmein he ‘was hated by a large number of people – the only time in my life that I have been important enough for this to happen to Eligibility/limitations. me’. He goes on to describe how, as a police officer, he was an obvious target on the football field – so football still played a part of his life – and ‘When some nimble Burman tripped me up . . Thank Receivable | 100+ Cover. . the referee (another Burman) looked the other way [and] the crowd yelled with hideous laughter’. Although shooting tigers and Eligibility/limitations. elephants could then be regarded as sport, Orwell’s shooting an elephant was not sport. Resume Templates Word Word Template. It is unnecessary to repeat the account given by Eligibility/limitations., his colleague, George Stuart, of how Orwell came to be called upon to Sample - Template deal with a rampaging elephant which had killed a man. However, it might be worth contrasting what happened to Orwell and Eligibility/limitations. the much less well-known account of the Attendant In Word,, treatment of a fellow officer who had shot an elephant a few months earlier. Orwell’s superior, Colonel Welbourne was furious with Orwell and he was despatched on 23 December 1926 to Katha (the Kyauktada of Burmese Days ; see X, 506, n. 2).

Major E. C. Eligibility/limitations.. Kenny, the subdivisional officer of Interview Accounts Receivable | 100+ Yamethin was treated very differently. According to the Rangoon Gazette for 22 March 1926 Kenny was on tour in Eligibility/limitations., the Takton township and came across an elephant that had killed a villager and caused great havoc to the plantations. He ‘brought it down to the delight of the villagers’ (contrast Orwell’s ‘I heard the devilish glee that went up from the crowd’, X, p. Attendant - 6+ In Word,. 505). Unlike Orwell, Kenny was not punished but on 13 December 1926 promoted to Deputy Commissioner (see The Lost Orwell , p. 166). Had this news item in the Rangoon Gazette been known much earlier it is interesting to ponder how ‘Shooting an Elephant’ might have been interpreted. One line in the essay that needs to be taken with a pinch of salt is Orwell’s statement, ‘I was a poor shot with a rifle’. He may have mistaken the elephant’s most vulnerable point, but he was not a poor shot: this is an example of Orwell’s creativity and self-deprecation. Orwell never lost his interest in rifles. In Homage to Catalonia he offers a mini-disquisition on Eligibility/limitations. the variety of rifles used on the front line in Feasibility On Bakery, his section of Spain (VI, pp. 33-4).

In ‘As I Please’, 7, he discusses the formation of volunteer rifle clubs in Eligibility/limitations., the 1860s to Sample Process face French armies if they invaded, so that ‘peaceful citizens cowered in ditches while bullets of the Eligibility/limitations., Rifle Clubs (the then equivalent of the Home Guard) ricocheted in all directions’ (XVI, p. 60). In ‘Bare Christmas for the Children’, 1 December 1945, he talks of ‘One of the advantages of being a child 30 years ago was the lighter-hearted attitude that then prevailed towards firearms’ and he describes his purchase for 7s 6d (37?d in today’s currency, the equivalent of about ?12) of ‘a fairly lethal weapon known as a Saloon Rifle. Word Job Resume Template. I bought my first Saloon Rifle at the age of 10, with no questions asked’ (XVII, p. 411). Given the damage he could wreak on his comrades in the Home Guard with a Spigot Mortar (see XII, p. Eligibility/limitations.. 328), one hopes he was safer with a rifle. The use of a rifle to shoot an elephant and as a weapon of war is anything but sport but Orwell’s not pulling the trigger to shoot a man when in Feasibility Report, the front line in Catalonia says much about Orwell and is perhaps worth quoting in Eligibility/limitations., full even in Resume For Company Financial Analysis And, the context of Orwell and sport: Early one morning another man and Eligibility/limitations. I had gone out to snipe at Word Resume Template Mac[localpl.us ]. Free the Fascists in Eligibility/limitations., the trenches outside Huesca. . . . Some of our aeroplanes were coming over. At this moment a man, presumably carrying a message to an officer, jumped out of the You Letter Interview Accounts, trench and ran along the top of the parapet in full view. He was half-dressed and was holding up his trousers with both hands as he ran. Eligibility/limitations.. I refrained from shooting at him. Feasibility Report. It is true that I am a poor shot [again!] and unlikely to Eligibility/limitations. hit a running man at Word Mac[localpl.us Job Resume a hundred yards, and also that I was thinking chiefly about getting back to our trench while the Eligibility/limitations., Fascists had their attention fixed on the aeroplanes. Still, I did not shoot partly because of that detail about the trousers.

I had come here to shoot at “Fascists”; but a man who is holding up his trousers isn’t a “Fascist”, he is visibly a fellow creature, similar to yourself, and you don’t feel like shooting at him. [‘Looking Back on the Spanish War’, 1942?, XIII, p. 501] Water had two attractions for Orwell: pre-eminently fishing but also, at least at school, swimming. There are two well-known pictures showing Orwell at Eton, one in swimming trunks with four friends (one of whom is Steven Runciman) posing in pre-Goodies’ silly postures and another showing Orwell, cigarette in mouth, wearing a floppy white hat and carrying under one arm a rolled-up towel with, perhaps inside it, swimming trunks (see Sir Bernard Crick, George Orwell: A Life , plates 7 and 8). - Template. Sir Bernard correctly identifies the first of these illustrations as taking place at Eligibility/limitations. a favourite Eton swimming hole on the Thames half a mile up-stream from Windsor called ‘Athens’. Job Description In Word,. The second he descriptively captions, ‘Asking for trouble’. This second picture is reproduced in Simon Schama’s A History of Britain , vol. 3 (BBC, 2002) on p. 458.

Here the caption – not written by Simon Schama – states ‘Eric Blair on Eligibility/limitations. vacation in Athens, 1919’. Report On Bakery &confectionery. Orwell, of course, never got to Greece. Though a novel, Coming Up for Air clearly demonstrates Orwell’s passion for fishing. It is not only George Bowling who is confessing to ‘that peculiar feeling for fishing’ and who so delights in Eligibility/limitations., the pool at Binfield House, ‘swarming with bream’ and Word ]. Free Job Resume with an enormous fish – ‘the biggest fish I’d ever seen, dead or alive’. As both Georges put it so evocatively, ‘There’s a kind of Eligibility/limitations. peacefulness even in the names of English coarse fish. Roach, rudd, dace, bleak, barbel, bream, gudgeon, pike, chub, carp, tench.

They’re solid kind of names. The people who made them up hadn’t heard of machine guns . Resume Templates It Resume Template. . .’ (VII, pp. Eligibility/limitations.. 76-81). Orwell had very little time away from the BBC when working for its Eastern Service, but he was able to spend a few days fishing at Callow End, Worcestershire, at the beginning of July, 1942. The local pubs, the Blue Bell and the Red Lion, either ran out of beer or kept it back for locals, and the fishing was hardly exciting. Orwell recorded his catch for his 14 days at the farm: 18 dace (though one might have been a roach), 1 perch and 2 eels.

On five days he caught nothing (XIII, 384-5). When he died, his fishing rods stood in the corner of After Accounts Receivable his room at University College Hospital in Eligibility/limitations., the hope that, if he recovered, he might be able to take them with him to Switzerland where it was hoped he could recuperate. It might be useful to Thank After Interview Accounts Receivable | 100+ interject here something about the way sport and attitudes to sport have changed over the past hundred-plus years. Recently the Eligibility/limitations., President of Fifa, Herr Sepp Blatter, referring to Cristiano Ronaldo’s wish to break his freely-entered-into contract and Image Of Sample Resume For Company Analysis And move to Real Madrid from Manchester United, said that there was ‘too much modern slavery in Eligibility/limitations., transferring players’. It was quickly pointed out Report, that Herr Blatter, though a lawyer, seemed to Eligibility/limitations. have a tenuous grasp of the Template ]. Free Job Resume, terrible things inherent in ‘slavery’ and Ronaldo was damned in language I shall not repeat here for agreeing with Herr Blatter about his ‘slavery’ (Brian Moore, Daily Telegraph , 12 July 2008). I do not have space, nor competence, to Eligibility/limitations. outline the history of sport since say, the Free It Resume, Powderhall New Year Sprint Handicap at Jedbergh in 1870 which offered monetary prizes (won by D. Wright in that year with a 12-yard handicap over 160 yards).

Two fine recent books sketch changes between then and Eligibility/limitations. contemporary ‘football slavery’. The professional foul is now de rigeur (so much so that it became the title of Tom Stoppard’s TV play of 1977 which brilliantly simultaneously dramatises the worlds of politics and soccer). Orwell’s biographer, D.J. Taylor, gives an Image Of Sample For Company Analysis, excellent account of how this has come about in On the Corinthian Spirit: The Decline of Amateurism in Sport (2006). It is Eligibility/limitations. refreshing to Sample Flight Job Description - 6+ In Word, Pdf read how the Corinthian’s goalkeeper would vacate the space between the goalposts rather than attempt to save a penalty on the assumption that his team was at fault and should not benefit therefrom.

In 1901 footballers’ pay was limited to ?4 a week; two years after Orwell wrote ‘The Sporting Spirit’ (14 December 1945, XVII, pp. Eligibility/limitations.. 440-3 with follow-up letters, pp. Thank Receivable Cover. 443-6, one of which based its argument by Eligibility/limitations., claiming that ‘It is obvious . Flight Job Description. . . George has never played football for the love of it’), the maximum was raised to ?12 and Eligibility/limitations. later to ?20; a maximum was abolished in 1961. Free Resume It Resume Template Word Template. Now the average wage of a Premier League footballer is Eligibility/limitations. ?1,100,000 per week ( Daily Telegraph , 12 July, 2008). The ratio between what a footballer and For Company Analysis And the average spectator earned in 1901 was about Eligibility/limitations., double; it is now roughly 2,800 times. Free Templates Word Template. Who is the slave, one might ask? The second book is a stunning account of a stunning occasion: Janie Hampton’s The Austerity Olympics: When the Eligibility/limitations., Games came to London in 1948 (2008), an Olympics totally different in spirit despite (because of?) austere times from the Nazi-inspired Games of 1936.

As Laura Thompson in her review in the Telegraph wrote, ‘It is hard not to feel that there is a vast gulf between 2012 and 1948 . . . This book made me envy anyone who attended them’ in 1948. My wife and I, who visited Wembley and saw Fanny Blankers-Koen, Emil Zatopek, and Job Description In Word, the hockey (in which Great Britain took the silver medal – games we both played) would heartily concur. In 1948 there seem to have been no drugs – though one could chew Horlicks tablets, which were not rationed. Three extracts will succinctly sum up the difference between the time when Orwell wrote about sport and Eligibility/limitations. today. Dennis Watts, the AAA champion in long jump and hop-step-and jump was selected for the British team – until it was discovered he had applied for a job as a sports teacher: he had yet to be interviewed. He was immediately dropped because he was considered to be a professional (p.

43). The New Zealand wrestling champion, Charlie ‘Croga’ Adams, was caught cycling on a public footpath and fined five shillings (25p). The NZ Olympic Committee decided that made him a convicted criminal and he was dropped (p. 213). My favourite example relates to the Olympic Bond signed by the seven members of the Thank You Letter After Accounts, New Zealand team in which they agreed to ‘win without swank and Eligibility/limitations. lose without grousing’ (pp. 46-7). The cost in Feasibility Report &confectionery, 1948 for the whole Games was ?732,268 (equivalent to Eligibility/limitations. about ?20,000,000 today). There was a profit of ?29,420 (having deducted the Argentine cheque for Free Templates It Resume Template Word Resume ?280 which bounced, p. 7), and Eligibility/limitations. the Labour Government, which had played no part in organising the Games (doubtless ensuring their success), took a tax cut of ?9,000 from that profit (p. 322). Orwell was prompted to write ‘The Sporting Spirit’ following the ill-starred visit of Sample Job Description Examples In Word, Pdf Moscow Dynamos in Eligibility/limitations., late 1945.

As he makes plain, he didn’t see any of the games and I am not sure that I would agree with whoever informed him that the match between the Russians and Glasgow Rangers ‘was simply a free-for-all from the start’. By a lucky chance a friend of mine and I managed to obtain tickets (costing 1s 9d, about 9p) by looking like real sailors just ashore. That is not how we recall the game nor do the two minutes of extracts from the Pathe newsreel which can be seen on Feasibility Report &confectionery the web (go to Eligibility/limitations. ‘Glasgow Rangers v. Moscow Dynamos, 3 December 1945’), but that is hardly the point. Where Orwell’s analysis is Word Template ]. Free correct is that as international sport has developed, ‘the most savage combative instincts are aroused . Eligibility/limitations.. . . Feasibility On Bakery. At the international level sport is frankly mimic warfare’ (p. 441). The 1948 Games showed the better, more Corinthian, style of sport for its own sake, but, in general, Orwell correctly divined the future.

The very idea of ‘play’ in ‘The Great Game’ was past. Eligibility/limitations.. I am inclined to Thank You Letter Receivable Cover think that booting a football to initiate ‘The Great European Cup Final’ at the Battle of the Eligibility/limitations., Somme saw more than a tragic loss of life: it marked, bloodily and finally, the end of innocence, of sport for fun by ‘muddied oafs’, amateur or professional. Report &confectionery. 1. What of Orwell and Eligibility/limitations. cricket? Orwell played cricket at St Cyprian’s and Sample Attendant Job Description - 6+ In Word, Pdf seems to have had an abiding affection for the Eton v Harrow annual fixtures at Lord’s (see X, pp. 53; XI, 175-6, 372-3; XII, 183, 379; XIII, 154). If one was slightly cynical one might suggest that was because they reminded him of the killing he and Denys King-Farlow made selling College Days but cricket went deeper. His review of Edmund Blunden’s Cricket Country (XVI, 161-3) shows a real affection for the game and he is Eligibility/limitations. able to Word Template Mac[localpl.us ]. Free correct and amplify Blunden’s ‘team’ of poets and writers (headed by Byron, who played for Harrow). He quotes his line, ‘And I have seen the righteous man forsaken’ from ‘Report on Experience’, which refers to the 1914-18 War, since, ‘as he sadly perceives, cricket has never been quite the Eligibility/limitations., same since’ (XVI, p. 162). Orwell also refers to Sir Henry Newbolt’s ‘Vitai Lampada’ (as relay runners passing on Analysis And ‘the torch of life’ – Lucretius) with its evocative lines, ‘There’s a breathless hush in the Close to-night – / Ten to make and the match to win’, and Eligibility/limitations. especially its ‘Play up! play up! And play the game!’.

Despite being cut in Job Description - 6+ Examples In Word,, stone by Gilbert Bayes on the wall of Eligibility/limitations. Lord’s facing Wellington Road in 1934, these lines are today easily mocked. Orwell seems to do that for Newbolt when he has a fellow Old Cliftonian taking inspiration from such a game to the North-West Frontier (XIX, p. 69) Nevertheless, he tellingly suggests that the sentiment be compared with ‘Full Moon at Tierz: Before the Free Resume Templates It Resume Template, Storming of Eligibility/limitations. Huesca’ by the Communist poet, John Cornford: the ‘emotional content of the two poems is almost exactly the same’. Image For Company. He concludes this essay (‘My Country Right or Left’, Autumn 1940) by pointing to ‘the spiritual need for patriotism and the military virtue, for which, however little the boiled rabbits of the Left may like them, no substitute has yet been found’ (XII, p. 272). Cornford was killed at Cordoba. It is, however, a short reference to Eligibility/limitations. an incident at a village cricket match recalled in ‘As I Please’, 20 (14 April 1944), with which I should like to conclude because it links the sporting and the political to perfection. A batsmen had been given out and as he walked back, the squire’s face ‘turned several shades redder’; furiously he shouted to the umpire, ‘Hi, what did you give that man out for?

He wasn’t out at all!’ The umpire dutifully recalled the batsmen and the game continued. Orwell, only a boy at the time, says it struck him as ‘about the Word ]. Free Template, most shocking thing I had even seen. Now, so much do we coarsen with the passage of time, my reaction would merely be to inquire whether the Eligibility/limitations., umpire was the Thank You Letter After Accounts Receivable | 100+, squire’s tenant as well’. But it is what reminded Orwell of this boyhood occasion that links old-fashioned sport, politics, and right behaviour for Orwell. He likens this incident to ‘the goings-on in the House of Eligibility/limitations. Commons the week before last’ (XVI, p. 152). And what were those? On 28 March 1944 MPs voted 117 to Resume Template Mac[localpl.us ]. Free Template 116 against Government advice for Eligibility/limitations. equal pay for After Interview Accounts | 100+ women teachers. The next day, Churchill furiously demanded a vote of confidence on his conduct of the war and that he won.

That coincidentally had the effect of nullifying the vote for equal pay. Churchill explained, ‘We had to show the government is in control. The German wireless was scoffing at Eligibility/limitations. us’. It would not be until 4 March 1955 that the Image Of Sample Resume For Company Analysis And, Burnham Committee decided that equal pay for Eligibility/limitations. women teachers should be introduced – by stages. To Orwell, Churchill’s action was as shocking as that squire’s. Alas, I doubt if there is such a thing as a ‘Corinthian Spirit’ in any field of life nowadays, not sport and certainly not politics, so much have we coarsened with the passage of time. 1. Captain W.P. Nevill of the 8th Surreys bought four footballs, one for each of his platoons, to kick across No-Man’s-Land on the first day of the Battle of the Somme, 1 July 1916.

One platoon painted on its ball: ‘The Great European Cup / The Final / East Surreys v Bavarians / Kick Off at Sample Process Zero’. They did valiantly kick off but were slaughtered. Two footballs survive (they are in Eligibility/limitations., Army museums) but Captain Nevill, who kicked off first, did not. He is buried at Carnoy Cemetery (Martin Middlebrook, The First Day of the Somme (1971), pp. 87, 124, 254, 335, and 340). Hansard links added 8 April 2017.

Sub-headings added 9 April 2017. ‘Not-Cricket’ re-paragraphed 8 July 2017.

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Skip the ]. Free Job Resume Template objective. Write a summary or career highlights instead. Limit it to Eligibility/limitations. 7 one-sentence bullets so recruiters don’t gloss over this part. If you don’t want to write a customized resume for every job application, re-write this part at least. For more information on this topic: 12. Maximize the First 3 Words of Your Bullets.

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Example - Leading With Results. Resume Templates It Resume Template Word Template! “5% increase in sales after implementing an upselling strategy for an e-commerce shopping cart.” A little mystery is a good thing. “You want the Eligibility/limitations. reader to You Letter After Interview Receivable | 100+ say to themselves, ‘Hmm… I am impressed this candidate had a 15% reduction in turnover, but how did he do that?’” says Sudermann. Don’t give away you best trade secrets. That curiosity is your bait in luring employers to call you. If they know what to do, what’s the sense in hiring you? It also lessens the ‘ wow ’ factor of what you achieved, especially if they’re already familiar with your strategy. Add online courses and short seminars on the education section of your resume. Eligibility/limitations.! Don’t worry if it’s not taught in person, or conducted by a well-known institution. Online education is widely recognized nowadays so free and paid courses even from Image Of Sample Resume, online providers carry weight. If you took a course on Adobe Photoshop, MS Excel, or any other skill, don’t hesitate to include it as long as it’s relevant to Eligibility/limitations. your job. Your resume should reflect interesting tidbits about your personality. Why?

Because high-achievers are interesting people with diverse hobbies and interests. Employers often interview candidates because something in their resume caught their eyes. Sometimes, these can come in the form of a sport, book, movie, side project, or volunteer activity. Some hobbies demonstrate skills related to your job, such as how archery teaches focus and painting enhances creativity. Sample Flight Examples Pdf! These activities do double duty to make you look both interesting and qualified for the job. Allow your personality to shine through in your resume. This stylish resume template has features to Eligibility/limitations. showcase your professional experience and skills, but also includes a What I Like hobbies section: Sprinkle references to books you’ve read, sports you play, volunteer activities, and Thank You Letter After | 100+ even places you’ve traveled in your resume and cover letter. 18. Beware of Controversial Interests. Did you help a candidate during a political campaign?

Or maybe you raised money to support a church’s restoration. Both demonstrate your work ethic and willingness to Eligibility/limitations. help. But those efforts could be used to Word Resume Template ]. Free Job Resume discriminate against you by Eligibility/limitations. someone who doesn’t agree with the Sample Attendant Job Description cause. Tips for Eligibility/limitations. Better Resume Formatting. Good formatting increases your resume’s readability and helps focus attention on You Letter After Accounts Cover the most important parts of it.

Should you use single space or double space between job entries? Pick one and stick to Eligibility/limitations. it. If you want to Feasibility &confectionery combine different spacing, make sure it’s consistent between different elements. For instance, no spacing between bulleted points but double spacing between two sections (i.e. education and Eligibility/limitations. work history). Every profession has multiple skill sets related to it. For instance, a UX designer has coding, design, illustration, and administrative skills, just to Sample Flight Job Description - 6+ Pdf name a few. Dividing these skills into Eligibility/limitations., different lists then itemizing what’s included in each clarifies your qualifications and squeezes more keywords into your resume. It’s also easier to Resume Templates It Resume Template Word Word read this way. Start your professional history with your current or previous job. Don’t hide your employment dates using a functional resume, unless you have a long job gap or a similar situation that necessitates it.

Limit your resume to two pages. Any more than that and you run the Eligibility/limitations. risk of Thank After Interview Receivable | 100+ Cover, some pages not getting the attention it deserves. People read from left to right, so it’s easier if most of Eligibility/limitations., your text, except the dates, are aligned left. Using center and On Bakery justified alignment also makes your resume hard to read because the eyes need to Eligibility/limitations. scan for Free Templates Word Template where the Eligibility/limitations. text starts again, instead of just starting immediately at the left most part of the page. 25. Job Title or Company Name: Pick Which One to Bold. Format your job title in bold to emphasize career progression between the job titles you’ve held. If your career progression isn’t evident after a quick scan of Free Word Template Resume, your professional history, just emphasize your employer’s name.

You can also do this to highlight employment from big companies. Tips for Eligibility/limitations. Improving Your Resume Design. White space is breathing room for the eyes. It makes your resume skimmable and Word Resume Mac[localpl.us ]. Free less overwhelming to read, which is always a plus for recruiters who spend all day reading applications. It’s a sneaky way to insert keywords into your resume, so I suggest putting these invisible keywords on Eligibility/limitations. the document’s footer to avoid detection. Using the company logo’s color theme shows you did your research, and that you’re also passionate about the job. 29. Send a Traditional PDF, Even if You Have an Infographic or Creative Resume. Word Resume Template Job Resume Template! Creative resumes can help you stand out and get noticed. We have many resume templates with high quality, beautiful styles on Envato Market, such as those curated in these articles: 25 Creative Resume Templates: To Land a New Job in Style.

15 Creative, Infographic Resume Templates. Staffing firm The Creative Group polled more than 400 U.S. marketing and Eligibility/limitations. advertising executives, and found that 78% of them still prefer traditional resumes in PDF and word format. Creative resumes can help you stand out You Letter | 100+, but unless you have an insider, there’s no way to Eligibility/limitations. know for Sample Flight Attendant Job Description - 6+ sure if an employer prefers them over traditional resumes. Just to Eligibility/limitations. be safe, send a PDF or word file resume even if your main resume is an infographic or video. There are also a number of professional resume templates on Envato Market with traditional and - Template more modern styles.

And many easy to customize designs that can be exported to both PDF and Word formats. Here is a simple resume template, with minimal infographic elements: It’s impossible to Eligibility/limitations. show all your qualifications in two pages, so take advantage of LinkedIn, portfolio sites, and personal websites. Just cover all the important details and accomplishments on your resume, and then let your online assets do the rest. A printed portfolio of your works and a recommendation letter from an influencer are also good resume supplements. Templates Word Template! 31. Don’t Give them Reason to Toss Your Resume. Busy C-executives aren't the only ones guilty of this. Eligibility/limitations.! Many recruiters read resumes with the intention of weeding out applicants instead of qualifying them. After receiving hundreds of resumes with similar qualifications, it’s hard to blame them.

A recruiter’s job is to look for the best candidate, not the average. Scrub your resume clean of typos and dull job responsibilities. Emphasize what makes you unique. “If your online presence is extensive and Attendant - 6+ In Word, Pdf impressive enough, tell the recruiter to Eligibility/limitations. Google you to get a sense of your accomplishments,” says Herle. This is applicable to all applicants, not just freelancers, writers, developers, and designers whose work are often available online. Use your name, job title, and the word ‘ resume ’ as the You Letter Interview document’s file name. Eligibility/limitations.! That will make it easier for the recruiter to find your job application, after you follow-up or send them a thank you note. Improve Your Resume One Step at a Time. I know reading everything suggested on Template ]. Free Job Resume this list is overwhelming. Doing it all is even more tiring, so take it one step at a time. Some of these resume tips take a few seconds to finish, while others might take half an hour—or more. You don’t have to do it all at once.

Make a few tweaks, then leave it at that and just pick up where you left off the next day. Improve your resume one step at Eligibility/limitations., a time. Learn more about how to make a great resume in - Template our ultimate guide. Eligibility/limitations.! Envato Tuts+ tutorials are translated into other languages by our community membersyou can be involved too!

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Essay on Theories of Eligibility/limitations. International Trade. In this essay we will discuss about International Trade. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to Theories of International Trade 2. Theory of Mercantilism of International Trade 3. Theory of Absolute Advantage 4. Of Sample Financial And. Theory of Comparative Advantage 5. Factor Endowment Theory 6. Country Similarity Theory 7. New Trade Theory 8. International Product Life-Cycle Theory and Other Details. Essay on Introduction to Theories of International Trade Essay on Eligibility/limitations., the Theory of Mercantilism of International Trade Essay on the Theory of Absolute Advantage of International Trade Essay on the Theory of Comparative Advantage of International Trade Essay on the Factor Endowment Theory of International Trade Essay on the the Country Similarity Theory of International Trade Essay on the the New Trade Theory of International Trade Essay on the International Product Life-Cycle Theory of International Trade Essay on the Theory of Competitive Advantage of International Trade Essay on Attendant - 6+ Examples In Word,, the Implications of International Trade Theories. Essay # 1. Introduction to Theories of International Trade: The exchange of Eligibility/limitations. goods across national borders is termed as international trade. Countries differ widely in Examples Pdf, terms of the Eligibility/limitations., products and services traded. Countries rarely follow the trade structure of other nations; rather they evolve their own product portfolios and trade patterns for exports and imports. Besides, nations have marked differences in their vulnerabilities to the upheavals in exogenous factors. Trade is crucial for the very survival of countries that have limited resources, such as Singapore or Hong Kong (presently a province of China), or countries that have skewed resources, such as those located in the Caribbean and West Asian regions.

However, for Sample - 6+ Examples, countries with diversified resources, such as India, the Eligibility/limitations., US, China, and the UK, engagement in Free It Resume Template Word Template, trade necessitates a logical basis. The trade patterns of Eligibility/limitations. a country are not a static phenomenon; rather these are dynamic in Feasibility Report On Bakery &confectionery, nature. Eligibility/limitations.. Moreover, the product profile and trade partners of a country do change over You Letter Accounts | 100+ Cover a period of time. Till recently, the Belgian city of Antwerp, the undisputed leader in diamond polishing and trade, had witnessed a shift of diamond business to India and other Asian countries, as given in Exhibit 2.1. It is also imperative for international business managers to find answers to some basic issues, such as why do nations trade with each other? Is trading a zero-sum game or a mutually beneficial activity? Why do trade patterns among countries exhibit wide variations?

Can government policies influence trade? Theories of international trade provide the raison d’etre for most of these queries. Trade theories also offer an insight, both descriptive and prescriptive, into the potential product portfolio and trade patterns. They also facilitate in understanding the basic reasons behind the evolution of a country as a supply base or market for specific products. The principles of the regulatory frameworks of national governments and international organizations are also influenced to a varying extent by these basic economic theories. Essay # 2. Theory of Mercantilism of International Trade: The theory of mercantilism attributes and Eligibility/limitations. measures the Free Resume Template Word Template Resume, wealth of a nation by the size of its accumulated treasures. Eligibility/limitations.. Accumulated wealth is traditionally measured in terms of gold, as earlier gold and silver were considered the currency of international trade.

Nations should accumulate financial wealth in the form of gold by encouraging exports and discouraging imports. The theory of mercantilism aims at creating trade surplus, which in turn contributes to the accumulation of Sample Flight Job Description Examples a nation’s wealth. Between the Eligibility/limitations., sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, European colonial powers actively pursued international trade to increase their treasury of goods, which were in Sample Flight Attendant - 6+ In Word,, turn invested to build a powerful army and Eligibility/limitations. infrastructure. The colonial powers primarily engaged in international trade for the benefit of their respective mother countries, which treated their colonies as exploitable resources. The first ship of the Sample Flight Examples In Word,, East India Company arrived at the port of Surat in 1608 to carry out trade with India and take advantage of its rich resources of spices, cotton, finest muslin cloth, etc. Other European nations—such as Germany, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy—and the East Asian nation of Japan also actively set up colonies to exploit the Eligibility/limitations., natural and human resources. Mercantilism was implemented by active government interventions, which focused on maintaining trade surplus and expansion of colonization. National governments imposed restrictions on imports through tariffs and quotas and promoted exports by subsidizing production. The colonies served as cheap sources for Feasibility, primary commodities, such as raw cotton, grains, spices, herbs and medicinal plants, tea, coffee, and fruits, both for consumption and also as raw material for industries.

Thus, the policy of mercantilism greatly assisted and benefited the colonial powers in accumulating wealth. The limitations of the theory of mercantilism are as follows: i. Under this theory, accumulation of wealth takes place at the cost of another trading partner. Therefore, international trade is treated as a win-lose game re­sulting virtually in no contribution to Eligibility/limitations., the global wealth. Thus, international trade becomes a zero-sum game. ii.

A favourable balance of trade is possible only in the short run and would automatically be eliminated in the long run, according to David Hume’s Price-Specie- Flow doctrine. An influx of gold by way of Resume Mac[localpl.us Job Resume Template more exports than imports by a country raises the Eligibility/limitations., domestic prices, leading to increase in export prices. In turn, the county would lose its competitive edge in terms of price. On the other hand, the Image Of Sample For Company Financial Analysis And, loss of gold by the importing countries would lead to a decrease in their domestic price levels, which would boost their exports. iii. Presently, gold represents only a minor proportion of national foreign exchange reserves.

Governments use these reserves to intervene in foreign exchange markets and to influence exchange rates. iv. The mercantilist theory overlooks other factors in a country’s wealth, such as its natural resources, manpower and its skill levels, capital, etc. v. If all countries follow restrictive policies that promote exports and restrict imports and create several trade barriers in Eligibility/limitations., the process, it would ultimately result in a highly restrictive environment for ]. Free Job Resume, international trade. vi. Mercantilist policies were used by colonial powers as a means of exploitation, whereby they charged higher prices from Eligibility/limitations., their colonial markets for Resume Template ]. Free Job Resume Template, their finished industrial goods and bought raw materials at much lower costs from their colonies. Colonial powers restricted developmental activities in their colonies to a minimum infrastructure base that would support international trade for Eligibility/limitations., their own interests. Thus, the colonies remained poor. A number of national governments still seem to cling to Resume Resume, the mercantilist theory, and exports rather than imports are actively promoted. This also explains the Eligibility/limitations., raison d’etre behind the ‘import substitution strategy’ adopted by a large number of countries prior to economic liberalization. This strategy was guided by their keenness to contain imports and promote domestic production even at the cost of efficiency and higher production costs.

It has resulted in the creation of a large number of export promotion organizations that look after the Interview Accounts Receivable | 100+ Cover, promotion of exports from the country. Eligibility/limitations.. However, import promotion agencies are not common in most nations. Presently, the terminology used under this trade theory is neo-mercantilism, which aims at creating favourable trade balance and has been employed by a number of countries to create trade surplus. Resume Template Word Template Resume. Japan is a fine example of a country that tried to equate political power with economic power and economic power with trade surplus. Essay # 3. Eligibility/limitations.. Theory of Absolute Advantage of International Trade: Economist Adam Smith critically evaluated mercantilist trade policies in his seminal book An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, first published in 1776. Smith posited that the wealth of a nation does not lie in building huge stockpiles of gold and silver in its treasury, but the real wealth of a nation is measured by Word Template, the level of improvement in the quality of living of its citizens, as reflected by the per capita income. Smith emphasized productivity and advocated free trade as a means of increasing global efficiency. As per Eligibility/limitations., his formulation, a country’s standards of living can be enhanced by international trade with other countries either by importing goods not produced by it or by producing large quantities of goods through specialization and exporting the surplus. An absolute advantage refers to the ability of a country to produce a good more efficiently and cost-effectively than any other country.

Smith elucidated the concept of ‘absolute advantage’ leading to gains from specialization with the help of day-to­day illustrations as follows: It is the maxim of every prudent master of a family, never to make at home what it will cost him more to make than to buy. The taylor does not attempt to make his own shoes, but buys them of the shoemaker. Sample Flight Job Description Examples Pdf. The shoemaker does not attempt to make his own clothes, but employs a taylor. The farmer attempts to make neither one nor the Eligibility/limitations., other, but employs those different artificers. All of them find it for their interest to employ their whole industry in a way which they have some advantage over Flight Attendant - 6+ Examples their neighbors.

What is prudence in the conduct of Eligibility/limitations. every private family can scarce be folly in that of great kingdom. If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry. Template Template. Thus, instead of producing all products, each country should specialize in producing those goods that it can produce more efficiently. Such efficiency is gained through: i. Repetitive production of a product, which increases the skills of the labour force. ii.

Switching production from one produce to Eligibility/limitations., another to save labour time. iii. Long product runs to provide incentives to develop more effective work methods over a period of time. Therefore, a country should use increased production to export and Image Resume Financial acquire more goods by way of imports, which would in turn improve the living standards of its people. Eligibility/limitations.. A country’s advantage may be either natural or acquired. Natural factors, such as a country’s geographical and agro-climatic conditions, mineral or other natural resources, or specialized manpower contribute to Sample Process, a country’s natural advantage in certain products. For instance, the agro-climatic condition in Eligibility/limitations., India is an important factor for Sample Job Description - 6+ In Word, Pdf, sizeable export of agro-produce, such as spices, cotton, tea, and mangoes. The availability of relatively cheap labour contributes to India’s edge in export of labour-intensive products. The production of wheat and maize in the US, petroleum in Saudi Arabia, citrus fruits in Israel, lumber in Canada, and aluminium ore in Jamaica are all illustrations of natural advantages.

Today, international trade is shifting from traditional agro-products to industrial products and services, especially in developing countries like India. The acquired advantage in either a product or its process technology plays an important role in creating such a shift. The ability to differentiate or produce a different product is termed as an advantage in product technology, while the ability to produce a homogeneous product more efficiently is termed as an advantage in process technology. Production of consumer electronics and automobiles in Japan, software in Eligibility/limitations., India, watches in Switzerland, and shipbuilding in South Korea may be attributed to acquired advantage. Some of the You Letter After Accounts | 100+, exports centres in Eligibility/limitations., India for precious and semi­precious stones in Resume Mac[localpl.us Template, Jaipur, Surat, Navasari, and Mumbai have come up not because of their raw material resources but the skills they have developed in processing imported raw stones. To illustrate the concept of absolute advantage, an example of two countries may be taken, such as the UK and India.

Let us assume that both the countries have the same amount of resources, say 100 units, such as land, labour, capital, etc., which can be employed either to produce tea or rice. However, the production efficiency is assumed to Eligibility/limitations., vary between the countries because to produce a tonne of tea, UK requires 10 units of resources whereas India requires only 5 units of resources. On the other hand, for producing one tonne of rice, UK requires only Image Of Sample Resume Analysis 4 units of resources whereas India needs 10 units of resources (Table 2.1). Since India requires lower resources compared to UK for producing tea, it is relatively more efficient in tea production. On the Eligibility/limitations., other hand, since UK requires fewer resources compared to India for producing rice, it is relatively more efficient in producing rice. Although each country is assumed to Report On Bakery &confectionery, possess equal resources, the Eligibility/limitations., production possibilities for each country would vary, depending upon their production efficiency and Resume Mac[localpl.us Job Resume utilization of available resources. All of the Eligibility/limitations., possible combinations of the two products that can be produced with a country’s limited resources may be graphically depicted by a production possibilities curve (Fig. 2.1), assuming total resource availability of 100 units with each country.

The slope of the Feasibility On Bakery &confectionery, curve reflects the ‘trade­-off of producing one product over the other, representing opportunity cost. The value of a factor of production forgone for its alternate use is termed as opportunity cost. For instance, if the UK wishes to produce one tonne of tea, it has to forgo the Eligibility/limitations., production of 2.5 tonnes of rice. Whereas in order to produce one unit of rice, it has to relinquish the Resume Mac[localpl.us ]. Free Template, production of only 0.40 tonne of tea. Suppose no foreign trade takes place between the Eligibility/limitations., two countries and Flight Attendant Job Description Pdf each employs its resources equally (i.e., 50:50) for production of tea and rice.

The UK would produce 5 tonnes of tea and 12.5 tonnes of rice at point B whereas India would produce 10 tonnes of tea and 5 tonnes of rice at point A as shovra in Fig. 2.1. This would result in a total output of 15 tonnes of tea and 17.5 tonnes of rice (Table 2.2). If both India and the UK employ their resources on production of only tea and rice, respectively, in which each of Eligibility/limitations. them has absolute advantage, the total output, as depicted in Fig. 2.1, of tea would increase from Process, 15 tonnes to 20 tonnes (point C) whereas rice would increase from 17.5 tonnes to Eligibility/limitations., 25 tonnes (point D). Thus, both countries can mutually gain from trading, as the total output is Sample Flight Attendant - 6+, enhanced (Table 2.2) as a result of specialization. The theory of Eligibility/limitations. absolute advantage is based on Word Template Mac[localpl.us ]. Free, Adam Smith’s doctrine of laissez faire that means ‘let make freely’. When specifically applied to Eligibility/limitations., international trade, it refers to ‘freedom of enterprise’ and ‘freedom of commerce’. Therefore, the government should not intervene in the economic life of a nation or in its trade relations among nations, in the form of tariffs or other trade restrictions, which would be counterproductive.

A market would reach to an efficient end by itself without any government intervention. Unlike as suggested by the mercantilist theory, trading is not a zero-sum game under the theory of absolute advantage, wherein a nation can gain only if a trading partner loses. Image Of Sample Financial. Instead, the countries involved in free trade would mutually benefit as a result of efficient allocation of their resources. Essay # 4. Theory of Comparative Advantage of Eligibility/limitations. International Trade: In Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, David Ricardo (1817) promulgated the theory of comparative advantage, wherein a country benefits from international trade even if it is less efficient than other nations in the production of two commodities. Comparative advantage may be defined as the inability of a nation to produce a good more efficiently than other nations, but its ability to produce that good more efficiently compared to the other good. Thus, the Free Templates It Resume Template Word Word, country may be at an absolute disadvantage with respect to both the commodities but the absolute disadvantage is Eligibility/limitations., lower in one commodity than another. Therefore, a country should specialize in the production and export of a commodity in which the absolute disadvantage is less than that of another commodity or in other words, the After Interview Accounts | 100+, country has got a comparative advantage in terms of more production efficiency.

To illustrate the concept, let us assume a situation where the UK requires 10 units of resources for producing one tonne of tea and Eligibility/limitations. 5 units for one tonne of rice whereas India requires 5 units of resources for producing one tonne of tea and Thank After Interview Accounts Receivable Cover 4 units for one tonne of rice (Table 2.3). In this case, India is more efficient in producing both tea and rice. Thus, India has absolute advantage in the production of both the Eligibility/limitations., products. Although the UK does not have an Resume It Resume Template Resume, absolute advantage in any of Eligibility/limitations. these commodities it has comparative advantage in the production of rice as it can produce rice more efficiently. Countries also gain from trade by employing their resources for Thank After Interview Receivable Cover, the production of Eligibility/limitations. goods in which they are relatively more efficient. Assuming total resource availability of 100 units with each country, Fig. 2.2 indicates all the possible combinations of the two products that can be produced by the UK and Word Resume Template Mac[localpl.us Job Resume India. In case there is no foreign trade between India and the UK (Table 2.4) and both the countries are assumed to use equal (50:50) resources for production of each commodity, UK would produce 5 tonnes of tea and 10 tonnes of rice as shown at point A, whereas India would produce 10 tonnes of tea and 12.5 tonnes of rice at point B in Fig. 2.2. If the UK employs all its resources in the production of rice in which it is Eligibility/limitations., more efficient than the other, India can produce the Flight Job Description In Word,, same quantum of tea, i.e., 15 tonnes (Point C) by employing only 75 units of Eligibility/limitations. its resources. It can utilize the remaining 25 units of its additional resources for producing 6.25 units of rice, which would raise the total rice production from 22.5 tonnes without trade to 26.25 tonnes after trade (Table 2.4).

Alternatively, the UK can employ its entire resources (i.e., 100 units) to produce 20 tonnes of rice and India can use only 10 units of its resources to produce 2.5 tonnes of You Letter Interview Receivable | 100+ Cover rice so as to produce the same quantity of rice, i.e., 22.5 tonnes. The remaining 90 units of resources may be used by India for the production of tea, resulting in an increase in tea production from 15 tonnes without trade to 18 tonnes with trade as shown at Point E. Hence, it is obvious from the illustrations that countries gain from Eligibility/limitations., trade even if a country does not have an absolute advantage in any of its products as the total world output increases. The Balassa Index is often used as a useful tool to measure revealed comparative advantage (RCA) that measures the relative trade performance of individual countries in particular commodities. It is Feasibility On Bakery &confectionery, assumed to ‘reveal’ the comparative advantage of trading countries, based on the assumption that the commodity patterns of trade reflects the inter-country differences in relative costs as the well as the non-price factors. The factors that contribute to the changes in the RCA of Eligibility/limitations. a country include economic factors, structural changes, improved world demand, and trade specialization. RCA is defined as a country’s share of world exports of a commodity divided by For Company Analysis And, its share in total exports.

The index for Eligibility/limitations., commodity j from country i is computed as. X ij = i th country’s export of Process - Template commodity j. X wj = world exports of commodity j. X i = total export of country i. X w = total world exports. If the value of the index of revealed comparative advantage (RCA ij ) is greater than unity (i.e., 1), the country has a RCA in that commodity. The RCA index considers the intrinsic advantage of Eligibility/limitations. a particular export commodity and Sample is consistent with the Eligibility/limitations., changes in the economy’s relative factor endowment and Template ]. Free Template productivity. However, it cannot distinguish between the improvements in factor endowments and Eligibility/limitations. the impact of the country’s trade policies. As indicated in Table 2.5, China has an Resume Mac[localpl.us ]. Free Template, RCA in industries such as clothing, elec­tronics, information technology (IT) and consumer electronics, leather products, textiles, and miscellaneous manufacturing that belongs to different technology categories (i.e., low, medium, and high) but not in Eligibility/limitations., resource-base manufacture.

On the other hand, India has an RCA in Flight Attendant - 6+, resource-based and Eligibility/limitations. low-technological industries, such as fresh food, leather products, minerals, textiles, basic manufacture, chemicals, and clothing. It is also observed that the US, Japan, and the UK have an RCA in high- and medium- technology categories, such as IT, consumer electronics, electronics, manufacturing, etc., whereas China’s main competitors such as Mexico, Hong Kong, and Attendant Examples Thailand have RCA in low-, medium-, and high-technology categories. This implies that countries specializing in medium- to high-technology products may explore opportunities of expanding bilateral trade with India and those in Eligibility/limitations., resource-based industries may stand to benefit substantially by an increase in demand of such products in China. For example, Latin American countries mainly produce and export various commodities. The major producer of Latin America is copper, oil, soy, and coffee, as the Job Description Pdf, region produces about Eligibility/limitations. 47 per cent of the world soybean crop, 40 per cent of copper, and 9.3 per cent of oil. The rising demand for commodities in China and other countries presents opportunities to these countries for expanding their pro­duction and increasing foreign exchange revenues. Similarly, the You Letter After Receivable | 100+ Cover, rapid growth in economic activities in India and China opens up opportunity for Eligibility/limitations., oil exporting coun­tries. Thus, revealed comparative advantage may be employed as a useful tool to Of Sample For Company Financial Analysis, explain international trade patterns. Limitation of Eligibility/limitations. Theories of Specialization: Some of the You Letter Accounts Receivable | 100+, most important limitation of Eligibility/limitations. theories of specialization are as follows: i. Theories of absolute and comparative advantage lay emphasis on specialization with an assumption that countries are driven only by Resume Mac[localpl.us Job Resume, the impulse of maximiza­tion of production and consumption.

However, the attainment of economic effi­ciency in a specialized field may not be the only goal of countries. Eligibility/limitations.. For instance, the Middle East countries have spent enormous resources and Free Resume It Resume Word Template pursued a sus­tained strategy in developing their agriculture and Eligibility/limitations. horticulture sector, in which these countries have very high absolute and comparative disadvantage, so as to become self-reliant. ii. Specialization in one commodity or product may not necessarily result in efficiency gains. The production and export of Word Resume Mac[localpl.us more than one product often have a synergistic effect on developing the overall efficiency levels. iii. These theories assume that production takes place under full employment conditions and labour is the only resource used in the production process, which is not a valid assumption. iv. The division of gains is often unequal among the trading partners, which may alienate the partner perceiving or getting lower gains, who may forgo absolute gains to prevent relative losses.

v. Eligibility/limitations.. The original theories have been proposed on the basis of two countries-two commodities situation. However, the same logic applies even when the theories experimented with multiple-commodities and multiple-countries situations. vi. Resume Mac[localpl.us ]. Free Job Resume Template. The logistics cost is overlooked in these theories, which may defy the proposed advantage of Eligibility/limitations. international trading. vi. The sizes of Sample Process economy and production runs are not taken into consideration.

Essay # 5. Factor Endowment Theory of International Trade: The earlier theories of absolute and comparative advantage provided little insight into the of products in which a country can have an advantage. Heckscher (1919) and Bertil Ohhn (1933) developed a theory to explain the Eligibility/limitations., reasons for differences in relative commodity prices and competitive advantage between two nations. According to this theory, a nation will export the After Accounts Receivable | 100+ Cover, commodity whose production requires intensive use of the Eligibility/limitations., nation’s relatively abundant and cheap factors and import the Interview Accounts | 100+ Cover, commodity whose production requires intensive use of the nation’s scarce and expensive factors. Thus, a country with an abundance of cheap labour would export labour-intensive products and import capital-intensive goods and vice versa. It suggests that the patterns of Eligibility/limitations. trade are determined by Free Resume Templates It Resume Template Resume, factor endowment rather than productivity.

The theory suggests three types of relationships, which are discussed here: A country would specialize in production of labour intensive goods if the labour is in abundance (i.e., relatively cheaper) as compared to the cost of Eligibility/limitations. land (i.e., relatively costly). This is Sample Attendant Examples In Word, Pdf, mainly due to the ability of a labour-abundant country to produce something more cost-efficiently as compared to Eligibility/limitations., a country where labour is scarcely available and therefore expensive. In countries where the You Letter After Interview Accounts Receivable | 100+, capital is abundantly available and labour is relatively scarce (therefore most costly), there would be a tendency to achieve competitiveness in the production of goods requiring large capital investments. As the same product can be produced by Eligibility/limitations., adopting various methods or technologies of production, its cost competitiveness would have great variations. In order to minimize the cost of production and achieve cost competitiveness, one has to examine the optimum way of production in view of technological capabilities and Feasibility On Bakery constraints of a country. According to Eligibility/limitations., the factor endowment theory, a country with a relatively cheaper cost of labour would export labour-intensive products, while a country where the labour is scarce and capital is relatively abundant would export capital-intensive goods.

Wassily Leontief carried out an empirical test of the Heckscher-Ohlin Model in 1951 to find out whether or not the US, which has abundant capital resources, exports capital-intensive goods and imports labour-intensive goods. Process. He found that the US exported more labour-intensive commodities and Eligibility/limitations. imported more capital-intensive products, which was contrary to the results of Heckscher-Ohlin Model of factor endowment. Essay # 6. Country Similarity Theory of International Trade: As per Report On Bakery, the Heckscher-Ohlin theory of factor endowment, trade should take place among countries that have greater differences in their factor endowments. Therefore, developed countries having manufactured goods and developing countries producing primary products should be natural trade partners. A Swedish economist, Staffan B. Under, studied international trade patterns in two different categories, i.e., primary products (natural resource products) and manufactures.

It was found that in natural resource-based industries, the relative costs of production and factor endowments determined the trade. However, in the case of manufactured goods, costs were determined by the similarity in product demands across countries rather than by the relative production costs or factor endowments. It has been observed that the majority of Eligibility/limitations. trade occurs between nations that have similar characteristics. The major trading partners of most developed countries are other developed industrialized countries. The country similarity theory is based on the following principles: i. Thank After Interview Accounts. If two countries have similar demand patterns, then their consumers would demand the same goods with similar degrees of quality and sophistication. This phenomenon is also known as preference similarity. Eligibility/limitations.. Such a similarity leads to enhanced trade between the two developed countries. ii. The demand patterns in countries with a higher level of per capita income are similar to those of other countries with similar income levels, as their residents would demand more sophisticated, high quality, ‘luxury’ consumer goods, whereas those in countries with lower per capita income would demand low quality, cheaper consumer goods as a part of their ‘necessity’.

Since developed countries would have a comparative advantage in Attendant Job Description Examples In Word, Pdf, the manufacture of complex, technology-intensive luxury goods, they would find export markets in Eligibility/limitations., other high income countries. iii. Since most products are developed on the demand patterns in the home market, other countries with similar demand patterns due to cultural or economic similarity would be their natural trade partners. iv. Countries with the proximity of geographical locations would also have greater trade compared to Templates It Resume Template Template Resume, the distant ones.

This can also be explained by Eligibility/limitations., various types of similarities, such as cultural and On Bakery &confectionery economic, besides the Eligibility/limitations., cost of transportation. The country similarity theory goes beyond cost comparisons. Therefore, it is also used in international marketing. Essay # 7. New Trade Theory of Feasibility Report &confectionery International Trade: Countries do not necessarily trade only to Eligibility/limitations., benefit from their differences but they also trade so as to Template Job Resume Template, increase their returns, which in turn enable them to Eligibility/limitations., benefit from specialization. International trade enables a firm to increase its output due to its specialization by providing a much larger market those results in enhancing its efficiency. The theory helps explain the trade patterns when markets are not perfectly competitive or when the economies of scale are achieved by the production of specific products. Decrease in the unit cost of a product resulting from large scale production is termed as economies of scale. Since fixed costs are shared over an increased output, the economies of scale enable a firm to reduce it’s per You Letter Interview | 100+ Cover, unit average cost of production and enhance its price competitiveness. Companies benefit by the economies of scale when the cost per unit of output depends upon their size.

The larger the size, the higher are the economies of scale. Eligibility/limitations.. Firms that enhance their internal economies of scale can decrease their price and monopolize the industry, creating imperfect market competition. This in turn results in the lowering of market prices due to the imperfect market competition. Internal economies of scale may lead a firm to specialize in a narrow product line to produce the volume necessary to achieve cost benefits from scale economies. Industries requiring massive investment in RD and creating manufacturing facilities, such as branded software by Microsoft, microprocessors by Intel or AMD, and You Letter Accounts Receivable | 100+ aircrafts by Eligibility/limitations., Boeing or Airbus, need to have a global market base so as to achieve internal economies of scale and compete effectively. If the cost per unit of Word Resume ]. Free Template output depends upon the size of the industry, not upon the size of an individual firm, it is referred to as external economies of scale. This enables the industry in a country to produce at a lower rate when the industry size is large compared to Eligibility/limitations., the same industry in another country with a relatively smaller industry size. The dominance of a particular country in the world market in a specific products sector with higher external economies of scale is attributed to the large size of a country’s industry that has several small firms, which interact to create a large, competitive critical mass rather than a large-sized individual firm. However, external economies of scale do not necessarily lead to imperfect markets but may enable the country’s industry to achieve global competitiveness. Although no single firm needs to be large, a number of small firms in a country may create a competitive industry that other countries may find difficult to compete with. The automotive component industry o India and the semiconductor industry in Malaysia are illustrations of external economies of scale.

The development of sector-specific industrial clusters, such as brassware in Moradabad, hosiery in Tirupur, carpets in Feasibility Report, Bhadoi, semi-precious stones in jaipur, and diamond polishing in Surat, may also be attributed to external economies. The new trade theory brings in the concept of economies of scale to Eligibility/limitations., explicate the Leontief paradox. Such economies of Template Word scale may not be necessarily linked to the differences in factor endowment between the trading partners. The higher economies of Eligibility/limitations. scale lead to increase in returns, enabling countries to Sample Process - Template, specialize in the production of Eligibility/limitations. such goods and trade with countries with similar consumption patterns. Besides intra-industry trade, the theory also explains intra-firm trade between the MNEs and Flight Job Description - 6+ Examples In Word, their subsidiaries, with a motive to take advantage of the scale economies and increase their returns. Essay # 8. International Product Life-Cycle Theory of International Trade: International markets tend to follow a cyclical pattern due to a variety of factors over a period of time, which explains the shifting of markets as well as the location of production.

The level of innovation and technology, resources, size of Eligibility/limitations. market, and competitive structure influence trade patterns. In addition, the gap in technology and preference and the ability of the customers in international markets also determine the stage of international product life cycle (IPLC). In case the innovating country has a large market size, as in case of the US, India, China, etc., it can support mass production for domestic sales. This mass market also facilitates the producers based in these countries to achieve cost-efficiency, which enables them to Free Templates It Resume Word Word Resume, become internationally competitive. However, in Eligibility/limitations., case the market size of a country is too small to achieve economies of scale from the domestic market, the companies from Templates It Resume Word Word Template, these countries can alternatively achieve economies of scale by setting up their marketing and production facilities in other cost-effective countries. Thus, it is the economies of Eligibility/limitations. scope that assists in achieving the economies of scale by expanding into Thank You Letter After Accounts | 100+ Cover, international markets.

The theory explains the variations and reasons for change in production and consumption patterns among various markets over a time period, as depicted in Fig. 2.3. The IPLC has four distinct (Exhibit 2.2) identifiable stages that influence demand structure, production, marketing strategy, and international competition as follows. Generally, it is in Eligibility/limitations., high-income or developed countries that the Templates Template Word Word Template Resume, majority of new product inventions take place, as product inventions require substantial resources to be expended on RD activities and need speedy recovery of the initial cost incurred by Eligibility/limitations., way of market-skimming pricing strategies. Since, in the initial stages, the price of a new product is relatively higher, buying the product is Templates Word, only within the means and capabilities of customers in high-income countries. Therefore, a firm finds a market for new products in Eligibility/limitations., other developed or high income countries in the initial stages. The demand in the international markets exhibits an Word Mac[localpl.us ]. Free, increasing trend and the innovating firm gets better opportunities for Eligibility/limitations., exports. Sample Flight Attendant - 6+ Examples In Word, Pdf. Moreover, as the market begins to develop in other developed countries, the innovating firm faces increased international competition in the target market. In order to defend its position in Eligibility/limitations., international markets, the firm establishes its production locations in other developed or high income countries. As the technical know-how of the innovative process becomes widely known, the firm begins to establish its operations in Of Sample Resume For Company Financial Analysis And, middle- and low-income countries in order to take advantage of resources available at competitive prices.

The major thrust of marketing strategy at this stage shifts to price and cost competitiveness, as the technical know-how and skills become widely available. Therefore, the emphasis of the Eligibility/limitations., firm is on most cost-effective locations rather than on producing themselves. Besides other middle-income or developing countries, the production also intensifies in low-income or least-developed countries (LDCs). As a result, it has been observed that the innovating country begins to import such goods from other developing countries rather than manufacturing itself. The UK, which was once the largest manufacturer and exporter of bicycles, now imports this product in Resume Templates It Resume Template Word Word Template Resume, large volumes. The bicycle is at the declining stage of its life cycle in industrialized countries whereas it is still at a growth or maturity stage in a number of developing countries.

The chemical and hazardous industries are also shifting from Eligibility/limitations., high-income countries to low-income countries as a part of their increasing concern about environmental issues, exhibiting a cyclical pattern in international markets. Although the product life cycle explains the emerging pattern of international markets, it has got its own limitations in the present marketing era with the fast proliferation of market information, wherein products are launched more or less simultaneously in various markets. Essay # 9. Theory of Competitive Advantage of International Trade: As propounded by Michael Porter in It Resume Word Template Resume, The Competitive Advantage of Nations, the theory of competitive advantage concentrates on a firm’s home country environment as the main source of competencies and innovations. The model is often referred to as the diamond model, wherein four determinants, as indicated in Fig. 2.4, interact with each other. Porter’s diamond consists of the following attributes: Factor conditions refer to how well-endowed a nation is as far as resources are con­cerned. These resources may be created or inherited, which include human resources, capital resources, physical infrastructure, administrative infrastructure, information infrastructure, scientific and technological infrastructure, and natural resources.

The efficiency, quality, and specialization of Eligibility/limitations. underlying inputs that firms draw while com­peting in international markets are influenced by a country’s factor conditions. The inherited factors in case of India, such as the abundance of Flight Job Description - 6+ In Word, Pdf arable land, water resources, large workforce, round-the-year sunlight, biodiversity, and a variety of agro-climatic conditions do not necessarily guarantee a firm’s international competitiveness. Rather the factors created by meticulous planning and implementation, scientific and market knowledge, physical and Eligibility/limitations. capital resources and infrastructure, play a greater role in determining a firm’s competitiveness. The sophistication of Templates It Resume Word demand conditions in the domestic market and the pressure from domestic buyers is a critical determinant for a firm to upgrade its product and services. The major characteristics of domestic demand include the nature of demand, the size and growth patterns of domestic demand, and the way a nation’s domestic preferences are transmitted to foreign markets. As the Eligibility/limitations., Indian market has long been a sellers’ market, it exerted little pressure on Thank You Letter After Receivable, Indian firms to strive for Eligibility/limitations., quality up gradation in the home market. Resume Template. However, as a result of India’s economic liberalization, there has been a considerable shift in the demand conditions. (iii) Related and Supporting Industries : The availability and quality of local suppliers and Eligibility/limitations. related industries and the state of development of Free Resume Templates Word clusters play an important role in determining the competitiveness of Eligibility/limitations. a firm. These determine the cost-efficiency, quality, and speedy delivery of inputs, which in turn influence a firm’s competitiveness.

This explains the development of On Bakery industrial clusters, such as IT industries around Bangalore, textile industries around Tirupur, and Eligibility/limitations. metal handicrafts around Moradabad. (iv) Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry : It refers to the extent of corporate investment, the type of Resume Template Mac[localpl.us Job Resume Template strategy, and the intensity of local rivalry. Differences in management styles, organizational skills, and strategic perspectives create advantages and disadvantages for firms competing in different types of industries. Besides, the intensity of domestic rivalry also affects a firm’s competitiveness. In India, the management system is paternalistic and hierarchical in nature. Eligibility/limitations.. In the system of mixed economy with protectionist and monopolistic regulations, the intensity of - Template competition was almost missing in major industrial sectors. It was only after the economic liberalization that the Indian industries were exposed to market competition.

The quality of goods and services has remarkably improved as a result of the increased intensity of market competition. Two additional external variables of Eligibility/limitations. Porter’s model for evaluating national competitive advantage include chance and government, discussed below. The occurrences that are beyond the control of firms, industries, and usually governments have been termed as chance, which plays a critical role in determining competitiveness. It includes wars and their aftermath, major technological breakthroughs, innovations, exchange rates, shifts in factor or input costs (e.g., rise in petroleum prices), etc. Some of the major chance factors in the context of India include disintegration of the erstwhile USSR and the collapse of the communist system in Eastern Europe, opening up of the Chinese market, the Gulf War, etc.

The government has an important role to play in influencing the determinants of a nation’s competitiveness. The government’s role in formulating policies related to trade, foreign exchange, infrastructure, labour, product standards, etc. influences the determinants in the Porter’s diamond. Assessing country competitiveness : In order to facilitate the quantifiable assessment of competitiveness, the World Economic Forum has developed the Global Competitiveness Index. It presents a quantified framework aimed to Feasibility On Bakery, measure the set of institutions, policies, and factors that set the sustainable current and medium-term levels of economic prosperity. The US was ranked as the most competitive economy in the world, followed by Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, Singapore, Finland, and Germany whereas China and India were ranked at 30th and 50th positions, respectively.

India has made remarkable progress in improving its global competitiveness during the recent years. The rapid rise in Eligibility/limitations., the share of the Accounts Cover, working age population for the last 20 years would add to favourable demographics to India’s competitiveness. However, to Eligibility/limitations., benefit from this India will have to find ways to bring its masses of young people into the workforce, by spending on Resume Templates Template Word Word, education and improving the quality of its educational institutions so as to enhance the productivity of Eligibility/limitations. its young. Moreover, the country still has to take effective measures (Exhibit 2.3) to deal with its bureaucratic red-tape, illiteracy, and infrastructure bottlenecks, especially road, rail, seaports and airports, and electricity, among others, so as to boost its global competitiveness. Essay # 10. Implications of You Letter Interview Accounts Cover International Trade Theories: The trade theories provide a conceptual base for international trade and shifts in trade patterns. This article brings out the Eligibility/limitations., significance of developing a conceptual understanding of the trade theories as it deals with the fundamental issues, such as why international trade takes place, trade partners, shifts in trade patterns, and determinants of competitiveness. The initial theory of mercantilism was based on accumulating wealth in terms of goods by increasing exports and restricting imports. Trade was considered to be a zero-sum game under the mercantilism theory wherein one country gains at the cost of the other.

However, a new form of mercantilism, known as neo-mercantilism, is followed by a number of countries so as to increase their trade surpluses. In 1776, Adam Smith advocated the concept of free trade as a means of Free It Resume Template Template increasing gains in world output from specialization. The theory of absolute advantage suggests that a country should produce and export those goods that it can produce more efficiently. Eligibility/limitations.. David Ricardo’s theory of comparative advantage was based on the international differences in labour productivity and advocates international trade even if a country does not have an absolute advantage in the production of any of its goods. Although it is Feasibility Report On Bakery, possible for Eligibility/limitations., a country not to have an absolute advantage in Thank You Letter Accounts Receivable Cover, production of any good, it is not possible for it not to have a comparative advantage in any of the goods it produces. In the later case, the country should specialize in the production and export of those goods that can be produced more efficiently as compared to others. The factor endowment theory highlights the interplay between proportions in which the factors of production such as land, labour, and capital are available to different countries and Eligibility/limitations. the proportions in You Letter After Accounts Receivable | 100+, which they are required for producing particular goods. Trade between countries with similar characteristics such as economic, geographic, cultural, etc. is explained by the country’ similarity theory. The new trade theory explains the specialization by some countries in Eligibility/limitations., production and exports of particular products as international trade enables a firm to Thank You Letter After Interview Receivable Cover, increase its output due to its specialization by providing much larger market that results into enhancing its efficacy.

The shifting patterns of production location are elucidated by the theory of IPLC that influences demand structure, production, the innovator company’s marketing strategy, and international competitiveness. Eligibility/limitations.. The theory of competitive advantage comprehensively deals with the micro-economic business environment as the Resume Template Mac[localpl.us Template, determinants of competitive advantage. Earlier trade theories suggested the shift in comparative advantage in low-skilled production activities from advance economies to developing countries. The product life-cycle theory too heavily relied on such presumptions. However, in recent years, the rapid shift of high-value activities such as RD, technology-intensive manufacturing, and white-collar jobs to India and other Asian countries have evoked considerable apprehension among intellectuals in the US and other advanced economies about whether free trade is still beneficial for their countries or not. This concern has been illustrated through Exhibit 2.4. It is likely to Eligibility/limitations., continue as a matter of Thank After Receivable serious debate and the upcoming economic thought may witness a significant deviation in terms of the support to theories based on Eligibility/limitations., free trade and, in him, globalization.

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Sonny’s Blues of Eligibility/limitations., Hatred, Misery and Love. The story Sonny’s Blues by James Baldwin (1957) explores the theme of suffering experienced by Feasibility Report &confectionery, Black Americans as individuals fettered by discrimination, unemployment, housing problems, drug addiction, imprisonment and suicide. Eligibility/limitations.. It features the struggle of Sample Flight Attendant Job Description - 6+ In Word,, two brothers separated and Eligibility/limitations. caught in the entanglements of time, space and ideals. The unnamed Narrator who is Resume Template Template relatively well-off between the two siblings struggles to Eligibility/limitations., understand his suicidal yet talented brother Sonny while the latter finds difficulty in Thank coping up with the mediocrity that engulfs him. Effective communication is crucial in the story of two brothers with different visions in Eligibility/limitations. life where rage and fury may explode at Sample, split seconds to put an end to one dear life of a prodigy.

Readers are then invited to Eligibility/limitations., journey with the Narrator as he reveals his discoveries through memories of their childhood, of their mother and Resume ]. Free Template father and of their Harlem community . In the first part, when the Narrator heard of his brother’s imprisonment due to drugs abuse, floods of Eligibility/limitations., memories came rushing in and he trembled upon thinking what his brother could have been getting through. He asks, “…why does he want to die?” He was very scared. Thus in paragraph 2: “A great block of ice got settled in my belly and Sample kept melting there slowly all day long”. His reflection is extended in the street as he wonders what most of the young could be doing secretly in the ground. It was a hint of a decaying life and destructed future. Eligibility/limitations.. The Narrator is Image Analysis a witness to Eligibility/limitations., all problems that affected his brother he tends to Flight Examples In Word, Pdf, be indifferent to all of Eligibility/limitations., these if not possessing a strong character in meeting the challenges in his community and of his race. As the speaker fetched Sonny who is finally freed after seven years of incarceration and long silence, they passed through the “killing streets of their childhood… streets that hadn’t changed”. It is quite nostalgic and seems an awkward moment for the speaker.

Moreover, while the Attendant Job Description - 6+ Examples In Word, Narrator observes that “though housing projects jutted up…houses exactly like the houses of Eligibility/limitations., our past yet dominated the landscape.” This brings to the fore the question of change. In the Narrator’s mind is the anxiety whether Sonny can ever change his perspective of a future. In the past, he saves his patience treating his brother as merely a child who will someday mature and realize things over to Feasibility On Bakery, himself. The Narrator understands him the way he would understand him or herself as a child or a growing man or woman who may possess a strong character but may easily be swayed and confused by Eligibility/limitations., a rather unhealthy environment such as of their childhood. Eventually, the Narrator’s new life in marriage separated the two brothers and brought them together again upon their mother’s death whose will was for the Narrator to Interview Receivable | 100+, take care of his brother. Once, in a gathering of church people, his mother shared about the Eligibility/limitations. death of his uncle that his father struggled for quite long.

His uncle was not merely a victim of Sample Process - Template, hit-and-run but a victim of bigotry. Eligibility/limitations.. He died in the street because he was a Black drunk man poked fun about by White drunk men. The mother reminded the speaker that her revelation is - Template not meant “to make you scared or bitter or to make you hate anybody” but purely for the sake of Eligibility/limitations., a younger brother Sonny. Unconsciously, it is an epiphany that the Narrator would later acknowledge. The memory is as vivid as in Feasibility On Bakery &confectionery her mother’s own narrative: “His brother got killed when he was a little younger than you are now”. His father does not speak about it because it was too painful. Death because of the Eligibility/limitations. color of Template Word Template Resume, one’s skin is just a terrible fact in the contemporary times. Thus, when the mother died, the Narrator assumes the responsibility of taking care of Sonny but one of his regrets would be not listening enough to Sonny who is all too passionate with music the way he believes “one must have much suffering to be able to sing beautifully” and thus, any human being must listen more attentively to music.

In the end, the Narrator realized that “All I know about music is Eligibility/limitations. that not too many people ever really hear it”. It takes for Word Mac[localpl.us Job Resume, Sonny to run away to manage things on his own at the same time for the Narrator to build his trust upon his brother that he can handle himself and in fact make a successful career out of his passion that he and his wife Isabel as well as Isabel’s folks supported by providing Sonny the facility of Eligibility/limitations., home and Feasibility &confectionery a piano. Of course, his rebellious action then gravely hurt Isabel, her folks and most importantly, his brother not out of humiliation but of frustration in understanding his thoughts, attitudes and character. For Sonny, music was his way of expression, communication and Eligibility/limitations. redemption. In the past, his brother thought it was something not serious and which does not promise a good living. Sonny was consistent with such dream while his main frustration then in Harlem was “to get away from drugs”. He was caught in this self-destructing world though many times he thought “I needed a fix, I needed a place to lean, I needed a clear space to listen… and I couldn’t find it.” The story therefore employs suffering as a general experience but which has particular impact in every individual. Like any familial relationship, the two brothers experience the fears of Interview | 100+ Cover, separation, academic challenges and career search in stages of life from Eligibility/limitations., childhood to Feasibility On Bakery &confectionery, adulthood. The Narrator wants to be carefree and protective as much as possible with his brother while the later is more expressive of his fury but not his deeper desires. In a way, they are both naive of Eligibility/limitations., each one’s feelings although in ]. Free the end, they would reconcile to each one’s experiences, forgive one’s self as well as forgive the Eligibility/limitations. past.

To conclude, both characters grew in the same problematic community but travailed two different paths. The Narrator is happy in both his career and relationship with a teaching position, a wife and children. However, he is haunted by his seeming failure in taking his brother out of trouble. Meanwhile, Sonny is unable to articulate his hatred and love of his family and the society at large in a way that his brother would easily understand. The interesting resolution in - Template the end of the story is weaved by a touch of musical education and appreciation: how feelings are manifested in music and why good music is born.

This documents how repressed feelings of Eligibility/limitations., marginalized sectors are translated in music and song . Albert sees such music particularly blues as “a state of Image Resume For Company And, being and as music” that is the bone of the story. Eligibility/limitations.. This reminds us of the historicity and wealth of Black music and artistry that even White Americans later would hail and emulate. Listening is Thank After Interview Receivable Cover a simple skill yet a hard one for humans. It entails the discipline of valuing others and paying deeper attention to other’s feelings, thoughts and opinions. Eligibility/limitations.. Individuals may have tendency to be egocentric that sometimes they are not aware that they have not been listening or are not listening enough to others. Instead, they are more drowned in their own pathetic world. This leads to miscommunication and misunderstanding as well as petty quarrels to suicidal acts that may have been prevented in the first place. To quote Sonny’s musical reference of the Black people’s humanity: “…all that hatred and misery and love. Resume Template Mac[localpl.us ]. Free Template. It’s a wonder it doesn’t blow the avenue apart”. The Narrator could have not narrated how music is played in Eligibility/limitations. the bar the way he is able to send the details of the phenomena if he is not listening enough to his brother Sonny. Resume Template Resume. Sending him a drink whereby his brother responded with a nod was a brotherly moment of finding unity and peace at last.

Sonny’s Blues of Hatred, Misery and Love. The story Sonny’s Blues by Eligibility/limitations., James Baldwin (1957) explores the theme of suffering experienced by Black Americans as individuals fettered by discrimination, unemployment, housing problems, drug addiction, imprisonment and suicide. Resume Mac[localpl.us ]. Free Job Resume Template. It features the struggle of two brothers separated and caught in Eligibility/limitations. the entanglements of Sample Process - Template, time, space and ideals. The unnamed Narrator who is relatively well-off between the Eligibility/limitations. two siblings struggles to understand his suicidal yet talented brother Sonny while the latter finds difficulty in coping up with the mediocrity that engulfs him. Effective communication is crucial in the story of two brothers with different visions in life where rage and fury may explode at split seconds to Process - Template, put an end to one dear life of a prodigy. Readers are then invited to journey with the Eligibility/limitations. Narrator as he reveals his discoveries through memories of their childhood, of their mother and Of Sample Financial father and of their Harlem community.

In the first part, when the Narrator heard of his brother’s imprisonment due to drugs abuse, floods of Eligibility/limitations., memories came rushing in and he trembled upon thinking what his brother could have been getting through. He asks, “…why does he want to die?” He was very scared. Thus in For Company Financial And paragraph 2: “A great block of ice got settled in Eligibility/limitations. my belly and kept melting there slowly all day long”. His reflection is extended in the street as he wonders what most of the young could be doing secretly in the ground. It was a hint of a decaying life and destructed future.

The Narrator is a witness to all problems that affected his brother he tends to be indifferent to all of these if not possessing a strong character in meeting the challenges in his community and of his race. As the speaker fetched Sonny who is finally freed after seven years of incarceration and long silence, they passed through the “killing streets of their childhood… streets that hadn’t changed”. It is quite nostalgic and seems an awkward moment for the speaker. Moreover, while the Narrator observes that “though housing projects jutted up…houses exactly like the houses of our past yet dominated the landscape.” This brings to the fore the question of change. In the Sample - Template Narrator’s mind is the anxiety whether Sonny can ever change his perspective of Eligibility/limitations., a future. In the Thank After Accounts Cover past, he saves his patience treating his brother as merely a child who will someday mature and realize things over to himself.

The Narrator understands him the way he would understand him or herself as a child or a growing man or woman who may possess a strong character but may easily be swayed and confused by a rather unhealthy environment such as of Eligibility/limitations., their childhood. Eventually, the Narrator’s new life in marriage separated the two brothers and brought them together again upon their mother’s death whose will was for the Narrator to take care of his brother. Resume Templates It Resume Template Word Template. Once, in a gathering of church people, his mother shared about the death of his uncle that his father struggled for quite long. His uncle was not merely a victim of hit-and-run but a victim of bigotry. He died in Eligibility/limitations. the street because he was a Black drunk man poked fun about by White drunk men.

The mother reminded the speaker that her revelation is not meant “to make you scared or bitter or to make you hate anybody” but purely for Process - Template, the sake of a younger brother Sonny. Unconsciously, it is an epiphany that the Narrator would later acknowledge. The memory is Eligibility/limitations. as vivid as in her mother’s own narrative: “His brother got killed when he was a little younger than you are now”. His father does not speak about Word Template Mac[localpl.us Job Resume, it because it was too painful. Death because of the color of Eligibility/limitations., one’s skin is Image And just a terrible fact in Eligibility/limitations. the contemporary times. Thus, when the mother died, the Narrator assumes the Image Resume For Company Financial Analysis And responsibility of Eligibility/limitations., taking care of Sonny but one of his regrets would be not listening enough to Sonny who is all too passionate with music the way he believes “one must have much suffering to be able to sing beautifully” and thus, any human being must listen more attentively to music. In the end, the Narrator realized that “All I know about Sample Attendant Examples In Word, Pdf, music is that not too many people ever really hear it”.

It takes for Sonny to run away to manage things on his own at the same time for the Narrator to build his trust upon his brother that he can handle himself and in fact make a successful career out of his passion that he and his wife Isabel as well as Isabel’s folks supported by providing Sonny the facility of home and a piano. Eligibility/limitations.. Of course, his rebellious action then gravely hurt Isabel, her folks and Free Resume It Resume Word Template most importantly, his brother not out of humiliation but of frustration in understanding his thoughts, attitudes and character. For Sonny, music was his way of expression, communication and redemption. In the past, his brother thought it was something not serious and which does not promise a good living. Sonny was consistent with such dream while his main frustration then in Harlem was “to get away from drugs”. He was caught in this self-destructing world though many times he thought “I needed a fix, I needed a place to lean, I needed a clear space to Eligibility/limitations., listen… and I couldn’t find it.” The story therefore employs suffering as a general experience but which has particular impact in every individual.

Like any familial relationship, the two brothers experience the fears of separation, academic challenges and career search in Resume Template ]. Free Template stages of life from childhood to adulthood. The Narrator wants to be carefree and protective as much as possible with his brother while the later is more expressive of his fury but not his deeper desires. Eligibility/limitations.. In a way, they are both naive of each one’s feelings although in the end, they would reconcile to each one’s experiences, forgive one’s self as well as forgive the Of Sample Resume Financial And past. To conclude, both characters grew in the same problematic community but travailed two different paths. The Narrator is happy in both his career and relationship with a teaching position, a wife and Eligibility/limitations. children. Free Resume Word Template Resume. However, he is haunted by his seeming failure in taking his brother out of trouble.

Meanwhile, Sonny is unable to articulate his hatred and love of his family and the society at large in a way that his brother would easily understand. The interesting resolution in the end of the story is weaved by a touch of musical education and appreciation: how feelings are manifested in music and why good music is born. This documents how repressed feelings of marginalized sectors are translated in music and song. Albert sees such music particularly blues as “a state of being and as music” that is the bone of the story. This reminds us of the historicity and wealth of Black music and artistry that even White Americans later would hail and emulate. Listening is a simple skill yet a hard one for humans. It entails the discipline of valuing others and paying deeper attention to other’s feelings, thoughts and opinions. Individuals may have tendency to be egocentric that sometimes they are not aware that they have not been listening or are not listening enough to others.

Instead, they are more drowned in their own pathetic world. This leads to Eligibility/limitations., miscommunication and misunderstanding as well as petty quarrels to suicidal acts that may have been prevented in the first place. To quote Sonny’s musical reference of the Black people’s humanity: “…all that hatred and misery and love. It’s a wonder it doesn’t blow the Financial And avenue apart”. The Narrator could have not narrated how music is played in Eligibility/limitations. the bar the Free Templates It Resume Word Template way he is able to Eligibility/limitations., send the details of the On Bakery &confectionery phenomena if he is Eligibility/limitations. not listening enough to his brother Sonny. Sending him a drink whereby his brother responded with a nod was a brotherly moment of Flight Attendant Job Description Examples Pdf, finding unity and peace at last. Albert, Richard N. “The Jazz-Blues Motif in James Baldwin’s Sonny’s Blues”.

Jstor. College Literature, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Spring, 1984), pp. 178-185. Web. 13 July 2013. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25111592. Baldwin, James. Sonny’s Blues. Southwest Career and Technical Academy. Web.

13 July 2013. PDF File.