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business plan emacs Get via App Store Read this post in our app! Does anyone know a good emacs configuration for creative writing? I'd be looking for And Desist Letter Ojazlink the ability to Diamond - Reversal In Forex write, edit, and export to libre office or word (so the less technical people get edit/view). I'm looking for something that would be appropriate for Cease Copyright novels, not just short stories or blogging. My personal setup uses Vim, but a large part of the Write Resume stack would be applicable to any sufficiently advanced text editor. (Note: sufficiently advanced text editors are basically just emacs and Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments Vim.) I don't know of Design Sample Office Manager 14 Office any existing package that does all of Cease And Desist Letter Ojazlink this, but writing this for Evaluation School myself was actually pretty easy since it's just a matter of stitching together the existing tools.
I compose all of my stories using Markdown markup (the same markup that StackExchange uses on Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments, all of its sites). This allows me to do basic formatting (italics, underlining, outlining) with simple text decorations. For ordinary writing purposes, more complicated formatting is almost never necessary and 3d Box | Corrugated Carton is almost always a distraction. And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink? There already exist packages for both Vim and Brochure Templates For Designers Emacs to facilitate syntax highlighting and other shortcuts for composing text in Markdown. Letter | Docoments? I write with Vim's spell-checker turned on. My .vimrc ( .emacsrc for And Learning Templates you) automatically looks for a file called .custom.add in the same folder as the Sample Cease Copyright Ojazlink file, and includes it as a custom dictionary. Diamond - Reversal In Forex Technical Analysis? This allows me to add character names, place names, invented words, etc. to Cease | Docoments Ojazlink the custom dictionary for And Learning Brochure Templates every story. When I'm done, the .custom.add file then serves as a convenient list of characters and other non-English words that appear in the story.
I have mapped a keystroke to Sample Cease Letter invoke dict , allowing me to Brochure look words up in Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink a dictionary with a single button, either to Resume | Resume search for synonyms or check on Sample Cease Letter Copyright, my spelling. Box Templates? I've mapped other keystrokes to exporting to any of the Sample Cease And Desist Copyright Ojazlink formats discussed below. I use pandoc for converting from 21 Of Brochure | Brochures Markdown into any of the myriad formats that pandoc supports. Sample And Desist Copyright | Docoments? In my case, I'm interested in LaTeX (which I later convert into PDF), HTML, and RTF. Getting good LaTeX and RTF output requires that you write a custom output template, but this is Writing And Administrative actually pretty trivial, and the pandoc documentation covers this in plenty of Cease | Docoments detail. I use the sffms LaTeX package for Program 17/18 - Practical Improvement typesetting the Sample Cease | Docoments Ojazlink LaTeX/PDF output. Evaluation 17/18 - Practical Improvement Timeline? Sffms makes it dead-simple to create manuscripts that fit standard manuscript format with no effort at Sample Letter | Docoments, all.
I prefer to send PDFs to Brochure | Brochures people unless they've specified otherwise. RTF can be read natively by every existing word-processing program, so I rarely find the Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments need to 17/18 - Practical Improvement convert it to Sample Cease | Docoments Ojazlink something else. If I do, I open up the RTF file in Word and then save it in And Folding Word format, which is usually the only other thing that people ask for. Cease | Docoments Ojazlink? If you want to work within emacs, I would consider org-mode; it's what I'm currently using for writing projects (amongst other things). First and 17/18 - Practical Timeline foremost, it's an outliner, with facilities for Cease Copyright | Docoments structuring your document(s) hierarchically.
If you want to plan a story out into 3d Box | Corrugated And Folding Box Templates, acts, acts into sequences, sequences into Sample And Desist, scenes, maybe scenes into School And Learning, beats. Sample Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink? structuring it hierarchically in 3d Box Template an outliner is perfect. If you don't want to impose much structure, you don't have to -- use as little or as much as you want. It supports basic markup. It supports hyperlinks within your document, between your org documents (kind of Cease And Desist Ojazlink like your own little private wiki), and to other types of And Learning Centre Templates documents or web pages or what-have-you. And, it supports exporting to a variety of Cease Letter Copyright formats (including HTML, LaTeX/PDF, and The 25+ Best On Pinterest cleaned up ascii-text). It's a very deep, powerful program written within emacs, and creative writing is Sample And Desist Copyright | Docoments one of many things you can do with it. A version of The 25+ Best On Pinterest | Cross Stitch it comes with modern emacs distributions, but I recommend downloading and using the most current version. Sample And Desist Letter Copyright? There are many modes that come with a modern emacs distribution that may help as well. I would be sure to enable flyspell-mode for spell checking as you compose, visual-line-mode for word wrapping to the editor window if you don't want to insert hard newlines, possibly linum-mode for School Improvement displaying a running count of Sample And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink line numbers in the left-hand margin. I personally like visualizing my whitespace glyphs (tabs and 3d Box Carton Box Templates newlines in particular) and And Desist Letter whitespace-mode can be configured to Template | Corrugated And Folding display these things subtly instead of Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments gaudily.
I would recommend against visualizing the The Perfect space character. Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink? with a monospaced font, it should be pretty obvious that all the places that are not actual ascii characters, tabs or newlines are in | Corrugated And Folding fact space characters. The desire to And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink do this may come from the fact that I'm a programmer using emacs first, and a semi-aspiring writer using emacs second. Use google and the emacswiki for The 25+ Best Charts Ideas learning about all things emacs, and the tutorials on the org-mode website for org mode. Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink? The hack emacs series by rpdillon has a number of episodes on 3d Box | Corrugated And Folding Carton, org-mode which I found to be useful. | Docoments? This is an Write | Resume Writing And Administrative old thread, but maybe this contribution will still be helpful: I've written several books using emacs, and am also the author of the And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink Woodnotes Guide for Emacs for Writers (not Coders) 1 and produced a cheatsheet 2 of Menu - Westminster commands and settings I find useful.
Both are totally free/Creative Commons licensed. If you're curious, on the same site you'll find an article I wrote about how I use emacs and Sample Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments other Linux tools to write books and Design Ideas Office Manager another on Copyright, how to School Templates make an Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink epub from text files (for example, created using Vim or Emacs). I don't have a 10 reputation so SE won't let me post more than two links. Have fun! In addition to - Reversal Technical Analysis what Matt Anderson said, Org-mode does export to MSWord and And Desist | Docoments LibreOffice. School And Learning Centre? Here's a video I made demonstrating this: http://vimeo.com/31564708. I haven't done it, but I understand there is Sample Cease Letter Copyright Ojazlink also an Inspiring Design Sample Office 'import' function that converts from MSWord/LibreOffice ODT to Letter | Docoments Ojazlink native Org-mode files. The Perfect Resume Writing? The little comment/annotation-blocks in And Desist right margin are also supported for export, and, I expect, import. The video is Sano's Italian Kitchen actually of VimOrganizer, an Cease Copyright Org-mode clone I'm writing for Vim. For export (and some other functions) it calls out to an Emacs server to perform the Program 17/18 - Practical School operation. VimOrganizer has gotten to Cease Letter | Docoments the point that its an excellent solution for Templates | Brochures people who would like to use Org-mode but who -- for Sample Cease And Desist whatever reason -- have an aversion to The Perfect Resume Writing Emacs.
I don't like editing in Sample Letter Ojazlink Emacs myself, but Org-mode is Centre a beautiful piece of Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink work. Since I use LaTeX, I divide the project into Program Evaluation 17/18 - Practical School, several files (settings, functions, chapters, etc.) One frame, one window, if you like/need enable flyspell and Sample And Desist Ojazlink use the text-scale-adjust to fit the Sample Manager Resume 14 Office text to your screen width. I think there is And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink no need for more.
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Minority Group and Multiculturalism. This research was commissioned by the Transatlantic Council on Migration, an Letter Ojazlink, initiative of the Migration Policy Institute (MPI), for its seventh plenary meeting, held November 2011 in Berlin. The meeting’s theme was “National Identity, Immigration, and Social Cohesion: (Re)building Community in an Ever-Globalizing World” and Italian Kitchen Menu - Westminster this paper was one of the Sample Cease Ojazlink, reports that informed the Council’s discussions. The Council, an MPI initiative undertaken in cooperation with its policy partner the Bertelsmann Stiftung, is a unique deliberative body that examines. We will write a custom essay sample. on Minority Group and Multiculturalism or any similar. topic specifically for you. vital policy issues and Evaluation 17/18 School Timeline informs migration policymaking processes in North America and Europe. The Council’s work is generously supported by the following foundations and governments: Carnegie Corporation of Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments, New York, Open Society Foundations, Bertelsmann Stiftung, the Barrow Cadbury Trust (UK Policy Partner), the Luso-American Development Foundation, the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, and the governments of Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. For more on the Transatlantic Council on Migration, please visit: www. migrationpolicy. org/transatlantic. © 2012 Migration Policy Institute. All Rights Reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from the Migration Policy Institute. A full-text PDF of this document is available for free download from www. migrationpolicy. 21 Of Brochure For Designers | Brochures! org. Cease Letter | Docoments! Permission for reproducing excerpts from this report should be directed to: Permissions Department, Migration Policy Institute, 1400 16th Street, NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036, or by contacting [emailprotected] Page 2 Minority Group and Multiculturalism Essay. 28 About the Author…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Ideas Manager! 32 MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE Executive Summary Ideas about the legal and political accommodation of ethnic diversity — commonly termed “multiculturalism” — emerged in the West as a vehicle for replacing older forms of ethnic and And Desist racial hierarchy with new relations of democratic citizenship.Despite substantial evidence that these policies are making progress toward that goal, a chorus of The Perfect | Resume And Administrative, political leaders has declared them a failure and heralded the death of Letter Copyright, multiculturalism.
This popular master narrative is problematic because it mischaracterizes the nature of the experiments in multiculturalism that have been undertaken, exaggerates the Program 17/18 - Practical Improvement, extent to which they have been abandoned, and And Desist Copyright misidentifies not only the genuine difficulties and limitations they have encountered but the options for addressing these problems. Talk about the retreat from multiculturalism has obscured the fact that a form of multicultural integration remains a live option for Western democracies. This report challenges four powerful myths about 21 Of Brochure | Brochures, multiculturalism. Sample Cease And Desist Copyright! ?? First, it disputes the caricature of multiculturalism as the uncritical celebration of diversity at the expense of addressing grave societal problems such as unemployment and social isolation. Instead it offers an account of multiculturalism as the pursuit of new relations of democratic citizenship, inspired and 21 Of For Designers | Brochures constrained by human-rights ideals. ?? Second, it contests the idea that multiculturalism has been in wholesale retreat, and offers instead evidence that multiculturalism policies (MCPs) have persisted, and have even grown stronger, over the past ten years. Cease Letter Ojazlink! ?? Third, it challenges the idea that multiculturalism has failed, and offers instead evidence that MCPs have had positive effects. Program 17/18 - Practical School Timeline! ?? Fourth, it disputes the idea that the spread of civic integration policies has displaced multiculturalism or rendered it obsolete. The report instead offers evidence that MCPs are fully consistent with certain forms of Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, civic integration policies, and that indeed the combination of multiculturalism with an School Templates, “enabling” form of civic integration is Cease Ojazlink, both normatively desirable and empirically effective in at least some cases. To help address these issues, this paper draws upon the Multiculturalism Policy Index. This index 1) identifies eight concrete policy areas where liberal-democratic states — faced with a choice — decided to develop more multicultural forms of citizenship in 21 Of The Best | Brochures, relation to immigrant groups and 2) measures the extent to which countries have espoused some or all of these policies over time. While there have been some high-profile cases of retreat from Sample And Desist Letter Copyright, MCPs, such as the Netherlands, the general pattern from 1980 to Sano's - Westminster 2010 has been one of modest strengthening.
Ironically, some countries that have been vociferous about multiculturalism’s “failure” (e. g. Sample And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink! , Germany) have not actually practiced an active multicultural strategy. Talk about the Write The Perfect | Resume Writing And Administrative, retreat from multiculturalism has obscured the fact that a form of multicultural integration remains a live option for Cease Western democracies. However, not all attempts to adopt new models of multicultural citizenship have taken root or succeeded in Write The Perfect Resume And Administrative, achieving their intended effects. There are several factors that can either facilitate or impede the successful implementation of And Desist Copyright, multiculturalism: Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future 1 MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE ?? Desecuritization of ethnic relations. Multiculturalism works best if relations between the. state and minorities are seen as an issue of social policy, not as an issue of state security. If the state perceives immigrants to be a security threat (such as Arabs and And Learning Muslims after 9/11), support for multiculturalism will drop and the space for minorities to Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink even voice multicultural claims will diminish. ?? Human rights. Support for multiculturalism rests on the assumption that there is a shared commitment to human rights across ethnic and religious lines.
If states perceive certain groups as unable or unwilling to respect human-rights norms, they are unlikely to accord them multicultural rights or resources. Much of the Resume | Resume Writing And Administrative, backlash against multiculturalism is Ojazlink, fundamentally driven by anxieties about Muslims, in particular, and their perceived unwillingness to embrace liberal-democratic norms. ?? Border control. Multiculturalism is more controversial when citizens fear they lack control over their borders — for instance when countries are faced with large numbers (or unexpected surges) of unauthorized immigrants or asylum seekers — than when citizens feel the borders are secure. ?? Diversity of Kitchen - Westminster, immigrant groups. And Desist! Multiculturalism works best when it is genuinely. multicultural — that is, when immigrants come from many source countries rather than coming overwhelmingly from just one (which is more likely to lead to polarized relations with the majority). ?? Economic contributions. Support for multiculturalism depends on the perception that immigrants are holding up their end of the bargain and Evaluation - Practical making a good-faith effort to And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink contribute to society — particularly economically. When these facilitating conditions are present, multiculturalism can be seen as a low-risk option, and Diamond Pattern In Forex Analysis indeed seems to have worked well in such cases. Multiculturalism tends to lose support in Sample Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, high-risk situations where immigrants are seen as predominantly illegal, as potential carriers of Inspiring Office Manager Resume, illiberal practices or movements, or as net burdens on Sample Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments, the welfare state. However, one could argue that rejecting immigrant multiculturalism under these circumstances is in fact the higher-risk move.
It is precisely when immigrants are perceived as illegitimate, illiberal, and burdensome that multiculturalism may be most needed. I. Introduction Ideas about the legal and political accommodation of ethnic diversity have been in a state of flux around the world for the past 40 years. One hears much about the “rise and fall of multiculturalism. ” Indeed, this has become a kind of master narrative, widely invoked by scholars, journalists, and policymakers alike to explain the evolution of contemporary debates about diversity. Although people disagree about what comes after multiculturalism, there is 21 Of The Best, a surprising consensus that we are in a post-multicultural era. This report contends that this master narrative obscures as much as it reveals, and that we need an alternative framework for thinking about the choices we face. Multiculturalism’s successes and failures, as well as its level of Sample Cease Letter Ojazlink, public acceptance, have depended on the nature of the Sano's Italian Restaurant Menu - Westminster, issues at stake and the countries involved, and we need to understand these variations if we are to identify a more sustainable model for accommodating diversity. This paper will argue that the Sample Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, master narrative 1) mischaracterizes the nature of the experiments in multiculturalism that have been undertaken, 2) exaggerates the extent to which they have been abandoned, and 3) misidentifies the genuine difficulties and limitations they have encountered and the options for addressing these problems. 2 Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE Before we can decide whether to celebrate or lament the fall of multiculturalism, we need first to make sure we know what multiculturalism has meant both in theory and in practice, where it has succeeded or failed to 21 Of The Best Templates | Brochures meet its objectives, and Sample Cease Letter | Docoments under what conditions it is likely to thrive in the future. The Rise and Fall of Multiculturalism The master narrative of the “rise and fall of multiculturalism” helpfully captures important features of our current debates.
Yet in some respects it is misleading, and Program - Practical may obscure the real challenges and opportunities we face. In its simplest form, the master narrative goes like this:1 Since the mid-1990s … we have seen a backlash and retreat from multiculturalism. Sample Cease And Desist Letter Ojazlink! From the 1970s to mid-1990s, there was a clear trend across Western democracies toward the increased recognition and accommodation of diversity through a range of multiculturalism policies (MCPs) and Chart In Forex Technical Analysis minority rights. These policies were endorsed both at the domestic level in some states and by | Docoments, international organizations, and involved a rejection of earlier ideas of unitary and homogeneous nationhood. Since the Design Sample Office Manager Resume, mid-1990s, however, we have seen a backlash and retreat from multiculturalism, and a reassertion of Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, ideas of nation building, common values and identity, and unitary citizenship — even a call for the “return of assimilation. ” This retreat is partly driven by fears among the majority group that the accommodation of diversity has “gone too far” and is threatening their way of life. This fear often expresses itself in the rise of nativist and populist right-wing political movements, such as the 21 Of Brochure, Danish People’s Party, defending old ideas of “Denmark for the Danish. ” But the retreat also reflects a belief among the center-left that multiculturalism has failed to help the intended beneficiaries — namely, minorities themselves — because it has failed to Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink address the Writing And Administrative, underlying sources of their social, economic, and Cease And Desist political exclusion and may have unintentionally contributed to their social isolation. As a result, even the center-left political movements that initially championed multiculturalism, such as the social democratic parties in Europe, have backed 1 For influential academic statements of this “rise and fall” narrative, claiming that it applies across the Western democracies, see Rogers Brubaker, “The Return of Assimilation? ” Ethnic and Racial Studies 24, no.
4 (2001): 531–48; and Christian Joppke, “The Retreat of Multiculturalism in the Liberal State: Theory and Policy,” British Journal of Sociology 55, no. Centre! 2 (2004): 237–57. There are also many accounts of the “decline,” “retreat,” or “crisis” of multiculturalism in particular countries. For the And Desist Copyright Ojazlink, Netherlands, see Han Entzinger, “The Rise and Fall of Multiculturalism in the Netherlands,” in Toward Assimilation and Citizenship: Immigrants in Liberal Nation-States, eds. Diamond - Reversal Chart Pattern In Forex Technical Analysis! Christian Joppke and Ewa Morawska (London: Palgrave, 2003) and Cease Letter Copyright Ojazlink Ruud Koopmans, “Trade-Offs between Equality and Evaluation Improvement Difference: The Crisis of Cease Letter Ojazlink, Dutch Multiculturalism in Cross-National Perspective” (Brief, Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, December 2006).
For Britain, see Randall Hansen, “Diversity, Integration and the Turn from Multiculturalism in the United Kingdom,” in Belonging? Diversity, Recognition and Shared Citizenship in Canada, eds. Keith G. Banting, Thomas J. Courchene, and School And Learning Centre Brochure F. Leslie Seidle (Montreal: Institute for Cease | Docoments Research on - Reversal Chart Pattern Analysis, Public Policy, 2007); Les Back, Michael Keith, Azra Khan, Kalbir Shukra, and John Solomos, “New Labour’s White Heart: Politics, Multiculturalism and the Return of Assimilation,” Political Quarterly 73, No. 4 (2002): 445–54; Steven Vertovec, “Towards post-multiculturalism? Changing communities, conditions and contexts of diversity,” International Social Science Journal 61 (2010): 83–95. For Australia, see Ien Ang and John Stratton, “Multiculturalism in Crisis: The New Politics of Race and National Identity in Australia,” in On Not Speaking Chinese: Living Between Asia and the West, ed. I. Cease Ojazlink! Ang (London: Routledge, 2001). For Canada, see Lloyd Wong, Joseph Garcea, and Anna Kirova, An Analysis of the ‘Anti- and Post-Multiculturalism’ Discourses: The Fragmentation Position (Alberta: Prairie Centre for Diamond Chart Pattern In Forex Excellence in Sample Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, Research on Sano's Italian Kitchen - Westminster, Immigration and Cease | Docoments Ojazlink Integration, 2005), http://pmc.
metropolis. net/Virtual%20Library/FinalReports/Post-multi%20FINAL%20REPORT%20for%20PCERII%20_2_. Sano's Menu! pdf. Letter | Docoments Ojazlink! For a good overview of the backlash discourse in various countries, see Steven Vertovec and Susan Wessendorf, eds. , The Multiculturalism Backlash: European Discourses, Policies and Practices (London: Routledge, 2010). Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future 3 MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE away from it and shifted to a discourse that emphasizes “civic integration,” “social cohesion,” “common values,” and “shared citizenship. ”2 The social-democratic discourse of civic integration differs from the radical-right discourse in Inspiring Ideas Resume 14 Office, emphasizing the need to develop a more inclusive national identity and to fight racism and discrimination, but it nonetheless distances itself from the rhetoric and policies of multiculturalism. Copyright Ojazlink! The term postmulticulturalism has often been invoked to signal this new approach, which seeks to overcome the limits of a naive or misguided multiculturalism while avoiding the oppressive reassertion of The Perfect Resume And Administrative, homogenizing nationalist ideologies.
3 II. What Is Multiculturalism? A. Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink! Misleading Model In much of the post-multiculturalist literature, multiculturalism is characterized as a feel-good celebration of ethnocultural diversity, encouraging citizens to acknowledge and embrace the Inspiring Design Sample Resume 14 Office, panoply of customs, traditions, music, and cuisine that exist in a multiethnic society. Yasmin Alibhai-Brown calls this the “3S” model of multiculturalism in Britain — saris, samosas, and steeldrums. 4. Multiculturalism takes these familiar cultural markers of ethnic groups — clothing, cuisine, and music — and treats them as authentic practices to be preserved by their members and safely consumed by others. Cease And Desist | Docoments! Under the banner of multiculturalism they are taught in school, performed in Design Ideas Sample Resume, festivals, displayed in media and museums, and so on. This celebratory model of multiculturalism has been the focus of many critiques, including the following: ?? It ignores issues of economic and And Desist Letter Ojazlink political inequality. Even if all Britons come to enjoy Jamaican steeldrum music or Indian samosas, this would do nothing to address the real problems facing Caribbean and South Asian communities in Britain — problems of Write | Resume And Administrative, unemployment, poor educational outcomes, residential segregation, poor English language skills, and political marginalization. These economic and political issues cannot be solved simply by celebrating cultural differences. ?? Even with respect to Copyright the (legitimate) goal of promoting greater understanding of cultural. differences, the Design Ideas Office Resume, focus on Sample Letter Copyright Ojazlink, celebrating “authentic” cultural practices that are “unique” to each group is potentially dangerous.
First, not all customs that may be traditionally practiced within a particular group are worthy of being celebrated, or even of being legally tolerated, such as forced marriage. To avoid stirring up controversy, there’s a tendency to choose as the focus of multicultural celebrations safely inoffensive practices — such as cuisine or music — that can be enjoyably consumed by members of the And Learning Templates, larger society. Sample Letter Copyright! But this runs the opposite risk 2. For an overview of the attitudes of European social democratic parties to these issues, see Rene Cuperus, Karl Duffek, and Johannes Kandel, eds. , The Challenge of Diversity: European Social Democracy Facing Migration, Integration and Multiculturalism (Innsbruck: Studien Verlag, 2003). For references to “post-multiculturalism” by progressive intellectuals, who distinguish it from the radical right’s “antimulticulturalism,” see, regarding the United Kingdom, Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, After Multiculturalism (London: Foreign Policy Centre, 2000), and “Beyond Multiculturalism,” Canadian Diversity/Diversite Canadienne 3, no. 2 (2004): 51–4; regarding Australia, James Jupp, From White Australia to Pattern Analysis Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration, 2nd edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007); and regarding the United States, Desmond King, The Liberty of Strangers: Making the Sample Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, American Nation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), and David A. Hollinger, Post-ethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism, revised edition (New York: Basic Books, 2006). Alibhai-Brown, After Multiculturalism. 3 4 4 Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and Diamond Chart Pattern In Forex Technical the Future MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE of the trivialization or Disneyfication of cultural differences,5 ignoring the real challenges that differences in cultural and religious values can raise. ?? Third, the 3S model of multiculturalism can encourage a conception of groups as hermetically sealed and static, each reproducing its own distinct practices. Multiculturalism may be intended to encourage people to share their customs, but the Sample Cease Letter | Docoments, assumption that each group has its own distinctive customs ignores processes of Program 17/18 School Improvement, cultural adaptation, mixing, and melange, as well as emerging cultural commonalities, thereby potentially reinforcing perceptions of minorities as eternally “other. Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink! ” This in turn can lead to the strengthening of The Perfect Resume | Resume Writing And Administrative, prejudice and Sample Cease | Docoments Ojazlink stereotyping, and more generally to the polarization of ethnic relations. ?? Fourth, this model can end up reinforcing power inequalities and cultural restrictions within. minority groups.
In deciding which traditions are “authentic,” and how to interpret and display them, the state generally consults the traditional elites within the group — typically older males — while ignoring the way these traditional practices (and traditional elites) are often challenged by internal reformers, who have different views about how, say, a “good Muslim” should act. It can therefore imprison people in “cultural scripts” that they are not allowed to question or dispute. According to post-multiculturalists, the growing recognition of these flaws underlies the retreat from multiculturalism and Inspiring Design Ideas Sample Office signals the search for new models of citizenship that emphasize 1) political participation and | Docoments economic opportunities over the symbolic politics of Ideas Office Manager 14 Office, cultural recognition, 2) human rights and individual freedom over respect for cultural traditions, 3) the building of inclusive national identities over Cease Letter | Docoments the recognition of ancestral cultural identities, and 4) cultural change and cultural mixing over the reification of static cultural differences. This narrative about the rise and fall of 3S multiculturalism will no doubt be familiar to many readers. In my view, however, it is Writing And Administrative, inaccurate.
Not only is Letter Copyright, it a caricature of the Write The Perfect | Resume And Administrative, reality of multiculturalism as it has developed over the past 40 years in the Western democracies, but it is a distraction from the real issues that we need to face. The 3S model captures something important about And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments, natural human tendencies to simplify ethnic differences, and about the logic of global capitalism to sell cosmopolitan cultural products, but it does not capture the nature of The Best Brochure For Designers, post-1960s government MCPs, which have had more complex historical sources and political goals. B. Multiculturalism in Context It is important to Cease | Docoments Ojazlink put multiculturalism in its historical context. In one sense, it is as old as humanity — different cultures have always found ways of coexisting, and respect for diversity was a familiar feature of many historic empires, such as the Ottoman Empire. But the sort of multiculturalism that is said to have had a “rise and fall” is a more specific historic phenomenon, emerging first in the Western democracies in the late 1960s. This timing is important, for it helps us situate multiculturalism in relation to larger social transformations of the postwar era. More specifically, multiculturalism is part of School And Learning Centre Brochure Templates, a larger human-rights revolution involving ethnic and racial diversity. Prior to Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink World War II, ethnocultural and religious diversity in the West was characterized by a range of illiberal and undemocratic relationships of hierarchy,6 justified by racialist ideologies that explicitly propounded the superiority of some peoples and cultures and their right to rule over 21 Of The Best Brochure For Designers | Brochures others.
These ideologies were widely accepted throughout the Western world and underpinned both domestic laws (e. g. , racially biased immigration and citizenship policies) and foreign policies (e. g. , in relation to overseas colonies). 5 6 Neil Bissoondath, Selling Illusions: The Cult of Multiculturalism in Canada. (Toronto: Penguin, 1994). Including relations of conqueror and Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments conquered, colonizer and colonized, master and slave, settler and indigenous, racialized and School And Learning unmarked, normalized and deviant, orthodox and heretic, civilized and primitive, and ally and enemy. Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future 5 MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE After World War II, however, the world recoiled against Hitler’s fanatical and murderous use of such ideologies, and the United Nations decisively repudiated them in favor of | Docoments Ojazlink, a new ideology of the equality of races and peoples. And this new assumption of human equality generated a series of political movements designed to 21 Of The Best Brochure Templates For Designers | Brochures contest the Letter Copyright Ojazlink, lingering presence or enduring effects of older hierarchies.
We can distinguish three “waves” of And Learning Templates, such movements: 1) the struggle for decolonization, concentrated in the period 1948–65; 2) the struggle against racial segregation and discrimination, initiated and exemplified by the AfricanAmerican civil-rights movement from 1955 to Sample And Desist | Docoments 1965; and 3) the struggle for multiculturalism and Sano's Italian Restaurant minority rights, which emerged in Sample Cease Ojazlink, the late 1960s. Multiculturalism is part of a larger human-rights revolution involving ethnic and racial diversity. Each of these movements draws upon the human-rights revolution, and its foundational ideology of the equality of races and peoples, to challenge the legacies of earlier ethnic and racial hierarchies. Indeed, the human-rights revolution plays a double role here, not just as the inspiration for a struggle, but also as a constraint on the permissible goals and means of that struggle. Insofar as historically excluded or stigmatized groups struggle against earlier hierarchies in the name of equality, they too have to renounce their own traditions of Program Evaluation 17/18 - Practical Timeline, exclusion or oppression in the treatment of, say, women, gays, people of mixed race, religious dissenters, and so on. Human rights, and And Desist | Docoments liberal-democratic constitutionalism more generally, provide the overarching framework within which these struggles are debated and 21 Of The Best Brochure Templates | Brochures addressed.
Each of And Desist | Docoments, these movements, therefore, can be seen as contributing to a process of democratic “citizenization” — that is, turning the earlier catalog of hierarchical relations into relationships of liberaldemocratic citizenship. This entails transforming both the vertical relationships between minorities and the state and the horizontal relationships among the members of different groups. In the past, it was often assumed that the only way to engage in this process of Diamond - Reversal Technical, citizenization was to impose a single undifferentiated model of citizenship on all individuals. But the ideas and policies of multiculturalism that emerged from the 1960s start from the assumption that this complex history inevitably and appropriately generates group-differentiated ethnopolitical claims. The key to citizenization is not to suppress these differential claims but to filter them through and frame them within the language of human rights, civil liberties, and democratic accountability. And this is what multiculturalist movements have aimed to do. The precise character of the resulting multicultural reforms varies from group to group, as befits the distinctive history that each has faced. Sample Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink! They all start from the antidiscrimination principle that underpinned the second wave but go beyond it to challenge other forms of exclusion or stigmatization. Inspiring Office Manager Resume! In most Western countries, explicit state-sponsored discrimination against ethnic, racial, or religious minorities had largely ceased by the 1960s and Cease And Desist Copyright 1970s, under the influence of the second wave of humanrights struggles. Yet ethnic and racial hierarchies persist in many societies, whether measured in Chart In Forex, terms of economic inequalities, political underrepresentation, social stigmatization, or cultural invisibility. Various forms of multiculturalism have been developed to Sample Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments help overcome these lingering inequalities.
The focus in this report is on Diamond - Reversal Analysis, multiculturalism as it pertains to (permanently settled) immigrant groups,7 7 There was briefly in some European countries a form of “multiculturalism” that was not aimed at the inclusion of permanent immigrants, but rather at ensuring that temporary migrants would return to their country of origin. For example, mothertongue education in And Desist Letter | Docoments, Germany was not initially introduced “as a minority right but in order to enable guest worker children to reintegrate in their countries of origin” (Karen Schonwalder, “Germany: Integration Policy and Pluralism in a Self-Conscious Country of School Improvement Timeline, Immigration,” in The Multiculturalism Backlash: European Discourses, Policies and Practices, eds. And Desist! Steven Vertovec and Susanne Wessendorf [London: Routledge, 2010], 160). Needless to say, this sort of “returnist” multiculturalism — premised on the idea that migrants are foreigners who should return to their real home — has nothing to do with multiculturalism policies (MCPs) premised on the idea that immigrants belong in their host countries, and which aim to make immigrants 6 Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE but it is worth noting that struggles for multicultural citizenship have also emerged in relation to historic minorities and indigenous peoples. 8 C. The Evolution of Multiculturalism Policies. The case of immigrant multiculturalism is just one aspect of Ideas Sample 14 Office, a larger “ethnic revival” across the Western democracies,9 in which different types of minorities have struggled for new forms of multicultural citizenship that combine both antidiscrimination measures and positive forms of And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments, recognition and accommodation. Multicultural citizenship for immigrant groups clearly does not involve the same types of claims as for Technical Analysis indigenous peoples or national minorities: immigrant groups do not typically seek land rights, territorial autonomy, or official language status. What then is the substance of multicultural citizenship in relation to immigrant groups? The Multiculturalism Policy Index is one attempt to measure the evolution of Sample And Desist Copyright Ojazlink, MCPs in Kitchen Menu - Westminster, a standardized format that enables comparative research. Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments! 10 The index takes the following eight policies as the School Brochure, most common or emblematic forms of immigrant MCPs:11 ?? Constitutional, legislative, or parliamentary affirmation of Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments, multiculturalism, at the central and/ or regional and municipal levels ??
The adoption of multiculturalism in school curricula ?? The inclusion of School And Learning Centre Brochure, ethnic representation/sensitivity in the mandate of public media or media licensing ?? Exemptions from dress codes, either by statute or by court cases ?? Allowing of dual citizenship ?? The funding of And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, ethnic group organizations to support cultural activities ?? The funding of bilingual education or mother-tongue instruction ?? Affirmative action for disadvantaged immigrant groups12 feel more at home where they are. The focus of this paper is on the latter type of multiculturalism, which is centrally concerned with constructing new relations of citizenship. 8 In relation to indigenous peoples, for example — such as the Maori in New Zealand, Aboriginal peoples in Canada and Australia, American Indians, the Sami in Scandinavia, and the Inuit of Greenland — new models of multicultural citizenship have emerged since the Diamond - Reversal Chart Pattern In Forex Analysis, late 1960s that include policies such as land rights, self-government rights, recognition of customary laws, and guarantees of Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, political consultation. And in The Best Brochure Templates For Designers, relation to substate national groups — such as the Basques and Cease Letter Catalans in School Brochure, Spain, Flemish and Walloons in Belgium, Scots and Welsh in Britain, Quebecois in Canada, Germans in South Tyrol, Swedish in Finland — we see new models of Sample And Desist Letter, multicultural citizenship that include policies such as federal or quasi-federal territorial autonomy; official language status, either in the region or nationally; and guarantees of representation in the central government or on constitutional courts. 9 Anthony Smith, The Ethnic Revival in the Modern World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981). 10 Keith Banting and I developed this index, first published in Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka, eds. , Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006). Many of the ideas discussed in this paper are the result of our collaboration. 11 As with all cross-national indices, there is a trade-off between standardization and Sano's Italian Kitchen Restaurant Menu - Westminster sensitivity to local nuances.
There is no universally accepted definition of multiculturalism policies and no hard and fast line that would sharply distinguish MCPs from closely related policy fields, such as antidis.
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Unlike casual conversation or emails to friends, formal writing needs to be clear, unambiguous, literal, and well structured. Formal writing is not just dictated conversation In general, it is inappropriate simply to Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink write as you would speak. In conversation, the listener can ask for clarification or elaboration easily, and thus the speaker can use imprecise language, ramble from topic to topic freely, and so on. Formal writing must instead stand on its own, conveying the author's thesis clearly through words alone. As a result, formal writing requires substantial effort to construct meaningful sentences, paragraphs, and arguments relevant to a well-defined thesis. The best formal writing will be difficult to write but very easy to Italian Kitchen Restaurant - Westminster read.
The author's time and effort spent on writing will be repaid with the Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink time and effort saved by the (many) readers. Make your thesis obvious throughout An essay, article, or report should have one main topic (the thesis) that is clearly evident in the introduction and conclusion. Of course, the thesis may itself be a conjunction or a contrast between two items, but it must still be expressible as a single, coherent point. In a short essay, the main point should usually conclude the introductory paragraph. Italian Kitchen Restaurant Menu? In a longer essay, the Sample Cease Letter | Docoments main point generally concludes the Kitchen - Westminster introductory section. Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments? The reader should never be in Kitchen Restaurant Menu - Westminster any doubt about Sample And Desist Ojazlink, what your thesis is; whenever you think it might not be absolutely obvious, remind the reader again. When in doubt, use the recipe: introduce, expand/justify, conclude Paragraphs, subsections, sections, chapters, and books all use the same structure: first make the topic clear, then expand upon School And Learning Centre Brochure it, and finally sum up, tying everything back to the topic. At each level, you need to Sample Cease Letter Copyright Ojazlink tell the reader what you will be trying to say (in this paragraph, section, etc.), then you need to cover all the relevant material, clearly relating it to Write The Perfect Resume And Administrative your stated point, and finally you need to tie the Sample Cease Letter Copyright subtopics together so that they do indeed add up to establish the point that you promised. Stay on 21 Of Brochure topic Everything in your document should be related clearly to Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments your main thesis. You can write other papers later for anything else you might want to say.
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To be a sentence that you could use on its own followed by a period, it would have to be The light turned green, which has both a subject and a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences. Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon. However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of Kitchen Restaurant Menu - Westminster your commas in turn.
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Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on to the next subsection. Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on 21 Of Templates For Designers what to put into figure captions. Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to be readable independently of the main article. That way, readers can skim articles and only look at Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink interesting figures, before deciding whether to read the whole article. In such cases, you must ensure that all of the main points of the figure are also mentioned in the text of the article, so that someone reading the article straight through will not miss them. Sano's Menu - Westminster? Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink have very little in the caption, with the figures being understandable only when reading the main text. Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the graphical details like the dotted line represents in Design Office Manager Resume the caption, plus enough context so that the import of the figure is clear. You are welcome to have your own preferences, but you should be aware of Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink what you are trying to achieve, i.e. whether you want the caption to Inspiring Design Ideas Sample Office Resume be readable on its own. Try hard to Sample Cease Copyright avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. Resume Writing? These words have no meaning in themselves, but in Cease Letter Copyright conversation the meaning is - Practical School Improvement usually clear from the context. In written text, however, the intended meaning is quite often not evident to the reader, because there are e.g. many possible interpretations of Sample Cease Letter Copyright it and this.
It is a good idea to read over anything you write, searching for Ideas Manager Resume, this sort of word. For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?. And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink? For such a reference to make sense, the object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference. Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the item to Diamond - Reversal Chart Technical Analysis which you refer is explicitly mentioned in Sample And Desist Letter Ojazlink your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the - Reversal Chart Pattern Technical reader might not know to which of several items you might be referring. E.g. for the word he, were there two or three people being discussed?
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Avoid comprise Apparently the word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean compose that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is much safer simply to avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean compose. But and however are not interchangeable The words but and And Learning Centre Brochure Templates however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable. Sample | Docoments? If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and Inspiring Design Ideas Sample Resume replace it with however, or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation. I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges. However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits.
I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and howevers, then the sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless. A point is a single item The word point can only be used for Cease And Desist | Docoments, a single, atomic item. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of a point, the first half of a point, etc. Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is no noun phrase a research in English. Use a study or just research, never a research.
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President Bush. When in doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for Sano's Kitchen Menu, conversational use and for Sample Cease, informal writing, never for technical or formal writing. Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to group pairs of words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. That is, they act like the parentheses in Brochure a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to use a hyphen where the meaning was already clear and unambiguous. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. Sample? Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings.
For example, the phrase English language learners as written means language learners from Italian Kitchen - Westminster, England, because, by default, language modifies learners, and English modifies language learners. But the phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. learners of the English language, and using the hyphen helps make that grouping clear. Note that there would never be a hyphen if the same phrase were used after the And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: a learner of the English language ( NEVER a learner of the English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the noun phrase English language into Resume | Resume And Administrative, an adjective, and a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective). Note that hyphens are used only in adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect). An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for Cease And Desist | Docoments, a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and so quickly clearly must modify dropping. In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in the correct examples an early-rising rooster or an early-rising English-language learner). You may want to search through your finished document for ly-; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes. In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an Inspiring Ideas Sample Resume 14 Office en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen. For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the hyphen groups language and learning, while the en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. Without hyphens or without the Cease And Desist Ojazlink en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to read.
But in such cases it is often clearer just to reword the The Perfect Resume | Resume sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the word grouping is quite obvious because the pair of words are so often used together, the hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. For instance chocolate chip cookies is unlikely to be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and so the hyphen can usually be omitted from chocolate-chip cookies. In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. after the Diamond Chart Pattern In Forex noun it modifies, you should leave out the hyphen. I.e., the hyphen is not a property of the phrase, but of how you are using the Sample Letter Copyright | Docoments phrase in Sano's Kitchen the sentence. American vs. British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by default (e.g. Sample Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments? organization, not organisation). Authors are generally free to Diamond Analysis use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to make e.g. all the papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions. Thus please do not hesitate to Sample Copyright Ojazlink use whichever one of the (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the Chart Pattern In Forex Technical Analysis document. Formatting and grammar rules When in doubt about grammar or page format, researchers in psychology and computer science generally follow the APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards.
Unfortunately, you do have to pay for the APA guide, though it is Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink now available in a less-expensive electronic edition. Pay attention to how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and 17/18 - Practical School reasonable margins, following the typical format used for similar documents. If your word processor cannot make the spacing regular between words (e.g. most versions of Microsoft Word), turn off right justification. Poor spacing makes the page look jumbled and seem incoherent, even if the Sample Cease Letter Copyright writing is And Learning Centre not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. For instance, using a fancy cover and binding for a short paper or report is distracting and makes it difficult to Letter Copyright Ojazlink photocopy the paper; such binding is necessary only for long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together.
At the opposite extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is not an acceptable substitute for The Perfect | Resume And Administrative, a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the results are presented in a written paper. Scientific authorship includes much more than the actual writing, and Sample Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink some authors may well not have written any word in the paper. Use last names Never refer to the authors by their first names, as if they were your friends. Italian Kitchen Menu - Westminster? They are not, and even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance. Except in unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to Sample Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink discuss specific people (e.g. the original founders of a field of Brochure Templates research), first names are not even mentioned in Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink the body of a scientific text; the 17/18 - Practical School Improvement last names are sufficient.
Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an Sample Cease Letter author's last name is like the key in a database lookup -- if the name is misspelled (e.g. Davis for Davies), your reader will not be able to locate works by that author in the library or online. Moreover, it is extraordinarily impolite to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work. So you should make a special effort to spell author names correctly, double and triple checking them against the original source, and ensuring that you spell them the same way each time. Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to the authors. If there are multiple authors, use they or the Evaluation - Practical School Improvement Timeline authors or the authors' last names, not he or the author. If there is only one author and you can determine the gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the author's last name. Referring to other texts Use double quotes around the Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright title of an article when you refer to it in the text. Italics are reserved for books or other works of similar length. Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is Sano's Italian Restaurant Menu just a way of Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in italics, and is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on any modern word processor). Be very precise when discussing an Program 17/18 - Practical School Improvement Timeline author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, discussions of Write The Perfect Resume | Resume Writing And Administrative what one author said about another author.
If commenting on such controversies, you should be extremely careful about using ambiguous terms like his, the author, etc. Very often your reader will have no idea which of the various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to And Desist | Docoments you. When in doubt, use the Program Evaluation 17/18 - Practical Improvement actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive. Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to avoid the hard work of Letter Copyright | Docoments making your text flow into a coherent narrative. Only when something genuinely cannot be made to fit into the main flow of the text, yet is somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into a footnote. Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only when the 21 Of The Best Brochure Templates For Designers precise wording of the original sentences is Cease And Desist Letter Copyright important, e.g. if the work is so groundbreaking that the words themselves have driven research in this field. In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the idea in the terms suitable for Sano's Kitchen Restaurant - Westminster, your particular paper, focusing on the underlying issue rather than the way one author expressed it. Be careful with arguments about Cease Copyright, grammar If you are going to Program 17/18 - Practical School Improvement criticize the grammar or spelling of an author in writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to verify that you are correct. Reading a long rant from an American about how a person of British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful. There is Sample Cease And Desist Letter no need to mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . Write The Perfect Writing? and Sample Letter In this paper the authors . . Try to avoid this redundancy.
If you use the word author you need not also use paper, and vice versa. Similarly, it is clear that whatever you discovered about the paper, you discovered while reading the paper; we do not need to Program Evaluation 17/18 School be reminded of this. Academic writing is always about papers and authors, and thus those topics should only be discussed when they are relevant. Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an Sample Cease Letter existing piece of research, whether it is your own or someone else's, there is a standard way of doing it properly. First you say what the research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and then you say how your own work is going to overcome those limitations. I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and how you are going to do some of what has not been done. If you are doing a literature review rather than an The Perfect Writing And Administrative original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. Unless you want to make an Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and Brochure Templates For Designers you should always assume that the person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink? Of course, sometimes there is Program 17/18 - Practical School Improvement Timeline a good reason to make an enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to choose your enemies wisely. Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is never acceptable to announce only that you are planning to study topic X. In the context of research, studying is a vague and unbounded task, with no criterion for success and Sample Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments no way to tell if you are getting anywhere.
Studying is something you do in a course, where someone can tell you what to Sano's Restaurant focus on and can test you to see if you got the Sample Cease And Desist Copyright right answer; research is not like that. In research, you need to spell out the specific questions you are going to try to answer, the specific phenomena that need explanations, and so on -- it's up to you to define the Sano's Restaurant - Westminster question and Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation. Discussion/future work In the discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to discuss all topics that the audience expected to see in School Brochure Templates the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to be relevant. Sample And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink? The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about your literature review than to assume you knew about the Ideas Manager work but believed it not to be relevant. Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant. In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to Copyright address the issue and explicitly state why the topic is not relevant despite the common belief that it is. Bibliographies Students often seem to think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to understand or remember. Although there is a vast array of Diamond - Reversal Pattern Analysis different bibliographic formats, the Sample Ojazlink underlying principles are actually not complicated at all. Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of information in order to fulfill their function of Chart Technical allowing people to | Docoments locate the specific item of reference material you cite.
In particular, every bibliography entry needs an author, date, and title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and 21 Of The Best Templates For Designers every conference paper must have the title of the Sample Cease And Desist Ojazlink conference proceedings, the - Reversal Pattern Technical Analysis page numbers, and Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink some indication of who published it. Without having every bit of this basic information, there is no way to be sure that readers can find the one specific article that you are discussing. Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the article, such as the Evaluation 17/18 cost of reprints. As long as the Cease And Desist Copyright correct information is included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in all cases each entry ends in Resume | Resume Writing And Administrative a period. Citations The bibliography or reference list in an academic paper must consist of precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any. Each citation must provide enough information for the reader to find the correct source in the bibliography; beyond that, any number of Cease Letter Ojazlink citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to follow.
One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and Write | Resume Writing Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine. If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the first bracket, as in And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink . Centre Templates? known , ( not . known). If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink parentheses does not exist , as far as the grammar of the Chart sentence is concerned, and thus it cannot be used as part of the sentence. Sample Cease Copyright Ojazlink? Thus the 21 Of The Best Templates For Designers rule is simply to Cease And Desist put the parentheses around the Brochure Templates For Designers | Brochures part that would be acceptable to omit when reading aloud, as in Carlin (1972) showed that. or . | Docoments Ojazlink? as seen in Program Evaluation 17/18 - Practical School Improvement Timeline rats (Carlin 1972). ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. and not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).). It is usually best to Sample And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink have only a single level of parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to distract from the main text. Kitchen? Thus I would prefer has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to has been established (but for Sample Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, a counterexample see Johnson (1905)). I and we Writing standards disagree about whether to use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. 21 Of Brochure Templates For Designers | Brochures? Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to And Desist Copyright | Docoments any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific. Others argue that omitting I and Program 17/18 - Practical School we results in awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences. Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is being reported was an arbitrary and Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink specific choice made by Sano's Kitchen Restaurant Menu - Westminster, a human being, or for opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in the work.
When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and Cease Letter Copyright Ojazlink thus there is no need to emphasize the role of the | Brochures authors. Thus, personally, I believe that I and Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink we have their place in academic writing, i.e., to emphasize the Diamond - Reversal Chart Technical Analysis human element where appropriate; in Cease Letter other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to disagree with a few of the rules commonly accepted for Evaluation 17/18 - Practical Timeline, English text, and in the text on this page I happily use my own rules instead. You might wish to follow the Sample Cease | Docoments accepted usage in such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below. If you do agree to Centre join my one-man campaign to fix the English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for points deducted by less enlightened folks. Sample Letter | Docoments Ojazlink? :-) Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for Restaurant - Westminster, British English), punctuation following a bit of quoted text is traditionally placed inside the quotation. However, I consider that rule an egregious violation of the whole notion of quotation, i.e. an Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments obvious bug in the English language. For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Accepted American usage is to write life is hard, but the computer programmer in me just cannot be convinced to make such an Sano's obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is Cease Letter Ojazlink a long dash, longer than an en-dash and a hyphen. The traditional formatting for an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in life is hard---then you die.
However, I myself much prefer to Sano's put a space before and Cease And Desist Copyright Ojazlink after the dash. Write The Perfect Writing And Administrative? Without the spaces the dash appears to be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. Grammatically, the function of the dash is to separate and connect phrases or clauses, not words, and I prefer to make that visually clear by putting spaces around the Cease dash. Again, in - Reversal Chart Pattern In Forex Technical Analysis my opinion the accepted usage is Sample Cease Letter Ojazlink a bug in the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an error to end a sentence with a preposition, as in they arrived at Kitchen the place they were heading to. However, in Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments practice it is often very difficult and awkward to reword sentences to avoid dangling prepositions.
Thus I consider this rule to be optional at best. Serial commas In Britain and some other less-enlightened countries, the comma is | Brochures often omitted before an 'and' in Sample Copyright Ojazlink a list. For instance, they will write of ham, chips and eggs, rather than ham, chips, and eggs. Diamond - Reversal In Forex Technical Analysis? I consider this an appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the last two items in the list together. Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright? Lists are generally meant to be collections of equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and eggs as between ham and chips.
In many cases, omitting the The Perfect Resume serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in the very rare case where adding the And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink comma is ambiguous, the sentence should be rewritten anyway. Oxford University Press, at least, agrees with me; see the Wikipedia serial comma entry. Again, this insistence on School And Learning Centre using appropriate syntax is probably driven by the computer programmer in me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and Sample Letter | Docoments Ojazlink e.g. Many grammar books state that a comma is always required after i.e. and e.g. used in Inspiring Design Resume 14 Office a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly. The inspiration for Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to the English translation of the Inspiring Office 14 Office Latin phrase for which they stand (i.e. translating to that is, and e.g. translating to for example, which in itself is an important distinction to know). Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments? However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses (i.e. 21 Of The Best Brochure For Designers | Brochures? commas) around them.
Such pauses break up the flow of the sentence, and Sample Letter | Docoments Ojazlink modern readers treat the Sano's Italian Restaurant Menu abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to Latin phrases and then English phrases. Thus in many cases I prefer to omit the Letter comma after the Brochure abbreviation, and sometimes also the one before it. Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in the public domain. Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments? You are free to copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose.
If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the original author, and (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and not those of the original author.
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90s Cartoons Might Be Responsible For More Than You Think. As a Gen Y#8217;er, I am relentlessly accused of more cultural misdeeds and ethical faux-paus than I thought myself capable. We poor souls born on the 80s/90s cusp are purportedly doomed for a life of Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink crippling narcissism, shameless materialism and, what#8217;s more—the burden of entering a world more grounded in its virtual counterparts than reality. What we lack in sound economy and quality of life we make up for in a thriving alternate universe on the interwebz. For what it#8217;s worth, and for all the endless scoffing and finger-wagging it procures us from older generations, the factors contributing to the overall—er, disagreeableness?—of my generation rely on a number of Program influences that have been largely out of our control. Among them: the Digital Revolution, the fall of Communism, the rise and subsequent degradation of MTV, reality programming, the Sample And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink general unfortunateness of Paris Hilton as an entity, and so on and so forth. But before our untainted imaginations were perverted by the likes of Centre Brochure Y-14 entertainment and beyond, the insidious nature of mass media seeped into | Docoments Ojazlink our vulnerable child-psyches and Italian Kitchen Menu - Westminster, laid the ground for a generation of narcissism to come. A generation sporting a level of self-absorption so abysmal, it made Tom Wolfe#8217;s musings on the so-called 70s #8220;Me Decade#8221; appear to be#8230; well, rather gracious.
What is Sample And Desist Letter, it about 90s children#8217;s programming that has triggered such a tremendous movement in the spirit of reminiscence? Are all of Resume | Resume Writing us early twenty-somethings career-uncertain and directionless because we meander the Sample Cease And Desist Copyright Ojazlink halls of our liberal arts universities in Sano's Kitchen Restaurant - Westminster, a nostalgic haze? Or is this fondness for the once-was—for the Sample hindsight of Centre Brochure Templates yesteryear—simply what the Sample And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink Zeitgeist insists that it is: nothing more than a trendy motion toward the imminent void of Italian Kitchen Restaurant hipsterdom? Right now, a resounding movement in Gen Y retroactivity is the return to 90s children#8217;s programming. Namely, Nickelodeon#8217;s #8220;The 90s Are All That!#8221; television block. Thinking back to this so-called #8220;Golden Age#8221; of TV cartoons (for us Gen Y#8217;ers, anyway), I recall a number of significant factors. For one, a vast selection of eclectic programming.
Kids could choose from an enormous array of TV shows—each with its own unique appeal, its own trademark signifiers. Branching from that, we see a number of effects. First, channels present programming that is uniquely their own, and therefore a phenomenon of televised #8220;branding#8221; emerges. From said branding and And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments, furthered ubiquity of televised media, children begin to identify with televised media in a way that is more distinguishing and self-defining than ever before. This spurs the furthered commoditization of media. Kids identify with one show or channel over the others—a prelude to the ways in which we all plaster our interests over our Facebook profiles as a signal to the social networking universe that these items are the essence of who we are. Our selves come from our interests—not vice versa. Today, one’s partiality for Radiohead and Coen Brothers movies (for example) is akin to once proclaiming you’re a Nickelodeon or a Disney kid, that you love talking sponges but shun histrionic anime displays—whatever. Next, a newfound maturation in children#8217;s programming that sets it apart from the #8216;toons of the Inspiring Design Ideas Sample Office past.
Before, animated features were limited to And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, whatever G-rated media was permitted by the FCC. Over the generations, as media has pervaded the 21 Of The Best Brochure Templates For Designers | Brochures crevices of our everyday lives and bombarded us with slews of processed information, the boundaries between childhood, tween, teen, and adult programming become increasingly hazy. In the earlier decades and And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments, increasingly in the 90s, we saw Disney artists getting away with minor subliminal perversion, just for the hell of it. We see adults cheekily inserting jokes into kids#8217; shows that only 21 Of | Brochures, parents will understand. We see cartoon characters—both explicitly and Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink, not—grappling with real-world issues that once were deemed unkosher for the kids: gender-bending, social class divides, divorce, etc.
As kids grow up with programming that is more ambiguous in intended audience age, they run the risk of approaching questionable stages of maturation that are epidemic in today#8217;s culture: the childlike adult, the sexually advanced teen, the 30-year-old that refuses to move out of his parents#8217; apartment, the twenty-something approaching his quarterlife crisis, the toddler going on preschool interviews, and so on. Popular cartoons had protagonists that are average, problem-burdened individuals just like the - Practical Improvement Timeline rest of Cease And Desist Letter Copyright us ( Hey Arnold, Doug, Pepper Ann, As Told By Ginger, etc.), thereby signaling to their young audiences that it#8217;s perfectly fine to be awkward and uncool and to Centre Templates, avoid the beaten path—a call-to-arms to Sample | Docoments Ojazlink, future hipsters everywhere. Unlike Charlie Brown—the pathetic sap, the #8220;nice guy#8221; at the butt of Templates many jokes who once earned our collective sympathy—these average Joes are the heroes of their respective cartoon realities. We identified with their humbling mediocrity. Fantasy was usurped by animated realism.
Cartoons ditched fairytale formats for something more closely resembling sitcoms in style and Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, scope. And then, in an aggressive juxtaposition, were the cartoons so outrageously weird that when placed side-by-side with their tamer counterparts—well, let’s just say that whoever conceptualized shows like Ren and Stimpy , Rocko’s Modern Life and Invader Zim had more in Evaluation - Practical School Timeline, mind than simply tickling the fancies of their adolescent viewers. I mean really, watching it all in retrospect, who can deny that the demented Chihuahua and his fat feline friend were really just a couple of stoners cavorting behind a veil of animated insanity? Am I crazy to justify our current cultural Zeitgeist with a bunch of Sample Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink TV shows I watched as a kid? Maybe.
Are you crazy to take any of this seriously? Probably. Certainly silly. In any case, I contend that us 90s kids were exposed to some pretty kickass displays of TV magic—something the upcoming generation of youngsters can’t claim for itself. School And Learning. Though, granted—they have YouTube.
Oh, and that show Adventure Time . Have you seen that shit? What a trip. Severe(d): A Creepy Poetry Collection. Holly Riordan#8217;s haunting poetry book features a beautifully morbid cover that glows in the dark. Treat yourself or the horror fan in your life this Halloween, and And Desist Copyright Ojazlink, don’t forget to #8230; How The Air Force Might Change Your Life, Based On Your Current Life Goal.
90 Things You’ll Miss If You Came Of Age In The 90’s. The Hottest Male Animated Characters: Part 2. 10 More Things 90s Kids Will Have To Explain To Their Children. Adventure Time is like nostalgia without any effort on my own behalf! adventure time forever. and invader zim. Stoop kid#8217;s afraid to leave his stoop. I shouldn#8217;t take any of this seriously and yet a lot of it really does make sense to me. Constant nostalgia and a quarter-life crisis at And Learning Centre Brochure Templates, 21?
Yeah. Where#8217;s our optimism for our futures? I know I don#8217;t have any. i wonder what kids watching youtube videos all day will grow up to Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments, be like. hey your first paragraph nailed it; thank you. Lolololol the entire article adventure time was in the back of my mind. This article hits the Resume Writing nail on Sample Cease Copyright Ojazlink the head#8230;though i#8217;m not a fan of the college argumentative essay-ee vibes man. This is amazing. The reason cartoons of the 90s are. better than most on air today is Program Evaluation 17/18 - Practical Timeline, due to the fact that the creators and Copyright Ojazlink, talent. had much more creative freedom. Italian Kitchen - Westminster. John K. (creator of Ren and Stimpy) experienced. tension with the Sample Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink executives and was fired after the second season. I’m fairly. Ideas Sample Office 14 Office. certain that Jhonen Vasquez, creator of Invader Zim (which is Sample Cease And Desist Copyright Ojazlink, actually from.
2001), has no interest in ever doing cartoons again after working with. The Perfect Resume | Resume. Nickelodeon. I would say that most cartoonists have “more in mind than simply. Letter | Docoments. tickling the fancies of their adolescent viewers”; it’s just a matter of. how much restriction networks put into Diamond Chart place and how much they can get away. with. For instance, on Regular Show (which usually airs right after Adventure Time), there is an episode in Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, which it is Inspiring Design Office Manager Resume, implied that a character poops on Ojazlink the floor. in front of his friends.
A lot of cartoons these days are becoming more like. animated sitcoms (a.k.a. Diamond - Reversal Chart Pattern In Forex Technical Analysis. Family Guy), and I’m not so sure that’s a good thing. Also, As Told by | Docoments Ojazlink, Ginger is from The Perfect Resume | Resume Writing, 2000, and Letter Copyright Ojazlink, Spongebob (which first aired in ’99) becoming synonymous with Nick didn’t happen until 2000. And how could you not. Evaluation 17/18 - Practical School Improvement. mention Cartoon Network during the 90s? Specifically their What-a-Cartoon block. and what came out of it. for ranting a bit. Cease Letter Copyright Ojazlink. I was just very excited about the Sano's Italian Kitchen Restaurant title and expected more.
from an article talking about 90s cartoons than just a lengthy piece that boils. down to: kids these days have access to Cease Copyright Ojazlink, the internet and are able to reminisce with. greater ease than generations past. piece is very well written and I mean this as constructive criticism. Sorry if I sound like an ass. You#8217;re right, Jonny. As Told By Ginger was an early 2000#8217;s cartoon (I realized that only post-factum) and Write The Perfect And Administrative, Cartoon Network was also imperative to 90s cartoon culture (I regrettably did not discuss it more because, quite frankly, I was a Nicktoons kid) . This issue definitely calls for more exploration; my attempt merely scratched the And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink surface. Restaurant Menu. Thanks for the feedback! Deep down I was thinking/hoping that, based on the title and the picture of Ren, the piece was going to Cease Copyright Ojazlink, discuss things like #8220;how watching a character pluck nerve endings from his mouth can leave permanent damage on the viewer#8221;. Weird psychological things that people may or may not have picked up on as a child watching these cartoons. Haha.
Yeah. And then I forgot the likes of MTV#8217;s cartoons#8230; If there isn#8217;t a book, which there probably is, someone should write one just about the evolution and Sano's Menu, lasting effects of 90s cartoons. Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink. (I was a Nicktoons kid as well).
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ETL Testing / Data Warehouse Testing – Tips, Techniques, Process and Challenges. Posted In | Database Testing | Last Updated: June 22, 2017 ETL Testing Process and Challenges: Today let me take a moment and explain my testing fraternity about And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, one of the much in demand and upcoming skills for my tester friends i.e. ETL testing (Extract, Transform, and Load). This article will present you with a complete idea about ETL testing and what we do to test ETL process. It has been observed that Independent Verification and Validation is gaining huge market potential and Program Evaluation School Improvement many companies are now seeing this as prospective business gain. Customers have been offered a different range of And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, products in terms of service offerings, distributed in Program - Practical School many areas based on technology, process, and Letter solutions. ETL or data warehouse is one of the offerings which are developing rapidly and successfully. Through ETL process, data is fetched from the source systems, transformed as per business rules and finally loaded to the target system (data warehouse). A data warehouse is an enterprise-wide store which contains integrated data that aids in business decision-making process.
It is And Learning Centre Templates a part of Cease Letter | Docoments, business intelligence. What You Will Learn: Why do organizations need Data Warehouse? Organizations with organized IT practices are looking forward to The Perfect, creating the next level of technology transformation. They are now trying to | Docoments, make themselves much more operational with easy-to-interoperate data. Having said that data is most important part of any organization, it may be everyday data or historical data. Data is the backbone of any report and reports are the baseline on which all the vital management decisions are taken.
Most of the Chart Pattern Analysis companies are taking a step forward for Cease And Desist Letter Copyright, constructing their data warehouse to Evaluation School Timeline, store and monitor real-time data as well as historical data. Crafting an efficient data warehouse is not an easy job. Many organizations have distributed departments with different applications running on distributed technology. ETL tool is employed in order to Sample Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments, make a flawless integration between different data sources from different departments. ETL tool will work as an integrator, extracting data from different sources; transforming it into The Best Brochure Templates, the preferred format based on the business transformation rules and Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink loading it in cohesive DB known are Data Warehouse. Well planned, well defined and effective testing scope guarantees smooth conversion of the project to the production. A business gains the real buoyancy once the ETL processes are verified and validated by an independent group of experts to make sure that data warehouse is Italian Kitchen - Westminster concrete and robust. ETL or Data warehouse testing is categorized into four different engagements irrespective of technology or ETL tools used: New Data Warehouse Testing – New DW is built and verified from scratch. Data input is Sample Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink taken from customer requirements and different data sources and new data warehouse is build and verified with the help of ETL tools.
Migration Testing – In this type of 21 Of Brochure Templates, project customer will have an existing DW and ETL performing the job but they are looking to Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, bag new tool in order to improve efficiency. Change Request – In this type of project new data is added from - Reversal different sources to an existing DW. Sample Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink. Also, there might be a condition where customer needs to Write The Perfect Resume | Resume Writing, change their existing business rule or they might integrate the new rule. Report Testing – Report are the end result of any Data Warehouse and the basic propose for which DW is Sample And Desist | Docoments build. Report must be tested by validating layout, data in the report and Evaluation Improvement calculation. The below diagram explains very well the ETL testing and how is Sample Letter | Docoments it related with the ETL process: (Note: Click on the image for enlarged view) 1) Data transformation Testing : Verify that data is transformed correctly according to various business requirements and rules.
2) Source to Target count Testing : Make sure that the count of Italian Kitchen Restaurant Menu, records loaded in target is matching with the expected count. 3) Source to Target Data Testing : Make sure that all projected data is loaded into the data warehouse without any data loss and truncation. 4) Data Quality Testing : Make sure that ETL application appropriately rejects, replaces with default values and Sample Letter Copyright Ojazlink reports invalid data. 5) Performance Testing : Make sure that data is loaded in data warehouse within prescribed and expected time frames to confirm improved performance and scalability. 6) Production Validation Testing: Validate the data in production system compare it against Inspiring Sample Manager Resume the source data. 7) Data Integration Testing : Make sure that the data from Cease | Docoments various sources has been loaded properly to the target system and all the threshold values are checked. 8) Application Migration Testing : In this testing, it is ensured that the Sano's Restaurant ETL application is working fine on moving to a new box or platform. 9) Data constraint Check : The datatype, length, index, constraints, etc. are tested in this case. 10) Duplicate Data Check : Test if there is any duplicate data present in the target systems.
Duplicate data can lead to wrong analytical reports. Apart from the Copyright above ETL testing methods other testing methods like system integration testing, user acceptance testing, incremental testing, regression testing, retesting and navigation testing is also carried out to Centre Templates, make sure everything is smooth and reliable. Similar to any other testing that lies under Independent Verification and Validation, ETL also go through the same phase. Requirement understanding Validating Test Estimation based on number of Cease Letter Ojazlink, tables, complexity of rules, data volume and performance of Brochure Templates, job. Test planning based on the inputs from test estimation and business requirement. Sample Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink. We need to Kitchen, identify here that what is in scope and Sample Cease Letter what is out of scope. We also look out for dependencies, risks and mitigation plans in 21 Of The Best Templates For Designers | Brochures this phase.
Designing test cases and Ojazlink test scenarios from all the available inputs. We also need to design mapping document and SQL scripts. Once all the test cases are ready and Italian Restaurant are approved, testing team proceed to Sample Ojazlink, perform pre-execution check and test data preparation for testing Lastly execution is Diamond Chart In Forex Technical performed till exit criteria are met. So, execution phase includes running ETL jobs, monitoring job run, SQL script execution, defect logging, defect retesting and regression testing. Upon successful completion summary report is prepared and closure process is Sample Cease And Desist Copyright Ojazlink done. In this phase, sign off is given to promote the job or code to Design Office, the next phase. The first two phases i.e. requirement understanding and validation can be regarded as pre steps of ETL testing process. Sample Cease And Desist Copyright. So, the main process can be represented as below: It is necessary to define test strategy which should be mutually accepted by stakeholders before starting actual testing.
A well-defined test strategy will make sure that correct approach has been followed meeting the testing aspiration. ETL testing might require writing SQL statements extensively by testing team or may be tailoring the SQL provided by School Brochure development team. In any case testing team must be aware of the results they are trying to get using those SQL statements. Difference between Database and Data Warehouse Testing. There is Sample Copyright | Docoments a popular misunderstanding that database testing and data warehouse is similar while the fact is that both hold different direction in testing.
Database testing is In Forex Analysis done using smaller scale of data normally with OLTP (Online transaction processing) type of databases while data warehouse testing is done with large volume with data involving OLAP (online analytical processing) databases. In database testing normally data is Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments consistently injected from uniform sources while in data warehouse testing most of the Write Resume | Resume Writing data comes from different kind of Sample Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, data sources which are sequentially inconsistent. We generally perform only CRUD (Create, read, update and delete) operation in database testing while in Program Evaluation School Timeline data warehouse testing we use read-only (Select) operation. Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in data warehouse testing. There are number of Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, universal verifications that have to be carried out for School Templates, any kind of data warehouse testing. Below is the list of objects that are treated as essential for validation in Cease Copyright | Docoments ETL testing: – Verify that data transformation from source to destination works as expected. – Verify that expected data is added in target system. – Verify that all DB fields and field data is loaded without any truncation. – Verify data checksum for record count match.
– Verify that for rejected data proper error logs are generated with all details. – Verify NULL value fields. – Verify that duplicate data is not loaded. – Verify data integrity. We have included a link to an article in the Further Reading section that will help you to understand the difference between ETL/Data warehouse testing database testing very clearly. Kitchen Restaurant Menu - Westminster. The article is named as “ ETL vs. DB Testing – A Closer Look at And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink ETL Testing Need, Planning and ETL Tools”
ETL testing is Inspiring Sample Office Resume quite different from Cease And Desist Letter Ojazlink conventional testing. There are many challenges we faced while performing data warehouse testing. Here is the For Designers list of few ETL testing challenges I experienced on And Desist Letter Copyright my project: – Incompatible and duplicate data. – Loss of data during ETL process. – Unavailability of inclusive test bed. – Testers have no privileges to execute ETL jobs by their own. – Volume and Sano's Kitchen Restaurant Menu complexity of data is very huge. – Fault in business process and Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink procedures.
– Trouble acquiring and building test data. – Unstable testing environment. – Missing business flow information. Data is important for businesses to make the critical business decisions. ETL testing plays a significant role validating and Program School ensuring that the business information is Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink exact, consistent and Program Evaluation School reliable. And Desist Letter Copyright. Also, it minimizes hazard of data loss in production. Hope these tips will help ensure your ETL process is accurate and the data warehouse build by this is a competitive advantage for your business. This is a guest post by Vishal Chhaperia who is working in an MNC on School And Learning Centre Brochure Templates a test management role. He is Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink having extensive experience in managing multi-technology QA projects, Processes and teams.
Have you worked on ETL testing? Please share your ETL/DW testing tips and challenges below. In simple words it is collection of data from different departments of a company or from The Perfect Resume | Resume different technologies to Cease And Desist Letter Copyright, one warehouse. Extract from Writing source, transform in a suitable format and And Desist Letter | Docoments then load into destination data warehouse. thanks for Office Manager 14 Office, sharing this resource.. How to get into this profile? As no matter what exp or knowledge one has it requires exp of ETL testing. Hai frnds, I am new to Sample Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments, testing.Did any one know best coaching center for learning ETL testing in Write Writing chennai.PLZ reply me asap. Very informative post on ETL testing.
Specially the section which talks about the difference in DB Testing and DW Testing. Letter Copyright Ojazlink. Thanks. Hi Bishal its very useful info shared by Inspiring Design Ideas Resume 14 Office you, I was looking for some docs related to Cease Copyright | Docoments, ETL testing got them here. I just checked by Anindita di in Lotus notes the link that u shared and goin thru same, would like to learn more about ETL testing. Its a very good information shared by you . Thanks for sharing this . Please let me know any coaching center in bangalore. I have around 6 months of The Best Brochure Templates For Designers, exp in ETL testing .I want to learn more in this area.
I think to Sample Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments, Start with ETL Testing One Need a Very Hands On SQL concepts specially Conversion Funcions as like when you want to Design Ideas Sample Office Resume 14 Office, change date in different format or Numeric to Cease And Desist Ojazlink, string etc. @Kishore: There is no prerequisite as such, may not be one need to have knowledge of any ETL tool still fair understanding of SQL concepts are much desirable. @Aarthi Bhavya: I believe there is no institute which provides training on ETL testing, still you can check with institutes those are proving training in ETL tools. @Chaitu: Yes absolutely, one need to Design Ideas Manager Resume, be very conversant in SQL as to map the SQL vs actual business transformation rule that applies. Clear Understanding of Conversion Functions are also much required. Thanks for sharing such a useful information.. i am very confused about the Cease Copyright | Docoments difference between the database testing and data warehouse testing..now it is clear..Thanks.. Coming to challenges the major thing is to create a test data for Italian Kitchen Menu, the scenarios which we found in planning phase ……. Thanks for sharing the more info of DWH TESTING.
and could please share the oracle queries in general asked , anyway thanks for sharing the info.. can someone explain any example , Backend Testing using SQL queries?? S this is a good study on a warehouse testing. Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink. I feel it parallel o my approach on testing a warehouse. I have a good understood with this information. This is Diamond - Reversal Chart Pattern Technical lakshmi, Please tell me about execution of ETL Testing. There is an And Desist Copyright institute in HYD for ETL testing: this is really informative and appreciate Vijay’s crisp explanation about ETL testing and really liked the way he gave the difference between Database testing Data Warehouse testing. sorry to provide wrong name of author as Vijay whereas it should be VISHAL in The Perfect | Resume And Administrative my earlier post. The problems generally found in ETL testing comprising the graphics transformations is the unavailability of tools or language(symbol) gap. The article however gives a detail of ETL testing. @ Pavan Kumar: Test Data Management has always been a challenge and when its comes to DW application it is reasonably more challenging.
Its very tough to get correct, clean and secure data considering the Sample Cease Letter Copyright Ojazlink fact that data is coming from multiple sources. On contrary there are many good Test Data Management tools which are potentially capable to overcome these problems. @Purna: Talking about SQL that are asked in any QA interview are mostly from Joins, Referential Integrity concepts, some basic SQL like sorting, grouping and query related to where clause. @JD: Could you please make your question more precise? Backend testing is 21 Of Brochure done using SQL testing and Sample Cease And Desist Copyright we test many things such as SQL injection, Data Correctness etc. Data warehouse — information delivery system of an organization. Testing of data warehouse the process of making sure data acceptance of end business users(Report generators) Please reach me on my email if you want to learn ETL testing.
Hi , I am working in ETL project since 4 years and having overall 9 years experience. Currently working in one of - Reversal Pattern, Top MNC in India and presently working from client place(London) since 2.5 years in banking project. If you have any questions on ETL or any banking domain then you can reach me at Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments [email protected] Can You Please explain landing area, staging area and School And Learning Templates workflows. I provide online trainings. I cover Database Testing and ETL Testing.
To get good amount of knowledge in both Database Testing and Sample Letter ETL Testing, one should have sufficient knowledge in School Centre Brochure Templates SQL Queries. Please do contact me for more information. Hi.. very informative and clear. I am working on ETL testing and i do provide training on ETL testing.. please reach me on [email protected] if anyone interested.Thanks. I am currently in manual testing.I want to learn informatica and move to Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments, datawarehouse testing. how feasible is it. Will I have any opportunity to Diamond - Reversal In Forex Analysis, move. As you are currently working in Manual testing, its very easy for u to learn ETL testing and it would be easy for Sample Cease Copyright, u to work on ETL testing projects. but going to informatica development may not be a good idea. this is just my opinion. Hi. I have 12 months of experince in School And Learning manual testing.I know the basics of JAVA and Letter SQL. Now i got opprtunity in 1.ETL Testing and 2.Automation testing ( SELENIUM ).
Please advice which one to choose for better career growth. what is the difference between factless fact table and non-additive fact? Very good information and detailed diff between DB and DW testing. Appriciate your efforts in doing this one and Thanks a lot for sharing such a nice post. Can anyone please tell me which is best institute for Inspiring Ideas Sample Office Manager Resume 14 Office, ETL testing. I’m new to this tool. Very informative article. i wanna to Sample Copyright | Docoments, know the list of data warehouse products (like db2, ibm data stage2…) if u know the latest products for this means pls rply…. i have been offered a part time trainer position in a company for DWH testing.. The Perfect Resume | Resume. what is the pay they generally offer per session? Can anyone pls help me with the list of ETL Automation testing tools used in your projects. And Desist Copyright | Docoments. open source or commercial both will be fine. Thanks.
I am looking for a part time software testing job in bangaore or full time testing in chennai with 2 years of experence. Do let me know ,if you have the same. Mobile no: +91-9480321532. I have 3 year of Ideas Resume 14 Office, Experience in Java and Oracle and i want to work in ETL tools. Can anyone help me to know its future prospects and salary.and where i get the good knowledge of ETL tools. Very nice article, and very informative too..Thanks. Plenty of ETL testing jobs are available in almost all Fortune 100 companies. I am working in ETL Testing. Please do not always go for Sample | Docoments, tools like Informatica, Web Intelligence 11 etc.
First and foremost thing that comes into action is “Writing the queries”. In case to know more please do contact : ITs very good one thanks fopr ur post… :) Thanks for 21 Of Templates For Designers | Brochures, information. keep on sharing. Thank you for sharing your knowledge. Cease And Desist Ojazlink. You have helped me understanding ETL testing. A very good article.
Also check out on Youtube the video “What is a data warehouse and how do I test it?” This article is nice one . I just want to know is it in scope of In Forex, testing if different short of data loading method testing . as my project experience delta data loading and Sample And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink bulk data loading these two have generate two separate scenarios and corresponding issues mainly data loss and duplicate data and null value . Does ETL testing has any proper path to Diamond Chart Pattern In Forex, solve this case ? Thank you for sharing your knowledge. Sample | Docoments Ojazlink. You have helped me understanding ETL testing. I have written a book on the subject of data warehouse testing… available at Amazon and others as well as an ebook. Let me me know of Inspiring Design 14 Office, any questions.
I’m Working in a software company in Cease And Desist Ojazlink Chandigarh as a DotNet Developer. Someone suggested me to change the Kitchen Restaurant Menu profession and go for ETL or WareHousing. As i don’t know anything about ETL and WH also. And i found lots of people here who having knowledge about both terms.So anyone can please guide me. Thank you Vishal, really its very useful information. At present I am as a manual test engineer in one of the MNC, Bangalore. I want to change my domain from manual to ETL testing, so can anyone suggest me that what are the Sample And Desist basic skills required to switch from manual to ETL. Also are there any centres or institutes that provide training on Inspiring Design Ideas Sample Office 14 Office ETL. Incase there are no such centres how to prepare myself. Please suggest me. Thanks in advance.
Anyone please suggest on my above post. I am providing this training which will help the students who doesn’t have any software experience. We will take scenarios and execute them and guide them when they get into job. I have experience of 12+ years in Sample Cease Ojazlink the industry. I worked as a Test manager, Business Analyst, project manager. I Worked with the companies like ITC Infotech, Honeywell, Accenture, TCS. I provide corporate training also. After this training the student will scale up to 3+ years experience level. Manual Testing.(Web Applications Architecture) Why ETL Testing.(Datawarehouse Architecture) Difference between manual/automation and ETL Testing/BI testing.
SQL required for Chart, ETL Testing – Easy and Cease Letter Ojazlink only required SQL s for Manager Resume, interviews. ETL test case documentation. ETL Test Life Cycle. Realtime Scenarios of Interaction between Business Analyst, Developers and Testers. Test Planning(Useful for people trying for lead Level) Discussion of Cease And Desist Copyright, Interview Questions. How to Accept and handle the School Centre Templates work after joining the company.
IBM openings for ETL Testing QTP. If anyone willing to join kindly send me ur resume on. Desired Skills Experience. Total Relevant 3 to 4 Years of Experience for Sample Letter Copyright Ojazlink, ETL Testing QTP ( NO Contractual Employee ) 16 Years Education Mandatory ( BE, B.Tech, or 16 Year Education ) Interview Joining Location for ETL TESTING — Bangalore. Interview Joining Location for QTP — Chennai. Interview Date : 8 Dec 2012. Hi if any want to learn ETL testing in pune please contact on my mobile +91-8888095648,+91-9036238979. Hi if any one want to learn ETL testing in pune please contact on my mobile +91-8888095648,+91-9036238979.
If anybody interested in learning Dataware house Testing with Real time data please contact me @ 9886137833 – Bangalore. Hi all please the above all comments seems like blaming unemployed people. i am not understanding why people coming to etl testing side. you should go development side. I had seen that many persons wanted to - Practical, learn ETL Testing. I am not aware about the institute but i can teach each and everything about Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, ETL testing or you can mail me your questions if you stuck somewhere, i will reply to all the answers. This will help me also to gain knowledge. I am having 6 years exp in this technologies and working for Brochure Templates, No. 1 product based (database) organization. @Siraj:- Thanks for giving some assurance for Cease Copyright, me to master ETL Testingconcepts.If you don’t mind can I know your email id inorder to contact you?My email id is And Learning [email protected] this is really useful material..to learn ETL testing. Very helpful and accurate information.
Thanks for sharing. Hi if any body wanted to learn Practical ETL testing online please contact on Cease And Desist my mobile +60-107767499 (Malaysia) . I have experience of Write The Perfect Resume And Administrative, 8+ years in Sample Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink the industry and worked in Write The Perfect Resume And Administrative various domains as ETL test lead. Hi i would like to say my self maniteja working as a Etl and Bi testing in wipro pune. if any body want to learn Etl and Bi testing contact me. And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink. classes available only weekends(pune) and Online. Could you plz support me to find ETL testing tool to :- – Verify that expected data is added in Write target system. – Verify that all DB fields and field data is loaded without any truncation. – Verify data checksum for record count match.
– Verify that for Sample Copyright Ojazlink, rejected data proper error logs are generated with all details. – Verify NULL value fields. – Verify that duplicate data is not loaded. – Verify data integrity. Hi,only by knowing etl testing doesn’t make sense because you need to know atleast one etl tool to The Perfect | Resume And Administrative, understand and to work on etl testing.So make sure to learn etl tool as well.If any body wants to Sample | Docoments Ojazlink, learn etl testing with etl tool through ONLINE we are giving ETL testing training and we give support untill you got the job.
Base on batch schdules we are giving etl testing and etl tool traing on daily basis as well as weekend batches. We have successfull track record.call @ +91-8237320101. Hi, can anyone pls tell me which is the best to chose as a career in on of these, ETL , Performance, Data Base or Mobile testing. I feel performance testing is the best because it has lot onsite opportunity, well paid and less resources in market. I would like to here from some experienced teters. Pls help me to Program Evaluation - Practical School Timeline, choose the right career for my life, ur comments n replies are very impt to me, pls guide me properly…. thanks….. @ etl testing trainer : I am interested to learn. Sample And Desist Copyright | Docoments. Can you let me know in which location r u based in?
I am taking training on ETL tool..DW Testing..I ll post the doughts and clarifications .. I Provide Online Training on ETL Testing. I am working in a MNC in Hyderabad. what is Technical Testing ? what is the need for Testing? Software development life cycle. software Testing life cycle. Types of Testing. Data Ware Housing Concepts: • What is Data Ware House? • Difference between OLTP and Data Ware Housing. • Dependent Data Mart.
• Independent Data Mart. Data ware housing Approaches. Top Down Approach. bottom up Approach. Data Base Design. • Snow Flake Schema. SCD(slowly changing dimension) Basic Concepts in SQL. • SQL Concepts(A-Z) – execute the Letter pl/sql procedures,functions…. • Overview of ETL Tool Architecture. • Testing Functionality on Different Transformation Rules.
Data Ware House Life Cycle. Different Types of Sano's Italian Kitchen Restaurant - Westminster, Testing Techniques in ETL. ETL Testing Introduction. • What is Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink use of Brochure Templates, testing. • What is quality standards. • Responsibilities of a ETL Tester. Understanding various documents such as Business Requirement Document, Design Documents,Mapping sheets. • ETL Testing Work Flow Process. • How to Sample And Desist | Docoments, Prepare the ETL Test Plan. • How to design the Test cases in Sample Manager Resume ETL Testing.
• How to reporting the Bugs in ETL Testing ? • ETL Testing Responsibilities in DataStage, Informatica, Abinitio etc; • How to detect the bugs through database queries. • ETL Performing Testing Performing Tuning. etl testing life cycle. day to day process. eKnowledge Infotech, a Leading providers of ETL Testing Training in Pune, Qlikview Training Institute in Bangalore. People can have benefit of this. Good to read as a beginer.
Good Artcile for testers who want to advance their levels in ETL. My questions is: The differences between manual and automated testing, inkl. And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink. some examples. Is there practical example of test strategies?. If you are using source and target SQL to do your manual testing then you are more then likely using the Sano's Italian - Westminster minus function to aggregate the results. If this is the case then there is a new tool on the market to automate the testing process for you. Google ‘QuerySurge’ ok this is a great info thanks or sharing but i need a guide on how to Sample Letter, get a job by learning this and Sano's Italian Kitchen Menu - Westminster the step by step procedure thank u :) Hi all,am in production support from Sample 3 years and School Centre Templates I am desparate for Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments, a move..Know the Sano's Restaurant concepts of manual testing and sql queries…will I be able to get into ETL testing,can anyone guide me. Anyone know, who can teach ETL class in Vadodara(Gujarat).
which is the Cease best institute for trainig etl testing. Let me know any ETL/DW testing opening in Singapore/Malaysia. Please reach me @ +91-9840219089 (india-mobile). I got very good information about Diamond - Reversal Pattern In Forex Analysis, ETL Testing, Difference between DB DW Testing and And Desist Copyright Ojazlink Challenges…its great. Any good training institutes for learning etl testing in Ideas Manager Resume 14 Office Bangalore. If any body is looking for group preparation or search then contact me. Which ETL tool is good for testers- Informatica Testing or Cognos tool testing.. I am working as a manual tester in a MNC. Which one is better among QTP and ETL testing. Career wise and Sample Letter | Docoments job security wis. Thanks in advance.
Can any one advise me ETL is best or Selenium is School And Learning Centre best. Which tool have more openings in Market. Plz advise me ASAP……. Reply for #91 Chandu. I suggest you to Cease And Desist Ojazlink, learn QTP as automation. Know SQL to work in ETL Tool. Thanks a lot for the information. I came to know a lot.
I have been working in ETL Tool without knowing the differences between Database testing and DataWarehouse testing. Thanks a lot for the info that you had given very useful info for Program Evaluation 17/18 - Practical, the ETL testers. Any good training institutes to learn ETL Testing in hyderabad.pls help. Hi iam working as manual tester in chennai , now i am intersted in learning the ETL testing. please help me how to go ahead with ETL testing. Now i am in chennai , trainer in Cease Letter chennai please contact to my mobile number. Hi, This is a very nice and Informative post. Currently I am working as a manual tester and testing a BI application. The Best | Brochures. I am pretty much interested to learn DWH testing.
Please lemme know if anyone is willing to teach this in Pune (Near Wakad). Hi, THis is Shiva. how to autoamte datawarehouse testing and etl testing…? pleasse suggest notes ASAP. If anybody wants online training /offline training / corporate training on ETL testing,Informatica,Sql with realtime project and job assistance in bangalore,pune and hyderabad pls contact @ 8237320101. Pls note: daily batches in pune weekend batches in hyderabad/ bangalore or one to Sample Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, one online class daily. I have 6 + Experience in BI technologies like informatica,ETL testing also trained 40+ students and completed 10+ batches offline successfully. 90% students already placed in top mnc’s. Pls note: Daily batches in pune weekend batces in hyderabad and bangalore or one to one online class daily. This is venkat .can anyone help me for etl testing qestions and answers or else send me at [email protected] If anybody learn ETL testing ,Database Testing,BI Testing in Pune.
pls contact +91-9885320101. Nice Article.Thanks, Now i got basic idea abt DWH.But i want to knw some ratcial tips also, as in Templates interview, they are asking for hands on experience. Also in SQL what all i need to Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, learn.Please guide. hi friends this is rajesh i have knowledge on Sano's Restaurant - Westminster java and Cease 3 frame works past 8 months i am searching job in banglore. . Someone suggested me to change the profession and go for ETL or WareHousing. As i don’t know anything about ETL and WH also. compare to Program Evaluation Timeline, java and etl testing which is the Cease And Desist Copyright | Docoments best in The Perfect Resume And Administrative future salary and secure.please suggested me. I do have an excellent opening for Database Test Lead. Database Testing Test Analyst with minimum 4 year(s) experience at Gurgaon location. Location- Gurgaon , Telephonic Interviews on this saturday i.e 8th June 2013. Experience required 2 to 5 years Domain: Investment Baking (Preferred) Essential Experience: (Must have skills) • 2 to Sample Ojazlink, 5 years of The Best Brochure Templates | Brochures, experience in a Software organization on Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink testing (Web technologies, Client/ Server, Database).
Some experience in development may also be considered. • Expertise in The Best Templates | Brochures database testing and should be well versed with complex SQL queries. Cease Copyright | Docoments. • Good experience of manual/database testing throughout the testing life cycle. • Understand the application and write test scripts/conditions using a tool (e.g. Test Director) and its review. • Experience to carry out Test execution, logging of defects, preparation of daily test logs, updating Requirements Traceability Matrix. • Should be well versed with UNIX commands and knowledge in shell scripting is preferred. • Experience of - Practical School, using tools such as Test Director for Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink, test planning and Sano's Kitchen Menu - Westminster defect management. • Experience in adapting to Sample Letter | Docoments, testing processes and provide inputs for test process improvements. • Experience in the financial services industry would be an added advantage. Desirable : • Experience in the financial services industry would be an added advantage. • Domain Knowledge in investment banking preferred.(Bonds Equities, Credit, Collaterals , Exotics) etc • Certifications like ISTQB will be an added advantage. Any good training centers for etl testing in hyderabad or bangalore . pls let me know. I Provide Online Training on ETL Testing.
I am working in a MNC in Hyderabad. what is Design Sample Office Manager Resume Testing ? what is the need for Testing? Software development life cycle. software Testing life cycle. Types of Sample Letter | Docoments, Testing. Data Ware Housing Concepts: • What is Data Ware House?
• Difference between OLTP and 21 Of The Best | Brochures Data Ware Housing. • Dependent Data Mart. • Independent Data Mart. Data ware housing Approaches. Top Down Approach. bottom up Approach. Data Base Design. • Snow Flake Schema. SCD(slowly changing dimension) Basic Concepts in SQL.
• SQL Concepts(A-Z) – execute the pl/sql procedures,functions…. • Overview of ETL Tool Architecture. • Testing Functionality on Different Transformation Rules. Data Ware House Life Cycle. Different Types of Testing Techniques in ETL.
ETL Testing Introduction. • What is use of And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink, testing. • What is Diamond Analysis quality standards. • Responsibilities of a ETL Tester. Understanding various documents such as Business Requirement Document, Design Documents,Mapping sheets. • ETL Testing Work Flow Process. • How to Sample And Desist | Docoments, Prepare the ETL Test Plan. • How to Diamond - Reversal Chart Pattern Analysis, design the Test cases in ETL Testing. • How to reporting the Bugs in ETL Testing ? • ETL Testing Responsibilities in DataStage, Informatica, Abinitio etc; • How to detect the bugs through database queries. • ETL Performing Testing Performing Tuning.
Development is Sample Cease And Desist Copyright better than testing in IT. Inspiring Design Ideas Office Resume 14 Office. So,for a long time career prospect ,growth and for stable job,development is far better. Development in Java is one having many opportunities. Looking for an ETL Testing opportunity anywhere in India..I already have worked on ETL Related Projects and I have around 7 years of Experience. Kindly let me know for Sample Letter, any openings.
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hai pls give me the Inspiring Office Manager 14 Office etl projects interview questions with answers. can you plz send me the Cease And Desist Letter interview questions and answers for etltesting and database(Teradata) Any suggestions on free data validation tools? Data in my case is Brochure Templates For Designers being dumped from And Desist Letter | Docoments source db to Sano's Kitchen Restaurant - Westminster, a flat file from which it is loaded to Sample Cease | Docoments, the interim db. Program Evaluation Timeline. From here data is transformed to a xml file readable by the destination system which loads it back in to the db.
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any one can send the Pattern Technical Analysis ETL testing material and Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink real time etl process we are doind and how to check the data by using queris. plz send the etl material how to validate data using queris. I am currently working as a manual tester having 3+ years of experience. I want to learn ETL testing with ETL tool. So I am looking for Brochure, a training institute to learn ETL testing with ETL tool. Could anyone please suggest me any good training institute in chennai? Contact Number – 9994179578. I have an And Desist Letter experience of ELT tetsing for past 2.5 yrears. Well skilled in Informatica, Oracle and Kitchen - Westminster OBIEE testing.
Please contact me incase of any help needed @ your work. I need to Learn ETL/DWH Testing and Sample Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink Informatica Tool, kindly suggest me any Best Training Centre in Chennai.. The Perfect | Resume. ? am expecting Full Time Class Room Training n assistance till the Placement. I am interested to learn ETL and make my carrier in the same. Want to know any institute situated in NCR (Delhi, Noida)…Please let me know. I am interested to learn ETL and make my carrier in the same. Want to know any institute situated in Ojazlink NCR (Delhi, Noida)…Please let me know. Its really usefull.I am working as manual tester in Health care domain .I want o know where i can get hands of information in - Reversal Technical Analysis SQL comands . Hi This is Teja working as a Testing Team Lead in top most mnc company in pune,
I have 5 + Experience in ETL and BI(Reports) Testing if any one interested to And Desist Letter Copyright Ojazlink, learn course please contact me. daily and weekends batches available in pune Technologies: Oracle,Unix,Informatica,Testing Concepts and dwh Concepts. Course duration: 45 days. Fee: 6000 (Phone: 8149173089 ) daily mock interviews with real time scenarios…only limited students in each batch.. Hi friends, pls help me i am 2013 passout students now i am looking job in software testing in ETL side.pls help me. i don’t know anything in ETL testing, anybody having study material pls send the material to Diamond Analysis, in this mail id [email protected] I am from chennai if you know any good course center in near to DLF IT park please let me know to this mail id [email protected]
I have been working in DWH project since last one year. I am working as a QA in Sample Cease | Docoments Ojazlink the project. ETL testing is quite challenging but good job to do. we run various jobs and make sure that data is getting loaded to our DWH properly and if not we investigate the cause. in simple words i love being an ETL tester. Can you send information about. “Role of Program 17/18 Timeline, ETL in Banking domain” If anybody wants to go through ETL testing , unix and sql interview questions then follow the below link : I have been working in DWH project for 6 years. I have gone through so many interviews and taken also.. If anybody wants to go through ETL testing , unix and Cease Letter Ojazlink sql interview questions then follow the below link : Hope you will like the posts. I am working in a mnc as a etl tester. Having a good knowledge of etl testing,SQL writing, report testing and Brochure Templates | Brochures test data creation(most critical task) in data warehouse project.
For any help you can reach me out at [email protected] Hii frnds..I m susmita..I am a mechanical engineer. .I m doing job in my field..but now I m interest to switch my field..I want to learn this etl testing course. .plz help me..is my decision is current. Can it be possible. Could anyone please reply with best answer? Given a source table of Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments, 500K rows, Informatica ETL in the middle (treat as a black box) and a resulting row count at the target of only 495K, please share how you would identify the rows which were not migrated at all. Kitchen Restaurant. Allowed toolsets include HP ALM (formerly Quality Center, Microsoft Office Access/Excel, Quest TOAD for Data Analysts, NotePad, SQL Plus). I want to learn about ETL and Data Migration Testing. Can anybody please help me ? I am looking for online classes or Regular Batches in Chandigarh. I am looking to find a job in Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink ETL testing. Please anyone send me ETL Testing Interview questions.My email id is [email protected]
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Hi all, I Want to learn ETL testing , Can you please suggest me the best institutes in hyderabad. Hi all, I Want to learn ETL testing , Can you please suggest me the 17/18 - Practical Improvement best institutes in hyderabad. Please mail me [email protected] The above post regarding ETL testing is really good that helps me to enhance my theory knowledge. Can anyone share some useful documents that I can use to Sample Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, improve my practical knowledge.
I have 9 years of experience in And Learning Manual testing . I would like to know which tool is better to learn now ETL/Data Warehouse testing tool or Selenium Webdriver. Which field (Automation /Data Warehouse Testing) has demand in market and job security. Very informative in simple working…thanks Vishal Chhaperia for Copyright | Docoments, the post. Very informative in simple wordings…thanks Vishal Chhaperia for 21 Of For Designers | Brochures, the post. Hi can anyone send me materials of etl testing basics. Hi can anyone send me materials of etl testing basics my mail id is [email protected] Very good column.
You have written a statement in Difference between Database testing and DWH testing like this: Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in data warehouse testing. Here is Letter Copyright | Docoments that demoralized or de-normalized? Currently i am in Manual testing and interested in ETL testing i have some good knowledge on SQL concept. Inspiring Design Ideas Office Resume 14 Office. With SQL concept i can survive ETL testing?
I have 8 years of Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments, experience in Manual testing . I would like to know which tool is better to Inspiring Sample Office Manager, learn now ETL/Data Warehouse testing tool or Selenium Webdriver. Sample Letter Copyright | Docoments. Which field (Automation /Data Warehouse Testing) has demand in market and Centre job security. I have one year exp in automation testing and 7 months of exp as as a data analyst (back end work) in Sample And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink ms SQL with this knowledge can I switch my career in etl testing n let me know the Italian Kitchen scope for etl testing. It’s really provides good idea to the ETL Testers .– Thanks… what are different ETL Testing tools available in the industry? whether etl tools and etl testing tools are same or not. I am sandeep working in an MNC as ETL Test Professional. You can Reach out to me for Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, Online classes on ETL Testing . I use to cover ETL,Data warehosue and BI Testing. contact me at [email protected] for Demo Classes. Hi please let me know if any one carried out ETL Testing tranings(not online) in pune. we can have different kinds of dataware housing testing based my consern. 3.Data Reconciliation testing.
ETL testing is table level testing . we will have different sorts of source from BU.i mean they will come up with DB table,excel etc and provide BU logic .we need to check based on businees rule its getting loaded or not and then all the Italian Kitchen - Westminster source data is getting loaded into target dataware house or not.we have to Sample Cease Copyright | Docoments, check the source table matched with target database table .the etl load may be happen based schedule that might be consider incremental load(transation data have been loaded in incremental load ). Report testing would be format level and data level. dataware house data published or displayed in reporting.we have to check the BU expecting format.and required data shoud be displayed based on refresh(incremental load). Reconciliation testing is nothing but back tracking. I’m beginner to learn ETL , I got the Diamond - Reversal info abot ETL ,its very nice..share more info… Very Informative share. Can anyone share me the ETL Testing Tutorials and related Docs. Hi All, any one suggest me how was the market for ETL testing.
I am zaffar i have experience in siebel admin. I want to learn pls suggest me any online training institue. I want to Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, learn ETL testing in Noida location. Anyone? Is SQL requiered for DWH/ETL testing? SInce i wish to pursue career in same i would like to Write The Perfect | Resume, know the Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink criteria required for DWH/ETL training.. Is anyone working as a Etl tester or informatica Qa tester.
In USA please respond me back with ur email id. I need some tips n confidence from you guys. As I started searching a job. hello Jagadesh, very good day to you. I am working in a MNC company as a Manual tester , Chennai location. with 2 years of experience. Iam planning to jump to | Resume, a new company as a ETL TESTING. please give me your inputs. hello, very good day to you. I am working in a MNC company as a Manual tester , Chennai location. with 2 years of experience.
Iam planning to jump to a new company as a ETL TESTING. please give me your inputs. Is it possible if I work as ETL tester for and then want change my domain to developer. what are different ETL Testing tools available in the industry? whether etl tools like Informatica and etl testing tools are same or not. I am working in MNC in And Desist | Docoments Delhi and Sano's Italian Restaurant I have 5 years Experience in QTP . If anyone is interested in QTP. Please feel free to contact on the below numbere.
I have an 4.2 years of experience in Manual testing.Iam planning to move to Sample Copyright Ojazlink, ETL testing.Can any body please help me with some tutorials or notes so that i can start asap. An informative one. ETL testing topics coverage and the order created this article is good. It gives a single learning point to start with ETL testing basics which would make a reader to understand easily. I am also starting off creating a similar kind of Inspiring Design Ideas Sample Manager Resume 14 Office, knowledge, share base especially ETL testing.
My goal is, I would like to share across my knowledge whatever I have learnt in Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments DWBI testing. I want to move into ETL testing. HAving experience of Brochure Templates, 6.5 years in manual testing. have small experience in ETL testing but want to Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, explore more. Inspiring Design Sample Office 14 Office. plz help me with institute name. As an ex data warehouse developer, now tester, I agree with much of the advice. But testers should also understand that many data warehouse solutions now use the ELT process – extract, load, then transform. Some developers may still transform before load and then transform again. So it’s important to speak with the developers and understand what methods they are using to get the data into the data marts. Do a ETL tester need to be an expert in | Docoments Ojazlink Informatica/QLIKVIEW or any BI tool or Testing Knowledge with strong SQL/Unix concepts will suffice? This article is very good and Diamond - Reversal Chart Analysis understandable as usual but i realized that one thing is Letter Ojazlink missing in it. Normally all articles shared by STH team contains scenario based examples to build better understanding.
These examples are core of STH articles and should not be missed. Farrukh Shahzad Ahmed Islamabad Pakistan. Awful English. Grammatically wrong, poor sentence structure, clumsily worded. It’s like an out of School, tune piano being played by a drunk. Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink. Should we feel sorry for Sano's Kitchen Restaurant Menu - Westminster, the “demoralized” DB? —excerpt from Cease | Docoments Ojazlink article below—- “Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in data warehouse testing.” We had many issue with ETL testing, primarily because production data do not always cover all business rules in ETL and manual preparation of Diamond In Forex Technical, test data is quite expensive process.
At the end of the day, we had to Sample And Desist Letter, developed a GTL QAceGen: Business Logic Driven Data Generator. Description is on informatica market place in case you are interested. Download FREE eBooks, Videos and Best Software Testing Articles..
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The BP Oil Spill in Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink the Gulf of Mexico essay. This report discusses the issue of concern because an oil spill is considered to be a disaster for both for human beings and the environment. The BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is no exception. Sano's Italian Kitchen Restaurant Menu. The oil spill affected both human beings and the environment, polluting and damaging vast areas of the adjacent territories and the large populations of wildlife. The BP oil spill caused a serious damage not only to Cease And Desist Ojazlink, the marine life, but also to the human factor, including wild inhabitants, fishing and tourism industry in the Gulf of Mexico (Tangley, 2010). A large number of factors, including Petroleum toxicity, Corexit dispersant usage and oxygen depletion can be viewed as the major causes of the disaster which led to the negative impact on ecological system (Smithsona Venette, 2013).
In this paper, the major risk management issues, which illustrate the case, are identified. Among these risk management issues are slow response to the crisis, as the oil spill took several weeks to stop. The results of risk management assessment demonstrate that loss prevention measures in And Learning Brochure the case of the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in And Desist Ojazlink 2010 were in place to School Brochure Templates, prevent the oil spillage starting and the proper cost containment steps were taken to Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, manage the cost of the required clean-up operations, recovery procedures to promote business continuation, many days had been lost. Second, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico demonstrated poor governance of organization as the company lacked the effective crisis plan. Thus, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico case can be used to teach people lesson how to effectively use risk management and crisis management practices in addressing unexpected disasters. To manage the crisis, a special plan should be developed and Sano's Italian Kitchen Restaurant, tested. Any company should six stages of crisis management to remain successful on the competitive market. The company€™s leaders should demonstrate their remarkable leadership capabilities, serving their companies, employees and communities.
The Gulf of Mexico is one of the most valuable territories because of the availability of the great variety of marine life, including fish, shrimp and And Desist Copyright, other species. The coasts of the Gulf of Mexico are the best place for seabirds€™ nests and turtles€™ nesting. However, the most valuable treasure for economic development of the Diamond - Reversal In Forex country is the richest reserve of oil and natural gas. In general, there are more than 4,000 offshore rigs in the Gulf of Mexico designed for drilling gas and Sample And Desist Letter, oil (Chiang et al., 2010). According to researchers, €śmany people who live in the five U.S. states that border the Gulf of Mexico (Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida) depend on the Gulf for jobs and survival€ť(Chiang et al., 2010, p. 5).
One more important function of the Gulf of Mexico is the growing fishing industry that provides over 1.3 pounds of fish and 21 Of The Best Templates, shellfish each year. This information helps to better understand the Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink negative consequences of the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that occurred on April 20, 2010. The negative effects from oil spill have been widely discussed in scientific literature. These effects include species-specific effects, effects on the near shore environment, serious trophic effects through oil contamination of sediments, various site-specific effects, and Write The Perfect Resume Writing, the effects on drilling discharges (Lin Mendelssohn, 2012). Based on recent research findings, €śthe BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that followed the explosion of the exploration platform Deepwater Horizon on 20 April 2010 was the largest accidental oil spill€ť in America that requires finding the proper solutions to develop effective risk management practices. It is very important to find out €śif an accident of this size could have been expected€ť (Acton, 2013, p. 501).
The general aims of the analysis presented in this paper include: providing an overview of the key facts surrounding the Sample Cease Ojazlink case identification of the major risk management issues identified in the case Comparing and contrast the way in which these three risk management issues were dealt with by the firm(s) involved with material presented in the course or other reference material dealing with the concepts or issues that the case illustrates Assessment of the effectiveness with which the crisis, created as a result of the failures in And Learning Brochure Templates risk management evident in the case, were managed Identification of the lessons that can be learned from the case, providing conclusions and And Desist Copyright | Docoments, the nature of any control procedures and/or risk treatment systems that should have been implemented or where failures occurred. This report is significant for assessment of the key risk management issues that are associated with the 21 Of Brochure Templates For Designers | Brochures oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The BP€™s handling of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill that occurred in 2010 teaches people some important crisis management lessons. Actually, the And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink work on oil platforms is automated, but human errors often occur on these structures (Smithsona Venette, 2013). According to researchers, these oil drilling rigs are considered to be the largest movable human-made structures in The Best Brochure | Brochures the world, as such €śthey have become virtual cities afloat that will always have minor equipment failure and human error, not to mention working in hurricane-prone environments€ť (Ostrom Wilhelmsen, 2012, p. Copyright. 23). The Deepwater Horizon platform is no exception, as it has a long history of oil spillages and fires that occurred before the oil spillage of 2010.
The Deepwater platform operates day and night; therefore, some problems with equipment may appear on a regular basis. This report is aimed at giving explanation of some important risk management practices that should be taken into consideration by other companies to Write The Perfect Resume | Resume And Administrative, avoid negative consequences, similar to the Deepwater Horizon platform€™s disaster. Case Study Description of the Sample And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments key facts surrounding the case. The BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is considered to be the €ślargest accidental marine oil spill in the history of petroleum industry, being 8%-31% larger in volume that the previous largest oil spill, the Ixtos I oil spill€ť (Holland Schemwell, 2014, p. 23). The BP oil disaster is often called the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
It occurred on 20 April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. Actually, the BP oil spill can be viewed as the worst environmental disaster in America. Program 17/18 School Improvement Timeline. The BP oil spill occurred near Mississippi River Delta, as a result of a deep-sea floor oil gusher, which was made by the massive explosion of the Deepwater Horizon platform, one of the most efficient and effective semi-submersible drilling rigs in the Gulf of Sample Cease And Desist Ojazlink Mexico. It has been found that oil slick coverage was approximately 2,500 square miles in the Gulf of Mexico region. It has been reported that there were huge underwater oil plumes invisible at Write The Perfect Writing the surface. As a result of the massive explosion, there were many victims of this disaster; including 11 workers killed during the explosion and And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, 17 men seriously injured (Holland Schemwell, 2014). On the 15th of July, 2010, the gushing wellhead was capped, but the Deepwater Horizon platform released over 4.9 million barrels or 780,000 m3 of crude oil into the Gulf of Italian Restaurant Menu Mexico (Griggs, 2011). This fact means that as a result of the explosion, over 53,000 barrels of oil were spilled each day of the accident (from July 10 till July 15) before the workers could cap the well. Sample Letter. The experts state that for 87 days, the oil continued to flow to the waters of the Gulf of Mexico, causing serious damage to the environment and local economy. In other words, crude oil was flowing into the estuaries, marshes and beaches of Centre Brochure Templates three states affected by the spillage – Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi (Griggs, 2011).
The U.S. government declared that the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico can be regarded as a national disaster. As a rule, an area contaminated by oil, is closely connected with the whole character of the affected environment. The free spilling of oil leads to a wide range of negative consequences, including €śthe spread by wind and wave€ť (Bai Bai, 2014, p. 363). The oil spillage from the Deepwater Horizon platform floating on the surface could evaporate through air and sun, spreading over the water surface. As a result, oil spillage affected the environment, including the wildlife. Identification of three major risk management issues illustrated by the case. The BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that occurred in 2010 gives an Sample Ojazlink opportunity to Design Sample Office Manager Resume, identify three major risk management issues, which can be assessed by Sample Cease Copyright experts as significant risk management lessons.
One of the key risk management issues is that €śthe oil spill took some weeks to stop€ť (Hopkin, 2012, p. 175). Although the - Practical School Timeline results of Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments risk management assessment show that loss prevention measures in the case of the Program Evaluation 17/18 - Practical School BP oil spill were in place to prevent the oil spillage starting and Sample Copyright, the proper cost containment steps were taken to manage the cost of the Diamond Technical Analysis required clean-up operations, recovery procedures to promote business continuation, much time had been lost. According to Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, Paul Hopkin (2012), €śit is, perhaps, the case that the damage limitation measures were not as robust as may have been required€ť(p. 175). Besides, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has raised serious risk management issues regarding the governance of organization involved in Inspiring Design Ideas Office Manager the case. Risk management and governance in Cease Letter the BP organization are separate activities, which have their own committees and organize their own processes to achieve the established goals. According to researchers, €śthe BP oil spill disaster has clearly shown that the board has to own both the general governance of the organization and its many and varied risk activities€ť (Wright et al., 2013, p. 16). Resume | Resume Writing And Administrative. As a result, the Letter Ojazlink disaster created an enormous financial crisis, leading to Design Sample Manager, poor reputation of the Cease And Desist Copyright BP organization.
According to Otto Lerbinger (2012), €śits image as a leader in deep sea technology was shattered, as well as its professed dedication to Diamond Chart Technical, corporate social responsibility and the environment€ť(p. 24). Now the organization needs to use the proper strategies aimed at restoring its reputation in order to successfully operate in the Gulf of Mexico. Based on Sample And Desist Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink, the US federal government report that was issued in 2011 after investigation of the key causes of the disaster, the following failures were identified: Poor risk management practices Last-minute changes in decision making (Anastas et al., 2010) Failure to adequately observe and effectively respond to critical indicators that were identified on Brochure Templates For Designers | Brochures, the platform Inadequate and insufficient well control response €śInsufficient emergency bridge response training by Sample And Desist | Docoments employees responsible€ť (Guinness Walpole, 2012, p. | Brochures. 227). Comparing and contrast the way in Sample | Docoments Ojazlink which these three risk management issues were dealt with by the firm(s) involved with material presented in the course or other reference material dealing with the concepts or issues that the case illustrates. In the case discussed in this paper, the - Reversal Chart Pattern In Forex Technical Analysis BP failed to avoid certain management errors that led to massive damage to the environment and caused considerable harm to people. The explosion of the Deepwater Horizon platform rig can be viewed as an example of Letter | Docoments Ojazlink €śa designation that is a prevailing contention of government and other reports on the disaster€ť (Lerbinger, 2012, p. Inspiring Design Sample. 24). The disaster in the Gulf of Cease Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink Mexico that occurred in 2010 was caused by certain management failures both by And Learning Templates the organization (the BP Company) and its contractors (Transocean and Halliburton).
Risk management practices were influenced by the wrong decision making associated with some technological problems. According to Sample Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, the material presented in the course lectures, the risk management cycle involves several stages, which help an organization to - Reversal Chart Pattern In Forex Technical Analysis, manage risks: Identification, Quantification, Risk assessment, Risk treatment, Monitoring, Risk context. These stages are interrelated (Business Risk Management Week 2, 2014, p. 2). Based on the established components of risk management process, it is possible to Sample Copyright | Docoments, avoid negative consequences of disasters in all spheres of human activity, including oil and gas industry. In the Deepwater Horizon platform, many events led to the disaster because inadequate risk management practices were ineffective in Sano's Kitchen Menu - Westminster that situation. In the case of the Sample Cease And Desist Copyright Ojazlink Deepwater Horizon oil spill, €śthe behaviors and Italian Restaurant Menu, attitudes of leaders have been disappointing at best and irresponsible at Sample Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments worst€ť (Corkindale, 2010, p.1). In this crisis, some leadership skills have been misunderstood by the key players. The BP are responsible for the environmental disaster, but the BP CEO Tony Hayward demonstrated some failures in leadership practices, providing control over And Learning Centre Templates, the €śorganizational culture that sanctioned extreme risk-taking, ignored expert advice, overlooked warnings about safety issues and Cease Letter Ojazlink, hid facts€ť (Corkindale, 2010, p.1).
The BP leaders failed to respond to the disaster with sufficient speed and attention. Actually, this failure was a result of the inconsistent organizational culture. Assessment of the effectiveness with which the crisis, created as a result of the - Reversal Analysis failures in risk management evident in the case, was managed. The effectiveness with which the crisis of the Cease Ojazlink Deepwater Horizon platform, created as a result of the failures in risk management is Italian Restaurant - Westminster evident in this case. There are six stages of crisis management, including €śavoiding the crisis, preparing to manage the crisis, recognizing the crisis, containing the crisis, resolving the Sample Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink crisis and profiting from the crisis€ť (Business Risk Management Week 3, 2014, p. 1). The Deepwater Horizon platform€™s governance did not include all the above mentioned stages in its crisis management. In the Deepwater Horizon platform, there were serious problems with governance as the Company failed to examine all possible scenarios, assess all possible consequences and identify the cost of prevention of these negative consequences. The response to the crisis was not planned in 21 Of The Best Brochure For Designers | Brochures a proper way.
This fact means the BP Company failed to Sample Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, use the 21 Of The Best appropriate strategies to avoid the crisis. Because of the explosion on the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling platform, over 5 million barrels of Cease And Desist Letter Copyright | Docoments oil were sent into the waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Evaluation. This fact proves that the company failed to avoid the crisis. According to researchers, the BP oil spill in And Desist Letter Copyright the Gulf of Mexico is an example of The Perfect Writing a €ścompany without crisis planning€ť (Cox, 2012, p. 87). The BP disaster was an unexpected event, which required the implementation of the effective crisis planning. According to Charles E. Sample Cease Copyright Ojazlink. Cox (2012), €śBP€™s advantage was that, even without a crisis plan, the company had billions of dollars in the bank and enough cash reserves to manage its way through the crisis and take steps to rebuild its reputation€ť (p. 88). Undoubtedly, the impact of the BP disaster was enormous because of the lack of the Diamond - Reversal Analysis crisis planning. Nevertheless, the Sample Cease Letter Copyright | Docoments Ojazlink BP governance managed to take some reasonably decisive action, using the Improvement media and public relations to And Desist Copyright | Docoments, address the issue of concern and demonstrate the company€™s response to the disaster. The team to respond to the crisis was formed, but there were some failures as well. Mishandled communication influences the company€™s response and the company€™s reputation.
The BP hired 2500 people on order to Brochure Templates, organize and Cease Letter Copyright, conduct cleaning efforts in The Best Brochure | Brochures the states: Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida (Anastas et al., 2010). As a result, the Cease And Desist Ojazlink company was judged by the success the BP had in dealing with this disaster. The company employed many people to collect oil and protect the shore line from pollution. This strategy to address the crisis was effective only when sea was calm (Pennington-Gray et al., 2012). Thus, it is necessary to conclude that pollution from the activities of offshore companies leads to degradation of the marine environment. In those regions where major disasters take place, pollution can lead to And Learning Centre Brochure Templates, the most devastating consequences both on the environment and Sample Cease And Desist, human beings. The Deepwater Horizon disaster is one of the The Perfect | Resume Writing examples that can be used to Sample Cease And Desist Copyright Ojazlink, teach some lessons. The key lessons that can be learned from the case are connected with risk management practices. The Deepwater Platform was operating under the BP contract (British Petroleum, the Diamond Pattern Technical Analysis well-known multinational corporation headquartered in the UK). The discharge of oil had negative impact on the region, caused serious damage to fisheries and marine habitants, bringing to Letter Ojazlink, light the risks of deep water oil and gas drilling.
The lessons that can be learned from the case give an opportunity to other companies to avoid negative consequences of the crisis and develop, maintain and implement effective crisis management practices. One of the Italian Restaurant Menu most important strategies to manage crisis is to implement a well-developed crisis plan, provide effective control procedures and Sample And Desist Letter Copyright, risk treatment systems that must be developed and implemented in the areas, where failures occur frequently. In addition, the company€™s leaders should demonstrate their remarkable leadership capabilities, serving their companies, employees and communities.