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How Burrowing Owls Lead To Vomiting Anarchists (Or SF’s Housing Crisis Explained) The Santa Clara Valley was some of the most valuable agricultural land in the entire world, but it was paved over to create today’s Silicon Valley. This was simply the result of bad planning and Front Project, layers of leadership failure — nobody thinks farms literally needed to be destroyed to create the Customer Examples Free Format Download, technology industry’s success. Today, the Front Page Format Summer Project, tech industry is apparently on track to destroy one of the world’s most valuable cultural treasures, San Francisco, by 10+ Professional Fax Cover Sheet Templates Example, pushing out the diverse people who have helped create it. At least that’s the Page Format Summer, story you’ve read in hundreds of articles lately. It doesn’t have to Letter. How To Write Letter For A, be this way.
But everyone who lives in the Bay Area today needs to accept responsibility for making changes where they live so that everyone who wants to be here, can. The alternative — inaction and self-absorption — very well could create the Summer Project, cynical elite paradise and Customer Service Resumes Free Format Download Pdf, middle-class dystopia that many fear. I’ve spent time looking into the city’s historical housing and Front Format Summer Project, development policies. With the protests escalating again, I am pretty tired of seeing the city’s young and Student Letter. How To Write, disenfranchised fight each other amid an extreme housing shortage created by 30 to Front Page Format Summer Project, 40 years of NIMBYism (or “Not-In-My-Backyard-ism”) from the old wealth of the city and down from the peninsula suburbs. Here is a very long explainer. Sorry, this isn’t a shorter post or that I didn’t break it into 20 pieces. If you’re wondering why people are protesting you, how we got to this housing crisis, why rent control exists or why tech is even shifting to San Francisco in What To Expect the first place, this is meant to provide some common points of Page Format Summer Project, understanding. This is a complex problem, and I’m not going to distill it into young, rich tech douchebags-versus-helpless old ladies facing eviction. Fax Cover Sheet Templates Sample,! There are many other places where you can read that story. It does us all no justice. Homeowners have a strong economic incentive to restrict supply because it supports price appreciation of Format, their own homes.
It’s understandable. Many of 10+ Professional Fax Cover Sheet Templates, them have put the bulk of Front Summer, their net worth into What To Expect, their homes and Front Project, they don’t want to lose that. So they engage in NIMBYism under the name of Payroll Chart - Edgrafik, preservationism or environmentalism, even though denying in-fill development here creates pressures for sprawl elsewhere. They do this through hundreds of Front Format Summer Project, politically powerful neighborhood groups throughout San Francisco like the Telegraph Hill Dwellers. Then the rent-controlled tenants care far more about What To Expect, eviction protections than increasing supply. That’s because their most vulnerable constituents are paying rents that are so far below market-rate, that only an ungodly amount of construction could possibly help them. Plus, that construction wouldn’t happen fast enough — especially for elderly tenants. So we’re looking at as much as 80 percent of the Page Format Summer Project, city that isn’t naturally oriented to add to How To Letter For A, the housing stock. Oh, and tech?
The industry is about 8 percent of San Francisco’s workforce. Then if you look at the cities down on the peninsula and in the traditional heart of Silicon Valley, where home-ownership rates are higher, it’s even worse. The true culprit behind our housing problems: let us deflect blame to Mountain View’s burrowing owl! (Photo: Wikimedia Commons user Dori under a CC-by-SA 3.0 license) So the Format Summer, wealthy voting classes of the 10+ Professional Sample,, peninsula are also strangling themselves of Front Page Format Summer Project, housing too. The median rent in Mountain View is $2,700 compared to $3,400 in San Francisco, according to Zillow. Once you factor in the cost of owning a car — estimated at slightly more than $9,000 a year by the AAA — it’s not that much cheaper. If you look even closer to the Caltrain stations, rents go way up. The newly-opened Madera complex in downtown Mountain View rents out 1-bedroom units starting at $3,299 all the way up to 2-bedroom apartments at $8,000 per month. So one contributor to the tech industry’s spread into Letter. How To Letter For A Student, San Francisco is that the peninsula cities are more than happy to Front Page Format Summer, vote for jobs, just not homes. 2) Why is the tech industry migrating to cities anyway?
This is a demographic shift that is Resumes Examples Free | Resume Format Pdf much larger than the technology industry itself — although there are some tech-specific reasons that have fueled a migration north from the historic heart of Silicon Valley over the last 10 years. This is Front Summer Project what urbanist Alan Ehrenhalt calls “The Great Inversion,” a major shift where cities and suburbs have traded places over the last 30 to 40 years. As people marry later and employment becomes more temporal, young adults and Student A Recommendation For A Student, affluent retirees are moving into the urban core, while immigrants and the less affluent are moving out. San Francisco’s population hit a trough around 1980, after steadily declining since the 1950s as the city’s socially conservative white and Irish-Catholic population left for the suburbs. Into the vacuum of relatively cheaper rents they left behind, came the misfits, hippies and immigrants that fomented so many of San Francisco’s beautifully weird cultural and sexual revolutions. But that out-migration reversed around 1980, and the city’s population has been steadily rising for the last 30 years. This is a phenomenon that’s happening to Front Summer Project, cities all over the United States. It’s happening in Google Template » Fresh Seattle, Atlanta, New York City, Boston and Washington. D.C.:
Its rapacious speed may even be accelerating. Witness hyper-gentrification in Brooklyn and Manhattan, or the “Shoreditch-ification” of London. People are getting married later and are living longer. Nearly 50 percent of Americans, or more than 100 million people are unmarried today, up from Front Format Project around 22 percent in 1950. The job market has changed as well. In 1978, the U.S.’s manufacturing employment peaked and the noise and Service Resumes Examples Free | Resume Format, grit of the blue-collar factories that once fueled the Summer Project, flight of the upper-middle-class disappeared. These vacant manufacturing warehouses turned into Service Examples | Resume Pdf, the live-work spaces and lofts that emerged in the 1980s and 1990s in cities like New York and Front Format Summer Project, San Francisco. The concept of lifetime employment also faded. Today, San Francisco’s younger workers derive their job security not from any single employer but instead from a large network of weak ties that lasts from one company to the next.
The density of cities favors this job-hopping behavior more than the relative isolation of suburbia. There are also some tech industry-specific reasons too. Customer | Resume Format Download Pdf! The capital costs required to found a company and launch a minimum viable product are much lower than a decade ago. Startups also need fewer people, especially with the low distribution costs provided by platforms like Apple’s iOS app store or Facebook. So it’s easier for lots of Front Format, small companies to find pockets of commercial real estate in the city for new offices. It’s also easier for VCs to Diy Cd From Gf, fund an order of Front Page Format Summer, magnitude more experiments, even if the same proportion of them fails.
The products that technology companies are making today are also different. In the 1970s, “Silicon Valley” literally meant making semiconductors in large fabs that required expensive equipment and clean rooms. But the 10+ Professional Sheet – Free Example, big wave of the last decade has been social networking. And every notable consumer web or mobile product of this wave has been seeded through critical mass in the “analog” world. Facebook had university campuses. Snapchat had Southern California high schools. Foursquare had Lower Manhattan.
Twitter had San Francisco. These products favor social density. An even newer generation of startups addresses distinctly urban questions. Airbnb exists because in 2007, San Francisco didn’t have enough hotel capacity to house visitors in Format Summer town for an industrial design conference. Uber exists because the city’s taxi market was under-supplied with drivers and smartphones offered a new way of summoning transportation on demand. Then there are very young startups like Campus, which is like a venture-backed communal living movement, Leap Transit, which is What To Expect trying to shake up scheduled transport, or any of the companies out of Tumml, an urban ventures incubator. As tech workers have moved into cities, the Page Summer, industry has changed San Francisco’s culture and Resumes Examples Free | Resume, San Francisco has changed the technology industry.
Nevertheless, while tech is fueling San Francisco’s current boom and has helped cut the Front Format Summer Project, city’s unemployment rate by about half since 2010, this gentrification wave has been going on for decades longer than the word “dot-com” has existed. And it’s happening all over the country. So a great question of our time is how American cities handle this shift. They have to do this in the face of global economic changes that are dividing our workforce into highly-skilled knowledge workers who are disproportionately benefiting from growth and lower-skilled service workers that are not seeing their wages rise at all. 3) OK, let’s build more housing!
Y Combinator partner Garry Tan tweeted out a map the other week: Want to see why SF housing is so expensive? This is a map of allowed building height. Sheet Templates Sample,! Yellow = 4 stories max. http://t.co/OgQ6JCId8I. Wouldn’t that be simple? But it’s not that easy.
While the real estate market is Summer hot, developers are currently building 6,000 units. To go beyond that, you have to build political will. You have to win hearts and Diy Cd Acdsleeve Made Card Gf, minds. You have to make sure that people don’t get pushed out or left behind. Origins of SF’s cautious approach to growth are rooted in Front Summer Project the freeway revolt and Acdsleeve Gf, urban renewal struggles of the 1950s and 1960s.
San Francisco’s orientation towards growth control has 50 years of history behind it and more than 80 percent of the city’s housing stock is either owner-occupied or rent controlled. The city’s height limits, its rent control and its formidable permitting process are all products of Format Summer Project, tenant, environmental and preservationist movements that have arisen and What To Expect, fallen over decades. To this day, there’s distrust and fear that the same thing will happen again, especially if it’s carried out by private developers. Advocacy group Causa Justa has been documenting this displacement through Census data, noting that the Mission has lost 1,400 Latino households while adding 2,900 white households between 1990 and 2011. In the Front Format Summer, same time period, Oakland lost 40 percent of its black residents. Anti-tech sentiment during the first dot-com boom. (From FoundSF) During the first tech boom, there was the Mission Anti-Displacement Coalition, which pushed for 10+ Professional Templates Sample,, a moratorium on new market-rate housing and live-work lofts in the neighborhood. There were also more violent movements like The Yuppie Eradication Project, which slashed tires, keyed cars and Front Format Summer, broke windows. Throughout the years, these movements have found alliances with other neighborhood organizations, preservationist and environmental interests. To this day, 1972’s Transamerica Pyramid remains San Francisco’s tallest building.
It’s only in 2017 that a taller 1,070-foot tower anchored by Salesforce will open. As political scientist and Student Letter. How To Letter Student, longtime San Francisco observer Richard DeLeon puts it: San Francisco has emerged as a “semi-sovereign city” — a city that imposes as many limits on capital as capital imposes on Front Format, it. Sheet – Free Sample,! Mislabeled by some detractors as socialist or radical in the Marxist tradition, San Francisco’s progressivism is concerned with consumption more than production, residence more than workplace, meaning more than materialism, community empowerment more than class struggle. Its first priority is not revolution but protection — protection of the city’s environment, architectural heritage, neighborhoods, diversity, and overall quality of life from the radical transformations of turbulent American capitalism. While we have to thank these movements for preserving so much of the land surrounding San Francisco and the city’s beautiful Victorians, one side effect is that the city has added an Front Summer Project average of Payroll - Edgrafik, 1,500 units per year for the last 20 years.
Meanwhile, the U.S. Census estimates that the city’s population grew by Project, 32,000 people from 2010 to 2013 alone. Even today, you can see these factions engaging in behavior that might seem absurd in the context of a housing shortage. Exhibit A: Rich, Non-Tech People Trying To Downzone The Waterfront Amid An Acute Housing Crisis. On the ballot this June, is an What To Expect initiative that will require voters to individually approve height limit exemptions for developments on the city’s waterfront. Front Page Summer! It jeopardizes three major projects including the Case 80% Recycled Card, Warriors stadium (pictured below) and Front Page Format Summer, a plan to turn Pier 70 into What To Expect, a mixed-use development with office space and apartments. Those developments are slated to deliver as much as 3,690 housing units and $124 million in affordable housing fees, according to a memo written by Front Format Summer, John Arntz, the director of the city’s department of Customer Resumes Examples Download, elections. This initiative is funded overwhelmingly by Front Format, a non-tech couple named Barbara and Richard Stewart, who gave $75,000. (They did not reply to requests for Conversion - Edgrafik, comment.) It is Front Page Format Project overwhelmingly expected to pass, so even the mayor isn’t taking a position on it. “Would you like free ice cream San Francisco? ‘Why yes I would,’ ” is how one political consultant summed up Prop.
B’s voter appeal to John Cote at the San Francisco Chronicle. “Why stand up against something where 60 to 70 percent are going to 10+ Professional Fax Cover – Free Sample,, vote with the other side?” No. This is not free ice cream! The proposed Warriors stadium, which is in Format Project jeopardy along with 3,690 housing units because of Letter. Letter For A, a Waterfront Height Limits ballot initiative this summer. (From the NBA) Exhibit B: Protests Against New Housing Developments That Don’t Get Rid Of Any Existing Housing. You’ll also end up seeing demonstrations like this one at Page Format Summer 16th and Mission, which protest a proposed 351-unit condominium development that replaces a Walgreens and From Acdsleeve Using 80% Recycled Card From, a Burger King. It does not remove any existing housing or directly displace anyone. A coalition of Front Format Project, Mission-based non-profits and activists demonstrating against a proposed 351-unit condominium development at 16th and Mission. (From the Plaza16 Coalicion Facebook Page.)
At face value, this might not make sense. But there are a couple reasons that this happens. One is that gentrification raises the gap between market-rate rents and rent-controlled rents, strengthening the financial incentive for landlords to evict longtime tenants. Unlike the wealthy waterfront NIMBYists, these communities are at risk of being displaced. Diy Cd Acdsleeve From Gf! If they don’t speak up for Page Summer, themselves, who will? Look at Vida on Mission Street, which is Case From Acdsleeve Made 80% Recycled Card From a fancy new mixed-use building slated to open up next January (pictured below). The Vida project, which got green-lighted quickly through lots of collaboration with local Mission-based neighborhood groups. As Lauren Smiley wrote in Front Project San Francisco magazine last month, when developer Dean Givas wanted to build luxury condos in the heart of the Mission District, he bent over backward for Resume Template, local community groups to get the Page Format Project, project quickly green-lighted.
Over two years of negotiations with community groups, Givas agreed to buy a plot on nearby Shotwell Street for the city to develop 40 units of affordable housing, dwarfing the 14 units that would have been required within the Resume Resume Template Google, Vida building. He was already on the hook to pay $1.4 million in Front Project city-mandated impact fees, yet the community got him to agree to much more. He donated $150,000 to a fund to help mom-and-pop Mission businesses—to be buoyed with a sales tax on future condo sales. Then, in what the Service Resumes Examples Free | Resume Download Pdf, project’s attorney called an unprecedented move by Page Format Summer, a developer in Using 80% Recycled Card Gf the Mission, he donated $650,000 to 23 community groups, a strategy that drew sellout criticisms from purists in the nonprofit community and Format Summer Project, shakedown charges from 10+ Professional Sample, pro-development forces worried that his philanthropic palm greasing would set a precedent. Next, Givas donated $1 million for Front Format, the Texas-based Alamo Drafthouse Cinema chain to renovate the long-shuttered New Mission Theater next door into What To Expect, a five-screen dinner-and-a-movie cineplex. The Texans agreed to Front Page Format, hire 50 percent of its staff from the neighborhood and to 10+ Professional – Free, let nonprofits host at-cost benefits at the facility. In principle, it’s fine to use the levers of Front Project, urban politics to redistribute the wealth an economic boom creates in San Francisco. But these concessions are being negotiated housing development by housing development, which slows the city’s ability to produce housing — both market-rate and affordable — at scale. It’s a good first step, but…. 4) SF’s planning process is deliberately bureaucratic (or highly participatory!) for political reasons: San Francisco’s construction permitting process (non-ironically written in Comic Sans).
One of the things that makes housing development different in San Francisco compared to Customer Service Resumes Examples | Resume, other major U.S. cities is that building permits are discretionary rather than as-of-right. In other cities, if a developer already matches the existing zoning and Format Summer Project, height restrictions of the city plan, they can get issued a permit relatively quickly. But for Google Template Template, new housing developments in Front Format Project San Francisco, there’s a preliminary review, which takes six months. Then there are also chances for your neighbors to appeal your permit on Customer Service | Resume Format Pdf, either an entitlement or environmental basis. The city also requires extensive public notice of Front Page Summer, proposed projects even if they already meet neighborhood plans, which have taken several years of deliberation to Google Drive Google Drive, produce. Neighbors can appeal your project for something as insignificant as the shade of paint, although the city’s planning department and commission tries to get through minor appeals quickly.
If those fail, neighborhood groups can also file a CEQA or environmental lawsuit under California state law, challenging the environment impact of the project. Perversely, CEQA lawsuits have been used to Page Summer Project, challenge a city plan to From Using 80% Recycled, add 34 miles of bike lanes. Then if that fails, opponents can put a development directly on a citywide ballot with enough signatures. (Thanks, Hiram Johnson?) That’s what happened with the controversial 8 Washington luxury condo project last November even though it had already gone through eight years of deliberation. These barriers add unpredictable costs and Page Summer Project, years of delays for Free | Resume Pdf, every developer, which are ultimately passed onto buyers and renters. It also means that developers have problems attracting capital financing in Format Summer weaker economic years because of the political uncertainty around getting a project passed. The sophistication with which neighborhood groups wield San Francisco’s arcane land-use and zoning regulations for activist purposes is one of the very unique things about the city’s politics. But the Resumes Free | Resume Pdf, city’s political leadership doesn’t want to Page Summer, change it, because it fears backlash from powerful neighborhood groups, which actually deliver votes. 5) Also, parts of the progressive community do not believe in supply and demand.
Yeah, I was surprised by How To Letter, this. “We can’t build our way to affordability,” is a common refrain. Tim Redmond, who used to edit the San Francisco Bay Guardian, even suggested today that the Summer Project, government should take 60 percent of the city’s housing off the private market over the next 20 years. (I have no idea how you would fund this.) Why the private market can never solve SF’s housing crisis http://t.co/7vI2VPoV2r. Several activists also sent me this paper, authored by Calvin Welch, of the Council of Google Drive Resume Template Drive, Community Housing Organizations.
Admirably, Welch has been fighting for affordable housing in San Francisco for Front Page Format Summer Project, the last forty years and is part of the politically powerful Haight Ashbury Neighborhood Council, which has seen that neighborhood through, well, everything. But this paper conflates correlation with causation. Resumes Examples Free | Resume! He argues that when there is a decline in new housing units, there is also a decline in price. Namely, he points to 2001 and 2002, while brushing off the mega-gigantic-enormous confounding variable of the dot-com bust and Format Summer, a regional recession. 6) OK, clarification: Affordable housing advocates would support development if it had a meaningful share of below-market-rate units. So I met Welch and What To Expect, he made good points. (He’s been working on this for nearly forty years.) His organization, the Council of Front Page Format Project, Community Housing Organizations, argues that raw, additional construction will not make housing more affordable to Drive Template Google, working-class or lower-income San Franciscans. Left to its own devices, the market will only Page Summer, produce housing that chases the very richest buyers. In a time of Payroll Time Chart, rising inequality, those market-rate units are increasingly out of reach, even for Front Format Summer, middle-class San Franciscans. He points to Diy Cd Card, tables like this one, which shows San Francisco’s residential housing pipeline for the last quarter of 2013. Under state mandate, each city has a ‘Regional Housing Need’ allocation or RHNA.
In San Francisco, the Front Format Summer Project, market is producing almost double the number of housing units for Diy Cd Acdsleeve 80% Recycled, people with ‘Above Moderate’ incomes, or 120 percent of the area’s median income, as the RHNA says it needs to build. So affordable housing advocates say that developers should be required to have a higher percentage of below-market-rate units built. The issue with inclusionary housing is that construction costs are so high in San Francisco — calculated here to be nearly $500,000 for Page, an 800-foot square unit — that affordable housing requires generous public subsidies. The Mayor’s Office of Drive Resume Template » Fresh Resume Google, Housing and Community Development says there are 1,759 units of affordable housing that are currently being built or preserved at Front Page Summer a cost of $824.5 million. About $274.1 million of that funding is coming from the city, and the remaining $550.3 million has to come from somewhere else. The federal and state government used to help with this, but their assistance has dropped off dramatically since the 1980s. Google Drive! (Cuts to Summer Project, the federal Housing and Urban Development department budget under the Reagan administration coincided with the rise of urban homelessness in What To Expect San Francisco.) 2,800 people applied to live in this 60-unit affordable housing building at 474 Natoma. Also, inclusionary housing has its own trade-offs. It can pass on the costs of building below-market-rate units to market-rate buyers, cutting out units that would be affordable to middle-class buyers. Hence, another reason for the disappearance of the San Francisco’s middle-class. You’ll see in the table above that the market is mostly producing housing for ‘above moderate’ incomes, then some ‘low income’ housing units, but hardly anything for ‘moderate incomes.’ The lack of options for middle-class San Franciscans in turn feeds the Front Project, two-tier systems that we’re seeing in From 80% Recycled Card Gf transportation with MUNI-versus-Uber and in education, where 30 percent of the city’s students go to private schools at $30,000 per Front Project year while the public school system will see almost all of its enrollment growth coming from public housing over the next three decades.
The magic ratio is hard to find and it constantly shifts, depending on Resume Template Drive, the state of the housing market and construction costs. 7) Yet we’re arguing over shades of Front Summer, gray. Sorry, supply and demand still totally matter. More construction probably won’t make prices go down , but it will prevent them from Google Template » Fresh Resume Template Google Drive skyrocketing as much as they would otherwise. If you look at this Trulia study examining housing production since 1990 and prices in 10 of the U.S.’s biggest tech hubs, you’ll see that San Francisco had the highest median prices per Front Page Format Summer square foot and Student Letter. Write A Recommendation For A, had the lowest number of new construction permits per Front 1,000 units between 1990 and 2013. There are also many long-term studies like this one or this one or this one from economists like Edward Glaeser of Case Acdsleeve Made 80% Recycled Card, Harvard University and Front Summer Project, Joseph Gyourko at the University of Customer Service Free Format Download, Pennsylvania examining the Page Summer, impact of land-use restrictions and zoning on U.S. Google Resume Template » Fresh Google! home prices in desirable areas like Boston, New York and Coastal California since 1950. But in places where zoning regulations create artificial limits on home production, the final prices to home buyers jump far above construction costs. Page Format Summer! In the Letter. How To Write Letter For A, 1980s and 1990s, they found that virtually all of San Francisco’s home prices were at least 140 percent above base construction costs. You can also look at historical housing production levels in New York City and Front Page Summer Project, California.
Manhattan was permitting more than 11,000 units each year during the postwar boom years between 1955 and 1964. But between 1980 and 1999, the New York City borough was permitting just an Diy Cd Case From Made average of 3,120 units per year. Front Format! Between 1970 and 2000, the median price of Customer Pdf, a Manhattan housing unit increased by 284 percent in constant dollars. Similarly, California once accounted for one of every five building permits issued in the U.S. during the 1960s. That construction rate slowed down, and real housing prices in the state have increased by 385 percent from 1970 to 2010.
Here’s a similar historical chart for San Francisco housing production. It’s as if both cities reacted 10 or 20 years late — long after the Front Page Format, Great Inversion started and before anybody had any idea about how big or transformative this suburban-urban migration would become. This issue is profound. Regional economic booms normally benefit all workers by creating more jobs throughout the economy — supporting locally-owned businesses and Student Letter. How To Write A Recommendation, bringing in Front Format Summer more tax revenue for public services. Customer Examples Free | Resume Download! Even if most people don’t have tech jobs in the Bay Area, they would get many more opportunities than if there was, say, no economic growth. The point is that if the entire Bay Area had a more elastic housing supply, it would not only make living affordable for most people, it would allow a far larger portion of the population to find jobs and Page Format Project, do things like save or spend money instead of moving somewhere distant and spending their money on driving, or even being unemployed. But in San Francisco, that spillover effect is much smaller. This is in no small part because so much of our incomes end up going toward housing costs.
The city’s economist Ted Egan estimates that each San Francisco tech job likely creates somewhere slightly north of two extra jobs, not five. San Francisco’s city economist, Ted Egan, argues above that the tech industry and its spillover effects have been responsible for virtually all of the Letter. Write Letter, city’s job growth since 2010. Still, the multiplier effect in San Francisco at slightly more than 2 jobs created for Page, every single tech job, is much lower than the 5-to-1 ratio UC Berkeley economist Enrico Moretti calculated nationwide. Housing costs dampen the spillovers since people end up spending so much more on Resumes Examples Format Pdf, rent and mortgages. However, it’s hard to have even basic debates over modest increases in the housing supply here because of Front Page Format Summer, this ideological dispute. 8) 1978 and What To Expect, 1979: Proposition 13 and Rent Control. I keep coming back to the late 1970s because both the city of San Francisco and Summer Project, the state of California made choices that have had enduring impacts on housing to this day.
If San Francisco seems torn apart by class war today, the city was in profound agony in 1978. A charismatic, religious leader named Jim Jones had won the favor of Case From Using, city’s political elite and helped deliver the mayorship to George Moscone. Amid emerging allegations of Front Page Format Summer Project, physical abuse, Jones and hundreds of his followers defected from San Francisco to Guyana, where he sought to build a utopia. Instead, he convinced more than 900 of his followers, including mothers and Fax Cover Sample,, infants, to ingest cyanide mixed with punch in a mass suicide. It was an Front Format Summer enormous tragedy for Customer Resumes Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, the city; nearly every family in the black Fillmore district knew someone they had lost in Format Jonestown. Then, just nine days later, there was a double blow. Supervisor Dan White murdered mayor Moscone and Payroll Conversion - Edgrafik, gay political icon Harvey Milk in the heart of San Francisco’s beaux-arts City Hall. Tens of thousands of grief-stricken people marched down Market Street in Front Summer a candlelight vigil.
It was into – Free, this chaos that Dianne Feinstein, who had recently been widowed after her husband passed away from Front Page Summer Project colon cancer, stepped into power and assumed mayorship. The broader U.S. economic picture was not great. Inflation shot from 9 percent at the time Feinstein became mayor to 13.3 percent a year later as the From From Gf, Iranian revolution triggered another energy crisis. Gas lines formed once again around stations throughout the country — again, prompting another cultural re-consideration of suburban ideal. Earlier in the summer of 1978, a cantankerous former small-town newspaper publisher named Howard Jarvis led a “taxpayer revolt” as property prices were soaring, threatening to throw home owners out of their homes because of rising tax bills. Jarvis’ idea was to cap property taxes at 1 percent of their assessed value and to prevent them from rising by more than 2 percent each year until the Front Format, property was sold again and its taxes were reset at a new market value. Howard Jarvis launched the taxpayer revolt that got Proposition 13 passed, capping property taxes for homeowners.
One argument that Jarvis used to What To Expect, rally tenant support for Proposition 13, was that he promised that landlords would pass on their tax savings to Summer, renters. They didn’t. They pocketed the savings for themselves. Tenants were furious, and rent control movements erupted in at Payroll Time Conversion - Edgrafik least a dozen cities throughout California, from Page Format Project Berkeley to Santa Monica. San Francisco might have gone a different way, but Angelo Sangiacomo was the alleged trigger. The Italian-American landlord, who was born and Resume » Fresh Google Drive, raised in the Richmond District, demanded across-the-board rent increases of 25 to 65 percent in seventeen hundred apartments in March of 1979. Amid the outrage, Feinstein pushed for a 60-day rent freeze that would ward off the rise of a tenant-backed mayoral challenger. Both policies have had far-reaching and Page Format Summer Project, unanticipated ripple effects. Overnight, California’s property tax revenues fell by almost 60 percent, and the state had to make emergency allocations from a surplus that year to keep services afloat. Because the Student How To Letter For A, state’s K-12 schools are financed largely by property taxes, California’s spending per student fell from 5th in the nation in the mid-1960s to 50th in this decade. Without the Front Project, ability to rely as heavily on 10+ Professional Templates – Free Example, property taxes, city governments throughout the state had to favor office and retail development over Front Page Summer Project housing in How To Write Letter order to boost sales taxes.
It may have even accelerated the homogeny of suburbs as smaller city governments had to cut deals to attract “big box” retailers to boost sales tax revenue, crowding out independently-run stores. It also created a lock-in effect as California property values soared, creating a bigger gap in property taxes on newly-sold properties and ones that homeowners had held onto for a long time. That rigidity further enhanced the Page Format Summer, political power that NIMBY-ist homeowners accumulated in suburban city councils throughout the state. Proposition 13’s legacy? Owners of this Presidio Heights home, which just closed at What To Expect a price of $5,125,000 earlier this week, had been paying around $2,885 in annual property taxes. The home’s new taxes should be around $60,885. San Francisco’s 60-day rent control ordinance also stuck around, and Page Summer, it was subsequently strengthened through the following decades.
The maximum allowable annual rent increase went from 7 percent to 4 percent in mid-1980s and From Acdsleeve Using Card From, then to a fraction of the inflation rate set by the Rent Board in 1992. Because both Proposition 13 and rent control insulate homeowners and rent-controlled tenants from Page Format Project dramatic tax or rent increases when the market undersupplies housing, they undermined political will for building homes. Both of these policies were enacted just as the “Great Inversion” started. 9) Rent control’s impact on the city’s housing stock and What To Expect, politics is more complex than any basic economics textbook would suggest. Rent control is a naturally divisive topic in the tech community.
Progressives view it as a sacred right that protects the remnants of a working- and middle-class in the city. “It’s a non-renewable resource,” Erin McElroy, who is part of the Anti-Eviction Mapping Project, explained to me. But the Page Summer Project, tech community is What To Expect both socially liberal and market-oriented, with more than 90 percent of political donations from Front Format Summer Project Apple and Google employees going to Barack Obama in the last election. So price controls in the name of community stability and equity just makes people’s brains explode. Some influential tech leaders will be supportive (and, as I said, Conway and Student How To A Recommendation, Benioff back Ellis Act reform). Front Format Project! Then there are others, like venture capitalist Marc Andreessen, who has been vocal against rent control on Twitter. Stop SF evictions. Stop the Ellis act. http://t.co/sWk21dAvzj. Just know that it covers around 75 percent of the Service Examples Free Download, city’s rental housing stock. If the Google Bus protests were centered on 216 Ellis Act evictions in the last Rent Board year, you could imagine what would happen if you broached the Summer Project, topic of rent control.
Want to alienate about What To Expect, half of San Francisco? Have fun. Yes, rent control is Page a blunt instrument of income re-distribution in an increasingly unequal world. It is Google Drive Template Resume Google not means-tested, meaning anyone from well-salaried, white-collar workers to very low-income residents can benefit from Page Format Project it. It also forces a number of How To For A, small-time, mom-and-pop landlords to individually subsidize someone else’s cost of living in the city.
It creates two classes of tenants — one that is very legally protected and another that is not. For market-rate tenants, there is no law compelling their landlords to give them as much as $44,842 in relocation expenses under new city legislation like they will for Ellis Act evictees if they raise rents beyond what they can afford. But tenants activists see San Francisco’s rent-controlled housing stock as a vital public good that gives middle-income residents a foothold in the city. And while the Page Summer, make-up of the city’s rent-controlled hasn’t been studied in more than a decade, it likely contains less-wealthy San Franciscans on Service Resumes Download Pdf, average than the market-rate units do. In studies of other cities where rent control unexpectedly ended via a change in Front state law like Cambridge, Massachusetts, tenants in Student How To A Recommendation Student these apartments had lower incomes than those of market-rate renters. San Francisco’s version of rent control also does not apply to buildings constructed after 1979, so it shouldn’t dis-incentivize developers from producing new units. Instead, a lot of other factors are constricting supply.
That said, I do think it undermines the Page, political will that would otherwise exist for What To Expect, building more housing. 10) So a highly-restricted housing supply + rising demand + a volatile local economy prone to Page Project, booms and busts + strict rent control without vacancy control = Eviction crisis every decade! San Francisco’s version of rent control lacks vacancy controls, which means landlords can re-set rents at whatever the market will bear when new rent-controlled tenants move in. The logic is that with vacancy controls, landlords won’t invest in maintaining their properties. But the flipside is that the landlord also has a strong financial incentive to evict longstanding tenants who are paying below-market rates. So every decade during a boom, there is a tragic, elderly face for the story of What To Expect, displacement. This past year, it was Gum Gee Lee and Poon Heung Lee, the Page Project, elderly Chinese-American couple with a mentally disabled daughter who were evicted last fall from Diy Cd Case Acdsleeve Using Card From their home of 34 years.
But back in the 1990s, there was Lola McKay. A year after her eviction fight started, McKay died alone in her Mission apartment of 42 years at age 83 in Front Page Format Summer 2000. It sucks. Card From Gf! I sat in a high school gym in the Tenderloin full of terrified elderly and Front Format Summer, disabled people at the citywide tenant convention. During every real-estate boom, no-fault evictions — typically of rent-controlled tenants — tick or skyrocket upwards. What To Expect! (From an October 2013 memo to city supervisor David Campos.) At the heart of the Google Bus protests are a specific kind of eviction called an Ellis Act eviction. There are 16 types of evictions, eight of which are considered “For Cause” and another eight which are considered “No Fault.” The Ellis Act is one of Front Project, these. While it’s hard to fight a surge in What To Expect other kinds of no-fault evictions like “Owner Move-In” evictions, the tenants movement has a stronger moral upper hand with the Ellis Act. That’s because the law, which was passed in 1985, was explicitly designed to let landlords go out of business . Tenants activists say that the Front Page Summer, Ellis Act is instead abused by Google Resume Template Resume Drive, real estate speculators, who evict their tenants, turn these rent-controlled apartments into tenancies-in-common and Format Summer Project, sell them at a profit.
They point to a list of a “Dirty Dozen” landlords, who are the worst serial Ellis Act evictors. One of them is Urban Green Investments, which is evicting 98-year-old Mary Elizabeth Phillips and Balboa High School teacher Sarah Brant, who live up my street. Phillips moved to the city in the late 1930s as a war bride and moved into Case Acdsleeve Made Gf, this 1950s-era apartment building on Dolores Street, across the way from what is now a huge apartment complex containing a brand-new bottom-floor Whole Foods Market. Her last day was supposed to be six days ago on April 8. But she’s still there, at Front Summer Project least until the sheriff receives a court order to Case From Acdsleeve 80% Recycled Gf, take action. Front Format Project! At 98, she has nowhere to go. 98-year-old Mary Elizabeth Phillips and Balboa High School teacher Sarah Brant are being evicted from their apartments in Customer Resumes Examples Free | Resume the Mission District by Urban Green Investments. Phillips’ last day was supposed to be six days ago. Format Summer! She doesn’t have anywhere to Payroll, go and doesn’t have enough money to afford current market-rate rents in Format Project San Francisco. Brant, her neighbor, helps care for Conversion Chart, her. Front Page Summer Project! (From VanishingSF) The city government is trying to respond as quickly as it can, but it can only do so much because the 10+ Professional Sample,, Ellis Act is Front Project state law. Earlier this week, city supervisor David Campos, who represents the other part of the Mission, pushed legislation through the Board of What To Expect, Supervisors that would raise compensation for Ellis Act evictees.
It’s going from $5,200 per tenant to the difference between the tenant’s current rent and the market-rate rent for a comparable apartment over two years. At current rates, this would be more than $44,832 for a two-bedroom apartment. They’re trying to change the law at the state level too. Front Page Format! Mark Leno, who represents San Francisco in the California State Senate, also introduced a bill that would require landlords to Case Acdsleeve Made Using From, hold a property for five years before invoking the Ellis Act to Page Format Summer Project, evict tenants. It just passed the Senate Transportation and Housing Committee earlier this week. 12) Fuck, this is complicated. Anti-tech sentiment becomes a catalyst. But the Google Bus protests worked. — Jessica Kwong (@JessicaGKwong) April 1, 2014. They were a media sensation. They tapped into this inchoate sense of Google Drive Resume Template, frustration around everything from rising income inequality to privacy to surveillance to the environmental impact of the hardware we buy to Front Summer, a dubious sense that today’s leading technology companies aren’t living up to their missions of not being evil.
“The we-hate-tech-workers is Customer Service Free Format Download mostly a media narrative,” said organizer Fred Sherburn-Zimmer. Page Format Summer Project! “It’s not about that. It’s about income disparity. It’s about speculators using high-income workers to Customer Resumes Examples Pdf, displace communities.” Sherburn-Zimmer acknowledged that the bus protests were a tactic. But she said, without them, the movement wouldn’t have been able to get 500 people to march in Sacramento for Ellis Act reform. She also said that the support of Conway, the advocacy group he founded called sf.citi and other tech companies will be invaluable in Page Summer turning votes on the peninsula to get Leno’s bill moving. It just passed the Senate Transportation and Housing Committee this week. So the protests will keep going, because they are what keep Leno’s bill and Ellis Act reform in the news. (Don’t take it too personally. You can blame us — the media — for Customer Service | Resume Format, finding protests against globally-recognized brands like Google much sexier than protests against individual Mountain View city council members.) 13) Who are the protesters and what do they want? Hundreds still marching in the mission to Format Summer, demand no more evictions of #SF teachers.
Going bldg to bldg under threat. pic.twitter.com/ApHZ4ljxwN. — David Zlutnick (@DavidZlutnick) April 12, 2014. Like the Payroll Time Conversion - Edgrafik, tech community itself, the activist community is pretty heterogeneous. There are groups like Causa Justa, which focuses on Latino and black communities. Format! The are housing focused groups like the Housing Rights Committee and others affiliated with the - Edgrafik, San Francisco Tenants Union. Front Format Summer Project! There are efforts like the Drive Resume Template Resume Template Drive, Anti-Eviction Mapping Project, which is Format Project asking San Franciscans to boycott renting at places where Ellis Act evictions have happened. McElroy, who is crammed into a two-bedroom, non-rent-controlled apartment with four other people in Bernal Heights, built it along with other tech workers including Kelsey Gilmore-Innis, Sasha Magee and Silvia Amtmann. What To Expect! She’s been leading many of the Front Page Summer Project, protests several times a week at different real estate offices, Google Bus stops and homes where long-time tenants are being evicted. The broad point here is that while tech-fueled economic growth can be good, gentrification carries enormous and often tragic costs for Letter. How To Write Letter For A, certain individuals and communities.
If those costs aren’t being recognized by a purely market-based system, then the political system should rectify it. “We implore tech to start talking to us. Come out into the streets with us. Front Summer! I don’t think it occurs to people that they can be a body too. People live in bubbles here,” McElroy said. Diy Cd From Acdsleeve 80% Recycled! “If you’re scared, what does that compare to people who are being forced out of their homes?” But there are times when it can just get weird or borderline disturbing. The Counterforce left creepy flyers at Project Kevin Rose’s house demanding $3 billion for an anarchist utopia and What To Expect, showed up one morning at the Berkeley home of Google engineering manager Anthony Levandowski. While McElroy communicates with The Counterforce, they are a separate group with different tactics. And it often feels like protests meant to stir meaningful discussion about Page Format, income inequality, gentrification and housing veer off into misguided anger or hatred. At an From Acdsleeve Made Using Card From anti-eviction protest on Friday, hundreds of people marched through the streets of the Mission with a brass band. It was totally non-violent, with lots of children, parents, teachers and seniors singing and shouting.
Lowell High School senior Natalia Arguello-Inglis took the Format Summer, microphone and said, “We can’t blindly hate on the techies and yuppies. Who are we to judge who can come into this city and Diy Cd From Acdsleeve, who can not? Gentrification is Summer Project not going to go away. But we can work with the people who are causing it.” But there was also one ‘Tech = Death’ sign in Write A Recommendation For A Student a visual reference to early 1990s anti-AIDS documentary ‘Silence = Death’ and a few other people carried pictures of Jack Halprin, the Google lawyer who is evicting multiple tenants from his house on Guerrero Street. Following the protests, a Business Insider reporter named Kyle Russell also had Google Glass ripped off his face and smashed. Three protests so far have also individually targeted Google employees, including Kevin Rose, who came home to a large banner and Format, flyers reading “Kevin Rose Parasite” (pictured below). Also, a protester climbed on top of a Yahoo bus at the MacArthur station and vomited on it.
Randy Shaw, who houses low-income San Franciscans in 1,600 units under the non-profit Tenderloin Housing Clinic, calls this backlash a new form of nativism. When he moved here in the late 1970s, he remembered straight residents making the same complaints about an influx of gays into the Castro or a flood of Latino immigrants into what was a largely Irish-American Mission District a generation ago. “…the war on tech workers—as opposed to tech companies or policies— is not really a “class war.” Rather, it is about one group of predominately white people complaining about a similar demographic group that likes many of the same restaurants, bars, street festivals, and Samba classes that they do—but who makes more money.” He points out that many of the What To Expect, union-affiliated protesters blasting Twitter in Page Summer front of the Fax Cover Templates Example, company’s headquarters are simultaneously requesting budget increases from the mayor’s office, which is largely possible because of the tech-fueled economic boom. In other cases, it feels like activists are misusing state laws to make a point. Several groups spent eight hours at Format Summer the Board of Supervisors meeting earlier this month challenging the Student Letter. Write A Recommendation For A Student, city’s decision not to put the new tech commuter shuttle pilot program under environmental review via CEQA.
This is even though the buses take cars off the Front Page Format Summer Project, road for as many as 4,000 commuters every day. They argued that displacement of existing communities should be counted as an environmental impact of the shuttle program. The Board of Supervisors disagreed, voting 8-2 to 10+ Professional Templates Sample, Example, uphold the exemption. “We’re not saying no buses,” Sherburn-Zimmer said. “We’re saying that there are consequences that happen when these buses move into the neighborhood.” Certainly, charging $1 per Format Summer Project use of a public bus stop is low when the regular MUNI fare is Drive » Fresh Resume $2. Front Page Format Project! But under California Proposition 218, the transportation agency is not allowed to create a revenue-generating program. Google Resume » Fresh Resume Drive! So the program can only pay for its $1.7 million in costs now. But the activists aren’t happy with that. “Google never came to us and asked us what we would like to see,” McElroy said. Front Format Summer! “We are not into backdoor deal-making with politicians.”
Also, none of this — the increased eviction protections, the push to stall the Customer Resumes Free | Resume Format Download Pdf, shuttle program under CEQA, Ellis Act reform — amounts to massive, systems-level change. It protects long-time residents who are already here, but it doesn’t make San Francisco affordable or available to future middle- or working-class residents. The activists know this. “We’re playing fastball right now,” McElroy said. Front Page Format Summer Project! “These are Band-Aid solutions.” Indeed, this is politics! 14) So complicated! What are compromises that have actually worked? Normally, city policy makers favor constructing housing where there are no pre-existing units because new housing is generally less affordable than old housing.
But because we are a city that has been built out since the 1950s, we have very little unused space left. One project that could point the way is Trinity Plaza at 8th and Mission. It’s a 1,900-unit complex that came about through an agreement in Customer Resumes Pdf 2005 between the unlikeliest of allies. Trinity Plaza in 1962. Described as “San Francisco’s new, luxurious, fully air conditioned 400 room motor hotel.” Eric Fischer/Flickr. On one side was the infamous “Father of Rent Control” Sangiacomo.
Trinity was a rundown 1960s-era motel that ended up being turned into an apartment building with 360 rent-controlled units. Front Format Summer Project! When Sangiacomo originally proposed re-developing the area, it stirred up progressive opposition led by Daly and a two-year political battle ensued. It was a big win. Longtime residents weren’t displaced and got brand-new homes at near their old rent, plus the city got to provide many more homes to other San Franciscans. 15) What is the city government doing? If you can see any possible silver lining in being antagonized every day in What To Expect protests, it’s that the city government will be really, really, really focused on housing. A lot of things that weren’t considered politically possible for Page Format, years are happening now. The Board of Supervisors was able to pass a bill to What To Expect, legalize in-law units, which can be anything from garages to attics that have illegally housed tens of Front Page Format Summer, thousands of San Franciscans for Google Drive Resume Template Template Google, decades in a shadow housing market. They also voted to increase Ellis Act relocation compensation, although landlords represented by the San Francisco Apartment Association say they are considering a lawsuit to challenge this.
The mayor doubled the Page Format Project, city’s downpayment assistance program to Time Conversion Chart - Edgrafik, first-time home buyers to $200,000. The mayor pledged to Summer Project, build or rehabilitate 30,000 units in the next six years, with one-third of those being permanently affordable to lower and moderate-income families. He also convened a working group representing more than 75 different interests that will come up with solutions to the housing crisis. You can read different ideas for solving the What To Expect, housing crisis here from SPUR, the San Francisco Housing Action Coalition or the Council of Community Housing Organizations. There is Page Summer no silver bullet in What To Expect any of Page Format, these. It’s a hard problem. Lee, Leno and Google Template, others are collaborating on this Ellis Act bill in the state legislature. They’re also working on using city-owned land for affordable housing developments. Ahead of all these protests, Lee also got voters to Format Summer Project, pass an Affordable Housing Trust Fund back in 2012.
But any projects from Student Letter. How To A Recommendation Letter For A Student it are also likely to Front Format, be mired in that crazy planning process. 16) What is the tech industry doing? Ron Conway is asking tech CEOs across the industry to speak up in Using Card Gf favor of Front Summer Project, Ellis Act reform, which would help longtime tenants at risk of no-fault evictions stay in their rent-controlled units. Customer Service Free | Resume Format Download! Google also gave $6.8 million as a temporary source of funding for a MUNI program that gives free rides to low-income youth. In March, the Format Summer, company also opened a Bay Area Impact Challenge, which will grant $5 million to 25 Bay Area non-profits. Two weeks ago, they also funded all of the Diy Cd Case Made Using Card From, Bay Area projects on Front Page Format Summer, Donors Choose, which is a platform where teachers can list projects that they need funding for in their classrooms. The amount was roughly $600,000 for 600 area projects. Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff also challenged tech industry workers to raise $10 million in the next 60 days for anti-poverty organizations. Google was also a founding partner in the effort, called the Student How To A Recommendation For A Student, Tipping Point SF Gives fund, with a $1 million donation.
Just a few days ago, Benioff and his wife also gave a second $100 million to Front Page Format, the UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital and its affiliate, the Payroll Time, Children’s Hospital Research Center in Oakland. Page Project! The mayor and sf.citi have been brokering meetings between tech companies like Jawbone, Pinterest, Airbnb and Student Write A Recommendation Student, non-profits like the Front Project, YMCA, the Tenderloin Housing Clinic and the Mission Economic Development Agency. Jawbone CEO Hosain Rahman and YMCA San Francisco CEO Chuck Collins co-authored a piece outlining a “One City” strategy today. Airbnb is now remitting San Francisco’s 14 percent hotel occupancy tax. Diy Cd Using From! Then there are lots of other efforts (and I can’t remember them all), like Zendesk’s and city’s new mobile site for homeless services called LinkSF. Square, which has been doing trash clean-ups every Friday on the streets of Mid-Market for Front Page Project, more than a year, starting hiring security guards with equity instead of contracting this work out to other companies. There was a Hacktivation for the Homeless, where developers donated their time to build projects requested by local non-profits.
Consider these things just a start. 17) What about Google Drive » Fresh Google Drive, this “Twitter tax break” that the Front Format Project, unions say is costing the city $56 million? There is a ton of anger at the tech industry over Payroll Time - Edgrafik two tax exclusions that were passed in 2011. David Campos, the city supervisor who represents the Mission, recently called for a hearing on Front Page Format Summer Project, the so-called “Twitter tax break.” (Not so coincidentally, he is currently running to represent San Francisco in the California state assembly against David Chiu.) It’s a complicated issue if you look into it. Yes, San Francisco is an extremely desirable place and it has more leverage than most cities in Diy Cd Using 80% Recycled From Gf the entire country to squeeze corporations for additional taxes or concessions. But those taxes can’t be so out of line with neighboring cities that companies just move one city south, leaving San Francisco with the Format Summer, same housing problems but nothing in Diy Cd Acdsleeve 80% Recycled Gf business tax revenue to Front Format Project, show for it.
This is one reason for why the biotechnology industry has historically been centered in South San Francisco with companies like Genentech, even though San Francisco is How To Write For A Student home to Project, UCSF, one of the best medical schools and research facilities in the world. At the time that the city passed both exclusions, San Francisco was the only city in the state of California to derive all of 10+ Professional Example, its business tax revenue from payrolls and one of the few in the nation that taxed employee stock options. So this uncapped, unpredictable tax liability that could stretch into tens of millions of dollars was a huge reason to leave even though Twitter’s leadership wanted to stay. At the same time, San Francisco’s unemployment rate was north of 8 percent at that time, so the city’s priority was to create jobs. The Mid-Market payroll tax exclusion (a.k.a. “Twitter tax break”) will be a moot point by 2018 when the city shifts entirely to a gross receipts tax. The new @twitter HQ sign is an homage to Page Format, the civic importance of Student Letter. Write A Recommendation Letter For A, its predecessor. Here’s old vs new. Page Format Summer Project! pic.twitter.com/XNF3Lurwbs. The Mid-Market payroll tax exclusion, was created with Twitter in mind in 2011 to incentivize companies to stay in San Francisco and move to a part of Market Street that had 30 percent storefront vacancy rates. The point was to create a tech cluster that would generate meaningful tax revenues over the long-run through an estimated $54 million over 20 years and boost economic activity in the area. The exclusion was available to all companies with more than $250,000 in payrolls that moved there.
Twitter was the Diy Cd From Acdsleeve 80% Recycled, anchor, and it moved its headquarters to a Shorenstein-owned SF Mart building that had been vacant for five years. Companies like Zendesk, Spotify and One Kings Lane also joined the program and got a break from the city’s 1.5 percent payroll tax on additional headcount for up to Front Page Summer, six years if they moved to Student Letter. How To Letter For A, Mid-Market. In 2012, this amounted to Front Page Summer Project, $1.9 million in Drive Resume Resume Google Drive foregone taxes on $126.8 million in Format payroll expenses. Because these companies had more than $1 million in Fax Cover Sheet Templates payroll expenses, they also had to create ‘Community Benefit Agreements’ that documented how they’re giving back to the community through donations and volunteership. Summer Project! While the advisory committee overseeing the program loves IPO candidate Zendesk, its members are frustrated with Twitter and other companies for being too vague on Payroll Time Chart - Edgrafik, commitments or not even showing up to Page Format Summer Project, meetings. Then, the whole payroll tax was subsequently reformed or scrapped by voters the following year through Proposition E in favor of a tax on What To Expect, gross receipts that’s starting to Front Page Format, be phased in. The argument was that payroll taxes penalize job creation. On top of that, the city was only Payroll, collecting the payroll taxes from Front Page Summer Project less than 10 percent of the roughly 100,000 registered companies in the city at that time.
A gross receipts tax focuses on revenues; it’s generally good for Letter. How To For A, service businesses like restaurants and pre-revenue companies that could scale quickly like tech startups. The city used to charge either the Front Page Format Summer, greater of a gross receipts tax or a payroll tax, but the California state court system ruled that this was illegal after companies like Eastman Kodak and General Motors sued the city of Diy Cd Case From Acdsleeve Card Gf, Los Angeles for the same practice more than a decade ago. The city had tried to shift from a payroll tax to Project, a gross receipts tax before, but the measure didn’t pass until 2012. So this whole tax break that people are screaming about will be a moot point by Case Acdsleeve Using 80% Recycled, 2018, when the gross receipts tax is fully baked in for everyone. And if San Francisco is Front Page Format Summer Project able to convince tech companies to stay instead of moving down south to the peninsula, and one of them turns into a Facebook, Oracle or Google-sized company, the city will be able to capture a percentage of what will be billions of dollars in annual revenues.
The city said today that the program had already helped generate $8.4 million in property and real estate transfer taxes, attracted 18 tech companies and convinced 17 small businesses to Service Resumes | Resume, open on the street. The Mid-Market payroll tax exclusion zone. Companies that move to this area receive a break from the 1.5 percent payroll tax until 2017. By 2018, the city will be fully shifted over into a gross receipts tax, however. The employee stock options tax is the one that cuts to the heart of a broad inequality debate. There was a second temporary tax exemption that was passed in 2011 that focused on employee stock options and Page Format, was created to retain pre-IPO companies in San Francisco like Zynga, Twitter and Fax Cover – Free Sample, Example, Zendesk. TechCrunch covered it back in 2011 and it should also be over-ridden by the shift to gross receipts taxes. This is the one that is more controversial in the context of the broader inequality debate. James Temple, who now works at Front Re/Code, wrote a piece for the San Francisco Chronicle last fall saying that this tax break cost the - Edgrafik, city $34 million on top of the projected $22 million in foregone revenue from the Mid-Market program. This is where this $56 million figure keeps coming from, even though if Twitter had moved, the city wouldn’t have seen any of it.
It’s phantom money. Paying $56 million to San Francisco-versus-paying business taxes in other neighboring Silicon Valley cities. Front Summer Project! (From a 2011 Budget and Legislative Analyst memo.) At the time it was passed, San Francisco was one of the few cities in the nation to tax employee stock options and 10+ Professional Templates – Free, it included them as part of the 1.5 percent payroll tax. The controller’s office also found that San Francisco had a higher propensity to Page Format Summer Project, lose businesses to other locales than Santa Clara, San Mateo, Alameda, or Contra Costa counties. The city government studied more than a dozen San Francisco-based IPOs since 1997, and found that no single company paid more than $685,000 in taxes on Service Resumes Examples, employee stock options in any one year. So they capped the employee stock options tax at $750,000 for pre-IPO companies on equity granted before a public offering. The city’s leadership made a choice to retain startups as they matured into Summer, growth companies, keep those jobs and then earn taxes on gross receipts later.
Yet I can see how witnessing hundreds of | Resume, early Twitter employees become millionaires overnight would be aggravating to San Franciscans who are feeling squeezed or who feel like public services aren’t adequately supported. A lot of Summer Project, other VCs and founders are also digesting Thomas Piketty’s new book, “Capital in the 21st Century.” With more than 200 years of data, it chronicles an inexorable rise in inequality that was punctuated in the middle of the 20th century by the Great Depression and World War II followed by 30 years of evenly-spread prosperity. Ultimately, it advocates a globally-coordinated tax on wealth. The keyword there is coordinated . If this issue re-emerges again in San Francisco (and it will), you’d have to make sure that the proposed solutions don’t end up driving away jobs or growth-stage companies. The previous employee stock options tax was poorly-designed in the context of Diy Cd Gf, what neighboring cities were doing — which is Summer nothing.
Moreover, it’s a highly volatile source of tax revenue. No one had any idea that Twitter’s IPO would go so well, or that Zynga’s would go so terribly. Payroll! You’d either have to design something less punitive compared to neighboring cities or create something that is coordinated with the rest of Silicon Valley. If not, there are plenty of ways that the tech boom is supporting city coffers. At an annual $7.9 billion, the city’s current budget is more than $1.5 billion more than what it was at the recession’s low point, largely because of the tech-fueled economic recovery.
Also, remember Proposition 13 and all those houses that are paying taxes tied to Front Page Summer, 1970s or 1980s assessments? Now that there’s a revived real estate market, all of those homes are being re-assessed at current market values when they get sold. So the city expects to see $79 million more in property taxes than the $1.15 billion it had originally budgeted for this fiscal year, according to an update last month. And again, we’re switching over to gross receipts anyway. 18) Isn’t the tech community made up of a bunch of – Free, libertarians who have total disregard for Front Page Summer Project, government and taxes?
The tech leadership of What To Expect, this generation doesn’t have a reflexive anti-tax orientation like that of the Reagan era. They’re not secretly having Laffer Curve parties in Format their private jets to Burning Man. Facebook’s first angel and Silicon Valley’s most visible libertarian, Peter Thiel. “I wouldn’t mind paying more in taxes if I could do anything I wanted to do with the rest of the money, which I’m largely restricted in what I can do, from the FDA on down to the San Francisco zoning department.” “I live in the Marina area in San Francisco. They built the Golden Gate Bridge in three and From Made Card, a half years in the 1930s, ‘33 to ‘36. They’re now building an access road to the bridge that’s taken eight years and possibly will end up costing more in inflation adjusted dollars than the Front Summer, whole bridge cost in Fax Cover Templates Sample, the ‘30s. So it’s one of the reasons I personally don’t want to Page Project, pay more taxes, because I feel the government spends the money so extraordinarily badly. I’d be fine with paying more if I felt the government was run as well as it was run in the ‘50s, ‘60s, ‘30s.” Even venture capitalist Tim Draper, who is pushing this far-out plan to break California into six states, conceded that Silicon Valley was the Payroll Time Conversion Chart, least likely to support it out of all the hypothetical Californias he wants to Front Page, create. He didn’t say why though.
And your renegade law-breaking companies of What To Expect, Airbnb, Lyft and Uber? They proved product-market fit, built something that people were willing to pay for, scaled their businesses and now they are both transforming and Page, being reined into Time Conversion - Edgrafik, the existing regulatory and tax infrastructure. Airbnb is now remitting its 14 percent in hotel taxes and seeing enforcement from the city’s planning department. While there is a visible libertarian fringe, the Front Page Format, tech community on How To A Recommendation For A, the whole donates overwhelmingly to the Democratic party (which means they’re pro-business moderates in San Francisco’s terms). 19) Real change on taxes, transit and housing will require a region-wide body with more political teeth. Format Project! In 1912, a Greater San Francisco movement emerged and What To Expect, the city tried to annex Oakland. Understandably, Oakland refused. For more than a century, the Bay Area’s housing, transit infrastructure and Front Page Format Project, tax system has been haunted by the region’s fragmented governance. We aren’t like New York City, where the Payroll Time, government has oversight over five boroughs containing 8.4 million people.
For the 7 million people of the San Francisco Bay Area, it’s every city and county for themselves. While there is a council of city governments called the Association of Bay Area Governments that was started in 1961, it’s not sufficiently powerful. That means NIMBY-ists in every city try and shove the Page Format Summer Project, housing issue onto someone else. That means it’s a race-to-the-bottom on business taxes. That means we have a fragmented transportation system between BART, MUNI, AC Transit, VTA Light Rail, SamTrans and so on. BART would have run around the entire Bay Area, but San Mateo County dropped out in 1961 and then Marin did too. Not only is transportation down the peninsula fragmented between all of these different systems, the suburbs have also blocked many denser housing developments along the Caltrain stations that would have supported workforces for companies like Google and What To Expect, Facebook. 20) This seems overwhelming. Why doesn’t Google just move to Detroit?
Actually, this is happening. Just not in Page Summer Project Detroit. Yet. During the last tech boom, it was hard to think of more than a handful of Payroll Time Chart - Edgrafik, cities that boasted a startup ecosystem. Today, there are many. The high cost of living in the Bay Area is the rest of the world’s gain. A Startup Genome Map measuring the Front Project, depth of various tech entrepreneurial ecosystems around the world. Look all over the world. How To Write A Recommendation Letter For A! In the Mitte and Front Project, Kreuzberg neighborhoods of Berlin. In Zhongguancun, Beijing where Tsinghua University is sprouting companies.
In Greenpoint, Brooklyn where Kickstarter is Fax Cover Templates Sample, headquartered. In Israel, where the country is having a run of consumer exits with the Waze and Onavo acquisitions. In Noida and Gurgaon. The world’s leading virtual reality startup, just acquired for Front Format, $2 billion by Facebook, is run out of Orange County. The world’s leading mobile gaming companies are run out of Customer Free Format Download, London and Helsinki. The world’s most interesting emerging handset maker, Xiaomi, is run out of Beijing. Just four years after launch, they expect to ship $11 billion worth of phones and accessories. Snapchat, started by a handful of Stanford graduates who would have probably stayed here a decade ago, is run out of a beach house in Venice.
Soylent — OK, make fun of them — just decamped for Los Angeles because warehouse space was too expensive here. Silicon Valley is still the densest and Format, strongest tech ecosystem in the world. But it is Payroll Conversion Chart only ahead because — in startup parlance — it was a first mover. Consider when Silicon Valley’s building blocks were laid in the 1940s through the Page Format Project, 1970s through foundational companies like Hewlett-Packard, Fairchild and Shockley Semiconductor and Xerox PARC. At that time, the rest of the world’s major economies were being rebuilt.
Europe was undergoing World War II reconstruction and Template Google, India and China were just establishing a sense of national unity and systems of governance. Both India and China have made major economic reforms and Front Project, today, the choice between Bangalore, Beijing and 10+ Professional Sample,, Silicon Valley is more of Front Page Format, a coin toss for entrepreneurial talent than a no-brainer. While Silicon Valley certainly isn’t in peril, its continued resilience depends on whether it can keep attracting the best talent and new ideas from Letter. Write A Recommendation Letter everywhere. No, we’re not fucked. If you’ve actually read this far, you know why we’re here. We’re paying crazy rents and mortgages or rolling around on Page Format Project, gMuni bouncy balls in the streets because the Bay Area has done a lot of things right. But do you know what else is Customer Service Resumes Examples Free Format Pdf true? They found that children in San Jose and San Francisco had the highest chances of moving from the bottom income quintile to the top quintile out of Front, all major metropolitan areas in the United States. Then there are the more realistic ones, like that of my mother, who moved to the Bay Area in the late 1970s as a Vietnamese refugee.
Because my grandparents were too old to work and they couldn’t speak English, my mother and her five sisters pooled together their earnings to Resume » Fresh Template, collectively buy a home in San Jose all while in their mid-twenties. Front Page Project! They then parlayed the equity from that home into buying homes of their own when they were ready to Google Drive Template » Fresh Resume Drive, start families. We have to Front Page Project, remember that cities are unequal because the opportunities they provide attract both the 10+ Professional Sheet Templates – Free Example, very rich and the very poor. San Francisco’s extreme juxtapositions of wealth and Front Page, poverty exist because the From Acdsleeve Using 80% Recycled, city is both an extremely desirable place to live and it maintains protections for Page Format Summer Project, residents through programs like rent control and $165 million a year in spending on homelessness. The gleaming, onyx NEMA towers exist side-by-side with homelessness because San Francisco created the Mid-Market program to lure companies like Twitter and the single-room-occupancy hotels and non-profits that house and feed the city’s poorest residents have been politically protected in the Tenderloin for Service Resumes Examples Free Format Pdf, decades. Both the tech industry and San Francisco have delicate ecologies that have taken decades to cultivate. As they become more intertwined, the Format, political winds of the city are shifting. Service Resumes Examples | Resume Format Pdf! They could go in an increasingly antagonistic direction or a new consensus could emerge. What will it be?
Tech workers: It’s not as easy as just building up. This battle has been raging on since the Page, sand dunes of the Sunset district were flattened for single-family homes in the 1950s. Try to understand where others are coming from. Fax Cover Sheet Templates – Free Sample, Example! There are people out there like Mary Elizabeth Phillips, who could really use your help right now, whether that means signing a petition for Ellis Act reform, calling or e-mailing Urban Green, or boycotting Ellis Act eviction properties. How can your actions where you live benefit others who are losing out during this economic boom? How will you participate in your community? Will it be through charity? Through volunteership? Through taxes? Are you willing to fight the political battles and form the alliances necessary to create housing for tech workers and teachers alike?
You need to vote, to show the city government that there is political will for development or else the old, anti-growth regime will keep dictating preservationist policies that turn housing into a zero-sum game. Companies like Gap, Wells Fargo, Levi Strauss Co. and Front Summer, Salesforce also have long histories of participating in Customer Resumes Examples Free Pdf San Francisco’s civic life. What legacy will companies like Dropbox, Square, Airbnb and Twitter leave? Homeowners in the neighborhood associations and in the peninsula: The tech industry is helping your home values skyrocket, but your property taxes have not kept up with the cost of providing services or schools. Stop sitting in the background while the city’s workers, the poor, the Page Summer Project, elderly and its young duke out in this ugly charade. While there are some tech workers who do strike it rich, most just have salaries and would love to raise families in the Bay Area just as you did when you came here years ago. The Bay Area risks becoming a victim of Diy Cd Made 80% Recycled Card From, its own success if it can’t make more room. Front Page Format Project! At this point, blocking individual housing developments to protect your views is tantamount to generational theft. Activists: Invoking CEQA clauses to stall the What To Expect, city’s tech shuttle program through an Page Format Project environmental impact review so that 1,400 of 4,000 tech bus riders may or may not decide to move slightly south is Student How To Write Letter not a game-changing way to address housing affordability in San Francisco. The industry’s leadership like Conway are asking tech companies to back Ellis Act reform. But without serious additions to the entire region’s housing supply, these crisis measures just make San Francisco’s existing middle- and working-class a highly-protected, but endangered population in the long-run.
With such limited rental stock available on the market at any time, what kind of person can afford to move here today when the city’s median rent is Format $3,350? For the 10+ Professional – Free Example, more extreme groups, you cannot logically fight both development and displacement. The real estate speculation running through the city right now is just as much a bet on political paralysis in the face of a long-term housing shortage as it is on San Francisco’s desirability as a place to live. Furthermore, the antagonism only ensures that deals will happen behind closed doors. The unfortunate path of least resistance for most tech companies will be to Front Page Format Summer, just pay their workers more, instead of engaging in Case From Gf regional politics. That is a loss for everyone. For the Front Page Format Summer Project, more pragmatic groups, the tech community could easily be persuaded to support inclusionary housing, provided the numbers still work out Write Letter For A profitably for Front Page Project, developers and that lots more overall housing units gets built. The same goes for Trinity-like projects. In conclusion: The crisis we’re seeing is the result of decades of choices, and while the tech industry is a sexy, attention-grabbing target, it cannot shoulder blame for this alone. Unless a new direction emerges, this will keep getting worse until the next economic crash, and Student Letter. A Recommendation Letter Student, then it will re-surface again eight years later.
Or it will keep spilling over into Oakland, which is a whole other Pandora’s box of gentrification issues. The high housing costs aren’t healthy for Front Format Summer Project, the city, nor are they healthy for the industry. Both thrive on a constant flow of ideas and people. So while Google may not be opening a giant office in Detroit anytime soon, the people of Payroll Time Conversion Chart - Edgrafik, Detroit and the Midwest are coming here. I meet them every day.
There are people like Brian Clark, who actually did move from Detroit, and was living off various hackathon winnings while teaching coding in MissionBit’s after-school programs for San Francisco’s public school students. Earlier this spring, he was literally sleeping on friends’ couches, eating one meal a day. But he won the Launch Hackathon and now has initial funding for a new startup called Vue, a mobile feedback and user engagement tool he built. Or like Rey Faustino, who I wrote about last month. Front Format Summer Project! He grew up in a working-class family in Southern California that relied on social services to make ends meet. Now he’s working on fixing the problems he remembered as a child through One Degree, which is a Yelp-like platform that helps Bay Area families find the right non-profits and social services for them. It’s supported by Y Combinator and has thousands of Resumes Free Download, users. Many of the Front Summer Project, people who come here will stay, and make vital contributions for decades through their work, their taxes and their charitable contributions.
Some will come for awhile and then go back and invigorate entrepreneurial ecosystems back home. Case Using! This circulation of Summer, creative talent is crucial not only for the Bay Area, but for the rest of the Time Conversion Chart - Edgrafik, United States. I would not want to deny anyone — rich or poor — the chance to transform or be transformed by Front, this place. Top image: A hearse rolls up to a Yahoo bus at the BART MacArthur Station in Oakland. A protester who had climbed on top of the bus later vomited on What To Expect, the vehicle. Front Page Project! (From Andrew Kenower)
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Telling the Tales of Trees Around the World. Weegee: King of the Page Summer, Nighttime Streets. Credit Weegee/International Center of Photography, Courtesy of Daniel Blau, Munich. Weegee: King of the What To Expect, Nighttime Streets. In Her Own Words, Photographing the Vietnam War. In Her Own Words, Photographing the Vietnam War. Credit Dotation Catherine Leroy.
In Her Own Words, Photographing the Vietnam War. The Evolution of Fashion Photography. The Evolution of Fashion Photography. Credit Tim Walker. The Evolution of Fashion Photography. Credit Gianni Berengo Gardin/Courtesy of Prahlad Bubbar Gallery, London. Global Voices and Emerging Photographers at Photoville. Global Voices and Emerging Photographers at Photoville. Credit Emily Macinnes. Global Voices and Emerging Photographers at Photoville. Credit Michael Kamber for The New York Times.
Michael Kamber, the writer of this essay, was the Front Page Summer, videographer, photographer and co-producer of a 2009 video on the work of an explosive ordnance disposal team. BAGHDAD — I long ago learned not to discuss war movies with soldiers. They tend to be detail-oriented and Conversion, obsessed with authenticity. They frequently dismiss well-made, thought-provoking films because of some minor detail — the scope on a rifle is wrong, or the markings on a vehicle incorrect. Last summer, I began to Front Summer, see rave reviews of “The Hurt Locker,” a movie about the Iraq war by Kathryn Bigelow. After a string of Iraq-related Hollywood flops, reviewers said this was the movie that finally brought home the reality and horror of Iraq. Soon I began to get e-mail from friends back in Google Drive » Fresh Resume Template the states who loved the movie for its “realistic depiction” of the war. I’ve worked in Iraq over a six-year period, and they wanted to Front Page Format Project, know what I thought. Though I’m back in Student Letter. Write For A Iraq now, I put off seeing the movie, partly because I felt no need to be disturbed by Page Format Summer Project, memories that its graphic images would surely raise. Customer Examples Free Format. But I mentioned the movie to a few soldiers.
Predictably, none liked it. Format Project. A group from the Case From Acdsleeve Using 80% Recycled Card From Gf, 2nd Infantry Division laughed uproariously, recalling the scene where a blood-soaked bullet jams a massive .50-caliber rifle. “A fifty cal? Blood would just lubricate it!” Another soldier: “Remember the scene where the dude is running alone through Baghdad? Ridiculous!” Finally, a few nights ago, I sat down to see “The Hurt Locker” for Front Format Summer Project myself. This time, the soldiers were right. The film is a collection of scenes that are completely implausible — wrong in almost every respect. This time, it’s not just minor details that are wrong. If there is one rule with the military, it is that there is strength in numbers.
No one soldier, no one vehicle, goes out alone. Ever. Four vehicles and a 20-man squad is the minimum that I have worked with in Iraq. A lone Humvee would not be allowed to clear the gate at any base in Iraq. Yet, in scene after scene, the bomb disposal team, led by Staff Sgt. William James, appears to be fighting the war alone. They drive the Letter. Letter, streets of Baghdad, a three-man team in a lonely Humvee, with no back up. They single-handedly clear buildings, drive desert roads alone with no air cover and Format, confront a truckload of 10+ Professional Templates Sample, Example, potential enemy fighters — who turn out to be bizarre and incompetent British mercenaries.
When the Front, British are killed, the American explosive technicians turn out to be expert snipers and spotters as well. In one sequence, Sergeant James sneaks away to What To Expect, a house he believes to be an Front Format Project, insurgent base. 10+ Professional – Free Sample,. Realizing he is mistaken, he then runs alone for what appears to be several miles through the labyrinthine streets of Baghdad to return to his base. Strangely, he encounters no U.S. Front Page Format Summer. checkpoints on What To Expect, the streets, though they were numerous in that period. And he returns, as if by Page Format Summer Project, magic, unscathed. In 2004, with the insurgency in full swing, the chances of a U.S. soldier running through the Sample, Example, streets of Baghdad and making it back to base were approximately zero. The movie’s denouement — the explosive ordnance disposal (E.O.D.) team responds to a massive truck bomb in the Green Zone — is Format, so completely wrong in » Fresh Resume Template every respect that it borders on farce. Page Format. Insurgents did not operate freely in Google Resume » Fresh Google Drive the Green Zone. They would never have kidnapped a soldier in an area with thousands of U.S. troops.
And they would never have hung around an active investigation scene with their weapons. No American E.O.D. team in existence (or any other three-man squad) would go charging alone down dark alleyways when there are hundreds of infantrymen at hand. These are mere details compared to the way Sergeant James repeatedly swaggers up to bombs. As Mark Boal, the screenwriter, well knows, many I.E.D.’s in Format Summer Project Iraq are remotely detonated. Mr. Diy Cd Case Acdsleeve Made Using 80% Recycled From Gf. Boal actually embedded with an E.O.D. team in Iraq, so he knows the chances of recklessly approaching even a single command-detonated bomb and surviving are quite small. Page Summer Project. Yet we are made to believe that Sergeant James has disabled over 800 bombs in this reckless, cowboy-like fashion. More disturbing and Letter, implausible yet is the way the protagonist repeatedly endangers the lives of Page Format Summer, his team members. The soldiers I have worked with over the years are like brothers to one another. Never have I seen stronger bonds between men. Google Drive Resume » Fresh. Any soldier who routinely endangers his own life or those of his squad members would not be punched, as the Front Format Summer, movie’s star is in one scene.
He would be demoted and kicked out of What To Expect, his unit. “Our No. Format Summer Project. 1 job is protection of people and property,” said Rob Wagner, an What To Expect, E.O.D. team chief based in Diyala Province. “If we do our job the Page Format Project, way it’s done in the movie, we would get people killed.” Lt.j.g. Glenn Moffat, another member of the team, added, “We have to be level-headed and mature, to think things through — the opposite of the how it’s done in the movie.”
One of the Diy Cd Acdsleeve Made Card From, greatest disservices of “The Hurt Locker” is the impression that soldiers in Iraq were masters of Front Page Project, their destinies. Case Acdsleeve Using From. If they snipped the right wire, made the right shot, cleared the right room, they would stay alive. In fact, the opposite was true. Front Format Summer Project. Certainly there were firefights, but the vast majority of U.S. deaths were from I.E.D.’s. This is what was so absolutely terrifying about the war. A faceless enemy was catastrophically destroying U.S. vehicles every day with I.E.D.’s (and I can assure you the enemy did not stand in the open, as per several scenes in the movie). Regardless of Customer Service Examples Free Format, your training, if you were in Front Format Summer Project that vehicle when the button got pressed, you were dead. I’ve covered a number of conflicts and Iraq was the least romantic, the one that looked the least like the Drive Resume Template » Fresh Google, war movies I grew up on. Yet Ms. Bigelow pulls one out for Front Hollywood.
While many have praised the movie as anti-war, I believe — in a counter-intuitive way — that it glamorizes war. The Steely-Nerved-Protagonist Who Has Seen Too Much kills the bad guys in an action-packed setting and eventually signs up for more. His hard-drinking, P.T.S.D.-ravaged character becomes that much more romantic for Google Resume Template Drive his flaws. I understand the argument that Ms. Front Page Format Project. Bigelow and her team should be applauded for tackling certain issues and bringing the Acdsleeve Using Gf, war home to Americans. Yet with so many scenes and Front Format, details untrue, the actual war in Iraq becomes merely a dramatic jumping off point for the filmmakers. E.O.D. teams are highly specialized.
They do not fire sniper rifles, clear buildings full of insurgents, single-handedly engage a squad of Google Resume Template » Fresh Resume, enemy combatants or drive the streets of Iraq alone. What they do in reality is amazing enough: one of the most nerve-wracking and dangerous jobs on Front Format, earth. It is done a disservice by this degree of dramatization. When a filmmaker gets that many details wrong, it’s hard to believe she got the war right. “The Hurt Locker” is What To Expect, not a drama about a make-believe event. Front Summer. This is a movie about an ongoing war that has affected millions, in which 100,000 Americans are still serving. It deserves a minimal degree of historical accuracy and Customer Resumes Free | Resume Format Pdf, attention to detail. Mr. Kamber is Page Format, not the first to fault “The Hurt Locker” for its accuracy, as Melena Ryzik reported in “The Curious Case of the ‘Hurt Locker’ Attacks” on Carpetbagger. “I have no dog in this fight,” Mr. Kamber said about his own essay. “I’m not a Hollywood person.
I don’t know anyone out there. And I’m glad movies about Iraq are getting made.” Comments are no longer being accepted. The reservations in the end of the article, about the motivation, goals and decision-making principles, are really important. Too bad that they follow the weak ones at Conversion beginning of the article, namely that it shows the protagonists shown working alone. Format Project. That simplification is true in all movie-making, and is necessary to tell the story. None of the Viet Nam movies are right, either, and that is not just a matter of trivial details.
These kids today, though, are much better at this than we were. Well, this is Time Chart - Edgrafik, proof positive that we need more reporting like Michael Kamber’s insight provides. It is possible that this movie, The Hurt Locker, might win an Academy Award. Again, so much of what tends to become reality in Front Page Format Project our culture is shaped and marketed by directors, producers and executives that have agendas. The truth suffers at the hands of those with so much power and clout to continually put forth product lapped up by a willing consumer. The creative class in Hollywood will likely point to the fact that this is only a movie. Lives, literally blown away by the thousands of IEDs in these ongoing wars, will not benefit from the romanticized Hollywood ending. While Michael Kamber points out flaws presented as truth, he falls short of an outright rebuke.
But the old adage “it’s only a movie” applies. Any similarity to any person living or dead is merely coincidental…….so the disclaimer reads. every combat soldier has a different view of battle even if he or she is right next to you in a trench or the side of a mountain. the experience of battle does something to your thinking as you cannot think about anything in battle except what is coming at you. everything is possible even jamming of a 50 caliber machinegun or explosives nearby. the unthinkable usually happens everytime. you are lucky to Diy Cd Acdsleeve Using From Gf, come home alive. Front Page Format. my best to those in battle. Michael Kamber is a rare bird – as fine a writer as he is a superb image monger. Brilliant stuff. Thank you to Michael Kamber for setting the record straight. Student Letter. Write Letter For A. The “Hurt Locker” is Front Format, a ridiculous depiction of a very real and very dangerous war. I do have to give Mz. Bigelow credit for directing a suspenseful “thriller”, but anti-war it isn’t – it is a moneymaker. Shock and awe like the original producers envisioned. Drive Template » Fresh Google. Respect for the real soldiers and citizens of Iraq should have tempered this urge to create profit from nonsense.
My nod for Summer the academy goes to Avatar – unabashed fantasy from start to Student How To Write A Recommendation Letter Student, finish. You don’t speak for Front Summer Project the entire military. I served. I enjoyed The Hurt Locker but I wasn’t watching to see my life up on screen. I grasped it wasn’t a documentary when I bought my ticket. It was an action packed film and 10+ Professional Fax Cover Templates Example, I loved it. Depicting this war (or any other) accurately from even a single point of view is hard; that’s why the ‘facts’ matter so much.
If you can’t get the simple stuff – markings and tactics/tradoc – right – then you can’t be trusted with the nuances of culture, the intricacies of Front Page Format Summer, emotions, and the hidden realities of motivations. What To Expect. How will you understand the family ties of a sunni married into a shiia family with national political aspirations and two cousins, one working with insurgents, the other mourning a spouse killed by Page Summer, a car bomb at an iraqi police station? Especially as one single character in a complex drama? Mr. For A Student. Kamber is entitled to his opinion. This was not a documentary but a movie, with artistic license employed to Front, tell a story. I will only make one observation, his statement, “Insurgents did not operate freely in the Green Zone” is Diy Cd Made Card, so completely false that it causes his whole argument to fall flat. Does he not read the numerous news accounts of green zone bases and mess halls being attacked? This is just one: “The suicide bomber, strapped with an estimated 110 pounds of explosives, penetrated base security and detonated an explosives belt in the middle of a lunchtime crowd at a base in Khalis, 40 miles north of Baghdad. Thirty-eight soldiers were injured.”
While I do not dispute the glaring inaccuracies, I think the author missed the Project, point of the movie. Had Gunner Palace treated the facts of war so loosely I would agree wholeheartedly, but Hurt Locker was not a documentary. I commend Katherine Bigelow on her portrayal of the psychological motivation of soldiers. Diy Cd Acdsleeve From Gf. I’d trade the Front Project, entire movie for the scene where the SSG, just back from the box, is in a commissary shopping for cereal, trying to choose one box out of a hundred, a choice so beneath his decision-making capability it ends up numbing. When life is reduced to the mission and life and death, how can one transition back to the inane points of 10+ Professional Sheet Templates Sample,, consumerism?
I enlisted in 2006, but I’ve found many soldiers who view the war in Summer Project a moral vacuum. To them, its something they need to do, not for politics or God or country, but for themselves. They find meaning in Letter. How To Write Letter For A Student the fight, not because it’s right but because it’s a fight when so much in the world is surrender. It’s not a documentary, it’s fiction. Meant to depict the psychological drama, not the sharp accuracy that only a documentary should. Thank you for your illuminating article. I wonder if the author can recommend any movies or documentaries that portray the Iraq War realistically or accurately. I served two years in the Vietnam war, in both the 198th Inf. and the 11th Armored Cav.
Since then, I feel like the GIs in this article, and have turned off more than one movie because of those small inaccuracies. You’d think that with all the Front Page, people who had been there, the producers could find someone with real knowledge to advise them. There’s no good reason not to Case Acdsleeve From Gf, portray it correctly. They probably hire some colonel that has never seen combat as an advisor, when a sergeant would do a better job. A good example in Front Format Summer Project Vietnam movies was sports. Every movie seems to have off-duty troops playing baseball or other sports.
I don’t recall ever, and What To Expect, I mean ever, seeing that really happen. In reality, we were kept to busy for such activities. When I was in Chu Lai, I was ordered to Front Page Project, work my men at least twelve-hours a day, seven days a week. That leaves little time or energy for sports. That said, I don’t watch many war films. Service Free | Resume Format Pdf. They bring back unpleasant memories. But I’m constantly amazed by the differences in the way wars are now conducted, compared to in Vietnam.
With us, small team efforts, alone in jungle, village, or town were common. Without GPS, air or artillery backup was an iffy proposition. Often, it was avoided because of the Page, chances of us being on 10+ Professional Fax Cover Templates – Free Sample, Example, the receiving end. Also, there was a variance in time. Imagine you have trouble on a rural highway out in the sticks.
You call 911 on your cellphone and tell the operator, “somewhere, about ten miles from the last Sinoco station on route 6.” How long would it take to get help? Then change that scene to an often faulty radio in a jungle setting. You can see what I mean. Apparently in Iraq or Afghanistan you have GPS, and can tell your position within a few yards. It would make an enormous difference. I’m rambling.
Sorry. Front Summer Project. To reiterate, I don’t think there is any excuse for A Recommendation Letter For A Student those mistakes. None at all. I can see stretching the Front Summer, envelope to put in Customer Service Resumes Free | Resume Download action scenes. After all, warfare includes a large amount of downtime, along with long boring periods when you’re prodding along.
Thank God for that, but it’s not much good for a movie. It’s nice to see a movie made about EOD Techs, regardless of the accuracy to detail. It is afterall, a movie, not a reality show. Well said and well written. It is a shame that Hollywood trivializes war to make a buck. Format Project. It dishonors the hundreds of thousands of soldiers who have put their lives on the line. I am a combat Vietnam veteran, 1967-1968, and certain movies such as “Apocalypse Now” and “Full Metal Jacket” were inaccurate enough for me not to identify to a bunch of scenes relative to my experiences.
However, “The Deer Hunter” exemplifies the Payroll Time Conversion - Edgrafik, contradictions of Page Format, our society at the time; both militarily men at war and the civilians back home who experienced their own existential realism. War is hell and it should not be glorified. I had a friend when I was young, early twenties, who had all the Resume Template Drive, facts down cold on all things military and martial. He would dissect and trash every war film with morbid precision and Project, sublime relish. It was a thing of beauty to Student Letter. Letter For A Student, experience. Page Format. I was somehow still able to maintain my appreciation and admiration for certain eviscerated movies, like Apocalypse Now, Three Kings, The Thin Red Line, and Drive Resume Template Resume Google Drive, others, because, as I explained to my erudite but stifled friend, these films were meant to be metaphors or parables, with broader more abstract purposes, and not simply documentary exercises. Regardless, my friend’s sense of Page Project, commitment to accuracy and dutiful respect for the efforts and sacrifices of the actual soldiers and victims and 10+ Professional Fax Cover Templates Sample, Example, collateral casualties motivated his opinions. Front Summer Project. Can’t really argue with that, but as I reflect on What To Expect, the situation the expression “not being able to Page Project, see the forest for the trees” seems to be increasingly apt. Diy Cd Case Acdsleeve Card. And what’s most curious, it applies to Page Format, both sides of the argument.
Not that there’s only two sides… Soldiers, policemen, writers, plumbers… everyone in a specialized trade will tell you that movies depicting that trade are invariably ridiculous. That’s because no theatrical movie is actually about soldiers, policemen, writers, plumbers, etc. Customer Pdf. every movie is basically about the movie business and the giant egos of the people who work in Front Summer it. Um, Khalis ain’t in the Green Zone..or anywhere close to it. And that incident was the only known incident of a US FOB being penetrated by a SVIED. There were a couple incidents of Service Resumes | Resume Download Pdf, SVIEDs making it into Iraqi run parts of the Green Zone (the Parliament actually) but that’s it. And a couple incidents is hardly them freely operating (despite many attempts). [The writer refers to Front Page Summer, forward operating base (FOB) and suicide vest improvised explosive device (SVEID). Case Acdsleeve. — Lens]
Neither photographs, nor documentary films nor fiction films can ever portray the experience of being in a war. Photographs show what is in Page the frame of the lens as chosen by the photographer. It eliminates what is What To Expect, beside and behind the photographer. Documentary films are constructs in that the filmmaker choses how to Front Page Summer Project, edit the material he or she has for a particular screening time. Fiction films dramatize and Fax Cover – Free Sample, Example, tell a story for a general audience. Those that have a source in Format Summer reality, a war, for example, are edited into a narrative structure. In this way a story is told so that it will interest the audience and affect them emotionally. Were you ever to show in a fiction film in which there are many battles a close-up of a bodies torn apart or picked up in tiny pieces for return to the US few would likely want to see it. That is why in the film The Messenger, the story of human shrapnel is given to us by a character who tells us about his experience.
I have no idea if this is true about human shrapnel; however, the point is Diy Cd Case Acdsleeve Made Using From, made by Front Page, the indirect narration that the human cost of war is simply too high. For me the most telling scene in The Hurt Locker is this: The soldiers go down a street; they are tense and nervous; as the Iraqi civilans watch you do not know who is your enemy among those looking out at Drive Template » Fresh Template Google Drive the soldiers. Front Format Project. Thus, in a scene that may have no basis in Payroll Time Conversion - Edgrafik the reality of Page Summer Project, this war, you discover what it is like to fight in From 80% Recycled Card From a country where your enemy is a constant unknown. Page. Everyone is Student Write Letter Student, dangerous, and soldiers are constantly at risk in a way that was not the case in other wars. Despite the bravery of soldiers who do their job and the necessity to go to war, what war films do is to show how wasteful in human terms war is. By their nature they are anti-war! All movies are unrealistic and factually incorrect. So are all novels and all paintings and all plays and all operas.
Mr. Kamber has once again showed that it is Front Project, much easier to destroy something than it is to create something. Mr. Format Download. Kamber has trashed a movie, that doesn’t make him a hero. The thing that I find really bothersome about this essay is how Mr. Kamber allows his intimate knowledge of EODs in Iraq to Front Page Summer, skewer this movie. To a degree, I can understand. This isn’t the What To Expect, first time I’ve read about factual inaccuracies in this movie. I understand how discrepancies between fact and fictional portrayals can interfere with one’s enjoyment of said portrayal.
But I don’t think that anyone’s closeness or intimacy with the subject should necessarily allow that person to ruin it for everybody. Front Page. Movies are, first and foremost, entertainment. And to use the NYT Lens blog as a platform for Mr. Kamber, a person who is very closely familiar with the - Edgrafik, atmosphere of the Iraq war, to spout off his personal grievances against the film because of its sins of inaccuracy seems almost questionable to me ethically. (To say nothing of the fact that it seems strangely timed in terms of the Oscars.) Mr. Kamber seems unable to let go of Front Page Summer Project, his relationship with the source in order to really try to understand the movie as a movie, and Service Free | Resume Format Download Pdf, evaluate it as such, and not just as a direct reflection of what he has seen and been through. If it were supposed to be the latter, it would be a documentary. The fact that, say, Sgt. James can be easily written off by Mr. Kamber as the “Steely-Nerved-Protagonist Who Has Seen Too Much” suggests that he didn’t even give most of the movie, and Page Summer Project, this character in particular, a chance.
He clearly decided very early on that the movie was grossly inaccurate and therefore immensely flawed, and spent the rest of the two hours viewing the movie through the lens of his distaste. Which in 10+ Professional Sheet Templates Sample, Example itself strikes me as distasteful. with respect to all commenters, the Hurt Locker isn’t a documentary film. I feel privileged that journalists like Michael Kamber are willing to sacrifice for us in order to deliver arresting images and thoughtful pieces on conflicts like Iraq. Whether measured in human or financial sacrifice, this war has been one of the most expensive for the US and for Iraqis.
We need all the analysis we can get. While the film is fiction, I take Mike’s point to be that the film’s lack of authenticity has a negative effect in Page that it glorifies war — for which there is no excuse, artistic or otherwise. If you do want a documentary depicting today’s wars, I would recommend seeing the film that won the Grand Jury Prize at Sundance. Fax Cover Templates Sample, Example. It is a documentary about the war in Front Page Project Afghanistan called Restrepo (restrepothemovie.com). It is a provocative film, but it provokes without heavy-handedly asking questions. instead it provides a slice of combat-life — a combination of stress, fear, frustration, mayhem, anguish, humor, inanity, boredom…and then leaves it to you to pose your own questions: why are we asking these (young) soldiers to do this? how will they ever recover from the physical/emotional trauma? is this a fight worth fighting?? Whatever you think of war, it’s worth seeing what it’s really all about. Hurt Locker is not a documentary. No doubt a documentary made by imbedded filmakers under the direction of veteran soldiers would produce a similar critique. Diverging realties and POV’s are here to Diy Cd Case Using 80% Recycled From Gf, stay, as are wars the result of comparable divergent realities and agendas. On Assignment: Nine Eyes on the Prize.
Telling the Tales of Trees Around the World. Telling the Tales of Trees Around the World. Credit Diane Cook/Len Jenshel. Telling the Tales of Trees Around the World. Weegee: King of the Nighttime Streets.
Weegee: King of the Project, Nighttime Streets. Credit Weegee/International Center of Photography, Courtesy of Daniel Blau, Munich.
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In this section, Jesus describes the qualities of citizens of the kingdom of Format Summer heaven. Capitalize when used as a title or when referring to the Beatitudes , but lowercase in other forms of reference. Beatitude means “blessed” but can also be translated as “happy.” Pronounced “BHIK-koo.” A fully ordained monk in the Theravada Buddhist tradition; a nun is a bhikkhuni. In the Mahayana tradition, the Sanskrit forms (bhikshu, bhikshuni) are used.
Capitalize when used with a name. In Catholic, Orthodox and Anglican churches and some Protestant denominations that have an Case From Acdsleeve From Gf, episcopal or hierarchical form of government, bishop is the highest order of ordained ministry. The distinction between a Catholic bishop and an archbishop is an honorary one, and an archbishop has no authority over Front Page a neighboring diocese. Some groups, including the Church of Time Chart - Edgrafik Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Amish and some Pentecostals, use the title bishop for someone who is the Front Format Summer, pastor of a congregation. Capitalize when used as a formal title before a name. Customer Service Resumes Examples | Resume! On second reference, use only the Front Page Format, cleric’s last name. Lowercase bishop in other uses.
A man who has taken vows in a Christian religious, particularly Catholic or Anglican, order but is not ordained. Also, a monk or friar who is in seminary preparing for priesthood is called brother if he has taken his vows. In many traditions, especially evangelical, brother is used as a generic, friendly title. Capitalize before a name but not otherwise. Fax Cover – Free! On first reference, generally identify the religious community, for example Franciscan Brother John Smith . On second reference, use the first name if the person is known that way, such as Brother John . Otherwise, use only the last name on second reference. Buddhism, the fourth-largest organized religion in the world, was founded in Page Project India sometime between the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, known as the 10+ Professional Fax Cover Sheet – Free Sample, Example, Buddha, or the “awakened one.” Buddhism teaches that meditation and Summer Project the practice of moral behavior (and, according to some schools, rituals) can lead to Write A Recommendation Letter For A, the elimination of personal craving and hence the release of suffering and the attainment of absolute peace (nirvana). This is gradually achieved through successive cycles of rebirth (although some schools say such liberation may be obtained as quickly as within one lifetime). Although Buddhism is frequently described as a nontheistic tradition since the historical Buddha did not claim to be divine and there is no concept of a divine absolute God — the vast and Front Format Summer Project complex tradition of Buddhism includes an intricate cosmology of beneficent and wrathful deities as well as transcendent Buddhas and bodhisattvas who can be propitiated to help Buddhist practitioners on the path to enlightenment.
There are three major forms or “vehicles” of Buddhism: Theravada , found in most of Southeast Asia, focuses on individual realization, with practices particularly directed to monastic life; Mahayana stresses the universality of Buddha-nature and the possibility of Student Letter. Write A Recommendation For A enlightenment for all beings. It developed into many variant schools in Format China, Japan and Korea; Vajrayana , or Tibetan Buddhism, is – Free Sample,, found in Tibet, Nepal and Mongolia. Vajrayana developed from the Mahayana tradition but is often considered separately as a third “vehicle.” Titles for Front Format Summer Project, Buddhist teachers or masters are capitalized when used with a name but lowercase otherwise. The title of lama generally precedes a name; rinpoche , sensei and roshi generally follow the name, but practice varies, especially in the United States. What To Expect! (For example, a well-known Japanese Zen teacher is always referred to Summer, as Maezumi Roshi; a well-known American Zen teacher is Roshi Bernard Glassman.) To determine how to refer to a particular Buddhist teacher, ask or try looking up the name through a database or other Web tool. In Judaism, a synagogue official who leads the musical part of a service.
Capitalize before a name, but lowercase otherwise. A title of honor given to certain Catholics, nearly always archbishops, who are chosen as special advisers to Letter. How To A Recommendation Student, the pope. Their primary function in today’s church is to elect a new pope, but they are assigned to serve as advisers to important offices in the Vatican bureaucracy. Some have a great deal of behind-the-scenes influence. Most cardinals are archbishops of Page Summer “cardinalatial sees” — archdioceses that traditionally have a cardinal. What To Expect! However, the heads of important Vatican offices are usually also named cardinals, and occasionally the Front Page Project, pope will name a respected theologian who is past 80 and thus ineligible to vote for a new pope. Cardinals are not required to Time Conversion Chart - Edgrafik, be archbishops, bishops or even priests.
In the U.S., Jesuit theologian Cardinal Avery Dulles is not a bishop. Cardinals should be referred to conventionally, as in Page Format Summer Project Cardinal Avery Dulles , not Avery Cardinal Dulles . Google Resume » Fresh Template Google! On second reference use only the cardinal’s last name. A denomination founded in 1879 based on interpretations of the Bible found in the teachings of Mary Baker Eddy, who wrote Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures . The church’s official title is the Church of Christ, Scientist. Headquarters are in Boston, with individual and democratically governed branch churches throughout the world. Christian Science teaches that Jesus was primarily a spiritual healer.
It embraces the original Christian teaching and practices of healing sin, sickness and death based on the church’s understanding of the divine principles of Jesus’ teaching and healing. Christian Scientists tend to practice spiritual-based health care rather than relying on conventional medicine, but the church says it does not interfere with members’ health care decisions. Christian Science worship services are led by lay leaders, who are called readers. The faith also has practitioners , who are self-employed healers. Capitalize these titles before a name and on second reference use only the last name. Do not use the Rev. in any references. The Church of Christ, Scientist, is not recognized as Christian by the Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox churches for a number of doctrinal reasons, including its rejection of the doctrine of the Trinity. In stories where this is relevant, journalists should explain the Christian Science beliefs and why other groups say those beliefs do not accord with traditional Christianity.
In stories where different faith groups are mentioned, journalists should avoid judging which groups are Christian. For example, say Baptists, Christian Scientists, Presbyterians and Jewish groups took part in relief efforts rather than Baptists, Presbyterians and non-Christians, including Christian Scientists and Jews, took part in relief efforts. The terms Christian Science Church or Churches of Christ, Scientist, are acceptable in all references. The church subsidizes the international newspaper The Christian Science Monitor . Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Members of the church are called Mormons or Latter-day Saints ; either is acceptable.
It is Page Format Summer Project, preferable to use the 10+ Professional Fax Cover Templates – Free Sample, Example, church’s entire name, the Front Format Summer Project, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , on Google Resume Template Google, first reference. The LDS church has asked not to be referred to as the Mormon Church but does not object to adherents being referred to as Mormons . Mormon, LDS and Latter-day Saint can all be used as adjectives, as in Front Page Project Mormon beliefs or LDS practices . The church was founded in 1830 by Joseph Smith, a farm boy in upstate New York. Smith said he was directed to a set of golden plates that contained a record of ancient inhabitants of the Americas who had migrated from Jerusalem. Smith said he translated this record with divine help and published it as the Book of Mormon. The book tells of a visit by the resurrected Jesus to these inhabitants in How To Write A Recommendation For A the Western Hemisphere, which is why its subtitle reads “Another Testament of Jesus Christ.” Mormons believe that Smith had a vision of God and Jesus Christ and that the church he founded is the restoration of true Christianity. In the 19th century, Mormons were persecuted for their beliefs and eventually fled to Utah, where they could practice their faith in peace.
Because of their extra-biblical scriptures and beliefs about God and Jesus (they reject the Nicene Creed, for example), Catholic, Orthodox and Summer Protestant churches do not regard Mormons as Christian. In stories where that is Fax Cover Sheet – Free Sample, Example, relevant, journalists should explain why Mormons regard themselves as Christian and why other groups say their beliefs do not accord with traditional Christianity. In stories where different faith groups are mentioned, journalists should avoid judging which groups are Christian. For example, say: Baptists, Mormons, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists and Jewish groups took part in Front Format Summer relief efforts rather than Baptists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists and Payroll Conversion non-Christians, including Mormons and Jews, took part in relief efforts . The church has headquarters in Salt Lake City and is highly structured. All worthy males, 12 and older, can be ordained to the priesthood; women are not ordained but can serve in leadership and other positions in the all-volunteer clergy. The top authority is the “prophet, seer and revelator,” a position held by the most senior apostle, who has the title of church president. He is joined by Page Format two counselors, who constitute the governing First Presidency. When the How To A Recommendation Student, president dies, the First Presidency is Front Format Summer, dissolved and the senior member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles becomes the new president. Under the First Presidency is the three-member Presiding Bishopric, which governs in temporal affairs. There is also the First Quorum of Seventy, which oversees missionary work and other aspects of church governance.
The church is divided into territories called stakes, and each stake is Payroll Conversion Chart - Edgrafik, headed by a president, two counselors and Front Page Summer Project a stake high council. Individual congregations are called wards. Service Resumes Examples | Resume Format Pdf! The leader of a ward holds the title of bishop. Front Format! The only formal titles in the LDS church are president for the head of the First Presidency, apostle , bishop and elder . Female leaders are called sisters. Capitalize all formal titles before a name on first reference, and only use the person’s last name on second reference. The terms minister and the Rev. are not used. There is no central headquarters or organization for the Churches of Christ, as each congregation is autonomous. Members have traditionally regarded their churches as a restoration of the 10+ Professional Sample, Example, New Testament church. Front Summer! They typically do not use instrumental music in worship because, they say, the New Testament does not command it, and whatever is Service Resumes Free Format Download, not commanded is forbidden.
Baptism by Front Page Summer Project immersion is generally regarded as essential for salvation. Template Resume Google! The minister of Project a congregation is addressed by members as Brother. Do not use the honorific the Rev. for Church of Christ ministers. Do not refer to the space for worship as a sanctuary ; auditorium is usually preferred. Do not refer to the Communion table as an altar ; use Communion table . Priests, ministers, rabbis and others who are ordained by Time Chart specific religious bodies to perform official duties. Most denominations have specific requirements for Front Page, education, training and the selection process. The singular form is Service Resumes Examples Free | Resume Format Pdf, cleric . The title of the leader of Tibetan Buddhism and the spiritual and (now exiled) political leader of the people of Tibet. Dalai Lama is Format Project, a title rather than a name, but it is Time Conversion Chart, all that is used when referring to Summer, the man. Capitalize when referring to the person who currently holds the title; lowercase when referring to the title in general. Each dalai lama is considered to be the reincarnation of the last; the current, 14th Dalai Lama left Tibet in 1959 after China’s invasion and resides in Dharamsala, India. Tibetan Buddhists address him as Your Holiness and refer to him in writing as His Holiness . A group of Christian churches that do not recognize the authority of the pope in Rome, but, like the Roman Catholic Church, have roots in Customer Service Free | Resume Pdf the earliest days of Christianity.
The Eastern Orthodox churches split from the Western church in the Great Schism of 1054, primarily over papal authority and whether the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father (as the Orthodox believe) or from the Father and Front Summer Son (as the Catholics believe). Included in the Eastern Orthodox churches are the Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox and Armenian Orthodox, as well as other, smaller churches based on the nationalities of various ethnic groups such as Bulgarians, Romanians and Syrians. Customer Resumes Free | Resume Download! Eastern Orthodox clergy comparable to Catholic archbishops are known as patriarchs or metropolitans . They recognize the patriarch of Constantinople, now Istanbul, as their leader. He has the power to Front Page Summer, convene councils, but he does not have authority over Templates – Free Sample, Example the activities of the other archbishops. The patriarch of Constantinople is known as the ecumenical patriarch.
Working with the archbishop are other archbishops, bishops, priests and deacons. Archbishops and Format Project bishops frequently follow a monastic tradition in which they are known only by a first name. When no last name is used, repeat the title before the name in subsequent references. Archbishop may be replaced by Service Format Download Pdf the Most Rev. on first reference. Use the Rev. before the name of a priest on Front Page Summer Project, first reference. On second reference use only the cleric’s last name. The churches have their own traditions on matters such as married clergy; for Google Drive Template Resume Template Google, example, a married man may be ordained, but a priest may not marry after ordination.
In the United States, the Project, largest Eastern Orthodox church is the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, followed by the Orthodox Church in America. The Episcopal Church is Google Resume Template Google Drive, part of the Anglican Communion. Officially called the Front, Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. Episcopal Church is acceptable in Diy Cd Case Acdsleeve From all references. Two bodies govern the Front Summer Project, church nationally — the Google Drive » Fresh Resume, permanent Executive Council and the General Convention, which meets every three years. One bishop holds the title of presiding bishop . The General Convention determines national policies, and all acts must pass its House of Format Summer Bishops and House of Deputies.
Under the council are provinces, dioceses or missionary districts, local parishes and local missions. A province is composed of several dioceses and What To Expect has a synod made up of a house of bishops and a house of deputies. Within a diocese, a bishop is the principal official and is helped by the Diocesan Convention, which is Front, made up of all clergy in the diocese and lay representatives from each parish. A vestry, composed of the rector and lay members elected by the congregation, governs the parish or local church. Among Protestant churches, the Episcopal Church has titles that are particularly challenging. Capitalize titles before a name but lowercase otherwise. Note that some positions have more than one title or honorific. Because some U.S. congregations have broken ties with the Episcopal Church and Made Using 80% Recycled Card From Gf affiliated with Anglican bishops, be sure to make clear in stories about such disputes whether a bishop is Anglican or Episcopal. The presiding bishop is the chief pastor and primate who leads the national Episcopal Church. She is addressed as the Most Rev. All other bishops use the title the Rt.
Rev. before their name. Priests and Page Format Summer deacons use the title the Rev . Priests who head a chapter, or governing body of a cathedral, are called deans and are addressed as the Very Rev . Archdeacons are addressed with the honorific the Venerable , as in the Venerable Jill Smith . Women and Letter. Letter men in religious communities are called brother or sister and may be ordained. Use the Front Project, Rev . in first reference before the names of Episcopal, Orthodox and Roman Catholic priests. On second reference use only the cleric’s last name. Use Father before a name only in direct quotations. The most supreme religious leader. One can be a grand mufti of a city, region or country. It is a title used mostly by Sunnis.
Capitalize when used before a name. A Sikh leader trained in all aspects of maintaining gurdwara decorum, including reading from and caring for Guru Granth Sahib. Sikhs often use the terms granthi , gyaani and raagi interchangeably. A granthi is not clergy. Terms such as priest and minister are not applicable. Pronounced “GOO-roo.” Broadly used to refer to a teacher of any subject, but especially of Student Write A Recommendation Letter For A Student spiritual matters. Page Format Summer Project! In Hinduism, one’s spiritual guru is seen to Time Chart, be a representative of the divine, through whom one is Format Project, given the teachings and practices necessary for enlightenment. Pronounced “ee-MAHM.” In everyday use, any person who leads a congregational prayer. Acdsleeve Made Card From Gf! Traditionally, only men have been imams, although women are allowed to serve as imams for other women. To lead prayers, one does not have to Project, be a cleric.
In a more formal sense, an imam is What To Expect, a religious leader, but can also be a political leader. Many Shiites believe imams are intercessors with God; many also believe in Front Summer the Twelve Imams, descendants of Prophet Muhammad whom they consider his rightful successors. The Twelfth Imam disappeared from the world in 873, but followers of Twelve Imams Shiism believe that he is still alive and will return as the Mahdi, or “the guided one,” who will restore righteousness before the end of the world. On first reference, uppercase imam when preceding a proper name. On second reference, use only the person’s last name. Uppercase imam when referencing the Twelve Imams. Religion founded in seventh-century Mecca by What To Expect the Prophet Muhammad, who said Allah (God), through the Angel Gabriel, revealed the Quran to him between 610 and 632, the year of his death. Followers of Islam are called Muslims . They worship in a mosque, and their weekly holy day is Friday. Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, after Christianity. After Muhammad’s death, Islam split into two distinct branches — Sunni and Shiite — in an argument over who would succeed him. Sunnis make up an estimated 85 percent of all Muslims.
Shiites are the majority in Iran, Iraq, Lebanon and Bahrain, while Sunnis are the Page Format, majority in other Islamic countries. In Sunni and Shiite Islam, there are various madhhabs, or schools of Acdsleeve Using 80% Recycled Card From Gf thought, and other theological traditions. There is no central religious authority, so theological and Front Summer legal interpretations can vary from region to region, country to country and even mosque to mosque. Capitalize all Islamic titles when used before a name and lowercase otherwise. Use the title and Customer Service Resumes Examples Free | Resume Format Download name on Front Page Format Project, first reference and only the person’s last name after that. Shiites and Sunnis use a few of the same religious titles but differ on others. Shiites have a more-defined hierarchy than Sunnis. For example, Sunnis call people who lead congregational prayers imams , while Shiites almost exclusively reserve imam to refer to any of the How To A Recommendation Letter, 12 descendants of the Prophet Muhammad who Shiites believe were his rightful successors. Front Page! Sheikh , on the other hand, is used in What To Expect both communities, but can be used either as term of respect — to address older men, for Format Summer Project, example — or for a formally trained scholar. Among Sufi Muslims, sheikh holds a more exclusive status that is reserved for highly trained scholars and heads of Sufi orders. Among Shiites, mullahs are lower-level clergy who generally have only rudimentary religious education.
A hujjat al-Islam is Time, more learned than a mullah but does not have the authority to issue legal rulings. Mujtahids and faqihs are jurists with the authority to issue rulings. Front Page Summer Project! A higher-level mujtahid is a marja , the most educated of Case Acdsleeve Made Using Card whom are called ayatollahs . In addition to imam and sheikh , Sunni titles include mufti and Front Format Project grand mufti , which indicate a higher status usually conferred by an institution. Grand muftis are usually the Google Drive Resume » Fresh Drive, top religious scholar in a country. Because the Quran is in Arabic, it is Format, a common misconception that all Arabs are Muslim and Letter. How To A Recommendation Letter Student all Muslims are Arab; neither is true. A member of the laity, rather than the clergy. The terms lay person and Front Format Summer Project lay people are each two words. Layman and laywoman , however, are each one word. In the Payroll Time Conversion, Eastern Catholic and Front Format Project Orthodox churches, a metropolitan heads an ecclesiastical province, a metropolitan see, and Conversion Chart ranks below the patriarch.
In Orthodoxy, a metropolitan is said to govern a metropolia , while the Eastern Catholics call it an Front Project, archeparchy . Time Conversion! In the Western churches, the corresponding terms are archbishop and Format Summer archdiocese . Most Protestant denominations use the term minister to describe their clergy, but it is not a formal title and is not capitalized. It is also used in Catholicism, with a strong distinction drawn between ordained ministers (priests and deacons) and Diy Cd Using 80% Recycled Card From Gf lay ministers (including, for example, Eucharistic ministers, who take Communion to the sick, and youth ministers). Page Summer! The Nation of Islam also uses the term, and in Diy Cd Acdsleeve From Gf that case it is a title and should be capitalized before the person’s name. A term often applied to any man in a religious order, it should be restricted to Page Format Project, members of contemplative orders, such as Benedictines, Cistercians and Carthusians. Friar is the name given to members of the mendicant orders, such as the Dominicans, Franciscans, Augustinians and Student Letter. Letter Carmelites, which are pledged to Front Page, live on free-will offerings. Brother is a title given to Diy Cd From Acdsleeve Using 80% Recycled From Gf, laymen who take vows as members of religious communities. Monks and Front Page Summer Project friars can be, but often are not, ordained priests. Drive Template Resume Template Google! Brothers remain in the lay state but as vowed members of the community.
All monks, friars and brothers who are not ordained can be addressed as Brother in Front Page Summer Project conversation and on 10+ Professional Fax Cover – Free, first reference, such as Brother John Doe . On second reference, continue to use Brother and the first name if the person is Page, known that way, such as Brother John . Otherwise, use only the last name on second reference. An honorary title given to some diocesan priests by the pope. Capitalize before the Resume Drive, name on first reference. Page Format! Do not use the abbreviation Msgr . or the titles the Very Rev. Customer Service Examples Free Format Download Pdf! or the Rt. Rev. Editor’s note : While the Catholic Encyclopedia disputes this definition, the CNS Stylebook and other Catholic reference books mirror the above definition. A Shiite term for Front Format, lower-level clergy. Capitalize the title when it precedes a name. Generally, the head minister or priest of a Christian church, although in some denominations any ordained minister is called pastor . It means shepherd and is also used in reference to bishops and to the pope.
One of the ancient fathers of Judaism and Christianity — Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. In the Eastern and What To Expect Oriental Orthodox churches, a patriarch is the highest-ranking bishop. Capitalize if used before a name. In the Roman Catholic Church, the patriarch is the Page Project, bishop of Rome and is called pope. Unlike the Chart, pope, who has jurisdiction over Format all Roman Catholic territories, the authority of - Edgrafik Eastern and Format Summer Oriental patriarchs is more limited. They have a great deal of Google Template » Fresh Template Drive enforceable jurisdiction in their own territories but no authority over Front Page Format each other’s. A religious title used by Student How To Write For A Student a variety of traditions, including Santeria, Wicca, paganism and neo-paganism.
Christian traditions that ordain women to the priesthood, such as the Project, Episcopal Church, call them priests . Hebrew word for 10+ Professional Sample,, teacher and the title used by Jewish clergy. On first reference, capitalize before a name. On second reference use only the cleric’s last name. Guidance on titles in specific faith traditions can be found below. More explanation is usually offered under the individual entry on Page Format Summer Project, that group, or, sometimes, under an Google Drive Resume » Fresh Resume Google Drive, entry on the title itself. Not all faith traditions are listed here. This entry highlights the major religious traditions as well as traditions in Front Page Project which titles are likely to be unfamiliar to many journalists. For all faiths, the title Dr . is Resume Template Google Drive, generally not used before the names of Front Page Project scholars or clergy who hold academic doctorates. If the person’s academic credentials are important to Customer Examples Free Format Pdf, the story, it is better to give specifics, as in Jane Doe, who holds a doctorate in systematic theology, led the discussion . Format Summer Project! Never combine Dr . with other titles, such as the Rev.
Dr. Baptist churches: All members of the Baptist clergy may be referred to as ministers . Pastor applies if a minister leads a congregation. Use the Rev. on first reference before a clergy’s name. On second reference use only the last name. Buddhism: Titles for Buddhist teachers or masters are capitalized when used with a name but lowercase otherwise. The title of lama generally precedes a name; rinpoche , sensei and roshi generally follow the name, but practice varies, especially in the United States. (For example, a well-known Japanese Zen teacher is always referred to as Maezumi Roshi; a well-known American Zen teacher is Roshi Bernard Glassman.) To determine how to refer to Case From 80% Recycled Card Gf, a particular Buddhist teacher, ask or try looking up the Summer, name through a database or other Web tool. Teachers may be addressed by their titles (e.g., “Rinpoche, may I ask a question?”). Dalai Lama is capitalized when referring to the man who holds the Google Resume, title and no name is used; dalai lama is lowercase otherwise. Buddhists address the Dalai Lama as Your Holiness in person and His Holiness in writing. Ordained monks in Theravada Buddhism are given the honorific Venerable before their names. Church of Christ, Scientist: This denomination, also called the Christian Science Church, has lay leaders called readers who lead its worship services.
The faith also has practitioners , who are self-employed healers. Capitalize these titles before a name, and on Front Format Summer, second reference use only the last name. Do not use the Rev . in any references. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Apostle is a title used for the church’s highest-ranking members. The senior, or longest-serving, apostle serves as the Service Resumes Examples Free Format Download Pdf, church president and carries that title. Other titles used by Mormons are bishop , elder and Front Page Format Summer sister . Capitalize all of these when used before a name. The terms minister and the Rev . are not used. Eastern Orthodox churches: The patriarch of Google Drive Resume Google Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) is Page Project, known as the ecumenical patriarch ; he is regarded as “the first among equals.” Capitalize this title if used before a name, but not otherwise. In the Eastern Catholic and Orthodox churches, a metropolitan heads an ecclesiastical province, a metropolitan see, and ranks below the patriarch. Capitalize metropolitan when used as a title before a name.
Eastern Orthodox archbishops and 10+ Professional Fax Cover Sheet Templates Sample, Example bishops frequently follow a monastic tradition in which they are known only by a first name. In those cases, repeat the title before the Front Summer Project, name in subsequent references. Archbishop may be replaced by the Most Rev . on first reference. Use the Rev . before the name of a priest on first reference; on second reference use only his last name. Episcopal Church: Among Protestant churches, the Episcopal Church has titles that are particularly challenging. Capitalize titles before a name but lowercase otherwise. Note that some positions have more than one title or honorific. Because some U.S. congregations have broken ties with the Episcopal Church and affiliated with Anglican bishops, be sure to make clear in stories about such disputes whether a bishop is Anglican or Episcopal. The presiding bishop is the chief pastor and primate who leads the national Episcopal Church. She is addressed as the Most Rev . All other bishops use the title the Rt. Rev. Customer Examples | Resume Pdf! before their name.
Priests and deacons use the title the Rev . Front Format! Priests who head a chapter, or governing body of a cathedral, are called deans and are addressed as the Very Rev . Archdeacons are addressed with the honorific the Customer Service Examples Free | Resume Download, Venerable , as in Summer Project the Venerable Jill Smith . Women and Diy Cd Case Acdsleeve Made Using Card Gf men in religious communities are called brother or sister and may be ordained. A diocesan bishop has jurisdiction over a diocese and is sometimes known as the Ordinary . They may be assisted by other bishops, known as bishops suffragan . In addition, bishops who retire or resign from Front Page Summer Project, their diocese may assist in another diocese in some capacity; the Diy Cd Case Acdsleeve Using 80% Recycled, church variously refers to them as assistant bishops, bishops assisting or assisting bishops . The archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual head of the Anglican Communion, of which the Episcopal Church is Front Summer Project, part. Capitalize the title when used before the holder’s name. He is also referred to by the honorific the Most Rev ., as in Google Resume Drive the Most Rev. Justin Welby , archbishop of Canterbury , but it is sufficient to refer to him as Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby . Hinduism: Hindus have no formal clergy but do have spiritual teachers, or gurus. Capitalize guru before a name on first reference, and use only the last name on second reference. Front Format! Swami is How To Letter Student, a title of respect and reverence conferred on a religious teacher and, in Page particular, one who has taken vows of celibacy and renunciation; it, too, should be capitalized before a name.
Islam: Capitalize all Islamic titles when used before a name and lowercase otherwise. Diy Cd Acdsleeve 80% Recycled! Use the title and Front Page Summer name on first reference and What To Expect only the person’s last name after that. Shiites and Sunnis use a few of the same religious titles but differ on others. Shiites have a more-defined hierarchy than Sunnis. For example, Sunnis call people who lead congregational prayers imams , while Shiites almost exclusively reserve imam to refer to any of the 12 descendants of the Prophet Muhammad who Shiites believe were his rightful successors. Front Summer! Sheikh , on the other hand, is used in both communities, but can be used either as a term of respect – to address older men, for example — or for a formally trained scholar. Among Sufi Muslims, sheikh holds a more exclusive status that is reserved for highly trained scholars and heads of Sufi orders.
Among Shiites, mullahs are lower-level clergy who generally have only rudimentary religious education. A hujjat al-Islam is more learned than a mullah but does not have the authority to issue legal rulings. Mujtahids and faqihs are jurists with the authority to issue rulings. A higher-level mujtahid is a marja, the most educated of whom are called ayatollahs . In addition to imam and sheikh , Sunni titles include mufti and What To Expect grand mufti , which indicate a higher status usually conferred by an institution. Front Summer Project! Grand muftis are usually the What To Expect, top religious scholar in Format Summer a country. Jehovah’s Witnesses: Jehovah’s Witnesses have no formal clergy titles and do not use honorifics such as the What To Expect, Rev . Page Summer! They refer to baptized members who evangelize as publishers and those who devote greater time to ministry activities as regular pioneers . Full-time workers are called special pioneers . Judaism: Rabbi and cantor should be capitalized before a name on Fax Cover Sheet Templates – Free Sample,, first reference. On second reference, use only the person’s last name. Nation of Front Page Format Summer Project Islam: Its clergymen use the What To Expect, title minister , which should be capitalized on first reference before a name.
On second reference, use only the person’s last name. Pentecostalism: There are dozens of Pentecostal denominations as well as many nondenominational churches that are Pentecostal, so titles vary greatly. Common titles are bishop, minister, elder and superintendent ; capitalize them before a name. Evangelist is Format Summer Project, another common title, but do not capitalize it, even with a name. Some clergy use the title of the Rev ., but some do not.
Protestant churches: Customs vary in different traditions. Many, but not all, use the Rev . before a clergy member’s name on first reference. Do not include the honorific unless you are certain it is Diy Cd Made From, acceptable in that tradition. Among those that do not use the Rev . are Churches of Christ and the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Some Protestants use other titles for their clergy, including pastor , bishop or brother . Capitalize when used before a name. Quakers have no recognized ranking of Page Format Summer clergy over lay people. Their meeting officers are called elders or ministers , and these terms should be capitalized when used before a name. Many Quaker ministers in the Midwest and West use the Rev . before their names. On subsequent references to Protestant clerics, use just the last name. Roman Catholic Church: A pope should be referred to by his full papal name on first reference, as in Pope Benedict XVI . On subsequent references, use the pope , the pontiff or just his papal name (without Roman numerals), as in Chart Benedict.
Catholics also refer to the pope as the Holy Father , a term that should be used only in quotes. For cardinals, archbishops, bishops and deacons, capitalize the title when used with a name on first reference, as in Cardinal Bernard Law , but lowercase otherwise. On second reference, use just the person’s last name. For priests, use the Rev . before the name on first reference; on subsequent references, use just the last name. Monsignor can be substituted if a priest has received that title. Catholics commonly address priests as Father ; use this only in quotes, and capitalize it with or without a name attached, as in She said, “We asked Father what we should do.” For nuns, sisters and brothers, capitalize sister, mother or brother before the name on first reference. In subsequent references, use just the last name for Front Page Project, those who keep surnames; otherwise, continue to Sheet Templates – Free, use the full name, as in Mother Teresa . The title Venerable is applied to a person posthumously if a pope has approved the Page, first stage in his or her official cause for canonization, as in Venerable Fulton Sheen . Sikhism: Sikhism has no clergy, but spiritual guides may be called gurus ; capitalize this title before a name. An attributive form of address given to Drive Resume Drive, many but not all ordained Christian and Buddhist clergy. Front Page Format Project! Do not use this honorific form unless you are sure that the particular denomination accepts its use. Follow AP style of using the article the to precede the Payroll Time Conversion - Edgrafik, abbreviation Rev . Never use the Rev.
Dr. together before a name. See religious titles for guidance. Pronounced “RAHN-poh-shay.” Literally “precious one,” rinpoche is a title of respect for a Buddhist teacher, often signaling one considered to be an incarnate lama. The title of Front Page Format Project rinpoche generally follows a name, but practice varies, especially in the United States. What To Expect! Capitalize when used before or after a name. See lama and tulku . Title for Zen Buddhist master, literally “old teacher.” It generally follows a name, but practice varies, especially in the United States. Capitalize when used before or after a name.
A spiritual leader in a tribal society who heals people by Summer Project channeling spirits, often in an altered state. Sometimes referred to as a medicine man or witch doctor. It is a description rather than a formal title; do not capitalize, even when used with a name. Most Islamic clergymen use the title sheikh like a Christian cleric uses the Rev . Sheikh also is used as a secular title. Capitalize it when used before a name, but lowercase otherwise.
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charles ives essays Almost as much as music, Ives was attuned to the power of words, and his own writings often clarify his musical compositions. Here is a selection of Front, interesting passages that shed light on Ives' goals as an artist and human being. Customer Service | Resume Download Pdf. The quotes are taken from the following sources: Essays before a Sonata, The Majority, and Other Writings. Edited by Howard Boatwright. (Norton, 1999).
Memos. Edited by John Kirkpatrick. (Norton, 1991). Charles Ives: A Life with Music. By Jan Swafford. (Norton, 1996). Click on a link to read Ives' thoughts on the subject: On the Impossibility of Objective Expression. Expression, to a great extent, is Format Project a matter of terms, and terms are anyone's. The meaning of 'God' may have a billion interpretations if there be that many souls in the world ( Essays 8). The word 'beauty' is as easy to use as the word 'degenerate.' Both come in handy when one does or does not agree with you ( Essays 77).
Emerson is . Service Examples Format Download. . Front Page. . America's deepest explorer of the 10+ Professional Sheet Sample, spiritual immensities--a seer painting his discoveries in masses and Format Project with any color that may lie at hand--cosmic, religious, human, even sensuous; a recorder freely describing the inevitable struggle in the soul's uprise, perceiving from this inward source alone that 'every ultimate fact is only the first of a new series' . . . who would then discover, if he can, that 'wondrous chain that links the Time Chart heavens with the earth-the world of beings subject to one law'. . . We see him-standing on a summit at the door to Page Format the infinite . . Customer Resumes. . , peering into the mysteries of life, contemplating the eternities. . . We see him--a mountain-guide so intensely on the lookout for the trail of his star that he has no time to Front Format stop and Google Resume Template Drive retrace his footprints ( Essays 11-12). Emerson wrings the neck of any law that would become exclusive and arrogant, whether a definite one of metaphysics or an indefinite one of mechanics. He hacks his way up and down, as near as he can to the Absolute, the Front Page Summer Project oneness of all nature, both human and spiritual, and to God's benevolence. To him, the ultimate of a conception is its vastness, and is probably this rather than the 'blind-spots' in From 80% Recycled Gf, his expression that makes us inclined to go with him but half-way, and Front Summer Project then stand and build dogmas. But if we cannot follow all the way-if we do not always clearly perceive the whole picture-we are at least free to Template Google imagine it; he makes us feel that we are free to do so. Front Page Project. Perhaps that is the most he asks. For he is but reaching out through and beyond mankind, trying to - Edgrafik see what he can of the infinite and its immensities, throwing back to us whatever he can, but ever conscious that he but occasionally catches a glimpse . . . ( Essay s 14). Thus is Emerson always beating down through the crust towards the first fire of life, of death, and of eternity. Read where you will, each sentence seems not to point to the next but to the undercurrent of Front Summer, all ( Essays 15). On the Validity of Vagueness. Vagueness is at times an indication of nearness to a perfect truth ( Essays 22).
An apparent confusion, if lived with long enough, may become orderly . . . A rare experience of a moment at 10+ Professional Templates – Free Example, daybreak, when something in nature seems to Front Format Project reveal all consciousness, cannot be explained at noon. Yet it is part of the day's unity ( Essay s 22-23). It is conceivable that what is unified form to Chart the author or composer may of necessity be formless to Front Page his audience ( Essays 23). On the Nature of Google Drive Resume Template » Fresh Template, Musical Experience. . . . Front Project. It seems that so close a relation exists between [Emerson's] content and his expression, his substance and his manner, that if he were more definite in the latter he would lose power in the former.
Perhaps, some of those occasional flashes would have been unexpressed-flashes that have gone down through the Letter. How To Write Letter world and will flame on through the Front Page Format ages--flashes that approach as near the divine as Beethoven in his most inspired moments--flashes of transcendent beauty, of such universal import, that they may bring, of a sudden, some intimate personal experience, and produce the same indescribable effect that comes in rare instances to men from some common sensation. In the early morning of a Memorial Day, a boy is awaked by martial music--a village band is Fax Cover Sheet Templates Sample, marching down the street--and as the Front Page Project strains of Reeves majestic Seventh Regiment March come nearer and nearer--he seems of a sudden translated--a moment of vivid power comes, a consciousness of material nobility--an exultant something gleaming with the possibilities of this life--an assurance that nothing is impossible, and that the whole world lies at his feet. But, as the band turns the corner, at the soldier's monument, and the march steps of the Grand Army become fainter and fainter, the boy's vision slowly vanishes-his 'world' becomes less and less probable-but the experience ever lies within him in How To Student, its reality. Later in life, the Format same boy hears the Sabbath morning bell ringing out from the white steeple at the 'Center,' and as it draws him to it, through the autumn fields of sumach and asters, a Gospel hymn of simple devotion comes out to him--'There's a wideness in God's mercy'--an instant suggestion of that Memorial Day morning comes--but the moment is of deeper import--there is no personal exultation--no intimate world vision--no magnified personal hope--and in Fax Cover – Free, their place a profound sense of spiritual truth--a sin within reach of forgiveness. And as the hymn voice dies away, there lies at Front Format Summer Project, his feet--not the Customer Service Resumes Examples Free | Resume Format Download world, but the figure of the Saviour--he sees an Page Summer Project, unfathomable courage--an immortality for From Acdsleeve 80% Recycled From the lowest--the vastness in humility, the Format Summer Project kindness of the human heart, man's noblest strength--and he knows that God is nothing--nothing--but love! Whence cometh the Payroll Time Conversion Chart - Edgrafik wonder of the moment? From sources we know not. But we do know that from obscurity and Front Page Project from this higher Orpheus comes measures of sphere melodies, flowing in wild, native tones, ravaging the souls of men, flowing now with thousand-fold accompaniments and rich symphonies through all our hearts, modulating and divinely leading them ( Essays 30-31). On the Future of Music.
In some century to come, when the school children will whistle popular tunes in quarter-tones--when the Chart - Edgrafik diatonic scale will be as obsolete as the Page Project pentatonic is now--perhaps then these borderland experiences may be both easily expressed and readily recognized. But maybe music was not intended to satisfy the curious definiteness of man. Maybe it is better to hope that music may always be transcendental language in the most extravagant sense ( Essays 71). On Substance and Time Conversion Manner in Art. If local color, national color, any color, is a true pigment of the universal color, it is a divine quality, it is Front Page Format Summer Project part of substance in art-not of manner. . . Diy Cd Case From Made Using 80% Recycled Card From. .Whatever excellence an artist sees in life, a community, a people, or in Format Project, any valuable object or experience, if sincerely and intuitively reflected in his work-his work, and so himself, is, in a way, a reflected part of that excellence. Whether he be accepted or rejected, whether his music is played or never played-all this has nothing to do with it; it is true or false by his own measure ( Essays 81). On the Distinction Between Sound and Music. A MS. Sheet Templates Example. score is brought to a concertmaster-he may be a violinist-he is kindly disposed, he looks it over, and casually fastens on a passage: 'That's bad for the fiddles--it doesn't hang just right--write it like this, they will play it better.' But that one phrase is the germ of the whole thing. 'Never mind, it will fit the hand better this way-it will sound better.' My God! What has sound got to do with music! The waiter brings the only fresh eggs he has, but the man at breakfast sends it back because it doesn't fit his eggcup. Why can't music go out in the same way it comes in to a man, without having to crawl over a fence of sounds, thoraxes, catguts, wire, wood, and brass?
Consecutive fifths are as harmless as blue laws compared with the relentless tyranny of the 'media.' The instrument!--there is the perennial difficulty--there is music's limitation. . . . Is it the composer's fault that man only has ten fingers? Why can't a musical thought be presented as it is born--perchance a 'bastard of the Page Project slums,' or a 'daughter of a bishop'--and if it happens to go better later on Fax Cover Sheet – Free Sample, Example, a bass drum than upon a harp, get a good bass drummer. That music must be heard is Front not essential--what it sounds like may not be what it is Student Letter. Letter Student [Ives' italics] ( Essays 84). On the Artist's Aims. The humblest artist will not find true humility in aiming low--he must never be timid or afraid of trying to express that which he feels is far above his power to express, any more than he should be in breaking away, when necessary, from easy first sounds, or afraid of admitting that those half-truths the come to him at rare intervals, are half-true; for instance, that all art galleries contain masterpieces, which are nothing more than a history of art's beautiful mistakes ( Essays 97). On the Role of Format Project, Habit in Hearing Music.
There may be an analogy between . Letter. How To Write A Recommendation For A Student. . . the ear, the Front Format Project mind, and the arm muscles. They don't get stronger with disuse. Any art or habit of life, if it is limited chronically to a few processes that are easiest to acquire (and, for Case From Acdsleeve Made Using 80% Recycled Gf that reason, are said to be some natural laws), must at some time, quite probably, become so weakened that it is neither a part of Front Format Project, art nor a part of life. Nature has bigger things than even-vibration-ratios for man to learn how to use. Consonance is a relative thing (just a nice name for a nice habit). What To Expect. It is a natural enough part of music, but not the whole, or only Page Summer Project one. The simplest ratios, often called perfect consonances, have been used so long and Customer Service Examples Free | Resume Format Pdf so constantly that not only Format Summer Project music, but musicians and audiences, have become more or less soft.
If they hear anything but doh-me-soh or a near cousin, they have to Service Resumes Format Pdf be carried out on a stretcher ( Memos 42). On the Importance of His Influences. One thing I am certain of is that, if I have done anything good in music, it was, first, because of Front Page Summer, my father, and second, because of Google Drive Resume » Fresh Template Drive, my wife ( Memos 114). On Being Open to Modern Music. . . Front Format. . Chart. . I'd played over the Second Violin Sonata for him-that harmless piece. 'After stuff like the that--he said--'if you consider that music, and like it, how can you like Brahms or any good music?' That is a very common attitude among almost all the Front Format Summer Project well-known lilies. They take it for granted--a kind of self-evident axiom, a settled-for-life matter, ipso facto, admitting no argument. The classical is good for all time, the modern is Drive Template Google bad for all time--so if you like one, you can't like the Front Page Project other.
They don't always limit it to 'good and bad.' They, in a general way, throw (in their nice little minds) all that fits into their accustomed habits of sound, technique, etc., all together into Customer Resumes | Resume Download, a classical idiom, good or bad. Everything not in it, they throw out as non-existent music, as such. Assuming that there are some good things among the Front Page Format Summer Project latter class, that can in Write A Recommendation Student, essence and substance compare with the better of the former, this type of mind then does the Front Page Summer same thing as to say--'Now if you look out of that window and enjoy the mountains, how can you possibly look out of this window and enjoy the ocean?' ( Memos 121-22). The possibilities of percussion sounds, I believe, have never been fully realized ( Memos 124-25). On Composers' Idioms. If idioms are more to be born than to Fax Cover Templates Example be selected, then the things of life and human nature that a man has grown up with--(not that one man's experience is Format Project better than another's, but that it is 'his.')--may give him something better in his substance and manner than an over-long period of superimposed idiomatic education which quite likely doesn't fit his constitution.
My father used to say, 'If a poet knows more about Resume Template » Fresh Template Google Drive a horse than he does about heaven, he might better stick to the horse, and some day the horse may carry him into heaven' ( Memos 240). On Composing Music. In 'thinking up' music I usually have some kind of a brass band with wings on it in back of my mind ( CI: A Life With Music 37). On the Relation of Art to Life. The fabric of existence weaves itself whole.
You cannot set art off in a corner and hope for it to have vitality, reality, and substance. There can be nothing exclusive [Ives' italics] about substantial art. It comes directly out of the heart of the experience of life and thinking about life and Project living life ( CI: A Life With Music 207). Every great inspiration is but an experiment ( CI: A Life With Music 335). Ives' Rationale for Pursuing a Career in What To Expect, Insurance, Rather than Music. If [a composer] has a nice wife and some nice children, how can he let the children starve on his dissonances? ( CI: A Life With Music 143). Ives' Rationale for Leaving His Position as Church Organist in 1902. I seem to have worked with more natural freedom, when I knew that the music was not going to be played before the Front Summer public, or rather before people who couldn't get out from under, as in the case of a church congregation . Drive Template Drive. . . .To a body of people who come together for worship-how far has a man to do what he wants, if he knows that by Front Page Format Summer Project so doing he is interfering with the Student Letter. How To Write Letter For A Student state of mind of the Front Project listeners, who have to Fax Cover Templates – Free listen regardless. . . . A congregation has some rights ( CI: A Life With Music 160). On Tonality and Dissonance. Why tonality as such should be thrown out for good I can't see. Why it should always be present I can't see.
It depends, it seems to Front Summer Project me. . . on what one is trying to do, and on Resumes Examples | Resume Format Download, the state of the Format Summer mind, the time of day or other accidents of life ( Essays 117). An instance shows the difference between [Ives'] Father's and What To Expect [Ives' music teacher, Horatio] Parker's ways of thinking. Page Summer Project. In the beginning of my Freshman year, and getting assigned to classes, Parker asked me to bring him whatever manuscripts I had written (pieces, etc.). Resumes Free. Among them, a song, At Parting-in it, some unresolved dissonances, one ending on Page Project, a [high] E flat ([in the] key of Drive Template » Fresh Resume Template Google Drive, G major), and Front Page stops there unresolved. Parker said, There's no excuse for that--an E flat way up there and Time - Edgrafik stopping, and the nearest D sharp way down two octaves.--etc.
I told father what Parker said, and Father said, Tell Parker that every dissonance doesn't need to resolve, if it doesn't happen to feel like it, any more than every horse should have it's tail bobbed just because it is the Format Summer Project prevailing fashion ( Memos 116).