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3 The Application Program Interface. This section describes the C API for Lua, that is, the set of C functions available to the host program to communicate with Lua. Catalogue Spark! All API functions and related types and constants are declared in the header file lua.h . Even when we use the term function, any facility in the API may be provided as a macro instead. All such macros use each of their arguments exactly once (except for the first argument, which is always a Lua state), and Builder Template. Builder Templates 93 so do not generate any hidden side-effects. As in most C libraries, the Lua API functions do not check their arguments for validity or consistency. However, you can change this behavior by compiling Lua with a proper definition for the macro luai_apicheck , in file luaconf.h . Lua uses a virtual stack to pass values to and from C. Catalogue (int! Each element in this stack represents a Lua value ( nil , number, string, etc.). Whenever Lua calls C, the called function gets a new stack, which is independent of previous stacks and of stacks of C functions that are still active.
This stack initially contains any arguments to the C function and it is Sample Resume Template where the C function pushes its results to be returned to the caller (see lua_CFunction ). For convenience, most query operations in the API do not follow a strict stack discipline. Catalogue Plugs)! Instead, they can refer to Free Template. any element in Catalogue Plugs) the stack by using an index : A positive index represents an Resume Template. Templates Free 93, absolute stack position (starting at 1); a negative index represents an offset relative to the top of the stack. More specifically, if the stack has n elements, then index 1 represents the first element (that is, the element that was pushed onto the stack first) and index n represents the Catalogue Spark, last element; index -1 also represents the last element (that is, the Resume Resume Builder Templates Free 93, element at the top) and index -n represents the first element. We say that an index is Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) valid if it lies between 1 and the stack top (that is, if 1 ≤ abs(index) ≤ top ). When you interact with Lua API, you are responsible for ensuring consistency. In particular, you are responsible for controlling stack overflow . Sample Resume No Experience! You can use the function lua_checkstack to grow the stack size. Whenever Lua calls C, it ensures that at least LUA_MINSTACK stack positions are available. LUA_MINSTACK is defined as 20, so that usually you do not have to Catalogue Spark Plugs) worry about Sample Template | Resume Sample stack space unless your code has loops pushing elements onto the stack.
Most query functions accept as indices any value inside the (int Spark Plugs), available stack space, that is, indices up to Incredible Skills Engineers the maximum stack size you have set through lua_checkstack . Such indices are called acceptable indices . More formally, we define an acceptable index as follows: Note that 0 is never an Spark, acceptable index. Unless otherwise noted, any function that accepts valid indices can also be called with pseudo-indices , which represent some Lua values that are accessible to C code but which are not in the stack. Pseudo-indices are used to access the You Letter, thread environment, the function environment, the registry, and the upvalues of a C function (see §3.4). The thread environment (where global variables live) is Catalogue Plugs) always at pseudo-index LUA_GLOBALSINDEX . The environment of the running C function is always at pseudo-index LUA_ENVIRONINDEX . To access and Thank You Letter change the (int Spark Plugs), value of global variables, you can use regular table operations over an environment table. For instance, to access the value of For Resumes, a global variable, do. When a C function is created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure ; these values are called upvalues and are accessible to the function whenever it is Catalogue Spark Plugs) called (see lua_pushcclosure ). Whenever a C function is Thank called, its upvalues are located at specific pseudo-indices.
These pseudo-indices are produced by the macro lua_upvalueindex . The first value associated with a function is at position lua_upvalueindex(1) , and so on. Any access to lua_upvalueindex( n ) , where n is greater than the number of Spark, upvalues of the current function (but not greater than 256), produces an acceptable (but invalid) index. Lua provides a registry , a pre-defined table that can be used by any C code to store whatever Lua value it needs to store. This table is always located at pseudo-index LUA_REGISTRYINDEX . Any C library can store data into this table, but it should take care to Private Federal Resume. Usajobs choose keys different from those used by other libraries, to avoid collisions. Typically, you should use as key a string containing your library name or a light userdata with the address of Catalogue, a C object in your code. The integer keys in the registry are used by the reference mechanism, implemented by the auxiliary library, and therefore should not be used for other purposes. Internally, Lua uses the Sector Resume. Resume. Builder, C longjmp facility to Spark handle errors. (You can also choose to use exceptions if you use C++; see file luaconf.h .) When Lua faces any error (such as memory allocation errors, type errors, syntax errors, and runtime errors) it raises an error; that is, it does a long jump. A protected environment uses setjmp to set a recover point; any error jumps to the most recent active recover point. Most functions in Private Resume. Federal Usajobs Builder the API can throw an error, for instance due to a memory allocation error. The documentation for each function indicates whether it can throw errors.
Inside a C function you can throw an error by calling lua_error . Here we list all functions and Catalogue (int Plugs) types from the C API in alphabetical order. Each function has an indicator like this: [-o, +p, x ] The first field, o , is how many elements the function pops from the stack. The second field, p , is how many elements the function pushes onto Excel 2010: the stack. (Any function always pushes its results after popping its arguments.) A field in the form x|y means the function can push (or pop) x or y elements, depending on the situation; an interrogation mark ' ? ' means that we cannot know how many elements the function pops/pushes by looking only at its arguments (e.g., they may depend on what is on the stack). (int! The third field, x , tells whether the function may throw errors: ' - ' means the function never throws any error; ' m ' means the function may throw an error only due to not enough memory; ' e ' means the Builder Builder 93, function may throw other kinds of errors; ' v ' means the function may throw an error on (int purpose. The type of the Thank You Letter, memory-allocation function used by Lua states.
The allocator function must provide a functionality similar to realloc , but not exactly the same. (int! Its arguments are ud , an opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate ; ptr , a pointer to the block being allocated/reallocated/freed; osize , the original size of the block; nsize , the Sample Resume No Experience | Resume, new size of the block. ptr is NULL if and Catalogue Plugs) only if osize is zero. Sample | Resume Sample! When nsize is Catalogue zero, the allocator must return NULL ; if osize is not zero, it should free the block pointed to Resume. Usajobs Builder by ptr . When nsize is not zero, the Catalogue (int Spark, allocator returns NULL if and only if it cannot fill the request. With Sample! When nsize is not zero and osize is Spark zero, the allocator should behave like malloc . When nsize and osize are not zero, the allocator behaves like realloc . Lua assumes that the allocator never fails when osize = nsize . Here is a simple implementation for the allocator function. It is used in the auxiliary library by luaL_newstate . This code assumes that free(NULL) has no effect and that realloc(NULL, size) is equivalent to malloc(size) . ANSI C ensures both behaviors. Sets a new panic function and returns the old one. If an error happens outside any protected environment, Lua calls a panic function and then calls exit(EXIT_FAILURE) , thus exiting the The Most For Resumes, host application. Your panic function can avoid this exit by never returning (e.g., doing a long jump). The panic function can access the error message at the top of the stack. Calls a function. To call a function you must use the following protocol: first, the (int, function to be called is pushed onto Builder Templates Free 93 the stack; then, the arguments to the function are pushed in direct order; that is, the first argument is pushed first.
Finally you call lua_call ; nargs is the number of arguments that you pushed onto Catalogue Spark the stack. Resume Sample! All arguments and the function value are popped from the stack when the (int Spark Plugs), function is called. The function results are pushed onto the stack when the function returns. The number of results is adjusted to nresults , unless nresults is LUA_MULTRET . In this case, all results from the function are pushed. Lua takes care that the returned values fit into Resume Builder Template. Resume 93, the stack space.
The function results are pushed onto the stack in direct order (the first result is (int Spark Plugs) pushed first), so that after the call the last result is on the top of the stack. Any error inside the called function is propagated upwards (with a longjmp ). The following example shows how the host program can do the equivalent to this Lua code: Here it is in Thank C: Note that the code above is balanced: at its end, the stack is back to its original configuration. (int Plugs)! This is considered good programming practice. Type for C functions. In order to With communicate properly with Lua, a C function must use the following protocol, which defines the (int Plugs), way parameters and results are passed: a C function receives its arguments from Lua in its stack in direct order (the first argument is pushed first). So, when the function starts, lua_gettop(L) returns the number of arguments received by the function. The first argument (if any) is at index 1 and Builder Builder Templates Free its last argument is at index lua_gettop(L) . To return values to Lua, a C function just pushes them onto the stack, in direct order (the first result is pushed first), and returns the number of Catalogue Plugs), results.
Any other value in the stack below the results will be properly discarded by Lua. Like a Lua function, a C function called by Lua can also return many results. As an example, the following function receives a variable number of numerical arguments and Resume Template. Resume Builder Templates Free 93 returns their average and Catalogue Spark sum: Ensures that there are at least extra free stack slots in H Invoices Choke A Horse' County the stack. It returns false if it cannot grow the stack to that size. This function never shrinks the stack; if the stack is already larger than the new size, it is left unchanged. Destroys all objects in the given Lua state (calling the corresponding garbage-collection metamethods, if any) and Catalogue frees all dynamic memory used by 2010: Table this state. On several platforms, you may not need to call this function, because all resources are naturally released when the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), host program ends. On the other hand, long-running programs, such as a daemon or a web server, might need to H Invoices 'would A Horse' Compass release states as soon as they are not needed, to avoid growing too large. Concatenates the n values at the top of the stack, pops them, and leaves the result at the top. If n is 1, the result is the single value on the stack (that is, the function does nothing); if n is 0, the result is the Spark Plugs), empty string.
Concatenation is performed following the usual semantics of Lua (see §2.5.4). Calls the C function func in protected mode. Private Sector Resume. Resume! func starts with only one element in its stack, a light userdata containing ud . In case of errors, lua_cpcall returns the same error codes as lua_pcall , plus the error object on the top of the Spark, stack; otherwise, it returns zero, and does not change the stack. All values returned by func are discarded. Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto the stack. The new table has space pre-allocated for narr array elements and nrec non-array elements. This pre-allocation is Private Resume. Usajobs useful when you know exactly how many elements the table will have. Otherwise you can use the Catalogue Spark Plugs), function lua_newtable . Dumps a function as a binary chunk.
Receives a Lua function on the top of the stack and Sample Resume Template No Experience produces a binary chunk that, if loaded again, results in a function equivalent to the one dumped. As it produces parts of the chunk, lua_dump calls function writer (see lua_Writer ) with the given data to write them. The value returned is the error code returned by the last call to the writer; 0 means no errors. This function does not pop the Lua function from the Catalogue, stack. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are equal, following the semantics of the Lua == operator (that is, may call metamethods).
Otherwise returns 0. Pivot Table & Chart! Also returns 0 if any of the indices is non valid. Generates a Lua error. Catalogue (int Spark! The error message (which can actually be a Lua value of any type) must be on the stack top. Resume! This function does a long jump, and therefore never returns. (see luaL_error ). Controls the Spark, garbage collector. This function performs several tasks, according to the value of the parameter what : LUA_GCSTOP : stops the garbage collector. LUA_GCRESTART : restarts the garbage collector. LUA_GCCOLLECT : performs a full garbage-collection cycle.
LUA_GCCOUNT : returns the current amount of Thank You Letter, memory (in Kbytes) in use by Lua. LUA_GCCOUNTB : returns the Spark Plugs), remainder of Resume Builder Free Template. Resume Free, dividing the current amount of Catalogue Plugs), bytes of memory in use by Lua by 1024. LUA_GCSTEP : performs an Resume Free Template. Resume Templates Free 93, incremental step of garbage collection. The step size is controlled by Catalogue Spark Plugs) data (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way. If you want to control the step size you must experimentally tune the value of data . The function returns 1 if the step finished a garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCSETPAUSE : sets data as the new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10). The function returns the previous value of the pause.
LUA_GCSETSTEPMUL : sets data as the new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). The function returns the previous value of the step multiplier. Returns the 2010:, memory-allocation function of a given state. Catalogue (int! If ud is not NULL , Lua stores in *ud the opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate . Pushes onto the stack the environment table of the value at the given index. Pushes onto the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Pushes onto the stack the value of the global name . It is defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack the metatable of the value at the given acceptable index. If the index is not valid, or if the value does not have a metatable, the For Mechanical Engineers, function returns 0 and pushes nothing on the stack. Pushes onto the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index and k is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the key from the stack (putting the resulting value in its place).
As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Returns the index of the top element in the stack. Because indices start at 1, this result is Catalogue equal to the number of elements in the stack (and so 0 means an Excel 2010: Create Pivot & Chart, empty stack). Moves the top element into Catalogue (int, the given valid index, shifting up the Incredible Skills For Mechanical, elements above this index to Spark Plugs) open space. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an actual stack position.
The type used by the Lua API to represent integral values. By default it is a ptrdiff_t , which is No Experience usually the largest signed integral type the machine handles comfortably. Returns 1 if the value at (int the given acceptable index has type boolean, and 2010: Create Pivot 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is Catalogue Spark Plugs) a C function, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a function (either C or Lua), and Triple H Invoices County Compass 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a light userdata, and 0 otherwise.
Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the given acceptable index is not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the given acceptable index is not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the Catalogue Spark Plugs), current stack) or if the value at this index is nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a number or a string convertible to a number, and Triple A Horse' County 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a string or a number (which is always convertible to a string), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the Catalogue Spark, value at the given acceptable index is a table, and Federal Resume. Usajobs 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is Catalogue Spark a thread, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a userdata (either full or light), and You Letter 0 otherwise.
Returns 1 if the Catalogue (int Spark, value at acceptable index index1 is smaller than the value at Thank You Letter acceptable index index2 , following the semantics of the Lua operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the Catalogue (int Plugs), indices is non valid. Loads a Lua chunk. If there are no errors, lua_load pushes the compiled chunk as a Lua function on top of the stack. Otherwise, it pushes an error message. The return values of lua_load are: 0: no errors; LUA_ERRSYNTAX : syntax error during pre-compilation; LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. This function only loads a chunk; it does not run it. lua_load automatically detects whether the chunk is text or binary, and loads it accordingly (see program luac ). The lua_load function uses a user-supplied reader function to Template. Resume Templates 93 read the chunk (see lua_Reader ). The data argument is an opaque value passed to the reader function. The chunkname argument gives a name to the chunk, which is used for Catalogue Spark Plugs) error messages and in debug information (see §3.8). Creates a new, independent state.
Returns NULL if cannot create the state (due to lack of H Invoices 'would County, memory). Catalogue! The argument f is the allocator function; Lua does all memory allocation for this state through this function. The second argument, ud , is an opaque pointer that Lua simply passes to the allocator in every call. Creates a new empty table and Free Free pushes it onto the stack. It is equivalent to lua_createtable(L, 0, 0) . Creates a new thread, pushes it on the stack, and Catalogue Spark Plugs) returns a pointer to a lua_State that represents this new thread. The new state returned by this function shares with the original state all global objects (such as tables), but has an independent execution stack. There is no explicit function to Triple Choke County close or to destroy a thread. Threads are subject to garbage collection, like any Lua object.
This function allocates a new block of memory with the given size, pushes onto the stack a new full userdata with the block address, and returns this address. Userdata represent C values in Catalogue (int Plugs) Lua. A full userdata represents a block of memory. It is an object (like a table): you must create it, it can have its own metatable, and you can detect when it is being collected. A full userdata is only equal to Pivot Table & Chart itself (under raw equality). When Lua collects a full userdata with a gc metamethod, Lua calls the Catalogue Plugs), metamethod and marks the userdata as finalized.
When this userdata is collected again then Lua frees its corresponding memory. Pops a key from the stack, and pushes a key-value pair from the table at the given index (the next pair after the given key). Federal Resume. Usajobs! If there are no more elements in the table, then lua_next returns 0 (and pushes nothing). A typical traversal looks like this: While traversing a table, do not call lua_tolstring directly on a key, unless you know that the Catalogue (int Plugs), key is actually a string. Recall that lua_tolstring changes the value at the given index; this confuses the With No Experience | Resume, next call to lua_next . The type of numbers in Catalogue Spark Lua.
By default, it is double, but that can be changed in luaconf.h . Through the Builder Template. Templates Free 93, configuration file you can change Lua to operate with another type for (int numbers (e.g., float or long). Returns the You Letter, length of the value at the given acceptable index: for strings, this is the string length; for Catalogue tables, this is the result of the length operator (' # '); for Incredible Engineers For Resumes userdata, this is the size of the block of memory allocated for the userdata; for other values, it is 0. Calls a function in (int Spark Plugs) protected mode. Both nargs and The Most For Mechanical For Resumes nresults have the same meaning as in lua_call . If there are no errors during the call, lua_pcall behaves exactly like lua_call . Catalogue (int Spark! However, if there is any error, lua_pcall catches it, pushes a single value on the stack (the error message), and returns an error code. Like lua_call , lua_pcall always removes the function and its arguments from the stack.
If errfunc is 0, then the Free Template. Resume Templates, error message returned on the stack is Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) exactly the original error message. Otherwise, errfunc is the stack index of an error handler function . (In the current implementation, this index cannot be a pseudo-index.) In case of runtime errors, this function will be called with the error message and Free Template. Resume 93 its return value will be the message returned on the stack by (int Spark lua_pcall . Typically, the error handler function is used to add more debug information to the error message, such as a stack traceback. Such information cannot be gathered after the return of lua_pcall , since by then the stack has unwound. The lua_pcall function returns 0 in case of success or one of the following error codes (defined in lua.h ): LUA_ERRRUN : a runtime error. LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. For such errors, Lua does not call the error handler function. You Letter! LUA_ERRERR : error while running the error handler function.
Pops n elements from the stack. Pushes a boolean value with value b onto the stack. Pushes a new C closure onto the stack. When a C function is created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure (see §3.4); these values are then accessible to the function whenever it is called. To associate values with a C function, first these values should be pushed onto the stack (when there are multiple values, the first value is pushed first). Then lua_pushcclosure is called to create and push the C function onto the stack, with the argument n telling how many values should be associated with the function. lua_pushcclosure also pops these values from the stack. The maximum value for n is 255. Pushes a C function onto Catalogue (int the stack.
This function receives a pointer to a C function and pushes onto the stack a Lua value of type function that, when called, invokes the corresponding C function. Any function to be registered in Lua must follow the correct protocol to receive its parameters and return its results (see lua_CFunction ). lua_pushcfunction is 'would Choke County defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack a formatted string and returns a pointer to (int Plugs) this string. It is similar to the C function sprintf , but has some important differences: You do not have to allocate space for the result: the result is a Lua string and Thank You Letter Lua takes care of memory allocation (and deallocation, through garbage collection). The conversion specifiers are quite restricted. (int! There are no flags, widths, or precisions. The conversion specifiers can only be ' %% ' (inserts a ' % ' in the string), ' %s ' (inserts a zero-terminated string, with no size restrictions), ' %f ' (inserts a lua_Number ), ' %p ' (inserts a pointer as a hexadecimal numeral), ' %d ' (inserts an int ), and ' %c ' (inserts an int as a character). Pushes a number with value n onto Thank You Letter the stack. Pushes a light userdata onto (int the stack. Userdata represent C values in Template With No Experience Lua. A light userdata represents a pointer.
It is Spark Plugs) a value (like a number): you do not create it, it has no individual metatable, and it is Triple County Compass not collected (as it was never created). A light userdata is equal to any light userdata with the same C address. This macro is equivalent to lua_pushlstring , but can be used only when s is Catalogue Plugs) a literal string. In these cases, it automatically provides the string length. Pushes the Resume. Federal Resume. Builder, string pointed to by s with size len onto the stack. Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. The string can contain embedded zeros. Pushes a nil value onto the stack. Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes the zero-terminated string pointed to by s onto the stack. Lua makes (or reuses) an Catalogue (int Plugs), internal copy of the given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the H Invoices – The, function returns.
The string cannot contain embedded zeros; it is assumed to end at Plugs) the first zero. Pushes the thread represented by L onto the stack. Returns 1 if this thread is the main thread of its state. Pushes a copy of the Excel Pivot, element at the given valid index onto the stack. Equivalent to lua_pushfstring , except that it receives a va_list instead of a variable number of arguments. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and Catalogue (int index2 are primitively equal (that is, without calling metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the indices are non valid. Similar to You Letter lua_gettable , but does a raw access (i.e., without metamethods).
Pushes onto the stack the value t[n] , where t is the value at (int the given valid index. The access is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. Similar to lua_settable , but does a raw assignment (i.e., without metamethods). Does the Thank, equivalent of (int Spark Plugs), t[n] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index and v is the value at Sample Resume Template With | Resume the top of the stack. This function pops the value from the (int, stack.
The assignment is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. The reader function used by lua_load . Template. Resume Templates 93! Every time it needs another piece of the chunk, lua_load calls the reader, passing along its data parameter. The reader must return a pointer to Plugs) a block of memory with a new piece of the chunk and set size to You Letter the block size. The block must exist until the reader function is called again. To signal the end of the chunk, the reader must return NULL or set size to zero. The reader function may return pieces of any size greater than zero.
Sets the C function f as the new value of global name . It is defined as a macro: Removes the element at the given valid index, shifting down the elements above this index to Spark Plugs) fill the gap. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes not an actual stack position. Moves the top element into the given position (and pops it), without shifting any element (therefore replacing the Catalogue Spark Plugs), value at the given position). Starts and Private Sector Resume. Resume resumes a coroutine in a given thread. To start a coroutine, you first create a new thread (see lua_newthread ); then you push onto its stack the main function plus any arguments; then you call lua_resume , with narg being the number of arguments. This call returns when the Catalogue Spark Plugs), coroutine suspends or finishes its execution.
When it returns, the No Experience | Resume, stack contains all values passed to lua_yield , or all values returned by the body function. lua_resume returns LUA_YIELD if the coroutine yields, 0 if the coroutine finishes its execution without errors, or an error code in case of Catalogue Spark, errors (see lua_pcall ). In case of errors, the Private Sector Resume. Federal Usajobs Resume Builder, stack is not unwound, so you can use the debug API over (int Spark, it. The error message is on the top of the stack. To restart a coroutine, you put on its stack only the values to be passed as results from yield , and then call lua_resume . Changes the allocator function of a given state to f with user data ud . Pops a table from the stack and Excel sets it as the new environment for the value at the given index. If the value at the given index is neither a function nor a thread nor a userdata, lua_setfenv returns 0. Catalogue (int Spark! Otherwise it returns 1. Does the equivalent to Sector Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder t[k] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index and v is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the value from the stack.
As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8). Pops a value from the stack and sets it as the new value of (int, global name . It is defined as a macro: Pops a table from the stack and The Most Incredible Engineers For Resumes sets it as the new metatable for the value at the given acceptable index. Does the equivalent to t[k] = v , where t is the Catalogue, value at the given valid index, v is the value at You Letter the top of the stack, and k is the value just below the top. This function pops both the key and the value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for Spark the newindex event (see §2.8). Accepts any acceptable index, or 0, and Triple 'would Choke – The County sets the stack top to this index.
If the new top is Spark Plugs) larger than the old one, then the new elements are filled with nil . If index is 0, then all stack elements are removed. Opaque structure that keeps the whole state of a Lua interpreter. The Lua library is Sector Resume. Federal Usajobs Builder fully reentrant: it has no global variables. Catalogue Spark Plugs)! All information about Thank a state is kept in this structure. A pointer to this state must be passed as the first argument to every function in the library, except to lua_newstate , which creates a Lua state from scratch. Returns the status of the thread L . The status can be 0 for Catalogue (int Spark a normal thread, an Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder, error code if the thread finished its execution with an error, or LUA_YIELD if the thread is Catalogue (int Plugs) suspended.
Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to a C boolean value (0 or 1). Like all tests in Lua, lua_toboolean returns 1 for any Lua value different from false and nil ; otherwise it returns 0. It also returns 0 when called with a non-valid index. (If you want to accept only The Most Skills For Mechanical For Resumes actual boolean values, use lua_isboolean to test the value's type.) Converts a value at the given acceptable index to a C function. That value must be a C function; otherwise, returns NULL . Converts the Spark Plugs), Lua value at the given acceptable index to the signed integral type lua_Integer . The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tointeger returns 0. If the number is not an Resume Free Free, integer, it is truncated in some non-specified way. Converts the Lua value at Catalogue (int Plugs) the given acceptable index to a C string. If len is Excel 2010: Create Table & Chart not NULL , it also sets *len with the string length.
The Lua value must be a string or a number; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value is a number, then lua_tolstring also changes the actual value in the stack to a string . (This change confuses lua_next when lua_tolstring is applied to keys during a table traversal.) lua_tolstring returns a fully aligned pointer to a string inside the Lua state. This string always has a zero (' 0 ') after its last character (as in (int Spark Plugs) C), but can contain other zeros in its body. You Letter! Because Lua has garbage collection, there is no guarantee that the pointer returned by lua_tolstring will be valid after the (int Spark Plugs), corresponding value is Excel Create Pivot & Chart removed from the stack. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to the C type lua_Number (see lua_Number ). The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tonumber returns 0. Converts the value at the given acceptable index to Plugs) a generic C pointer ( void* ). The value can be a userdata, a table, a thread, or a function; otherwise, lua_topointer returns NULL . Different objects will give different pointers. There is no way to convert the You Letter, pointer back to its original value. Typically this function is (int used only for debug information.
Equivalent to The Most Incredible For Mechanical Engineers lua_tolstring with len equal to NULL . Converts the value at the given acceptable index to a Lua thread (represented as lua_State* ). This value must be a thread; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value at the given acceptable index is a full userdata, returns its block address. If the value is a light userdata, returns its pointer. Otherwise, returns NULL . Returns the type of the value in the given acceptable index, or LUA_TNONE for a non-valid index (that is, an index to Catalogue Spark Plugs) an empty stack position). The types returned by lua_type are coded by the following constants defined in lua.h : LUA_TNIL , LUA_TNUMBER , LUA_TBOOLEAN , LUA_TSTRING , LUA_TTABLE , LUA_TFUNCTION , LUA_TUSERDATA , LUA_TTHREAD , and LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA . Returns the name of the type encoded by the value tp , which must be one the Triple 'would A Horse' – The, values returned by lua_type . The type of the writer function used by lua_dump . Every time it produces another piece of chunk, lua_dump calls the writer, passing along the buffer to be written ( p ), its size ( sz ), and the data parameter supplied to lua_dump . The writer returns an error code: 0 means no errors; any other value means an error and stops lua_dump from calling the writer again. Exchange values between different threads of the Catalogue Plugs), same global state. This function pops n values from the Sample Resume, stack from , and pushes them onto Catalogue Plugs) the stack to Resume Builder Builder Free 93 . Yields a coroutine. This function should only be called as the return expression of a C function, as follows: When a C function calls lua_yield in Catalogue (int Spark that way, the running coroutine suspends its execution, and the call to lua_resume that started this coroutine returns. The parameter nresults is the Private Resume. Usajobs Builder, number of values from the (int Spark, stack that are passed as results to lua_resume . Lua has no built-in debugging facilities. Instead, it offers a special interface by means of functions and hooks . This interface allows the construction of different kinds of debuggers, profilers, and other tools that need inside information from the interpreter. A structure used to H Invoices 'would Choke A Horse' – The Compass carry different pieces of (int Spark Plugs), information about an active function. lua_getstack fills only the The Most Incredible For Mechanical Engineers, private part of this structure, for later use.
To fill the other fields of lua_Debug with useful information, call lua_getinfo . The fields of lua_Debug have the following meaning: source : If the function was defined in a string, then source is that string. If the function was defined in a file, then source starts with a ' @ ' followed by the file name. short_src : a printable version of source , to be used in (int Plugs) error messages. linedefined : the line number where the You Letter, definition of the function starts. lastlinedefined : the line number where the definition of the function ends. what : the string Lua if the function is Catalogue Spark Plugs) a Lua function, C if it is Private Sector Federal Resume. Resume a C function, main if it is the Catalogue (int Plugs), main part of a chunk, and tail if it was a function that did a tail call. In the latter case, Lua has no other information about the function. currentline : the current line where the given function is Private Sector Federal Resume Builder executing. When no line information is available, currentline is set to -1. name : a reasonable name for the given function. Because functions in Lua are first-class values, they do not have a fixed name: some functions can be the value of multiple global variables, while others can be stored only in a table field. The lua_getinfo function checks how the function was called to find a suitable name. If it cannot find a name, then name is set to NULL . namewhat : explains the name field. The value of namewhat can be global , local , method , field , upvalue , or (the empty string), according to how the function was called. (Lua uses the empty string when no other option seems to apply.) nups : the number of upvalues of the function. Returns the current hook function. Returns the (int Plugs), current hook count. Returns the current hook mask.
Returns information about a specific function or function invocation. To get information about a function invocation, the parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). To get information about a function you push it onto the stack and Incredible For Mechanical For Resumes start the what string with the character ' '. (In that case, lua_getinfo pops the function in Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) the top of the Sample Resume Template With, stack.) For instance, to know in which line a function f was defined, you can write the following code: Each character in (int Spark Plugs) the string what selects some fields of the structure ar to be filled or a value to Resume Builder Free Builder Templates Free 93 be pushed on Catalogue Spark Plugs) the stack: ' n ': fills in the field name and namewhat ; ' S ': fills in the fields source , short_src , linedefined , lastlinedefined , and what ; ' l ': fills in 2010: Pivot Table & Chart the field currentline ; ' u ': fills in the field nups ; ' f ': pushes onto the stack the function that is (int Spark running at the given level; ' L ': pushes onto the stack a table whose indices are the numbers of the The Most Skills For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes, lines that are valid on the function. (A valid line is a line with some associated code, that is, a line where you can put a break point. Non-valid lines include empty lines and comments.) This function returns 0 on Spark Plugs) error (for instance, an invalid option in what ). Gets information about a local variable of a given activation record. The parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). The index n selects which local variable to inspect (1 is the first parameter or active local variable, and so on, until the last active local variable). lua_getlocal pushes the variable's value onto the stack and returns its name.
Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals). Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the number of active local variables. Get information about the interpreter runtime stack. This function fills parts of a lua_Debug structure with an identification of the Resume Builder Template. 93, activation record of the Catalogue (int Spark, function executing at a given level. Level 0 is the current running function, whereas level n+1 is the function that has called level n . Resume Resume Templates Free! When there are no errors, lua_getstack returns 1; when called with a level greater than the stack depth, it returns 0. Gets information about (int Spark Plugs) a closure's upvalue. (For Lua functions, upvalues are the external local variables that the function uses, and that are consequently included in its closure.) lua_getupvalue gets the 2010: Create, index n of an upvalue, pushes the upvalue's value onto the stack, and Catalogue Spark Plugs) returns its name. funcindex points to the closure in the stack. (Upvalues have no particular order, as they are active through the whole function.
So, they are numbered in an arbitrary order.) Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the H Invoices Choke A Horse' Compass, number of upvalues. For C functions, this function uses the Spark Plugs), empty string as a name for Skills For Mechanical Engineers all upvalues. Type for debugging hook functions. Whenever a hook is called, its ar argument has its field event set to the specific event that triggered the hook.
Lua identifies these events with the following constants: LUA_HOOKCALL , LUA_HOOKRET , LUA_HOOKTAILRET , LUA_HOOKLINE , and LUA_HOOKCOUNT . Moreover, for line events, the field currentline is also set. To get the value of any other field in ar , the hook must call lua_getinfo . For return events, event can be LUA_HOOKRET , the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), normal value, or LUA_HOOKTAILRET . In the latter case, Lua is simulating a return from Builder Template. Resume Templates Free a function that did a tail call; in this case, it is useless to call lua_getinfo . While Lua is running a hook, it disables other calls to hooks. Therefore, if a hook calls back Lua to execute a function or a chunk, this execution occurs without any calls to hooks. Sets the debugging hook function. Argument f is the Catalogue Spark Plugs), hook function. mask specifies on which events the hook will be called: it is Triple H Invoices 'would A Horse' formed by a bitwise or of the constants LUA_MASKCALL , LUA_MASKRET , LUA_MASKLINE , and LUA_MASKCOUNT . The count argument is Catalogue (int only meaningful when the mask includes LUA_MASKCOUNT . For each event, the hook is called as explained below: The call hook: is called when the interpreter calls a function. The hook is called just after Lua enters the Builder Resume Builder Templates, new function, before the function gets its arguments. The return hook: is called when the interpreter returns from a function. The hook is called just before Lua leaves the function. You have no access to Spark Plugs) the values to be returned by the function.
The line hook: is called when the interpreter is about to Template. Resume Builder Free start the Spark Plugs), execution of a new line of code, or when it jumps back in the code (even to the same line). (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) The count hook: is called after the interpreter executes every count instructions. (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) A hook is disabled by setting mask to Builder Free Template. Templates Free 93 zero. Sets the value of Catalogue, a local variable of a given activation record. Parameters ar and Sample With n are as in lua_getlocal (see lua_getlocal ). lua_setlocal assigns the value at the top of the (int, stack to 2010: Create Table & Chart the variable and Catalogue Spark Plugs) returns its name. It also pops the value from the stack. Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is greater than the Excel 2010: Table & Chart, number of active local variables.
Sets the value of a closure's upvalue. It assigns the value at the top of the stack to the upvalue and returns its name. It also pops the value from the stack. Parameters funcindex and n are as in the lua_getupvalue (see lua_getupvalue ). Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is greater than the number of upvalues. The auxiliary library provides several convenient functions to interface C with Lua.
While the (int Spark Plugs), basic API provides the Skills Engineers For Resumes, primitive functions for Plugs) all interactions between C and Lua, the auxiliary library provides higher-level functions for some common tasks. All functions from the auxiliary library are defined in header file lauxlib.h and have a prefix luaL_ . All functions in the auxiliary library are built on top of the basic API, and so they provide nothing that cannot be done with this API. Several functions in the auxiliary library are used to check C function arguments. For Mechanical! Their names are always luaL_check* or luaL_opt* . All of these functions throw an error if the (int Spark Plugs), check is not satisfied. Because the error message is formatted for arguments (e.g., bad argument #1 ), you should not use these functions for other stack values. Here we list all functions and types from the auxiliary library in alphabetical order. Adds the character c to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Adds the string pointed to You Letter by s with length l to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may contain embedded zeros.
Adds to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ) a string of length n previously copied to the buffer area (see luaL_prepbuffer ). Adds the zero-terminated string pointed to by s to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may not contain embedded zeros. Adds the value at the top of the stack to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Catalogue Plugs)! Pops the value. This is the only function on 'would string buffers that can (and must) be called with an extra element on the stack, which is the value to (int be added to the buffer. Checks whether cond is true. If not, raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the call stack:
Raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the call stack: This function never returns, but it is an idiom to use it in C functions as return luaL_argerror( args ) . Type for a string buffer . A string buffer allows C code to build Lua strings piecemeal. Its pattern of use is as follows: First you declare a variable b of Free Resume Free, type luaL_Buffer . Then you initialize it with a call luaL_buffinit(L, b) . Then you add string pieces to the buffer calling any of the luaL_add* functions. You finish by Spark Plugs) calling luaL_pushresult(b) . Sample Sample! This call leaves the Catalogue (int Spark, final string on the top of the stack. During its normal operation, a string buffer uses a variable number of stack slots. So, while using a buffer, you cannot assume that you know where the top of the Private Sector Resume. Federal Resume. Resume, stack is. You can use the stack between successive calls to buffer operations as long as that use is balanced; that is, when you call a buffer operation, the stack is at the same level it was immediately after the previous buffer operation. (The only exception to this rule is luaL_addvalue .) After calling luaL_pushresult the stack is Catalogue Spark back to its level when the buffer was initialized, plus the final string on Builder Free Template. Resume Builder Templates Free 93 its top. Initializes a buffer B . This function does not allocate any space; the buffer must be declared as a variable (see luaL_Buffer ). Calls a metamethod. If the object at index obj has a metatable and this metatable has a field e , this function calls this field and passes the object as its only argument. In this case this function returns 1 and pushes onto the stack the value returned by the call.
If there is no metatable or no metamethod, this function returns 0 (without pushing any value on the stack). Checks whether the function has an argument of any type (including nil ) at position narg . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and (int returns this number cast to an int . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to 2010: Pivot a lua_Integer . Checks whether the (int, function argument narg is Triple H Invoices 'would Choke A Horse' – The a number and Catalogue returns this number cast to a long . Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and returns this string; if l is not NULL fills *l with the string's length. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and Excel Pivot Table caveats of (int Spark Plugs), that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and Thank You Letter returns this number. Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and searches for this string in the array lst (which must be NULL-terminated). Returns the index in the array where the string was found. Raises an error if the argument is not a string or if the string cannot be found. If def is not NULL , the function uses def as a default value when there is no argument narg or if this argument is (int Spark Plugs) nil . This is | Resume Sample a useful function for mapping strings to C enums. (The usual convention in Lua libraries is to use strings instead of numbers to select options.)
Grows the stack size to top + sz elements, raising an Catalogue Spark, error if the stack cannot grow to that size. msg is an additional text to Private Sector Federal Usajobs go into the error message. Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and returns this string. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the Catalogue Spark Plugs), function argument narg has type t . Sector Resume. Federal Usajobs! See lua_type for Plugs) the encoding of types for Pivot Table & Chart t . Checks whether the function argument narg is a userdata of the type tname (see luaL_newmetatable ). Loads and runs the given file. It is Catalogue defined as the following macro:
It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in Choke County Compass case of errors. Loads and Spark runs the given string. It is defined as the following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of Private Sector Resume. Usajobs, errors. Raises an error. The error message format is (int Spark given by fmt plus any extra arguments, following the same rules of lua_pushfstring . It also adds at the beginning of the Resume Template With No Experience Sample, message the file name and Spark the line number where the error occurred, if this information is available.
This function never returns, but it is an idiom to Pivot & Chart use it in C functions as return luaL_error( args ) . Pushes onto the stack the field e from the metatable of the object at index obj . If the object does not have a metatable, or if the Catalogue Spark Plugs), metatable does not have this field, returns 0 and pushes nothing. Pushes onto the stack the metatable associated with name tname in the registry (see luaL_newmetatable ). Creates a copy of string s by replacing any occurrence of the H Invoices 'would Choke – The County Compass, string p with the string r . Pushes the resulting string on the stack and Catalogue (int Plugs) returns it. Loads a buffer as a Lua chunk. H Invoices 'would Choke County! This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in the buffer pointed to by buff with size sz . This function returns the Spark Plugs), same results as lua_load . You Letter! name is the chunk name, used for debug information and Spark Plugs) error messages. Loads a file as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to You Letter load the chunk in the file named filename . If filename is NULL , then it loads from the (int Spark Plugs), standard input.
The first line in the file is You Letter ignored if it starts with a # . This function returns the same results as lua_load , but it has an extra error code LUA_ERRFILE if it cannot open/read the file. As lua_load , this function only Catalogue Spark Plugs) loads the chunk; it does not run it. Loads a string as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the Resume Builder Templates Free, chunk in the zero-terminated string s . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Also as lua_load , this function only loads the (int, chunk; it does not run it. If the registry already has the key tname , returns 0. Sample Resume With Sample! Otherwise, creates a new table to Catalogue Spark Plugs) be used as a metatable for userdata, adds it to the registry with key tname , and returns 1. In both cases pushes onto the stack the The Most Incredible Skills Engineers, final value associated with tname in the registry.
Creates a new Lua state. It calls lua_newstate with an allocator based on the standard C realloc function and then sets a panic function (see lua_atpanic ) that prints an error message to Catalogue the standard error output in Resume Builder Free Template. Resume case of fatal errors. Returns the new state, or NULL if there is a memory allocation error. Opens all standard Lua libraries into Catalogue (int Plugs), the given state. If the Builder Free Template. Resume Builder Templates 93, function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to an int . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an Catalogue (int Plugs), error. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to You Letter a lua_Integer . Catalogue (int Spark! If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the You Letter, function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to a long . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a string, returns this string.
If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an Catalogue Spark Plugs), error. If l is not NULL , fills the position *l with the results's length. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is You Letter a string, returns this string. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error.
Returns an (int Plugs), address to Resume. Resume. Builder a space of Plugs), size LUAL_BUFFERSIZE where you can copy a string to be added to buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). After copying the Sample Template With No Experience | Resume Sample, string into this space you must call luaL_addsize with the size of the string to actually add it to the buffer. Finishes the use of buffer B leaving the final string on the top of the stack. Creates and returns a reference , in the table at index t , for the object at the top of the stack (and pops the object). A reference is a unique integer key. As long as you do not manually add integer keys into table t , luaL_ref ensures the uniqueness of the key it returns. You can retrieve an object referred by reference r by calling lua_rawgeti(L, t, r) . Function luaL_unref frees a reference and its associated object. If the object at the top of the stack is nil , luaL_ref returns the constant LUA_REFNIL . (int Spark! The constant LUA_NOREF is guaranteed to be different from any reference returned by luaL_ref . Type for arrays of functions to be registered by 'would A Horse' – The luaL_register . name is the function name and func is a pointer to the function. Any array of luaL_Reg must end with an sentinel entry in which both name and Spark Plugs) func are NULL . Opens a library. When called with libname equal to NULL , it simply registers all functions in the list l (see luaL_Reg ) into the table on Private Sector Federal Resume. Usajobs the top of the stack.
When called with a non-null libname , luaL_register creates a new table t , sets it as the value of the global variable libname , sets it as the value of package.loaded[libname] , and registers on it all functions in the list l . If there is Catalogue Plugs) a table in package.loaded[libname] or in Resume Builder Template. variable libname , reuses this table instead of creating a new one. In any case the function leaves the table on Catalogue (int the top of the stack. Returns the name of the type of the value at Sector Resume. Federal Usajobs Resume Builder the given index. Generates an error with a message like the following: where location is Catalogue (int Plugs) produced by luaL_where , func is the name of the current function, and rt is the type name of the actual argument. Releases reference ref from the table at index t (see luaL_ref ). The entry is Builder Template. Templates removed from the table, so that the referred object can be collected. The reference ref is also freed to be used again. Pushes onto Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) the stack a string identifying the current position of the control at Triple H Invoices level lvl in the call stack.
Typically this string has the Catalogue Plugs), following format: Level 0 is the running function, level 1 is the function that called the running function, etc. This function is used to build a prefix for error messages. The standard Lua libraries provide useful functions that are implemented directly through the C API. Some of these functions provide essential services to the language (e.g., type and getmetatable ); others provide access to outside services (e.g., I/O); and others could be implemented in Lua itself, but are quite useful or have critical performance requirements that deserve an implementation in C (e.g., table.sort ). All libraries are implemented through the Excel 2010: Create, official C API and are provided as separate C modules. Currently, Lua has the following standard libraries: basic library, which includes the Catalogue Plugs), coroutine sub-library; package library; string manipulation; table manipulation; mathematical functions (sin, log, etc.); input and output; operating system facilities; debug facilities. Except for Triple 'would County the basic and package libraries, each library provides all its functions as fields of Spark, a global table or as methods of For Mechanical For Resumes, its objects. To have access to these libraries, the C host program should call the Catalogue Spark, luaL_openlibs function, which opens all standard libraries.
Alternatively, it can open them individually by calling luaopen_base (for the Thank, basic library), luaopen_package (for the package library), luaopen_string (for the string library), luaopen_table (for the table library), luaopen_math (for the mathematical library), luaopen_io (for the I/O library), luaopen_os (for the Operating System library), and luaopen_debug (for the debug library). These functions are declared in lualib.h and should not be called directly: you must call them like any other Lua C function, e.g., by using lua_call . The basic library provides some core functions to Catalogue (int Spark Lua. If you do not include this library in your application, you should check carefully whether you need to provide implementations for some of its facilities. This function is a generic interface to the garbage collector. It performs different functions according to its first argument, opt : collect: performs a full garbage-collection cycle. This is the default option. stop: stops the Resume Builder Free Template. Resume Free, garbage collector. restart: restarts the garbage collector. count: returns the total memory in Catalogue Spark Plugs) use by Lua (in Kbytes). step: performs a garbage-collection step. The step size is controlled by arg (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way. If you want to control the Builder Free Templates, step size you must experimentally tune the value of arg . Returns true if the step finished a collection cycle. setpause: sets arg as the new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10). Returns the previous value for pause . Catalogue (int! setstepmul: sets arg as the new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). For Resumes! Returns the Catalogue Plugs), previous value for Federal Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder step . Usually, error adds some information about the (int Plugs), error position at the beginning of the message.
The level argument specifies how to get the error position. With level 1 (the default), the error position is where the Template. Resume Builder Free, error function was called. Level 2 points the Plugs), error to where the Resume Template With | Resume, function that called error was called; and so on. Passing a level 0 avoids the addition of error position information to the message. If object does not have a metatable, returns nil . Otherwise, if the object's metatable has a __metatable field, returns the associated value. Otherwise, returns the metatable of the given object. Returns three values: an iterator function, the Catalogue Spark, table t , and 0, so that the You Letter, construction. will iterate over the pairs ( 1,t ), ( 2,t ), ···, up to the first integer key absent from the Catalogue, table.
Loads a chunk using function func to get its pieces. Each call to func must return a string that concatenates with previous results. A return of an empty string, nil , or no value signals the end of the chunk. If there are no errors, returns the compiled chunk as a function; otherwise, returns nil plus the error message. You Letter! The environment of the returned function is the global environment. chunkname is used as the chunk name for (int Plugs) error messages and debug information. Create & Chart! When absent, it defaults to =(load) . Similar to load , but gets the Catalogue Plugs), chunk from file filename or from the standard input, if no file name is given. Similar to load , but gets the chunk from the given string.
To load and Resume Builder Free Builder Templates Free run a given string, use the idiom. When absent, chunkname defaults to Catalogue Plugs) the given string. Allows a program to Thank You Letter traverse all fields of a table. Its first argument is (int Spark Plugs) a table and its second argument is an index in You Letter this table. Catalogue Plugs)! next returns the next index of the table and its associated value. When called with nil as its second argument, next returns an initial index and its associated value. When called with the last index, or with nil in an empty table, next returns nil . Sector Resume. Resume! If the second argument is absent, then it is Catalogue Plugs) interpreted as nil . In particular, you can use next(t) to check whether a table is empty. The order in which the indices are enumerated is not specified, even for numeric indices . Free 93! (To traverse a table in (int numeric order, use a numerical for & Chart or the ipairs function.) The behavior of (int Spark Plugs), next is Sample Resume Template No Experience undefined if, during the Plugs), traversal, you assign any value to a non-existent field in the table. Templates 93! You may however modify existing fields. In particular, you may clear existing fields. Returns three values: the next function, the table t , and (int Spark nil , so that the construction.
will iterate over all keyvalue pairs of Triple H Invoices 'would Choke – The Compass, table t . See function next for the caveats of Plugs), modifying the table during its traversal. Calls function f with the given arguments in protected mode . This means that any error inside f is not propagated; instead, pcall catches the Create Pivot, error and Catalogue (int Plugs) returns a status code. Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the call succeeds without errors. In such case, pcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. In case of any error, pcall returns false plus the error message. This function returns table . If index is a number, returns all arguments after argument number index . Otherwise, index must be the string # , and select returns the total number of extra arguments it received. Sets the environment to be used by the given function. Sample No Experience | Resume Sample! f can be a Lua function or a number that specifies the function at that stack level: Level 1 is the function calling setfenv . Spark Plugs)! setfenv returns the given function. As a special case, when f is Triple Choke A Horse' – The County 0 setfenv changes the environment of the Catalogue (int, running thread. In this case, setfenv returns no values.
Sets the metatable for the given table. (You cannot change the metatable of other types from Lua, only from C.) If metatable is nil , removes the Thank You Letter, metatable of the Catalogue Spark Plugs), given table. If the Choke A Horse' County Compass, original metatable has a __metatable field, raises an error. This function returns table . An optional argument specifies the base to interpret the numeral. Spark! The base may be any integer between 2 and 36, inclusive. Builder Template. Resume Builder Templates Free 93! In bases above 10, the Catalogue (int, letter ' A ' (in either upper or lower case) represents 10, ' B ' represents 11, and so forth, with ' Z ' representing 35. Excel Pivot! In base 10 (the default), the number can have a decimal part, as well as an optional exponent part (see §2.1). In other bases, only unsigned integers are accepted.
If the metatable of e has a __tostring field, then tostring calls the Catalogue Spark, corresponding value with e as argument, and uses the Resume | Resume, result of the call as its result. except that the above code can be written only for a fixed number of elements. By default, i is 1 and j is the length of the list, as defined by the length operator (see §2.5.5). This function is similar to pcall , except that you can set a new error handler. xpcall calls function f in protected mode, using err as the error handler. Any error inside f is not propagated; instead, xpcall catches the Catalogue Spark Plugs), error, calls the err function with the You Letter, original error object, and returns a status code. Its first result is the Catalogue Spark, status code (a boolean), which is true if the call succeeds without errors. In this case, xpcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. In case of any error, xpcall returns false plus the result from 2010: Create Pivot & Chart err . The operations related to coroutines comprise a sub-library of the basic library and come inside the table coroutine . Catalogue Spark! See §2.11 for a general description of coroutines.
Creates a new coroutine, with body f . Private Sector Resume. Resume Builder! f must be a Lua function. Returns this new coroutine, an object with type thread . Starts or continues the execution of coroutine co . The first time you resume a coroutine, it starts running its body. The values val1 , ··· are passed as the arguments to the body function. If the coroutine has yielded, resume restarts it; the values val1 , ··· are passed as the results from the yield. If the coroutine runs without any errors, resume returns true plus any values passed to yield (if the coroutine yields) or any values returned by Catalogue (int Plugs) the body function (if the coroutine terminates).
If there is any error, resume returns false plus the error message. Returns the running coroutine, or nil when called by the main thread. Returns the status of coroutine co , as a string: running , if the coroutine is running (that is, it called status ); suspended , if the Sample Resume Template With | Resume Sample, coroutine is suspended in a call to yield , or if it has not started running yet; normal if the coroutine is (int active but not running (that is, it has resumed another coroutine); and dead if the Pivot & Chart, coroutine has finished its body function, or if it has stopped with an Spark, error. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . f must be a Lua function. Returns a function that resumes the coroutine each time it is called.
Any arguments passed to the function behave as the extra arguments to resume . Returns the Sector Resume. Federal Resume. Usajobs Resume, same values returned by resume , except the first boolean. In case of error, propagates the error. Suspends the Catalogue (int, execution of the calling coroutine. The coroutine cannot be running a C function, a metamethod, or an Excel Create Pivot & Chart, iterator. Any arguments to Plugs) yield are passed as extra results to resume . The package library provides basic facilities for Sector loading and building modules in Lua. It exports two of its functions directly in the global environment: require and (int Spark module . Everything else is exported in a table package . Creates a module. If there is a table in package.loaded[name] , this table is the module. Otherwise, if there is a global table t with the given name, this table is the module. Otherwise creates a new table t and sets it as the Private Resume. Usajobs Builder, value of the global name and the value of Catalogue Plugs), package.loaded[name] . The Most Incredible Skills For Resumes! This function also initializes t._NAME with the given name, t._M with the module ( t itself), and Catalogue Spark t._PACKAGE with the package name (the full module name minus last component; see below).
Finally, module sets t as the new environment of the current function and the new value of Create Table & Chart, package.loaded[name] , so that require returns t . If name is a compound name (that is, one with components separated by dots), module creates (or reuses, if they already exist) tables for each component. Catalogue (int! For instance, if name is a.b.c , then module stores the module table in field c of field b of The Most Incredible Skills For Resumes, global a . This function can receive optional options after the module name, where each option is Catalogue (int Plugs) a function to be applied over Pivot, the module. Loads the given module. The function starts by (int Plugs) looking into the package.loaded table to determine whether modname is Builder Free Template. Resume Templates Free already loaded. If it is, then require returns the (int Spark, value stored at package.loaded[modname] . The Most Engineers For Resumes! Otherwise, it tries to find a loader for the module.
To find a loader, require is guided by the package.loaders array. By changing this array, we can change how require looks for a module. The following explanation is based on the default configuration for package.loaders . First require queries package.preload[modname] . If it has a value, this value (which should be a function) is the loader. Otherwise require searches for Spark Plugs) a Lua loader using the path stored in package.path . If that also fails, it searches for a C loader using the path stored in package.cpath . If that also fails, it tries an all-in-one loader (see package.loaders ). Once a loader is found, require calls the loader with a single argument, modname . If the loader returns any value, require assigns the returned value to Thank package.loaded[modname] . If the loader returns no value and has not assigned any value to package.loaded[modname] , then require assigns true to this entry. In any case, require returns the final value of package.loaded[modname] . If there is any error loading or running the module, or if it cannot find any loader for the module, then require signals an error.
The path used by Catalogue (int Spark require to search for a C loader. Lua initializes the Resume Builder Free Template. 93, C path package.cpath in the same way it initializes the Lua path package.path , using the environment variable LUA_CPATH or a default path defined in luaconf.h . A table used by require to control which modules are already loaded. When you require a module modname and package.loaded[modname] is not false, require simply returns the value stored there. A table used by require to control how to load modules. Each entry in this table is a searcher function . (int Plugs)! When looking for a module, require calls each of these searchers in ascending order, with the module name (the argument given to require ) as its sole parameter. The function can return another function (the module loader ) or a string explaining why it did not find that module (or nil if it has nothing to say). Lua initializes this table with four functions. The first searcher simply looks for a loader in the package.preload table.
The second searcher looks for a loader as a Lua library, using the path stored at Thank You Letter package.path . A path is a sequence of templates separated by semicolons. For each template, the Catalogue (int, searcher will change each interrogation mark in the template by filename , which is the module name with each dot replaced by a directory separator (such as / in Unix); then it will try to Private Sector Resume. Federal Resume. Usajobs Resume open the Catalogue (int Spark, resulting file name. Sample With | Resume! So, for instance, if the Lua path is the string. the search for a Lua file for module foo will try to open the Plugs), files ./foo.lua , ./foo.lc , and 'would /usr/local/foo/init.lua , in Spark that order. The third searcher looks for a loader as a C library, using the Free Builder Free 93, path given by the variable package.cpath . For instance, if the C path is the string. the searcher for module foo will try to open the files ./foo.so , ./foo.dll , and Spark Plugs) /usr/local/foo/init.so , in A Horse' that order. Once it finds a C library, this searcher first uses a dynamic link facility to link the application with the library. Then it tries to find a C function inside the library to be used as the loader. The name of this C function is the string luaopen_ concatenated with a copy of the module name where each dot is replaced by an underscore. Moreover, if the Catalogue (int, module name has a hyphen, its prefix up to (and including) the first hyphen is removed. For instance, if the module name is a.v1-b.c , the function name will be luaopen_b_c . The fourth searcher tries an all-in-one loader . It searches the Thank You Letter, C path for a library for the root name of the given module.
For instance, when requiring a.b.c , it will search for a C library for Catalogue Spark Plugs) a . If found, it looks into it for Resume Builder Templates Free an open function for the submodule; in our example, that would be luaopen_a_b_c . With this facility, a package can pack several C submodules into Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), one single library, with each submodule keeping its original open function. Dynamically links the host program with the C library libname . Inside this library, looks for a function funcname and returns this function as a C function. (So, funcname must follow the protocol (see lua_CFunction )). This is a low-level function. It completely bypasses the package and module system. Unlike require , it does not perform any path searching and does not automatically adds extensions. libname must be the complete file name of the C library, including if necessary a path and extension. funcname must be the exact name exported by the C library (which may depend on the C compiler and linker used).
This function is not supported by Resume Builder Free Template. Builder Templates Free ANSI C. As such, it is only available on some platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, BSD, plus other Unix systems that support the dlfcn standard). The path used by require to search for a Lua loader. At start-up, Lua initializes this variable with the Spark, value of the environment variable LUA_PATH or with a default path defined in luaconf.h , if the environment variable is not defined. Any ;; in Triple H Invoices 'would A Horse' – The County the value of the environment variable is replaced by the default path. A table to store loaders for specific modules (see require ). Sets a metatable for module with its __index field referring to the global environment, so that this module inherits values from the Catalogue Plugs), global environment. To be used as an option to function module . This library provides generic functions for string manipulation, such as finding and extracting substrings, and pattern matching. When indexing a string in H Invoices 'would Choke A Horse' – The Compass Lua, the first character is at position 1 (not at 0, as in C). Indices are allowed to (int be negative and are interpreted as indexing backwards, from the end of the Create Pivot Table, string. Plugs)! Thus, the last character is at position -1, and so on.
The string library provides all its functions inside the table string . It also sets a metatable for strings where the __index field points to the string table. 2010: & Chart! Therefore, you can use the string functions in object-oriented style. For instance, string.byte(s, i) can be written as s:byte(i) . The string library assumes one-byte character encodings. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Returns a string containing a binary representation of the given function, so that a later loadstring on this string returns a copy of the function. function must be a Lua function without upvalues. string.find (s, pattern [, init [, plain]]) If the pattern has captures, then in a successful match the captured values are also returned, after the Spark Plugs), two indices. will produce the string: The options c , d , E , e , f , g , G , i , o , u , X , and x all expect a number as argument, whereas q and s expect a string. This function does not accept string values containing embedded zeros, except as arguments to the q option.
As an example, the following loop. will iterate over all the You Letter, words from string s , printing one per Catalogue line. The next example collects all pairs key=value from the You Letter, given string into a table: For this function, a ' ^ ' at the start of a pattern does not work as an anchor, as this would prevent the iteration. If repl is a string, then its value is Catalogue Spark Plugs) used for replacement. The character % works as an escape character: any sequence in repl of the form % n , with n between 1 and 9, stands for the value of the n -th captured substring (see below). The sequence %0 stands for the whole match. The sequence %% stands for a single % . If repl is a table, then the table is Triple Choke A Horse' – The County queried for every match, using the Catalogue (int, first capture as the key; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is used as the key. If repl is Incredible Skills a function, then this function is called every time a match occurs, with all captured substrings passed as arguments, in order; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is passed as a sole argument.
If the value returned by the table query or by the function call is a string or a number, then it is Catalogue (int used as the replacement string; otherwise, if it is false or nil , then there is no replacement (that is, the original match is kept in the string). Here are some examples: A character class is used to represent a set of characters. The following combinations are allowed in describing a character class: x : (where x is not one of the magic characters ^$()%.*+-? ) represents the character x itself. . : (a dot) represents all characters. Thank! %a : represents all letters. %c : represents all control characters. %d : represents all digits. (int! %l : represents all lowercase letters. %p : represents all punctuation characters. %s : represents all space characters. 2010: Create Table! %u : represents all uppercase letters. Catalogue! %w : represents all alphanumeric characters. 2010: & Chart! %x : represents all hexadecimal digits. %z : represents the (int Plugs), character with representation 0. % x : (where x is any non-alphanumeric character) represents the character x . This is the standard way to escape the magic characters. Any punctuation character (even the non magic) can be preceded by a ' % ' when used to represent itself in Skills For Mechanical Engineers a pattern. [ set ] : represents the class which is the union of all characters in set . A range of characters can be specified by separating the Catalogue (int Spark, end characters of the range with a ' - '. All classes % x described above can also be used as components in 2010: Pivot & Chart set . All other characters in set represent themselves. Catalogue Spark! For example, [%w_] (or [_%w] ) represents all alphanumeric characters plus the underscore, [0-7] represents the octal digits, and [0-7%l%-] represents the octal digits plus the lowercase letters plus the ' - ' character. The interaction between ranges and Pivot Table & Chart classes is not defined.
Therefore, patterns like [%a-z] or [a-%%] have no meaning. Catalogue Spark Plugs)! [^ set ] : represents the complement of set , where set is interpreted as above. For all classes represented by single letters ( %a , %c , etc.), the corresponding uppercase letter represents the complement of the class. Federal Resume. Builder! For instance, %S represents all non-space characters. The definitions of letter, space, and other character groups depend on the current locale. In particular, the class [a-z] may not be equivalent to %l . A pattern item can be a single character class, which matches any single character in (int Plugs) the class; a single character class followed by ' * ', which matches 0 or more repetitions of Excel, characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' + ', which matches 1 or more repetitions of characters in the class.
These repetition items will always match the Plugs), longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' - ', which also matches 0 or more repetitions of characters in the class. Unlike ' * ', these repetition items will always match the shortest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' ? ', which matches 0 or 1 occurrence of a character in the class; % n , for n between 1 and 9; such item matches a substring equal to the n -th captured string (see below); %b xy , where x and y are two distinct characters; such item matches strings that start with x , end with y , and where the Resume Free Template. Resume Builder Free, x and y are balanced . This means that, if one reads the Catalogue (int, string from left to right, counting +1 for an x and -1 for Excel 2010: Pivot Table & Chart a y , the ending y is the first y where the count reaches 0. For instance, the item %b() matches expressions with balanced parentheses. A pattern is a sequence of pattern items. A ' ^ ' at the beginning of a pattern anchors the match at the beginning of the subject string. A ' $ ' at the end of a pattern anchors the match at the end of the subject string. At other positions, ' ^ ' and ' $ ' have no special meaning and represent themselves.
A pattern can contain sub-patterns enclosed in parentheses; they describe captures . When a match succeeds, the substrings of the subject string that match captures are stored ( captured ) for future use. Captures are numbered according to their left parentheses. For instance, in the pattern (a*(.)%w(%s*)) , the part of the string matching a*(.)%w(%s*) is stored as the first capture (and therefore has number 1); the character matching . is captured with number 2, and the part matching %s* has number 3. As a special case, the empty capture () captures the current string position (a number). For instance, if we apply the pattern ()aa() on the string flaaap , there will be two captures: 3 and 5. A pattern cannot contain embedded zeros. Use %z instead. This library provides generic functions for table manipulation.
It provides all its functions inside the table table . Most functions in the table library assume that the Catalogue, table represents an array or a list. For these functions, when we talk about the length of a table we mean the result of the length operator. Inserts element value at position pos in table , shifting up other elements to open space, if necessary. The default value for pos is n+1 , where n is the length of the table (see §2.5.5), so that a call table.insert(t,x) inserts x at Pivot Table & Chart the end of table t . Returns the largest positive numerical index of the given table, or zero if the table has no positive numerical indices. (To do its job this function does a linear traversal of the whole table.) Removes from Spark Plugs) table the element at position pos , shifting down other elements to close the space, if necessary. Returns the value of the Excel 2010: Create Pivot & Chart, removed element.
The default value for pos is n , where n is the (int Spark Plugs), length of the The Most For Mechanical Engineers, table, so that a call table.remove(t) removes the last element of table t . The sort algorithm is not stable; that is, elements considered equal by the given order may have their relative positions changed by the sort. This library is an interface to the standard C math library. It provides all its functions inside the table math . Returns the absolute value of x . Returns the arc cosine of x (in radians). Returns the arc sine of x (in radians). Returns the arc tangent of x (in radians).
Returns the arc tangent of y/x (in radians), but uses the signs of both parameters to find the (int Spark, quadrant of the result. (It also handles correctly the case of x being zero.) Returns the smallest integer larger than or equal to x . Returns the With | Resume, cosine of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of x . Returns the angle x (given in radians) in degrees. Returns the value e x . Returns the largest integer smaller than or equal to x . Returns the remainder of the division of x by y that rounds the quotient towards zero. Returns m and e such that x = m2 e , e is an integer and the absolute value of m is in the range [0.5, 1) (or zero when x is zero). The value HUGE_VAL , a value larger than or equal to any other numerical value. Returns m2 e ( e should be an integer). Returns the Catalogue (int Spark, natural logarithm of x . Returns the Thank, base-10 logarithm of x . Returns the maximum value among its arguments.
Returns the minimum value among its arguments. Returns two numbers, the integral part of x and the fractional part of Catalogue Spark, x . Returns x y . Resume | Resume Sample! (You can also use the expression x^y to Catalogue (int Plugs) compute this value.) Returns the angle x (given in degrees) in radians. This function is an interface to the simple pseudo-random generator function rand provided by ANSI C. (No guarantees can be given for its statistical properties.) When called without arguments, returns a uniform pseudo-random real number in Incredible Skills For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes the range [0,1) . Catalogue Spark Plugs)! When called with an integer number m , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [1, m] . When called with two integer numbers m and Private Sector Resume. Federal Resume. n , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [m, n] . Sets x as the seed for the pseudo-random generator: equal seeds produce equal sequences of Catalogue Spark Plugs), numbers. Returns the sine of x (assumed to be in For Mechanical radians). Returns the hyperbolic sine of x . Returns the square root of x . (You can also use the expression x^0.5 to Catalogue (int Plugs) compute this value.) Returns the tangent of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of x . The I/O library provides two different styles for file manipulation. The first one uses implicit file descriptors; that is, there are operations to set a default input file and a default output file, and Triple H Invoices Choke A Horse' County Compass all input/output operations are over these default files.
The second style uses explicit file descriptors. When using implicit file descriptors, all operations are supplied by table io . When using explicit file descriptors, the operation io.open returns a file descriptor and Spark then all operations are supplied as methods of the file descriptor. The table io also provides three predefined file descriptors with their usual meanings from C: io.stdin , io.stdout , and io.stderr . The I/O library never closes these files. Unless otherwise stated, all I/O functions return nil on Builder Free Template. Resume Builder Free 93 failure (plus an error message as a second result and Catalogue Spark Plugs) a system-dependent error code as a third result) and some value different from nil on success. Equivalent to file:close() . Without a file , closes the H Invoices 'would Choke Compass, default output file. Equivalent to file:flush over the default output file. When called with a file name, it opens the named file (in text mode), and sets its handle as the default input file. When called with a file handle, it simply sets this file handle as the default input file.
When called without parameters, it returns the current default input file. In case of errors this function raises the error, instead of (int Plugs), returning an error code. Opens the given file name in read mode and returns an iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the Sample With No Experience, file. Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the file. When the iterator function detects the end of file, it returns nil (to finish the loop) and automatically closes the file. The call io.lines() (with no file name) is equivalent to io.input():lines() ; that is, it iterates over the lines of the default input file. In this case it does not close the file when the (int Spark Plugs), loop ends. This function opens a file, in the mode specified in the string mode . It returns a new file handle, or, in Templates case of errors, nil plus an error message. The mode string can be any of the following: r: read mode (the default); w: write mode; a: append mode; r+: update mode, all previous data is preserved; w+: update mode, all previous data is erased; a+: append update mode, previous data is preserved, writing is only allowed at (int Spark Plugs) the end of file.
The mode string can also have a ' b ' at the end, which is Choke County needed in some systems to Spark open the file in binary mode. This string is exactly what is used in Thank You Letter the standard C function fopen . Similar to Catalogue Spark Plugs) io.input , but operates over the default output file. Starts program prog in a separated process and returns a file handle that you can use to read data from this program (if mode is r , the default) or to write data to this program (if mode is w ). This function is H Invoices Choke A Horse' – The County system dependent and is not available on all platforms. Equivalent to io.input():read . Returns a handle for a temporary file. Spark! This file is opened in update mode and With No Experience | Resume it is automatically removed when the program ends. Checks whether obj is Spark Plugs) a valid file handle. Returns the Excel Create Table & Chart, string file if obj is an open file handle, closed file if obj is a closed file handle, or nil if obj is not a file handle.
Equivalent to io.output():write . Closes file . Note that files are automatically closed when their handles are garbage collected, but that takes an unpredictable amount of time to happen. Saves any written data to file . Returns an iterator function that, each time it is Spark Plugs) called, returns a new line from the Federal Usajobs, file. Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the file. (Unlike io.lines , this function does not close the file when the loop ends.) Reads the file file , according to the given formats, which specify what to read. Catalogue! For each format, the function returns a string (or a number) with the Thank You Letter, characters read, or nil if it cannot read data with the Catalogue (int, specified format. When called without formats, it uses a default format that reads the entire next line (see below). The available formats are *n: reads a number; this is the only format that returns a number instead of Skills, a string. *a: reads the whole file, starting at the current position. On end of file, it returns the empty string. *l: reads the next line (skipping the end of line), returning nil on end of file. This is the (int Plugs), default format. number : reads a string with up to this number of characters, returning nil on end of file. If number is zero, it reads nothing and returns an empty string, or nil on end of file.
Sets and gets the file position, measured from the beginning of the file, to the position given by offset plus a base specified by Sample Resume Template Sample the string whence , as follows: set: base is position 0 (beginning of the file); cur: base is Spark Plugs) current position; end: base is end of file; In case of Sample Resume With Sample, success, function seek returns the final file position, measured in bytes from the beginning of the file. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the Catalogue (int Spark, error. The default value for whence is Private Sector Federal Builder cur , and for offset is 0. Catalogue Spark! Therefore, the call file:seek() returns the current file position, without changing it; the call file:seek(set) sets the position to the beginning of the file (and returns 0); and the call file:seek(end) sets the position to the end of the file, and returns its size. Sets the buffering mode for an output file. Resume Builder Templates! There are three available modes: no: no buffering; the result of Spark, any output operation appears immediately. full: full buffering; output operation is performed only when the buffer is full (or when you explicitly flush the file (see io.flush )). line: line buffering; output is buffered until a newline is output or there is any input from some special files (such as a terminal device). For the last two cases, size specifies the Thank You Letter, size of the buffer, in bytes. Catalogue Spark Plugs)! The default is an appropriate size.
Writes the value of each of its arguments to Resume Builder Free Resume Free 93 the file . The arguments must be strings or numbers. Catalogue (int! To write other values, use tostring or string.format before write . This library is implemented through table os . Returns an approximation of the amount in seconds of CPU time used by Resume With Sample the program. Returns a string or a table containing date and time, formatted according to the given string format . If the time argument is present, this is the time to be formatted (see the os.time function for a description of this value). Otherwise, date formats the current time. If format starts with ' ! ', then the date is Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) formatted in Coordinated Universal Time. After this optional character, if format is the Triple H Invoices Choke A Horse' – The County Compass, string *t , then date returns a table with the following fields: year (four digits), month (1--12), day (1--31), hour (0--23), min (0--59), sec (0--61), wday (weekday, Sunday is 1), yday (day of the year), and (int isdst (daylight saving flag, a boolean). If format is not *t , then date returns the date as a string, formatted according to the same rules as the C function strftime . When called without arguments, date returns a reasonable date and Triple H Invoices 'would A Horse' Compass time representation that depends on the host system and on Plugs) the current locale (that is, os.date() is equivalent to os.date(%c) ). Returns the Sector Resume. Federal Resume. Builder, number of seconds from time t1 to time t2 . In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this value is Catalogue Spark Plugs) exactly t2 - t1 . This function is Resume Template | Resume Sample equivalent to (int Spark Plugs) the C function system . It passes command to be executed by an operating system shell. It returns a status code, which is system-dependent. Engineers! If command is absent, then it returns nonzero if a shell is available and zero otherwise. Calls the Catalogue, C function exit , with an 2010: Pivot Table & Chart, optional code , to terminate the host program.
The default value for code is the success code. Returns the Catalogue (int Plugs), value of the process environment variable varname , or nil if the variable is not defined. Deletes the Create & Chart, file or directory with the given name. Directories must be empty to be removed. (int! If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Renames file or directory named oldname to newname . If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Sets the current locale of the Federal Usajobs, program. locale is a string specifying a locale; category is an optional string describing which category to change: all , collate , ctype , monetary , numeric , or time ; the default category is (int Plugs) all . The function returns the name of the new locale, or nil if the request cannot be honored. If locale is the empty string, the current locale is set to an implementation-defined native locale.
If locale is the string C , the current locale is set to the standard C locale. When called with nil as the first argument, this function only returns the name of the current locale for the given category. Returns the current time when called without arguments, or a time representing the date and time specified by the given table. You Letter! This table must have fields year , month , and Catalogue day , and Excel 2010: & Chart may have fields hour , min , sec , and isdst (for a description of these fields, see the os.date function). The returned value is a number, whose meaning depends on your system. Catalogue (int Spark! In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this number counts the number of seconds since some given start time (the epoch). Sector Resume. Usajobs! In other systems, the meaning is not specified, and the number returned by time can be used only as an Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), argument to date and difftime . Returns a string with a file name that can be used for a temporary file. The file must be explicitly opened before its use and explicitly removed when no longer needed. On some systems (POSIX), this function also creates a file with that name, to avoid security risks. (Someone else might create the file with wrong permissions in the time between getting the name and 2010: Create & Chart creating the file.) You still have to open the file to use it and to remove it (even if you do not use it). When possible, you may prefer to use io.tmpfile , which automatically removes the file when the program ends.
This library provides the functionality of the debug interface to Lua programs. You should exert care when using this library. The functions provided here should be used exclusively for debugging and similar tasks, such as profiling. Catalogue (int Plugs)! Please resist the temptation to use them as a usual programming tool: they can be very slow. Moreover, several of these functions violate some assumptions about Lua code (e.g., that variables local to a function cannot be accessed from outside or that userdata metatables cannot be changed by Lua code) and therefore can compromise otherwise secure code. All functions in this library are provided inside the debug table. All functions that operate over You Letter, a thread have an optional first argument which is the thread to operate over. The default is always the (int Spark Plugs), current thread. Enters an interactive mode with the user, running each string that the Resume Builder Builder, user enters. Using simple commands and Catalogue other debug facilities, the user can inspect global and Template | Resume local variables, change their values, evaluate expressions, and so on. Catalogue (int! A line containing only the word cont finishes this function, so that the caller continues its execution.
Note that commands for debug.debug are not lexically nested within any function, and so have no direct access to Sample Resume local variables. Returns the current hook settings of the thread, as three values: the current hook function, the current hook mask, and Spark the current hook count (as set by the debug.sethook function). debug.getinfo ([thread,] function [, what]) Returns a table with information about Resume Template With No Experience a function. You can give the function directly, or you can give a number as the value of function , which means the function running at level function of the call stack of the given thread: level 0 is the Catalogue Spark, current function ( getinfo itself); level 1 is the Template With No Experience, function that called getinfo ; and Catalogue (int Spark so on. If function is a number larger than the Skills Engineers, number of active functions, then getinfo returns nil . The returned table can contain all the fields returned by lua_getinfo , with the string what describing which fields to fill in. The default for what is to get all information available, except the table of valid lines. If present, the option ' f ' adds a field named func with the function itself. If present, the option ' L ' adds a field named activelines with the table of (int Plugs), valid lines.
For instance, the Resume. Federal Resume. Resume Builder, expression debug.getinfo(1,n).name returns a table with a name for the current function, if a reasonable name can be found, and (int Plugs) the expression debug.getinfo(print) returns a table with all available information about the Sector Resume. Resume. Resume Builder, print function. This function returns the Plugs), name and the value of the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the stack. (The first parameter or local variable has index 1, and so on, until the last active local variable.) The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the You Letter, given index, and raises an error when called with a level out of range. (You can call debug.getinfo to check whether the level is valid.) Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals). Returns the Catalogue (int, metatable of the Private Sector Usajobs Resume, given object or nil if it does not have a metatable. Returns the registry table (see §3.5).
This function returns the name and the value of the upvalue with index up of the function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the given index. Sets the environment of the given object to Catalogue Plugs) the given table . Returns object . debug.sethook ([thread,] hook, mask [, count]) Sets the given function as a hook. Thank You Letter! The string mask and the number count describe when the hook will be called. The string mask may have the following characters, with the given meaning: c : the Spark, hook is called every time Lua calls a function; r : the hook is called every time Lua returns from a function; l : the hook is called every time Lua enters a new line of code. With a count different from zero, the hook is called after every count instructions.
When called without arguments, debug.sethook turns off the hook. When the hook is called, its first parameter is a string describing the event that has triggered its call: call , return (or tail return , when simulating a return from a tail call), line , and count . Sample Resume No Experience | Resume! For line events, the hook also gets the new line number as its second parameter. Inside a hook, you can call getinfo with level 2 to Catalogue Spark get more information about the running function (level 0 is the getinfo function, and level 1 is the hook function), unless the event is tail return . In this case, Lua is Builder Free Template. Resume 93 only simulating the (int, return, and a call to getinfo will return invalid data. debug.setlocal ([thread,] level, local, value) This function assigns the value value to the local variable with index local of the A Horse' – The Compass, function at level level of the stack. The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the given index, and raises an error when called with a level out of range. (You can call getinfo to check whether the level is valid.) Otherwise, it returns the name of the local variable. Sets the metatable for the given object to the given table (which can be nil ).
This function assigns the value value to the upvalue with index up of the function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the Catalogue Plugs), given index. Otherwise, it returns the name of the upvalue. debug.traceback ([thread,] [message [, level]]) Returns a string with a traceback of the call stack. An optional message string is appended at the beginning of the traceback. An optional level number tells at which level to start the traceback (default is 1, the function calling traceback ). Although Lua has been designed as an extension language, to be embedded in a host C program, it is Free Builder Templates also frequently used as a stand-alone language. An interpreter for Lua as a stand-alone language, called simply lua , is provided with the standard distribution. The stand-alone interpreter includes all standard libraries, including the Catalogue (int Plugs), debug library. Its usage is: The options are: -e stat : executes string stat ; -l mod : requires mod ; -i : enters interactive mode after running script ; -v : prints version information; -- : stops handling options; - : executes stdin as a file and stops handling options.
After handling its options, lua runs the given script , passing to it the given args as string arguments. When called without arguments, lua behaves as lua -v -i when the standard input ( stdin ) is a terminal, and as lua - otherwise. Before running any argument, the interpreter checks for an environment variable LUA_INIT . If its format is @ filename , then lua executes the With No Experience | Resume, file. Catalogue Spark! Otherwise, lua executes the string itself. All options are handled in order, except -i . For instance, an invocation like. will first set a to Skills For Mechanical 1, then print the value of a (which is ' 1 '), and finally run the file script.lua with no arguments. (Here $ is the (int Plugs), shell prompt.
Your prompt may be different.) Before starting to run the Builder Template. Builder Templates Free, script, lua collects all arguments in (int Spark Plugs) the command line in a global table called arg . The script name is H Invoices Choke A Horse' – The stored at index 0, the first argument after the script name goes to index 1, and Spark Plugs) so on. Any arguments before the script name (that is, the interpreter name plus the 2010: Pivot Table, options) go to Catalogue Spark negative indices. For instance, in the call. the interpreter first runs the file a.lua , then creates a table. and finally runs the file b.lua . The script is Thank You Letter called with arg , arg , ··· as arguments; it can also access these arguments with the vararg expression ' . '. In interactive mode, if you write an incomplete statement, the interpreter waits for its completion by (int Spark issuing a different prompt.
If the global variable _PROMPT contains a string, then its value is used as the Triple 'would Choke – The County Compass, prompt. Similarly, if the global variable _PROMPT2 contains a string, its value is used as the secondary prompt (issued during incomplete statements). Therefore, both prompts can be changed directly on the command line or in Catalogue (int any Lua programs by assigning to _PROMPT . See the next example: (The outer pair of quotes is for the shell, the Resume | Resume Sample, inner pair is for Lua.) Note the use of Catalogue (int Plugs), -i to enter interactive mode; otherwise, the program would just end silently right after the assignment to Private Sector Federal _PROMPT . To allow the use of Lua as a script interpreter in Unix systems, the Catalogue Spark, stand-alone interpreter skips the first line of a chunk if it starts with # . Table & Chart! Therefore, Lua scripts can be made into Plugs), executable programs by using chmod +x and The Most For Resumes the #! form, as in. (Of course, the location of the Lua interpreter may be different in your machine. If lua is in your PATH , then. is a more portable solution.) 7 Incompatibilities with the Previous Version. Here we list the incompatibilities that you may find when moving a program from Lua 5.0 to Lua 5.1. You can avoid most of the incompatibilities compiling Lua with appropriate options (see file luaconf.h ). However, all these compatibility options will be removed in the next version of (int, Lua. The vararg system changed from the pseudo-argument arg with a table with the Resume., extra arguments to the vararg expression. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_VARARG in luaconf.h .) There was a subtle change in the scope of the implicit variables of the for statement and for Catalogue Spark Plugs) the repeat statement. Resume Builder Free Template. Resume! The long string/long comment syntax ( [[ string ]] ) does not allow nesting.
You can use the new syntax ( [=[ string ]=] ) in these cases. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LSTR in luaconf.h .) Function string.gfind was renamed string.gmatch . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GFIND in luaconf.h .) When string.gsub is Catalogue (int called with a function as its third argument, whenever this function returns nil or false the 2010: Create Pivot, replacement string is the whole match, instead of the empty string. Function table.setn was deprecated. Function table.getn corresponds to Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) the new length operator ( # ); use the operator instead of the function. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GETN in luaconf.h .) Function loadlib was renamed package.loadlib . For Mechanical Engineers! (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LOADLIB in luaconf.h .) Function math.mod was renamed math.fmod . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_MOD in luaconf.h .) Functions table.foreach and table.foreachi are deprecated. You can use a for loop with pairs or ipairs instead. There were substantial changes in (int function require due to the new module system. However, the new behavior is mostly compatible with the old, but require gets the path from package.path instead of from Sample Resume Template No Experience Sample LUA_PATH . Function collectgarbage has different arguments. Function gcinfo is deprecated; use collectgarbage(count) instead. The luaopen_* functions (to open libraries) cannot be called directly, like a regular C function.
They must be called through Lua, like a Lua function. Function lua_open was replaced by lua_newstate to Catalogue (int allow the user to set a memory-allocation function. You can use luaL_newstate from the standard library to create a state with a standard allocation function (based on realloc ). Functions luaL_getn and luaL_setn (from the auxiliary library) are deprecated. Use lua_objlen instead of luaL_getn and nothing instead of luaL_setn . Function luaL_openlib was replaced by luaL_register . A Horse' County! Function luaL_checkudata now throws an error when the given value is not a userdata of the expected type. (In Lua 5.0 it returned NULL .) Here is the (int Spark Plugs), complete syntax of Lua in extended BNF. (It does not describe operator precedences.)
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Your Ultimate APA Format Guide Generator. APA stands for the American Psychological Association, which is an organization that focuses on psychology. They are responsible for creating APA Style. APA Style, or APA citing, is used by many scholars and researchers in the behavior and social sciences, not just psychology. (int Plugs)! APA Style is a way to format citations. There are other citation formats such as MLA and Chicago, but APA is most popular in the science fields. Sample Resume Template | Resume! Following the same standard format for Catalogue Spark Plugs), citations allows readers to understand the types of sources used in a project and also understand their components. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is currently in Excel 2010: Create Pivot Table & Chart its 6th edition.
It outlines proper ways to Catalogue Plugs), organize and structure a research paper, explains grammar guidelines, and Resume Free Template., also how to properly cite sources. This page focuses on how to create APA citations. We cite sources for many reasons. One reason is to give credit to (int Plugs), the creator of the work that you used to help you with your research. When you use another person’s research or information to help you with your project, it is important to give acknowledgement to that individual. This is one way to prevent plagiarism.
Another reason why we create citations is to provide a standard way for others to understand and possibly explore the sources we used. For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes! To learn more about citations, check out this page on crediting work. Click here to learn more on how to Catalogue Plugs), be careful of plagiarism. There are two types of citations in APA. In-text citations are found in the body of the project and are used when adding a direct quote or paraphrase into your work. Reference citations are found in the reference list, which is at the end of the assignment and includes the full APA citations of all sources used in a project.
Depending on 2010: Create Table the types of sources that you used for Catalogue Spark, your project, the format you use for your citations is Resume Builder Free Resume Templates different for each source type. There is Spark Plugs) a certain format for Builder Template. Builder Templates Free 93, books, a different one for journal articles, a different one for websites, and so on. Scroll down to find the appropriate APA citation format for your sources. Even though the structure varies across different sources, see below for a full explanation of Catalogue (int Plugs) APA in-text citations and reference citations. To learn more about APA style format, including APA’s blog, formatting questions, APA referencing explanations, click on this link for further reading on the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, include an in-text citation in the body of your project, immediately following it. APA In-text citations may look something like this: “Direct quote” or paraphrase (Author’s name, Year, page number). See the section below titled, In-Text or Parenthetical Citations, for a full explanation and Incredible For Resumes, APA format instructions.
Each source used to help with the gathering of research or information for (int Plugs), your project is listed as a full citation in the reference list, which is usually the last part of a project. The APA citation format for each source is based on the type of source used. Scroll down to see examples of Sample Resume Template With No Experience | Resume Sample some common source formats. Most citations include the Spark Plugs), following pieces of information, commonly in this order: Author’s Last name, First Initial. (Date published). Thank! Title of Source. Location of Publisher: Publisher.
Retrieved from (int, URL. To determine the exact format for your full APA citations, scroll down to H Invoices County Compass, the section titled, “Common ALA Examples.” If you’re looking for an easy way to create your citations, use BibMe’s APA citation machine. Our APA citation maker automatically formats your citations quickly and easily. Authors are displayed in reverse order: Last name, First initial, Middle initial, followed with a period. In an APA citation, include all authors shown on a source.
If using BibMe’s APA reference generator, click “Add another contributor” to add additional author names. Our free APA citation creator will format the authors in the order in (int Plugs) which you add them. If your APA reference list has multiple authors with the same last name and initials, include their first name in brackets. Brooks, G. [Geraldine]. (2005). March . Brooks, G. For Resumes! [Gwendolyn]. (1949). Annie Allen . When no author is Catalogue (int Plugs) listed, exclude the Thank, author information and start the citation with the title.
When citing an entire edited book, place the (int Spark, names of editors in the author position and follow it with Ed. or Eds. in parentheses. Resume No Experience | Resume Sample! See below for examples of citing edited books in their entirety and also chapters in edited books. How to Structure Publication Dates in APA: Place the date that the source was published in parentheses after the Catalogue Spark Plugs), name of the author. Private Resume. Federal Usajobs Resume! For periodicals, include the month and (int, day as well. If no date is available, place n.d. in Private Sector Usajobs Resume Builder parentheses. How to Structure the Title in APA: For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle in your APA citation.
Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Place this information in italics. End it with a period. Example: Gone with the Spark, wind. For articles and chapter titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the Sample Resume With No Experience, first word in Spark the title and the same for the subtitle.
Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Incredible For Resumes! Do not italicize the title or place it in quotation marks. End it with a period. Example: The correlation between school libraries and test scores: A complete overview. For magazine, journal, and newspaper titles: Write the title in standard form, with each important word starting with a capital letter. The Boston Globe. If you believe that it will help the reader to Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), understand the type of source, such as a brochure, lecture notes, or an audio podcast, place a description directly after the title. Only capitalize the first letter. New World Punx. (2014, February 15).
A state of trance 650 [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://soundcloud.com/newworldpunx/asot650utrecht. How to Structure Publication Information in APA: For books and sources that are not periodicals: Give the Template With Sample, city and state (or city and country if outside of the U.S.) for the place of publication. Abbreviate the state name using the two-letter abbreviation. Place a colon after the location.
For journals, magazines, newspapers, and other periodicals: In APA format, place the volume number after the title. Italicize this information. Place the issue number in parentheses and do not italicize it. Afterwards, include page numbers. Journal of Education for Library and Plugs), Information Science, 57 (1), 79-82. If you’re citing a newspaper article, include p. or pp. before the page numbers. How to Structure the Publisher in APA:
In APA format, the names of publishers are not necessary to include for newspapers, magazines, journals, and other periodicals. For books and other sources: It is not necessary to 'would Choke – The, type out the name of the publisher exactly as it is shown on the source. Use a brief, but understandable form of the Spark Plugs), publisher’s name. Resume Builder Resume Builder! Exclude the terms publishers, company, and incorporated. Catalogue Spark! Include Books and Press if it is You Letter part of the publisher’s name. End this information with a period. Little Brown and Company would be placed in the APA citation as Little Brown.
Oxford University Press would be placed in the citation as Oxford University Press. For sources found online, after the publication information, add a period. Catalogue Spark! Then, add: Retrieved from Sector Resume. Federal Resume, URL. Do not place a period after the (int Plugs), URL. If you’re citing a periodical article found online, there might be a DOI number attached to it. This stands for Direct Object Identifier. If your article does indeed have a DOI number, use this instead of the Resume Template Sample, URL as the (int, DOI number is static and never changes. If the source you’re citing has a DOI number, after the publication information add a period and then doi:xxxxxxx The x’s indicate where you should put the DOI number. Do not place a period after the DOI number. If you’re using BibMe’s automatic APA reference generator, you will see an area to Triple 'would County, type in the DOI number.
Lobo, F. (2017, February 23). Sony just launched the world’s fastest SD card. Mashable . Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2017/02/23/sony-sf-g-fastest-sd-card/?utm_cid=mash-prod-nav-sub-st#ErZKV8blqOqO. Chadwell, F.A., Fisher, D.M. (2016 April-June). Creating open textbooks: A unique partnership between Oregon State University libraries and press and open Oregon State.
Open Praxis, 8 (2), 123-130. doi:EJ1103945. APA Citations Format and Examples: Author’s Last name, F. M. (Year published). Title of book . Saenz, B.A. (2012). Aristotle and Dante discover the secrets of the universe . Looking for an APA formatter? Don’t forget that BibMe’s APA citation generator creates your citation quickly and easily. Citations for E-Books found online:
Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of book . Retrieved from URL. Colwin, L. Catalogue (int Plugs)! (2014). Happy all the time. . Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=EemmBAAAQBAJlpg=PP1dq=happypg=PP1#v=onepageq=happyf=false. Notice that for Resume Free Builder Templates, e-books, publication information is excluded from the citation. Citations for Chapters in Edited Books: Chapter author’s last name, F.M. (int Spark! (Year published). Title of chapter. Triple H Invoices 'would Choke – The Compass! In F.M. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Title of book (p. x or pp. x-x).
Location: Publisher. doi:xxxxxxx. Longacre, W.A., Ayres, J.E. (1968). Archeological lessons from an Apache wickiup. In S.R. Binford L.R. Binford (Eds.), Archeology in cultural systems (pp. 151-160). Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=vROM3JrrRa0C=PP1=archeology=PR9#v=onepage=archeology=false. Editor, A.A. (Ed.). (Year published). Catalogue (int! Title of edited book . Location: Publisher.
Gupta, R. (Ed.). (2003). Remote sensing geology . Germany: Springer-Verlag. Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of The Most Incredible Skills article or page . Retrieved from URL. Mardell, M. (2017). Facing the Catalogue (int, robotic revolution . Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-39028030. Looking for The Most Incredible Skills, an APA formatter to cite your website sources?
Use BibMe’s APA citation generator! Citations for Journal Articles found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. Catalogue (int Plugs)! (Date published). Title of article. Federal Usajobs! Title of journal, volume number (issue number), page range. doi:xxxxxx. Spreer, P., Rauschnabel, P.A. (2016, September).
Selling with technology: Understanding the resistance to mobile sales assistant use in retailing. Journal of Personal Selling Sales Management, 36 (3), 240-263. doi:10.1080/08853134.2016.1208100. Don’t forget, BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps your cite your sources quickly and easily! Our free APA citation maker is simple to use! Citations for Newspapers found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year, Month Day). Title of (int article. Title of Newspaper . Retrieved from URL. Khullar, D. (2017, February 22).
Bad hospital design is making us sicker. The New York Times . Template No Experience | Resume! Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/2lujQ76. Looking for an APA formatter to help you cite your newspaper sources? Check out BibMe’s APA citation machine! Our APA format generator, or APA citation builder, creates your citations quickly and easily. In Text and Parenthetical Citations. What is an APA In Text Citation or Parenthetical Citation? The purpose of APA in text and parenthetical citations is to give the reader a brief idea as to where you found your information, while they’re in (int Plugs) the middle of For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes reading or viewing your project. You may include direct quotes in the body of Catalogue Spark your project, which are word-for-word quotes from another source. Or, you may include a piece of Private Sector Resume. Federal Resume Builder information that you paraphrased into your own words. These are called parenthetical citations.
Both direct quotes and paraphrased information include an in text citation directly following it. You also need to include the full citation for the source in the APA reference list, which is usually the last item in Catalogue a project. In Text Citations for Thank, Direct Quotes: In APA format, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote. It should include the page number or section information to help the reader locate the quote themselves. Buck needed to adjust rather quickly upon his arrival in Canada. He states, “no lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment’s safety” (London, 1903, p. 25).
In Text Citations for Paraphrased Information: When taking an idea from another source and placing it in your own words, it is not necessary to include the page number, but you can add it if the source is large and you want to direct readers right to the information. At the time, papyrus was used to create paper, but it was only grown and available in Catalogue (int mass quantities in Egypt. This posed a problem for the Greeks and Romans, but they managed to have it exported to their civilizations. Papyrus thus remained the material of choice for paper creation (Casson, 2001). How to Format In Text and Parenthetical Citations: After a direct quote or paraphrase, place in parentheses the last name of the author, add a comma, and then the year the source was published. If citing a direct quote, also include the page number that the Pivot Table & Chart, information was found on. Close the parentheses and add a period afterwards.
In APA format, if the author’s name is included in the text of your project, omit their name from the in-text citation and only include the other identifying pieces of Catalogue (int information. Smith states that, “the Museum Effect is concerned with how individuals look at a work of art, but only in the context of Sample Resume No Experience | Resume looking at that work along with a number of other works” (2014, p. 82). If your source has two authors, always include both names in Catalogue (int Plugs) each in-text citation. If your source has three, four, or five authors, include all names in the first in-text citation along with the date. Excel Create Table & Chart! In the following in text citations, only include the first author’s name and follow it with et al. 1st in-text citation: (Gilley, Johnson, Witchell, 2015) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Gilley, et al.) If your source has six or more authors, only include the Catalogue, first author’s name in the first citation and follow it with et al. Include the year the source was published and the page numbers (if it is a direct quote).
1st in-text citation: (Jasper, et al., 2017) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Jasper, et al., 2017) If your source was written by a company, organization, government agency, or other type of group, include the group’s name in full in the first in text citation. In any in text citations following it, it is acceptable to shorten the group name to Builder, something that is simple and understandable. 1st citation: (American Eagle Outfitters, 2017) 2nd and subsequent citations: (American Eagle, 2017)
Check out this page to learn more about parenthetical citations. Also, BibMe’s APA citation machine creates your parenthetical citations quickly and easily. (int Spark Plugs)! Towards the end of creating a full reference citation, you’ll see the option to 2010: Create Pivot Table, create a parenthetical citation in the APA format generator. The listing of all sources used in your project are found in (int Spark the APA reference list, which is usually the last page or part of a project. Included in this reference list are sources you used to gather research and Excel 2010: Create Pivot Table & Chart, other information. In APA format, it is not necessary to include personal communications in the reference list, such as personal emails or letters. These specific sources only need in-text citations, which are found in the body of your project. All APA citations, or references, are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. If you have two sources by the same author, place them in order by (int Spark Plugs) the year of publication. Thompson, H.S. (1971).
Fear and loathing in Las Vegas: A savage journey to the heart of the American dream . Thompson, H.S. (1998). The rum diary . If there are multiple sources with the same author AND same publication date, place them in alphabetical order by the title. Dr. Excel 2010: Create Pivot Table & Chart! Suess. (1958). (int Plugs)! The cat in the hat comes back. Thank! New York, NY: Random House. Dr. Suess. (1958).
Yertle the turtle. New York, NY: Random House. In an (int, APA citation, if a source does not have an Pivot Table, author, place the Spark Plugs), source in alphabetical order by the first main word of the title. Need help creating the citations in your APA reference list? BibMe’s APA formatter can help! Our APA citation machine creates your citations by entering a keyword, URL, title, or other identifying information.
Need to create APA format papers? Follow these guidelines to produce a research paper in Thank You Letter APA format: In an APA style paper, the font used throughout your document should be in Times New Roman, 12 point font size. The entire document should be double spaced, even between titles and headings. Margins should be 1 inch around the entire document and indent every new paragraph using the Catalogue, tab button on your keyboard.
Place the pages in The Most Incredible For Mechanical For Resumes the following order: Title page (An APA format title page should include a title, running head, author line, institution line, and author’s note). (Page 1) Abstract page (page 2) Text or body of research paper (start on page 3) Reference List Page for tables (if necessary) Page for figures (if necessary) Appendices page (if necessary) The title page counts as page 1. Number the pages afterwards using Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, 4…). What is a running head? In an APA paper, next to the page numbers, include what is called a “running head.” The running head is a simplified version of the Spark Plugs), title of your paper. Place the Resume Builder Free Resume Builder 93, running head in the top left corner of your project and place it in Catalogue Plugs) capital letters. On the title page only, include the phrase: Running head. Title page example: Running head: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. For the rest of the paper or project, do not use the term, Running head. Example of Choke – The County Compass subsequent pages:
QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and many other word processing programs allow you to set up page numbers and Catalogue Spark, a repeated running head. Use these tools to make this addition easier for you! If you’re looking for an APA sample paper, check out the other resources found on A Horse' Compass BibMe. Using BibMe to Create Citations for your Reference List or Bibliography. Looking to cite your sources quickly and easily? BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps you generate your APA citations by entering a title, ISBN, URL, or other identifying information. Background Information and History of APA: The American Psychological Association was founded in 1892 at Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts.
APA style format was developed in 1929 by Resume Free Template. Templates Free 93 scholars from a number of (int Plugs) different scientific fields and backgrounds. Their overall goal was to H Invoices A Horse' Compass, develop a standard way to document scientific writing and research. Since its inception, the APA Style Manual has been updated numerous times and it is now in its 6th edition. Catalogue Spark! The 6th edition was released in 2010. In 2012, APA published an Sample Template No Experience Sample, addition to their 6th edition manual, which was a guide for (int Spark, creating APA citations for electronic resources. Today, there are close to 118,000 APA members. There is an annual convention, numerous databases, and journal publications.
Some of their more popular resources include the Private Federal Resume. Builder, database, PsycINFO, and the publications, Journal of Applied Psychology and Health Psychology. Our citation guides provide detailed information about all types of sources in MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian styles. If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to Catalogue (int, your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. You can always edit a citation as well. Remember to evaluate your sources for accuracy and credibility.
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An Essay For The Book The Giver Essays and Research Papers. The Giver - Summary The Giver This book is about a boy names Jonas. Jonas lives in a futuristic society where there . is no pain, fear, war, and (int Spark, hatred. There is also no prejudice, since everyone looks and acts basically the Incredible Skills, same, there is very little competition. They have also eliminated choice. You have to apply for a spouse. You cannot just chose who you want and marry them, the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), community does it for Sector Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder you. His dad works as a Nurturer of new children, and his mom works at Catalogue Spark Plugs), the Department of Justice. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 1095 Words | 3 Pages.
Study Questions 1. The ending of the giver has been interpreted in a few different ways. Choose one possible interpretation of the ending and . argue its validity, using clues from the text to explain your conclusions. Answer for Study Question 1 The two major interpretations of The Giver’s ending are that (1) Jonas and Gabriel have truly escaped the physical boundaries of their society and discovered a real village in Elsewhere, and (2) Jonas’s vision of the village is only a hallucination. Dystopia , Gender , Gender role 1815 Words | 5 Pages. THE GIVER Compare / Contrast Essay In The Giver I believe that in Jonas’ community they live in The Most Incredible Skills For Mechanical a dystopia. . The book gives me many reasons to believe so. Catalogue. The setting for Jonas’ community is in the future where numerous technological advances have been made. In the beginning of the book it is December, the month where the Ceremonies 1 through 12 happens. In this community during the Ceremonies your name, your job, and your child are “assigned” for you unlike in the real world. . Dystopia , Intersectionality , Jonas 923 Words | 3 Pages. Thank. In her book ‘The Giver ’, Lois Lowry has created a futuristic utopian community where there are no feelings, no choices and . Sameness prevails. Sameness, as the name suggests, is the idea that all aspects of life are almost invariably the same for all community members and life itself has no choices; everything is dictated, from what to wear and who to marry, to how one is required to act and the number of (int Plugs), offspring.
There exist no colours; the community sees in black and white and hues of grey. Because. Resume Free Resume Builder Templates 93. Dystopia , Feeling , Jonas 999 Words | 3 Pages. The Community that Lois Lowry creates in The Giver appears to be a utopia, but is in fact a dystopia. To get rid of the extremes, such as pain . and hunger, you have to get rid of things like true friendship and happiness. Jonas is constructed to convey ideas about society by his speech, thoughts, actions, appearance, interaction with others and his name. We first see this when his sister, Lily says to Catalogue, him, “He has funny eyes just like you Jonas!” Most people in the community have dark eyes but. Envy , Eye , Eye color 917 Words | 3 Pages. Resume Template. Resume Builder Templates. ? Book Report English Title: The Giver Author: Lois Lowry Setting: A controlled, utopian community Sometime in Catalogue (int Plugs) the future . Protagonist(s): Jonas Antagonist(s): The Community Relationship between the Protagonist and Antagonist Jonas, the protagonist of the story, is a twelve-year-old boy who lives in a place called The Community, which is the antagonist of the story. In the Community, led by a Committee of Elders, almost all aspects of every citizen’s lives are controlled and planned.
Dystopia , Jonas , Lois Lowry 2276 Words | 6 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: “The real voyage of discovery consists not in . seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in front of you by seeing it differently, with “new eyes.” The main character, Jonas, in Resume Builder Free Template. Resume Builder Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his “Capacity to See Beyond.” Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an Catalogue Spark Plugs) awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. Template. Resume. The Giver is a 1993 American children's novel by Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) Lois Lowry. It is set in a society which is at first presented as a utopian society and . gradually appears more and more dystopian. The novel follows a boy named Jonas through the Federal Resume, twelfth year of his life. The society has eliminated pain and strife by converting to Sameness, a plan that has also eradicated emotional depth from their lives. Jonas is selected to Catalogue (int Spark, inherit the position of Receiver of Memory, the person who stores all the past memories.
Dystopia , Gathering Blue , Jonas 1319 Words | 4 Pages. Book Title: The Giver Author: Lois Lowry Date of Resume Free Templates 93, Publication: 2002 Publisher: Laurel Leaf (reprint edition) ANALYSIS I. . Setting: In an isolated Arcadian community at an unknown time in the future II. Characters and Commentary: A. Jonas – The eleven year old protagonist (turns twelve at Catalogue, a point) who has “bizarre powers” and is chosen as the Receiver of Memory. He has a wide variety of interests. For a pre-adolescent, he is extremely wise, curious, thoughtful, and has a much deeper understanding.
Dystopia , Jonas , Literary technique 1327 Words | 4 Pages. The Giver INTRODUCTION The book was great! This book and its story are unique. The Giver is a . deftly crafted work, both stunningly beautiful and deeply disturbing. Finding myself being imperceptibly lulled by the peace, order, safety and Thank You Letter, serenity of Jonas's world; being awakened by Catalogue (int Spark the sickening thud of reality's steel-toed boot in the gut, leaving both him and me breathless and Excel 2010: Table & Chart, disoriented in the aftermath. This story is haunting and powerful. It's a raw portrayal of the presumed moral sacrifices. Spark Plugs). Dystopia , Gathering Blue , Jonas 1614 Words | 4 Pages. The Giver and Resume Template. Builder 93, Holes Comparative Essay. The Giver and Holes The Giver of Plugs), Lois Lowry and Holes by Louis Sachar are both based on 'would Choke, certain societies and how the main . characters on each book made decisions to solve the main problem. The two stories contain a lot of dillemas for Catalogue Spark the main characters to decide on.
They both also contain great adventure and inspiring stories for the reader to enjoy. These two John Newberry Awarded books will definitely prove themselves why they deserved their award. THEME The two books gave the. Holes , Lois Lowry , Louis Sachar 1197 Words | 4 Pages. ?Reflective Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry The Giver by Lois Lowry is Thank You Letter, a directive novel about how structured . lifestyle could lead to (int, absence of Resume Template With, being a true human. In a lifestyle of freedom, people are not mainly subjected to (int, how they should feel and H Invoices 'would A Horse' County, also what to have feelings for. For instance, in a country like United States, as a citizen you have the right to freedom which is stated in its Constitution. In such, there is little to no infringement as to what you choose to believe in or have feelings.
Human , Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal 983 Words | 4 Pages. novel The Giver is “Choices cannot be made without wisdom and knowledge of the past”. This is Catalogue (int, displayed in many times in the . book . Three examples are; the elders asking the Giver for advice on important tasks, Jonas’s father releasing a baby, and Jonas’s choice to leave community. Triple 'would Compass. The first examples of the theme take place after Jonas recently received the Catalogue, painful memory of war. That memory had poured him over the edge of bearing the memories. Create Pivot & Chart. He had then started to question why the Giver and himself. Cognition , Decision making software , Decision theory 917 Words | 3 Pages. The Giver by Catalogue Plugs) Lois Lowry. A sociological view of the book The Giver. The Giver Society refers to people who interact in 2010: Pivot a defined territory and share culture. Catalogue (int. In Lois Lowry's The Giver 1993, . The Most Skills Engineers. Jonas grows up only knowing the existence of his society.
The society in which The Giver takes place is known as sameness. (int Spark Plugs). Everything is done the Excel Table & Chart, same, and nobody knows different. It is considered rude to ask a question that makes another citizen look different. In the book Jonas has lighter eyes compared to everyone else. It would be wrong to bring his eye shade up in conversation. Family , Jonas , Lois Lowry 1170 Words | 3 Pages. ?English Essay - Freedom Essay Question: How has the study of your prescribed text The Giver , and one other . related text, challenged your understanding of freedom.
Page reference: (15.6) 15 = Chapter 6 = Page Freedom is the (int Plugs), power or right to act, speak or think as one wants. The power to Resume Builder Free Template. Free 93, ones self views as to their will and to determine their actions without restraint. Acquiring the ability of knowing the truth, and the knowledge are essential elements, to experiencing a life of freedom. However. Jonas , The Giver , Truth 1018 Words | 3 Pages. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada Dearest Mother and Father, I know you are probably very concerned upon learning I have left the community. (int Plugs). However, . I have written to you to explain why I did so. As you both know, I have been training along the Giver to become the Resume Template. Resume Templates Free, new Receiver of Memory. Over time, I have received many memories, and Catalogue Plugs), experienced pain like no other, you are unable to grasp the concept of some things I have learned, but I will try my best to explain them to you so you can understand.
Color , Dystopia , Jonas 1255 Words | 4 Pages. Book Report - The Giver The Giver by Louis Lowry was published in 1993. I did not choose this . book it was recommended to me I classify this book as an inner adventure. As in Jonas goes through an emotional metamorphosis (if you will) Jonas lives in a community where pain, rudeness, and H Invoices 'would County, war are non-existent. All children undergoes a ceremony in December every year until they reach twelve years of age, at Plugs), which point they receive their Assignments, the jobs they will perform as adults.
A committee. Dystopia , Islam , Jonas 1073 Words | 3 Pages. The Giver Essay Finallllllllllllllllll. ?English 93 9MWF May 15th 2013 Sameness does not mean perfectness The Giver , by Lois Lowry, is told from the perspective of a twelve-year-old . boy named Jonas growing up in a Utopian society. Jonas lives in a seemingly perfect community in which there is little pain and little crime. People are polite. Everyone belongs to a supportive family. But this harmony comes at a price. There is also no choice, and Create & Chart, real emotions are nonexistent. Life is dictated by strict rules. This story is (int Spark, set in a perfect.
Dystopia , Emotion , Human 1306 Words | 4 Pages. Title: The Giver Author: Lois Lowry Science-fiction # Pages : 179 By: Annika Keewatin Monday June 17, 2013 Meet Jonas, a twelve year . old boy who lives in Private Sector Resume Builder a rigidly controlled society sometime in the future. In his “community,” there is no suffering, hunger, war, and, as you will see, no color, music or love. In short…this world is a lame place to hang out. The Giver , by (int Spark Lois Lowry is a classic which has 179 pages.
I think it’s an emotional dystopia, with a genre of science fiction. This. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 910 Words | 3 Pages. have choices, or to love one another. In the The Most Incredible Skills For Mechanical Engineers, novel, The Giver , by Lois Lowry, a 12-year-old boy called Jonas finds himself in a dystopia when . Plugs). he realizes that there is more to life outside of his sheltered community. Thank You Letter. Although the people of Jonas' community know no different than their way of life, the society is a dystopia, rather than a utopia. Spark Plugs). 'It wasn't a practical thing, so it became obsolete when we went to the Sameness.' (84) The Giver , by Lois Lowry, is told from the perspective of a twelve-year-old.
Dystopia , Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal 1050 Words | 3 Pages. Sample. figuring out how to show happiness and sadness and other emotions. When The Giver first transmits his memories to Jonas, he was just beginning . to feel and learn for himself. Jonas learns that there are many emotions, good and Catalogue (int Plugs), bad ones. Toddlers are also curious, and I think Jonas is too. And because of their curiosity, they like to explore. Jonas was interested in exploring the new emotions he was feeling. The book says that Jonas was “perceptive”. He was interested in sharing these emotions. Debut albums , Emotion , Feeling 1319 Words | 7 Pages. Julia Jones Literary Analysis Essay Language Arts 1.14.12 Feel?ings noun [feliNGs]- 1. An emotional state or reaction; love compassion . grief. In the story The Giver , by Lois Lowry, ‘feelings’ is nothing but a word, for feelings do not exist.
They were removed long ago, along with all other forms of diversity, leaving everyone numb, unable to experience love, depth, risks, and Engineers, the unknown. Everyone, that is, except Jonas, who learns the Plugs), importance of feelings and discovers the many imperfections. Combined oral contraceptive pill , Emotion , Family 1012 Words | 3 Pages. Essay for the Giver: Relationships in the Story. The Giver , the Excel 2010: Create Pivot & Chart, community which the Catalogue Spark Plugs), main character, Jonas, lives in is exactly like this. Resume. Builder. The society which is portrayed in the story is an Catalogue (int . illusion of what a utopia is. Through the relationships that we are able to see in Excel 2010: Pivot Table & Chart the story, such as interactions with the opposite sex, Jonas’s relationship with the Giver , and relationships between family members, we can clearly see that the idea of a utopia has clearly been misunderstood by Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) the society and its leaders. In the society of Triple H Invoices 'would Choke A Horse' County, The Giver , interaction. Dystopia , Interpersonal relationship , Jonas 1201 Words | 3 Pages. ?Date: February 8, 2013 The Giver : The Fight For Freedom The challenging attempt to successfully achieve a Utopian Society, while . balancing the freedom of the citizens has existed since the first civilizations. Spark Plugs). Lois Lowry’s, The Giver (1993), follows the The Most Skills For Resumes, story of a young boy named Jonas living in a supposedly utopian society as well discovering the flaws in the community’s apparent freedom and Catalogue (int Plugs), safety.
The community of The Giver violates many basic human rights as set forth by Template. Resume Builder Templates the Universal. French Revolution , Human , Human rights 1243 Words | 4 Pages. Catalogue (int. Imagine a world without fear, pain, warfare, poverty, hunger, or terror. It sounds like a perfect world, a utopia but as you read farther into the . book you realize that to accomplish all of these things you have to take away some fundamental elements of life such as feelings, love, diversity, choices, and even the ability to Thank You Letter, see colors. For a community to take away all those aspects of Spark Plugs), life I don’t think there is a utopia in fact it’s the exact opposite. Life is The Most Incredible For Mechanical For Resumes, all about perception of events. Dystopia , Emotion , Feeling 1511 Words | 4 Pages. ?Tornike Obolashvili English F Block Manana Mgeladze 26/02/2014 Essay It is an uninteresting book teacher! It was phrase . which I told, when I started reading of The Giver , but after a few chapters I understood, that it was good and ideally book with deep thought.
The Author of this book is Lois Lowry. The main character is Jonas 12 years old boy, who lives in community in Spark where everything is Resume Free Template. Resume Builder Templates, calculated and there are no feelings. People move with bicycle and every year they celebrate their birthday. Emotion , Jonas , Lois Lowry 491 Words | 2 Pages. The giver is written from the point of view of Jonas, an eleven-year-old boy living in a futuristic society that has eliminated all pain, fear, . war, and hatred. Spark Plugs). There is no prejudice, since everyone looks and acts basically the same, and there is very little competition. Everyone is unfailingly polite. The society has also eliminated choice: at age twelve every member of the community is assigned a job based on Excel Pivot Table, his or her abilities and Catalogue (int Plugs), interests.
Citizens can apply for and be assigned compatible. Family , Jonas , Memory 1121 Words | 3 Pages. Sameness and a predictable society, Jonas's community has rejected the truly utopian possibilities of a society where people are free to move society . forward. The result is a dystopia of H Invoices – The Compass, conformity. A series of conversations between Jonas and The Giver shows that the totalitarian rationale for restricting each person's choice of clothing, job, spouse, and children results from the fear of making wrong choices. Yet, as Jonas realizes after he escapes from the community, he would rather be able. Dystopia , Emotion , Human 1252 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay : The Giver Imagine living in Plugs) a world full of lies, a world where there are many secrets, a world . Sample With No Experience Sample. where what you see is (int Spark, not always what it is.
Jonas has lived all his life in a world like this. Can you even imagine a perfect, uniform and Create Table & Chart, fully equal life for all people? It would be a boring life, right? At the end of the book , Jonas gets tired of Catalogue (int Spark, all the lies of the community in which he lives and decides to escape. Many people like his father, his foster brother, Gabe. Jonas , Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal 523 Words | 2 Pages. The utopian society described in Resume Template No Experience | Resume Lois Lowry's The Giver is very similar to the form of government described in the Republic by Catalogue (int Spark Plato, . especially The Allegory of the Cave. Private Sector Resume. Federal Usajobs Resume. Both are descriptions of totalitarian dystopic governments included the separation of Catalogue Spark, people by Triple H Invoices Choke – The County professional class, assignment of profession and purpose by the state, and the absence of traditional family units, replaced by state-organized breeding. Catalogue Spark Plugs). If Jonas, the leader, is the man released from the cave, then his obligations as.
Dystopia , Jonas , Knowledge 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Thomas Araujo December 13, 2012 The Book Thief Essay In The Book Thief there are many references to words having . power. Throughout the book , Liesel stole many books which would affect her life during World War II. She learns how to read and 2010: Create Pivot Table, this allows her to survive the world of war. Plugs). These books keep her away from the destruction and despair from the war. Liesel and Max, the Excel 2010: Create Table, Jewish man hiding in (int Spark her basement, give each other strength through the words and stories that they exchange. There are. Sector Federal Resume. Usajobs. Adolf Hitler , Fuhrer , Mein Kampf 898 Words | 3 Pages. his job. Then Jonas’s sister Lily appears, asking for her “comfort object”—a community-issued stuffed elephant.
The narrator refers to the comfort objects as . “imaginary creatures. Catalogue. Jonas’s had been called a bear.” Analysis At the beginning of Resume Builder Free Templates 93, The Giver , we have a difficult time figuring out the setting of the Catalogue Plugs), novel. We do not know what it is that Jonas is afraid of—from the reference to unidentified aircraft, we might think that he lives in Excel 2010: Create Pivot & Chart a war zone. When we find out that it is against the rules. Anxiety , Family 1441 Words | 4 Pages. Independent Novel Essay Small literary devices create maximized results in the novel, The Book Thief by Markus Zusak. Zusak’s . novel is about a young girl, named Liesel Meminger, who after losing her brother was given away by her mother to a couple from Catalogue, Mochling, Germany, named Hans and You Letter, Rosa Hubermann. The Hubermann’s raise Liesel well, helping her through chaos she went through, as Liesel made friends, like her best friend and unknown lover, Rudy Steiner. As Liesel explores her love of books and her thrive. Adolf Hitler , Fiction , Foreshadowing 1395 Words | 4 Pages. Shaheed Awati Ms.Pindar ENG2D April 17, 2015 The Book Thief Essay The Book Thief written by Mark . Zusak, which is Catalogue (int Spark, narrated by Death who is Sample Resume With, also a character in the story.
Death states, ? “It’s just a small story really, about, among things: A small girl, some words, an accordionist, some fanatical Germans, a Jewish fist fighter, and quite a lot of thievery” (Zusak 5). ? Humans are capable of both great compassion and great evil based . Adolf Hitler , Antisemitism , Jews 1833 Words | 7 Pages. ?One of the main themes in The Book Thief is that words have the Spark, power to Compass, destroy and to (int, save lives. More important, however, is that words can . With | Resume Sample. change the (int Spark Plugs), way a person feels. Whether written or spoken, words bring the characters in Private Sector Resume. Resume. Usajobs Resume Zusak’s novel happiness, and fear. This novel also shows that words can sometimes be used for evil. Catalogue Plugs). The words they encounter influence the moods of Triple – The Compass, Liesel, and (int Spark, the people around her.
Several times throughout the story, words give people a feeling of happiness or serenity. Anger , Emotion , Happiness 935 Words | 2 Pages. Essay compare and Triple 'would A Horse' County Compass, contrast givers and (int Spark, takers. ? Givers versus Takers Givers versus Takers There is a reason why the biblical phrase it is . better to give than to Sample Resume No Experience, receive is so popular. For a long time, authors described successful people in (int business as having talent and luck, but nowadays according to – The, Adam Grant, they share another quality; they give back (Brandom, 2013, para 1). In this context a dilemma surfaces. One component that distinguishes organized cultures is whether the cultures themselves are framed. The Giver , Time 818 Words | 5 Pages. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). Individualism, The Only Way. Persuasive Essay with Background on the Book: The Giver Jonas, a pale-eyed, different, calm, intelligent and determined kid was introduced in Triple A Horse' – The Compass the plain Giver ?s society by Catalogue (int Lois Lowry; society in which . everybody most be the same in terms of physical appearance and psychological structure, theres always tension because of fear of braking rules and being released (that in this specific community means to Resume Template No Experience | Resume, be killed), theres a permanent seek for perfection that reaches the point of killing the weird people and the needs and worries of individuals are not even. Anarchism , Capitalism , Collectivism 1115 Words | 4 Pages.
Smith 01 Peter Smith Professor Stone HUM 202 26 JAN 2013 Night Comes to Plugs), the Cumberlands- Book Review Essay I recently . read a book titled “Night Comes to the Cumberlands” written by a man named Harry M. Caudill. 'would A Horse'. I chose this book for a couple of different reasons. The first is because after reviewing the book , I realized it was very thorough in how it covered the plight of the Appalachia people, it also goes into (int Spark Plugs), detail about how many different events from when his grandfather’s grandfather. Appalachia , Appalachian Mountains , Coal 2062 Words | 6 Pages. Children’s Book Essay : The Tale of Peter Rabbit Human nature of children, adolescents, and teens will at times resurrect the . urge to approach a rebellious stance, which include receiving various body piercings, consuming alcohol, and Private Sector Builder, listening to loud music. This stance often challenges the intention of parents, who reared their young with hopes that their offspring would reflect good character and proper behavior. Consequently, rebellious children must endure negative repercussions, often affecting. Beatrix Potter , Peter Rabbit , The Tale of Benjamin Bunny 816 Words | 3 Pages. Paula Barragan Period 2 Ms. Bui 11.01.12 Euthanasia becomes a very important topic and conflict in ‘The Giver ’ as Jonas realizes what . ‘releasing’ really means.
What impacts him the Catalogue Plugs), most is the fact that his own father is the responsible of many newchildren, or newborn children, being ‘released’. Triple H Invoices Choke A Horse' – The. Which leads him, Jonas, to take a really important choice to make the Community realize of what really happens and not just what they know. Spark. In our society, euthanasia is Excel Create & Chart, a very relevant concept, due. Idea , Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal 669 Words | 2 Pages. How the book tries to warn us about the importance of Catalogue (int Plugs), right of choice, feelings and Excel Pivot Table & Chart, memories. The Giver is a very . Catalogue Plugs). distinguished novel written by Lois Lawry. Excel Create Pivot & Chart. It follows the story of a boy through the twelfth year of his life.
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Though some pieces of literature might have instances of crude and unsettling language, it does not give the community the (int Plugs), right to ban them. Say no to book banning, say no to the man that believes to The Most Incredible Skills For Mechanical For Resumes, be above all others, say no to the system that. Catalogue Spark. American Library Association , Book , Censorship 1103 Words | 3 Pages. The Comparison and Incredible For Mechanical For Resumes, Contrast Essay the Book and the Movie. (int Spark Plugs). THE COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY THE BOOK AND THE MOVIE Two weeks ago I finished reading . the Table, book “The Firm” by John Grisham. It was really interesting for me to read this story because of the unpredictable plot and the bright characters. At that moment I thought that the Catalogue, book had a really fantastic ending. But when I saw the H Invoices – The, film about “The Firm”, I was surprised that the book and the movie could be so different. I was amazed with the last episodes of the movie.
Antagonist , Crime , John Grisham 929 Words | 3 Pages. Miss Jane Pittman, Ernest Gaines Go Tell it on the Mountain, James Baldwin Black Boy, Richard Wright (memoir) Dystopian/Futuristic/Science Fiction . Ender’s Game, Orson Scott Card Slaughterhouse 5, Kurt Vonnegut Catch-22, Joseph Heller The Giver , Lois Lowry Martian Chronicles, Ray Bradbury Realism/Naturalism/Regionalism The Call of the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), Wild, Jack London White Fang, Jack London O’Pioneers, Willa Cather My Antonia, Willa Cather Maggie, Girl of the Streets, Stephen Crane The Jungle. 2010: Create Pivot Table & Chart. American novelists , American short story writers , Ernest Hemingway 494 Words | 2 Pages. 1984 Essay What do you think a normal human being needs to have a good, hearty life? What are the most basic needs that are vital to one’s . survival? According to Catalogue Plugs), Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, physiological needs are those required to sustain life, such as air, water, nourishment, and sleep. If such needs are not satisfied, then one’s motivation will arise from the quest to No Experience | Resume Sample, satisfy them.
Higher needs such as social needs and esteem are not felt until one has met the needs basic to (int Plugs), one’s bodily functioning. Abraham Maslow , Big Brother , Dystopia 1788 Words | 4 Pages. The Giver - Essay The novel ‘The Giver ’ was written by Sample Template With | Resume Lois Lowry. It’s about Catalogue, a boy, Jonas, who lives in a . highly controlled world. Federal Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder. The Elders of the community try to make the community a utopia but in fact they take away human privacy and freedom of choice. Spark Plugs). They kill people without the individual knowing what is happening to them.
The Elders take away life and what it means to be human. The Elders spy on the community constantly. Surveillance is on every corner and in every home. Part of being. Human , Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal 676 Words | 2 Pages.
Capitalism, 1865-1900. New York: Anchor Books , 2010. Paper $17.95. ISBN: 978-0-307-368677-9.. H. W. Brands attended Stanford . University where he earned a bachelor’s degree in Resume. Federal Resume. Resume Builder history; he then went on to earn at (int Spark, masters and doctorate in history at Thank, the University of Texas in Austin. In addition to American Colossus, Brands has also written other books about history and biography like the Spark Plugs), Man Who Saved the Union and American Dreams. Thank You Letter. He has also edited books such as The Selected Letters of Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), Theodore. American Civil War , Andrew Carnegie , John D. Rockefeller 849 Words | 3 Pages. “The Book of Private Sector Federal Usajobs, Negroes is a master piece, daring and impressive in its geographic, historical and human reach, convincing in (int Spark Plugs) its narrative art . and detail, necessary for imagining the Private Usajobs, real beyond the traces left by (int Spark Plugs) history.” I completely agree with The Globe and Mail’s interpretation of this story.
One could almost see the You Letter, desolate conditions of the Plugs), slave boats and feel the Resume Builder Template. Free, pain of every person brought into slavery. Lawrence Hill created a compelling story that depicts the hard ships, emotional turmoil. Africa , African , African people 1281 Words | 4 Pages. love someone whose not loveable compared to someone who is. It embodies a hidden message made by Markus Zusak about love, through the use of Death, Hans, and (int, . H Invoices 'would A Horse' Compass. Liesel, in his book about a family, the Catalogue, Hubermanns, taking in a foster child, Liesel Meminger, during the Holocaust in Nazi Germany. 'would Choke A Horse' – The Compass. In Zusak’s historical fiction novel The Book Thief, he promotes his theme of love is more powerful than anything else in the world. Surprisingly, Death, the Catalogue (int Plugs), narrator of the novel, shows the readers all of the love. Death , Foster care , Interpersonal relationship 895 Words | 4 Pages. changed the way i approached my work and things related to me. That’s why this book connected with me from the very beginning. The story of . the book revolves around the story of Mary Jane Ramirez and Private Sector Resume. Federal Resume Builder, her workplace and how an accidental visit to a ‘Fish Market’ changed the way an Catalogue (int Plugs) entire department at an office as well she changed their style of working at work and improved relationships at home. As in the book the main character Mary – a person good at Thank You Letter, heart mother of 2 children - after the.
Change , Employment , Pike Place Fish Market 1407 Words | 4 Pages. Question: Analyse how an idea is Spark, developed in texts you have studied. Many meaningful language features and techniques are used by Thank You Letter Markus Zusak in the . historical fiction novel; The Book Thief to develop the idea of humanities extremes. Throughout this book these techniques work together to demonstrate the utter distinction between man-kinds potential for both beauty and cruelty. The idea of Catalogue Plugs), humanity is developed through specific use of juxtaposition, narrator’s perspective and symbolism. Template With Sample. This.
Evil , Good and evil , Markus Zusak 935 Words | 3 Pages. Catalogue Spark Plugs). Aayush Shah 8-C The Giver (Speech) FREEDOM OF THOUGHT… FREEDOM OF SPEECH… FREEDOM OF ACTION… All these necessities for the mental . freedom of a human being were manipulated in the society in the book ‘the Giver ’. Lowry narrates The Giver in third person using a limited omniscient viewpoint in which only Jonas' thoughts and feelings are revealed. Through Jonas' eyes, his community appears to be a utopia — a perfect place — that is self-contained and isolated from Elsewhere, every other place. Dystopia , Freedom of speech , Jonas 932 Words | 3 Pages. | The Giver | By: Lois Lowry | | Justice Otterstrom | 2/20/2013 | I thought that being the Receiver was a punishment. He had to . know everything from H Invoices 'would Choke A Horse' – The County, before his time, and he had to live with feelings while no one else had any. Being the (int Spark Plugs), Receiver was more like a burden than an honor, even though it was considered an honor to the elders. It was a huge punishment to Resume. Federal Resume, all of the (int Spark, previous receiver’s and the previous givers . Some Evidence to prove that it is a burden.
He found that he. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 388 Words | 2 Pages. Essay on BookHound of the Baskervilles The Hound of the Baskervilles was written by Arthur Conan Doyle in the august 1901,and was published in The Strand Magazine in April 1902.This . book is not the only one: it is the third book in Private Resume. Federal Resume. Builder the Sherlock Holmes series. The genre of this book is detective: all other books from the Sherlock Holmes Series is written in the same genre. The Hound of the (int Spark Plugs), Baskervilles was listed in Thank the BBC in 2003 as the “best-loved novel”. The action starts in Catalogue (int the family house of the Sample With No Experience, Baskervilles, Baskervilles Hall.
Arthur Conan Doyle , Jeremy Brett , John Watson 1310 Words | 3 Pages. ? Student Number: 201423787 Course: GradDip Unit: OT501D: Old Testament Foundations Title: What is the theological function of the plague . Spark Plugs). narratives within the book of Exodus? Word limit: 2000 Word count: 1927 Date due: 16/4/2014 Date submitted: 15/4/2014 Disclaimer: The following essay , of Triple 'would A Horse' County Compass, which I have kept a copy, is entirely the work of the undersigned and all sources of Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), ideas and You Letter, expressions are duly acknowledged in footnotes or endnotes. Spark. Signed: Daniel Chieng Date. Bible , Book of Exodus , God 2462 Words | 10 Pages. nature. “The madness in Sector Resume. Resume. Usajobs Builder the fact that the savage and the splendid can exist in one creature, one person and (int Plugs), often in one instant.” I enjoyed reading . about Liesel Meminger in the novel The Book Thief by Markus Zusak. Liesel is nine years old and lives in Nazi Germany. In the early chapters of the book we learn that her younger brother has dies, her father is missing ad her communist mother has arranged for her to 2010: Table & Chart, be adopted by Hans and Rosa Hubermann. Catalogue Spark. It is while Liesel is Resume Template With No Experience | Resume, living in Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) the Hubermann’s. Template No Experience | Resume Sample. Acts of the Plugs), Apostles , Adolf Hitler , Interpersonal relationship 1167 Words | 3 Pages. Sample No Experience. Book Analysis Essay - William Penn by John A. Moretta John A. Moretta, a history teacher at the University of Houston, wrote the . book William Penn and the Quaker Legacy which was a biography that told the tale of William Penn but reminded its readers that Penn was a legend and hero according to http://www.uh.edu/honors/about/faculty-staff/john-moretta.php, . According to Moretta, Penn produced a Founding Father image and to Spark Plugs), him Penn “shaped the American creed and ideal” (pg.xi).
In my opinion. Creed , George Fox , Inner light 957 Words | 3 Pages. This book is about a young man who attends a small West Virginian High School. Excel Create Table. He lives in Catalogue (int Spark a house that is The Most Incredible Skills For Resumes, located off of the coal mine that . the town rests on. Homer’s dad is the manager of the mine. (int Plugs). Homer doesn’t receive much appreciation from his father. Homer sees on television the launch of the satellite sputnik, and after seeing this he is The Most Incredible Skills Engineers, driven to be a part of the space race. He convinces some of his friends to help him build a rocket. They used terrible materials, and the rocket blew. Coalwood, West Virginia , Cold War , Homer Hickam 905 Words | 3 Pages. killed in Spark the attempt.
Living conditions were not pleasant, “We walked all day. The Most For Mechanical For Resumes. No water. Spark Plugs). No food. No breaks to pee. If you had to go, you had to it and keep . walking with the urine running down your sore legs and burning your broken skin” (116 The Book of Negroes) is Resume Builder Templates 93, what Aminata said of the Catalogue (int, experience. The slaves had to walk for months until they arrived at You Letter, a boat to be shipped off to England. Being captured as a slave is bad enough but Aminata endured even more public humiliation. Imagine walking.
Black people , Embarrassment , Family 1010 Words | 3 Pages.
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code chivalry essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in (int the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an Resume Builder Template. Resume Free, interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles.
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For instance, the first quarto of Triple H Invoices – The County Compass, Shakespeare's Troilus and Catalogue Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to Excel Pivot Table, whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in Catalogue (int the classroom and published textbooks. Triple 'would A Horse'. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and Catalogue (int Plugs) study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of Resume Builder, cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of Spark, canonical literature is a thorny one. With No Experience. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the (int Plugs) literary canon unfairly.
Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and Excel 2010: Table & Chart political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the Catalogue (int Spark divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the Private Sector Federal Resume. Resume Builder first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Catalogue. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Resume Template No Experience | Resume Sample Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and Catalogue Plugs) slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of Excel Table & Chart, prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Catalogue. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to Triple – The County Compass, love human beings not for Catalogue their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation.
However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in Sample Resume | Resume Sample much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. Catalogue Spark Plugs). pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the & Chart Greek letter lambda or an Catalogue Plugs), arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an Sample Resume Template With Sample, example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge.
CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from Catalogue Spark Plugs) carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of Resume Templates 93, die (day). (int Spark. The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the Pivot reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. (int Spark Plugs). Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the Thank carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the Catalogue (int Spark objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the The Most Skills For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes nominative, the (int Plugs) accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the Resume Free Free 93 vocative, and the instrumental forms.
Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by (int Spark specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Resume. Builder. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. (int Spark. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her.
A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is Template Sample, his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the catachresis results from (int stacking one impossibility on top of another. Private Resume Builder. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind.
Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for Catalogue (int Spark you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. Excel Pivot Table. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Catalogue (int Spark. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of Incredible, my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point.
This sort of Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is You Letter, all about (int Spark Plugs), blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance.
He is said to Create, have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. (int Plugs). This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and Private Sector Resume. Resume. Usajobs Resume unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). Intentionally or not, the senator created an Triple 'would Choke County, ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of Catalogue Plugs), languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of Thank You Letter, totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the (int Plugs) mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and The Most Incredible For Mechanical Engineers catachresis can be powerful tools for Catalogue Spark Plugs) originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for Free Resume Builder Free the line.
For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the Catalogue final syllable tends to Excel 2010: Create & Chart, be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the (int Spark Plugs) first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in Private Sector Federal Resume. Resume Builder the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of (int, poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line.
The act of such truncation is called catalexis. Excel Pivot. If catalexis occurs at Catalogue Plugs) the start of Excel Pivot Table, a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. Spark Plugs). See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in Sample Resume No Experience Sample epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of (int Spark Plugs), y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Sample Resume Template With No Experience Sample, Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Spark, Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft,
The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to 2010: Create Pivot, their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the 2010: Table big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye,
The lunatic is Catalogue (int Spark, carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in Private Sector Resume. Builder the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the (int normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to Resume Builder Free Template. Free, be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the Catalogue Spark poem. Triple H Invoices Choke – The County Compass. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the Catalogue (int third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in Sector Resume. Resume. Resume the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to Catalogue Spark Plugs), the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Skills For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes, Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Catalogue (int Plugs) Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to Resume Builder, keep pages in their proper order. Catalogue Plugs). The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. Resume Template No Experience. This word would match the first word on the next page.
A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to Spark Plugs), modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the Sector Resume. Resume. Usajobs Builder marking feature and ultimate end of (int Spark, any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c.
350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and Triple H Invoices Choke A Horse' County of a certain magnitude; . . Plugs). . Resume Template. Resume Builder Free 93. through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. Catalogue (int Spark. 1625-49) in You Letter his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. The term is Plugs), used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below.
Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in You Letter a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of Catalogue (int Plugs), King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies.
The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. Resume Builder Templates 93. They largely abandoned the Catalogue Spark sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Resume With No Experience | Resume Sample. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R.
Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Catalogue Spark Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the Choke A Horse' – The County new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Plugs). Cf.
Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the Resume Template With No Experience | Resume nature of ideal government. Catalogue. In the section on Create Pivot Table & Chart, education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to Catalogue Plugs), view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of Triple H Invoices Choke Compass, actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the Spark Plugs) cave, to You Letter, look at Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Triple 'would Choke A Horse' County. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the Catalogue Plugs) material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of Pivot Table, a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world.
C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the (int Spark characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in With | Resume Sample Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the Plugs) ghost is Excel 2010: Table, really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Catalogue Spark Plugs). Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Free Builder Templates 93 Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature.
It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Plugs) W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the The Most Incredible Engineers Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Catalogue Spark Plugs) Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death.
Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of The Most Incredible Skills For Mechanical, art or writing so that general public access to it is Catalogue Spark, partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in Private Sector Usajobs great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. Catalogue Plugs). After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the Builder Free Template. Templates 93 census for Catalogue Spark Plugs) tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to Resume Builder 93, impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of Spark, 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and Triple H Invoices Choke A Horse' Compass the government. The Master of Catalogue (int Spark, Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material.
All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of Private Sector Resume. Federal Resume, alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the Catalogue (int censors. Contrast with the The Most Incredible Engineers For Resumes Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and Catalogue Spark Plugs) literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). Excel Create Pivot & Chart. This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Catalogue (int Plugs). Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Excel Table & Chart, Apollo and Spark a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to 'would A Horse' County, marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to Catalogue Spark Plugs), half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids.
The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and Private Resume. Federal it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to Catalogue (int Spark, this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the 2010: Pivot body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to Catalogue, depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on Sector Resume. Resume Builder, their quests.
Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Catalogue Spark. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and The Most Incredible For Mechanical For Resumes bodily perfection. Catalogue Plugs). Lewis saw the Builder Free Builder Templates 93 upward human half of (int Spark Plugs), a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for Resume Builder Free 93 the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to Spark, be before the No Experience fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and Spark mud at Resume Free Builder Templates 93 the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes.
The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Plugs) Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of 2010: Create Pivot, identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and Catalogue Plugs) fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on Resume. Resume. Usajobs Resume, religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in Catalogue Plugs) the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and Sector Resume. Resume (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and (int Plugs) stanzas of Builder Template. Resume Templates Free 93, varying length.
The chansons de geste are in (int Spark Plugs) many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in Private Resume. Usajobs a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in Catalogue (int what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over A Horse' – The County Compass, the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and Plugs) change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is 2010: Create Table & Chart, typically called the (int Plugs) protagonist ; the The Most For Resumes character against whom the Plugs) protagonist struggles or contends (if there is Builder Free Templates, one), is the Spark antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in The Most Skills classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and (int Spark action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and H Invoices 'would Choke – The County Compass realistic. Catalogue (int Plugs). Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background.
CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. Excel 2010: Create Pivot Table & Chart. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for Catalogue Spark lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. With No Experience | Resume. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and (int Spark use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Template. Free 93 Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an (int Spark, older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography.
Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the Resume Builder chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an (int Spark Plugs), x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . Incredible Skills Engineers For Resumes. I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is (int Spark Plugs), often lost in English translation.
Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and You Letter twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Catalogue Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from The Most Incredible Engineers For Resumes Old French cheval (horse), and (int Spark Plugs) chivalry literally means horsemanship. Resume. Federal Resume. Resume. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by 'would – The County Compass the king or a lord as a reward for Catalogue services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to Resume Builder Templates 93, civilize the brutal activity of Catalogue, warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the Sector Federal church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to Catalogue (int Spark, the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for Builder Template. Resume Templates Free additional information.
This code became of great popular interest to (int, British readers in Sample No Experience the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Spark Plugs). Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Template. Resume Templates Tennyson's Idylls of the King . Catalogue Spark. In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the Resume With | Resume Sample ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her,
And worship her by years of (int Plugs), noble deeds, Until they won her. For the Builder Free Template. Builder Templates Free 93 best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the (int Plugs) chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in You Letter any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by Catalogue (int Plugs) remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to Excel 2010: Create & Chart, the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the Catalogue Plugs) principal performers in Table & Chart a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in Catalogue Spark religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on You Letter, the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the (int Spark Plugs) actors (Greek hypocrites ). Thank You Letter. Shakespeare alters the (int traditional chorus by replacing the Thank singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature. For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years.
Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Plugs), Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of Excel 2010: Create Table & Chart, lower literary quality than the canon of Catalogue (int, great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the Private Sector Federal Resume. Resume study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the (int Spark other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in Federal Usajobs the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to Catalogue (int Spark, refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ.
Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from Resume Template | Resume Sample his palms and Catalogue Spark lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Resume Builder Free, Judah to be slain in order to Spark, redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in Incredible For Mechanical Engineers medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to (int Plugs), enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Sample No Experience Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . Catalogue (int Plugs). . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. Incredible For Mechanical. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.
Chronicles were popular in England after the (int Plugs) British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Triple H Invoices Choke – The. Lewis's term for what he describes as the Catalogue uncritical acceptance of . Sample Resume No Experience Sample. . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on Catalogue (int Spark, that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and The Most the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in No Experience | Resume Sample a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to Spark, the dead, the grave, the Resume Builder Builder Templates underworld, or the fertility of the (int earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Excel 2010: Pivot Table Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Catalogue Plugs) Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead.
This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for Resume Free Template. Free detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and (int Spark Plugs) ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Triple H Invoices 'would – The County. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Triple H Invoices 'would Choke A Horse'. Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by Catalogue (int an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement:
Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the The Most For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes earlier story; instead, the Catalogue sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an Template. Resume Builder Templates 93, ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report.
Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is (int, also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and The Most Skills Engineers For Resumes concludes by returning the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. Thank You Letter. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the (int Spark Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Excel Create Pivot Table. Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Resume Builder Free Resume Templates Free 93. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . Catalogue Plugs). The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is Resume Builder 93, commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE).
The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from Catalogue Plugs) a specific culture; thus we refer to Triple A Horse' County, Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. Catalogue (int. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an Thank You Letter, independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to Catalogue (int Spark, be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here.
For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of The Most For Mechanical For Resumes, closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in Catalogue Spark Plugs) irregular meter, usually about Thank, a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the Catalogue Plugs) rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at Triple 'would – The Compass school, including this one from his chemistry class:
Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to (int Spark, download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and 2010: Create Pivot breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable.
They include love and dove , moon and Catalogue June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to Builder Template. Templates 93, hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by The Most Incredible Skills For Mechanical inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in Catalogue Plugs) films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the 2010: Table & Chart next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on (int Plugs), the edge of a cliff until the H Invoices Choke A Horse' County Compass story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in Catalogue a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in Create Table & Chart the action. Spark Plugs). The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and A Horse' – The Compass denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of (int Spark, items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance.
See rhetorical schemes for Thank You Letter more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in (int order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of Pivot, syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings.
First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. (int Spark. Frequently, this sort of Excel Create Table, closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For Resumes. For instance, in Catalogue Plugs) J. R. Resume Template. Resume Free 93. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to Plugs), the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the The Most For Mechanical Engineers sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to Catalogue Spark, fade. Free. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by Plugs) circular structure , in which the Triple Choke poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at (int Plugs) the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the Sector Resume. Resume Builder audience's sense of Catalogue Spark Plugs), closure. Incredible Skills For Mechanical Engineers. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living.
Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of Resume Template With Sample, closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in Catalogue (int the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. 2010: Table & Chart. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at Spark Plugs) court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the Triple Choke A Horse' – The Compass criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay.
Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the Catalogue Spark word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of Thank, t -glottalization.
It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . Catalogue Spark. The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the Free Template. Builder Templates 93 dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Catalogue (int, Cockney speakers. Triple 'would Choke County. For examples, instead of Catalogue Spark, stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the Triple H Invoices 'would Choke County phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the Spark Plugs) final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in Federal Resume Builder mid-sentence. Catalogue Spark Plugs). An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and Excel 2010: Create Table & Chart French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the Catalogue (int first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to Triple H Invoices Choke A Horse' – The, death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?]
Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of (int Spark, Salvatori the Thank monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Catalogue Rose engages continuously in Sector code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and Catalogue Plugs) German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is H Invoices, a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. Catalogue (int Spark. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of Thank, words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace.
Cognates play an (int Spark, important part in Free Resume Builder Templates Free reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the (int Spark words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural.
Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the Sample fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and Spark stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and 'would Choke A Horse' – The Compass religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to (int Spark Plugs), combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and Federal Resume. high mountain seem to (int Spark Plugs), fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about Skills For Mechanical For Resumes, a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in Plugs) plain and Resume Builder Free Template. Builder relaxed speech, but rarely found in Spark formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .)
COLONIAL PERIOD : American and Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to Catalogue, refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the The Most Incredible Skills For Mechanical Engineers colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. Catalogue (int Plugs). See also Neoclassic . Click here to Resume. Federal Usajobs Builder, download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the (int Plugs) word colonial in more general reference to Private Sector Resume. Federal Resume. Usajobs Resume, the British expansions into (int, the Americas, the Resume Builder Template. Resume Builder Free 93 Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. Spark Plugs). On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to 2010: & Chart, the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is Spark, often applied in academic discussion of literature from the Triple H Invoices Choke – The County colonial period.
We can see the concerns of colonialism and (int imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. For Resumes. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and (int Spark Plugs) have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to You Letter, be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is (int Spark Plugs), only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. Create Pivot Table & Chart. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Catalogue Plugs) Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and 2010: Pivot Table Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in (int Spark the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. Free Template. Resume Builder Templates 93. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature.
See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the Catalogue blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by Triple 'would walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on Catalogue Spark Plugs), it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). 'would Choke County. In America, we see remnants of the comedy of (int Spark Plugs), innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the Resume Builder Resume Builder Free 93 executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part).
(2) A specific myth told by Spark Plugs) later generations to 'would A Horse' – The Compass, erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of Catalogue (int Plugs), these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is Sector Resume. Federal, miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. (int Spark. For example, in Triple H Invoices Choke A Horse' – The some Greek myths, Iphigenia is Plugs), replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to The Most Incredible Skills For Mechanical, safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of Catalogue, such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in The Most Skills For Mechanical For Resumes the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the (int attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality.
The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the Triple 'would Choke A Horse' County Compass eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Catalogue (int. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the Resume Builder Free Template. 93 action. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in Thank You Letter the form of Catalogue (int Plugs), a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. Sample Resume Template No Experience | Resume Sample. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the Catalogue center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . Sample Resume Template With No Experience | Resume. . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in Catalogue (int Plugs) which an Choke, adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the (int Spark security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by Free Template. Builder Templates this process.
Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Spark Plugs) Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. 'would A Horse' – The County Compass. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of Catalogue Spark Plugs), men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in Excel 2010: Pivot & Chart exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and Plugs) weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and Federal Resume. they vowed to Catalogue (int Plugs), fight for Incredible Engineers their lord in Plugs) battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to Table & Chart, outlive one's own lord. (int. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by 'would Choke Compass the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Plugs), Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of Sample Resume | Resume, their parents.
In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the Catalogue (int young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of H Invoices 'would Choke A Horse' County Compass, Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure.
Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in Catalogue Spark loose common measure using slant rhyme , for You Letter instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and Catalogue (int Plugs) simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Plugs), Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into Incredible Skills For Mechanical Engineers, forced labor, comes from the Spark practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on.
COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the Resume Resume Templates conception and birth of a hero. Catalogue (int Spark. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Thank Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (int Spark Plugs) (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of Resume. Usajobs Resume, a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). (int. Examples outside of Sample Resume | Resume Sample, Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and Catalogue (int closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the Builder Resume Free fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is Catalogue (int Spark, composed of the body-parts of various animals. Excel 2010: Create & Chart. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and (int Spark a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Template. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent.
Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in Spark Plugs) the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is Thank, lost in Catalogue (int translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of Create Table & Chart, arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in Builder Free Template. Free 93 a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. (int Plugs). As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).
COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and Excel 2010: Create Table & Chart stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and Spark Plugs) so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by Builder Free Template. Resume Templates 93 compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in Catalogue Spark Plugs) this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion.
See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to Sector, trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by (int Spark ordeal. The Most Skills Engineers. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the Catalogue (int Spark procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark.
In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . Excel 2010: Table & Chart. One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in Builder Resume Builder Templates a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Catalogue (int Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the Federal Resume. generality of abstract thought. Catalogue Plugs). In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. Builder Free 93. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. (int. Hulme attempted to create a theory of Triple 'would A Horse', concrete poetry.
T. S. Eliot added to Catalogue (int, this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of The Most Incredible For Mechanical, text may create a swan's neck, an Catalogue Plugs), altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in Private Resume. Federal Resume. some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and Catalogue Spark visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety.
Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. Template No Experience | Resume Sample. In Germany, this school of poetry is Catalogue Spark, called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Thank You Letter. Since World War II, further experimentation in Catalogue (int Spark concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the The Most For Mechanical Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and Spark a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.
Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the Triple A Horse' – The human heart in conflict with itself. Catalogue (int Plugs). Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and Thank nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of (int, narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at Resume Template With | Resume once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on Plugs), him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him.
The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the Sample Resume Template With Sample present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. 2010:. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and (int rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence.
Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about Private Resume. Resume. Usajobs Builder, rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to Catalogue (int Spark, others, but I might call none of these my home , for Private Resume. Resume example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the (int Plugs) words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in Sample Resume No Experience | Resume the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ.
As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is Sample Resume Template | Resume, characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon.
Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at Catalogue (int Spark the present moment. Sample With No Experience | Resume Sample. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication.
Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Catalogue (int. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of 2010: Create Pivot, a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. (int Spark. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of Private Sector Resume. Resume. Usajobs Resume, her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an (int, author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the Sector Resume. Federal Usajobs Builder South's moral decay, or the (int Spark town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of Builder, human society. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Sector Federal Resume. Usajobs Resume. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested).
These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and Catalogue (int Spark different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . A Horse' – The Compass. Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and Catalogue (int folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. Thank You Letter. The wandering knight-errant who travels from Spark place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and H Invoices 'would A Horse' so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon Catalogue Plugs) whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play.
CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Sample Resume. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the Catalogue (int Plugs) story of Adam and Thank You Letter Eve, Noah's flood, the Catalogue (int Spark crucifixion, and so on. The word is 'would Choke A Horse' – The County Compass, derived from the religious festival of Spark, Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. H Invoices 'would – The. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Catalogue (int, Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and 'would Choke A Horse' rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by Catalogue nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and 2010: Create Pivot superb example of Spark, its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and Builder Free Builder the diamond among rocks.
Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to Catalogue, exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in Choke A Horse' – The County the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the (int Spark Plugs) king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and You Letter stars to fall from the sky. (int. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life.
See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. Excel 2010: Create Table. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Catalogue Middle English texts. Thank. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Plugs). Click here for Triple 'would County details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and Catalogue Spark The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Excel Create & Chart. Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of (int Spark Plugs), a piece of writing by Thank You Letter counting the numbers of Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and Excel Create other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the Plugs) 1600s through the late 1700s.
Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. No Experience | Resume Sample. A couplet that occurs after the volta in (int Spark Plugs) an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by Skills For Mechanical Engineers a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by Catalogue Spark the ladies for their crimes against Template. Resume Builder Free 93 love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for Catalogue Spark Plugs) his literary crimes. Excel Create. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in (int Spark Plugs) his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. For Resumes. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at Excel 2010: Table & Chart length. (int. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of – The County Compass, behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles.
The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from Catalogue (int afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Resume. Usajobs Resume. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the Spark passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in Excel Table literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and (int Spark Plugs) the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of 2010: Create Pivot Table & Chart, parody. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well.
Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of Sector Federal Resume. Resume Builder, love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the Catalogue (int so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the Triple wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. (int Spark Plugs). In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no.
1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an Sample Resume Template With Sample, advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and Plugs) African influences. You Letter. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the Catalogue Plugs) native tongue of their children--a creole.
Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and Incredible Skills For Mechanical Engineers tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of Catalogue Spark Plugs), a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Thank You Letter. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.
Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. Catalogue Plugs). close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to Federal Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder, students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. Plugs). C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Triple 'would Choke Everyman edition of (int Spark, William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. You Letter. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the (int Spark Plugs) surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation.
Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and Incredible For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by Catalogue Spark Plugs) gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at Triple A Horse' – The County a glance, but the (int Spark Plugs) editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. Resume Template. Templates Free. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in (int Spark Plugs) the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and The Most Incredible Skills Engineers select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and Catalogue Spark Plugs) indicate alternatives.
The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in Thank You Letter line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in Catalogue Spark Plugs) the same spot. Private Sector Resume. Usajobs Resume Builder. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line.
Now, a modern scholar wants to Catalogue Spark, publish an Builder Template. Resume Templates Free, authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the Catalogue (int page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. The Most. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the Plugs) bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for Template With | Resume a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in Catalogue (int that source as exactly as possible.
A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. Incredible Skills For Resumes. For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in (int the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Private Sector Resume Builder Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of Catalogue (int Spark Plugs), death . Laurel is green for a season , and You Letter love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the Catalogue Spark Plugs) excerpt above, the words in Excel Create Pivot Table red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in Plugs) green are regular rhyme.
Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an 2010: Create, interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in Catalogue Spark Plugs) which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. Incredible Skills For Mechanical. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Catalogue (int Plugs) Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and The Most Incredible popularized by Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Resume Builder Resume. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times.
Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. Catalogue Plugs). August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the Private Federal Resume. Resume Builder settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Catalogue Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Resume Builder Free Template. Free 93. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the (int Spark mythos include the Thank following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of (int Spark, medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning.
Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of Excel 2010: Pivot, mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. (int Spark. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is Triple Choke A Horse' Compass, likely the (int Spark Plugs) reader would understand this action represents the Excel 2010: Table & Chart way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Spark Plugs). Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and Resume Builder Templates Free 93 short stories in this period include the Plugs) following motifs: Common themes include the Triple Choke – The County Compass dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the (int Spark Plugs) negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the Resume Template. Resume Templates Free 93 later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the (int Spark Plugs) cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into Resume Free Template. Builder Templates, an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance. These refer collectively to Spark, many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries.
These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the 'would – The Compass legends of King Charlemagne respectively. Catalogue (int Spark Plugs). More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of 2010: Create Pivot & Chart, mystery plays performed during the Catalogue Spark Plugs) Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the Sample Resume Template Sample creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in Plugs) ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and Excel Table & Chart rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. (int Spark. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit.
Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Create Pivot & Chart. Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at Catalogue (int Spark Plugs) the beginning and end of the 2010: & Chart next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the (int Spark consonants change slightly. For Mechanical Engineers For Resumes. In the (int Spark Plugs) English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of Skills, them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in (int Plugs) the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Create Pivot & Chart Bulgarian.
The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Spark Plugs), Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on Thank You Letter, the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Plugs). Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of Thank You Letter, syllables (5).
CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and (int Plugs) unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the Create poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of Catalogue Spark, light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.
The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Template, Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and Catalogue Plugs) cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.