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robin hood homework of Barnsdale and Sherwood. Robin Hood Tales. Wolfshead Through the 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft 2007, Ages. - The History of Robin Hood. The Blue Boar Inn. All text, unless otherwise noted, and title graphics - copyright Allen W. Wright, 2004. Welcome! I know my site has grown rather large - much larger than I originally intended.
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In addition to the ballads, this section contains the poem Sherwood by Alfred Noyes, Dowsing the Demon -- a Robin and Marian murder mystery short story by Clayton Emery, and finally two comic book stories from the 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, 1950s. Wolfshead Through the Ages - The History of Robin Hood This is Prices Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Pages, arguably the most important section of my site. It traces the growth and development of the Robin Hood legend from the earliest ballads and plays to the most modern novels, films and 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, TV shows. It examines how the legend has evolved over Vector time with new characters, new settings and new themes. The Search for a Real Robin Hood The most commonly asked question is Templates 2007, was Robin Hood real?
The answer is fairly complex. There are historical records for various people who may or may not have been the original Robin Hood. This section looks at those candidates for the original Robin Hood. Also, it looks at 10+ Memo Format Clerked, other real life outlaws, possible inspirations for the Merry Men, historical sheriffs of Nottingham and the kings who appear in Newsletter For Microsoft | Newsletter, the legend. Spotlight of the Month It's not quite as monthly as the title suggests, but this area features reviews of various versions of the Robin Hood legend.
Included are examinations of ballads, novels, films and more. My goal is to add a new Spotlight article every month. Robin Hood - A Personal Journey So, what exactly is a personal journey? Well, it contains a history of my involvement and interest in Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Pages Free, the Robin Hood legend. Likely of greater interest to the average visitor, however, are the detailed descriptions of my three visits to the real-life locations of the 7+ Free Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter, Robin Hood legend such as Sherwood Forest, Nottingham and Barnsdale. Also, this section includes a brief article where I attempt to explain why I like the Robin Hood legend so much. The Picture Gallery As the Ia Commentary Essay Example, title suggests, this area features a collection of Robin Hood images from old woodcuts and book illustrations to the Robin Hoods of film and television. Also are numerous photos I have taken of Robin Hood locations such as Sherwood Forest, Nottingham, Fountains Abbey, St. Mary's Abbey and Wentbridge.
Interviews in Sherwood Here you'll find interviews with writers, scholars, actors and others associated with the Robin Hood legend, including the modern day sheriff of Nottingham. The Blue Boar Inn Message Board Taking its name from the tavern Robin Hood frequents in the children's book by Howard Pyle, the 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word, Blue Boar is a place for you to discuss all aspects of the Robin Hood legend. Please post a message. Legendary Links This page features an extensive collection of links to other websites featuring Robin Hood and related topics. The page is divided into many sections, including links to Robin Hood-like heroes or outlaws from other countries and Format - Sales Clerked, pages on medieval history. Also, the section includes links to the Robin Hood webrings I belong to Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter and the various awards that my site has won. Pook's Hill Way back when, this was the primary gateway to my website of which the Robin Hood section was to be a mere branch. Flyer Download Photoshop? Well, the branch has now grown much larger than the tree. The most interesting thing here is Puck - That Shrewd and Knavish Sprite Called Robin Goodfellow, dedicated to the trickster faery from A Midsummer Night's Dream. About the Author In case you're interested, this is a brief biography of Allen W. 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word 2007? Wright, creator of Ask The Stakeholders, this site and the guy currently typing this sentence. Of course, I'm always looking to expand my website.
Please e-mail me if you have any suggestions. I get asked questions by students (from elementary school, right up to university and college students) on an almost daily basis. Many of them have asked the Newsletter, same questions. It was clearly time for me to add an Diamond Pages Free, FAQ (frequently asked questions) list. Although the title is For Students, I figure that everyone is a student of life. So, even if you aren't a student, you may find your answers here.
There are a couple of 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft 2007, general matters that I'd like to discuss first, however. Some visitors get annoyed that I refuse to give straightforward answers, or at Sample Curriculum, least answers as straightforward as they'd like. That's because there is Newsletter Templates | Newsletter, rarely one simple answer to a question. Form? The legend of Robin Hood, like most myths and legends, is 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft 2007, a bit like a childhood game of 'Telephone' (or 'Chinese Whispers' for those in the UK). Have you ever played the Format For Employees Clerked, game in class or at summer camp, where one person whispers a message to the next person, who passes it along to the next? When the Newsletter Templates For Microsoft, last person in the class stands up and says the message out Soccer Download loud, it's usually very different from what the first person said. People mishear, or misremember or just paraphrase what they've been told.
And that changes things. But legends are different from such a game. Word 2007? In the Flyer Template Psd 7225599 » Free Photoshop Vector, game, barring the 2007, class prankster, everyone is » Free Download Photoshop, trying to 7+ Free Templates | Newsletter repeat the same message. But legends are told by storytellers. Generations of people who deliberately change the stories. Why? To make it bigger, more exciting, funnier or just different than the story they first heard. Colored Diamond Chart,diamond.printable Pages Free? To put their own stamp on 7+ Free Newsletter, the legend, or to explore some previously unexplored aspect. So, what may be a true answer for one Robin Hood children's book may be wrong for - Sales Clerked another. Newsletter Templates 2007 | Newsletter? In some, Robin is Ia Commentary Extended Tutor Example, a yeoman.
In others, he's an earl. This site is written in For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, Canadian English. Colored Diamond Chart,diamond.printable Free? This means that usually the spelling closer to the British rather than American standard. It is also written in an informal style, not an academic one. This means that generally I have avoided complex footnotes, although a few sections here do have Works Cited (or Sources as I call them) pages. And an informal style also means that I begin sentences with conjunctions and use colloquial expressions when it strikes my fancy. It would not be a good idea to just copy my words and hand them into your teacher. Not that it would have been a smart idea to Word plagiarize my site anyway.
Most teachers are not morons. They can tell when you are handing in ideas or words that are not your own. Can I use information from I Identify For, your site? How do I cite your website? Why won't your images load on 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft 2007, my blog, profile or website? Hi, I just visited your site. It looks great! Can you please e-mail me everything you know about Sample Format Format Robin Hood? I have an assignment due in three hours, please provide chapter summaries of Robin McKinley's The Outlaws of Sherwood . This is the most frequently asked question. Short answer: Maybe.
Slightly longer answer: There are various records of Templates Word, people named Robin or Robert Hood. Some were outlaws. These real Robin Hoods lived in different places and times. Scholars have widely varying theories as to whether any of Ib Economics Ia Commentary Essay Tutor, them were the inspirations to the legend. Also, some feel that there's a mythological basis to the legend. Templates | Newsletter? Others think Robin Hood is Soccer Photoshop, entirely fictional. The early ballads do resemble other outlaw stories. Certainly the legend as we know it today is largely fiction.
But there still may have been real outlaws that inspired the 7+ Free Templates | Newsletter, tales. Longer answer: The Search for a Real Robin Hood section of my site lists various real outlaws - some named Robin Hood - that may have inspired the Format Clerked, legend. Newsletter Templates? Click here for a full answer. What can I find on your site? Where do you have.
Scroll up this page and you'll see a section called What's Where. It describes each section of my website. Other helpful tools include the Search Engine and the Site Map. Can I use information from your site? How do I cite your website? Generally speaking, yes. You can quote from my site. I guess the Extended Example, first principle behind my answers is please give credit where credit is due. That can vary depending on Word, how you're using information from my site or how much you're using, but acknowledging my name (Allen W. Wright), site name (Robin Hood -- Bold Outlaw of Barnsdale and Sherwood) and URL (www.boldoutlaw.com) are good guidelines. I don't mind you quoting or using information from my site within reason. Say your assignment is Flyer Template » Free Photoshop, eight paragraphs - then perhaps quoting one paragraph of my site would be acceptable.
Copying and pasting a whole page of mine, however, is not acceptable. Newsletter Templates For Microsoft 2007? I'm more lenient with educational and non-profit uses than commercial uses of my site. However, as long as credit is given, some degree of quoting is acceptable. Pictures are a murky area. The green side bar lists copyright information and Invoice Form, credit. If it's a photo of Nottinghamshire or Yorkshire, it likely belongs to me. If you're using it for a class project or just one or two pictures for your web site, then I don't mind (as long as you give credit). For Microsoft | Newsletter? If you're making money off my pictures, well. we'll have to come to some kind of arrangement. If it's a picture from a film or television show, I'm exploiting that grey area of fair use. In other words, I can't really grant permission to use film or TV pictures. Most studios don't mind non-profit internet use if credit is supplied, but well. it's at your own risk.
Most style guides now have rules for citing electronic sources. Here are a few websites that list the rules and have tools to Format For Employees Clerked help you. ONLINE Citation Styles, How to Cite Electronic Sources and NoodleTools (with the NoodleBib starter). Author credit, except where noted and there are very few exceptions, should go to Allen W. Wright and the top name of Newsletter | Newsletter, this site is Robin Hood - Bold Outlaw of Barnsdale and Sherwood. Why won't your images load on my blog, profile or website? My site has hotlink protection to crack down on bandwidth theft. You see, I pay for the bandwidth on this site. I do so in order to Flyer Template Psd 7225599 educate and entertain people who are interested in the Robin Hood legend.
I do not pay money so that dating profiles, blogs, skateboarding and 7+ Free 2007, wrestling message boards, or other sites can reproduce my images and then stick me with the Extended Essay Help Tutor, bandwidth costs. If you really want to steal one of my images, then at least put it up on your own servers. Hi, I just visited your site. Newsletter Templates For Microsoft? It looks great! Can you please e-mail me everything you know about Robin Hood? I have an assignment due in three hours, please provide chapter summaries of Ib Economics Ia Commentary Help Example, Robin McKinley's The Outlaws of Sherwood . Will you do my homework for Templates Word | Newsletter me?
Yes, I really do asked these sorts of questions. More often than I'd like. And the answer to most of them is Ia Commentary Extended Essay Help, No. 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter? Do your own homework. I don't mind helping a bit, offering the odd suggestion. And if you're doing something unusual, then I'd be happy to discuss it. But if it's information that can be easily obtained on this site, I'm likely to just tell you what page to Psd 7225599 » Free find the information on. If it's really a do my homework for me question, I'll probably just ignore you.
As for sending everything I know in e-mail. This site is now the size of 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word, a small book - certainly larger than any school essay. I can only assume that people want me to repeat the information in e-mail because they are lazy or want to pass it off as their own work. Obviously, you might have missed some things on my site. Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do Stakeholders? So, I don't want to For Microsoft | Newsletter say that I will never respond.
But I can usually tell which people only read the Invoice, site far enough to find my e-mail address. Why don't you have footnotes or endnotes in your articles? Well, as I said above, this website is written in an informal style. Also, the For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, lack of footnotes make it harder to plagiarize my site. Vitae Sample Format Curriculum Vitae Format? Still, some sections do contain lists of my sources. See the question below. Where do you get your information from? Can you please recommend some good books on 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft, Robin Hood? I get my information from a variety of books and articles.
Of course, I also have a large collection of Robin Hood books, films and the like. Also, I attend, and present at, academic conferences on Soccer Flyer Template Psd 7225599, the Robin Hood legend. Two sections of my site had have Sources pages that list the books and Newsletter Templates, articles I used. They are Wolfshead Through the Ages - Sources and For Employees - Sales Clerked, Search for a Real Robin Hood - Sources. All those pages have links to Templates For Microsoft | Newsletter Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk. The top books that I would recommend are: ROBIN HOOD , revised edition by J. C. Holt. London: Thames and Hudson, 1989. In the 1980s and early 1990s, this was considered the definitive work on Robin Hood. Although it focuses mainly on the medieval side of the legend, it's still worth a look.
Robin Hood: A Complete Study of the English Outlaw by Stephen Knight. Oxford, UK and Cambridge, USA: Blackwell, 1994. This is as close to definitive book on the legend as you're likely to find. Invoice Template? It provides the most comprehensive look at changes to 7+ Free Templates Word | Newsletter the Robin Hood legend. Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do I Identify? It's most valuable for its coverage of the later legend. The book takes a social-culture view, and Word 2007 | Newsletter, sometimes the Flyer » Free Vector, language can be very lit-crit. An interview with Professor Knight is available on my website. Most references to Stephen Knight's work on 7+ Free Templates, this page are to this book.
The book is out of print, but he has a new book. ROBIN HOOD: A MYTHIC BIOGRAPHY by Stephen Knight. Cornell University Press, 2003. Ia Commentary Tutor Example? Although published after my site was largely written, this book repeats many arguments from his former book. 7+ Free Newsletter Templates 2007? It divides Robin's legendary persona into four archetypes. This is largely enjoyable. Stephen Knight likes to Soccer Flyer Template Psd 7225599 challenge traditionally assumptions about the 7+ Free Newsletter Word, legend. That can be useful, but he's sometimes given to overstatements. ROBIN HOOD AND OTHER OUTLAW TALES edited by Stephen Knight and Thomas Ohlgren. Kalamazoo, Michigan: TEAMS - Medieval Institute Publications, 1997. It's a whopping 700 pages filled with ballads, plays, and historical background.
Much of this book is online at Vitae Format, The Robin Hood Project at the University of Rochester. Buy it on Amazon.com. RYMES OF ROBYN HOOD; AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ENGLISH OUTLAW by R.B. Dobson and J. Taylor. Gloucester, UK: Alan Sutton, 1989. Originally published by Heinemann in 1976, this is Newsletter For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, a classic collection of ballads and Vitae Sample, poems with a wonderful historical introduction. A new edition was released in 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, 1997 with an updated foreword. I heard that Robin Hood really wasn't from Nottingham or Sherwood Forest and that he lived in Template, Yorkshire, is this true? This is a subject for debate.
Especially among people from Newsletter Templates For Microsoft 2007, Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire. Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do I Identify? In 2004, the debate over which place should be labelled Robin Hood Country spilled over into Newsletter Word the British Parliament. The early ballad A Gest of Stakeholders For, Robyn Hode sets Robin Hood in Barnsdale, in Yorkshire. However, he also visits from Nottingham and steals from that town's sheriff. Sherwood Forest is not mentioned in that ballad, but it is Robin's home in another early ballad Robin Hood and the Monk . There are many early references to the Robin Hood legend being set in Yorkshire, but also many that set the legend in Nottinghamshire. I'd say there's a greater variety of Yorkshire place names - Barnsdale, York, Wakefield, Kirklees, Fountains Abbey, Loxley - associated with the legend. The early Nottinghamshire-based stories usually just mention Sherwood and Nottingham.
Over the 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word | Newsletter, centuries, the Vitae Format Curriculum Vitae Format, references to 7+ Free Newsletter Word 2007 Yorkshire and Barnsdale (Barnesdale) became less common. Also, many works of 10+ Memo Clerked, Robin Hood fiction have used well-known Yorkshire place names, but set their stories in Nottinghamshire. People from both counties occasionally feel like the other county is stealing their legend. My site's name pays tribute to both the Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire locations of the legend. I don't get this question too much anymore. But back in the summer of 1999, I was being asked this pretty much every week. At the 1999 Robin Hood conference, Professor Stephen Knight delivered a paper called The Forest Queen. Word | Newsletter? It was about a 19th century Maid Marian novel with that subtitle. But Prof. Colored Prices Pages? Knight included a one-sentence joke about how the title could also refer to Robin Hood's ambiguous sexuality. The media got wind of this and blew the whole thing out of proportion.
After all, Prof. Knight doesn't even believe that Robin Hood was real. Still, there are, of course, academics who see gay themes in the legend. Stephen Knight's comments on Robin's sexuality and his experiences with the Templates For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, media can be found on this website in an article called Gendering Robin Hood. Who are you and Curriculum Vitae, why did you start this site?
Are you qualified to write about Robin Hood? My name is Allen W. Wright. For a biography on me, click here. I started this in early 1997. And it began out of 7+ Free 2007, necessity. I couldn't find any really good sites that covered the legend as a whole. The only one I knew of Curriculum Sample Vitae, was temporarily down. I wanted to be able to Newsletter For Microsoft | Newsletter share information about the entire legend from the earliest ballads to the latest TV show.
I try to cover as broad an area as possible. As for my qualifications, well . this site is not officially affiliated with any academic institution. I do know some professors who are quite fond of it though. I have undergraduate degrees in History, English and Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do I Identify, Journalism. I have presented papers on Robin Hood at 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007, several academic conferences.
Also, I have been a reference source on Ask The I Identify For, radio and TV documentaries. CBC Radio once claimed I knew everything about Robin Hood. Sadly, that's not quite true. For Microsoft Word | Newsletter? But then I don't think there's anybody who knows everything about Robin Hood. Ask The Appraiser!: Stakeholders? There's always more to learn, and that's what makes the legend fun. Does that make me qualified? Well, that's up for you to decide. I'd hope that you would take whatever anyone says with a grain of salt and check different sources. Which actor would you like to 7+ Free For Microsoft Word | Newsletter see play Robin Hood in an upcoming movie? Truthfully, I don't really get asked this question all that frequently, but this seemed like a good place to Flyer Download Vector discuss it.
Eventually, Hollywood will recover from the Kevin Costner film and wanted to do a big new Robin Hood project. My number one choice for the new Robin Hood is . Sean Bean. First, he's from Sheffield - one of the areas that claims Robin Hood (Loxley being a part of that city now). But it's not just the Yorkshire accent that makes Bean the best candidate to 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft play Robin Hood in a new movie. Yes, Bean has played bad guys in Patriot Games and Goldeneye , but I think that his best performances have come when he's playing a flawed hero, such as Richard Sharpe in the Sharpe series of TV movies and - Sales Clerked, Boromir in The Lord of 7+ Free Newsletter Templates 2007 | Newsletter, The Rings . Take Bean's 19th century rifleman Sharpe - he's a guy who was raised from the ranks, a lower-class fellow. He's called on Invoice Form, to be a leader of men, but a killer when needs be. 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft? As Sharpe, Sean Bean shows the common man's touch, leadership qualities, passion, ambition, and a disdain for Colored Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable Pages b.s. and bureaucrats. Oh. and Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, a sense of humour. Diamond Prices Pages Free? A movie Robin Hood could use all those qualities. And it turns out that Richard Carpenter, creator of the popular Robin of Sherwood TV series has also said that Sean Bean would have been an excellent Robin, if he had needed to Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 recast yet again. Some months after I first wrote this answer praising Bean, he took top place in Curriculum Curriculum, a BBC Online poll for who should be the next Robin Hood.
I don't think I started the trend, just that much like the BBC voters, I'm capable of seeing the obvious. My runner-up choice would be Denzel Washington. A black actor. as Robin Hood? Why not? Theatre has been doing colour-blind casting for years. Templates 2007? I first hit upon this idea when I saw Washington in Much Ado About Nothing where he had the charm and charisma that would suit a Robin Hood of the Invoice, silver screen. Templates For Microsoft Word 2007? Add in Sample Format Curriculum, his more dramatic roles like Malcolm X , and well.
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5 Problems with The Ladders' 6 Second Resume Study. By Mark Slack / November 14, 2014. The Ladders’ ‘6 second resume’ study is Newsletter Templates 2007 | Newsletter frequently cited around the web. Ib Economics Essay Help Tutor Example? But is it methodologically sound? I know you’ve heard this one before — hiring managers only take an 7+ Free 2007, average of six seconds to glance over Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: I Identify your resume before deciding to keep or trash it. If you’re in the resume business, you see this statistic from The Ladders’ famous resume study cited everywhere. You’ve probably even cited it a few times yourself.
I know I have. Then it struck me. Has anyone even taken a close look at 7+ Free Templates Word the study’s methodology to see if it has scientific merit? I decided to examine their methodology in detail to see if the study could be improved, and if their conclusions were correct. The result? There are major problems with The Ladders’ famous study that may have led to hazy or incorrect results.
Allow me to preface this post by saying that it’s admirable that The Ladders went through the effort to - Sales do bring a scientific lens to the hiring process, and attempt to bring some objectivity to the table. I think that is to be applauded and Newsletter | Newsletter, appreciated. However, it is Ia Commentary Extended Essay Help Tutor also important not to accept the results of any study at face value. Conclusions should be peer-reviewed and tested to determine accuracy, and 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, constructive criticism should be given to improve any studies performed in the future. With that in Extended Help mind, here are five problems with The Ladders’ six-second resume study. 1. The study provides too few important methodological details. This is a major issue throughout the study. Statistics should never be taken at face value, and it’s impossible to praise or criticize the methodology of Newsletter | Newsletter a study that does not make its methods transparent and open. Here’s the biggest missing detail from this study: Were the recruiters told in advance whether they were viewing professionally re-written or original resumes? If they were told in advance, it would bias the results in Ia Commentary Tutor Example favor of the professional re-written samples.
This would be like judging brownies, and being told in 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft | Newsletter advance which ones were baked by Martha Stewart, and which ones were baked by a twelve-year old. The Ladders should address this missing piece of critical information. 2. Colored Chart,diamond.printable? The study uses scales and statistics incorrectly, generating questionable results. The Ladders’ study used something called a Likert scale to help recruiters gauge the 7+ Free Word, “usability” and “organization” of any given resume. Before I continue, here’s what a Likert scale looks like: I’m sure you’ve filled one in - Sales several times in your life. Using the Likert scale was a good choice for this study. Newsletter Templates For Microsoft? Used correctly, it could act a strong indicator of the comparative strength of professionally written resumes.
Unfortunately, The Ladders’ study only gets it half right. Recruiters were asked to rate the For Employees, “usability” and “organization” of resumes on numerical rating scale from 1-7 (instead of Agree-Disagree as shown in For Microsoft Word | Newsletter the Likert scale above). 1 represented a resume that was the least usable/organized, with 7 being the most usable/organized. Because the scale is numerical, The Ladders calls it a “Likert-like” scale, not just a Likert scale. Here’s where the Invoice Form Template, study gets a bit sloppy.
The Ladders claims that professionally re-written resumes were given an average rating of Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter 6.2 for ‘usability’ versus 3.9 before the Invoice, rewrite. They then calculate this as a 60% increase in usability. You can’t do that with a Likert scale, (or a Likert-like scale). Consider it this way – make a list of Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 three movies, assigned values 1-3. Your favorite movie (1) A movie that you like (2) A movie that you sort of like (3) What’s the percentage difference between the Ib Economics Ia Commentary Essay Tutor Example, movie that you sort of like, and the movie that you like? How about between the movie you like, and your favorite movie? Are the intervals between them even? I know for me, they aren’t.
It’s difficult to even choose between my favorite movies most of the time. If it doesn’t work with movies, how could it work with the Newsletter 2007, resumes in this study? Just because you assign your opinion to a numerical value does not mean you can also assign a percentage interval. Again, let me be clear – the results stemming from the Likert-like scale probably reveal that professionally written resumes were better organized and more usable than the originals, but that cannot be calculated into Flyer Psd 7225599 » Free Photoshop, percentages. (At least with this kind of statistical test.) 3. The study uses unclear language and words that are not defined. Let’s take a look at Newsletter Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter the study’s claims piece by piece: “Professionally prepared resumes also scored better in terms of organization and visual hierarchy, as measured by Soccer Flyer Template Psd 7225599 » Free Photoshop, eye-tracking technology. The “gaze trace” of 7+ Free Newsletter Templates 2007 | Newsletter recruiters was erratic when they reviewed a poorly organized resume, and Ib Economics Ia Commentary Extended Essay Help Example, recruiters experienced high levels of cognitive load (total mental activity) , which increased the Templates For Microsoft Word, level of Ask The How Do I Identify Stakeholders For effort to make a decision.” First of all, it’s unclear what the study means by “cognitive load”/ “total mental activity”.
Moreover, how did they measure these vague terms with eye gaze technology? Again, the lack of transparent methodology and clear definitions renders these terms impossible to make any comments about, and For Microsoft 2007, determine if the study is truly accurate. Secondly, how does one measure whether a “gaze trace” is erratic? The fact is that though there may be ways to measure this kind of thing statistically, it’s hard to know if their conclusion has any merit when they just summarize the math in their own words without showing us any of the computations. Thirdly, the Likert scale is Format For Employees misused once again in 7+ Free Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter this section to Ia Commentary Tutor create the illusion of a hard statistic:
“[Professional resumes] achieved a mean score of 5.6 on a seven-point Likert-like scale, compared with a 4.0 rating for resumes before the re-write – a 40% increase.” We’ve already gone over why that is not a legitimate way to represent Likert scale data. We interviewed seasoned human resources experts about resume screening, about how long they spend on a resume on average, and what they think of the “6-second” rule. Newsletter For Microsoft | Newsletter? Here are a few of the responses: “I always go back and Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable Pages, forth on the whole “6 seconds” theory. I can’t really put an average time for how long I look at 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word 2007 each one; for Prices Pages Free me, it really depends on how a resume is constructed. When I open up a nice, neat resume (clear headers, line separations, clearly in Templates chronological order, etc.) I am more likely to Format Clerked go through each section of the resume. Even if the experience is not that great, having a resume that looks professional and 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft | Newsletter, reads well will cause me to spend more time examining it. “…Once I narrow down candidates from the Colored Diamond Chart,diamond.printable Pages, cover letter filter I will spend 10-15 minutes reviewing individual resumes.” “The 6 second rule? It varies company to company.
Here’s what I’ll say. 7+ Free Templates Word 2007? Recruiters will spend less time reading a resume for an entry or junior level role. Positions that are more senior will be reviewed quite carefully by HR before they pass them on to the hiring manager.” “Initially, an Soccer Download, average resume takes 2-3 minutes for 7+ Free Newsletter 2007 me to scan.” “…the average time spent on 10+ Memo - Sales, the initial resume review is 7+ Free For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter 15 seconds. If she sees a good skill match, she will spend two to three minutes further reading it.” “We spend, on Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: For, average, 2:36 per Word, application.
That includes looking through someone’s portfolio, website, Github, LinkedIn, and anything else we can find online.” Michelle Burke , Marketing Supervisor, WyckWyre. “Our hiring managers honestly spend time looking through resumes. They value every application that comes in and want to Extended Essay Tutor Example hire as many people as needed rather than screen through applications and end up with no one.” 5. The study makes conjectures without data to 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter back it up. The study needs to be more careful about Form Template, making conjecture and speculation, or give better reasoning to support its claims. For example, the study says: “In some cases, irrelevant data such as candidates’ age, gender or race may have biased reviewers’ judgments.” While the above is not necessarily an incorrect hypothesis, it’s pointless to 7+ Free Word 2007 | Newsletter include in Colored Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable this study unless The Ladders can prove it with actual data.
If they are speculating, they need to Newsletter 2007 | Newsletter be clear about that, or else be clear about the bits of data that substantiate their claims. Due to the opaqueness of the study, it’s impossible to know how they made that determination. Here are two other areas where critical information is missing: We don’t know why The Ladders chose a sample of 30 people. Here’s why this is important: In general, ordinal data (IE. the likert-scale data used in this study) requires a larger sample size to detect a given effect than does interval/ratio/cardinal data. So, is 30 people enough for Format For Employees this study? If The Ladders did not set a clear rule for how large a sample they were going to recruit, they could theoretically continue to Newsletter 2007 choose as many or as few people as necessary to come up with a result that that they wanted.
Again, I’m not accusing The Ladders of doing this, but just giving another example for 10+ Memo Format For Employees why study methodology should be transparent and open – results carry less meaning unless they can be examined. We don’t know if the differences were statistically different from zero. This is Newsletter Templates For Microsoft 2007 a bit more difficult to understand, but essentially this means we can’t tell if their results were just from 10+ Memo For Employees Clerked sheer randomness or a real underlying difference. To determine whether the results were sheer randomness or actually reveal differences, the Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, study needs to report z scores or t scores, Pearson’s r’s or Kendall’s tau’s, etc. These values are the statistician’s tools for making an inference about whether observed differences reflect some real, underlying difference, or whether they’re likely to have resulted from ‘just random noise. The study reveals no such information. 6. Study doesn’t answer The Big Question: Does any of this even matter? Here’s The Big Question – do these professionally rewritten resumes actually help people find jobs, or land more interviews?
While it’s interesting to find out Flyer Psd 7225599 Download if professionally written resume get better ratings for usability and “more orderly eye gaze”, the important question is 7+ Free Word 2007 whether people are getting interviews and Colored Coloring Pages Free, jobs because of these resume qualities. The most meaningful statistic would be to Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 figure out how large an improvement in orderliness of gaze and resume ratings is required to move a resume from “no interview/not hired” to “interview/hired”. (Granted, this question would be a complex problem to figure out, and Invoice Template, impacted by a large number of variables.) But without knowing if there was a meaningful difference in hiring/interview trends, it’s hard to know if the increases reported by the study are large, small, unimportant, or important. Again, I think it’s great that The Ladders went through the effort to come up with a resume and recruiting study. However, we should be careful to remember that bulletproof studies can be hard to 7+ Free Newsletter 2007 | Newsletter design, and Ask The Appraiser!: Stakeholders For, statistics can be unintentionally misleading, and 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, frequently tricky to interpret. Hopefully, this analysis can serve a jumping-off point for Soccer Flyer Template Download Vector a new and Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, improved study that may reveal some surprising information about how recruiters tend to behave, and how to Invoice help people find jobs more efficiently. We reached out to 7+ Free Templates Word The Ladders for a comment on this article and a request for their in depth methodology for 10+ Memo - Sales Clerked further review, and have not yet received a response. Your analysis of 7+ Free | Newsletter The Ladders’ Eye Tracking Study is great. You’ve. clearly identified a number of obvious scientific flaws in their.
methodology. My own point of criticism was simply that since The. Ladders is a for-profit Job-Seeker Service which commissioned and paid. for this study, it’s not surprising that their conclusions supported. using their own professional resume-writing services.
To use your. analogy, it would be like the For Employees - Sales Clerked, Martha Stewart company commissioning and. paying for a study comparing brownies baked by Martha Stewart with ones. were baked by a twelve-year old. Guess which brownies would come out. being more popular in 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft | Newsletter that study?! I also love your final conclusion — that the Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Pages Free, real test should be to find out Templates For Microsoft if improving someone’s resume. by using a professional resume-writing service would actually increase.
their chances of getting interviewed and/or hired. Now THAT would be a. Definitely not surprising that The Ladders’ study’s conclusion would support their bottom line. However, I would bet that a methodologically bulletproof study would track along the same lines as their own, anyway — but it would be nice to prove it! Indeed, a truly scientific study done on how to improve people’s chances of getting interviews/hired would be fantastic to Flyer Template Psd 7225599 » Free Photoshop see. 7+ Free Newsletter Templates 2007? Thanks for reading my article and commenting! Hi Mark, this was a very helpful! Do you know of any good resume eye tracking studies out Curriculum there? Thanks for the comment.
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Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to Template make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. Invoice Form? These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft, career tips are regularly featured on Soccer Flyer Psd 7225599 » Free Vector, some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to For Microsoft 2007 help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.
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7 Parts to 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word 2007, a Winning Business Plan. Starting a business is an Vitae Curriculum, exciting venture. To make it an absolute success, getting all the details right from the 7+ Free Templates Word | Newsletter, very beginning is absolutely crucial. Chart,diamond.printable Pages Free? This is where a business plan becomes relevant. A business plan is a formal statement that comprises the goals of a business, reasons why they are attainable and 7+ Free Newsletter 2007, the ways in which these can be accomplished. In short, a business plan is a road-map to success. It is important to understand that while a business plan may not make success inevitable for a business, it can definitely help you identify viable ways to avoid failure. It helps you get a clear understanding of the strengths and Flyer Template Psd 7225599 Photoshop Vector, weaknesses of your business and Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, devise ways to Ask The Cmmi How Do For, capitalize on the strength and 7+ Free | Newsletter, minimize the risks.
Regardless of whether you are starting a business or planning to grow your existing one, a business plan is an absolutely crucial element. Let#8217;s take a look at what to include while craft a winning business plan. An executive summary briefly outlines the goals and Format Curriculum, objectives of the business. It summarizes a description of the business, the products and/or services provided, growth potential, funding requirements, a proper plan on how you will repay loans, if any, etc. Sometimes, you might require to show the business plan you formulate to investors and 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, financiers. Therefore, you should ensure that you get to the to-the-point in the summary. This is where you introduce readers to the business. Describe the products and services that your business plans to provide and where and Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Free, how you plan on providing these to your potential customers. By now, you would need to have a clear idea about Templates For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, which industry corresponds to your business and who your target customers are going to Appraiser!: I Identify Stakeholders For, be. Also include, an Newsletter For Microsoft 2007, industry analysis and how your business fits in. It should also comprise an outlook for the future.
Include how further developments in your industry may affect your business and add facts supporting your inferences. Analysis of Market Opportunities and Competition. A thorough market research is crucial for your business. This research should analyze the buying habits of Invoice Form Template, customers, purchasing cycle, their willingness to 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word, accept new products and services etc. In short, you would need to determine whether there is Extended Help Tutor a viable market for the products and/or services your business will offer. Also, it is 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter important to have an idea about your competitors and what works for them. These findings will help you determine how to differentiate your product or service from the existing ones.
The strategies you devise for this purpose should be included in your business plan. Template? This section should comprise a layout of your marketing plan. One of the primary purposes of this section is to find ways to 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, spread awareness of the products and services among your target customers. Marketing involves advertising and promoting your products while maintaining proper public relations. Your plan should include the techniques that you will implement to generate leads, increase conversion and retain customers. These should be actionable and based on Colored Diamond Prices Coloring Pages, facts.
Business Operations and Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, Management. This section is dedicated to how you plan on running the Invoice, business. This may include requirements related to staffing, logistics and development of the business. Also, the tasks assigned to every division, responsibilities of the management team etc. are included. Some other aspects that you need to consider are infrastructure, working equipment, WiFi requirements and so on. You should keep in mind that the operations will change as the company grows. Therefore, your business plan should have provisions for these changes. The success or failure of a business boils down to its profits and 7+ Free Word 2007, this section will help in planning how to keep it steady.
The major aspects include: • An income statement comprising the sources of the business#8217;s cash generation. • The cash flow statement determining how you plan on meeting financial obligations. Additionally, the business plan should be inclusive of proper funding options for Ia Commentary Help Tutor Example expansion and Newsletter For Microsoft | Newsletter, growth. Even with a full-fledged plan, there can still be certain areas that can go wrong. Your business plan should include strategies that you will implement in case things don#8217;t go as anticipated. This could include a shift in Flyer » Free Download Photoshop Vector marketing strategies in case the desired results are not obtained within a specific time, change in product focus etc. While this is For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter a basic structure of a business plan, you can include variations depending on the type of business. Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do I Identify Stakeholders For? The benefits of a business plan are endless. A well-drafted plan is crucial in driving your business towards success. What I did when I first started writing a business plan is work with a template.
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Chapter 1 - Guidelines for Standardized Cataloging for Children. The library community has long recognized that children have their own unique characteristics and requirements as library users. They are considered a different enough audience, as users of both print and nonprint materials, that special bibliographic treatment of library materials is warranted to meet their developmental needs. Many adult users of librariesespecially parents, teachers and other caregiverswill also benefit from this treatment when they are using catalogs created to provide simple and full information about the content of library materials for younger and less sophisticated readers. Adults using catalogs created for adult or general use will already have discovered that such catalogs distinguish children’s materials in a library by such mechanisms as subject subdivisions indicating that a given work is “juvenile fiction” or “juvenile literature” (nonfiction), as well as through differences in location. In recognition of the unique nature of Templates, juvenile library users and in response to Ask The Cmmi How Do their needs, the Library of 7+ Free For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, Congress (LC) established the Annotated Card (AC) program in 1966. Currently administered by the Children’s Literature Team, History and Literature Cataloging Division, the Format - Sales program has adapted the Library’s cataloging policies and practices to include annotations, modified subject heading usage, and some special classification options. The AC program was originally accessed through catalog cards from the For Microsoft Word | Newsletter Library of Congress and is now available through MARC (Machine-Readable Cataloging) records and LC’s Cataloging-in-Publication (CIP) program. During the 1960s, as libraries found it cheaper or more convenient to rely on commercial or centralized processing services, it became apparent that standardization of cataloging practices was necessary.
More recently many libraries began contributing records to Soccer Psd 7225599 » Free Download shared databases, lending further weight to the need for standardization. A study by the Cataloging of Children’s Materials Committee of the Resources and For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter Technical Services Division (RTSD) of the American Library Association (ALA) found that the lack of a uniform standard meant that many libraries developed customized cataloging according to their own perceived needs or accepted nonstandard cataloging from other sources. The cost of customized cataloging, however, cuts into other services, and if the source of cataloging changes, so does the Colored Prices Pages Free style and standard of 7+ Free Newsletter 2007 | Newsletter, cataloging. The Cataloging of 10+ Memo Format, Children’s Materials Committee also foresaw that the development of MARC standards and widely used bibliographic utilities offered potential for the wider dissemination of standardized cataloging if guidelines for standardization could be developed and followed. In response, the Committee recommended in 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft 1969 that LC’s practices for Cmmi Appraiser!: I Identify Stakeholders For cataloging children’s materials be adopted as a national standard. Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007? This recommendation was subsequently adopted by the Cataloging and Vitae Curriculum Vitae Format Classification Section of For Microsoft Word 2007, RTSD (RTSD was renamed Association for Colored Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Library Collections Technical Services in 1989 and is now known by the acronym ALCTS). Since the original Guidelines were developed, many more libraries have benefited from shared cataloging efforts, either through bibliographic utilities or commercial processors using MARC records, so that it is now even more advantageous in Templates | Newsletter terms of cost and data compatibility to accept this standardization. The creation and Form Template exchange of bibliographic data at an international level, and access to Templates For Microsoft 2007 these data by commercial processors as well as by libraries, have led the ALA to accept LC’s cataloging for children’s materials as a standard.
In 1982 the Cataloging of 10+ Memo - Sales Clerked, Children’s Materials Committee, with the cooperation of the Children’s Literature Section (more recently renamed the Children’s Literature Team, History and Literature Cataloging Division) at LC, developed the “Guidelines for Standardized Cataloging of Children’s Materials,” which were accepted by the RTSD Board of Directors on July 14, 1982. Widespread use of MARC records has made it possible for many smaller libraries to automate their catalogs, converting retrospectively from card catalogs to online and World Wide Web (Web) catalogs, and acquiring current machine-readable records from LC, materials vendors, and specialized vendors of 7+ Free Word 2007, cataloging data for use in online computer systems. International developments in content and MARC standards in turn suggest the Psd 7225599 Photoshop need for again updating the Guidelines for policies and practices for cataloging library materials for children, which were last revised in 1996. The Guidelines are intended for use in cataloging all materials deemed intellectually suitable for children and 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter young people. Although the matter of deciding what materials are suitable for inclusion in a juvenile collection may be difficult and subjective, these Guidelines address the needs of catalog users through ninth grade, or approximately age fifteen. Application of these Guidelines to materials for grades ten through twelve is optional. Vitae Sample Format? LC considers materials to be “juvenile” works when they are intended by the author or publisher, or deemed suitable by the cataloger, for 7+ Free For Microsoft | Newsletter use by Ib Economics Extended Tutor Example children and young people in these age and 7+ Free For Microsoft Word grade ranges. Soccer Flyer Template » Free? Catalogers in libraries with juvenile collections are encouraged to consider implementing the LC standard to 7+ Free Templates Word | Newsletter all PreK12, or ages newborn through eighteen, if their collections include materials for teens at all levels. Agencies that contribute cataloging to a shared database using the Soccer Psd 7225599 » Free Download Photoshop Vector MARC format place an appropriate code in the fixed-field character position for target audience (Books field 008 position 22), indicating the intended level of the material. Code j indicates that the item is intended for 7+ Free Templates Word 2007 general use by children and young people through the age of fifteen or the Invoice Form Template ninth grade. However, more specific codes ( a, b, c or d ) should be used when a narrower description of the audience is desired.
If an Newsletter Templates Word 2007 item is appropriate for more than one audience, the code for the principal target audience is assigned. Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Free? The audience codes are defined as follows: a Preschool (up to, but not including, kindergarten) b Primary (Kindergarten through grade 3) c Preadolescent (grades 4 through 8) d Adolescent (grades 9 through 12) g General (any audience level) j Juvenile (all through age fifteen or grade 9) These Guidelines are compatible with national cataloging tools and should be used in conjunction with them. Currently these tools include: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd edition ( AACR2 ) with its latest revision and amendments; Library of Congress Rule Interpretations (LCRI) - LC policies and Newsletter Templates For Microsoft interpretations of AACR2; Cataloger’s Desktop --a CD-ROM and Web subscription product that includes the most-used cataloging documentation resources in electronic form; Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), including AC modifications and principles for applying them, as issued annually and Ib Economics Ia Commentary Help Tutor published daily on the Web http://authorities.loc.gov when these differ from instructions published in Subject Cataloging Manual: Subject Headings which are intended for application of 7+ Free For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, subject headings in non-juvenile catalogs; and Abridged Dewey Decimal Classification and Relative Index (14th or most current edition), or Library of Congress Classification schedules. These Guidelines are based on the practices of the Library of Congress for cataloging children’s material and note or expand on certain rules and options in AACR2.
Rules, options, and practices that are not touched on are not meant to be excluded. References within this text to Ib Economics Ia Commentary Extended individual rules are to rules in the current edition of AACR2. Although some MARC 21 field numbers and subfield codes are identified in the Guidelines, complete instructions and further information about MARC 21 may be found online at www.loc.gov/marc/bibliographic and in the printed documentation for MARC 21 Format for Word 2007 Bibliographic Data, as well as in some local system manuals. Some commonly used MARC 21 fields are listed in figure 1-1. Figure 1-1. MARC 21 Bibliographic Fields Commonly Used in Juvenile Records.
Guidelines for Description and Access. These Guidelines address the following: Description of print and nonprint-including electronic-materials and resources Name, title, and series access points for Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do I Identify various types of materials Subject heading use for juvenile catalogs Classification of juvenile collections. Examples show annotated catalog cards in AACR2 form and corresponding (although somewhat longer) MARC records (figures 1-2 through 1-5). Figure 1-2. Example of an Annotated Catalog Card for 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft a Book.
Figure 1-3. Example of a MARC 21 Record for a Book. Figure 1-4. Colored Coloring Free? Example of an Annotated Catalog Card for a Nonbook Item. Figure 1-5. Example of a MARC 21 Record for a Nonbook Item. Newsletter Templates Word | Newsletter? All Figures on One Page. The description of the material to Ia Commentary Extended Help be cataloged must follow the second or third level of description as found in Rule 1.0D2 in AACR2. Although many libraries have previously used abbreviated cataloging similar to the first level of 7+ Free Newsletter 2007, description, the first level of description does not provide for elements that are considered important by Format For Employees - Sales Clerked many libraries and, therefore, are required by the Guidelines.
These elements include statements of 7+ Free Templates, responsibility (including subsequent statements of responsibility such as “illustrated by . Colored Prices Coloring? ”), dimensions, and series information. Elements that require clarification or for which specific treatment is suggested are discussed more fully in 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter the following sections. The GMD, or general material designation (Rule 1.1C) (subfield h of MARC field 245) is optional in AACR2 and selectively supplied in LCRI, but is strongly recommended in these Guidelines for Soccer Flyer Template Photoshop all formats of 7+ Free Word 2007, materials in List 2 (other than the rarely used GMD “text”). The GMD should appear in square brackets immediately following the title proper, because its purpose is to Format identify the broad class of material to which an item belongs and to distinguish between different forms of the same work at an early stage in the description. It precedes any other title information, such as a subtitle. Use of the GMD text is optional. Most agencies do not use it for 7+ Free Templates Word | Newsletter books, because library users normally assume that the Format record describes a book. AACR2 provides for many optional elements. The note area of the catalog record has probably the widest range of 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word, options. Notes may be provided if deemed important by the cataloger or cataloging agency, or they may be accepted as part of a record from a vendor.
A note that is strongly encouraged by these Guidelines is the summary note (MARC field 520), which is part of most Annotated Card program records. It consists of an objective statement of the most important elements of the plot, theme, or topic of the work. A summary or annotation should describe the unique aspects of the work and generally justify, whenever possible, the assigned subject headings, but it should not praise or criticize the Diamond Prices item’s content nor be so vague as to be useless. Words in the summary should be chosen to facilitate keyword searching in 7+ Free Word | Newsletter online catalogs, using synonyms for words found in the title and Diamond Prices Pages Free subject headings, for example. Users of nonbook items are especially dependent on summary notes because of the greater difficulty of browsing such materials. Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007? However, a summary note is not required if a contents note (MARC field 505) that is descriptive of the nature and Cmmi I Identify For the scope of the work is used. A contents note is used to record the titles of individual selections contained in 7+ Free 2007 | Newsletter an item such as a book, sound recording, or videorecording. AACR2 specifies the order in which notes are to be given. If both the summary note (MARC 520) and the contents note (MARC 505) are present, the Format For Employees Clerked contents note will often be the last note in the record. Information about system requirements (MARC field 538, System details note) should be provided for videorecordings, electronic resources and 7+ Free | Newsletter some sound recordings. The participant or performer note (MARC field 511) is used to list names of performers or cast members on sound and videorecordings.
Two other notes are especially applicable to juvenile materials. Target audience notes (MARC field 521) contain information about reading grade level, interest age level, or interest grade level of the intended audience of an item. Because more than one may be provided, the source of the statement of Format, level must always be included, as measures and Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word opinions often do not agree. Ib Economics Essay Tutor Example? The awards note (MARC field 586) contains information about awards associated with an item, such as the Newbery Medal and Academy Awards. The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) (MARC field 020) is required when available. The area for standard number and terms of availability (price) follows the area for notes on cards. In a MARC record, the ISBN is given near the beginning of the 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter record, before the rest of the description. Name, Title, and Series Access Points.
There is no variation from AACR2 in either choice or form of Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: I Identify Stakeholders For, main entry for children’s materials. The form of added entries for names and titles also remains the same. (For names used as subject access points, follow the Guidelines in the section “Subject Headings.”) The choice of added entries for names and titles and the choice and form of series added entries are discussed here. LC maintains an electronic file of the authorized form of each name in its bibliographic records. The authorized form is established according to the rules in part 2 of Templates 2007 | Newsletter, AACR2, along with various rule interpretations (LCRIs) and options that appear there. LC staff also train other librarians to Curriculum Sample Format apply these rules and interpretations and to create MARC authority records for each type of name-personal, corporate, geographic, event-and titles (series and uniform titles) as part of the name authority component (NACO) of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging.
Because NACO participants contribute many records to Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter the Name Authority File (NAF), it is now called the LC/NACO Authority File, or LC/NAF. Currently, about six million authority records exist. Psd 7225599 Photoshop Vector? Of this total, names, series titles, uniform titles, and name/title combinations are found in the LC/NAF, while topical subjects-including the 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word names of fictitious characters-are found in the LC/SACO Subject Authority File (see section “Subject Headings”). LC and NACO participants add thousands of records each year, and all are freely available for consultation, copying/pasting, and downloading at Ask The Cmmi I Identify www.loc.gov/catdir/pcc/naco.html. 2007? Librarians developing catalogs for young and less sophisticated readers should always verify and use the form of names and Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable Free titles in the LC/NAF (or the LC/SACO Subject Authority File) so searchers are not confused by multiple forms for the same person or body. In bibliographic records, added entries for individuals (MARC field 700) and groups or corporate bodies (MARC field 710) are provided to improve access to names in bibliographic records other than those names used as main entries, which are usually only the Newsletter Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter primary or first-named author of Colored Diamond Prices Pages Free, a work. Added entries (access points) should be made for all authors if two or three individuals or bodies collaborated on the work.
If four or more collaborated, an added entry (in card catalogs known as a tracing) is made only for the first author named. Added entries for illustrators are required, as their contribution to a work may equal or overshadow that of Newsletter 2007, a writer. Access to the record by illustrator’s names is Colored Diamond Free important not only for 7+ Free For Microsoft Word 2007 the artistic content but also for collocating works of artists. If the illustrator is also the author of the Ask The Cmmi Appraiser!: work, a separate added entry is not made. For illustrators whose contribution consists only Newsletter Templates 2007 of cover, frontispiece, or incidental or repeating chapter-head decorations, or for designers who are not also the illustrators, added entries are optional. Added entries should be made for principal performers on sound recordings, and for producers, directors, and writers of Invoice Form, videorecordings unless there are more than three of each. If there are four or more, make an added entry only under the one named first in each category. Although AACR2 allows the optional use of function designations for editors, compilers, and the like (subfield e of 7+ Free Newsletter Templates | Newsletter, MARC field 700), only the Invoice Form designation ill. (for illustrator) is 7+ Free Word | Newsletter required by these Guidelines. Use the following rules from in making added title entries: Make an added entry for Soccer Flyer Template Download Vector the title even if the title proper (MARC field 245, subfield a) is the 7+ Free Newsletter Word same as an assigned subject heading.
Even in a catalog in which name-title and subject entries are interfiled, this added access is important for younger catalog users. It is also essential for divided card catalogs and online catalogs, as the title must appear as an added entry in Extended Essay Help Example the title index itself, thus allowing for retrieval by title alone. Make an added entry for the title even if the title proper is the same as the main entry heading for a personal or corporate name. In MARC records, a first indicator setting of 1 in field 245 indicates that an added entry is to be made for the title proper. Added entries should also be made for other versions of a title under which users are likely to search, whether these actually appear on the item or not. Varying forms of titles are recorded in MARC field 246 with the first indicator set to 1 or 3 so these titles will be indexed and retrievable in a title search. 7+ Free? The authorized forms of Extended Tutor, many names (personal, corporate, etc.) as well as series and uniform titles may be easily verified in the LC/NAF, found on the Web at http://authorities.loc.gov. Series access is particularly important for Newsletter Templates 2007 children’s materials because the series is a source of information about the Flyer Download Photoshop content and approach of a work. Make a series added entry for each work in the series that is Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter cataloged if it provides a useful access point. Add the number of the individual work within the series if there is a number.
The series added entry should use the authorized form for the series found in the LC/NAF. Invoice Template? If the authorized form of the series appears on the item, it is recorded in field 440 of the MARC record, for example, 440_0 |a Girltalk ; |v no. 10. However, if the series statement on the item differs from the authorized form, the series statement is recorded in field 490. The first indicator in the 490 field specifies whether there will be an added series entry and 7+ Free For Microsoft | Newsletter whether it will be indexed. A first indicator of ) specifies that the series title will not be indexed, and a setting of 1 specifies that the series will be indexed but that the Invoice Form Template authorized form of the entry will be found in a subsequent 8XX field. In MARC bibliographic records a series that is entered the same is recorded in 7+ Free For Microsoft Word | Newsletter field 440. If the series is entered differently, the series statement is recorded in field 490 with a first indicator of “1” and the series added entry is recorded in Invoice Form an 8XX field.
For example, when the authorized form of the series has a personal name as the first element, it is entered in an 800 field: 490 1 |a Alphabet books. 800 1 |a Moncure, Jane Belk. |t Alphabet books. Series added entries may be uniform titles, such as: 800 1_ Shakespeare, William, |d 1564-1616. |t Works. |f 1999 ; |v v. 6. When a title is the first element in the authorized form of the series, it is entered in field 830: 490 1 |a Kids made a difference. 830 _0 |a Reading expeditions series. Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word? |p Kids make a difference. Authorized forms of many series titles are freely available on LC’s website at Vitae http://authorities.loc.gov. Each title should be checked against that file to ensure accuracy and to prevent confusion in the catalog.
Until the Library of Congress’s Subject Authority File was made available on the Web, the best print source for subject headings was the most recent edition of the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) and its list of Annotated Card (AC) program headings. The online version, which contains records contributed by participants in 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter the Subject Authority Cooperative program, is called LC/SACO Subject Authority File (LC/SAF). Diamond Prices? It is somewhat more current, but because AC terms are rarely changed and the printed version includes the AC usage guidelines-including subdivision practice-in addition to the list, the print version is still invaluable. The list contains terms created as alternatives to 7+ Free Templates terms in the main list of offer more appropriate subject headings for juvenile catalog users and to afford them easier subject access to materials. Any heading chosen from a printed copy of LCSH should be checked against the list of AC headings or online to see if there is an AC exception to it. The list of AC headings appears in the front of the first volume of the printed edition, and in Soccer Flyer Template Psd 7225599 Download two Web versions-Classification Web and Library of Congress Authorities. Records created by the Children’s Literature Team under the AC program are distributed on the MARC Distribution Service subject authority weekly file and daily on the online catalog available on the Web.
AC records may be identified by a value of b in field 008 position 11. Subject headings-both LC main and AC-used on 7+ Free 2007 | Newsletter records for juvenile materials created by Ia Commentary Extended Help LC staff are also listed in Subject Headings for Children (OCLC, 1993 or later) and in Subject Headings for Newsletter Templates For Microsoft School and Public Libraries (Libraries Unlimited, 2001 or later). Annotated Card headings are identified in Cataloging in Publication (CIP) and on LC printed cards by brackets. Flyer Template Photoshop Vector? Record and card printing programs may be programmed to delete or keep the bracketed information, as required by the individual library. In MARC bibliographic records, a second indicator of 1 in 6XX fields identifies AC headings or usage. Subject headings may also be added from the Sears List of Subject Headings, either by a vendor or local cataloging agency, with the Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 second indicator set to 7 and the code sears” provided in subfield 2 to identify the source of the term. If the cataloger is Ia Commentary Extended Essay Tutor using OCLC (online Computer Library Center) standards, the second indicator in the 6XX field should be set to 8 for Sears subject headings. Application of AC Subject Headings and Subdivisions. Some AC headings are simplified forms of standard LC headings, but the 7+ Free Newsletter Word | Newsletter chief differences between AC and Curriculum Curriculum Vitae LC headings are in the AC rules for application of subject headings, summarized below. Review the full details, found in the front matter in LCSH volume 1; only a brief summary is provided here:
Omission of the | Newsletter subdivision -Juvenile literature and related subdivisions such as -Juvenile films, and -Juvenile fiction. Avoidance of special juvenile form headings, such as Children’s poetry, and 10+ Memo - Sales Clerked Children’s plays. Avoidance of the term American and the subdivision -United States when the subject is universal in 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft Word nature. Other geographic terms, as for Curriculum Vitae Vitae states and other nations, are used normally. 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word? Deletion of words in topical headings that would be superfluous in Ask The Appraiser!: How Do For a juvenile catalog. For example, Parties is used instead of Children’s parties. Assignment of subject headings to fiction as well as nonfiction to bring out the most important subject-oriented aspects of the work. The subdivision -Fiction is Templates Word used when appropriate for subject headings applied to fictional material.
Assignment of Soccer Flyer Template Download, both general and specific headings (e.g., Turtles and Sea turtles) to a work if both provide useful subject access. Assignment of headings designating form (e.g., Jokes; Stories in rhyme) whenever access by form of material appears helpful. Assignment of For Microsoft Word, both popular and scientific terms (e.g., Cats and Felidae) even for the same work, depending on Prices Free whether the material is 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft Word | Newsletter intended for very young children or older children or both. Note, however, that the Colored Prices Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Pages Free AC list customarily substitutes common names of animals and plants for scientific ones in the LC standard list. Assignment of AC replacement subdivisions, such as -Cartoons and comics, in juvenile catalogs.
If the 7+ Free 2007 | Newsletter AC list and LCSH do not provide suitable terminology for the children’s materials at hand, the Ib Economics Ia Commentary Extended Tutor following steps may be taken: Refer to other established subject heading lists, such as Sears List of Subject Headings, for headings not found in LCSH. Contact LC to suggest new subject headings for the AC list or LCSH at www.loc.gov/datdir/pcc/prop/proposal.html. Create an appropriate locally controlled heading and follow MARC coding standards to identify it as such using MARC field 690). If the term will be an uncontrolled index term only, use field 653. Use of the 658 Field for | Newsletter Curricular Objectives.
If it is deemed important to list index terms denoting curriculum or course-study objectives applicable to Soccer Template Vector the materials being described, use terms found in published local or state sources in subfield a and Newsletter Templates identify the source in subfield 2 of the MARC 658 field. Other subfields are optional. The following guidelines require the choice of either the Library of Congress Classification (MARC field 050) or the Dewey Decimal Classification (MARC field 082). Library of Congress Classification. For fiction, assign numbers from the PZ schedule. For nonfiction materials, assign numbers from the appropriate nonfiction schedule. For fiction for preschool through second grade (K2) or through age eight, assign the letter E. Ib Economics Ia Commentary Extended Help? For fiction for third grade (age nine) and up, assign the 7+ Free classification Fic. (In the first edition of these Guidelines, grade three was included in Easy collections.
The policy limiting the classification E to materials for users through grade two was implemented at the Library of Congress in August 1994.) For biography, any of the following practices is appropriate: the Flyer Template Photoshop letter B for Templates For Microsoft Word any individual biography; the number 92 for individual biography and 920 for Template collective biography; or. the class number representing the subject of the person’s most noted contribution, as instructed in the current abridged edition of the Dewey Decimal Classification. For nonfiction materials, assign a number from the current abridged edition of the Dewey Decimal Classification. Options for For Microsoft 2007 treatment of biography are described in item 3 of Vitae Format Curriculum Format, this list. Under either Library of Congress or Dewey classification, use these Guidelines to determine whether an item is folklore: Folklore is defined as those items of culture that are learned orally, by imitation or by observation, including narratives (tales, legends, proverbs, etc.). A story about 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft Word fairies is not folklore unless it meets the criterion of having been handed down orally from generation to generation. Flyer Template » Free Download? It may be a modern piece of 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, fantasy fiction instead. Regard relatively faithful retellings and Ia Commentary Extended Essay Help Tutor Example adaptation of folk material as folklore.
Do not consider religious mythology, stories from the 7+ Free Templates 2007 Bible or other religious scriptures, modern fantasies, or drastic alternations of folk material as folklore, but class them elsewhere. Adopting this standard does not require libraries or catalogers to Ask The How Do I Identify Stakeholders For use records created by Newsletter Templates Word LC or to accept all elements of records available online or through commercial vendors. Data manipulation and Ib Economics Ia Commentary Essay Help Tutor design of cataloging profiles are accommodated by most machine-readable formats and are provided by most commercial vendors and utilities. However, libraries that contribute to 7+ Free For Microsoft Word | Newsletter shared databases and vendors who supply MARC records are expected to conform to standards. Libraries that do not use computer services now may well do so in the future. It is thus to the advantage of all libraries to have a recommended standard for cataloging juvenile materials. As a further benefit, by making children’s cataloging compatible with that for adult materialswithout sacrificing its unique characteristicsthis standard enables the young user to understand the adult catalog. These Guidelines give sufficient latitude for the individual cataloger or library to meet local needs while remaining within the standard. The recommendations in these Guidelines are intended to meet the requirements of young library users, in accordance with the purpose of the catalog record. Abridged Dewey Decimal Classification and Ib Economics Ia Commentary Extended Relative Index. [14th or more current ed.] Dublin, OH: OCLC.
Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed., 2002 rev. and updates. Chicago: American Library Association. Fountain, Joanna F. Subject Headings for 7+ Free For Microsoft | Newsletter School and Public Libraries: An LCSH/Sears Companion. 3rd or more current ed. Colored Diamond Prices Coloring Pages Free? Westport, CT.: Libraries Unlimited. Furrie, Betty.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Machine-Readable Cataloging . [7th or more current ed.] Washington, DC: Library of Newsletter | Newsletter, Congress Cataloging Distribution Service. Gorman, Michael. The Concise AACR2. 4th or more current ed. Chicago: American Library Association. Library of Congress. Cataloging Policy and Support Office. Library of Congress Classification Schedules. Washington, DC: Library of Congress.
. Cataloging Policy and Support Office. Library of Congress Subject Headings [updated daily online and annually in print]. Washington, DC: Library of Congress. . Cataloging Policy and Support Office. Subject Cataloging Manual: Subject Headings. Colored Diamond Prices Chart,diamond.printable Coloring Pages? [updated online and in print as needed]. Washington, DC: Library of Congress. . Network Development and MARC Standards Office. MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data [updated online and in print as needed].
Washington, DC: Library of Congress. “Guidelines for Standardized Cataloging for Children,” from 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word S. Intner, J. Fountain, and Cmmi Appraiser!: Stakeholders J. Gilchrist, Cataloging Correctly for Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 Kids: An Introduction to the Tools, 4th, (Chicago: ALA, 2006). 50 E Huron St., Chicago IL 60611 | 1.800.545.2433.
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long eared owl essay Hilton Jr., B. 1991. Mythical, mystical owls. South Carolina Wildlife 38(6):32-39. (Note: The draft below was submitted to South Carolina Wildlife magazine; the article that actually appeared in print may have been edited.) Nestling Barred Owl ( Strix varia ) Ask two ornithologists which bird is Newsletter For Microsoft 2007, most intelligent and you're likely to get an Form argument. Some bird specialists claim corvids--including jays and crows--are the smartest, while other authorities say parrots are most clever.
If you want to settle to the problem quickly, ask any six-year-old and you'll learn that no bird is wiser than the owl. The Owl. This name alone conjures a variety of feelings and opinions, even among South Carolinians who know little about Newsletter Templates | Newsletter birds. Tutor Example? Folks who can't tell a sparrow from a chickadee can recognize owls, and most people recall something interesting about owl natural history. Unfortunately, there's probably as much misinformation about owls as there is hard fact. Ornithologists agree that owls--intelligent or not--are among the For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter most poorly studied birds, in part because they are nocturnal and humans are day creatures. Owls are more numerous than people think; some experts estimate there's at least one owl living within a mile of every U.S. resident. However, since most owl sightings are chance views of midnight birds gliding past headlights on lonesome country roads, only Template Psd 7225599 » Free Photoshop, avid owl watchers and chronic insomniacs can expect to spot more than a few species.
Even if owls weren't so elusive and mysterious, they'd still be fascinating to study, and Newsletter Templates | Newsletter, the truth about them is Ia Commentary Extended Tutor Example, almost as unbelievable as the myth. 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft Word 2007? Although it's impossible to prove, owls probably have had mythic roles as long as humans have existed. Imagine Cro-Magnon families huddled fearfully around a campfire, listening in the darkness to a distant chorus of owl hoots. Or think what must have gone through Neanderthal minds when a rabbit struck by owl talons shrieked to shatter the nighttime silence. Such fearful moments are the stuff of modern day horror films, so it's reasonable that primitive humans associated owls with evil, pain, and death. According to Paul Johnsgard ( North American Owls: Biology and Natural History , Smithsonian Institution Press), Mesopotamian tablets from 2,300 B.C. depict the Curriculum Vitae Sample Format Format goddess Lilith as winged, bird-footed, and typically accompanied by owls, a significant association because Lilith was Sumeria's goddess of 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 death. Pallas Athene--Greek goddess of fertility and power--was also affiliated with the owl, possibly because of the Flyer Download Photoshop Vector nocturnal (and especially the lunar) . . . associations between female fertility goddesses and the cycles of the moon. In Rome, owls were respected for prophetic abilities. Templates Word 2007? Johnsgard reports Pliny's description of fear and 10+ Memo, confusion when an owl entered the Forum, Virgil wrote of an owl that foretold Dido's suicide, and Horace associated owls with witchcraft. Until recent times, nailing up of a dead owl or its wings has been widely believed in Europe to help ward off such dangers as pestilence, lightning, and 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft | Newsletter, hail. Native American tribes also have stories about owls--many of which are so similar to I Identify Stakeholders For, Oriental myth that they support the theory of an Asian origin for Amerindian peoples.
Oral traditions in most American tribes associate owls with death soon-to-come, and an owl is typically the bearer of the deceased's soul as it passes from Newsletter Templates For Microsoft 2007, this world to the next. In the Carolinas, Cherokee women bathed their children's eyes in water containing owl feathers, believing it would help them stay awake. Johnsgard provides this Cherokee tale that explains why owls are nocturnal: When the Invoice Form Template animals and plants were first made-we do not know by whom-they were told to Newsletter | Newsletter, watch and keep awake for seven nights, just as young men now fast and keep awake when they pray to their medicine. They tried to do this, and nearly all were awake through the first night, but the next night several dropped off to sleep, and the third night others were asleep, and then others, until on the seventh night, of all the animals only the owl, the panther and Soccer Flyer Template » Free Photoshop Vector, one or two more were still awake. To these were given the power to 7+ Free, see and to go about in the dark, and to make prey of the birds and animals which must sleep at night. SOUTH CAROLINA'S OWLS. Only four owl species breed in Soccer Flyer Psd 7225599 Download Vector, South Carolina, but five others show up in migration or during occasional winter visits.
The most widespread year-round residents are Barred Owl, Great Horned Owl, and Newsletter For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, Eastern Screech-Owl, with Common Barn-Owls breeding less frequently in the state. Form Template? Short-eared Owls occur most winters in 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft Word 2007, South Carolina, but the remaining species--Snowy Owl, Burrowing Owl, Long-eared Owl, and Northern Saw-whet Owl--are quite rare. Of all owls found in the state, the Barred Owl ( Strix varia ) is seen most often because it is Template, crepuscular. This means it is active in twilight hours of dusk and dawn, and 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, sometimes in broad daylight. Soccer Template Psd 7225599? Named for its breast markings, this large owl is the only Carolina species with dark eyes; all the rest have yellow irises. Barred Owls also have the most recognizable call, a who-who-who-who, who-who-who-whoowha that most people translate into who-cooks-for-you, who-cooks-for-you-all. For Microsoft Word 2007? Barred Owls are especially vocal during courtship when, in the words of Allen Eckert ( The Owls of North America , Weathervane Books), there are specialized calls made with relative infrequency which virtually defy written description. Some are coarse, guttural, and, to human ears, almost uncouth in character. Others are much like the fierce, hair-raising shrieks of mating alley cats. There are deep chucklings, harsh laughing sounds, maniacal gibberings and gabblings, disconsolate mutterings, howls, and yells.
Occasionally there will even be a decidedly disconcerting humanlike scream of pure agony. Psd 7225599 Download Vector? Such vivid description explains why my friend Russ Rogers Jr. barely slept for the three months it took a Barred Owl pair in his Fort Mill backyard to court and then raise offspring. Barred Owls are most common in wooded bottomlands and Templates For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, swamps. Great Horned Owl. The Great Horned Owl is South Carolina's largest breeding owl, with a five-foot wing span. This species is sometimes observed at a roost in daylight, when its piercing yellow eyes and ear tufts are easily seen.
Located on top of the owl's head, these feathery tufts are not near the lateral ear openings but may serve to make the species look more ferocious to Format Vitae Format, predators. 7+ Free Word 2007 | Newsletter? Many birds--especially crows--don't seem to like any kinds of owls and mob them at roosts. Frequently I've tracked the source of the incredible din that occurs when crows have an Invoice owl cornered, and Newsletter For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, I often end at Sample Format, a tree in which a bewildered Great Horned Owl sits--swiveling its head and blinking while its tormenters swoop as close as they dare. Upon my approach the owl usually departs with a hoot and is followed by the still-aggressive crows. Under less-beleaguering conditions, the Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter Great Horned Owl communicates across its dry woodland haunts with a deep hoo-hoo-hoowha, a sound almost an octave lower than the Barred Owl's call. Our smallest breeding owl, the Eastern Screech-Owl ( Otus asio ), is scarcely larger than a Blue Jay and is named for 10+ Memo For Employees - Sales, two distinctive calls that carry great distances in Newsletter For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, still night air. One call is a high-pitched descending whinny that would fit right into the soundtrack of Curriculum Vitae Sample a Hollywood horror flick; the other is a constant warbling tone that can be reproduced, albeit indelicately, by tilting back your head and whistling with just the right amount of saliva on your tongue.
Experienced birders carry a tape of this call or learn to Newsletter Templates Word 2007, imitate it because it seems irresistible to songbirds that come to investigate. Screech-Owls live in coniferous woods and occur in Curriculum Sample Format Format, two color phases; in the Piedmont and 7+ Free Newsletter Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, mountains they tend to Format For Employees, have rusty plumage, while eastern birds are most often gray. Their yellow eyes and ear tufts make them look like miniature versions of the Newsletter For Microsoft 2007 Great Horned Owl. Common Barn-Owls ( Tyto alba ) are the most urbanized Carolina owls. Pairs typically nest in Template Psd 7225599 Download Photoshop Vector, barn lofts, church steeples, and For Microsoft Word 2007, abandoned buildings--hence their association with haunted houses. They don't hoot but make a shrill raspy hiss or snoring that's just as scary. Barn-Owls, with long legs, heart-shaped faces, white breasts, and tan backs, look very different from our other owls and Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do Stakeholders, are in a separate family, the Tytonidae; the rest of the 7+ Free 2007 | Newsletter species are in Family Strigidae, the so-called typical owls. Barn-Owls, which occur on Soccer Psd 7225599 Photoshop Vector, most land masses, are the Templates world's most widely-distributed nocturnal birds. OTHER SOUTH CAROLINA OWLS. Five non-breeding owl species have been seen in South Carolina. Short-eared Owls ( Asio flammeus ) are uncommon winter visitors to our coastal marshes and have become very rare in the Piedmont with the Invoice loss of 7+ Free Newsletter | Newsletter inland marshes and old fields.
This species--named for its short, dark ear tufts--is more common in the prairie states or Canadian tundra. The crow-sized Long-eared Owl ( Asio otus ) is Extended Essay Help Tutor Example, a rarely-reported winter visitor across the state, but because it is usually silent and inhabits dense evergreen woods, it may occur more frequently than is Newsletter For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, believed. With its long ear tufts, it superficially resembles the larger Great Horned Owl. Burrowing Owls ( Athene cunicularia ) have been sighted only four times in South Carolina, always in winter from the coast. One was photographed at Huntington Beach, where it may have been reminded of its regular habitats--rolling prairies of the Ask The Cmmi How Do Stakeholders For West or dunes on Florida's Gulf Coast. The Snowy Owl ( Nyctea scandiaca ), the Newsletter For Microsoft Word 2007 largest North American owl species with its six-foot wingspan, is our only Cmmi Appraiser!: How Do Stakeholders For, all-white owl. Common year-round in northern Canada and on Great Lakes ice floes in winter, this bird very rarely wanders into the Palmetto State. There are only 17 records, seven from the Piedmont and 7+ Free For Microsoft 2007, ten from the coastal plain. Snowy Owls seem to Curriculum Curriculum Format, show up when there is a crash in tundra populations of lemmings, voles, and other prey. The tiniest owl in South Carolina--the Northern Saw-Whet Owl ( Aegolius acadicus )--is also a rare winter visitor, although its call has been reported in 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, late spring from I'On Swamp near Charleston. The call, reminiscent of a handsaw blade being sharpened, is distinctive among owls but may have been confused with frog vocalizations.
This robin-sized species breeds at Extended, high elevations in North Carolina's mountains. (NOTE: In 1999, seven Northern Saw-whet Owls were captured and banded at Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History. See Owl Research.) OWL BREEDING BIOLOGY. Owls are probably the first birds to breed each year in South Carolina. 7+ Free 2007? Great Horned Owls are often on eggs by early January, and there is Invoice Form Template, evidence that Barn-Owls will start laying during any month of the year. Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter? Owl courtship typically begins in Invoice Template, autumn when a newly-mated pair begins to 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word 2007 | Newsletter, mark off a territory and protect it by hooting. Soccer Psd 7225599 » Free Vector? Owls seldom fight physically, but they raise a vocal ruckus at common territorial boundaries.
A Barred Owl pair will defend up to 640 acres--a square mile of territory--needed to produce enough prey for two adults and 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft | Newsletter, their nestlings. Surprisingly, many owls are cavity nesters. Screech-Owls, for example, occupy old woodpecker holes and Wood Duck boxes, while much larger Barred Owls lay eggs in Form Template, hollow trees. (The Barn-Owl, as its name implies, often nests in an enormous cavity as big as a stable!) Some owls recycle abandoned nests of hawks or crows, and there's even a record of 7+ Free Newsletter Templates Word nest sharing by a Red-shouldered Hawk that sat on Soccer Flyer Template Psd 7225599 » Free Download Vector, a mixed clutch of 7+ Free Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter eggs at night while a Barred Owl incubated the same nest by day. Owl eggs, spherical or slightly oblong, are produced sparingly by most species. Great Horned Owls have one to three eggs per clutch, but Barn-Owls lay as many as 11. Format For Employees Clerked? Unlike songbirds, which complete a clutch before incubating, owls begin setting shortly after the 7+ Free Templates Word | Newsletter first egg. This yields an asynchronous hatch in which the first chick may be two weeks older than its youngest sibling. Sometimes this results in cannibalism; more often late hatchers simply can't compete with older brethren and die.
The male owl usually feeds the female while she incubates, but it takes both adults to Ask The For, keep up with the voracious appetites of their nestlings. FEEDING HABITS OF OWLS. As carnivores, Carolina owls dine solely on animals-from grasshoppers to cotton rats to 7+ Free Templates 2007, songbirds. Great Horned Owls appear to Essay Help Tutor Example, have a special preference for skunks and are also known to take housecats that should have been kept in at night--or by day, for that matter. Barn-Owls eat large moths, frogs, snakes, lizards, and crayfish, but a mated pair may require as many as 40 rats or mice each night to feed a growing family. Since Barn-Owl chicks are tended to for up to three months after hatching, a pair and its offspring will require up to Templates | Newsletter, 3,600 mice and rats for just one brood! Statistics like these quickly dispel any notion that owls have insignificant effects on potentially destructive rodent populations. Owls tear larger prey into Curriculum Vitae Format sizeable chunks and swallow small food items whole.
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The wings of most birds make rustling or whistling sounds, but because of comb-like feather edgings, owls can glide in Ask The How Do I Identify Stakeholders For, silence. As an Templates | Newsletter owl reaches its unsuspecting prey, it extends its legs and pivots back one front toe on each foot for a stronger two-in-front, two-behind toe configuration. Ask The Appraiser!: I Identify For? On impact, hind talons pierce the Newsletter Templates For Microsoft 2007 prey and front claws swing into a powerful fistlike grip that seldom loosens from a squirming rabbit, rat, or squirrel. THE FUTURE OF OWLS. Compared to Essay Help, day-active hawks, South Carolina's nocturnal owls are seldom shot by accident or out of malice. Still, their numbers have declined steadily over the past century, mostly because of Newsletter habitat loss and widespread pesticide use. Trucks and 10+ Memo For Employees - Sales Clerked, cars also take heavy tolls as owls forage along highway shoulders, hunting for 7+ Free For Microsoft Word | Newsletter, rats that are attracted to food waste in roadside litter.
For owls to survive in the Palmetto State it is essential that we realize how our actions impact on wildlife populations. Owls need mature forests and undrained swamps in which to breed and old fields in which they can hunt. Dead-standing trees or snags are required not only by nesting owls but also by woodpeckers, Wood Ducks, bluebirds, bats, and Ia Commentary Extended Essay Tutor, flying squirrels. Some owls nest in artificial boxes, but for Templates For Microsoft 2007 | Newsletter, the most part we are far more effective in Ia Commentary Essay Help Tutor Example, attracting owls when we set aside sizeable tracts of natural habitat. And, as with other animals that rank high on the food chain, pesticides from prey accumulate in and kill predatory owls, so it is critical that we learn to farm without so many toxic chemicals. All owls are protected by 7+ Free Newsletter For Microsoft Word, strict state and federal laws. These marvelous creatures are worth protecting merely because they are so fascinating to study and observe, but they also play a vital role in the balance of nature. Owls, regardless of whether they are the smartest birds, are perfectly adapted for Curriculum Sample, a predatory role, and Newsletter Templates Word 2007, it's our responsibility to help these mythical, mystical creatures play out their role each night in South Carolina's wild places. Bill Hilton Jr. is a science education consultant, writer, naturalist, and Macintosh computer enthusiast who lives in York, South Carolina. This Week at Hilton Pond.
Nature Blog Network. Hilton Pond Center for Ask The Appraiser!: How Do Stakeholders, Piedmont Natural History. It's painless, and For Microsoft Word 2007, YOU can make a difference! Just CLICK on a logo below. Donate a portion of your purchase price from 500+ top on-line stores via iGive : to make direct donations: post questions for.
The Piedmont Naturalist. Search Engine for. Hilton Pond Center. Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History is For Employees Clerked, a non-profit research education organization in York, South Carolina USA; phone (803) 684-5852. Directed by Bill Hilton Jr. , aka The Piedmont Naturalist, it is the parent organization for Operation RubyThroat . Contents of this website--including articles and Templates For Microsoft Word 2007 | Newsletter, photos--may NOT be duplicated, modified, or used in Help Tutor, any way except with the express written permission of Hilton Pond Center.
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