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How O. Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse. J. Simpson Killed Popular Culture. It had a narrative sense that was second to none, an Website | Sanjonmotel instinct for how to draw the audience#x2019;s attention that was assured to the point of flagrant, to Status Report Template | Cyberuse the point of gloating, opening#x2014;bam!#x2014;with a climax, a literal cut to Sign Templates 7 Event Up the chase: an Report Template | Cyberuse S.U.V. Free Sign Up Sheets Sign. burning rubber on the Santa Ana Freeway, the Template | Cyberuse, Artesia Freeway, the Information At Freefaxcoversheets.net, Harbor Freeway, and, at last, the San Diego Freeway, 20 or so squad cars in panting pursuit. Actually, at 35 miles an hour, the S.U.V. was less burning rubber than going for a spin, and the squad cars weren#x2019;t so much in panting pursuit as serene accompaniment, falling into graceful formation behind their leader, a Ford Bronco, the 1993 model, as white as innocence, as a lie. Above, in the clear blue Southern California sky, a dark cloud of news helicopters had gathered, seven in all, the pilots having followed the police transmissions on their scramblers, now very much in on the fun. Weekly Template. The footage they shot was broadcast locally and Resume Of A Resume Format Resume Format then nationally, one network after another interrupting regularly scheduled programming to Report Template air it, NBC cutting between it and Game Five of the N.B.A. championship series, the New York Knicks versus the Houston Rockets. Lining the overpasses in certain cities and neighborhoods like Compton, Inglewood, Watts, large crowds had assembled to offer support, cheer the Free Sign Up Sheets Templates Up, Bronco on, tell it to go go go, boo those deputy dogs trying to bring it down, stop its run, fuck with its mojo. The emotion of the scene was hysterical, almost lunatic#x2014;a Pro Football Hall of Famer and Report Template star of the silver screen and Resume Format. Copy Resume Resume Format all-around Mr.
Congeniality super-dude, now a fugitive from justice, wanted for violating, on two counts, Section 187 (a) of the Weekly Status Template, California Penal Code, holding on himself a .357 Magnum, the barrel kissing his temple#x2014;yet its pacing was stately, languorous, very nearly balletic, the action hot and lurid and low-down, but the view of the | Sanjonmotel, action coolly detached and God#x2019;s-eye. A B-movie plot with an art-house director. A half-hour went by, an hour. So much time, in Weekly Report | Cyberuse, fact, that the 10+ Control Samples - Free Example,, Channel 7 helicopter had to Status break to refuel, coax Channel 5 into Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net sharing its coverage. | Cyberuse. The suspense was killing, the public watching with shock-widened eyes an American hero in the middle of | Academic Template a free fall. The question was, would he go splat? (Making a break for it, that was tantamount to Weekly Report Template a confession of guilt, wasn#x2019;t it? He must#x2019;ve cut to ribbons that hot blonde ex-wife of his and the hunky young waiter returning a pair of glasses her mom had left at the restaurant#x2014;yeah right, at that time of night?#x2014;and now was going to hasta la vista himself.) No, the question was, would he go splat on Information At Freefaxcoversheets.net live television?
Blow the Status Report Template | Cyberuse, brains clean out of Copy Format. Copy Format his head in one long red spatter? Cover the 405 in pulp and gore and fragments of bone? Leave two of his children, already motherless, fatherless as well? As it turned out, he would not. O. J. Simpson would, along with friend and Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse former teammate Al #x201C;A.C.#x201D; Cowlings, reach unharmed his house on Rockingham Avenue#x2014;#x201C;the Rockingham estate,#x201D; as the talking heads were so fond of calling it#x2014;in Brentwood, where a 27-man SWAT team was waiting for him, a sniper with an AR-15 rifle hugging dirt in the kids#x2019; playground out Sketch | Travel Text On, back. An hour later, after telephoning his mother and Weekly Status Report drinking a glass of juice, he#x2019;d be placed in an unmarked cruiser, transported downtown for mug shots and fingerprints, then given a brand-new identity: Prisoner 4013970 of the Los Angeles County jail. What would have been a story touched only by Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net, the scandal-jonesing, if-it-bleeds-it-leads tabloids#x2014;the kind of Status Template newspapers and magazines you#x2019;d line your dog#x2019;s litter box with if you had a particularly trashy, no-count dog#x2014;had become, thanks to the involvement of a man so famous he didn#x2019;t need a name, just a couple of dinky letters, front-page news for even the staidest and snootiest of publications. And the episode with the Sign Up Sheets. Up Sheets Templates, Bronco had kicked the story up another notch still.
Now it was a bona fide phenomenon and national obsession. Ninety-five million Americans had tuned in to some portion of the chase. By comparison, a mere 90 million had tuned in to that year#x2019;s Super Bowl. Domino#x2019;s Pizza reported record sales for the day. Status Template. (What? Experience that level of tension, vicarious or not, and you work up one humdinger of an Best Sketch Ideas | Travel Design, appetite.) The chase, which happened 20 years ago this month#x2014;June 17, 1994#x2014;happened because a woman and a man, Nicole Brown Simpson, 35, and Ronald Lyle Goldman, 25, had been brutally slain. Though nobody knew it at the time, out of that horrifying crime something new was born, or maybe #x201C;spawned#x201D; is a better word: reality TV. O.K., so here#x2019;s what the Simpson case was: It was a noir murder mystery. More in Status Report | Cyberuse, the style, though, of Copy Resume Format Resume Twin Peaks than of Sunset Boulevard. This wasn#x2019;t a there-are-eight-million-stories-in-the-naked-city-this-has-been-one-of-them-type story. In other words, this wasn#x2019;t an L.A. story.
This was a Brentwood story. Brentwood, a neighborhood in the Westside at the base of the Santa Monica Mountains, was clean, quiet, family-oriented. It#x2019;s where John Cheever liked to stay when he came to California because it reminded him of Connecticut. Lots of Status Report greenery and Ideas On Pinterest | Travel nature left au naturel and houses that cost an arm and a leg but were low-key about it. No nightlife to Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse speak of and proud of it, the social hub the Sign Up Sheets Templates Sign, charmingly ramshackle Brentwood Mart, where one could sip an espresso, or a fresh squeezed carrot juice, while reading the trades after dropping off the kids at school, playing a set or two of tennis at Report the club. Good at Free Sign Up Sheets Templates 7 Event Sign Up keeping out the riffraff, i.e., the nonwhite and the non-loaded, at pretending it was just a simple small town with simple small-town values in the middle of Weekly Status Sodom and Gomorrah Los Angeles. Sensitive Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net. Needless to say, Brentwood, particularly Northern Brentwood, the hoity-toitier half, turned up its nose at vulgar, flashy Hollywood, though you could hardly walk five feet without bumping into Weekly Status Template a celebrity. At the time O.J. lived there, so did Meryl Streep and Harrison Ford and Michelle Pfeiffer. It had its share of behind-the-scenes celebrities, as well: Michael Ovitz, then the entertainment industry#x2019;s power broker with the mostest, and Gil Garcetti, the 10+ Control Plan - Free Format, district attorney responsible for prosecuting O.J.
Bernard Lewinsky called Brentwood home, too, for that matter, only Weekly | Cyberuse no one cared yet because his daughter, Monica, wouldn#x2019;t land that fateful internship until July of Up Sheets. Sign 7 Event Sign #x2019;95. All of Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse which isn#x2019;t to say that Norman Rockwell would have been happy setting up his easel there. Small-town values with a Sodom and Gomorrah twist might be the best way of describing Brentwood#x2019;s ethos. Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net. A Brentwood Hello, as we#x2019;d learn from Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse, Nicole#x2019;s B.F.F. and sometimes more than, Faye Resnick, who#x2019;d publish a memoir during the Copy Resume Format. Copy Of A In Text Format, trial, Nicole Brown Simpson: The Private Diary of a Life Interrupted, was a local specialty: a woman bestowing upon a casual male acquaintance a blowjob. Weekly. Hey, it was oral sex, not sex sex#x2014;two totally different things.
Just ask then president Bill Clinton. The structure of the Simpson case was, in so many ways, straight out of Murder Mysteries 101, Noir for Dummies: an investigation peels back the pretty, wholesome surface, exposing all manner of rot and 10+ Control Plan Samples Sample, Format Download stink and tawdriness festering underneath. Nicole#x2019;s life since her split from O.J. had been a double one. By day it was dance recitals and P.T.A. meetings and fund-raisers for worthy causes, by night it was (if you believe the rumors) coke-fueled club-hopping and outr#xE9; erotic encounters with younger men, including, allegedly, Marcus Allen, O.J.#x2019;s prot#xE9;g#xE9; and close friend. But then, Nicole#x2019;s life since she#x2019;d been picked up as an 18-year-old waitress, the ink on her high-school diploma still wet, at the Daisy, a nightclub in Beverly Hills, by the athlete and actor, spokesman for Hertz, had always had a schizo quality.
The two had looked like the perfect couple#x2014;the Heisman Trophy winner with the Report, million-dollar grin, the Best 20+ Graph On Pinterest | Travel Text On, California dream girl hanging on Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse his arm. Appearances, though, were deceiving. See, O.J. had a real Dr. Jekyll-Mr. Hyde thing going on. Or maybe it would be more apropos to call it a real Leland Palmer-Killer BOB thing. Either way, O.J. Free Sign Sign Up Sheets 7 Event Sign. routinely abused Nicole physically. (Nicole#x2019;s October 25, 1993, 911 SOS would be played for the jury. #x201C;He#x2019;s back. Status Template | Cyberuse. Please. #x2026; He#x2019;s O. J. Simpson. I think you know his record #x2026; #x201D; The sound of weeping. #x201C;He#x2019;s going to beat the shit out of me.#x201D;) He was, too, a cocksman supreme, giving out the hard yard left, right, and center to seemingly any and all comers, then flying into Information Fax Cover a jealous rage if Nicole so much as cast a glance in another guy#x2019;s direction. A neat freak as well as a sex freak, he also thought her housekeeping efforts sub-par.
Living with such a volatile and exacting mate couldn#x2019;t have been a picnic for Nicole. It#x2019;s no wonder that in pictures she appeared tight-faced and Report Template | Cyberuse anxious-eyed, smiling but the Best 20+ Graph Sketch Ideas On Pinterest Design, On, smile held in check, her look that of a beach-bunny party animal up for a good time, but her affect considerably darker, considerably more troubled, even tormented. It must be admitted, though, that, as a whodunit, the Simpson case was a flop, with nary a twist or turn. Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse. The defense cooked up some cockamamy theory involving Faye Resnick, who at the time of Website Plan Template | Sanjonmotel Nicole#x2019;s death, they said, was having a bad run with cocaine, and a drug deal gone south. They pushed it halfheartedly at best, though, as if they didn#x2019;t really expect anyone to buy it, and were careful to keep it vague#x2014;heavy on Weekly Template | Cyberuse the paranoia but light on the kinds of details that could be either proved or disproved. (Nicole#x2019;s throat had been slit so deeply her head was attached to her body by the merest thread. The murder had crime passionnel written all over it.) Instead of Plan | Sanjonmotel coming up with an alternative killer, they focused their efforts on making their client the Status | Cyberuse, victim. Not of Nicole or Ron, of 10+ Control Samples - Free Sample, Example, Format course, but of the L.A.P.D., the biggest collection of corn-fed, redneck, peckerwood bigots outside a K.K.K. meeting, the way they were telling it. (Attorney Johnnie Cochran Jr. would, in Status Template | Cyberuse, fact, go so far as to compare Detective Mark Fuhrman, a made-to-order villain for the defense#x2019;s purposes, six feet three inches of handsome, brutal male, fair-haired and | Academic Resume Template blue-eyed, O.J.#x2019;s physical equal and opposite, to Hitler#x2014;forget the piss-ant Klan#x2014;in his closing argument, which got the Report Template, dander up of fellow Dream Team member and Jew Robert Shapiro.) This was surprisingly easy to do, the times being what they were. The acquittal of the officers who beat Rodney King and the ensuing riots were only two years in the past.
Distrust, even hatred, of the department was very much the mood of the moment, particularly among minorities, and the jury was primarily African-American. Actually, the defense#x2019;s attack was two-pronged and contradictory: present the cops as a bunch of bozos in regimental blues, guys too dumb to get out of Sample, Format Download their own way never mind properly collect evidence and, simultaneously, as a cabal of evil-genius racists who concocted an ultra-sinister and Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse far-reaching conspiracy to bring down a charismatic and popular black man by pulling the frame job to end all frame jobs. Not that the mixed nature of 10+ Control Plan - Free Sample, Format their message hurt it any. Not with Johnnie Cochran Jr.#x2014;who as a showman would have put Clarence Darrow to shame, who as a showman would have put Orson Welles playing Clarence Darrow to shame#x2014;as the bearer. Still, if you watched the trial unfold on the tube rather than in the courtroom, i.e., weren#x2019;t a member of the jury and directly under Cochran#x2019;s sway, and fell on Weekly Template | Cyberuse the honky side of the racial divide, the verdict seemed absolutely off its rocker. Obviously O.J. did it! For the majority of Americans, certainly for the majority of white Americans, the - Free Sample, Format Download, ending was less a shocker than an outrage, a serious bummer any way you sliced it, but it wasn#x2019;t ignored. People stuck around for Weekly Status | Cyberuse it, an Sensitive Information Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net estimated 150 million of them stopping what they were doing to catch the televised verdict. Which is, I think, the ultimate tribute to the story#x2019;s narrative pull: the audience stayed put until the Status Report | Cyberuse, final reel, not an 10+ Control Samples - Free Example, Format empty seat in the house. Perhaps, though, the Simpson case worked better, or at least more satisfyingly, as a soap opera, which, of course, it was, too. It was long-running and on daily and compulsively watchable and so dramatic it seemed, at moments, far-fetched.
In the 2010 documentary, O.J. Monster or Myth?, prosecutor Marcia Clark, 41 at the time she took the case, said, #x201C;When [it] began, all of the networks were getting these hate-mail letters because people#x2019;s soap operas were being interrupted for Status Template | Cyberuse the Simpson trial. But then what happened was the Website Plan Template, people who liked soap operas got addicted to the Simpson trial. And they got really upset when the Simpson trial was over, and people would come up to me on the street and say, #x2018;God, I loved your show.#x2019; #x201D; Soap-opera-ish, as well, were the extreme good looks of the participants. O.J., the leading man, sure. Status Template | Cyberuse. I mean, obviously#x2014;47 years old and living the life of a jailbird, in court each day fighting for his freedom, trashed by the media, the public, the victims#x2019; families, and still a total dreamboat, the tired droop to his eyes and mouth emphasizing his handsomeness rather than detracting from it.
By participants, though, I really meant the rest of the Plan Samples Sample, Format, cast, the supporting performers#x2014;Kato Kaelin, 35, and Faye Resnick, 37, and Nicole#x2019;s sister, Denise, older by two years, a former Ford fashion model, and Paula Barbieri, 27, O.J.#x2019;s steady squeeze, even Nicole and Ron#x2014;gorgeous, every single one of them. Or, rather, #x201C;gorgeous.#x201D; They were, additionally, #x201C;smokin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;slammin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;screamin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;bangin#x2019;,#x201D; #x201C;blazin#x2019;,#x201D; with #x201C;hard bodies#x201D; and Weekly #x201C;sick tans#x201D; and #x201C;killer hair.#x201D; Meaning they were those things and had those things yet at the same time they were not and did not. Best | Travel Design, Text. All the hours spent in Weekly | Cyberuse, the gym and the salon and the cosmetic surgeon#x2019;s office#x2014;#x201C;Almost every woman I know has had breast implants,#x201D; Faye Resnick either lamented or bragged in her book#x2014;had a canceling-out effect. Like, so hot, so what? Which is why they resembled soap-opera actors rather than movie actors: their physical perfection#x2014;the symmetrical features on their faces, the David -like proportions of Website Plan Template their bodies#x2014;leaving nothing for the eye to snag on, the mind to obsess over, finally rendering them interchangeable, forgettable. Reminiscent of a soap opera, too, was the case#x2019;s mix of Weekly Status | Cyberuse tried-and-trues and up-and-comers. Template | Sanjonmotel. You had guys who#x2019;d been in Status Template | Cyberuse, the public eye for years: O.J., obviously, famous two times over for his exploits on the field and on Information the screen; Johnnie Cochran Jr., 56, on a serious hot streak after winning an acquittal for Template | Cyberuse actor Todd Bridges on a murder rap, a sharp dresser and a smooth talker, dubbed #x201C;the best in Plan | Sanjonmotel, the West#x201D; by Ebony magazine; F. Lee Bailey, 61, the Weekly | Cyberuse, first criminal-defense superstar; Alan Dershowitz, 55, played by Ron Silver in the Academy Award-winning Reversal of Fortune (1990). Then there was the Sensitive Information Sheet, fresh meat. Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse. Kato Kaelin, of course, the face of the trial, or at least the hair.
Everybody#x2019;s favorite himbo houseguest, maybe not the swiftest guy on the block but cute as a bug and with a nice way about him. Kato was a joke, certainly the butt of enough of them. (The National Society of Newspaper Columnists bestowed upon 4+ Obituary Samples Resume, him that year#x2019;s #x201C;Sitting Duck Award.#x201D;) But the public also couldn#x2019;t get enough. According to one poll conducted at the time, 74 percent of Americans could identify him. Only 25 percent could identify Vice President Gore. And though there#x2019;d be tell-all books and Status show-all Playboy spreads in both Faye Resnick#x2019;s and Paula Barbieri#x2019;s futures, it was Kato who seemed like the breakout star, hands down.
His biggest competition in that regard was, surprisingly, Marcia Clark. The jury was majorly turned off. Format. Of A Resume In Text Format. (In focus groups, mock jurors, when asked to describe Clark, used adjectives like #x201C;sketchy#x201D; and #x201C;strident,#x201D; adjectives that were actually code for a noun: #x201C;bitch.#x201D;) Not the Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse, public, though. They couldn#x2019;t get enough. Mid-trial she underwent a much-discussed makeover. Best Ideas | Travel Design, Text On. After ditching the way-unflattering Phil Spector-like perm, she received a standing ovation on the courthouse steps. People magazine would give its two cents: #x201C;Hear ye, hear ye! The verdict is in#x2026;. Though RuPaul would like to Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse see this legal eagle #x2018;in more tailored suits and fitted skirts,#x2019; most of our judges agree that Clark#x2019;s makeover increases her authority by Free Up Sheets 7 Event Sign Up, allowing her to Report look like the person she really is.#x201D; She was mobbed at malls and in Sketch Ideas On Pinterest Text, restaurants, given V.I.P. treatment at Hollywood hot spots like the House of Blues. And people were curious about her life out of the Status, courtroom. Were she and Best Ideas On Pinterest | Travel Text co-star#x2014;ahem, I mean co-counsel#x2014;Christopher Darden, a Younger Man at 38, more than just colleagues? Cochran#x2019;s favorite joke of the trial was delivered by Jay Leno, who cracked that Darden would have been better off if he#x2019;d tried to Weekly Template | Cyberuse nail O. J. Simpson instead of Marcia Clark.
It#x2019;s worth noting, too, that many of the soap operas O.J. 10+ Control Plan - Free Sample, Download. knocked off the air temporarily were about to be knocked off a lot longer than that. Of the Status Report | Cyberuse, 10 biggest soaps of 1994#x2013;95, 6 have since bit the 20+ Graph Sketch On Pinterest | Travel Design, Text On, dust. So, O.K., the case was a noir mystery and a daytime soap. Status Report | Cyberuse. But what it was in Plan Samples - Free Sample, Example, Format, addition to these two things and in excess of these two things was a reality show. The first and the best. Weekly Status Report. The tail of the dragon we#x2019;ve been chasing ever since. That thing with the Bronco and the black-and-whites on the freeway? That wasn#x2019;t a car chase; it was a test run, a pilot episode, the Sensitive Information Fax Cover Sheet, taste that got us hooked, hyped, turned on, junked out, fiending for Weekly Report Template more, more, more. What made the case such an addictive fix#x2014;beyond even the Sensitive Fax Cover Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net, sensational nature of the crime, the glitziness of the players, the almost irresistible pull of the question What really happened? #x2014;was the voyeuristic kink it provided.
It gave us the dirty little thrill of putting our eye to the keyhole, looking in on a world that we#x2019;d normally never have access to. | Cyberuse. A Hollywood world, only not first-rate Hollywood. Resume Format. Copy Of A Format In Text. Not even second-rate Hollywood. As a running back, O. J. Simpson had been a star, but as a star he#x2019;d never burned that bright. (There are a lot of TV movies on that r#xE9;sum#xE9; of his.) And when he did land a role in | Cyberuse, a hit#x2014;the Naked Gun franchise (1988#x2013;94)#x2014;it was playing the stooge, the ditz, the dumb black guy. As Nordberg, O.J. Website Plan Template | Sanjonmotel. had essentially turned himself into the male Butterfly McQueen. Third-rate Hollywood, though, is what reality TV is Weekly Status Report Template all about. Plan Template. It#x2019;s never the Angelina Jolies and Status | Cyberuse Brad Pitts inviting production crews into their homes to install toilet cams in the bathrooms. And if you do get a legitimate contender, i.e., a person who actually achieved a level of success and renown, it#x2019;s a contender past his or her prime#x2014;an Ozzy Osbourne or a Paula Abdul or a Flavor Flav or a Hulk Hogan. A has-been, basically, looking to stage a comeback.
And O.J. was, of course, the original has-been/comeback kid, the prototype: an aging athlete with a dubious acting career, still a Somebody but on the downward slide to Nobodysville. On the Sign Sign Up Sheets Sign Up, downward slide at least until that double snuff job, which put him back on top as far as name recognition went, higher than he#x2019;d ever been, in fact, nearly out of sight. He became one of the most talked-about men on the planet. (Boris Yeltsin#x2019;s first question when he met President Clinton in 1995: #x201C;Do you think O.J. did it?#x201D;) The prototype for Status Report Template | Cyberuse that other reality-TV staple, the never-was, was pretty much everyone else associated with the case: Nicole Brown Simpson, a beautiful woman who used her beauty to Sensitive Information Fax Cover Sheet become the prize of a rich and Weekly Status Template famous man, which was her prize; waiter-model or model-waiter Ron Goldman; Kato Kaelin and Paula Barbieri, in movies but only barely, reduced to soft-core porn, Surf, Sand and Sex for him, Red Shoe Diaries for her. These people are the Ur- Basketball Wives and the Mike #x201C;the Situation#x201D; Sorrentinos and Sketch Ideas | Travel Design, Text the peroxided blow-up dolls from Weekly | Cyberuse, The Girls Next Door. What made the Simpson case reality-TV-esque, too, was the awareness that it wasn#x2019;t reality, that it was reality at one remove. Website Plan. So intense was the Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse, media scrutiny that, by the time the trial started, all those who were part of it had grown accustomed to being treated like something scraped onto a microscope slide. Plan Sample, Example, Format. But when Judge Lance Ito decided to allow cameras in Report | Cyberuse, the courtroom, that sky-high self-consciousness was sent off into the stratosphere. All of a sudden, the lawyers weren#x2019;t lawyers; they were lawyers playing lawyers. The judge wasn#x2019;t a judge; he was a judge playing a judge. Same with the Sketch Design, Text, witnesses, the experts, even the victims#x2019; loved ones.
In other words, these people were both characters in the drama and observers standing outside the drama watching themselves be characters in Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse, the drama. A tongue-in-cheek quality, too, began to insinuate its way into the proceedings. Fax Cover. Take, for example, the curious role of Larry King in the case. After the Bronco chase, King moved Larry King Live, the Status Report, whole kit and caboodle pretty much, from D.C. to L.A. On any given night, he#x2019;d have as guests a member of the prosecution team and a member of the defense team, some journalist or other, always bending over Website Plan | Sanjonmotel backward to represent both sides. And he was as scrupulously bipartisan in his social life, dating Suzanne Childs, D.A. Garcetti#x2019;s director of communications, and Jo-Ellan Dimitrius, the defense team#x2019;s jury consultant, simultaneously. (If he ever got desperate for material, he could#x2019;ve just mic#x2019;d his sheets, filled a couple episodes with pillow talk.) When Nicole Brown Simpson: The Private Diary of a Life Interrupted was released mid-trial, Ito wrote to Status Report networks asking that they postpone their interviews with Faye Resnick. King obeyed, canceling Faye#x2019;s spot, and 10+ Control Samples - Free Sample, Example, Format Download Ito, in | Cyberuse, thanks, told him to drop by sometime. So, during a midmorning break, King entered Ito#x2019;s chambers. Ito began musing about a domestic-violence issue he had yet to make a ruling on, revealing to his confused and surprised listener which way he was going to go. Finally, King suggested they wrap it up, since they#x2019;d been together for 40 minutes and the break was supposed to Up Sheets. Sign Up Sheets Templates 7 Event Up last only 15.
King followed Ito through a door, which turned out to Status Report lead directly into the courtroom. Suddenly, to his shock, King found himself on-camera, a participant in the very trial he was covering. O.J. called out his name and stood to shake hands. #x201C;Thanks for being so fair,#x201D; Simpson said, pumping King#x2019;s fist up and down. Plan Template | Sanjonmotel. Marcia Clark squealed, #x201C;I watch you all the time!#x201D; So you had both the Weekly Status | Cyberuse, accused and the lawyer prosecuting the accused acknowledging that they watched the talk-show host who was watching them. It was a Brechtian moment, and Brechtian moments would become common as reality TV took over the airwaves: Paris Hilton going on Letterman and Ideas On Pinterest | Travel On saying, #x201C;That#x2019;s hot,#x201D; her catchphrase from her hit show, The Simple Life (2003#x2013;7)#x2014;Paris doing Paris.
Or Lauren Conrad, of The Hills (2006#x2013;10) fame, admitting to the women of The View that she never received Spencer Pratt#x2019;s apology phone call, even though she was shown receiving it. Conrad was acknowledging that The Hills, a supposed reality program, was either outright scripted or heavily contrived. The cat was out Status Template | Cyberuse, of the Free Up Sheets. Sign Up Sheets Templates 7 Event Up, bag. Status | Cyberuse. Reality wasn#x2019;t real. Predictably, several people involved with the case attempted to have reality careers. Kato Kaelin#x2019;s been the Best Sketch | Travel Design, On, most persistent. (For a slacker, Kato sure hustles.) He was on Fox#x2019;s Celebrity Boot Camp along with Coolio, Tiffany, Lorenzo Lamas, and one half of Milli Vanilli; he was on Status Template Reality Bites Back, a reality parody show on Comedy Central; and on Fox Reality Channel#x2019;s Gimme My Reality Show!, a competition among reality stars for#x2014;you guessed it#x2014;yet another reality show.
House Guest, in which he would in every episode show up at a different famous person#x2019;s door and ask to crash for a while, was developed but, amazingly, never picked up. Copy Resume Format. Recently he#x2019;s partnered with Rhonda Shear, creator of the Report Template, Ahh Bra, to release the Kato Potato pajamas, a pocket for Sign Up Sheets. Templates 7 Event Sign a remote control and Weekly Template | Cyberuse another for a bag of Doritos sewn into every pair. Faye Resnick also took a crack at the reality-star thing, becoming what#x2019;s known as a #x201C;Friend of a Housewife#x201D; on Bravo#x2019;s The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills. She declined, however, to become a full-fledged housewife because she had a J-O-B job and Free Sign Up Sheets. Sign Templates Sign thus didn#x2019;t have the time, and because, according to Radar Online (weirdly, The New York Times did not cover this story), participation was ruining her life. Weekly | Cyberuse. Forensic scientist Henry Lee, whose testimony was key to the defense#x2019;s victory, would host Trace Evidence: The Case Files of Dr. Henry Lee, on Court TV, executive-produced by Lawrence Schiller, O.J.#x2019;s collaborator on the prison memoir and get-cash-quick scheme I Want to Tell You: My Response to Your Letters, Your Messages, Your Questions. Another witness for the defense, Dr.
Robert Huizenga, who examined O.J. Plan. three days after the Weekly Status Template, murders and testified smarmily on O.J.#x2019;s behalf, is now Dr. H, the too fit guy in a white coat who tells the Best Ideas On Pinterest | Travel Design, Text, fatties at Report the beginning of each season that they#x2019;re too fat and Format. Resume In Text Format should really think about being less fat, on Status NBC#x2019;s The Biggest Loser. Even O.J., according to his manager, Norman Pardo, tried to get in on the reality-TV craze. Donald Trump was considering casting him as a contestant on the second season of The Celebrity Apprentice, only the network balked. Just as well, since, as it turned out, he#x2019;d be up to his neck in armed-robbery and kidnapping charges at the time of the 10+ Control - Free, show#x2019;s filming. All those lit matches, and yet one after another they sputtered, fizzled, flamed out. It#x2019;s as if the O.J. people had had their 15 minutes and weren#x2019;t going to be allotted a single second more. No, it#x2019;s the children of the O.J. people who#x2019;ve really caught fire reality-TV-wise. Because if the Simpson case was the daddy of reality TV, it was every bit as much the baby daddy.
By my reckoning, there have been only three true reality stars: Kim Kardashian, with Kourtney and Khlo#xE9; providing backup, the bubble-butted version of the Supremes; Lauren Conrad and her cutie-pie buds on The Hills; and Paris Hilton, who struck out on Status Report her own after her public break with The Simple Life co-star Nicole Richie. I say true stars because their fame isn#x2019;t contingent upon winning a competition or displaying a skill or talent. Not like the contestants of Project Runway or The Voice or Survivor or, God help us, America#x2019;s Next Top Model. On the contrary, they do nothing, and that#x2019;s their genius, their special gift. They#x2019;re celebrated, turned into cover girls and sex symbols (all three have made *Maxim#x2019;*s Hot 100 at one time or another) purely for being quote themselves unquote. That the Copy Resume Format In Text Format, Kardashian sisters slid out of the greased-up loins of the O.J. case is obvious#x2014;a no-brainer. The late Robert Kardashian, O.J.#x2019;s friend (read: fan, worshipper, slave, lapdog) for almost 30 years, one of those guys so enamored of the spotlight he was happy just basking in its reflected glow, was, after all, their father. Robert made himself a player in the case by doing sad-sack, loser-y, hanger-on things.
He carried O.J.#x2019;s garment bag, which prosecutors later speculated may have contained O.J.#x2019;s bloody clothes and/or murder weapon, when O.J. returned from Chicago the day after the stabbings. He assumed the Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse, bottom-man-in-a-Mongolian-clusterfuck position#x2014;a volunteer assistant! get a grip, Bob!#x2014;on the defense team. And he read to reporters the Free Sign 7 Event, note from O.J. that looked like a suicide note, walked like a suicide note, quacked like a suicide note, but was not a suicide note#x2014;remember, the one in Report Template | Cyberuse, which O.J. referred to himself as a #x201C;battered husband#x201D; and signed with a smiley face?#x2014;while O.J. 10+ Control Sample,. hit the road with A.C. in his white Bronco. Incidentally, though it#x2019;s a sure thing that Robert sired Kourtney and Report Template Kim, Khlo#xE9; not so much. O.J. Plan. may have to take the blame for that one.
Manager Norman Pardo floated the Status Report Template | Cyberuse, possibility to In Touch magazine last November that O.J. bumped nasties with Kris Jenner, then Kris Kardashian, once or multiple times, and that Khlo#xE9;, the youngest of the Kardashian girls, born in Plan | Sanjonmotel, 1984, #x201C;could be#x201D; the result. Status. Says Pardo, #x201C;[The Simpsons and Sign Up Sheets. Up Sheets Sign the Kardashians] all took vacations together. Weekly Template | Cyberuse. There was a lot of partying going on back then.#x201D; Kris gives an emphatic unh-uh to the suggestion. But O.J.#x2019;s the 4+ Obituary | Academic, guy who just can#x2019;t say no, and Kris has already confessed to running around on Robert during their marriage. In any case, it doesn#x2019;t matter whether O.J. actually shares DNA with the Kardashian girls or not, because if they aren#x2019;t his kids genetically they#x2019;re his kids spiritually: he made their name. Were it not for the case, it#x2019;s unlikely E! would have green-lit a series called Keeping Up with the Kardashians #x2014;keeping up with the who? #x2014;in 2007. Though, in fairness, Kim did have a popular sex tape to her credit by then. (The times we live in Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse, are not so fallen that we exalt murderers, but we can#x2019;t seem to resist a plucky gal with a powerful yen to be a star, not overly particular about Website Plan, how or for what, who#x2019;s always ready for her close-up, even if it might end in a money shot.) The link between the Simpson case and Weekly Report The Hills is a little harder to locate, but it#x2019;s there nonetheless. Best friend to the show#x2019;s heavy, the sinisterly blond and Dickensianly named Spencer Pratt, and the on-again, off-again love interest of the Sensitive Fax Cover, show#x2019;s Bambi-eyed ing#xE9;nue, Lauren Conrad, is Brody Jenner, son of Linda Thompson, Elvis#x2019;s old flame, and the ex-wife of Bruce Jenner, the Status Report Template | Cyberuse, Olympic gold medalist who married Kris after she split from Robert.
And now for Paris Hilton. Paris is a good friend of Kim Kardashian#x2019;s, though things haven#x2019;t been the same between the two since Paris unkindly if not inaccurately compared Kim#x2019;s famed badonkadonk to Best 20+ Graph Sketch Ideas On Pinterest | Travel On #x201C;cottage cheese inside a big trash bag.#x201D; Paris#x2019;s sister Nicky is also the Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse, goddaughter of Faye Resnick. Adefining aspect of American culture, and a big part of the reason American culture is so appealing, and Copy Resume Format. Resume Format In Text has been adopted almost as a world culture, is its seemingly effortless mixture of high and low: Mark Twain and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Louis Armstrong and #x201C;Potato Head Blues,#x201D; Howard Hawks and Rio Bravo, Andy Warhol and those Campbell#x2019;s soup cans. Status Report. The O.J. case, though, was essentially all low#x2014;a tabloid story that catered to Free Sign Up Sheets. Up Sheets Templates Sign our basest impulses. And while people were fascinated by it, they at least had the sense to be embarrassed by that fascination. It was trashy, and Weekly Status Report Template they knew that it was trashy, and that to Resume give in to the trashiness was to give in to their worst selves. Kato Kaelin, for example, became a recognizable figure but not a venerated one. He wasn#x2019;t put on the cover of Vogue as Kim Kardashian was this past April.
Nobody, in other words, confused him with a person to admire. There was, too, at the time a rush to Status Report find an overriding theme in the case, a larger meaning, a lesson to be learned, a moral to Copy Resume Format. Resume Format be extracted#x2014;the dangers of keeping spousal abuse quiet, race relations in America, the God-like status accorded professional athletes#x2014;and thus justification for the intense level of interest it had inspired. In the years following the case, though, not only did the high-low blend skew more and | Cyberuse more toward low, and not only did the bar on Template low drop, is Report still dropping, but the 20+ Graph Sketch Ideas | Travel Design, Text On, feelings of shame that accompanied a low binge vanished. Now it#x2019;s Twinkies and Status Report Template Coca-Cola for Website every meal because, hey, Twinkies and Coca-Cola taste good, and because, hey, why not? Vanished, as well, apparently are any bases for judgment. Honey Boo Boo #x201C;trends#x201D; in the same way that Barack Obama #x201C;trends.#x201D; There#x2019;s no difference between the two. Or, rather, we#x2019;re no longer capable of telling what that difference might be. Famous is famous.
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resume on bond paper I’m Chanpory, and Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse this is my site on how to live and work better as a designer. You should follow me on Twitter here. For more, check out the Ideas On Pinterest | Travel Text archives. The 7 deadly sins of resume design. So you’ve labored with sweat and tears writing your resume, and Weekly Template | Cyberuse now you’re all set to Plan, turn it into a magnificently designed creation. Unfortunately, with the freedom of modern computers and fancy software, comes huge opportunities for abuse. Template | Cyberuse. When it comes to resumes, both non-designers and professional designers commit some almost unforgivable sins. Here are the 7 deadly sins of resume design and Samples Template how to repent:
Take a tour of any office supply store and you’ll see shelves of Weekly Status Report extravagant “resume” papers featuring special “linen” and “parchment” finishes. Avoid these like dog poop on a New York summer sidewalk. Website. They’re too expensive and don’t make you look extra special. To repent: Save your money and Weekly Report get paper with a plain smooth finish. It can be slightly heavier than regular copy paper, but not stiff as a board.
An ever so slight hint of cream is fine. It’ll make your resume easier on Free Sign Templates Up the eyes than the super-ultra-pure-snow-driven white paper many designers are fond of. I prefer Neenah Classic Crest in Natural White with a Super Smooth finish. Report Template. Never ever use pink paper with strawberry scent. The default typeface in Microsoft Word is Times New Roman, and thus it’s the default for most resumes. It’s a tragedy, because Times’s letterspacing and wordspacing is wretched in Word. The result is an Free Up Sheets. Sign, unharmonious mess.
To repent: Choose a different typeface. I won’t go into explaining x-heights or the Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse difference between Humanist Sans and Geometric Sans. If you’ve got money to spare, pick any of the typefaces in FontShop’s professional collection, and you’ll be a step above Times New Roman. If you’re cheap, use Matthew Carter’s Georgia. It’s free and already installed on Template your computer. If you send your resume electronically as a PDF, it also looks quite good on-screen. If you need more guidance, check out Before After’s tutorial on picking typefaces. Designers fresh out of school love teeny tiny type. The belief is that it looks elegant, refined, and allows for Status Report more white space on the resume. It’s a shame. For all that elegance, no one can read it, because most people in hiring positions won’t have fresh baby eyes with 20/20 vision.
To repent: Set your resume no smaller than 9 points for sans-serifed type and 10 points for serifed type. Information. Anything smaller, and your resume is at risk of being shredded. Designers also love grey type. Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse. On an inkjet printer, grey text looks better because it reduces the appearance of noise. 10+ Control Plan Samples Sample, Example, Download. If you go too light, though, it becomes illegible and unfaxable. But wait, should you really be using inkjet to print your resume? To repent: Use a laser printer and print in Report Template 100% black for ultimate clarity. If you do go grey, don’t go lighter than 75% black. You may be tempted to add decoration like floral borders, rainbow colors, and hearts. Perhaps, you want to use an illustration of a swan, tiger or unicorn to represent you. This is great if you want to look like a box of 10+ Control Plan Samples Sample, Example, Download crayons melted on your resume.
Otherwise, don’t try to be cute. To repent: Add some character by setting your name slightly larger, or in a different weight as the same typeface as the rest of your resume. Use color, but very sparingly, if at all. No more than one color in addition to black. If you live in the United States, the standard paper size is 8.5 x 11in. In Europe, it’s 210 x 297mm. Anything else will fit awkwardly in Report Template | Cyberuse a binder or file. When it doesn’t fit, it gets thrown out. To repent: Keep to the standard paper size of your geographic location.
It’s easier to Ideas | Travel, print and Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse package. In an 4+ Obituary Samples | Academic Resume Template, attempt to stand out, some designers format their resumes in a landscape format. This is more annoying than innovative. To repent: Keep to a portrait format. The first person who sees your resume is usually a Human Resources person who sees hundreds of resumes daily. Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse. Too much variation from the norm makes it harder for Website Plan | Sanjonmotel them to make a quick assessment of you. If you want to stand out, write a good cover letter instead.
So what does a good looking resume look like? Check out my follow-up post, Give your resume a face lift. Great info but I think the resume format should match the Weekly Report Template job/industry you are applying to. It also comes down to Resume Format Format, the personal opinion of the person doing the hiring. Status Template | Cyberuse. I had a resume designed and two people were interviewing me. One person really liked it and 4+ Obituary Resume the other didn’t…But most importantly it got noticed and created conversation. I would say have common sense and keep it simple and Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse not over done. You will never please everybody so create a resume that reflects your personality and talent. Good Luck Cheers.
All the 4+ Obituary Samples Resume Template comments are great. However, I have to say I have always had interviewers ask me for a hard copy of my resume at Weekly Status | Cyberuse, the beginning of the interview. Frankly, I have come to view that as a test of your organizational skills. Information Fax Cover Sheet. I think if you suggested that they print it out themselves you would be ushered out the door very, very quickly. hello just asking, what should be the Status Report Template | Cyberuse best paper size for resume/cv in philippines. is it short or long bond paper. 10+ Control - Free Sample,. waiting for reply..thanks^^ To a beginner this sounds intringuing, since simple groups are very natural objects to define, whereas vertex algebras seem more convoluted. Report Template. , A very useful Design Refresher – Think I need to change some of my fonts around now !! More work … Don’t forget spraying it with perfume (unless your applying to be an - Free Sample,, escort)! HR people basically don’t give a damn what your resume looks like, as long as they can read it. And most of them just scan it to make sure you fit the job requirements. Report | Cyberuse. So forget the nitpicky advice about fonts. Website Template | Sanjonmotel. Most HR people wouldn’t know a font if it jumped out of the PC and bit them. … You’re probably going to be submitting your resume as a PDF anyway, in Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse which case you ought to make sure the file will transmit OK and be clear enough to Copy Format. Of A Resume Format Resume, copy. Weekly Report | Cyberuse. Many companies just ask you to paste a text version of your resume into Fax Cover, an online application, which is a dead give-away that they couldn’t care less how pretty it looks.
Just make sure you leave out the silly dingbats. I have found in | Cyberuse my 10 years in the professional design world that HR are the Sensitive Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net non educated gate keepers of the employment world. Go get real employees opinions on Status Report Template said workers within HR…most cringe at the notion of going through HR. Really, what do people in HR do all day? There are some rules that can be broken and and broken well but not unless you’re an artist or graphic designer should you attempt them. 4+ Obituary Samples | Academic Resume. Number one advice is just get your resume to the person that will be hiring and avoid HR like the plague. Wow, tough crowd.
This is a perfect list of rules for design “begginers”. Of course designers and Weekly Status | Cyberuse talented creative types may be able to make an impact by Website Template | Sanjonmotel, cleverly breaking some of Weekly Report these rules – but you’re probably going to have to use some software other than Word to pull that off. If you’re using Word this is your bible with one addition – NEVER USE WORDART. Nice work Chanpory. @James, I was thinking the exact same thing. Tough crowd indeed! @Chanpory, great advice! I’m in a similar role as the owner of a small agency and the resumes I have seen, whether for designers, developers, or even bookkeepers, are unbelieveable. My alltime favorite was one in Comic Sans (no joke!!). I think the Sensitive Information Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net key point is that design must always help achieve the goal.
The goal for a resume is to get an interview. To that end, a resume’s design must help communicate the message/content of the resume effectively. Creatviity can have a place in your resume, but you ought to be conservative with it in my opinion: what’s clever, creative, and “the best resume I’ve seen” to one person might just be tacky and | Cyberuse overdone to another. OK…. this entire “7 deadly sins” is 4+ Obituary Samples Template, bullcrap. Any designer worth their salt knows that if you KNOW the rules, you can break the rules. There is nothing I like more than receiving a fantastically creative resume. After all, they are coming to Weekly Status Report Template, us to be creative. Sample, Example, Download. It lets me see how well they understand how to sell themselves. I hate to say it, but your resume ideas only Status | Cyberuse makes them look like the cream of the Plan | Sanjonmotel crap… not the cream of the Status | Cyberuse crop. I think its just a matte of time until the resume gets replaced. Sort of old fashion.
I think you are all missing a very important piece—who is the audience? All of these concerns are dependent on Sensitive Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net the type of job you are applying to (i.e. your audience). No matter what you are designing, this is the Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse #1 variable to Sign Sign 7 Event Sign, consider. What is important when applying to a creative job, is Status Template | Cyberuse, very different than what is important in Sign Sign Up Sheets Templates Sign the financial world, for Weekly Template | Cyberuse expample. Thanks for the tip on Georgia font – I had Garamond originally, and it looked terrible when converted to PDF. Just tried out Georgia and loved it! When we go to interviews, it’s nice to bring a copy of our resume along. That’s why it matters how it looks when printed.
Just because HR has received it doesn’t mean the interviewer will necessarily have it on hand. In addition, someone or someone’s just may pop in on the interview out of interest. I was once take directly from the interview with HR straight to Sensitive Fax Cover, the manager to interview with her immediately because HR thought I’d be a good fit. I’m glad I had another copy of my resume on hand. It’s just good form to bring extra copies of a resume. PS Speaking of Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse bad font; what’s up with the Free Sign Sign Up Sheets 7 Event font on Weekly Status Report Template this page?! Its super bold and narrow… and hard to read! Maybe try Georgia instead ;) I’m personally a huge fan of Format. Format In Text Palatino Linotype. Weekly Status Report. (or its cousin Book Antiqua)
It’s a nice serif font that’s easy to 20+ Graph Ideas | Travel Design, Text On, read and scan down through, it’s nicely formed and spaced and it’s ubiquitous but not always commonly used. Status Report. And even if you don’t have it you can download it free. Somebody up there also made the point of Best | Travel Design, Text trying to mimic the Weekly style and branding of the 4+ Obituary Template company you are submitting to. If possible you should always do that. One idea is to send the cv/resume in a nice folder the same colour as the company’s branding, to Weekly Template | Cyberuse, use similar coloured paper or to use the same fonts.
If you’re sending off internationally always look up the proper resume and cover letter format for Best 20+ Graph the country you are sending to. For example many countries in mainland Europe also expect you to embed a small, passport-sized photograph at the top of the page. Be sure to use the correct spelling also. True it’s best not to entrust your spelling and grammar to a machine, but, if you’re applying from one English-speaking country to another, be sure that you spellcheck it in the appropriate language – e.g. British English v US English. I’ve found, actually, that many computers, for Status Report | Cyberuse example Dell computers, were always pre-installed with US English as the default language regardless of where they were being sold to. So be sure and check that your computer and Best Sketch On Pinterest | Travel On word processor are set to the right language for your country before you send your resume to anybody! This is so good to know and follow… I totally agree with kathy, but when you haven’t met the contact person the question would be: what should you present a graphically enhanced CV (Branding), a formal black white CV or a flash animated CV? Unless you are a branding fanatic,to the Weekly Report Template point that you go on and brand yourself and make your resume/letter stand out among others, there are definitely several ways to gain a remarkable first impression. It also dependent on the culture of the company you’re entering and the position you’re applying for… and 4+ Obituary | Academic Resume Template how old are you and your experience…
your CV is your spirit and vision, at the end.. and if you get your CV to a company where they don’t like it, don’t worry… your CV has probably landed in the wrong place… and your spirit and vision doesn’t suite the company you’re applying for. I truly think design is essential, in order to stand out… but design alone doesn’t make the CV standout… it’s the content and Status Report experience and | Academic Template the way you brand yourself. Wow. According to your article, I’ve committed 3 sins: “gray text,” “weird paper size” and Weekly Report “horizontal format.” You probably should also add an Sign Up Sheets. Sign 7 Event Up, 8th sin for kicks that I’ve also committed: “folding.” Now, taken that I’ve broken lots of your rules in resume design — why is it that I’ve been working for my company for 3 years and 10 months thanks to Weekly Report Template, my “poorly designed resume”? There has to Copy Format. Of A Resume In Text Format, be something wrong. A graphic designer’s resume should reflect his or her craft. It should have hints of their style and should totally have an Status Report, experience to go along with it.
Designing out of the box is always favored and is always put on Sensitive Information Sheet top of the pile if executed properly. You should never confine yourself to designing freely. Your resume is another piece of your portfolio — one which your future employer will keep. I don’t believe filenames have been mentioned here. When sending a resume electronically, the | Cyberuse filename resume.doc is the kiss of death. Be sure to Sensitive Fax Cover Sheet, change the filename to reflect your own name.
In addition, use either PDF or DOC, never any other format – otherwise, you risk incompatibility. Status Report. Many H/R departments also use autoscan programs, and both multi-column and fancy fonts/paper will be puked out rather than scanned in. When sending electronically, the Resume Copy Of A Resume plainer, the better! Finally, whether or not sent electronically, be brief. These days, virtually no one is worth a two-pager. The point is to get IN the door for an interview… you can elaborate later, during the interview. Hi, you guys would be surprised to know that most Turkish companies require your resume to Template | Cyberuse, have your photo!! (It mostly (read:always) works in Example, my favour :P ) yeah, so my resume looks pretty messed up when I try to Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse, fit in my photo. It looks like a very detailed I-card! I think a photo within the 4+ Obituary Samples | Academic resume screams prejudice.
Im not Turkish(I worked and will work in Turkey again soon) but even when Turkish people apply to Status Report, Turkish companies they add a photo. By the way, I know for a fact that some American companies ask for photos within a resume too (reference : my Turkish friends who’ve applied to American companies). I wish I could get some points on how to add your photo in your resume and Samples Format not feel like a complete jackass. :P. As an engineer and industrial designer who needs to walk a fine line between ‘logical’ and ‘artzy-fartzy’, I have found a san-serif font works far better than all the suggestions above. Status. I have been using Tahoma for Sensitive Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net years and have gotten a call-back on every position I have applied for the last dozen years…I am 5 for 5. Tahoma kerns nice and tight and 10pt leave plenty of white space. If you know how, typesetting your documents in TeX can really improve the font appearance through proper use of ligatures and a line-break algorithm that evaluates the appearance of the Weekly | Cyberuse entire paragraph rather than that of the individual line. 20+ Graph Sketch Design, Text. It can produce PostScript or PDF files for electronic usage. Failing that, it may be possible to use the Computer Modern fonts for which the Weekly Status Report program is configured in other programs like Word, and I expect these would still be a cut above Microsoft’s pet fonts. I think everyone should come out of the Plan Template dark ages. We now have the facility of Weekly Status Report Template computers and 4+ Obituary | Academic Template graphics……why not use them within reason. / Surely an Weekly Status Report, employer with any intelligence would be absorbing the Sensitive Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net ease of reading and the content…….not crossing a prospect off because of the font used.
Lets move into the 21st century people. As a recent “job seeker” I found this very useful. though of course we call them CVs in the Uk, the tips are all good. Better equipped to avoid the pitfalls now, although I don’t agree 100% with all the points it is none the less a useful read. Thanks again. Pat. I think it would be best to send a virus to HR because all in all they never call anyone back. Most of HR have no clue about Status Template | Cyberuse, anything tech, nor do they have any creative brain at 10+ Control Samples Sample, Format, all.
I would rather just meet someone who works at the company itself than deal with a braindead HR zombie.
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2006 essay contest © The Lincoln Forum, All Rights Reserved. 2017 Platt Family Scholarship Prize Essay Contest. 1st Prize $1500 | 2nd Prize $750 | 3rd Prize $500. Our Topic for Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse, 2017: Several American presidents, including ideological opposites George W. Bush and Barack Obama, have stated that they have either admired or sought inspiration from the life and times of Abraham Lincoln. What is it about Lincoln that appeals to a wide range of political leaders? What lessons from Lincoln's presidency might be useful to our new president? Please examine the rules below closely before contacting The Lincoln Forum or the contest coordinator with eligibility questions. The scholarship essay contest is designed for students who are FULL TIME, undergraduate students in an AMERICAN COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY during the Spring 2017 semester. The July 31 deadline is designed to give these students time to finish their essays, if need be, after final exams.
You do not have to be an American citizen, but you do need to be attending an AMERICAN COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY during the eligibility period. It is NOT open to high school students. Key question to consider; when we contact your college or university registrar will they be able to Samples Resume, confirm that you were enrolled as a full-time college student during the spring 2017 semester? If the answer is no, you are not eligible. The eligibility of Weekly Status Template entrants will be confirmed by the Lincoln Forum prior to the awarding of prizes. Entries will be judged by the essay committee of The Lincoln Forum.
Deadline for entries is Website Plan Template July 31, 2017. Entries must contain a minimum of 1,500 and a maximum of 5,000 words. Essays may be submitted via regular mail (postmarked by Weekly Template | Cyberuse July 31, 2017) or via e-mail (time stamped before midnight PST July 31, 2017) to the address below. Format. Format In Text Format? The essay must be typed and Status | Cyberuse include a works-cited page or bibliography. End notes are suggested but not required. There is 4+ Obituary Samples | Academic Resume Template no application form for the contest. The essay and your contact information serves as your application.
Applicants must include the name of Report | Cyberuse their college or university with their entire and all contact information (regular and email address) must be put on the essay proper. Judging will take place during the fall. 4+ Obituary Samples? The three winners will be announced at the Lincoln Forum annual meeting in Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse Gettysburg on November 18th. Checks from the Lincoln Forum will be sent to the winners in December 2017 The scholarship prize money is designed as a reward for academic excellence. It can be used for any purpose the 20+ Graph Sketch On winner desires. The essay can be sent via email ( e-mail: ) or regular mail to Weekly Template | Cyberuse, the address below. Don McCue, curator of The Lincoln Shrine in Redlands, California serves as coordinator of the Essay Contest. If the 20+ Graph On Pinterest Text above information does not answer your question please contact: Don McCue, Curator — Lincoln Memorial Shrine. Redlands, CA 92373. Template? First Prize: Brianna Cea, Binghamton University -- SUNY. Second Prize: Wai Ho, University of California Berkeley.
Third Prize: Jacob Britton, Cornell University. The Topic of the 2016 Essay was: “Immigration” Immigration is a controversial topic in American history, even more so in 2016. Citing examples from his writings, speeches, and Website Plan | Sanjonmotel policies, what was Abraham Lincoln's position on immigration? Did it evolve? Is it relevant to our contemporary debate? First Prize: Sophie Lombardo, Washington University, St. Louis. Second Prize: Daniel E. Schooling, University of Weekly | Cyberuse California, Davis. Third Prize: Sopia Leddy, Ashland University. The Topic of the 2015 Essay was: “Our Topic for 2015 – “If Lincoln had lived. Plan | Sanjonmotel? ” The year 2015 marks the Status Template | Cyberuse 150th anniversary of the Information Fax Cover assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Status Template? How would the history of On Pinterest On United States, particularly in regards to Reconstruction, have been different if Lincoln had lived to complete his second term.
Cite examples from Status, Lincoln’s words and Website Plan Template deeds that support your thesis. First Prize: Ryan Durazo, The College of | Cyberuse William Mary. Second Prize: Rebecca Carifio, Bates College. Third Prize: Ashby Henningsen, University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) The Topic of the 2014 Essay was: “Our Topic for 2014 – “Lincoln and the Hard Hand of War” In 1864 the Copy Of A In Text American Civil War became even more savage. Weekly? Casualties rose and prisoner exchanges stopped. During William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea and Phil Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley campaign, civilian property was deliberately targeted. Was Lincoln in part responsible for this hardening and brutalization of war in Template | Sanjonmotel 1864, or was it an unpreventable development—a consequence of Weekly Status Template war’s inertia? Should he have tried to mitigate it? Was this more brutal war and its hundreds of thousands of casualties and endless destruction justified in the effort to save the Union and Samples - Free Example, Download destroy slavery—or was it not acceptable for any reason? First Prize: Helen Yang, Princeton University.
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The Topic of the Status Report Template 2012 Essay was: “Did Lincoln Free the Slaves?” 2012 marks the 150th anniversary of the Best 20+ Graph Ideas Design, Text preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. In light of the complicated path he pursued to reach this milestone, does Lincoln really deserve his reputation as the Status Great Emancipator? First Prize: Thomas Sanford, Washington and Lee University. 4+ Obituary Samples Template? Second Prize: Andrew Shindi, Harvard University. Third Prize: Lindsey Grudnicki, Ashland University. The Topic of the 2011 Essay was: “Lincoln the War President”
2011 marks the sesquicentennial of the Weekly beginning of the American Civil War in 1861. Compared to Sign Up Sheets Templates Sign, his Confederate opponent Jefferson Davis, Abraham Lincoln had a very limited military background. How well did Lincoln adjust to becoming a war president during the trying first year of the war? First Prize: Joseph Landry, Washington and Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse Lee University. Second Prize: Andrew Shindi, Harvard University. Third Prize: Greg Woodburn, University of Southern California. The topic of the 2010 Essay was: “Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War” 2010 is the 150th anniversary of the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. Website? Before his inauguration the following March, seven states seceded from the Union. Did Lincoln’s election in November, 1860 represent a real threat to Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse, the South? Was secession a reasonable response?
Could Lincoln have done more to Website Template | Sanjonmotel, discourage Southern secession? First Prize: Daniel J. Bornt, University of Illinois – Springfield. Weekly Report Template? Second Prize: James Morrow Kane, Lawrence University. Third Prize: April Bollig, University of Resume Format. Copy Of A In Text Colorado – Colorado Springs. Weekly Report | Cyberuse? The Topic of the 2009 Essay was: “Barack Obama and Sketch Abraham Lincoln: Getting Right with Lincoln” From his campaign announcement in Status Springfield, to his victory speech in Chicago, our new president has repeatedly made references to being inspired by Abraham Lincoln. Free Sign Up Sheets? Which other presidents have been inspired by the Great Emancipator? What lessons can be learned from Weekly Status Template, Lincoln’s presidency by President Obama?
First Prize: Michael Cohen, Cornell University. Resume Format. Resume In Text? Second Prize: Brian Rose, Southern Illinois University - Carbondale. Third Prize: Diane Samuelson, University of Nevada Las Vegas. The Topic of the 2008 Essay was: “Lincoln at 200: Still Relevant?” February 12, 2009 marks the 200th anniversary of the Weekly Status Report Template birth of Abraham Lincoln. What relevance, if any, does Lincoln’s life and accomplishments have to the challenges faced by today’s generation? First Prize: Andrew Buchwach, Depaul University. Samples Template? Second Prize: Brian Rose, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. Third Prize: Katherine Petti, Harvard University. The Topic of the 2007 Essay was: “Abraham Lincoln — Lawyer in Template the White House.” How did Lincoln’s study and practice of Best Ideas On Pinterest Text law prepare him for the challenges he would face during his Presidency? First Prize: Matthew Baker, Bob Jones University.
Second Prize: Brian Rose, Truman State University. Third Prize: Ethan Evans, Miami of Ohio University. The Topic of the 2006 Essay was: “Lincoln and the Mexican-American War” 2006 marks the 160th anniversary of the start of the Weekly Status Template Mexican-American War. Then-Congressman Abraham Lincoln opposed the war, a stand which may have cost him a chance at re-election. Was this decision Lincoln’s greatest political mistake? Compare and contrast this decision with others in 10+ Control Plan Samples - Free Download Lincoln’s life that you believe were erroneous or shortsighted and discuss the political perils and moral challenges of opposing wars and the Presidents who wage them.
First Prize: Jonathan Steplyk, Ripon College. Second Prize: Eric Li, University of Weekly Status Report Michigan. Third Prize: Brittany Greggorson, Georgetown University. The Topic of the 2005 Essay was: “If Lincoln had lived. ” 2005 marks the 140th anniversary of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. If Abraham Lincoln had not been assassinated, how would the course of American history have changes? First Prize: George Gilbert, Duke University. Second Prize: Amanda Taylor, Carrol College (MT) Third Prize: Brad Reid, SUNY Stony Brook. Plan Format? The Topic of the 2004 Essay was: “The Challenge of Holding an Election in the Midst of War” Compare and Weekly Status Template contrast Abraham Lincoln’s re-election in Website 1864 with other wartime elections in American History. First Prize: John Bellocchio, Seton Hall University. Second Prize: Monica Modi, Yale University.
Third Prize: James Alfred Stewart, Briercrest Bible College. Weekly Status Report? The Topic of the 2003 Essay was: “Lincoln’s Image in Popular Culture” Citing examples, discuss how Abraham Lincoln has been portrayed in television, motion pictures and Free Up Sheets Templates advertising. How faithful are these images to the true Lincoln? How has Lincoln's image changed over the years? What do these changes say about each generation’s interpretation of Lincoln? The Topic of the 2001 Essay Contest was: “Abraham Lincoln: Liberator or Racist?” First Prize: David Byers.
Second Prize: Colleen Bowman. Third Prize: Daniel Marcinak. The Topic of the 2000 Essay was: “Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties: Constitutional Stalwart or Tyrant?” First Prize: Vickey Kalambakal. Weekly Status | Cyberuse? Second Prize: Gina Sandvick. Third Prize: Adam Tompkins. The Topic of the 1999 Essay was: “Abraham Lincoln the myth versus Abraham Lincoln the man”
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Essay on Theories of International Trade. In this essay we will discuss about International Trade. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to Theories of International Trade 2. Theory of Mercantilism of International Trade 3. Theory of Absolute Advantage 4. Theory of Comparative Advantage 5. Factor Endowment Theory 6. Country Similarity Theory 7. New Trade Theory 8. International Product Life-Cycle Theory and Weekly | Cyberuse Other Details. Essay on Introduction to Theories of International Trade Essay on the Theory of Mercantilism of International Trade Essay on the Theory of Sensitive Sheet, Absolute Advantage of International Trade Essay on the Theory of Comparative Advantage of International Trade Essay on Report the Factor Endowment Theory of International Trade Essay on Sensitive Fax Cover Sheet the the Country Similarity Theory of International Trade Essay on the the New Trade Theory of International Trade Essay on the International Product Life-Cycle Theory of International Trade Essay on the Theory of Competitive Advantage of | Cyberuse, International Trade Essay on the Implications of 4+ Obituary Samples Resume, International Trade Theories. Essay # 1. Weekly Status Report Template? Introduction to Best Sketch Ideas Design,, Theories of Report | Cyberuse, International Trade: The exchange of goods across national borders is termed as international trade. Countries differ widely in terms of the products and services traded. Countries rarely follow the trade structure of Copy Of A Resume Resume In Text, other nations; rather they evolve their own product portfolios and trade patterns for exports and imports. Besides, nations have marked differences in Weekly Report Template, their vulnerabilities to the upheavals in exogenous factors. Trade is crucial for the very survival of countries that have limited resources, such as Singapore or Hong Kong (presently a province of China), or countries that have skewed resources, such as those located in the Caribbean and West Asian regions.
However, for countries with diversified resources, such as India, the US, China, and the UK, engagement in trade necessitates a logical basis. The trade patterns of a country are not a static phenomenon; rather these are dynamic in nature. Moreover, the product profile and trade partners of a country do change over a period of time. Till recently, the Belgian city of Antwerp, the undisputed leader in diamond polishing and trade, had witnessed a shift of diamond business to India and other Asian countries, as given in Exhibit 2.1. It is Resume Of A Resume In Text, also imperative for international business managers to find answers to some basic issues, such as why do nations trade with each other? Is trading a zero-sum game or a mutually beneficial activity? Why do trade patterns among countries exhibit wide variations?
Can government policies influence trade? Theories of international trade provide the raison d’etre for most of these queries. Trade theories also offer an insight, both descriptive and prescriptive, into the potential product portfolio and trade patterns. Weekly Report Template? They also facilitate in understanding the basic reasons behind the evolution of a country as a supply base or market for specific products. The principles of the regulatory frameworks of national governments and international organizations are also influenced to a varying extent by these basic economic theories. Essay # 2. Theory of Mercantilism of | Travel Text On, International Trade: The theory of mercantilism attributes and measures the wealth of a nation by the size of its accumulated treasures. Accumulated wealth is traditionally measured in terms of gold, as earlier gold and silver were considered the currency of Weekly | Cyberuse, international trade.
Nations should accumulate financial wealth in the form of gold by encouraging exports and discouraging imports. The theory of mercantilism aims at creating trade surplus, which in turn contributes to Best 20+ Graph Ideas Design, Text On, the accumulation of a nation’s wealth. Weekly Status Report? Between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, European colonial powers actively pursued international trade to Plan Samples - Free Sample, Download, increase their treasury of Weekly Status | Cyberuse, goods, which were in turn invested to build a powerful army and infrastructure. The colonial powers primarily engaged in - Free Example, Format Download, international trade for the benefit of their respective mother countries, which treated their colonies as exploitable resources. The first ship of the East India Company arrived at the port of Surat in 1608 to Weekly Report | Cyberuse, carry out trade with India and take advantage of its rich resources of spices, cotton, finest muslin cloth, etc. Other European nations—such as Germany, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy—and the East Asian nation of Japan also actively set up colonies to exploit the 10+ Control Sample, Example,, natural and human resources. Mercantilism was implemented by active government interventions, which focused on maintaining trade surplus and expansion of colonization. National governments imposed restrictions on imports through tariffs and quotas and promoted exports by subsidizing production. The colonies served as cheap sources for primary commodities, such as raw cotton, grains, spices, herbs and Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse medicinal plants, tea, coffee, and fruits, both for consumption and Website Plan | Sanjonmotel also as raw material for industries.
Thus, the policy of mercantilism greatly assisted and benefited the colonial powers in accumulating wealth. The limitations of the theory of mercantilism are as follows: i. Status Template | Cyberuse? Under this theory, accumulation of Information Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net, wealth takes place at Template, the cost of another trading partner. Therefore, international trade is treated as a win-lose game resulting virtually in no contribution to the global wealth. Thus, international trade becomes a zero-sum game. ii.
A favourable balance of trade is possible only in the short run and would automatically be eliminated in Samples Sample, Format, the long run, according to Status | Cyberuse, David Hume’s Price-Specie- Flow doctrine. An influx of gold by way of more exports than imports by Website Plan | Sanjonmotel a country raises the domestic prices, leading to increase in export prices. In turn, the county would lose its competitive edge in terms of price. Report Template? On the other hand, the loss of gold by the importing countries would lead to a decrease in their domestic price levels, which would boost their exports. iii. Presently, gold represents only a minor proportion of national foreign exchange reserves.
Governments use these reserves to intervene in 4+ Obituary | Academic Resume Template, foreign exchange markets and to influence exchange rates. iv. The mercantilist theory overlooks other factors in a country’s wealth, such as its natural resources, manpower and its skill levels, capital, etc. v. If all countries follow restrictive policies that promote exports and restrict imports and Status Template | Cyberuse create several trade barriers in the process, it would ultimately result in a highly restrictive environment for international trade. vi. Mercantilist policies were used by colonial powers as a means of exploitation, whereby they charged higher prices from their colonial markets for their finished industrial goods and bought raw materials at much lower costs from Plan Samples - Free Sample, Example, Format, their colonies. Colonial powers restricted developmental activities in their colonies to a minimum infrastructure base that would support international trade for their own interests. Thus, the colonies remained poor. A number of national governments still seem to cling to the mercantilist theory, and exports rather than imports are actively promoted. This also explains the raison d’etre behind the ‘import substitution strategy’ adopted by a large number of countries prior to economic liberalization. This strategy was guided by their keenness to contain imports and promote domestic production even at the cost of efficiency and higher production costs.
It has resulted in the creation of a large number of export promotion organizations that look after the promotion of exports from the country. Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse? However, import promotion agencies are not common in Copy Format Resume Format, most nations. Presently, the terminology used under this trade theory is neo-mercantilism, which aims at creating favourable trade balance and has been employed by a number of countries to create trade surplus. Japan is a fine example of a country that tried to equate political power with economic power and economic power with trade surplus. Essay # 3. Theory of Weekly Status Template, Absolute Advantage of International Trade: Economist Adam Smith critically evaluated mercantilist trade policies in his seminal book An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, first published in 1776. Smith posited that the wealth of a nation does not lie in building huge stockpiles of gold and silver in its treasury, but the Samples - Free Sample,, real wealth of a nation is measured by the level of improvement in the quality of living of its citizens, as reflected by the per capita income. Smith emphasized productivity and advocated free trade as a means of increasing global efficiency. As per his formulation, a country’s standards of living can be enhanced by international trade with other countries either by importing goods not produced by it or by producing large quantities of Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse, goods through specialization and exporting the surplus. An absolute advantage refers to the ability of a country to produce a good more efficiently and cost-effectively than any other country.
Smith elucidated the concept of ‘absolute advantage’ leading to gains from specialization with the help of day-today illustrations as follows: It is the maxim of | Academic, every prudent master of a family, never to make at home what it will cost him more to Weekly Status Report Template, make than to buy. The taylor does not attempt to make his own shoes, but buys them of the shoemaker. The shoemaker does not attempt to Best 20+ Graph Sketch Ideas Design, Text, make his own clothes, but employs a taylor. The farmer attempts to make neither one nor the other, but employs those different artificers. All of them find it for their interest to Weekly Status Template, employ their whole industry in a way which they have some advantage over Template their neighbors.
What is prudence in the conduct of every private family can scarce be folly in Weekly, that of great kingdom. If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry. Thus, instead of producing all products, each country should specialize in producing those goods that it can produce more efficiently. Such efficiency is gained through: i. Repetitive production of Template, a product, which increases the skills of the labour force. ii.
Switching production from Template, one produce to another to save labour time. iii. Website Plan Template? Long product runs to Status | Cyberuse, provide incentives to develop more effective work methods over a period of time. Therefore, a country should use increased production to export and Free Sign Templates Sign Up acquire more goods by way of imports, which would in turn improve the living standards of its people. Weekly Report Template? A country’s advantage may be either natural or acquired. Natural factors, such as a country’s geographical and agro-climatic conditions, mineral or other natural resources, or specialized manpower contribute to Copy Resume, a country’s natural advantage in certain products. For instance, the agro-climatic condition in India is an Status Template, important factor for sizeable export of agro-produce, such as spices, cotton, tea, and mangoes. The availability of relatively cheap labour contributes to India’s edge in | Academic Resume Template, export of labour-intensive products. The production of wheat and maize in the US, petroleum in Saudi Arabia, citrus fruits in Israel, lumber in Canada, and aluminium ore in Jamaica are all illustrations of Weekly, natural advantages.
Today, international trade is shifting from traditional agro-products to industrial products and services, especially in developing countries like India. Plan? The acquired advantage in either a product or its process technology plays an important role in creating such a shift. The ability to differentiate or produce a different product is termed as an advantage in product technology, while the ability to produce a homogeneous product more efficiently is termed as an advantage in process technology. Production of consumer electronics and automobiles in Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse, Japan, software in India, watches in Best 20+ Graph Ideas On Pinterest | Travel Design, Text, Switzerland, and shipbuilding in South Korea may be attributed to acquired advantage. Some of the exports centres in India for precious and semiprecious stones in Jaipur, Surat, Navasari, and Mumbai have come up not because of their raw material resources but the Weekly Status Report, skills they have developed in processing imported raw stones. To illustrate the concept of absolute advantage, an 10+ Control - Free Sample, Example, Download, example of two countries may be taken, such as the UK and Weekly Status Report Template India.
Let us assume that both the countries have the same amount of resources, say 100 units, such as land, labour, capital, etc., which can be employed either to produce tea or rice. However, the production efficiency is assumed to vary between the countries because to produce a tonne of tea, UK requires 10 units of resources whereas India requires only 5 units of resources. On the other hand, for producing one tonne of At Freefaxcoversheets.net, rice, UK requires only Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse, 4 units of resources whereas India needs 10 units of resources (Table 2.1). Since India requires lower resources compared to UK for producing tea, it is relatively more efficient in tea production. On the other hand, since UK requires fewer resources compared to India for Samples | Academic Resume, producing rice, it is relatively more efficient in producing rice. Although each country is assumed to possess equal resources, the production possibilities for each country would vary, depending upon their production efficiency and utilization of available resources. All of the possible combinations of the two products that can be produced with a country’s limited resources may be graphically depicted by a production possibilities curve (Fig. 2.1), assuming total resource availability of 100 units with each country.
The slope of the curve reflects the Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse, ‘trade-off of producing one product over the other, representing opportunity cost. The value of a factor of production forgone for its alternate use is termed as opportunity cost. For instance, if the UK wishes to produce one tonne of tea, it has to 4+ Obituary, forgo the production of 2.5 tonnes of rice. Whereas in order to produce one unit of rice, it has to relinquish the production of only 0.40 tonne of tea. Suppose no foreign trade takes place between the two countries and Report each employs its resources equally (i.e., 50:50) for production of tea and rice.
The UK would produce 5 tonnes of tea and 12.5 tonnes of Plan | Sanjonmotel, rice at point B whereas India would produce 10 tonnes of tea and 5 tonnes of rice at point A as shovra in Report Template, Fig. 2.1. This would result in a total output of 15 tonnes of tea and 17.5 tonnes of rice (Table 2.2). If both India and Copy Format. Copy Resume Resume In Text Format the UK employ their resources on Weekly Report Template | Cyberuse production of only tea and rice, respectively, in which each of them has absolute advantage, the total output, as depicted in Fig. Sign Sign Templates 7 Event? 2.1, of tea would increase from 15 tonnes to 20 tonnes (point C) whereas rice would increase from 17.5 tonnes to 25 tonnes (point D). Thus, both countries can mutually gain from trading, as the total output is enhanced (Table 2.2) as a result of specialization. The theory of Status Report Template | Cyberuse, absolute advantage is based on Adam Smith’s doctrine of laissez faire that means ‘let make freely’. When specifically applied to international trade, it refers to ‘freedom of enterprise’ and 20+ Graph Sketch On Pinterest Design, Text On ‘freedom of commerce’. Therefore, the Template | Cyberuse, government should not intervene in the economic life of - Free Example, Format, a nation or in its trade relations among nations, in the form of tariffs or other trade restrictions, which would be counterproductive.
A market would reach to an efficient end by itself without any government intervention. Unlike as suggested by the mercantilist theory, trading is not a zero-sum game under the theory of absolute advantage, wherein a nation can gain only if a trading partner loses. Instead, the countries involved in free trade would mutually benefit as a result of efficient allocation of their resources. Essay # 4. Theory of Status Report, Comparative Advantage of International Trade: In Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, David Ricardo (1817) promulgated the theory of 10+ Control Plan Samples - Free Format, comparative advantage, wherein a country benefits from international trade even if it is less efficient than other nations in the production of two commodities. Comparative advantage may be defined as the inability of Weekly Status Template, a nation to produce a good more efficiently than other nations, but its ability to produce that good more efficiently compared to Ideas Design, Text On, the other good. Thus, the country may be at an absolute disadvantage with respect to both the commodities but the Weekly Status Report, absolute disadvantage is lower in Sign Sign Templates 7 Event Sign Up, one commodity than another. Therefore, a country should specialize in the production and export of a commodity in which the Weekly Report | Cyberuse, absolute disadvantage is less than that of another commodity or in other words, the Template | Sanjonmotel, country has got a comparative advantage in Weekly Report, terms of more production efficiency.
To illustrate the concept, let us assume a situation where the UK requires 10 units of resources for producing one tonne of tea and 5 units for one tonne of Information Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net, rice whereas India requires 5 units of resources for Status Report Template, producing one tonne of tea and 4 units for one tonne of rice (Table 2.3). In this case, India is more efficient in producing both tea and rice. Thus, India has absolute advantage in the production of Sample, Download, both the Status Report Template, products. Although the UK does not have an absolute advantage in any of these commodities it has comparative advantage in Sensitive Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net, the production of rice as it can produce rice more efficiently. Countries also gain from trade by employing their resources for the production of goods in which they are relatively more efficient. Assuming total resource availability of 100 units with each country, Fig. 2.2 indicates all the possible combinations of the two products that can be produced by the UK and India. In case there is no foreign trade between India and the UK (Table 2.4) and both the countries are assumed to use equal (50:50) resources for production of each commodity, UK would produce 5 tonnes of tea and Weekly | Cyberuse 10 tonnes of rice as shown at point A, whereas India would produce 10 tonnes of tea and 12.5 tonnes of rice at point B in Samples, Fig. 2.2. If the UK employs all its resources in the production of rice in which it is more efficient than the other, India can produce the same quantum of tea, i.e., 15 tonnes (Point C) by employing only 75 units of its resources. It can utilize the remaining 25 units of its additional resources for producing 6.25 units of rice, which would raise the total rice production from 22.5 tonnes without trade to 26.25 tonnes after trade (Table 2.4).
Alternatively, the UK can employ its entire resources (i.e., 100 units) to produce 20 tonnes of rice and India can use only 10 units of Status Report, its resources to produce 2.5 tonnes of rice so as to produce the same quantity of rice, i.e., 22.5 tonnes. The remaining 90 units of resources may be used by India for the production of tea, resulting in an increase in tea production from 15 tonnes without trade to 18 tonnes with trade as shown at Point E. Resume Copy Of A Resume Format In Text Format? Hence, it is obvious from the illustrations that countries gain from trade even if a country does not have an absolute advantage in any of its products as the total world output increases. The Balassa Index is often used as a useful tool to measure revealed comparative advantage (RCA) that measures the relative trade performance of Status | Cyberuse, individual countries in particular commodities. It is assumed to ‘reveal’ the comparative advantage of trading countries, based on the assumption that the commodity patterns of trade reflects the Information Fax Cover Sheet At Freefaxcoversheets.net, inter-country differences in relative costs as the well as the non-price factors. The factors that contribute to the changes in the RCA of a country include economic factors, structural changes, improved world demand, and trade specialization. RCA is Weekly Report | Cyberuse, defined as a country’s share of world exports of a commodity divided by its share in total exports.
The index for Free Up Sheets. Sign Up, commodity j from country i is computed as. X ij = i th country’s export of commodity j. X wj = world exports of commodity j. X i = total export of country i. X w = total world exports. If the value of the index of revealed comparative advantage (RCA ij ) is greater than unity (i.e., 1), the country has a RCA in Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse, that commodity. The RCA index considers the Best 20+ Graph Sketch Ideas On Pinterest | Travel Design, On, intrinsic advantage of a particular export commodity and is consistent with the Status | Cyberuse, changes in the economy’s relative factor endowment and Website Template | Sanjonmotel productivity. However, it cannot distinguish between the improvements in factor endowments and Weekly Report Template the impact of the country’s trade policies. As indicated in Table 2.5, China has an RCA in industries such as clothing, electronics, information technology (IT) and consumer electronics, leather products, textiles, and miscellaneous manufacturing that belongs to different technology categories (i.e., low, medium, and high) but not in resource-base manufacture.
On the other hand, India has an Plan Samples Sample, Example,, RCA in resource-based and Status Template low-technological industries, such as fresh food, leather products, minerals, textiles, basic manufacture, chemicals, and clothing. It is Samples Example,, also observed that the US, Japan, and the UK have an RCA in high- and medium- technology categories, such as IT, consumer electronics, electronics, manufacturing, etc., whereas China’s main competitors such as Mexico, Hong Kong, and Thailand have RCA in low-, medium-, and high-technology categories. This implies that countries specializing in Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse, medium- to 10+ Control Plan Samples Download, high-technology products may explore opportunities of expanding bilateral trade with India and those in resource-based industries may stand to benefit substantially by Report Template an increase in demand of such products in China. For example, Latin American countries mainly produce and export various commodities. The major producer of Latin America is copper, oil, soy, and Plan Format Download coffee, as the region produces about Status Template | Cyberuse 47 per cent of the world soybean crop, 40 per cent of copper, and 9.3 per cent of oil. The rising demand for Free Sign Templates 7 Event Sign Up, commodities in China and other countries presents opportunities to these countries for expanding their production and increasing foreign exchange revenues. Similarly, the rapid growth in economic activities in Status, India and China opens up opportunity for oil exporting countries. Thus, revealed comparative advantage may be employed as a useful tool to 10+ Control Samples Format, explain international trade patterns. Limitation of Theories of Specialization: Some of the most important limitation of Weekly Status Report, theories of specialization are as follows: i. Theories of absolute and Best Ideas On comparative advantage lay emphasis on specialization with an assumption that countries are driven only by the impulse of maximization of production and consumption.
However, the attainment of economic efficiency in a specialized field may not be the only goal of countries. For instance, the Middle East countries have spent enormous resources and pursued a sustained strategy in developing their agriculture and horticulture sector, in Weekly, which these countries have very high absolute and comparative disadvantage, so as to become self-reliant. ii. Specialization in one commodity or product may not necessarily result in efficiency gains. The production and export of more than one product often have a synergistic effect on developing the overall efficiency levels. iii. These theories assume that production takes place under full employment conditions and labour is the only resource used in the production process, which is not a valid assumption. iv. The division of gains is often unequal among the trading partners, which may alienate the Copy Resume Format. Copy Of A Resume Resume In Text Format, partner perceiving or getting lower gains, who may forgo absolute gains to prevent relative losses.
v. The original theories have been proposed on the basis of two countries-two commodities situation. However, the same logic applies even when the theories experimented with multiple-commodities and multiple-countries situations. vi. The logistics cost is overlooked in these theories, which may defy the Weekly Status, proposed advantage of Resume Format. Of A Resume, international trading. vi. Weekly Report? The sizes of Plan - Free, economy and production runs are not taken into consideration.
Essay # 5. Factor Endowment Theory of International Trade: The earlier theories of absolute and comparative advantage provided little insight into the of Report, products in which a country can have an advantage. Heckscher (1919) and Resume Bertil Ohhn (1933) developed a theory to explain the reasons for differences in relative commodity prices and competitive advantage between two nations. According to Weekly, this theory, a nation will export the commodity whose production requires intensive use of the nation’s relatively abundant and cheap factors and import the commodity whose production requires intensive use of the nation’s scarce and expensive factors. Thus, a country with an abundance of cheap labour would export labour-intensive products and import capital-intensive goods and vice versa. It suggests that the patterns of trade are determined by factor endowment rather than productivity.
The theory suggests three types of relationships, which are discussed here: A country would specialize in production of labour intensive goods if the labour is in abundance (i.e., relatively cheaper) as compared to the cost of Sign Up Sheets. Sign Templates, land (i.e., relatively costly). Status? This is mainly due to the ability of a labour-abundant country to produce something more cost-efficiently as compared to a country where labour is scarcely available and therefore expensive. In countries where the capital is abundantly available and labour is relatively scarce (therefore most costly), there would be a tendency to Format. Format Format, achieve competitiveness in Weekly | Cyberuse, the production of goods requiring large capital investments. As the same product can be produced by adopting various methods or technologies of production, its cost competitiveness would have great variations. In order to minimize the cost of production and Samples Sample, Example, Format Download achieve cost competitiveness, one has to examine the optimum way of production in view of technological capabilities and constraints of a country. According to the factor endowment theory, a country with a relatively cheaper cost of labour would export labour-intensive products, while a country where the labour is scarce and capital is relatively abundant would export capital-intensive goods.
Wassily Leontief carried out an empirical test of the Heckscher-Ohlin Model in 1951 to find out whether or not the US, which has abundant capital resources, exports capital-intensive goods and Weekly Template | Cyberuse imports labour-intensive goods. He found that the US exported more labour-intensive commodities and imported more capital-intensive products, which was contrary to the results of Up Sheets. Sign 7 Event Sign Up, Heckscher-Ohlin Model of factor endowment. Essay # 6. Weekly Status Template | Cyberuse? Country Similarity Theory of International Trade: As per the Heckscher-Ohlin theory of Format. Resume, factor endowment, trade should take place among countries that have greater differences in their factor endowments. Status Template | Cyberuse? Therefore, developed countries having manufactured goods and developing countries producing primary products should be natural trade partners. A Swedish economist, Staffan B. Under, studied international trade patterns in two different categories, i.e., primary products (natural resource products) and Information Fax Cover At Freefaxcoversheets.net manufactures.
It was found that in natural resource-based industries, the relative costs of production and factor endowments determined the trade. However, in the case of manufactured goods, costs were determined by the similarity in Weekly Template | Cyberuse, product demands across countries rather than by the relative production costs or factor endowments. It has been observed that the majority of trade occurs between nations that have similar characteristics. The major trading partners of most developed countries are other developed industrialized countries. The country similarity theory is based on At Freefaxcoversheets.net the following principles: i. If two countries have similar demand patterns, then their consumers would demand the same goods with similar degrees of quality and sophistication. This phenomenon is also known as preference similarity. Such a similarity leads to enhanced trade between the two developed countries. ii. The demand patterns in Weekly Status Report Template, countries with a higher level of per capita income are similar to those of other countries with similar income levels, as their residents would demand more sophisticated, high quality, ‘luxury’ consumer goods, whereas those in countries with lower per capita income would demand low quality, cheaper consumer goods as a part of their ‘necessity’.
Since developed countries would have a comparative advantage in the manufacture of Sensitive Information At Freefaxcoversheets.net, complex, technology-intensive luxury goods, they would find export markets in Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse, other high income countries. iii. Since most products are developed on the demand patterns in the home market, other countries with similar demand patterns due to cultural or economic similarity would be their natural trade partners. iv. Countries with the proximity of geographical locations would also have greater trade compared to the distant ones.
This can also be explained by various types of similarities, such as cultural and economic, besides the cost of transportation. 4+ Obituary | Academic Resume Template? The country similarity theory goes beyond cost comparisons. Weekly Status | Cyberuse? Therefore, it is Copy Format. Copy Of A Resume In Text Format, also used in Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse, international marketing. Essay # 7. New Trade Theory of International Trade: Countries do not necessarily trade only to benefit from their differences but they also trade so as to increase their returns, which in turn enable them to Resume Copy Of A Format Resume In Text Format, benefit from specialization. International trade enables a firm to increase its output due to its specialization by Report Template | Cyberuse providing a much larger market those results in enhancing its efficiency. The theory helps explain the trade patterns when markets are not perfectly competitive or when the economies of scale are achieved by 20+ Graph On Pinterest | Travel the production of Status | Cyberuse, specific products. Decrease in the unit cost of a product resulting from large scale production is termed as economies of scale. Since fixed costs are shared over an increased output, the economies of scale enable a firm to reduce it’s per unit average cost of production and enhance its price competitiveness. Companies benefit by 10+ Control Plan Samples Sample, Example, Format Download the economies of scale when the cost per unit of Weekly Status Report Template | Cyberuse, output depends upon Copy Resume Of A Resume In Text Format, their size.
The larger the size, the Template | Cyberuse, higher are the economies of scale. Samples Sample, Example, Format Download? Firms that enhance their internal economies of scale can decrease their price and monopolize the industry, creating imperfect market competition. This in turn results in the lowering of Weekly | Cyberuse, market prices due to the imperfect market competition. Internal economies of scale may lead a firm to specialize in a narrow product line to produce the volume necessary to achieve cost benefits from scale economies. Industries requiring massive investment in RD and creating manufacturing facilities, such as branded software by Microsoft, microprocessors by Intel or AMD, and aircrafts by Boeing or Airbus, need to have a global market base so as to achieve internal economies of Website Plan Template, scale and compete effectively. If the Weekly Template | Cyberuse, cost per unit of Samples | Academic Template, output depends upon the size of the industry, not upon the size of an individual firm, it is referred to as external economies of scale. This enables the industry in a country to produce at a lower rate when the industry size is large compared to the same industry in another country with a relatively smaller industry size. The dominance of a particular country in the world market in a specific products sector with higher external economies of Status, scale is attributed to the large size of a country’s industry that has several small firms, which interact to create a large, competitive critical mass rather than a large-sized individual firm. However, external economies of scale do not necessarily lead to imperfect markets but may enable the country’s industry to Format. Of A Resume Format Resume Format, achieve global competitiveness. Although no single firm needs to be large, a number of small firms in a country may create a competitive industry that other countries may find difficult to compete with. The automotive component industry o India and the semiconductor industry in Malaysia are illustrations of external economies of scale.
The development of sector-specific industrial clusters, such as brassware in Moradabad, hosiery in Tirupur, carpets in Bhadoi, semi-precious stones in jaipur, and diamond polishing in Weekly Status Report, Surat, may also be attributed to external economies. The new trade theory brings in the concept of economies of scale to explicate the Best 20+ Graph Sketch | Travel Text, Leontief paradox. Such economies of scale may not be necessarily linked to the differences in Report, factor endowment between the trading partners. The higher economies of scale lead to increase in returns, enabling countries to specialize in the production of such goods and trade with countries with similar consumption patterns. Besides intra-industry trade, the theory also explains intra-firm trade between the MNEs and their subsidiaries, with a motive to take advantage of the scale economies and increase their returns. Essay # 8. International Product Life-Cycle Theory of International Trade: International markets tend to Best Design,, follow a cyclical pattern due to a variety of factors over Template a period of time, which explains the shifting of markets as well as the location of production.
The level of innovation and technology, resources, size of market, and 4+ Obituary Template competitive structure influence trade patterns. In addition, the gap in technology and preference and the ability of the customers in international markets also determine the stage of international product life cycle (IPLC). In case the innovating country has a large market size, as in case of the US, India, China, etc., it can support mass production for domestic sales. This mass market also facilitates the producers based in these countries to achieve cost-efficiency, which enables them to become internationally competitive. However, in case the Weekly Report, market size of Website Template | Sanjonmotel, a country is Weekly Status, too small to achieve economies of Template | Sanjonmotel, scale from the domestic market, the companies from these countries can alternatively achieve economies of Report Template | Cyberuse, scale by setting up their marketing and production facilities in other cost-effective countries. Thus, it is the economies of scope that assists in achieving the economies of scale by expanding into Copy Of A Resume In Text international markets.
The theory explains the Status, variations and reasons for change in production and consumption patterns among various markets over a time period, as depicted in Fig. 2.3. The IPLC has four distinct (Exhibit 2.2) identifiable stages that influence demand structure, production, marketing strategy, and international competition as follows. Generally, it is in high-income or developed countries that the majority of new product inventions take place, as product inventions require substantial resources to be expended on Website Plan Template | Sanjonmotel RD activities and need speedy recovery of the initial cost incurred by way of market-skimming pricing strategies. Since, in the initial stages, the price of a new product is relatively higher, buying the product is only within the means and capabilities of customers in Status | Cyberuse, high-income countries. Therefore, a firm finds a market for new products in other developed or high income countries in the initial stages. The demand in the international markets exhibits an increasing trend and the innovating firm gets better opportunities for exports. Moreover, as the Sketch On Pinterest | Travel Text On, market begins to develop in other developed countries, the innovating firm faces increased international competition in the target market. In order to defend its position in international markets, the firm establishes its production locations in other developed or high income countries. As the technical know-how of the innovative process becomes widely known, the firm begins to establish its operations in middle- and low-income countries in Status, order to take advantage of resources available at competitive prices.
The major thrust of marketing strategy at this stage shifts to price and cost competitiveness, as the technical know-how and skills become widely available. Therefore, the emphasis of the firm is on most cost-effective locations rather than on producing themselves. Besides other middle-income or developing countries, the production also intensifies in low-income or least-developed countries (LDCs). As a result, it has been observed that the innovating country begins to import such goods from other developing countries rather than manufacturing itself. The UK, which was once the largest manufacturer and exporter of bicycles, now imports this product in large volumes. The bicycle is at the declining stage of its life cycle in industrialized countries whereas it is still at a growth or maturity stage in a number of developing countries.
The chemical and Copy Resume In Text Format hazardous industries are also shifting from high-income countries to low-income countries as a part of their increasing concern about Report Template environmental issues, exhibiting a cyclical pattern in international markets. Although the product life cycle explains the emerging pattern of international markets, it has got its own limitations in the present marketing era with the fast proliferation of 4+ Obituary Resume Template, market information, wherein products are launched more or less simultaneously in Status Report Template, various markets. Essay # 9. Resume Format. Format In Text? Theory of Competitive Advantage of International Trade: As propounded by Michael Porter in The Competitive Advantage of Nations, the theory of Template, competitive advantage concentrates on a firm’s home country environment as the main source of competencies and innovations. The model is often referred to as the diamond model, wherein four determinants, as indicated in Fig. 2.4, interact with each other. Porter’s diamond consists of the 4+ Obituary Samples Resume, following attributes: Factor conditions refer to how well-endowed a nation is as far as resources are concerned. These resources may be created or inherited, which include human resources, capital resources, physical infrastructure, administrative infrastructure, information infrastructure, scientific and technological infrastructure, and natural resources.
The efficiency, quality, and specialization of underlying inputs that firms draw while competing in international markets are influenced by Report Template a country’s factor conditions. The inherited factors in case of India, such as the abundance of arable land, water resources, large workforce, round-the-year sunlight, biodiversity, and a variety of agro-climatic conditions do not necessarily guarantee a firm’s international competitiveness. Rather the factors created by Format. Copy Resume Resume In Text Format meticulous planning and implementation, scientific and market knowledge, physical and capital resources and infrastructure, play a greater role in determining a firm’s competitiveness. The sophistication of demand conditions in the domestic market and the pressure from Report Template, domestic buyers is a critical determinant for a firm to upgrade its product and Plan Samples - Free Format services. The major characteristics of domestic demand include the nature of demand, the Weekly Status Template, size and Copy Format In Text Format growth patterns of domestic demand, and the way a nation’s domestic preferences are transmitted to foreign markets. As the Indian market has long been a sellers’ market, it exerted little pressure on Status Report | Cyberuse Indian firms to strive for quality up gradation in the home market. Sample, Format? However, as a result of India’s economic liberalization, there has been a considerable shift in the demand conditions. (iii) Related and Supporting Industries : The availability and quality of local suppliers and related industries and the state of development of clusters play an important role in determining the competitiveness of a firm. These determine the Template | Cyberuse, cost-efficiency, quality, and 4+ Obituary Samples Resume speedy delivery of Weekly | Cyberuse, inputs, which in turn influence a firm’s competitiveness.
This explains the development of industrial clusters, such as IT industries around Bangalore, textile industries around Tirupur, and metal handicrafts around Moradabad. (iv) Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry : It refers to the extent of corporate investment, the type of strategy, and the intensity of local rivalry. Differences in management styles, organizational skills, and strategic perspectives create advantages and disadvantages for firms competing in Best Ideas | Travel On, different types of industries. Besides, the intensity of domestic rivalry also affects a firm’s competitiveness. In India, the management system is paternalistic and hierarchical in Status | Cyberuse, nature. In the system of mixed economy with protectionist and monopolistic regulations, the intensity of competition was almost missing in major industrial sectors. It was only after the | Academic Resume Template, economic liberalization that the Indian industries were exposed to market competition.
The quality of goods and services has remarkably improved as a result of the increased intensity of market competition. Two additional external variables of Porter’s model for evaluating national competitive advantage include chance and government, discussed below. The occurrences that are beyond the control of firms, industries, and Weekly Status Report Template usually governments have been termed as chance, which plays a critical role in determining competitiveness. It includes wars and 20+ Graph Ideas On Pinterest | Travel On their aftermath, major technological breakthroughs, innovations, exchange rates, shifts in factor or input costs (e.g., rise in petroleum prices), etc. Some of the major chance factors in the context of India include disintegration of the erstwhile USSR and the collapse of the communist system in Weekly Report, Eastern Europe, opening up of the 10+ Control - Free Example,, Chinese market, the Gulf War, etc.
The government has an important role to play in influencing the Weekly Report | Cyberuse, determinants of a nation’s competitiveness. The government’s role in formulating policies related to trade, foreign exchange, infrastructure, labour, product standards, etc. influences the determinants in the Porter’s diamond. Assessing country competitiveness : In order to facilitate the Sketch On Pinterest On, quantifiable assessment of competitiveness, the Status Template | Cyberuse, World Economic Forum has developed the Global Competitiveness Index. Plan Samples Download? It presents a quantified framework aimed to measure the set of institutions, policies, and factors that set the sustainable current and medium-term levels of Template | Cyberuse, economic prosperity. The US was ranked as the Copy Resume Copy Resume Resume, most competitive economy in the world, followed by Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, Singapore, Finland, and Germany whereas China and India were ranked at 30th and Weekly Report Template 50th positions, respectively.
India has made remarkable progress in improving its global competitiveness during the recent years. The rapid rise in the share of the working age population for the last 20 years would add to favourable demographics to India’s competitiveness. However, to benefit from this India will have to find ways to bring its masses of young people into the workforce, by spending on education and improving the quality of its educational institutions so as to Best On Pinterest On, enhance the productivity of its young. Moreover, the country still has to take effective measures (Exhibit 2.3) to Status Report | Cyberuse, deal with its bureaucratic red-tape, illiteracy, and infrastructure bottlenecks, especially road, rail, seaports and airports, and electricity, among others, so as to Sign Templates 7 Event Sign, boost its global competitiveness. Essay # 10. Implications of International Trade Theories: The trade theories provide a conceptual base for international trade and shifts in trade patterns. This article brings out the significance of developing a conceptual understanding of the Template | Cyberuse, trade theories as it deals with the fundamental issues, such as why international trade takes place, trade partners, shifts in trade patterns, and determinants of competitiveness. The initial theory of mercantilism was based on accumulating wealth in terms of goods by increasing exports and restricting imports. Trade was considered to 20+ Graph Sketch Ideas On, be a zero-sum game under the Status Report Template | Cyberuse, mercantilism theory wherein one country gains at the cost of the other.
However, a new form of mercantilism, known as neo-mercantilism, is followed by a number of countries so as to increase their trade surpluses. In 1776, Adam Smith advocated the Free Sign Up Sheets. Up Sheets Templates 7 Event Sign, concept of free trade as a means of increasing gains in | Cyberuse, world output from specialization. The theory of absolute advantage suggests that a country should produce and export those goods that it can produce more efficiently. David Ricardo’s theory of comparative advantage was based on the international differences in labour productivity and Website Template advocates international trade even if a country does not have an absolute advantage in the production of any of its goods. Although it is possible for a country not to have an absolute advantage in production of any good, it is not possible for it not to have a comparative advantage in any of the goods it produces. In the Weekly Report | Cyberuse, later case, the country should specialize in the production and Up Sheets. Sign Up Sheets Templates 7 Event Sign Up export of those goods that can be produced more efficiently as compared to others. The factor endowment theory highlights the Weekly | Cyberuse, interplay between proportions in which the Of A Resume Resume, factors of production such as land, labour, and capital are available to different countries and the proportions in which they are required for producing particular goods. Trade between countries with similar characteristics such as economic, geographic, cultural, etc. is explained by the country’ similarity theory. The new trade theory explains the specialization by some countries in production and exports of particular products as international trade enables a firm to increase its output due to its specialization by providing much larger market that results into enhancing its efficacy.
The shifting patterns of production location are elucidated by the theory of IPLC that influences demand structure, production, the innovator company’s marketing strategy, and Weekly Status Report | Cyberuse international competitiveness. The theory of Resume Template, competitive advantage comprehensively deals with the micro-economic business environment as the determinants of Weekly Template | Cyberuse, competitive advantage. Earlier trade theories suggested the shift in comparative advantage in low-skilled production activities from advance economies to developing countries. The product life-cycle theory too heavily relied on such presumptions. However, in recent years, the 10+ Control Sample, Format, rapid shift of high-value activities such as RD, technology-intensive manufacturing, and white-collar jobs to India and other Asian countries have evoked considerable apprehension among intellectuals in the US and other advanced economies about whether free trade is still beneficial for their countries or not. This concern has been illustrated through Exhibit 2.4. It is likely to continue as a matter of serious debate and the upcoming economic thought may witness a significant deviation in terms of the support to Status Report | Cyberuse, theories based on free trade and, in him, globalization.
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