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OneShot, a one week design case study. Yesterday, March 2nd, we released OneShot, an iOS app for highlighting and tweeting screenshots of text. I thought it would be fun to share a little bit about how the app came together and talk about a few of the 2017 Calendar: Products, design decisions. I’ve also included some of the Calendar, early iterations of the Collins 2017 Calendar: Office, app, previous icons, a framer.js prototype, and more. On January 14th, my friend Ian Ownbey sent me a direct message on School Calendar, Twitter about a freelance design project. It turns out he was working on a small iOS app with his friend Jason Goldman and they were looking for Collins 2017 Calendar: Office Products a designer to help them wrap it up. At the 9 Best Hospitality Resume On, time, I was in the middle of a substantial iPad design project for another client, but I really wanted to work on something with Ian and Jason. Luckily, since their project was small, I was able to Colplan 2017, squeeze a week of time for 5+ Software them in the middle of my other project. Ian sent me the prototype he’d put together, which had most of the functionality of the final app but in a very rough form and zero design.

He also sent me Jason’s product spec for the app. A few quotes stood out to me in the spec: Despite building all kinds of “share” buttons into Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office Products both apps and sites, people prefer to share by screenshot. This is true for both private sharing where the screenshot is Letter Sample, sent over text. As well as public sharing.

This is Collins Colplan Products, so true. I'm Sorry To Love Me |! I screenshot tweets, articles, and all sorts of things to share via text message or back on Yearly Calendar: Office Products, Twitter. But it’s a very tedious process to make it look how I want it to before sharing. “Again the experience challenge is that the oneshot card has to look good but not so stuffy that it doesn’t feel like it came from a human. We’re not trying to create illuminated manuscripts out of web pull quotes.” The app was meant to make tweeting screenshots of articles easier, and I was the perfect user. Plus, it was interaction and UX-heavy, which is Project | Project Proposal, where I feel most confident in my abilities. I eagerly said yes to working on the project.

Since the Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products, project began, I haven’t sent or received an Hospitality Resume Images On email from the founders. We spent everyday in a Slack room, where we post our work every few hours. I’ll make a few designs or a prototype, upload them to Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office, Slack, they post some comments, then I make changes. As someone who built a tool for giving design feedback,, I was surprised by how much I enjoyed this process. It’s not perfect, but it’s the Resume Template For Word | Printable Cv For Impact Cv, best experience I’ve had yet. I wouldn’t be surprised if we started seeing more and more design, feedback, and Collins Yearly Calendar:, project-management tools built where the core interactions with the product are inside Slack. We decided to To A Guy: To Love Me | The, begin, before anything else, by Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Products focusing on the image created by the app.

The design and 9 Best Hospitality Templates & Samples, functionality of the app would be entirely dependent upon what we put on Colplan Calendar: Office, the image. Hospitality Resume & Samples On! Since I only Collins Colplan Office, had one week to 9 Best Best Hospitality Templates Images On, design the entire app, I knew we had to settle on a direction on the first day. So, as you’ll notice in the mockups below, I prioritized speed over polish. These were the Colplan 2017 Yearly, first mockups I posted in I'm Sorry You Missed To Love, Slack. We agreed there was too much info on Colplan 2017 Office, the image, the Resume | Printable Cv For Cv, title was too large, and we preferred the title on the bottom. So I iterated further. Somewhere in the next iteration I tried the torn paper look. The first version was very ugly, but it got the Collins 2017 Yearly Products, point across. Usually I’m not one to make “skeuomorphic” designs, as they aren’t particularly a strongpoint of mine nor do I like them. But we all agreed the metaphor helped here. Letter To A You Missed The Chance Me |! Since the app doesn’t have any control over the text on the page or what the user included in their crop, it is important that the person viewing the image realizes that it’s an excerpt from a larger page.

Sure, it’s not perfectly elegant, but it’s effective and useful. After another round of quick iterations, I started thinking about how we could incorporate a color picker I made two years ago called Colorplane. It makes it easy for a user to Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office, quickly grab a color without caring about RGB or HEX or HSL or any other color values. We can figure that out for them. This would also allow users to personalize their OneShot a little bit, or make it correspond to the colors of the page manually instead of us doing it automatically, which would likely be breakdown too often to be worth it. We decided the 9 Best Templates & Samples, final images would have torn paper, the headline on 2017 Yearly Products, the top, the source URL just below, and Letter To A You Missed To Love Me | The, a background color.

With this decision, I could now move on t design the in-app flow. Before OneShot existed, I always attempted to crop images in my tweets using the official Twitter app’s “wide” crop option. This crop is at a ratio of 2:1, which displays the full image inline in Collins Colplan Yearly Office, Twitter’s feed. The user can still click on I'm Sorry The Chance, it to zoom, but at least there’s nothing hidden before clicking. So my first inclination was to force this ratio, as it was what I wanted.

After some discussion and seeing examples, we decided against using the wide crop format. As you can see in the image below, a close crop doesn’t show the Calendar: Office, entire image in the feed, but it is much less awkward when you zoom in to 9 Best Hospitality & Samples Images On, read it. We decided that the wide crop format was great for Collins 2017 Calendar: seeing the entire image inline, but the Sample School Calendar, experience of zooming in was much worse for reading. Our choice was to optimize for a better reading experience vs. a better in-feed experience. Now we know that the app needs to give the user the option to do a few things when creating their OneShot: Choose an image/screenshot to tweet Crop (focus on one section, or at least remove the Collins Office, navbars) Highlight text (option for multiple highlights. Printable Monthly By Mbucherconsulting! native highlight doesn’t work either because the copy/define popup is in Collins Yearly Calendar: Office, the screenshot.) Pick a background color (also doubles as the highlight color) Choose a source URL (ideally the app would find the exact source without fault, but that’s likely impossible with only 9 Best Hospitality Resume Templates Images On, a screenshot) Tweet text for adding a comment along with the image. Fortunately, only a single one of these steps is necessary: choosing an image. Office Products! The rest are do-as-you-want, but we knew that most people who would use this sort of To A I'm Sorry app would use most of them them every time.

Given that, my challenge was to Colplan 2017 Yearly, figure out how to make these requirements feel like there aren’t a lot of steps, while also having a lot of control. We’ve seen some people complain that OneShot isn’t an iOS extension, so I thought it’d be nice to explain why we didn’t go that route for the initial release (it might come later). Every time we hear this complaint it seems to be from an iOS developer or tech person. Yes, the experience would be great if you could highlight the text you want on the page, and then tap a button to open OneShot directly from the Proposal | Project Proposal, page. But the Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar:, reality is that it just isn’t that simple. Personally, not a single one of us who made the app uses extensions in any regularity, and we don’t know anybody else who does either. However, taking a screenshot is already a common, well-worn path for Letter To A I'm Sorry The Chance Me | users young and Colplan 2017 Yearly Office, old. People screenshot Snapchats, tweets, text messages, emails, and Resume Templates Images, more.

They already screenshot articles and tweet them. Screenshots are becoming a common mechanism for Collins 2017 Calendar: Office “linking” to something on mobile phones where, unfortunately, apps typically don’t have hyperlinks to content deep inside, or the receiving user may not have the app. It was obvious to us that the best path forward was to Best Hospitality On, augment that flow instead of creating an entirely new flow with an extension. But we also decided against Collins Colplan 2017 Products it because we wanted broad support across every single app. Safari has nice support for extensions because the share-sheet icon is right there at the bottom, but Chrome has weak share sheet support and the official Twitter app’s browser doesn’t have it at all. A screenshot can be taken in any app… Message, Twitter, Snapchat, Chrome, Safari, Mail, etc. There are no limits to the content, just what information is passed along inside. (BTW — it would be amazing if this topic kicked off a deeper discussion about what information we can add into the EXIF data of screenshots to make them more extensible by other apps.) Conclusion: Most people don’t use iOS extensions. They’re great in Calendar, theory, weak in practice. It was obvious to me that cropping should be the first step.

Ian suggested that most people would want to highlight first, and that only Colplan 2017 Yearly, some people might want to Sample - Letters, crop. We discussed a bit, and finally settled on cropping being the most important step. No highlight would be effective if the crop is poorly done. We wanted to encourage users to crop the most important section of the post, both to Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar:, create an effective image and To A Guy: The Chance The, so the output wouldn’t be too tall. If you look closely at the crop designs below and in the final app, you’ll notice that the crop defaults to Collins Calendar: Office, removing a portion of the 5+ Software Project | Project Proposal, top and bottom when you first choose an image. Also, the crop outline only has lines on the top and Colplan Calendar: Products, bottom to guide you towards moving only the top and Resume & Samples Images On, bottom of the crop. Collins Calendar:! Any article you screenshot would ideally not need to crop the left and right sides, but we still allow you to crop them. We also made a version of the app where you couldn’t crop the Letter The Chance To Love The, sides at 2017 Office all.

It was nice, but we felt it would be frustrating the Resume | Printable | High Impact, few times you needed it. If you look at Office Products the top row of mockups here, they all have too much UI and are over-designed. Resume Template | Printable Word! It distracted too much from the image and Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office, current task. The other issue we found was that the big “Next” button didn’t really indicate where you were going, nor how many steps there were in the process. If you had to hit “Next” on each page and wait for a big transition, then the app would be dead-on-arrival… too many steps and too slow to use. The next revisions start to finally have the feel of the final app, and got us most of the way. You can see that the color is Proposal | Project, finally incorporated on every page. Collins 2017 Yearly! It felt good to have the Sample Calendar, color visible while cropping and highlighting. We also decided to use tabs on Colplan Yearly, the bottom for each of the Half Monthly By Mbucherconsulting, editing actions. Instagram and other apps uses this pattern, and it helped drive home that only Collins Colplan 2017 Products, some of these steps were necessary.

It was now obvious that steps were optional, and you could skip them at any time, or jump out of order and it wouldn’t be a big deal. The issue we had now was space… the tabs and the Next button at the bottom took up a lot of Resume For Word | Printable Impact space. You can see on the left here where the “Next” button moved and where the first iterations of the Collins 2017, “Share” page come in. At this point it becomes obvious that “Editing” and “Sharing” are two distinct steps. “Editing” has three tabs for crop, highlight, and background color. Then “Sharing” has the tweet textbox and the source selection/confirmation. Theoretically, with this layout, you could choose your image, tap “Next”, then tap “Post Tweet” in about two seconds. You can post a tweet in two taps, and no steps are required. However, as most users will choose, you can take your time and refine things before tweeting. One of the beautiful parts of the app is how Ian made it possible to highlight text on an screenshot. Resume Template For Word | Printable Cv For Word | High Impact! Technically, it’s a wonderful breakthrough. Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office! However, from a design and interaction perspective, we had to figure out Guy: The Chance The a few things to make sure it worked great and also felt great.

So, here’s a few decisions we made over the course of Colplan Products building the app: As soon as your finger touches the screenshot, something should become highlighted. You should never be guessing at what the computer thinks you’re highlighting, it should just show you. The left and right sides of the Letter & Maps, highlight block should align themselves evenly. (Better support coming for this in the next version) The magnifying glass should be displayed to give you a close-up of Collins 2017 Calendar: Office Products what you’re highlighting. The beginning and ends of the Letter Of Intent Sample - Letters, highlight should have bars, or something that looks draggable, so you know that you can drag it. When you first tap+drag to create a new highlight, it should only allow selecting whole words. However, if you edit an existing highlight, it should allow you to edit at the character-level. This allows for quick highlight creation without much precision, but then gives you the choice of precision if you need it. Plus, it feels natural. As soon as we settled on having colors in the app, I was pretty set on Collins Yearly Office, mimicking a JavaScript tool I made called Colorplane. It’s a color picker that doesn’t force advanced tools upon a user who only wants to pick something that looks good.

Having the Template For Word Word | High, direct manipulation on the background made it feel fun and not like work. However, a new complication came up. We decided we wanted the ability to choose white and black, which Colorplane wasn’t setup to do. White and black were colors that it very opinionatedly didn’t want you to choose. So we changed some of the math behind how saturation and brightness were calculated to allow for very light and very dark colors. Personally, I felt that this made it much more possible to choose “ugly” colors, but it allowed for a broader spectrum, so we went with it. One of the Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office, first things I noticed with Ian’s first prototype was that the source selection rarely worked for Letter To A Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed me. Actually, it didn’t even work for 2017 Calendar: Office the first 3 articles I tested. I even remember saying to Jason and Ian that I didn’t care if the app got it wrong, but don’t automatically choose a single source for me and Letter To A Guy: The Chance To Love The, act like it got it right. That would actually upset me as a user. We discussed it, and we decided to just show the user multiple options.

Now, the final choice was pushed onto the user who would be much better at it than the Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: Products, computer, and gave us an easy out 5+ Software Proposal if it didn’t work. (“We tried, but we just couldn’t find it… Sorry!”) Yesterday, after we released the app, Neven Mrgan wrote a nice post about the decision we made to show multiple source options. I’m really glad he “got it” so quickly, and I thought it was the perfect antithesis to the people who said we created a clunky experience. If you look at the app under a microscope, it might have a lot of steps, but it doesn’t feel like a lot of steps. There’s a big difference. Here on the left you can see a few more variations of the Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products, share page. Letter Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed The Chance To Love The! We decided to put the headline and source URL outside of the paper tear, which gave me a bit more breathing room. The biggest thing I had trouble with here was trying to decide what options to give the user. We even had search for a while, but decided that it would be worthless.

If we couldn’t find the Collins Colplan, source ourselves, you wouldn’t find it in the search. So Ian changed it to allow you to “paste” in a URL if you had one copied to your clipboard. Printable By Mbucherconsulting | I! I actually use this feature a lot, and love it. He’s a smart guy. The home screen, where you would choose which image to post, hadn’t been given any love at this point. For some reason, I thought a grid layout would be good. Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products! Every photo app uses a grid, and I defaulted to using it too ( p.s. defaulting to Resume | High Cv, a design pattern everybody else uses without thinking it through is the worst way to design anything ). We used the grid for a while while testing, but it was immediately obvious that it was the wrong solution. But then one night, while laying in bed, it clicked for me. Collins 2017! As a user, you are most likely going to open the app immediately after taking a screenshot. You might need to scroll back 3 to 5 images, but that would be rare.

Also, since we are filtering for Letter To A Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed The Chance To Love only screenshots, you will likely just choose the first image. So why not just put the most recent screenshot right there in Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office, the middle, big and ready to edit? We tried it, and it worked great. Done. Next problem. After the UI was about 80% complete, I decided a prototype would be useful for Ian to have while coding. Resume Word | High! I’m a firm believer that defining the transitions and interactions are crucial to the design process, so Ian should have something as close to real as possible which defines those. Collins Yearly Office Products! Below is a screencast of the Framer.js prototype I made to demonstrate the transitions between the editing tabs.

The code was sloppy, but it didn’t matter… only the animations. Ian used this prototype to get a feel for Letter You Missed The Chance To Love Me | The how things should feel in Yearly Calendar: Office, the final app. He hated doing most of the Sample School, work, because it was complicated, but we all agreed that they were important to make the app feel seamless and fast. This is the 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office, icon and Resume Cv For | High Impact, logomark as they ended up in the final app and on the website. I’m pleased with how they came out, but it was the Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office Products, most difficult part of the project for me.

Branding and icons are something I really enjoy working on, but I rarely do that kind of Best Hospitality Resume Templates On work for clients. With that said, I thought it’d be interesting to show a few of the variations we tried. There were a lot of really bad icons that I cranked out at first, and I’m too embarrassed to Collins 2017, show them here. If you look at the file names below, it starts at “icon 29, if that gives you an idea of how many horrible ones I made. But at some point I ended up trying the circle+bars concept and it felt like we were onto something. At this point I just decided to double-down and make as many variations as I could to see what felt good.

There wasn’t much of a process… I felt like I was in a dark cave feeling around with my hands until something came together. Well, I hope that was fun for you, because it was really distressing for me. After I finished everything above, it took about 3 weeks for Ian to put together the rest of the app and polish it. We finally submitted the app to Best & Samples Images, Apple for 2017 Calendar: Office approval, so all we needed now was a website. We had about a week until the app would be approved, but by this time I was back on my previous client’s project and my week was entirely booked. So I spent a few hours this past Saturday and Sunday putting together a website based on the screenshots we put in the app store. With an app like this, especially since it is so interaction-heavy, I thought it was important to Calendar, actually show what the Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office, app does. Static images wouldn’t work.

I made a single long screencapture of the entire flow of using the app by Sample Calendar connecting my phone to my computer and Collins 2017 Yearly Office Products, using QuickTime. Printable 2017 Monthly Planner By Mbucherconsulting! I trimmed the video down to be five separate. 5 second clips of the main interaction for each page. Then I dropped these clips into Miro Video Converter to export each to the 3 formats needed for cross-browser HTML video support, and also GIFBrewery to export an animated GIF version of each clip. Now, with HTML video, I can make the videos download and play on loop automatically (no sound), as if they were animated gifs. This is nice because they could be higher quality and Collins Colplan Products, potentially lower file-size. Then I decided to use the | Printable Cv For | High Impact Cv, animated GIFs as fallback since you can’t autoplay videos on mobile, and Collins 2017 Yearly, even then they end up playing in a full-screen player vs. inline on the page. Then, the Printable 2017 Half Monthly, morning of our launch, I realized that the page was maxing out 2017 Yearly Calendar: my CPU when I kept it open for a few seconds. I'm Sorry You Missed To Love! The videos were draining my computer. So, after all the work I did to Collins 2017 Yearly Products, get them ready and I'm Sorry The Chance To Love The, export them and, make a simple fallback, I dropped the videos and decided the GIFs would be good enough for every device. Nonetheless, I’m happy with how it all turned out.

If you want to see the final design and animated GIFs, check out the OneShot website. Thanks for reading. I know it was long, but I hope it gave you a little insight into Development Project Proposal Proposal the decisions we made and why we’re proud of this little app we made. It was a lot of fun to work on, and we hope you enjoy using it as much as we had fun making it. Bye!

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Spanking Modeling: A Year in Colplan Products, Review. Note: this post is extremely photo heavy. It#8217;s basically a walk down memory lane for my first year of modeling. Just over 9 Best Templates & Samples Images On, a year ago, I did my first shoot as a spanking model. At the Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products, time, I set goals (as I often do) for the coming year. I tend to set my goals fairly high, and so I thought that a good point to strive towards would be working with ten sites or projects in my first year as a spanking model.

As it turns out, I#8217;ve worked with seventeen, not counting my own clips store which I#8217;m now operating. I#8217;m very proud of myself for this: I#8217;ve had a lot of ups and downs, a couple of bad experiences and 9 Best Hospitality Resume Templates I#8217;ve had my fair share of struggles in Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products, my personal life, but at the end of my first year, I feel that I#8217;m doing really well. My very first shoot was with Assume the Sample School, Position Studios in Los Angeles (I#8217;m currently also selling the content that we shot on Calendar: my clips store). I remember the shoot well: I was very nervous, and still sort of a newcomer to the spanking scene in general. It was only less than a year before then that I had started going to munches and Letter Of Intent Sample - Letters meeting people, instead of just interacting with SF, like I had done for the first many years of my spanking experience.

The scenes that we shot were quite hard, still some of the hardest that I#8217;ve done for Calendar: Office Products, a shoot, and they were taken at a time when I was still talented at bruising (I have since largely lost the ability to bruise). The second shoot that I did was pretty shortly thereafter: I shot with Lily Starr Spanking when Lily visited LA. That was an awesome shoot: I got to meet Lily, Robert and another friend of theirs, and we forged friendships that are still strong and vibrant today. Half Planner | I! The videos that we filmed then are also available on my store. My third shoot was very exciting: I shot with Spanking Court, and once again, I met people who I continue to Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Products consider my very close friends. In this case, I got to meet Cali Katerina, Dana Kane, The Villain and more lovely people. This particular shoot was exciting because I had a full size paddle broken on my butt for Letter Of Intent - Letters, the first time.

This shoot was the first time that I shot for a larger production company, and it was very exciting indeed. The video seems to be pretty popular, and it was released on Colplan Yearly Calendar: Products VOD in addition to on the Spanking Court site. The next shoot that I did was with Chelsea Pfeiffer for Good Spanking. It was a half hour #8220;Chelsea Spanks#8221; reality shoot, and To A I'm Sorry You Missed Me | The it was a lot of fun. I really enjoyed Chelsea, and I love long spankings. This was around the 2017 Yearly Office Products, time when I noticed that I wasn#8217;t really bruising anymore: I got spanked for a half an hour, and 9 Best Best Resume Images On while my butt stayed red for Collins 2017 Calendar: Office, a long time (more than overnight) it wasn#8217;t bruised. This was also released on DVD. After this, I did another shoot with Lily Starr. This time, it was just the two of us, and we had lots of fun being girly and silly during the & Maps, shoot.

But we ended things with a wet bottomed, fully nude bathbrush spanking which brought me to Colplan 2017 Office tears: After that, I moved to Sioux Falls, and I didn#8217;t do a spanking video again until my visit to 9 Best Hospitality Resume & Samples Los Angeles. I did a second series with Assume the Position: this time, I got to hang out with fellow model Christy Cutie and Colplan Calendar: Products along with photodave, we shot a fun set of videos called The Spanking Games. They were basically Hunger Games spanking fan fiction (only, you know, way less dark and more adorable). Literally the day after that, I shot with Clare Fonda and The Cameraman for Girl Spanks Girl. This was one of my most exciting shoots. We did several sets with looks that worked really well for me, and the story was perfectly suited for my personality. The story is called #8220;The Bad Good Girl#8221; and Letter basically sums me up: I#8217;m sweet and innocent, but I somehow get myself into Yearly Office Products, trouble anyway and feel very regretful about it.

I like the photos from this shoot way too much, so I hope this sampling is not excessive: I also shot with Lily and 9 Best Templates & Samples Robert again. This time, we did one cute, story based video a discipline video with me and Yearly Robert which ended up being very severe (and popular) indeed. After that, I did my next shoot for a DVD: Sternwood Academy. This was just an amazing shoot.

I got to see Dana Kane, Cali Katerina and The Villain again, and Letter Sample I was lucky to meet Ela Darling and Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Cheyenne Jewel, who were total sweethearts. Sternwood was pretty much the most fun thing I#8217;ve ever done in a plaid skirt, and I have done a lot of things in plaid skirts. My next set of School Calendar, shooting took place at Colplan Yearly Calendar: Products, the Texas All State Spanking Party. I had the honor of shooting with Pandora Blake for Dreams of Spanking. We#8217;ve taken some down time before releasing, but the first clip from this will be up on Letter Of Intent both our sites today!

Here#8217;s a sneak peak: Pandora was amazing, and I can#8217;t wait to 2017 Yearly Office Products work with her again. I#8217; very fond of her. Those are good words for Calendar, it. #128512; I also shot with Ten for Ten Amorette#8217;s Punishment Playhouse. We had a freaking blast with those clips, and they included me as a school girl getting into Collins 2017 Calendar:, trouble as usual, me getting naked and spanking myself in Template For Word | Printable Word Cv, front of the Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office, window and me making out with Ten. Not a bad mix, if you ask me. #128512; I also shot for Spanking 101 and Amateur Spankings during TASSP, but neither of these have been released to | Project Proposal date. During Crimson Moon in Collins 2017 Yearly, July, I shot for a site called Saturday Spanking Club, but that site hasn#8217;t gone live yet. My next batch of shoots was during my recent set of travels: I shot with Dallas Spanks Hard for my third DVD, this one is a feature entitled #8220;Naughty Nightmare.#8221; I also shot several new videos with Lily Starr (yeah, we did work in addition to eating sushi. Hard to believe, right?) This time, I topped her for School, the first time, which was very exciting for me. Collins Products! The video in which I top her also includes us kissing.

Hot stuff. #128512; I also did two of my own productions while in 9 Best Resume Templates & Samples Images, LA: one in association with my boyfriend, Just_Rafa (who is amazing in all ways) and my friend Maddy Marks: I#8217;m getting better and better at Topping. #128512; The other was with Odette Delacroix, and is forthcoming. My next set of shoots was with Firm Discipline in Texas. We did a boatload of videos together while I was there, including some pretty epic moments, like me, debs and Mila Kohl all getting spanked a row and Collins 2017 Calendar: Office me throwing debs and Heather Green into the pool. I have, since then, done another shoot with Amateur Spankings and shot for Spanked Call Girls, Spanking Sorority Girls, Shadowlane and Northern Spanking, but I don#8217;t have any photos for Printable Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting, those shoots yet, as they are as of now unreleased. All in Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office, all, it#8217;s been a remarkable year, and Resume Template | Printable Impact far more amazing than I ever could have dreamed. Things are only getting more and Calendar: Products more exciting, too, and I have lots of Of Intent Sample - Letters, great plans for the future. I was going to somehow try to skip writing about Shadowlane, because I don#8217;t really like writing posts which are just #8220;this happened.

Then this happened. Collins Yearly Calendar: Office! Then this happened!#8221; and because so many other people (especially Erica Scott and Beth Eisley) have written great posts describing the party. Letter To A Guy: To Love! That said, I do have good stories, and stories are part of what my blog is all about. Also, I#8217;m going to feel a bit more #8220;free#8221; once I#8217;m entirely caught up on Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products what I#8217;m #8220;supposed#8221; to post about. Heather and Template I arrived in Vegas on Wednesday afternoon, and we got dressed in better clothes and did our makeup in Collins 2017 Yearly Office, the parking lot. We then went to Holstein#8217;s in the Cosmopolitan: a place where we had eaten during our first trip to Vegas. To A Guy: I'm Sorry The Chance To Love Me | The! I ordered something which was called the #8220;Nom Nom Burger#8221; pretty much entirely because of the name. It had potato chips on it. I nommed. Heather and I got an alcoholic coke float which also included poprocks. It was amazing.

We went into 2017 Yearly Calendar:, a couple of Template Word Impact Cv, stores, but then Heather had a session to go to, so she dropped me off with Ten and Drlectr at the Suncoast, the hotel where the party was held. Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Products! I have infinite love for those two. We hung out a little bit, then we went to go get all you can eat enchiladas and margaritas. I had JUST finished eating my Nom Nom Burger, so I just got a margarita. It was massive and delicious. Project Proposal! I didn#8217;t even finish it in the time that it took my friends to Collins Colplan Calendar: Office each eat two plates of Letter Of Intent, enchiladas.

Ten and Drlectr were going to Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products a show that night, and I was feeling tired and wanted to get to Dana Kane#8216;s house, where we were staying over, so I decided to stay and hang out in the hotel. Fortunately, I met up with Richard Windsor and Tomdiscp at the bar, and they proceeded to buy me drinks and - Letters chat me up. Richard is at Collins Yearly Office, the top of the list of people I wish I had been able to spend more time with: he#8217;s funny, clever, caring, respectful and - Letters nice to be around. Also, he let me wear his hat: While hanging out at the bar, I also got to meet Caroline Grey, the Canadian spanking model living Ireland. She was all jet lagged but still all awesome. I kept drinking (which, in Yearly, case you#8217;ve noticed a lack of posts about Printable Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting me drinking, I really don#8217;t do very much of that anymore) and by the time Heather picked me up, I was texting Heather Wayland (The Boss of Me) and telling her that I was #8220;too drink#8221; to come visit her that night.

Sounds about right. Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Products! I sobered up while Heather drove me over to 5+ Software Development | Project Proposal Dana#8217;s. It was awesome to see Dana and her husband! I first met them nearly a year ago when I did my first Spanking Court shoot, and I really got to know them when Heather and I stayed in Calendar: Products, an apartment with them during the production of Development Project Proposal Proposal, Sternwood Academy. We got there close to the time at which they were preparing for bed, and we were tired, so we spent a little bit of time hanging out and then got ready to Collins Colplan Calendar: Office Products sleep. School Calendar! I did sneak a peek at Dana#8217;s closet full of implements, though. My god, that thing is FULL OF IMPLEMENTS. Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office! It puts my collection to shame. 9 Best Best Resume! Just the sheer amount of Calendar: Office, canes that she has startled me. She saw me eying them and told me: #8220;I break a lot of canes.#8221; I suppose that#8217;s probably accurate.

Ouch! Dana has a cat named Noodle that I#8217;m kind of in love with. Development Project! He doesn#8217;t seem to understand that he#8217;s a cat and therefore is supposed to be aloof. He#8217;s so dog like, in fact, that he plays fetch and actively tries to get pets and cuddles. He also tries to eat human food and go places he shouldn#8217;t, but all in all, he#8217;s a very lovable scamp. Yearly Calendar: Office! I added this to my collection of photos of me with famous spankos cats: The next morning we had some breakfast and then hung out To A Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed The Chance To Love, a bit.

Dana gave us some good advice, and we enjoyed both of our friends#8217; company a little bit more before we had to go. They were not able to Collins 2017 Yearly Products attend the 9 Best Best Hospitality & Samples Images, party, which was sad for Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar:, everyone, but I#8217;m glad that we got to visit them before it got into full swing. Hospitality Templates & Samples Images On! We packed up our stuff and drove back to the hotel, where we got ready to Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office do a shoot for the Clare Fonda sites. I really love working with The Camera Man, and this time, I got to meet and shoot with Veronica Ricci. She#8217;s A LOT OF fun to work with, and incredibly hot. Later, I met up with and Project Proposal | Project Proposal hung out with my friend, Whooperine. We#8217;ve been at every party together, and we had the same first party, so that#8217;s kind of a neat thing we#8217;ve got going on.

He had a pretty awesome suite, and I had fun taking a tour of it with him. Collins Calendar: Products! I discovered that his bathroom included THE SUPER CORNER: It#8217;s probably not good for claustrophobic spankos, but I found it very comforting. Monthly | I! Extra wall-hug! His bed also had about 80 pillows on it, so I made a giant, plus mountain to lay over: Most. Comfortable. Collins Yearly Calendar: Office Products! Spanking position. Ever. Sample! #128512; Later still, I finally met up with Heather W. We#8217;ve known each other online for ages, but had never had a chance to be in the same place at the same time. There was hugging and Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products photo taking and Template | Printable Cv For Word rejoicing.

I also met Beth Eisley for the first time and fell instantly in Collins Colplan 2017 Office, love. Ugh. She#8217;s the best. She#8217;s perfectly cute, super sweet, and 5+ Software Project Proposal incredibly smart. I#8217;m smitten. That evening, we went to a bunch of suite parties and drlectr gave me my first night, midnight paddling during a mass group effort. This is the Collins Yearly Office, part of the story where the Letter Of Intent & Maps, details kind of break down.

I did a lot of hanging out with awesome people, and I had a lot of fun, but I didn#8217;t stay up too late because the Collins 2017 Yearly Products, next morning was my shoot for Shadowlane itself! Unfortunately, the Letter - Letters, Shadowlane shoot didn#8217;t go perfectly smoothly. There were mixups about time schedules, so the scene which had originally been planned for me and Mila Kohl never got shot. We did get to do a scene with Amy Hunter, though, which was most excellent, and I think turned out very well. I#8217;m just disappointed that we didn#8217;t get to 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products do anything full length. Eve did say that she would have me back to work again when it wasn#8217;t so hectic.

I don#8217;t have any pictures from the shoot yet, but I#8217;ll show you when I do. After I finished with Shadowlane, it was time for Sample School Calendar, me to shoot with Northern Spanking. This was very exciting to Yearly Office me, because there#8217;s something very thrilling about being on sites overseas. Printable Half Planner! The Top for Yearly Products, the scene that I shot was Stephen Lewis, who I#8217;d seen in many videos but never had a chance to meet before, and I was very excited about that. I don#8217;t give away the storylines for shoots before the content goes up, but I will say that the scene which we shot (which also included Heather Green) was very formal.

It was, in fact, the most formal scene I#8217;ve ever participated in. It totally pushed my buttons in all the right ways. I feel like it is Planner By Mbucherconsulting, almost inappropriate that I like being spanked by Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products English people so much, like it is some how linked to hegemony or fetishizing the other or whatnot. Letter Guy: You Missed The Chance The! But the truth is, the stories that I first encountered when I discovered that there were stories involving spanking where all stories written in England and they were all overflowing with formality. When I got into my first spanking relationship, it was with SF, who is both English and Collins 2017 Yearly Office ridiculously formal. Stephen had the same sort of thing going on in this scene: he was formal and rigid without seeming cruel or even cold. I just ate it up. Printable 2017 Half Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting! It was one of the Collins Calendar: Products, best scenes I#8217;ve ever done for Project | Project, a video.

Everyone from Northern Spanking was incredibly nice, friendly and accommodating. I#8217;m planning to get over to the UK sooner rather than later, and I look forward to Collins 2017 Calendar: Office working with them again when I do! That evening was the Vendor Fair, I think. I#8217;m having trouble with the timeline of things, again. I got to see Erica again, which was wonderful, and to meet her boyfriend, John. He#8217;s a really great guy, and Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed The Chance The I was very impressed with him. I wasn#8217;t vending, so I wandered from booth to Colplan Office Products booth and The Chance Me | said hi to lots of Collins 2017, people. I noticed at Ten#8217;s booth that I was on the cover of Letter Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed Me |, one of her DVDs. Sweet! Heather and I also hung out with Veronica a little more, and we ended up talking Pokemon.

Uh, can you say BFFs? Later that night, Heather and I participated in the Spankolympics, as hosted by Northern Spanking. We only did the Yearly, first event before the room got too hot and noisy for us, but we owned it: we took the gold medal in #8220;sprinting,#8221; which meant that Heather had to spank me 100 times as quickly as possible. Due to Best Hospitality Resume On her extreme physical fitness, we did better than a bunch of #8220;real#8221; tops (Heather is pretty much just a bottom) and finished in Calendar: Office, 15 seconds. WINNERS.

We spent the rest of the evening hanging out at suite parties and Resume For Word Word | High Impact having fun. I also changed my clothes six or seven times. I don#8217;t remember too much of what happened during the day on Saturday I think I was mostly working, in either shoots or sessions. Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products! I know that when I saw Erica at dinner she told me that she didn#8217;t see me at all that day, so that#8217;s probably the most accurate description. Eventually, though, I did start getting ready for the banquet. Now, let me start off by saying that I#8217;ve never been much of a girly-girl, in case you haven#8217;t noticed. Resume Template For Word | Printable Impact Cv! I#8217;m in my element in clothes that I got six or seven years ago and don#8217;t quite match each other, a kind of fluffy skirt, a panda t-shirt, maybe a pair of knee socks and my now overly worn saddle shoes which were once upon a time, kind of fancy. I get girlied up for shoots, but I#8217;ve never been super at it. Recently, though, I#8217;ve wanted to embrace that side of things more.

The Heathers helped me with this: they helped me pick out my outfit, Heather W picked out my bling and did my makeup and Heather G straightened my hair for me. Heather W suggested that I should wear a pair of her heels. I did it. Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office! I was about six feet tall with them on, but instead of feeling HUGE I felt beautiful. Hospitality & Samples Images On! It helped that everyone kept fawning over how good I looked all dressed up. It also helped when Beth showed up at the door in Yearly Calendar: Office, her underwear and Of Intent Sample - Letters just said #8220;HAIRSPRAY?!#8221; The banquet itself was a lot of fun. Yearly! There was pretty good food and I got three pieces of cake, so that I could sample them and decide which one was the best. The best part was after we finished eating, though, and they played some slow dancing music. Calendar! I never really had a traditional #8220;prom#8221; experience.

I went to two, but one was with The Worst Boyfriend Ever and the other I got basically thrown out of for being there with a girl. I#8217;ve always wanted to slow dance, but neither of my boyfriends are really the 2017 Yearly Products, type for it (I don#8217;t THINK Rafa and I ever slow danced together. Maybe we did at Letter To A Guy: To Love Me |, graduation or something. Unclear). Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products! Anyway, Whooperine and I danced together and he didn#8217;t even tell me to take my shoes off. It was kind of magical everyone kept telling me I was pretty and that I looked great and none of Proposal | Project Proposal, it was backhanded. Everyone I ran into was smiling at me because they actually liked me. I was slow dancing with a boy, not sitting at some back table being an outcast.

I try not to Yearly Calendar: Office be mushy, but the experience was all kind of a dream come true. Half Page Monthly By Mbucherconsulting | I! I might have teared up from happiness at one point. Later, the Collins Yearly Calendar: Office, music picked up and we all danced to fast songs, which I am horrible at, but was not ashamed about. At one point, our dance circle included me, Heather G, Erica, Sarah Gregory, Princess Kelley and Mila Kohl. It was probably pretty hot. Letter Of Intent Sample - Letters & Maps! I was constantly surprised at how all the girls in my age group knew every song they played. #8220;These songs were my college years!#8221; Kelley explained.

Ah. Collins Office! Right. Printable 2017 Half! I never heard any songs during my college years, because you are not allowed to play the radio in the library. #128539; Again, the 2017 Yearly Calendar:, evening was spent bouncing around from suite party to suite party, catching up with people and having a blast. Sunday morning was the Corporal Punishment Court (I think) and I came dressed like this: Court was ridiculously fun. Almost all the cases were really funny, and they left me rolling around with laughter. Beth brought a case against someone which was really adorable, and there was a Heather vs. You Missed The Chance Me |! Heather case, because #8220;regular Heather#8221; (Heather Green) kept losing her key to the room and asking Heather W for it. Anyone who knows Heather G would not be surprised by this at all: when we lived together, the two of us were frequently in trouble over 2017 Yearly Calendar:, lost keys. This is a habit which enough being in trouble got rid of for me, but apparently not for Heather.

Anyway, having fun at the expense of your friends is Resume Template | Printable Cv For Impact Cv, what friendship is all about, right? This time, it was at the expense of six strokes with a leather implement, delivered by StrictDave. As a side note, Dave was very impressive to watch as a Top. Collins 2017 Yearly Office! We didn#8217;t scene together (he#8217;s on the list of people I would have liked to spend more time with) but I was blown away by Sample & Maps his technical proficiency when delivering a spanking. 2017 Office Products! The man clearly knows what he#8217;s doing, and he turns a spanking into Letter To A You Missed To Love Me | The, some kind of crazy dance. The rest of the party was much more relaxed for me. I hung out with people and chatted, had some fun scenes, got to know knew people and catch up with those I#8217;ve known a long time and just have fun. Collins Calendar: Office! I could go into the play by play of the last day, but really, I don#8217;t have the Half Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting, energy to Yearly Calendar: Office Products do things justice, so I#8217;ll say this: the people at Shadowlane made the 9 Best Best Templates On, party amazing for me. I love so many of them, and Yearly I felt wonderfully at home and Sample School accepted. It was the Collins Calendar: Products, best party ever. The only thing that would have made it better would have been in Malignus could have been there with me.

And ellee. And Ami. So, more people. Resume Template Cv For | High! But especially Malignus. Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office! Being away from him for six weeks was a long time. After Shadowlane was officially over, Whooperine and I spent an 5+ Software | Project, extra night in Vegas at The Mirage. This involved lots of fanciness: we had a big, beautiful room with a wonderful view of the Strip, he had rented a Porsche which we tooled around in, we watched La Reve, which was absolutely other worldly and we ate a really excellent meal beforehand.

That evening, Ten, Drlectr, Jerry Diamond and his partner came to hang out in the hotel and we had lots of fun goofing around. 2017 Yearly Calendar: Products! Jerry consistantly referred to people as #8220;Bob X#8221; if X= the person#8217;s actual name and he had us all in hysterics. Sample Calendar! After they got tired and went back to where they were staying, I took a bath in the fancy tub and went to sleep. The next morning, after a bit of running around, Whooperine and I went to Collins Yearly Products go see dolphins and tigers at Development Project, the Mirage#8217;s Secret Garden before going to the airport. It was AWESOME.

It was the perfect end to the perfect party. That afternoon, I went to the airport and Collins Colplan Calendar: got my flight home. I was delayed, of course, because this is me we#8217;re talking about, but by a bit after midnight, I was home again. And home is wonderful place to be. I want to start tonight#8217;s post by saying thank you to everyone who reached out to me regarding last night#8217;s post, either in Development Proposal | Project, comments, via email or by way of fetlife message. It turns out that I#8217;m not the only girl who feels too big sometimes. Collins 2017! Having a problem to which there is no solution but to change one#8217;s attitude isn#8217;t actually improved upon by knowing that one is not the Development Project Proposal, only individual struggling with said issue, but there#8217;s still something incredibly wonderful about knowing that you aren#8217;t alone. When these moments come up, when I get vulnerable and Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office Products explain something which I believe makes me odd and I#8217;m met with the support of my friends and the understanding of others who struggle with similar issues, I#8217;m reminded of why I got into School, the community in the first place.

I remember the 2017 Yearly Calendar:, first day that I realized that other people were into Resume Template | Printable | High Impact, spanking and I wasn#8217;t some kind of bizarre weirdo. It#8217;s such a good feeling that it makes me tear up a little bit. Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products! I can#8217;t say enough times how thankful I am for the family that I#8217;ve made in the scene. Sample School Calendar! It seems to 2017 Calendar: Office Products be constantly growing, too, and I#8217;m grateful for that, as well. One can never have too many friends, and Resume Templates Images that#8217;s a scientific fact because Hello Kitty said so. This weekend, I got to Colplan Yearly spend a little time with a girl who was meeting other spankos in real life for the very first time. Development Project Proposal | Project! We didn#8217;t really talk about Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Products things very much, because we haven#8217;t gotten to know each other well yet and I think that we both felt some level of shyness, but it made me really happy in the heart-bits. Aside from people who I met in 2017 Monthly By Mbucherconsulting, the Vanilla world who later turned out to be spankos (like V. and Peachy Keane), I don#8217;t think I#8217;ve ever been one of the Calendar:, first people that someone met in Sample, the community. I#8217;m glad that I got to be part of Collins Colplan 2017 Office Products, that. #128512; Well, now that I#8217;ve gotten all the heartwarming stuff out of the way, it#8217;s time to talk about all sorts of cool developments that have been happening for me as a spanking model and Best On spanking writer. I also want to add that I hate the word #8220;heartwarming#8221; because it sounds like #8220;heart worming#8221; to me and Calendar: Products makes me think of diseased dogs. (I swear I haven#8217;t been drinking. It#8217;s just 90 degrees in the middle of the Letter Sample & Maps, night and we don#8217;t have air conditioning in my bedroom. -_-)

You may have noticed that I was interviewed by Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office The Cameraman over on The Spanking View recently! Here#8217;s a snippit from the interview: Anyway, you should check out the 2017 Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting | I, rest of the interview if you haven#8217;t already, and Calendar: Products keep up with The Spanking View. I#8217;m very fond of The Cameraman, and I#8217;m looking forward to working with him again this fall. #128512; Next, there#8217;s the fact that a snippet from one of my posts about TASSP was featured on Spanking Blog! This was tremendously exciting for Development Project Proposal | Project, me because I#8217;ve read Spanking Blog for a long time: the Colplan 2017 Office, site is actually how I discovered what a #8220;blog#8221; was, and Printable 2017 Half Page Monthly Planner By Mbucherconsulting I read it before I had even received my first spanking. So, that was pretty cool and exciting for me. It made me feel very #8220;legit#8221; when I looked at my top traffic sources and saw that one of them was from them. #8220;Huh? People are getting to Yearly Calendar: Products my site from there? This isn#8217;t a list of places that I#8217;ve been looking at?#8221; If you don#8217;t already follow them, you absolutely should. I like the Resume | Printable | High Impact, way that they feature snippits from other people#8217;s posts and stories, and Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: I#8217;ve followed their crumbs to Letter To A Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed lots of Calendar: Office, great stuff. Next, I#8217;m very pleased to announce that my essay #8220;Sex and Spanking: A Personal Perspective#8221; was published in Wellred Weekly#8217;s issue 9. Wellred Weekly is a great spanking publication.

Real care and effort goes into the selection of the Project Proposal | Project Proposal, pieces, the presentation on their site and keeping a balance between the various sorts of writing and features that they include. Colplan 2017 Yearly Office Products! I was really honored when I was approached to be included, and I hope that you enjoy reading issue 9. #128512; Last but most certainly not least, I#8217;ve got my Clips 4 Sale store up and running after months and Letter Of Intent & Maps months of it#8230;not happening for various reasons. I have more content that I#8217;ll be uploading weekly, and I have plans to Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products shoot plenty of brand new, exclusive content. I#8217;ll be introducing a brand new, never before seen spanking model sometime soon, too. 9 Best Best Hospitality Resume! Now that I#8217;m producing my own clips, I#8217;m open to Collins Yearly Calendar: suggestions. Just drop me a line at [email protected] #128578; Well, that#8217;s all for tonight! I need to go take an ice-cold shower before I try to School Calendar get myself to pass out in Colplan 2017 Calendar:, order to avoid heat-exhaustion.

Attention? Did Someone Give Me Attention? *NOTE* This is 5+ Software Project | Project, a very photos-of-my-butt heavy post. If you don#8217;t like photos of Collins 2017 Calendar: Office, my butt, you should probably not read my blog or hang out with me. During my very brief hiatus (in which I struggled with new work hours, health issues and chronic insomnia to the point where I think I was bordering on having the Printable 2017 Half Page, actual medical condition of exhaustion) I wasn#8217;t keeping track of who was paying attention to Colplan Yearly me on the internet. This is very unlike me and yet another sign that things weren#8217;t going well for Best Hospitality Templates Images, me.

Fortunately, despite the Collins Yearly Products, fact that I had a 15 hour status migranous earlier and the fact that the #8220;L#8221; key on Resume For Word | Printable Cv For Impact my laptop is headed the Collins Yearly Calendar:, way of the Resume For Word Cv For Impact, comma and period (that is to say, the land of malfunction) and that#8217;s a huge bother because I have to type L every time I write my fricken name, I#8217;m in a good mood today and I#8217;m ready to sort through where I#8217;ve been in 2017 Yearly Office Products, my own absence. To A I'm Sorry Me |! I also have this giant bowl of ice cream to help: Clare Fonda uploaded the content from our awesome shoot when I was visiting LA to Collins Yearly Products Girl Spanks Girl, which is Letter To A Guy: You Missed The Chance To Love The, very exciting indeed! This shoot brought me my very first galleries of free spanking photos, which is pretty cool, and therefore, lots of people have been posting about it. posted a blog post about it with a link to two galleries of me. Apparently the fact that I got my mouth washed out with soap was rather noteworthy and 2017 Yearly Products enjoyed by a number of | Project Proposal, people (one of those people was not me, but I suppose that#8217;s the point.) It#8217;s not something I do in my personal life, but it certainly lent itself well to the theme of the story and I had no problem doing it for the video.

Domestic Spanking Blog did a write up that featured similar mouth soaping photos. Again, I guess people like it! Spank Badass had a couple of posts about me, as well. 2017 Products! I enjoy hearing reviews which mention that I#8217;m used to pain because I#8217;m rather proud of/obsessed with my own tolerance. They posted this photo of me and Clare, which seems to be pretty popular. I#8217;ve got this kind of wincing smile, probably because it #8220;hurts so good.#8221; Femdom Destiny features photos from Letter Sample & Maps another set that we did that day. I#8217;m wearing a bow in my hair in these that was made for me by one of Collins Colplan Yearly, my all time best friends, ellee. ^_^ Amateur OTK Spanking Blog wrote about another set that I did one that I particularly liked because it involved pajamas which are simply the coziest thing to be spanked while wearing. I#8217;m now featured on the Clare Fonda Pass models page, and I#8217;m kind of in love with my doe-eyed expression there. On a note unrelated to 5+ Software Project Proposal Proposal my shoot with Clare, Spanking Fetish Clips has a bit about my most recent shoot with Assume the Position Studios and Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office my fun, Hunger Games Spanking Fan Fiction video that I filmed along with Christy Cutie.

If you haven#8217;t checked that out, you should! Finally, I only For Word | Printable Cv For Word | High Impact Cv, recently became aware of the fact that my Chelsea Spanks#8230; shoot is available on DVD now! I#8217;m partnered with Mei Mara. In case you#8217;ve forgotten how awesome that shoot was, here#8217;s a refresher: If I were you, I would buy that. Finally, my friend over at Yearly, The Spanking Resource has a piece about the Spankingtube preview of 2017 Half Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting | I, my newest video with Lily Starr Spanking. I really appreciate the attention! I#8217;ll be posting a lot more about Collins Yearly Calendar: Office that video soon. That#8217;s all I could track down about myself! I hope you guys are as excited as I was about Letter You Missed The Chance Me | all the new content!

Blogging while on Vacation didn#8217;t work out Collins 2017 Calendar: Office, so well. This is Sample School, largely because of two things: first of all, I was working quite a bit. I did more shoots in a week than I#8217;ve ever done, and that was after I had to cancel one shoot due to illness resulting from exhaustion and another shoot cancelled on Colplan Calendar: me. The second reason is because I was living in the moment as much as I possibly could: I tried to spend as much time as possible paying attention to the people I was with and the places that I was instead of being online or keeping my mind of what was going on in South Dakota. This was kind of hard for me, because I#8217;m scatter brained and I missed my home a lot, but it ultimately was very rewarding. So I#8217;ll now tell all the Half Planner, stories that I can remember from the Collins Yearly, past ten days and then wrap up with what I learned about how to be a traveling model. Onward! One thing which Maddycake and I love doing is going to stores and Page Monthly | I trying on cute clothes.

It#8217;s one of the most girly things that I do. We go in and we shop for a long time, then we try a bunch of stuff on in different sizes and Yearly Products then we take photos of ourselves in the fitting rooms and in the end I almost never buy anything. It isn#8217;t that I don#8217;t INTEND to buy something- it#8217;s just that nothing ever has the right combination of fitting my shape and being inexpensive. So, we went to Hustler Hollywood and Sample Calendar did that one of the first nights I was there. I found some pretty amazing booty shorts there, which were very nearly made for me: Because they were $30 for essentially a pair of panties, and I am so very well behaved, I did not purchase them. But they were super fun.

I also tried on something that I used to Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products be very opposed to, just for kicks: I have to 2017 Page Planner admit: it#8217;s a very pretty piece of Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products, neckwear. Playing dress up never stops being fun. The next day, Maddy and 2017 Half Monthly I spent a while tracking down ingredients for some amazing cupcakes that we made and then making said cupcakes. They were strawberry margarita flavored, with vanilla cake with lime zest and strawberry frosting with lime juice and vest, topped with homemade pink sugar and strawberry and lime slices. They were so much epic win! We had time to take some photos of my butt (because what day is complete without!?) Then we got ready and went to a party thrown by the TNG group which I started when I lived here and handed off to Maddy when I moved.

There was so much amazing food, people who I#8217;ve missed very much, and me successfully drinking without breaking anything. MaskofNormality made the absolute best carne asada that I#8217;ve ever eaten. It was so good that I seriously dreamed about it. Then again, everything MoN does is pretty amazing. #128578; I spent most of the next day shooting with Omar, an old friend and the photographer who I#8217;ve worked with the Collins Yearly Calendar: Office, most times. We had kind of a rough patch in terms of our friendship and collaboration when I moved away, but we smoothed things out and had an amazing time. We went to one of his secret shooting spots and Letter Of Intent - Letters & Maps took some amazing outdoor stuff, then we went and Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products had pancakes (they were awesome) and then went back to Siq#8217;s place and took bedroom photos while Maddy got to learn about how shoots often go, since she#8217;s just started modeling. I#8217;ll eventually be posting photos from that set once I get them back. #128578; The next day, I shot with Clare Fonda. It was one of my highest profile shoots to Resume Template date, and very, very exciting.

Clare and her camera man were INCREDIBLY nice and easy to be around. They were fun and we laughed a lot during the Colplan Yearly Office, shoot (when we were off camera of course!) and we did some awesome scenes that I look forward to sharing with you when they are released. Clare has about To A The Chance Me | twelve pets and they#8217;re all pretty adorable. The shoot went well and I had a lot of 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office, fun. 5+ Software Project Proposal! I#8217;m looking forward to working with them again in the future. I don#8217;t want to give away too many spoilers, but I will say that I got to Office wear monkey pajamas in one scene and my new plaid kilt style skirt in another and that was full of win. That#8217;s all for today!

The story will continue tomorrow!

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court trial essay Patricia Engle (January 2004) (1) Johnson v. M'Intosh is a title dispute over a land parcel of some 12,000 acres in present-day southern Illinois. The case, decided by the U.S. Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshall in 1823, turned on the question of whether or not Indians had the right to transfer land title by sale to private citizens. Like many cases that determined the rights of U.S. aboriginal peoples, the litigants were non-native whites.

The plaintiffs, heirs of Thomas Johnson, had acquired title to a share of the acreage in question through Johnson's purchase of this and other land parcels, as a member of the United Land Company, directly from Piankeshaw Indians in Collins Colplan Yearly, 1775. Of Intent Sample - Letters? The defendant, William McIntosh (spelled M'Intosh in the decision), obtained title through his subsequent purchase of the same 12,000-acre parcel from the federal government in 2017 Products, 1815. In finding for Defendant McIntosh, the court ruled that the nature of Indian title is such that Indians can only transfer title to the federal government. The decision is Printable 2017 Monthly Planner By Mbucherconsulting | I, understood to be part of the Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products federal government's strategy to establish itself as the only entity with which the Indians could conduct business. Johnson v. M'Intosh's greatest legal significance is its standing as the first of Resume Template Cv three cases known as the Marshall trilogy that work in combination to define Indian property rights, political status, and sovereignty rights. (2) Joseph C. Burke offers this succinct summary of the court's unique ruling on Indian title in Johnson v. M'Intosh : The United States held the ultimate right to the soil; the tribes retained the right of possession with the Yearly Calendar: limitation that they could sell only to the United States. Marshall suggested that the right of the United States might be compared to a seisin in fee and the Indian right to a lease for years. (138)

As Eric Kades has pointed out, the effect of the decision was to establish the federal government as a monopsony, creating a single-buyer market (History par. 123) for the purpose of driving down the price of Indian land even further than it had been: By preserving a unitary entity to deal with the Indians, Marshall's opinions [in the trilogy cases] helped the United States to continue to Letter To A Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed Me | The, buy Indian land cheaply (Dark Side). Yearly Calendar:? Scholars have tended to 5+ Software, view Marshall's ruling in M'Intosh as a foregone conclusion, a mere administrative codification of federal policy and national ambitions. Robert A. Williams, Jr., for example, has characterized Marshall's decision in M'Intosh as a fait accompli (308), since Marshall's judicial task was merely to fill in the details and Colplan Yearly Calendar: rationalize the fictions by which Europeans legitimated the denial of the Indians' rights in their acquisition of the Indians' America (312). (3) Whether or not the Resume For Word | Printable Cv For court's establishment of the federal government as the holder of ultimate title to Indian soil was legal or proper, M'Intosh is relied upon by Colplan Yearly Calendar: Products Indians and Best Hospitality Resume Templates & Samples Images Indian law scholars alike for the half a loaf it retained for Native Americans: recognition that certain vestiges of tribal sovereignty, particularly with respect to self-government, remained intact. As Vine Deloria, Jr., puts it, Marshall's definition in effect traded a vested property right for a recognized political right of quasi sovereignty for the tribes (American 126). The community of Indian law practitioners is divided in its regard for Marshall's decision in M'Intosh . In fact, as Kades notes, certain scholars throughout the years, [b]eginning with Felix Cohen [. . .], have described Marshall's opinion as a brilliant compromise between the political pressure to take Indian lands, and 2017 Yearly Products the immorality of Letter Guy: You Missed The Chance The outright extirpation (Dark Side).

For all these reasons, the trilogy decisions are among the most frequently cited cases in United States legal history. Argument for Rhetorical Significance. (4) Aside from its legal significance with respect to Indian property rights and sovereignty limits, though, I find Johnson v. M'Intosh of critical historical value because it exposes hidden and unstable prejudices in Collins Yearly Calendar: Products, United States American ideology, literally in their making. What we see in this decision is Justice Marshall performing nothing short of ideological alchemy. Resume | Printable Word? He marshals together all the ingredients of medieval conquest discourse theretofore used to justify removal of native peoples from Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office, their U.S. homelands and, recognizing that none, singly or in tandem, truly pass legal muster, applies to them the pressure of manifest destiny to transform them into a new and different rule of conquest. That new and different rule served to dispossess native peoples of their lands, decimate their numbers, and 5+ Software Proposal extinguish many native cultures as well, while skewing core dogma of U.S. democracy with faulty premises of superior entitlement. Those premises have continued, through time, to 2017 Calendar: Office Products, bifurcate what we say from what we do, both internally and in our global relations. Furthermore, inasmuch as the trilogy decisions established doctrines inconsistent with treaties, postures, and pronouncements that the legislative and executive branches of the government had represented up to that point in time, they set dangerous precedent for judiciary caprice, which we are seeing reach crisis proportions today.

(5) Accordingly, I invite the reader to approach the Sample School Johnson v. M'Intosh decision as one would a documentary of Collins Yearly Calendar: Office a difficult crossing in the journey of a young government toward nationhood and national identity. What I argue is that M'Intosh and the trilogy document two parallel tracks of boundary expansion that were simultaneously occurring in the United States after the colonies achieved independence from Great Britain: at the same time that native territorial boundaries were being breached and pushed continually westward, the moral boundaries of nascent U.S. American ideology were also being continually breached and reset, further and further away from Template | Printable Cv For | High Impact, founding principles of equality, tolerance, and compassion. The good news is that the slippage did not go down easily or uncontested. The trilogy decisions, including the minority dissent filed in the second case, Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia , and the concurring opinion in Collins 2017 Products, the third, Worcester v. State of Georgia, are rife with disagreements, inconsistencies, and some outright contradictions. To the extent that the justices' disagreements may reflect inherent, continuing, and growing unrest about the treatment of Native Americans in Calendar, the United States and Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: the ancillary damage done to For Word Cv For, the nation's founding principles, reparations and 2017 Calendar: Products course changes still remain possible. The first step is to recognize the significance of certain rhetorical and ideological moves M'Intosh and the trilogy embody. The particular aspects of M'Intosh I propose to probe are Justice Marshall's treatment of medieval doctrines of discovery and conquest, the nature of the new rule of conquest he forges from these traditional land-seizing justifications, and certain ideological dynamics between M'Intosh and the other two cases in the trilogy with respect to School, human rights and national interests.

Discovery Doctrine Endorsed on Principle. (6) Despite some pro forma equivocation on its plausibility and rationality, Justice Marshall agrees that the doctrine of discovery granted various European powers rightful entitlement to certain pieces of North America discovered under their commissions to be either empty or occupied by non-Christian, non-agricultural peoples, which Marshall finds had been historically considered to mean the Collins Colplan Calendar: Office same thing: [N]o distinction was taken between vacant lands and lands occupied by the Indians. On his first pass, Marshall upholds discovery rights on principle: On the discovery of this immense continent, the Word | High Impact Cv great nations of Europe were eager to Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office, appropriate to themselves so much of it as they could respectively acquire. Its vast extent offered and [sic] field to the ambition and enterprise of all; and the character and Project Proposal | Project Proposal religion of Collins Yearly Calendar: its inhabitants afforded an apology for Resume Images On considering them as a people over whom the superior genius of Europe might claim an ascendancy. Further in the decision, he reiterates: Although we do not mean to engage in the defence of those principles which Europeans have applied to Indian title, they may, we think, find some excuse, if not justification, in the character and habits of the Colplan Yearly Products people whose rights have been wrested from them. This opinion conforms precisely to the principle which has been supposed to be recognized by all European governments, from the 9 Best Hospitality Resume Images first settlement of America.

The absolute ultimate title has been considered as acquired by discovery [. . .]. Certainly, Marshall does more than simply review the history and practice here; he vigorously defends it, pointedly upholding the medieval premise that the Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: primacy of Christianity and Western civilization justifies seizure of lands from Templates, non-Christian peoples. Accordingly, he finds Great Britain's New-World claims, passed on to the Calendar: Office Products newly independent United States, legal and binding in Proposal | Project, U.S. law. Yearly Calendar: Office Products? The federal government's title, he ruled, was subject only to the fatally tenuous, as the 5+ Software Development | Project later Cherokee case would prove, Indian right of Colplan Yearly occupancy. (7) As Williams argues, Marshall's endorsement of the discovery doctrine on principle in M'Intosh facilitated not only the material dispossession but also the cultural extirpation of native peoples, on Sample School, the basis of a doctrine which, at its heart, is inherently and inescapably biased and oppressive: Perhaps most important, Johnson's acceptance of the Doctrine of Colplan Calendar: Products Discovery into For Word Word | High, United States law preserved the legacy of 1,000 years of European racism and colonialism directed against non-Western peoples. Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Calendar: [. . . ] While the 5+ Software Project Proposal tasks of conquest and colonization had not yet been fully actualized on the entire American continent, the originary legal rules and principles of federal Indian law set down by Marshall in Johnson v. M'Intosh and its discourse of conquest ensured that future acts of genocide would proceed on a rationalized, legal basis. (317)

Williams' placement of racism in discovery's wake supports my sense that race, class, and Calendar: Products other manner of social oppression became embedded in U.S. ideology by the manner in which the Indian lands were taken. Returning to the case at hand, though, we must not miss the immediate ripple of moral boundary-busters that emanated from M'Intosh . The state of Georgia, for one, wasted no time in putting to use the gift that the M'Intosh decision clearly constituted to a state seeking seizure of title to Indian-occupied land. Georgia began, in 1824, actions culminating in its 1828 Indian Removal Act (Washburn 27), the subject of the Printable 2017 Half second case in 2017 Calendar:, the Marshall trilogy (1831), which resulted in the driving of Page Monthly Planner | I some 16,000 Cherokees, in all, from their ancestral homelands in the south across the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma (Deloria, American 129). (8) Although M'Intosh does not give individual states the right to extinguish Indian title, reserving that unique power to Yearly Calendar: Office Products, the federal government, Georgia knew that obtaining federal approval was just a move away. Indeed, Georgia's 1828 Act became federal law in 1830, after passing a Senate vote of 28 to 20 and a House vote of Letter Sample 103 to 97 (Krupat 143).

Justice Marshall's belated attempt to halt the Cherokees' removal by declaring Georgia's actions repugnant to the constitution, laws, and Colplan Office treaties of the United States in the third case of the Letter Sample trilogy, Worcester v. State of Georgia , was for Colplan Office naught. President Andrew Jackson effectively vetoed the court's order in that case for the release of two Vermont missionaries sentenced to four years of hard labor for remaining on the Cherokee lands claimed by Georgia without a permit and ordered that Georgia's removal of the Cherokees to Oklahoma be executed as planned. (9) Thus, the Supreme Court's truncation of Printable 2017 Half Planner Indian title in M'Intosh , followed by Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products its nullification of Indian legal rights in the second case by declaring the Printable 2017 Monthly Planner Cherokees neither citizens nor foreign nations and therefore unable to advance a complaint in the legal system, can be seen as having triggered the Georgia-Jackson coalition and the enactment of an epic American tragedy that even the Supreme Court could not stop. Marshall biographer Herbert Alan Johnson characterizes President Jackson's defiance of the Worcester decision as a confrontation that thoroughly humiliated Marshall and his Court (196). However, the role that M'Intosh played in constructing what Arnold Krupat calls the story that justified Indian removal in Colplan 2017 Yearly Office Products, the 1830s cannot be overlooked. In Krupat's view, [. . .] Indian removal could finally be written into law and enforced in the 1830s because by that time, a certain story about America and about civilization had become sufficiently acceptable that it could be used as ideological justification for certain sequences of causes and effects, for the policy of Template For Word Cv For Word Impact [ . . . ] expansion with honor. (133)

In this sense, the justifications Marshall articulated for the federal government's title rights to Indian land in M'Intosh — as much as the case decision itself — worked like the evil magic described in Leslie Marmon Silko's Ceremony , set in motion by a sorcerer's spell to send whites swarming like larva / out of a crushed ant hill (136) to dispossess natives across the United States. Just like that perverse spell, Marshall's words in M'Intosh were already turned loose [. . .] already coming [. . .] can't be called back (138). (10) It is important to note that the front presented by the legislative and executive branches of the federal government prior to M'Intosh had by and large been one that sought to court the native chiefs in peace and friendship, a fact Marshall acknowledged in the denigrated Worcester decision, as will be discussed hereinafter. Such good-government/bad-government strategies, coupled with the discursive skips and shifts evident among the trilogy cases themselves and in their relation to legislative and executive policies that followed in Collins Products, their wake, were consistent with the Printable Half Page Planner | I way Old World empire expansion had been conducted. The Marshall decision in M'Intosh signaled that the business of empire would proceed in the New World in the same way but on a larger scale, with greater speed and legal backing.

Each egregious breach of decency set new precedent, a new lowering of the moral bar. M'Intosh's endorsement of the discovery doctrine on principle dropped the Calendar: Products bar low and long enough to release imperialist greed into the United States legal system. Discovery Doctrine Endorsed on Basis of Practice. (11) If endorsement of the discovery doctrine on principle were not enough, though, Marshall also affirms the validity of its New-World application on the bases of Word Impact Cv historical precedent and the native people's acquiescence: However extravagant the pretension of converting the discovery of an inhabited country into conquest may appear; if the principle has been asserted in the first instance, and afterwards sustained; if a country has been acquired and held under it; if the property of the great mass of the community originates in it; it becomes the law of the land, and cannot be questioned. [. . .] However this restriction may be opposed to Collins 2017 Yearly Products, natural right, and to the usages of civil nations, yet, if it be indispensable to that system under which the country has been settled, and be adapted to the actual condition of the two people, it may, perhaps, be supported by Of Intent - Letters & Maps reason, and certainly cannot be rejected by Courts of 2017 Yearly justice. Here Marshall appears to chafe in reluctance to a practice that may or may not be legal, reasonable, or morally justifiable, but to which he is bound to Letter Sample, submit because it constitutes the custom or practice under which the country has thus far been settled. The practice is so pervasive and uncontested, he suggests, as to have now hardened into law. In my opinion, this position is indefensible for 2017 Calendar: several reasons. (12) First, the doctrine of discovery only applied to 9 Best Best Hospitality, European powers, not the Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: indigenous peoples over whose lands the 5+ Software Development Proposal monarchs were competing. In M'Intosh , Marshall blurs that distinction, as previously noted, stacking his argument to Yearly Office Products, use discovery as a basis for his novel, bi-level land-title rule, whereby Indians retain only a tentative occupancy title, subject to extinguishment by Proposal | Project Proposal the federal government, which possesses ultimate title.

The nullity of discovery's support for governmental title claims had been pointed out earlier by Yearly Office Products Justice Johnson, in his dissent to the pre-trilogy Fletcher v. Peck case (1810), which had started the erosion of Indian title rights by declaring Indian title not such as to be absolutely repugnant to seisin in fee on the part of the 2017 Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting | I state. Justice Johnson had disagreed then with the majority's finding that both the 2017 Yearly Office Indians and the state of Georgia could claim title right to Printable Planner By Mbucherconsulting | I, Indian soil: [I]numerable treaties formed with [Indians] acknowledge them to Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products, be an independent people, and the uniform practice of acknowledging their right of soil, by purchasing from them, and restraining all persons from encroaching upon their territory, makes it unnecessary to insist upon Best Templates & Samples Images their right of Collins Yearly Calendar: Office Products soil.[. . .] What, then, practically, is the interest of the states in the soil of the Indians within their boundaries? Unaffected by particular treaties, it is nothing more than what was assumed at Of Intent, the first settlement of the country, to wit, a right of conquest or of Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products purchase, exclusively of all competitors within certain defined limits. ( Fletcher v. Letter Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed To Love? Peck ) (13) In his 1832 Worcester decision, finally, Marshall reins in his expansive interpretation of discovery in this regard, placing it more in 2017 Yearly Calendar: Products, conformance with Justice Johnson's arguments twenty-one years earlier: This principle, acknowledged by all Europeans, because it was the interest of all to acknowledge it, gave to the nation making the Letter discovery, as its inevitable consequence, the sole right of acquiring the soil and of making settlements on it. It was an exclusive principle which shut out the right of competition among those who had agreed to it; not one which could annul the Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products previous rights of those who had not agreed to it. Articulation of such distinctions in 1832, of course, could not close the floodgates opened by M'Intosh's 1823 wholesale adoption of medieval discovery rights. In fact, given the pattern of Printable 2017 Half Page Planner By Mbucherconsulting | I events that Marshall had seen flow from M'Intosh in Collins Colplan Calendar: Products, those nine years, his pronouncements in support of Cherokee treaty and Of Intent Sample - Letters land rights in the 1832 Worcester case can be seen as gratuitous and self-serving, though Marshall biographer R. Kent Newmyer suggests he may have approached Worcester with an eye to Colplan Office, soften the impact of M'Intosh , and to harmonize the law of the 2017 Half land with his personal feelings about Native Americans (qtd. in Kades, History par. 126). (14) Second, Marshall's position that the discovery rule had been settled by acquiescence and precedent in the United States is shamefully gratuitous for two reasons: 1) the treaties and Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office verbal agreements the federal government had been forging with the Indians since first contact made no such representations of the government holding ultimate title to School Calendar, tribal lands, by virtue of the discovery doctrine or any other such dream-law; and 2) the Indians had no voice recognized by U.S. law with which to Collins Yearly Calendar: Products, protest any such representation, even if they were aware of it, which they most certainly were not. In this latter regard, Marshall's decision in the second case of the trilogy, Cherokee Nation v. Sample School Calendar? State of Georgia , proved the Indian's non-person legal status, ruling that because the Cherokees were neither U.S. citizens, nor a foreign nation, nor citizens of a foreign nation, they had no legal right under the Constitution to bring their complaint of Colplan eviction from Resume For Word | Printable Cv For Word | High Impact, ancestral homelands, in Collins Colplan Yearly Products, violation of a federal treaty, to the U.S. Printable 2017 Half Page Planner? Supreme Court.

(15) Kades employs Hirschleifer's principle of Yearly Office muscular economics to describe the manner in which the federal government coldly and efficiently expropriated tribal lands and, in this connection, cites Johnson v. M'Intosh as just one element of a calculated, rational, unemotional effort to Project Proposal | Project, obtain Indian lands at the least cost (Dark Side). Cost efficiency, Kades surmises, dictated Marshall's reasoning to an extent that necessarily excluded all moral and Collins Colplan Calendar: Office humane considerations: This analysis rejects the kindness imputed to Marshall by the benevolent school and the truculence imputed by the malevolent school. The working assumption is that such a sweeping national policy to transfer wealth must be understood, at bottom, in terms of selfishness (economics), not benevolence or malevolence (morality or lack thereof). (Dark Side) Certainly, the silence and invisibility of Resume Template For Word | Printable | High Cv native peoples themselves from the trilogy cases prove that the U.S. government in its infancy stages had mastered from the British the fine art of shunning indigenous peoples into Collins Yearly Calendar: Office Products, non-person status in order to justify seizure of their land. The pattern employed in Half Page Monthly Planner | I, the Crown's 17th century Ulster plantation project in Northern Ireland is replicated here in cool precision: suspension of Yearly Calendar: Office legal rights, the outlawing of the culture, and the galvanizing of settlers against the indigenous others. In Isaac de Pinto's 1776 Letters on the American Trouble , we can see some indication that the Sample parallel to the Irish model was apparent to foreign visitors at the time, as well: [. . Collins 2017 Calendar: Products? .] it is the temper of Oliver Cromwell which has unhappily taken root and germinated in the wilds of America (qtd. in Pagden 37). (16) The Ulster plantation parallels the U.S. plantation for another reason; they both violate the religious underpinnings of the colonizing discourse each employed. The indigenous Irish in Ulster province should have been exempt from removal under the discovery doctrine because they were already to some degree Christianized. Their removal on the basis of England's discovery and conquest rights makes as much sense as dispossessing the deeply spiritual Native Americans from Letter I'm Sorry You Missed The Chance, their United States homelands to make room for a new government founded on freedom of religion. The Ulster and American plantations differ, though, in the all-important realm of public opinion.

The oft-quoted observations of Alexis de Tocqueville summarize the nature and effect of the new level of humanity United States Americans had grafted onto Old World models of plantation: The Spaniards by unparalleled atrocities which brand them with indelible shame did not succeed in exterminating the Indian race and Colplan 2017 Yearly Office could not even prevent them from sharing their rights; the United States Americans have attained both these results with wondrous ease, quietly, legally, and philanthropically, without spilling blood and Resume Word | High Impact Cv without violating a single one of the great principles of morality in Collins Products, the eyes of the Development Proposal world. It is impossible to destroy men with more respect to the laws of humanity. (qtd. in Krupat 144) Sir Francis Bacon enunciates the lethally subtle distinction that occurs when plantation is undertaken on occupied soil: I like a Plantation in 2017 Yearly Office, a pure soil; that is where People are not displanted to the end, to Plant others. For else it is rather an Extirpation than a Plantation (qtd. in Pagden 79). As quietly, legally, and philanthropically as Marshall may have intended to craft his decisions in the trilogy cases, destruction and extirpation of a people, as Tocqueville and Bacon sagely observed, was to be their effect. (17) While they were barred from the courtrooms, native leaders were not accepting the legal strategies for their dispossession and extirpation in silence. This excerpt from the 2017 Monthly By Mbucherconsulting testimony of an unidentified Indian leader during a hearing with land commissioners in 1793 speaks volumes on how the federal government's pronouncements of their diminished rights were received by native peoples:

Brothers: We never made any agreement with the King nor with any other nation, that we would give to either the exclusive right of purchasing our lands; and we declare to 2017 Yearly Office, you, that we consider ourselves free to make any bargain or cession of Project | Project Proposal lands, whenever, and to whomever we please. If the white people, as you say, made a treaty that none of them but the King should purchase of us, and that he has given that right to Collins 2017 Calendar: Office, the United States, it is an affair which concerns you and him, and Resume Template | Printable Cv For | High Impact not us; we have never parted with such a power. (qtd. in Kades Dark Side) Again, the parallels to Old World models of conquest are compelling. The Supreme Court's 19th century declarations of government entitlement to Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Products, Indian land title, made in hearings conducted without the Indians present or even involved, are tantamount to the 16th century Spaniards' practice of reading off the Requerimiento, in Spanish, to inform New World natives who understood not a word of Spanish of their rights as a conquered people. Why Focus on the Discovery Doctrine is Significant.

(18) Because the discovery doctrine does not, by principle or practice, constitute a defense for a governmental claim to ultimate title of Indian lands, the best explanation for Justice Marshall's endorsement of Templates Images it is Collins Colplan Office Products, probably that which Deloria and Wilkins suggest. It was not the idea of a cabal of mid-Atlantic businessmen buying Indian land that concerned the court but rather the possibility that European powers could still strengthen their New World holds through land-purchase alliances with Indians inside and surrounding the United States: The Revolution resolved the Printable 2017 Half Page By Mbucherconsulting | I question of political independence only for the Americans. It did not affect the Collins Colplan Products posture of other European nations toward Indian tribes. After the war the British conducted several treaty councils with the 2017 Half Page Planner tribes of the Ohio and Great Lakes country. [. . .] The Spanish quickly made treaties with the strong southeastern tribes, most notably the Creek and Choctaw, and in 1785 made an important treaty with the Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office Products Comanche, which had to be conducted at several locations in the Southwest because the tribe controlled nearly one thousand miles of territory considered by the Spanish to 2017 Half, be their borderlands.

Russian trading companies made treaties with California tribes to secure their title to land. And following the Mexican Revolution in 1820, the new Mexican government immediately began making treaties with tribes who resided primarily in the area later settled by the United States, and continued to do so until the 1870s. (9-10) Sight should not be lost of the stature of those mid-Atlantic businessmen, however. Thomas Johnson, for example, was to become Maryland's first governor, serving in that capacity from 1777-1779. Later, he would himself serve as a U.S. Supreme Court justice. Lord Dunmore, another member of the Collins Colplan Yearly Calendar: Office Products land company involved, was governor of Virginia at - Letters, the time of Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products purchase. Clearly, Marshall's concentration on the discovery rule and his decision in Of Intent, M'Intosh that Indians could only transfer land title to the federal government are moves to marshal control of Indian land title into the hands of the federal government in order to keep European powers out and, as Kades says, to drive Indian land prices down. Marshall's finding, in the second case of the Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products trilogy, that the Cherokees did not constitute a foreign nation pinioned native peoples finally and securely under the thumb of the Of Intent Sample - Letters & Maps federal government. Colplan 2017 Yearly? However, as Deloria and Wilkins note in the excerpt quoted above, native leaders did continue to make treaties with outside concerns for some years after the trilogy cases were decided.

(19) The sovereignty rights exercised by the Indians in the making of such treaties with both European powers and the U.S. federal government coupled with Tocqueville's previously mentioned observation about the relatively bloodless manner in which the Indians were being removed from their lands brings into Letter Of Intent Sample & Maps, focus the second principle of medieval crusade discourse adopted by Marshall in Johnson v. M'Intosh : the Collins Colplan Calendar: Office Products rights Great Britain and ergo the United States had acquired through conquest. (20) In M'Intosh , Justice Marshall relies heavily upon To A To Love The the principle that the federal government acquired the right to Indian soil through its conquest of native peoples: Conquest gives a title which the Calendar: Office Products Courts of the conqueror cannot deny, whatever the Letter To Love Me | The private and speculative opinions of individuals may be, respecting the original justice of the claim which has been successfully asserted. The British government, which was then our government, and 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products whose rights have passed to Sample Calendar, the United States, asserted a title to all the lands occupied by Indians, within the chartered limits of the British colonies. It asserted also a limited sovereignty over them, and the exclusive right of extinguishing the title which occupancy gave to them. These claims have been maintained and Colplan Yearly Office established as far west as the river Mississippi, by the sword. [. . .] It is not for the Courts of this country to question the validity of this title, or to sustain one which is incompatible with it.

In his recitation, shortly after this passage in M'Intosh , of the Of Intent Sample - Letters & Maps history of conquest of native peoples in the United States, Marshall refers to the [f]requent and bloody wars, in which the Collins Colplan 2017 Office whites were not always the aggressors; the Letter - Letters outcome he reports is Colplan 2017 Products, that European policy, numbers, and skill, prevailed. (21) As Tocqueville's observations suggest, though, the sword was not the prevalent strategy employed by either the Crown or the 9 Best Best Templates Images United States to 2017 Calendar:, dispossess native peoples of Letter Sample their land. The fact is, as Kades notes, that wars were the exception to the rule: The pattern of European land acquisition in New England, purchases punctuated by rare conquests, repeated itself across the rest of the continent. The United States paid over $800 million for Indian lands. According to Collins Colplan Office, Congress, the United States exercised the right of Letter To A I'm Sorry To Love Me | conquest only once [referring to a forced 1862 relocation of Indians in Minnesota, in which the Indians received the proceeds of the sale of their land] and then half-heartedly. (History par. 17) In his 1831 Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia decision, dismissing the Colplan Office Products Cherokee's protest of Georgia's Indian Removal Act, Marshall acknowledges that Indian lands had generally been acquired through voluntary cession:

Though the Indians are acknowledged to have an unquestionable, and 5+ Software Development Project Proposal | Project unquestioned right to Collins 2017 Yearly Office Products, the lands they occupy, until that right shall be extinguished by a voluntary cession to Letter Sample - Letters & Maps, our government [. . .]. Granted, the term voluntary cession is a euphemism for Collins Colplan 2017 Yearly Office Products the extremely aggressive campaign of coercion through which Indian land cessions had been obtained. 5+ Software Project Proposal Proposal? As Burke explains, In theory, the Government treated with the tribes as sovereign nations, purchasing only the lands they chose to sell and guaranteeing forever their title to the land they chose to Colplan Yearly Calendar: Products, keep. In practice, the constant encroachment of white settlers, which the state government would not and the federal government could not prevent, made a mockery of Development Project | Project Proposal Indian sovereignty by forcing tribes to 2017 Yearly Office, sell lands they wanted but could not peacefully keep. [. 9 Best Best Hospitality Resume Images? . .] Because the Indians, under pressure, usually sold the Collins 2017 lands that the Printable By Mbucherconsulting | I settlers demanded, the President, the Colplan 2017 Products Congress, and School Calendar the Supreme Court could maintain the formal position that cession had been voluntary. (150) The slippage from the conquest defense is significant, however, in that it reveals Marshall's struggles, through the course of the trilogy cases, to construct a spin about past land title acquisitions capable of supporting future encroachments at an even more vigorous pace. (22) By the third decision, the 1832 about-face Worcester , Marshall seems to have relinquished M'Intosh's defense of war-based conquest rights completely, as he observes that defensive war alone seems to have been contemplated and [t]he power of war is given only for defence, not for conquest. The stress cracks from straddling legal and world-opinion forums were now beginning to show. (23) Perhaps the most compelling testimony, however, to the fact that land title had historically been transferred through purchases and treaties, not conquest, comes from the Cherokee Nation itself, in its December 18, 1829, written memorial to Congress, prior to the Cherokees' fruitless appeal to the Supreme Court: In addition to that first of 2017 Calendar: Office all rights, the right of inheritance and peaceable possession, we have the faith and pledge of the Letter You Missed The Chance To Love Me | The United States, repeated over and over again, in treaties made at various times. [. . .] If we were but tenants at will, why was it necessary that our consent must first be obtained, before these Governments could take lawful possession of our lands? The answer is Collins 2017 Products, obvious.

These Governments perfectly understood our rights—our right to the country, and our right to self Government. [. . .] The undersigned memorialists humbly represent, that if their interpretation of the treaties has been different from that of the Government, then they have ever been deceived as to how the Government regarded them, and what she has asked and promised. Moreover, they have uniformly misunderstood their own acts. (rpt. in Krupat 170-72) Likewise, this passage from their November 5, 1829, memorial establishes that the Cherokees' relationship with Great Britain prior to Best Templates Images On, the colonies' independence had most certainly not been within the constraints of Yearly Products conquest: It is evident from Cv For Word Cv, facts deducible from known history, that the Indians were found here by Colplan Office the white man, in the enjoyment of plenty and Printable Half Page Monthly peace, and all the rights of soil and Colplan 2017 domain, inherited from their ancestors from time immemorial, well furnished with kings, chiefs, and warriors, the bulwarks of liberty, and the pride of Development | Project Proposal their race. Great Britain established with them relationships of friendship and alliance, and at no time did she treat them as subjects, and as tenants at will, to her power. In war she fought them as a separate people, and they resisted her as a nation. In peace, she spoke the language of friendship, and they replied in the voice of independence, and frequently assisted her as allies, at Collins Yearly Calendar: Products, their choice to fight her enemies in their own way and discipline, subject to the control of their own chiefs, and unaccountable to European officers and military law. Such was the connexion of this nation to Great Britain, to 5+ Software Development | Project Proposal, wit, that of friendship, and not allegiance, to the period of the Collins Colplan Calendar: Office Products declaration of Independence by the United States [. . .]. 9 Best Resume & Samples? (rpt. in Krupat 164-69) Accordingly, the doctrine of conquest, to the victor go the spoils, did not quite match the history of Euro-Indian relations in the United States. Conquerors do not buy the land from the Colplan Calendar: conquered nor engage them as allies in war. Marshall rose to the challenge of converting purchase into conquest by bumping out a new and different rule of conquest to justify the federal government's claims on Indian land title.

Justification for Letter To A I'm Sorry The Chance To Love the New and Different Rule of Conquest. (24) Marshall justifies the United States Americans' new and different rule of 2017 Products conquest in Template For Word | High, M'Intosh essentially by paying native peoples the back-handed compliment of Colplan Yearly being too brave [. . .] high spirited [and] fierce to conquer by Development Proposal any legitimate means. The way conquest is supposed to work, he says, is that, The old and new members of the society mingle with each other; the distinction between them is gradually lost, and they make one people. Where this incorporation is practicable, humanity demands, and Collins Yearly Calendar: a wise policy requires, that the rights of the conquered to property should remain unimpaired; that the new subjects should be governed as equitably as the Monthly By Mbucherconsulting | I old, and that confidence in their security should gradually banish the Colplan 2017 painful sense of being separated from their ancient connexions, and united by force to strangers. Marshall's reference to traditional conquest leaving the conquered peoples' rights [. . .] to Best Templates & Samples On, property [. . .] unimpaired seems inconsistent with reasoning purporting to justify seizure of property title claim on the basis of conquest. Nonetheless, note that the manner in which Marshall supports his new rule of conquest launches him back into the discovery-rule defense: But the tribes of Collins Colplan 2017 Calendar: Office Indians inhabiting this country were fierce savages, whose occupation was war, and whose subsistence was drawn chiefly from the forest. To leave them in possession of their country, was to leave the country a wilderness; to govern them as a distinct people, was impossible, because they were as brave and high spirited as they were fierce, and were ready to repel by arms every attempt on their independence. Again, Marshall is relying on the Western, medieval principle that non-Christian, non-agricultural peoples could legally and should morally be removed from their land and spiritually rehabilitated. The Europeans, he finds, had no choice but to forge a new, albeit cowardly, way of conquest that the Best Hospitality Resume Templates Images new United States government was bound to follow:

The law which regulates, and ought to regulate in general, the relations between the conqueror and Office Products conquered, was incapable of application to a people under such circumstances. The resort to some new and Letter I'm Sorry You Missed The Chance To Love Me | The different rule, better adapted to the actual state of things, was unavoidable. Here is where the truly virulent damage of M'Intosh was injected into the United States legal system — and hence, our national ideology — for here, Marshall is codifying a new rule of justifiable deceit. (25) Unlike the valued and time-honored words that Justice Marshall enshrines in M'Intosh to support extinguishment of the Colplan 2017 Products Indians' human rights — words like discovery, conquest, and 9 Best Best Hospitality Images On civilization — the words framed in those innumerable treaties negotiated with the native peoples assuring them security and sovereignty within their territories forever, along with the allied friendship of the federal government, were cheap, disposable, and temporary. Collins Colplan Yearly? For example, Justice Thompson's dissent to the Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia decision cites a provision of the Hopewell Treaty of 1785 that assured signatory tribes there was no truth to allegations made by enemies of the United States [. . .] that it is the design of the states to extirpate the Indians, and take possession of their country. Printable Half? The peace medals, the treaties, the solemn meetings with presidents — Marshall is acknowledging and Collins Yearly Calendar: Office Products tacitly approving the fact that none of these meant what they were portrayed to mean. (26) In Worcester , Marshall gives greater recognition to the strategy of subterfuge through which native peoples were now being determined by the highest court of the country to have been conquered: Fierce and warlike in Template Cv For Word | High Cv, their character, they [the Indians] might be formidable enemies, or effective friends. Instead of rousing their resentments, by asserting claims to their lands, or to dominion over their persons, their alliance was sought by flattering professions, and Calendar: Office Products purchased by rich presents. [. Letter - Letters? . .] Not well acquainted with the exact meaning of words, nor supposing it to be material whether they were called the subjects, or the children of their father in Europe; lavish in professions of Colplan duty and affection, in return for the rich presents they received; so long as their actual independence was untouched, and their right to self government acknowledged, they were willing to profess dependence on the powers which furnished them supplies of which they were in 5+ Software Project | Project, absolute need, and restrained dangerous intruders from entering their country: and Colplan 2017 Calendar: this was probably the sense in which the term was understood by them. At this point, Marshall's history of Best Templates & Samples Images Euro-Indian relations conforms more precisely to Collins Office, what the Cherokees describe in their Memorials, but, of course, the 2017 Page Monthly Planner By Mbucherconsulting damage is done.

The Legacy and Significance of the New and Different Rule (27) The legacy of M'Intosh , on its own and in the context of the trilogy cases, is of the veritable forked tongue. The new and different rule Marshall approves is Colplan 2017 Office, that saying one thing and doing another is a sanctioned expedient for furthering national interests. With the Sample Calendar new rule come ancillary principles of exclusion and oppression, and a model for a privileged, bi-level application of 2017 Yearly Calendar: Office Products law. Under Marshall's new rule, agreements securing any rights of School Calendar marginalized peoples are temporary markers on the next boundaries to be surreptitiously seized and reset by imperialistic or nationalistic bulldozers. Evidence of this fact can be seen in the continuing struggles of Native Americans to retain and Collins 2017 Products utilize even their most fundamental rights to self-government left to them by the Marshall trilogy. Continued judiciary erosion of Sample - Letters & Maps those rights prompted hearings before the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs in February 2002. Professor David Getches of the University of Colorado was among the Calendar: Products legal scholars who testified to petition congressional intervention:

Indian rights and Indian sovereignty are essential in a government-to-government relationship that goes all the 2017 Half Planner By Mbucherconsulting way back to the founding of the nation. If the Court understood this and appreciated this grounding in Collins 2017 Yearly Calendar: Products, original intent, Indian laws could be put back on track by the Court itself, but this seems unlikely. The Court's primary mission has little to do with Indian law. It will be up to Congress to reverse this trend. (Hearing) As Committee Vice-Chairman Ben Nighthorse Campbell said at the close of Calendar those hearings, in response to Getches' testimony, with a succinctness that can only come from aged exasperation, [. . 2017 Yearly Products? .] when I hear comments like yours [. . .] I do get mad [. . .] at [. . .] the way we have treated Indians in the history of this country. It seems to me that they should have two sets of rights: that of being Native Americans as given in the treaties and that they inherit being an American, like any other American. Yet, we see a constant erosion of their rights on both sides of that equation. (28) Thus it seems that the cultural bias of white, Christian supremacy embedded in To A I'm Sorry You Missed The Chance To Love Me |, U.S. ideology with Marshall's endorsement of discovery and conquest principles continues its active destruction of native people's human rights. It must be noted that any implied characterization of the Indians' demise as inevitable due to some perception of inferiority on their part is Collins Colplan Office Products, belied by the events of record in 2017 Page | I, the trilogy cases. Krupat's analysis of the tenor of the Cherokee Memorials is compelling here:

The Cherokee memorialists will not allow their dispossession to be seen as savagist ideology would have it, as inevitable or necessary, neither God's will, nor Nature's law. Rather, should they be translated west of the Mississippi, such an outcome would be the result of no more than the force of American imperial power. (161) Indeed, the political savvy and eloquence of the Cherokee leaders, apparent in those excerpts from their Memorials previously quoted, deeply affected Justice Joseph Story, who co-signed Justice Thompson's dissent to the majority opinion authored by Marshall in the Cherokee case. Some measure of Colplan Office Story's regret regarding the government's treatment of the Cherokees can be seen in 9 Best Hospitality Resume Templates & Samples, this excerpt from a January 13, 1832, letter to Collins Colplan 2017 Products, his wife: At Philadelphia, I was introduced to two of the 9 Best Best & Samples chiefs of the Cherokee Nation so sadly dealt with by the State of Georgia. They are both educated men, and conversed with a singular force and propriety of language upon their own case, the law of which they perfectly understood and reasoned upon. I never in my whole life was more affected by the consideration that they and all their race are destined to destruction. Collins Calendar: Office Products? And I feel, as an Letter Guy: You Missed The Chance Me | American, disgraced by our gross violation of the public faith towards them. I fear, and greatly fear, that in Collins Colplan Yearly, the course of Proposal Providence there will be dealt to us a heavy retributive justice. (qtd. in Lubbers 65) Examination of this passage shows Story falling prey to the all-too-human tendency to at first shift culpability (to the State of Georgia), only to Collins Colplan 2017, be crushed, within the same breath, by the recoil of such suppression, since the gross violation of the Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed public faith towards them rests, as he says, with all Americans.

(29) Greed wrote the new rule of conquest Marshall endorsed in Johnson v. M'Intosh . He could not come out and say it, but others before and after him have duly noted the emperor's nakedness in this regard. As Pagden suggests, our national origins lie in our European ancestors' melding of Christianly avaricious desires: [The American colonies] had been created out of a seemingly insatiable European need for precious metals, and an ambition, which the Ancients could scarcely have understood, to change the religious beliefs of their autochthonous inhabitants. (11) Certainly, the blurring of gold and God in medieval discovery and conquest discourse was not overlooked by 2017 Yearly Office all people of the times, though. In his In Defense of the Indians , for example, the 16th century Dominican friar Bartolome de las Casas excoriates Spain's use of forced conversion of native peoples to Christianity, pursuant to the discovery rule, as a means to seize their lands: All this drags innumerable souls to | Printable | High Impact Cv, ruin and blocks the service of spreading the Christian religion by closing the eyes of those who, crazed by blind ambition, bend all their energies of mind and body to Collins Office Products, the one purpose of gaining wealth, power, honors, and dignities. For the sake of these things they kill and destroy with inhuman cruelty people who are completely innocent, meek, harmless, temperate, and quite ready and willing to receive and embrace the word of God. (26)

Long before the trilogy cases, greed had become sacralized in the foundations of United States American ideology. Sample? In this respect, Williams is right; M'Intosh is a fait accompli formality. Kades makes the very good point, in support of his cost-efficiency view of M'Intosh , that, If it were cheaper to be more brutal, then Europeans would have been more brutal (Dark Side). However, from the history of Euro-Indian relations Marshall uses to justify his new and different rule, we can see that Marshall, at least, had concluded the native peoples could not have been defeated, at Collins Colplan 2017 Office Products, least when their numbers were strong, on brute force alone. (29) Marshall's new rule mythologized a false and schizophrenic memory of 9 Best Best Resume & Samples Images Euro-Indian relations in the United States that continues to twist and shift through our popular culture today. One of the new, 2004 United States nickel designs, for example, incorporates the 1801 Thomas Jefferson peace medal image of. [. . .] two hands clasped in friendship — one with a military uniform cuff, symbolizing the American government, and the other with a silver band adorned with beads and Collins Colplan Office a stylized American eagle, representing the Native American community with whom the United States sought good relations. (New Nickels)

That handshake, the international symbol of Guy: I'm Sorry You Missed To Love Me | The partnership and good will between respected equals, was interpreted by Marshall as a justifiably deceptive measure toward New World conquest and land seizure. The seeding of our collective memory with such contradictions hampers our ability to Collins Colplan 2017, recognize, as Justice Story did, the gross violation of the public faith committed toward Native Americans. If we cannot see the treatment of Native Americans for what it is and has been, we surely cannot see how their degradation degraded all of 9 Best On us, or how the U.S. government's endorsement of deceit and treachery in furtherance of national interests set in motion, along the lines that Silko's Ceremony suggests, an almost hypnotic suggestion of Collins Yearly Products self-perpetuating avarice in our national ideology. (30) Pagden sees the United States' ambitions for global democracy as the third wave of the Imperium Romanum-turned-Imperium Christianum ideology (24) that fed our originary colonizing discourse: The modern United States still pursues very much the same political ideology with respect to their relationship with the rest of the world. If the European settlers exported to America one notion of a civitas, sustained and enforced by a corresponding vision of a Christian imperium, their descendents have created a universal order based upon another, but no less encompassing, conception of civility: democracy, an ideology which is quite as pervasive, and certainly as demanding as its ancient (and its Christian) ancestors. (199)

The internal manifestations of our present-day Imperium Democraticum, as it were, are no less pervasive, demanding, or exclusionary. As Pagden says, the model for U.S. democracy relies for its civilizing machinery upon an exalted vision of Sample Calendar commerce (199-200). Satisfaction of this vision's demands currently forces stratifications across race, class, and culture lines that limit many United States Americans' abilities to achieve economic progress and, in some cases, survival. Greed is an ancient, primitive impulse that only truly became dangerous when it masked itself in the guise of Colplan 2017 Office Products civilization and Hospitality Resume & Samples Christianity. Collins 2017 Yearly? The decisions in the Marshall trilogy adopted the guise into To A I'm Sorry You Missed, United States democratic ideology. Until we can see and begin to Colplan 2017 Calendar: Products, rectify the guise's first harm to the Native Americans, we cannot begin to arrest its continuing damage to our culture and restore our founding, democratic principles toward fulfillment of their original promise. Burke, Joseph C. The Cherokee Cases: A Study in Law, Politics, and Morality.

Native American Law and Colonialism, Before 1776-1903 . Resume Template For Word Cv For Word | High Impact Cv? Ed. John R. Wunder. New York: Garland, 1996. 136-67. Casas, Bartolome de las. In Defense of the Indians . Ed. Trans. Stafford Poole. DeKalb: Northern Illinois UP, 1974. Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia.

30 U.S. 1. Collins Colplan Calendar: Products? U.S. Hospitality Resume Templates & Samples Images On? Supr. 2017 Calendar: Office? Ct. 1831. Lexis-Nexis. 23 Sep. 03. Deloria, Vine, Jr. American Indians in Sample School, Historical Perspective. Native American Law and Colonialism, Before 1776-1903 . Ed. John R. Wunder.

New York: Garland, 1996. 123-34. Deloria, Vine, Jr., and David E. Wilkins. Tribes, Treaties, and Constitutional Tribulations . Austin: U of Texas P, 1999. Fletcher v. Peck. 10 U.S. 87. U.S. Supr. Colplan Yearly Office Products? Ct. 1810.

Lexis-Nexis. 11 Sep. 03. Hearing Before the Committee on Indian Affairs. Template | Printable Cv For | High Cv? United States Senate, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session on Collins 2017 Yearly Products, Concerns of Recent Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court and the Indian Tribal Governments in America. 27 Feb. 02. U.S.

Government Printing Office. 24 Oct. 03. Johnson, Herbert Alan. John Marshall. The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions . Vol. 1. Eds. 9 Best Best Hospitality Resume Templates & Samples Images? Leon Friedman and Fred L. Israel.

New York: Chelsea, 1997. 181-99. Johnson v. M'Intosh. 21 U.S. 543. U.S. Supr. Ct. 1823. Lexis-Nexis. 21 Oct. 03. Kades, Eric. The Dark Side of Efficiency: Johnson v. M'Intosh and the Expropriation of American Indian Lands. U of Pa. Law Review 148 (Apr.

2000):1065-1190. Lexis-Nexis. 23 Sep. 03. ---. History and Interpretation of the Collins Colplan 2017 Office Great Case of Johnson v. M'Intosh . Law and History Review 19.1(Spring 2001): 67+. 11 Sep. 9 Best Hospitality Templates Images? 03. Krupat, Arnold.

Ethnocriticism: Ethnography, History, and Literature . Berkeley: U of California P, 1992. Lubbers, Klaus. Born for the Shade: Stereotypes of the Native Americans in United States Literature and the Visual Arts, 1776-1894 . Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1994. Pagden, Anthony. Lords of All the World: Ideologies of Empire in Colplan 2017 Yearly Office Products, Spain, Britain, and France c. 1500 – c. 1800 . New Haven: Yale UP, 1995. Silko, Leslie Marmon. Ceremony . Letter Sample - Letters & Maps? New York: Penguin, 1977. Washburn, Wilcomb E. The Moral and Legal Justifications for Dispossessing the Indians. Yearly Calendar: Office? Seventeenth Century America: Essays in Colonial History . Ed. James Morton Smith.

New York: Norton, 1972. 15-32. Williams, Robert A., Jr. The American Indian in Western Legal Thought: The Discourses of Conquest . New York: Oxford UP, 1990.