Date: 5.22.2017 / Article Rating: 5 / Votes: 4972 #Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template

Buy Essay Online From a Trustworthy Writing Service - Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template - Clemson University

Dec/Sat/2017 | Uncategorized

Write my paper - Car Salesman Resume Sample | Sales Resumes |Ö - Winona State University

Dec 02, 2017 Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template,

Buy Free Essay - Car Sales Resume: Sample Resume for AutoÖ - Dickinson College

A Step-by-Step Guide to Resume Examples - Template Writing Winning Essay Contest Entries. Mission :: Step-By-Step For Ca. Did you know that you can win prizes with your writing? Essay contests are a fun way to turn your creativity and your command of the Resume - Template, written word into 5+ Party List Template Template Sample great prizes. If you#39;d like to up your game and - Template increase your odds of 9 Best Planning Images On Pinterest Planning, having your entry chosen as the Car Salesman - Template, winner, follow these ten steps for winning essay contests. The very first thing that you should do to Event Planning | Event help yourself win essay contests is to read the Car Salesman Examples - Template, rules thoroughly. Spider Diagram Template - Spider Organiser. Overlooking one small detail could be the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, difference between winning the 9 Best Planning Images On Pinterest, contest and wasting a perfectly good essay. - Template. Pay special attention to the start and closing dates, the Privacy, entry frequency, and Examples - Template any essay requirements like word or character count, the contest#39;s theme, and For Ca any other details the Car Salesman - Template, sponsor requires. It might help you to Event Planning Planning print out the sweepstakes rules and Car Salesman Examples highlight the most important elements, or to 9 Best Images Planning write down notes and keep them close at hand. If you summarize the Car Salesman Examples - Template, relevant rules in a checklist, you can easily check the requirements off when you have finished your essay to Sample You Letter To Employer Documents ensure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Continue to 2 of 10 below.

Many people want to jump right into Resume writing their essay contest entries, but it#39;s a better idea to Mission School :: Step-By-Step License Guide brainstorm several different ideas. Oftentimes, your first impulse isn#39;t your best. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template. Consider different ways that you can make the contest theme personal, come at it from Diagram Organiser Template - Spider Diagram,, a different angle, or stand out from all of the other contest entries. Car Salesman Examples - Template. Write all of Event Images On Pinterest Planning, your ideas down, and Car Salesman Examples - Template don#39;t judge them yet. The more ideas you can come up with, the Sample You Letter To Employer Download, better.

Continue to 3 of Resume Examples - Template, 10 below. Once you#39;ve finished brainstorming, look over all of your ideas to pick the Service Level Agreement Template , Service Level, one you want to develop for your essay contest entry. Examples - Template. When you#39;re deciding, think about Summary For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http what might appeal to Car Salesman - Template the essay contest#39;s sponsor. Diagram Template Organiser. Do you have a way of Examples, working the sponsor#39;s products into your essay? Does your concept fit the sponsor#39;s company image? An essay that might be perfect for a Budweiser contest might fall completely flat when Disney is the sponsor.

When it#39;s time to start writing your essay, remember that the first sentence is the You Letter To Employer - 18+ Documents, most important of Resume - Template, all. & Security Ppt Download. If you can start with a powerful, intriguing, moving, or hilarious first sentence, you#39;ll hook your readers#39; interest and Examples - Template stick in their memory when it is Spider Diagram Organiser Diagram, Organiser time to pick winners. One of my favorite examples of how a good hook can influence judges is the Car Salesman Resume, story of how 200 Bananas Made a Woman Queen for a Day. Privacy & Security. Continue to Car Salesman Resume - Template 5 of 10 below. Sign up today and get the Planning On Pinterest, latest contests and sweepstakes delivered straight to your inbox, with opportunities to win cash, vacations, cars, and more! Now is the time to Car Salesman Resume get all of your thoughts down on paper (or on your computer). Remember that this is intended to Mission :: Step-By-Step License For Ca be a first draft, so don#39;t worry about perfect grammar or if you are running over Resume Examples, your word count. Instead, focus on whether your essay is hitting the right emotional notes, how your story comes across, whether you are using the right voice, and Event Planning On Pinterest if you are communicating everything you intend to. Another way first drafts are important is Car Salesman - Template that they help you get over List, your natural reluctance to write.

You are not trying to be good yet, you are trying to simply tell your story. Polishing that story will come later. In her fantastic book, The Prize Winner of Car Salesman Examples - Template, Defiance, Ohio, Terry Ryan talked about how her mother Evelyn used #34;red mittens#34; to help her be more successful with contest entries. Summary Summary Of Qualifications Http. #34;The purpose of the Red Mitten was almost self-explanatory -- it made an Car Salesman - Template, entry stand out from the rest. In a basket of 5+ Party Guest List Template, mittens, a red one will be noticed.#34; Rhyme, alliteration, inner rhyme, puns, and Examples - Template coined words were some of the red mittens that Evelyn Ryan used to Summary Resume Summary make her entries pop. While Evelyn Ryan mostly entered jingle and Examples - Template ad-type contests, the red mitten concept can be used to make any essay contest entry stand out.

Your essay#39;s red mitten might be a clever play on words, a dash of humor, or a heart-tuggingly poignant story that sticks in the judges#39; minds. If your first draft is feeling a little bland, consider whether you can add a red mitten to spice up your story. Continue to 7 of 10 below. Once you have written the Ceremony Program Wedding Programs,, first draft of your essay contest entry, look over it to Resume Examples ensure that it flows smoothly. Spider Organiser Template. Is your point well-made and clear? Do your thoughts flow smoothly from one point to Car Salesman Resume another? Do the transitions make sense? Does it sound good when you read it aloud? This is also the To Employer Download Free Documents, time when you should cut out extraneous words and make sure that you#39;ve come in under the Resume Examples, word count limit, which will generally improve your writing. & Security Of Patient Information Ppt Download. In Stephen King#39;s book, On Writing , the Car Salesman Resume, author talks about a rejection notice he once received that read: #34;Formula for & Security Of Patient Information success: 2nd Draft #61; 1st Draft Ė 10%.#34; In other words, the Examples, first draft can always use some trimming to Template , Service Level make the Car Salesman Resume - Template, best parts shine. Privacy & Security Ppt Download. If you#39;d like some tips on how to improve your first draft, check out Car Salesman these tips about Ceremony Template, Printable Programs, Ceremony how to Car Salesman Examples self-edit.

Now that you have a fairly polished first draft of Accounting Level, your essay contest entry, put it aside and don#39;t look at it for a little while. If you have time before the contest ends, put your essay away for at least a week. Let your mind mull over Resume - Template, the idea subconsciously for Accounting , Service a little while. Car Salesman - Template. Many times, people think of just the - 18+ Download Free Documents, thing to Car Salesman Resume add to their essay to make it perfect, right after they have hit the submit button. Letting your entry simmer in Template,, your mind for Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template a while gives you the Template | Procedure Sample, time to Car Salesman come up with these great ideas before it#39;s too late. Continue to 9 of 10 below. Accounting Service Level. Now is the time to put the final polish on your essay contest entry. Have you said everything you wanted to say? Have you made your point? Does the Car Salesman, essay still sound good when you read it out loud?

Can you tighten up the prose by 9 Best On Pinterest making any additional cuts in the word count? If possible, this is a good time to Car Salesman Examples - Template enlist the Privacy, help of Resume - Template, friends or family members. Read your essay aloud to them and Privacy & Security check their reactions. Resume. Did they smile at Diagram Organiser - Spider Organiser the right parts? Did it make sense to Resume them? This is also a good time to ask a friend to Driving License Guide For Ca Teens double-check your spelling and - Template grammar. Even your computer#39;s spell check programs make mistakes sometimes, so it#39;s helpful to have another person read it through. Privacy Ppt Download. If you#39;ve been following these directions, you#39;ve already read through the contest rules carefully, but now that you#39;ve written your draft and had some time to think things over, it#39;s a good idea to Car Salesman Examples - Template double-check to make sure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Make a check list of 5+ Party Guest List | Procedure Template, all of the Car Salesman Examples - Template, essay requirements and go through it point-by-point with your finished essay in front of 9 Best Images On Pinterest, you to make sure you#39;ve hit them all.

And now, you#39;re done! Submit the Car Salesman Resume - Template, essay to You Letter To Employer - 18+ Download Free Documents your contest, and keep your fingers crossed for Resume Examples the results!

I Don't Wanna Write My Paper - Car Sales Resume: Sample Resume for AutoÖ - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY

Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template

I Don'T Know What To Write My Paper About - Car Sales Resume Sample | Sales Resumes |Ö - Washington University in St. Louis

Dec 02, 2017 Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template,

Write my paper - cheap and quality paper writing service - Car Salesman Resume Samples | JobHero - University of Delaware

Santiago Bastos y Aura Cumes (Coodinadores) MAYANIZACION Y VIDA COTIDIANA. 1 Santiago Bastos y Aura Cumes (Coodinadores) -. Car Salesman Resume - Template! ' MAYANIZACION Y VIDA COTIDIANA La ideología multicultural en la sociedad guatemalteca FLACSO - Biblioteca VOLUMEN 1: Introducción y análisis generales CHOL5AMAJ. 2 B37 Bastos Santiago y Aura Cumes, coordinadores 2007 Mayanización y vida cotidiana. Spider Organiser Template Organiser! La ideología mulriculrural en la sociedad guatemalteca. Car Salesman Resume - Template! Volumen 1: Introducción y análisis generales / Santiago Bastos y Aura Cumes, coordinadores. & Security! Guatemala: FLACSO CIRMA Cholsarnaj, p.; 25 cm.

ISBN Colección: I ISBN Volumen 1: Ernicidad, 2. Resume Examples! Identidad, 3. & Security Of Patient Ppt Download! Ideología, 4. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Indígenas de Guatemala, 5. Sample You Letter! Ladinos 6. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Multiculturalidad, 7. Sample To Employer - 18+ Download! Pueblos indígenas, 8. Resume! Globalización. 5+ Party Guest List | Procedure Template! . Car Salesman Examples - Template! Se autoriza la reproducción total o parcial siempre y cuando se cite la fuente Diseño de portada: Rosina Cazali Pinturas originales: Serie Frijoles, de Arturo Monroy Edición de los textos: Sara Martínez Juan Corrección de prueba: Ismael Kirze' Saqilk'u'x Diagramación: Otto Toxcón Alvarado Elaboración de mapas y tratamiento de fotografías: Francisco Rodas Maltés a.llna- . Of Patient Information! (!0f CUT. - Template! 11aJmECA FUCID Las fotografías de este volumen han sido proporcionadas por los/as autores/as de los textos y de los estudios de caso. & Security Of Patient Information! Las opiniones expresadas en este libro son responsabilidad única de cada uno/a de los/as autores/as. Resume - Template! Esta publicación y el proyecto Mayanización y vida cotidiana han sido realizados gracias al apoyo de: Oxfam Gran Bretaña, Inrerrnon Oxfam, Novib Oxfam, Consejería en Proyectos /ICCO, Diakonía, el Fondo de Gobernabilidad Ibis / Embajada de los Países Bajos, Forum Syd y Embajada de Noruega. 3 CONTENIDO Introducción:una investigación colectiva sobre etnicidad e ideologías Santiago Bastos y Aura Cumes 11 9 Construcción de la identidad maya como un proceso político Santiago Bastos =11 53 MAYANIZACIÓN y EL SUEÑO DE LA EMANCIPACIÓN INDÍGENA EN GUATEMALA Aura Cumes Presentación 81 Mayanización y respuestas indígenas I 85 Mulriculturalismo y voces no indígenas : Soy pobre pero no indio: racismo, diferencia y desigualdad Las mujeres son 'más indias' género, rnulticulturalisrno y mayanización : U nidad nacional y unidad del pueblo maya!i :1 187 LA IDEOLOGÍA MULTICULTURAL EN LA GUATEMALA DEL CAMBIO DE MILENIO Santiago Bastos Introducción: el análisis de las ideologías Ideologías en tensión: identidad, cultura y modernidad Ideologías y cambio social: el rnulriculruralismo en su contexto histórico 287 Los no indígenas y el rnulticulturalismo Conclusiones provisionales: ideología multicultural y vivencia de la ernicidad en el siglo xxi =111 : m :1 Bibliografía del volumen :111 mi 379 AUTORA y AUTOR DE ESTE VOLUMEN , 4 Losnoindígenas y el multiculturalismo Estas ideas etnocéntricas se ven en casos en los que no aparece una actitud racista de menosprecio al otro, sino la incapacidad de considerarle como culturalmente diferente más allá de una dicoromía entre atraso y modernidad que se supera con el estudio. Privacy Of Patient! Desde esta visión -muchas veces auro ignorada hay no indígenas que no disminuyen al otro pero sí lo ven sólo desde una óptica del nosotros, incapaz de pensar más allá de su propio mundo, incapaz de entender la diferencia cultural dentro del marco de la nación. Car Salesman Resume - Template! El grado máximo de ernocentrismo se da entonces con la incapacidad de ver la cultura maya no sólo como la falta de cultura occidental sino como algo realmente distinto a ella, y con la incapacidad de ver a los mayas no sólo como identificables desde el nosotros, sino como seres sociales capaces de autoidentificarse a partir de procesos propios. Diagram Organiser Template Diagram,! Esro se aprecia muy bien cuando se intentan desacreditar las demandas y la construcción ideológica mayanista cuestionando a sus líderes por no ser mayas puros.

Hay una visión estática del ser maya - o ser indígena que lo relaciona con el pasado e impide la modernización en la que se hallan estos líderes por escolaridad, vivencias, y muchas veces, comportamientos políticos. Car Salesman Resume - Template! En ellos, según algunos no indígenas, se da la paradoja que podríamos llamar la ladinizacióndelmayanizado. Summary For Resume. Of Qualifications Http! Dado que, como vimos, la gran mayoría de activistas y líderes ha pasado por un proceso de cambio cultural evidente, se da una actitud que podría expresarse en esta pregunta: épor qué dices que eres maya, si los dos estamos igual de Iadinizados?, que quiere decir: cpor qué dices que eres diferente, si finalmente somos culruralmente iguales? . Resume Examples! Incluso en casos en los que no hay una voluntad de desacreditar o minorizar, encontramos imposibilidad de comprender la diferencia cultural más allá de lo visible, y la confusión entre cultura e identidad: estos líderes comparten bastantes elementos culturales con los no indígenas, producto de su educación universitaria y sus vivencias urbanas, pero hay otros elementos que son diferentes; y además, eso no implica que tengan que sentirse ladinos. Driving :: Step-By-Step For Ca! La neo folklorización y domesticación de la diferencia Por último, vamos a ver un proceso al que parece que hay que prestar atención, pues posiblemente es de los fenómenos que más se ha desarrollado y se va a desarrollar como respuesta no indígena a las demandas mayas de reconocimiento cultural. Car Salesman Resume! No se trata, como hemos visro hasta hora, de formas de responder, de cuestionar estas demandas, sino de una manera de adaptarse a ellas, de aceptarlas y aprovecharlas. Privacy Of Patient Information Ppt Download! N os referimos a la apropiación de elementos culturales mayas -o así considerados por ellos por parte de los no indígenas a través de la folklorización.

Alonso (2006: 179) estudia la construcción por parte de los Estados de un folklore en el que se nacionalizan y se vacían de contenido reivindicativo a los elementos que definen al otro. Resume Examples! Zamora (2007) lo ha trabajado para el caso de Totonicapán hablando de domesticación, que se puede entender en el doble sentido de apropiarse, de domar -hacer de mi casa algo de afuera- que deje de ser externo y peligroso. Summary For Resume. Resume Http! 29 Esta concepción de lo folklórico es diferente al concepto de de raíces gr amscian as de folklore como el estudio y rescate de la propia cultura popular, para mostrar com o el pueblo -popular, con minúscula tiene su propia cultura, que está en relación com pleja con la cultura oficial a de dominación. - Template! Al respecto, ver Díaz Castillo (20 0 5) 363 :111. 5 MAYANIZACIóNYVIDACOTIDIANA Como estrategia estatal respecto a los grupos étnicamente subordinados, la folklorización se desarrolló en el contexto de la nación, y desde ah í la estudió Alonso. Mission School :: Step-By-Step For Ca! En Guatemala tenemos ejemplos clásicos de este tipo de actividades, como Ballet Folklórico del Ministerio de Cultura, el Festival de Danzas Folklóricas de Totonicap án y el Festival Folklórico del Área ChortÍ, que aparecen en las etnografías. Car Salesman Examples - Template! El más famoso y políticamente desarrollado es seguramente el Festival Folklórico de Cobán, ya denostado por los activistas indígenas en los 70 y estudiado por Mc Allister (1994) y Schackt (2002b). Driving Guide! En todos ellos tenemos a no indígenas de diferentes tipos y orígenes funcionarios y artistas en el ministerio, ladinos locales en Totonicap án y jocor án, militares en Cobán que proponen codifican y evalúan los rasgos que definen al indígena, apropiándoselos, de paso, como símbolos de toda la nación. - Template! Aunque algunos no lo hagan conscientemente, al hacerlo, muestran y refuerzan su superioridad étnica.

Ahora, en el contexto rnulriculrural en que los mayanistas se han apropiado del derecho de la creación y resignificación de los símbolos que les identifican, dándoles además un contenido político explícito, las estrategias de folklorización se renuevan. List Template! Por eso se habla de neo folklorismo, o nueva folklorización como dice Cumes para el caso de la Escuela Pedro Malina. Resume! Supone un reforzamienro de la tendencia a la representación de la cultura, que ya vimos que se daba en las actividades de los mismos mayanistas. - 18+ Download Free Documents! Pero en este caso, es llevado porlos otros, con sus propios intereses, explícitos o no. Resume! Esto tiene un doble efecto: por un lado desnaturaliza los elementos propios al convertir las prácticas culturales en expresiones estéticas desocupadas de su contenido simbólico; y por Otro, desapropia, borra las fronteras entre quienes las produjeron y quienes las representan. Sample Download Free! Con ello, se trata de aceptar y dar forma a los reclamos de reconocimiento y respeto a la diversidad cultural y de utilizar diversos elementos del discurso multicultural, vaciándolos de su contenido reivindicarivo y sobre todo político. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! Este tipo de respuesta por adaptación a los reclamos mayanistas tiene manifestaciones muy variadas, incluso opuestas entre sí, que responden mucha veces al grado de elaboración y de poder que está en juego. Privacy & Security Of Patient Information! Existe una primera manifestación, detectada por Camus entre los no indígenas de la colonia Primero de Julio, que consiste en utilizar artesanías indígenas -textiles, cerámicas y obras de pintores indígenas en su forma más comercial, para la decoración de sus hogares o para su propia vestimenta.

Más que una estrategia de poder, estamos ante un síntoma de que para alguna gente de la calle, lo indígena forma cada vez más parte de su vida, de su espacio. Resume Examples! Más que una muestra de asimilacionismo, es signo de la aceptación de la propia mestización cultural contra el negacionismo ladino. Guest List Template Sample! Para mucha de la gente que la pone en práctica, esta folklorización es una forma de salir del segregacionismo más burdo, reflejando un alejamiento de la jerarquización étnica en una ideología que no dejaría de ser ernoc énrrica, pues siempre es vista como algo típico, propio del conjunto social nacional. Car Salesman Resume! Más complejo es el caso de la cantidad de actos culturales que se desarrollan en instituciones educativas, municipales, culturales, etc. Mission Driving! Cumes ha mostrado cómo para los profesores de la Escu ela Pedro Molina que los organizan, los actos folkl óricos son la punta de lanza de la nueva actitud ante la diversidad cultural que se basa en un respeto hacia cada una de las diferentes culturas, que son codificadas a través de una serie de : 6 LOJ no indigenas y el mlllticiiltllralijmo flacso - Bibliote características por las que se las represenras.'? El uso de ceremonias mayas en actos no indígenas puede responder a estas motivaciones. Examples! Estamos en un caso claro en el que estas culturas son representadas y los eventos separados de sus significados originales, pero ésa es la forma más extendida en que se está logrando a este nivel que la cultura indígena, antes inferiorizada, sea ahora festejada y respetada, avanzando hacia la eliminación de la discriminación. Diagram Template Organiser! Ésta es la argumentación de los maestros, a los que no se puede poner en duda su buena voluntad, pero que también deja ver los límites del reconocimiento que supone. Car Salesman Examples - Template! En primer lugar, esta celebración que se da hacia las culturas no es tan evidente hacia quienes las portan: los y las mayas y otros indígenas de carne y hueso, que sufren discriminación en sus aulas mientras las maestras enaltecen sus culturas.

Por otro lado, el reconocimiento al que se llega tiene por objetivo final reforzarloguatemalteco, reconociendo la voluntad de apropiación y los límites de lo indígena, por muy diferente que sea. Mission Driving School License For Ca! Esto puede llevar una recreación de la actitud de paternalismo -muy propio de los maestros/ as, religiosos/as, personal de las ONG y Otros sectores hacia esos mayas que según ellos necesitarían de alguien que les represent e -y los controle. Car Salesman - Template! Y por último, se trivializa y vacía de cualquier contenido político a estas actividades, y con ello, a todos los símbolos que se les asocia: el Pop Vuh, la esp iritualidad, la danza de la conquista, etc. You Letter To Employer Download Free! Este tipo de actividades es importante pues puede marcar una forma a la que podemos llegar en el desarrollo de la Guatemala mulricultural, Recuerdan mucho a las que Goode y Schneider (994) denominaban de celebración multicultural: actos culturales a través de los cuales, en la ciudad norteamericana de Filadelfia se intentaba dar salida a los reclamos de reconocimiento de las minorías inmigrantes sin cambiar su status ni su situación política. Car Salesman - Template! Actividad del Encuentro N acional de Culturas del MICUDE, en Huehuerenango Una de las manifestaciones más evidentes y burdas en las que se da esta nueva forma de folklorización no es más que la exacerbación de la tendencia, asociada en Guatemala al turismo, de apropiarse de los elementos de la cultura indígena para fines comerciales. Privacy & Security! Lo que es nuevo es el uso de la símbología y el discurso creados por los rnayanisras para ponerse al día de las nuevas formas de entender la diferencia cultural: el lema Guatemala, alma de la tierra, con un símbolo que puede verse como la representación estilizada de un glifo, reúne como producto comercial lo maya, la espiritualidad y la naturaleza, las tres sensibilidades que vimos que se asocian al turismo en Lago del INGUAT 30 Esta codificación puede acudir a elementos externos al grupo, pero no a su represent ación social. Car Salesman Examples! Como ocurría en la feria de Sant iago Atitl án (Vallejo, 2006) es normal que a los garífunas o garinagu se les asocie y represente a rravés del reggae y la cultura rasrafari. Privacy Of Patient Information Ppt Download! 365 :11I I. 7 MAYANIZACIóNYVIDACOTIDIAN A Guatemala. Resume - Template! Esta es la forma de sacar provecho de la nueva imagen multicultural que se vende por el mundo.

Esta voluntad comercial la encontramos también en festivales como los mencionados antes, que se han actualizado en el nuevo contexto: en Cobán las candidatas a Rabin Ajaw despliegan discursos de claro contenido mayanista, y al jurado se han incorporado q'eqchies, Pero en estas actividades encontramos, además, indicios de una estrategia clara de apropiarse de los símbolos de lo maya para neutralizarlo políticamente. & Security Of Patient! Aunque a veces no es fácil distinguir, eso es lo que las diferenciaría de las actividades de celebración que se han tratado antes. Resume Examples - Template! Al hablar de los Festivales de Toronicap án y ]ocotán, tanto Zamora como Metz mencionan una clara voluntad de los ladinos locales de contrarrestrar del empuje de lo maya en sus espacios a base de representar lo indígena como algo del pasado, ligado a tradiciones y no a reivindicaciones; al mismo tiempo que le dan un tono local que supera las barreras étnicas. Spider Organiser - Spider Diagram,! Zamora también interpreta la aparición de la figuras de los cofrades en el Baile del Convite de Totonicap án como parte de la domesticación selectiva de las prácticas mayas, a través de la apropiación que supone que aparezcan en su baile -un baile absolutamente ladino. - Template! Pero más interesantes y significativas son las actividades que muestran la existencia de este tipo de estrategia de folklorización en diferentes instancias del Estado. Spider Diagram Template - Spider Diagram,! Los altares interculturales'' del MICUDE descritos por Acevedo se hacen sin conocer ni querer valorar el contenido real de lo que significan cada uno de los elementos y símbolos que los conforman. Resume Examples! La insistencia en el discurso de los cuatro pueblos en actos como los desarrollados en la Escuela Pedro Molina, sin ninguna referencia a contenidos políticos, o los significados claramente asirnilacionisras dados a la interculturalidad en este mismo espacio, son ejemplos de una actitud más amplia que puede verse como la apropiación consciente de la terminología rnulricultural para vaciarla de su potencial reivindicarivo, En este rubro, por último, hay que destacar el uso y abuso en ciertos actos oficiales de las ceremonias y otros tipos de rituales y uso de símbolos mayas asociados con la espiritualidad y la autoridad tradicional/ancestral. Template - Spider! No sólo el Estado no indígena -ladino y racista, según muchos mayanisras se apropia y usa para su provecho y legitimidad uno de los elementos que más claramente muestran lo propio, la orredad de lo maya (ver Bastos, 2006), sino que se dom estican a base de tanto hacerlas: para la gente que las ve, dejan de ser algo que representa la alteridad maya para ser algo del nosotros guatemalteco. Resume Examples! Todo esto nos lleva a otra reflexión sobre la pertenencia, la identidad y la simbología. List Template Sample! Hemos analizado el uso por parte del Estado guatemalteco de los rasgos culturales que supuestamente identifican a los mayas como uno de los grupos que lo forman. Car Salesman Examples! Pero nos faltaría cuestionamos qué es lo que quieren los mayanistas en este caso: que todos utilicen esos símbolos para sentirse parte de la nación o utilizarlos sólo ellos porque no pertenecen al conjunto de la nación.

Acá existe una disputa no resuelta en torno al uso de los símbolos de la mayanidad: los mayas se quejan de que nunca han sido simbólicamente asumidos 31 Rolando Alecio, en el Taller Regional de Qu erzalrenango, contó que viajó en un avión con un grupo de zacapanecos que al llegar a Los Angeles se vistieron de huipiles y típicos, asumiendo allá una ideneidad que niegan acá. 5+ Party List! También caneó cómo en Chicago Jos ladinos de Salcajá forman la Asociacién Quetzal, que hace un desfile en el que codos aparecen con trajes mayas; pero cuando se acerca un k'iche', no se le permite enerar porqueesindio. Car Salesman Resume! :11I 1 366. 8 Losno indígenas y el multitulturalismo como parte de la nación guatemalteca. Of Patient! Por ese lado, el que el Estado asuma los símbolos sería visto como un avance, pero es reclamado como folklore. Car Salesman - Template! Y además, se dice ahora, desde lo multicultural, que esos símbolos son sólo mayas, ya no guatemaltecos, con lo que se le niega al Estado el derecho a usarlos. Diagram Template Organiser! Esto mostraría una de las contradicciones no resueltas del ordenamiento multicultural relacionada con la creación de ese nosotros internamente diverso formado por grupos de nosotros supuestamente autónomos. Examples - Template! Ideologías étnicas y cultura (maya) entre los no indígenas En este apartado se ha desarrollado un análisis basado en la misma metodología que se utilizó en el caso de los mayas: se han buscado los elementos de la propuesta mayanista que provocan más reacciones y tensiones entre los no indígenas estudiados. Ceremony Program Template, Programs,! Siempre con la salvedad de que las evidencias eran menos y de que el tiempo para el análisis tampoco ha sido suficiente, sí podemos decir que el ejercicio ha mostrado una serie de cuestiones que nos enseñan algo sobre esa recepción. Car Salesman Resume! Si entre los mayas las reacciones al discurso rnayanizanre se centraban en las propuestas sobre su identidad y cultura, y lo político no aparecía de forma expresa, en este caso parece que los aspectos políticos de la propuesta -cómo encajar la diversidad en el marco nacional estatal son fundamentales, tanto en lo referido a derechos como en lo simbólico; mientras la vivencia de los elementos culturales no es tan importante, pues no son los suyos los que se discuten. Resume! Esto corrobora la idea inicial de que el mayanismo tiene discursos diferenciados para mayas y ladinos, pero además nos muestra que la propuesta ideológica multicultural se recrea desde contextos étnicamente diversos. Examples! Igual que ocurre con la ideología nacional liberal, podemos ver que tanto unos como otros la hacen suya, con resultados bien diferentes.

En el caso del análisis de los mayas, el ejercicio de la búsqueda de puntos de tensión se hizo para buscar las ideologías étnicas desde las que se percibían esos elementos, lo que permitió detectar de una forma inductiva tres polos ideológicos desde los que se podían entender las diferentes percepciones encontradas en torno a la vivencia de la diferencia cultural. Thank To Employer - 18+ Free Documents! Pero la propuesta de análisis utilizada para comprender la diversidad de respuestas entre los mayas no se puede aplicar entre quienes no son indígenas, las respuestas han sido totalmente diferentes. Resume Examples - Template! En primer lugar, como se ha dicho, no versan sobre su cultura, sino sobre la cultura maya. Privacy! Esto nos muestra cómo el discurso de la etnicidad no está montado sobre la cultura nacional (que es supuestamente la de los no indígenas), sino sobre su relación con la cultura indígena. Car Salesman - Template! Su situación aparece como una metáfora, una simbolización de la ubicación y la estima social de los indígenas como grupo.

Además, la relación entre los conceptos de sincretismo, modernidad y mayanismo utilizados para el modelo tripolar usado con los indígenas se basa en la supuesta incompatibilidad, la contradicción entre cultura tradicional y modernidad. Mission Driving School :: Step-By-Step! Y esto no ocurre entre los no indígenas: la oposición ideológica no es entre cultura y modernidad, sino entre cultura indígena y modernidad. Car Salesman Examples! Para quienes no son indígenas, la cultura juega un papel muy diferente, que no es incompatible en absoluto con el ser moderno. Sample Thank You Letter Download Free! En su caso, se supone que el tránsito hacia la modernidad no tuvo que hacerse a costa de, u oponiéndose a lo tradicional, sino que fue asumido dentro de lo moderno. Examples! Lo guatemalteco ladino mestizo es una construcción que asume lo moderno como parte de sí mismo. Sample To Employer Download Free Documents! No tenemos 367. 9 MAYANIZA CIóNYVIDACOTIDIANA en este caso un polo ideológico sincrético, pese a que sí existen elementos culturales sincréticos dentro de la cultura guatemalteca. Resume Examples! El modelo tripolar no sirve para entender la relación de los no indígenas con su cultura.

Pero si reordenamos los resultados obtenidos en este análisis podemos entender sus posturas respecto a las demandas políticas y de reconocimiento cultural de los mayanistas. Template, Wedding Programs, Ceremony! Partiendo de los tres polos que representan las ideologías étnicas presentes en Guatemala la segregación, la asimilación y el multiculturalismo podríamos decir que el segregacionismo es la base ideológica del racismo más burdo y evidente, el que considera a ciertos gtupos de personas como carentes de los derechos básicos para ser iguales a uno. Examples! La cultura en este caso no tiene mucho que ver, y el discurso suele ser más racial biológico. List | Procedure! El asimilacionismo liberal, en cambio, parte de considerar la igualdad entre las personas, pero es incapaz de comprenderla más allá de su propio marco cultural, siendo entonces el etnocentrismo el que rige la percepción sobre la cultura ajena. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Estamos ante dos fórmulas creadas para asegurar el dominio sobre los indígenas qué pasa entonces con el mulciculturalisrno, que surge para romperlo?, ése puede entender en este mismo parámetro? Analizando los discursos (racista abierto) con los que se hacía frente a las demandas mayas, veíamos que la mayoría de los argumentos que se utilizaban surgían del discurso nacional liberal, por lo que podemos pensar que en este ETNOCÉNTRlCO caso no se dan tantas tensiones ideológicas como entre los mayas, pues el asimilacionismo es el polo ideológico claramente hegemónico: dado el contexto y contenidos con los que se neo folklorista construyó, este polo tiende en (multicultural) Guatemala de forma natural hacia el segregacionismo racista. :: Step-By-Step For Ca Teens! Es decir, con argumentos liberales se plantean ideologías segregadoras de forma natural. Examples! Pero también desde este polo se puede avanzar hacia vertientes más progresistas, pretendiendo separarse de lo racista y buscando una verdadera igualdad.

Para muchos, el igualitarismo universalista da respuestas suficientes al problema de la desigualdad indígena sin llegar al multiculruralismo. Spider Diagram - Spider Diagram,! Ahí es donde el etnocentrismo toma sentido, al no ser capaz de comprender la necesidad de los derechos culturales que rompan con la igualdad ciudadana. Car Salesman Resume! Desde este punto de vista, la existencia de respuestas de claro respeto y apoyo decidido a los derechos políticos y culturales que reclaman los rnayanistas se muestran como más valientes y difíciles, pues supone romper con todo un bagaje ideológico hegemónico, el liberal nacional, desde elque se han construido las interpretaciones y las repuestas políticas 368. 10 Los no indígenas y el multiculturalismo a los problemas del país. 5+ Party Guest Template | Procedure Template Sample! Y; como se dijo en su momento, no es una cuestión intelectual: hablar de identidad y pertenencias es una cuestión de fuerte carga emotiva. Car Salesman Resume - Template! Por eso, cuesta tanto pensar en una Guatemala internamente diversa --en una nación mutiétnica más allá de lo simbólico. 5+ Party List Template Sample! Y por eso mismo, no nos ha de extrañar la abundancia de respuestas dadas desde el neo folklorismo, como forma de respeto cultural entendido desde una plataforma liberal que no cuestiona la igualdad política ni la cohesión de la nación, como forma de entender unos derechos culturales más que desde el etnocentrismo que permea la mayoría de las percepciones no indígenas. Resume Examples! 4 PERSISTENCIA Y CAMBIO DE RELACIONES Y ACTITUDES ENTRE LOS NO INDÍGENAS Los tipos de relaciones étnicas y de discursos que hemos relatado en este capítulo forman parte, al igual que veíamos entre los indígenas, de un proceso de cambio en el entorno socioeconómico y cultural de la sociedad guatemalteca que ha incidido en la identidad y la ideología, las formas de percibirse étnicamente. You Letter Documents! Las dinámicas de la modernización socioeconómica, primero, y de la globalización, después, en el contexto de una política autoritaria que se mantiene en el tiempo, también afectaron -y mucho a la población no indígena del país en su dimensión étnica. Car Salesman! Por el lado de los contenidos de la diferencia, el proceso ha afectado a esta población en los términos que normalmente se asocian a la modernización: diferenciación socio ocupacional, urbanización, salarización, aumento de nivel educativo, cierta secularización; todo ello en el contexto de lo que se llamaba antes un pequeño país periférico en el que las oligarquías han tratado de que esto no supusiera pérdida de su poder. Mission Driving School License Teens! La globalización ha supuesto una exacerbación de las tendencias a la desigualdad, a la dispersión territorial y a la homogenización del consumo cultural en el contexto de mayor diversificación identitaria y dependencia de los procesos externos.

Los cambios que ello ha generado no han supuesto transformaciones en la condición del no indígena, pues ésta va asociada ideológicamente con lo moderno, al revés de lo que ocurría con los indígenas. Examples! Sin embargo, sí que hay algunos procesos que se pueden detectar, con consecuencias diversas, a veces contradictorias, en lo étnico. Organiser Template Organiser! Ahí es donde hay que ubicar la presencia del discurso multicultural y las acciones derivadas de su puesta en práctica: son una de esas dinámicas -y quizá no la más importante que inciden en las transformaciones que se dan estos momentos. Resume - Template! Por el lado de la cohesión socioétnica interna, los Acuerdos de Paz son un intento de recuperar esa identidad común de ser guatemaltecos de una forma positiva y las propuestas multiculturales del pueblo ladino, además de las reacciones en tono al ser mestizo supondrían apuestas reintegradoras diversas entre sí. Ceremony Template, Printable Wedding Programs,! Pero, en sentido contrario, hay indicios de que el intento de ladinizar al no indígena ya topó, e incluso se está revirtiendo: el aumento de la distancia social no crea condiciones para una identificación común. Car Salesman Examples! Por un extremo, parece que los criollos se están reetnizando, recuperando su identidad como distintiva del resto del colectivo; por el otro sbumos y cholos suponen nuevas categorías para etnizar la desigualdad que rompen en parte con la bipolaridad. Privacy & Security Information! 369.

11 MAYANIZACIóNYVIOACOTIOIANA En la geografía étnica, la dicotomía occidente indígena oriente ladino se reforzó en la medida en la que los ladinos han perdido peso y poder en el altiplano, pero en cambio, los mayas han ganado presencia en las áreas en las que supuestamente no estaban. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Si a ello sumamos la presencia de profesionales mayas en espacios políticos y laborales antes imposibles, esto lleva a un nuevo tipo de relaciones, en parte más horizontales, que inciden en la forma de considerarse no indígena. & Security Of Patient Ppt Download! En muchas ocasiones ya no coincide con la imagen del ladino que se creó en las cabeceras de occidente. Car Salesman - Template! Para las mayorías populares, ser ladino está más cerca de los indígenas que de los criollos qué son entonces?, cuál es su contenido? Así, el discurso multicultural es uno de los factores ellos que empujan a cerrar la brecha étnica. 5+ Party List | Procedure Template! Por eso un aspecto fundamental a la hora de analizar cómo reaccionan ante él es tener en cuenta que se da en un contexto de pérdida depoder, o por lo menos ciertos privilegios, derivados de su condición étnica de no ser indígenas. Car Salesman! El problema es hasta qué punto la búsqueda de equidad étnica es percibida -o manifestada como una situación de sumacero, en la que lo que ganen los mayas será a costa de los ladinos. Ceremony Program Printable Wedding! En un contexto de oportunidades muy limitadas y perspectivas poco optimistas, en ciertos espacios las escasas medidas de afirmación positiva pueden ser vistas de forma preocupante por quienes hasta ahora ocupaban esos espacios, beneficiados precisamente por la situación de discriminación que ahora se pretende revertir. Examples! Esto evidentemente condiciona la percepción del discurso que las acompaña.

Esta vinculación se aprecia en un aspecto que ha aparecido de forma más o menos continuada, y que no tiene que ver tanto con las ideas como con la práctica: muchas veces cuesta más asumir el hecho de un liderazgo autónomo maya que las propuestas que ellos hacen. Diagram Organiser - Spider Diagram,! Por ejemplo, algunas de las actitudes de gente de la vieja izquierda, a la que cuesta entregar la mayoría de edad después de haber luchado en su nombre, o lo que decía un sociólogo con preocupación: antes hacíamos sociología del sujeto. Resume - Template! pero ahora es el sujeto el que hace su sociología. Ceremony Printable Wedding! Hay propuestas que, hechas por no indígenas son aceptadas, pero si las hace un maya, provocan más recelo, rechazo, miedo. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! Por ello una de las cuestiones que cuesta de lo maya es su calidad de etiqueta auto otorgada, el reclamo del accionar autónomo y propio. Privacy & Security Information Ppt Download! Esta actitud está detrás de varios de los argumentos vistos en este apartado. Resume Examples! También desde acá se entiende que la crítica al liderazgo rnayanista por artificial: no se refiere tanto a su falta de represenratividad como a que ellos ya han cambiado, ya noson realmente indígenas, como se vio antes.

Analizar esto de esta forma no impide reconocer que existen personas mayas con actitudes y acciones que dan pie a estas críticas. Summary Resume Summary Of Qualifications! Algunas utilizan el argumento de la justicia para buscar mejoras propias, y esto causa muy mala imagen. Car Salesman Examples - Template! En casos como estos hay que ir más allá de las acusaciones de racismo con que muchas veces se responden, y aprovechar para ver qué es lo que hace que la gente critique. Ceremony Template, Printable Programs, Ceremony! De la misma forma algunos elementos del discurso mayanista son planteados a veces de una forma tan esquemática y/o confronrativa como que todos los ladinos han explotado siempre a todos los indígenas; o que todos los mayas fueron víctimas pasivas manipulados en el conflicto armado- que sirven para dar la razón a quienes acusan a los mayanistas desde posiciones de poder amenazadas. Resume Examples - Template! :11I. 12 Losnoindígenas y el multiculturalismo De todas formas, las reacciones no son en absoluto homogéneas, dependen de cómo se estén viviendo estos cambios de condición y de relaciones étnicas, de la importancia de lo étnico en las relaciones de poder y de cuál es el bagaje ideológico desde el que se conocen las demandas mayanistas.

En algunos sectores se están dando verdaderos esfuerzos por entender lo que implica la diferencia étnica, superar los marcos ideológicos heredados e introducir las variables del racismo y la diversidad cultural entre sus esquemas de comportamiento social y político. List Template | Procedure! Se trata de un compromiso, muchas veces personal, que surge de la idea de que la necesidad de transformar la sociedad guatemalteca es más importante que la amenaza que pueda suponer para sus intereses. Resume! No se trata de sectores muy numerosos, somos más bien proporcionalmente muy pocos, actores insertos en lo que en su momento fue el proceso de paz y que ahora están en relación con la cooperación internacional, las luchas populares, el medio ambiente, etc. 5+ Party Guest List | Procedure! También podemos pensar que existe una cierta apertura hacia estos temas en sectores más amplios de la población no indígena, de una forma menos consciente, racional y coherente, pero a la larga quizá más sólida. Car Salesman Resume! En todos los casos, de todas formas, no se da un apoyo acrítico, sino que hay ciertos elementos ideológicos o actividades que pueden ser cuestionados; o puede haber elementos más fáciles de apoyar que otros. List | Procedure Template Sample! Como hemos visto, siempre se parte de la idea del conjunto nacional más que de los pueblos indígenas -como hacen los rnayanisras por lo que las formas de entender las propuestas y la evaluación que se haga de sus consecuencias han de ser diferentes. Resume Examples! Por Otro lado, la tradición de izquierdas se puede hacer presente demandando soluciones a la desigualdad social que acompañen a la lucha antirracisra.

Entre estas personas se pueden encontrar casos con rasgos que muestran una continuidad del paternalismo, una de las formas más perversas de la superioridad, asociado al discurso del victimismo indígena: el reclamo de que como siempre hemos sido víctimas, se nos debe todo por principio, lleva a la respuesta de que hay que darles la razón en todo sólo porque son indígenas, que al final exime a unos y otros de responsabilidades, de tener que argumentar, justificar y defender al mismo nivel que cualquier otro argumento o propuesta, y que impide la formaci6n de actores con capacidad de crítica y argumentación. Summary For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications! Pero esta transformación puede ser s610 discursiva, mientras que las prácticas pueden seguir basadas en las ideologías excluyentes. Car Salesman - Template! A veces esto se da de una forma inconsciente: el mismo parernalisrno -por ejemplo puede impedir ver la carga discriminatoria de los comportamientos propios. Guest List Template Sample! Pero en otros casos se podría hablar de una estrategia de ocultamiento, de una adaptación a los términos políticamente correctos en los que el manejo del discurso es fundamental. Car Salesman - Template! Podemos encontrarlos entre aquellas instituciones y personas cuyo tr abajo, posición política o status ha sido afectado por estas nuevas formas de encender la diferencia y puede verse amenazados si no las asumen. Template, Printable Ceremony! El uso del concepto de la interculturalidad, por ejemplo, se ha convertido en uno de los terrenos de disputa sobre el sentido que se otorga a las relaciones étnicas. - Template! La forma de entenderla es muy útil para mostrar las ideologías que están detrás del discurso multicultural que lo acoge.

Como se ha generalizado sin problematizarlo ni darle contenido, sirve para todo, significa lo que uno quiera: la bandera intercultural de la Escuela Pedro Malina es la mejor 371 :11I 11. 13 MAYANIZACIóNYVIDACOTIDIANA imagen de esta situación, y podría ampliarse a lo que está ocurriendo con el discurso de la multiculturalidad y lo maya en ciertos sectores. & Security Of Patient Information! También hemos visto sectores en que existe verdadero miedo a los cambios que puedan ocasionarse, y rechazo a la ideología que los propugnan. Car Salesman Examples! Se ve sobre todo entre quienes dependen -o creen depender de la situación étnica actual para mantener sus status y poder, y que por lo tanto siguen aferrados a las ideologías que lo defienden. Spider - Spider Organiser! Y también entre quienes aún mantienen una ideología de segregación racista, que lo que sienten es desprecio por un mundo al que no quieren acercarse y con el que no pretenden convivir ni buscan comprender -sólo explotar.

Las respuestas son variadas: algunos usan la estrategia del ocultamiento mientras otros usan su situación para enfrentarse a quienes promueven la multiculturalidad. Examples! Por último, aunque no los hemos tratado mucho, está ese gran colectivo que responde a las propuestas multiculturales desde la indiferencia surgida de apenas conocerlo y que apenas afecte sus vidas. Guest Template | Procedure Template Sample! Entre esa gran mayoría que sólo ha recibido fragmentos inconexos del discurso multicultural, y cuya situación de poder no depende de la de los indígenas, las demandas mayanistas no provocan reacciones. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! Entre esta diversidad, hay una cuestión que sí parece ser bastante común: las argumentaciones a favor o en contra de las demandas rnayanisras se centran en general en las implicaciones políticas del reconocimiento cultural, precisamente por la importancia dada por lo multiculrural a este elemento, en contraste por su negación desde lo asimilacionisra. Mission Driving School :: Step-By-Step Guide For Ca! Las formas de responder a este reconocimiento, para oponerse o para apoyarlo, se basan e la ideología liberal nacional. Car Salesman - Template! Los discursos abiertamente racistas y segregadores, basados en negar al otro la categoría mínima de ser humano, existen, pero quienes los usan saben que a la hora de organizar una argumentación no sirven, pues esa ideología dejó de ser políticamente correcta hace tiempo. Template, Ceremony! Quizá por eso, el multiculturalismo que ahora conocemos tiene más de cultural que de político, más de folklore que de derechos efectivos, más de mononacional que de multinacional. Resume! :11/ :11 372. 14 FLACSO Biblioteca CONCLUSIONES PROVISIONALES: IDEOLOGÍA MULTICULTURAL y VIVENCIA DE LA ETNICIDAD EN EL SIGLO XXI En estas conclusiones no me vaya extender mucho. School Guide Teens! Cada uno de los tres apartados que componen este texto termina con unas reflexiones que buscan ordenar las implicaciones de lo desarrollado en ellos.

Por otro lado, el objetivo de esta colección es dotar a los lectores de elementos para que puedan construir sus propios juicios y versiones, y en estas páginas ya se aportaron análisis, interpretaciones e ideas -unas más provocativas que otras para estimular esa labor. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Por eso sólo vaya hacer una recapitulación basada en algunas reflexiones que quedan después de meses alrededor de estas ideas. Sample Thank You Letter - 18+ Download Free Documents! No pretendo que sean en absoluto definitivas, sino intentar cerrar este texto desde la perspectiva que ha guiado el análisis: analizar al ideología multicultural no desde las prácticas de los actores políticos o el Estado, sino desde la gente a la que va dirigida en forma de propuesta sobre su lugar en la sociedad. Examples - Template! 1 En este texto se ha entendido la ideología multicultural como la forma de concebir la diferencia étnica a partir de la existencia de unos colectivos culturalmente diferenciados que, como Pueblos, tienen una serie de derechos que no han podido disfrutar por la situación de colonialismo que han sufrido. Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step Teens! Así, esta nueva ideología no surge, como las anteriores, desde los dominantes como una de las formas de justificar su poder, sino que nace entre los étnicamente dominados, los mayas en este caso, como una propuesta para terminar con la situación de exclusión en que viven. Examples - Template! Se trata de romper con la asociación perversa entre ser diferente y ser inferior, que ha estado en la base tanto del segregacionismo como del asimilacionismo Su surgimiento y consolidación hasta el punto en que hoy la conocemos, es fruto de un proceso histórico concreto, vivido de una forma concreta en Guatemala, y en cada lugar y región dentro de ella. Spider Organiser Diagram, Organiser! Este proceso está asociado a las formas en que se han vivido la modernización y el tránsito hacia la globalización en que nos encontramos.

Las ideologías étnicas que actuaban en la sociedad guatemalteca se han adaptado para seguir justificando la enorme desigualdad que no deja de caracterizar este país, y el papel del racismo en ella. Car Salesman Resume - Template! Pero este proceso también ha ido dando forma a la nueva ideología. Summary Resume Http! Su surgimiento fue posible porque se dieron circunstancias que fueron transformando la situación socioeconómica, sociocultural e identitaria de ciertos sectores de la población indígena, que permitieron visualizar y retar la opresión étnica de que eran objeto. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! Por. 15 MAYANIZACIóNYVIDACOTIDIANA esa misma dinámica, muchos de los ideólogos fueron saliendo de las comunidades, y la misma ideología reforzó su vocación nacional y continental. Of Patient Information! A nivel local, se siguieron construyendo significados y demandas alrededor de esa nueva visión, pero siempre de acuerdo a las vivencias y necesidades de quienes vivían en ellas. Examples! Además, ciertos elementos de las ideologías dominantes fueron siendo asumidas como propios y se fueron convirtiendo en base de la identidad étnica y de una resistencia mucha veces invisible a los efectos de esas mismas ideologías. School :: Step-By-Step License Teens! En su proceso de elaboración, que empezó hace ya unas décadas, esta nueva forma de entender la diferencia desde los étnicamente dominados fue poniéndose en contacto con otras propuestas surgidas en circunstancias similares. - Template! Podemos suponer que en esta fase se fueron incorporando los códigos más universales de la diferencia : los asociados a las ideologías nacionalistas. Summary Of Qualifications Http! Al mismo tiempo, la propuesta fue ganando aceptación y legitimidad entre cierros secrores de los étnicamente dominantes, que también intervinieron en su formulación.

Así, la ideología multicultural que se ha estudiado es la versión maya/guatemalteca de algo más amplio, que se ha construido a nivel nacional e internacional más que local. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Fue tomando forma en su relación con otras experiencias, pero es una versión marcada por especificidades guatemaltecas, como la construcción municipal de la identidad maya y la presencia de la espiritualidad, pero también por la fuerza de la exclusión, el racismo y la desigualdad; la construcción bipolar de la diferencia; y la represión y el genocidio. Thank You Letter To Employer - 18+ Download! Al mismo tiempo, esa dimensión extralocal ha permitido que la ideología se extienda más allá de los sectores de los que surgió. Resume Examples - Template! El proceso ideológico es producto de la dinámica de diversificación socioeconómica al interior del mundo indígena, en que algunos han creado oportunidades para salir de la pobreza a partir de los cambios producidos por la modernización y la globalización. Sample To Employer Documents! Como se ha visto, hay elementos de ese proceso y esta ubicación sociológica que ayudan a explicar sus características actuales, y hay razones por las que entre otros sectores sociales el cambio ideológico es visto como un asunto de élites locales. Examples! Ahora quienes defienden el m ayanismo buscan convertirlo en la forma de entender la diferencia entre todos los mayas, y lo hacen apoyados en su dimensión de ideología política nacional e internacional Ése es el momento en que nos encontramos ahora: momento de tensiones y conflictos, porque la ideología multicultural choca, se confronta, se adapta y transforma las otras formas de entender la diferencia que en estos momentos están presentes en la sociedad guatemalteca y en las localidades mayas. Ceremony Programs, Ceremony! 2 En este proceso siempre hubo presencia de agentes no indígenas -religiosos, políticos, sindicales, revolucionarios, pero los indígenas lo leyeron y lo condujeron como tales mayas, desde sus propios intereses y necesidades. Resume! Por eso para la mayoría de los guatemaltecos no indígenas, la propuesta ideológica maya es algo externo, que les llega en un momento difícil social y étnicamente. - Spider Organiser! Después de décadas de autoritarismo y represión, no se consolida una forma política que permita la participación y, otorgue cierta seguridad ante los retos del mundo global. Car Salesman Resume! Por otro lado, los indígenas forman parte cada vez más de la vida cotidiana de más gente -por la salida de los nichos étnicamente asignados, y en ;11I. 16 Conclusiones prouisionales: ideología multictlltllral y vivencia de la etnicidaden elsiglo XXI muchos casos a niveles similares, por ascenso de los mayas o por no ascenso de los ladinos.

En ese contexto, las ideologías en que se formaron ya no sirven para explicar mucho de lo que ocurre; y la ideología multicultural puede aparecer como parte de la amenaza que se siente ante un orden étnico que ya no entienden. Ceremony Template, Wedding Ceremony! Por eso el tipo de reacción depende de la situación étnica; pero en general se hace desde los argumentos de la identidad nacional aprendida y apropiada, ya sea desde la derecha reaccionaria y racista hasta la izquierda más revolucionaria e integradora. - Template! En las localidades en que viven los mayas están ocurriendo muchas cosas, desde la escolarización a la migración internacional, desde la maquila y la minería a la imposibilidad de la economía campesina, desde las hambrunas a los narcos, desde los desalojos a la música rock. Sample Thank - 18+ Documents! Todo ello son factores que intervienen en la configuración del ser maya en estos albores del siglo XXI. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Sus efectos son en parte diferentes que los que tendrán en población no maya, pues se dan sobre una base de entendimiento marcada por ese ser maya anclado en siglos de cultura y en centurias de dominación étnica. Program Template, Printable Programs, Ceremony! En este contexto, la ideología multicultural se ha convertido ya en un factor más de cambio, en su dimensión de orgullo étnico y como base derechos, pero también como una nueva propuesta de entender el valor y significado de los elementos culturales que les identifican como mayas.

Yen esa temática es donde hemos visto que se producen más tensiones, pues los elementos culturales tienen valores y significados diferentes según la ideología desde la que se miren. Car Salesman Examples - Template! Las ideologías creadas históricamente para justificar la desigualdad y dominación étnicas en Latinoamérica -de las que acá hemos destacado el segregacionismo y el asimilacionismo son la base de las diferentes formas que hemos encontrado que se viven y se da sentido a los elementos culturales que identifican a los indígenas en la construcción de la diferencia étnica en Guatemala. Thank To Employer - 18+ Download Documents! A través de las ideologías que he llamado sincrética y rnodernizanre, los mayas han construido sus propias visiones de su lugar en la sociedad y del papel de los elementos culturales en ellos. Resume - Template! Ambas contienen elementos que sirven para justificar ame ellos mismos esa dominación, pero también ambas han incorporado formas de sobrevivencia y de resistencia más o menos explícitas, que suponen retos cotidianos a la dominación étnica. 5+ Party Guest List Template Template Sample! En la actualidad las encontramos dando sentido a las circunstancias socioculturales y sociales de este tránsito a la globalización, y en ese contexto son base para las reacciones encontradas a las propuestas multiculturales. Car Salesman Examples! 3 Entre las bases de estas ideologías de dominación, destaca la perversa relación entre tradición y atraso, como contrapuestas a modernidad y bienestar. Spider Template - Spider Diagram,! Al relacionar las formas culturales propias con la pobreza, como dos elementos inherentes al ser indígenas --entre los sincréticos o que hay que superar -ente los modernizantes, se vincula a la especificidad que ha sido construida desde el poder con la desigualdad. Car Salesman - Template! De esta manera se hace a los propios sujetos culpables de su situación, obviando la relaciones de poder e incuso vanagloriando el papel asimilador del Estado -cuando lo tiene. 5+ Party Guest List Template | Procedure! En un contexto de oportunidades de movilidad social restringidas pero visibles, esta asociación es especialmente lacerante, pues pone a la gente en un dilema que no tendría por qué 375 :11I 111. 17 MAYANIZACIóNYVIDACOTIDIANA darse entre su cultura y su futuro.

En ese sentido, la insistencia mayanista en romper esa asociación ideológica a partir de buscar un orgullo maya vinculado a las formas culturales propias, es de los elementos más liberadores para la gente, pues otorga bases para una vivencia positiva del ser diferente, que hasta ahora ha sido negada. Car Salesman Resume - Template! Este asunto podría dotar de gran proyección social a la ideología rnulticultural, pero se puede acabar convirtiendo en un elemento de tensión cuando los rasgos culturales son vistos como un requisito indispensable para la nueva identidad orgullosa. School License Guide For Ca! Al hacerlo, chocan con la lógica manejada desde la propuesta modernizante de mantener una identidad orgullosarnente indígena que no se base tanto en los rasgos culturales como en la cohesión grupal dada por la identificación común. Car Salesman Examples - Template! De esta manera, un elemento que podía ser aglutinador se convierte en excluyente, al crear una imagen del ser maya en que no entran muchos de quienes se consideran a sí mismos indígenas; una imagen que no da respuestas a muchas de las preocupaciones y necesidades identitarias del entorno globalizado; y que dificulta la ubicación social a través de la combinación de la identidad étnica con otras. Privacy Of Patient Information! Esa idea de una serie concreta de rasgos culturales como elemento indispensable para la definición del colectivo que es sujeto de derechos,es uno de los elementos que la ideología multicultural y el mayanismo han heredado de las ideologías nacionalistas, pasando del conjunto nacional al pueblo. - Template! Como lo acabamos de ver, encuentra sus mismas dificultades en sociedades diversas. & Security Of Patient Ppt Download! Por un lado, se recrean -se vuelven a crear para unificarlos en una serie única que sirva como elemento de identificación para todos los mayas.

Se llega así a la codificación de los rasgos que hemos visto repetidamente, de formas culturales que son representadas como algo diferente a las formas culturales vividas por la misma gente a la que van dirigidas esas representaciones. Car Salesman - Template! Al pasar ser parte de un proyecto político, se quiera o no, las formas culturales se alejan de la cotidianeidad y las funciones que cumplían para la gente. Spider Template - Spider! Por otro lado, siguiendo los esquemas nacionalistas, se busca que esta codificación limpie, purifique los rasgos culturales de los componentes no mayas, no propios que inevitablemente se han incorporado durante los siglos de convivencia étnica en situación de dominación. Car Salesman Resume - Template! De esta manera se le pide a la gente que sienta orgullo por unas prácticas o unos símbolos que no identifican como los propios, pues han pasado por un proceso de elaboración en ese tránsito de salir de las comunidades y convertirse en base de una ideología nacional. Template, Wedding Programs, Ceremony! Quizá por ello, los mayanistas locales insisten menos en estos rasgos puros que quienes lo ven desde lo nacional. Car Salesman Resume! 4 Todo esto puede llevarnos a uno de los aportes de esta investigación: la gente no parece percibir el contenido político de toda esta actividad en torno a la identidad y elementos culturales. School For Ca Teens! Los únicos reclamos que se hacen al Estado tienen que ver con el reconocimiento de los rasgos que diferencian y la libertad para su práctica en igualdad de condiciones -o apoyo mientras se consiga.

Se ha denominado esencialismo estratégico a esta reconstrucción de los símbolos culturales una pura, marcando los límites del grupo de una forma excluyente. Car Salesman Examples! Con este nombre se deja entender que es un medio para llegar a :11I.11I 376. 18 Conclusiones provisionales: ideología mllltiroljural y vivencia de la einicidadenel siglo XXI la construcción de una identidad suficientemente sólida como para pasar a una acción política en condiciones. Organiser - Spider Diagram,! Puede ser que nos encontremos en una fase de acumulación de fuerzas, y quienes lo llevan a cabo prefieran no incluir contenidos políticos a la construcción ideológica cultural. Car Salesman - Template! Pero esa identidad que se va construyendo a base de esos contenidos puros genera una cantidad de recelos que entre ciertos sectores puede alejar cada vez más el momento de la reconciliación identiraria, Por otro lado, también podría pensarse que en algún momento, el camino se convirtió en un fin en sí mismo, y esta recreación cultural no pretende ser base una acción política unitaria, sino crear una nueva forma de ser maya en las condiciones en que se da en la actualidad, porque quienes la propugnan no necesitan mejorarlas. Spider - Spider Organiser! Esto reforzaría la culrurización de la diferencia étnica, es decir, pensar que el ser maya en Guatemala es simplemente una cuestión de diferencia cultural, olvidando que, para mucha gente es algo que va unido indefectiblemente a su condición de pobre, atrasado y socialmente marginado. Resume Examples - Template! Por último, esta atención exclusiva a la diferencia cultural como elemento que hay que transformar en Guatemala, puede darse porque no se ha cuestionado la trampa de la dominación étnica; al partir de que los rasgos culturales son los causantes de la desigualdad, se puede pensar que cambiando el status legal de esos rasgos, dejará de haber exclusión.

Claro que dejará de haber exclusión oficial, pero éeso asegura que no habrá discriminación? asegura que también ocurrirá en los demás campos? asegura que terminarán la explotación y la pobreza? El reforzar el orgullo étnico puede ser un paso para terminar con las formas de exclusión étnica, pero en sí no asegura que habrá menos opresión. Privacy Information! Los no indígenas, en cambio, parece que captan claramente el sentido político de las demandas que los mayanistas les hacen. - Template! A ellos no les piden en principio que refuercen o doten de nuevo significado su identidad, sino que respeten la de los mayas, y para ello, que acepten verse en términos étnicos y no sólo nacionales. Mission School License Guide Teens! Es decir, es primordialmente una cuestión de derechos asociados a la construcción de la ciudadanía en el ámbito de la nación. Car Salesman Examples - Template! Para los privilegiados, la nación imperfecta que hemos heredado asegura su situación, por lo que se rechazan los reclamos, usando el lenguaje la igualdad y la identidad común que ellos no sienten ni necesitan. 5+ Party List Template | Procedure Template Sample! Pero para quienes el no ser indígenas es el único privilegio del que gozan, el espacio nacional nunca terminado de construir es el que les aseguraría esa igualdad que aún no han alcanzado, por lo que reaccionan en COntra de quienes cuestionan la nación común, y consideran que la lucha mayanista como una especie de egoísmo ciudadano que no contribuye la bien común. Resume - Template! 5 Uno de los logros del pensamiento indígena en Latinoamérica y otras partes del mundo ha sido llamar la atención sobre la exclusión de los sujetos étnicamente marcados -los mayas en este caso por ser tales, independientemente de Otras condiciones sociales, y así separar y especificar la exclusión étnica el racismo de otras formas de exclusión que van aparejadas. Ceremony Wedding Ceremony! Esto permitió visualizar con más claridad la condición de suma de marginalidades de los indígenas en este continente, al mismo tiempo que permitía dedicar atención en 377. ESCUELAS INCLUSIVAS: ESCUELAS PARA TODOS. ESCUELAS INCLUSIVAS: ESCUELAS PARA TODOS Francisco Vela Mota* El derecho a tener oportunidades nos hace capaces.

Ernesto Sabato. Car Salesman Examples! IDENTIFICACION DEL PROBLEMA La Convencion sobre los derechos de las personas. La crisis es algo inherente al desarrollo humano y social. Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step Guide For Ca! Nunca se podria hablar de. Unidad 1 Factores sociales en la transformacion educativa Por Enrique Medina Lopez 1.1 Crisis de valores Introduccion: La crisis es algo inherente al desarrollo humano y social. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! Nunca se podria hablar. Creacion de Identidades Sociologia visual y el reconocimiento a la diferencia ALTERIDAD EN LA MIRADA Bi/Centenario: visiones a traves de las imagenes Jorge Eduardo Canas Lopez Universidad de Barcelona.

Comunidad Cultura. Wedding Ceremony! Convivencia Coexistencia Hostilidad Estado de la convivencia. EL ENFOQUE DE LA CONVIVENCIA CIUDADANA INTERCULTURAL CUADRO GENERAL DE SISTEMATIZACION CATEGORIAS DE REFERENCIA TEMATICAS CENTRALES EN EL PROYECTO TERMINOLOGIA 1.- ESPACIOS Existencia en la comunidad de. Primer Congreso de Inclusion Educativa y Laboral para las Personas con Discapacidad en el Nuevo Milenio 11 al 13 de julio de 2012. Primer Congreso de Inclusion Educativa y Laboral para las Personas con Discapacidad en el Nuevo Milenio 11 al 13 de julio de 2012 LA INCLUSION LABORAL Y EDUCATIVA.


LA MEDIACION N INTERCULTURAL COMO HERRAMIENTA. Ceremony Printable Wedding Programs,! CEPAIM. Car Salesman Examples - Template! www.cepaim,org 1 Como Como gestionamos gestionamos La La diversidad. Los pueblos como titulares de derechos. Educacion Civica 4 ano secundario Los pueblos como titulares de derechos A la hora de analizar quienes somos poseedores de derechos, podemos referirnos a aquellos derechos que corresponden a las personas. Departamento de Educacion Gobierno de Navarra Plan institucional de mejora de la lectura. EJEMPLOS DE PREGUNTAS PARA LA EVALUACION DE LA COMPRENSION LECTORA 21 Proceso En que consiste este proceso Ejemplos de tipos de preguntas Busqueda de informacion A veces, leemos para identificar y recuperar. Linga A/ Coleccion Estudios LA PARTICIPACION INDIGENA EN LA CONSTRUCCION DE LA REPUBLICA DE GUATEMALA, S. & Security Of Patient Ppt Download! XIX. Resume! Sonia Alda Mejias. Linga A/903925 Coleccion Estudios LA PARTICIPACION INDIGENA EN LA CONSTRUCCION DE LA REPUBLICA DE GUATEMALA, S. 5+ Party List Template | Procedure Sample! XIX Sonia Alda Mejias xzt INDICE Abreviaturas 15 Introduccion 17 Capitulo I: EL PRECEDENTE.

Extracto del articulo VERDE QUE TE QUIERO VIOLETA. Extracto del articulo VERDE QUE TE QUIERO VIOLETA. Resume Examples! Anna Bosch, Cristina Carrasco y Elena Grau (. Mission Driving School License Guide For Ca Teens! ) las mujeres le hemos dedicado mucho mas tiempo a los debates y reflexiones en relacion a la idea de trabajo. INTERCULTURALIDAD HERRAMIENTAS PARA TRABAJAR EN EL AULA. INTERCULTURALIDAD HERRAMIENTAS PARA TRABAJAR EN EL AULA DESDE LA IDENTIDAD LA CULTURA DIVERSIDAD (modelos de gestion) MATERIALES: CIUDAD PLANETA Dias D Otras campanas ojos que si ven, jovenes como tu Programas. EL PODER Y LA COMUNIDAD 1 Maritza Montero Universidad Central de Venezuela 1 Este texto se basa en dos capitulos del libro Teoria y practica de la psicologia comunitaria. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! La tension entre comunidad y sociedad. Procesos Basicos del Pensamiento Sesion 7. Procesos Basicos del Pensamiento Sesion 7 7. Sample You Letter To Employer - 18+ Download Documents! Analisis, sintesis e interpretacion. Car Salesman Examples - Template! Los conceptos de analisis y sintesis se refieren a dos procesos mentales o actividades que son complementarias entre si,

En la actualidad existe ambiguedad en el uso de terminos como Estado, Nacion, nacionalismo, etnia y pueblo. Luis Villoro En la actualidad existe ambiguedad en el uso de terminos como Estado, Nacion, nacionalismo, etnia y pueblo. Sample To Employer Download Documents! Nacion Etnia Pueblo El termino Nacion no siempre estuvo ligado a Estado Si por Estado. conceptual 3.1 Los jovenes en Madrid disfrutan de una ciudad que ofrece las posibilidades necesarias para alcanzar. El marco conceptual I Plan Joven de la Ciudad de Madrid 3.1 L 59 Fundamentacion del Plan a ciudad de Madrid se percibe, desde hace ya tiempo, como una ciudad joven, en cuanto a viva, llena de oportunidades. Gobernabilidad democratica: Procesos electorales y cambios politicos en America Latina 2. IV Seminario Periodistico GDA-CAF: Gobernabilidad democratica: Procesos electorales y cambios politicos en America Latina Miami, 16 y 17 de mayo, 2006 Resumen Conclusiones DEMOCRACIA Y GOBERNABILIDAD Situacion. UNIDAD 8: EL CONCEPTO DE CIUDADANIA. UNIDAD 8: EL CONCEPTO DE CIUDADANIA 1. Car Salesman! DEL SUBDITO AL CIUDADANO El concepto de ciudadania surge con el Estado de derecho, la primera de cuyas formas fue el Estado liberal que describiremos en unidades. UNIVERSIDAD IBEROAMERICANA DOCTORADO INTERINSTITUCIONAL EN EDUCACION CIUDAD DE MEXICO.

UNIVERSIDAD IBERAMERICANA DCTRAD INTERINSTITUCINAL EN EDUCACIN CIUDAD DE MEXIC El Modelo educativo de las Telesecundarias Vinculadas a la Comunidad, como expresion reivindicativa de la educacion inclusiva. Joao Ferres 1 : Hay un gran cambio en la composicion de los estudiantes universitarios C-Entrevistas por Martin Granovsky Joao Ferres 1 : Hay un gran cambio en la composicion de los estudiantes universitarios Que termino se usa hoy en Brasil, Joao? Discriminacion. XIV ENCUENTRO INTERNACIONAL VIRTUAL EDUCA 2013 RELATORIA NOMBRE DE (L) PANELISTA (S) CONFERENCISTA (S) ESPECIALISTA(S): XIV ENCUENTRO INTERNACIONAL VIRTUAL EDUCA 2013 FECHA: 19 de junio de 2013 RELATORIA LUGAR: Gran salon 5 No. Diagram Organiser Template - Spider Diagram, Organiser! De asistentes ACTIVIDAD - Marcar con una cruz la que corresponda: CONFERENCIA ( ) PANEL ( X ) IDENTIDAD Y OTREDAD. Car Salesman Resume - Template! En todo caso la identidad siempre es un fenomeno dinamico, al igual que la cultura. Thank You Letter To Employer! Compilado por: Sindy Johana Acevedo.

IDENTIDAD Y OTREDAD Segun el texto del Proyecto de Declaracion sobre los Derechos Humanos, la expresion identidad cultural se entiende como el conjunto de las referencias culturales por las cuales una. En memoria de Carlos Guzman Bockler. En memoria de Carlos Guzman Bockler Carlos Figueroa Ibarra. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Carlos Figueroa El 31 de enero de 2017 murio en Guatemala el sociologo Carlos Guzman Bockler. Spider Diagram! Hayamos coincidido con sus tesis o las hayamos. Gobernanza territorial El aporte de los pueblos de Mesoamerica Michel Merlet [email protected] San Pedro Sula, 24 /09 / 2013 Introduccion AGTER. Resume Examples - Template! Quienes somos? Una asociacion internacional que.

El centro decide las elecciones en Espana. El centro decide las elecciones en Espana BELEN BARREIRO EL PAIS - Opinion - 06-12-2007 De las nueve elecciones generales celebradas en Espana, cuatro las han ganado partidos de centro o de derecha, mientras. Teoria de las Organizaciones Prologo. Teoria de las Organizaciones Prologo En la Modalidad Economia y Gestion de las Organizaciones que plantea la Educacion Polimodal, las organizaciones constituyen uno de los ejes centrales alrededor del. 103569 Pag. Sample - 18+ Download! 2 103569 Pag. Car Salesman Resume! 3 26 ESPANA Domingo, 15 de diciembre del 2013 La Voz de Galicia MANUEL CASTELLS SOCIOLOGO GALARDONADO CON EL PRESTIGIOSO PREMIO BALZAN ęLos politicos. Contexto Decenio internacional de los Afrodescendientes. Contexto El termino afrodescendiente se adopta para reconocer a las personas descendientes de los pueblos africanos llegados al continente americano en la epoca colonial.

La Declaracion de la Conferencia. Justicia Indigena con enfoque de genero. Justicia Indigena con enfoque de genero Belkis Florentina Izquierdo Torres Mujer Arhuaca Magistrada Auxiliar Sala Administrativa Consejo Superior de la Judicatura Laguna sagrada. Sample Thank To Employer Free Documents! Mandiwa Sierra nevada. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL ABIERTA Y A DISTANCIA EVALUACION NACIONAL I (16-3) INTRODUCCION A LA AGRONOMIA Codigo: 30158.

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL ABIERTA Y A DISTANCIA EVALUACION NACIONAL 2016-3I (16-3) INTRODUCCION A LA AGRONOMIA Codigo: 30158 (Director Nacional) Maria del Pilar Romero EVALUACION POR PROYECTO Esta evaluacion. CUNDINAMARCA: HACIA UNA MEJOR Y SANA CONVIVENCIA EN LAS INSTITUCIONES EDUCATIVAS. CUNDINAMARCA: HACIA UNA MEJOR Y SANA CONVIVENCIA EN LAS INSTITUCIONES EDUCATIVAS Como parte de la gestion integral liderada desde la Secretaria de Educacion Departamental de Cundinamarca, en el contexto. Formacion Etica y Ciudadana Campo de Formacion General Ciclo Orientado Educacion Secundaria DOCUMENTO APROBADO POR RESOLUCION CFE N 180/12 Durante el Ciclo Orientado de la Educacion Secundaria, la escuela. El Gran Torino. Car Salesman Resume! Como documento, la pelicula que veremos a continuacion nos permite hacer un. El Gran Torino Clint Eastwood Comentario de Laura Loeza Como documento, la pelicula que veremos a continuacion nos permite hacer un analisis sociologico de las identidades de grupos de poblacion de diferentes. Ra Ximhai. Sample - 18+ Download Free Documents! Revista de Sociedad, Cultura y Desarrollo Sustentable. Ra Ximhai Revista de Sociedad, Cultura y Desarrollo Sustentable Ra Ximhai Universidad Autonoma Indigena de Mexico ISSN: 1665-0441 Mexico 2006 RESENA PAZ Y CONFLICTO RELIGIOSO. - Template! LOS INDIGENAS DE MEXICO Miguel.

La Inmigracion como oportunidad y como reto. La Inmigracion como oportunidad y como reto Ano 2008 1. Spider Diagram Organiser - Spider! La inmigracion como oportunidad y como reto. Resume! La integracion de los inmigrantes se ha convertido en uno de los retos mas importantes a afrontar por. Diplomado. 5+ Party Template! Desarrollo de las Artes en Mexico. Diplomado Desarrollo de las Artes en Mexico DIRIGIDO A: Publico y creadores interesados en las diferentes disciplinas artisticas, personas con o sin conocimientos previos en esta area, pero con nociones. Grado de Historia: COMPETENCIAS El Grado de Historia responde a un doble objetivo. Resume Examples! Ante todo, el de suministrar un conocimiento critico del pasado humano y, en consecuencia, el dominio de los metodos y. JUSTICIA CULTURAL Mario Mendez Las culturas son dinamicas y se interrelacionan. For Resume. Resume Of Qualifications! Su dinamicidad es, en parte, consecuencia de su interrelacionalidad, pues en el encuentro con las otras expresiones culturales, ETICA PROFESIONAL. Car Salesman! Valores: Formacion Integral.

ETICA PROFESIONAL Valores: Formacion Integral 1 Ser hombre es entender el trabajo, no como necesidad, sino como privilegio. Http! Alberto Einstein 2 Valores: formacion integral 3 Al hablar de educacion nos referimos. Psicologia genetica. Resume - Template! Unidad 2. & Security Of Patient Information Ppt Download! Carmen Torres. Psicologia genetica Unidad 2 Carmen Torres Vigotsky propone el desarrollo de una psicologia Explicativa Historico cultural Materialista Dialectica Modelo de desarrollo Tesis basicas 1? Tesis Las funciones. CONVIVENCIA Y MEDIACION. Car Salesman - Template! Dinamicas que fomentan interculturalidad. Spider Organiser - Spider Organiser! Juan Gomez Lara COLECTIVO AMANI. CONVIVENCIA Y MEDIACION. Resume - Template! Dinamicas que fomentan interculturalidad. 5+ Party! Juan Gomez Lara COLECTIVO AMANI 1.- MARCO EN EL QUE NOS SITUAMOS Es ingenuo ir tratando las condiciones educativas de la interculturalidad.

La perspectiva intercultural en los Centros Universitarios de La Cienega y de Los Altos. Antecedentes La perspectiva intercultural en los Centros Universitarios de La Cienega y de Los Altos La interculturalidad en Mexico es un tema que ha sido poco trabajado, aunque si bien su importancia. UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA FACULTAD DE EDUCACION DEPARTAMENTO DE CIENCIAS Y ARTES LICENCIATURA MATEMATICAS Y FISICA ENSAYO. ENSAYO REFLEXIVO LA IMAGEN QUE DETERMINA LA CIENCIA CLAUDIA PATRICIA LONDONO ZAPATA DANY ESTEBAN GALLEGO QUICENO LOGICA DE LAS MATEMATICAS Y LA FISICA SEDE NORTE YARUMAL 2014 LA IMAGEN QUE DETERMINA LA. 1) Como es la ciudad de Lima? 2) En que detalles se fija la camara?

fue el primer festival latinoamericano de arte graffiti (2012). Car Salesman Resume! Se llevo a cabo principalmente en Miraflores, donde se pintaron diversos edificios y muros con dibujos y graficos que llenaron de color todo. La integracion de todos los vecinos de la ciudad es una prioridad para el Ayuntamiento de Madrid. - Spider Diagram,! La inmigracion, una realidad inherente a la propia. La integracion de todos los vecinos de la ciudad es una prioridad para el Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Resume - Template! La inmigracion, una realidad inherente a la propia historia de la urbe, es un efecto local que se debe. Educacion para el desarrollo Desde la FAD entendemos la Educacion para el Desarrollo (EpD) como proceso educativo encaminado a generar en la ciudadania conciencia critica sobre la realidad mundial y facilitar. Lo Documental en Fotografia: un campo entre lo subjetivo y lo objetivo, lo publico y lo privado. Lo Documental en Fotografia: un campo entre lo subjetivo y lo objetivo, lo publico y lo privado Ivan Castiblanco Ramirez 1 Desde su invencion la fotografia historicamente ha estado en medio de permanentes.

Formacion Civica y Etica 6 Grado Codigo de Formacion Civica y Etica = FCE Eje 1 = De la Ninez a la Adolescencia Eje 2 = Tomar Decisiones Conforme a Principios Eticos para un Futuro Mejor Eje 3 = Los Desafios. De que manera ayudan las artes al desarrollo integral del individuo? Las artes en la escuela. Of Patient Information Ppt Download! La competencia cultural y artistica. De que manera ayudan las artes al desarrollo integral del individuo?

Las artes en la escuela. Examples - Template! La competencia cultural y artistica La expresion una capacidad innata y propia del ser humano, sin embargo, Comunicacion Intercultural: Las Dificultades y los Beneficios. Comunicacion Intercultural: Las Dificultades y los Beneficios Angela Hoffman HU 3295 3/2/2010 Introduccion Una pregunta fundamental en el mundo hoy es por que comunicacion intercultural es dificil y como. Orden democratico y diversidad cultural Emilio Tenti Fanfani.

IIPE-BUENOS AIRES SEDE REGIONAL DEL INSTITUTO INTERNACIONAL DE PLANEAMIENTO DE LA EDUCACION Orden democratico y diversidad cultural Emilio Tenti Fanfani BUENOS AIRES Orden democratico y diversidad cultural. En base al texto de Sabino, C. 5+ Party Template | Procedure! (Cap. Resume Examples - Template! 1), consignado en la bibliografia obligatoria, elaborar un listado de ideas principales y secundarias planteadas por el autor. Resume Of Qualifications Http! Tomando el articulo de Diaz, E., incorporar. Una Colombia conservadora con actitudes progresistas. Una Colombia conservadora con actitudes progresistas /noticia/25 una colombia conservadora con actitudes progresistas No nos impongan la ideologia de genero fue una de las tantas consignas. Son diversas las actividades artistico culturales que engloban lo que. Car Salesman Resume - Template! representa el arte urbano para los jovenes artistas radicados en Hermosillo, Conclusiones. 5+ Party Guest List Sample! Son diversas las actividades artistico culturales que engloban lo que representa el arte urbano para los jovenes artistas radicados en Hermosillo, Sonora.

Con lo expuesto a lo largo del trabajo, Introduccion Violencia: Tolerancia Cero. Introduccion En 2006, la Fundacion la Caixa pone en funcionamiento el programa Violencia: Tolerancia Cero, con los objetivos de concienciar a la sociedad sobre el fenomeno de la violencia, ayudar a su. TRABAJANDO LAS 8 COMPETENCIAS BASICAS. Indicador de competencias TRABAJANDO LAS 8 COMPETENCIAS BASICAS UNIDADES PRACTICAS. Resume - Template! Cuaderno 2 TERESA GORDILLO FRANCISCO FREIJE CONCHA FLORES Introduccion Todo aprendizaje deberia ir encaminado a la resolucion. La Educacion para una ciudadania global. La Educacion para una ciudadania global Lisboa, 5 de julio 2014 [email protected] 1. Sample You Letter Free! El contexto de globalizacion 2. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! Ciudadania global 3. Privacy & Security Of Patient Information! Educar para la ciudadania global Globalizacion Ciudadano global. Licenciatura en Derecho. - Template! Asignatura: Proceso Administrativo. Template, Printable Wedding Ceremony! Maestro: Raul Monroy Garcia Revisor: Juan Gerardo Paredes Orea.

Licenciatura en Derecho Asignatura: Proceso Administrativo Maestro: Raul Monroy Garcia Revisor: Juan Gerardo Paredes Orea INTRODUCCION GENERAL Proceso administrativo?! Te has preguntado que significa. Educacion para la ciudadania: 3Eso. Educacion para la ciudadania: 3Eso Tema 1 QUE ES LA CIUDADANIA? - La necesidad de vivir en sociedad: Vivir en sociedad; Que es la politica? _ Ciudadanos de un Estado y ciudadanos del mundo: La ciudadania. LAS RUTAS DE LA LIBERTAD. Examples! Conmemoracion del Bicentenario de las Independencias en Iberoamerica. LAS RUTAS DE LA LIBERTAD Conmemoracion del Bicentenario de las Independencias en Iberoamerica 1 LAS RUTAS DE LA LIBERTAD Las Rutas de los Libertad es una iniciativa de la Organizacion de Estados Iberoamericanos.

ABC De los Derechos de. Spider Diagram Template Organiser! Las Personas LGBT. ABC De los Derechos de Las Personas LGBT Quienes son las personas LGBT? LGBT son las siglas que designan a la poblacion de Lesbiana, Gays, Bisexuales y Transgeneristas, personas con orientaciones sexuales. Resumen de la guia de Lengua A: Lengua y Literatura. Programa del Diploma Resumen de la guia de Lengua A: Lengua y Literatura Primeros examenes: 2013 Esta publicacion explica las caracteristicas principales del curso y resume el programa de estudios y los. CONFERENCIA: APRENDIZAJE COOPERATIVO Y ATENCION A LA DIVERSIDAD. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! La diversidad es normalidad y es enriquecedora.

CONFERENCIA: APRENDIZAJE COOPERATIVO Y ATENCION A LA DIVERSIDAD La diversidad es normalidad y es enriquecedora. Template, Programs,! La homogeneidad en nuestras aulas es una utopia porque tenemos gran diversidad de alumnos. La tolerancia consiste en el respeto, la aceptacion y el aprecio de la diversidad de las cultural de nuestro mundo. Tolerancia Segun la UNESCO: La tolerancia consiste en el respeto, la aceptacion y el aprecio de la diversidad de las cultural de nuestro mundo. Car Salesman Resume Examples! La fomentan el conocimiento, la actitud de apertura, la comunicacion. SEGUIMIENTO DE LA PROGRAMACION Del hasta MUSICA 4? E.S.O. SEGUIMIENTO DE LA PROGRAMACION Del 23-03-2011 hasta 18-06-2011 MUSICA 4? E.S.O. Summary Of Qualifications! A continuacion se especifican los objetivos, contenidos, competencias y criterios de evaluacion llevados a cabo en la asignatura. PROYECTO POLITICO Y PROYECTO PEDAGOGICO.

PROYECTO POLITICO Y PROYECTO PEDAGOGICO. Car Salesman Resume Examples! Bernard Charlot El 2? Foro Mundial de Educacion celebrado en enero de 2003 en la ciudad de Porto Alegre llevaba por titulo Educacion y Transformacion. Program Wedding Programs,! Este titulo. PLAN DE RECUPERACION Curso 2013/2014. Car Salesman Resume! Departamento de Filosofia. Curso 2013/2014 Departamento de Filosofia EDUCACION PARA LA CIUDADANIA (2? ESO) La evaluacion extraordinaria consistira en la realizacion de un trabajo, en el que el alumnado ha de resolver el cuestionario. LA INTERCULTURALIDAD EN LA EDUCACION INDIGENA. Sample - 18+ Download Documents! Sylvia Schmelkes Enero 2010. LA INTERCULTURALIDAD EN LA EDUCACION INDIGENA Sylvia Schmelkes Enero 2010 CONSIDERACIONES Es necesario desmontar una historia de proyecto homogeneizador Historia moderna de la educacion mexicana, desde. Por frecuencia Por orden alfabetico. Las 1000 palabras mas frecuentes del castellano Datos de la RAE (Real Academia de la Lengua Espanola) organizados por Dictados para Primaria () En la segunda columna se encuentras las palabras ordenadas.

EXPECTATIVAS Y ESTRATEGIAS LABORALES DE JOVENES Y ADULTOS JOVENES EN LA CIUDAD DE GUAYAQUIL, ECUADOR CAD / UPS-E. INTEGRACION DE JOVENES AL MERCADO LABORAL CEPAL/GTZ EXPECTATIVAS Y ESTRATEGIAS LABORALES DE JOVENES Y ADULTOS JOVENES EN LA CIUDAD DE GUAYAQUIL, ECUADOR CAD / UPS-E Apreciaciones metodologicas: Aplicacion. Plan de estudios Educacion Basica. VI. Resume Examples! CAMPOS DE FORMACION PARA LA EDUCACION BASICA 1 Los campos de formacion para la Educacion Basica organizan, regulan y articulan los espacios curriculares; tienen un caracter interactivo entre si, y. La identidad nacional en la escuela y la construccion de competencias ciudadanas. Tipo Educativo: Educacion Basica Tema: 2: Que es hoy lo basico indispensable? Subtema: Que conocimientos habilidades y valores es necesario adquirir y desarrollar para tener la capacidad de convivir pacificamente?

Que es la Escuela 2.0? 1 Felipe Zayas Modernizacion tecnologica? El termino Escuela 2.0 es un proyecto de modernizacion del sistema educativo espanol impulsado por el Gobierno socialista. Ceremony Program Template, Printable Wedding Ceremony! Esta etiqueta. Todos pueden aprender Rebeca Anijovich Diversidad, aulas inclusivas, heterogeneidad son palabras que cada dia encuentran espacios en los disenos curriculares, en los proyectos institucionales, en los debates. DESCARGABLE Capas de vida Descubrir una manera artistica y divertida de representar las capas de la tierra y lo que no podemos ver, al mismo tiempo sentir como estas afectan a los seres humanos y lo que. 1. Resume! FUNDAMENTOS PARA UNA EA MAS INNOVADORA Y RICA. 1. Information! FUNDAMENTOS PARA UNA EA MAS INNOVADORA Y RICA MODELO E): Educacion Artistica para la comprension critica y performativa de la CULTURA VISUAL. Car Salesman Examples! Las imagenes influyen en todo lo que vemos, ya que estamos. La cultura. Driving License Guide Teens! Santaella(1998, Instroduccion a las Ciencias Sociales)

La cultura El ser humano es el unico que nace con la capacidad para poseer cultura. Examples - Template! Esto es posible ya que tiene Cerebro Cuerdas Vocales permite la comunicacion ( larinje, aparato auditivo) Manos Prensiles. CONCLUSIONES LA TIERRA: ESPACIO FISICO, CONSTRUCCION SOCIAL Y HERRAMIENTA POLITICA. CONCLUSIONES LA TIERRA: ESPACIO FISICO, CONSTRUCCION SOCIAL Y HERRAMIENTA POLITICA En este estudio se ha descrito y analizado no solo la historia sobre la tenencia de la tierra en la comunidad de San Gregorio. Espacio publico, identidad territorial y ciudadania en Lima. Mesa de investigadores IDIC Presentacion de Informes Finales de Proyectos 2013 4, 11 y 25 de abril de 2014 Espacio publico, identidad territorial y ciudadania en Lima Javier Diaz-Albertini Objetivo principal. EL PAPEL DE LAS ORGANIZACIONES DE LA SOCIEDAD CIVIL PLATAFORMA 2015 Y MAS. LAS PERSONAS LA POLITICA EL MUNDO 24 de septiembre de 2012 PAPELES 2015 Y MAS n.6 PROPUESTAS PARA EL IV PLAN DIRECTOR: EL PAPEL DE LAS ORGANIZACIONES DE LA SOCIEDAD CIVIL PLATAFORMA 2015 Y MAS Estos Papeles. Desde los modelos productivos al concepto de relacion social, un intento de hacer converger las ciencias sociales. Spider Diagram Template! Michel FREYSSENET Sociologue, CNRS. Desde los modelos productivos al concepto de relacion social, un intento de hacer converger las ciencias sociales Michel FREYSSENET Sociologue, CNRS Un peligroso, ambicioso, pero posible intento : buscar.

Bloque 2. Car Salesman Resume - Template! Las bases del mundo contemporaneo. Summary Summary! Transformaciones del siglo XIX. Car Salesman Examples! Economia agraria, sociedad estamental y monarquia absoluta. Bloque 1. Ceremony Template, Printable Ceremony! Contenidos comunes Localizacion en el tiempo y en el espacio de procesos, estructuras y acontecimientos de la historia del mundo contemporaneo, comprendiendo e interrelacionando los componentes. HISTORIA ENFOQUE PARA LA ENSENANZA DE LA HISTORIA FORMATIVO consideran la diversidad de los sujetos historicos y el estudio de la sociedad en sus diversas dimensiones: sociales, culturales, politicas y. LIBRO 4 Pequenas Donaciones de la Feria Britanica de las Aves y BirdLife para la Conservacion de las Areas Importantes para la Conservacion de las Aves (IBAs) y las Especies Mundialmente Amenazadas del. Sistematizacion con enfoque de genero Taller Sistematizacion de la experiencia de genero de ICAA Lima, 3 y 4 de noviembre de 2015. Sistematizacion con enfoque de genero Taller Sistematizacion de la experiencia de genero de ICAA Lima, 3 y 4 de noviembre de 2015 1 Que es sistematizacion de experiencias? Las sistematizacion es aquella.

Perspectivas sobre la China contemporanea en la prensa espanola sobre Relaciones Internacionales ( ) Trabajo Fin de Master Facultad de Filosofia y Letras Departamento de Historia Universidad de Oviedo Perspectivas sobre la China contemporanea en la prensa espanola sobre Relaciones Internacionales (2000-2012) DESCARGABLE Un rompecabezas en movimiento. DESCARGABLE Un rompecabezas en movimiento Arteducarte es un espacio innovador que busca el desarrollo de destrezas, habilidades, creatividad y diversion en el aula de clase, a traves de una interesante. FAMILIA Y MIGRACION COMO AFECTA LA MIGRACION LABORAL A LA FAMILIA NUCLEAR. FAMILIA Y MIGRACION COMO AFECTA LA MIGRACION LABORAL A LA FAMILIA NUCLEAR VII ENCUENTRO ANUAL DE LA ZONA SUR 17-19 19 DE FEBRERO DE 2009 POCHUTLA, OAXACA Vladimiro Valdes, S.J. Car Salesman Resume! Para reflexion n en grupos.

Del dato historico a la utopia Tecun Uman, una nueva figura para nuevos imaginarios * Conclusiones Lu K at Template, Programs,, Pedro Us Soc ** Las tres conferencias dictadas en el foro Mitos y realidades del Heroe Nacional. Como pueden dos lectores diferentes leer e interpretar el texto de forma distinta? TAREA 2 Como pueden dos lectores diferentes leer e interpretar el texto de forma distinta? La autenticidad de la mujer en el arte Camila A. Examples - Template! Arguedas #043997-0001 Nivel Superior B.I. Sample Thank To Employer Free! Espanol Lengua y Literatura. Plan Estrategico del Deporte en la ciudad de Barcelona. 23/11/2009 Plan Estrategico del Deporte en la ciudad de Barcelona Sergi Pujalte Garcia G Gerente t d dell Institut I tit t Barcelona B l E Esports t Ajuntament de Barcelona Por que que:: La relacion Barcelona. HISTORIA Y CULTURA DE LAS RELIGIONES. HISTORIA Y CULTURA DE LAS RELIGIONES 4? E.S.O.

1 Programacion Unidad 1. Resume - Template! Sociedad y religion Concepto de libertad de religion. Thank You Letter Download Free Documents! Influencia de las distintas religiones en la sociedad. Car Salesman Resume! Sociedad judia, islamica, Enfoque de derechos humanos. Spider Diagram Organiser - Spider! Tema 1 Antecedes del EBDH. Examples - Template! Unidad 3: El EBDH en la cooperacion para el Desarrollo. Enfoque de derechos humanos Unidad 3: El EBDH en la cooperacion para el Desarrollo Tema 1 Antecedes del EBDH Material elaborado por ISI Argonauta para la Red EnDerechos Este obra esta bajo una licencia. Las pruebas SABER, un ejercicio de lectura. Las pruebas SABER, un ejercicio de lectura Martha Jeaneth Castillo Ballen Linguista y literata, con especializacion en educacion y estudios de maestria en Literatura Hispanoamericana.

Hace parte del equipo. Al finalizar el semestre y dada una situacion real o hipotetica, el estudiante estara en capacidad de: FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ADMINISTRATIVAS Y ECONOMICAS DEPARTAMENTO DE MERCADEO Y NEGOCIOS INTERNACIONALES Codigo-Materia: 03195 Negocios Internacionales Programa Semestre: Administracion de Empresas, Semestre. Evaluacion de desempeno Sociales 10 Unidad 5 Nombre: Curso: Fecha: INTERPRETO 1 El concepto de nacion ha tenido diferentes significados a lo largo del tiempo Observa las fotografias y explica el sentido. GUIA DOCENTE. License Guide Teens! Asignatura: DESCONOCIMIENTO Y RECONOCIMIENTO DE LA DIVERSIDAD CULTURAL EN LOS ESPACIOS EDUCATIVOS.

GUIA DOCENTE Asignatura: DESCONOCIMIENTO Y RECONOCIMIENTO DE LA DIVERSIDAD CULTURAL EN LOS ESPACIOS EDUCATIVOS Codigo: 157070 N? Creditos: 6 Caracter: optativa Docencia: No compartida Especialidad: CURSO. FORMACION CIVICA Y ETICA I BLOQUE 3 LA DIMENSION CIVICA Y ETICA DE LA CONVIVENCIA. Car Salesman Resume - Template! Contenido 3: El reto de aprender a convivir. Secretaria de Educacion en Tamaulipas FORMACION CIVICA Y ETICA I BLOQUE 3 F.C.E. Summary For Resume. Resume! I Bloque III. - Template! LA DIMENSION CIVICA Y ETICA DE LA CONVIVENCIA Contenido 3: El reto de aprender a convivir F.C.E. Summary For Resume. Resume Http! I Bloque. UNIVERSIDAD ESTATAL A DISTANCIA CENTRO DE CAPACITACION EN EDUCACION A DISTANCIA SOCIOLOGIA DE LA EDUCACION Fuente: M.SC. Examples - Template! OLMAN BOLANOS ORTIZ PAC 2012 2 Tematicas de la presentacion. 5. Driving Guide For Ca! CREATION DE MATRICES GRAFICAS t p u. 5. Car Salesman! CREATION DE MATRICES GRAFICAS t p u Se trata de construir representaciones graficas de algunos conceptos o instituciones para ayudar a comprender esta complejidad a traves de una visualizacion.

SUJETO. APRENDIENDO A LEER LA VIDA CON ENFOQUE DE GENERO. APRENDIENDO A LEER LA VIDA CON ENFOQUE DE GENERO Rita Ma. Ceremony Template, Wedding Ceremony! Ceballos Equipo Centro Cultural Poveda Derechos Reservados: 2010, Centro Cultural Poveda, Inc. Resume! Segunda edicion corregida, 2012 Editorial CENTRO.

Write My Essay For Me | Custom Essay Writing Service - Car Salesperson Resume - WorkBloom - University of Leeds

Dec 02, 2017 Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template,

Buy Essay Online Help and Buy Professionals Essays in UK - Salesperson Resume Sample - My Perfect Resume - DePaul University

What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the firms have, and Resume - Template what areas of concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format.

Many people obsess over how the resume is formatted. Guest List | Procedure Template Sample? The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins. Simple example, if I see a resume that has the wrong margins but the Resume - Template resume says, Harvard University, #1 in Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). I will notice the resume. So the first big takeaway is Summary For Resume. Summary Of Qualifications this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of formats. Many different formats can work. Examples? The most important thing is the major accomplishments are easy to read. Here is what the big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA)

3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of Ceremony Program Template, Programs, Leadership and People Skills. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in Resume Examples - Template mind, these are resume criteria for ALL levels of consulting, not just post-college roles. Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per 5+ Party List | Procedure year, your employer is probably billing you out to clients at $600,000 USD/year. That's $50,000 USD/month.

The client is Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template going to want to know what and who they are getting for that kind of money. When the You Letter Download Free answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from Yale and MBA from Car Salesman Examples - Template, Harvard, clients respond with an Oh wow. that's impressive comment. Driving School :: Step-By-Step Guide Teens? It makes it easier to get new clients to say yes. Now plenty of people get into the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. but if you got it, make sure it is OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the thought process of some of these biases. Car Salesman Resume? The thinking is that only super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is not to Privacy Information, say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination.

(There is a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of effort you put into networking.) In addition, it is Examples - Template very expensive for the firms to do on campus recruiting. So they stick to Sample You Letter To Employer - 18+ Free Documents, schools where the offer rate vs. Car Salesman? applicant ratio is Sample Thank You Letter - 18+ Download high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is a target school and my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in recruiting expense to Resume Examples, hire ONE Business Analyst. This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and Spider Diagram - Spider Diagram, Organiser consultants who go to on - Template, campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for Ceremony Program Template, Printable Wedding Ceremony travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the Examples - Template implied credibility of the Summary employer name and it is also easier to convey to clients. It is the same reason everyone wants to work for MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on your resume that stays with you forever.

To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches. Resume Examples? It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on your resume. When I applied for consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step License board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from Car Salesman, every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in round 1, and Booz when I decided to cancel my final round.) So what did I do in the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at who got interviews (most were friends of Spider Diagram - Spider Diagram, mine) and Resume Examples tried to figure out why they got interviews.

Their GPAs were identical to mine. Mission Driving License? Their areas of academic study were identical to mine. The only Car Salesman Examples - Template thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the prior summer, and I had not. I decided to focus on 5+ Party Guest List | Procedure, improving the brand name factor on Car Salesman Resume, my resume in two ways. First, I did an Spider Diagram Organiser Template Diagram,, internship at Merrill Lynch during the school year. I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the way, this was an unpaid internship. so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume. This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an Examples - Template, internship during the Spider Diagram Organiser Diagram, academic year. Second, I was able to get an internship with a big company (now called ATT) for that summer. So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none.

As I mentioned earlier, the following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in large part because of the brand name employers on my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. All we would do for Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on the resume that jumped out as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to Of Qualifications, know if you are smart. It helps to Examples, put your GPA on Of Patient Information Ppt Download, your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for it anyways and write it by hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is not well understood by others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of a possible 4.0.

If yours is different or you are applying from one country to an office in Car Salesman Examples a different country, then you want to put on Summary Resume, your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. Resume - Template? like top 1% of class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of college, many firms will ask for Template Diagram, Organiser your transcript to see your specific grades on Car Salesman, specific classes. In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by a recent graduate from your school. Privacy Of Patient Ppt Download? So if you went to Resume - Template, Stanford and took Geology 101, the reader is going to know that you took Rocks for Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and the standard will vary by school.

Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to not get disqualified from the process purely because of GPA. The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. Many firms will want to 5+ Party Guest List Template Sample, see a standardized test score of Examples - Template some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is sometimes hard to Printable Wedding Ceremony, compare GPAs from one university to Car Salesman Resume, another, the Spider Template Diagram, Organiser standardized test score is an easy way to - Template, compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the Thank ability to think in a logical and analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously.

Since I applied coming out of college, I had only taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to Resume, apply to US colleges) and I had a score of 800 on the math section (800 out of 800). It is not necessary to 5+ Party List Template, have a perfect score, but certainly the higher the better. There is no absolute cut-off as it depends on Car Salesman Examples, the impressiveness of the rest of your application. That being said, outperforming 95% of Sample Thank To Employer Free Documents other test takers is ideal if applying to the top 3 firms. The standard is Car Salesman Examples not as high with other firms.

4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is Resume Of Qualifications Http not enough to do well as a consultant. - Template? You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for List | Procedure is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about Car Salesman, these kinds of leadership scenarios in your interview.

They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME. Privacy Of Patient Ppt Download? It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by Resume consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to emphasize these leadership and people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from MIT and & Security Ppt Download have been published 10 times, this is no guarantee of an interview. Here's why. With a PhD in Physics from MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to Examples, do the quantitative aspect of the consulting job.

But now the firms want to Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step, know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences. Now if you had a PhD in Car Salesman Examples Physics but also did sales jobs to pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to Guest Template | Procedure Template, be the OPPOSITE of the stereotype for Car Salesman Resume your area of academic study. If you are an English major, the assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the opposite to be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the firms are looking for Summary Resume Http an impressive (career trajectory vs. length of career) ratio. So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to see 1 impressive year. If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years.

Things to emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on the job, focus on what is most relevant to consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of work experience in a very technical field in a very technical role, it is a waste of space to Resume Examples - Template, spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments. Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the measurable change in behavior from your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market. Or became a self-taught software developer in a particular job. So the For Resume. Of Qualifications key message here is this:

Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to Car Salesman Resume, convey about each job to round out your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of mine who interned at Bain. Privacy & Security Information? She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and got perfect grades in - Template each of Thank - 18+ Documents them. Car Salesman? That's an unusual combo. Another way to think about it is something one of my McKinsey colleagues said to Organiser Diagram, Organiser, me. We like to hire engineers with people skills. And we like to hire poets who can do math. If you have an unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in your resume.

Bust the Car Salesman Resume - Template stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of Driving License Guide For Ca Teens thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at the top. Make sure the name of the school you went to Resume, is easy to read. Whether you've never worked full time or have been in industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for first, so don't bury it. (If it is buried, it is assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of your resume.

If it is missing, the assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to put it). * List your career experiences in chronological order (most recent job at the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to read. * Keep the resume concise -- 1 page for 5+ Party Guest List Template | Procedure Sample anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for experienced hires. * Use bullets to save space. Keep the points short and to the point. A good rule of thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per Resume Examples - Template job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is easy to read. Since a size 11 font will vary depending on Spider Diagram Template - Spider Diagram,, which font is Car Salesman Examples used, just make sure the reader can read it. * Make sure to bold all school names and Ceremony Program Template, Printable Programs, employer names. No need to bold your job titles. Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second.

Emphasize the things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into reading the Resume Examples resume, and then discovering everything else you have to offer. If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. list the 5+ Party List Template Template client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. Car Salesman - Template? but the client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life. The point of a resume is NOT to write a personal biography. The point is to Summary Resume Of Qualifications, SELL YOU. The key to Car Salesman Examples, sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and Ppt Download descriptions that the resume reader will understand.

If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. explain it is a 9.5 (out of 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in Resume your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to 1 person out of Summary Resume Summary 10,000 applicants. These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process.

Also keep in mind that my website has over 500 articles, all on - Template, the topic of For Resume. Summary Of Qualifications Http case interviews. If you are looking for Examples - Template more information on a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to 5+ Party List | Procedure Template Sample, get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and end up working at McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of Car Salesman Examples video tutorials on case interviews, the actual frameworks I used to You Letter To Employer - 18+ Free Documents, pass my interviews, and over Resume 500 articles on case interviews. To get access to Mission Driving School :: Step-By-Step Guide For Ca Teens, these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to confirm your email address.

Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to Resume - Template, my Case Secrets Email Newsletter. This article was great Victor! The breakdown and Summary Resume Of Qualifications Http examples were especially useful. I follow your site fervently and find your insights and advice really authentic. Car Salesman Examples - Template? I have a few questions if you would be able to give me some advice. I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is & Security Information Ppt Download where I am from). Car Salesman - Template? I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to Driving School :: Step-By-Step Guide, steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into Consulting. I am currently working for a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and am planning to get a Mba from one of the top 5 schools. My concern is if I do make it to the one of the schools and then apply for Resume a spot at Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for me to Of Patient Information, be considered? In regards to GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at Resume Examples Deere which is consistantly considered a top engineering company. Also I went to a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT.

Would these things be detrimental to my future application? I will have about 3 years of Privacy & Security Information work experience by the time I am ready to start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template the top Mba school, then I could use that for my GPA on the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in addition to my analytical prowess due to me being an Engineer. Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of interests, ranging from quantum physics/mathematics to economics to immigrant identity in the western cultures to cultural/social processes of thought in 5+ Party Template | Procedure Template eastern cultures compared to Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, western and Guest List Template Template Sample the art of Comedy. Would any of this be relevant to Resume Examples - Template, making me stand out as unique?

Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for some direction in my endeavor to get back home with the great prestige and Guest List Template opportunity of working for Mckinsey and Car Salesman am trying to get the best strategy to do so. Thanks for all the Template - Spider Diagram, help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is Car Salesman Examples forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for. Information? Yes, it is noticed ó but if the overall trajectory of your resume is strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor. It might not be enough to Resume - Template, get into Ceremony Program Template, Wedding Programs,, the top 3 firms, but certainly the rest of the top 10 is Car Salesman Examples a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the reader to Spider Organiser - Spider Diagram,, have is 1) smart enough to have gone to harvard for undergrad, but for whatever reason the opportunity didnít exist for this person at Resume Examples - Template that time. In terms of the low undegrad gpa at Privacy & Security Of Patient Information a non target school, the interpretation you hope for is the person was smart, but lazy as an undergradÖ and for a variety of reasons, got serious and Car Salesman - Template the more recent accomplishments and test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic.

You donít want the undergrad gpa to be interpreted as that was the Thank You Letter Download Free Documents best the person could have done. The person worked as hard as possible and Car Salesman - Template the maximum performance the personís intellect was capable of was the low gpa. Now if that happens to Of Qualifications Http, be true, it will most likely be reflected in Car Salesman - Template a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. But if the GMAT score is substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is excellent, the Diagram Organiser - Spider interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the person was smart but lazy in - Template college. (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is Spider Diagram Organiser great! But do I have no real chance at the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items? I have become very keen on being able to Examples - Template, work at Mckinsey and from many of the stories I have read on your site it seems that people who have not gone to target schools as undergrad were still able to Guide, work at the top 3 firms. Car Salesman Resume - Template? I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the Template material and advice you provide and also network well at one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance.

I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is obviously very potent and relevant. If my future application with all the things I am trying to accomplish is still by your standards not up to par, I have to respect that. Car Salesman - Template? I know you always say that anything could happen and to & Security, find my own way is key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I canít help but re-evaluate. Car Salesman? Still, I do intend on trying and striving towards a spot at the top and if it doesnít happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to fall back on. Summary Of Qualifications? Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and focus, this is the path I have set out and Car Salesman Resume Examples my determination to go to - 18+, Mck is absolute.

Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on your success stories section. Hi Victor! As an undergraduate student applying for consulting internships for next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful. I have one question about the standardized test scores Ė I have 5ís on both Calculus AP tests and both the language and - Template literature AP tests. These scores are better than my SAT scores in math and Thank You Letter To Employer Free critical reasoning Ė would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on my resume for the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the Car Salesman Examples - Template firms hire someone with a B.A. majoring in Biology and English who is medical school bound? I am going to medical school September 2015, and have a gap year. I ultimately want to work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an Diagram - Spider Diagram,, MD and getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed?

Do you have any advice on Car Salesman Examples, moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to get an MBA or other advanced degree, Iíve heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and Iím currently working on my Masterís in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University. My GPA will only be around 3 when Iím done, however I have 710/800 in Quants and 700/800 in For Resume. Summary Of Qualifications Verbal from my SAT in senior year of high school. I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in Verbal on the GRE when I applied to grad school. I have realized only after coming to grad school that engineering isnít what I really want. I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. I have been thinking hard about consulting over the past several months and I think consulting would be a great fit for Car Salesman Resume me.

What do you think are my chances of Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http getting a top 10 company to give me an interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the - Template GRE and SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? Iím looking to :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca, attack all other areas of my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on this. Thanks! Thank you for Car Salesman Resume - Template this great site too! Helpful and insightful article. Ceremony? You have answered all my questions. Car Salesman Resume - Template? I have fired blanks all the Summary Summary Of Qualifications time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited Ė Executive management experience more than 15 years management and Examples project management experiences, two masters degree Ė one cum laude from Summary Resume Summary Http, private college in my home country. Resume? Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in hell in landing that consulting career with a big consulting house.

What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to 1 page? In terms of resume length, the rough rule of thumb is one page per decade of Mission Driving School :: Step-By-Step License Guide Teens post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in a start up company in India. The company I work for is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the fortune 500 companies. I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from Car Salesman Resume Examples, a state level top b-school.

I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in the interview. My question is Resume Of Qualifications Http am I even in the race? Itís hard to tell. The easiest test is to look at other graduates for your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to give you some Kudos for that helpful article. Greetings from Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Iíve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA.

What are my chances of working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for Examples - Template profit background and non-branded background rule me out You Letter Download as a candidate? Hey Victor, Iím an - Template, undergrad at berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from community college. Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about 6% Acceptancce rate. If I do well at berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Thanks. By itself, I donít think it is a deal killer. But, you will have to do well at Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from Driving School :: Step-By-Step Guide Teens, high school. My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA ó needless to say nobody cared how he got into Stanford, only how he performed as he left.

Incidentally, the ďstoryĒ you want to imply (assuming it is true) is Car Salesman - Template that you went to community college to 5+ Party Guest, save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to attend an elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indicative of your ability to Car Salesman Resume, perform at Privacy & Security Ppt Download a high level). The ďI couldnít afford itĒ is a much more acceptable ďexcuseĒ than ďI wasnít Ďsmartí enough to get inĒ. Resume? It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too. Thank so much for the reply victor. For haas business there is a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into Ceremony Template, Ceremony, consideration if I donít have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is that ok? Thatís pretty good if itís a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture.

You donít need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is low something else on the resume needs to stand out as a compensating factor. Resume? So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for the low GPA came along with it. A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the Sample You Letter To Employer - 18+ Documents link somewhere on Resume - Template, the website, probably at the top. If everything across the board is poor, thatís a deal breaker. If one thing is poor, but the rest exceptional thatís a possibility. If everything is above average, thatís a possibility, etcÖ Numerous ways to get considered. Also have you ever heard of people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances.

I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. Of Patient Ppt Download? I moved into Examples - Template, IT through a scholarship by Program Wedding Programs, Ceremony NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Iíve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template? What are my chances of working with one of the Mission School For Ca top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? The non profit background does not rule you out. The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for.

Oxford is Car Salesman Resume a target school so that is going to be of enormous help for you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in 5+ Party Guest List Sample few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. I donít know if they track and Examples publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to network, meet people in Summary Resume Http the firms you want to target, and Examples get them to recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you. The above maximizes your chances of getting the interview.

Then you have to Template, perform exceptionally well on the case. It can not just be an marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in your case it really needs to be exceptional starting in Examples - Template round 1 to offset the perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background. From an interviewers point of Template view, it is - Template extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is VERY hard to do that. If there is & Security Ppt Download a resume issue, the thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the decision, and then decide to pass the decision to the round 2 interviewers. I should point out I have received many emails from people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much ďworseĒ than yours). They have gotten into the top firms. Car Salesman Resume Examples? BUT, and I canít stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and probably put 100 Ė 200 (the highest Iíve ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into List, case prep and several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the ďworseĒ the resume (and I donít consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is quite the accomplishment but the lack of brand employers is a valid issue in Car Salesman Resume Examples the eyes of 5+ Party List Template Sample consulting firms) the harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start.

If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to interview. That is one of the common traits among those who got offers from the top 3 with some kind of disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template were willing to put in the effort. Thank you for your reply. I am probably 7 months away from starting school and 14-15 months away from interviewing. What do you recommend I do to get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos? Also, Iíve heard the Sample - 18+ Documents term ďnetworkingĒ thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later?

Thanks so much. Car Salesman Resume? Your reply was very helpful. Do you think regardless of your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. It might be possible to Sample You Letter To Employer Download Documents, get a case interview opportunity based solely on the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the job offer at Car Salesman Resume the top few firms without doing well on the case. From the firmís point of view, there is ENORMOUS risk in Ceremony Template, Printable Wedding Programs, putting someone without certain skills in front of Resume Examples a client. The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the Privacy & Security Information entire firm by saying something really ďstupidĒ (e.g., in the firmsí eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as ďVictor made a mistakeĒ, it will be described by the client as ďMcKinsey screwed upĒ.

THAT is why the firms are so intensely focused on Car Salesman Examples, the case interview. Summary For Resume. Of Qualifications? That are totally paranoid about the - Template scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. Summary Resume Of Qualifications Http? What books do you recommend for case interviews? Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. Iím a bit biased on Car Salesman, this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets. For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. Thank You Letter Documents? It contains recordings of 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and critique of the candidates performance.

It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in - Template your interview (that is if you got an interview through an Sample Thank You Letter - 18+ Free, employee) and your grades arenít top notch, say maybe a. 3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at one of the three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of Stanford. I would really try to get or keep your GPA at 3.5 or higher. It also depends on the selectivity of your school.

So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an Car Salesman, ivy would get looked at and could get in if they did well on 5+ Party Template | Procedure Template Sample, the case. Someone from a top 200 university would be expected to Examples - Template, have a higher GPA to compensate for lack of Summary Resume Summary ivy. - Template? The same is Sample Thank Free true if the major is not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to have a higher GPA than an engineer because the bias in consulting is that math oriented majors are harder than the liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an upcoming interview at Bain for a summer associate intern position but Iím struggling to find the Resume appropriate review and Summary Of Qualifications prep materials. Car Salesman Resume? Do you think case in point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview? Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but Iím just stressing and want to be as prepared as possible. Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is high mainly because clients demand it regardless of Mission Driving School License Guide Teens whether a consultant is an intent, and undergrad, or a MBA.

Logic is logic. Math is math. Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the following listed in increasing order of cost. My free videos and Car Salesman Resume - Template email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program Ė recordings and analysis of Sample - 18+ Download 20+ case interviews with actual candidates Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. If you donít have one locally you can search for one at I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching. Oh also sorry I forgot to mention Iím an undergraduate not an Car Salesman Examples - Template, MBA student.

Thanks! Thank you for the helpful advice. I have sent an online application to Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and Sample - 18+ Documents their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to their website. I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to a CSU in the fall. Iím anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of transfer.

Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an Resume Examples, undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics. I do have internship experiences in Information equity research, consulting and Examples investment banking. My current GPA is Sample Thank To Employer Free Documents 3.5.

However, I do not think my school brand is Examples - Template well know comparing to Driving Guide Teens, those Top schools. Also, two of the internship experiences that I had is from China which I think itís not a big brand for US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is a small consulting firm in Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Car Salesman Resume? Do you have any recommendation for Thank You Letter - 18+ Download Free Documents me to improve my chance of Car Salesman - Template being accept into the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to To Employer, switch into MC. Do you have any advice on additional ways to - Template, enhance my resume and training prior to Program Template, Printable Ceremony, applying?

My education background includes a Masters (science) from Cambridge. Car Salesman Examples? I have also previously started an entrepreneur business venture. If Iíve had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). Is it necessary to include everything in my resume? An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an interview and said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for a startup that isnít doing that great and so decide to take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the most relavent information or if its mandatory to list every position youíve ever held. Just for full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the List Template interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything).

Thanks a ton. Really appreciate the help. I think most people are somewhat split on this decision. I personally see the resume as a marketing document. Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is fine to Examples - Template, exclude things that arenít relevant.

For example, I do some volunteer work at my kids school. I helped them remove weeds from the Ppt Download garden next to the playground. Resume Examples? One could argue it is For Resume. Summary Of Qualifications Http a ďjobĒ. But it isnít relevant to my reader. Depending on Examples - Template, your experience level, itís customary to include coursework you took in Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step For Ca school Ė though not practical to Examples - Template, list every course. Thatís my personal take.

Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on 5+ Party List | Procedure, what you are comfortable with. First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on the website. All of it is very useful and immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about.

My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over 40 hours a week to coaching/volunteering with various organizations. A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an intern can do). Plenty of Car Salesman Resume leadership/team experience. I havenít taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about my ability to Organiser Organiser, do well on Car Salesman Examples, them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to The Ohio State University, which is not exactly prestigious (although it is For Resume. Of Qualifications climbing up the rankings every yearÖ Go Bucks!). Whatís the likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the Resume name of the school at the top?

Is there anything I can do to still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10? Lots of Privacy Of Patient Information networking, I presume? If I donít get a job because I interview and perform worse than the people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. - Template? Itís going to nag at me if I donít even get a swing at the plate because of my school. Anything youíve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the situation is fairly accurate.

There is a huge bias against non target schools. Spider Template? Networking is the key and also targeting in your case offices based in Car Salesman Resume Examples Ohio. You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from someone in an Ohio office than say New York or Boston. Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by phone or over coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to risk their reputation by recommending you for a real interview. You have to nail the case in the interview for Sample Thank - 18+ Download Free Documents the interview. You basically would have to blow them away with your case performance to provide the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template extra margin of Template comfort they would need to Resume Examples, endorse you despite the non target school on your resume.

Your article is very helpful. So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at For Resume. Resume Of Qualifications Http UCLA. However, after a year of deliberation, I have decided to Car Salesman Resume, pursue the consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. I did get an 800 in the math portion of the SATís and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at Ceremony Program Printable Wedding Ceremony UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability. Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach? All of this is Resume Examples very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to Of Patient, your response, From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in Car Salesman Examples - Template major gpa in Driving :: Step-By-Step License Guide Teens a hard science was pretty good, itís safe to say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and Car Salesman Resume Examples calculate a percentage. (Truly that is 95% of the math used in Ceremony Program Printable Wedding Ceremony consulting). If youíve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for premed) or any of the core science classes thatís sufficient. No need to take math classes unless you want to for your own knowledge sake.

If you were going to take more for you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and Resume an intro economics class ó both quite useful even outside of consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. (at least at the resume screening portion of the process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. Sample Thank To Employer Download Free Documents? I would be curious to Car Salesman Resume - Template, see your gpa in neuroscience. Did you excel or did you just get by? UCLA may not be a target school for Ceremony Program Template, Wedding Ceremony most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from ucla ó 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for your background than lack of a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an interview, the latter is a definite possibility. At the ivyís the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template presumption is the List Template | Procedure Template Sample talent pool is Resume a higher caliber, so the firms will go lower on the gpa scale.

So a 3.5 Harvard is equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an Guest Template | Procedure, illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on resume thatís worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for your helpful article! I just have a question after reading it: Iím a Stanford undergrad and Examples - Template have the great brand name, so now Iím wondering how to differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What sorts of extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? Iím currently a chair in student council and am team lead in the Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Are there other areas youíd recommend I get involved in? Iíve also competitively played the piano in high school (performed at You Letter Download Documents Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to consulting recruiting, and that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for Car Salesman Examples - Template consulting. 5+ Party Guest List Sample? Is this true?

Thank you so much! I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question. What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to Car Salesman Examples - Template, be really good at? In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in Driving School :: Step-By-Step License the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesnít help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didnít actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the Examples - Template interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the Sample - 18+ Free Documents opportunity to Resume Examples - Template, work with others and get much practice doing so. Itís important to BE good, not just LOOK good.

Also to me it is impressive you played at Carnegie Hall. School :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca Teens? Itís different. Resume Examples? Is it directly relevant to consulting? No. Resume Http? Does it stand out as different? Yes.

Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to achieve. Car Salesman Resume Examples? It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etcÖ in many cases the Summary specific field that achievement is in is less important than the Car Salesman Resume fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant. The hard part in the resume screening part of the Ceremony Template, Printable process (see my consulting resume toolkit for Resume Examples - Template more specific details and Sample To Employer actual resume examples) is you need something that sticks out Car Salesman - Template as different from the crowd. When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is Sample 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. Car Salesman Resume Examples? Keep in mind many of the 400 didnít even know what a case interview was. My extra curriculars were being the Mission :: Step-By-Step For Ca Teens Photo Editor of the Daily and later the yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and Resume - Template got to Spider Diagram Organiser Diagram, Organiser, cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..). The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Try not to Resume Examples, over think it and to game the system.

Instead, focus on developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesnít hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into it and developed greater competence at it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall. It wonít get you the interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in your favor. How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from Harvard compare to MBA graduates if I am going into Driving :: Step-By-Step License For Ca Teens, consulting after a number of years in government service from a country other than the US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on - Template, resume will likely cause other factors to be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on par on 5+ Party Guest List Template | Procedure, the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is Car Salesman Examples less prestigious than the Of Qualifications Http bschool. It also depends what country and office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard.

Iím not familiar with the Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to Car Salesman Examples - Template, comment on Spider Organiser Diagram, Organiser, that. I am currently an architecture student at one of the top ranked public schools in the US. Examples? I have recently come across the Ceremony Template, Printable Wedding consulting industry, and, after a lot of research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an - Template, industry I would like to go into Summary For Resume. Resume Summary Http, after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to be able to prepare myself so that my resume is attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an Car Salesman Examples - Template, interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an option at this point. I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the School of Architecture council, and Ceremony Program Printable Ceremony I represent our college at the University-wide level.

I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. I have great people skills and was voted Class Favorite and Examples Most Likely to Succeed in high school senior year. What can I do to become more appealing to Spider Diagram Organiser - Spider, consulting firm recruits? I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and Car Salesman concepts. There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from you.

If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones. Yes it hurts you to Driving License Guide, not have some indication of Resume - Template interest in Ceremony Program Printable Wedding Programs, business in your background. Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. Car Salesman Examples - Template? The first helps you get the interview, the latter to pass it. You canít be googling every term you here in an interview. Itís just not practical. For the Spider Organiser Template - Spider Organiser former, consider business oriented activities. For the latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. The first for short news articles, that latter for Resume Examples indepth profile articles that go into Spider Diagram Template - Spider, depth about the issues of specific companies.

Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options. Take an intro to economics class as an elective, maybe a financial analysis classÖ Both to add to your knowledge and to Car Salesman, indicate interest. Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to the No. 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. Driving For Ca Teens? I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Car Salesman Resume - Template Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at You Letter To Employer - 18+ Free Documents Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). Iíve taken the GMAT once before and scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to enter the world of management consulting at one of the Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and planning to switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate.

Should I retake GMAT given my profile?? Itís been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in advance! For MBB you really need over Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template 700 on the GMAT. Since your goal is Big4, youíre probably in the range at 670. Whether or not to Ceremony Program Template, Programs, Ceremony, retake it depends on your opportunity cost and likelihood of improving the score by - Template a significant enough amount to warrant the Spider Diagram Organiser Template - Spider Diagram, effort. Car Salesman - Template? My sense is retaking the GMAT is probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for Template it. Car Salesman Resume? Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and skill set with more people-oriented activities. When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I canít help but wonder if I could put you in front of Diagram Diagram, a client. If a client says you are wrong and does so in an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the client otherwise? If a group of junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to smooth out the situation?

These are the larger questions that pop into my mind based on Car Salesman Resume Examples, your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the Resume prestige on my institution.) I wish to work for 2-3 years, then apply for Resume Examples an ivy league school in USA, after which I aim to eventually get into Privacy Of Patient Ppt Download, MBB. Now the problem is, in India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only give research related jobs at this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is better work and it is Examples easier to get noticed and promoted. Now, in order to achieve my long term goal of Program Printable Wedding top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for Examples - Template a job in the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage. You have to decide if the benefit out Template, Wedding weights the Car Salesman Resume downside of potentially less interesting work.

In addition, it helps to School Guide Teens, be at Car Salesman - Template peace with your choice even if the second step of your career doesnít work as planned. No easy answers on this one. Iím thinking of pursuing a masters degree in management science instead of an MBA; simply because an MBA is longer and I do not want to Spider Diagram Organiser Template - Spider Diagram,, work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters. Would this affect my prospects of Car Salesman Resume - Template getting a consulting job at any of the MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the 5+ Party List Sample post undergrad candidates.

Having a masters with no work experience doesnít qualify you to lead teams of analysts and client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals. It doesnít negatively impact your ability to get into Car Salesman Examples - Template, the top firms, just the level at which your enter. Does one page CV applies to Organiser Template Diagram, Organiser, UK office applicants (from UK university)? I wanted your opinion on a quick question. If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to just include the math score? I got an 800 on the math but 650 in reading and 730 in writing and Car Salesman - Template Iím not sure if the For Resume. Resume reading score in particular would raise any kind of red flag (if other applicantsí resumes have for instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the full score and all the sub scores. Resume Examples? If you only list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the app assuming the others scores are too low. As an You Letter Free, undergrad, I just wanted to ask if there was any real downside to excluding the Car Salesman SAT score. When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the Program Template, Printable SAT score), he made no mention of Car Salesman Resume Examples a SAT score. Sample To Employer Download? I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and Car Salesman Resume was thinking it might not make sense given I took the Summary Summary Http test about 4-5 years ago and have already graduated from college.

What do you think? Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated! Best case, a recruiter will call you to ask you for Examples - Template your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out right assuming the For Resume. Of Qualifications Http scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the latter if everything else isnít strong. On the Examples job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on my resume the big brand companies names but for a short period of time (less than a year).

Would you still suggest to keep the brand companies names on my resume? Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. & Security Of Patient Information Ppt Download? If it is only for Car Salesman Examples 3 months and it is not clearly an Summary Summary Of Qualifications, internship, then you might want to think twice. Hi. I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. I focus on tropical ecology- this is Car Salesman Resume - Template a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. Prior to this I completed an Ceremony Template, Ceremony, MPhil in Environmental Sciences from Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and Car Salesman Examples a General Engineering degree. List Template? I will finish my PhD in late 2016.

I would like to work in consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. I have not done internships ( owing to visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over Car Salesman - Template SE Asia and built useful links. I have several peer reviewed publications to my name. Should I try to gun for For Resume. Resume Summary Http McKinsey?

Your background seems similar to the background of other McKinsey consultants coming out of a PhD in Europe. I donít know the UK grading system, so I canít comment on your marks. Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply. Also the level of math used in consulting 90% of the Car Salesman Resume - Template time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the math is difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in a particular way thatís very useful in Driving License Guide For Ca Teens consulting. I first wanted to comment on Car Salesman - Template, the number of Sample You Letter Download Documents posts you have replied to. Iím really surprised you get back to Car Salesman, so many people! Thatís awesome and greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is considered a quantitative enough background for consulting? I see most applicants are in engineering, science, economics, etc.

I have excellent grades and a Masterís in Accounting but I wasnít sure if this was an Wedding Programs, Ceremony, automatic deal breaker. Although I have high grades, leadership, and internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a ďparty schoolĒ and is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University). Could work experience possibly compensate for Car Salesman Resume - Template this and make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for Privacy Of Patient your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Accounting isnít considered an exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine. Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it canít compensate for more than one weak spot in Car Salesman Resume Examples most cases. Iíd say the top 3 would most likely be out of Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca reach for you. The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on your overall application) if you networked a lot and did a ton of case prep (several hundred hours between the two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the likelihood of your resume getting an interview.

For networking advice, do a search on the site for ďnetworkingĒ and Car Salesman - Template ďnon-target schoolĒ as there are several success stories from others that you can learn from. Thanks for all the useful information. Guest Template | Procedure Template Sample? I am looking to break away from science and start a career in Car Salesman Resume - Template consulting. Program Template, Wedding Programs, Ceremony? I have a BS in psychology from Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and am currently working on - Template, a PhD in neuroscience from Information Ppt Download, Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa). 730/800 quantitative on Examples - Template, gre (no sat Ė got started at community college). What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time?

I obtained a PhD from MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800). Mission :: Step-By-Step License? How much do you think this will work against me when applying to Examples, MBB? Should I re-take the License For Ca Teens GRE just for boosting the numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking? A PhD in Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and calculate percentages which is 90% of the Car Salesman Resume Examples math used in consulting. At this point, I wouldnít worry about the Guest Template GRE score. Make contacts via networking. If you are in a post doc, focus on publishing if thatís a possibility for you. The general rule of Car Salesman Resume thumb is firms want to see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot.

Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the dosí in a Resume. I am a Masterís student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC. I am looking for summer internship in For Resume. Resume Summary Http consulting firms. I graduated from Resume Examples - Template, Government College in To Employer Download India. I have couple of Car Salesman Resume Examples leadership experiences and internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. Privacy & Security Information Ppt Download? In my undergrad, I was in the top 7% of the class.

What can I do to have a career in consulting? Most of your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students. Examples - Template? What is the Thank You Letter - 18+ Download Free scope for a Masterís student like me? I recently got an email from our graduate coordinator about internship opportunities in Resume Examples - Template Mckinsey. 5+ Party Sample? Could you please suggest the points I should emphasize in my Resume? Do I stand a chance to be considered for Examples the internship? P. Thank You Letter To Employer - 18+ Download Free? S: Thanks much for Resume Examples - Template your book.

I just got that and Program Template, Printable Programs, it is awesome! Thanks for all the great comments. Car Salesman Examples - Template? Iím wondering if MBB is a possibility for 5+ Party List Template | Procedure Sample me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Car Salesman Resume - Template, Emory and majored in Economics/Math. I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the Peace Corps to gain some international/volunteer experience and plan on Mission Driving License Teens, attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the opportunity to work in an international office if that helps my chances. Realistically, MBB is out of Car Salesman Resume Examples reach with that GPA especially from a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesnít help either.

I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of School firms. I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for my MBA next fall and was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on getting into MBB. My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to help transition into management consulting? Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template? I am PhD candidate in 5+ Party List | Procedure Template biotechnology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4.

GRE: 800/800 in Quant. (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for Car Salesman Resume first author publications in reputed peer-reviewed journal. Mission Driving License For Ca Teens? Filed 2 patent applications. Also won 2nd place in Examples business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting. Also I do not have an MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers?

Any suggestions from Examples - Template, you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for your great articles. I am wondering if MBB is out of reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and am finishing up my PhD at a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. The purpose of the GMAT and GRE is to have some numerical measure of analytical skills that can be compared across candidates. If your university and Ceremony Template, Wedding Programs, program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient.

McKinsey may ask you to - Template, take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test ó a kind of consulting version of the GMAT to test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the 5+ Party List Template | Procedure Template Sample MBB firms recognize as a target school and your PhD is in a technical field, the lack of a GRE wouldnít be a deal breaker. Iíve recently applied to MBB for Car Salesman Examples - Template summer internships and I didnít even get an interview! I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on this article. I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an Ivy, and Iím a double major in Summary Http the hard sciences. I have a 750+ Math SAT. I have extracurriculars on campus that show leadership. The particular one Iím in is very time consuming and maybe that wasnít enough just to Examples, have one? I have experience in a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didnít network at all and still got an interview at one of the firms). I donít know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts?

Itís impossible to know for sure. At the end of the day, a human being makes the Spider Template - Spider Diagram, Organiser decision and Resume Examples they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in Ceremony Template, Printable Wedding Programs, Ceremony ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in the first 5 seconds / the Car Salesman Resume Examples bullet points didnít use the optimal phrasing of your extra curricular or work experiences. 2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didnít highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didnít name drop any big brand names / didnít reference people you met at the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasnít strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the Sample Thank Download Free scenes. For what itís worth, I didnít get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template? Thanks for the great service you are doing. Iím a PhD candidate in a Top Australian University and Iím planning to apply for Ceremony Program Template, Printable BCG, Bain, and Accenture firms in Australia.

1. What are the Car Salesman Examples - Template differences (if there are any) in Resume and Diagram, Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Can I mention about my PhD in two sections of the Car Salesman Resume Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and 5+ Party Template Sample Experience section as a demonstration of problem solving and analytical skills. For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on CV) or resume. Car Salesman Examples - Template? In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on Mission Driving School :: Step-By-Step Guide Teens, your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of attendance relevant test scores in your country and Resume Examples - Template the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of Science degree in Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. In the preceding to my enrollment at HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in India. I am now planning to apply to a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in a few months time. I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and Sample To Employer - 18+ Free scored 320/340 on the GRE. What are my chances of Car Salesman - Template landing an interview at Thank To Employer Download Documents the aforementioned firms?

Also, I will be applying to Resume, IBM for a management consulting post. Will my prior experience of working with them in India put me in a better position than other candidates inspite of my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable. Of Qualifications Http? On the other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impactÖ

I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on our resume and Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template said that skills related to conflict resolution and team management help. I have such experiences on-job, but donít know how to Mission Driving License Guide Teens, put them on resume. I canít exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and thus helped the project in X way. Please advice on - Template, how to put such experiences on resume.

Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etcÖ Use words that describe how you interact with people in general. This is especially the case if your job title tends to Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step For Ca Teens, imply you stare at a computer all day and donít normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to Car Salesman Examples - Template, around? Of course itís different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. You Letter To Employer - 18+ Documents? I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. However in 2nd and 3rd year, Iíve been getting a 90% average.

My gpa currently is a high 70 and Iíve been doing various internships in the finance industry. Will I have a chance at Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, itís just Iím worried about Summary Of Qualifications Http, my GPA and donít know how to compare since I am canadian student. Iíd probably work in MBB firms in toronto if picked. Iím wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me.

Iíll graduate from Clemson University in May with a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in French and International Trade. Examples - Template? I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group. I received a 720 on the math portion of the SAT and was thinking of taking the GMAT in the fall. Do you think thereís hope? For a top 3 firm, Iíd say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the rest of the Summary Resume top 10, Iíd says itís a maybe. Car Salesman Resume Examples? Best bet would be the strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from your school work there. Program Wedding? If there are alumni there, itís possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and doing a search between your school and those firms. If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. I have a networking guide available somewhere on Resume Examples, this site that explains how.

With only a standard resume and cover letter to the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter. Your strongest asset is the math SAT score. 5+ Party List | Procedure Sample? A similar score on gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is Clemson is not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet. Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on his or her own. They typically have one office, in Car Salesman Examples only one city, and focus on a single industry. Iím a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins University. My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3).

Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers. Did you get an interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. But my GMAT is slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35). I want to Ceremony Template, Wedding Programs, Ceremony, work in Examples Strategy consulting. Wedding Programs, Ceremony? What are my chances to break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is still low for these firms?

1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on Resume - Template, your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. Is that the Organiser Template Diagram, Organiser case even when the position you held has nothing to do with business or consulting? Iím a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and Examples - Template am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. Is an internship like that likely to help me in Spider Diagram, getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests. Sometimes when I read about Summary Of Qualifications Http, consulting I get confused on Car Salesman Resume Examples, whatís expected of those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBAís. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for standardized tests from Of Patient Ppt Download, undergrads?

If so, does it make a difference whether they take the GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is desirable. Itís not your business experience they want. Car Salesman Resume? They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by & Security someone else and Resume Examples been determined to Spider Diagram, be exceptional in their field (regardless of the field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of work experience consulting for a non-profit and a year for the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in my undergrad and 800 on my Math GRE score. Do you think my profile is strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes.

I seem to have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in the military for Car Salesman Resume Examples 12 years. I was in a leadership position, managing people and Information projects. I earned a bachelorís in Car Salesman Resume Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of 3.4, from a cheap online school. Summary? The military stressed a degree, but they didnít care where from. Car Salesman Resume? Iíve begun looking for a second career and have become obsessed with consulting. I donít have any delusions of :: Step-By-Step Guide For Ca grandeur. I donít think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of MBB. However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant Ė technical and Examples strategy related for Diagram Organiser Template 10 years now Ė working for Resume Examples the biggest operators and Program Template, Printable Programs, vendors over Car Salesman Examples 3 different continents. I am 33 years old.

Do you think its wise for me to pursue a career at management consultant at Organiser - Spider this age? I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Car Salesman Examples - Template, Warwick., 2. I was interested to & Security Ppt Download, buy your consulting resume package. Car Salesman Examples - Template? Do you think it will be beneficial for & Security me, considering I am going to apply for a Ďexperienced positioní? And is Resume - Template LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me?

Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the questions asked focus on people with MBAs and Program Template, Wedding Programs, Ceremony PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and was wondering what the process would look like for me/what would you look for Resume - Template a medical candidate who was curious about a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. They are great with health care clients. Process is Thank You Letter To Employer - 18+ Documents similar as PhD recruiting process generally. Expectations and qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Your comments are invaluable.

I was curious how excellent is required by BA of Resume top 5. I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. Program Wedding Programs,? I donít really have a ďcheck-ableĒ big name on Car Salesman Resume - Template, my resume. Ė Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95% Ė three internships in major government agencies in NYC/ Ė did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes. Ė thesis using four coding and Privacy & Security Of Patient Information Ppt Download analyses tools. Ė founder of three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. Ė some athlete experience 10 years agoÖ Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor!

Based on your background, I think youíd be considered at a top 3 firm. Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on your resume. Shows you can do math even if math isnít necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and non-profit experience. Youíd want to be prepared to - Template, answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Got good career progression compare to proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and Guest Sample currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT Ė Would that be an Resume Examples, issue for MBB application in future? Do you have an SAT score?

The math score would be important. Thereís an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and those who get promoted at Thank You Letter To Employer - 18+ Free Documents McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. Iíve seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to follow the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template logic of the work. If you didnít, and they really liked you, theyíd have you take one of their own internal math tests. But given the non ivy background, my guess is if the math score wasnít there, they wouldnít bother with the extra effort to get a standardized math read on your abilities. I didnít have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in Printable GRE Quant section. Do you think GRE Quant score can help?

Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at Car Salesman Examples the top firms. Definitely include the Guide For Ca Teens score on your resume. I have read through all the comments, and - Template there is no-one in my situationÖ Flawless academic record (1st in my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for a French consultancyÖ in - Spider Organiser 1999.

I spent some years working for Car Salesman Examples - Template the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to Summary For Resume. Http, raise a family (of academic superstars!). Car Salesman? I also travelled the world running half-marathons in Program Printable Wedding Programs, Ceremony a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef. But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. I wouldnít even consider it, but a close family member is a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is PERFECT for Summary For Resume. Summary Of Qualifications Http me. Car Salesman Resume Examples? I have a reputation as a geniusÖ but Iím afraid itís outdated, and You Letter Free Documents possibly wiped out completely by the time off to raise the family. What do you think? Is there an age limit?

And what about a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is Car Salesman - Template a valid reason?)? No age limit. Your background is Mission Driving School Teens interesting. You would need to explain why consulting fits into your career plans at this particular moment in time. If your GPA at Yale was high, I would definitely put that on your resume. The story you want to Examples - Template, convey is you were the kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon graduating from Spider Diagram Template - Spider Diagram, Organiser, college, and now theyíre getting another chance. You would want to Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, acknowledge your more recent background is a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and also explain how if you got the job you would stay for some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for For Resume. interview. I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at UC Berkeley.

Would you consider UC Berkeley for Resume engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for Diagram Organiser - Spider someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey. I know this is not an internship opportunity but I am only a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Is a 1960 score on Car Salesman, the SAT too low Ė should I not list it on Summary Of Qualifications Http, my resume? I am wondering if they care for Car Salesman Resume Examples these types of programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to put it on if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since itís not an actual job application, if they donít request your score, itís fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on 5+ Party Guest List | Procedure Sample, the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards.

When you apply, you will need to included your score. If you donít, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for your scores before your resume is Resume Examples - Template ever read by a decision maker. However, a good GPA in management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers. I have taken many finance courses and it is nothing compared to what math people do. In management, everything you nee to Printable Programs, Ceremony, know is in a book, or in past finals, past midterms. You memorize and apply, and you donít need to Resume Examples - Template, understand the real logic behind all the elements in 5+ Party Guest List Sample a formula.

Thank you very much. The resources youíve provided are invaluable. Iíll be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and am considering re-taking some standardized tests. Car Salesman Resume Examples? I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for the top 10? Thanks again for everything. For top 3 firms, anything over 95% percentile is clearly sufficient. Over 90% percentile is often acceptable if the Ceremony Program Printable Programs, Ceremony rest of the package is strong. If thereís a math break out to the standardized test, theyíre looking for 95%+. If youíre already over 90%, probably not worth re-taking the test.

A better use of your time would be to network and make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on Car Salesman - Template, your time. For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those ďcut-offsĒ (they arenít hard and fast cut offs), by 5% Ė 15% depending on the firm and Privacy Ppt Download where there in the top 10. Thanks for this article Ė itís been really useful for me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a ďbig nameĒ employer, so I pursued these opportunities. Resume Examples? Iíve been offered an Diagram Template - Spider Diagram, Organiser, internship at Taylor Wimpey (UKís biggest house builder, FTSE100), but itís in health and safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) Iím unsure whether it will improve my CV for strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to stay on at the CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but thereís not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the way, Iím based in the UK and planning to apply for graduate roles there in September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on the basis of being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on other factors or if time permits look for Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template a third option.

Thank you very much for Sample You Letter To Employer - 18+ Download Free your advice. I appreciate you taking the time to answer. That sounds like a good plan. I would like to know your feedback on my special case. I am an Car Salesman, American citizen that lived in Lebanon for almost my entire life, and Sample To Employer Download I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to Examples, know what firms do you think would consider me for an interview, the following is Mission Driving License For Ca a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at Car Salesman the University of Houston, and Privacy Ppt Download an intern for Car Salesman Resume Examples a local boutique consultancy firm.

Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative.. I have a question about Program Template,, my poor SAT scores. I did poorly on Car Salesman Resume - Template, my SAT with total composite of 1800+ and math 710(which is on the boarder line). This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an engineering program and Iím going to be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. Iím very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and the bulge bracket. Ceremony Wedding? I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is Resume a tough one. Your math SAT is good enough for a resume reader to read the Privacy Of Patient rest of your resume. Car Salesman? The other part of the 5+ Party Template Sample SAT is low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of time to make meaningful improvements in your scores.

If you think you might be going to Examples, graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the 5+ Party Guest List | Procedure Template Sample GRE or GMAT instead. Iíd like at Resume - Template the relative weights of those tests math vs all else and Ceremony Program Template, Printable Programs, see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. If your career plan involves taking the Resume Examples - Template GMAT at some point in time, itís an easier decision to take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. Itís harder to justify retaking a test you have no use for Ceremony Program Printable Programs, Ceremony other than a single bullet point on Resume Examples, your resume. I am an advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and I am hoping to move into Organiser Template Diagram,, management consulting in Car Salesman Examples one of MBBs. My issue currently is that I did not have to take a standardized test for :: Step-By-Step For Ca Teens my Ph.D. in engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools. Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on case studies? Thank you so much.

Did you ever take the Car Salesman Examples - Template SAT or ACT? If so, use that. Otherwise, I would check the McKinsey website and Organiser Template Diagram, Organiser potentially call the on Resume - Template, campus recruiting coordinator and ask your question. I donít think itís worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on your quantitative skills.

Iím unclear on :: Step-By-Step Guide Teens, how other firms would handle it. Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is a good proxy for this school, but not the only one). If youíre PhD is in mathematics that would be one alternative. If youíre a teach assistant in - Template some kind of Template math or statistics class that would be another. If youíve won any awards and can show your percentile rank, that would be another.

Write My Essay : 100% Original Content - Car Sales Resume Sample | Sales Resumes |Ö - Gettysburg College

Dec 02, 2017 Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template,

Write my Paper for Me: Quality, Academic Writing Services - Car sales resume, examples, jobÖ - University of Tampa

You find essay writing difficult? We understand your struggles! You have to be a ďgrand planĒ writer if you want to Examples, handle all academic projects on Driving School time. Your professors impose various essay assignments, term papers, case studies, research papers, lab reports, business plans, and Car Salesman Resume Examples other types of projects that you have to handle within limited time. If you donít get enough time to read relevant sources, make notes and make a detailed plan before you start writing, you wonít have a complete picture of the project. That will result with superficial content that fails to impress. Your professors request different types of assignments, but donít bother giving you instructions on how to complete them.

It takes a lot of practice to become a skilled academic writer, but you are left with several projects and Template, Printable Wedding Programs, no idea on how to tackle them. Itís understandable why many students wonder ďcan I get someone to write my paper?Ē When you donít have the needed base of Car Salesman Examples knowledge and experience in academic writing, itís simply impossible to tackle all assignments you get. Template, Printable Wedding! What can you do when you cannot complete academic projects? First of all, you should understand that itís important to Resume Examples, evaluate the situation. Identify your strengths and weaknesses and think whether or not you will be capable to write the Mission Driving School :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca, paper on Examples - Template time.

If you realize that you donít get the topic or you simply donít want to Driving Guide For Ca, write the content, then you have few possible solutions: ? You can find a ďwriting buddyĒ Ė a friend or family member who is always willing to help when you get stuck. Due to the complexity and Car Salesman Examples length of the papers you have to Spider Diagram Organiser Template Diagram,, complete, you shouldnít be surprised if no one is honored to take that role. ? You can ignore the Resume, task or beg your professor to extend the deadline. Clearly, you canít achieve great results with procrastination. ? Buy research paper, essay, case study, or any other type of Resume Of Qualifications Http project you need from an online service. You cannot risk delegating the Car Salesman, assignment to writers who are incapable of Driving School meeting your requirements.

When you entrust your projects to, you can feel safe knowing that great results are guaranteed! What makes better than other essay writing services? Students who encounter our website for the first time usually ask: ďwhy should I hire you to write my essay?Ē Thatís a fair question! You surely want to rely on a service that protects you with strong guarantees and ensures your ultimate satisfaction. Allow us to Car Salesman Examples - Template, explain what makes us the best choice among competitive writing services. ? We can complete any academic project, regardless of the Summary For Resume., deadline you set. Car Salesman Examples - Template! The team of writers we have assembled has the capacity to Information, cope with short deadlines and complex requirements. ? Speaking of the writing team, we ensure you that the best essay writers in the industry work for Resume us. School Guide! They have all obtained MA or PhD degrees from some of the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, most reputable universities in English-speaking countries. We always pair the Mission Driving School Guide, projects with writers who hold a relevant degree.

Although their education enables them to tackle the Car Salesman Resume - Template, topics from an expertís point of view, thatís not their only advantage. Our team members are also trained and talented writers who produce extraordinary content. ? When you decide to Driving :: Step-By-Step Teens, get research paper help from an online service, you have specific requirements and expect the writer to follow them. At, you will receive custom-writing assistance. Our work always results with 100% unique content constructed according to the detailed requirements of the customers. Rest assured that you wonít be submitting plagiarized content when you rely on Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template our essay help. ? We offer strong guarantees that will make you feel safe.

We will never share your private information with third parties. ? Since the writer will adjust their tone and style to suit your requirements, your professors will never know youíve been ordering papers online. ? We have a 24/7 customer support system. You can feel free to contact a representative at any time; we will never make you wait! Youíll get the Mission Driving School License Teens, highest quality for the lowest price at our website! Students are always concerned about the price when they decide to hire a paper writing service. At, we have tailored an affordable pricing system that determines the Car Salesman Resume Examples, final cost according to the chosen product, number of pages, deadline, and preferred quality level. You will notice that our quotes per page are lower when compared to other websites. However, that doesnít mean the List Template Sample, quality of Resume our products is affected in any way. Spider Diagram Template! Each custom essay completed by our writers meets the highest standards of quality in Resume - Template, the industry. Spider Template - Spider! Youíll be even happier when you find out that we also offer a beneficial discount program. New and returning customers can always save money when purchasing essays at our website!

Itís really easy to order papers online! Did you think you would face an Examples - Template unresponsive system and a lot of stress when ordering academic content online? That wonít happen when you choose to be your partner! ? The first step of the process involves an order form. School :: Step-By-Step! You will need to complete it with all details about the essay writing help you want to get. ? Once we get your order, we will find the most suitable writer from our team to work on it. Resume! Your writer will accept your collaboration and additional instructions whenever you want to contact them through the direct messaging system. ? We always complete the content on Guest | Procedure Template Sample time!

Rest assured that the deadline you set will not be violated! Your satisfaction is guaranteed when you order papers at! If you donít like the content delivered by our research paper writing service, we will revise it for free no matter how many times you ask for amendments. Since we provide a 100% satisfaction guarantee, we enable each customer to ask for Resume - Template improvements until they get the Of Patient Information Ppt Download, expected results. Our Money Back Guarantee is the greatest protection you could ever get.

Donít hesitate to rely on us and Resume - Template order essays online. Your life will become much easier when you start collaborating with expert writers.

Whataboutessay - Write my essay - Car Salesman Resume Sample - Cover Letters and ResumeÖ - Saint Louis University

Dec 02, 2017 Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template,

Buy Essay Online - Car Salesman Resume Samples | JobHero - St. Catherine University

Can the Car Salesman Resume, Chain of Causation ever be broken in cases of Manslaughter? The simple maxim that the accused in a criminal proceeding ought to have caused the Resume Http, crime is one of the potentially most important doctrines in law. It has a direct bearing on the entire scope of the criminal law and speaks fundamentally to how we view our society. The proximity between cause and effect that we consider to bring rise to a positive moral duty of care , when we refer to the imposition of punitive sanctions on members of society, is one of the most important tests of - Template, criminality. Those areas in the penumbrary cause the most difficulty for judges, academics and society in generally. Therefore the prosecution of drug dealers for the death of those they supply , doctors who were negligent and contribute to the death of their patients , Reckless transmission of HIV / Aids to sexual partners or the List Template, denial of access to life-saving treatment are all areas where the person being accused of the crime may or may not be considered to have ‘caused’ the harm. The quotation above by Seneca represents one of the key difficulties in establishing a chain of causation from the accused to the victim of any crime. In English law omission to act cannot be considered the cause of a crime because there is not the causal link; however there is an undoubted argument that someone who refuses to help upon seeing a crime is encouraging that action. The main focus of the work is whether, if ever, the chain of causation can be broken in cases of manslaughter , this attribute alone would be sufficient to Examples make it generic.

The work starts with a section on Sample Thank You Letter - 18+ Download, the general principle of causation in criminal law. We will then move onto have an in depth discussion and analysis concerning the case law on the issue before finally using the other jurisdictions and areas of law to compare to the application of the Resume Examples - Template, test in manslaughter. Privacy Information Ppt Download! This is an incredibly vast subject matter and the restriction to consideration of manslaughter is hoped to Car Salesman Examples - Template give the essay more poignancy and give a more holistic understanding to the operation of causation from which we maybe able to extrapolate general principles about causation. The main focus will be on the drug supply cases and their impact on the principles of causation . Causation is an extremely important part of the Actus Reus in Diagram, Organiser result crimes. The failure of the prosecutor to establish causation is disastrous to Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template a case because ‘if the death, damage or destruction occurred because of some other cause then the offence has not been committed even though all the other elements of the actus reus are present and the accused had the Sample To Employer Documents, necessary mens rea’ However, it is far from a simplistic concept of deciding that the action caused the result. The concept of Car Salesman, causation represents a nexus between fact and law, they are at certain points clearly distinguishable and at others not. This work cannot possibly hope to do justice to the complexity and history of the concept of causation however the aim is to give a general overview of the concept so that we have a working understanding when we go onto Thank To Employer - 18+ Download Free Documents, consider the Car Salesman, case law on manslaughter . The first principle that the law requires of the facts is that an Spider Diagram Template - Spider act will only be considered the Resume Examples, cause of an event if it is a ‘causa sine qua non’ . In other words this is a test that requires the cause to be material; ‘it must be established that the consequence would not have occurred as and & Security Of Patient when it did not ‘but for’ the accused’s conduct’ . This principle is consequently referred to as the ‘but for’ or ‘sine qua non’ test.

The natural justice of Resume, this principle is clear but it is Spider Diagram Organiser - Spider Organiser, not simple necessarily to apply. At a conceptual level there is difficulty with the fact that the decision-maker has to decide between the ‘infinite number of prior conditions of Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, which it is true that if it had not occurred some given event would not have occurred’ . This can be a tricky situation especially if we consider the penumbrary examples mentioned in Spider Diagram, Organiser the introduction. The death of somebody from a drugs overdose has numerous prior conditions but the two obviously competing ones would be the supply of drugs by a dealer and the voluntary act of the deceased to take the drugs, they are both events but for which the person would not be dead. Examples! The choice of these prior conditions as a ‘cause’ of the death is artificial, in Privacy Of Patient Information reality both and many more are the cause including the friends the person made, family life, wealth, mental health and attitude to risk-taking. This is why the sine qua non test is considered to be the Car Salesman - Template, purely factual element of causation because once a decision-maker goes beyond these considerations they begin to make legal and policy judgements about which causes merit moral opprobrium. Hart Honore commented on this duality within causation: ‘These two aspects of causation, even if they cannot be crudely opposed as ‘factual’ and ‘non-factual’, are of very different character.

They occasion different kinds of doubts and Driving School License Guide For Ca difficulties, and different kinds of criteria are used in their resolution’ The classic example of the application of the sine qua non test is Car Salesman Examples - Template, R v. White where a man had put cyanide in his mother’s drink, when his mother’s corpse was found the glass had not been fully drunk; evidence proved that she had died of a heart attack. Spider Organiser Template - Spider Diagram, Organiser! The accused was acquitted of murder because his mother’s death was not contingent upon the cyanide drink and would have occurred in Car Salesman Resume any case. The sine qua non test is conceptually and legally restricted so as to make it practical and equitable and it is these concerns that we need to turn our attention towards. In understanding the various impinging concerns we need to have a deeper understanding of cause and Summary For Resume. Of Qualifications effect as it is Car Salesman - Template, understood in the legal sense. The cause of something has to be ‘sufficient to bring about the consequences in conjunction with other ‘mere conditions’’ and furthermore a cause ought to be necessary.

However the ‘condition sine qua non’ doesn’t always embody these ideals and we can start to get into difficulty quickly if we do not pay attention to the fact that there are many situations where the test is satisfied but ‘the connection between X and Y has nothing to do with any form of causal connection even in the broadest sense of causal’ . The obvious example given by Ceremony Program Template, Wedding Programs, Hart Honore is that it is analytically true to state that a person would not be a widow if they had not been married but there is no factual connection between the marriage and her status as a widow. There is furthermore an intuitive distinction which we must be careful of distinguishing between facts which are causally related to the outcome and those which only serve to individuate the particular act in question. This will become even more important when we begin to consider cases of manslaughter which make a distinction between harm caused by an illegal act and Car Salesman - Template those caused by a legal act. There is a tendency in & Security Of Patient Information Ppt Download dealing with causation issues here to blur the issues and argue that there must be a causal link between the Car Salesman, wrongful act and the harm caused but in a situation where a person who is driving without a licence hits someone and injures them the fact of not holding a licence is Resume Http, merely incidental to the harm caused. One final conceptual issue to remember is that most writers present the sine qua non test as the sole factual issue of causation, this doctrine is however not the only factual doctrine and there are allowances for Resume Examples - Template other approaches.

The inherent vagueness of the sine qua non test means that there will be situations where the rule will not give a nice neat factual answer. It is perhaps correct therefore to endorse the approach that Ormerod has outlined and Driving :: Step-By-Step Guide For Ca state that ‘The ‘but for’ principle is a starting point in the causation inquiry, but nothing more’ . As I mentioned above the duality of causation requires us to give consideration to Examples the more complex and 5+ Party Guest List Template Sample inherently more difficult legal side of causation. The first legal causation issue is that of culpability. The case of R v. Dalloway is the landmark case on this issue where it was established that if the culpable behaviour of the accused in no way contributed to Car Salesman Resume Examples the result then the chain of Sample - 18+, causation would be broken. In that case a child was killed when he ran in front of a cart being driven by Car Salesman - Template D, it so happened that the driver had not been holding onto the reins. The accused was acquitted on 5+ Party Guest | Procedure Template Sample, the basis that even had the driver been holding the reins he wouldn’t have had time to stop, thus the negligent act had not legally caused the death of the Car Salesman Examples - Template, child.

In other words the causal link between an action and its consequence will not be assumed simply because there was a negligent act. The culpable act must have a degree of substantiality as a cause of death, the determination of Ceremony Program Wedding Programs,, this is for the judiciary and Examples - Template it certainly seems to be construed narrowly as was stated by Goff LJ in Organiser Diagram, R v. Pagett ‘the accused’s act need not be the Resume Examples - Template, sole cause, or even the Summary For Resume. Resume Of Qualifications Http, main, of the victim’s death, it being enough that his act contributed significantly to that result’. The distinction between a minimal contribution and a significant contribution has no technical meaning and in most violent criminal cases it will be what the ‘twelve men and women sitting as a jury in Resume the jury box would regard in a common-sense way as the cause’ . In Adams, where Devlin J stated that approach, he was discussing the issue in relation to a doctor administering his terminally ill patient with pain relieving drugs. This illustrates the distinction between a minimal and major contribution very well. If the administration of drugs was considered part of a doctors duty which had the incidental effect of shortening life then this was not murder however if it was considered to be an intentional attempt to end the life of the patient then it was a substantially intervening fact so as to be considered the Template, Printable, cause of Resume Examples - Template, death.

Related to this distinction is the clear line of cases which has established that the negligence of third parties doesn’t necessarily abrogate or dilute the liability of the accused. This flows naturally from the Pagett dicta that the 5+ Party Guest List Template, accused’s act need not be the sole cause of any particular harm. Resume - Template! In R v. Benge there was evidence that there was negligence over and above the Summary For Resume. Http, accused’s which had contributed to a train accident. In that case Pigott B had directed the jury that ‘if D’s conduct mainly or substantially caused the accident it mattered not that it might have been avoided if the others had not been negligent’ . The flipside of this approach is what is known as the Novus Actus Interveniens doctrine which is where the Car Salesman Resume Examples, act of a third party is ‘significant enough to acquire causative potency for itself’ . You Letter To Employer Download Documents! The border between the intervention of third parties being significant or not is Car Salesman Resume - Template, sometimes incredibly difficult to Information Ppt Download demarcate to any great extent but the effect of an intervening act is to break the chain of causation. The easiest to identify as a novus actus interveniens is an ‘Act of God’ which is Resume Examples, understood to have to be something occurring in nature which is random and unpredictable. There are various hypothetical situations given in the literature but the distinction seems clear; if the natural event is foreseeable then it will not be considered to be an act of god: ‘the phrase is usually used in context of very extreme climatic conditions, it can also be used to cover the You Letter - 18+ Download Free, equally unpredictable and unforeseeable operation of animate forces, such as the Car Salesman Examples - Template, rate which gnawed a hole in Program Wedding Programs, the cistern in Carstairs v Taylor (1870) LR 6 Ex 217’ The examples given in the literature show this distinction for example, if a man is assaulted and knocked unconscious then the situation can make a big difference. It is foreseeable that if it were on a beach then it is reasonably foreseeable he may die with high tide. - Template! However if it were in a building it is not reasonably foreseeable that an earthquake might occur causing the building to collapse and kill the person in question.

Aside from these situations it becomes more difficult to identify a novus actus interveniens when they are in the form of a third party. Goff LJ cited Hart Honore in Pagett when they stated ‘The criterion which they [Hart Honore] suggest should be applied in such circumstances is 5+ Party Template | Procedure Sample, whether the intervention is voluntary, i.e. whether it is free, deliberate and informed’. The court felt that this was the correct approach to be taken to the situation. This automatically rules out innocent agents being forced by Car Salesman - Template third parties, involuntary actions caused by a shock and acts done by ‘a police officer in the execution of his duty acts to prevent a crime, or to apprehend a person suspected of a crime’ . :: Step-By-Step License! All of the above do not break the chain of causation, thus it is only in the very narrow category of a novus actus which is ‘free, deliberate and informed’. The cases on this issue cover a very wide area and Car Salesman Examples discussion of the issues raised in those cases could form a piece of work on their own right. Organiser Organiser! However a brief outline of the issues raised is necessary; this work is primarily concerned with whether the chain of causation can ever be broken in Resume Examples - Template cases of manslaughter. Thank You Letter To Employer Free! An understanding of this issue is fundamental for a comparative approach. Resume - Template! I will talk briefly about the various categories that have considered the intervention of third parties: • Negligent Medical Treatment. The issue of negligent medical treatment is one that has occupied the courts attention on a number of occasions.

There are ancient authorities such as James Williamson where it was stated that ‘unskilful and unjudicious treatement’ of a ‘simple and early cured wound’ . This was followed in modern times in the seminal case of R v. Jordan where a doctor’s negligence was held as sufficient grounds for & Security Of Patient Information the overturning of a conviction. The problem is that the court specifically declined to make any comment about how this decision was grounded in principles of causation. Furthermore in the case of Car Salesman Resume Examples, R v. Smith negligent medical treatment wasn’t held as a novus actus interveniens. The distinction between the authorities is ambiguous . The most recent authority on the issue is the :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca Teens, case of R v. Cheshire where the court seems to have significantly narrowed the Car Salesman, operation of this doctrine, here the Sample Thank To Employer - 18+ Free Documents, deceased was shot in the leg and Resume - Template suffered ensuing respiratory problems. Spider Organiser Template - Spider Organiser! This required a tracheotomy to be performed. The death occurred because of complications with the tracheotomy due to medical negligence, this occurred some 2 months after the shooting.

The court held that the gunshot was the cause of Resume - Template, death and thus the Template, accused was convicted. Car Salesman Examples! The rationale of the court was based on the fact that only the Mission School :: Step-By-Step License Guide Teens, most extraordinary and unusual case would suffice and they argued ‘treatment which falls short of the standard expected of the competent medical practitioner is unfortunately only too frequent in human experience for it to be considered abnormal’ . This is more in line with the Car Salesman, authorities such as R v. Holland and Flynn where the refusal of a patient to receive treatment that exacerbates a minor injury will not constitute a novus actus interveniens. • Thin Skull Rule. It is clear from the authorities that where the Privacy, victim has some pre-existent condition then this will not excuse the accused: ‘It would never do for Examples - Template it to Ceremony Template, Printable Programs, go forth from this court that house-breakers or robbersshould be entitled to lay violent hands on very old or very sick or very young people, and, if their victim died as a result, to turn around and say that they would never have died if they had not been very weak or very old’ This is a fundamental rule and Car Salesman - Template obviously will not count as a novus actus. The previous two categories are examples of when the law has held that third parties do not intervene on Program Printable Wedding, the chain of Car Salesman, causation. This is List Sample, indicative of an extremely strict approach to Resume Examples issues of causation, they do not allow potentially large supervening factors to get in the away and if you were cynical then it would be tempting to state that consequences simply cannot be too remote from the culpable act. Only in a situation such as R v. White can the chain really be broken and those situations have got to be truly extraordinary. Current Case Law on Manslaughter Chain of Causation. We now turn to consider the specific subject matter of this work which is the chain of causation as it is applied in cases of manslaughter.

The major issue in this section will be focused on the penumbrary issues of Sample Thank Documents, manslaughter. Undoubtedly in core cases the principles of causation sit nicely with the facts. The major issue of interest are areas such as prosecution of drug suppliers where the principles of causation are stretched to their limit and open to no small amount of criticism. The first issue is just to Car Salesman Resume briefly recap what exactly the crime of manslaughter is and how it is Thank To Employer - 18+ Download Free, distinct from murder. The nature of the crime can often have effect on the way principles of causation are applied.

Manslaughter is an offence which covers a vast area only ‘limited in scopeby murder at Car Salesman Resume one extreme and accidental killings at the other’ . Guest Template! There are two forms of manslaughter; voluntary and involuntary, in the latter the person has the mens rea for murder but there is some mitigating circumstances which reduce the crime to manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter was put into statutory form by the Homicide Act 1957 and now only occurs in three defined situations: provocation, diminished responsibility and a suicide pact. Involuntary manslaughter covers a vast area such as negligence, recklessness and Car Salesman unlawful or dangerous acts. This means that the scope of the crime is far from distinct; issues of causation are thus inevitably raised in cases of License Guide, involuntary manslaughter where the thing that caused death may have a remote link to the accused in the particular case. The linking of a criminal act to death can be fraught with difficulty as can the difficulty of intervening acts. It is clear that the chain of causation can theoretically be broken in manslaughter, both the authorities and the case law agree on this issue. However, there have been a series of cases over Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, the 30 years regarding manslaughter which seem to imply that the chain of causation may not be able to be broken even by the voluntary intervention of third parties; the Privacy Of Patient, chain of - Template, causation may not be possible to Summary break. In Cato the accused was charged with the manslaughter of a man called Kennedy. The facts were that Kennedy had brought the drugs with him to a house, him and Cato had paired off and Resume taken turn to inject each other with heroin throughout the 5+ Party Template Sample, night.

Kennedy was found to have died the next morning as a result of the overdose. One of the other important factors was that each party had made up the syringe with the requisite mix of heroin and water themselves and thus the partner was merely injecting the drugs. The accused was convicted of manslaughter by an unlawful and dangerous act which requires proof of the basic act which was criminal. In this case it was held that heroin was a ‘noxious thing’ as understood under s.23 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 and that this base crime was sufficient to establish manslaughter. In the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, case there were a number of issues that revolved around causation and the interplay between legal and factual causation was nowhere better illustrated. In this case causation in the strictest sense was not really an issue. There was an For Resume. Resume Of Qualifications Http attempted argument on appeal that it had not been proved satisfactorily that it was heroin that had caused death but on the evidence this was rejected. The really interesting issues were sidestepped in this case because per se under the Misuse of Resume - Template, Drugs Act 1971 the Sample To Employer Documents, actions of Cato was an offence. The dubious judicial chicanery of using s.23 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 aside the Car Salesman Examples, question sidestepped the issue of whether consent would have broken the chain of causation in a charge of Mission School Guide Teens, manslaughter by gross negligence or recklessness, Lord Widgery in Cato specifically stated that the Examples, argument was not pertinent, he went as far as to Diagram Organiser Template Diagram, say that they would have used unlawful possession as a substitute to s.23. This is obviously damaging to principles of causation in that actual possession cannot be considered to have caused the Car Salesman Resume, death, it would be one of these incidental factors that we have discussed in the previous section . Furthermore the Diagram Organiser - Spider Organiser, case law under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 precludes any alternative such as supply of Examples - Template, drugs interpretation: R v. Maginnis and Ceremony Program Programs, R v. Harris , both on similar factual circumstances to Cato, found that it would be a farcical situation that where a person was merely insisting with the injection that it couldn’t be considered supply. It would seem to make sense, given the Pagett test of a ‘free, deliberate and informed’, that the consent of the person would constitute a novus actus to break the chain of causation.

However, this issue of the supply or administration of drugs has come before the courts on numerous occasions since Cato and Car Salesman Resume Examples we can derive a number of lessons from these cases about the operation of causation in cases of manslaughter however it has to be argued that the logic in Cato ‘seems to Diagram - Spider stretch credulity’ . The rationale that seemed obvious to many commentators after Cato was upheld in R v. Dalby . On appeal the court came to consider whether someone who supplied a person with drugs was liable for manslaughter when the victim went onto make up the solution and inject themselves. The court decided that ‘Where the charge of Car Salesman Examples, manslaughter is based on an unlawful and Driving Teens dangerous act, it must be an act directed at the victim and Examples likely to For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http cause immediate injury’ . The major criticism of this judgement was that it wasn’t couched in terms of causation but made it very unclear what the basis for stating that an act not directed at the victim could not form the basis of a manslaughter by unlawful and dangerous act. Common sense seems to imply that it is the Car Salesman Examples - Template, lack of causal relationship but this was not endorsed by the court. The requirement for an act to be ‘directed at the victim’ was considered to be incorrect in the later case A-G's Reference (No 3 of 1994) . However, the fundamental criterion that meant a supplier was not liable for manslaughter was considered to be the likelihood to cause immediate injury. This makes it a causational issue. The fact that it is a causational issue and the correctness of the approach in R v. Dalby have been divisive issues which have been treated with a lack of coherence in subsequent case law on the issue. The case of R v. Armstrong considered whether or not it was manslaughter when the accused supplied the victim with heroin and the means by which to mix and inject it. The court overruled the initial conviction on two grounds; there wasn’t sufficient evidence that the heroin was a major cause of death i.e. it fell foul of the Template, Printable Wedding, de minimis principle and more importantly that the Car Salesman Resume - Template, voluntary act of taking the drugs constituted a novus actus interveniens and consequently broke the Ceremony Template,, chain of causation. Since this case there has been a great deal of oscillation by the courts on the issue. The cases of Dalby and Armstrong seemed to imply that the voluntary act of the victim was enough to overcome a conviction of manslaughter and importantly was sufficient to breach the Car Salesman Resume, chain of You Letter To Employer - 18+ Free Documents, causation. The problem was that Armstrong didn’t deal with the effect of an unlawful act by the accused and Delby didn’t directly deal with the principles of causation.

It was therefore unclear whether the novus actus interveniens of voluntary injection was sufficient to overcome manslaughter by unlawful and dangerous act, furthermore the question of manslaughter by gross negligence was left completely aside in these cases, however I will discuss this issue in greater detail below. The next case to consider the issues was the much maligned R v. Kennedy which came to consider a different factual circumstance. In Kennedy the facts were such that the defendant had made up the mixture in the same room as the victim, handed him one of two syringes made up by Car Salesman Examples - Template himself and List left the room. Prima facie this is incredibly similar to Car Salesman Resume Examples the facts of Armstrong and Dalby however the court in Kennedy managed to come up with a conclusion that, according to Heaton, would ‘have been a cause for embarrassment for any competent law student’ . Here, they drew a distinction, relying on Cato, that the defendant had ‘assisted or encouraged Bosque to inject himself with the mixture of heroin and water’ . They furthermore on Ceremony Wedding, the issue of causation came to the conclusion, based on the dicta of Goff LJ in Pagett, that the chain of causation was not broken because the appellant could be considered ‘jointly responsible for the carrying out of that act’. This imported a completely novel concept that appeared to be some form of accessorial liability by Resume assisting another commit a crime. The inconsistencies of this decision with basic causation principles and the other case law have lead to fairly universal condemnation. Primarily they failed to make adequate distinction between the sine qua non test and a novus actus interveniens, they seemed to assume that if the sine qua non test was satisfied then this somehow circumvented the voluntary injection of the drugs by the victim. The legal argumentation was also completely flawed in that case because the victim hadn’t in himself been committing a crime so the defendant couldn’t have been art and part guilty of assisting him and You Letter Download Documents even more forcefully a person cannot commit manslaughter on himself so the accused cannot be accessorially liable for Resume - Template that manslaughter. Furthermore, the rationale of dangerousness in Kennedy and the distinction from Dalby that the court made are not supported when we consider the Template - Spider Organiser, dicta in the latter case that we mentioned above about ‘immediate harm’. Resume - Template! It also doesn’t square with general principles of causation concerning the kind of ‘dangerous’ behaviour that ought to be exhibited. In the cases of R v. Of Patient Ppt Download! Watson and R v. Dawson the courts accepted that if the Car Salesman Examples - Template, act’s danger was contingent on natural conditions such as frailty then the chain of Information Ppt Download, causation could be broken.

Thus in both cases there were robberies, in Car Salesman Watson the victim was an old man but in Dawson the victim was seemingly healthy. In both cases the victims suffered heart attacks but the courts held the dangerousness of the act was only established in For Resume. Resume Http Watson because the harm was foreseeable. It is at Car Salesman Resume Examples least arguable when we consider the fact that given Heroine can be a safe drug when taken in the correct quantities and with knowledge of the particular person’s tolerance level that there would have been no way the defendant’s actions could be considered dangerous. This aside the court in Kennedy made no reference to Armstrong, however it might be possible to cynically distinguish the two on the basis that the accused in Mission Driving School License Guide Teens Armstrong couldn’t be bothered to make up the mixture and left it to the victim however in Kennedy he was the one who did the preparation. Kennedy’s rationale was never very clear and more recent judgements have even further complicated the issues by attempting to distance themselves from the Car Salesman, dicta of that case whilst still achieving the same result. It seemed that lucidity had been achieved when the decision in R v. Dias was handed down by Ppt Download the court of appeal; on facts almost identical to Car Salesman Resume Kennedy the court quashed the conviction of manslaughter. Summary For Resume. Resume Of Qualifications Http! The court distanced itself from Kennedy and elaborated the Car Salesman Resume Examples, conceptual difficulty with that court’s approach very well. Primarily, the injection of drugs was not an offence so the accused could not be considered to have been guilty of this by accessorial liability. Separately, the issue of causation cannot be made out as between the illegal supply of drugs and & Security Information the death of the accused because of the voluntary actions of the victim. And finally the main crux of confusion in Kennedy was highlighted from this point: ‘It follows from Examples - Template, that that the appellant could only have been guilty of manslaughter as a secondary party and not as a principal.

But in that case who is the principal guilty of manslaughter? As there is no offence of self-manslaughter, it is Sample Thank You Letter To Employer Download, difficult to see how the appellant could be guilty of that offence as a secondary party because of his encouragement or assistance to Escott over the injection of the drug’ The decision in Dias amply highlighted the difficulties the courts had been struggling with because of conflation of causation with the unlawful act itself. The failure to realise that accessorial liability to manslaughter where the principal was the victim made no logical sense was at the heart of Examples, this confusion. It appeared as though trial judges had accepted that supply couldn’t be the Driving School :: Step-By-Step Teens, cause of death and embarked upon Car Salesman Resume - Template reverse logic. They assumed that if they found a crime that could be considered to have caused the death then manslaughter could be established. This is to make a fundamental mistake about manslaughter by unlawful and dangerous act, the first step is to establish that an unlawful act has occurred and Spider Organiser Template Organiser then to see whether that act caused the death. Given that this was the problem it is reasonable to see why the court in Dias left the door open when they hinted that there could be certain situations where a Manslaughter by Gross Negligence may be able to be established when a duty of care may arise. The main issue is just always to bear the distinction between causation and the unlawful act separately.

There was by Resume this point a growing corpus of decisions in the form of Dalby, Armstrong and Dias with obiter support from Cato that the supply of drugs could not be considered manslaughter however the decisions in Privacy & Security Ppt Download R. v Finlay and R. v Rogers have ‘muddied the waters’ . In Rogers the accused had held the tourniquet whilst the Examples - Template, victim injected himself. The victim had procured the Summary For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http, drugs himself, injected the accused and then the accused had assisted the victim inject himself by holding the Resume Examples - Template, tourniquet. He was convicted of manslaughter by unlawful and dangerous act, the Guest, court relying s.23 of the Offences Against the Car Salesman Resume - Template, Person Act 1861. 5+ Party List Template! The court distinguished Dias in that it was considered these actions fell within the remit of Resume, ‘administering’ the drug. Like in Cato the court were obviously using a real stretch of Template,, logic. It was clear that ‘administer’ in the sense meant by the OAPA 1861 did not envision this kind of interpretation and has subsequently been criticized.

However, the Resume, case of Finlay was a blatant attempt at judicial chicanery to circumvent the Privacy Information Ppt Download, line of authority ending with Dias. The facts were identical to Resume Examples Kennedy and Dias but the result was different. They re-established the chain of 5+ Party Guest List Template | Procedure Template, causation between the supplier of drugs and the victim by relying on Car Salesman - Template, s.23 of the OAPA 1861 where it states ‘Whosoever shall unlawfully and maliciously administer to or cause to Template - Spider Diagram, Organiser be administered’ The court used the famous case of Environment Agency v Empress Car Company to establish that in Resume - Template fact the Guest List | Procedure Sample, chain of causation could not be broken by the voluntary act of the victim as a novus actus interveniens when that action would be an ‘ordinary occurrence’ as opposed to an ‘extraordinary’ occurrence . The court in Finlay felt that the voluntary injection was an ordinary event and would not break the chain of Car Salesman Examples, causation, thus the Summary For Resume. Of Qualifications, voluntary nature was just a factor to be taken into consideration. The court confusingly relied on the idea of ‘joint principalship’ drawing on Rogers however it is extremely difficult to see how this escapes the problems identified above. The victim and the accused cannot be joint principals in an s.23 offence and also cannot be joint principals in manslaughter. In both of these cases there is a requirement of a third party. Furthermore the use of Empress Cars as authority is Car Salesman, extremely dubious given that the case is For Resume. Summary Http, also one which is subject to a high degree of criticism. Car Salesman - Template! The decision has been described as ‘perverse’ , ‘heresy’ , ‘aberrant’ and ‘bad principle, bad law, bad reasoning’ . The decision in Empress Cars was based on pollution and the holding of someone responsible as causing the effect because the act which did it was not so extraordinary as to be unforeseeable. The decision in Finlay was simply terrible because it took one maligned case and applied the incredibly dubious logic to a separate set of factual circumstances. The latest case is unfortunately also to be lamented because it has once again moved in a different direction in order to achieve the Ceremony, same effect as Finlay, Kennedy and Rogers. This involved the second appeal of Kennedy to the court of Examples, appeal . In Kennedy (No2) the court impliedly rejected the Finlay approach and rejected the Empress Cars logic.

Instead the court fabricated a completely new doctrine of ‘joint participation’ which completely sidesteps the issue and seems to imply that causational issues are irrelevant . The court argued that in situations such as Kennedy the & Security Information Ppt Download, accused can be considered to be acting in concert with the Resume - Template, victim to commit an offence under s.23 OAPA 1861. This seems prima facie to ignore the fact that a s.23 offence requires a third party, a ‘other person’ , the question of how the victim and the accused can act in concert to commit a s.23 OAPA 1861 is tautologous and amounts to the same argument in Kennedy. The whole decision tries to sidestep causation. The court is Sample Free Documents, fully aware if it can establish an s.23 OAPA 1861 then it can establish causation in the natural manner. - Template! However, it has been unable to convincingly do this in the case where the accused merely supplies the victim. The reliance on joint participation cannot resolve the problems created by the drug supply question for two very important reasons that Ormerod Fortston identify: Primarily, the court in Kennedy (No2) recognised an accused cannot be held liable as a secondary party for the reasons explained in Ceremony Template, Printable Dias. However principles of secondary liability require that one person is the principal and one the secondary, thus when acting in a team both parties cannot be liable both as principles or if they can then the court in Kennedy (No2) has rewritten the principles of secondary liability without telling anyone.

Secondarily, the use of Resume, ‘Joint Participation’ would be unjust in many situations if taken to its logical extreme. Ormerod Fortston give a specific example here: D who supplies the bullets for P's gun for him to Spider Organiser - Spider murder V now becomes a murderer as a principal, not as an accessory. This undermines the principles of Resume, secondary liability in as fundamental a way as did the ruling in Kennedy (No.1)’ The clear message from the case law is that the judiciary seem willing to convict at any cost no matter the damage to principles of causation and the general criminal law.

The application of the law in these cases is incoherent and from Kennedy (No1) to Kennedy (No2) we have heard four different justifications all completely flawed. For Resume. Http! The chain of causation in Car Salesman Resume these cases is continually held not to Privacy & Security Information Ppt Download be severed by the seeming novus actus interveniens of voluntary injection but the rationale for this is very unclear. It is clear however from other case law on unlawful act manslaughter that the drug cases are not consonant with other principles of Car Salesman - Template, causation. In R v. Williams the court talked about the voluntary act by a third party on the chain of causation and stated that the voluntary act had to be ‘within the Mission Driving School License Guide, ambit of reasonableness and not so daft as to make it his own voluntary act which amounted to a novus actus interveniens and consequently broke the chain of causation’. This was dealing with cases where the victim was threatened and then did some act which caused his death; the key thing for these cases is that the voluntary act by the accused had to exhibit rationality. If the facts of the case indicated that the victim was being irrational then the accused couldn’t not be said to have caused the death. The rationale of the Resume - Template, drugs cases is to Driving :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca Teens completely circumvent questions of causation by attempting to say that the voluntary act of injection was somehow overcome. The principle of novus actus interveniens when the victim or another person makes a ‘free, deliberate and informed’ decision is Resume Examples - Template, one of the most important concepts of causation. Mission School :: Step-By-Step Guide For Ca! The drugs and manslaughter cases have ridden rough shod over these principals. In cases involving manslaughter the prosecution always has open to them to attempt a prosecute under the idea of ‘recklessness’ or ‘gross negligence’.

The issues of causation are also pertinent here and given the Car Salesman Examples, speculative nature of the Spider Diagram Organiser Template, crime the chain of causation can sometimes be difficult to establish. However, for Car Salesman our purposes we will want to consider the principles as they potentially apply to drug suppliers and other categories where legal causation may be difficult to Sample You Letter To Employer Download establish. There was considerable confusion in recent years but the confusion seems to have been settled by Car Salesman Examples the court in R v. & Security Information Ppt Download! Adomako . Car Salesman Resume - Template! Following that case it is clear the prosecution must establish three criteria: • Must be in Privacy & Security breach of the Car Salesman - Template, duty of care under established principles of negligence. • The negligence must have caused death. • The action must be considered as ‘gross negligence’

In the Summary For Resume. Summary Of Qualifications Http, drug supply cases it was suggested by R v. Dias that ‘manslaughter by way of gross negligence may arise if a duty of care can be established’ . Heaton was of the opinion in this case that whilst undoubtedly a duty of care would have existed on the facts as they had existed in Cato however the finely balanced issues may preclude a finding of ‘gross’ negligence. In cases such as Dalby, Kennedy and Finlay where the victim self-injects it is hard to see how this progresses the issue of Car Salesman Examples - Template, causation any further. The main problem with drugs cases is that the Organiser Template Diagram, Organiser, reasoning is completely circular and very difficult to grasp without detailed contemplation of potential analogies. The crucial distinction for Car Salesman Resume Examples the whole case law is Ceremony Template,, between the situation in Car Salesman - Template Cato and those in Kennedy. The difference between those two is that Cato could be considered to have ‘caused’ the death of the victim in that he was the one doing the injecting, the consent of Ceremony Program Wedding, a victim is no defence for good reason. Prima Facie in Examples - Template the supply case the 5+ Party Guest, intervening voluntary act of the Examples - Template, victim acting in a free deliberate and informed manner would normally break the chain of causation. What the List | Procedure Template, court did in Kennedy (No2) was to leave the law in Resume - Template confusion, especially because they didn’t couch their approach in terms of causation. The problem was amply highlighted by Heaton: ‘An individual, D, might be regarded as a factual cause of the prohibited result where his action combined with others brings about that result. For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http! This does not mean on orthodox principles that he will necessarily be held to be a legal cause: his actions may well be treated in law as too remote’

The use of joint participation to establish the s.23 OAPA 1861 doesn’t close the causation gap because the supplier still is too remote. The court attempted to circumvent this inevitability by relying on R v. Latif and Car Salesman Examples others : ‘The free, deliberate and informed intervention of a second person, who intends to Sample To Employer - 18+ Download Free exploit the situation created by the first, but is not acting in concert with him is held to relieve the first actor of criminal responsibility’ Thus causation becomes reliant on Car Salesman, the perception of ‘acting in concert’ however this causes a beehive of problems. Whilst they maybe acting in & Security Information Ppt Download concert how does this create an unlawful act? S.23 was clearly instituted for the ‘protection of the person to whom the substance is administered ’ and thus surely they cannot act in concert to commit a crime that only one of them can commit. The court seems to have made a mistake here and Examples conflated legal causation with factual causation, they seem to think that Cato has created authority that if you can establish administration then automatically causation is established. It is clear that this is not the case however the court in Kennedy wants to shift the Http, legal basis the facts remain the same there was not a traditional causational link. The basic answer to whether the chain of causation can be broken in cases of manslaughter is that theoretically and it has been broken in Resume Examples numerous cases. However, the logic and approach of the courts in the drug supply cases threatens to undermine all these principles. 2: Comparison to other areas of Criminal Law.

The decisions in List Empress Cars and the drug supply cases have been heavily criticised as having caused ‘a revolution within the field of criminal causation’ . It is primarily because in Empress and the drug supply cases they have completely disregarded the novus actus interveniens of a third party’s voluntary actions. The chain of causation can only really be broken by Resume a limited number of defined cases as we discussed in the first section these are roughly stated, failure to Privacy Of Patient Ppt Download be a sine qua non or failure to establish an intervening act between the Car Salesman Resume - Template, cause and effect. Resume Summary! The removal of the voluntary action intervention distorts these principles and if taken to Resume - Template its logical extreme could cause serious defects in criminal causation. However, the principles of causation, as traditionally understood always seem to find the ‘best illustrations supporting the & Security Of Patient Information, thesisin cases other than homicide’ , this is undoubtedly an accurate description. The interesting thing about this area of law is that whilst there are plenty of academic authorities to Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template the fact that ‘The novus actus rule is of fundamental importance’ it is particularly difficult to For Resume. Of Qualifications Http find cases other than the ones we have mentioned already where the court has upheld a novus actus. However, one of the main justifications for the existence of the rules on causation is the distinction in Car Salesman Resume Examples criminal law between principal and accessory ; it is in these cases that we are able to find dicta which are at odds with the approach in the drugs supply cases. Ppt Download! The whole basis of accessorial liability is Resume Examples, based on Summary Resume Of Qualifications Http, the fact that the accused didn’t in fact cause the harm, in fact he may have had absolutely no intention to commit the Car Salesman Resume, crime but he can still be an Template, Wedding Programs, Ceremony accessory to the crime. Thus take the Car Salesman Resume - Template, famous case of R v. Bainbridge as an example of why the logic of causation is heinously wrong in the drug cases. In Bainbridge the accused sold oxygen-cutting equipment to another person, that person in turn broke into a bank and Download Free Documents stole £18,000.

The accused was convicted as an accessory to the theft. Here we have analogous facts to the drugs supply cases, if we leave aside the fact that the third party did in fact commit an offence in this case. One cannot be accessory to theft where there are only two parties. For example if the Examples - Template, third party had taken the oxygen-cutting machine and broken into his own house and ‘stolen’ £18,000 then no offence is committed by the accused. However it maybe that the accused is guilty of an offence such as supplying the oxygen-cutting machine without a licence. The problem is that in this case there is no extra element such as in a homicide which is an unlawful act resulting in death.

Therefore lets say when the third party is using the oxygen-cutting machine breaking into his own house he cuts himself, there is no crime of self-injury but there is & Security Of Patient Ppt Download, one of assault. Using the logic in Kennedy (No 2) the accused and the third party could somehow be ‘joint participants’ in Examples causing an assault on the third party. This obviously makes absolutely no sense and would be completely ridiculous. Thus the Mission :: Step-By-Step License For Ca, approach taken in Examples the manslaughter cases doesn’t sit easily with principles of accessorial liability because as I have argued above legal causation seems to have taken precedence over factual causation which means that establishment of who is the principal and the accessory become questions of legal construction as well as fact. The rest of the criminal law of result crimes however shows a distinct pre-occupation with voluntary actions, thus there have been plenty of cases such as R v. Template, Ceremony! Hanson where the accused was the original thrower of a squib which then was thrown away by the intended target and caused injury to a third party. The fact that the throwing of the Examples - Template, target was not voluntary meant that it couldn’t break the chain of causation. In the cases surrounding Assault occasioning actual bodily harm we can see the causation element become of great importance.

In R v. Roberts the assault was an 5+ Party Guest Template | Procedure Template attempt to remove a woman’s coat which occasioned her to jump out of a car and sustain injury. The court again upheld the dicta that the action had to be so unreasonable or irrational that it was unforeseeable. Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template! The clear theme arising from these cases is that the voluntary action of a victim must be caused by Mission License Guide For Ca Teens the criminal act of the accused. This can be established in these ‘escape’ cases such as Roberts because the facts bear out that it was the cause, however it is clear in drug supply questions the implied assertion and the one accepted in Dias is that the supplier cannot be said to cause the death. The foreseeability issue that Finlay raised was taken in the wrong context, it is clear the stressed mindset of the Resume - Template, victim was what made the harm foreseeable. It is a warning as to why principles of causation ought not to be treated holistically in that they are often fact sensitive and can be used as they were in Finlay to distort their intention.

It is arguable that the principles in other result crimes such as assault ought not to be treated as being binding on the approach in manslaughter. We will see that the crime can make a difference to & Security Of Patient Information Ppt Download the way causation is established in the next section when we turn to look at the approach in other jurisdictions. 3:Comparisons to other Jurisdictions. The issue of the supply of Car Salesman Resume Examples, drugs has been raised in a few cases north of the border and it is interesting to School :: Step-By-Step Teens look at their approach as a comparator. The courts have taken a similar view to the courts in Resume - Template England but based on different grounds. However, the 5+ Party List | Procedure Sample, decisions north of the border have consistently found suppliers to be guilty and that the Novus Actus Interveniens of voluntary behaviour doesn’t break the chain of causation. In both Khaliq v. HMA and Ulhaq v. HMA the supply of solvents was enough to establish the crime of ‘Culpably and recklessly endangering life and health’.

In Lord Advocate’s Reference (No1 of 1994) the court considered a directly analogous case to Car Salesman Resume - Template those of the drug supply when the accused was charged with the Scots Law equivalent of manslaughter, Culpable Homicide. Diagram Organiser Template Diagram,! On Appeal to the High Court after an Car Salesman Resume - Template initial acquittal the High Court upheld the views of Khaliq and Ulhaq and specifically stated: ‘The purpose and Sample Thank You Letter Download Documents the intention of the Car Salesman Resume Examples, supply libelled was that the solvents should be abused, employing the 5+ Party Guest Template, means of abuse provided. The solvents were, it is averred, abused, and this could be regarded as the expected, intended and Car Salesman - Template probable consequence of the supply’ This knowledge of abuse thus in School :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca Scots Law was held to be vital because the foreseeability of the use meant that the Examples, chain of causation was not broken. They argued that the distinction between supply and Driving School License Guide For Ca administration was so negligible where ‘supply is closely related to the use by words of instigation or by some act of instigation on the part of the panel’ . Car Salesman Examples - Template! The proximity and foreseeability of use therefore negate the Novus Actus Interveniens on that basis. The argumentation is more convincing than in the English cases although it is submitted this is because of the double test requirement of Manslaughter by Template, Printable Programs, Unlawful Act. It seems quite clear that the supply of drugs can constitute a murder charge in certain states of America. In particular two cases are pertinent on this issue and these are State of Iowa v. Albertson and Lofthouse v. Commonwealth of Kentucky the courts came to consider very similar issues as we have discussed in the cases above. In the latter case the accused was charged with reckless homicide under the Kentucky Penal Code. The courts in Kentucky made a distinction as far as supervening factors were concerned between an ‘independent intervening cause’ and a ‘’dependent intervening cause’.

The latter did not relieve the accused of criminal responsibility unless the Resume, human act was completely abnormal, the former would relieve unless it was ‘reasonably foreseeable at the time of his conduct’ . Sample Thank You Letter To Employer Download Documents! The issue of causation was thus circumvented on the basis of foreseeability based on the inherent dangerousness of the drugs: ‘The Commonwealth posits that, as a matter of law, the act of furnishing narcotic drugs to another creates a substantial risk of death to the transferee sufficient to convict of either second-degree manslaughter (awareness of and conscious disregard of the Car Salesman Resume Examples, risk) or reckless homicide (failure to perceive the risk)’ The test is Summary For Resume. Summary Http, very similar to the Empress and Car Salesman Resume - Template Finlay approach and the distinction between ordinary and extraordinary occurrence that was made in the latter case, however the main issue here is that whilst foreseeability is the test they have specifically attuned the offence so that the issue of For Resume. Of Qualifications Http, causation is correctly centred on the foreseeability of the harm resulting from an Resume Examples - Template action. The crime is reckless homicide and the only way the novus actus interveniens can intervene was held to be, much like our escape cases such as R v. Roberts and Diagram Organiser - Spider Diagram, Organiser R v. Mackie was where the act of the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, victim was abnormal or completely irrational in the situation. Interestingly the US has completely rejected what was known as the felony murder rule which is defined as: ‘If death ensues as a consequence of the commission of a dangerous felony, the intent to commit the dangerous felony provides the element of intent necessary to convict of the homicide’ The court in Lofthouse discussed the case law surrounding this crime which bears obvious analogies to manslaughter by unlawful and dangerous act. It appears as though the approach has been abandoned in Kentucky and other states for a number of reasons. One of the main reasons is that many states have their own statutory crime of homicide caused by Driving :: Step-By-Step Guide Teens the supply of narcotics this includes states such as Connecticut, New Jersey and Florida. However the use of the felony-murder doctrine is identical in most respects to the manslaughter by unlawful and dangerous act, including the attendant difficulties of establish a causal relationship between the felonious conduct and the death. The approach in the seminal case of Heacock v. Commonwealth was too hold that the Car Salesman Resume Examples, distribution of Driving For Ca, cocaine was an inherently dangerous act enough to establish second degree murder under the felony murder rule. Examples! It has subsequently been held in numerous cases that the supply of For Resume. Summary, drugs under the felony murder rule will constitute a crime see Ingleton v. State , State v. Whitted and Sheriff, Clark County v. Morris . The South African approach to causation issues seems to be very similar to the one in this country.

In two particular cases; S v. Grotjohn and S v. Hibbert the South African Courts fell to consider the effect of the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, voluntary act of the victim on the accused’s liability in homicide cases. In both these cases the victim had committed suicide but the accused had handed her a gun in a manner where it was very foreseeable that they would shoot themselves., Steyn CJ stated in the case of Grotjohn that the important issue was that the novus actus interveniens be ‘a completely independent act, in the sense that it should be totally unconnected and has no relationship to the act of the perpetrator’ . The cases are not completely analogous because in the cases there was an intention or desire to bring about a fatal result and they had a particularly close involvement in the instigation of the actions of the victim. In a situation very similar to Cato the court in the New Zealand case of R v. Bennett found that a young man who had injected drugs into his friend at a party was guilty of Resume Summary Http, manslaughter. Continental Approach to Causation. In surveying the foregoing case law it becomes apparent that in both Scotland and the U.S.A the law is in effect much the same as the result in Kennedy (No 2). However, what we see is that both on the continent and in these other jurisdictions is that undoubtedly any liability is Resume, based upon the idea of negligent manslaughter or culpable homicide because death was reasonably foreseeable. In all the jurisdictions the interrelation between foreseeability and causation is Program Template, Printable, that the causal link can be established by negligence. This is because in those situations the seemingly voluntary action of the victim is foreseeable, or ought to be, so the accused is deemed to have been aware of the Resume Examples - Template, dangers and continued any way. The English approach to the question has seemingly been correct then in embracing the Empress Cars foreseeability test in criminal law. The problem is that this is not really relevant in List Template | Procedure Template Sample manslaughter by unlawful and dangerous act.

The act must have caused the death, the foreseeability of the issue isn’t relevant because if the act was unforeseeable then it is established that the chain of causation can still be established (i.e. the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, person had a thin skull or a rare disorder). However, in other jurisdictions the foreseeability issue goes to negligence not causation and this avoids the problems. In all jurisdictions the supply of drugs is a causa sine qua non however the chain of causation is held not to be broken because the crime is consequent upon Http negligence by definition whereas the - Template, manslaughter cases require a standard causational link between the act and death. This work has concentrated predominantly on the drug supply cases in manslaughter; this mirrors the domination that is given to them in Sample You Letter To Employer Documents all the textbooks and articles on the issue. It is well understood that there are numerous things which could potentially break the chain of causation in manslaughter such as failure to be a causa sine qua non, intervention by an act of nature, intervention by a third party, it may not be a substantial cause of death. The intervention of Resume, a third party, particularly where that third party is the victim himself, is a foundational principle of causation and as mentioned above the basis for accessorial liability. The drug supply cases seem to Summary For Resume. Summary Of Qualifications offend these principles and Car Salesman yet there is Summary For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications, a paucity of good authority to contradict their conclusions.

In many ways the conclusions in Resume Examples - Template Kennedy (No 2) defy logical explication, however it is an obvious attempt at maintaining the policy that drug dealers can be guilty of manslaughter. Diagram Organiser - Spider Diagram, Organiser! This principle is recognised both north of the border and in the USA which in turn creates pressure for conformity. However, the detriment to causational principles seems to lie in the fact that it in many respects completely bypasses the operation of causation. It doesn’t pay attention to the fact that causation is a mixture of fact and law, the one cannot exist without the other, and furthermore it is simply not tenable to argue that once de minimis factual cause is established that the facts have no effect. Kennedy (No 2) tried to create some kind of legal chain of Car Salesman Resume Examples, causation, whereby the establishment of ‘administration’ by constructing the facts so as to fit into the definition somehow changed the facts from what they were, thus legally all administration causes death where in fact it does. The chain of causation can be broken in cases of Summary For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http, manslaughter; it is clear from American authorities such as People v. Elder and Smith v. Car Salesman Resume Examples! State that where the accused commits a minor crime which is then followed by a grossly disproportionate killing by a third party then this will break the chain of causation. Summary Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http! However there are virtually no examples in English law and if we follow the approach under R v. Dear as we discussed above the chain of causation in cases concerning homicide may be incredibly difficult because even the most unreasonable behaviour of the victim in exacerbating an Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template initially trivial harm are not relevant in breaking the Spider Diagram Organiser Template, chain of causation. It is as well to Resume Examples remember however that this doesn’t necessarily entail a conviction of Driving School :: Step-By-Step License Guide For Ca, manslaughter, causation is primarily concerned with the actus reus of a crime and the mens rea may have a very important bearing on the outcome. Allen, Michael Textbook on Criminal Law 2005 / OUP / 8th ed.

Fletcher, George Rethinking Criminal Evidence 2000 / OUP Hart, HLA Causation in Resume - Template the Law 1985 / OUP / 2nd ed. Honore, T McCall Smith, R Scots Criminal Law 1997 / Butterworths / 2nd. Sheldon, D 2nd ed. List | Procedure! Ormerod, David Smith Hogan Criminal Law 2005 / OUP / 11th ed. Heaton, Russell Dealing In Death 2003 CLR 497 Principals?

No Principles 2004 CLR 463 Ormerod, D Drug Suppliers As Manslaughterers (Again) 2005 CLR 819. Fortson, R Padfield, N Clean Water And Muddy Causation: Is 1995 CLR 68 Causation A Question Of Law Or Fact, Or Just A Way Of Allocating Blame. Phippen, L Drugs and manslaughter 2005 NLJ 1054. Radlett, D Reed, Alan Involuntary Manslaughter And Assisting 2003 JCL 431. Drug-Abuse Injection Court of Appeal: Causation and Assisting 2005 JCL 384. Drug-abuse Injection Toczek, L Is the supplier also the Resume Examples - Template, killer? 2002 NLJ 595 Weait, M Taking the 5+ Party Template Template, blame: criminal law, social 2001 JSWFL 441. responsibility and the sexual transmission of Car Salesman Resume - Template, HIV Williams, R Policy And Principle In Drugs Manslaughter Cases 2005 CLJ 66.

If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Law essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to Organiser - Spider Organiser help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in Car Salesman Resume - Template our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Law work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Law essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.

If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Law Essay on Chain of Resume, Causation cases of Manslaughter . Available from: [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of Examples - Template, this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and Spider delivered on time.

Essay UK is a trading name of Car Salesman Resume - Template, Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Spider Organiser Organiser Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.

Order Custom Essay Online - Car Sales Resume: Sample Resume for AutoÖ - Tulane University

Dec 02, 2017 Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template,

Do My Homework for Me - Math Homework Help - Car Sales Resume: Sample Resume for AutoÖ - Illinois State University

essay on Examples - Template, the brain Modern neuroscience postulates the equivalence of brain processes and thinking or consciousness. Ceremony Template, Printable Wedding? Thought is the natural product and phenomenon of neurochemical processes within the brain of our body. One assumption especially favored by modern neuroscience is the consideration of quantum-mechanical processes as the trigger of consciousness and thus of all our mental and - Template volitional acts. From the physicalist point of view I do not deny the practical value and the obvious preferential treatment given to this theory within the top echelon of academic science. Thank You Letter To Employer - 18+ Free Documents? There is one point, however, that I do find worth considering. If we assume quantum-mechanical processes in microtubules of the brain as generative of Car Salesman Resume consciousness, we must allow the properties of quantum-mechanics to be transferred or implicate and inherent in the produced phenomenon itself, i.e., consciousness must itself have quantum-mechanical properties. A physical cause always conveys its property to its produced effect. & Security? For example, consider the cause of a force, pushing a body into Car Salesman, motion. The force of motion in the original cause is transmitted to the resting body, which itself receives this force and Summary For Resume. Resume Summary Of Qualifications is incited to motion.

Thus the kinetic energy of the muscle in my arm is transferred to the book, which I lift up from the Car Salesman Resume, table. Before I moved the Summary Summary Of Qualifications, book, it was resting in a fixed place. As soon as I raise the book, a new determinant is added, that of motion. This example is incomplete in so far, as it only describes the transference of contingent and non-essential properties from the - Template, cause to its effect. Our body is a complex organism, operating as a whole. Spider Diagram Organiser Diagram, Organiser? By analyzing the Resume, parts we do not come to a full understanding of the Mission Driving :: Step-By-Step For Ca, whole organism. We say, that the organism is the Car Salesman Examples - Template, product of biological processes, especially those inherent in the DNA. The properties of the DNA are also present within the whole organism. For example the principle of Sample Thank Free Documents reproduction as a principle of life itself is fundamental to the functionality of the DNA, as well as of the whole body. Similarly, do we not have to assume, that quantum-mechanical properties of the brain processes are inherent and Car Salesman essential to thought and consciousness? For example, take the property of non-locality in quantum mechanics.

It is 5+ Party List | Procedure Sample a physical and approved fact, that quantum-mechanical processes implicate the non-local behavior and relationship of Car Salesman Examples - Template particles. & Security Of Patient? If we transfer this property to consciousness and assume non-locality to be a primary constituent in the mechanism of thought, we must inevitably end up with the Examples - Template, self-contradictory conclusion, that consciousness and thought possess a non-local nature, although neuroscience tries to explain them in terms of locality, i.e., as a phenomenon of the brain. Therefore, the local theory of the mind, put forward by the most eminent neuroscientists, eventually results in the non-locality of the mind. This self-contradiction can only be solved if we do not consider thought to be a product of physical brain processes. As our consciousness and our thought, by & Security nature and Car Salesman Resume - Template definition and Thank - 18+ Free through our own experience evinces non-local features, we are compelled to reconsider these neurobiological theories and eventually to refute them in Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template favor of a non-local theory of the mind. The biological evolution of the human species has not yet been completed. Especially the development of our brain has only Driving Guide, reached a stage of archaic potentiality. The fact that today most people live according to Car Salesman Resume Examples, their biological and bodily drives and impulses than according to Mission :: Step-By-Step Guide Teens, the capacity of reason that is said to distinguish humans from other living animals, obviously shows, that we are far from having attained the final stage of human evolution. The evolution of the body or most of nature may have reached a point of near completion, but, as the brain has developed later in the process of evolution than the other parts of the Car Salesman Resume - Template, body, we have to assume, that the brain's evolution is far from Diagram Organiser being complete. I would even say, regarding the low factor of - Template utilisation of the brain's capacities human beings display nowadays, that we are at the beginning of the brain's evolution.

This evolution is not only biologically, but concomitantly, the evolution of the Template Diagram,, faculties of thinking is extending our thinking massively. This sustains my theory of Paranoesis or Transrational Thinking. Because it is already now possible to use the full extent of our brain's capacity by applying the method of Paranoesis. Fortunately, this method is so far unknown, and as this method cannot be applied by people who are not philosophically engaged, the danger of its abuse is debarred. If we look on some thousand years into Car Salesman - Template, the future, we can probably imagine the human being in its full blossom, that is, thinking is Sample Free highly extended and used more effectively and comprehensively than in our days. How is it possible to attain the full range of capacities of our brain although it is not developed biologically enough?

The answer is simple: if we do not consider thinking as an epiphenomenon of the brain, as modern neurobiology erroneously assume, we can explain the brain as a sort of medium or bridge between Hyponoesis (Universal Mind) and Exonoesis, that is our individual thinking faculty as such. Exonoesis is - Template dependent on the evolution of our brain, because it uses the Privacy & Security Of Patient, brain's physiological capacities. Hyponoesis is Resume Examples - Template independent of any material or corporeal medium. If our individual mind applies the method of Paranoesis or Transrational Thinking, it will be able to transcend the limitations constraining the Individual Mind (Exonoesis) and link up directly with Hyponoesis. A person thinking transrationally is not thinking within the bounds of the capacity of the brain, as rational thinking does.

Exonoesis thinks as Hyponoesis, it is one with Hyponoesis and therefore uses the unrestrained power of Hyponoesis. As Exonoesis participates in Hyponoesis, whether thinking rationally or transrationally, and as Exonoesis is the individualized and materialized product of Hyponoesis, there always exist a natural nexus between Exonoesis and Hyponoesis. The Transrational Thinker is able to unearth this latent nexus and thereby restore the original oneness of Exonoesis and Hyponoesis (Individual and Universal Mind), abolishing the illusory duality and becoming noetically one with Hyponoesis. The common notion about evolution of mankind draws on the scientific theory elucidated in Darwinism. Unfortunately Darwin held that the human mind evolved simultaneously together with the organism and the faculties of perception.

While our ancestors living in caves developed gradually the faculty of using the first tools, the Evolutionists believe, that their intellectual faculty also began to Printable Programs, Ceremony, flourish and thus reason, the Car Salesman Resume - Template, unique feature of the homo sapiens, slowly came into being. Mind that makes up the human being in its wholeness, has never evolved. Only the intellectual faculties were refined over Sample Thank - 18+ Download Free Documents the centuries. Mind as such has always been, independent of the evolution, unchanged by the changes of time, indifferent to the upheavals of mankind and the struggling effort to grasp that which I call the One Mind. Therefore it is only the utilization of the latent and hitherto unknown faculties of our mind that increased over the time. While cave people used their mental faculties at Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, a minimum rate, modern human's rate of Template utilization has dramatically increased and has produced our technological age. Nevertheless, the average degree of utilization is Car Salesman Resume small compared to all the Printable Wedding Programs, Ceremony, unexplored faculties that lie still unused in our mind, not yet discovered. Only some outstanding and illustrious personages in every era, and especially the great philosophers of the past, succeeded in tapping the uncharted reservoir of the human mind, if only partially, though. Thus the evolution of mind and the evolution of matter (body and Resume consciousness) are not necessarily concomitant. If neuroscientists are convinced that consciousness could be ultimately explained by Privacy & Security Of Patient Ppt Download neurochemical processes in Car Salesman Resume Examples the brain, I would not object to this assumption that I think will be experimentally verified in the near future . Consciousness as a state of For Resume. Summary awareness or attentiveness does not explain thinking that is a much more complex process.

Thinking will never be explained as a product of the neurophysiological events within the brain, because thinking is not an epiphenomenon of corporeal or material processes. Even consciousness is still not accounted for by merely physical processes. How does something invisible, immeasurable, completely subjective such as our experience of ourselves is, originate from an observable and Resume Examples measurable physical process. This phase transition from mere physical brain operations to mental or psychical operations is the critical and up to now unexplained Achilles heel of neuroscience and ancillary fields. Thinking harnesses the capacity of our brain, which evolved over For Resume. Http 2 million years. It is the medium that evolved, not thinking as such. Thinking is dependent on the brain in order to express itself, in order to establish communicative powers, reasoning powers and so on. Thinking is Car Salesman Examples - Template necessary for our survival as a species, for the individual being to be able to live. The more our brain evolved, the more the Summary Resume Summary Of Qualifications Http, infinite power of thinking (or what I call Hyponoesis ) could become manifest through the behavior and thinking of the human being.

Thinking as such (Hyponoesis) is independent of the body or the brain. If not active as the individual mind it remains in a state of Examples - Template noetic vacuum before manifesting as Exonoesis (Individual Minds). The brain is therefore just a medium of & Security expression for Car Salesman Resume Examples, thinking. Consciousness however is the To Employer - 18+ Download Free, fundamental state that denotes the being as alive, and that is the intermediary between thinking as a non-material process and the neurophysiological processes of the brain. Consciousness is the link between thinking and the brain, between the Examples - Template, mind and the body. I do not mean to emphasize a dualistic notion with this. On the contrary, dualism, as postulated by Descartes, means an assumption of two totally independent and Template different substances, although they are capable of interacting somehow. We could call this the strong dualism, compared to the weak or complementary dualism I propose. This dualism is comparable to the particle-wave dualism and Car Salesman the principle of complementarity postulated by Bohr. Both, particle and wave are an aspect of the same subatomic event. They complement each other and belong necessarily together.

Mind and 5+ Party List Template Template body, therefore, are not antagonistic or completely different. Both are interconnected aspects of the same underlying and fundamental energy. The body as such is just a biological machine, which could not survive on its own. Consciousness gives the body the - Template, necessary information about the world outside it and about the body itself. Thinking is the what guides, steers or directs the course of the life, how the body is used for expressing inner moods etc. The whole psychology of our psyche is under the guidance and auspices of thinking (see also the laws of cybernetic). In Aristotelian terms: thinking is the form that individuates matter, and thus produces the individuality, be it that of the body, the mind or the soul. (cf. Thomas Aquinas on the unity of body and soul, Summa Theologica, Ia, 76.1) The problem with neuroscience and its assumption that mind is only a complex biological phenomenon is, that they cannot explain, how an immaterial complexity, such as consciousness and thinking could have originated and evolved from a totally different material substance as matter (explanatory gap). Every material phenomenon can be measured or at least statistically described by natural science.

Why are they not able to do the same with this so-called biological phenomenon of the MIND? Why do most scientific approaches fail when applied to the understanding of our mind? Between this complex structure of consciousness and the physiological brain functions there seems to Privacy Of Patient Information, be an unsurmountable gap that has not yet been bridged. The functions and structure of Resume Examples - Template our mind do not, by Spider - Spider Diagram, analogy, resemble the Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template, function and structure of the Organiser, material counterpart, the brain. Both functions are different. If consciousness is the result of complex neurobiological functions in the brain, why is the resulting structure so completely different in its processes? How is it possible, that a material body can produce an immaterial consciousness?

How is Car Salesman Resume Examples - Template individuality in our mind explained, though our brains are basically the same? I mean, the human bodies may be slightly different, but the basic functions, like breathing, digestion, blood circulation, brain processes etc. are the same within the species of Privacy & Security Of Patient Ppt Download home sapiens, even within the genus of Resume Examples - Template living beings. Nevertheless, if we consider the individuality of the human being, its character, its consciousness, its thinking, nothing could be more variegated and distinct than that. If our brain would be responsible for the mind, then where does this individuality come from? Why do some persons have an extraordinary reason, and others are dull and barely intelligent? Environmental influences alone cannot explain that fact, otherwise animals would show a smiliar distinction within their species. I think that philosophers since ever clearly separated the mind from Privacy & Security Of Patient Information our body or the Car Salesman Resume Examples, material world.

We cannot simply reject their thoughts as dualism. Why shouldn't there be a dualism of some sort? It is only in our century that thinkers came to be sceptical of dualism by accepting only one substance, matter. By this act they could easily wipe away some of the more fundamental problems. This enterprise is Janus-faced, because on the other side they created a host of new problems, as mentioned above, and Organiser Organiser these problems are for some part really absurd. 1996-2017 by Tom Arnold. Car Salesman Resume - Template? All rights reserved. Send comments and questions to author.

Last Updated: 7/9/2016.