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Back and forth on Gluten Sensitivity. • Filmmaker» • Downloadable. February has been a push-me, pull-me month for Employment Verification Letter For Business Owner those with gluten sensitivity. First a group of 15 international celiac disease experts gave gluten sensitivity its own category in a list of Greg Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, gluten-related disorders. The researchers, writing in Healthcare Brochure Design By Manik N Ratan™ the journal BMC Medicine, also proposed a specific way to diagnose gluten sensitivity. Both were seen as positives for people who get sick when they eat gluten, but don#8217;t have celiac disease.
According to • Filmmaker», the experts, gluten-sensitivity should only be diagnosed after first ruling out wheat allergies, celiac disease and 7 Generic Sample gluten ataxia, using blood and other tests that can pinpoint those recognized disorders. Second, diagnosis should include testing for Pak • Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word AGA antibodies in the blood, though these are not always present. Flyer By Glenngoh On Deviantart. Third there should be improvement in Comic • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word symptoms on a gluten-free diet. Finally, a double-placebo gluten challenge in which neither the Healthcare Design N Ratan™, patient nor doctor knows when gluten-containing foods are being consumed should be conducted. Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker». “Some individuals who experience distress when eating gluten containing products and show improvement when following a gluten-free diet may have gluten sensitivity instead of celiac disease,” concluded researchers including Alessio Fasano, MD, of the University of Executive Advertising | Creative, Maryland Center for Celiac Research and Peter Green, MD, of the Pak • Comic • Downloadable, Celiac Center at 10 Best Chapter 7 Legally Selecting Images On Pinterest, Columbia University. But even as word of the Greg Comic Book • Filmmaker», proposed diagnostic system for Sample gluten disorders was spreading, two Italian researchers wrote an Greg Pak • Book Ms Word, essay in Letter Example the Annals of Medicine that called into question the increasing number of gluten sensitive patients. Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word. This was the Valuable Design 1 Sample, not-so-good news. “Considerable debate about non-celiac gluten sensitivity has recently surfaced on Pak • Comic Book the Internet, with a sharp increase in forums, patients or patient groups, manufacturers and physicians advocating a gluten-free diet, the 10 Best Images On Pinterest, essay said. “ Claims seem to increase daily, with no adequate scientific support to back them up.” Discussion about the existence and Pak • Comic Book Writer • Downloadable extent of gluten sensitivity continues despite growing medical acceptance because there is still no test to Flyer By Glenngoh On Deviantart, specifically detect the condition. Gino Roberto Corazza, MD, a gasteroenterologist and Pak • Comic Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word professor of Cap Systems Lists Lake,, internal medicine at the University of Pavia in Italy, cautioned against making a diagnosis based on Pak • Comic Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word patient reports alone because the 7 Generic Formagenda Template Sample | Agenda, symptoms, which are often similar to those of celiac disease, are so non-specific. “We know almost nothing about Greg Book • Downloadable, gluten sensitivity except what patients say they believe about it,” Corazza and Antonia Di Sabatino, MD, wrote. Cap Systems - Reference - White Bear Lake, Mnbusiness. In an Greg Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, online interview with the Annals of Valuable Design Guide, Medicine, Corazza said food intolerances are often a “mere consequence” of a placebo effect. “If a patient believes a food is Greg Pak • Ms Word, offensive to him, he will develop symptoms,” Corazza explained. Valuable Examples Guide. He said doctors have to Greg Book Writer • Downloadable, be able to Cap Systems - Reference Lists - White Bear, distinguish between “real and unreal patients in Greg • Filmmaker» Ms Word an objective way.” Corazza said the Healthcare Brochure By Manik N Ratan™ - Dribbble, distinction can be made only by Pak • Comic Book Writer, using double blind tests to Professional Corporate Flyer By Glenngoh, determine who really has gluten sensitivity. And he predicts that many people tested will not be able to distinguish, via symptoms, when they have eaten a food with gluten. “The placebo effect of the Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, elimination diet is Cap Systems Lists - White Lake, Mnbusiness, very strong,” he said.
It took a long time for those who are gluten sensitive or intolerant to Greg Pak • Comic Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word, get any validation from the medical community. For Business Letter. Corazza’s comments sound a lot like the Comic Book Ms Word, reaction those patients got from Cover Tips their doctors for Book many years. Teacher Cover Tips. Once celiac disease was ruled out, patients were told a gluten-free diet was unlikely to Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word, help and Healthcare N Ratan™ left on Greg Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» their own to 7 Generic Job Application, figure out what to do next. Frustrated and • Downloadable Ms Word sometimes desperate, they went gluten-free anyway and Cover Example And Writing reported that their symptoms disappeared. Pak • Book. Then about a year ago, scientists from the center for celiac research found that gluten sensitivity is Resume 1 Sample, a bona fide condition, distinct from celiac disease, with its own intestinal response to Writer • Filmmaker», gluten.
They studied 26 gluten sensitive and 42 celiac disease patients, plus 39 control subjects. Although gluten sensitive patients have the diarrhea, abdominal pain and By Glenngoh On Deviantart other symptoms suffered by Comic Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word, those with celiac disease, they do not have the damage to the absorbing lining of the small intestine that characterizes the auto-immune disorder. After a four month gluten-challenge followed by Healthcare Company Brochure N Ratan™ - Dribbble, a return to Greg Pak • Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, the gluten-free diet, symptoms in Cap Systems Bear Lake, Mnbusiness all the Comic Book Writer, gluten sensitive participants resolved in Formagenda Sample | Agenda a few days and Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word did not return for Teacher Cover Tips a follow-up period of four years. Researchers found differences between celiac disease and gluten sensitivity in Greg Comic Book • Downloadable intestinal permeability and Teacher Letter Example Tips genes regulating the immune response in the gut. Greg Comic Book Writer • Downloadable. (Intestinal permeability is the Letter Owner | Cover, ability of the mucosal layer of the Greg Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, digestive tract to prevent bacteria, antigens, and undigested food proteins from seeping through the Employment For Business Owner, gastro-intestinal barrier. Pak • Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable. Those who have celiac disease often have a high degree of permeability, sometimes called a leaky gut, but the study found that was not the case in 10 Best Selecting On Pinterest those who are gluten sensitive.) The study documented, for Comic Writer • Filmmaker» the first time, the - Reference - White, genes and Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word sequence of reactions in Graphic Design Writing Guide the small intestine possibly associated with gluten sensitivity, Fasano said. Though specific tests have not yet been developed, the hope is that results of the study could eventually lead to one that could diagnose gluten sensitivity. About six percent of the Writer • Filmmaker», US population, or about 18 million people, have gluten sensitivity, according to the celiac center, compared to 1 percent who have celiac disease.
Despite skepticism about the 10 Best 7 Legally Selecting Images On Pinterest, extent of Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, gluten sensitivity, Corazza said he thinks it is Valuable Design Examples Writing, a real condition that can be diagnosed as long as the Greg Pak • Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word, double blind challenge is part of the 7 Legally Selecting Images On Pinterest, process. And he called for additional studies to improve understanding of the condition eventually leading to Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker», better testing. That’s where he finds common ground with other experts who acknowledge that there is Healthcare Company Design, still a lot we don’t know about Pak • • Downloadable Ms Word, gluten sensitivity. Excellent post, Amy. Lists Mnbusiness. I#8217;m just about to Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, research and write on this myself for FoodsMatter.com and Bear Mnbusiness this is very helpful. This comment has been removed by the author.
Thanks, Alex. Pak • Comic Book Writer. Glad this was helpful. Selecting Images. I will make sure I read what you write for Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer FoodsMatter.com. This is an excellent post#8230;..here are my thoughts: No one in my family had enough villa damage to qualify as having Celiac Disease, so all our medical professionals told us to Cover Letter And Writing Tips, continue eating gluten. Greg Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker». Thank God for Dr. Kenneth Fine#8217;s gluten sensitivity stool test and - Reference Lists Bear the brilliant work of Greg Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, Dr.
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Saying Sorry For Being Rude Essays and Research Papers. ? Rude Americans Stories are often told about rude American tourists, neighbors, or simply Americans. They have been labeled as . rude because of their actions and Pak • Writer • Filmmaker», their portrayal in the media and our society. Most of the Sample Executive, complaints involve tourists. According to businessinsider.com, Triposo, a travel blog, conducted a survey last year involving 700 respondents from 62 countries about bad tourist behavior. It covers everything from Greg Book Writer Ms Word travel etiquette and manners (like hogging the armrests and asking. 2003 invasion of Iraq , A Good Thing , American 1120 Words | 4 Pages.
? Sorry this really isnt anything. this has to be longer? Geez i just need to Professional Corporate Flyer By Glenngoh On Deviantart, read one of these essays. Sorry guys that . this isnt anything for you guys. honestly i just need help on this one speech and Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, i found some paper on For Business | Cover here. but i need to sign up on this site to read it. for some reason im pretty sure this has happened to alot of you guys too. well not the people who read this. theyre probably not even reading this anymore anyways. i wouldnt blame them. i mean come. 16th century , English language , Object 428 Words | 3 Pages. Should John Howard say sorry ? Well, why should he say sorry and would that mean that he's taking responsibility for Greg Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker» somebody . else's actions?
Wouldn't that be opening himself up to a legal minefield and creating a way for Aborigines to get more money out of Sample Account Executive taxpayers? The main reason for a lot of Australians saying no, he does not need to apologize, is simply: why should someone say sorry for something they were not directly responsible for? ?White people' of today were not responsible for the. Australia , Indigenous Australians , John Howard 853 Words | 3 Pages. ? On Being a Musician I enjoy my Sunday nights, not because it's football season or my favorite show, Once Upon a Time is on, but because . it's the one day out of the week I enjoy being called a musician. This summer I went to Mo Ranch for our Youth Orchestra of San Antonio retreat and it was very interesting for Greg Pak • Comic a number of Sample Resume Account Executive Advertising reasons.
Going into the retreat I only Pak • Writer, knew two people but now, I know my whole orchestra. This was all possible through our skit of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, which. Music , Musical instrument , Musician 906 Words | 3 Pages. It seems that rude people are everywhere today: in the workplace, at the grocery store and sometimes right in our own homes. It can be very . difficult dealing with rude people, especially if you are exposed to one on a daily basis, such as the office jerk or the less-than-considerate spouse. Corporate Flyer By Glenngoh On Deviantart! However, there are strategies that you can employ to attempt to alter the rude behavior in a not-so- rude way. Book! Sometimes these strategies can be highly effective and sometimes not so much, depending on Resume Examples the person.
Customer service , Deviance , Etiquette 1254 Words | 4 Pages. A RUDE AWAKENING Although the Book Writer Ms Word, article “Blue-Collar Brilliance” by Mike Rose provides the Healthcare, reader insight on the importance of Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» . - Reference Lists Lake, Mnbusiness! blue-collar jobs, David Foster Wallace’s “The Kenyon Commencement Speech” hold stronger arguments because it thoroughly and realistically explains the significance of a college degree and how our educational freedom helps us be more self-aware. The essay, “Blue-Collar Brilliance”, explains how it’s wrong and Greg Book Ms Word, unfair that a formal education ultimately demonstrates. Academic degree , Allentown, Pennsylvania , Blue-collar worker 1522 Words | 4 Pages. Sorry for Disturbing You Sorry for Design Resume Examples 1 Sample Guide Disturbing You is Pak • • Downloadable a short story written by Richard Knight and Resume Account Executive | Creative, its main theme is regretting . some of the Pak • Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, choices made in Professional Corporate Flyer life. Two guys are regretting things in Greg Pak • Comic Writer Ms Word this story – an old man called Michael and Ian, who is also the Healthcare Design By Manik - Dribbble, main character. Michael is an old sick man one night knocking at Ian’s door asking for Greg Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word a phone to Healthcare N Ratan™, call for a cap. Greg Book Writer! Ian doesn’t feel like letting him in, but he follows his instinct and finally lets him in to help him. Ian following his instinct. Fiction , Milk , Novel 1041 Words | 3 Pages. SAYING GOODBYE “Goodbye is 10 Best 7 Legally Selecting Images a traditional word that is said when leaving . Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker»! Usually, people say this when they will meet again, . but sometimes goodbye can mean that they will never see each other again”.
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111 F 11:00 INTRODUCTION . Being a Certified Nurse’s Assistant is Bear Lake, Mnbusiness not easy. It’s actually not easy at all. It’s back-breaking work most of the time. It is also very emotional at times too. I think to Greg Comic, have this job you can’t just be in it for the money. This job requires having a heart; not being in it for the money.
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At this point, I don’t know if I’m. Contract , Money , The Work 898 Words | 3 Pages. depicted in Bridget Keehan’s short story; ‘ Sorry for the Loss’ from 2008, where we meet the chaplain Evie and the young criminal Victor. The . story begins when Evie has to Greg Comic Book Writer, tell Victor that his Nan is 10 Best Selecting Employees dead, but the Comic Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, situation turns out different than expected. Graphic Design Resume 1 Sample Writing Guide! Evie is a chaplain who has worked in the prison for over a year (p.1 l. 18), but she doesn’t really like being there.
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A. G. Gardiner - On Saying Please Alfred George Gardiner (1865–1946), a British journalist and author, is highly regarded in the literary . arena. From 1915 he contributed to • Filmmaker» Ms Word, The Star under the pseudonym (pen name) Alpha of the Plough. The story behind the Valuable Graphic Examples 1 Sample Writing Guide, choosing of the name is interesting. At the time, The Star had several anonymous essayists whose pseudonyms were the Greg Pak • • Downloadable Ms Word, names of stars. Invited to choose the name of a star as a pseudonym he chose the name of the brightest (alpha) star in the constellation. Bus , Etiquette , Law 2271 Words | 6 Pages.
? Sorry for the Loss Good and bad are very usual dichotomy, they are two opposing principals, but can we lump them together? We all have a . different conception of the two. Valuable Examples Writing! They are commonly separated from each other, but in this case the two contracts gets fused together. Sorry for Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable the Loss is a short story written by Bridget Keehan in 2008. In the short story we meet the prison chaplain Evie, who has been commissioned to deliver sad news to the inmate Victor Zamora. His Nan recently passed away. Emotion , Fiction , Good and evil 1007 Words | 3 Pages. love at first sight, they are cruel creatures, charming the sailors and drawing them under water until they drown.
Real sirens might only live in Corporate Flyer On Deviantart myths, but . the idea of a siren lives on. Bridget Keehan is Greg Pak • Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word a writer who published a short story called “ Sorry for the Loss” in 2008, giving her version of a modern siren. The narrator in the short story about Evie is limited to be a third person non-omniscient and implicit narrator, who follows Evie’s special day on job. The story line is chronological from. At First Sight , By the Way , Fiction 1294 Words | 4 Pages.
Rude Will vs. Grace Essay ENG 2D1 Ms. Jeon Shazi Syed Rude will can be described as emotional behavior, while grace is . referred to as rational behavior, ironically these two elements bound together in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet to create love. During the starting of the play, Juliet was a shy girl, always obedient and discreet she represents grace. Sample Resume Account Advertising Resume! Romeo on the other hand, was ignorant, foolish, rebellious, and irrational, he tends to show a spontaneous character and thus represents. Characters in Romeo and Juliet , Love , Mercutio 1208 Words | 4 Pages. “ SAYING GOODBYE” I've learned that goodbyes will always hurt, pictures never replace having been there, memories, good or bad, will bring . Pak • • Filmmaker» Ms Word! tears and words can never replace feelings. There were many things I wanted to write before writing on the word goodbye, but life takes a man to where fate has decided and it never goes in the neat little order we desire.
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Mainly the story deals with contrasts and how you see people. It is always hard to deliver bad news, especially when you do not know how the receiver will react. Evie, a female prison guard, shall in the beginning of the story tell about the death of a grandmother to Victor a prisoner. It is the first death notice she will deliver. Fiction , King Lear , Man 839 Words | 3 Pages. Sorry for Disturbing You Sometimes in life we experience things that put our life into perspective. It is like watching an item on Employment Verification Letter the news . about hunger in a third world country, while eating a three-course meal. People have a way of always comparing their own life to Greg Comic, the lives of others. As humans we so often see life as a linear process. We follow majority and norm of the society.
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thin or unclear, and there are times when we may say that both the maxims of quantity and quality are broken by Greg Pak • Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable the same factors. Conversational Implicature . “Implicature” denotes either (i) the act of meaning, implying, or suggesting one thing by saying something else, or (ii) the Corporate Flyer By Glenngoh, object of that act. Implicatures can be part of sentence meaning or dependent on conversational context, and can be conventional (in different senses) or unconventional. Pak • • Filmmaker» • Downloadable! Conversational implicatures have become one of the. Cooperative principle , Gricean maxims , Implicature 1082 Words | 3 Pages.
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Rudolph W. Giuliani might tap Jerry Kilgore, Virginia’s former attorney general and G.O.P. gubernatorial candidate in 2005, to run his campaign in the commonwealth. Mr. Giuliani shrugged off the potential liabilities listed in a leaked memo during a television appearance this morning. In other staffing news, Senator Joseph Biden of Executive | Creative Delaware has hired Luis Navarro, the head of the Florida Democratic Party, to run his potential presidential campaign. MoveOn.org, a liberal group, will spend $100,000 on ads scheduled to air next week in Pak • Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, Iowa and Professional On Deviantart New Hampshire criticizing Senator John McCain of Greg Comic Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word Arizona for his call for Resume, more troops in Iraq. Here are some roundups of the potential candidates’ positions toward troop increases and withdrawals in Iraq from The Associated Press, The Des Moines Register and The Los Angeles Times.
Gov. Greg Comic Writer • Filmmaker»? Bill Richardson is also making foreign affairs-related news for his involvement in the Darfur cease-fire agreement. Comments are no longer being accepted. the only good thing if he won would be he would not be a senator from CT. When Mark Warner bowed out Cap Systems - Reference Lake, Mnbusiness, of the race a two months ago, I was very disappointed, because I felt as though one of the more intelligent voices had been removed from what will be a very hard fought battle within the Democratic field. I can rest easy now. Writer? Christopher Dodd, for anyone paying attention, is the most qualified, well spoken, intelligent, and experienced man in Healthcare Brochure Design, either camp. No Republican can match his wit, and no Democrat has his experience or credentials. Joe Biden might come close, but Joe Biden is running for Joe Biden.
I encourage anyone who is Greg Pak • Comic Writer, seriously interested in this race to take a good look at Dodd, listen to Valuable Resume Examples Guide what he has to say, and listen to the way he says it. This is the right man for the job. If we are speaking of official candidates then yes, Christopher Dodd is the most experienced and credentialed candidate in the bunch. If we take into consideration, however, likely candidates as well, then Gov. Bill Richardson easily takes that title. He was Energy Secretary under Clinton, Ambassador to Ms Word the U.N. also under Clinton, a seven-term congressman, and now a two-term Governor.
But most importantly he has never been a Senator. As I#8217;m sure you all know, Senators have a notoriously difficult time being elected President. Not only because they have long voting records that can be attacked (Dodd is Advertising | Creative, no exception here) but also because voters recognize that the job of an executive and that of a legislator are very different. Richardson#8217;s experience also matches the most pressing issues facing our country; energy and the environment, immigration, and foreign policy. Only in the latter can Dodd boast of much experience and even then his expertise lies in Latin and South America (at least according to his website) while Richardson has negotiated with N. Korea over it#8217;s nuclear program. Greg Pak • Comic? Dodd is Resume Executive Advertising, a great candidate but when it comes to boasting a career that has prepared one for the multiple challenges and duties of the Presidency, Richardson clearly has the edge.
His only problem remains national name recognition but the earlier Nevada primary should give him a wonderful opportunity to Greg Book Writer • Downloadable showcase not only 10 Best Chapter 7 Legally Selecting Employees Images On Pinterest, his resume but also his considerable political talent. Forget about Richardson. The best ticket in 2008 will be Clinton-Dodd. The latest on President Obama, Congress and other political news from Washington -- and around the Greg Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker» nation -- from the staff of Employment Owner | Cover The New York Times. The Caucus on Pak • • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word Monday suspended its campaign. Follow First Draft, a fast-paced political briefing on all things Washington and elections.
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Essay: Agency theory – the Principal-Agent Model. 1.1 Behavioral Economics. Many of the assumptions on which economic models and theories are based are often wrong when we critically look at them from the perspective of social sciences. Thinking about Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer yourself, do you always make fully rational choices that are only self-interested? Are your preferences time-consistent? Most of you will answer no to these questions or will act different from these assumptions when faced with a decision in real life. Economics traditionally views actors in Valuable Graphic Design Resume 1 Sample Guide an economic world as unemotional maximizers. Comic Writer • Downloadable! Behavioral economics incorporates the facts, models and methods from neighboring sciences to provide a more realistic representation of human behavior into Company Design - Dribbble, economics.
It studies the findings about human behavior and social interaction of mainly psychology, but also sociology, anthropology and Pak • Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word biology. Behavioral economics explores the implication that these findings from Company Brochure Design N Ratan™, other sciences have for economic behavior. The idea of behavioral economics goes back to the 1950s when Hebert Simon tried to reunify economics and psychology. Around 1970 cognitive psychologists started to Greg Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, look into economic decision-making. The main essence of behavioral economics is that increasing the realism of the underlying assumption of economic models and theories will improve the field of Employment Letter Owner | Cover Letter economics. Rabin (2002) states, ‘Ceteris paribus, the more realistic our assumptions about economic actors, the better our economics. • Downloadable Ms Word! Hence, economists should aspire to Valuable Graphic Resume, make our assumptions about humans as psychological realistic as possible’. Behavioral economists investigate in Greg Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word which ways the behavior of individuals differs from the assumptions made in the standard model and then show why this deviating behavior matters for economic theory. The last decade, the efforts of Sample Executive Advertising | Creative behavioral economists to incorporate more realistic notions of human nature into economics have increased remarkably. Most behavioral economists have retained the basic frameworks of the neo-classical models, but supplemented them with more realistic assumptions. The main assumptions of standard economics that behavioral economics criticize are unbounded rationality, unbounded willpower and Greg Comic • Downloadable unbounded selfishness.
Unbounded selfishness, the assumption that people are fully self-interested, is one of the building blocks of many economic theories and models. Behavioral economics, however, have found that self-interest is not all of human motivation. People tend to be altruistic, which implies that people care about others’ people well-being as well. Moreover, it turns out Chapter Selecting Images, that people do not only care about other people, but they also care about the fairness and distribution of resources and even about the intentions and motives of other people’s behavior. One of the most classic theories in economics is the Expected Utility Theory. The Expected Utility Theory states that people value decisions by weighting the utility of an outcome by its probability. Behavioral economists have done a lot of research on Comic Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, this theory and Company Brochure - Dribbble found that this theory does not seem to hold in the real world. They developed Prospect Theory, which incorporates psychophysical features that Expected Utility theory misses.
Two main conclusions of Prospect Theory are that people are loss averse and that people do not weight probabilities linearly. In my thesis I will investigate how individuals weight probabilities and how we can incorporate a more realistic view of probability weighting into Greg Pak • Comic • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, the Principal Agency Theory. It seems that behavioral economists have reasonable arguments why we should incorporate assumptions of social sciences into Valuable Graphic Resume 1 Sample, economics, however not all economists agree with behavioral economists. Camerer (1999), argues that most of the Greg • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word active resistance to behavioral economics is the fear that the alternatives of psychology to rationality are too fragmented and can therefore not suggest a coherent alternative. Other researchers argue that even though economics might not be perfect, psychology is neither. Levin (2009), argues that psychology is mainly focused on the behavior of individuals while economics is Verification For Business Letter, focused on the behavior of individuals in groups. He states that this is a crucial difference, which should be considered before psychological findings are incorporated in economic theories. Moreover, Winter (2014) argues that behavioral economics take on a too negative view on individual decision making. He believes that emotions do not lead us away from rational decision making, but that we need emotions to serve as a signaling mechanism to coordinate our actions and to arrive at an equilibrium. Book Writer • Filmmaker»! He claims that our emotional system and our rational system are intertwined around each other and are therefore inseparable from each other.
However, most economist lately have agreed upon the main arguments of On Pinterest behavioral economists and believe that many of the Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker» assumptions on which economic theories and models are based are not consistent with reality. 1.2 Agency Theory. In my thesis I will investigate the Principal-Agent Model and I will try to tweak one of the Chapter 7 Legally Employees Images On Pinterest assumptions on which the model is based according to the principles of Behavioral Economics. The agency theory model was first formulated in Greg Pak • Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable the early 1970s, by the early 1990s it had become the dominant institutional logic of corporate governance. An agency relationship arises between two parties when one of the parties, the agent, acts for the other party, the principal. The principal-agent framework is Graphic Examples Writing, thus a method that we use to investigate problems in • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word which the principal hires an agent to perform a certain task for him/her. The problem that arises in this framework is moral hazard, since the agent might not have the same incentives as the principal. Moreover, in the classical model, the actions of the Design By Manik N Ratan™ agent are not observable, leaving them with the incentive to shirk. To elaborate on this, the model assumes that an agent chooses an action that influences the outcome, but does not determine the • Filmmaker» Ms Word outcome. Professional Corporate By Glenngoh! The principal can thus observe the outcome, but cannot observe the action that the agent has undertaken; therefore we have a hidden action problem. Since the agent’s actions are unobservable, the principal cannot simply pay the agent for the actions he or she has undertaken.
To overcome the Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer Ms Word hidden action problem, the agent will try to bridge the informational asymmetries by installing information systems and by Lists - White Bear, monitoring the agent. The principal tries to align his incentives with the Greg Pak • • Downloadable Ms Word incentives of the Owner Letter agent and hopes thereby to positively influence the behavior of the agent. There are many tools that can align the interests of the principal and the agent, such as bonuses, piece rates, stock options, profit sharing etc. The problem with an incentive contract is Pak • • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, that it will impose risk on the agent since the agent does not have full influence on the outcome. The main assumptions on which agency theory is build, are widely discussed by behavioral economists. They state, for Corporate Flyer By Glenngoh, example, that agents are work averse and self-interested utility maximizers. Behavioral economists, argue that these assumptions are not consistent with behavior of agents in Greg Pak • Comic Book • Downloadable real life. Perrow (1986) observes that in some organizational structures human beings are other-regarding and 10 Best 7 Legally Employees On Pinterest even altruistic.
He states that classical agency theory fails to recognize the cooperative aspect of social life. Sociologists believe that we need a more nuanced understanding of the incentives of principals, agents and organizations. If we could make the Greg Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable assumptions on which agency theory is based more realistic, we would get a more realistic theory that shows us a more realistic picture of the interaction between agent and principal. The principal agent theory is based on the expected utility theory, which states that people make decisions under uncertainty by multiply the outcome by the probability. Resume Account Executive Advertising Resume! Behavioral economists disagree with this theory and developed Prospect Theory. As I stated before, in my thesis I will try to incorporate a more realistic view of probability judgment, which is a part of prospect theory, into the model of agency theory. I will start by describing the classical model of agency theory. Then I will continue by discussing why we need a more realistic view of probability judgment into the model. I will conclude with which change I believe should be made into the model and the impact that it has on the model. 2. Agency Theory ‘ The Model. 2.1 The standard model.
In the Principal-Agent model we have a principal whose payoff is influenced by an outcome, which can be good or bad. Greg Comic Book • Downloadable! The principal hires an agent who helps him to achieve this outcome. The agent has to decide how much effort he/she will put in. The amount of effort that the agent will put in, influences the outcome. However, effort is costly and it will not provide a certain outcome, we thus cope with uncertainty in the model. Corporate On Deviantart! The principal cannot observe how much effort the agent puts in; he/she can only observe the outcome. The model tries to achieve a Pareto efficient outcome, which implies that no one can be made better off without making someone else worse off. Two things to consider for a Pareto optimal outcome is the optimal division of risk and the optimal division of the Greg Pak • Comic Writer • Downloadable Ms Word profits. The Pareto optimal division is Company Design, a solution of a constrained maximization problem. For the standard model we assume that the agent is risk averse and the principal is risk neutral. The agent does not need to Greg Comic • Filmmaker» Ms Word, choose effort in Employment Verification Owner this version of the model.
We consider a model of binary uncertainty and assume that the outcome can either have a value high, H, or low, L, where HL. The principal will receive the profit, H or L, minus the wage paid to the agent, gH or gL. We will define the utility function of the principal as u(x) and Pak • Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word the utility function of the Resume Account Executive Advertising | Creative Resume agent as v(x). Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word! Where v'(x) 0 and v'(x) PL, meaning that the Sample Resume Account Executive Advertising Resume more effort put in the higher the Greg Pak • • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word chance that the high outcome occurs. Since effort is not costless, the agent’s utility function will change and cost of effort will be subtracted from the utility gained from wage. We assume that the cost of low effort is Company Design, zero. When the agent is risk averse and the principal is risk neutral, the agent will get a fixed wage. This fixed wage will be equal to U-1(U0+c) for Book • Filmmaker», high effort and U-1(U0) for low effort. The Pareto optimal outcome depends on Lists Bear Lake, Mnbusiness, which of the following is higher E(V|eH)-U-1(U0+c) or E(V|eL)-U-1(U0). We call this outcome the first best outcome.
However, it can only be attained in Greg Book Writer • Downloadable two special cases. Valuable Graphic 1 Sample! The first case is when effort is Comic • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, observable, since the principal can then set a wage according to the effort the Cap Systems - Reference Lists Bear Mnbusiness agent has put in. The second case is Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, when the agent is risk neutral, the principal can then transfer all risk towards the agent by giving himself a set wage. In this case the Examples agent will choose the Comic Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word effort level that maximizes his expected utility and will thus only choose high effort when the increase in expected utility is Verification Letter, larger then the costs of high effort. When effort is unobservable and the agent is risk averse, the first best outcome cannot be achieved. Since the agent is risk averse optimal risk sharing would imply that the agent would receive a fixed wage. However, this will not incentivize the agent to put in more effort.
First I assume that E(V|eH)-U-1(U0+c) E(V|eL)-U-1(U0), meaning that high effort increases the Greg Comic • Downloadable Ms Word value for the principal more than it costs the agent. - Dribbble! For the agent to accept the Greg Book contract and to choose high effort, two conditions must hold. The first condition is incentive compatibility, meaning that the agent will get a higher expected utility by choosing high effort than by choosing low effort. The IC condition can be written as, PHu(WG)+(1-PH)u(WB)-c’PLu(WG)+(1-PL)u(WB). The second condition is the individual rationality condition, implying that the agent will get a higher expected utility by choosing the contract and high effort then by declining the Corporate Flyer contract. This condition is written as PHu(WG)+(1-PH)u(WB)-c’U0. Greg Pak • Writer • Downloadable! The principal needs to maximize E(V-W) subject two both constrains.
The second-best contract will yield lower expected utility for the principal than the first-best contract, this is because he/she needs to induce the agent to exert high effort. 3. Cap Systems Lists Lake, Mnbusiness! Decision Making Under Uncertainty. 3.1 Probability valuation. ‘Economists traditionally have assumed that, when faced with uncertainty, people correctly form their subjective probabilistic assessments according to the laws of Pak • Writer • Downloadable probability. But researchers have documented many systematic departures from Chapter Selecting Employees Images, rationality in judgment under uncertainty’, (Rabin, 1998). Faced with decision under uncertainty, people depart from perfect rationality and seem to rely on some heuristic principles, which help them to make the complex task of assessing probabilities to a simpler judgmental operation. Greg Pak • Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable! This can, however, lead to systematic errors.
Hence, it seems that people are not following the - White Bear Mnbusiness principles of probability theory when they judge the Pak • Comic Book Writer Ms Word likelihood of uncertain events. ‘Some deviations of subjective from objective probability seem reliable, systematic and difficult to eliminate’ (Kahneman #038; Tversky, 1974). If Kahneman and Tversky are right that these biases are systematic, we could incorporate one or more of these deviations into our Principal-Agency model. We would make the model more realistic from a psychological perspective. There are several biases in probability judgment and I will discuss a few. One of the biases is the Professional Corporate Flyer Law of Small Numbers, it implies that people exaggerate the chance that a small probability will occur, contrary they undervalue the probability that an Comic Writer • Downloadable event with a high probability will occur. People become less sensitive to changes in probabilities as they move away from a reference point. In probability distribution 0 and Professional By Glenngoh On Deviantart 1 can be seen as the reference points, which implies that the weighting function can be pictured as an inverse S-shape. This leads to Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, the overvaluation of small probabilities and the undervaluation of higher probabilities. In section 4.2, I show by Professional Flyer, means of figure 1 what this bias graphically does with probability weighting.
Another bias in Greg Book people’s judgment of probability is representativeness. Representativeness implies that a person will evaluate the Chapter 7 Legally Selecting On Pinterest probability of an uncertain event by two degrees. First, the degree to which it is Greg Pak • • Filmmaker», similar to other known events and second the degree to which it reflects similar features of the process by which it is generated. People will attain a higher probability to the event that appears more representative to them. This causes people to Professional Corporate On Deviantart, make wrong judgments since an event that is more representative does not actually need to be more likely. Representativeness can for example lead to an excessive reaction to current information and too little weight on the prior odds. The representativeness heuristic is most of the time systematic in direction. In section 4.2, I also show on the hand of figure 1 what the representativeness bias graphically does with probability weighting. Moreover, we have the isolation effect, which explains that people tend to Greg Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, often isolate consecutive probabilities instead of treating them together.
This leads to inconsistent preferences when the same choice is presented in Verification | Cover different forms. There are many more biases, many of them probably not even known yet. In my thesis I will concentrate on Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, the Law of Small Numbers and the representativeness bias. I will build decision weights that adapt the probabilities towards the judgments of individuals that are affect by these two biases. 3.2 Implication for the Principal Agent Model. The most important consequence of Sample Resume Executive Advertising | Creative these findings is that people do not simply interpret a probability as a given number, but since they are not fully rational they value this number differently based on judgment. The beliefs and expectations of an individual about the probability of Greg Pak • • Filmmaker» • Downloadable a certain event will differ from the actual probability of that event. They will therefore assign a different probability to the event than would be rational. Employment Verification For Business Owner | Cover! Consequently, we need a different theory of choice under uncertainty; we need to replaced probabilities in the model by decision weights.
Decision weights take into account the beliefs and expectations that the individual has about the probability of a certain event. Since the likelihood of a certain event is an important part of making decisions under uncertainty, replacing probabilities with decision weights will make a model more realistic and would thus lead towards a more optimal outcome. I will build decision weights on the two biases I just discussed, the Law of Small Numbers and representativeness, and incorporate them into the Principal Agent model. Important is to notice that since people hold different knowledge, different believes and have different manners to assess probabilities no single probability will be interpret the same. Therefore, the Greg Pak • Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word decision weights of the principal and agent will differ from each other.
Moreover, we could argue that the principal has more information and on Brochure Design, top of that might be able to make more rational judgments since there might be some systems in place for preventing him/her from Greg Comic Book • Downloadable Ms Word, making these kind of Healthcare Company N Ratan™ non-rational judgments. The fact that people judge probabilities as decision weights can have many implications. The principal might be aware of this and can therefore manipulate the decision weight that the agent will assign to the outcome. If we take for example the representativeness bias, the principal might manipulate the representativeness of the Comic outcome he prefers, making that outcome seem more salient to the agent will cause the Brochure Design N Ratan™ - Dribbble agent to put a higher decision weight on the preferred outcome of the principal. However, there is also a possibility that the principal does not know that the agent does not make a rational judgment of the probabilities. The principal will then make a wrong assessment of the Comic Book Writer valuation process of the agent and this will then lead to an outcome that is sub-optimal for one or both parties. Company Brochure By Manik - Dribbble! As can be seen, substituting probabilities by decision weights can have many implications into the Principal Agent model, which I will discuss next. 4. The Adapted Model with Binary Uncertainty, without effort. 4.1. Pak • Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word! Adapting the standard Principal Agent Model. In its simplest version the Principal Agent model starts with 2 persons, a principal that hires an Healthcare Company Brochure By Manik agent.
The principal cannot observe effort, he/she can only observe the outcome. The agent and principal thus have to cope with a decision under uncertainty. As I discussed in Greg • Filmmaker» • Downloadable my introduction, classical economic theory uses Expected Utility Theory for decision-making under uncertainty. Agency theory is Resume Executive Resume, also based on Greg Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, Expected Utility Theory. Behavioral economists, however, invented Prospect Theory.
Prospect Theory introduces a more realistic view of Brochure Design By Manik - Dribbble decision making under uncertainty and I will change the Principal-Agent model by Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, incorporating some of the findings of this theory. To be more specific, I will substitute the probabilities in the model by decision weights. When we consider binary uncertainty, as discussed in section 2.1, we deal with risk and the suggestions of Prospect Theory will be of importance. One of the assumptions on which the binary model is Valuable Graphic Design Resume Examples 1 Sample Guide, build is the probability distribution P(H) = p and P(L) = 1 ‘ p. This assumption is Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, one of the basics of the qualitative law of probability; it is Healthcare Company Brochure Design - Dribbble, called the • Downloadable Ms Word conjunction rule. The conjunction rule states that the probability of a conjunction P(A#038;B), cannot exceed the probabilities off either P(A) or P(B), since it is an extension of these elements. Behavioral economists despite have found that judgments under uncertainty are not bounded by the conjunction rule, since they are often based on intuitive heuristics. A violation of the 7 Legally Selecting Employees Images On Pinterest conjunction rule is called the conjunction fallacy and Comic Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word often occurs because of the representativeness bias. I argue that people rely on a natural assessment to produce an estimation or a prediction, which most of the time is not rational. | Cover! To adapt a more realistic view on probability judgment to the Principal-Agent model, I will substitute the probabilities within the model with decision weights.
There are many biases in Greg Comic • Filmmaker» Ms Word probability judgment and to make decision weights as realistic as possible, all these biases would need to be incorporated. This is too extensive for my thesis and probably not even possible, therefore I focus on two biases, the - Reference Lists - White Bear Lake, Mnbusiness Law of Small Numbers and representativeness. Decision weights are a function of probabilities, in which parameters represent the Greg Comic Book Writer • Downloadable biases. The probabilities will, thus, be affected by the degree of these biases. 4.2 Implementing decision weights into the standard Principal Agent Model. Lattimore, Baker and Account Executive Advertising Resume Witte (1992) suggest that decision weights should be specified by the following formula: The parameter ?? represents the Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word Law of Small Numbers, it establishes whether ‘small’ probabilities will be under- or over-weighted. The parameter accomplishes this by specifying the slope of the curve and it thereby measures the sensitivity towards changes in probability. ?? can take on values between 0 and 1, so 0”??1.
The smaller . the larger the deviation of the probability weighting function is from linear weighting. When ?? = 1, the individual does not overvalue small probabilities and undervalue large probabilities. Employment Owner | Cover Letter! The parameter ?? originally represents a degree of optimism, it can either shift the probability curve upward or downward. Originally it can take on Writer Ms Word, values below or above 1, presenting an optimistic or pessimistic view on the probability of the outcome. I suggest using this parameter to represent the representativeness bias. If a certain outcome seems more representative to an individual he or she will attach a higher perceived probability to that outcome, consequently it will lead to an upward shift of the probability function. Since there is a positive relationship between probability judgment and representativeness, ?? can only take on the value 1 or higher, so ‘?? 1. If a certain outcome does not seem representative to the individual, ?? will be equal to 1. Moreover, if ?? = 1 the conjunction rule will hold. If ??1, however, the parameter will provide more weight on the probability of the outcome.
Concluding, the decision weight given to each outcome is thus the function of the probability distribution as described above. When ??=??=1, Expected Utility Theory holds. However, most individual behavior deviates from this situation. Figure 1, shows how the parameters originally proposed changes the probability distribution. The left side of the figure shows the effect of changing the Law of Sample Executive Resume Small Numbers has on the probability distribution. The lower, . the steeper the inverse S-shape becomes and thus the more low probabilities will be overvalued and high probabilities undervalued. The right side shows the representativeness bias, keeping ?? constant. In my case, ?? would only lead to Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, an upward shift of the Professional Corporate Flyer On Deviantart probability distribution. Greg Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word! Causing the Sample point at which p = 0.5 to only shift above the linear line.
Figure 1, Decision weight originally proposed by Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, Lattimore, Baker and Professional Flyer On Deviantart Witte (1992). Notice that in my case ??1, and not below 1. Retained from Gonzalez, R., #038; Wu, G. (1999). Greg Comic Book! On the shape of the probability weighting function. Cognitive psychology, 38(1), 129-166. The decision weights I will use are defined as follows. Where 0 ‘ ‘?? 1, ‘?? 1, i represents the discussed individual (A for agent and P for Letter For Business | Cover Letter, principal) and H or L stands for high or low. For example ??_(A,H) stands for the representativeness bias of the agent towards the high outcome.
Accordingly, I will substitute the probabilities in the principal-agent model by the decision weights as specified in equation 3. Greg Comic Book • Downloadable! The weights that will be assigned to the parameters will differ for each individual and for each situation. Design Examples Guide! Some people might be very sensitive to Greg Pak • Book Writer • Downloadable, the Law of Small probabilities and therefore will have a low value for ?? in there decision weight equation. Healthcare Brochure Design By Manik N Ratan™! The weight that is attached to . will depend entirely on the representativeness of the specific situation that the individual faces. In section 2.1 I showed the maximization problem that the principal faces, see equation 1. The maximization problem will change since I will incorporate the Greg Pak • Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word decision weights in the model. In section 3.2, I discussed the different scenarios that could occur. Cap Systems - Reference Lists - White Lake, Mnbusiness! For now I will discuss the Greg Book scenario in which the Lists - White Bear Lake, principal is rational and does not use decision weights, the agent however judges probabilities according to judgmental heuristics.
I will thus substitute the probabilities by decision weights for the agent only. Greg Comic • Filmmaker» • Downloadable! The model can now be defined as follows. The optimization problem can be solved by Healthcare Design By Manik, using the Lagrangian method. The first step in this method is rewriting the constraint to. We can then rewrite the problem according to the Langrangian method as follows.
The first order conditions will now be. 4.3 Exploring the effect of decision weights on the standard Principal Agent model. 4.3.1 Effect on the participation constraint. Now that we implemented the decision weights into the Principal Agent model we can explore the effect that it has on the model. The effect that the decision weight has on the model depends fully on Greg Pak • Comic Writer Ms Word, the parameters . the representativeness bias, and Cap Systems - Reference - White Bear Lake, Mnbusiness . the Law of Greg Writer • Downloadable Ms Word Small Numbers. If we assume that ??=1 for the agent, we can investigate the effect of the representativeness bias. When one of the outcomes seems more representative to the agent, ?? will be greater than 1. It cannot be that both outcomes seem more representative to Verification Letter For Business Letter, him/her, therefore we use ??H and ??L, representing either the high outcome or the low outcome. If the agent feels that the high outcome is more representative, ??H 1 and ??L = 1. Writer! He will put more weight on the value of the high outcome than the rational agent would do in the original model. Therefore, the expected utility of the agent will be higher than in the original model and consequently the reservation utility will be satisfied faster.
This could mean that the principal will actually need to offer a lower wage, so gH could be decreased, and the reservation utility will still be satisfied. The principal could also keep gH equal and decrease gL or moreover the principal could increase gH and decrease gL even more. Brochure Design By Manik - Dribbble! If the principal is aware of the behavior of the Comic Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word agent, the principal could anticipate on it and adjust the For Business Owner | Cover wages in such a way that is profitable for him-/herself. Comic Book! The optimal choice depends on the condition of optimal risk sharing, as I will calculate later on. If the other way around, agent X puts more weight on the low outcome since it feels more representative, ??H = 1 and ??L 1. The same thing will occur now, the value constraint will be higher and the reservation utility will thus be satisfied faster. The principal could thus offer a different waging scheme. The optimal choice once again depends on the condition of optimal risk sharing.
Concluding, if the - Reference - White Bear Lake, agent puts more weight on one of the outcomes, the value of the participation constraint will be higher than in Greg Writer • Filmmaker» the original model. The principal could use this information and adapt his wage scheme to it, which will be profitable for him/her. However, the effect will be smaller for the low outcome than for the high outcome, since gHgL. We move on by investigating the situation in which ??H=??L=1 and ?? 1-p, and on top of that the Cap Systems - Reference Lists Bear Mnbusiness agent feels like the high outcome is more representative, so ??H1; the two effects might actually compensate each other and the decision weights might be approximately equal to the original probabilities. The principal might not change anything in the wage scheme in this case. However, if for example ??=0.75, the low outcome has a higher probability than the high outcome, 1-p p, and Greg Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable the agent feels like the high outcome is more representative, so ??H1; the two effects reinforce each other and 10 Best 7 Legally Selecting On Pinterest the high outcome is overvalued by the agent. Moreover, the principal could in this situation offer a lower gH to the agent and the agent will still achieve its reservation utility, or he could offer a lower gL or he could offer a higher gH and an even lower gL. The optimal choice depends on the condition of optimal risk sharing.
4.3.2 Effect on the condition of optimal risk sharing. The condition of Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» optimal risk sharing can be calculated by the first order conditions. We could rewrite both equation 7 and Valuable Graphic Design Examples Writing Guide equation 8 in the form ?? is equal to. Greg Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker»! ?? tells us with which value the Professional Flyer On Deviantart maximum value of the objective function increases when we relax the constraint. Pak • Book Writer Ms Word! Equation 7 and 8 are rewritten as follows. Since ?? is equal to Resume Executive | Creative, . we will get the following condition of optimal risk sharing. The left hand side of the Book • Downloadable Ms Word equation tells us how the Mnbusiness utility of the principal changes when gH increases by 1 unit relative to the change in the utility of the agent with 1 unit increase in Greg Pak • • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word gH. The right hand side tells us the same but then for gL. In the general model the probabilities that the Professional Flyer agent and principal adjudge to the outcomes are equal, therefore both agent and principal assign the same weight to the outcomes in their utility functions. Consequently, the probabilities do no play a role in the optimization problem; they disappear in Greg Book Writer • Filmmaker» this equation since they cancel each other out. In my new model the probabilities are substituted by decision weights for the agent. The agent and principal do not assign the same weights to the outcomes in their utility function anymore.
Therefore, the probabilities do play a role in the optimal solution. This will have an impact on the optimal risk sharing, since the marginal rate of substitutions need to be equal to each other for optimal risk sharing. In case the agent overweighs the Verification Owner probability that the high outcome will be achieved there are several things we could do, as I discussed before. The most optimal choice depends on Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, the optimal risk sharing condition. When we look at the optimal risk sharing and the MRS’s we will see the following effect; when the agent overweighs the outcome high, the left hand side of the equation will be lower than the right hand side. This occurs since the denominator will be higher than the numerator on Cap Systems - Reference Lists Mnbusiness, the left side of the equation. The agent attaches more weight to gH, and Pak • Book Ms Word thus values gH higher, then the Employment Verification | Cover Letter principal does. Therefore, it is optimal for the principal to Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, give the agent more gH and less gL. When doing so, the - Reference Lists Lake, Mnbusiness MRS’s will at the optimal point become equal to each other again and this is what we ultimately need for optimal risk division. More gH will cause a decrease in v'(gH) since the utility curve of the agent is Greg Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, convex, he/she is risk averse, u'(H-gH) will stay the same since the principal is Account Executive Advertising, risk neutral and thus has a linear utility curve.
For the Book • Downloadable Ms Word same reason less gL will cause an increase in v'(gL) and u'(L-gL) will stay the Healthcare Company Design same. Pak • Writer • Filmmaker»! Therefore the ratio on the left and right hand side of the equation will become equal again. Noteworthy is that in the original model gH=gL since the agent is risk averse and the principal is Healthcare Company Design - Dribbble, risk neutral, meaning that it is optimal for the principal to carry all risk. In my new model this is Book Writer • Filmmaker», not the case anymore, the agent will get more gH and less gL than in the original case. The agent is - White Mnbusiness, now subject to risk and Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable since his/her concave utility function implies that the expected utility of an uncertain wage is lower than that of 10 Best Chapter 7 Legally Selecting a certain wage, the Greg Pak • Comic • Filmmaker» • Downloadable agent needs to receive a risk premium.
The wage scheme will however raise the expected utility of the - White Lake, Mnbusiness principal by such an amount that it will be profitable to pay the agent the risk premium. Moreover, Gonzalez and Greg Pak • Comic Book Ms Word Wu (1999) argue that when w(p) + w(1-p) 1, the individual tends to Valuable Graphic Design Examples Guide, embrace risk in that specific situation. Therefore, in some situations an unequal gH and gL will not make the agent worse off. All by all, in this scenario the agent overvalues the high probability and w(p) + w(1-p) 1, the expected utility of the agent can thus be decreased. The optimal way to do this is Greg Pak • Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, thus by increasing gH and decreasing gL in such a way that the total sum of wages is lower than in the original case, since the overall expected utility of the agent is then still equal to Cap Systems Lists Lake,, the reservation utility. The agent will be equally well of since the expected utility in both models is equal to Greg • Filmmaker» Ms Word, his/her reservation utility. The principal however is Resume Examples Writing, better off since the total sum of wages is lower than in the original case and this will increase his expected utility. This works the other way around when the Comic Writer Ms Word agent undervalues the probability that the Professional Corporate Flyer By Glenngoh On Deviantart good outcome will occur and overvalues the Greg Pak • probability of the low outcome. In this case he will value gH less than the principal and gL higher than the principal. - Reference Lists Mnbusiness! The best thing that the principal can do is to give the agent less gH and more gL. By giving the agent less gH, v'(gH) will increase since his utility function is Greg Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, convex.
On the other hand, v'(gL) will decrease since we increase gL. The ratio on the left side of the equation will then decrease and the ratio on the right hand side of the - Reference - White equation will increase. The condition of optimal risk division will be restored again and thus the optimal solution in this case is less gH and more gL. The agent will not be worse or better off since his expected utility will remain the same, however since the wages, gH and gL are not equal anymore the agent has to carry risk and asks a risk premium. Pak • Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word! The principal however has different beliefs about the probabilities of the outcomes high and low and Account this makes it profitable in terms of expected utility for the principal to increase gL and decrease gH. Namely, the principal will fulfill the reservation utility with more gL and less gH, since the principal beliefs that the Greg Pak • Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word chance that the outcome L occurs is lower than the agent does.
The principal is therefore willing to pay this risk premium. 4.3.3 Total effect on the maximization problem. The new version of the general model that I suggest thus substitutes probabilities by decisions weights for the agent. Account Advertising | Creative! The decision weights depend on Greg Pak • Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word, two variables that represent the Law of Small Numbers and Sample Advertising Resume the representativeness bias and can have different effects on the model. Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word! The agent and principal now value the probability that a certain outcome will occur differently.
As I discussed the effect that this has fully depends on the values of the parameters and the implication that this has on the participation constraint and the condition of optimal risk sharing. Moreover, the Employment Verification Letter For Business condition of optimal risk sharing ultimately decides what the most optimal wage scheme is and whether this is profitable or unprofitable for the principal. When the principal is fully aware of the behavior of the agent he/she could try to manipulate the decision weight of the agent for his/her own sake. Pak • Comic • Filmmaker»! As discussed before, when one of the outcomes seems more representative to the agent, he/she will attach a higher value to Advertising Resume, it and Writer Ms Word therefore will be equally well off with a lower waging scheme. When the principal is aware of this mechanism, he/she can make one of the outcomes seem more representative to the agent. Corporate Flyer By Glenngoh! In this way, the principal could increase his own expected utility without affecting the expecting utility of the agent. The principal would be most likely to make the high outcome seem more representative since this has the most profitable effect for the principal. Pak • Comic Book Ms Word! Another scenario occurs when the principal is not aware that the agent values the outcomes with decision weights. Employment Verification Owner | Cover Letter! The principal will in this case simply think that the original model occurs and set gH equal to gL. However, we have seen in Greg Comic Writer the new model that this is not optimal in every case anymore.
The principal would thus suggest a waging scheme to the agent that is not optimal. This could imply that the principal is not maximizing his/her expected utility and Verification Letter that of the agent. Greg Pak • Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word! Moreover, in some cases the principal could even offer the agent a waging scheme that the agent will not accept. This shows the importance of the new model, the - Reference Lists Bear more realistic view helps to attain the optimal situation; the maximization of the utility of both the agent and principal. 5. The Adapted 2?2 Model. 5.1 Implementing decision weights into Writer, the 2?2 model. In section 2.2 I discussed the 2?2 model, which is an extension of the general model.
I will focus on the general case with the second best result, since this is the most likely case. The model will again be adjusted by substituting the probabilities by decision weights. I will also implement here the second scenario in which the principal is - Reference Bear, rational and the agent is not. Since the probabilities in the 2?2 model change, the decision weights will look different as well. We will get four different decision weights; the interpretation of the variables stays the same. ?? presents the representativeness of the outcome, so it depends on G or B. Greg Writer • Filmmaker»! Consequently, ?? has the same value in PH as in PL, ??H, and ?? has the same value in (1-PH) and (1-PL), ??L. ?? represents the Law of Company N Ratan™ Small Numbers; this variable stays the same across the different outcomes. Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable! The decision weights are as follows. The principal tries to maximize E(V-W) subject to the two conditions explained in section 2. There is 7 Legally Selecting Images, one critical assumption made; the expected outcome minus wage is Greg Book, higher when high effort is 10 Best Chapter 7 Legally Selecting, put in than with low effort.
The two conditions will be rewritten using decision weights instead of probabilities. The incentive compatibility condition will change to. The second condition, the individual rationality condition, will change to. 5.2 Exploring the effect of Pak • • Downloadable decision weights on the 2?2 model. I will concentrate on the effect that the implementation of decision weights has on the IC condition. The decision weight is, as discussed, based on Healthcare Design By Manik, two biases and I will first investigate the Comic Book • Downloadable Ms Word effect of both biases separately. When ??H=??L=1 and ?? pL the effect of the Law of Small Numbers will be greater on the left hand side of the equation than on the right hand side. Therefore, the Chapter Selecting value of the left hand side will become closer to Book Writer Ms Word, the value of the right hand side and it will thus be harder to Healthcare Company By Manik N Ratan™ - Dribbble, achieve the Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word incentive compatibility condition. Moreover, the Law of Small Numbers has another effect.
As you can see in figure 1, when the Cap Systems Lists - White Bear Lake, Mnbusiness probabilities are very small or very high, the curve is almost flat. Consequently, a change in this area has almost no psychological effect even though mathematically it would have an impact. For example, when the chance of a bad outcome is very low for Greg Book Writer Ms Word, low effort, 0,002, and for 7 Legally Images, high effort, 0.001. Greg Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word! Since both probabilities are so small the individual will attach the same weight to both probabilities, even though the bad outcome for low effort is actually twice as high as for Sample Executive Advertising | Creative Resume, high effort. This would imply that the value on the left hand side and right hand side of the equation become closer to each other and it would be harder to fulfill the Comic Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word condition. Hence, both effects of the Law of Small Numbers have the same effect. The two effects together, would thus enhance each other. When ??=1 and ??H1, ??L=1 o r ??L1, ??H=1 we can investigate the 7 Legally Images effect of the Greg • Filmmaker» Ms Word representativeness bias. When ??H1 and ??L=1, the probabilities w(PH) and w(PL) will increase by the same amount while w(1-PH) and w(1-PL) will stay equal to there actual probabilities. Since this change will impact both sides of the condition by the same amount the representativeness bias will actually have no effect.
The exact same situation occurs when ??L1, ??H=1. Graphic Design Resume Writing! Hence, only the Law of Small Numbers will have an effect on the incentive compatibility condition and once ?? Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Economics essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Economics work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Economics essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:
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How to Format a Paper in MLA 8: A Visual Guide - Amadeus Cho - Wikipedia - Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
Dec 02, 2017 Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word,
How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for Greg Comic Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word, over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. - Are usually written for Art History, History or English courses. - Describe the image and discuss how the way it is put together (the composition). - Analyze the meaning of the image for Graphic Writing, the artist. - Consider the historical meaning of the image. - Evaluate the effectiveness of the image for today. All images project ideas or claims. Advertisements generally make these claims openly and even tell you the claim in the text.
Works of Comic • Downloadable, art may be more subtle but they usually are also trying to get the viewer to believe something. How can you analyze visual images? You look at: The purpose of the artist. The audience. The way the image was composed. The historical context when it was produced and when it is viewed. Introduction : Tell the basic facts about the art (see citing your image). Get the reader interested in the image by using one of the following methods: Describe the image vividly so the reader can see it. Tell about how the image was created.
Explain the purpose of the Brochure Design N Ratan™, artist. Give interesting facts about the Comic Ms Word, art or artist. Talk about 10 Best Images On Pinterest a controversy or misunderstanding about the art. Thesis: Your thesis will tell the meaning of this image (see Analyzing the Meaning of the Image) Body: Support your thesis with three or more main ideas which support your meaning. Pak • Comic Book! Use questions in the pre-writing sections for ideas.
Conclusion: Try to conclude rather than just repeating your thesis. Either give a final interesting fact or try one of the Cap Systems Bear Mnbusiness, following: Compare the reception of the painting by the audience who first saw it with your own ideas, or with the way people today might interpret the picture. Speculate on Comic Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word, what the Sample Resume | Creative Resume, artist would think about the way his picture has been viewed over time. Compare this image to other similar images. Suggest how this piece of art fits into the works of an artist, or the ad campaign of a company. What sort of Greg Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, image will you be analyzing for your Visual Analysis Paper? Student Paper Visual Analysis Sample: This is Cap Systems Bear not a student from my class but I think the example is pretty well done and might be helpful. Greg Pak • • Downloadable! It is about Jeff Soto's wood panel painting Last Voyage Visual Analysis of Botticelli: Another student paper which does a nice job with using the format of explaining how the - White Bear, historical period and • Filmmaker» Ms Word life of the artist is related to the meaning of the painting as well as discussing the visual aspects. Don't have an art background?
Don't worry. You probably know a lot more than you realize. Modern people are surrounded by images every day. Everyone Can Analyze Images: Even if you don't know the terms of how people analyze art, you will be familiar with many of the tricks that artists use to Professional Corporate On Deviantart create a reaction in the reader, such as making the most important images larger and light, and Comic Book the less important ones in the background or fading darker. Corporate By Glenngoh! You can also easily recognize symbolic colors, such as: red means emergency or blood or danger; green means safe and close to nature; and blue means cool and Greg Pak • Comic Book • Downloadable Ms Word relaxed. Start by Looking Closely : Most Visual Analysis Papers will require a clear and vivid description of the image along with an analysis of the visual composition of the picture in order to explain how the artist put the image together to create meaning. Just describe the image you see and use the chart below to help you use the right terms. Trust Your Own Eyes : You may want to do your own study of the image before you actually research the history of the image, so that you can write out your own thoughts without being influenced by other people. Use Chart and Questions for Help: Start your visual analysis description by - Reference Lists - White Bear, getting a good copy of the Greg Pak • Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word, image and looking at it carefully. Look at the chart below and Chapter 7 Legally On Pinterest answer the key questions in Greg Pak • Comic • Downloadable, order to Corporate Flyer On Deviantart help you see the Pak • Book Ms Word, different visual elements. Analyzing Meaning of Visual Images.
Although Visual Analysis Essays often focus a lot on the details of describing the image, you will also need a thesis which tells what the Valuable Graphic Design Resume Examples, images mean. There are several ways to Greg Pak • Comic • Downloadable Ms Word do this and your assignment may tell you which direction to go. Valuable Graphic Design Examples Guide! Here are some typical ways to Greg Comic • Filmmaker» Ms Word analyze images for meaning: Analyzing the meaning of the image for the artist and his or her time. Flyer By Glenngoh On Deviantart! Analyzing the meaning of the image for you and your time. Greg Pak • Comic Ms Word! Analyzing the Verification Letter, changes in the meaning of an image over the course of time. Analyze the audience reaction to Pak • Comic Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word the image.
Analyze your own reaction and evaluate the Healthcare Company Brochure By Manik N Ratan™, effectiveness of the image. Use the pre-writing questions below to help you analyze your images and start writing notes that will help you develop your paper ideas. 1. Claims: What claims does the image make? What type of claim is Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» it? Fact Claim: Is it real? Definition Claim : What does it mean? Cause Claim : What is the Cause? What are the effects? How are these related? Value Claim: How important is this?
How should we evaluate it? Policy Claim: What is the solution? What should we do about it? 2. Visual Composition: How is the image arranged or composed? Which of the Professional By Glenngoh, following aspects of composition help makes the claim? Examine: Layout: where images are placed and what catches your attention. How visual lines draw your attention to or away from the focal point. Balance: size of images and how they compare with one another. Is the focal point centered or offset? Color: how color (or lack of Comic Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, color) draws your attention or creates a mood Key figures: what is the main focus?
How does this contribute to meaning? Symbols : are there cultural symbols in the image? What do these mean? Stereotypes : how does image support stereotypes or challenge them? Exclusions : is there anything left out of the image that you expect to be there? 3. Genre: What is the genre of this image? (examples: fine art, movie, advertisement, poster, pamphlet, news photograph, graphic art etc.). How does it follow the rules of that genre or break away from them? How does that affect the meaning of the Cap Systems Lists - White Bear Lake,, image for the audience? 4. Text: How does any text or caption work to provide meaning to the visual? 5. Appeals: How does it appeal to the audience to believe the claims? Are appeals to logic?
Emotion? Character? Authority? Are any of Greg Pak • • Filmmaker» Ms Word, these appeals false or deceiving? 6. Valuable Design Examples 1 Sample Guide! Selling: Does the claim move into a sales pitch? Does it use a cultural value or common cultural symbol in a way that exploits that image? 7. Story: What story does this image convey?
How does this story help the claim or appeal to the audience? To get ready to Greg Pak • analyze the meaning of the image for Letter For Business | Cover, the artist and the people viewing the art, it helps to first find out the Ms Word, rhetorical situation. That means you need to Professional Flyer By Glenngoh On Deviantart know what the artist was trying to do at that particular point in time, and Greg Pak • Book • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word how the audience reacted. Sometimes the reaction of the audience that first saw the piece is very different from the reaction you might have. If it is, that can make an interesting paper thesis. This historical photo is a good example of an image with a specific purpose.
The photo was taken by Fridtjof Nansen along with other photos of the Russian famine. The purpose of the photo was to raise money for Employment Verification Letter Owner, Russian relief. • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word! The photo was published as part of a set of postcards which were sold to raise money and then sent to 10 Best 7 Legally Employees On Pinterest raise awareness of the problem in others. Since the text is in French, the Photograph was probably published to raise money from France and other French-speaking peoples. Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker»! The text elucidates the image by saying the boys are feeding one another in the fatal final stages of hunger.
It describes their skeletal limbs and swollen bellies as having come from eating grass, tree bark, straw, worms and dirt in Graphic Design 1 Sample Writing, order to survive. While the photo undoubtedly affected the original audience, the pathos of the image also speaks to an audience today who may be completely unaware of Greg • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, this famine. For viewers today, the Sample Resume Account Executive | Creative Resume, image may bring to mind the many famines in other areas around the world, as well as images of Holocaust survivors. Pre-Writing for Greg Comic Book Writer • Downloadable Ms Word, Visual Analysis Essay of Historical Context. Answer the following questions to get ready to Valuable Design Resume Examples Writing write an analysis of the Pak • Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable Ms Word, image and the audience response. While each of the 10 Best Chapter 7 Legally Selecting Images, questions can have a single sentence answer, you can use that single sentence as the topic sentence of a paragraph and give examples and explanation to fill out that paragraph. Who is the artist? What is the purpose of Writer • Downloadable Ms Word, this piece? Why did the Resume Advertising | Creative, artist create it? Who did the artist create the image for? What was going on at that time in art or in Greg Book Writer Ms Word, the culture that the artist was either reacting against or reflecting?
How did the audience in By Manik - Dribbble, that historical moment view this work? Where was it published? How would the image appeal to that audience? What was the reaction to this piece of art when it first appeared? Since then? Did the audience understand what the Comic Ms Word, artist was trying to say with the Flyer On Deviantart, image?How did the Pak • Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word, artist feel about the reaction of the audience? In order for your reader to know which image you are talking about, you will probably want to include a copy of that image or images inside the Account Executive Advertising, paper. You will also need to make sure that in the first paragraph you include all of the Greg Pak • Comic Writer • Downloadable, information your reader needs to know, such as: Title of the For Business | Cover, Image (underline or italics) Artist's name Date of work Where it was published or the name of museum or collection it is Greg Pak • Book Writer Ms Word now in.
Medium: magazine advertisement, video, oil painting, marble sculpture, chalk drawing, pencil sketch, photograph (what type of image it is and Healthcare Company Brochure By Manik N Ratan™ - Dribbble what type of art medium was used) How to Analyze Two Books in an Essay. 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37.
100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States.
Taro--Look at my articles about argument strategies for more information, but here is the basic idea: pathos is the Greg • Filmmaker», emotional appeal, logos is the logic or reason appeal, and ethos is the character appeal. How does the picture make an argument using those three types of appeals? hi plz can u tell me how to explain pathos and ethos and logos for Syrian refugee pic. Jigme Tenzin 6 months ago. Wonderful! Glad that I came across this piece of yours at the right time when I had to submit my visual Art response papers which I was null about it. Thank You! Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Excellent points, Mandi. You are quite correct that we are doing analysis all the time, whether we know it or not.
Understanding the terms and tools of analysis can help us communicate our evaluations more effectively. That is the purpose of this article. Sometimes, students are asked to do an analysis but not given the Verification Owner | Cover, terminology or organizational methods that make that sort of paper successful. Knowing what an analysis is and being able to write one can mean a difference between passing and Pak • Comic • Filmmaker» Ms Word failing a course. In addition, here is why: • Your professor may ask you to write an analysis without even mentioning that it is, in fact, an analysis. • Any time you discuss a work of fiction or even a film or a work of art, you’re doing an analysis. • Being able to do it may count for as much as 80% of your grade, especially in a Humanities course such as Literature, Art, or Sociology. Writing a picture analysis essay requires a basic understanding of essay structure and these visual communication techniques. Excellent picture analysis essays combine both these elements while addressing the Healthcare Company Brochure Design By Manik N Ratan™, more ephemeral ideas and Greg Pak • Comic • Downloadable Ms Word experiences communicated by a picture. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States.
Alex--I'm so glad you stopped by to tell me that my work helped you! I've worked hard to make my articles as complete and easy to understand as possible. Having used many different textbooks in my career, I've noticed that many of them explain how to analyze writing but are not as good at explaining how to do that sort of Professional Flyer On Deviantart, writing yourself. Greg Pak • Comic Writer • Downloadable! My goal has been to provide step by step instructions of 10 Best 7 Legally Selecting Employees Images, how to Greg Comic Writer write different kinds of essays. Thank you so much for this article!
It's very helpful. Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. I wish I had these guidelines when I was in university. It would have been easy to write all those art analysis papers required in our Humanities class. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Hi Paul--The videos attached to this article are one kind of example and I actually just finished an example of doing a visual analysis on an advertisement for my own class but haven't posted it yet. I will have to do that soon. Can you tell me what your assignment is like? Are they analyzing their own photo? That would be interesting. I have all kinds of instructions on this website for different kinds of papers.
Type the Flyer, title of what you want into Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» Ms Word, the HubPages search engine and you can pull them up. Or you can look at Valuable Examples 1 Sample Guide, my index of articles: https://hubpages.com/literature/College-English-He. This article is so helpful. Greg Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable! I am teaching an Expository writing course (first time!) and i am having my kids try this, but with a personal photograph. Would you have an example essay that I can show them as a model? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Jevon--I'm glad you learned a bit about how to Design Examples Writing Guide look at art and find it more interesting.
We spent a lot of time going to art galleries this summer on Greg Pak • • Downloadable, vacation, and I really appreciated being able to use what I've learned about Healthcare Design By Manik N Ratan™ visual analysis when I was looking at the paintings. Even though this article was meant to teach me how to write a better Visual Analysis Paper, this article really taught me how to better appreciate art. I'm not the type of person to go to an art gallery just to look at art, but now I believe I can actually give an intellectual thought on Greg Pak • Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, any painting I see. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks for the comment nic. 10 Best! I probably need to add a link to my ariticle about organizing essays: I also have tips on structure in most of my articles on Greg Pak • Writer • Downloadable, types of Company Design, essays like Argument, Problem Solution or Cause. For a full list of all of my Essay Writing Articles see: was hoping for Greg Comic Book Writer • Filmmaker» • Downloadable, an essay structure but this still helped. Colin Neville 3 years ago.
Excellent article; very comprehensive and useful, not just for students, but for Cap Systems - Reference Lists - White, anyone visiting an art gallery, too. K. Greg Comic Book • Filmmaker» Ms Word! R. H.Grace 3 years ago from Fairbanks, AK. I had to Sample Account Executive do one of those in Greg Comic • Filmmaker», my English 111 class way back when. It was fun but I wish I'd read this sooner. college teachers don't make a lick of sense :(. but good hub ;D. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.