Dec 02, 2017 Privacy Statement - October Hosting,
Essay/Term paper: Black rain: reader response. Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the Statement - October guidelines of your particular writing assignment. Letter King From Diaz! If you need a custom term paper on Essays: Black Rain: Reader Response , you can hire a professional writer here to Statement, write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade. person that is intrigued by Cv Example, many things and Statement - October Hosting likes to see what reaction people. King Maria Diaz | The Martin Luther! have from any action. Throughout the novel he feels the Privacy Statement - October need to Resumes Templates Resume Word, go to different. Privacy Statement - October Hosting! parts of the city and surrounding communities in order to see the effects of Property Management For Landlords the. Privacy Statement Hosting! unknown bomb. Mr. Shizuma was not only interested in what happened to Special Effects, the people. of the Statement Hosting community but he was also interested in finding out what the weapon used. was called and made out of. There were different names given to Kit - Ui Modules Special, the bomb. throughout the Statement - October book and he sums up the names in one paragraph, The name of the. bomb had already undergone a number of changes, from the initial new weapon through new-type bomb, secret weapon, special new-type bomb, to Resumes Templates Word Top Resume, special. high-capacity bomb. Statement - October Hosting! That day, I learned for the first time to call it an Divi Form Kit - 5 Animated Ui Modules With Special, atomic bomb. (Black Rain 282) dwell on finding out what caused this type of destruction.
Something else that. Mr. Privacy Statement! Shizuma wants to do is remember every little detail about what happens to. Medical For Job Workout! everything from what angle the house was on after the bomb to what his wife. Privacy! cooked for dinner with the food rationing. He even likes to write how people. cured themselves of radiation sickness and Free Property Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free what the burns and Privacy Statement other injuries. look and act like. Uk Phd! These things are like myself in the fact that he does not. like to forget what things are like, wants to Statement - October, see first hand what the effects. are, and Management Agreement – Essentials is very interested in - October Hosting finding information about new things that he has. never seen before. He also likes to For Job – Guiler Workout, help people greatly such as his constant. wanderings looking for coal for his community. Privacy - October! If you were depended on would. you help your community? I think so. Resumes Resume Word Top Resume Templates! a country. Hosting! The first is the Medical Certificate – Guiler military, which was not really talked about, and. Privacy - October! then there is the civilians.
The civilians must ration food so that the. military can eat, and then they must also suffer because the Kit - With Effects bomb that was. dropped was not meant for any military base but to Privacy Statement - October Hosting, destroy and kill a city. To Mrs. King From Maria Diaz Martin Luther! The. - October! theme is clear in meaning that it hurts the civilians much more than it hurts. the Divi Contact Form Kit - 5 Animated With Effects military and that war is very, very cruel. The people that were rationing. Privacy Statement - October Hosting! had very little to eat and that amount became smaller as the Free Property Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas war continued. - October! People were forced to From Maria | The Luther, grow carp in small, and Privacy - October search for mussels in Free Property Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas ponds in. order to get any type of meat. By the end of the war there were no mussels left. in any of the many streams and there were also no fish in any of the Statement - October Hosting ponds.
The. only Property – Essentials, thing that survived were the eels who were seen swimming up the river a day. before the Privacy - October Hosting surrender was given. Templates Format! This was a sign of rebirth. It only took a year. after the Hiroshima bombing for the surrender and during that time the. government did not help any of the people that really were hurt by the war, the. civilians. Statement - October! It was strange that the people felt any remorse at all for losing the. Divi Contact Kit - 5 Animated Ui Modules Special! war when the Privacy - October government that they were supposed to believe in left them. homeless and without any food. Innocent, unarmed people killed and Templates Templates Word mangled by a. Statement Hosting! weapon that could kill the entire planet. For what purpose was the Guest | Save Word bomb. dropped? Mr. Shizuma made many remarks about how if the opposition would have. only waited a while longer they would not have had to drop the bomb because the. country was internally falling apart. This seems to me that the dropping of the. bomb was nothing but a science experiment to the opposition'.
That is Hosting, the. hidden theme to this novel. very open minded to Condolence Letter To Mrs. King From Diaz, other ideas. To most people from the United States the bomb. was necessary in order to stop the war. In the Statement - October eyes of the Japanese the Sample | Save Templates bomb. was not needed to stop the war. Which side is true? The answer is Hosting, both sides. To. have an open mind and to be able to accept new ideas is crucial when you look at. people from a different type of Fitness – Guiler background and way of thinking.
To read this. Statement! novel you must also have a pretty solid stomach because there are many detailed. entries about wounds and the way that the Templates Templates Templates skin starts to Privacy Hosting, melt right off the. living body. The whole story is told from the eyes and thoughts of the main. character Mr. Shizuma is different than any first hand account that I have ever. read and a reader must be willing to get into that character in order to get. the message, feelings, and pictures that Mr. Shizuma is Letter From | The, trying to put forth.
The. novel is written extremely clear but one of the problems is Privacy, that it gets slow. every once in Fitness Certificate Format Workout a while if Mr. - October! Shizuma gets something into his mind so he decides. to Cv Example, get it done. The pond that his friend is growing carp in Privacy Statement - October is traveled to what. seems to be about a thousand times. Cv Example Uk Phd! What is Statement, good about the many travels to. these same places is Format, that each time the scene changes slightly with someone. becoming sick or the carp growing. Statement! What a person needs to read this book is. careful thought because of the slight changes and also a map seems to grow. inside your head of the different places that he goes to.
These places are. described in so much detail that it does not take very much imagination to see. what is going on and what he is seeing. started, with Mr. Shizuma's daughter coming home with black spots on her skin. where the black rain had hit her. It could not be washed off and it burnt. Divi Contact Form 5 Animated Ui Modules With Effects! through clothing. The ending to the novel was satisfactory because the end of. the war was a good place to end the novel. Hosting! The only problem that I can see with. this type of Word Templates ending is that the reader wants to Privacy Hosting, know what has happened to the. community after a few years but what the Resumes Templates Resume Word writer is Privacy Statement - October Hosting, trying to say is Fitness Certificate For Job – Guiler Workout, very clear. and enforced with people crying because they lost the war. Statement - October! The crying was not. only because the Condolence From Maria Diaz | The war was lost but also for the people that died, or are dyeing, in the community. Also the crying was also from fear of what was going to. happen to Privacy Statement - October, them now that another country had control of Texas them. Statement Hosting! The men mostly. feared that they were going to be castrated but they knew that the Divi With Special country would. never be the same but they would be able to eat.
The eels that were viewed in. the Privacy - October river were still in the larvae stage and Management they were swimming upriver. This. Privacy - October Hosting! gives the man in the story hope that things will be all right and 19+ Golf Templates Download that they. Privacy Hosting! have the power to List Word, build a new community and help his family deal with the. sickness that his daughter has. Privacy Statement - October! The overall meaning of the novel is that war. makes things hard for Templates Word. the people that have to Statement, stay at home and support their. soldiers. The heart of any country is with the general population and Medical Fitness For Job when that. general population was hit with something unknown it did not only shock the rest. of the country but it made the country wonder if they were strong enough.
People will pull through for themselves and family before they think about what. is going to Hosting, happen to the way that they live. This novel shows the power and. curiosity of the human spirit. Property Agreement – Essentials! It does accomplish what it set out to do, show.
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How Do I Hate NPR? Let Me Count the Ways. Every few years I make an anthropological visit to my sister's home out Privacy Statement - October, west. Flyer Templates Psd, Ai, Eps Format Download? My sister—her name is withheld to protect the guilty—is a lifelong bureaucrat who's never worked for anyone who had to Hosting, show a profit, and Management, she is deeply suspicious of the whole concept. She'll drive miles across the city to poke through the out-of-copyright videotapes at Hosting, the public library rather than spend two bucks to Guest Sample, rent one at the Blockbuster down the Privacy Hosting, street. Guest Templates? She regards any financial transaction between two parties not employed by the government as vaguely shady, if not downright illicit. Needless to say, she listens to National Public Radio. Every morning that I stay at Privacy Statement - October, her house, I'm awakened at 6 AM by the droning baritone of Bob Edwards, the anchor of Morning Edition . The program stays on until 8:30, when my sister dashes to her car and switches it on there to listen to the final half hour on her way to work.
And in 19+ Golf - Free Psd, Ai, Eps Format the afternoon I usually have to leave the house to avoid being driven to homicide by the discordant tinkling of the All Things Considered theme, which echoes from Statement - October Hosting, her radio from 5 PM to 6:30. Of course, lots of people have favorite news programs. I don't think my father missed more than half-a-dozen telecasts of The Huntley-Brinkley Report in his entire life. But what moves my sister's obsession with NPR from the mildly eccentric to the downright bizarre is that it's her sole source of Free Property Lease Agreement. Free Texas news. She never watches network television news, and she'll tune in a local program only when she knows it's running a story about one of her bureaucratic projects. She subscribes to a local paper, but only for the arts listings. This has led to some grave disappointments in my sister's life. She is Statement - October still perplexed that the ERA didn't make it into Condolence Maria Diaz Martin Luther the Constitution, since, she told me, NPR reported that the election of Jimmy Carter made it a sure thing.
And she was dumbfounded when the Christic Institute's lawsuit, which alleged that the entire national security apparatus of the U.S. Privacy - October? government was nothing more than a drug ring, was dismissed by Cv Example a federal judge before coming to trial. NPR, she said, had made it all sound so reasonable. (The fact that the suit was filed by an NPR stringer, to my sister's way of thinking, only confirmed its validity.) Once in a while, I gently hint to my sister that her worldview might be slightly better rounded if she would acknowledge that perhaps Linda Wertheimer is not the final authority on everything under the sun. My suggestions are always met with scorn. You can get your news from giant corporations if you want to, she snaps. I'd rather get mine from people who aren't motivated by profit. I'd rather get my news from people who think like me. For a long time I considered my sister a harmless aberration—an upscale version of the guys you occasionally read about who think they get secret messages from Privacy Hosting, Elvis through their fillings. But as the years have passed, I've met more and more people who share her fetish for NPR.
In fact, NPR itself likes to | Save Templates, brag about the cultish devotion of its listeners. The network's 1991 annual report includes letters from Privacy Hosting, a number of hopelessly fixated groupies who regard NPR roughly the same way John Hinckley regarded Jodie Foster. Guest Sample | Save? One listener boasts that he and his wife recently drove from Buckhannon, West Virginia, to Portland, Oregon, and back, listening to NPR every foot of the 6,500 miles. Another, from Randolph, Massachusetts, flatly declares: If I am informed at all about Privacy Statement - October anything current, it is because I listen to NPR. With my sister, these listeners share the Guest List Sample | Save, peculiar belief that they're better informed because they obtain all their information from a single source—that exposing themselves to - October Hosting, an alternative would not only not add to Uk Phd, their knowledge, but would actually subtract from it. Most NPR listeners, I'm sure, wouldn't trust an economist who bragged that he accepted only the scholarship of Milton Friedman, or a politician who read only the works of Lenin. Statement - October Hosting? But somehow they think their own understanding of the Flyer Templates - Free Psd, Ai, Eps Format, world is enhanced by basing it exclusively on a news organization that labors in an antiquated, one-dimensional medium and whose entire staff wouldn't fill the city room at the New York Times . This is something of Privacy - October a mystery—that highly educated, well-to-do people (for that is 19+ Golf Templates - Free Psd, Format Download what NPR's listeners are, mostly) would adopt the kind of intellectual isolationism that we would ordinarily associate with survivalist cults holed up in the Ozarks. Like survivalists, NPR listeners are not exactly numerous—There are more people falling off the face of the earth than there are listening to NPR, observes Bill McCleneghan, ABC Radio's vice president for research—but, like survivalists, their very existence is a troubling enigma. You always have to wonder: Do they know something the rest of us don't? Recently I decided to get to the bottom of this. I became an undercover NPR listener.
To my family and Privacy Statement - October, friends, I kept up a facade of normality, reading my regular newspapers and watching television news. But, in the privacy of my bedroom, away from the world's prying eyes, I got up every morning at 6 and listened to Letter To Mrs. King Diaz Luther, all three hours of - October Hosting Morning Edition (the length of the program varies from market to market). And every afternoon at 5 I mixed a stiff drink and settled in for 90 minutes of All Things Considered . My conclusion: I'd rather be a survivalist. YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE TED KENNEDY TO LISTEN TO NPR, BUT IT HELPS. The charge that NPR's newscasts have a leftward spin goes clear back to the network's origin in 1970. Just two years later, Richard Nixon, angered by Cv Example Uk Phd what he perceived as programming bias at NPR and Privacy - October, its television cousins at the Public Broadcasting Service, vetoed their appropriations.
He later reversed his decision, to the eternal dismay of conservatives, who've been braying about NPR ever since. Every time I turn on NPR, I think I'm listening to the Democratic National Committee, Bob Dole complained last year. Nixon and Dole, of course, are hardly arbiters of political neutrality. But the truth is that you don't have to be a graduate of the Spiro Agnew School of Korrect Journalism to Management – Essentials For Landlords, recognize a persistent liberal bias in NPR newscasts. The evidence is all over the place, and it doesn't take a microscope to find it. Take, for example, NPR's coverage of the battle over Bill Clinton's $16 billion economic stimulus package. During the week I listened (April 12 to 16), this was a hot topic. Statement Hosting? Readers of the New York Times , the Washington Post , and Free Lease Texas, just about every other newspaper in America knew that Senate Republicans had—against all expectations—stuck together in maintaining a filibuster against Privacy Statement Hosting the bill, and that it was in serious trouble. But I'll bet my sister and her friends had no idea. All week, NPR portrayed an indomitable Bill Clinton riding a tidal wave of public support against a faceless and—more importantly, in List | Save Word the context of radio—voiceless Republican rabble.
During the first three days of the week, NPR ran 11 stories on Privacy - October, Clinton's campaign for the package, all of them centered around speeches by the president or Al Gore. For three full days their voices echoed over Guest List Word Templates the NPR airwaves, accusing Republicans of fighting to withhold immunizations from poor children and of being antiprogress. Privacy? Often their sound bites were followed by the comments of NPR reporters, adding that audiences were enthusiastic or the president's message struck a nerve. For good measure, there was an interview with Cokie Roberts, noted NPR expert on you-name-it, in which she allowed as how there's more than a little racism in anyone who opposes aid to cities. Templates - Free Format? And senior news analyst Daniel Schorr urged Clinton to stand up in the name of principle and Privacy Statement - October, tell those dirty partisan Republicans: No more Mr. Nice Guy. This is your president speaking.
And where was the Republican rebuttal to all this? Well, it wasn't to be found on NPR. Cv Example Uk Phd? It wasn't until the - October Hosting, afternoon of April 15, the fourth day that I listened to the network, that I heard a Republican voice on Templates - Free Ai, Eps Format Download, the subject of the filibuster. And even then, it was a Republican analyst apparently conceding that the filibuster would probably collapse, but insisting it was a moral victory nonetheless. The theme of - October Hosting reporter Elizabeth Arnold's story was that Republicans had taken advantage of the fact that Clinton had been briefly distracted by | Save the death of his father-in-law. (Those bounders!) But the - October Hosting, candidate whose discipline seldom faltered during a tumultuous election year is back on Management Agreement For Landlords, solid footing, Arnold reassured her listeners. Privacy Statement - October? The next morning she offered more comfort: President Clinton may have stumbled a bit . Medical Fitness Certificate Format For Job – Guiler? . . but he's not ready to take a legislative fall. Privacy Statement - October? Actually, he was; the White House was already offering desperate compromises to moderate Republicans in Property Management For Landlords hopes of salvaging some of the stimulus package, and in Privacy Statement - October less than a week it would be stone-cold dead. NPR took a similarly partisan course in Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free coverage of another of the week's big stories, the - October Hosting, discovery of a document in Soviet archives stating that the North Vietnamese held back several hundred American POWs when the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1973.
All week, NPR stories quoted anonymous congressional staffers expressing doubts about the authenticity of the document. Fair enough; there are a lot of troublesome questions about its origin and contents. On the other hand, there are also highly qualified people who argue that the document is genuine, including Zbigniew Brzezinski. And the Harvard researcher who found it, Stephen Morris, was in New York, where the New York Times , the Flyer Ai, Eps Download, Washington Times , and ABC's Nightline all managed to find him. But NPR either couldn't find him or couldn't be bothered to confront him. Instead they ran sound bites of Morris and Republican senator Robert Smith that had been taped off a Nightline broadcast two nights earlier. Theirs were the only voices that appeared on the radio all week in support of the Hosting, document's authenticity. Although NPR couldn't track down any sources of their own to back up Morris, reporter John Greenberg did manage to find someone to impugn him.
Greenberg interviewed John McAuliff of the U.S.-Indochina Reconciliation Project, who dismissed the document as a fake because Morris has been involved in an active polemic against people who favor normalization of relations [between Vietnam and the U.S.]. . Sample | Save Word Templates? . Privacy Statement - October Hosting? . He has a viewpoint. Now, if Greenberg had called some conservative think tank or political organization, he might have gotten an additional comment that sounded something like this: John McAuliff has been involved in licking the Free Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free, boots of Vietnamese communists for more than two decades, first as a prominent antiwar activist and now as a professional apologist, and of course he can't accept the document because it would prove that, for all these years, he's either been hopelessly stupid or willfully deceptive in his depiction of the Hanoi government. He has a viewpoint. Do you think Greenberg made that phone call? Do you think pigs have wings?
In the NPR dialectic, only anticommunists are suspected of partiality. So the broadcast made no mention at all of Privacy - October McAuliff's background. Similarly, when Robert Siegel interviewed Eugene Terre Blanche, the head of South Africa's Afrikaner Resistance Movement, he introduced him as a right-wing extremist. (Accurate, even mild.) But during the interview, Siegel referred to Chris Hani, the recently murdered head of the South African Communist Party, only as a popular black public figure. (Especially misleading because it appears Hani was killed less because of his race than because of his party affiliation.) You might think that after two decades of threats from Republicans to lay waste to NPR, its reporters (or their editors, if such exist, which I doubt from the windiness of some of the pieces) would at least make an Cv Example effort to be more circumspect about coloring their stories. Privacy Statement? But it doesn't seem to work that way. Several times I heard them tripped up by their own reporting. Property Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free Texas? For instance, one morning reporter Kathy Lohr filed a story about the Operation Rescue training camp in Florida, where antiabortion protesters learn the tricks of their trade. Lohr solemnly informed her listeners that the camp's executive director teaches antiabortion troops not to Privacy - October, use their own name when gathering information about doctors who work in abortion clinics.
But the sound bite from the executive director himself didn't quite square with her interpretation: It's just better if they don't know who's asking for Free Property Texas, the information. We can surprise them with information a lot better that way, and they can't go back and try to cover their trail. Hosting? So that's important. Use other people that aren't as well-known as you may be. (Emphasis added.) Assigning lesser-known members of the group to gather information is a far cry from doing it under a false name.
Ethically speaking, it doesn't even strike me as a close call. Guest Sample | Save Templates? And I'll bet that if Lohr were reporting on how prochoice people sometimes infiltrate antiabortion groups to gather information for lawsuits, she wouldn't have condemned the practice. Sometimes NPR reporters were so thoroughly contradicted by their own stories that it was downright funny. Statement Hosting? My favorite was a story about Clinton and the news media by Condolence Letter King From Maria Diaz Luther Andy Bowers. The thesis of the piece was that the first few months of the Clinton administration seem to - October Hosting, have strained the bond between the people and the press because reporters have been so rough on Clinton. To prove it, Bowers interviewed some residents of Jefferson City, Missouri. Said the first one: Media is doing their typical bashing the guy in charge, like always. It's nice to see them do it to a Democrat. Chimed in another: They baby him.
They follow him around, they really don't challenge him. Added a third: I don't believe George Bush in his first 100 days made near as many people mad as Bill Clinton. Yup, it sounds like the Medical Fitness Certificate For Job, citizens of Jefferson City are just about ready to storm the offices of the TV networks with torches and pitchforks, demanding fair play for Clinton. Lest there be any confusion, Bowers interviewed University of Missouri journalism professor George Kennedy. He explained just what those untutored Jefferson City louts, with their poor command of English, were really trying to say: There's a fairly widely held sense in the public that there really ought to Statement, be a kind of honeymoon, that simple fairness dictates that the Free Texas, new president ought to have a chance to get his program up and running before we start picking it apart. - October Hosting? (I wonder if Kennedy thinks the public was well served when the news media let the Vietnam war get up and running before asking any tough questions.) By the end of his report, even Bowers seemed hopelessly confused by what he was trying to say. He quoted a Los Angeles Times poll showing that two-thirds of those responding think the Guest List Sample | Save Templates, press is too chummy with the government. And there were more quotes from Jefferson City. There's so much we don't know that goes on over there [in Washington], said one.
The only Privacy Statement - October Hosting way a reporter is gonna get on Letter From Luther, the inside is by playing the game, declared another. It sounds to me like what Jefferson City wants is Privacy Statement - October not a honeymoon but a divorce. Laurence Jarvik, a conservative critic of Free Property Lease Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas public broadcasting, once asked plaintively: Why is it that there's room at NPR for a practicing witch, but not a practicing conservative? (By the way, this was not—as the uncharitable might have suspected—a reference to Nina Totenberg, but to Statement - October, reporter Margot Adler, who actually casts spells and stuff like that.) This, I suspect, has a good deal to do with the ideological drift of NPR's news. It's not that the network's editorial brain trust meets each morning to plot the day's campaign to Guest List Sample | Save, rid America of Privacy - October Hosting Republican taint. It's that the newsroom is composed almost entirely of Fitness Certificate For Job – Guiler like-minded people who share one another's major philosophical precepts. Privacy - October? When my sister says that she wants to hear news from 19+ Golf Ai, Eps, people who think like me, she's put her finger on the problem. Their thinking is apparent in both what they report and their approach to it. They believe that government is the Statement, fundamental agent of change, that government can and Cv Example, should solve most problems. Statement - October? They believe most of those solutions involve spending large sums of money.
They believe that taxes are not only an appropriate way of raising money, but an important social responsibility. They believe that, although individuals cannot always be trusted to make correct choices, bureaucrats usually can. In short, NPR reporters are the kinds of people who voted for Michael Dukakis and Bill Clinton, not as the lesser evils but enthusiastically, in the firm belief that what the To Mrs. King From Maria, world needs is better social engineering. Their umbilical attachment to the state is Statement - October Hosting most clearly visible when it comes to stories concerning taxation. Property Lease Agreement. Free? NPR reporters will have their eyes put out with red-hot pokers before they'll question the sanctity of Privacy Statement - October a tax—any tax. Consider a story filed by Daniel Zwerdling, NPR's correspondent in Nairobi. Kenya's government is close to going bankrupt, Zwerdling said by way of introduction.
Hospitals can't afford to Format, buy medicines. The national telephone system is breaking down. Schools can't afford to buy benches, so children sit on the floor. - October? And when you call the police to Cv Example, tell them thieves are breaking into your house, the police say they can't help you unless you give them a ride because they don't have cars. And why is Kenya broke? One root of the problem is that most of the Privacy - October, people who are supposed to Medical Fitness Format – Guiler, pay taxes never do, Zwerdling explained. Hosting? And it must be the most important root, in his eyes, because he never identified another. The rest of the story was about a new tax-collection system that has been blocked by Kenyan president Daniel arap Moi. In point of actual fact, Kenya ought to Free Property Lease Free, be able to make its government work without collecting a shilling in taxes. Until recently the country was getting a staggering $1 billion a year in Western aid, which ought to have covered the entire Kenyan budget with money left over for doughnuts all around.
But in 1991 the donor nations began cutting back because of the breathtaking waste and theft that go on in Kenya's 300 or so state-owned industries. (One particularly nimble Kenyan kleptocrat, former energy minister Nicholas Biwott, is estimated by the British government to Privacy Statement - October, have made off with hundreds of millions of dollars all by himself.) Ask any foreign diplomat or independent economist in Nairobi for the top five reasons the Kenyan economy is crumbling, and Uk Phd, tax collection will be at the bottom of the list—if it's mentioned at Statement Hosting, all. But at NPR it leads the hit parade. If NPR reporters were scandalized by the reluctance of Kenyan cattle herders to keep funding London penthouses for Free Property Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free Texas, that nation's thieving rulers, then imagine how they feel about comparatively affluent Americans who try to Privacy, beat the tax system. 19+ Golf Flyer Templates Format Download? As April 15 approached, NPR correspondents foamed at the mouth about the dire consequences of tax evasion. In North Carolina, NPR reported, the government will put your name in the paper.
In Virginia they'll put it on - October, television. Free Property Agreement. Texas? And stiffing Uncle Sam (who, coincidentally, funds NPR's sugar daddies at the Corporation for Public Broadcasting)—well, don't even think about it. If you plan to miss the Privacy - October Hosting, deadline or try to do some fancy paper shuffling on deductions, warned All Things Considered host Linda Wertheimer in her sternest voice, you may want to think again. Her warning was somewhat undercut by the interview that followed, in which a Forbes editor said the IRS only audits 1 percent of all tax returns. But Wertheimer did perk up considerably when the Guest List | Save, editor agreed that if they [the IRS] catch you, they can kill you. What do you mean? inquired Wertheimer excitedly. Her enthusiasm dampened only Privacy - October Hosting slightly upon learning that the word kill had been used metaphorically.
To their credit, NPR reporters do seem to have a vague notion that some Americans don't share their zeal for Fitness Certificate Format For Job Workout, taxes. So when the White House floated a trial balloon suggesting that Clinton is considering a value-added tax (VAT), they tried to soften the Privacy - October Hosting, blow. Bob Edwards interviewed NPR reporter Patricia Neighmond about how the VAT works. After she explained that it entails taxing each and every step of a product's manufacture, Edwards observed that as the taxes mounted, there would be an increasingly higher price on the product. Well, it would seem so, Neighmond replied, apparently holding out some hope that friendly emissaries from the planet Zork would swoop down and Letter To Mrs. King From Diaz, pay the taxes, sparing earthlings the pain. Later that day, on Statement - October Hosting, All Things Considered , Daniel Schorr carefully instructed his listeners that they shouldn't blame Clinton for the VAT.
The fact is that, having in February rejected the idea of a VAT tax, Mr. Management Agreement – Essentials For Landlords? Clinton is being forced to Hosting, consider it again, Schorr affirmed. Cv Example? Alas, this raised more questions than it answered. Who, exactly, was forcing the - October Hosting, president? Did Hillary have her cattle prod out Guest List Sample | Save Word, again? Was Janet Reno threatening to send FBI agents over to the White House to Statement - October, practice Texas fire drills? Schorr, obviously constrained by national security concerns, wouldn't say. But, he consoled, the VAT has its charms. What makes it attractive, he noted, is what has made it attractive to European countries and Canada. Here the Cv Example Uk Phd, veteran reporter was clearly the victim of a technical glitch. What he was trying to Privacy - October Hosting, say was, what has made it attractive to European countries and Canada, compared to being sodomized by a herd of rabid camels.
As the next morning's Post reported, It would be hard to find a person, institution or program in Canada that is hated more [than the VAT]. Undaunted, Schorr continued: On the plus side, a value-added tax could raise so much money that it might be possible to Certificate Format, offer cuts in other taxes. As he spoke, I could almost hear a sigh of relief echoing from Takoma Park and the rest of the NPR ghettos around Washington. Hosting? Schorr had saved the day. Most estimates have put the maximum potential revenue from the VAT at around $68 billion. Meanwhile, estimates of the cost of Hillary's new health program (which is what the VAT is Cv Example Uk Phd supposed to fund) range anywhere from $100 billion to $150 billion.
Only a steel-trap mind like Schorr's could have performed the complex mathematical functions necessary to turn a $30 billion shortfall into a tax-cutting surplus. Literally no subject is safe from NPR's love affair with taxes. Even a piece on how name-brand products are losing market share to generics ended with a wild (and, of course, unanswered) tirade by an antismoking Nazi demanding a 40-cents-a-pack tax on cigarettes. The flip side of taxation is subsidy, and NPR reporters never question the need for that, either. I listened in amazement to a story by Dan Charles on a new half-billion-dollar handout to military contractors to convert them into civilian industries. Privacy Statement - October Hosting? It sounded like a piece on Sample Word Templates, some kind of arts-and-crafts program for retarded kids, with arms merchants bubbling on about how they were learning to make golf clubs instead of missile launchers. - October Hosting? Not once did it occur to | Save, Charles to - October Hosting, ask a simple question: If it's in Management For Landlords the economic interest of these companies to convert anyway, then why should the Privacy Statement - October, government pay them to - Free Psd, Download, do it?
The reason he didn't ask, I'm sure, is that he shares the belief of technocrats that economies and Privacy Statement Hosting, societies, deprived of adult supervision, will quickly devolve into chaos and Cv Example, bedlam. Social engineers view the Privacy Statement, world as a huge Skinner box through which they must guide us pigeons with little rewards and penalties. It's a vision enthusiastically shared by Guest List | Save Templates NPR reporters, who react with ill-concealed horror at any suggestion that the pigeons might seize control of the laboratory. One of the - October, most telling moments of my ordeal-by-NPR came while Linda Wertheimer was interviewing a computer developer on what will happen when computers are linked into televisions—the so-called intelligent TV. He predicted the development of 19+ Golf - Free Psd, literally hundreds of new interactive television networks and services that would give the individual TV viewer an incredible amount of power to Statement - October, program for their own tastes rather than have to rely on these programming guys. Replied a perturbed Wertheimer: Is there any way we can dodge this bullet? The idea that the government might impede rather than advance societal development is utterly alien to NPR. Cv Example Uk Phd? One morning I listened as John McChesney reported the announcement that the giant cable company TCI would spend $2 billion to build a broad-band fiber-optic communications network—the data superhighway that will permit the development of the intelligent TV. McChesney made the astonishing assertion that TCI was undertaking the project not because of the incalculable billions of dollars in profits it may generate, but because of Bill Clinton's aggressive promotion of an information infrastructure. In fact, the Privacy, private sector has been trying for some time to get the federal government to permit the Free Property Lease Free, creation of a data superhighway. MCI, ATT, and Sprint already have the fiber-optic networks in - October place.
But federal rules and regulations have prevented them from being hooked up to individual homes. Uk Phd? McChesney is certainly aware of this—he even touched on the point later in his report—but that didn't stop him from declaring that the private sector was acting only Privacy - October Hosting because the government told it to. YOU WANT AN ALTERNATIVE, LOOK IN THE THESAURUS. NPR's founders thought they were creating government-funded underground radio. Medical Fitness Certificate – Guiler Workout? Their original statement of purpose called for programming that would promote personal growth rather than corporate gain, and Statement Hosting, not only call attention to a problem, but be an active agent in seeking solutions. If it had worked out that way, NPR news might be a lot more interesting. But it didn't. NPR is not a national version of, say, a Pacifica station, where an Guest | Save Templates announcer might analyze the virtues of Privacy different brands of 19+ Golf Flyer Templates Psd, Format LSD or urge people to go naked on Election Day.
Instead, it's a house organ of respectable inside-the-Beltway liberalism—news written by Statement - October and for aging yuppies whose idea of adventuresome politics is telling Dan Quayle jokes. In fact, NPR's toughest critics these days come from the left, and they hammer away at this very point. Quoting Democrats instead of Condolence Letter To Mrs. King Maria Martin Republicans, the critics argue, offers an alternative in roughly the Privacy - October, same way that Cheez Whiz is an alternative to Flyer Format Download, Velveeta. One of the - October Hosting, most savage recent critiques of NPR news came from Charlotte Ryan, a professor of sociology at Simmons College and codirector of Boston College's Media Research and Action Project. She studied every weekday broadcast of Morning Edition and All Things Considered from September through December 1991, reading the – Essentials, transcripts of 2,296 stories. Privacy Statement - October? (Her ennui threshold is Agreement – Essentials For Landlords obviously a good deal higher than mine.) NPR's regular coverage mirrored that of commercial news programming, Ryan concluded. NPR stories focus on the same Washington-centered events and public figures as the commercial news, with the White House and Congress setting much of the Statement - October, political agenda. NPR's sources often paralleled those of Nightline and other network public affairs shows, with a similar tilt toward government sources and politically centrist or conservative think tanks and publications. Ryan found that more than three-fifths of Management Agreement – Essentials For Landlords NPR's domestic stories were reported from Washington, and Privacy Statement - October, only 10 percent from the midwest.
The sources most commonly quoted were government officials. And, if you're one of those people who like their news drawn from and delivered by a politically correct mixture of races and sexes, then NPR definitely is not for you; you may be surprised to Condolence King Maria | The Martin Luther, learn that Ryan found that most of the network's sources and Privacy Statement, commentators were the dreaded Pale Penis People. Portions of her study must be taken with a grain of salt—Ryan is surely the Flyer Templates Psd, Format, only person in America who believes that Nina Totenberg's coverage of the fall 1991 Supreme Court nomination was biased in favor of Clarence Thomas—but the week I listened to NPR, it sounded pretty much the way she described it. The vast majority of stories reported on Morning Edition and Privacy, All Things Considered come off the Associated Press wire or are rewritten from the Washington Post , the New York Times , and the Wall Street Journal . Most of them are event driven: Clinton makes a speech, the Labor Department issues economic statistics, the Condolence King From Maria Diaz | The Martin, U.N. issues a new warning about Bosnia, Janet Reno does a photo op. Anybody listening to ABC or CBS radio news would hear nearly all of this, and without the numbing repetition. Privacy Statement - October Hosting? (One day I listened to King From Diaz | The Martin Luther, Morning Edition report nine different times that the jury in the Rodney King trial was still out, with no new developments.) Only once during the Statement, week I listened to Free Property Lease Texas-Commercial-Lease Free Texas, NPR did I hear a story of any significance that didn't appear in all the Privacy - October, other major news media.
On April 15, John Nielsen reported, several days ahead of the Letter Maria Diaz Luther, pack, that the Privacy Hosting, Clinton administration would sign the Rio de Janeiro biodiversity treaty that had been deep-sixed by George Bush. Good job. But mostly what the scoop illustrates is the precarious niche that NPR has carved for itself: It shuns the alternative label, but it doesn't have the resources or the talent to successfully compete with the mainstream media. Breaking a single story in Condolence Letter To Mrs. King From | The Luther a week is hardly going to put the fear of God in Peter Jennings or Max Frankel. Not even the most delirious NPR staffer would make that claim, of course. The standard—and cleverly hedged—boast of Statement NPR people is the one NPR reporter Alex Chadwick made at a recent public-radio fund-raiser in Free Texas-Commercial-Lease Free Texas Hartford: We've evolved past being an alternative medium to being, I think, the dominant radio news organization in Statement Hosting the country.
To which the only sensible reply is: So what? Being the dominant radio news organization might have meant something in the days when Ed Murrow was broadcasting live accounts of Nazi air raids from Free Property Lease, London. But for the past 30 years, radio news has been on the scrap heap. A poll released earlier this year by the National Association of Broadcasters showed that only 16 percent of Americans consider radio an Statement Hosting important source of Property Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease news, compared with 69 percent for television and 43 percent for Privacy Hosting, newspapers. And just 7 percent picked radio as the most credible news medium. (By the Guest List Sample, way, Chadwick is most assuredly not talking about Statement - October Hosting numbers of listeners when he uses the List Sample | Save Word Templates, word dominant. Morning Edition and Privacy - October Hosting, All Things Considered have less than 3 percent of the Condolence Letter To Mrs. Diaz | The Martin, radio audience at any given moment.)
Newspapers offer their readers depth and Statement - October Hosting, eclecticism. Television offers its viewers drama. Radio offers its listeners—well, not much. A headline service, to let them know what they can see on the evening news or read in the morning paper or find on CNN at any time of the day or night. NPR reporters argue that they compensate for radio's shortcomings by offering longer stories. Whether longer is better is a debatable point.
In theory, I think it's great that there's someone out Property Free, there doing long, highly produced radio news stories, says one industry insider. But in practice, I don't know. I was listening to Privacy Statement, Morning Edition the other day on the way to work, and Cv Example, they ran this story on Privacy, a ballet company for autistic children in Medical Fitness Format For Job – Guiler South Africa. It went on for seven, seven-and-a-half minutes. And finally I was thinking to myself, Who cares? It's just too much. When NPR tries to cover hard news, its stories—even when they stretch on for six or seven minutes—are rarely long enough to rise above the sort of shallow sound-bite once-over for which television is so justly criticized.
John Burnett's seven-and-a-half-minute preview of the special election in Texas to fill Lloyd Bentsen's seat was typical. Statement - October? He reported that the interim appointee, Bob Krueger, would probably get into a runoff. But beyond that, it was pretty murky. Krueger earned high praise in his two terms as a congressman. Fitness Certificate Format – Guiler? From whom? For what?
Dunno. His brief record in the Senate has already come under fire. Why? Well, the Privacy, only thing Burnett had time to mention was that Krueger broke with Clinton over gays in the military. Having lived in Texas myself, I don't imagine that was terribly unpopular. But we've already moved on to the Republicans. 19+ Golf Psd, Ai, Eps Format Download? Leader: state treasurer Kay Bailey Hutchison. She's running because I want to go to Privacy - October, Washington and change it. Into what?
Sorry, gotta move on. There's a candidate named Richard Fischer, a buddy of Ross Perot's. Management? He's spent $4 million of his own money on this race. What's his party? What's his platform? Where is he in the polls? Too bad, we're outta here. But if seven-and-a-half minutes is too little for hard news, it is assuredly too much for most NPR feature stories. Did anyone listening to Morning Edition in Portales, New Mexico, or Senatobia, Mississippi, really want to hear Lynn Neary's eight-and-a-half minutes on yuppie angst about living in - October Hosting Mount Pleasant and Columbia Heights? (Sample quote: Violence sensitizes you to all the Free Texas, other abrasions in the urban environment.) Quite aside from being inside-the-Beltwayism run completely amok, this is simply bad journalism.
And now we've come to the real secret of NPR news: Bad journalism is not just an occupational hazard, the occasional and Privacy Statement - October, inevitable accident that occurs in Cv Example Uk Phd every news organization. Bad journalism happens on the quarter hour at NPR. Bad journalism is, often, policy at NPR. How shall we count the ways? The dull scripts, so formulaic that even the reporters privately make fun of them.
Last year, when NPR was running a long, long, long series of stories on local people shunted aside by development in Latin America, several reporters formed a pool. Privacy Statement - October Hosting? Recalls one: We bet on how long each story would go before it cued a strumming guitar, followed by Uk Phd a grandfather mourning his lost son, then singing long-forgotten revolutionary songs. The infatuation with ethnicism, to the extent that NPR stories are sometimes barely comprehensible. NPR reporters love to have exotically accented English in their pieces, even if it's pure gibberish. Here's the way Nexis transcribed a quote from Statement - October Hosting, a Thai official whose tape-recorded English-language comments were included in a report by Mary Kay Magistad on problems on the Thai-Cambodian border: We have spent a lot of money to neighbor of Cambodia, like you see here, and the business along the Cv Example Uk Phd, border, like the Statement - October, business [unintelligible] with Burma, the same that the people who live along the border, their trip—their trip, you know? It is the nature of the businessman. Free Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free? I've listened to - October, the same quote three times on tape and I can't translate it any better than Nexis did.
The star reporters who throw their weight around, getting away with crap that would have a college intern fired in Texas ten seconds. Statement? Nina Totenberg (one of the three powerful NPR women—Cokie Roberts and Linda Wertheimer are the Letter To Mrs. King Martin, others—to whom some male reporters refer collectively as the fallopian jungle) reported one morning on a topless dancer suing a Dallas club for age discrimination. She introduced her story with a crack about Privacy - October sagging hopes. I'd call that stupid and sophomoric; if Clarence Thomas had said it, I'll bet Totenberg would have called it something much more serious. (In Totenberg's defense, she's certainly not the first allegedly feminist NPR reporter to use language that would be derided as sexist swill coming from a man. Susan Stamberg once opened an interview with novelist John Irving: Mr. Irving, on the basis of your brilliant writing, and your photograph on the dust jacket of Medical Fitness Certificate Format For Job – Guiler Workout Garp , most of the women on our staff have told me they'd like to run away with you.) Circle-jerk journalism, when reporters interview reporters. I don't recall the Privacy, last time I picked up the Post and found a front-page interview of Ann Devroy by List Sample | Save David Broder. The Post —and, as far as I know, every other news organization in America—reports the news by reporting the news rather than interviewing other reporters about the news. That's not the way it works at Privacy Statement, NPR.
Eight times in Property Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas five days I heard NPR reporters interview other reporters—usually other NPR reporters. - October? And I'm not counting four interviews with reporters like new Pulitzer recipient George Lardner Jr. who were, at least arguably, actual news makers; nor am I counting several foreign journalists interviewed as part of larger stories about their countries. At best, these pieces were flaccid. I would be interested in what an economist thinks about the value-added tax. I might be interested in what a merchant thinks about it, or a truck driver, or a housewife. Free Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas? I am emphatically not interested in what an Privacy Statement NPR reporter thinks. But several of the Cv Example Uk Phd, interviews with reporters developed into something considerably worse than flaccidity. When Bob Edwards talked to Bill Sloat, a Cleveland Plain Dealer reporter covering the inmate takeover of a maximum-security prison in Ohio, NPR used the opportunity to pass along unattributed rumors and speculation that Sloat could never have gotten past his own editors. Sloat started with the observation that I think [the atmosphere at the prison] has grown a little more tense overnight. I have nothing to base it on, but it's just a feeling. He bottomed out by mentioning that six inmates had already been killed and he had heard rumors that some of the Privacy Statement Hosting, bodies were mutilated.
Now, nobody will confirm that. Sloat's rumormongering, though, was model journalism compared to the interview Edwards had done with Cokie Roberts the day before. Supposedly this was an interview about the Medical Fitness Certificate For Job – Guiler, Republican attack on Clinton's economic stimulus package (Roberts being so much more knowledgeable about that than an actual Republican), but Roberts quickly shifted the subject to - October Hosting, a special congressional election in the Mississippi Delta. There's a black candidate versus a white candidate, Roberts said. And this is where you really see the words 'city' or 'inner city' become something of a code word for race. The white candidate, who's a Republican, is saying that his opponent is a liberal from the city, as opposed to himself, who's a conservative from the country. And that's just sort of a way of letting people know that the opponent is black.
I don't think a deaf, dumb, and blind martian could have gotten this story more ridiculously wrong. Property Agreement – Essentials? First, the Democratic candidate had just survived a brutal and highly publicized primary election. So everyone already knew he was black. Second, everyone already knew he was black anyway, because Mississippi is the most race-conscious place in America. Statement? I can't think of an election of any importance in my lifetime when everybody didn't know the race of all the candidates, says Sallie Anne Gresham, a native Mississippian and the managing editor of the Delta Democrat-Times , the Delta's largest newspaper. (Hey, if NPR can use journalists as talking heads in their pieces, why can't I?) Third, the Medical For Job – Guiler, majority of the - October, voters in | Save Templates the congressional district are black. (So is Mike Espy, who resigned the seat to become secretary of agriculture.) So it wouldn't exactly have been shrewd politics for the Republican to make an issue of the Democrat's race. And he didn't. Instead, the Republican embraced the black vote, spoke frequently of his respect for Martin Luther King, and Privacy Statement Hosting, tried to appeal to the social conservatism of rural black voters by pointing out Free Agreement. Texas, that his opponent was a liberal from the city. The Democrat, by contrast, made race an explicit issue; he campaigned in large part on the platform that black people could only be properly represented by a black congressman. He won.
The practice of - October putting reporting positions up for sale. NPR people prefer to use the euphemistic term underwriting. Whatever you call it, eight of NPR's reporters are fully funded by corporations or foundations, confirms an Format For Job – Guiler Workout NPR spokesperson. I wonder what the - October, founders would have said back in Medical Fitness Certificate 1970 if they'd been told that someday NPR would have a science reporter paid for Privacy Statement Hosting, by Hewlett-Packard? NPR officials insist that the outside funding has no impact on the way they report the news. But of course it does. NPR has eight, count 'em, eight reporters on Guest Sample Word Templates, its science desk.
But it has no labor reporter, no crime reporter, and Privacy - October Hosting, until a few weeks ago had no Pentagon reporter. Sample Templates? Can you guess which desk has seven underwritten reporters? Underwriting also accounts for the fact that NPR has a full-time reporter in Privacy Statement Kenya doing stories about tax collection, while it relies on a stringer to Flyer - Free Psd,, cover South Africa, where one of the most exciting stories of the decade is unfolding. Daniel Zwerdling, the Kenya correspondent, is funded with a $100,000 grant from the Statement Hosting, Affinity Group for Southern Africa, a consortium of 50 or so foundations. It's a group of Property Management – Essentials foundations that are promoting economic development in southern Africa, explains Michael Sinclair of the Statement Hosting, Kaiser Family Foundation, who coordinates the Affinity Group. We went to Guest List Sample | Save, NPR with a proposal to supplement their regular news reporting from Privacy, southern Africa with regular reporting on economic issues. Now, the obvious question is: What if Zwerdling starts filing stories about acts of tyranny and Flyer Templates Ai, Eps Download, expropriation in Zimbabwe, or an Iranian-backed secession movement in Privacy Tanzania-you know, things that don't exactly encourage economic development? What if he reports that a lot of the governments in southern Africa are run by swindling brutes—and that economic aid only perpetuates their regimes? We don't have any control over Cv Example the reporting, Sinclair says.
But would the Privacy - October Hosting, Affinity Group keep funding a reporter who did those stories? I don't think that would play a role in Property Management – Essentials evaluating the funding, he insists. He sounds sincere, and I'm sure Sinclair believes his own words. I don't know if I do. And I wonder if Daniel Zwerdling and his editors do.
OK, I'M CONVINCED. - October? YOUR SISTER'S AN IDIOT. WHAT'S IT TO ME? Well, you pay for it. Flyer Templates - Free Format Download? That may come as a surprise; through a propaganda campaign that's been successful beyond its wildest dreams, NPR has convinced most people that it no longer depends on Statement Hosting, tax dollars for List | Save, its existence. The NPR claim that less than 3 percent of - October Hosting its funding comes from the federal government is accepted as gospel almost everywhere. But what that figure really represents is a clever bookkeeping trick.
In 1987, the Letter To Mrs. Maria Diaz, Corporation for - October Hosting, Public Broadcasting—the quasi-independent organization in charge of distributing the Property Free Texas, annual $300-million-plus federal subsidy to public broadcasting—stopped funding NPR directly and started giving the Hosting, money directly to public radio stations, which then hand it back to NPR in the form of dues. 19+ Golf Templates - Free Psd, Ai, Eps Download? That covers about two-thirds of NPR's $46 million annual budget. Then there's the matter of that $198 million satellite NPR uses to - October, distribute its programming: yup, paid for with tax dollars. (NPR also makes a nice chunk of change by renting out the Property Management Agreement – Essentials, satellite's excess capacity to a private paging company.) And without taxpayer dollars, there wouldn't be any public stations to run NPR's programs. Of the total $377 million spent on public radio in fiscal 1991, nearly half was provided by local, state, and Privacy Statement - October, federal government. Condolence To Mrs. King Diaz Martin Luther? Taxes are the lifeblood of the entire industry. So remember: You're paying Cokie Roberts $60,000 a year for Privacy, her half-baked ranting about racism in America. You're paying Daniel Schorr $95,000 a year to demonstrate Martian mathematics. You're paying Linda Wertheimer $97,000 a year for anti-tax-evasion public service announcements.
You're paying Carl Kasell $90,000 a year, Robert Siegel $101,000 a year, and Medical Fitness Certificate Format – Guiler, Bob Edwards $134,000 a year to imitate the bloodless drone of HAL the computer. Maybe you think it's a good deal. Statement - October? I'm sure my sister does. Art accompanying story in printed newspaper (not available in this archive): illustration/Andrew Epstein.
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Understanding the Challenges of Glaucon and Adeimantus in Plato’s Republic Essay. A significantly large aspect of Plato’s dialogue entitled Republic is the discussion of the concept of - October justice. Property Management Agreement – Essentials For Landlords. On a preliminary note, the significance of such a concept makes itself manifest in our deepest questions concerning the many aspects of the political order and political life. In the Republic, Socrates’ interlocutors Glaucon and Adeimantus, challenge the Hosting view that it is always more preferable for an individual to be just than unjust. At this early part of the paper, it is an imperative to Condolence To Mrs. From Diaz | The, explain in Privacy Statement Hosting, further detail what Glaucon and Adeimantus’ challenge demand from Socrates. Glaucon and Adeimantus, following the view presented by Thrasymachus, demand an Medical Certificate Format – Guiler explanation from Socrates whether one is better off refraining from - October Hosting injustice even if one has the power to escape detection or being caught.
Socrates’ reply at the end of Psd, Ai, Eps Download Book IV is clear; that it is always better for one to - October Hosting, have a just soul than an unjust soul. This paper seeks to explicate in full detail, the Medical For Job – Guiler Workout challenge (or problematic) put forth by Privacy Statement Glaucon and Adeimantus, Socrates’ reply, and more importantly, the reasons as to why Socrates was able to arrive at Guest Sample Templates, his conclusion. The central question of the Republic is, “What is justice? ” and by such a question, what Socrates (or Plato) seeks to arrive at is the Being or essence of justice; that is, what justice really is. Such being the Privacy Statement Hosting case, the dialogue itself is not intended as a mere practical inquiry about justice in the context of the Athenian political order and Athenian political life but more importantly, a sustained theoretical inquiry about the concept (or definition) of justice. It is for this reason that in Book I of the Republic, Socrates did not consider his victory over Thrasymachus as something which can be considered as a progress in their discussion of justice.
In summing up what happened in their entire conversation, Socrates said the following: Before finding the first thing we inquired about- namely, what justice is- I let that go, and Condolence To Mrs. | The Martin Luther, turned to investigate whether it is a kind of vice and ignorance or a kind of wisdom and virtue. Privacy Statement - October. Then an argument came up about injustice being more profitable than justice… Hence the result of the discussion… is that I know nothing. For when I do not know what justice is, I will hardly know whether it is a kind of virtue or not, or whether a person who has it is happy or unhappy. (Plato I 35) From a logical point of view, Socrates is correct in the sense that prior to establishing whether or not justice is a virtue and whether or not a person who has it is happy, it must first be established what justice is. In this universe of discourse, it is Cv Example also equally important to consider that the argument of the Republic is essentially, a moral one which centers on the very nature of justice in its absolute sense. As a reaction against Statement - October Hosting, the view of the Sophists, Socrates attempts to show that justice is not artificial or illusory. The contradictory position to that of - Free Psd, Format Download Socrates’ is presented by Glaucon in Book II of the Republic by recasting the argument earlier presented by Thrasymachus that “the life of the Privacy Statement - October unjust person is, they say, much better than that of the just one” (Plato II 37). In Book II, Glaucon presents the List view that human beings are naturally self-centered; each looking after himself and his own self-interests. Regarding this particular view, Glaucon explicates in detail: People say, you see, that to do injustice is naturally good and to Privacy Statement - October, suffer injustice bad.
But the badness of suffering it far exceeds the goodness of doing it. Hence, those who have done and suffered injustice and who have tasted both- the ones who lack the power to do it and avoid suffering it- decide that it is profitable to come to an agreement with each other neither to do injustice not to suffer it. (Plato II 37) As a consequence of the aforementioned passage, Glaucon claims that human beings “begin to Fitness Certificate For Job – Guiler Workout, make laws and Privacy Statement, covenants; and what the law commands, they call lawful and Fitness, just” (Plato II 37). An important point that should be considered in the first horn of Glaucon’s argument is that in Glaucon’s words, we are able to find an expression of the view that moral obligations have their origin, in whole or in part, from contract or an agreement. Such being the - October Hosting case, it can plausibly be maintained that, in as far as the challenge presented by Glaucon to Socrates is concerned, if the challenge itself is a moral one, then it is inevitable that the entire discourse on justice also be of the Agreement For Landlords same nature (that is, moral). In a very real sense, one may infer that in Glaucon’s view, the Statement nature and the source of justice is Guest Sample Templates merely based upon human frailty; that is, human beings’ incapacity “to do injustice without paying the - October penalty” and “to suffer it without being able to take revenge” (Plato II 37). It is important to note that the recognition (or acceptance) of Glaucon’s premise (that is, that the nature and the source of injustice is merely based upon human frailty) is Letter From Maria Luther crucial if we are to understand the second horn of Privacy Glaucon’s argument; that is, as to why people who practice justice “practice it unwillingly” (Plato II 38). If it is correct to say that people who practice justice practice it unwillingly, then the Cv Example Uk Phd obvious problem, on the part of his interlocutor, that is, Socrates, would be as to how it can be cogently explained why justice is regarded as a virtue, and the just person is regarded as virtuous.
This is a legitimate problem because if a person commits acts which are just simply because he cannot “do injustice without paying the penalty,” then his actions do not have moral worth. The reasoning behind this is simple: it is only acts which are free which can be praiseworthy or blameworthy, moral or immoral. Finally, Glaucon’s argument points out the uselessness of justice if kept in private. Glaucon states the following: This, some would say, is strong evidence that no one is just willingly, but only when compelled. Privacy - October. No one believes justice to To Mrs., be a good thing when it is kept private, since whenever either person thinks he can do injustice with impunity, he does it. Indeed, all men believe that injustice is far more profitable to Privacy - October, themselves than is justice. (Plato II 39) If Glaucon’s account of the nature and source of Certificate Format justice is correct, then the aforementioned problem must be addressed.
It is important to note that Glaucon’s argument is largely built upon the concept of human nature in the negative sense; that is, the view that human beings are naturally self-centered; each looking after himself and his own self-interests. Adeimantus provides a rejoinder for Glaucon’s argument. Whereas, Glaucon’s argument focuses on the arguments for the superiority of injustice over justice, Adeimantus’ argument focuses on the arguments “that praise justice and disparage injustice” (Plato II 41). Adeimantus’ contribution to the discussion of justice and injustice is the laying down of the Privacy Statement - October “praise and blame given to each” (Plato II 42). Psd, Format Download. By doing so, Adeimantus believes that Socrates will be able to understand the Glaucon’s argument in its fullness and complexity. Adeimantus provides a detailed explication of what people, especially their forefathers, priests and poets say about justice and injustice. At this point, Adeimantus’ words amount to what may be called social criticism. Adeimantus said the following: As you know, when fathers speak to their sons to give them advice, they say that one must be just, as do all those who have others in their charge.
But they do not praise justice itself, only the good reputation it brings. (Plato II 41). The foregoing passage points out two things. First, what most people praise or blame is not justice itself but the reputation that it brings. Privacy - October Hosting. Second, most people’s approval or disapproval of Property Lease Free Texas just/unjust acts then are merely grounded upon Statement - October Hosting, the consequences of such acts and not because of the rightness or wrongness of the acts themselves. Adeimantus offers another criticism on the gods and virtue in Letter To Mrs. King From | The Luther, relation to the unjust person.
He said the Privacy Statement - October Hosting following: Begging priests and prophets to go to the doors of rich people and persuade them that, through sacrifices and incantations, they have acquired a god-given power: if the rich person or any of his ancestors has committed an injustice, they can fix it with pleasant rituals. And if he wishes to injure an enemy, he will be able to harm a just one or an unjust one alike at little cost, since by means of spells and Lease Texas, enchantments they can persuade the gods to do their bidding. (Plato II 42) It is important to note that Glaucon and Adeimantus’ arguments complement each other; and together challenges Socrates to defend his view that justice is preferable than injustice without mentioning merely the consequences of being just or unjust but what justice and Privacy Statement - October Hosting, injustice is, in their own right. Adeimantus sums this challenge to Socrates in the following: But I… want to hear the opposite from you… So do not merely demonstrate to us by Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease argument that justice is stronger than injustice, but tell us what each one itself does, because of itself, to someone who possess it, that makes the one bad and the other good. (Plato II 45) The foregoing discussion further strengthens the claim that was earlier presented; that the argument of the Republic is essentially, a moral one; since the challenge put forth by Glaucon and Privacy Statement Hosting, Adeimantus in Book II is also, by its very nature, moral. Guest List Sample | Save Word. Now that we are able to present Glaucon and Adeimantus’ challenge to Socrates in full detail, our next task is to Statement - October Hosting, lay down the arguments presented by Socrates in his defense of justice. Although it is Socrates who does the talking in the Republic, it can be argued that at some point in the dialogues such as this one, Socrates merely served as a mouthpiece of Plato.
This is to say in that the Republic, Plato departs from Free Property Texas Socrates and conducts his own philosophizing. In reading Plato, one may infer that his political theory is very closely connected with his moral philosophy. The challenge put forth by Glaucon and Adeimantus received a very lengthy discussion by Socrates in his usual method of questioning. In response to the challenge of defining justice itself, Socrates likens the state to - October, the soul of an individual. This is to say that the state serves as the macrocosm of the individual and the individual, the microcosm of the state. For the most part, this is the main analogy within which Socrates’ (or Plato’s) response to Glaucon and Adeimantus consists in. Expounding on Guest List Sample | Save Word this analogy further, in as much as the state is composed of different classes, the individual soul too, is composed of different parts (or elements). Such being the case, the key to understanding the Statement - October Hosting concept of justice is to be found in analyzing the very nature of the state because “there is justice that belongs to a single man and also one that belongs to a whole city” (Plato II 46). In the dialogue, Socrates provides a distinction between “war” and “faction” (Plato V 162). The former, according to Ai, Eps Format Download, Socrates, refers to hostility towards strangers whereas the latter refers to hostility towards one’s own. Privacy - October. Such a distinction is helpful if we are to arrive at a fuller understanding of the underlying idea behind the | Save Templates analogy between the justice in an individual and justice in the state.
Socrates said the following to Glaucon: Now, notice that whenever something of the Privacy - October Hosting sort that is currently called faction occurs and Free Agreement. Free Texas, a city is divided, if each side devastates the land and burns the houses of the Statement - October other, the faction is thought abominable and neither party is thought to love the city. 19+ Golf Format Download. (Plato V 163) The underlying idea in the analogy is that if a city has existing factions, then that city is - October Hosting divided and it will not be able to function well. In this context, justice is considered as a general virtue. This is to say that all parts are fulfilling their distinctive functions and in the process, are also achieving their respective virtues. Thus, justice in the state can only be attained if the three classes in society fulfill their functions. In the same vein, for an individual to function well and flourish, it is imperative that the there exists a harmony among the Condolence King Maria Diaz Martin Luther elements of the Privacy Hosting soul of the individual.
In the final analysis, Glaucon and Adeimantus’ challenge to Socrates (or Plato’s) incited a lengthy discussion of the nature of 19+ Golf Ai, Eps Download justice (and injustice). Privacy - October Hosting. In his defense of justice, Socrates makes use of the analogy between the soul of the individual and Condolence Letter King Maria | The Martin Luther, the classes of the city (or state). In both cases, Socrates points out Privacy Statement - October, two important things via the analogy. First, in the context of the city, justice is Condolence Letter To Mrs. King Maria | The Martin doing one’s distinctive function in Statement Hosting, the city. Free Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free Texas. Second, injustice occurs when a part of the whole is not fulfilling its distinctive function. In the same vein, the same line of reasoning may be applied to Statement, the soul of the individual. Socrates asked the following: What about an Format For Job Workout appetite that goes beyond these and seeks other sorts of foods; that, if it is restrained from childhood and educated, most people can get rid of; and that is harmful to the body and harmful to the soul’s capacity for Statement, wisdom and temperance? (Plato VIII 256) The point is clear. Against Glaucon and Adeimantus, what is brilliant in Letter King Diaz Luther, Socrates’ analogy is that through it, he was able to point out that justice is Statement Hosting more superior (and preferable) than injustice because, if we are to 19+ Golf - Free Ai, Eps Format Download, follow the analogy, without justice, a city will not be able to function. If, for example, the military will depart from its distinctive function and - October Hosting, seek acquire wealth like merchants or rule a city, injustice occurs.
The same is true if a merchant will seek to become the ruler of a city. In the Lease Free context of the individual’s soul, if the appetitive element is more dominant than the rational element, then that individual will not be able to function well or flourish. Justice then, in both the individual and the city (or state) is the Hosting harmony among elements: temperance, courage and wisdom. Plato. “Republic. Management – Essentials. ” Republic. Ed. C. D. C. Reeve.
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analyzing essays You’ve been staring at your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into Statement Hosting, the meat of it. List Sample | Save! But somehow, it seems too difficult to Hosting, do either. What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Fitness For Job – Guiler! Then all you have to do is fill in the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. What an Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Privacy Statement - October Hosting! Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is Management Agreement – Essentials . Privacy Statement - October Hosting! An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice.
If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only summarizing events or characters. One way to figure out Property Management if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at Privacy Statement Hosting, your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to Property Agreement, your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the Privacy - October book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem. In short, this type of essay requires you to look at the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to use for the rest of this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of Texas-Commercial-Lease, sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the Statement books has done so already—or at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of Free Property Agreement. Free, this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of all the components that make a great analytical essay outline.
You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and Privacy Statement - October Hosting, conclusion. Property For Landlords! But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to get the reader interested in your analysis. Statement! The introduction should include at least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. You gotta hook ‘em from the start. The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in.
This is called the Free Property Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising. You can achieve this by Privacy - October Hosting, asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the books for Cv Example, promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from - October Christianity itself—that of Fitness Format For Job – Guiler Workout, sacrifice.”
Okay, so that’s two sentences. But it’s got a little bit of controversy and relates to what the Privacy Statement Hosting rest of the essay will discuss. Condolence Letter To Mrs. From Maria Diaz | The Martin! 2. Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to Privacy Hosting, the point. This is where the 19+ Golf Flyer Templates Ai, Eps Format thesis statement comes in.
My thesis might be, “The theme of sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for Statement Hosting, an ultimate gain, and Property Agreement – Essentials For Landlords, sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the Privacy - October reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in exchange for Property Management For Landlords, immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in order to Statement Hosting, honor a promise made to Lily Potter. These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs. Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The body is Cv Example where you can start to get really creative and play around with formatting. Privacy - October! In the flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline. But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence. Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here.
You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to Cv Example, support your topic sentence. But let’s get into Privacy - October Hosting, it, shall we? 1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is going to be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the - Free Download ultimate sacrifice—that of his life—in order to save the rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim. The claim should dive into a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence.
The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and that his death would be of profound significance. Statement! 3. Provide evidence from the Management – Essentials For Landlords text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the text to add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in Statement Hosting, the hall of prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at Cv Example Uk Phd, the hand of the other for Privacy, neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Tie that evidence to the topic sentence. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the Cv Example evidence. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the Statement - October Hosting reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Templates - Free Ai, Eps Format, Neville, but we’ll leave that out of this example).
They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and he had to Privacy Statement - October Hosting, be willing to do that. They’re not needed in Medical Format For Job, the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of Hosting, your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to back your claims, and tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to Lease Agreement. Free, a loved one—and J.K. Rowling explores several of Privacy Statement - October Hosting, them through the characters in the Harry Potter book series.” This, of course, does not suffice as a full conclusion.
To fill it out and give the reader a sense of Property Free Texas, closure, you can relate the theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to download. Privacy Hosting! Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over | Save Word Templates mine.
And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Statement! Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for Certificate For Job – Guiler Workout, English, history and education. Hosting! You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. Medical Fitness For Job Workout! awesome! Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much!
This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Privacy - October, Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for the comment and Management, thanks for Statement - October, reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for orienting me on how to structure an analytical essay. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an 19+ Golf Flyer Templates Psd, Format Download, analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned.
I look forward to your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in this post. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. Privacy! The main difference is Letter To Mrs. From Maria | The Luther that you#8217;ll have to Privacy Statement Hosting, do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet! Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great.
Fabulous! Happy to help. How would I write an analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I#8217;m supposed to write an Cv Example Uk Phd, essay on The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at Hosting, understanding how to do it. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in a certain way. Please respond to this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the 19+ Golf Flyer Templates - Free Psd, Download conventions of Statement Hosting, soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and Medical Format For Job – Guiler, asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to each of these topics and their influence on how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood. I don#8217;t know how to Statement Hosting, start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction?
I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go. You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. Cv Example! For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment!
I#8217;ll be sure to show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy? Haha! Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is Hosting all. Thanks for keeping us on To Mrs. | The Martin our toes, Shayan!
No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an idea as to Hosting, how to apply this to historical analysis. List Templates! I have to write about the effects of Statement, European migration, warfare, and disease on Native Americans, and was thinking of finding 3 specific examples of Flyer Templates Format, each and explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans. Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to Statement - October, a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to each of Agreement – Essentials, your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs. Privacy - October! Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is really helpful.
Woot! That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by | Save Word, Michael Shaara and Statement Hosting, I#8217;m stuck. Guest List Templates! This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and Statement, it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for Management – Essentials For Landlords, half the book. Please help. Starting is definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for - October Hosting, your blog. you have made it very easy for me to Maria Diaz Luther, understand this (horrible) essay. I have to Privacy - October, write my first Analytical essay. kind regards to Condolence Letter King Diaz | The Luther, you.
And thanks to you for reading! Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. Privacy Statement - October Hosting! I have to write an analytical essay for – Essentials, my college English course, and its about an American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an example on how to Hosting, start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of List Sample, North American folk music from Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is one way to Statement, start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for Property Agreement. Texas, 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf.
NAH MEAN. Thank you so much. I was dying a moment ago. Now I think I can manage it. love the example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for reading #128578; I feel motivated and have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for everything. )
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Engagement and Learning What Is_? Programme. In a dark room, on a large screen, three Indonesian kids in matching purple Adidas tracksuits, wrap-around sunglasses and sun-visors are singing a karaoke version of Hosting a song by Sample Word Templates, the 1980s pop group The Smiths. It is equally serious and joyous. The piece is part of Phil Collins's work The World Won't Listen. It is a great work of contemporary art and Privacy Hosting, Phil Collins is an important artist because his work is richly suggestive of a number of significant questions about Management Agreement national identity, popular culture in a global context, and - October Hosting, the role of the mass media in representing these. Another dark room, another projected scene: an Condolence To Mrs. King Diaz | The Luther, evening view of an obscure rural location. Statement Hosting! In the near-distance we see an Property Agreement – Essentials, odd elongated piece of architecture: a fragile but imposing shelter, an elaborate cylindrical tent that seems simultaneously out of place and yet somehow at home in this natural landscape.
The images are from French artist Philippe Parreno's curious film The Boy from Mars, and they arise out of his involvement with an environmental art project in rural Thailand. Yet, watching these images it is never quite clear what, or where, it is that we are observing. Collins and Parreno make use of recognisable conventions of - October Hosting visual art from our own and earlier eras ('portraiture' in the former; 'landscape' in the latter). Yet, both seem as interested in an unfolding, many-staged creative process as they are with any finished product or with the possibilities of an accepted art discipline. As such, they practice types of art, that, as the influential curator Nicolas Bourriaud has argued, remain around the edge of any definition – drawing on much from Medical Certificate For Job Workout, what would customarily be considered beyond the 'frame' of art, urging us to Privacy Statement - October, consider the place of art in the contemporary world, while offering up images and experiences characterised by uncertainty or disconcerting intensity. 1. The two examples above were both made in Agreement For Landlords, the last ten years. But are they also modern?
They were made recently, but being 'modern' means more than merely being up-to-date: it needs to Privacy - October Hosting, look modern too. For example there's a Norwegian painter Odd Nerdrum, who has spent the last 30 years trying to Management Agreement – Essentials, paint like Rembrandt. He makes work that is recent but it would not be referred to Statement - October Hosting, as modern because it doesn't look like what we expect Modern Art to look like. Instead, it is deliberately old fashioned. Uk Phd! So when art historians use the words 'Modern' and Privacy Statement - October, 'Modernism' they understand them as meaning something quite specific. (i) When was Modernism? In the sense of 'modern' meaning up to date, all art was modern once. The innovative artists of the past have always tried new technologies, new media and new styles. Crucially, these new technologies and new mediums allowed for the possibility of new artistic forms.
For example, when Giotto was painting the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua, 1305, his use of fresco (watercolor on List Word wet plaster) as a medium was innovative and modern, and it allowed him to achieve the integrated aesthetic scheme of the painting cycle. Over 500 years later Impressionists like Monet were not only Hosting, responding to the challenge of photography and Uk Phd, its ability to capture an Privacy Hosting, impression of the world, but also using portable easels and the newly invented, industrially processed, readymade tubes of paint to Management For Landlords, make pictures outside of the studio in Statement, the open air. But, if art has always been modern; does it ever reach a sell-by date? Can it be that what was once modern can cease to be modern? Other art historical periods do not have the same associated problems. So, whilst there may be some disagreement as to Condolence Letter Maria Luther, the specific dates of the Renaissance, Roccoco, Baroque or Neo-Classicism, it can be agreed that they were periods that had beginnings, middles and ends. Perhaps then, one way to think about modern is as a period of - October Hosting time with a clear beginning, middle and end. Thought about in Property Management Agreement For Landlords, these terms modern might mean the period of 100 years that began with Manet's painting Djeuner sur l'Herbe, 1863, which was seen as shocking and rejected from the prestigious Salon of fine art, not only because it was 'badly' painted with rough brushstrokes and inaccurate perspective, but also because it showed a contemporary scene of public nudity. This period is often regarded as ending with Pop Art in the mid 1960s, when art became increasingly difficult to distinguish from everyday consumer objects and the output of the mass media.
What this would mean is that art made after this period would be after, or post, modernism. Privacy! This is why you will often hear the art of the last quarter of the Property – Essentials twentieth century referred to as 'postmodern'. However, such neat slicing up of the history of art is problematic. The question posed by the cultural critic Raymond Williams When Was Modernism? is a tricky one. On the one hand, art seems to lag behind modernism in other fields. For example modern history is generally seen to Privacy - October Hosting, have begun around 1500; philosophy with Descartes (who published his Meditations in 1641) or Kant (who published his three Critiques between 1781 and 1790) and the technological boom of the Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century is also seen as an origin of modernity.
On the other hand, art historians squabble as to Cv Example Uk Phd, where Modernism began; perhaps with the Renaissance when artists began to be recognised as 'geniuses' with their own distinct styles, or perhaps with the Salon des Refuss in Paris in 1863 and the exhibition of art refused by the academic institutions. As Charles Harrison observed: In writing about art, the term Modernism has only been regularly used with a capital M since the Privacy Hosting 1960s . Before the Management Agreement – Essentials '60s the term 'Modernism' was generally used in a vague way, to refer to what it was that made works of art seem 'contemporary' whatever that meant. 2. (ii) How is Privacy Modernism? Another way of thinking about what modern means in art is to think of it as an attitude to making. This uncouples 'Modern' from a specific time and place – meaning that art is not necessarily modern merely because it is new. It would also mean that examples from history could be identified as modern in their outlook, such as El Greco, the seventeenth century painter whom Picasso claimed was the Uk Phd originator of Cubism. Furthermore, identifying modern as an attitude means that it can be seen as an incomplete project that can be constantly re-engaged with. This is probably what Jackson Pollock had in mind when he made this claim for his own modernist art: My opinion is that new art needs new techniques. And the modern artists have found new means of making their statements.
It seems to Hosting, me that the 19+ Golf Flyer Templates - Free Psd, Ai, Eps modern painter cannot express this age of the aeroplane, the atom bomb, the radio, in the old forms of the Renaissance or of any other past culture. Each age finds its own technique. 3. Just as the times change, so too must art. And just as we live in new times, we need a new, modern art to express the age of text messaging, the Internet and Statement - October Hosting, global capitalism. The art critic Clement Greenberg offered a slightly different definition of modernism. He claimed that modernist art was art that was about art . What this means is Free Property Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas that modernist art takes art itself as its primary subject matter rather than traditional subjects such as landscapes, portraits or historical and religious themes. This does not mean that modernist art cannot include traditional subjects, but rather that this is not what the art is Statement Hosting about. Look, for Guest Sample Word Templates, example, at the William Scott painting Jug. The subject matter is a jug and a bowl.
Such still life has been a subject matter for art for Privacy, hundreds of years but Scott has treated the material in a thoroughly modern way. (iii) Defining Modernism. The definition of modernist art that emerges is thus: that it provides a meaningful expression of, and List Word, gives artistic and aesthetic form to three things: (i) the specific time and Statement - October Hosting, place where it was made, (ii) the medium that it is made of, and King From Maria Martin, (iii) how it was made. Privacy Hosting! We can now ask if this definition can be usefully applied to Property Agreement – Essentials For Landlords, much of contemporary art. 3 - When, What and How is contemporary art? (i) Contemporary – Whatever That Means. The tricky task of identifying a working definition of 'modern' is accompanied by the equally testing challenge of defining the word 'contemporary'. Statement - October! Indeed, 'recent' might be one easy definition for 'contemporary', allowing us to think of contemporary art as that made within recent memory. Another closely related and very straightforward meaning of 'contemporary', and one that is entirely true to the linguistic sources of the word, is 'with the times' (from the Latin 'con', meaning 'with', plus 'temp' meaning 'time'). As such, to be contemporary is to be alert to the conditions of a particular moment in time, to Fitness Certificate For Job – Guiler Workout, be moving with the Hosting tides of living history.
And this sense of the King Diaz | The Martin word is widely used in understandings of 'contemporary' art. Back in the 1980s, for instance, curators at the Tate Gallery in London decided that the Statement art of the past ten years, on a rolling basis, would provide a suitable set of parameters as they made plans to develop a new 'Museum of Contemporary Art'. 4 'Contemporary' art in this regard, comes pretty close to 'modern' art – particularly, perhaps, to Jackson Pollock's claim that the art of each age should find its own technique. But Pollock's comment also returns us to how 'modern' can be understood as identifying an attitude towards making art, an attitude perhaps resulting in a certain type of art. Certainly, a loose sense of what 'contemporary art' is Cv Example like is often evident in Privacy - October Hosting, the mainstream media. Coverage of Free Texas exhibitions such as the annual Turner Prize show, for instance, will often be based on hostile presumptions about the prevailing tendencies in art today, with artists regularly being characterised as pranksters or self-promoting provocateurs rather than masters of a recognisable medium. However accurate such pictures are, it is of course essential to remember the vital role played not just by the media but also by the art market in manufacturing particular versions of Privacy Statement Hosting a contemporary art 'world' (as has always been the case throughout the history of art), with certain forms of art reaching prominence as a result of their marketability.
But cast an eye over art magazines such as Artforum and Frieze – expensive colour publications packed with ads promoting the – Guiler Workout interests of the Privacy Statement Hosting commercial art scene – and the difficulty of Fitness For Job – Guiler finding stable commonalities across what is celebrated is quite apparent. Such magazines will often introduce us to much that is Hosting overtly 'edgy': radical performance art that claims to question moral norms, for instance; or varieties of Templates Psd, Ai, Eps Format Download activist art that propose creative models of political resistance; or versions of installation and Statement - October, conceptual art that confuse us as to what, and often where, the 'art' actually is. All seem to sit comfortably side-by-side in such publications. Considering such types of widely prevalent art-making, it might seem that the only shared feature is an interest in subverting expectations about what art can and should be. Such tendencies would, of course, be true to a legacy of 19+ Golf Flyer Templates Format Download avant-gardism in the arts, and in our effort to capture something of Privacy - October Hosting what is 'contemporary' in art we could choose to prioritise the continuation of a kind of rule-breaking spirit. Yet, many celebrated contemporary art practices frustrate this view. For a great deal of today's critically acclaimed art is not quite so obviously confrontational or so antagonistic towards older methods or values. If, for example, a great deal of recent art shows hostility towards principles of aesthetic refinement in art, there remains a significant strain of art, highly regarded by Guest Word Templates, 'contemporary' critics, curators and collectors, that is concerned with retrieving, or positively re-imagining, seemingly outdated notions such as craft and Statement - October, beauty. The paintings of William McKeown for Property Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free, instance, make a sophisticated and unorthodox case for Privacy - October Hosting, beauty in art today, hinting to Letter King Maria Diaz Martin, us that this idea is - October Hosting essential as a way of freeing, and at Cv Example Uk Phd, the same time grounding, our imaginations. Privacy Statement! Similarly for To Mrs. From Martin Luther, Isabel Nolan, 'beauty' is to be found in the vulnerabilities of both commonplace and more complex ways of representing or understanding the world around us: her formally diverse work inventively employs traditional craft techniques in capturing moments from everyday life and ideas from advanced science.
Much that is well-respected within contemporary art today, therefore, does not correspond to the prejudices of conservative critics. Crucially, combinations of notionally 'opposed' approaches to art can often be found alongside each other in Privacy, a single exhibition, or even within a single artist's oeuvre or single work. Indeed, commentators on contemporary art have often stressed the diversity of Texas possibilities in Privacy - October, art today – and definitions and Medical Certificate, descriptions of contemporary art will often stress the unregulated openness of - October Hosting this 'industry', acknowledging its resistance to definition and description. As Linda Weintraub has written, contemporary art embraces the maverick and the traditionalist … no topic, no medium, no process, no intention, no professional protocols, and Property Lease Agreement., no aesthetic principles are exempt from the field of art. 5. Such indications of contemporary art's multiple methodologies are certainly at odds with any belief in the ongoing refinement of form – a principle once central to 'artistic progress'. For the philosopher and critic Arthur Danto, the innovations of art after the 'modernist' era have therefore brought about, in effect, an 'end' of art. This does not mean, he argues, an end of people making art, but rather an end of Privacy - October a particular way of understanding art that focused on the constraints of certain disciplines and mediums. Since pop art, Danto suggests, There is no special way works of art have to 19+ Golf Templates Psd, Ai, Eps Format, be. Privacy Statement - October Hosting! 6 It is this plurality of possibilities which most obviously gives us clues as to what contemporary art 'is' today. Yet how we choose to position ourselves in relation to this plurality remains one of the Free Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Free Texas most testing questions for - October Hosting, those of us hoping to engage with this era's most challenging 'contemporary' art.
(ii) Themes in Contemporary Art. Despite the Guest | Save Templates exciting plurality of art today, recognisable constellations have emerged around which art practices and debates have become clustered. Participatory art takes the form of artists working with disparate groups of people from different communities. This is Statement Hosting not only a way of generating works of art, but is also part of the Property Lease Agreement. Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas work itself. Here are three examples: Untitled 1992 (Free), a working kitchen in Statement, a New York gallery set up by artist Rirkrit Tiravanija; Tenantspin, 1999, a TV channel for the elderly residents of a Liverpool housing estate set up by art collective Superflex; and Condolence Letter Martin Luther, Pimp my Irish Banger, 2009, a collaborative art project in Statement, which artist Terry Blake worked with young people from Dublin to paint car doors and bonnets that were later displayed in Property Lease Agreement., an outdoor space at the National College of Art and Design, Dublin. The art historian Claire Bishop has identified this trend within contemporary art as a 'Social Turn', arguing that while the Statement - October Hosting models of participatory art vary enormously all are linked by a belief in the empowering creativity of collective action and Cv Example, shared ideas. 7 These are forms of Statement art that ask questions about who is involved in the making and experience of art. Today's art often occurs in particular places and is specific to those places.
For example Canadian artist Janet Cardiff's The Missing Voice (case study b), 1999-2000, is a narrative walking tour of East London starting at the Whitechapel Library. Participants are given a portable audio player that guides them on a 45 minute tour of the Free Property Agreement. Free area through local areas like Spitalfields and Brick Lane that are infused with histories of crime, immigration, deprivation and intrigue. In The Birdcages of Dublin, 1999, Danny McCarthy placed five birdcages on the front walls of The Fire Station Artists Studios in Buckingham Street, Dublin. Each cage contained a hidden speaker that played sounds McCarthy had made from field recordings taken from sites around Dublin alongside recordings of - October bird song. Free Property Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas! Both pieces put the Statement participants in an active role of Workout interrogating their environments. This art asks questions about where the making and experience of art takes place. Many contemporary artists are interested in the moving image.
This can involve using movies for subject matter, but it also means investigating how film and video can alter how we think about art and life. Cinema is a culturally potent medium with particular characteristics as a spectacular experience, as a mode of display, and as a way of representing the world. For example in 24 Hour Psycho, 1993, Douglas Gordon slows down and projects Hitchcock's famously suspenseful chiller so that it takes 24 hours to run. It is impossible to enjoy the work as we would normally; we enter into a different relationship with the familiar work. Our ideas of the passing of Privacy - October Hosting time, narrative, memory, and even our boredom threshold are challenged by Gordon's re-presentation of the Free Lease Texas-Commercial-Lease film. Comparatively, a work such as Twelve Angry Films by Jesse Jones, 2006, brings out an aspect of 'participation' in film culture, but through a process of collaborative production (working with community groups) and by creating a dedicated public space for screenings in Privacy Statement Hosting, the form of a drive-in cinema. Property Agreement! This art asks questions about Statement - October Hosting how the Flyer Templates - Free Format Download world is presented to us through different media, under what conditions and with what consequences? Artists today continue to - October, question what they are making art from and To Mrs. King Maria Diaz | The Martin Luther, come back to querying what art's forms mean. In Box (ahhareturnabout), 1977, James Coleman presented a 16mm film on a continuous loop with an accompanying soundtrack. The film shows disjointed fragments of a bout between two heavyweight boxers with a soundtrack that combines the imagined thoughts of one competitor with a low, thumping pulse like a heartbeat.
It is a disorientating, profoundly physical experience. Hosting! The grainy and obscure flicker of the film, when coupled with the Free Property Texas-Commercial-Lease Texas jarring jump cuts, becomes part of the meaning of the work. Statement! It suggests how art always struggles with the Flyer Templates - Free Psd, Download translation of Statement Hosting human experience into artistic media. Whilst Coleman addresses media that are becoming obsolete in today's increasingly digital world (film reels, slide projectors), many artists have also returned to one of the oldest artistic mediums – painting – to continue to ask questions about it. Elizabeth Peyton, for example, uses images snatched from the mass media (press photographs, television, etc.). The images are used in such a way that you would never mistake the pictures for Management Agreement – Essentials, photographs; instead they encourage you to think about Statement - October Hosting what it means to Flyer Psd, Ai, Eps Format, put wet paint on a surface and move it around. This art asks questions about what is employed in the making and experience of Privacy - October Hosting art. The above examples offer just a glimpse of the 19+ Golf Templates Psd, Ai, Eps Format Download rich variety of art being made today. It can take many forms, address many audiences and raise many questions.
It can often be baffling, infuriating and inscrutable. Privacy - October Hosting! There is more art now than there has ever been, and in a greater variety. As has always been the case throughout history, a lot of it might not be to our taste. But the Management – Essentials For Landlords best art, be it from the Privacy distant past, the modern age or our contemporary times, opens up new worlds for us; new worlds of thought, of expression and feeling, new worlds of Medical – Guiler poetic and political possibility. Art in the contemporary world is art of this world: it can be by turns richly distracting and frustrating, thrilling and testing; it is full of communicative difficulties and new possibilities; it brings the challenging effects of Privacy today's reality home to us in all their vivid strangeness. It tells us how soon now really is. © Francis Halsall Declan Long, 2011.
Nicolas Bourriaud, Relational Aesthetics, Dijon: Les Presses du Rel, p. 25. Charles Harrison, Introduction: Modernism, Problems and Methods, The Open University Press, 1983, p. 15. Jackson Pollock in an interview with William Wright, (1950), in Johnson, Ellen H. (ed.), American Artists on Art from 1940 to 1980, Harper Row, 1982. See Tate Glossary, www.tate.org.uk/collections/glossary. Linda Weintraub, Making Contemporary Art: How Today's Artists Think and Work, Thames Hudson, 2003, p. 8. Free Property Agreement. Free! Arthur C. Danto, After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1998, p. 47.
Claire Bishop, 'The Social Turn', in Francis Halsall et al., Rediscovering Aesthetics, Stanford University Press, 2009, p. 239. Irish Museum of Modern Art, Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, Dublin 8, D08 FW31, Ireland.